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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879957

ABSTRACT

Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory oral mucosal disease with unclear etiology. Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) is a type of autoimmune disease characterized by increased thyroid-specific antibodies. In recent years, more and more studies have found that the incidence of AITD is increased in OLP patients. The occurrence and development of OLP and AITD may be related to the expression of thyroid autoantigen in oral keratinocytes, the imbalance of thyroid hormone (Th)1/Th2 and Th17/Treg cell subsets, the abnormal quantity and function of follicular helper T cells and chemokines and the specific killing ability of CD8 T cells to target cells. In this article, the possible immune mechanisms involved in the coexistence of OLP and AITD are reviewed to provide insights for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of these two diseases from the perspective of immunology.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases/complications , Hashimoto Disease , Humans , Lichen Planus, Oral/complications , Mouth Mucosa , Th17 Cells
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880077

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the regulation effect of myeloid leukemia No.1 Chinese herb medicine prescription combined with chemotherapy on Th17 cells in bone marrow fluid of AML patients, so as to provide guidance for improving AML treatment effect and patients' long-term survival.@*METHODS@#Seventy patients with AML who were hospitalized in Department of Hematology, Wuwei People's Hospital from April 2017 to August 2019 were selected and enrolled in AML group, 25 healthy volunteers were selected and enrolled in control group; then according to therapeutic regimen, AML patients were divided into 2 groups: combined therapy group (myeloid leukemia NO.1 Chinese herb medicine prescription combined with chemotherapy) and non-combined therapy group (chemotherapy alone). Flow cytometry was used to detect the ratio of CD3@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Th17 cells expression in bone marrow of newly diagnoses and relapsed AML patients significantly increase, and decrease significantly after treatment. Myeloid leukemia No.1 Chinese herb prescription combined with chemotherapy can significantly increase the CR rate and reduce the RL rate for AML.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , China , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Medicine , Prescriptions , Th17 Cells , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the singnificance of Tim-3 in Th17/Treg balance in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#Fifty-six newly diagnosed MM patients and 30 healthy people were enrolled. Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of Tim-3 on CD4@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the expression of Tim-3 on CD4@*CONCLUSION@#The ratios of Th17/Treg, IL-17/IL-10 and Tim-3


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2 , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922470

ABSTRACT

Although mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (MSC-exos) have been shown to have therapeutic effects in experimental periodontitis, their drawbacks, such as low yield and limited efficacy, have hampered their clinical application. These drawbacks can be largely reduced by replacing the traditional 2D culture system with a 3D system. However, the potential function of MSC-exos produced by 3D culture (3D-exos) in periodontitis remains elusive. This study showed that compared with MSC-exos generated via 2D culture (2D-exos), 3D-exos showed enhanced anti-inflammatory effects in a ligature-induced model of periodontitis by restoring the reactive T helper 17 (Th17) cell/Treg balance in inflamed periodontal tissues. Mechanistically, 3D-exos exhibited greater enrichment of miR-1246, which can suppress the expression of Nfat5, a key factor that mediates Th17 cell polarization in a sequence-dependent manner. Furthermore, we found that recovery of the Th17 cell/Treg balance in the inflamed periodontium by the local injection of 3D-exos attenuated experimental colitis. Our study not only showed that by restoring the Th17 cell/Treg balance through the miR-1246/Nfat5 axis, the 3D culture system improved the function of MSC-exos in the treatment of periodontitis, but also it provided a basis for treating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) by restoring immune responses in the inflamed periodontium.


Subject(s)
Colitis , Exosomes , Humans , Periodontitis/therapy , Periodontium , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1548-1554, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922293

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of Epimedium polysaccharides (EPS) on bone marrow hematopoietic function and Th17/Treg balance in aplastic anemia (AA) mice, and preliminarily explore its therapeutic mechanism.@*METHODS@#Forty BALB/C mice were randomly divided into control (control), model (model), stanozolol (stanozolol) and epimedium polysaccharide (EPS) group, with 10 mice in each group. Except for the control group, Acetophenazine, Gy irradiation and cyclophosphamide triple application were used to establish AA models for the other groups. After the model was established, the stanozolol group was intragastrically administered with 4 mg/kg stanozolol suspension, the EPS group was intragastrically administered with 100 mg/kg epimedium polysaccharide, while the control group and the model group were given an equal volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution by gavage once a day, for 14 consecutive days. The automatic animal blood analyzer was used to detect the changes in peripheral blood hemoglobin (Hb), red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC) and platelets (PLT), flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of Treg and Th17 cells, the levels of interleukin 2 (IL-2), interleukin 11 (IL-11) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were detected by ELISA, the number of nucleated bone marrow cells was counted, HE staining and immunohistochemical staining were used to detect the number, the proliferation and apoptosis of bone marrow cells, Western blot was used to detect the expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor γ (RORγt), transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) and fork head transcription factor 3 (Foxp3).@*RESULTS@#Compared with the model group, the levels of Hb, RBC, WBC and PLT in the peripheral blood of mice in stanozolol and EPS group significantly increased, the proportion of Th17 cells was significantly reduced, and the proportion of Treg cells significantly increased. The levels of IL-2 and TNF-α in serum were significantly reduced (P<0.05), the level of IL-11 significantly increased (P<0.05), the number of bone marrow nucleated cells significantly increased (P<0.05), the positive rate of Ki-67 significantly increased (P<0.05) and the positive rate of Caspase-3 was significantly reduced (P<0.05). At the same time, the protein expression of STAT3 and RORγt significantly decreased, and the protein expression of STAT5 and Foxp3 increased, the difference showed statistically significant (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EPS can promote the recovery of bone marrow hematopoietic function in AA mice and improve Th17/Treg imbalance, the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of STAT3/RORγt expression and promotion of STAT5/Foxp3 expression.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Animals , Bone Marrow , Epimedium , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Polysaccharides , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921386

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To observe the effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on mandibular bone regeneration and the expression of factors related to T helper cell 17 (Th17 cell) and regulatory T cell (Treg cell) in mice.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six 6-week-old C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into normal control (NC) and T2DM groups. Fasting blood glucose levels were detected 0 d, 7 d, 14 d, and 28 d after surgery for mandibular defects. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used in observing the bone after 7 d, 14 d, and 28 d of the healing process. Immunohistochemical staining was used in observing the expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), forkhead box protein P3 (Foxp3), retinoic acid related orphan receptor gamma T (RORγt), and protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 2 (PTPN2) after 7 d, 14 d, and 28 d of healing.@*RESULTS@#HE staining showed that the area with new bones in the T2DM group was significantly smaller than that in the NC group. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the expression of osteogenesis related proteins ALP and RUNX2 were significantly reduced in the T2DM group. In addition, the number of RORγt positive cells increased, whereas the number of Foxp3 positive cells and the expression PTPN2 decreased significantly in the mandibular bone defect in mice with T2DM.@*CONCLUSIONS@#T2DM significantly inhibit mandibular bone regeneration in mice. Decline in PTPN2 expression and the transition of Treg and Th17 may be the underlying molecular mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Regeneration , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , TCF Transcription Factors , Th17 Cells
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878423

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the changes in the expression of the characteristic transcription factor retinoid related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) and the cytokine interleukin-17 (IL-17) of T helper cell 17 (Th17) in the pressure side of the periodontal tissue of rats under different orthodontic forces. Their effects on the expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and the quantity of osteoclast (OC) were also explored. The role of Th17 cell in alveolar bone remodeling under different forces was preliminarily investigated.@*METHODS@#A total of 108 rats were chosen and randomly divided into three groups. Mesial forces of 0, 50, and 100 g were loaded on the maxillary first molar in the three groups. The rats were executed at 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14 days. The expression of RORγt mRNA was quantified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The expression of IL-17 protein was quantified by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The expression levels of RORγt and OPG proteins were quantified, and the quantity of OC was counted via immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of RORγt and IL-17 and the quantity of OC increased first and then decreased in the 50 and 100 g groups, and the peak values of the two groups were on days 5 and 7, respectively. The expression levels in the 50 g group basically recovered to normal level on day 14, while that in the 100 g group remained at a high level. The expression levels in the 50 g group were higher than those in the 0 g group and lower than those in the 100 g group. The expression of OPG in the 50 g group decreased first, then increased, and finally decreased. It basically recovered to normal level on day 14. The expression of OPG in the 100 g group decreased first and then increased. It remained at a high level on day 14. The expression in the 50 g group was significantly higher than that in the 0 g group on day 7, while the expression in the 100 g group was significantly higher than that in the 0 g group on day 14.@*CONCLUSIONS@#RORγt, IL-17, and OPG were expressed regularly over time under different orthodontic forces, indicating that Th17 participated in the process of bone resorption on the pressure side of periodontal tissue by secreting IL-17.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Resorption , Cytokines , Interleukin-17 , Molar , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3 , Osteoclasts , Osteoprotegerin , Rats , Th17 Cells , Tooth Movement Techniques
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 954-962, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878130

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Recently, T-helper 17 (Th17) cells have been proved to play an important role in promoting cervical cancer. But, till now, few study has been carried out to understand the involvement of these cells in efficacy of anti-tumor treatments. This study aimed to investigate the alterations in the percentage of circulating Th17 cells and related cytokines in locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) patients before and after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT) and to analyze the correlations between the alterations in Th17 cells and treatment efficacy.@*METHODS@#A prospective study with 49 LACC (International federation of gynecology and obstetrics [FIGO] stage IIB-IIIB) patients and 23 controls was conducted. Patients received the same cCRT schedule and were followed up for 3 years. Circulating Th17 cells (CD3+CD8- interleukin [IL]-17+ T cells) and related cytokines IL-17, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), IL-10, IL-23, IL-6, and IL-22 were detected before and after cCRT. Correlations between alterations of circulating Th17 cells and treatment efficacy were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS).@*RESULTS@#We found that 40 patients finished the entire cCRT schedule and met the endpoint of this study. The percentage of circulating Th17 cells in the LACC patients was higher than that in the controls, and it significantly decreased after cCRT (P < 0.05). After cCRT, patients were divided into two groups based on the average of the Th17 cells declined. The subgroup of patients with a prominent decrease in circulating Th17 cells after cCRT had a higher treatment efficacy and longer PFS and OS times. Compared with the control patients, LACC patients had higher IL-6, IL-10, IL-22, TGF-β levels and a lower IL-23 level (P < 0.05). After cCRT, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, IL-23 level significantly increased and TGF-β level significantly decreased compared with the levels before cCRT (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Circulating Th17 cells in the LACC patients (FIGO stage IIB-IIIB) were higher than those in the controls, but they generally decreased after cCRT. A more pronounced decrease in circulating Th17 cells after cCRT was correlated with better therapeutic effect and longer PFS and OS times.


Subject(s)
Chemoradiotherapy , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Neoplasm Staging , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Th17 Cells , Treatment Outcome , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/therapy
9.
Ciencia Tecnología y Salud ; 8(2): 166-183, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1353093

ABSTRACT

El cáncer gástrico (CG) es la neoplasia del tubo digestivo más prevalente en el mundo, asociada a factores genéticos del hospedero y externos, como infección por Helicobacter pylori. La patogénesis incluye inflamación crónica mediada por citocinas del microambiente tumoral, detectables sistémicamente. Estudios previos reportan niveles séricos de citocinas y su contribución al diagnóstico de CG. El presente estudio analiza el perfil de citocinas del tipo de Th1(IFNγ), Th2(IL-4 e IL-10), Th17(Th-17A) y otras pro inflamatorias: IL-1ß, IL-6 y TNF-α, en plasma de 70 casos de pacientes con CG comparándolos con 132 sujetos sanos equiparables en edad y sexo. Los casos provinieron del Hospital Roosevelt e Instituto Nacional de Cancerología de Guatemala (Incan) y formaron parte de un estudio previo. Se analizó la base de datos clínicos, patológicos y epidemiológicos. Se midieron los niveles de citocinas utilizando el sistema "MSD MULTI-SPOT Assay System". La edad promedio de los casos fue 59.5 años, (DE 13.0), 51%, eran positivos para IgG anti H. pylori. Un 71% presentó adenocarcinoma grado III (Borrman), según clasificación de Lauren 55% tenían tipo intestinal. Las siete citocinas cuantificadas se encontraron significativamente elevadas (p < .05) en el plasma de los casos respecto a sus controles. Los casos de CG tipo difuso presentaron niveles de IFNγ significativa-mente elevados. Por regresión logística, las citocinas IL-6 e IL-10, están asociadas significativamente a CG (p < .05) independientemente del estatus de infección por H. pylori. Se destacan la IL-6 e IL-10 como las principales citocinas asociadas a la presencia de CG.


Gastric cancer (GC) is the most prevalent gastrointestinal neoplasm in the world, associated with host and external genetic factors, such as Helicobacter pylori infection. The pathogenesis includes chronic inflammation mediated by cytokines of the tumor microenvironment, systemically detectable. Previous studies report serum levels of cyto-kines and their contribution to the diagnosis of GC. The present study analyzes the profile of cytokines of the type Th1 (IFNγ), Th2 (IL-4 and IL-10), Th17 (Th-17A) and other pro-inflammatory: IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α, in plasma of 70 cases of patients with GC compared with 132 healthy subjects comparable in age and sex. The cases came from the Roosevelt Hospital and the National Cancer Institute of Guatemala -Incan- and were part of a previous study. The clinical, pathological and epidemiological databases were analyzed. Cytokine levels were measured using the "MSD MULTI-SPOT Assay System". The average age of the cases was 59.5 years, (SD 13.0), 51% were positive for IgG anti H. pylori, 71% had grade III adenocarcinoma (Borrman), according to Laurenís classification, 55% had intestinal type. The seven cytokines quantified were found to be significantly elevated (p < .05) in the plasma of the cases compared to their controls. The diffuse GC cases presented significantly elevated IFNγ levels. By logistic regression, the cytokines IL-6 and IL-10 are significantly associated with GC (p < .05) regardless of the H. pylori infection status. IL-6 and IL-10 stand out as the main cytokines associated with the presence of GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Plasma/chemistry , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Cytokines/analysis , Interleukin-6/analysis , Interleukin-1/analysis , Interleukin-10/analysis , Th2 Cells , Th17 Cells , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Adenocarcinoma/complications , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Th1 Cells , Gastrointestinal Tract/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment , Neoplasms/complications
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(4): e9282, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089351

ABSTRACT

Vitiligo is an acquired pigmentary disorder resulting from selective destruction of melanocytes. Emerging studies have suggested that T helper cell 17 (Th17) is potentially implicated in vitiligo development and progression. It was recently discovered that metabotropic glutamate receptor 4 (mGluR4) can modulate Th17-mediated adaptive immunity. However, the influence of mGluR4 on melanogenesis of melanocytes has yet to be elucidated. In the present study, we primarily cultured mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDC) and then knocked down and over-expressed mGluR4 using transfection. Transduced BMDC were co-cultured with CD4+ T cells and the expression of Th17-related cytokines were measured. The morphology and melanogenesis of B16 cells were observed after being treated with co-culture medium of CD4+ T cells and transduced BMDC. We found that mGluR4 knockdown did not affect the co-stimulatory CD80 and CD86 upregulation after lipopolysaccharide stimulation but did increase the expression of Th17-related cytokines, and further down-regulated the expression of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) and the downstream genes, decreased melanin production, and destroyed the morphology of B16 cells. Conversely, over-expression of mGluR4 reduced the expression of CD80 and CD86, suppressed the production of Th17-related cytokines, increased the expression of MITF, and did not destroy the morphology of B16 cells. Our study confirmed that mGluR4 modulated the Th17 cell polarization and resulted in the alteration of melanogenesis and morphology of B16 cells. Collectively, these findings suggest mGluR4 might be a potent target involved in the immune pathogenesis of vitiligo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Vitiligo/immunology , Dendritic Cells/cytology , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate/physiology , Th17 Cells/immunology , Vitiligo/genetics , RNA, Small Interfering/immunology , Th17 Cells/cytology , Flow Cytometry , Melanins/biosynthesis , Melanocytes/cytology , Mice, Inbred C57BL
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2051-2055, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of IL-27 on Th17 cells in patients with henoch-schönlein purpura(HSP) in order to further elucidate the pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#Fifty patients with HSP treated in our hospital from April 2019 to July 2019 were selected as HSP group, and 30 volunteers underwent physical examination at the same time were selected as control group. The proportion of Th17 cells in peripheral blood of HSP group and healthy control group was determined by flow cytometry (FCM). A total of 27 HSP patients were selected, and candidate peripheral blood mononuclear lymphocytes (PBMC) were co-cultured with exogenous rhIL-27, and the ratio of Th17 cells was detected by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of Th17 cells in the peripheral blood of HSP patients with acute phase was (1.57±0.54)%, which was significantly higher than that of the control group (0.86±0.40)% (t=-6.298, P<0.001), and the proportion of Th17 cells was decreased significantly after rhIL-27 co-culture (1.39%±0.52% vs 0.98%±0.44%)(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#IL-27 can reduce the level of Th17 cells in patients with HSP, which may be involved in the pathogenic process of HSP and play a protective role in the development of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interleukin-27 , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Patients , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Th17 Cells
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1217-1222, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877589

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxa-cone moxibustion at lung's back-@*METHODS@#Sixty SPF-grade healthy male Balb/c mice were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, an LY294002 group (LY group), an electroacupuncture (EA) group and a moxibustion group, 12 mice in each group. Asthma model was replicated by using ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization. Except the mice in the normal group, all the mice were intraperitoneally injected with sensitization solution (containing 15 μg of OVA and 30 mg of aluminum hydroxide) on the 1st day, 7th day and 14th day, 0.5 mL per mice; from the 15th day, 1% OVA solution was atomized for 20 min, once a day for 2 weeks; the mice in the normal group was treated with identical operations but with 0.9% sodium chloride solution. The mice in the LY group were treated with injection of LY294002 at tail vein on the 13th day, 14th day and 15th day. At the beginning of the 15th day, The mice in the EA group were treated with EA at "Feishu" (BL 13) and "Zhongfu" (LU 1) with disperse-dense wave, frequency of 2 Hz/20 Hz, intensity of 1 mA, 15 min each time, once a day for 2 weeks. The mice in the moxibustion group was treated with moxa-cone moxibustion at "Feishu" (BL 13) and "Zhongfu" (LU 1) from the 15th day, three moxa-cones per acupoint, once a day for 2 weeks. On the 16th day, 18th day and 22nd day, the incubation period of asthma was recorded. On the 29th day, all the samples were collected. The expressions of IL-17 and IL-10 in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were detected by ELISA method. The pathological changes of lung tissue were observed by HE staining. The percentage of Th17, Treg and Th17/Treg ratio in spleen tissue were detected by flow cytometry method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, the incubation period of asthma in the model group was significantly shortened (@*CONCLUSION@#The Th17/Treg is imbalanced in asthmatic body. The moxibustion at lung's back-


Subject(s)
Animals , Asthma/therapy , Lung , Male , Mice , Moxibustion , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
13.
Immune Network ; : 6-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811176

ABSTRACT

IL-17 is produced by RAR-related orphan receptor gamma t (RORγt)-expressing cells including Th17 cells, subsets of γδT cells and innate lymphoid cells (ILCs). The biological significance of IL-17-producing cells is well-studied in contexts of inflammation, autoimmunity and host defense against infection. While most of available studies in tumor immunity mainly focused on the role of T-bet-expressing cells, including cytotoxic CD8⁺ T cells and NK cells, and their exhaustion status, the role of IL-17-producing cells remains poorly understood. While IL-17-producing T-cells were shown to be anti-tumorigenic in adoptive T-cell therapy settings, mice deficient in type 17 genes suggest a protumorigenic potential of IL-17-producing cells. This review discusses the features of IL-17-producing cells, of both lymphocytic and myeloid origins, as well as their suggested pro- and/or anti-tumorigenic functions in an organ-dependent context. Potential therapeutic approaches targeting these cells in the tumor microenvironment will also be discussed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autoimmunity , Child , Child, Orphaned , Friends , Humans , Inflammation , Interleukin-17 , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphocytes , Mice , T-Lymphocytes , Th17 Cells , Tumor Microenvironment
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880777

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of @*METHODS@#Healthy male DBA/1 mice were used for CIA modeling. Twenty-five CIA mice with successful modeling and similar arthritis index (AI) scores were randomized equally into model group (CIA), methotrexate (MTX) group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose XWGD groups (0.975, 1.95, and 3.9 g/mL, respectively), with another 5 normal mice as the normal control group. The mice in normal control and CIA groups were given saline once a day, those in MTX group were given 0.1 mg/mL MTX once a week, and those in XWGD groups were treated daily via garage of XWGD containing crude drugs of different doses for 28 consecutive days. The AI score and HE staining were used to evaluate the changes in the joints of the CIA mice. The effect of XWGD on Th1, Th17, MDSC, G-MDSC and M-MDSC cells were evaluated with flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with MTX and different doses of XWGD significantly decreased the AI score of the mice and relieved joint inflammation as compared with the model group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#XWGD can improve joint inflammation in CIA mice by increasing the percentages of G-MDSC cells and decreasing the percentages of M-MDSC, Th1 and Th17 cells, and a high dose of XWGD can produce an equivalent therapeutic effect to methotrexate but with better safety.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Experimental/drug therapy , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Male , Methotrexate , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA , Th17 Cells
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786141

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The microRNA (miR)-10b is the T helper (Th) 17 cell specific in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The interleukin (IL)-22, which is closely related to Th17 cells, has been implicated in the regulation of new bone formation in experimental models. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether miR-10b affects bone formation via the IL-22 pathway in AS.METHODS: Primary CD4+ T cells from AS were purified and transfected with miR-10b, anti-miR-10b, or scramble. Cell-surface markers and cytokine expression were analyzed by flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Primary bone-derived cells (BdCs) from the facet joints of the spine were isolated, then osteogenic differentiation of primary BdCs was performed. We assessed alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and staining of BdCs at early time points. Alizarin red S staining of BdCs was performed at late time points.RESULTS: Overexpression of miR-10b reduced both IL-22 producing cell frequencies and cytokine production in T cells from the patients with AS. The IL-22 significantly increased ALP staining and bone mineralization. The ALP promotor activity of AS-BdCs was notably higher for the IL-22 concentration. The supernatants of the miR-10b overexpression group suppressed ALP activity on osteogenic progenitor cells from the facet joints of the spine in patients with AS.CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that miR-10b suppresses IL-22 production, which was involved in osteogenic proliferation in AS. Therefore, miR-10b might be a potential therapeutic candidate for regulation of new bone formation in patients with AS.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Calcification, Physiologic , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Interleukins , MicroRNAs , Models, Theoretical , Osteogenesis , Spine , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Stem Cells , T-Lymphocytes , Th17 Cells , Zygapophyseal Joint
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878674

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of SPK1 gene transfected adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells(ADMSC)on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis mice and the effect on T helper cell 17(Th17)/regulatory T(Treg) cells balance. Methods EAE was induced by myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein 35-55 in mice.Totally 44 mice were randomly divided into four groups:normal control group(NC group),model group(EAE group),ADMSC group,and ADMSC-SPK1 group.Forty days after injection,the pathological changes of brain and spinal cord,Th17/Treg-related inflammatory markers in brain tissue,expressions of interleukin-17A(IL-17A)and forkhead box protein p3(Foxp3)in brain and spinal cord tissue,and flow cytometric results of spleen immune cells were detected. Results Forty days after the injection,serious inflammatory cell infiltration and demyelination occurred in the brain and spinal cord of EAE group,whereas demyelination and axonal injury were improved in ADMSC group and ADMSC-SPK1 group.Compared with EAE group,the ADMSC group and ADMSC-SPK1 group had significantly improved levels of IL-17A(


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue/cytology , Animals , Cytokines , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental/therapy , Interleukin-17 , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)/genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/cytology , Th17 Cells/cytology , Transfection
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 555-563, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877984

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) complicated with invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) has increased in the last two decades. The mechanism underpinning susceptibility to and high mortality of COPD complicated with IPA is unclear, and the role of T helper cells 17 (Th17 cells) in the compound disease remains unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the function of Th17 cells in COPD combined with IPA.@*METHODS@#COPD, IPA, and COPD+IPA mouse models were established in male wild type C57/BL6 mice. The amounts of Th17 cells and retinoic acid-related orphan receptors γt (RORγt) were tested by flow cytometry. Then, serum interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-23 levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in the control, COPD, IPA and COPD+IPA groups. In addition, COPD+IPA was induced in IL-17 knockout (KO) mice, for determining the role of Th17 cells in COPD+IPA.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the COPD group, the COPD+IPA group showed higher amounts of blood RORγt ([35.09 ± 16.12]% vs. [17.92 ± 4.91]%, P = 0.02) and serum IL-17 (17.96 ± 9.59 pg/mL vs. 8.05 ± 4.44 pg/mL, P = 0.02), but blood ([5.18 ± 1.09]% vs. [4.15 ± 0.87]%, P = 0.28) and lung levels of Th17 cells ([1.98 ± 0.83]% vs. [2.03 ± 0.98]%, P = 0.91), lung levels of RORγt ([9.58 ± 6.93]% vs. [9.63 ± 5.98]%, P = 0.49) and serum IL-23 (51.55 ± 27.82 pg/mL vs. 68.70 ± 15.20 pg/mL, P = 0.15) showed no significant differences. Compared with the IPA group, the COPD+IPA group displayed lower amounts of blood ([5.18 ± 1.09]% vs. [9.21 ± 3.56]%, P = 0.01) and lung Th17 cells ([1.98 ± 0.83]% vs. [6.29 ± 1.11]%, P = 0.01) and serum IL-23 (51.55 ± 27.82 pg/mL vs. 154.90 ± 64.60 pg/mL, P = 0.01) and IL-17 (17.96 ± 9.59 pg/mL vs. 39.81 ± 22.37 pg/mL, P = 0.02), while comparable blood ([35.09 ± 16.12]% vs. [29.86 ± 15.42]%, P = 0.25) and lung levels of RORγt ([9.58 ± 6.93]% vs. [15.10 ± 2.95]%, P = 0.18) were found in these two groups. Finally, Aspergillus load in IL-17 KO COPD+IPA mice was almost 2 times that of COPD+IPA mice (1,851,687.69 ± 944,480.43 vs. 892,958.10 ± 686,808.80, t = 2.32, P = 0.02).@*CONCLUSION@#These findings indicate that Th17 cells might be involved in the pathogenesis of COPD combined with IPA, with IL-17 likely playing an antifungal role.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aspergillus , Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis , Lung , Male , Mice , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Th17 Cells
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190490, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1090781

ABSTRACT

Abstract The relationship between periodontitis and the pathogenesis of other inflammatory diseases, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and obesity has been an important topic of study in recent decades. The Th17 pathway plays a significant role in how local inflammation can influence systemic inflammation in the absence of systemic pathology. Objective: To determine Th17 biased-cells in systemically healthy patients in the presence of generalized chronic periodontitis. Methodology: A total of 28 patients were recruited without systemic inflammatory pathology, which was determined by clinical history, the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and rheumatoid factor detection. Of these patients, 13 were diagnosed as healthy/gingivitis (H/G) and 15 as generalized chronic periodontitis (GCP). Th17 (CD4+CD161+) cells and Th17IL23R+ (CD4+CD161+IL-23R+) cells were quantified by flow cytometry, based on the total cells and on the lymphocyte region, termed the "enriched population" (50,000 events for each). Results: The percentages of Th17 cells of the H/G and periodontitis groups were similar on total cells and enriched population (19 vs 21.8; p=4.134 and 19.6 vs 21.8; p=0.55). However, Th17IL23R+ cells differ significantly between periodontally healthy patients and generalized chronic periodontitis patients in both total cell (0.22% vs 0.65%; p=0.0004) and enriched populations (0.2% vs 0.75%; p=0.0266). Conclusions: GCP patients (otherwise systemically healthy) were characterized by increased Th17-proinflammatory cell phenotype positive for the IL-23 receptor in peripheral blood. The proportion of Th17 cells that are negative for the IL-23 receptor in the peripheral blood of systemically healthy patients seemed to be unaffected by the presence or absence of chronic periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Chronic Periodontitis/immunology , Th17 Cells/immunology , Phenotype , Case-Control Studies , Periodontal Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , Receptors, Interleukin/blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Interleukin-23/blood , Chronic Periodontitis/pathology , Th17 Cells/pathology , Flow Cytometry , Gingivitis/immunology , Gingivitis/pathology
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 677-683, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054900

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Psoriasis is a skin-articular disease with unclear etiopathogenesis. It has been suggested that the disease is immune-mediated by T-lymphocytes, predominantly Th17 cells. Similar to psoriasis, geographic tongue is an inflammatory disease with participation of Th17 cells and direct correlation with psoriasis. Objective: To investigate and compare the inflammatory responses and the Th17 pathway in psoriasis and geographic tongue. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 46 participants that were categorized into three groups: (A) patients with psoriasis vulgaris; (B) patients with geographic tongue and psoriasis; (C) patients with geographic tongue without psoriasis. All patients underwent physical examination, and a skin and oral biopsy for histopathological examination and immunohistochemical analysis with anti-IL6, anti-IL17, and anti-IL23 antibodies. Results: Histological analysis of all lesions showed mononuclear inflammatory infiltrate. However, moderate intensity was prevalent for the patients with geographic tongue and psoriasis and geographic tongue groups. Immunopositivity for the antibodies anti-IL6, anti-IL17, and anti-IL23 revealed cytoplasmic staining, mainly basal and parabasal, in both psoriasis and geographic tongue. Regarding IL-6, in patients with geographic tongue and psoriasis cases the staining was stronger than in patients with geographic tongue without psoriasis cases. IL-17 evidenced more pronounced and extensive staining when compared to the other analyzed interleukins. IL-23 presented similar immunopositivity for both geographic tongue and psoriasis, demonstrating that the neutrophils recruited into the epithelium were stained. Study limitation: This study was limited by the number of cases. Conclusion: The inflammatory process and immunostaining of IL-6, IL-17, and IL-23 were similar in geographic tongue and psoriasis, suggesting the existence of a type of geographic tongue that represents an oral manifestation of psoriasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Psoriasis/pathology , Th17 Cells/pathology , Glossitis, Benign Migratory/pathology , Psoriasis/immunology , Biopsy , Severity of Illness Index , Immunohistochemistry , Keratinocytes/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interleukin-6/immunology , Interleukin-17/immunology , Interleukin-23/immunology , Th17 Cells/immunology , Glossitis, Benign Migratory/immunology , Antibodies/analysis
20.
Actual. osteol ; 15(1): 34-43, ene. abr. 2019. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049002

ABSTRACT

La brucelosis es una de las enfermedades zoonóticas más importantes a nivel mundial capaz de producir enfermedad crónica en los seres humanos. La localización osteoarticular es la presentación más común de la enfermedad activa en el hombre. Sin embargo, algunos de los mecanismos moleculares implicados en la enfermedad osteoarticular han comenzado a dilucidarse recientemente. Brucella abortus induce daño óseo a través de diversos mecanismos en los cuales están implicados TNF-α y RANKL. En estos procesos participan células inflamatorias que incluyen monocitos/macrófagos, neutrófilos, linfocitos T del tipo Th17 y linfocitos B. Además, B. abortus puede afectar directamente las células osteoarticulares. La bacteria inhibe la deposición de la matriz ósea por los osteoblastos y modifica el fenotipo de estas células para producir metaloproteinasas de matriz (MMPs) y la secreción de citoquinas que contribuyen a la degradación del hueso. Por otro lado, la infección por B. abortus induce un aumento en la osteoclastogénesis, lo que aumenta la resorción de la matriz ósea orgánica y mineral y contribuye al daño óseo. Dado que la patología inducida por Brucella afecta el tejido articular, se estudió el efecto de la infección sobre los sinoviocitos. Estos estudios revelaron que, además de inducir la activación de estas células para secretar quemoquinas, citoquinas proinflamatorias y MMPs, la infección inhibe la muerte por apoptosis de los sinoviocitos. Brucella es una bacteria intracelular que se replica en el retículo endoplásmico de los macrófagos. El análisis de los sinoviocitos infectados con B. abortus indicó que las bacterias también se multiplican en el retículo endoplasmático, lo que sugiere que la bacteria podría usar este tipo celular para la multiplicación intracelular durante la localización osteoarticular de la enfermedad. Los hallazgos presentados en esta revisión intentan responder a preguntas sobre los mediadores inflamatorios implicados en el daño osteoarticular causado por Brucella. (AU)


Brucellosis is one of the most important zoonotic diseases that can produce chronic disease in humans worldwide. Osteoarticular involvement is the most common presentation of human active disease. The molecular mechanisms implicated in bone damage have started to be elucidated. B. abortus induces bone damage through diverse mechanisms in which TNF-α and RANKL are implicated. These processes are driven by inflammatory cells, including monocytes/macrophages, neutrophils, Th17 lymphocytes and B cells. Also, Brucella abortus (B. abortus) can directly affect osteoarticular cells. The bacterium inhibits bone matrix deposition by osteoblast and modifies the phenotype of these cells to produce matrix methalloproteinases (MMPs) and cytokine secretion that contribute to bone matrix degradation. B. abortus also affects osteoclast increasing mineral and organic bone matrix resorption and contributing to bone damage. Since the pathology induced by Brucella species involves joint tissue, experiments conducted in sinoviocytes revealed that besides inducing the activation of these cells to secrete chemokines, proinflammatory cytokines and MMPS, the infection also inhibits sinoviocyte apoptosis. Brucella is an intracellular bacterium that replicate in the endoplasmic reticulum of macrophages. The analysis of B. abortus infected sinoviocytes indicated that bacteria also replicate in their reticulum suggesting that the bacterium could use this cell type for intracellular replication during the osteoarticular localization of the disease. The findings presented in this review try to answer key questions about the inflammatory mediators involved in osteoarticular damage caused by Brucella. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Osteoarthritis/pathology , Brucella abortus/pathogenicity , Brucellosis/pathology , Osteoarthritis/immunology , Osteoblasts/pathology , Osteocytes/microbiology , Osteogenesis/immunology , Brucella abortus/immunology , Brucellosis/etiology , Brucellosis/immunology , B-Lymphocytes/pathology , Cytokines/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/adverse effects , Matrix Metalloproteinases/chemical synthesis , RANK Ligand/adverse effects , Th17 Cells/pathology , Synoviocytes/immunology , Macrophages/pathology , Neutrophils/pathology
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