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1.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 29: e54902, 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529197

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Este estudo teve como objetivo verificar a percepção dos profissionais dos Centros de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPS) de São Paulo/SP da importância do trabalho multiprofissional em saúde mental para os usuários dos serviços e as relações possíveis com a integralidade do cuidado. Com as reformas sanitária e psiquiátrica, a integralidade passou a ser um princípio fundamental das ações de saúde, conceito que vem sendo entendido a partir de diversas influências. Foram entrevistados 27 profissionais de nível superior e utilizado o referencial metodológico da análise de conteúdo. Os participantes não apresentaram clareza sobre a noção de integralidade do cuidado, valorizando a integralidade e o trabalho de integração disciplinar de forma concomitante a ações tutelares e não favorecedoras de autonomia. Tal fato se deve ao pouco conhecimento teórico do tema sobre a integralidade e a prática ainda persistente centrada na falta de autonomia e ausência de contratualidade na relação profissional e usuário. A efetivação da integralidade do cuidado é aspecto fundamental na compreensão dos usuários de saúde mental como sujeitos de direitos, importante desafio à reforma psiquiátrica brasileira.


RESUMEN Este estudio tuvo como objetivo verificar la percepción de los profesionales de los Centros de Atención Psicosocial (CAPS) en São Paulo / SP de la importancia del trabajo multiprofesional en Salud Mental para los usuarios del servicio y las posibles relaciones con la atención integral. Con las reformas de salud y psiquiátricas, la integralidad se ha convertido en un principio fundamental de las acciones de salud, un concepto que se ha entendido desde diferentes influencias. Veintisiete profesionales de la educación superior fueron entrevistados y se utilizó el marco metodológico del Análisis de Contenido. Los participantes no tenían claro el concepto de atención integral, valorando el trabajo integral y de integración disciplinaria al mismo tiempo que las acciones tutelares que no favorecen la autonomía. Este hecho se debe a la falta de conocimiento teórico sobre el tema de la exhaustividad y la práctica aún persistente centrada en la falta de autonomía y la ausencia de contractualidad en la relación profesional y de usuario. La efectividad de la atención integral es un aspecto fundamental en la comprensión de los usuarios de salud mental como sujetos de derechos, un desafío importante para la reforma psiquiátrica brasileña.


ABSTRACT This study aimed to verify professionals' perceptions of Psychosocial Care Centers (Centros de Atenção Psicossocial - CAPS) in São Paulo / SP regarding the importance of multiprofessional work in Mental Health for service users and the possible relationships with comprehensive care. The Health and Psychiatric Reforms made comprehensiveness a fundamental principle of health actions, a concept understood through various influences. Twenty-seven higher education professionals were interviewed, and the Content Analysis methodological framework was used. The participants were unclear about integrality care, valuing comprehensiveness and disciplinary integration work concomitantly to tutelage actions that do not favor autonomy. This fact is due to the lack of theoretical knowledge on comprehensiveness issues and the still persistent practice centered on the absence of autonomy and contractuality in the professional-user relationship. The effectiveness of comprehensive care is fundamental to understanding Mental Health users as subjects of rights, an important challenge for Brazilian Psychiatric Reform.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Patient Care Team/organization & administration , Allied Health Personnel/psychology , Integrality in Health , Mental Health Services/organization & administration , Psychiatry , Therapeutics/psychology
2.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 29: e53449, 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529195

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Por meio da antropologia da saúde, podemos compreender o terreiro de umbanda como parte de um sistema popular de cuidado. Este estudo teve por objetivo investigar as concepções de saúde e doença produzidas por zeladores de terreiro de umbanda. Participaram dez zeladores de terreiro da cidade de Uberaba (MG/Brasil), sendo três mulheres e sete homens, com idades entre 40 e 76 anos. O tempo médio de atuação como dirigente foi de 18,4 anos, variando de cinco a 43 anos. Os terreiros chefiados por esses participantes atendem entre 15 e 280 pessoas por dia de funcionamento. Pela análise das entrevistas, destaca-se que o cuidado em saúde oferecido pelos zeladores ultrapassa os limites rituais, nas cerimônias públicas, sendo prestado de modo contínuo nos terreiros. As posturas assumidas pelos entrevistados envolvem ações de escuta, acolhimento e proximidade física no momento da urgência. Pelas narrativas, pode-se concluir que o zelar, no sentido de gerenciar o espaço do terreiro, espiritual e materialmente, não pode ser dissociado do cuidar, significando os zeladores como importantes agentes populares de saúde.


RESUMEN A través de la antropología de la salud podemos entender el terreiro de umbanda como parte de un sistema de atención popular. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar las concepciones de salud y enfermedad producidas por los cuidadores del terreiro de umbanda. Participaron diez cuidadores de terreiro de la ciudad de Uberaba (MG/Brasil), tres mujeres y siete hombres, con edades comprendidas entre 40 y 76 años. El tiempo promedio como gerente fue de 18.4 años, que van de cinco a 43 años. Los terreiros encabezados por estos participantes atienden entre 15 y 280 personas por día de operación. Del análisis de las entrevistas, se destaca que la atención médica ofrecida por los cuidadores va más allá de los límites rituales, en ceremonias públicas, que se brindan continuamente en los terreiros. Las actitudes asumidas por los entrevistados implican escuchar, acoger y proximidad física en el momento de urgencia. A través de las narrativas, se puede concluir que el cuidado, en el sentido de administrar el espacio del terreiro, espiritual y materialmente, no se puede disociar del cuidado, lo que significa que los cuidadores son importantes agentes de salud populares.


ABSTRACT Through health anthropology we can understand the umbanda terreiro (specific place for the religious ritual) as part of a popular system of care. This study aimed to investigate the conceptions of health and illness produced by saint keepers of umbanda terreiro. Ten leaders of the terreiros in the city of Uberaba (MG/Brazil) participated, being three women and seven men, between 40 and 76 years old. The average time of performance as a manager was 18.4 years, ranging from 5 to 43 years. The terreiros led by these participants attend between 15 and 280 people working day. The health care offered by saint keepers exceeds ritual limits in public ceremonies and is provided on a continuous basis in the terreiros. The postures assumed by the interviewees involve actions of listening, welcoming and physical proximity at the moment of urgency. From the narratives, it can be concluded that care, in the sense of managing the space of the terreiro, both spiritually and materially, can not be dissociated from caring, meaning saint keepers as important popular health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Therapeutics , Mental Health/ethics , Faith Healing/ethics , Self Care/psychology , Ceremonial Behavior , Emotions/ethics , User Embracement , Ethnopsychology/ethics , Anthropology, Cultural
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e252676, 2024. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364501

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) is the foremost reason of progressive hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis, with an elevated risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. Medicinal plants have been used for human health benefits for several years, but their therapeutic potential needs to be explored. The main objective of this study was to figure out the in vitro antiviral and anticancer characteristics of total crude protein of Iberis gibraltarica against HCV and HCC. Total crude protein of Iberis gibraltarica was isolated and quantified. The level of cytotoxicity was measured against the HepG2 cell line and it shows no significant cytotoxicity at the concentration of 504µg/ml. The anti-HCV effect was determined by absolute quantification via real time RT-PCR method and viral titer was reduced up to 66% in a dose dependent manner against the total protein of Iberis gibraltarica. The anticancer potential of Iberis gibraltarica was also examined through mRNA expression studies of AFP and GPC3 genes against the total protein of Iberis gibraltarica-treated HepG2 cells. The results show up to 90% of the down-regulation expression of AFP and GPC3. The obtained results indicate the therapeutic potential of total protein of Iberis gibraltarica against HCV and hepatocellular carcinoma in vitro.


A infecção pelo vírus da hepatite C (HCV) é a principal causa de fibrose hepática progressiva e cirrose, com risco elevado de desenvolvimento de carcinoma hepatocelular (HCC). As plantas medicinais vêm sendo utilizadas para benefícios à saúde humana há vários anos, mas seu potencial terapêutico precisa ser explorado. O principal objetivo deste estudo foi descobrir as características antivirais e anticancerígenas in vitro da proteína bruta total de Iberis gibraltarica contra HCV e HCC. A proteína bruta total de Iberis gibraltarica foi isolada e quantificada. O nível de citotoxicidade foi medido contra a linha celular HepG2 e não apresenta citotoxicidade significativa na concentração de 504µg/ml. O efeito anti-HCV foi determinado por quantificação absoluta através do método RT-PCR em tempo real e o título viral foi reduzido em até 66% de forma dose-dependente contra a proteína total de Iberis gibraltarica. O potencial anticancerígeno de Iberis gibraltarica também foi examinado através de estudos de expressão de mRNA dos genes AFP e GPC3 contra a proteína total de células HepG2 tratadas com Iberis gibraltarica. Os resultados mostram até 90% da expressão de regulação negativa de AFP e GPC3. Os resultados obtidos indicam o potencial terapêutico da proteína total de Iberis gibraltarica contra HCV e carcinoma hepatocelular in vitro.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal , Therapeutics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy
4.
Ibom Medical Journal ; 17(1): 87-90, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1525750

ABSTRACT

Objective: Malocclusion affects aesthetics, the physical, psychological and social life of a person. The aim of this study was to evaluate the awareness of malocclusion and attitude towards orthodontic treatment among trainee dental surgery technicians in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out among 68 final year (sixty-eight) trainee dental surgery technicians in Nigeria. The research instrument was a self-administered close ended questionnaire. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20. P value (P<0.05) was regarded as significant. Results: Sixty-one (89.7%) of the respondents were females, while 7 (10.3%) were males. Fifty-seven (83.8%) have heard of the term malalignment of teeth, 53 (77.9%) of the students think malalignment is due to external habits. 61 (89.7%) are aware that few teeth may have to be removed for proper positioning of irregular teeth and 51 (75.0%) were aware that the irregular teeth can be corrected even after 40 years of age. More females were aware of malocclusion and had positive attitude towards orthodontic procedures when compared to the males, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05).Conclusion. Majority of the respondents in this study were aware of the term malalignment and had positive attitude towards orthodontic treatment. More females constituted the study population.


Subject(s)
Orthodontics , Therapeutics , Methods , Students , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Oral Health
5.
Ibom Medical Journal ; 17(1): 103-107, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1525664

ABSTRACT

Context: Malaria is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Transfusion transmitted malaria contributes significantly to the burden of malaria in SSA. The safety of blood transfusion as it relates to frequency of blood donation and malaria occurrence on the part of donors is an aspect that has not been properly investigated hence this study. Objectives: This study was conducted to assess the frequency of blood donation and occurrence of malaria among blood donors at OAUTHC, Ile-Ife. Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Ethical approval was obtained. One hundred and thirty-three consenting blood donors aged between 18-50 years were recruited for the study. Two milliliter's of blood were collected from each study participant and immediately transported to the laboratory for processing. Giemsa-stained films of the samples were viewed under the oil immersion objective of the microscope. Questionnaires were administered to the study participants to obtain relevant information. Data generated were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with SPSS software version 20. The level of significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: The prevalence of malaria among the blood donors was 21.1% with the highest rate among commercial donors (33.3%) followed by family donors (12.9%) then voluntary donors (11.9%). Evaluation of the frequency of donation showed that malaria occurred more in recurring donors (77.78%) than first time donors (22.22%).


Subject(s)
Malaria , Therapeutics
6.
Rev Enferm UFPI ; 12(1): e3383, 2023-12-12. tab e graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1523910

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar as principais dificuldades durante o tratamento e pós-alta de pacientes com hanseníase atendidos na Atenção Secundária em Teresina-Piauí e seu perfil epidemiológico. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, quantitativo, que identificou necessidades e levantou dados de pacientes em tratamento de hanseníase em um serviço de referência localizado em Teresina-Piauí. Resultados: Na amostra, observou-se predomínio de pacientes do sexo masculino (58,5%), casados ou em união estável (54,7%), com ensino fundamental completo (62,3%), renda de 1 a 2 salários mínimos (66,0%) e residentes em Teresina-Piauí (90,6%). A idade média dos pacientes foi 53 anos. 9,4% abandonaram o tratamento. No pós-alta, 90,6% dos pacientes apresentaram algum tipo de sequela. Notou-se que a ausência de conhecimento sobre a hanseníase retardou o acesso ao sistema de saúde. Verificou-se associação significativa entre a variável presença de sequela e alteração de sensibilidade (p=0,014). Os relatos de preconceito foram mais frequentes durante o tratamento (41,5%), em relação ao pós-alta (15,1%). Conclusão: A hanseníase ainda é uma doença negligenciada, estigmatizada e de difícil diagnóstico, sendo necessário maiores investimentos em políticas públicas para a difusão de conhecimentos sobre a doença. Descritores: Hanseníase; Terapêutica; Perfil de Saúde; Conhecimento; Estigma Social.


Objective: To identify the main difficulties and the epidemiological profile during treatment and post-discharge in patients with leprosy treated at the Secondary Care level in Teresina-Piauí.Methods: This is a cross-sectional and quantitative study that identified needs and surveyed data from patients undergoing leprosy treatment in a reference service located in Teresina-Piauí.Results: In the sample, there was predominance of male patients (58.5%), married or in a stable union (54.7%), with complete Elementary School (62.3%), incomes of 1 to 2 minimum wages (66.0%) and residents of Teresina-Piauí (90.6%). The mean age of the patients was 53years old. 9.4% abandoned the treatment. 90.6% of the patients presented some type of sequelae post-discharge. It was noticed that lack of knowledge about leprosy delayed access to the health system. A significant association was verified between the "presence of sequelae" variable and change in sensitivity (p = 0.014). The reports about prejudice were more frequent during the treatment (41.5%) than in the post-discharge period(15.1%). Conclusion: Leprosy is still a neglected, stigmatized and difficult to diagnose disease, with a need for greater investments in public policies to disseminate knowledge about the disease. Descriptors: Leprosy; Therapy; Health Profile; Knowledge; Social Stigma.


Subject(s)
Therapeutics , Health Profile , Knowledge , Social Stigma , Leprosy
8.
Rev Enferm UFPI ; 12(1): e3868, 2023-12-12. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1525448

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar na literatura coberturas e agentes tópicos utilizados no tratamento de lesões venosas e descrever os efeitos encontrados. Métodos: Revisão integrativa da literatura, realizada em bases de dados nacionais e internacionais, com uso dos seguintes descritores: úlcera varicosa; úlcera da perna; curativos oclusivos; terapêutica e suas respectivas traduções em inglês. Incluíram-se artigos publicados no período entre 2014 e 2022, sem limitação de idioma. Resultados: Identificaram-se 22 agentes tópicos/coberturas nos 24 artigos selecionados, com predomínio da carboximetilcelulose (n=4), gel de papaína (n=3) e polihexametileno biguanida (n=2), gel de plaquetas (n=2) e tecnologia como lipido-coloide-nano oligossacarídeo (n=2). Conclusão: Os 22 agentes tópicos/coberturas encontrados foram capazes de acelerar a cicatrização, diminuir o exsudato e tecidos desvitalizados, controlar a carga bacteriana, modular a inflamação e reduzir a dor e o odor. A partir da pesquisa também se identificaram as indicações, os resultados e as recomendações dos agentes/coberturas. Entretanto, ressalta-se a importância da realização de pesquisas clínicas de qualidade que contribuam para o planejamento e a tomada de decisões na assistência de enfermagem às pessoas com lesões venosas. Descritores: Enfermagem; Úlcera Varicosa; Úlcera da Perna; Terapêutica; Curativos Oclusivos


Objective: To identify in the literature the coverings and topical agents used in the treatment of venous lesions and describe the effects found. Methods: Integrative literature review carried out in national and international databases using thefollowing descriptors in Portuguese and English: varicose ulcer, leg ulcer, occlusive dressings, therapy. Articles published between 2014 and 2022 were included, without language limitation. Results: Twenty-two topical agents/coverings were identified in the 24 selected articles, with a predominance of carboxymethylcellulose (n=4), papain gel (n=3) and polyhexamethylene biguanide (n=2), platelet gel (n=2) and technology such as lipid-colloid nano-oligosaccharide (n=2). Conclusion: The 22 topical agents/coverings found were able to accelerate healing, decrease exudate and devitalized tissues, control bacterial load, modulate inflammation, and reduce pain and odor. From the research it was also possible to identify the indications, results and recommendations of the agents/coverings. However, we emphasize the importance of conducting quality clinical research that contributes to planning and decision-making in nursing care for people with venous lesions.Descriptors:Nursing;Varicose Ulcer;Leg Ulcer;Therapy;Occlusive Dressings.


Subject(s)
Therapeutics , Varicose Ulcer , Nursing , Leg Ulcer , Occlusive Dressings
9.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(4): 235-252, Diciembre 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1518682

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El asma es una patología respiratoria caracterizada por inflamación cró-nica y reversible de las vías aéreas. Esta se asocia con factores de riesgo modificables y no modificables que influyen sobre su control y exacerbaciones. En países como Puer-to Rico y Cuba, la prevalencia del asma es significativamente mayor a la global (22,8%, 23% y 6,6%, respectivamente).


Introduction: Asthma is a respiratory pathology characterized by chronic and reversible airway inflammation. It is associated with modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors that influence its control and exacerbations. In countries such as Puerto Rico (22.8 %) and Cuba (23 %), the prevalence of asthma is significantly higher than the global prevalence (6.6 %).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Asthma/prevention & control , Therapeutics , Comorbidity , Risk Factors , Dominican Republic , Absenteeism , Symptom Flare Up
12.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(4): 747-752, 20230906. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1511134

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La neumatosis intestinal se define como la presencia de quistes aéreos en la pared del tracto digestivo, a nivel submucoso o subseroso, que comprometen principalmente el intestino delgado. Las manifestaciones clínicas son inespecíficas y los hallazgos imagenológicos son fundamentales en el enfoque diagnóstico. El manejo puede ser médico o quirúrgico, dependiendo del compromiso intestinal y las complicaciones asociadas. Caso clínico. Hombre de 78 años, que ingresó por cuadro de dolor abdominal crónico, con hallazgos imagenológicos de neumoperitoneo. Al ser llevado a intervención quirúrgica se encontró neumatosis intestinal masiva del íleon, requiriendo resección intestinal. Resultado. El paciente presentó una evolución postoperatoria satisfactoria y fue dado de alta, sin complicaciones. Conclusión. La neumatosis intestinal es una enfermedad poco frecuente, que se presenta principalmente en hombres. La sospecha diagnóstica se confirma con imágenes tomográficas. Los pacientes candidatos para el manejo médico deben presentar causas con curso benigno, sin compromiso hemodinámico ni complicaciones. El manejo quirúrgico se reserva para pacientes con abdomen agudo o signos de sepsis.


Introduction. Intestinal pneumatosis is defined as the presence of air cysts in the wall of the digestive tract at the submucosal or subserosal level, mainly compromising the small intestine. The clinical manifestations of the disease are nonspecific, and the imaging findings are essential in the diagnostic approach. Management can be conservative and/or surgical depending on the intestinal compromise and associated complications. Clinical case. The following is the case of a 78-year-old man, who was admitted due to chronic abdominal pain with imaging findings of pneumoperitoneum. Patient underwent surgery and a massive ileum pneumatosis was found, requiring intestinal resection. Results. The patient ́s postoperative course was uneventful, and he was discharged without further complications. Conclusions. Intestinal pneumatosis is an uncommon disease, which mostly affect men population. Clinical suspicion of this condition should be confirmed with abdominal tomography. Candidates for medical management are those with benign course pathologies without hemodynamic compromise and/or complications. Surgical management should be reserved for patients with acute abdomen or sepsis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis , Pneumoperitoneum , Anastomosis, Surgical , Therapeutics , Abdomen, Acute , Intestine, Small
13.
Ludovica pediátr ; 26(1): 51-59, jul2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, ARGMSAL, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1511046

ABSTRACT

La psicosis de inicio en la infancia y en la adolescencia ha sido un tema controvertido debido a la falta de claridad diagnóstica. Por otro lado, la palabra psicosis ha generado confusión ya que puede hacer referencia tanto a un síntoma como a un estado o a un trastorno, incluyéndose en este último a la esquizofrenia. La esquizofrenia en la infancia es extremadamente rara, sin embargo, su prevalencia aumenta en la adolescencia llegando a representar aproximadamente un tercio de la prevalencia de vida este trastorno. Si bien los niños y adolescentes comparten los mismos criterios diagnósticos que los utilizados en los adultos, presentan una mayor severidad sintomática y un peor pronóstico. En el siguiente trabajo se revisarán las manifestaciones clínicas y tratamiento farmacológico de la esquizofrenia de inicio en la niñez y en la adolescencia


Childhood and adolescent-onset psychosis has been a controversial issueb due to the lack of diagnostic clarity. On the other hand, the word psychosis has generated confusion since it can refer to both a symptom, a state, or a disorder, including schizophrenia in the latter. Schizophrenia in childhood is extremely rare; however, its prevalence increases in adolescence, reaching approximately one third of the lifetime prevalence of this disorder. Although children and adolescents share the same diagnostic criteria as those used in adults, they have greater symptom severity and a worse prognosis. In this article different aspects of the clinical presentation and therapeutic approach of this disorder will be reviewed


Subject(s)
Schizophrenia , Child , Adolescent , Therapeutics
14.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(3): [168-175], sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1510524

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la micobacteria no terberculosa (NTM) forma un grupo heterogéneo de microorganismos que pueden causar infección en humanos. Las micobacterias no pigmentadas de rápido crecimiento (MNPCR) son de interés clínico debido al creciente número de pacientes infectados por ellos y a la dificultad del tratamiento. Dentro de este grupo, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium abscessus y Mycobacterium chelonae son reconocidos como patógenos potenciales; estas especies se han aislado de infecciones pulmonares y extrapulmonares. Objetivo: el objetivo de este trabajo es encontrar la frecuencia de aislamiento de especies micobacterianas de rápido crecimiento, específicamente el complejo Mycobacterium fortuitum, de muestras clínicas utilizando la técnica molecular de diagnóstico GenoType Mycobacterium CM. Material y Método: se analizaron 249 aislados de micobacterias no tuberculosas obtenidas de muestras pulmonares y extrapulmonares de pacientes sintomáticos en el período enero 2018-diciembre de 2022. La técnica molecular GenoType Mycobacterium CM se utilizó para identificar la especie. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 77 (3,9%) aislados de especies no pigmentadas de rápido crecimiento, estas se identificaron en orden decreciente: Mycobacterium fortuitum 65 (84,41%), Mycobacterium abcessus 9 (11,68%) y Mycobacterium chelonae 3 (4%). Conclusiones: los resultados reafirman que el complejo Mycobacterium fortuitum es responsable de la mayoría de las infecciones causadas por la micobacteria en rápido crecimiento en humanos. La técnica diagnóstica GenoType Mycobacterium CM es una herramienta útil para la rápida identificación de micobacterias; proporciona resultados precisos en menos tiempo, acortando significativamente el tiempo diagnóstico, permite la aplicación temprana de tratamiento específico, evitando así la propagación de la infección.


Introduction: non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) form a heterogeneous group of mi-croorganisms that can cause infection in humans. Fast-growing non-pigmented my-cobacteria (MNPCR) are of clinical interest due to the increasing number of patients infected by them and the difficulty of treatment. Within this group, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium abscessus and Mycobacterium chelonae are recognized as potential pathogens; these species have been isolated from both pulmonary and ex-trapulmonary infections. Objective: the objective of this work is to find the frequency of isolation of fast-growing non-pigmented mycobacterial species, specifically the Myco-bacterium fortuitum complex, from clinical samples using the GenoType® Mycobacteri-um CM diagnostic molecular technique. Material and Method: 249 isolates of non-tu-berculous mycobacteria obtained from pulmonary and extrapulmonary samples from symptomatic patients in the period January 2018-December 2022 were analyzed. The G e n oTy p e® Mycobacterium CM molecular technique was used to identify the species. Results: 77 (30.9%) isolates of fast-growing non-pigmented species were obtained, these were identified in decreasing order: Mycobacterium fortuitum 65 (84.41%), Myco-bacterium abcessus 9 (11.68%) and Mycobacterium chelonae 3 (4%). Conclusions: the results reaffirm that the Mycobacterium fortuitum complex is responsible for most in-fections caused by fast-growing mycobacteria in humans. The GenoType® Mycobacte-riumCM diagnostic technique is a useful tool for the rapid identification of mycobacte-ria; it provides accurate results in less time, significantly shortening the diagnostic time, it allows the early application of specific treatment, thus avoiding the spread of infec-tion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria/isolation & purification , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/diagnosis , Therapeutics , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques/methods
15.
RECIIS (Online) ; 17(3): 633-649, jul.-set. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1517704

ABSTRACT

O uso da Tecnologia da Informação está presente nos mais diversos domínios, inclusive no da saúde, ao utilizar várias metodologias e ferramentas computacionais. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar o modelo conceitual baseado em ontologia sobre o domínio HIV/aids denominado OntoHI. No processo para desenvol-ver a OntoHI adotam-se a metodologia SABiO e a ontologia de fundamentação UFO, além do conhecimento de especialistas da área da saúde, o que garante a representação da realidade. Artefatos da ontologia aqui apresentados: representação gráfica, glossário de termos, questões de competência. O controle de qualidade se dá através dos processos de validação e verificação das questões de competências. A OntoHI possibilita a integração com representações de outros domínios. Pode ser utilizado como artefato para a construção de ferramentas computacionais, principalmente sistemas de informações e aplicativos móveis para acompanhar o tratamento de pacientes, além de poder ser expandida para se adaptar a novas situações


The use of Information Technology is present in the most diverse domains, including health care, using various methodologies and computational tools. The goal of this work is to present an ontology-driven con-ceptual model on the HIV/AIDS domain called OntoHI. In the process of developing OntoHI, the SABiO methodology and the UFO foundational ontology are adopted, in addition to the specialist's knowledge in the field of health care, which guarantees a consistent representation of reality. Ontology artifacts that are presented here: graphical representation, glossary of terms, validation of competence questions. Quality control happens in the process of validation and verification of competency questions. OntoHI enables in-tegration with representations from other domains. It can be used as an artifact for building computational tools, mainly information systems and mobile applications to monitor patient treatment, in addition to being able to be expanded to adapt to new situations


El uso de las Tecnologías de la Información ocurre en los más diversos dominios, incluido el de la salud, uti-lizando diversas metodologías y herramientas computacionales. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar el modelo conceptual basado en ontologías sobre el dominio del VIH/sida denominado OntoHI. En el proceso de desarrollo de OntoHI se adoptan la metodología SABiO y la ontología de fundamentos OVNI, además del conocimiento de especialistas en el campo de la salud, lo que garantiza la representación de la realidad. Artefactos ontológicos presentados: representación gráfica, glosario, temas competenciales. El control de calidad se lleva a cabo a través del proceso de validación y verificación de problemas de competencia. Onto-HI permite la integración con representaciones de otros dominios. Puede usarse como artefacto para cons-truir herramientas computacionales, principalmente sistemas de información y aplicaciones móviles para monitorear el tratamiento del paciente, además de poder expandirse para adaptarse a nuevas situaciones


Subject(s)
Humans , Computer Simulation , HIV , Information Technology , Therapeutics , Biological Ontologies , Mobile Applications
16.
Fronteiras na Neurociência ; 17(0): 1-7, 27/07/2023.
Article in English | LILACS, SES-RJ | ID: biblio-1451498

ABSTRACT

Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy is an established treatment for patients with drug-resistant epilepsy that reduces seizure frequency by at least 50% in approximately half of patients; however, the characteristics of the patients with the best response have not yet been identified. Thus, it is important to identify the profile of patients who would have the best response to guide early indications and better patient selection.


A terapia com estimulação do nervo vago (ENV) é um tratamento estabelecido para pacientes com epilepsia resistente a medicamentos que reduz a frequência de crises em pelo menos 50% em aproximadamente metade dos pacientes; entretanto, as características dos pacientes com melhor resposta ainda não foram identificadas. Assim, é importante identificar o perfil de pacientes que teriam melhor resposta para orientar indicações precoces e melhor seleção de pacientes.


Subject(s)
Neurosciences , Epilepsy , Vagus Nerve Stimulation , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Seizures , Therapeutics
17.
Rev. Ciênc. Saúde ; 13(1): 22-25, Março 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444159

ABSTRACT

Introduction:Metabolic syndrome (MetS) predicts cardiovascular disease, and patients with this condition and type 2 diabetes have increased albuminuria, significantly impacting cardiovascular mortality and kidney disease progression. A considerable number of interventions to control MetS exist and are considered efficient, including the use of medication and changes in lifestyle. However, which approaches are effective in controlling albuminuria remains unclear. This systematic review protocol aims to map in the available literature whether lifestyle, medication, and surgical intervention for MetS have an impact on reducing albuminuria in adult patients. Methods: The Joanna Briggs Institute methodology for systematic reviews will be followed. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Scopus, Embase, and MEDLINE/PubMed databases will be used. For the Gray Literature, the DART-Europe E-theses Portal. There will be no language restriction. Studies written after 2009 will be included due to the consensus and definition of metabolic syndrome. This review will include studies considering pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments for controlling albuminuria in patients with MetS. Studies where MetS is described in children and adolescents, animals, pregnant women, and patients with type 1 diabetes will be excluded. First, the selection will be based on reading the title and summary of the texts retrieved in the search strategy, followed by reading the relevant texts in full by two reviewers. After the selection of the studies, the extraction of the data, analysis, and synthesis will be conducted according to the JBI methodology


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Proteinuria , Therapeutics , Metabolic Syndrome , Life Style , Cardiovascular Diseases/metabolism , Exercise , MEDLINE , PubMed , Diet
18.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 26(300): 9616-9624, ju.2023. tab.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1443498

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar práticas clínicas com resultados favoráveis aos pacientes com diagnóstico de infarto agudo do miocárdio sem obstrução de artéria coronária. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura pela base de dados National Library of Medicine e Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde de estudos publicados entre 2018 e 2022. Resultados:87,5% dos estudos encontrados destacaram estratégias farmacológicas e destes, 62,5% citaram o uso da dupla antiagregaçãoplaquetária como mais utilizada, apesar de nenhum estudo evidenciar benefícios. Os inibidores do sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona comprovaram benefícios em três estudos. 75% dos artigos apontaram que esse grupo de pacientes recebem menos medicamentos preventivos comparados aos pacientes com infarto por obstrução coronariana. Outros seis estudos, revelaram condução clínica variável desses pacientes. Conclusão: O uso de inibidores do sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona deve ser considerado por ser a única medicação com redução da mortalidade evidenciada. São necessários estudos maiores para orientar com mais segurança à condução do infarto do miocárdio sem obstrução de coronária.(AU)


Objective: To identify clinical practices with favorable results for patients diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction without coronary artery obstruction. Method: Integrative literature review using the National Library of Medicine and Virtual Health Library databases of studies published between 2018 and 2022. Results: 87.5% of the studies found highlighted pharmacological strategies and of these, 62.5% cited the use of dual antiplatelet therapy as the most used, despite no study showing benefits. Inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system have shown benefits in three studies. 75% of the articles pointed out that this group of patients receive less preventive medication compared to patients with infarction due to coronary obstruction. Another six studies revealed variable clinical management of these patients. Conclusion: The use of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors should be considered as it is the only medication with proven reduction in mortality. Larger studies are needed to guide with more safety the management of myocardial infarction without coronary obstruction.(AU)


Objetivo: Identificar prácticas clínicas con resultados favorables para pacientes con diagnóstico de infarto agudo de miocardio sin obstrucción arterial coronaria. Método: revisión integrativa de la literatura utilizando las bases de datos de la Biblioteca Nacional de Medicina y la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud de estudios publicados entre 2018 y 2022. Resultados: el 87,5% de los estudios encontrados destacaron estrategias farmacológicas y de estos, el 62,5% citó el uso de la terapia antiplaquetaria dual como el más utilizados, a pesar de que ningún estudio muestra beneficios. Los inhibidores del sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona han mostrado beneficios en tres estudios. El 75% de los artículos señalaron que este grupo de pacientes recibe menos medicación preventiva en comparación con los pacientes con infarto por obstrucción coronaria. Otros seis estudios revelaron un manejo clínico variable de estos pacientes. Conclusión: Se debe considerar el uso de inhibidores del sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona, ya que es el único medicamento con reducción comprobada de la mortalidad. Son necesarios estudios más amplios que orienten con mayor seguridad el manejo del infarto de miocardio sin obstrucción coronaria.(AU)


Subject(s)
Therapeutics , Therapeutic Approaches , Clinical Decision-Making , MINOCA , Myocardial Infarction
20.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 191-197, Junio 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443762

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades autoinflamatorias (AIDs) son un grupo heterogéneo de desórdenes monogénicos o poligénicos, con características de disregulación inmune innata y/o adaptativa, cuyo mecanismo central es la autoinflamación pero también pueden presentarse con autoinmunidad e inmunodeficiencia. En estos últimos años el desarrollo de las tecnologías de secuenciación masiva han provocado una explosión en el descubrimiento de nuevos genes responsables de AIDs monogénicas. Esto remarca la importancia de implementar este tipo de estudios para llegar a un diagnóstico definitivo sobre todo en este grupo de patologías genéticamente muy diversas donde los fenotipos clínicos se solapan. Sin embargo, dada la presencia de variantes de significación incierta (VUS), los resultados pueden no ser concluyentes planteándose la necesidad de desarrollar pruebas funcionales para determinar la patogenicidad de dichas variantes genéticas. En nuestro grupo de trabajo estamos aplicando la PCR digital en gotas (ddPCR), una técnica cuantitativa de 3era generación altamente sensible, especifica y reproducible que no necesita de curvas de calibración, para desarrollar pruebas funcionales que permitan no sólo reclasificar variantes VUS para lograr diagnósticos definitivos sino también estudiar los mecanismos responsables de las principales AIDs que permitan una estratificación de las terapéuticas especificas a aplicar y de esta manera poder contribuir al diagnóstico, tratamiento y seguimiento de nuestros pacientes en forma personalizada. (AU)


Autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs) are a heterogeneous group of monogenic or polygenic disorders, with characteristics of inborn and/or adaptive immune dysregulation, whose central mechanism is autoinflammation but may also present with autoimmunity and immunodeficiency. In recent years the development of massive sequencing technologies has led to an exponential increase in the discovery of new genes responsible for monogenic AIDs. This emphasizes the importance of the implementation of this type of studies to make a definitive diagnosis, especially in this group of genetically very diverse diseases with overlapping clinical phenotypes. However, given the presence of variants of uncertain significance (VUS), the results may not be conclusive, raising the need to develop functional tests to determine the pathogenicity of these genetic variants. In our working group we are applying droplet digital PCR (ddPCR), a highly sensitive, specific and reproducible third generation quantitative technique that does not require calibration curves, to develop functional tests that allow not only to reclassify VUS variants to achieve definitive diagnoses but also to study the mechanisms responsible for the main AIDs that allow for the stratification of specific treatments to be used and thereby contribute to the individualized diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of our patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Therapeutics/instrumentation , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Hereditary Autoinflammatory Diseases/diagnosis , Hereditary Autoinflammatory Diseases/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Laboratories, Hospital
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