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1.
Oncología (Ecuador) ; 32(1): 100-111, 30-04-2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368954

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Cerca del 50 % de los derrames pleurales (DP) es neoplásico. El comportamiento clínico del DP neoplásico es altamente sintomático por el gran volumen y su recidiva temprana. Propósito de la revisión: El objetivo de la revisión es delinear el papel de los diferentes métodos diagnósticos y terapéuticos de DP maligno. Buscamos reportes actualizados en donde se incluye los resultados de mejor supervivencia para los distintos tratamientos actuales. Recientes hallazgos: Los criterios de Light es el método estándar para diferenciar un exudado maligno. La toracocentesis guiada por ultrasonido debe ser usada como método diagnóstico/terapéutico. En pacientes con DP maligno se recomienda el drenaje permanente con el posicionamiento de un tubo de tórax y un sello hidráulico con drenaje cerrado. La pleurodesia con instilación de talco está recomendada en pacientes con DP maligno en busca de disminuir el volumen, las recidivas del DP y el tiempo de hospitalización. Conclusiones: Para el correcto manejo del DP maligno, hay que tomar en cuenta varios aspectos, como identificar la presencia de células malignas mediante estudio citológico y descartar una infección. La ecografía pleural permite definir el volumen del DP y permite decidir drenaje en ese momento, con la posibilidad de inserción de catéter intrapleural, con el objetivo de evaluar la posibilidad de esclerosar las pleuras a través de pleurodesia. Sin embargo, para llegar a esta decisión hay que analizar cada uno de los detalles que podrían tener un papel de importancia para el buen manejo y resolución definitiva o por el contrario decidir el manejo a título paliativo, siempre analizando cada caso con el objetivo de proveer de mejoría de síntomas y mejorar la calidad de vida del paciente.


Introduction: Approximately 50% of pleural effusions (PE) are neoplastic. The clinical behavior of neoplastic PE is highly symptomatic due to its large volume and early recurrence. Purpose of review: This review aims to outline the role of the different diagnostic and therapeutic methods of malignant PE. We look for updated reports that include the best survival results for the other current treatments. Recent findings: Light's criteria are the standard to differentiate a malignant exudate. Ultrasound-guided thoracentesis should be used as a diagnostic/therapeutic method. In patients with malignant PE, permanent drainage is recommended with the placement of a chest tube and a hydraulic seal with closed drainage. Pleurodesis with the installation of talc is recommended in patients with malignant PE to reduce volume, PE recurrences, and hospitalization time. Conclusions: For the correct management of malignant PE, several aspects must be considered, such as identifying the presence of malignant cells by cytological study and ruling out infection. Pleural ultrasound allows for defining the volume of the PE. It will enable deciding on drainage at that time, with the possibility of inserting an intrapleural catheter, to evaluate the likelihood of sclerosing the pleurae through pleurodesis. However, to reach this decision, it is necessary to analyze each of the details that could play an essential role in good management and definitive resolution or, on the contrary, decide on palliative management, constantly investigating each case to provide symptom improvement. In addition, improving the patient's quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pleural Effusion , Talc , Pleural Effusion, Malignant , Thoracentesis , Pleural Diseases , Thoracoscopy , Pleurodesis , Pleural Cavity , Exudates and Transudates
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(4): 550-556, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347152

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In high-volume trauma centers, especially in developing countries, penetrating cardiac box injuries are frequent. Although many aspects of penetrating chest injuries have been well established, video-assisted thoracoscopy is still finding its place in cardiac box trauma and algorithmic approaches are still lacking. The purpose of this manuscript is to provide a streamlined recommendation for penetrating cardiac box injury in stable patients. Methods: Literature review was carried out using PubMed/MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases to identify articles describing the characteristics and concepts of penetrating cardiac box trauma, including the characteristics of tamponade, cardiac ultrasound, indications and techniques of pericardial windows and, especially, the role of video-assisted thoracoscopy in stable patients. Results: Penetrating cardiac box injuries, whether by stab or gunshot wounds, require rapid surgical consultation. Unstable patients require immediate open surgery, however, determining which stable patients should be taken to thoracoscopic surgery is still controversial. Here, the classification of penetrating cardiac box injury used in Colombia is detailed, as well as the algorithmic approach to these types of trauma. Conclusion: Although open surgery is mandatory in unstable patients with penetrating cardiac box injuries, a more conservative and minimally invasive approach may be undertaken in stable patients. As rapid decision-making is critical in the trauma bay, surgeons working in high-volume trauma centers should expose themselves to thoracoscopy and always consider this possibility in the setting of penetrating cardiac box injuries in stable patients, always in the context of an experienced trauma team.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot , Wounds, Penetrating , Heart Injuries/surgery , Heart Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Thoracoscopy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
4.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 31-36, mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287238

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome del opérculo torácico se refiere a una serie de signos y síntomas que se producen por la compresión del paquete vásculo-nervioso en la unión costo-clavicular. El síndrome de Paget-Schroetter (SPS) se define como la trombosis primaria, espontánea o de esfuerzo de la vena subclavia. Las vías de abordaje quirúrgicas tradicionales utilizadas para descomprimir el opérculo torácico son la trans axilar y las claviculares (supra e infra). El objetivo del estudio fue describir nuestra experiencia en la resección de la primera costilla por videotoracoscopía (VATS). Este es un estudio descriptivo observacional utilizando una base de datos prospectiva con análisis retrospectivo desde enero de 2017 a marzo de 2020. Se incluyeron 9 pacientes con diagnóstico de SPS en los que se resecó la primera costilla por VATS. En un paciente el procedimiento fue bilateral por presentar trombosis espontánea en ambas venas subclavias. De los 9, 6 eran mujeres. La edad media fue de 30.7 ± 10.7 años. La estadía hospitalaria media fue de 3.1 ± 0.5 días. Uno fue re-operado por hemotórax. No se detectaron recurrencias en el seguimiento a mediano-largo plazo. La resección de la primera costilla por VATS es un procedimiento seguro y factible. La misma, a diferencia de los abordajes tradicionales, puede ser resecada bajo visión directa de todos los elementos del opérculo torácico. Sin embargo, esta técnica requiere un manejo avanzado en cirugía toracoscópica.


Abstract Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) refers to a number of signs and symptoms that arise from compression of the neurovascular bundle at the costoclavicular junction. Paget-Schroetter syndrome is defined as the primary, spontaneous or effort thrombosis of the subclavian vein. The supraclavicular and trans-axillary approaches are currently the most commonly used for first rib resection. The aim of this article was to describe our experience in a minimally invasive approach (VATS) of first rib resection for primary venous thoracic outlet and the associated outcomes. This is a descriptive observational study using a retrospective analysis of a prospective database from January 2017 to March 2020. Nine patients underwent video thoracoscopic first rib resection due to PagetSchroetter syndrome (one bilateral procedure). Ten thoracoscopic first rib resections were performed. There were 6 female and 3 male patients, with a mean age of 30.7 ± 10.7 years. The mean length of hospital stay was 3.1 ± 0.5 days. No complications were recorded intraoperatively. One patient had to be re-operated because of hemothorax. There were no recurrences in a follow-up of at least 12 months. VATS resection of the first rib is a safe and feasible procedure and can be performed under direct vision of thoracic outlet elements. However, the technique requires experience with thoracoscopic surgery. The outcomes associated with our technique are comparable with the outcomes related to other current standards of care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis/surgery , Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Ribs/surgery , Ribs/diagnostic imaging , Thoracoscopy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Rev. guatemalteca cir ; 27(1): 24-28, 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1371869

ABSTRACT

La reparación por toracoscopia de la atresia del esófago se ha constituido paulatinamente en la mejor alternativa terapéutica de los pacientes con esta entidad. Se analizaron 21 pacientes con diagnóstico de atresia esofágica operados por toracoscopia de Noviembre del 2017 a Agosto del 2020. La edad en que se efectuó la cirugía fue de 1 a 15 días de vida, promedio de 4.5. El procedimiento efectuado fue: sección y ligadura de la fistula con anastomosis termino terminal. El tiempo de cirugía fue de 90 a 240 minutos con una media de 158.5 minutos. Las complicaciones postoperatorias fueron: 02 pacientes dehiscencia parcial de la anastomosis, 05 pacientes estrechez de la anastomosis y 01 paciente divertículo traqueal. Hubo 03 pacientes que fallecieron. La reparación toracoscópica de la atresia de esófago es una opción terapéutica eficiente, con una tasa de complicaciones aceptable y una menor mortalidad. (AU)


Thoracoscopic repair of esophageal atresia has gradually become the best therapeutic alternative for patients with this entity. 21 patients with a diagnosis of esophageal atresia operated by thoracoscopy from November 2017 to August 2020 were analyzed. The age at which the surgery was performed was 1 to 15 days old, average 4.5. The procedure was: section and ligation of the fistula with end-to-end anastomosis. The surgery time was 90 to 240 minutes with a mean of 158.5 minutes. Postoperative complications were: 02 patients partial dehiscence of the anastomosis, 05 patients narrowing the anastomosis and 01 patient tracheal diverticulum. There were 03 patients who died. Thoracoscopic repair of esophageal atresia is an efficient therapeutic option, with an acceptable complication rate and lower mortality. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Esophageal Atresia/diagnosis , Esophageal Atresia/genetics , Postoperative Complications/drug therapy , Thoracoscopy/instrumentation , Anastomosis, Surgical/rehabilitation
6.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 49(3): 230-236, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1292719

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las infecciones odontogénicas afectan al 80 %-90 % de la población y pueden dar lugar a complicaciones potencialmente mortales como la mediastinitis necrotizante descendente, una infección polimicrobiana aguda en el mediastino con una tasa de mortalidad entre el 11 % y 40 %. Su detección precoz y el tratamiento adecuado con manejo antibiótico y drenaje quirúrgico a cargo de un equipo multidisciplinario representan factores influyentes en el pronóstico de la enfermedad. Objetivo: en este artículo presentamos un caso de mediastinitis necrotizante descendente en un paciente masculino de 34 años, que se originó por una infección odontogénica que requirió un procedimiento dental. El paciente fue hospitalizado por el empeoramiento del estado clínico a pesar de la profilaxis antibiótica. La tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) confirmó la extensión de la infección al mediastino, y el paciente fue tratado con éxito con antibioterapia intravenosa y múltiples drenajes quirúrgicos intraorales, cervicotomía y toracoscopia. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una búsqueda en bases de datos globales y se seleccionaron los artículos por los siguientes términos MeSH y DeCS: "mediastinitis necrotizante descendente", "angina de Ludwig", "absceso", "toracoscopia" y sus respectivos en inglés, priorizando los referentes a la mediastinitis necrotizante descendente de origen odontogénico. Conclusiones: en la mediastinitis necrotizante descendente, la combinación de diagnóstico precoz, tratamiento antibiótico de amplio espectro, mantenimiento de la vía aérea y drenaje quirúrgico amplio y a cargo de un equipo multidisciplinario mejora de manera importante el pronóstico de la enfermedad.


Introduction: Odontogenic infections affect 80%-90% of the population and can lead to life-threatening complications such as descending necrotizing mediastinitis. Is an acute polymicrobial infection in the mediastinum with a mortality rate of 11%-40%. Its early detection and adequate treatment with antibiotic management and surgical drainage by a multidisciplinary team represent influential factors in the prognosis of the disease. Objective: In this article, we present a case of descending necrotizing mediastinitis in a 34-year-old male patient that originated from an odontogenic infection that required a dental procedure. The patient was hospitalized for worsening clinical status despite antibiotic prophylaxis. Computed axial tomography confirmed the extension of the infection to the mediastinum and the patient was successfully treated with intravenous antibiotherapy and multiple intraoral, cervicotomy, and thoracoscopic surgical drains. Materials and methods: A search was made in global databases, articles were selected by the following MeSH and DeCS terms: "descending necrotizing mediastinitis", "Ludwig's angina", "abscess", "thoracoscopy", and their respective English terms, prioritizing those referring to descending necrotizing mediastinitis of odontogenic origin. Conclusions: In descending necrotizing mediastinitis, the combination of early diagnosis, broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment, airway maintenance, and extensive surgical drainage by a multidisciplinary team significantly improves the prognosis of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mediastinitis , Thoracoscopy , Abscess , Ludwig's Angina
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 999-1002, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143991

ABSTRACT

Abstract Minimally invasive surgical ablation is generally contraindicated in patients with atrial fibrillation and thrombosis of the left atrial appendage. We have treated three of these patients using an innovative technique based on a bilateral video-thoracoscopic approach, performing a continuous encircling lesion at the pulmonary veins outflow with radio-frequency ablation, simultaneously excluding the left atrial appendage. The postoperative course was uneventful, without neurologic events and all patients maintained a stable sinus rhythm at 1-year follow-up. This procedure represents a new mini-invasive method to treat persistent atrial fibrillation when partial thrombosis of the left atrial appendage contraindicates other ablation techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Thrombosis/etiology , Catheter Ablation , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Atrial Appendage/diagnostic imaging , Thoracoscopy , Treatment Outcome
9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 841-843, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137322

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cardiac rhythm disorders are common in many patients with cancer. The management of synchronous long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation and pulmonary lesions remains a serious surgical dilemma due to the lack of clinical data and surgical guidelines. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first described case of simultaneous thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy and left atrial posterior wall and pulmonary vein isolation combined with left atrial appendage resection in a patient with early-stage primary lung cancer and long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Catheter Ablation/methods , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/surgery , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/complications , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonectomy/methods , Pulmonary Veins/surgery , Thoracoscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Heart Atria/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
10.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(5): 1577-1585, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131560

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the impact of minimally invasive partial pericardiotomy on echocardiographic variables of morphometry and function in healthy horses. Minimally invasive pericardiotomy was performed in six healthy horses. Echocardiographic evaluation was executed in different moments: prior to the surgical procedure (M0); 24 hours post procedure (M1); 72 hours post procedure (M2) and 28 days post procedure (M3). The following variables were measured: Right ventricular internal diameter in diastole and systole (RVd and RVs), interventricular septum thickness in diastole and systole (IVSd and IVSs), left ventricular internal diameter in diastole and systole (LVd and LVs), left ventricular free wall thickness in diastole and systole (LVFWd and LVFWs), aortic root diameter (Ao) and left atrial diameter (LA). From this data, the following variables were calculated: fractional shortening (FS%), fractional thickening of the interventricular septum (IVS%), fractional thickening of the left ventricular free wall (LVFW%) and the relationship between left atrial and aortic diameters (LA/Ao). After 28 days, a new thoracoscopy was performed for inspection of the thoracic cavity. In M1 and M2 ECO evaluations, a statistically significant change in LVFW and a decrease in RVd, LVd, LVFWs, LA, LVs, FS% and IVS was documented. Pericardiotomy is a promising technique in horses, with minor postoperative complication. The variations in the echocardiographic parameters were transient and did not cause hemodynamic damage to the animals.(AU)


O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o impacto da pericardiotomia parcial minimamente invasiva sobre as variáveis ecocardiográficas morfométricas e funcionais em cavalos, visto que não há nenhum trabalho que tenha avaliado o impacto da pericardiotomia na espécie equina. Foram utilizados seis cavalos hígidos, nos quais se realizou pericardiotomia minimamente invasiva. Em todos eles, foi efetuado exame ecocardiográfico em diferentes momentos: previamente ao procedimento cirúrgico (M0); 24 horas após (M1); 72 horas após (M2) e 28 dias após (M3). Foram mensurados: diâmetro interno do ventrículo direito (VDd e VDs), espessura do septo interventricular (SIVd e SIVs), diâmetro interno do ventrículo esquerdo (VEd e VEs), espessura da parede livre do ventrículo esquerdo (PLVEd e PLVEs), diâmetro interno da aorta (Ao) e diâmetro atrial esquerdo (AE). Foram calculadas as variáveis fração de encurtamento (FEC%), espessamento fracional do septo interventricular (SIV%), espessamento fracional da parede livre do ventrículo esquerdo (PLVE%) e relação entre diâmetro do átrio esquerdo e diâmetro aórtico (AE/Ao). Após 28 dias, realizou-se nova toracoscopia para inspeção da cavidade torácica. Nas avaliações do ECO no M1 e no M2, houve alteração estatisticamente significativa no PLVE em diástole (28±5,5 e 31,7±2, respectivamente) e diminuição dos parâmetros VDd,(30,1±11,6 e 31,7± 10,7) VEd (113,3±21 e 121,7±13,7), PLVEs (42±8,2 e 43,9±2,8), AE (78,5±6,1 e 82,7±4,7), VEs (74,1±16 e 71,5±9,3), FEC (34,4±10,2 e 41,2±5,7) e SIV (27,1±8,7 e 42,3±27,9). A técnica de pericardiotomia empregada mostrou-se promissora em equinos. As variações dos parâmetros ecocardiográficos foram transitórias, não causando prejuízos hemodinâmicos aos animais.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Pericardiectomy/veterinary , Heart Function Tests/veterinary , Horses/surgery , Thoracoscopy/veterinary , Echocardiography/veterinary
11.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(2): 255-259, abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098900

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: El marcapasos diafragmático permite reducir o eliminar la necesidad de ventilación mecánica en pacientes con insuficiencia respiratoria crónica que conservan el eje nervio frénico-diafragma in tacto, siempre que no presenten enfermedad pulmonar intrínseca. Aunque su implantación ha sido practicada por décadas, su uso no está ampliamente difundido, y existe poca literatura pu blicada al respecto, la mayoría relacionada con lesión medular alta y síndrome de hipoventilación central congénito. Objetivo: Describir una experiencia de implantación de marcapasos diafragmático en paciente pediátrico con síndrome de hipoventilación central adquirido. Caso Clínico: Pa ciente femenino con síndrome de hipoventilación central secundario a lesión isquémica de tronco cerebral como resultado de disfunción de válvula de derivación ventrículo peritoneal, motivo por el cual durante 5 años se mantuvo con asistencia de ventilación mecánica intrahospitalaria. A los 7 años de edad se implantó marcapasos diafragmático mediante cirugía toracoscópica, lo que per mitió posterior a un periodo de rehabilitación y acondicionamiento respiratorio el destete de la ventilación mecánica y el egreso hospitalario. Conclusiones: El marcapasos diafragmático es una opción factible, potencialmente segura y costo efectiva para disminuir o eliminar la dependencia de ventilación mecánica y mejorar la calidad de vida en pacientes con síndrome de hipoventilación central adquirido.


Abstract: Introduction: Diaphragmatic pacemaker is a device that reduces or eliminates the need of mechanical ventilation in patients with chronic respiratory failure who keep the phrenic nerve-diaphragm axis intact, as long as they do not present intrinsic lung disease. Although its implantation has been practiced for deca des, its use is not widespread and to date, there is little published literature about it, mostly related to high spinal cord injury and congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. Objective: To describe an experience of diaphragmatic pacemaker implantation in a pediatric patient with acquired cen tral hypoventilation syndrome. Clinical Case: Female patient with central hypoventilation syndrome secondary to ischemic brainstem lesion as a result of ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunction. For this reason, for 5 years she was supported by inpatient mechanical ventilation. At 7 years of age, a diaphragmatic pacemaker was implanted by thoracoscopic surgery, which allowed, after a period of rehabilitation and respiratory conditioning, mechanical ventilation withdrawal, and hospital dischar ge. Conclusions: Diaphragmatic pacemaker is a feasible, potentially safe, and cost-effective option for decreasing or eliminating mechanical ventilation dependence and improve life quality in patients with acquired central hypoventilation syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Pacemaker, Artificial , Diaphragm , Hypoventilation/therapy , Syndrome , Thoracoscopy , Hypoventilation/etiology
12.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): 56-60, 2020-02-00. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1095592

ABSTRACT

La fístula traqueoesofágica congénita sin atresia esofágica asociada, conocida como tipo H, es una anomalía infrecuente. Se manifiesta con episodios de tos, ahogo y cianosis durante la alimentación y/o neumonía recurrente.Si bien los síntomas están usualmente presentes desde el nacimiento, el diagnóstico es difícil. La rareza de esta patología, los síntomas no específicos y las limitaciones en la demostración radiológica y endoscópica de la fístula contribuyen, a menudo, a la demora entre la presentación y la confirmación del diagnóstico.Se describen las manifestaciones clínicas, los métodos de evaluación y el tratamiento de 3 neonatos con esta patología, y se presentan recomendaciones para el diagnóstico a fin de evitar demoras innecesarias en el manejo de las fístulas en H.


Congenital tracheoesophageal fistula not associated with esophageal atresia, known as H-type fistula, is an uncommon anomaly. It presents with cough, choking, and cyanosis during feeding and/or recurrent pneumonia. Although symptoms are usually present from birth, diagnosis is difficult. The rarity of this disease, non-specific symptoms, and the limitations of radiological and endoscopic confirmation of the fistula often result in a delay between presentation and diagnosis confirmation. Here we describe the clinical manifestations, assessment methods, and management of 3 newborn infants with H-type tracheoesophageal fistula, together with diagnosis recommendations to prevent unnecessary delays in the management of this condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Tracheoesophageal Fistula/surgery , Tracheoesophageal Fistula/congenital , Tracheoesophageal Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Thoracoscopy , Bronchoscopy , Fluoroscopy
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e8645, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055484

ABSTRACT

Data about the feasibility and safety of thoracoscopic surgery under non-intubated anesthesia and regional block are limited. In this prospective study, 57 consecutive patients scheduled for thoracoscopic surgery were enrolled. Patients were sedated with dexmedetomidine and anesthetized with propofol and remifentanil. Ropivacaine was used for intercostal nerve and paravertebral block. Lidocaine was used for vagal block. The primary outcomes were mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), oxygen saturation, and end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure (ETCO2) at T0 (pre-anesthesia), T1 (immediately after laryngeal mask/nasopharyngeal airway placement), T2 (immediately after skin incision), T3 (10 min after opening the chest), T4 (end of surgery), and T5 (immediately after laryngeal mask/nasopharyngeal airway removal). One patient required conversion to intubation, 15 developed intraoperative hypotension, and two had hypoxemia. MAP at T0 and T5 was higher than at T1-T4; MAP at T3 was lower (P<0.05 vs other time points). HR at T0 and T5 was higher (P<0.05 vs other time points). ETCO2 at T2 and T3 was higher (P<0.05 vs other time points). Arterial pH, PCO2, and lactic acid at T1 differed from values at T0 and T2 (P<0.05). The Quality of Recovery-15 (QoR-15) score at 24 h was lower (P<0.05). One patient experienced dysphoria during recovery. Thoracoscopic surgery with regional block under direct thoracoscopic vision is a feasible and safe alternative to conventional surgery under general anesthesia, intubation, and one-lung ventilation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Thoracoscopy/methods , Laryngeal Masks , Anesthesia, General/methods , Nerve Block/methods , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Blood Pressure/physiology , Propofol/administration & dosage , Feasibility Studies , Prospective Studies , Dexmedetomidine/administration & dosage , Remifentanil/administration & dosage , Heart Rate/drug effects , Heart Rate/physiology
14.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 35(4): 659-664, 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147913

ABSTRACT

El leiomioma primario de pulmón es un tumor benigno raro, de origen mesodérmico, que representa aproximadamente el 2 % de todos los tumores benignos de pulmón. Desde que fue descrito por primera vez por Forkel en 1910, se han reportado al menos 150 casos en la literatura. Se hace una revisión del tema a propósito del caso de una mujer posmenopáusica oligosintomática, con hallazgo de una lesión pulmonar sólida, asociada a una malformación vascular, en quien la biopsia inicial reportó un tumor fusocelular, por lo que fue llevada a lobectomía superior del pulmón derecho, y cuyo diagnóstico patológico definitivo fue leiomioma pulmonar primario. Este caso se presenta por su baja incidencia y la poca literatura sobre este tipo de lesiones tumorales benignas


Primary lung leiomyoma is a rare benign tumor of mesodermal origin, that accounts for approximately 2% of all benign lung tumors. Since it was first described by Forkel in 1910, at least 150 cases have been reported in the literature. A review of the subject is made regarding the case of an oligosymptomatic postmenopausal woman, with the finding of a solid lung lesion, associated with a vascular malformation, in whom the initial biopsy reported a spindle cell tumor, for which she was taken for a right upper lung lobectomy and whose definitive pathological diagnosis was primary pulmonary leiomyoma. This case is presented due to its low incidence and the little literature on this type of benign tumor lesions


Subject(s)
Humans , Leiomyoma , Thoracoscopy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Lung Neoplasms
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(5): e202000501, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130641

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To assess the feasibility of thoracoscopic transdiaphragmatic approach for biopsy of all lung lobes and to determine the optimal intercostal space (ICS) for biopsy of each lung lobe. Methods Ten rabbits were positioned in dorsal recumbency. Total thoracoscopy lung biopsy was made combined transdiaphragmatic approach and right ICS approaches. A camera port was made in the transdiaphragmatic approach and the instrument port was made of ICS 7 and ICS 9. A pre tied loop ligature was placed to performed a caudal lung lobe biopsy and to simulate biopsies of the others lung lobes. Results Biopsy of the cranial aspect of the right caudal lung lobe was performed at ICS 9. Simulated biopsy of the accessory lung lobe was performed at ICS 9. Simulated lung biopsy of the right cranial and middle lung lobes was performed at ICS 7. The caudal and dorsal aspect of the right caudal lung lobe was not visualized by telescope at transdiaphragmatic approach, and biopsy was not performed. Conclusions Thoracoscopic transdiaphragmatic approach for lung lobes biopsies was a feasible technique, except for the caudal aspect of the right caudal lung lobe. An ideal intercostal port for biopsy of each right lung lobe was determined.


Subject(s)
Animals , Thoracoscopy , Lung/pathology , Rabbits , Biopsy/methods , Feasibility Studies , Intubation, Intratracheal , Lung Diseases/diagnosis
16.
In. Machado Rodríguez, Fernando; Liñares, Norberto; Gorrasi, José; Terra Collares, Eduardo Daniel. Manejo del paciente en la emergencia: patología y cirugía de urgencia para emergencistas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2020. p.223-233, ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1343007
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20180046, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057293

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hepatopulmonary hydatidosis in young children is a rare and atypical presentation of Echinococcus granulosus infection. We report the first case of cystic echinococcosis caused by a microvariant of E. granulosus sensu stricto. Chemotherapy and systemic corticoids were administered before curative surgery was performed. Recurrence was not observed for more than 24 months of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Albendazole/administration & dosage , Echinococcus granulosus/isolation & purification , Echinococcosis, Hepatic/drug therapy , Echinococcosis, Pulmonary/diagnostic imaging , Thoracoscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Echinococcosis, Hepatic/therapy , Echinococcosis, Pulmonary/therapy
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828931

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of inverse ratio ventilation (IRV) combined with positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) in infants undergoing thoracoscopic surgery with single lung ventilation (OLV) for lung cystadenomas.@*METHODS@#A total of 66 infants undergoing thoracoscopic surgery with OLV for lung cystadenomas in our hospital from February, 2018 to February, 2019 were randomized into conventional ventilation groups (group N, =33) and inverse ventilation group (group R, =33). Hemodynamics and respiratory parameters of the infants were recorded and arterial blood gas analysis was performed at 15 min after two lung ventilation (TLV) (T), OLV30 min (T), OLV60 min (T), and 15 min after recovery of TLV (T). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was collected before and after surgery to detect the expression level of advanced glycation end product receptor (RAGE).@*RESULTS@#Sixty-three infants were finally included in this study. At T and T, Cdyn, PaO and OI in group R were significantly higher ( < 0.05) and Ppeak, PaCO and PA-aO were significantly lower than those in group N ( < 0.05). There was no significant difference in HR or MAP between the two groups at T and T ( > 0.05). The level of RAGE significantly increased after the surgery in both groups ( < 0.05), and was significantly lower in R group than in N group ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In infants undergoing thoracoscopic surgery with OLV for pulmonary cystadenoma, appropriate IRV combined with PEEP does not affect hemodynamic stability and can increases pulmonary compliance, reduce the peak pressure, and improve oxygenation to provide pulmonary protection.


Subject(s)
Cystadenoma , Therapeutics , Humans , Infant , Lung , One-Lung Ventilation , Positive-Pressure Respiration , Thoracoscopy
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828512

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of inverse ratio ventilation (IRV) combined with positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) in infants undergoing thoracoscopic surgery with single lung ventilation (OLV) for lung cystadenomas.@*METHODS@#A total of 66 infants undergoing thoracoscopic surgery with OLV for lung cystadenomas in our hospital from February, 2018 to February, 2019 were randomized into conventional ventilation groups (group N, =33) and inverse ventilation group (group R, =33). Hemodynamics and respiratory parameters of the infants were recorded and arterial blood gas analysis was performed at 15 min after two lung ventilation (TLV) (T), OLV30 min (T), OLV60 min (T), and 15 min after recovery of TLV (T). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was collected before and after surgery to detect the expression level of advanced glycation end product receptor (RAGE).@*RESULTS@#Sixty-three infants were finally included in this study. At T and T, Cdyn, PaO and OI in group R were significantly higher ( < 0.05) and Ppeak, PaCO and PA-aO were significantly lower than those in group N ( < 0.05). There was no significant difference in HR or MAP between the two groups at T and T ( > 0.05). The level of RAGE significantly increased after the surgery in both groups ( < 0.05), and was significantly lower in R group than in N group ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In infants undergoing thoracoscopic surgery with OLV for pulmonary cystadenoma, appropriate IRV combined with PEEP does not affect hemodynamic stability and can increases pulmonary compliance, reduce the peak pressure, and improve oxygenation to provide pulmonary protection.


Subject(s)
Cystadenoma , General Surgery , Humans , Infant , Lung , General Surgery , One-Lung Ventilation , Positive-Pressure Respiration , Thoracoscopy , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877712

ABSTRACT

The ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 has presented multiple challenges to global healthcare services, dictating changes in almost every aspect of daily medical practice. Performing aerosol generating procedures (AGPs) in the field of interventional pulmonology can lead to profound formation of aerosols, leading to a high risk of infection among healthcare workers (HCWs). We share our experiences on performing AGPs in the midst of a COVID-19 pandemic by focusing on changes in AGP practices. In a pandemic, HCWs ought to adapt to the ever-changing situation and use available resources to provide the best possible healthcare to patients, ensure safety of staff, and continue medical education of future pulmonologists.


Subject(s)
Aerosols , Bronchoscopy/trends , COVID-19/transmission , COVID-19 Testing , Humans , Infection Control/trends , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Malaysia , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/trends , Tertiary Care Centers , Thoracoscopy/trends
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