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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 64-73, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777070

ABSTRACT

Tetanic stimulation of the sciatic nerve (TSS) triggers long-term potentiation in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord and long-lasting pain hypersensitivity. CX3CL1-CX3CR1 signaling is an important pathway in neuronal-microglial activation. Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) is a key signal transduction molecule that regulates neuroinflammation and neuropathic pain. Here, we set out to determine whether and how NF-κB and CX3CR1 are involved in the mechanism underlying the pathological changes induced by TSS. After unilateral TSS, significant bilateral mechanical allodynia was induced, as assessed by the von Frey test. The expression of phosphorylated NF-κB (pNF-κB) and CX3CR1 was significantly up-regulated in the bilateral dorsal horn. Immunofluorescence staining demonstrated that pNF-κB and NeuN co-existed, implying that the NF-κB pathway is predominantly activated in neurons following TSS. Administration of either the NF-κB inhibitor ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate or a CX3CR1-neutralizing antibody blocked the development and maintenance of neuropathic pain. In addition, blockade of NF-κB down-regulated the expression of CX3CL1-CX3CR1 signaling, and conversely the CX3CR1-neutralizing antibody also down-regulated pNF-κB. These findings suggest an involvement of NF-κB and the CX3CR1 signaling network in the development and maintenance of TSS-induced mechanical allodynia. Our work suggests the potential clinical application of NF-κB inhibitors or CX3CR1-neutralizing antibodies in treating pathological pain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Therapeutic Uses , Antioxidants , Therapeutic Uses , CX3C Chemokine Receptor 1 , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Cytokines , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Enzyme Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Ganglia, Spinal , Metabolism , Hyperalgesia , Metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism , Pain Threshold , Physiology , Physical Stimulation , Proline , Therapeutic Uses , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sciatic Nerve , Physiology , Signal Transduction , Physiology , Spinal Cord , Metabolism , Thiocarbamates , Therapeutic Uses , Up-Regulation , Physiology
2.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017; 30 (3 [Special]): 1103-1106
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189318

ABSTRACT

The paper is intended to analyze and evaluate the specific curative effect and safety of 2% liranaftate ointment in treating patients with tinea pedis and tinea cruris. 1,100 cases of patients with tinea pedis and tinea corporis and cruris were selected as research objects and were divided into two groups according to the random number table method. They were treated with different methods: 550 cases of patients were treated with 2% liranaftate ointment for external use in the observation group and the rest 550 cases of patients were treated with 1% bifonazole cream in the control group. The treatment time was two weeks for patients with tinea corporis and cruris and four weeks for those with tinea pedis respectively. Meanwhile, the one-month follow-up visit was conducted among the patients to compare the curative effects of two groups. After the medication, the curative effectiveness rate was 87.65% [482/550] in the observation group, while that was 84.91% [467/550] in the control group. After the average follow-up visits of [15.5 +/- 2.4], the curative effectiveness rate 96.55% [531/550] in the observation group, while that was 91.45% [503/550] in the control group. Two groups of patients recovered well with a low incidence of adverse reactions in the treatment, and the overall curative effect was good with the inter-group difference at P>0.05, so it was without statistical significance. The curative effect of 2% liranaftate ointment is safe and obvious in treating tinea pedis and tinea corporis and cruris, so it is valuable for clinical popularization and application


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Tinea Pedis/drug therapy , Naphthalenes/therapeutic use , Pyridines/therapeutic use , Thiocarbamates/therapeutic use , Ointments , Safety
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243406

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of paraquat (PQ) on reactive oxygen species (ROS) and neutrophil apoptosis and its possible signal transduction pathways.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cultured neutrophils were treated with different concentrations of PQ for 6-24 h. The apoptosis rate of neutrophils and ROS content were determined by flow cytometry. The exoressions of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and Caspase 3 were detected by Western blot. These parameters were checked again after NF-κB and Caspase 3 antagonist were applied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PQ could boost ROS generation and depress neutrophil apoptosis significantly. At the same time PQ could enhance the expression of NF-κB and inhibit the expression of Caspase 3. These effects could be reversed by ROS inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) and NF-κB inhibitor pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (PDTC).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PQ is a potent inducer of ROS and can inhibit neutrophil apoptosis by activating NF-κB and surpressing Caspase 3 activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Neutrophils , Cell Biology , Paraquat , Toxicity , Pyrrolidines , Pharmacology , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Thiocarbamates , Pharmacology
4.
Gut and Liver ; : 411-416, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-142461

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in the pancreases of rats with acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) and any changes upon treatment with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), an inhibitor of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB), as well as to determine the relationship between TLR4 and NF-kappaB in ANP pathogenesis. METHODS: A total of 72 SD rats were randomly divided into three groups, namely, the control (sham-operation), ANP, and ANP with PDTC pretreatment groups. The PDTC-pretreated group was intraperitoneally injected with PDTC at a dose of 100 mg/kg 1 hour before the induction of ANP. The expressions of TLR4 and NF-kappaB in pancreatic tissue were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. The mRNA levels of cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, and IL-6 were measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The expressions of TLR4, NF-kappaB, and cytokine (NF-kappaB target) genes in the pancreatic tissue increased more significantly in the ANP groups than in the sham-operation group at 3, 6, and 12 hours. Pretreatment with PDTC alleviated the inflammatory activation in the pancreas with ANP, causing a significant decrease in the expressions of TLR4, NF-kappaB, and cytokine genes in the pancreatic tissue. CONCLUSIONS: The expressions of TLR4 and NF-kappaB were increased in the pancreases of rats with ANP. PDTC not only inhibits NF-kappaB but also suppresses the expression of TLR4 and downregulates the expression of the related cytokine genes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Male , NF-kappa B/drug effects , Pancreas/metabolism , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/chemically induced , Pyrrolidines/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Thiocarbamates/pharmacology , Toll-Like Receptor 4/drug effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
5.
Gut and Liver ; : 411-416, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-142460

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in the pancreases of rats with acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) and any changes upon treatment with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), an inhibitor of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB), as well as to determine the relationship between TLR4 and NF-kappaB in ANP pathogenesis. METHODS: A total of 72 SD rats were randomly divided into three groups, namely, the control (sham-operation), ANP, and ANP with PDTC pretreatment groups. The PDTC-pretreated group was intraperitoneally injected with PDTC at a dose of 100 mg/kg 1 hour before the induction of ANP. The expressions of TLR4 and NF-kappaB in pancreatic tissue were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. The mRNA levels of cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, and IL-6 were measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The expressions of TLR4, NF-kappaB, and cytokine (NF-kappaB target) genes in the pancreatic tissue increased more significantly in the ANP groups than in the sham-operation group at 3, 6, and 12 hours. Pretreatment with PDTC alleviated the inflammatory activation in the pancreas with ANP, causing a significant decrease in the expressions of TLR4, NF-kappaB, and cytokine genes in the pancreatic tissue. CONCLUSIONS: The expressions of TLR4 and NF-kappaB were increased in the pancreases of rats with ANP. PDTC not only inhibits NF-kappaB but also suppresses the expression of TLR4 and downregulates the expression of the related cytokine genes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Male , NF-kappa B/drug effects , Pancreas/metabolism , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/chemically induced , Pyrrolidines/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Thiocarbamates/pharmacology , Toll-Like Receptor 4/drug effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286535

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a method for determining 2, 4-D butylate in serum by gas chromatography (GC)and to provide a basis for the diagnosis and treatment of clinical poisoning.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Serum 2, 4-D butylate level was determined by the following steps: mixing serum (0.5 ml)with trichloromethane (2.0 ml), adequately shaking for extraction, standing for 5 min, centrifuging at 4 000 rpm for 10 min, blow-drying the trichloromethane layer with nitrogen, adding ethanol (50 µl)to a certain volume, adding the sample (1.0 µl), and performing GC with a hydrogen flame ionization detector.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Serum 2, 4-D butylate level showed a linear relationship within 5∼40 µg/ml, with a regression equation of y = 1 831.6.4x-899.4 (r = 0.999 2); the minimum detectable concentration was 1.0 µg/ml. The recovery rate was 88.7%∼103.0% (relative standard deviation (RSD) 3.8%∼5.0%). The intra-day RSD and inter-day RSD were 3.87-4.92% and 3.33%∼5.34%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This determination method is simple, efficient, and accurate and provides a good means for rapid diagnosis and treatment of 2, 4-D butylate poisoning.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Gas , Methods , Humans , Serum , Chemistry , Thiocarbamates , Blood
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351105

ABSTRACT

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be propagated indefinitely, while maintaining the capacity to differentiate into all cell types in the body except for the extra-embryonic tissues. This iPSC technology not only represents a new way to use individual-specific stem cells for regenerative medicine but also constitutes a novel method to obtain large numbers of disease-specific cells for biomedical research. However, the low efficiency of reprogramming and genomic integration of oncogenes and viral vectors limit the potential application of iPSCs. Chemical-induced reprogramming offers a novel approach to generating iPSCs. In this study, a new combination of small-molecule compounds (SMs) (sodium butyrate, A-83-01, CHIR99021, Y-27632) under conditions of transient folate deprivation was used to generate iPSC. It was found that transient folate deprivation combined with SMs was sufficient to permit reprogramming from mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) in the presence of transcription factors, Oct4 and Klf4, within 25 days, replacing Sox2 and c-Myc, and accelerated the generation of mouse iPSCs. The resulting cell lines resembled mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells with respect to proliferation rate, morphology, pluripotency-associated markers and gene expressions. Deprivation of folic acid, combined with treating MEFs with SMs, can improve the inducing efficiency of iPSCs and reduce their carcinogenicity and the use of exogenous reprogramming factors.


Subject(s)
Amides , Pharmacology , Animals , Butyric Acid , Pharmacology , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Extraembryonic Membranes , Cell Biology , Folic Acid , Pharmacology , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Mice , Octamer Transcription Factor-3 , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc , Metabolism , Pyrazoles , Pharmacology , Pyridines , Pharmacology , Pyrimidines , Pharmacology , SOXB1 Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Thiocarbamates , Pharmacology , Thiosemicarbazones
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749216

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the extracellular release of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) in laryngeal Hep-2 carcinoma cells induced by hypoxia and its possible mechanism.@*METHOD@#The changes of HMGB1 concentration in the culture medium as well as HMGB1 protein and mRNA expression in Hep-2 cells were investigated after the cells were cultured with 1% O2 for different durations. Inhibitory effects of MAPK pathway inhibitors (PD98059. SP600125, and SB202190) and nuclear NF-kappaB pathway inhibitor (PDTC) with various concentrations on extracellular HMGB1 release were observed in hypoxia-induced Hep-2 cells. The HMGB1 concentration and HMGB1 protein expression were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and western blot, respectively. The HMGB1 mRNA expression was determined by real-time quantitative PCR(RT-PCR).@*RESULT@#The HMGB1 concentration in the culture medium and the HMGB1 protein expression in Hep-2 cells increased after the cells were subjected to hypoxia culture for 12 h in a time-dependent manner. The level of HMGB1 mRNA expression in Hep-2 cells increased after the cells were induced by hypoxia for 6h PD98059 and SP600125 with 20 micromol/ L and PDTC with 50 mg/L partly inhibited extracellular release of HMGB1 in hypoxia-cultured Hcp-2 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Hypoxia induces laryngeal carcinoma cells to release HMGH1. which may be related to MAPK/NF-kappaB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Anthracenes , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Line, Tumor , Flavonoids , HMGB1 Protein , Metabolism , Humans , Imidazoles , MAP Kinase Signaling System , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Pyridines , Pyrrolidines , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Thiocarbamates
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242724

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the changes in the expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), type I collagen (Col I), and type III collagen (Col III) among the rats with acute paraquat (PQ) poisoning and the intervention effect of pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) on their expression, and to investigate the mechanism of PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis and the intervention effect of PDTC on the disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group (n = 6), PQ group (n = 36), and PQ + PDTC group (n = 36). The PQ group and PQ + PDTC group were given a single dose of saline-diluted PQ (80 mg/kg) by gavage; 2 h later, the PQ + PDTC group was intraperitoneally injected with a single dose of PDTC (100 mg/kg), and the PQ group was intraperitoneally injected with the same amount of saline. The control group was given saline (1 ml/kg) by gavage and was intraperitoneally injected with the same amount of saline 2h later. At 1, 3, 7, 14, 25, and 56 days after operation, the protein expression of CTGF was evaluated by Western blot; the mRNA expression of CTGF, Col I, and Col III was analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR; the content of hydroxyproline in lung tissue was measured, and the pathological changes of lung tissue of the poisoned rats were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The protein expression of CTGF in the PQ group increased as the time went on, slowly from the 3rd to the 14th day and rapidly from the 28th to the 56th day, significantly higher than that in the control group at each time point (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The mRNA expression of CTGF in the PQ group began to rise markedly on the 1st day, increased rapidly from the 3rd to the 14th day, and remained at a relatively high level from the 28th to the 56th day, significantly higher than that in the control group at each time point (P < 0.01). The mRNA expression of Col I in the PQ group changed little on the 1st and 3rd day, increased slightly on the 7th day, and increased greatly from the 14th to the 56th day, significantly higher than that in the control group from the 7th to the 56th day (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The mRNA expression of Col III in the PQ group began to rise on the 1st day, reached the peak level on the 7th day, and then declined, significantly higher than that in the control group at each time point (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Masson staining showed that fibroblasts proliferated from the 14th to the 28th day, and collagen fibers increased gradually. Compared with the PQ group, the PQ + PDTC group showed significantly decreased protein expression of CTGF as well as mRNA expression of CTGF, Col I, and Col III (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis, the expression of CTGF keeps rising, and the collagen secretion and matrix synthesis are increased probably by upregulating the transcriptional levels of Col I and Col III; CTGF plays an important role in PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis. PDTC can inhibit the expression of CTGF, thus reducing the lung injury in rats with PQ poisoning.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Collagen Type I , Metabolism , Collagen Type III , Metabolism , Connective Tissue Growth Factor , Metabolism , Male , Paraquat , Poisoning , Proline , Pharmacology , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Thiocarbamates , Pharmacology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267229

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study possible immunobiological potential of Osmunda japonica Thunb.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunomodulatory effects of ethanol extracts prepared from rhizomes of O. japonica and phenolic compounds isolated from the extracts were investigated under the in vitro conditions using the rat peritoneal cells (2×10(6)/mL; 24 h culture). Biosynthesis of nitric oxide (NO) was assayed by Griess reagent, production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and secretion of cytokines were determined by enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The extracts activated dose dependently, with the onset at 2.5-5 μmol/L concentrations, the high output NO production, and secretion of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Mild enhancement of NO was produced by the aldehyde-type phenolics 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and 3,4-hydroxybenzaldehyde. In contrasts, the acetone-type phenolics 4-hydroxybenzalacetone and 3,4-hydroxybenzalacetone inhibited production of immune mediators including cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6), NO, and PGE2. The 3,4-hydroxybenzalacetone was more effective than 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde. The IC50s estimates ranged within the interval of 5-10 μmol/L. No signs of cytotoxicity were observed up to the 50 μmol/L concentration of the compounds.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Phenolic compounds contained in medicinal herb Osmunda japonica possess distinct immunomodulatory activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Dinoprostone , Female , Ferns , Chemistry , Immunologic Factors , Pharmacology , Interferon-gamma , Pharmacology , Lipopolysaccharides , Pharmacology , Nitric Oxide , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Genetics , Metabolism , Peritoneum , Cell Biology , Phenols , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Polymyxin B , Pharmacology , Proline , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Thiocarbamates , Pharmacology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343669

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the expressions of α-SMA, integrin α5 and fibronectin (Fn) in acute paraquat poisoned rats and the effect of PDTC. To investigate the mechanism of paraquat-induced pulmonary fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three experimental groups: Control group (6 rats), PQ group (36 rats) and PQ+PDTC group (36 rats). On the 1st, 3rd, the 7th, the 14th, the 28th and the 56th day after exposure, the protein expression of α smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) was evaluated by western blot. The mRNA levels of integrin α5 and fibronectin (Fn) were analyzed with real-time quantitative PCR (RT-PCR). Meanwhile, the lung pathological changes were observed and semi-quantified.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>T With the time passing, the expression of α-SMA in PQ group increased gradually compared with control group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The increasing extent was gently on the 3 rd, the 7 th day. While increasing extent was rapidly from the 28 th to the 56 th day. RT-PCR showed PQ significantly increased Fn mRNA level on all time points and increased integrin α5 mRNA level from the 7 rd to 56 th day compared with control group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). PDTC treatment significantly deceased α-SMA, Fn, and integrin α5 levels compared with PQ group in corresponding time points (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) Noteworthy, in PQ+PDTC group, the occurrence of pathological changes were drastically attenuated and pathologic score significantly decreased (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>α-SMA, integrin α5 and fibronectin could play an important role in the development of pulmonary fibrosis caused by paraquat poisoning. PDTC, asa strong NF-κB inhibitor, may inhibit NF-κB activity and further significantly decreased expressions of α-SMA, integrin α5 and fibronectin which were important part of ECM, leading to drastically attenuated pulmonary fibrosis. However, the mechanisms of PDTC intervention still remains to be explored.</p>


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Fibronectins , Metabolism , Integrin alpha5 , Metabolism , Male , Paraquat , Poisoning , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Metabolism , Pyrrolidines , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Thiocarbamates , Pharmacology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357185

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of PDTC (inhibitor of NF-κb) on apoptosis of human gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 induced by tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and explore the related mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After the treatment with different concentrations of PDTC, TNF-α or PDTC combined with TNF-α on gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901, the growth inhibition of SGC-7901 was measured by MTT assay. Hoechst was used to assess SGC-7901 cell apoptosis. The protein expressions of survivin and caspase-3 were detected by Western blot assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The growth inhibition rate of SGC-7901 induced by PDTC (15, 30, 60, 100 μmol/L) was (12.14±0.91)%, (20.00±1.11)%, (37.63±1.01)% and (41.46±1.07)%. Different concentrations of PDTC all inhibited the growth of SGC-7901 significantly (all P<0.01), The growth inhibition rate of SGC-7901 induced by 25 mg/L TNF-α was (2.38±0.67)%, which could not significantly inhibit the growth of SGC-7901 [control (1.50±0.81)%], while TNF-α of 50, 100, 150 mg/L could inhibit the growth of SGC-7901 significantly [(4.53±0.85)%, (4.43±0.70)% and (4.74±1.07)%, all P<0.05]. PDTC (15 μmol/L) combined with TNF-α (25, 50, 100, 150 mg/L) significantly increased the cell growth inhibition rate compared with TNF-α alone or PDTC 15 μmol/L alone (all P<0.01). Hoechst assay showed that 100 mg/L TNF-α, 15 μmol/L PDTC and combination of above two all induced cell apoptosis (P<0.01), and the combination group had significantly higher percentage of cell apoptosis (P<0.01). Survivin protein was significantly down-regulated in combination group as compared with single TNF-α (100 mg/L) group, but was not significant down-regulated as compared with single PDTC (15 μmol/L) group. Caspase-3 protein expression was significantly increased in combination group as compared with other two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PDTC can enhance the cell apoptosis induced by TNF-α, which may be associated with the blocking of TNF-α-activated NF-κB signaling pathway by PDTC, the down-regulation of survivin expression, and up-regulation of caspase-3 expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins , Metabolism , NF-kappa B , Proline , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Stomach Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Thiocarbamates , Pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Pharmacology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748449

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of the nuclear factor (NF-kappaB) and laryngocarcinoma circulating tumor cells (CTC), observe nuclear factor inhibitor PDTC on laryngeal cancer CTC and its possible mechanism.@*METHOD@#In order to establish of laryngocarcinoma nude mice model ,The nude mice inoculated with laryngo carcinoma Hep-2 cells. To 50 nude mice were randomly divided into experimental group (PDTC pretreatment group), the control group (saline group), and Sham group (not inoculated carcinoma cells), tumor inoculated mice were labeled with CK-19 CTC markers, and sacrificed after 8 weeks, then RT-PCR detect CK-19mRNA expression in peripheral blood as to understand the expression of laryngocarcinoma CTC; removed tumor to determine its size, immunohistochemical expression of NF-kappaB in laryngocarcinoma, real-time fluorescence Quantitative PCR detection of laryngocarcinoma VEGF and MMP-9mRNA expression.@*RESULT@#CTC occurrence and the expression of NF-kappaB was not obviously associated, expression in the CTC-positive laryngeal carcinoma, NF-kappaB-positive rate was 90%, while the expression of negative CTC laryngocarcinoma, NF-kappaB-positive rate was 56.7% (P>0.05), but connected with the activity of NF-kappaB; PDTC can inhibit NF-kappaB activation, reduce the incidence of CTC in laryngocarcinoma nude mice model, PDTC group CTC positive rate of 5%, significantly lower than the control group CTC positive rate of 45% (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#PDTC can reduce the incidence of CTC in the laryngocarcinoma nude mouse model, its role may benefit from PDTC reduced the ability of laryngocarcinoma metastasis, which may be as PDTC inhibit NF-kappaB activity, thus make VEGF-C and the expression of MMP-9 down, reducing angiogenesis and reduce tumor invasion of the larynx.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating , Proline , Pharmacology , Thiocarbamates , Pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C , Metabolism
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151709

ABSTRACT

Poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC) and anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) have poor prognosis and rare incidence compared to well differentiate thyroid cancer. Since the original description of PDTC in 1983, PDTC was introduced as a separate entity in the 2004 WHO Classification of Endocrine Tumors. PDTC was defined as a thyroid cancer with thyroglobulin-producing non-follicular non-papillary growth pattern and high-grade features, having an intermediate behavior between well differentiated thyroid cancer (WDTC) and ATC. But the criteria of PDTC are still controversial and heterogeneously applied in the diagnostic practice. Also the modalities of treatment, such as the extent of thyroid surgery, the use of radioiodine therapy and external radiation therapy are still controversial. ATC is rapidly progressing human carcinoma with a median survival of 4 to 12 months after diagnosis. Although the complete resection combined with external radiation therapy was reported to be effective recently and multimodality treatment has been recommended, current treatment of ATC has not been adequate for controlling the diseases. Therefore there are new attempts for treatment, such as chemotherapy with paclitaxel, clinical trials of combretastatin 4 phosphate and CS-7107 and multitargeted therapy of bevacizumab with doxorubicin, sorafenib, sunitinib etc. PDTC and ATC are an unexplored field like this, therefore, the studies for molecular pathology and therapeutic approach are necessary for improving survival and quality of life of patients.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Bevacizumab , Bibenzyls , Doxorubicin , Humans , Incidence , Indoles , Niacinamide , Paclitaxel , Pathology, Molecular , Phenylurea Compounds , Prognosis , Proline , Pyrroles , Quality of Life , Thiocarbamates , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms
15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 275-280, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290616

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship between activation of nuclear factor-K-gene binding (NF-κB) and apoptosis induced by matrine(MT) in transplanted tumor of human hepatocellular carcinoma in nude mouse.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Tumors were established by injection of hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 into the back of nude mice. The mice were divided randomly into four groups: Control group, MT group (35 mg/kg), PDTC group (120 mg/kg) and Combination group: PDTC + MT group (120 mg/kg + 35 mg/kg), the reagents were injected peritoneally. The tumor growth curve of nude mice bearing transplanted tumor were observed and the inhibition ratios were evaluated. Apoptosis of carcinoma cells was analyzed by TUNEL. The DNA-binding activity of NF-κB was determined by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). Expression of bcl-2 and bax in carcinoma tissue were detected by immunohistochemical method. NF-κB mRNA, bcl-2 mRNA and bax mRNA in carcinoma tissue were detected by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) could enhance the inhibition of matrine on carcinoma proliferation (P < 0.05). The apoptosis and activation of NF-κB in carcinoma cells could be induced by matrine. PDTC significantly suppressed NF-κB activation induced by matrine in carcinoma cells from 93.64 ± 2.95 to 65.78 ± 5.65 (F = 124.754, P < 0.01). Meanwhile, PDTC increased the apoptosis induced by matrine from 55.9% ± 2.8% to 74.3% ± 4.8% (P < 0.05).A positive correlation observed between the expressions of NF-κB and of bcl-2 (Pearson correlation coefficient = 0.983, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Matrine could induce apoptosis and activation of NF-κB in transplanted tumor. PDTC could increase apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma cells might be due to the suppression of NF-κB activation and the enhancement of bcl-2 expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Animals , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Metabolism , Pathology , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Neoplasm Transplantation , Pyrrolidines , Pharmacology , Quinolizines , Pharmacology , Thiocarbamates , Pharmacology
16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 504-507, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320185

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the uptake of four contrast agents: (99)Tc(m)-RGD-4CK, (99)Tc(m)-N(NOET)(2), (99)Tc(m)-MIBI and (18)F-FDG in Bal B/c nude mice bearing human non-small cell lung cancer NCI-H358 and evaluate their diagnostic value in low-metabolic lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human bronchioloalveolar carcinoma NCI-H358 cells were subcutaneously inoculated in Bal B/c nude mice to establish mouse models bearing human lung cancer. Twenty tumor-bearing nude mice were given injection of the four contrast agent, respectively, 5 mice in each group. SPECT imaging and biodistribution of the 4 tracers in the tumor-bearing nude mice were performed. The ratios of tumor to non-tumor (T/NT) of the tracers were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results from semi-quantification of the planar image and assessment of biodistribution showed that tumor to contralateral muscle activity ratios (T/NT) of the four tracers had statistically significant difference between each two of the four tracer groups of tumor-bearing mice (P < 0.001), with a highest value of T/NT ratio in the (99)Tc(m)-RGD-4CK group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>NCI-H358 tumors show a higher uptake of (99)Tc(m)-RGD-4CK than (18)F-FDG. It suggests that when diagnosing a well-differentiated lung cancer such as bronchioloalveolar carcinoma, the contrast agent (99)Tc(m)-RGD-4CK may be more sensitive than (18)F-FDG, and it may become a promising contrast agent in tumor imaging diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Diagnostic Imaging , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Contrast Media , Pharmacokinetics , Female , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Pharmacokinetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Metabolism , Pathology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Transplantation , Oligopeptides , Pharmacokinetics , Organotechnetium Compounds , Pharmacokinetics , Radiopharmaceuticals , Pharmacokinetics , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Pharmacokinetics , Thiocarbamates , Pharmacokinetics , Tissue Distribution , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon , Methods
17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 649-653, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320113

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the roles of NF-κB in factor VIIa-induced proliferation and migration of a colon cancer cell line (SW620) in vitro and its possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression levels of NF-κB (p65), inhibitory protein of NF-κB (IκB-α), caspase-7, interleukin 8 (IL-8) and tissue factor (TF) in SW620 cells treated with factor VIIa, PDTC (an inhibitor of NF-κB) and other factors were measured by Western-blotting and real-time PCR. Proliferation and migration of the cells were analyzed by flow cytometry and Transwell assay, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Factor VIIa down-regulated the IκB-α level in SW620 cells and increased the intranuclear level of NF-κB. Those effects of factor VIIa were blocked by anti-TF or anti-PAR2 antibodies. The effects of factor VIIa on proliferation and migration of SW620 cells, expression of IL-8, TF as well as caspase-7, were interfered by PDTC (the inhibitor of NF-κB).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TF/VIIa complex activates NF-κB pathway via PAR2, thereby up-regulates IL-8 and down-regulates caspase-7 expression in SW620 cells, finally promotes proliferation and migration of colon cancer cells. In addition, TF/VIIa/PAR2/NF-κB pathway also upregulates TF expression, thus to create a positive feedback loop of TF/VIIa/PAR2/NF-κB/TF.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Caspase 7 , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Colonic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Factor VIIa , Pharmacology , Humans , I-kappa B Proteins , Metabolism , Interleukin-8 , Genetics , Metabolism , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha , Proline , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Receptor, PAR-2 , Metabolism , Thiocarbamates , Pharmacology , Thromboplastin , Genetics , Metabolism , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211521

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Primary involvement of the peripheral nerves in myotonic dystrophy type I (MyD1) is controversial. We investigated whether the involvement of peripheral nerves is a primary event of MyD1 or secondary to another complication such as diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: The subjects comprised 12 patients with MyD1, 12 with DM and no peripheral nerve involvement, and 25 healthy volunteers. We measured multiple excitability indices in the median motor axons. The strength-duration time constant was calculated from the duration-charge curve, the threshold electrotonus and current-threshold relationships were calculated from the sequential subthreshold current, and the recovery cycle was derived from double suprathreshold stimulation. RESULTS: The depolarizing and hyperpolarizing threshold electrotonus were significantly reduced and exhibited increased refractoriness in the MyD1 group compared with the DM and control groups. The SDTC, superexcitability, and subexcitability were not significantly altered in the MyD1 group. CONCLUSIONS: The MyD1 group exhibited a depolarized axonal membrane potential. The significant differences in peripheral nerve excitability between the MyD1 group and the DM and normal control groups suggest that peripheral neuropathy is a primary event in MyD1 rather than a secondary complication of DM.


Subject(s)
Axons , Diabetes Mellitus , Humans , Membrane Potentials , Myotonic Dystrophy , Peripheral Nerves , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Sarcosine , Thiocarbamates
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-190966

ABSTRACT

Recent epidemiologic studies clearly showed that early intensive glucose control has a legacy effect for preventing diabetic macrovascular complications. However, the cellular and molecular processes by which high glucose leads to macrovascular complications are poorly understood. Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) dysfunction due to high glucose is a characteristic of diabetic vascular complications. Activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) may play a key role in the regulation of inflammation and proliferation of VSMCs. We examined whether VSMC proliferation and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) expression induced by high glucose were mediated by NF-kappaB activation. Also, we determined whether selective inhibition of NF-kappaB would inhibit proliferation and PAI-1 expression in VSMCs. VSMCs of the aorta of male SD rats were treated with various concentrations of glucose (5.6, 11.1, 16.7, and 22.2 mM) with or without an inhibitor of NF-kappaB or expression of a recombinant adenovirus vector encoding an IkappaB-alpha mutant (Ad-IkappaBalphaM). VSMC proliferation was examined using an MTT assay. PAI-1 expression was assayed by real-time PCR and PAI-1 protein in the media was measured by ELISA. NF-kappaB activation was determined by immunohistochemical staining, NF-kappaB reporter assay, and immunoblotting. We found that glucose stimulated VSMC proliferation and PAI-1 expression in a dose-dependent manner up to 22.2 mM. High glucose (22.2 mM) alone induced an increase in NF-kappaB activity. Treatment with inhibitors of NF-kappaB such as MG132, PDTC or expression of Ad-IkappaB-alphaM in VSMCs prevented VSMC proliferation and PAI-1 expression induced by high glucose. In conclusion, inhibition of NF-kappaB activity prevented high glucose-induced VSMC proliferation and PAI-1 expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aorta/cytology , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Diabetes Complications/prevention & control , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Glucose/immunology , Leupeptins/pharmacology , Male , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/cytology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/cytology , NF-kappa B/antagonists & inhibitors , Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1/genetics , Proline/analogs & derivatives , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Thiocarbamates/pharmacology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-727889

ABSTRACT

Defensins, cysteine-rich cationic polypeptides released from neutrophils, are known to have powerful antimicrobial properties. In this study, we sacrificed 30 rats to investigate the effects of alpha-defensin 1 on detrusor muscle contractions in isolated rat bladder. From the experiments we found relaxing effects of alpha-defensin 1 on the contractions induced by phenylephrine (PE) but not by bethanechol (BCh) in the detrusor smooth muscles. To determine the mechanisms of the effects of alpha-defensin 1, the changes of effects on PE-induced contraction by alpha-defensin 1 pretreatment were observed after pretreatment of Rho kinase inhibitor (Y-27632), protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor (Calphostin C), potent activator of PKC (PDBu; phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate), and NF-kappaB inhibitors (PDTC; pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate and sulfasalazine). The contractile responses of PE (10(-9) ~ 10(-4) M) were significantly decreased in some concentrations of alpha-defensin 1 (5x10(-9) and 5x10(-8) M). When strips were pretreated with NF-kappaB inhibitors (PDTC and sulfasalazine; 10(-7) ~ 10(-6) M), the relaxing responses by alpha-defensin 1 pretreatment were disappeared. The present study demonstrated that alpha-defensin 1 has relaxing effects on the contractions of rat detrusor muscles, through NF-kappaB pathway. Further studies in vivo are required to clarify whether alpha-defensin 1 might be clinically related with bladder dysfunction by inflammation process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bethanechol , Contracts , Defensins , Inflammation , Muscle Contraction , Muscle, Smooth , Muscles , Neutrophils , NF-kappa B , Peptides , Phenylephrine , Phorbols , Protein Kinase C , Pyrrolidines , Rats , rho-Associated Kinases , Thiocarbamates , Urinary Bladder
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