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Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 61-68, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365744


Abstract Objective The approachability of the cervicothoracic region anteriorly based on age and gender, and the possibility of anatomic variances in different geographic populations have not been previously investigated. The aim of the present work was to perform a radiographic analysis of Brazilian patients to assess anterior approachability of the cervicothoracic junction based on age and gender. Methods Retrospective radiographic analysis of 300 computed tomography scans. Patients were separated based on age and gender. The radiographic parameters studied were: horizontal level above the sternum (HLS), vertebral body angle (VBA), intervertebral disc line (IDL), and intervertebral disc line angulation (IDLA). Results The most frequent HLS and IDL were T2 (34.3%) and C7-T1 (46%) respectively. Vertebral body angleand IDLA had average values of 18 ± 8.94 and 19 ± 7.9 degrees, respectively. Males had higher values in both IDLA (p= 0.003) and VBA (p= 0.02). Older groups had higher values in both IDLA (p= 0.01) and VBA (p= 0.001). No differences were observed in HLS between gender (p= 0.3) or age groups (p= 0.79). No differences were seen in IDL between gender groups (p= 0.3); however, the older group had a more caudal level than the younger groups (p= 0.12). ConclusionsCompared to other populations, our sample had a more cephalad IDL and HLS. Vertebral body angle and IDLA were higher in males and higher angles for VBA and IDLA were shown for older groups. Intervertebral disc line was more caudal with aging.

Resumo Objetivo A capacidade de acesso anterior à região cervicotorácica com base na idade e gênero do paciente e a possibilidade de variações anatômicas em diferentes populações geográficas ainda não foram investigadas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma análise radiográfica de pacientes brasileiros para avaliar a acessibilidade anterior da junção cervicotorácica conforme idade e gênero. Métodos Análise radiográfica retrospectiva de 300 tomografias computadorizadas. Os pacientes foram separados por idade e gênero. Os parâmetros radiográficos estudados foram: nível horizontal acima do esterno (HLS, na sigla em inglês), angulação do corpo vertebral (VBA, na sigla em inglês), linha do disco intervertebral (IDL, na sigla em inglês) e angulação da linha do disco intervertebral (IDLA, na sigla em inglês). Resultados Os HLS e IDL mais frequentes foram T2 (34,3%) e C7-T1 (46%), respectivamente. Os valores médios de VBA e IDLA foram de 18 ± 8,94 e 19 ± 7,9 graus, respectivamente. Os homens apresentaram valores maiores de IDLA (p= 0,003) e VBA (p= 0,02). Os grupos de maior idade apresentaram valores maiores de IDLA (p= 0,01) e VBA (p= 0,001). Não houve diferenças de HLS entre os gêneros masculino e feminino (p= 0,3) ou faixas etárias (p= 0,79). Não foram observadas diferenças na IDL entre os gêneros masculino e feminino (p= 0,3); entretanto, o grupo mais velho apresentou nível mais caudal do que os grupos mais jovens (p= 0,12). ConclusõesEm comparação a outras populações, nossa amostra apresentou IDL e HLS mais cefálicos. AVBA e a IDLA foram maiores no gênero masculino, enquanto VBA e IDLA foram maiores em grupos mais velhos. A IDL era mais caudal em pacientes idosos.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Spinal Diseases , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Gender Identity , Intervertebral Disc
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358104


Introducción: Las fracturas vertebrales múltiples son el resultado de traumatismos de alta energía. Se clasifican en contiguas cuando hay fractura de dos o más cuerpos vertebrales en forma adyacente y no contiguas cuando hay lesiones de varios niveles separadas por, al menos, una vértebra sin lesión. Objetivos: Evaluar la clínica y la cinemática de las fracturas vertebrales múltiples, establecer su distribución, evaluar la asociación con lesiones extravertebrales y detallar las complicaciones. Materiales y métodos: Estudio multicéntrico, prospectivo y observacional de pacientes con fracturas vertebrales múltiples. Resultados: 66 pacientes (26 mujeres y 40 hombres; promedio de edad 39 años) con 196 lesiones vertebrales, 55 no tenían déficit neurológico. Cinemática: 32 accidentes automovilísticos, 27 caídas de altura, 5 traumas directos y 2 traumas deportivos. Topografía: dos C0-C3, cuatro C3-C7, ocho C7-T1, 61 T1-T10, 91 T10-L2, 28 L2-L5 y una sacro. Combinación: 21 toracolumbar-toracolumbar y 8 torácica-torácica. Treinta y dos fracturas eran contiguas; 19, no contiguas y 15 tenían un patrón mixto. Veintiséis pacientes pre-sentaron 47 lesiones extravertebrales (20 politraumatismos), 12 traumas torácicos. Treinta y seis pacientes recibieron tratamiento conservador y 30 fueron operados. Conclusiones: La presencia de fracturas vertebrales múltiples es frecuente y son consecuencia de accidentes automovilísticos, la mayoría de los pacientes no tiene compromiso neurológico. El sector más afectado fue entre T2 y L5, la combinación más frecuente fue toracolumbar-toracolumbar, seguida de torácica-torácica. Las lesiones extravertebrales más frecuentes fueron traumatismos de cráneo y de tórax. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Background: Multiple vertebral fractures (MVF) are the result of high-energy trauma. These can be contiguous (CMVF) when there is a fracture of two or more vertebral bodies in an adjacent way and non-contiguous (NCMVF) when there are lesions of various levels separated by at least one vertebra without injury. Objective: To evaluate clinical features and kinematics, establish distribution, evaluate association with extra-vertebral injuries, detail complications. materials and methods: A multicenter, prospective, and observational study. Patients with MVF. Results: Sixty-six patients presented 196 vertebral lesions, without neurological deficit in 55; 26 were women and 40 were men, with an average age of 39 years old. Kinematics: 32 car accidents, 27 falls from height, 5 direct traumas and 2 sports traumas. Topography: 2 C0-C3, 4 C3-C7, 8 C7TT1, 61 T1-T10, 91 T10-L2, 28 L2-L5 and 1 sacrum. Combination: 21 thoracolumbar-thoracolumbar and 8 thoracic-thoracic. There were 32 contiguous injuries, 19 non-contiguous injuries, and 15 mixed-pattern injuries. Twenty-six patients presented 47 extra-verterbral injuries (20 multiple trauma, 12 thoracic trauma). 36 patients received non-surgical treatment and 30 patients underwent surgery. Conclusion: The presence of MVF in spinal cord trauma is frequent, most do not show neurological involvement and are consequences of motor vehicle accidents. The most affected sector was between T2 to L5, the most frequent combination was thoracolumbar-thoracolumbar, followed by thoracic-thoracic; the most frequent were extra-vertebral injuries, mainly head and chest trauma. Complications: one patient had increased kyphosis; one, surgical site infection; and one patient died. Level of Evidence: IV

Adult , Spinal Injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae , Fractures, Multiple , Lumbar Vertebrae
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 446-452, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341168


Abstract Objective To evaluate and correlate the pelvic parameters, the sagittal balance (SB), and the functional outcome of the patients submitted to surgical treatment for Scheuermann hyperkyphosis (SK). Methods Patients submitted to surgery between January 2005 and December 2016 were included. The following radiographic measurements were obtained: thoracic kyphosis (TK); lumbar lordosis (LL); SB; pelvic incidence (PI); pelvic tilt (PT); and sacral slope (SS). Complications during the follow-up period were recorded. Results A total of 19 patients were included (16 males): the mean preoperative kyphosis was of 83°, and the postoperative kyphosis was of 57°. The mean preoperative lumbar lordosis was of 66°, with a postoperative spontaneous correction of 47°. Regarding the preoperative pelvic parameters, the average PI, PT and SS were of 48°,10° and 39° respectively. In the postoperative period, these values were of 50°, 16° and 35° respectively. The preoperative SB was neutral, and it was maintained after the surgical correction. Concerning complications during the follow-up period, three junctional kyphosis were observed-two requiring revision surgery, one nonunion, and one dehiscence of the surgical wound. Regarding the functional results, the average score on the Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) patient questionnaire was of 4.04, and we verified that the SB obtained in the postoperative period had no influence on the functional outcome (p = 0.125) nor on the postoperative LL (p = 0.851). Conclusion We verified a spontaneous improvement in the lumbar hyperlordosis at levels not included in the fusion after correction of the TK. Although the postoperative functional results were globally high, we did not find any statistically significant relationship with TK nor LLs. high PI is associated with a greater rate of complications regarding the proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK), and these pelvic parameters should be considered at the time of the SK surgical treatment.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar e correlacionar os parâmetros pélvicos, o equilíbrio sagital (SB), e o resultado funcional dos pacientes submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico da hipercifose de Scheuermann (SK). Métodos Foram incluídos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia entre janeiro de 2005 e dezembro de 2016. Foram obtidas as seguintes medidas radiográficas: cifose torácica (TK); lordose lombar (LL); SB; incidência pélvica (PI); inclinação pélvica (PT); e inclinação sacral (SS). Complicações foram registradas durante o período de seguimento. Resultados Foram incluídos 19 pacientes (16 homens): a cifose pré-operatória média foi de 83°, e, após a cirurgia, de 57°. A LL média pré-operatória foi de 66°, com uma correção espontânea pós-operatória de 47°. Quanto aos parâmetros pélvicos préoperatórios, as médias de PI, PT e SS foram de 48°, 10° e 39°, respectivamente. No pósoperatório, esses valores foram de 50°, 16° e 35°, respectivamente. O SB pré-operatório foi neutro e mantido após correção cirúrgica. Quanto às complicações durante o período de seguimento, foram observadas três cifoses juncionais - duas necessitando de cirurgia de revisão, uma má consolidação, e uma deiscência de sutura. Em relação aos resultados funcionais, a pontuação média no questionário de 22 itens da Scoliosis Research Society (SRS-22) foi de 4,04, e verificou-se que o SB no pós-operatório não teve influência no desfecho funcional (p = 0,125), nem na LL pós-operatória (p = 0,851). Conclusão Verificamos uma melhora espontânea da hiperlordose lombar em níveis não incluídos na fusão após a correção da TK. Embora os resultados funcionais pósoperatórios tenham sido globalmente elevados, não encontramos nenhuma relação estatisticamente significativa com a TK nem com a LL. A PI elevada está associada a maior complicação da cifose juncional proximal (PJK), e esses parâmetros pélvicos devem ser considerados no momento do tratamento cirúrgico da cifose de Scheuermann.

Humans , Scheuermann Disease , Spinal Fusion , Spine , Thoracic Vertebrae , Kyphosis
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 397-400, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922707


We reported two cases of jockeys who sustained fracture/dislocation of the mid-thoracic spine due to traumatic falls during horse racing. We examined the injury mechanism based upon the patients' diagnostic images and video footage of races, in which the accidents occurred. Admission imaging of patient 1 (a 42 years old male) revealed T5 burst fracture with bony retropulsion of 7 mm causing complete paralysis below T5/6. There existed 22° focal kyphosis at T5/6, anterolisthesis of T5 relative to T6, T5/6 disc herniation, cord edema and epidural hemorrhage from T4 through T6, and cord injury from C3 through C6. Admission imaging of patient 2 (a 23 years old male) revealed T4/5 fracture/dislocation causing incomplete paralysis below spinal level. There existed compression fractures at T5, T6, and T7; 4 mm anterior subluxation of T4 on T5; diffuse cord swelling from T3 through T5; comminuted fracture of the C1 right lateral mass; right frontal traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage; and extensive diffuse axonal injury. The injuries were caused by high energy flexion-compression of the mid-thoracic spine with a flexed posture upon impact. Our results suggest that substantially greater cord compression occurred transiently during trauma as compared to that documented from admission imaging. Video footage of the accidents indicated that the spine buckled and failed due to abrupt pocketing and deceleration of the head, neck and shoulders upon impact with the ground combined with continued forward and downward momentum of the torso and lower extremities. While a similar mechanism is well known to cause fracture/dislocation of the cervical spine, it is less common and less understood for mid-thoracic spine injuries. Our study provides insight into the etiology of fracture/dislocation patterns of the mid-thoracic spine due to falls during horse racing.

Accidental Falls , Animals , Horses , Humans , Joint Dislocations , Male , Spinal Cord Injuries/etiology , Spinal Fractures/etiology , Spinal Injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888346


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the changes of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and nerve function in patients with spinal tuberculosis before and after surgery, explore the timing of surgical intervention, and evaluate its influence on surgical safety.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on 387 patients with spinal tuberculosis who received surgical treatment from March 2012 to March 2017, including 278 males and 109 females, aged 12 to 86 years old with an average of (49.9±19.1) years. There were 64 cases of cervical tuberculosis, 86 cases of thoracic tuberculosis, 76 cases of thoracolumbar tuberculosis and 161 cases of lumbar tuberculosis. There were 297 patients with single segmental involvementand 90 patients with multiple segmental involvement. Among them, 62 cases presented neurological damage, and preoperative spinal cord neurological function depended on ASIA grade, 5 cases of grade A, 8 cases of grade B, 39 cases of grade C, and 10 cases of grade D. According to the duration of preoperative antituberculosis treatment, the patients were divided into group A (256 cases, receiving conventional quadruple antituberculosis treatment for 2-4 weeks before surgery) and group B (131 cases, receiving conventional quadruple antituberculosis treatment for more than 4 weeks before surgery). The two groups were compared in terms of gender, age, preoperative complicated pulmonary tuberculosis, lesion site, lesion scope, surgical approach, drug resistance and other general clinical characteristics. ESR, CRP, visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Frankel grade and postoperative complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#All 387 patients were followed up for 12 to 36 (18.3±4.5) months. There were no significant differences in gender, age, preoperative pulmonary tuberculosis, lesion site, lesion range, surgical approach, preoperative drug resistance and other characteristics between two groups. A total of 32 patients in two groups did not heal after surgery, with an incidence rate of 8.27%. The VAS and spinal cord dysfunction index of the two groups were significantly improved after surgery (@*CONCLUSION@#After 2-4 weeks of anti tuberculosis treatment before operation, patients with spinal tuberculosis could be operated upon with ESR and CRP in a descending or stable period. In principle, patients with spinal tuberculosis and paraplegia should be treated as soon as possible after active preoperative management of the complication without emergency surgery.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Sedimentation , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888342


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effects of posterior short-segment pedicle screw internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty for the treatment of Kümmell disease with kyphosis.@*METHODS@#Twenty-four patients with Kümmell disease complicated with kyphosis treated by posterior short-segment pedicle screw internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty from January 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 6 males and 18 females, aged 63 to 85 (73.1±6.5) years old. The clinical effect was evaluate by visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the anterior height of injured vertebral body, and the sagittal Cobb angle of the affected segment beforeoperation, at 3 days and final follow up after operation. And the surgical complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#All 24 patients were followed up from 12 to 24 months with an average of (15.5±3.2) months. The VAS score was decreased from 5.21±1.06 preoperatively to 2.38±0.58 at 3 days postoperatively and 1.71±0.75 at final follow-up;ODI was decreased from (50.4±13.5)% preoperatively to (20.9±8.0)% at 3 days postoperatively and (16.7±9.6)% at final follow-up;the anterior height of injured vertebral body was restored from (8.0±4.2) mm before surgery to (18.1±5.0) mm at 3 days after surgery and (16.8±5.1) mm at final follow up;the sagittal Cobb angle of affected segment was decreased from (19.5±6.3)° preoperatively to (7.6±2.1)° at 3 days after surgery and(8.4±1.7)° at final follow-up. VAS, ODI, anterior height of injured vertebral body, and sagittal Cobb angle of affected segment were significantly improved at 3 days after operation and at final follow-up (@*CONCLUSION@#Posterior short-segment pedicle screw internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty for the treatment of Kümmell disease with kyphosis has relatively small surgical trauma, excellent clinical results, good vertebral height recovery, satisfactory correction of kyphotic angle, and fewer complications, etc. It is a safe and effective surgical method to treat Kümmell disease with kyphosis.

Female , Humans , Kyphosis/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Male , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Vertebroplasty
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888333


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correction loss after posterior segmental fixation for lumbar spine fractures and explore the related image factors.@*METHODS@#Posterior short-segment fixation was received in 48 patients with L@*RESULTS@#The average follow-up was 12 to 18 (16.13±5.39) months. LKA, AVH and VWA at 1 week postoperative and those at the final follow up, were significantly improved compared with those preoperative (@*CONCLUSION@#The angle of adjacent intervertebral discs and anterior height of injured vertebrae were lost statistically after posterior short-segment pedicle screw treatment for lumbar fractures, and multivariate analysis showed that all of them were correlated with load-sharing score.

Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879420


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and superiority of direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation in the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis.@*METHODS@#From June 2013 to August 2016, the clinical data of 83 patients with lumbar tuberculosis were retrospectively analyzed, including 55 males and 28 females, aged from 27 to 72 (49.5±13.5) years. These 83 patients were divided into two groups according to different operation methods, 35 cases in group A were treated with direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation;48 cases in group B were treated with anterior traditional extraperitoneal debridement combined with posterior internal fixation. After operation, regular quadruple antituberculosis drugs were continued for 18 months. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, bone graft fusion time and complications were compared between the two groups. Visual analogue score (VAS) of lumbar pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), sagittal Cobb angle, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein(CRP) values before and after operation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The operation was successfully completed in both groups, and the operation mode was not changed during operation. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay were (149.4±13.3) min, (354.3±69.0) ml, (9.4±1.6) d in group A and(116.8±10.0) min, (721.9±172.3) ml, (11.8±1.7) d in group B, respectively, with significant difference between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The two kinds of operation can obtain satisfactory clinical effect. Direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation can reduce intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay, which is conducive to early rehabilitation of patients.

Aged , Bone Transplantation , Debridement , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879409


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects of three different methods of binding multi-fold rib graft, iliac bone graft and titanium mesh graft in tuberculosis of thoracic vertebra by approach of transverse rib process.@*METHODS@#A hundred and seven patients with tuberculosis of thoracic vertebra received surgical treatment from January 2010 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into three groups according different methods of bone graft. The surgical approach of the transverse rib process was used in all 107 patients, after thoroughly remove the necrotic tissue of tuberculosis, three different bone grafts were used respectively including iliac bone graft (36 cases, group A), binding multi-fold rib graft (35 cases, group B), titanium mesh bone graft (36 cases, group C). Perioperative indexes, the time required for bone graft during operation, intraoperation blood loss, the loss rate of the anterior edge of the lesion, Cobb angle, postoperative bone graft fusion time, spinal nerve recovery and Oswestry Disability Index were compared among three groups.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for 13 to 24 months, and the operation time required for bone graft was (23.2±4.1) min in group A, (23.8± 4.4)min in group B, and (25.5±4.2) min in group C, with no statistically significant difference among three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The approach of transverse rib process for debridement of lesions can effectively treat tuberculosis of thoracic vertebra by binding multi-fold rib graft, iliac bone graft and titanium mesh graft, but binding multi-fold rib graft can effectively avoid iliac bone donor complications, and is an effective alternative to iliac bone graft, which is worth popularizing.

Bone Transplantation , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Retrospective Studies , Ribs/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Surgical Mesh , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Titanium , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879392


OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty in treating Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2018, 37 patients with type Ⅲ Kümmell disease were retrospectively analyzed, including 11 males and 26 females, aged from 61 to 84 years old with an average of (68.6±4.2) years old, and the courses of disease ranged from 2 to 10 months with an average of(6.5±2.3) months. Nine patients were grade C, 20 patients were grade D and 8 patients were grade E according to Frankle grading. All patients were treated by cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty. Operation time, blood loss, postoperative drainage, hospital stay and complicationswere observed after oeprtaion. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), height of anterior vertebral body, Cobb angle before and after operation were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 60 months with an average of (22.4±10.9) months. Operation time was (240.9±77.4) min, blood loss was (315.0±149.2) ml, postoperative drainage was (220.8±72.0) ml, hospital stay was (12.6±4.7) days. One patient occurred incision redness and 1 patient occurred infection after opertaion. No loosening of bone cement occurred. Postopertaive VAS and ODI were lower than that of before opertaion(@*CONCLUSION@#Cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty is a safe and effective method for the tretament of Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.

Aged , Bone Cements , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Infant , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Male , Pedicle Screws , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353886


Introducción: Las técnicas mínimamente invasivas para tratar las fracturas toracolumbares se han desarrollado con el objetivo de reducir, al mínimo, la morbilidad perioperatoria. El objetivo primario de este estudio fue evaluar los resultados clínicos y radio-lógicos de una serie de pacientes con diagnóstico de fractura toracolumbar por causa traumática tratados con procedimientos mínimamente invasivos. materiales y métodos: Se llevó a cabo un análisis retrospectivo de los datos demográficos, radiológicos pre y posoperatorios, y funcionales posoperatorios mediante el índice de Oswestry y la escala analógica visual para dolor, en una serie de pacientes que cumplían los criterios de inclusión. Se registraron las complicaciones y la estancia hospitalaria. Resultados: Se analizaron 15 pacientes (10 hombres) con una edad promedio de 59 años y un seguimiento promedio de 32.9 meses. Los pacientes tenían un dolor promedio posoperatorio de 2/10 y un valor promedio del índice de Oswestry de 14/100. El análisis radiológico mostró un valor promedio preoperatorio de cifosis de 16°, que se corrigió a 10° (p = 0,01). La altura promedio de la vértebra comprometida fue de 18 mm en el preoperatorio y de 21 mm en el último seguimiento (p = 0,02).Hubo tres complicaciones (20%) en tres pacientes. La estancia hospitalaria promedio fue de 9 días. Tres pacientes fueron internados nuevamente dentro de los 90 días de la cirugía. Conclusión: El tratamiento de las fracturas toracolumbares por causa traumática mediante técnicas mínimamente invasivas fue un procedimiento seguro y logró buenos resultados clínicos y radiológicos en el seguimiento a mediano plazo. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: Minimally invasive techniques for the treatment of thoracolumbar fractures have been developed to reduce peri-operative morbidity. The primary purpose of this work is to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes in a group of patients with traumatic thoracolumbar fracture treated with minimally invasive procedures. materials and methods: Taking a group of patients within the inclusion criteria, we retrospectively analyzed demographic data, along with pre and postoperative radiographic measurements and postoperative functional scores, using the Oswestry Disability Index and the Visual Analog Scale for pain. We recorded the complications and the hospital stay. Results: 15 patients were analyzed (10 of them were male). The average age was 59 years, and the average follow-up was 32.9 months. The patients presented an average postoperative pain score of 2/10 and an average Oswestry Disability Index score of 14/100. The radiographic analysis showed an average preoperative segmental kyphosis value of 16° that was corrected to 10° (p = 0.01). The preoperative average height for compromised vertebrae was 18 mm, with an average height of 21 mm at the last follow-up (p = 0.02). There were 3 complications (20%) in 3 patients. Hospital stay was 9 days long on average. Three patients were rehospitalized within 90 days after surgery. Conclusion: The treatment of traumatic thoracolumbar fractures by minimally invasive techniques was a safe procedure, with good clinical and radiological results in the medium term of follow-up. Level of Evidence: IV

Middle Aged , Thoracic Vertebrae , Spinal Fractures , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Lumbar Vertebrae
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1090-1095, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124900


Thoracic disc herniation (TDH) has high technical difficulty and serious complications, and the clinical anatomy of thoracic intervertebral foramen is less. Collecting 10 adult male cadavers, measuring the longitudinal diameter of the dorsal root ganglion (D1), the transverse diameter of the dorsal root ganglion (D2), horizontal sagittal diameter of the upper edge of the intervertebral disc (S1), the high of intervertebral foramen (H1), the height of articulationes costovertebrales (H2), the height of intervertebral disk (H3), the angel of the dorsal root ganglion (a). The aim of this study is to explore the safe area of middle and lower thoracic section and provide anatomical basis for the selection of operative cannula. Mastering the certain rules of the anatomical structure of the middle and lower thoracic segments, and referring to the above parameters in clinical, is conducive to the selection of the working casing during surgery.

La hernia de disco torácico (TDH) tiene una alta dificultad técnica y complicaciones graves, y la anatomía clínica del agujero intervertebral torácico es menor. Recolectando 10 cadáveres machos adultos, midiendo el diámetro longitudinal del ganglio de la raíz dorsal (D1), el diámetro transversal del ganglio de la raíz dorsal (D2), el diámetro sagital horizontal del borde superior del disco intervertebral (S1), el colmo del intervertebral agujero (H1), la altura de las articulaciones costovertebrales (H2), la altura del disco intervertebral (H3), el ángel del ganglio de la raíz dorsal (α). El objetivo de este estudio es explorar el área segura de la sección torácica media y baja y proporcionar una base anatómica para la selección de la cánula operatoria. Dominar ciertas reglas de la estructura anatómica de los segmentos torácicos medio e inferior, y referirse a los parámetros anteriores en clínica, es propicio para la selección de la carcasa de trabajo durante la cirugía.

Humans , Male , Adult , Thoracic Vertebrae/anatomy & histology , Intervertebral Disc/anatomy & histology , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Cadaver
Coluna/Columna ; 19(2): 133-136, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133567


ABSTRACT Objective To describe the spinopelvic parameters in patients with conservatively treated thoracolumbar burst fractures. Methods Twenty-six patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures treated conservatively between 2008 and 2017 participated in the study. Inclusion criteria were acute burst-type fractures, located between T11 and L2, which compromised a single vertebral segment, did not present a neurological deficit, and had a minimum of 6 months of follow-up, excluding injuries that presented distraction or rotation, pathological fractures, and surgically treated cases. The sagittal and spinopelvic alignment parameters, including vertical sagittal axis, sacral slope, pelvic tilt, pelvic incidence, lumbar lordosis, and regional kyphosis, were analyzed. Results The values obtained for the sample showed that there was an increase in regional kyphosis and that the mean sagittal parameters and lumbar lordosis were within the values considered normal in the literature. Conclusion Patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures treated conservatively had no alterations in the spinopelvic parameters. Level of Evidence II; Retrospective study.

RESUMO Objetivo Descrever os parâmetros espinopélvicos de pacientes com fratura toracolombar tipo explosão tratados de modo conservador. Métodos Participaram do estudo 26 pacientes com fratura toracolombar do tipo explosão tratados conservadoramente entre 2008 e 2017. Os critérios de inclusão consistiam em: fraturas tipo explosão agudas, localizadas entre T11 e L2, as quais comprometiam um único segmento vertebral, não apresentavam déficit neurológico e tinham no mínimo seis meses de acompanhamento, excluídas as lesões que apresentavam componente de distração, rotação, fraturas patológicas e casos tratados cirurgicamente. Foram analisados os parâmetros do alinhamento sagital e espinopélvico, incluindo o eixo sagital vertical, a inclinação sacral, a versão pélvica, a incidência pélvica, lordose lombar e cifose regional. Resultados Os valores obtidos na amostra demonstraram que houve aumento da cifose regional e que a média total dos parâmetros sagitais e de lordose lombar estão dentro dos valores considerados normais na literatura. Conclusões Os pacientes com fraturas toracolombares tipo explosão, tratados de modo conservador, não apresentaram alterações nos parâmetros espinopélvicos. Nível de evidência II; Estudo retrospectivo.

RESUMEN Objetivo Describir los parámetros espinopélvicos de pacientes con fractura toracolumbar tipo explosión tratados de modo conservador. Métodos Participaron en el estudio 26 pacientes con fractura toracolumbar del tipo explosión, tratados conservadoramente entre 2008 y 2017. Los criterios de inclusión consistían en: fracturas tipo explosión agudas, localizadas entre T11 y L2, las cuales comprometían un único segmento vertebral, no presentaban déficit neurológico y tenían como mínimo 6 meses de acompañamiento,, excluidas las lesiones que presentaban componente de distracción, rotación, fracturas patológicas y casos tratados quirúrgicamente. Fueron analizados los parámetros de la alineación sagital y espinopélvica, incluyendo el eje sagital vertical, la inclinación sacral, la versión pélvica, la incidencia pélvica, lordosis lumbar y cifosis regional. Resultados Los valores obtenidos en la muestra demostraron que hubo aumento de la cifosis regional y que el promedio total de los parámetros sagitales y de lordosis lumbar están dentro de los valores considerados como normales en la literatura. Conclusiones Los pacientes con fracturas toracolumbares tipo explosión, tratados de modo conservador, no presentaron alteraciones en los parámetros espinopélvicos. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudio retrospectivo.

Humans , Thoracic Vertebrae , Postural Balance , Fractures, Bone , Lumbar Vertebrae
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(2): 119-124, jun. 2020. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125548


Introducción: La acrobacia en tela es una práctica circense con muchos adeptos en la población urbana. Consiste en sostenerse en altura tomado por dos extremos de tela, para realizar posturas fijas y cambiar entre ellas mediante deslizamiento y caídas. La práctica profesional no está libre de lesiones. Objetivo: Conocer la naturaleza de la lesión, reconocer los factores predisponentes de lesión y las medidas de prevención utilizadas, evaluar la cinemática, clasificar la lesión y analizar el tratamiento. Materiales y Métodos: Se incluyeron seis pacientes. Se evaluaron la estructura física personal, la cinemática de la caída, los sistemas de protección, la clasificación de las fracturas según la nueva clasificación AO, el cuadro neurológico, el tratamiento y las complicaciones. Resultados: La muestra incluyó a 6 mujeres, con un promedio de edad de 24 años y un índice de masa corporal de 19,29. Caída de 3,08 m de altura, cuatro con colchoneta <5 cm. Las lesiones principales fueron: 6 A1, 4 B2 y 1C. No se observaron déficits neurológicos. Cuatro pacientes fueron sometidas a cirugía. Conclusiones: La práctica de acrobacia en tela es una actividad circense de reciente aparición global. Las mujeres están más expuestas a las lesiones. El entrenamiento riguroso y el empleo de elementos de seguridad son necesarios para evitar las lesiones. No se observó un patrón único de lesión, la causa fue multifactorial. El tratamiento indicado depende de la lesión vertebral. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: Aerial silk is a circus practice that has become very popular in urban populations. It involves hanging from two pieces of fabric in order to make fixed positions and change between them by sliding and dropping from different heights. The professional practice is not free of injuries. Objective: To learn the nature of the injury, to recognize the injury predisposing factors and the safety measures used, to study the kinematics, to classify the injury, and to analyze the treatment. Materials and Methods: Six patients were included. The evaluation included individual body structure, drop kinematics, safety measures, classification of fractures according to the new AO classification, neurological symptoms, treatment, and complications. Results: The study included six female patients, averaging 24 years, a body mass index of 19.29 and a fall from 3.08m, 4 of which included mattress <5cm. The main injuries classification resulted in 6 A1, 4 B2 and 1 C. No neurological deficit was found. Four patients underwent surgical treatment. Conclusions: Aerial silk is a circus activity that has recently become a worldwide practice. Women are more exposed. Rigorous training and the use of safety elements are necessary to avoid injuries. We did not observe a unique pattern of injury, because of its multifactorial cause. The therapeutic decision-making is related to the spinal injury. Level of Evidence: IV

Athletic Injuries , Spinal Injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Spinal Fractures , Gymnastics/injuries , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries
Coluna/Columna ; 19(1): 79-83, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089647


ABSTRACT Objective Primary and secondary spine tumors occur frequently and treating them surgically has gained prominence. The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and complications in a series of patients with primary and secondary vertebral tumors treated by en bloc vertebral resection. Methods A retrospective review of the patients who underwent en bloc vertebral resection between 2004 and 2017 was conducted. Results During the study period, 16 patients underwent en bloc vertebral resection. They were divided into primary tumor and metastatic tumor groups, 11 being primary tumors and 5 metastatic tumors. The average follow-up period was 95 months (3-156 months). The patients were treated by the same surgical team and the analysis was carried out by an independent observer. Conclusion In this case series, the results where comparable to those reported in the literature in terms of complications, survival, recurrence and neurological status. It is a demanding surgical technique, with a high percentage of morbidity and mortality, nevertheless, it allows local control and recurrence of the lesion. Level of evidence I; Case Series.

RESUMO Objetivo Os tumores primários e secundários da coluna vertebral ocorrem com frequência e o respectivo tratamento cirúrgico tem tido destaque. O objetivo do presente estudo consistia em avaliar os resultados e complicações em um grupo de pacientes com tumores primários e secundários da coluna vertebral tratados através da ressecção vertebral em bloco. Métodos Uma revisão retrospectiva dos pacientes submetidos à ressecção vertebral em bloco foi realizada entre 2004 e 2017. Resultados Durante o período do estudo, 16 pacientes foram submetidos à ressecção vertebral em bloco. Eles foram divididos em grupos de tumores primários e tumores metastáticos; 11 eram tumores primários e cinco tumores metastáticos. O período médio de acompanhamento foi de 95 meses (três-156 meses). Os pacientes foram tratados pela mesma equipe cirúrgica e a análise foi realizada por um observador independente. Conclusão Nessa série de casos, os resultados foram comparáveis aos relatados na literatura em termos de complicações, sobrevida, recidiva e estado neurológico. É uma técnica cirúrgica exigente, com alto percentual de morbimortalidade, porém permite controle local e recorrência da lesão. Nível de evidência I; Série de Casos.

RESUMEN Objetivo Los tumores primarios y secundarios en columna vertebral son una entidad frecuente. En el tratamiento de los mismos la cirugía ha ganado protagonismo. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar los resultados y complicaciones en una serie de pacientes con tumores vertebrales primarios y secundarios tratados mediante resección vertebral en bloque. Métodos Se realizó una revisión retrospectiva de los pacientes intervenidos mediante resección vertebral en bloque desde el año 2004 hasta el año 2017. Resultados Durante el período evaluado, 16 pacientes fueron intervenidos mediante resección vertebral en bloque. Se los dividió en grupo de tumores primarios y tumores metastásicos, 11 fueron tumores primarios y 5 metastásicos. El tiempo de seguimiento promedio fue de 95 meses (3-156 meses). Los pacientes fueron intervenidos por el mismo equipo quirúrgico y el análisis fue realizado por un observador independiente. Conclusión En la serie, se encontraron resultados comparables a los reportados en la literatura en cuanto a complicaciones, sobrevida, recidiva y estatus neurológico. Es una técnica quirúrgica exigente, con un alto porcentaje de morbilidad y mortalidad, sin embargo, permite el control local y la recurrencia de la lesión. Nivel de evidencia IV; Serie de Casos.

Humans , Spinal Neoplasms , Spine , Thoracic Vertebrae , Lymphatic Metastasis
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 211-215, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827832


Since December 2019, COVID-19, an acute infectious disease, has gradually become a global threat. We report a case of thoracolumbar fractures (T and L) and incomplete lower limb paralysis in a patient with COVID-19. After a series of conservative treatment which did not work at all, posterior open reduction and pedicle screw internal fixation of the thoracolumbar fracture were performed in Wuhan Union Hospital. Three weeks later, the patient could stand up and the pneumonia is almost cured. We successfully performed a surgery in a COVID-19 patient, and to our knowledge it is the first operation for a COVID-19 patient ever reported.

Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Paralysis , General Surgery , Pedicle Screws , Pneumonia, Viral , Spinal Fractures , General Surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879367


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of anterolateral spinal canal decompression combined with short segment screw fixation with posterior approach for severe thoracolumbar burst fractures with spinal cord injury.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to June 2018, 16 patients with severe thoracolumbar burst fractures (more than 50% of ratio of spinal canal encroachment, reverse fragment at the posterior edge of the vertebral body) with spinal cord injury were retrospectively analyzed, including 10 males and 6 females, ranging in age from 19 to 57 years old. Causes of injury:8 cases of fall injury, 6 cases of traffic accident injury and 2 cases of other injuries. Fracture site:T@*RESULTS@#All 16 patients were followed up, and the average follow up time was (15.9±5.4) months. The average operation time was (234±41) minutes and the average amount of bleeding was (431±93) ml. The loss of anterior height of injured vertebrae was (52.25±10.10)% before operation, (8.93± 3.61)% at 3 days after operation, and (9.25±2.88)% at the latest follow up. The results of 3 days after operation and the latest follow up were better than that before operation, and there was no significant differencesbetween results at the latest follow up and 3 days after operation (@*CONCLUSION@#For severe thoracolumbar burst fracture and spinal cord injury, with more than 50% of ratio of spinal canal encroachment and reverse fragment at the posterior edge of the vertebral body, the anterolateral spinal canal decompression combined with short segment screw fixation with posterior approach has the characteristics of accurate reduction, complete decompression and firm fixation, and the clinical effect is satisfactory.

Adult , Bone Screws , Decompression , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Canal , Spinal Cord Injuries/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2696-2702, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877813


BACKGROUND@#The importance of identifying osteoporotic vertebral endplate or/and cortex fracture (ECF), which primarily includes endplate fracture (EPF) and vertebral anterior cortex buckling, has been recognized. However, some old traumatic ECFs with healing process in the elderly may be mistaken as osteoporotic. This study analyzes the radiological features of traumatic EPF.@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective analysis of 194 spine trauma patients with 263 vertebral fractures (mean age: 42.11 ± 9.82 years, 118 males and 76 females). All patients had traumatic EPF identified by X-ray/CT/MRI.@*RESULTS@#The involved vertebra was mostly L1 (29.7%), followed by T12 and L2. Except EPFs involved both superior and inferior endplates (12.6%), only 1.9% involved inferior endplate alone, with the majority involved superior endplate. If each endplate was divided into five segments of equal lengths (from anterior to posterior: a1, a2, m, p2, p1), the most depressed point of superior EPFs was mostly at segment-a2 (approximately 45%), followed by segment-a1 (approximately 20%) or segment-m (approximately 20%), and very rarely at segment-p1. The upper 1/3 of anterior vertebral wall was more likely to fracture, followed by middle 1/3 of anterior wall. For posterior vertebral wall fracture, 68.5% broke the bony wall surrounding the basivertebral vain. 58.6%, 30.0%, and 11.4% of vertebral fractures had 1/3 vertebral body height loss. As the extent of vertebral height loss increased, the chance of having both superior and inferior EPFs also increased; however, the chance of having inferior EPF alone did not increase.@*CONCLUSION@#Traumatic EPF features are characterized, which may help the differentiation of traumatic and osteoporotic EPFs.

Adult , Aged , Female , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Thoracic Vertebrae
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827239


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the accuracy and safety of pedicle screw placement using a new self-guided pedicle tap.@*METHODS@#According to the anatomical characteristics of the pedicle, a new self-guided pedicle tap was developed. Six adult spinal specimens including 4 males and 2 females were selected and tapped thread on the right and left sides of each pair of pedicles from the same segment T to L with traditional taps (control group) and new self-guided pedicle taps (experimental group), respectively. And the pedicle screws were placed. The screwing time was recorded and compared between two groups. CT scanning was completed to observe the accuracy and safety of the screw placement according to the Heary classification of imaging results.@*RESULTS@#The screwing time of thoracic and lumbar vertebrae in the experimental group were (5.87±1.25) min and(5.45±1.67) min, respectively. While those in the control group were (6.12±1.69) min and (6.22±2.13) min, respectively. Then there was no significant difference in screwing time of thoracic and lumbar vertebrae between two groups (>0.05). The Heary grade of the pedicle screw showed that Heary gradeⅠand Heary gradeⅠ+Ⅱwere respectively 86 (84.31%) and 96 (94.12%) in the experimental group, 72 (71.29%) and 84 (83.17%) in control group, and the difference between two groups was statistically significant (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The new self-guided pedicle tap can accurately and safely insert the thoracolumbar pedicle screw, with low cost, easy operation, and good clinical application value.

Feasibility Studies , Female , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fusion , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Thoracic Vertebrae , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828275


OBJECTIVE@#To assess the curative effects of injured vertebra pedicle fixation combined with vertebroplasty and short-segment pedicle screw fixation combined with vertebroplasty in treatment of osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fractures.@*METHODS@#Seventy patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fractures who met the inclusion criteria were collected in the study from January 2015 to December 2017. Among them, 35 patients were treated with injured vertebra pedicle fixation combined with vertebroplasty (group A), including 20 males and 15 females, aged from 55 to 74 years with an average of (64.03± 7.82) years. Twenty-six cases were type A3 and 9 cases were type A4 according to the AO typing;another 35 patients were treated with short segment pedicle screw fixation combined with vertebroplasty (group B), including 18 males and 17 females, aged from 54 to 72 years with an average of (62.78±6.40) years. Twenty-eight cases were type A3 and 7 cases were type A4 according to AO typing. Operation length, intraoperative bleeding volume, complication, imaging parameters and clinical effects were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for at least 12 months. There were no significant differences in gender, age, injury site, preoperative VAS, Cobb angle, and injured vertebral height before surgery. There were no significant differences in operation length, intraoperative bleeding volume between two groups. In terms of VAS scores before surgery, 1 week after surgery, and at the final follow up, group A was 5.5 ±2.5, 1.8 ±0.8, 0.9 ±0.4, group B was 5.4 ± 2.3, 1.7±0.6, 1.2±1.8, respectively;injured vertebral height was (40.4±8.8)%, (92.0±4.9)%, (87.1±3.8)% in group A, and (41.2±6.6)%, (93.2±4.6)%, (80.0±4.3)% in group B;Cobb angle was (18.4±6.9) °, (2.8±2.2) °, (4.2±2.6) ° in group A, and (16.8±7.2) °, (2.7±2.5) °, (6.0±2.4) ° in group B. There were significant differences in the 3 parameters above before the operation and at the final follow up in all groups (<0.05). There were significant differences in the Cobb angle and injured vertebral height between 1 week after operation and at the final follow up (<0.05). At the final follow up, injured vertebral height in group A was obviously better than that in group B (<0.05). Internal fixation failure occurred in 2 cases from the group A, and occurred in 4 cases from the group B. There were no neurological complications in both groups.@*CONCLUSION@#For osteoporotic thoracolumbar vertebral burst fractures, injured vertebra pedicle fixation combined with vertebroplasty and vertebra pedicle screw fixation combined with vertebroplasty can achieve good clinical effects. However, injured vertebra pedicle fixation combined with vertebroplasty is better at maintaining postoperative vertebral height and sagittal arrangement, and reducing internal fixation related complications. The treatment strategy is worthy of application and promotion.

Aged , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fractures , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty