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1.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(4): 396-401, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350809

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CD28 null T helper (Th) cells are rare in healthy individuals, but they are increased in various inflammatory and immune-mediated diseases. In this study, we determined the size of the CD4+/CD28 null T lymphocyte compartment in the peripheral blood of 40 autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) patients (idiopathic and secondary) and 20 healthy control subjects, using tri-color flow cytometry. The frequency and absolute count of CD4+/CD28 null T helper (Th) cells was significantly higher in idiopathic AIHA patients, compared to healthy controls (p = 0.001 and 0.001, respectively) and to patients with secondary AIHA (p = 0.04 and 0.01, respectively). The percentage of CD4+/CD28 null Th cells was also negatively correlated to the hemoglobin (Hb) level (p = 0.03). These findings demonstrate, for the first time, the expansion of this phenotypically-defined population of T lymphocytes in patients with idiopathic AIHA and indicate that it likely plays an etiological role in the development of this disease. However, establishing the use of this marker for diagnosis or monitoring treatment of such patients needs further studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , T-Lymphocytes , CD4 Antigens , Autoimmunity , CD28 Antigens , Th1 Cells , Flow Cytometry
2.
Ciencia Tecnología y Salud ; 8(2): 166-183, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1353093

ABSTRACT

El cáncer gástrico (CG) es la neoplasia del tubo digestivo más prevalente en el mundo, asociada a factores genéticos del hospedero y externos, como infección por Helicobacter pylori. La patogénesis incluye inflamación crónica mediada por citocinas del microambiente tumoral, detectables sistémicamente. Estudios previos reportan niveles séricos de citocinas y su contribución al diagnóstico de CG. El presente estudio analiza el perfil de citocinas del tipo de Th1(IFNγ), Th2(IL-4 e IL-10), Th17(Th-17A) y otras pro inflamatorias: IL-1ß, IL-6 y TNF-α, en plasma de 70 casos de pacientes con CG comparándolos con 132 sujetos sanos equiparables en edad y sexo. Los casos provinieron del Hospital Roosevelt e Instituto Nacional de Cancerología de Guatemala (Incan) y formaron parte de un estudio previo. Se analizó la base de datos clínicos, patológicos y epidemiológicos. Se midieron los niveles de citocinas utilizando el sistema "MSD MULTI-SPOT Assay System". La edad promedio de los casos fue 59.5 años, (DE 13.0), 51%, eran positivos para IgG anti H. pylori. Un 71% presentó adenocarcinoma grado III (Borrman), según clasificación de Lauren 55% tenían tipo intestinal. Las siete citocinas cuantificadas se encontraron significativamente elevadas (p < .05) en el plasma de los casos respecto a sus controles. Los casos de CG tipo difuso presentaron niveles de IFNγ significativa-mente elevados. Por regresión logística, las citocinas IL-6 e IL-10, están asociadas significativamente a CG (p < .05) independientemente del estatus de infección por H. pylori. Se destacan la IL-6 e IL-10 como las principales citocinas asociadas a la presencia de CG.


Gastric cancer (GC) is the most prevalent gastrointestinal neoplasm in the world, associated with host and external genetic factors, such as Helicobacter pylori infection. The pathogenesis includes chronic inflammation mediated by cytokines of the tumor microenvironment, systemically detectable. Previous studies report serum levels of cyto-kines and their contribution to the diagnosis of GC. The present study analyzes the profile of cytokines of the type Th1 (IFNγ), Th2 (IL-4 and IL-10), Th17 (Th-17A) and other pro-inflammatory: IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α, in plasma of 70 cases of patients with GC compared with 132 healthy subjects comparable in age and sex. The cases came from the Roosevelt Hospital and the National Cancer Institute of Guatemala -Incan- and were part of a previous study. The clinical, pathological and epidemiological databases were analyzed. Cytokine levels were measured using the "MSD MULTI-SPOT Assay System". The average age of the cases was 59.5 years, (SD 13.0), 51% were positive for IgG anti H. pylori, 71% had grade III adenocarcinoma (Borrman), according to Laurenís classification, 55% had intestinal type. The seven cytokines quantified were found to be significantly elevated (p < .05) in the plasma of the cases compared to their controls. The diffuse GC cases presented significantly elevated IFNγ levels. By logistic regression, the cytokines IL-6 and IL-10 are significantly associated with GC (p < .05) regardless of the H. pylori infection status. IL-6 and IL-10 stand out as the main cytokines associated with the presence of GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Plasma/chemistry , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Cytokines/analysis , Interleukin-6/analysis , Interleukin-1/analysis , Interleukin-10/analysis , Th2 Cells , Th17 Cells , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Adenocarcinoma/complications , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Th1 Cells , Gastrointestinal Tract/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment , Neoplasms/complications
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the expression levels of microRNA-138 (miR-138) and Runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) in peripheral blood of children with cough variant asthma (CVA) and their regulatory effects on Th1/Th2 balance.@*METHODS@#Sixty-five children with CVA (CVA group) and 30 healthy children (control group) were enrolled. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected for both groups, and CD4@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the CVA group showed significantly decreased levels of IFN-γ and IL-2 from CD4@*CONCLUSIONS@#MiR-138 regulates Th1/Th2 balance by targeting RUNX3 in children with CVA, providing a new direction for the treatment of CVA.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Child , Core Binding Factor Alpha 3 Subunit/genetics , Cough , Humans , Interleukin-13 , MicroRNAs/genetics , Th1 Cells , Th1-Th2 Balance , Th2 Cells
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1570-1576, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922297

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expressions of microRNAs in peripheral blood of patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia(ITP) and its correlation with the imbalance of Th1/Th2 cells.@*METHODS@#Thirty patients with ITP (ITP group) and 15 healthy people (control group) were enrolled.Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the expressions of six miRNAs (miR-107,miR-205-5p,miR-138-5p,miR-326,miR-1827,miR-185-5p) and Th1-specific transcription factor T-bet mRNA and Th2-specific transcription factor GATA-3 mRNA in the peripheral blood of the two groups. Th1 and Th2 cells were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions of Th1-cytokines TNF-α and IFN-γ and Th2-cytokines IL-4 and IL-10 were detected by AimPlex multiple immunoassays for Flow. The expression difference of miRNAs, mRNA, Th1, Th2 cells and cytokines of the two groups were compared, and the correlations of miRNAs to mRNA, Th1, Th2 cells and cytokines were analyzed in ITP group.@*RESULTS@#The expressions of miRNAs(miR-107, miR-205-5p, miR-138-5p, miR-326, miR-1827, miR-185-5p)and Th2-specific transcription factor GATA-3 mRNA of the patients in ITP group were significantly decreased (P<0.05) as compared with those in control, while the expressions of Th1 cells and Th1-specific transcription factor T-bet mRNA and Th1-cytokines TNF-α were significantly increased (P<0.05), also for the ratios of T-bet mRNA/GATA-3 mRNA and Th1/Th2 cells were significantly increased (P<0.05). The relative expressions of miR-107, miR-205-5p, miR-138-5p in ITP patients were negatively correlated with Th2 cells (r=-0.411, r=-0.593, r=-0.403,P<0.05) and the relative expression of miR-1827 was negatively correlated with TNF-α (r=-0.390).@*CONCLUSION@#The relative expressions of the six miRNAs in peripheral blood of patients with ITP are significantly decreased, which result in the increasing ratio of T-bet mRNA/GATA-3 mRNA, then lead to the imbalance of Th1/Th2.


Subject(s)
Humans , MicroRNAs , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , RNA, Messenger , Th1 Cells , Th2 Cells
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828696

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of genetic variation on the prognosis of children with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) and its association with cytokines.@*METHODS@#A total of 81 EBV-positive HLH children who received the sequencing of related genes were enrolled. According to the results of gene detection, they were divided into a non-mutation group and a mutation group. According to the pattern of gene mutation, the mutation group was further divided into three subgroups: single heterozygous mutation (SHM), double heterozygous mutation (DHM), and homozygous or compound heterozygous mutation (H-CHM). The serum levels of cytokines were measured and their association with HLH gene mutations was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#UNC13D gene mutation had the highest frequency (13/46, 28%). The STXBP2 c.575G>A(p.R192H) and UNC13D c.604C>A(p.L202M) mutations (likely pathogenic) were reported for the first time. The mutation group had a significantly higher level of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) than the non-mutation group, while it had a significantly lower level of interferon gamma (IFN-γ) than the non-mutation group (P<0.05). The IL-4 level of the DHM subgroup was higher than that of the non-mutation group, while the IL-4 level of the H-CHM subgroup was lower than that of the DHM group (P<0.0083). The H-CHM subgroup had a significantly lower 1-year overall survival rate than the non-mutation group, the SHM subgroup, and the DHM subgroup (39%±15% vs 85%±6%/86%±7%/91%±9%, P=0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant reduction in IFN-γ level in the mutation group. Children with homozygous or compound heterozygous mutation tend to have poorer prognosis, while other mutations do not have a significant impact on prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Cytokines , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Genetic Testing , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Genetics , Membrane Proteins , Th1 Cells , Th2 Cells
6.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 23(2): 79-85, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011580

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: We evaluated the kinetics of cytokines belonging to the T helper1 (Th1), Th2, and Th17 profiles in septic patients, and their correlations with organ dysfunction and hospital mortality. Methods: This was a prospective observational study in a cohort of septic patients admitted to the intensive care units (ICU) of three Brazilian general hospitals. A total of 104 septic patients and 53 health volunteers (controls) were included. Plasma samples were collected within the first 48 h of organ dysfunction or septic shock (0D), after seven (D7) and 14 days (D14) of follow-up. The following cytokines were measured by flow cytometry: Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12/23p40, IL-17, IL-21, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Results: IL-6, IL-8, G-CSF and IL-10 concentrations were higher in septic patients than in controls (p < 0.001), while IL-12/23p40 presented higher levels in the controls (p = 0.003). IL-6, IL-8 and IL-17 correlated with Sequential [Sepsis-related] Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) D0, D1 and D3 (except for IL-6 at D0). IL-8 was associated with renal and cardiovascular dysfunction. In a mixed model analysis, IL-10 estimated means were lower in survivors than in deceased (p = 0.014), while IL-21 had an estimated mean of 195.8 pg/mL for survivors and 98.5 for deceased (p = 0.03). Cytokines were grouped in four factors according to their kinetics over the three dosages (D0, D7, D14). Group 1 encompassed IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-1β, and G-CSF while Group 3 encompassed IL-17 and IL-12/23p40. Both correlated with SOFA (D0) (p = 0.039 and p = 0.003, respectively). IL-21 (Group 4) was higher in those who survived. IL-2, TNF-α and GM-CSF (Group 2) showed no correlation with outcomes. Conclusion: Inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines shared co-variance in septic patients and were related to organ dysfunctions and hospital mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Cytokines/blood , Hospital Mortality , Th2 Cells/chemistry , Th1 Cells/chemistry , Sepsis/mortality , Sepsis/blood , Th17 Cells/chemistry , Reference Values , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Organ Dysfunction Scores , Intensive Care Units
7.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 23(1): 27-33, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001503

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is sexually transmitted and causes persistent infection. This virus induces activation of the immune system and production of inflammatory cytokines. This study aimed to assess the cytokine profile and cytopathological findings in the cervicovaginal fluid of asymptomatic HTLV-1-infected women. Methods: HTLV-1-infected and uninfected women were selected at the Centro de Atendimento ao Portador de HTLV in Salvador-Brazil. None of the included HTLV-1-infected women reported any HTLV-1-associated diseases. All volunteers underwent gynecological examination to collect cervicovaginal fluid. Cytokine quantification was performed using the Cytometric Bead Array (CBA) Human Th1/Th2/Th17 kit. Light microscopy was used to evaluate cervicovaginal cytopathology. In addition, proviral load in cervicovaginal fluid and peripheral blood was measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: 112 women (63 HTLV-1-infected and 49 uninfected) were evaluated. No differences were found with respect to cytopathological cervicovaginal findings between the groups. IL-2, TNF, IL-4, IL-10, and IL-17 levels were significantly higher in cervicovaginal fluid of the HTLV-1-infected women than in uninfected women (p < 0.05). Conversely, IFN-γ was found to be lower in the HTLV-1-infected women (p < 0.001) compared to uninfected individuals. Cervicovaginal proviral load was detectable in 53% of the HTLV-1-infected women and was found to be consistently lower than the proviral load in peripheral blood. Conclusions: HTLV-1 infection induces immune activation in cervicovaginal environment, characterized by elevated concentrations of Th1, Th2, and IL17 in the cervicovaginal fluid.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Vagina/pathology , Body Fluids/chemistry , HTLV-I Infections/pathology , Cervix Uteri/pathology , Cytokines/analysis , Social Class , Vagina/immunology , Vagina/virology , Body Fluids/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/virology , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1/isolation & purification , HTLV-I Infections/immunology , HTLV-I Infections/virology , Cervix Uteri/immunology , Cervix Uteri/virology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Th2 Cells/immunology , Th1 Cells/immunology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Viral Load , Interleukin-17/immunology
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(5): e7992, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001527

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of artesunate on Th1 differentiation and its anti-tumor effect on ovarian cancer. A Murine ovarian cancer model was established by ID8 cells transplantation. The expression of miR-142 and Sirt1 proteins in peripheral CD4+ T cells were quantified with qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively. Peripheral CD4+ T cells were induced for Th1 differentiation. The percentages of apoptosis of Th1/CD4+ T cells and ovarian cancer cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. The IFN-γ level was examined through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Artesunate promoted miR-142 expression in peripheral CD4+ T cells and Th1 differentiation from CD4+ T cells. Artesunate promoted cell apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells by inducing Th1 differentiation. By up-regulating miR-142, artesunate suppressed Sirt1 level and promoted Th1 differentiation. Artesunate enhanced the pro-apoptotic effects of Th1 cells on ovarian cancer via the miR-142/Sirt1 pathway. Artesunate promoted Th1 differentiation from CD4+ T cells by down-regulating Sirt1 through miR-142, thereby enhancing cell apoptosis in ovarian cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rabbits , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/drug effects , Apoptosis , Th1 Cells/drug effects , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Artesunate/pharmacology , Ovarian Neoplasms/immunology , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/cytology , Down-Regulation , Cell Differentiation , Th1 Cells/cytology , Flow Cytometry , Artesunate/therapeutic use , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180172, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041541

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) and leprosy share common areas of prevalence, but reports of coinfection are scarce. METHODS: We report a series of 9 ATL-leprosy cases and discuss the association. An integrative diagram to analyze the clinico-immunological features of coinfection with both diseases. RESULTS: Nine patients with leishmaniasis (5 cutaneous, 3 mucocutaneous, 1 disseminated case) exhibited concurrent infection with distinct clinical forms of leprosy. Our diagram-based analysis evidenced a divergent clinico-immunological spectrum for each disease in 8 out of 9 cases. CONCLUSIONS: The spectrum of ATL-leprosy comorbidity suggests that the host has a specific immune response against each pathogen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/immunology , Th2 Cells/immunology , Th1 Cells/immunology , Leprosy/immunology , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/complications , Coinfection/immunology , Leprosy/complications , Middle Aged
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1962-1965, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781511

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the changes of Th1 and Th2 type cytokines and B lymphocyte level and their clinical significance in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) patients treated by recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO).@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood levels of Th1 and Th2 type of cytokines and B lymphocyte were estimated by CBA in 48 patients with ITP, and compared with those in 35 control persons of heath examination.@*RESULTS@#Before treatment, the levels of Th1 type cytokines and B lymphocyte in 48 patients with ITP were higher, and the levels of Th2 type cytokines were lower than those of healthy controls (P<0.05). The levels of the peripheral blood CD19 cells, CD5CD19 cells, IL-2 expression negatively correlated with Plt counts in ITP patients (P<0.05), the levels of IL-4 positively correlated with Plt counts (P<0.05). After treatment with rhTPO, the levels of Th1 type cytokines and B lymphocytes in 48 patients with ITP significantly decreased, and the levels of Th2 type cytokines significantly increased in comparison with those before treatment (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Peripheral blood Th1 and Th2 type cytokines express abnormally and level of B lymphocytes increases significantly in ITP patinets. The disease severity correlats with the levels of Th1 and Th2 type cytokines and B lymphocytes. Platelets increase after rhTPO treatment, showing that rhTPO can play an important role in regulating Th1 and Th2 immunologic balance and B lymphocyte level in ITP patients.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Humans , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Th1 Cells , Th2 Cells , Thrombopoietin
11.
Immune Network ; : e27-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764019

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to determine the regulatory role of intravenous Ig (IVIg) in Th17 cytokine–induced RANK ligand (RANKL) expression and osteoclast (OC) differentiation from OC precursors (pre-OC). Human CD14⁺ monocytes were isolated and stimulated by Th17 cytokines (IL-17, IL-21, and IL-22) and RANKL expression was investigated using a real-time PCR. CD14⁺ monocytes were incubated with RANKL, Th17 cytokines, and M-CSF, with/without IVIg, and OC differentiation was determined by counting tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive multinucleated cells. OC differentiation was investigated after monocytes were cocultured with Th17 cells in the presence of IVIg. Th17 cell differentiation was determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometry after CD4⁺ T cells were cultured with IVIg under Th17 condition. Th17 cytokines stimulated monocytes to express RANKL and IVIg suppressed the Th17 cytokine-induced RANKL expression. OCs were differentiated when pre-OC were cocultured with RANKL or Th17 cytokines and IVIg reduced the osteoclastogenesis. IVIg also decreased osteoclastogenesis when pre-OC were cocultured with Th17 cells. IVIg decreased both Th17 and Th1 cell differentiation while it did not affect Treg cell differentiation. In summary, IVIg inhibited Th17 cytokine-induced RANKL expression and OC differentiation. IVIg reduced osteoclastogenesis when monocytes were cocultured with Th17 cells. IVIg also reduced Th17 polarization. IVIg could be a new therapeutic option for Th17 cell–mediated osteoclastogenesis.


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Interleukin-17 , Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Monocytes , Osteoclasts , RANK Ligand , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , T-Lymphocytes , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th1 Cells , Th17 Cells
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To examine the levels of airway inflammatory mediators in peripheral blood in infants and young children with wheezing and to study the possible pathogenesis of wheezing from the aspects of T helper cell 1 (Th1)/T helper cell 2 (Th2) imbalance and airway inflammation.@*METHODS@#A total of 50 children aged 1 month to 3 years with an acute wheezing episode were enrolled as the wheezing group, and 25 age-matched healthy infants were enrolled as the healthy control group. According to the number of wheezing episodes, the wheezing group was divided into a first-episode group (n=25) and a recurrent wheezing (number of episodes ≥2) group (n=25). According to the presence or absence of high-risk factors for asthma, the wheezing group was divided into a high-risk factor group (n=22) and a non-high-risk factor group (n=28). According to the results of pathogen detection, the wheezing group was divided into a positive pathogen group (n=23) and a negative pathogen group (n=27). Levels of interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-5 (IL-5), interleukin-13 (IL-13), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and total IgE (TIgE) in peripheral blood were measured for each group. For children with wheezing, eosinophil (EOS) count in peripheral blood was measured, and related samples were collected for respiratory pathogen detection.@*RESULTS@#The wheezing group had significantly higher levels of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, TGF-β1, and TIgE in peripheral blood than the healthy control group (P0.05). The correlation analysis showed that in children with wheezing, EOS count was positively correlated with IL-4 level (P<0.01), IL-4 level was positively correlated with IL-5 and IL-13 levels (P<0.01), IL-5 level was positively correlated with IL-13 level (P<0.01), and IL-2 level was positively correlated with TGF-β1 level (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Th1/Th2 imbalance with a predominance of Th2 is observed in infants and young children with wheezing. IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, TGF-β1, and IgE are involved in the pathogenesis of wheezing in these children. Airway inflammation is also observed in these children with wheezing, but it is not associated with the number of wheezing episodes, presence or absence of high-risk factors for asthma, or results of pathogen detection.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Inflammation Mediators , Interleukin-13 , Respiratory Sounds , Th1 Cells
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774363

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the immunomodulatory effects of the 2nd generation of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs)-dasatinib and nilotinib as well as the 1st generation of TKI-imatinib on chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients.@*METHOD@#To evaluate the T cell subtypes by flow cytometry on the CML patients of our center who received the treatment with dasatinib (n=10), nilotinib (n=26) or imatinib (n=44) for more than 3 months, and to analyze and correlate these data with the clinical remission situations and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#80.0% of the patients in dasatinib group, 16.6% of the patients in nilotinib group and 27.5% of the patients in imatinib group respectively had a Th1 proportion in the peripheral blood (Th1/CD4 T) above the upper limit of normal. More specifically, the Th1 proportion in dasatinib group (30.86%±9.75%) was significantly higher than that in nilotinib group(17.37%±9.35%) (P<0.001) and that in imatinib group (20.79%±9.01%) (P<0.001). Among the 3 groups, both the CD8 T cell proportion (CD8 T/Lymphocyte) and the Th2 proportion (Th2/CD4 T) in the peripheral blood did not show a statistically significant difference. The Treg proportion (Treg/CD4 T) in dasatinib group (1.31%±0.10%) was significantly lower than that in nilotinib group (2.65%±0.97%) (P<0.001) and that in imatinib group(2.99%±1.40%) (P<0.001).Among all the CML patients analyzed, for CML patients who had a Th1 proportion above the upper limit of normal(25.8%) (n=28), 84.62% of these patients obtained CCyR (complete cytogenetic response), 71.43% of these patients obtained MMR (major molecular response), 71.43% of these patients obtained MR4.5; for CML patients who had the Th1 proportion in the normal range(11.8%-25.8%) (n=45), 90.7% of these patients obtained CCyR, 75.56% of these patients obtained MMR, and 75.56% of these patients obtained MR4.5; for CML patients who had the Th1 proportion below the lower limit of normal (11.8%) (n=21), 57.14% of these patients obtained CCyR, 47.62% of these patients obtained MMR, and 47.62% of these patients obtained MR4.5. The above-mentioned data shows that the patients in high Th1 group and the normal Th1 group obtained the higher remission rate as well as the deeper remission level.@*CONCLUSION@#This study shows that during the CML treatment with TKIs, the increased or normal Th1 proportion indicates a bigger chance for CCyR, MMR, and MR4.5. Dasatinib may significantly increase the level of Th1 while decrease the level of Treg in the patients, as compared with nilotinib and imatinib.


Subject(s)
Dasatinib , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th1 Cells , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774001

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the levels of cytokines (IL-2,IFN-γ,IL-6,IL-10) associated with Th1 and Th2 cells in HLA-DQ8 transgenic mice model of ocular experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (oEAMG) induced by recombinant H-AChR γ subunit immunization.Methods DQ8 mice were immunized with 20 μg of AChR γ subunit,20 μg of crude E. coli extract (E. coli group),or complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) only (CFA group). All mice were immunized on days 0,30,and 60. Mice were euthanized 28 days after the third immunization,and draining lymph node cells (LNC) and spleen lymphocytes were cultured in vitro. The supernatant was collected to observe the interleukin(IL)-2,interferon(IFN)-γ,IL-6,IL-10 production by ELISA.Results LNCs and spleen lymphocytes of H-AChR γ subunit-immunized mice exhibited significantly enhanced IFN-γ (F=76.332,P<0.001;F=34.865,P<0.001) and IL-2 (F=42.835,P<0.001;F=38.030,P<0.001),which associated with Th1 cells,as compared to E. coli group and CFA group. There were no significant differences in IL-6 (F=1.325,P=0.284;F=1.935,P=0.166) and IL-10 (F=0.908,P=0.417;F=1.189,P=0.322) levels,which secreted by Th2 cells,among these three groups.Conclusion Th1 cytokines play key roles in the pathogenesis of oEAMG,while the mechanism of Th2 cytokines for oEAMG remains unclear.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Escherichia coli , HLA-DQ Antigens , Interferon-gamma , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Receptors, Cholinergic , Th1 Cells , Th2 Cells
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773993

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effect of Zengye Decoction (, ZYD) on the submandibular glands (SMGs) in nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice.@*METHODS@#Twenty-seven female NOD mice were randomly equally divided into 3 groups: the model group, the hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) group, and the ZYD group. Nine C57/B6 mice served as the normal group. After 1-week acclimation, the HCQ and ZYD groups were intragastrically administered with HCQ and ZYD, respectively, and the normal and model groups were administered with normal saline. Changes in the salivary flow rate were observed. Mice from all 4 groups were sacrificed at the age of 20 weeks. The serum and SMGs were collected. Serum cytokines gamma-interferon (IFN-γ), interleukin-10 (IL-10) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Histological changes in the submandibular glands were examined by hematoxylin and eosin staining. The mRNA expression of IFN-γ, IL-10 and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in the submandibular glands were measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the model group, the salivary flow of the ZYD group significantly increased (P<0.05), the extent of the histological changes was ameliorated (P<0.05), and the Th1/Th2 cytokine imbalance was remedied (P<0.05). In the ZYD-treated mice, the VIP mRNA was up-regulated (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ZYD is beneficial in protecting structure and function of SMGs in NOD mice. The mechanism may be associated with the correction of the Th1/Th2 cytokine imbalance, and with the prevention of a progressive decline of the VIP level.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Blood , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Inbred NOD , Salivation , Sjogren's Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Submandibular Gland , Pathology , Th1 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Th2 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide , Genetics
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772938

ABSTRACT

The activation mechanism of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-engineered T cells may differ substantially from T cells carrying native T cell receptor, but this difference remains poorly understood. We present the first comprehensive portrait of single-cell level transcriptional and cytokine signatures of anti-CD19/4-1BB/CD28/CD3ζ CAR-T cells upon antigen-specific stimulation. Both CD4 helper T (T) cells and CD8 cytotoxic CAR-T cells are equally effective in directly killing target tumor cells and their cytotoxic activity is associated with the elevation of a range of T1 and T2 signature cytokines, e.g., interferon γ, tumor necrotic factor α, interleukin 5 (IL5), and IL13, as confirmed by the expression of master transcription factor genes TBX21 and GATA3. However, rather than conforming to stringent T1 or T2 subtypes, single-cell analysis reveals that the predominant response is a highly mixed T1/T2 function in the same cell. The regulatory T cell activity, although observed in a small fraction of activated cells, emerges from this hybrid T1/T2 population. Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is produced from the majority of cells regardless of the polarization states, further contrasting CAR-T to classic T cells. Surprisingly, the cytokine response is minimally associated with differentiation status, although all major differentiation subsets such as naïve, central memory, effector memory, and effector are detected. All these suggest that the activation of CAR-engineered T cells is a canonical process that leads to a highly mixed response combining both type 1 and type 2 cytokines together with GM-CSF, supporting the notion that polyfunctional CAR-T cells correlate with objective response of patients in clinical trials. This work provides new insights into the mechanism of CAR activation and implies the necessity for cellular function assays to characterize the quality of CAR-T infusion products and monitor therapeutic responses in patients.


Subject(s)
Antigens , Metabolism , CTLA-4 Antigen , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Cytokines , Metabolism , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Pharmacology , Humans , Lymphocyte Activation , Allergy and Immunology , Lymphocyte Subsets , Metabolism , Phenotype , Proteomics , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Metabolism , Single-Cell Analysis , Methods , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Metabolism , Th1 Cells , Cell Biology , Th2 Cells , Cell Biology , Transcription, Genetic , Up-Regulation
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(11): 997-1001, Nov. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041012

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Atopic dermatitis is a common skin disease. Its increased incidence has changed the focus of research on atopic dermatitis toward epidemiology, prevention, and treatment. Evidence suggests that intestinal microbiota plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis inducing immunosuppression, but its exact mechanism is still unclear. Probiotics have been widely reported to act on the immune system. They are living microorganisms with immunomodulatory effects that stimulate Th1 cytokines and suppress the Th2 response, which are being researched for the treatment of several diseases. Probiotics most commonly used are part of the intestinal microflora like lactobacilli, bifidobacteria, and enterococci. We describe here a case of evident response to the use of probiotics in a girl with severe atopic dermatitis, with a significant change in severity scores of atopic dermatitis (BSA/SCORAD/FDLQI). Modulation of the intestinal microbiota with probiotics may offer a way to prevent or treat allergic diseases, including atopic dermatitis.


RESUMO A dermatite atópica é uma doença de pele comum. O aumento da incidência mudou o foco da pesquisa em dermatite atópica para epidemiología, prevenção e tratamento. Evidências sugerem que a microbiota intestinal desempenha um papel importante na patogênese da dermatite atópica, induzindo imunossupressão, mas o mecanismo exato ainda não está claro. Os probióticos foram amplamente divulgados para atuar no sistema imunológico. Eles são microrganismos vivos com efeitos imunomoduladores que estimulam as citocinas Th1 e suprimem a resposta Th2 que vem sendo pesquisada para o tratamento de diversas doenças. Probióticos mais comumente usados são parte da microflora intestinal como lactobacilos, bifidobactérias e enterococos. Descrevemos um caso de resposta evidente ao uso de probióticos em uma menina com dermatite atópica grave, com grande alteração nos escores de gravidade da dermatite atópica (BSA/Scorad/FDLQI). A modulação da microbiota intestinal com probióticos pode oferecer uma maneira de prevenir ou tratar doenças alérgicas, incluindo a dermatite atópica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Dermatitis, Atopic/therapy , Skin/pathology , Cytokines , Th2 Cells , Th1 Cells , Dermatitis, Atopic/physiopathology , Dermatitis, Atopic/microbiology , Immune System/physiopathology , Lactobacillus/classification
18.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 22(2): 142-145, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039213

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The HIV-1 initial viral infection may present diverse clinical and laboratory course and lead to rapid, intermediate, or long-term progression. Among the group of non-progressors, the elite controllers are those who control the infection most effectively, in the absence of antiretroviral therapy (ART). In this paper, the TH1, TH2 and TH17 cytokines profiles are described, as well as clinical and laboratory aspects of an HIV-infected patient with undetectable viral load without antiretroviral therapy. Production of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-17 was detected; in contrast IL-4 was identified. Host-related factors could help explain such a level of infection control, namely the differentiated modulation of the cellular immune response and a non-polarized cytokine response of the TH1 and TH2 profiles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , HIV Infections/immunology , Cytokines/immunology , HIV-1 , HIV Long-Term Survivors , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , HIV Infections/blood , HIV Infections/virology , Th2 Cells/immunology , Th1 Cells/immunology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Viral Load , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Immunity, Cellular/immunology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689596

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the changes in T helper lymphocytes and their subsets in children with tic disorders (TD) and their clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Flow cytometry was used to measure the percentages of T helper lymphocytes and their subsets in the peripheral blood of children with TD and healthy children (controls).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The percentage of T helper lymphocytes was significantly lower in the TD group than in the control group (P<0.001). The abnormal rate of T helper lymphocytes in the TD group was significantly higher than that in the control group (68.7% vs 18.8%; P<0.001). The percentage of T helper lymphocytes was negatively correlated with Yale Global Tic Severity Scale score (r=-0.3945, P<0.001). As for the subsets of T helper lymphocytes, the TD group had a significantly higher percentage of Th1 cells and a significantly lower percentage of Th2 cells compared with the control group (P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The abnormality of T helper lymphocytes and the imbalance of their subsets may be associated with the pathogenesis of TD in children. The percentage of T helper lymphocytes can be used as an indicator for assessing the severity of TD.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Male , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , Allergy and Immunology , Th1 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Th2 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Tic Disorders , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689539

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of leukodepleted blood transfusions on peripheral blood Th1/Th2 cell balance in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-seven ALL patients in our hospital from March 2016 to August 2017 were selected, 31 of them received routine blood transfusion were enrolled in group A, and 26 patients received depleted-blood leukotransfusion were enrolled in group B, 36 cases in normal physical examination at the same period were enrolled in control group. And the basic clinical characteristics of patients were recorded; the ratio of Th1/Th2 cells in peripheral blood of patients was analyzed by flow cytometry;the serum levels of IL-2, IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-10 were detected by ELISA method; the mRNA levels of T-bet and GATA-3 in lymphocytes were detected by RT-PCR;the protein levels of T-bet and GATA-3 in lymphocyte were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The Th1/Th2 ratio in peripheral blood of ALL patients significantly related with patient age and risk grade (P<0.05).After treatment,the change of Th1/Th2 ratio in group A showed no statistical difference from Th1/Th2 ratio before treatment (P>0.05), while the Th1/Th2 ratio in group B increased (P<0.05);the levels of IL-2, IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-10 secreted from Th1 and Th2 cells of ALL patients in A group were not changed significantly(P>0.05), while the levels of IL-2 and IFN-γ secreted from Th1 cells of ALL patients in group B increased, the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 secreted from Th2 cells in group B decreased with statistical difference (P<0.05); the RT-PCR and Western blot showed that the expression levels of T-bet mRNA and T-bet protein in group A were lower than those in control group, while the expression levels of T-bet mRNA and T-bet protein in group B were higher than those in group A (P<0.05); the expression levels of mRNA and GATA-3 protein in group A were higher than those in control group, the expression levels of mRNA and GATA-3 protein in group B were lower than those in group A (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The leukoreduced blood transfusion helps to improve the balance of Th1/Th2 cells in peripheral blood and improve the immune function of patients, which may closely relate with the expression levels of T-bet and GATA-3.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Transfusion , GATA3 Transcription Factor , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-4 , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Th1 Cells , Th2 Cells
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