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1.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1155002

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objctive: To assess the soft tissue characteristics of Bangladeshi adults to formulate soft tissue 3D CT standards using Holdaway's (HA) and lip morphology (LM) analyses. Another aim of this study was to assess the gender dimorphism of Bangladeshi population. Material and Methods: One hundred and seventeen (Eighty-five men and Thirty-two women) Bangladeshi adults have obtained their computed tomography (CT) scan at the Radiology Department for normal diagnosis. Craniofacial deformities were undetected in all cases. The CT images were prepared by a 3D imaging programming software (Mimics 11.02 Materialise). Parameters from the identified landmark points were measured in 3D through this software. Results: Upper lip thickness (ULT) (vermillion UL-A point) measurement was significant in HA and in LM analyses, upper lip protrusion (ULP) (Ls to Sn-SPog) measurement has demonstrated significant difference among both genders, where p-value was less than 0.05. Mean measurements of Bangladeshi adults were relatively comparable except the face convexity (FC) when compared with the HA cephalometric soft tissue values. Conclusion: By using HA and LM analyses, 3D CT soft tissue standards were established for Bangladeshi adults. Measurements for all parameters have remained equivalent with the HA standard data apart from the FC measurement. This consequently may demonstrate that the Bangladeshi population retains a convex shape with a slight protrusive lip or retruded chin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Orthodontics, Corrective , Skull/diagnostic imaging , Diagnostic Imaging/instrumentation , Craniofacial Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Face/diagnostic imaging , Therapy, Soft Tissue , Bangladesh/epidemiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/instrumentation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Retrospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Sex Characteristics
2.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 35(3): 289-294, 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378726

ABSTRACT

Introducción Los sarcomas de Tejidos blandos en los miembros tienen una incidencia de 4.7 casos por 100.000 habitantes y su manejo quirúrgico tiene una alta tasa de morbilidad y mortalidad por sangrado para lo cual se requiere utilizar el sellado ultrasónico de vasos. El objetivo del estudio es determinar los resultados intraoperatorios y postoperatorios con el uso los sistemas de sellado de vasos ultrasónico en la resección de sarcomas de tejidos blandos. Materiales & Métodos Se realizó una cohorte longitudinal entre mayo de 2017 y diciembre de 2018 incluyendo a todos los pacientes sometidos a resección de sarcomas de tejidos blandos usando la tecnología de sellado ultrasónico de vasos que presentaron complicaciones intraoperatorias y postoperatorias. Se registraron las variables de edad, sexo, municipio, barrio, ocupación, hemoglobina prequirúrgica, sangrado intraoperatorio, drenaje por hemovac, hemoglobina postquirúrgica, seroma, hematoma, necesidad de transfusión sanguínea, y complicaciones mayores. Los datos se analizaron mediante Shapiro Wilk o Kolmogorov Smirnov para la estadística descriptiva. Las pruebas de hipótesis para comparar la ocurrencia de ciertas características por estadio o severidad de la patología tumoral se realizó por prueba Chi2 o test de Fisher en variables cualitativas mientras que las cuantitativas con t Student o Mann Whitney, un valor de p<0,05 fue considerado como estadísticamente significativo. Resultados Se incluyeron 32 pacientes en el estudio: 13 mujeres y 19 hombres; los principales tipos de sarcomas encontrados fueron el sarcoma fusocelular en 11 casos y el liposarcoma en 5 casos. Se encontró una mediana de diferencia de hemoglobina de -1.85 gr/dL. El uso del sistema ultrasónico de sellado de vasos bipolares presentó un éxito de las cirugías en un 71%; se presentaron complicaciones en 12% de los pacientes Discusión El sistema de sellado ultrasónico de vasos se presenta como una alternativa que puede brindar el beneficio de realización de cirugías de menor duración con una hemostasia más segura, es menester dar profundidad a la materia de estudio de este trabajo mediante la aplicación de estudios aleatorizados y controlados.


Background Limbs soft tissue sarcomas have an incidence of 4.7 cases per 100,000 inhabitants and their surgical management has a high rate of morbidity and mortality due to bleeding. Use of ultrasonic vessel sealing is a novel technique often required. The aim of the study is to determine whether the intraoperative and postoperative results can be improve with the use of ultrasonic vessel sealing systems when surgeons are performing resection surgery of soft tissue sarcomas. Methods A longitudinal cohort was conducted between May 2017 and December 2018, including all patients undergoing resection of soft tissue sarcomas using ultrasonic vessel sealing technology that presented intraoperative and postoperative complications. The variables of age, sex, municipality, neighborhood, occupation, preoperative hemoglobin, intraoperative bleeding, hemovac drainage, postsurgical hemoglobin, seroma, hematoma, need for blood transfusion, and major complications were recorded. Data were analyzed using Shapiro Wilk or Kolmogorov Smirnov for descriptive statistics. Hypothesis tests to compare the occurrence of certain characteristics by stage or severity of the tumor pathology were performed using the Chi2 test or Fisher's test in qualitative variables, while the quantitative ones with t Student or Mann Whitney, a value of p<0.05 it was considered statistically significant. Results 32 patients were included in the study: 13 women and 19 men; the main types of sarcomas found were spindle cell sarcoma in 11 cases and liposarcoma in 5 cases. A median hemoglobin difference of −1.85g/dL was found. The use of the ultrasonic bipolar vessel sealing system showed a 71% success rate for surgeries; complications occurred in 12% of patients. Discussion Ultrasonic vessel sealing system is a valid alternative that benefits limbs soft tissue sarcomas resection patient surgery by reducing surgery time and improving safer hemostasis. Further randomized controlled studies should be preformed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sarcoma , Orthopedics , Blood Vessels , Therapy, Soft Tissue , Medical Oncology
3.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(4): 1-13, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151707

ABSTRACT

Existen diversas condiciones anatómicas o alteraciones mucogingivales que pueden afectar tanto el normal funcionamiento como la estética gingival de piezas dentarias e implantes dentales. Si bien los tratamientos de estas condiciones se han realizado tradicionalmente con bisturí, el desarrollo tecnológico ha permitido que actualmente se pueden realizar con láser. Existen diferentes tipos de láser, siendo el diodo uno de los más utilizados debido a su menor tamaño, portabilidad, fácil configuración y menor costo. El láser ha adquirido mayor popularidad en cirugías de tejido blando dado sus múltiples beneficios: menor tiempo operatorio, control del sangrado y de la hemostasia, reducción de la cantidad de anestesia, posibilidad de no requerir suturas y minimización del dolor e inflamación postquirúrgica. El propósito de este trabajo es presentar la resolución de tres casos clínicos a los cuales se les realizaron los procedimientos de frenectomía labial, remoción de melanosis gingival y resección de fibroma irritativo mediante el uso de láser diodo. Para desarrollar todos los procedimientos se utilizó un equipo de láser diodo de 940 nm (Biolase®, USA) con una potencia que varió entre 2 y 2.5 W en modo continuo utilizando una pieza quirúrgica con una punta de 300 µm (E 3-4), la que fue activada antes de empezar. Posterior a la cirugía se bioestimuló para disminuir el dolor y edema postoperatorio utilizando la punta de dolor a 4 W por 30 segundos a una distancia de 1 cm directo en la zona intervenida a todos los casos. La conclusión arroja que en todos los casos, el láser de diodo permitió un resultado exitoso. El procedimiento fue seguro, la técnica fue sencilla y de tiempo clínico reducido. El postoperatorio ocurrió con ausencia de dolor o molestias, generando una mayor satisfacción del paciente. Cabe señalar que la técnica depende de la habilidad del profesional que la realiza.


There are various anatomical conditions or mucogingival alterations that can affect the normal functioning and the gingival aesthetics of teeth and dental implants. Although the treatments of these conditions have been traditionally performed with a scalpel, technological development has allowed that they can be now performed with lasers. There are different types of lasers, being the diode one of the most used due to its smaller size, portability, easy configuration, and lower cost. The laser has become more popular in soft tissue surgeries due to its multiple benefits: shorter operating time, control of bleeding and hemostasis, reduction in the amount of anesthesia, possibility of not requiring sutures, and minimization of post-surgical pain and inflammation. The purpose of this work is to present the resolution of three clinical cases which underwent labial frenectomy procedures, removal of gingival melanosis and resection of irritative fibroma using diode laser. To develop all the procedures, a 940 nm diode laser equipment (Biolase®, USA) was used with a power that varied between 2 and 2.5 W in continuous mode, using a 300 µm tip (E 3-4), which was activated before starting. After surgery, biostimulation was carried out to reduce postoperative pain and edema using the pain tip at 4 W for 30 seconds at a distance of 1 cm directly in the operated area in all cases. In all cases, the diode laser allowed a successful result. The procedure was safe, the technique was simple, and the clinical time was short. The postoperative period occurred with the absence of pain or discomfort, generating greater patient satisfaction. It should be noted that the technique depends on the skill of the professional who performs it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Gingival Diseases/surgery , Labial Frenum/surgery , Therapy, Soft Tissue
4.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 26(1): 31-35, ene-mar 2020. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120491

ABSTRACT

El nevus melanocítico gigante es una entidad poco frecuente. En los primeros meses o años de vida, pueden aparecer nódulos dérmicos pequeños o grandes, muy pigmentados, que pueden crecer rápidamente o incluso ulcerarse. Esto obliga a realizar diagnóstico diferencial con el melanoma. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 3 años de edad, con gran lesión pigmentada en pierna izquierda, con nódulos de rápido crecimiento, compatibles con nódulo proliferativo.


Giant melanocytic nevi are rare. In the fi rst few months or even years of life, they may develop small or large dermic nodules, very pigmented, with rapid growth o even ulcer formation. This forces the diff erential diagnosis with melanoma. We present a case of a 3 year old female patient, with a large pigmented lesion on the left leg, with nodules compatible with proliferative nodules.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Transplants/surgery , Lower Extremity/injuries , Therapy, Soft Tissue , Nevus/therapy , Nevus, Pigmented/surgery
5.
Infectio ; 23(4): 318-346, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1019863

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las infecciones de piel y tejidos blandos (IPTB) representan la tercera causa de consulta por enfermedad infecciosas a los servicios médicos, después de las infecciones respiratorias y urinarias. Se presenta una guía de práctica clínica (GPC) con 38 recomendaciones basadas en la evidencia, graduadas bajo el sistema SIGN, para el diagnóstico y tratamiento de pacientes adultos con IPTB en el contexto colombiano, posterior a un proceso de adaptación de GPC publicadas y la búsqueda sistemática y síntesis de literatura para la actualización de la evidencia científica. Además, se realizó un consenso de expertos para la evaluación de las potenciales barreras para la implementación de las recomendaciones y la evaluación del grado de recomendación en el contexto local.


Abstract Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) represent the third leading cause of infectious disease consultation for medical services after respiratory and urinary tract infections. This document generates a clinical practice guideline with 38 recommendations based on evidence, graduated under the SIGN system for the diagnosis and treatment for SSTI infections in adult patients in Colombia, following a process of adaptation of guidelines published, and the systematic search and synthesis of literature for the updating of scientific evidence. In addition, a consensus of experts was made for the evaluation of the potential barriers for the implementation of the recommendations and the evaluation of the degree of recommendation in the local context.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Skin Diseases, Infectious , Practice Guideline , Soft Tissue Infections , Staphylococcus aureus , Colombia , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Abscess , Pyomyositis , Therapy, Soft Tissue , Cellulite
6.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 25(2): 77-79, apr-jun.2019. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152235

ABSTRACT

Entre los tumores malignos de la pared torácica, los sarcomas representan menos del 1% de los casos. A pesar de ser infrecuentes, es importante resaltar el manejo multidisciplinario de estos tipos de tumores ya que se caracterizan por ser de gran tamaño y afectar una amplia superficie torácica y por consiguiente de los tejidos blandos anexos a los mismos. De ahí la real importancia de la participación de cirujanos plásticos, torácicos y oncólogos en el tratamiento de estos tumores. La confección del colgajo dorsal en cirugías de sarcomas de la pared torácica ha permitido completar el tratamiento resectivo de dichos tumores. Presentamos el caso de un paciente varón de 64 años, con un sarcoma de la parrilla costal, quien fue sometido a resección amplia de la lesión que comprometia a la 7ma, 8va y 9na costillas, reconstrucción inmediata con próstesis de titanio y malla de polipropileno y cobertura del defecto con confección de colgajo del dorsal ancho. A 5 meses de seguimiento, sin evidencia de actividad de la enfermedad


Among malignant tumors of the chest wall, sarcomas account for less than 1% of cases. Despite being infrequent, it is important to highlight the multidisciplinary management of these types of tumors since they are characterized by being large and affecting a wide chest area and therefore the soft tissues attached to them. Hence the real importance of the participation of pásticos, thoracic and oncologos surgeons in the treatment of these tumors.The confection of the dorsal flap in surgeries of sarcomas of the thoracic wall has allowed to complete the treatment of these tumors. We present the case of a 64-year-old male patient with a sarcoma of the rib cage, who underwent extensive resection of the lesion involving the 7th, 8th and 9th ribs, immediate reconstruction with titanium prosthesis and mesh. polypropylene and coverage of the defect with flap made of the latissimus dorsi. At 5 months of follow-up, without evidence of disease activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Surgical Mesh , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Thoracic Wall/surgery , Interdisciplinary Communication , Therapy, Soft Tissue
7.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 26: e3094, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-978587

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to evaluate the evidence from the literature regarding the effects of cupping therapy on chronic back pain in adults, the most used outcomes to evaluate this condition, the protocol used to apply the intervention and to investigate the effectiveness of cupping therapy on the intensity of chronic back pain. Method: systematic review and meta-analysis carried out by two independent researchers in national and international databases. Reference lists of systematic reviews were also explored. The quality of evidence was assessed according to the Jadad scale. Results: 611 studies were identified, of which 16 were included in the qualitative analysis and 10 in the quantitative analysis. Cupping therapy has shown positive results on chronic back pain. There is no standardization in the treatment protocol. The main assessed outcomes were pain intensity, physical incapacity, quality of life and nociceptive threshold before the mechanical stimulus. There was a significant reduction in the pain intensity score through the use of cupping therapy (p = 0.001). Conclusion: cupping therapy is a promising method for the treatment of chronic back pain in adults. There is the need to establish standardized application protocols for this intervention.


RESUMO Objetivos: avaliar as evidências da literatura a respeito dos efeitos da ventosoterapia sobre a dor crônica nas costas em adultos, os desfechos mais utilizados para avaliar essa condição, o protocolo utilizado para aplicação da intervenção e investigar a eficácia da ventosaterapia sobre a intensidade dor crônica nas costas. Método: revisão sistemática e metanálise, realizadas por dois pesquisadores independentes, em bases de dados nacionais e internacionais. Listas de referências de revisões sistemáticas também foram exploradas. A qualidade das evidências foi avaliada através da escala Jadad. Resultados: foram identificados 611 estudos e 16 foram incluídos na análise qualitativa e 10 na análise quantitativa. A ventosaterapia demonstrou resultados positivos sobre a dor crônica nas costas. Não há uma padronização no protocolo de tratamento. Os principais desfechos avaliados foram a intensidade da dor, a incapacidade física, a qualidade de vida e o limiar nociceptivo perante o estímulo mecânico. Houve redução significativa do escore de intensidade da dor mediante uso da ventosaterapia (p=0.001). Conclusão: a ventosaterapia é um método promissor para o tratamento da dor crônica nas costas em adultos. Faz-se necessário estabelecer protocolos de aplicação padronizados para a intervenção.


RESUMEN Objetivos: evaluar las evidencias de la literatura al respecto de los efectos de la ventosoterapia sobre el dolor crónico en la espalda en adultos, los resultados más utilizados para evaluar esa condición, el protocolo utilizado para la aplicación de la intervención e investigar la eficacia de la ventosaterapia sobre la intensidad de dolor crónico en la espalda. Método: revisión sistemática y metanálisis, realizadas por dos investigadores independientes, en bases de datos nacionales e internacionales. Listas de referencias de revisiones sistemáticas también fueron exploradas. La calidad de las evidencias fue evaluada por la escala Jadad. Resultados: fueron identificados 611 estudios y 16 fueron incluidos en el análisis cualitativo y 10 en el análisis cuantitativo. La ventosaterapia demostró resultados positivos sobre el dolor crónico en la espalda. No hay una estandarización en el protocolo de tratamiento. Los principales resultados evaluados fueron la intensidad del dolor, la incapacidad física, la calidad de vida y el umbral nociceptivo frente al estímulo mecánico. Hubo reducción significativa del puntaje de intensidad del dolor mediante uso de la ventosaterapia (p=0.001). Conclusión: la ventosaterapia es un método promisor para el tratamiento del dolor crónico en la espalda en adultos. Es necesario establecer protocolos de aplicación estandarizados para la intervención.


Subject(s)
Humans , Back Pain/therapy , Chronic Pain/therapy , Therapy, Soft Tissue , Vacuum
8.
ImplantNewsPerio ; 1(7): 1322-1326, out.-nov. 2016. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-847945

ABSTRACT

Alterações nos tecidos moles, na zona estética, podem ocorrer por procedimentos restauradores associados ou não à Implantodontia. Os autores propuseram um dispositivo acrílico simples associado a uma sonda periodontal, para verificação destes níveis em todos os momentos do tratamento reabilitador. O dispositivo em questão também pode ser desenhado e confeccionado em qualquer sistema CAD/CAM.


Soft tissue changes in the esthetic zone can occur after restorative procedures associated or not to implant dentistry. The authors describe a simple acrylic device associated to a periodontal probe to verify those levels during all treatment procedure steps. Also, this device can be design and milled at any CAD/CAM system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acrylic Resins/chemistry , Acrylic Resins/therapeutic use , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Implants , Gingival Recession , Therapy, Soft Tissue
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314258

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy difference of analgesia and detumescence on ankle sprain among acupuncture at Xiaojie point combined with tendon regulation manipulation, acupuncture at Xiaojie point and tendon regulation manipulation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty cases of ankle sprain were randomized into a combined therapy group, a Xiaojie point group and a tendon-regulation manipulation group, 20 cases in each one. The combined therapy of acupuncture at Xiaojie point and tendon regulation manipulation, the acupuncture at Xiaojie point and the simple application of tendon-regulation manipulation were applied respectively in the three groups, once a day, 3 treatments were required. The symptom score such as pain, ecchymosis, swelling and motor dysfunction and the total score were observed before and after treatment in the three groups. The different values of pain and swelling scores were compared before and after treatment in the three groups. The efficacy was compared among the groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total effective rate was 100.0% (20/20) in each group. But the curative rate was 85.0% (17/20) in the combined group, 65.0% (13/20) in the Xiaojie point tion manipulation group. After treatment, the symptom scores of pain, ecchymosis, swelling and motor dysfunction and the total score were all improved as compared with those before treatment in the three groups (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). The pain score in either the combined therapy group or Xiaojie point group was lower than that in the tendon-regulation manipulation group after treatment (0.20 -/+ 0.41, 0.15 +/- 0.37 vs 0.60 +/- 0.50, both P < 0.05). Swelling score in the Xiaojie point group was different significantly from that in the tendon-regulation manipulation 0.49 vs 06.4 vs. 20+0.41, P < 0.05). The different value of pain score in either the combined therapy group or Xiaojie point group was higher than that in the tendon-regulation manipulation group before group after treatment (0.65 bined therapy group or Xiaojie point group was higher than that in the tendon-regulation manipulation group before and after treatment (2.35 +/- 0.59, 2.45 +/- 0.51 vs 2.00 +/- 0.46, both P < 0.05). The different value of swelling score in the tendon-regulation manipulation group was higher than that in the Xiaojie point group before and after treatment (2.30 +/- 0.57 vs 1.60 +/- 0.60, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture at Xiaojie point combined with tendon-regulation manipulation achieve an apparent effect of analgesia and detumescence on ankle sprain.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Ankle Injuries , Therapeutics , Combined Modality Therapy , Female , Humans , Male , Tendons , Therapy, Soft Tissue , Young Adult
10.
Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences. 2012; 3 (4): 185-188
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-154064

ABSTRACT

The purpose of these case reports is to analyze the results of gingivectomy and gingival troughing to determine the evidence on the effectiveness of laser-assisted soft tissue procedures and soft tissue management in aesthetic dentistry. The patients in these case reports underwent 980 nm diode laser assisted gingivectomy and gingival troughing to achieve immediate hemostasis and moisture control, adjunctive to the aesthetic restoration of the carious lesion and prosthetic rehabilitation of the posterior tooth. Successful healing of gingival tissues has been observed after 15 days in both cases. Also, laser assisted gingival tissue management allowed the operator to finish and polish the restoration on the same day. The ability of soft tissue lasers to control moisture and facilitate hemostasis appears particularly promising for clinicians excising gingival tissue, and using resective techniques for gingival troughing. Treatment with a dental laser ensures a successful aesthetic procedure with proper tissue form, function and biocompatibility


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Esthetics, Dental , Gingiva , Therapy, Soft Tissue , Gingivectomy
11.
Salud(i)ciencia (Impresa) ; 11(6): 14-15, 2003. graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371573

ABSTRACT

La heparina tiene capacidad preventiva en la aparición de lesiones por presión, al preservar la microcirculación de tejidos blandos, fundamentalmente en piel.


Subject(s)
Pressure , Heparin , Microcirculation , Therapy, Soft Tissue
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