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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(4): 535-549, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347168

ABSTRACT

Abstract Thoracic aortic diseases contribute to a major part of cardiac surgeries. The severity of pathologies varies significantly from emergency and life-threatening to conservatively managed conditions. Life-threatening conditions include type A aortic dissection and rupture. Aortic aneurysm is an example of a conservatively managed condition. Pathologies that affect the arterial wall can have a profound impact on the presentation of such cases. Several risk factors have been identified that increase the risk of emergency presentations such as connective tissue disease, hypertension, and vasculitis. The understanding of aortic pathologies is essential to improve management and clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Thoracic Surgical Procedures , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aorta
3.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(1): 44-52, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154533

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Cardiac surgery causes pathophysiological changes that favor the occurrence of pulmonary and functional complications. Objective To investigate the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) with an electronic device on patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 30 adult patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery. A control group (CG) received conventional physical therapy care, and an intervention group (IG) received IMT using the POWERbreathe K5® electronic device. Two daily sessions of physical therapy were performed at the intensive care unit and one daily session at the ward until the sixth postoperative day. The following variables were measured preoperatively and on the sixth postoperative day, in both groups: inspiratory muscle strength, dynamic inspiratory muscle strength, and peak inspiratory flow. Data distribution was evaluated by the Shapiro-Wilk test. Analysis of variance was used, and the results were considered statistically significant when p < 0.05. Results Maximal inspiratory pressure (71.7 ± 17.1 cmH2O vs 63.3 ± 21.3 cmH2O; p = 0.11], S-index (52.61 ± 18.61 vs 51.08 ± 20.71), and peak inspiratory flow [(2.94 ± 1.09 vs 2.79 ± 1.26)] were maintained in the IG but had a significant reduction in the CG. Conclusion IMT performed with an electronic device was effective at maintaining inspiratory muscle strength, dynamic inspiratory muscle strength, and peak inspiratory flow when compared to conventional physical therapy. Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Breathing Exercises/methods , Physical Therapy Modalities/instrumentation , Thoracic Surgical Procedures/rehabilitation , Postoperative Complications , Respiratory Tract Diseases/complications , Total Lung Capacity , Thoracic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Muscle Strength , Maximal Respiratory Pressures
6.
Clinics ; 76: e3248, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286075

ABSTRACT

Surgical neuromodulation therapies are still considered a last resort when standard therapies have failed for patients with progressive heart failure (HF). Although a number of experimental studies have provided robust evidence of its effectiveness, the lack of strong clinical evidence discourages practitioners. Thoracic unilateral sympathectomy has been extensively studied and has failed to show significant clinical improvement in HF patients. Most recently, bilateral sympathectomy effect was associated with a high degree of success in HF models, opening the perspective to be investigated in randomized controlled clinical trials. In addition, a series of clinical trials showed that bilateral sympathectomy was associated with a decreased risk of sudden death, which is an important outcome in patients with HF. These aspects indicates that bilateral sympathectomy could be an important alternative in the treatment of HF wherein pharmacological treatment barely reaches the target dose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Surgical Procedures , Heart Failure/surgery , Hyperhidrosis/surgery , Sympathectomy , Treatment Outcome
7.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(2): e561, mayo.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126352

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Mantener una oxigenación adecuada durante la ventilación a un solo pulmón es el problema fundamental al que se enfrenta el anestesiólogo durante la cirugía torácica, es por ello que se mantiene una constante búsqueda del método anestésico ideal que ayude a lograr dicho objetivo. Objetivos: Evaluar los resultados de dos técnicas de anestesia total intravenosa con remifentanilo y fentanilo como base analgésica e identificar la aparición de complicaciones durante la intervención quirúrgica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio causiexperimental prospectivo, en el Hospital Docente Clínico Quirúrgico Dr. Salvador Allende, entre enero 2013 a diciembre 2015 en 40 pacientes ASA II o III que requirieron procedimientos intratorácicos. Estos se dividieron en dos grupos. A (remifentanilo-propofol) y B (fentanilo-propofol). Se estudiaron variables hemodinámicas, de oxigenación durante la ventilación unipulmonar, el tiempo de recuperación anestésica (ventilación espontánea, apertura ocular, extubación) y la analgesia posoperatoria. Resultados: No existieron variaciones significativas en la hemodinamia, ni en la oxigenación de los enfermos con el empleo de ambas técnicas anestésicas; sin embargo, el despertar y recuperación posoperatoria a corto plazo fue mejor en el grupo A. La intensidad del dolor posoperatorio según la escala visual análoga fue menor en el grupo B. Conclusiones: Ambas técnicas son efectivas para procedimientos quirúrgicos torácicos. Con mínima interferencia en la hemodinámia y parámetros de oxigenación(AU)


Introduction: Maintaining adequate oxygenation during single-lung ventilation is a fundamental concern faced by the anesthesiologist during thoracic surgery; therefore, a constant search is maintained for the ideal anesthetic method that helps achieve this goal is maintained. Objectives: To evaluate the outcomes of two total intravenous anesthesia techniques with remifentanil and fentanyl as analgesic base and to identify the onset of complications during surgery. Methods: A prospective and quasi-experimental study was carried out at Dr. Salvador Allende Clinical-Surgical Hospital, between January 2013 and December, with 40 ASA II or III patients who required intrathoracic procedures. These were divided into two groups: A (remifentanil-propofol) and B (fentanyl-propofol). Hemodynamic variables and others of oxygenation during one-lung ventilation were studied, together with anesthetic recovery time (spontaneous ventilation, ocular opening, extubation) and postoperative analgesia. Results: There were no significant variations in the hemodynamics or oxygenation of patients with the use of both anesthetic techniques; however, awakening and short-term postoperative recovery was better in group A. Postoperative pain intensity, based on the analogue-visual scale, was lower in group B. Conclusion: Both techniques are effective for thoracic surgical procedures, with minimal effect in hemodynamics and oxygenation parameters(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Fentanyl/therapeutic use , Thoracic Surgical Procedures , One-Lung Ventilation , Anesthesia, Intravenous/methods , Prospective Studies , Remifentanil/therapeutic use , Analgesia
8.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(3): 195-202, jun. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115542

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Uno de los mayores avances de las últimas décadas en la cirugía de tórax ha sido el desarrollo de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva. Objetivos: Describir la experiencia en videotoracoscopía (VATS) Uniportal de miembros del equipo de Cirugía de Tórax de la Universidad de Chile en 2 campos clínicos, (Clínica Las Condes y Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile). Materiales y Método: Se estudiaron 105 pacientes sometidos a VATS uniportal entre enero de 2016 y enero de 2019. Los datos se analizaron de manera retrospectiva considerando variables demográficas (edad, sexo) y clínicas (diagnóstico, cirugía, estadía hospitalaria, días de pleurostomía, conversión y complicaciones). Resultados: De las 105 cirugías realizadas, 28 (26,6%) correspondieron a cirugías mayores complejas lobectomías y segmentectomías anatómicas. En 4 pacientes se agregó un 2° puerto, uno se convirtió a minitoracotomía y uno a toracotomía (5,7% conversión global). La estadía hospitalaria fue en promedio 3,07 ± 3,1 días y el promedio de mantención de pleurostomía de 2,67 ± 1,61 días. Siete pacientes (6,6%) presentaron complicaciones postoperatorias. Un paciente falleció por progresión de su enfermedad, no hubo mortalidad relacionada a la cirugía. Discusión: Las contraindicaciones de la VATS uniportal son las mismas que en la VATS multipuerto. En manos experimentadas, las complicaciones en cirugía por puerto único son bajas. Impresiona tener menos dolor postoperatorio, menor estadía hospitalaria y reintegración precoz a las actividades diarias comparado con la VATS tradicional. Conclusiones: Se presenta la primera serie de VATS uniportal publicada en Chile. Los resultados obtenidos son comparables a los observados en la literatura. Su implementación y desarrollo requiere de una curva de aprendizaje similar a cualquier nueva técnica quirúrgica.


Objective: To describe the initial results with uniportal Video-Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) performed in two campuses by members of the Section of Thoracic Surgery of the University of Chile ("Clínica Las Condes" and University of Chile Clinical Hospital). Materials and Method: Between January 2016 and January 2019, a total of 105 patients underwent uniportal VATS. Clinical data was collected retrospectively from digital records including demographic (age, sex) and clinical variables (diagnosis, surgery, duration of the chest tube, length of stay, conversion rate and postoperative complications). Results: Uniportal VATS was performed on 105 patients during the study period. Twenty-eight cases (26.6%) corresponded to lobectomy or anatomic segmentectomy. In 4 cases a 2nd port was required, 1 patient had to be converted to mini-thoracotomy and 1 to thoracotomy (5.8% global conversion). Overall, the median length of stay was 3.07 ± 3.1 days and the median duration of chest tube drainage was 2.67 ± 1.61 days. Seven patients (6.6%) presented complications. One patient died due to progression of his disease, there were no deaths related to the procedures. Discussion: Uniportal VATS has similar indications than multiportal VATS. On experienced hands, uniportal VATS has a low morbidity rate. Uniportal VATS appears to produce less post-operative pain, with shorter hospital stay and a faster return to normal life compared to standard VATS. Conclusion: We present the first uniportal VATS series in Chile. Results were similar to published series. Implementation and development of uniportal VATS requires a learning curve similar to any new surgical procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/adverse effects , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Thoracic Surgical Procedures/methods , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/instrumentation
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828708

ABSTRACT

Selective bronchial intubation (SBI) to ventilate a single lung (one-lung ventilation, OLV) or to apply separate lung ventilation (independent-lung ventilation, ILV) can be frequently required under general anesthesia in pediatrics, mainly in video assisted thoracoscopy surgery, in the postoperative care of cardio-thoracic surgery, and for the treatment of lung pathologies with unilateral prevalence in intensive care. In children over 6-8 years of age SBI, OLV and ILV can be performed using marketed double-lumen tubes (DLTs). In neonates, infants and younger children the application of ILV is limited due to the lack of DLTs. For children of this age, a specific DLT for ILV was developed (Marraro Paediatric Endobronchial Bilumen Tube®) but is currently available only as a special product. The DLT represents the device of choice for OLV and ILV while the use of bronchial blocker is suggested as an alternative to achieve the SBI and the OLV when suitable DLTs are not available. Different catheters types can be used as bronchial blocker. If SBI is not possible using DLT or bronchial blocker, a conventional single-lumen tube of adequate length can allow SBI in all pediatric ages. Using the bronchial blocker and single lumen tube it is possible to perform OLV but it is impossible to apply ILV. The main complications of SBI and DLT are largely due to limited operator experience. Airway trauma, dislodgment and obstruction of the devices are quite frequent and can lead to severe hypoxia if not recognized and treated early.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Intubation, Intratracheal , Lung , One-Lung Ventilation , Thoracic Surgical Procedures
11.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(1): e20180315, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056624

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the results of resection of tumors of the thymus by robotic thoracic surgery, analyzing the extent of resection, postoperative complications, time of surgery, and length of stay. Methods: Retrospective study from a database involving patients diagnosed with a tumor of the thymus and undergoing robotic thoracic surgery at one of seven hospitals in Brazil between October of 2015 and June of 2018. Results: During the study period, there were 18 cases of resection of tumors of the thymus: thymoma, in 12; carcinoma, in 2; and carcinoid tumor, in 1; high-grade sarcoma, in 1; teratoma, in 1; and thymolipoma, in 1. The mean lesion size was 60.1 ± 32.0 mm. Tumors of the thymus were resected with tumor-free margins in 17 cases. The median (interquartile range) for pleural drain time and hospital stay, in days, was 1 (1-3) and 2 (2-4), respectively. There was no need for surgical conversion, and there were no major complications. Conclusions: Robotic thoracic surgery for resection of tumors of the thymus has been shown to be feasible and safe, with a low risk of complications and with postoperative outcomes comparable to those of other techniques.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar os resultados da ressecção de tumores tímicos por cirurgia torácica robótica, verificando a radicalidade da ressecção, complicações pós-operatórias, tempo de cirurgia e tempo de internação. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo a partir de um banco de dados envolvendo pacientes com diagnóstico de tumor tímico e submetidos à cirurgia torácica robótica em sete hospitais no Brasil entre outubro de 2015 e junho de 2018. Resultados: Durante o período estudado, houve 18 casos de ressecção de tumores tímicos (timomas, em 12; carcinoma tímico, em 2; e tumor carcinoide tímico, sarcoma tímico de alto grau, teratoma tímico e timolipoma, em 1 cada). A média do tamanho das lesões foi de 60,1 ± 32,0 mm. Tumores tímicos foram ressecados com margens livres em 17 casos. As medianas (intervalos interquartis) de tempo de dreno pleural e de internação, em dias, foram 1 (1-3) e 2 (2-4), respectivamente. Não houve necessidade de conversão cirúrgica nem complicações maiores. Conclusões: A cirurgia torácica robótica para a ressecção de tumores tímicos demonstrou ser factível e segura, com baixo risco de complicações e desfechos pós-operatórios comparáveis aos de outras técnicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Thymoma/surgery , Thymus Neoplasms/surgery , Thoracic Surgical Procedures/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(6): 565-572, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056371

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Hemodilution, transoperative bleeding and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are some of the factors associated with high transfusion rates in cardiac surgery. Objective: To analyze the incidence of blood transfusion and early postoperative outcomes in cardiac surgery patients. Methods: Cohort study of patients undergoing cardiac surgery in a university hospital, consecutively enrolled from May 2015 to February 2017. Data were prospectively collected and comparisons were made between two patients' groups: transfused and not transfused. Student's t-test, chi-square test, and logistic regression were used, and a p-value < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Among the 271 patients evaluated, 100 (37%) required transfusion in the transoperative (32.1%) and/or postoperative periods (19.5%). The following predictors of transfusion were identified by multivariate analysis: EuroScore II (OR 1.2); chronic kidney disease (CKD) (OR 3.2); transoperative bleeding ≥ 500 mL (OR 6.7); baseline hemoglobin (Hb) ≤ 10 g/dL (OR 11.5); activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) (OR 1.1) and CPB duration (OR 1.03). Transfusion was associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation (≥ 24h) (2.4% vs. 23%), delirium (5.9% vs. 18%), bronchopneumonia (1.2% vs. 16%), acute renal failure (3.5% vs. 25%), acute on CKD (0.6% vs. 8%), stroke or transient ischemic attack (1.8% vs. 8%), intensive care unit stay ≥ 72 h (36% vs. 57%), longer hospital stay (8 ± 4 days vs. 16 ± 15 days), as well as increased early mortality (1.75% vs. 15%). Conclusion: EuroScore II, CKD, major transoperative bleeding, preoperative Hb and aPTT values and CPB time were independent predictors of transfusion, which was associated with a higher rate of adverse outcomes, including early mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Blood Transfusion/statistics & numerical data , Intraoperative Care/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Thoracic Surgical Procedures , Transfusion Reaction
15.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 18(2): e550, mayo.-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093106

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El dolor posoperatorio en la cirugía de tórax y hemiabdomen superior tiene un fuerte componente neuropático, por ello se le asocia con evolución hacia el dolor crónico. Sobre esta base se aplican los anticonvulsivantes como parte del tratamiento multimodal. Objetivos: Evaluar la efectividad analgésica y seguridad de la gabapentina en el tratamiento del dolor tras cirugía de tórax y abdomen superior. Método: Se realizó un estudio causiexperimental, comparativo y prospectivo con los pacientes anunciados para cirugía de abdomen superior y tórax, en el periodo de 2015 a 2017. Se incluyeron 30 pacientes divididos en 2 grupos. El grupo Grupo G: (n=14) recibió tratamiento con gabapentina 100 mg vía oral el día antes de la intervención y cada 12 h en el posoperatorio hasta las 24 h. El Grupo C: (n=16) recibió la analgesia convencional pautada para este tipo de intervención. Resultados: La muestra fue homogénea para la edad y el sexo. Los niveles de intensidad del dolor fueron menores en el grupo de gabapentina y esta diferencia se hace más significativa a las 24 h de la cirugía. Ello se corresponde con menor necesidad de analgesia de rescate (71 por ciento vs 100 por ciento). Las complicaciones asociadas resultaron más frecuentes en el grupo estudio a expensas de las náuseas, aunque sin diferencias significativas. Conclusiones: El empleo de gabapentina en el perioperatorio garantiza mejor control del dolor con escasas complicaciones(AU)


Introduction: Post-operative pain in upper thorax and hemiabdomen surgery has a solid neuropathic component; it is therefore associated with evolution towards chronic pain. On this basis, anticonvulsants are applied as part of the multimodal treatment. Objectives: To evaluate analgesic effectiveness and safety of gabapentin for management of pain after thorax and upper abdomen surgery. Method: A quasiexperimental, comparative and prospective study was conducted with the patients announced for surgery of the upper abdomen and thorax, in the period from 2015 to 2017. Thirty patients divided into 2 groups were included. The Group G (n=14) received treatment with gabapentin 100 mg orally the day before the intervention and every 12 h in the postoperative period until 24 h. The Group C (n=16) received the conventional analgesia prescribed for this type of intervention. Results: The sample was homogeneous regarding age and sex. Pain intensity levels were lower in the gabapentin group and this difference becomes more significant 24 hours after surgery. This corresponds to a lower need for rescue analgesia (71 percent vs. 100 percent). Associated complications were more frequent in the study group at the expense of nausea, although there were no significant differences. Conclusions: The use of gabapentin in the perioperative period guarantees better pain control with few complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Gabapentin/therapeutic use , Abdomen/surgery , Prospective Studies , Thoracic Surgical Procedures/methods
16.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(3): 245-252, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058264

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El traumatismo penetrante cardiaco (TPC) por sus características y en particular por su alta mortalidad, constituye un desafío quirúrgico permanente. OBJETIVOS: Describir las características, resultados inmediatos y factores pronósticos en TPC. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo transversal, revisión de protocolos prospectivos de traumatismo torácico, registros de pabellón y fichas clínicas. Período enero de 1990-diciembre de 2017. Se incluyeron todos los pacientes con TPC operados. Se describen y analizan diversas variables. Se realizó regresión logística con análisis univariado y multivariado para identificar variables asociadas a morbilidad, deterioro neurológico y mortalidad. RESULTADOS: 220 pacientes operados por TPC, 209 (95,0%) hombres, edad promedio 30,4 ± 13,3, mediana 27 años. Mecanismo: agresión en 202 (91,8%). El agente traumático fue en 186 (84,5%) arma blanca, en 21 (9,5%) arma de fuego. Presentaban taponamiento 169 (76,8%) pacientes, ingresaron en shock 103 (46,8%) y en paro cardiorrespiratorio 20 (9,1%). Vía de abordaje fue esternotomía en 157 (71,4%), toracotomía izquierda en 58 (26,4%). Las cavidades cardiacas lesionadas más frecuentes fueron ventrículo derecho en 110 (50,0%), ventrículo izquierdo en 72 (32,7%). Se hospitalizaron en UCI en el postoperatorio 135 (61,4%), se transfundieron 74 (33,6%), presentaron complicaciones 60 (27,3%) y se reoperaron 21 (9,5%). Mortalidad 28 (12,7%). La estadía postoperatoria tuvo una mediana de 6 días (rango 1-150). Se identificaron factores pronósticos. DISCUSIÓN: Los TPC operados son más frecuentes en hombres agredidos con arma blanca, la cavidad lesionada más frecuente es el ventrículo derecho. Nuestra morbimortalidad es comparable con series internacionales.


INTRODUCTION: Penetrating cardiac trauma (PCT) constitute a permanent surgical challenge due to it characteristics and high mortality. AIM: To describe the findings, outcomes and prognostic factors in PCT. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Cross-sectional descriptive study, review of prospective thoracic trauma protocols and surgical registries. Period January 1990-December 2017. All patients with PCT were included. Various variables are described and analyzed. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to identify factors associated with morbidity, neurologic dysfunction and mortality. RESULTS: 220 patients PCT, 209 (95.0%) men, mean age 30.4 ± 13.3, median 27 years. Mechanism: Aggression in 202 (91.8%). The traumatic agent was cold steel in 186 (84.4%) and fire arm in 21 (9.5%). 169 (76.8%) patients presented with tamponade, 103 (46.8%) shock and 20 (9.1%) cardiopulmonary arrest. Approach was sternotomy in 157 (71.4%), left thoracotomy in 58 (26.4%). The most common injured areas were right ventricle in 110 (50.0%), left ventricle in 72 (32.7%). 135 (61.4%) patients needed postoperative ICU and 74 (33.6%) were transfused. Complications occurred in 60 (27.3%). Twenty-one (9.5%) were reoperated. Mortality 28 (12.7%). The postoperative median stay was 6 days (Range 1-150). Prognostic factors were identified. DISCUSSION: Operated PCT are more frequent in men with stab wound, the most common injured area is the right ventricle. The morbidity and mortality is comparable with international series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Thoracic Surgical Procedures/mortality , Heart Injuries/surgery , Prognosis , Thoracic Injuries , Wounds, Penetrating/mortality , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Prospective Studies , Heart Injuries/mortality
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761385

ABSTRACT

One-lung ventilation is an anesthesiological technique to accomplish surgical visualization during thoracic surgical procedures, and is often required unexpectedly during surgery. Traditionally the double lumen tube is considered the gold standard for lung separation. Despite being equally feasible for standard situations, there are special populations and circumstances requiring the use of a bronchial blocker to establish one-lung ventilation. We have experienced unexpected change to one-lung ventilation with bronchial blocker. A 40-year-old (158 cm, 48 kg) woman was scheduled for emergency exploratory laparotomy due to panperitonitis. A sudden diaphragmatic perforation occurred during the operation. Since oxygen saturation was reduced, intraoperative tube change was not available. Therefore, one-lung ventilation was done with bronchial blockers. After the bronchial blocker was placed, one-lung ventilation was well maintained and the operation was terminated successfully.


Subject(s)
Adult , Emergencies , Female , Humans , Laparotomy , Lung , One-Lung Ventilation , Oximetry , Oxygen , Thoracic Surgical Procedures , Thoracoscopy
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759502

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Compared to an equivalent sized polyvinyl chloride (PVC) double-lumen tube (DLT), a silicone DLT has a shorter endobronchial segment. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of clinically significant displacement of left-sided PVC and silicone DLTs after a positional change to a lateral position from a supine position and determine its effect on the need for DLT repositioning for successful lung separation in patients undergoing thoracic surgery. METHODS: One hundred eight adult patients requiring one-lung ventilation were randomly divided into group P (PVC DLT, n = 54) and group S (Silicone DLT, n = 54). The position of the DLT was observed before and after lateral positioning to assess the effect of the position change. The incidence of clinically significant displacement (>10 mm) of DLT was compared between the groups. RESULTS: DLTs were clinically significantly displaced in group P (17/48, 35.4%) and group S (18/52, 34.6%) after lateral positioning (p = 0.933). A proximal displacement (31.3% [group P] and 25.0% [group S]) was more common than distal displacement (4.2% [group P] and 9.6% [group S]), with no significant intergroup difference (p = 0.494). After lateral positioning, critical malposition of DLT with bronchial herniation to the right main bronchus was 8.3% (group P) and 7.9% (group S, p = 0.906). CONCLUSION: Left-sided PVC and silicone DLTs produced comparable incidences of clinically significant displacement and, consequently, required similar rates of repositioning for successful lung separation after lateral positioning.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bronchi , Bronchoscopy , Humans , Incidence , Intubation, Intratracheal , Lung , One-Lung Ventilation , Polyvinyl Chloride , Polyvinyls , Posture , Silicon , Silicones , Supine Position , Thoracic Surgery , Thoracic Surgical Procedures
19.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 161-166, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775648

ABSTRACT

The good effect of enhanced recovery after surgery is reflected in reducing the incidence of perioperative complications and shortening the hospital stays. However, the concern for the management of perioperative patients and the quality of life of patients after surgery is not high enough. Evaluating clinical efficacy from the perspective of patient-reported data has received increasing attention. Combining the current domestic and foreign research results on the outcome of patient reports, this article systematically discusses the concept connotation, research significance, and clinical application of thoracic surgery for the outcome of patient reports with proposing a clinical outcome research model that draws on foreign patient reports to develop Chinese characteristics. Combine the related research of discipline characteristics, and summarize and analyze the existing literature reports.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Recovery of Function , Thoracic Surgical Procedures , Methods
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774415

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the long-term survival outcomes of Siewert II adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) between transthoracic (TT) approach and transabdominal (TA) approach.@*METHODS@#The databases of Gastrointestinal Surgery Department and Thoracic Surgery Department in West China Hospital of Sichuan University from 2006 to 2014 were integrated. Patients of Siewert II AEG who underwent resection were retrospectively collected.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#(1) adenocarcinoma confirmed by gastroscopy and biopsy; (2) tumor involvement in the esophagogastric junction line; (3) tumor locating from lower 5 cm to upper 5 cm of the esophagogastric junction line, and tumor center locating from upper 1 cm to lower 2 cm of esophagogastric junction line; (4)resection performed at thoracic surgery department or gastrointestinal surgery department; (5) complete follow-up data. Patients at thoracic surgery department received trans-left thoracic, trans-right thoracic, or transabdominothoracic approach; underwent lower esophagus resection plus proximal subtotal gastrectomy; selected two-field or three-field lymph node dissection; underwent digestive tract reconstruction with esophagus-remnant stomach or esophagus-tubular remnant stomach anastomosis above or below aortic arch using hand-sewn or stapler instrument to perform anastomosis. Patients at gastrointestinal surgery department received transabdominal(transhiatal approach), or transabdominothoracic approach; underwent total gastrectomy or proximal subtotal gastrectomy; selected D1, D2 or D2 lymph node dissection; underwent digestive tract reconstruction with esophagus-single tube jejunum or esophagus-jejunal pouch Roux-en-Y anastomosis, or esophagus-remnant stomach or esophagus-tubular remnant stomach anastomosis; completed all the anastomoses with stapler instruments. The follow-up ended in January 2018. The TNM stage system of the 8th edition UICC was used for esophageal cancer staging; survival table method was applied to calculate 3-year overall survival rate and 95% cofidence interval(CI); log-rank test was used to perform survival analysis; Cox regression was applied to analyze risk factors and calculate hazard ratio (HR) and 95%CI.@*RESULTS@#A total of 443 cases of Siewert II AEG were enrolled, including 89 cases in TT group (with 3 cases of transabdominothoracic approach) and 354 cases in TA group. Median follow-up time was 50.0 months (quartiles:26.4-70.2). The baseline data in TT and TA groups were comparable, except the length of esophageal invasion [for length <3 cm, TA group had 354 cases(100%), TT group had 44 cases (49.4%), χ²=199.23,P<0.001]. The number of harvested lymph node in thoracic surgery department and gastrointestinal surgery department were 12.0(quartiles:9.0-17.0) and 24.0(quartiles:18.0-32.5) respectively with significant difference (Z=11.29,P<0.001). The 3-year overall survival rate of TA and TT groups was 69.2%(95%CI:64.1%-73.7%) and 55.8% (95%CI:44.8%-65.4%) respectively, which was not significantly different by log-rank test (P=0.059). However, the stage III subgroup analysis showed that the survival of TA group was better [the 3-year overall survival in TA group and TT group was 78.1%(95%CI:70.5-84.0) and 46.3%(95%CI:31.0-60.3) resepectively(P=0.001)]. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that the TT group had poor survival outcome (HR=2.45,95%CI:1.30-4.64, P=0.006).@*CONCLUSION@#The overall survival outcomes in the TA group are better, especially in stage III patients, which may be associated with the higher metastatic rate of abdominal lymph node and the more complete lymphadenectomy via TA approach.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Classification , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , China , Databases, Factual , Esophageal Neoplasms , Classification , Pathology , General Surgery , Esophagectomy , Methods , Esophagogastric Junction , Pathology , General Surgery , Gastrectomy , Methods , Humans , Laparotomy , Lymph Node Excision , Methods , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Classification , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Survival Analysis , Thoracic Surgical Procedures
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