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1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(6): 786-790, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012975

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study was to assess the genetic association of copy number variations in two genes (PRKAB2 and PPM1K) located in two regions (tetralogy of Fallot and ventricular septal defect) in a Chinese Han population. METHODS: A total of 200 congenital heart disease patients (100 tetralogy of Fallot patients and 100 ventricular septal defect patients) and 100 congenital heart defect-free controls were recruited, and quantitative real-time PCR analysis was used to replicate the association of two copy number variations with congenital heart defects in a Chinese Han population. RESULTS: One deletion at PRKAB2 and one duplication at PPM1K were found in two of the tetralogy of Fallot patients, respectively; while all these regions were duplicated in both ventricular septal defect patients and in the 100 congenital heart defects-free controls. CONCLUSIONS: We replicated the copy number variations at the disease-candidate genes of PRKAB2 and PPM1K with tetralogy of Fallot in a Chinese Han population, and in patients with ventricular septal defect mutations in these two genes were not found. These results indicate the same molecular population genetics exist in these two genes with different ethnicity. This shows that these two genes are possibly specific pf tetralogy of Fallot candidates.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a associação genética do número de cópias em dois genes (PRKAB2 e PPM1K) localizados em duas regiões (tetralogia de Fallot e comunicação interventricular) em uma população chinesa da etnia Han. METODOLOGIA: Um total de 200 pacientes com doença cardíaca congênita (100 pacientes com tetralogia de Fallot e 100 com comunicação interventricular) e 100 indivíduos livres de defeitos cardíacos congênitos foram recrutados, e uma análise quantitativa de PCR em tempo real foi utilizada para replicar a associação de duas variações de número de cópia de defeitos cardíacos congênitos, em uma população chinesa da etnia Han. RESULTADOS: Uma supressão em PRKAB2 e duplicação em PPM1K foram encontradas em dois pacientes com tetralogia de Fallot, respectivamente; todas essas regiões estavam duplicadas nos pacientes com comunicação interventricular e nos 100 indivíduos livres de defeitos cardíacos congênitos. CONCLUSÃO: Nós replicado a variações no número de cópias de genes candidatos de doença PRKAB2 e PPM1K com tetralogia de Fallot em uma população chinesa da etnia Han; em pacientes com comunicação interventricular, não foram encontradas mutações nesses dois genes. Estes resultados indicam que a mesma genética de população molecular existe nestes dois genes em diferentes etnias. Isso mostra que esses dois genes são possivelmente candidatos a genes específicos de tetralogia de Fallot.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tetralogy of Fallot/genetics , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11/genetics , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/genetics , Reference Values , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Association Studies , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
2.
Med. infant ; 26(2): 92-98, Junio 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009182

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de deleción 22q11.2, también llamado síndrome Velo-Cardio-Facial (VCFS/del22q11.2) o síndrome de DiGeorge, es una entidad causada por una anomalía cromosómica, deleción en la región q11.2 (brazo largo) del cromosoma 22. Se trata de una enfermedad multisistémica de expresión variable que afecta el aparato cardiovascular, la inmunidad, las funciones endocrinológicas, la cavidad oral, el desarrollo neurocognitivo, con una expresión facial particular. La prevalencia estimada es de 1:2000/4000. Objetivos: Identificar y describir las cardiopatías congénitas más frecuentemente asociadas a pacientes con síndrome de microdeleción 22q11.2. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo, transversal y retrospectivo que analiza los pacientes con diagnóstico de microdeleción 22q11.2 atendidos en el Hospital Garrahan desde Octubre de 1998 hasta Febrero 2018. El criterio diagnóstico fueron signos clínicos compatibles y la presencia de la microdeleción 22q11.2 por técnica de FISH o MLPA. Resultados: Población: 321 pacientes, 151 Femeninos (47%) 170 Masculinos (53%). Rango etario: 0 a 197 meses (1 día a 16,4 años). Mediana de edad al diagnóstico clínico: 31 meses. El 74,4% (239/321) de los pacientes evaluados con microdeleción 22q11.2 tuvieron cardiopatías congénitas asociadas a facies peculiar. Las cardiopatías congénitas más frecuentemente asociadas fueron conotroncales. De los pacientes con cardiopatías congénitas el 68,6% requirió cirugía cardiovascular. Fallecieron 24 pacientes (10%) con cardiopatías congénitas asociadas y en el 93% la causa de muerte estuvo relacionada a la afección cardiológica. Conclusiones: Los pacientes con microdeleción 22q11.2 se asocian con un alto porcentaje de cardiopatías congénitas, la gran mayoría son complejas (conotroncales) y requieren resolución quirúrgica en los primeros años de vida. Es de vital importancia la evaluación multidisciplinaria de este grupo especial de pacientes con cardiopatía asociada a otras alteraciones extra cardíacas para el diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento oportuno (AU)


Introduction: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, also called velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS/del22q11.2) or DiGeorge syndrome, is a condition caused by chromosomal abnormality, a deletion in the q11.2 region (long arm) of chromosome 22. VCFS is a multisystem disease of variable expression that affects the cardiovascular, immune, and endocrine systems, the oral cavity, neurocognitive development, and is associated with specific facial features. The estimated prevalence is 1:2000/4000. Objectives: To identify and describe the most common congenital heart defects associated with 22q11.2 micro-deletion syndrome. Materials and methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional, and retrospective study analyzing patients diagnosed with a 22q11.2 microdeletion seen at Garrahan Hospital from October 1998 to February 2018. Diagnostic criteria were compatible clinical signs and the presence of a 22q11.2 microdeletion identified by FISH or MLPA. Results: Population: 321 patients, 151 female (47%) and 170 Male (53%). Age range: 0 to 197 months (1 day to 16.4 years). Median age at clinical diagnosis: 31 months. Overall, 74.4% (239/321) of patients with a 22q11.2 microdeletion had congenital heart defects associated with a peculiar facies. The most commonly associated congenital heart defects were conotruncal. Of the patients with congenital heart defects, 68.6% required cardiovascular surgery. Of the patients with congenital heart defects 24 patients died (10%) and in 93% the cause of death was related to the heart disease (p 0.002). Conclusions: A high percentage of patients with a 22q11.2 microdeletion have congenital heart defects, which are complex (conotruncal) in the majority, requiring surgical treatment in the first years of life. Multidisciplinary evaluation of this special group of patients with heart defects associated with other extracardiac disorders is essential for an early diagnosis and timely treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , DiGeorge Syndrome/diagnosis , DiGeorge Syndrome/genetics , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Tetralogy of Fallot/etiology , Tetralogy of Fallot/genetics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/etiology , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/genetics
3.
Colomb. med ; 49(3): 219-222, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974989

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Deletion 22q11.2 occurs in 1:4,000-1:6,000 live births while 10p13p14 deletion is found in 1:200,000 newborns. Both deletions have similar clinical features such as congenital heart disease and immunological anomalies. Objective: We looked for a 22q11.2 deletion in Mexican patients with craniofacial dysmorphisms suggestive of DiGeorge or velocardiofacial syndromes and at least one major phenotypic feature (cardiac anomaly, immune deficiency, palatal defects or development delay). Methods: A prospective study of 39 patients recruited in 2012-2015 at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social at Guadalajara, Mexico. The patients with velocardiofacial syndrome-like features or a confirmed tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) or complex cardiopathy were studied by G-banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a dual TUPLE1(HIRA)/ARSA or TUPLE1(22q11)/22q13(SHANK3) probe, six patients without the 22q11.2 deletion (arbitrarily selected) were tested with the dual DiGeorge II (10p14)/D10Z1 probe. Results: Twenty-two patients (7 males and 15 females) had the 22q11.2 deletion and 17/39 did not have it; no patient had a 10p loss. Among the 22 deleted patients, 19 had congenital heart disease (mostly TOF). Twelve patients without deletion had heart defects such as TOF (4/12), isolate ventricular septal defect (2/12) or other disorders (6/12). Conclusion: In our small sample about ~56% of the patients, regardless of the clinical diagnosis, had the expected 22q11.2 deletion. We remark the importance of early cytogenetic diagnosis in order to achieve a proper integral management of the patients and their families.


Resumen Introducción: La deleción 22q11.2 ocurre con una frecuencia de 1:4,000-1:6,000 nacidos vivos, mientras que la deleción 10p13p14 es detectada en 1:200,000 recién nacidos. Ambas deleciones comparten características clínicas similares tales como defectos cardiacos congénitos y anomalías inmunológicas. Objetivo: Identificar la deleción 22q11.2 en pacientes mexicanos con dismorfismo craneofacial sugestivo de síndrome DiGeorge o velocardiofacial y por lo menos con una característica clínica mayor (anomalía cardiaca, deficiencia inmunológica, defectos en paladar o retardo en el desarrollo) Métodos: Estudio prospectivo de 39 pacientes captados entre 2012-2015 en el Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social en Guadalajara, México. Los pacientes con características clínicas sugerentes de síndrome velocardiofacial o diagnostico confirmado de tetralogía de Fallot (TOF) o cardiopatía compleja fueron estudiados por bandas G y por hibridación in situ fluorescente (FISH) con una sonda dual TUPLE1(HIRA)/ARSA o TUPLE1(22q11)/22q13(SHANK3), seis pacientes sin la deleción 22q11.2 (seleccionados arbitrariamente) fueron estudiados con la sonda dual DiGeorge II (10p14)/D10Z1. Resultados: Veintidós pacientes (7 hombres y 15 mujeres) tuvieron la deleción 22q11.2 y 17/39 no la tuvieron, ningún paciente tuvo la pérdida de 10p. Entre los 22 pacientes delecionados, 19 tuvieron defecto cardiaco congénito (principalmente TOF). Doce pacientes sin la deleción tuvieron defectos cardiacos congénitos como TOF (4/12), defecto del septo ventricular aislado (2/12) y otros trastornos cardiacos (6/12). Conclusión: En nuestra pequeña muestra, alrededor de ~56% de los pacientes, independientemente de su diagnostico clínico, tuvieron la deleción 22q11.2 esperada. Resaltamos la importancia del diagnóstico citogenético temprano para determinar un apropiado manejo integral para el paciente y sus familiares.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Young Adult , Tetralogy of Fallot/diagnosis , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , DiGeorge Syndrome/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Tetralogy of Fallot/genetics , Prospective Studies , Cytogenetic Analysis , DiGeorge Syndrome/physiopathology , DiGeorge Syndrome/genetics , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/diagnosis , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/genetics , Mexico
4.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 13(1): 83-87, abr. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-869028

ABSTRACT

La tetralogía de Fallot es una cardiopatía frecuente y puede representar hasta el 11 al 13% de todas las cardiopatías congénitas clínicas, se presenta en 1 de cada 8.500 nacidos vivos. En la mayoría de los casos, se asocia a una microdeleción del cromosoma 22 y con menor frecuencia al síndrome de Down. El síndrome de la dup 11q es una anomalía cromosómica causada por la duplicación de la porción distal del extremo del brazo largo del cromosoma 11, ocasionando una trisomía parcial del mismo, producto de un desbalance cromosómico, con disfunción de los genes involucrados en este material genético adicional que ocasiona anormalidades tanto físicas como mentales en un recién nacido. Se presenta el caso de un niño de 3 meses de vida que es derivado a la consulta genética por fenotipo sindromático, Tetralogía de Fallot y retraso del crecimiento. El estudio citogenético se realizó en sangre periférica, los cromosomas fueron procesados con técnicas de tinción convencional, bandas de alta resolución y centroméricas, observándose una duplicación 11q. Cariotipo: 46, XY, dup11 (q23àqter). Se enfatiza la importancia del estudio cromosómico en recién nacidos con malformaciones congénitas mayores para el diagnóstico de certeza y posterior asesoramiento genético a los progenitores.


Tetralogy of Fallot is a common heart disease and may represent up to 11 to 13% of allclinical congenital cardiopathies, it occurs in about 1 out of every 8,500 live births. Inmost cases is associated with a microdeletion of chromosome 22 and less frequently withDown syndrome. Syndrome Dup11q is a chromosomal abnormality caused by duplicationof the distal end of the long arm of chromosome 11 resulting in a partial trisomy, productof a chromosomal imbalance, with dysfunction of the genes involved in this additionalgenetic material causing both physical and mental abnormalities in a newborn. This is thecase of a 3-month boy who was referred to genetic consultation due to syndromicphenotype, Tetralogy of Fallot and growth retardation. The cytogenetic study wasperformed in peripheral blood. Chromosomes were processed with conventional stainingtechniques, centromeric and high-resolution bands, showing 11q duplication. Karyotype:46, XY, dup11 (q23qter). We emphasize the importance of chromosomal studies ininfants with major congenital malformations for a subsequent accurate diagnosis andgenetic counseling to parents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Tetralogy of Fallot/genetics , Trisomy
5.
Invest. clín ; 52(4): 334-343, dic. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-659223

ABSTRACT

Los defectos cardiacos conforman las malformaciones congénitas más frecuentes, con una incidencia que se ha estimado entre 4 y 12 por 1000 en recién nacidos vivos. Estos tienen una etiología multifactorial en la que convergen la predisposición genética y los factores ambientales. A partir de 1990 se ha relacionado este tipo de patologías con microdelección 22q11. Se determinó la frecuencia de la microdeleción 22q11 en pacientes con cardiopatía congénita no sindrómica. Se analizaron 61 pacientes con cardiopatía congénita, a partir de ADN de sangre periférica y posterior amplificación, mediante PCR multiplex del gen TUPLE1 y del STR D10S2198, visualización electroforesis en geles de agarosa y análisis densitométrico para determinar dosis génica. Se encontraron 3 pacientes con microdeleción 22q11, para una frecuencia de 4,9%. Esta microdeleción se asoció en dos de los casos a Tetralogía de Fallot y en el otro a Defecto Septal Atrial (DSA). En conclusión, la frecuencia de microdeleción 22q11 en la población analizada es de 4,9%. Dentro de los casos de Tetralogía de Fallot, la microdeleción estaba presente en el 7,4% y en los DSA corresponde al 11,1%.


Cardiac defects are the most frequent congenital malformations, with an incidence estimated between 4 and 12 per 1000 newborns. Their etiology is multifactorial and might be attributed to genetic predispositions and environmental factors. Since 1990 these types of pathologies have been associated with 22q11 microdeletion. In this study, the frequency of microdeletion 22q11 was determined in 61 patients with non-syndromic congenital heart disease. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood and TUPLE1 and STR D10S2198 genes were amplified by multiplex PCR and visualized in agarose gels. Gene content was quantified by densitometry. Three patients were found with microdeletion 22q11, representing a 4.9% frequency. This microdeletion was associated with two cases of Tetralogy of Fallot and a third case with atrial septal defect (ASD). In conclusion, the frequency for microdeletion 22q11 in the population analyzed was 4.9%. The cases that presented Teratology of Fallot had a frequency for this microdeletion of 7.4% and for ASD of 11.1%.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Young Adult , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , /genetics , Colombia/epidemiology , DNA Mutational Analysis , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/epidemiology , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/genetics , Tetralogy of Fallot/epidemiology , Tetralogy of Fallot/genetics
6.
Saudi Medical Journal. 2010; 31 (9): 1021-1027
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-117672

ABSTRACT

To study the association of consanguinity as a risk factor for congenital heart diseases [CHDs]. Patients with suggestive signs of CHD admitted to the Al-Ramadi Maternity and Children Hospital, Al-Anbar Governorate, Iraq from January 2009 to January 2010 were subject to diagnostic investigations. Case data includes: name, age, gender, and cause of admission. Parents' data includes: age, residence, degree of consanguinity, and history of family recurrent CHDs. Three controls to one case [3:1] were selected to compare their consanguinity with the CHD cases. Odds ratio was used for the measurement of consanguinity and other variable risks on CHD occurrence. The CHD cases were 86. Selected controls were 258 non-CHD cases. The most recorded subtypes were ventricular septal defect [VSD], atrial septal defect [ASD], and tetralogy of fallot [ToF]. Consanguinity was found in 78% of cases and 43.3% in controls. First cousin consanguinity comprised 66.2% in cases and 35.6% in controls from all their marriages. Consanguinity was found a significant risk factor, more affecting the VSD and ASD than ToF subtypes, while parental age and infant gender were not found as risk factors. Consanguinity proved to be a risk factor for CHD. Further social education of the risks of consanguineous marriages in this tribal population is needed to reduce the prevalence of these morbid and mortal anomalies


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Infant, Newborn , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/genetics , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/genetics , Tetralogy of Fallot/genetics , Family , Parents , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Case-Control Studies , Age Factors , Hospitals, Teaching
7.
Indian Heart J ; 2002 Jan-Feb; 54(1): 83-5
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-3723

ABSTRACT

A pair of monozygotic twins having tetralogy of Fallot is reported for the first time in the Indian literature. This case report will help in further enriching the existing data on genetic hypothesis of congenital heart defects.


Subject(s)
Child , Diseases in Twins , Female , Humans , India , Tetralogy of Fallot/genetics , Twins, Monozygotic/genetics
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