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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(5): 1821-1829, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131537

ABSTRACT

The food industry and the frozen fish sector in particular have benefitted greatly from advancements in food processing technologies. This study investigated the effect of adding natural antioxidants such as rosemary and thyme oil to frozen fillets of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in order to preserve their quality for consumers. Fillets were treated with rosemary and thyme at two concentrations (1% and 1.5%) and then were stored at 4°C. Samples were analyzed over 4 days for bacteriological (aerobic plate count, psychotropic count, and coliform count), chemical (determination of pH, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances-TBARS, and total volatile base nitrogen-TVB-N), and sensory quality examination (color, texture, and odor). Significant differences (P<0.05) were observed among different groups in terms of aerobic plate count, psychotropic count, and coliform count during the storage. Moreover, pH, TVB-N, and TBARS mean values in the treated groups were lower than those in the untreated group. The best sensory quality was obtained at the highest concentrations (1.5%) of thyme and rosemary oil.(AU)


A indústria de alimentos e o setor de peixes congelados, em particular, se beneficiaram dos avanços nas tecnologias de processamento de alimentos. Este estudo investigou o efeito da adição de antioxidantes naturais, como óleo de alecrim e tomilho, a filetes congelados de tilápia do Nilo (Oreochromis niloticus), a fim de preservar sua qualidade para os consumidores. Os filés foram tratados com alecrim e tomilho em duas concentrações (1% e 1,5%) e, em seguida, foram armazenados a 4°C. As amostras foram analisadas durante 4 dias para análises bacteriológicas (contagem de placas aeróbicas, psicotrópicas e coliformes), químicas (determinação do pH, substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico-TBARS e nitrogênio base volátil total-TVB-N) e exame da qualidade sensorial (cor, textura e odor). Diferenças significativas (P<0,05) foram observadas entre os diferentes grupos na contagem aeróbia de placas, contagem psicotrópica e contagem de coliformes durante o armazenamento. Além disso, os valores médios de pH, TVB-N e TBARS nos grupos tratados foram inferiores aos do grupo não tratado. A melhor qualidade sensorial foi obtida nas maiores concentrações (1,5%) de tomilho e óleo de alecrim.(AU)


Subject(s)
Rosmarinus , Thymus Plant , Food Storage/methods , Meat/analysis , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Cichlids , Frozen Foods/analysis
2.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 926-933, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880294

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) from 900 MHz cellphone frequency with testicular oxidative damage and its influence on the Prdx2 protein expression in the rat testis, and to explore the mechanism of Guilingji Capsules (GC) alleviating oxidative damage to the testis tissue.@*METHODS@#Fifty healthy SD male rats were randomly divided into five groups of equal number, sham-EMR, 4-h EMR, 8-h EMR, 4-h EMR+GC and 8-h EMR+GC and exposed to 900 MHz EMR (370 μW/cm2) for 0, 4 or 8 hours daily for 15 successive days. The rats of the latter two groups were treated intragastrically with GC suspension and those of the first three groups with pure water after exposure to EMR each day. After 15 days of exposure and treatment, all the rats were sacrificed and their testis tissue collected for observation of the histomorphological and ultrastructural changes by HE staining and transmission electron microscopy, measurement of the levels of serum glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) with thiobarbiuric acid and determination of the Prdx2 protein expression by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the rats in the sham-EMR group, those in the 4-h and 8-h EMR groups showed different degrees of histomorphological and ultrastructural changes in the testis tissue, significantly decreased levels of GSH ([80.62 ± 10.99] vs [69.58 ± 4.18] and [66.17 ± 8.45] mg/L, P < 0.05) and SOD ([172.29 ± 10.98] vs [158.92 ± 6.46] and [148.91 ± 8.60] U/ml, P < 0.05) and increased level of MDA ([7.51 ± 1.73] vs [9.84 ± 1.03] and [11.22 ± 2.13] umol/ml, P < 0.05), even more significantly in the 8-h than in the 4-h EMR group (P < 0.05). In comparison with the sham-EMR group, the expression of the Prdx2 protein was markedly downregulated in the 4-h and 8-h EMR groups (0.56 ± 0.03 vs 0.49 ± 0.03, 0.21 ± 0.01, P < 0.05), but again upregulated in the 4-h and 8-h EMR+GC groups (0.55±0.03 and 0.37±0.04) (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Electromagnetic radiation from cellphones can cause ultrastructural damage to the testis tissue of male rats, while Guilingji Capsules can alleviate it, presumably by upregulating the Prdx2 protein expression in the testis tissue and reducing testicular oxidative damage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Cell Phone , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Electromagnetic Radiation , Glutathione/blood , Male , Malondialdehyde/blood , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Oxidative Stress , Peroxiredoxins/metabolism , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/drug therapy , Rats , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Testis/pathology , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis
3.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(5): 545-551, Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983794

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluate the relationship between exogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism and oxidative stress through the analysis of the redox profile of patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism exogenous (SCH) grade I (TSH = 0.1 to 0.4 IU/mL) and grade II (TSH < 0.1 IU/mL). Subjects and methods: We analyzed 46 patients with SCH due to the use of TSH suppressive therapy with LT4 after total thyroidectomy along with 6 control euthyroid individuals (3M and 3W). Patients were divided into two groups, G1 with TSH ≥ 0.1-0.4 IU/mL (n = 25; and 7M 14W) and G2 with TSH < 0.1 IU/mL (n = 25; and 4M 21W). Venous blood samples were collected to measure the levels of markers for oxidative damage (TBARS, FOX and protein carbonylation), muscle and liver damage (CK, AST, ALT, GGT) and antioxidants (GSH, GSSG and catalase). Results: Individuals in G2 showed a GSH/GSSG ratio ~ 30% greater than those in G1 (p = 0.004) and a catalase activity that was 4 times higher (p = 0.005). For lipid peroxidation, the levels measured in G2 were higher than both control and G1 (p = 0.05). No differences were observed for both protein carbonyl markers. G1 and G2 presented with greater indications of cell injury markers than the control group. Conclusion: TSH suppression therapy with LT4 that results in subclinical hyperthyroidism can cause a redox imbalance. The greater antioxidant capacity observed in the more suppressed group was not sufficient to avoid lipid peroxidation and cellular damage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Thyroxine/pharmacology , Thyrotropin/antagonists & inhibitors , Hyperthyroidism/drug therapy , Oxidation-Reduction/drug effects , Phenols/blood , Reference Values , Sulfoxides/blood , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Catalase/blood , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Glutathione Disulfide/blood , Protein Carbonylation , Glutathione/blood , Hyperthyroidism/metabolism
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 78(1): 61-67, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888833

ABSTRACT

Abstract In general, environmental responses at level of populations or communities are preceded by alterations at lower biological levels which can be efficiently detected by the analysis of biomarkers. We analyzed the oxidative biomarkers TBARS and Catalase in Aegla singularis, a freshwater crustacean highly sensitive to environmental changes. The objective was to address if are differences in these biomarkers related to the gender as well if they are influenced by seasonal or water physicochemical variables. The results showed differences in biomarkers profile related to the gender. In female crabs were not sensitive to seasonal variations throughout the study period. However, in males the biomarkers evaluated were higher in the winter as compared to remaining seasons and showed tendency of negative correlation with water temperature and pH. This study highlights that gender, seasonal variations and physicochemical variables can influence oxidative stress biomarkers in A. singularis. Female crabs probably are better suited as a model for biomarker application in environmental studies, because their insensibility to seasonal variations can facilitate the observations of responses related specifically to environmental disturbances.


Resumo Em geral, as respostas ambientais ao nível de populações ou comunidades são precedidas pelas alterações nos níveis biológicos inferiores que podem ser eficientemente detectados pela análise de biomarcadores. Neste trabalho, foram analisados os biomarcadores oxidativos TBARS e Catalase em Aegla singularis, um crustáceo de água doce altamente sensível às mudanças ambientais. O objetivo foi investigar se há diferenças nestes biomarcadores relacionados com o gênero, bem como se eles são influenciados por parâmetros sazonais ou físico-químicos. Os resultados mostraram diferenças no perfil de biomarcadores relacionados com o gênero. Caranguejos fêmeas não foram sensíveis a variações sazonais ao longo do período de estudo. Nos machos, os biomarcadores avaliadas apresentaram níveis mais altos no inverno, em comparação com as demais estações e mostraram uma tendência de correlação negativa com a temperatura e pH da água. Este estudo destaca que o sexo, variações sazonais e variáveis físico-químicas podem influenciar os biomarcadores de estresse oxidativo em A. singularis. As fêmeas de A. singularis provavelmente são mais adequadas como um modelo para aplicação destes biomarcadores em estudos ambientais, uma vez que sua insensibilidade às variações sazonais podem facilitar as observações das respostas relacionadas especificamente com perturbações ambientais.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Biomarkers/analysis , Environmental Monitoring/methods , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Brachyura/physiology , Catalase/analysis , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Fresh Water
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(5): 1335-1338, set.-out. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-879371

ABSTRACT

O estresse oxidativo causa peroxidação lipídica e formação de substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico (TBARS), processo que está comprovadamente associado à progressão de neoplasias malignas em seres humanos. Por sua vez, espécies reativas de oxigênio (EROs) são produzidas no processo carcinogênico, de forma que a geração de EROs parece ser, ao mesmo tempo, causa e consequência dele. Em cães, a associação da peroxidação lipídica com a carcinogênese permanece ainda obscura, com estudos escassos, de resultados conflitantes, que, muitas vezes, incluem, dentro de um mesmo grupo amostral, animais portadores de tumores heterogêneos dos pontos de vista morfológico e comportamental, além de estes se apresentarem em estágios bastante distintos. Nesse contexto, buscou-se, na presente investigação, avaliar a concentração plasmática de TBARS em fêmeas hígidas e portadoras de carcinomas mamários com diagnóstico histopatológico de carcinoma mamário tubular simples estágio 4, com comprometimento de linfonodos, porém sem metástases detectadas. Foi observado que as cadelas diagnosticadas com carcinoma mamário tiveram níveis plasmáticos de TBARS significativamente maiores (média de 7,98 ± 1,43µmol/mL, p < 0,0001) em relação às fêmeas consideradas hígidas (média de 6,14 ± 0,53µmol/mL), o que sugere associação entre câncer e maior ocorrência de estresse oxidativo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Lipid Peroxidation , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/physiopathology , Oxidative Stress , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis
6.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 39(3): 263-266, July-Sept. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899353

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To compare levels of a marker of lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, TBARS) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in umbilical cord blood (UCB) between newborns exposed to crack/cocaine in utero (exposed newborns [EN], n=57) and non-exposed newborns (NEN, n=99), as well as in maternal peripheral blood at delivery. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Potential confounders, including perinatal parameters, psychopathology, and use of other substances, were assessed. Results: After adjusting for potential confounders, adjusted mean BDNF was significantly higher in EN (3.86 ng/mL, 95% confidence interval [95%CI] 2.29-5.43) than in NEN (0.85 ng/mL, 95%CI 0.47-1.23; p < 0.001; Cohen effect size: 1.12), and significantly lower in crack/cocaine mothers than in control mothers (4.03 ng/mL, 95%CI 2.87-5.18 vs. 6.67 ng/mL, 95%CI 5.60-7.74; p = 0.006). The adjusted mean TBARS level was significantly lower in EN (63.97 µM MDA, 95%CI 39.43-88.50) than NEN (177.04 µM MDA, 95%CI 140.93-213.14; p < 0.001; effect size = 0.84), with no difference between mother groups (p = 0.86). Conclusions: The changes in TBARS levels observed in EN suggest that fetuses exposed to cocaine mobilize endogenous antioxidant routes since very early stages of development. The increase in BDNF levels in EN might indicate changes in fetal development, whereas the changes in BDNF levels in mothers provide evidence of the complex metabolic processes involved in drug use during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Crack Cocaine/pharmacology , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/blood , Fetal Blood/chemistry , Oxidation-Reduction/drug effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cocaine-Related Disorders/blood , Postpartum Period/blood
7.
Braspen J ; 32(2): 155-159, abr.-jun. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-848203

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Determinar a presença de estresse oxidativo e inflamação no intestino de pacientes com doença celíaca. Método: Foi realizado estudo transversal que incluiu pacientes submetidos à endoscopia gastrointestinal. A população do estudo consistiu em 24 casos e 26 controles. Foram medidos os níveis duodenais de proteínas carboniladas, espécies reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico, bem como catalase (CAT), superóxido dismutase (SOD). Também foram determinados os níveis intestinais de interleucina (IL) 6, 10 e 8. A classificação de Marsh foi registrada e utilizada como parâmetro de gravidade da doença. Resultados: Tanto a IL-6 como a IL-10, mas não a IL8, aumentaram nos pacientes com doença celíaca quando comparados com indivíduos saudáveis. Os parâmetros de dano oxidativo foram aumentados,enquanto que as defesas antioxidantes foram reduzidas em nossa amostra. Os níveis de IL6 ea atividade do SOD foram relacionados com a pontuação de Marsh. Conclusões: Diferentes marcadores de inflamação e estresse oxidativo estão alterados no intestino de pacientes com doença celíaca, e alguns deles estão relacionados à gravidade da doença.(AU)


Objectives: Determine the presence of oxidative stress and inflammation in the gut of patients with celiac disease. Methods: Transversal study that included patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed. The study population consisted 24 cases and 26 controls. The duodenal levels of protein carbonyls, thiobarbituric acid reactive species, as well as catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were measured. Gut levels of interleukin (IL) 6, 10 and 8 were also determined.The Marsh classification was recorded and used as a parameter of disease severity. Results: Both IL-6 and IL-10, but not IL8, were increased in celiac disease patients when compared to healthy individuals. Oxidative damage parameters were increased while antioxidant defenses were decreased in our sample. Both IL6 levels and SOD activity were related to Marsh score. Conclusions: Different markers of inflammation and oxidative stress are altered in the gut of celiac disease patients, and some of them are related to disease severity.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Celiac Disease/pathology , Oxidative Stress , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Catalase/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/instrumentation , Interleukins/analysis , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Protein Carbonylation
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 108(4): 315-322, Apr. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838719

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The practice of exercise in short bouts repeated throughout the day may be an alternative strategy to lift people out of physical inactivity. Objective: to evaluate if accumulated exercise, as occurs in continuous exercise training, improve endothelial function in rat aorta. Methods: Wistar male rats were divided into three groups: continuous exercise (CEx, 1 hour on the treadmill) or accumulated exercise (AEx, 4 bouts of 15 minutes / day) for 5 days/week for 8 weeks, or sedentary (SED). During the training period, body weight gain and increase in exercise performance were recorded. On sacrifice day, aorta was dissected into rings (3-5 mm) and mounted on the organ bath. Results: Fitness was significantly greater in CEx and AEx rats as compared with SED animals. In addition, compared with the SED group, CEx animals had a lower body mass gain, and the aorta obtained from these animals had reduced contractile response to norepinephrine and greater acetylcholine-induced relaxation. These results were not observed in ACEx animals. Conclusions: Both CEx and AEx improved fitness, but only CEx led to reduced body weight gain and improved endothelial function.


Resumo Fundamento: A prática de exercícios em sessões curtas que se repetem ao longo do dia pode ser uma alternativa para tirar as pessoas da inatividade física. Objetivo: Verificar se o exercício acumulado, tal como ocorre com o treinamento com exercício contínuo, melhora a função endotelial na aorta de ratos. Métodos: Ratos Wistar machos foram divididos em 3 grupos: treinamento com exercício contínuo (ExC; 1 hora em esteira) ou com exercício acumulado (ExA; 4 sessões de 15 minutos ao longo do dia) por 5 dias/semana, durante 8 semanas, ou grupo sedentário (SED). Durante o treinamento, foram registrados o ganho de peso corporal e desempenho na esteira. No dia do sacrifício, anéis (3-5 mm) da aorta foram obtidos e montados em banho de órgãos. Resultados: Animais ExC e ExA mostraram aptidão física significativamente maior em comparação com os SED. Paralelamente, em comparação com SED, animais ExC tiveram menor ganho de massa corporal, e aortas retiradas desses animais mostraram respostas contrácteis à noradrenalina reduzidas e maior relaxamento induzido pela acetilcolina. Esses resultados não foram observados no grupo ExA. Conclusões: Tanto o ExC quanto o ExA melhoraram a aptidão física, mas somente o ExC foi capaz de reduzir o ganho de peso corporal dos animais e melhorar a função endotelial.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Aorta/physiology , Physical Conditioning, Animal/methods , Endothelium, Vascular/physiology , Physical Fitness/physiology , Aorta/drug effects , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Vasoconstrictor Agents/pharmacology , Endothelium, Vascular/drug effects , Weight Loss/physiology , Acetylcholine/pharmacology , Random Allocation , Norepinephrine/pharmacology , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(3): 229-235, Mar. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956434

ABSTRACT

Summary Introduction: Obesity refers to the accumulation of fatty tissues and it favors the occurrence of oxidative stress. Alternatives that can contribute to body weight reduction have been investigated in order to reduce the production of reactive oxygen species responsible for tissue damage. The aim of the current study was to assess whether the oxidant and antioxidant markers of obese women before and after bariatric surgery were able to reduce oxidative damage. Method: We have assessed 16 morbidly obese women five days before and 180 days after the surgery. The control group comprised 16 non-obese women. Levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, carbonylated proteins, reduced glutathione and ascorbic acid were assessed in the patients' plasma. Results: Levels of lipid peroxidation and protein carbonylation in the pre-surgical obese women were higher than those of the controls and post-surgical obese women. Levels of reduced glutathione in the pre-surgical obese women were high compared to the controls, and declined after surgery. Levels of ascorbic acid fell in the pre--surgical obese women compared to the control and post-surgical obese women. Conclusion: Body weight influences the production of reactive oxygen species. Bariatric surgery, combined with weight loss and vitamin supplementation, reduces cellular oxidation, thus reducing tissue damage.


Resumo Introdução: Na obesidade, verifica-se um acúmulo de tecido adiposo, o que favorece a ocorrência de estresse oxidativo. A fim de diminuir a produção das espécies reativas que levam a danos teciduais, buscam-se alternativas que contribuam para a redução do peso corporal. Este estudo avaliou se os marcadores oxidantes e antioxidantes de obesas antes e após cirurgia bariátrica reduziram o dano oxidativo. Método: Foram avaliadas 16 mulheres obesas mórbidas cinco dias antes e 180 dias após o procedimento cirúrgico. O grupo controle constituiu-se de 16 mulheres não obesas. Os níveis das substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico, das proteínas carboniladas, da glutationa reduzida e do ácido ascórbico foram avaliados no plasma dessas pacientes. Resultados: Os níveis de lipoperoxidação e da carbonilação de proteínas nas obesas pré-cirúrgicas eram mais elevados quando comparados ao controle e às obesas pós-cirúrgicas; os níveis de glutationa reduzida eram maiores nas obesas pré-cirúrgicas em comparação ao controle e diminuíram após a cirurgia; os níveis de ácido ascórbico eram menores nas obesas pré-cirúrgicas em relação ao controle e às obesas pós-cirúrgicas. Conclusão: Observou-se que a massa corporal influenciou na produção das espécies reativas. A cirurgia bariátrica, somada à perda de peso e à suplementação vitamínica, diminui a oxidação celular e, com isso, reduz os danos teciduais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Obesity/surgery , Obesity/metabolism , Postoperative Period , Ascorbic Acid/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Lipid Peroxidation/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Analysis of Variance , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Reactive Oxygen Species/blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Protein Carbonylation/physiology , Glutathione/blood , Middle Aged , Antioxidants/analysis
10.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(9): 723-729, Sept. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796042

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of crocin on brain oxidative damage and memory deficits in a 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) model of Parkinson’s disease. Male Wistar rats were subjected to unilateral injection of 6-OHDA (16 µg) into the medial forebrain bundle and treated with crocin (30 and 60 mg/kg) for six weeks. The rats were tested for memory performance at six weeks after 6-OHDA infusion, and then were killed for the estimation of biochemical parameters. The increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and nitrite levels in the hippocampus were observed in the 6-OHDA lesioned rats, which was accompanied by memory deficits in a passive avoidance test at the end of week 6. Moreover, treatment with crocin decreased TBARS and nitrite levels in the hippocampus, and improved aversive memory. The present study conclusively demonstrated that crocin acts as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent in the hippocampus of parkinsonian rats and could improve aversive memory through its properties.


RESUMO O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar o efeito da crocina no dano oxidativo cerebral e nos déficits de memória em um modelo 6-OHDA de doença de Parkinson. Ratos Wistar machos foram submetidos à injeção unilateral de 6-OHDA (16 μg) em MFB e tratados com crocina (30 e 60 mg/kg), durante 6 semanas. Os ratos foram testados quanto ao desempenho da memória 6 semanas após a infusão de 6-OHDA, e, em seguida, foram sacrificados para a estimativa dos parâmetros bioquímicos. O aumento nos níveis de TBARS e de nitrito no hipocampo foram observados em ratos 6-OHDA lesionados, acompanhado por déficits de memória em um teste de esquiva passiva no final da semana 6. Além disso, o tratamento com crocina diminuiu os níveis de nitrito e de TBARS no hipocampo e melhorou a memória aversiva. O presente estudo demonstrou conclusivamente que a crocina age como um antioxidante e um agente anti-inflamatório no hipocampo de ratos parkinsonianos e pode melhorar a memória aversiva através de suas propriedades.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Parkinson Disease/drug therapy , Carotenoids/pharmacology , Cerebral Cortex/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Memory Disorders/prevention & control , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Parkinson Disease/physiopathology , Parkinson Disease/metabolism , Sulfhydryl Compounds/analysis , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Random Allocation , Cerebral Cortex/physiopathology , Cerebral Cortex/metabolism , Oxidopamine , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Glutathione Peroxidase/analysis , Glutathione Peroxidase/drug effects , Memory/drug effects , Memory/physiology , Memory Disorders/physiopathology , Memory Disorders/metabolism , Nitrites/analysis
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(3): e5026, Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-771944

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is characterized by a pro-inflammatory status, including redox imbalance and increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which may be exacerbated after heat exposure. However, the effects of heat exposure, specifically in individuals with inflammatory chronic diseases such as hypertension, are complex and not well understood. This study compared the effects of heat exposure on plasma cytokine levels and redox status parameters in 8 hypertensive (H) and 8 normotensive (N) subjects (age: 46.5±1.3 and 45.6±1.4 years old, body mass index: 25.8±0.8 and 25.6±0.6 kg/m2, mean arterial pressure: 98.0±2.8 and 86.0±2.3 mmHg, respectively). They remained at rest in a sitting position for 10 min in a thermoneutral environment (22°C) followed by 30 min in a heated environmental chamber (38°C and 60% relative humidity). Blood samples were collected before and after heat exposure. Plasma cytokine levels were measured using sandwich ELISA kits. Plasma redox status was determined by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels and ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP). Hypertensive subjects showed higher plasma levels of IL-10 at baseline (P<0.05), although levels of this cytokine were similar between groups after heat exposure. Moreover, after heat exposure, hypertensive individuals showed higher plasma levels of soluble TNF receptor (sTNFR1) and lower TBARS (P<0.01) and FRAP (P<0.05) levels. Controlled hypertensive subjects, who use angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor (ACE inhibitors), present an anti-inflammatory status and balanced redox status. Nevertheless, exposure to a heat stress condition seems to cause an imbalance in the redox status and an unregulated inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Cytokines/blood , Hypertension/physiopathology , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Heart Rate/physiology , Hot Temperature , Hypertension/blood , Inflammation/physiopathology , Lipid Peroxidation/physiology , Oxidation-Reduction , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(4): e4646, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-774524

ABSTRACT

Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with extracorporeal circulation produces changes in the immune system accompanied by an increase in proinflammatory cytokines and a decrease in anti-inflammatory cytokines. We hypothesize that dexmedetomidine (DEX) as an anesthetic adjuvant modulates the inflammatory response after coronary artery bypass graft surgery with mini-CPB. In a prospective, randomized, blind study, 12 patients (4 females and 8 males, age range 42-72) were assigned to DEX group and compared with a conventional total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) group of 11 patients (4 females and 7 males). The endpoints used to assess inflammatory and biochemical responses to mini-CPB were plasma interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-10, interferon (INF)-γ, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, C-reactive protein, creatine phosphokinase, creatine phosphokinase-MB, cardiac troponin I, cortisol, and glucose levels. These variables were determined before anesthesia, 90 min after beginning CPB, 5 h after beginning CPB, and 24 h after the end of surgery. Endpoints of oxidative stress, including thiobarbituric acid reactive species and delta-aminolevulinate dehydratase activity in erythrocytes were also determined. DEX+TIVA use was associated with a significant reduction in IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α, and INF-γ (P<0.0001) levels compared with TIVA (two-way ANOVA). In contrast, the surgery-induced increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive species was higher in the DEX+TIVA group than in the TIVA group (P<0.01; two-way ANOVA). Delta-aminolevulinate dehydratase activity was decreased after CPB (P<0.001), but there was no difference between the two groups. DEX as an adjuvant in anesthesia reduced circulating IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α, and INF-γ levels after mini-CPB. These findings indicate an interesting anti-inflammatory effect of DEX, which should be studied in different types of surgical interventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Anesthesia, Intravenous/methods , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/prevention & control , Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists/pharmacology , Analysis of Variance , Blood Glucose/analysis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Creatine Kinase/blood , Cytokines/blood , Hydrocortisone/blood , Prospective Studies , Reference Values , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/blood , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Time Factors , Troponin I/blood
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(11): 1010-1022, Nov. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762907

ABSTRACT

Exercise training (Ex) has been recommended for its beneficial effects in hypertensive states. The present study evaluated the time-course effects of Ex without workload on mean arterial pressure (MAP), reflex bradycardia, cardiac and renal histology, and oxidative stress in two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) hypertensive rats. Male Fischer rats (10 weeks old; 150–180 g) underwent surgery (2K1C or SHAM) and were subsequently divided into a sedentary (SED) group and Ex group (swimming 1 h/day, 5 days/week for 2, 4, 6, 8, or 10 weeks). Until week 4, Ex decreased MAP, increased reflex bradycardia, prevented concentric hypertrophy, reduced collagen deposition in the myocardium and kidneys, decreased the level of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) in the left ventricle, and increased the catalase (CAT) activity in the left ventricle and both kidneys. From week 6 to week 10, however, MAP and reflex bradycardia in 2K1C Ex rats became similar to those in 2K1C SED rats. Ex effectively reduced heart rate and prevented collagen deposition in the heart and both kidneys up to week 10, and restored the level of TBARS in the left ventricle and clipped kidney and the CAT activity in both kidneys until week 8. Ex without workload for 10 weeks in 2K1C rats provided distinct beneficial effects. The early effects of Ex on cardiovascular function included reversing MAP and reflex bradycardia. The later effects of Ex included preventing structural alterations in the heart and kidney by decreasing oxidative stress and reducing injuries in these organs during hypertension.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Hypertension, Renovascular/physiopathology , Kidney/pathology , Myocardium/pathology , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Baroreflex/physiology , Bradycardia/metabolism , Bradycardia/pathology , Catalase/metabolism , Heart Rate/physiology , Kidney/metabolism , Myocardium/enzymology , Myocardium/metabolism , Renal Artery/surgery , Sedentary Behavior , Surgically-Created Structures , Time Factors , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis
14.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 13(3): 607-612, July-Sept. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-760451

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to determine oxidative stress parameters in the liver and gill of Brazilian flounder juveniles (307.0 ± 16.0 g and 30.0 ± 4.0 cm) submitted to different water temperature (17.1, 23.0 and 28.8ºC) for 72 h and maintained at salinity 25‰. After the acclimation of 7 days, in 23ºC, fish were transferred to 200 L tanks containing seawater (salinity 25‰) at 28.8ºC (heat shock), 17.1ºC (cold shock) or 23.0ºC (control), five replicates (five fish tank-1). The sampled collection occurred in 0 (pre-challenge), 3, 24, 48 and 72 h after temperature shock. Flounder exposed to 17.1ºC and 28.8ºC showed significantly higher TBARS levels and GST activity in the liver post-exposition (PE) in relation to the control (23ºC). CAT activity in liver present a significantly increase at 17.1ºC, in first 48 h, and subsequently decrease in 72 h PE in relation to 28.8ºC. The gills of flounder showed significantly higher TBARS levels, GST and CAT activity when submitted at 17.1 and 28.8ºC in relation to 23.0ºC. There were observed changes in lipid peroxidation levels (LPO), CAT and GST activities in the liver and gill of Brazilian flounder in response to reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by thermal shocks.


O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar os parâmetros de estresse oxidativo no fígado e brânquias de juvenis de linguado (307,0 ± 16,0 g e 30,0 ± 4,0 cm) submetidos a diferentes temperaturas da água (17,1, 23,0 e 28,8ºC) por 72 h e mantidos na salinidade de 25‰. Após uma aclimatação de sete dias, em 23ºC, os peixes foram transferidos para tanques de 200 L contendo água do mar (salinidade 25‰) em 28,8ºC (choque quente), 17,1ºC (choque frio) ou 23,0ºC (controle), cinco repetições (cinco peixes/tanque). A coleta de amostras ocorreu em 0 (pré-exposição), 3, 24, 48 e 72 h após o choque térmico. O linguado exposto a 17,1ºC e 28,8ºC apresentaram um significante aumento dos níveis de TBARS e atividade da GST no fígado pós-exposição (PE) em relação ao controle (23ºC). A atividade da CAT no fígado apresentou um aumento significativo em 17,1ºC, nas primeiras 48 h, e subsequente diminuição em 72 h PE em relação a 28,8ºC. As brânquias do linguado apresentaram significante aumento dos níveis de TBARS e atividade da GST e CAT quando submetidos a 17,1ºC e 28,8ºC em relação a 23,0ºC. Foram observadas alterações nos níveis de peroxidação lipídica (LPO) e atividade de GST e CAT no fígado e brânquias de linguado em resposta as espécies reativas de oxigênio (ROS) produzidas pelo choque térmico.


Subject(s)
Animals , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Flatfishes/abnormalities , Flatfishes/physiology , Glutathione S-Transferase pi/analysis , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis
15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 30(4): 417-424, July-Aug. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-763166

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective:The aim of this prospective study was to assess the dynamics of oxidative stress during coronary artery bypass surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.Methods:Sixteen patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were enrolled. Blood samples were collected from the systemic circulation during anesthesia induction (radial artery - A1), the systemic venous return (B1 and B2) four minutes after removal of the aortic cross-clamping, of the coronary sinus (CS1 and CS2) four minutes after removal of the aortic cross-clamping and the systemic circulation four minutes after completion of cardiopulmonary bypass (radial artery - A2). The marker of oxidative stress, malondialdehyde, was measured using spectrophotometry.Results:The mean values of malondialdehyde were (ng/dl): A1 (265.1), B1 (490.0), CS1 (527.0), B2 (599.6), CS2 (685.0) and A2 (527.2). Comparisons between A1/B1, A1/CS1, A1/B2, A1/CS2, A1/A2 were significant, with ascending values (P<0.05). Comparisons between the measurements of the coronary sinus and venous reservoir after the two moments of reperfusion (B1/B2 and CS1/CS2) were higher when CS2 (P<0.05). Despite higher values ​​after the end of cardiopulmonary bypass (A2), when compared to samples of anesthesia (A1), those show a downward trend when compared to the samples of the second moment of reperfusion (CS2) (P<0.05).Conclusion:The measurement of malondialdehyde shows that coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass is accompanied by increase of free radicals and this trend gradually decreases after its completion. Aortic clamping exacerbates oxidative stress but has sharper decline after reperfusion when compared to systemic metabolism. The behavior of thiobarbituric acid species indicates that oxidative stress is an inevitable pathophysiological component.


ResumoObjetivo:O objetivo deste estudo prospectivo foi avaliar a dinâmica do estresse oxidativo durante a cirurgia de revascularização miocárdica com circulação extracorpórea.Métodos:Participaram 16 pacientes submetidos à revascularização miocárdica. As amostras de sangue foram coletadas da circulação sistêmica, no momento da indução anestésica (artéria radial - A1), do retorno venoso sistêmico (B1 e B2), quatro minutos após a remoção do pinçamento aórtico, do seio coronariano (SC1 e SC2), quatro minutos após a remoção do pinçamento aórtico, e da circulação sistêmica, quatro minutos após finalização da circulação extracorpórea (artéria radial - A2). O marcador do estresse oxidativo, malondialdeído, foi dosado utilizando espectrofotometria.Resultados:Os valores médios de malondialdeído foram (ng/dl): A1 (265,1), B1 (490,0), SC1 (527,0), B2 (599,6), SC2 (685,0) e A2 (527,2). As comparações entre A1/B1, A1/SC1, A1/B2, A1/SC2, A1/A2 foram significativas, com valores ascendentes (P<0,05). As comparações entre as dosagens do seio coronário e reservatório venoso após os dois momentos de reperfusão (B1/SC1 e B2/SC2) foram mais elevadas no momento SC2 (P<0,05). Apesar dos valores mais elevados após o término da circulação extracorpórea (A2), quando comparadas às amostras da indução anestésica (A1), aqueles apresentam tendência de queda quando comparadas as amostras do segundo momento de reperfusão (SC2) (P<0,05).Conclusão:As dosagens de malondialdeído mostram que a revascularização miocárdica com circulação extracorpórea é acompanhada de aumento de radicais livres com tendência deste diminuir progressivamente após seu término. O pinçamento aórtico exacerba o estresse oxidativo, porém apresenta queda mais acentuada após a reperfusão quando comparadas ao do metabolismo sistêmico. O comportamento das espécies reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico indica que o estresse oxidativo é um componente patofisiológico inevitável.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/adverse effects , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Lipid Peroxidation/physiology , Malondialdehyde/blood , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Biomarkers/blood , Coronary Sinus/physiology , Perioperative Period , Prospective Studies , Radial Artery/chemistry , Spectrophotometry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis
16.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 52(4): 325-332, 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-780258

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant effect of dietary supplementation of plant oil resins in laying hens on the oxidative stability of cooked egg yolk kept at 4ºC for 30 days, and fresh eggs stored under refrigeration (R) at the same temperature for 60 days or kept in room temperature (RT) for 30 days. Hens were fed corn- and soybean-based diets (15% CP and 2,900 kcal kg-1) and supplemented with two levels of Copaifera langsdorffii oil resin (CP-0.03; 0.06 and 0.09%) or Pterodon emarginatus oil resin (SC-0.03 and 0.06%), plus a negative control (CN). At 37 weeks of age, 667 eggs were collected and randomly distributed in different storage conditions, in natura or cooked. The progression of lipid oxidation of egg yolk in natura was quantified in quadruplicate and cooked egg yolks in duplicate, using pool of 3 egg yolks/treatment to analyze TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances) concentration in quadruplicate. Data analysis was performed using a mixed model and Tukey test, at a 5% significance level. The storage period was considered a longitudinal factor, which varied from five times, for R cooked yolk and TA fresh yolk (0-30 days), to nine times, for R fresh yolk (0-60 days). For fresh eggs stored at RT or R, the supplementation of plant oils did not protect egg yolks from lipid oxidation, compared to NC. However, for cooked egg yolks, the addition of 0.03 and 0.06% of CP oil resin showed antioxidant activity since it reduced lipid oxidation up to day 21 of storage, but had a prooxidant effect for 0.09%. Therefore, it can be concluded that the supplementation of copaíba oil resin had an antioxidant protection of cooked egg lipids...


O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a atividade antioxidante da adição de óleos de copaíba (CP) e sucupira (SC) na alimentação de poedeiras sobre a oxidação lipídica de ovos in natura armazenados em temperatura ambiente (TA) por 30 dias e sob refrigeração (R) a 4ºC por 60 dias, e de gemas cozidas mantidas sob R por 30 dias. As poedeiras foram alimentadas com ração isoproteica (15% PB) e isoenergética (2900 kcal kg-1) à base de milho e farelo de soja, com inclusão de óleo de Copaifera langsdorffii (CP) nas proporções de 0,03; 0,06 e 0,09% ou de Pterodon emarginatus (SC) nas proporções de 0,03 e 0,06%, mais um controle negativo (CN). Foram coletados 667 ovos às 37 semanas de idade e distribuídos aleatoriamente nas diferentes condições de armazenamento (TA ou R). A oxidação dos lipídios de ovos in natura foi quantificada em quadruplicata e das gemas cozidas em duplicata, utilizando-se pool de 3 gemas/tratamento para as análises de TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances). Os dados foram avaliados adotando um modelo misto e as médias foram comparadas pelo teste de Tukey em 5% de nível de significância e o período de armazenamento foi considerado como um fator longitudinal, variando de cinco tempos no experimento com gemas cozidas, e nos ovos in natura sob R e em TA (0 a 30 dias), até nove tempos sob R (0 a 60 dias). Foi observado que a adição de óleo de CP e SC não reduziu os valores de TBARS em ovos in natura armazenados em TA e sob R em relação ao CN. No armazenamento de gemas cozidas, a inclusão CP (0,03 e 0,06%) protegeu os lipídios até os 21 dias, mas apresentou efeito pró-oxidante quando suplementado a 0,09%. Concluiu-se que a inclusão de até 0,06% de óleorresina de CP nas rações de poedeiras pode proteger os lipídios da gema cozida contra a oxidação durante o armazenamento refrigerado por até 21 dias...


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/analysis , Egg Yolk/chemistry , Lipid Peroxidation , Plant Oils/therapeutic use , Animal Feed/analysis , Chickens , Spectrophotometry/veterinary , Eggs/analysis , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis
17.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(11): 1081-1084, nov. 2014. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-736032

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se avaliar a progressão da doença e o dano oxidativo em cabras com anemia e doença respiratória mediante aplicação de ferro parenteral. Foram estudadas seis cabras, adultas, com parâmetros eritrocitários indicativos e anemia e manifestações de doença respiratória (tosse, espirros e secreção nasal). O grupo controle foi composto por seis cabras adultas, sadias. As cabras de ambos os grupos após serem submetidos à avaliação clínica receberam dose similar (0,5g) de hidróxido férrico em complexo dextrânico, por via intramuscular. Amostras de sangue colhidas com EDTA, antes da aplicação do ferro e 48 horas depois foram utilizadas para determinação da concentração de substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico (TBARS). Nas cabras doentes antes da aplicação do ferro os valores de TBARS foram equivalentes aos valores mensurados nos controles antes e após a aplicação do ferro (p>0,05). Os valores mensurados nas cabras doentes foram muito mais elevados (p<0,001) no mesmo grupo de animais depois da aplicação do ferro e nos controles antes e após a aplicação. A aplicação do ferro agravou a condição clinica dos animais com doença respiratória, sendo evidenciada uma condição de toxidade refletida pelo estresse oxidativo. Assim sendo, não se deve recomendar tal suplementação nos caprinos acometidos de doenças do aparelho respiratório.(AU)


Aimed to evaluate the progression of the disease and oxidative damage in goats with anemia and respiratory disease by application of parenteral iron. Six goats, adults, with anemia and respiratory disease (coughing, sneezing and nasal discharge) were studied. The control group was composed of six adults goats, healthy. The goats of both groups after undergoing clinical evaluation received similar dose (0.5g) of ferric hydroxide in complex dextran intramuscularly. Blood samples collected in EDTA before the application of iron and 48 hours were taken for determination of concentration of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). In patients goats before the application of iron TBARS values were equivalent to the measured values in the control group before and after applying the iron (p>0.05). The values measured in patients goats were significantly higher (p<0.001) in the group of animals even after the application of iron and controls before and after application. The application of iron worsened the clinical condition of the animals with respiratory disease, evidencing a condition of toxicity reflected by oxidative stress. Therefore, one should not recommend to supplementation in goats with respiratory diseases.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Respiratory Tract Diseases/veterinary , Goats , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Iron, Dietary/administration & dosage , Anemia/veterinary , Lipid Peroxidation , Oxidative Stress/drug effects
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(6): 371-375, 06/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-711590

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the antioxidant and antiperoxidative effects of oil mixes of high ratio Omega-9:Omega-6 and low ratio Omega-6:Omega-3 in the third day after tooth extraction in rats. METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats (270-310g) were randomly distributed in two groups: Control (n=24) and Test (n=8). Control group was divided into three subgroups (n=8): G1: Sham-Saline; G2: Saline; G3: Isolipid. G1 and G2 animals received NaCl 0.9% while G3 rats were treated with an isolipid mixture (alpha-linolenic acid - ALA) containing -6/-3 oils (8:1 ratio) and-9/-6 (0.4:1 ratio). Test group animals (G4) received oily mixtures (alpha-linolenic acid - ALA, docosahexaenoic acid - DHA, eicosapentaenoic acid - EPA) of -6/-3 (1.4:1 ratio) and -9/-6 (3.4:1 ratio). Saline and oils were administered by gavage during four days before and three days after first mandibular molar extraction. Following, samples (arterial blood and alveolar mucosa) were collected for glutathione (GSH) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) assays. RESULTS: Oil mixes induced a significant decrease in GSH and TBARS tissue and plasma concentrations in the third day post-surgery. CONCLUSION: Gavage administration of oil mixes of high ratio Omega-9:Omega-6 and low ratio Omega-6:Omega-3 after molar extraction in rats induces a significant decrease in lipid peroxidation. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , /pharmacology , /pharmacology , Fatty Acids/pharmacology , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Tooth Extraction/methods , Drug Combinations , Glutathione/analysis , Glutathione/drug effects , Molar/surgery , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Tooth Socket/drug effects , Wound Healing/drug effects
19.
Clinics ; 69(2): 128-133, 2/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-701381

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Most lung transplants are obtained from brain-dead donors. The physiopathology of brain death involves hemodynamics, the sympathetic nervous system, and inflammatory mechanisms. Administering methylprednisolone 60 min after inducing brain death in rats has been shown to modulate pulmonary inflammatory activity. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of methylprednisolone on transplanted rat lungs from donors treated 60 min after brain death. METHODS: Twelve Wistar rats were anesthetized, and brain death was induced. They were randomly divided into two groups (n = 6), namely a control group, which was administered saline solution, and a methylprednisolone group, which received the drug 60 min after the induction of brain death. All of the animals were observed and ventilated for 2 h prior to being submitted to lung transplantation. We evaluated the hemodynamic and blood gas parameters, histological score, lung tissue levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, level of superoxide dismutase, level of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and level of interleukin-1 beta. RESULTS: After transplantation, a significant reduction in the levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and IL-1β was observed in the group that received methylprednisolone (p = 0.0084 and p = 0.0155, respectively). There were no significant differences in tumor necrosis factor-alpha and superoxide dismutase levels between the control and methylprednisolone groups (p = 0.2644 and p = 0.7461, respectively). There were no significant differences in the blood gas parameters, hemodynamics, and histological alterations between the groups. CONCLUSION: The administration of methylprednisolone after brain death in donor rats reduces inflammatory activity in transplanted lungs but has no influence on parameters related to oxidative stress. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Brain Death/physiopathology , Lung Transplantation/methods , Lung/drug effects , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Blood Gas Analysis , Hemodynamics , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Time Factors , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis
20.
Clinics ; 68(9): 1247-1254, set. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-687758

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the effects of resistance training on oxidative stress markers in the livers of ovariectomized rats. METHOD: Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into the following four groups (n = 8 per group): sham-operated sedentary, ovariectomized sedentary, sham-operated resistance training, and ovariectomized resistance training. During the resistance training period, the animals climbed a 1.1-m vertical ladder with weights attached to their tails; the sessions were conducted 3 times per week, with 4-9 climbs and 8-12 dynamic movements per climb. The oxidative stress was assessed by measuring the levels of reduced glutathione and oxidized glutathione, the enzymatic activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase, lipid peroxidation, vitamin E concentrations, and the gene expression of glutathione peroxidase. RESULTS: The results showed significant reductions in the reduced glutathione/oxidized glutathione ratio (4.11±0.65 nmol/g tec), vitamin E concentration (55.36±11.11 nmol/g), and gene expression of glutathione peroxidase (0.49±0.16 arbitrary units) in the livers of ovariectomized rats compared with the livers of unovariectomized animals (5.71±0.71 nmol/g tec, 100.14±10.99 nmol/g, and 1.09±0.54 arbitrary units, respectively). Moreover, resistance training for 10 weeks was not able to reduce the oxidative stress in the livers of ovariectomized rats and induced negative changes in the hepatic anti-oxidative/oxidative balance. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that the resistance training program used in this study was not able to attenuate the hepatic oxidative damage caused by ovariectomy and increased the hepatic oxidative stress. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Liver/metabolism , Ovariectomy , Oxidative Stress , Resistance Training , Biomarkers/metabolism , Catalase/analysis , Glutathione/analysis , Lipid Peroxidation , Physical Conditioning, Animal/methods , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Vitamin E/analysis
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