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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(3): 439-446, Mayo 8, 2023. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438420

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Debido a la ausencia de modelos predictivos estadísticamente significativos enfocados a las complicaciones postoperatorias en el manejo quirúrgico del neumotórax, desarrollamos un modelo, utilizando redes neurales, que identifica las variables independientes y su importancia para reducir la incidencia de complicaciones. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo en un centro asistencial, donde se incluyeron 106 pacientes que requirieron manejo quirúrgico de neumotórax. Todos fueron operados por el mismo cirujano. Se desarrolló una red neural artificial para manejo de datos con muestras limitadas; se optimizaron los datos y cada algoritmo fue evaluado de forma independiente y mediante validación cruzada, para obtener el menor error posible y la mayor precisión con el menor tiempo de respuesta. Resultados. Las variables de mayor importancia según su peso en el sistema de decisión de la red neural (área bajo la curva 0,991) fueron el abordaje por toracoscopia video asistida (OR 1,131), el uso de pleurodesis con talco (OR 0,994) y el uso de autosuturas (OR 0,792; p<0,05). Discusión. En nuestro estudio, los principales predictores independientes asociados a mayor riesgo de complicaciones fueron el neumotórax de etiología secundaria y el neumotórax recurrente. Adicionalmente, confirmamos que las variables asociadas a reducción de riesgo de complicaciones postoperatorias tuvieron significancia estadística. Conclusión. Identificamos la toracoscopia video asistida, el uso de autosuturas y la pleurodesis con talco como posibles variables asociadas a menor riesgo de complicaciones. Se plantea la posibilidad de desarrollar una herramienta que facilite y apoye la toma de decisiones, por lo cual es necesaria la validación externa en estudios prospectivos


Introduction. Due to the absence of statistically significant predictive models focused on postoperative complications in the surgical management of pneumothorax, we developed a model using neural networks that identify the independent variables and their importance in reducing the incidence of postoperative complications. Methods. A retrospective single-center study was carried out, where 106 patients who required surgical management of pneumothorax were included. All patients were operated by the same surgeon. An artificial neural network was developed to manage data with limited samples. The data is optimized and each algorithm is evaluated independently and through cross-validation to obtain the lowest possible error and the highest precision with the shortest response time. Results. The most important variables according to their weight in the decision system of the neural network (AUC 0.991) were the approach via video-assisted thoracoscopy (OR 1.131), use of pleurodesis with powder talcum (OR 0.994) and use of autosutures (OR 0.792, p<0.05). Discussion. In our study, the main independent predictors associated with a higher risk of complications are pneumothorax of secondary etiology and recurrent pneumothorax. Additionally, we confirm that the variables associated with a reduction in the risk of postoperative complications have statistical significance. Conclusion. We identify video-assisted thoracoscopy, use of autosuture and powder talcum pleurodesis as possible variables associated with a lower risk of complications and raise the possibility of developing a tool that facilitates and supports decision-making, for which external validation in prospective studies is necessary


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumothorax , Artificial Intelligence , Neural Networks, Computer , Postoperative Complications , Talc , Thoracoscopy
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(2): 243-251, 20230303. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417774

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La lobectomía pulmonar es uno de los procedimientos más frecuentes en la cirugía torácica en Colombia y a nivel mundial. El objetivo de este estudio fue proporcionar información sobre el comportamiento clínico de los individuos sometidos a este tipo de cirugías. Métodos. Estudio observacional retrospectivo en un Hospital Universitario de Cali, Colombia, que incluyó todos los pacientes sometidos a lobectomía pulmonar, por causas benignas o malignas, entre los años 2010 y 2020. La información se extrajo del registro institucional de cirugía de tórax, obteniendo datos demográficos, clínicos y patológicos. Resultados. Se evaluaron los registros clínicos de 207 individuos. El 55,5 % eran mujeres, la edad promedio fue 58 años y el 41 % tuvieron antecedente de tabaquismo. En el 51,6 % de los casos se diagnosticaron neoplasias, de las cuales el 47,8 % eran primarias de pulmón, siendo el adenocarcinoma el subtipo más común. Las enfermedades benignas no tumorales representaron el 48,3 % de los casos y la causa más frecuente fueron las infecciones, dentro de las que se incluyeron 17 casos de tuberculosis pulmonar. La técnica más frecuente fue la cirugía toracoscópica video asistida (82,6 %). Presentaron un porcentaje de reintervención del 5,8 %, 10,6 % de complicaciones severas y una mortalidad hospitalaria del 4,3 %. Conclusión. La población evaluada muestra una carga alta de comorbilidades y riesgo operatorio elevado; de forma consecuente, al compararla con otras series internacionales, se encontró un porcentaje mayor de complicaciones perioperatorias y mortalidad.


Introduction. The pulmonary lobectomies is one of the most common procedures in thoracic surgery in Colombia and worldwide. The objective of this study is to provide information on the clinical behavior of individuals who underwent this type of surgeries. Methods. Retrospective observational study at a University Hospital in Cali, Colombia, including all individuals who had pulmonary lobectomies, between the years 2010 to 2020 for benign and malignant causes. The information was extracted from the institutional registry of thoracic surgery, obtaining demographic, clinical and pathological data. Results. The clinical records of 207 individuals were evaluated, 55.5% were women, the average age was 58 years, and 41% had a history of smoking. Of these cases, 51.6% were diagnosed with neoplasms, of which 47.8% were primary lung neoplasms, with adenocarcinoma being the most common subtype. As for benign diseases, they represented 48.3% of the cases and the most frequent cause was infections, including 17 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis. The most frequent technique was video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in 82.6%, with a reoperation rate of 5.8%, up to 10.6% of severe complications, a median hospital stay of 6 days, and a hospital mortality of 4.3%.Conclusion. The population evaluated shows a high burden of comorbidities and high operative risk; consequently, when compared with other international series, it shows a higher percentage of perioperative complications, hospital stay, and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Surgery , Lung Diseases , Postoperative Complications , Thoracoscopy , Mortality , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 48-53, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970172

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the safety and effectiveness of inflatable video-assisted mediastinoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy (IVMTE). Methods: Totally 269 patients admitted to the Anhui Provincial Hospital of Anhui Medical University who underwent IVMTE (IVMTE group, n=47) or thoracoscopy combined with minimally invasive Mckeown esophageal cancer resection (MIME group, n=222) from September 2017 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 31 males and 16 females in IVMTE group, aged (68.6±7.5) years (range: 54 to 87 years). There were 159 males and 63 females in MIME group, aged (66.8±8.8) years (range: 42 to 93 years). A 1∶1 match was performed on both groups by propensity score matching, with 38 cases in each group. The intraoperative conditions and postoperative complication rates of the two groups were compared by t test, Wilcoxon rank, χ2 test, or Fisher exact probability method. Results: Patients in IVMTE group had less intraoperative bleeding ((96.0±39.2) ml vs. (123.8±49.3) ml, t=-2.627, P=0.011), shorter operation time ((239.1±47.3) minutes vs. (264.2±57.2) minutes, t=-2.086, P=0.040), and less drainage 3 days after surgery (85(89) ml vs. 675(573) ml, Z=-7.575, P<0.01) compared with that of MIME group. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of drainage tube-belt time, postoperative hospital stay, and lymph node dissection stations and numbers (all P>0.05). The incidence of Clavien-Dindo grade 1 to 2 pulmonary infection (7.9%(3/38) vs. 31.6%(12/38), χ²=6.728, P=0.009), total complications (21.1%(8/38) vs. 47.4%(18/38), χ²=5.846, P=0.016) and total lung complications (13.2%(5/38) vs. 42.1%(16/38), χ²=7.962, P=0.005) in the IVMTE group were significantly lower. Conclusion: Inflatable video-assisted mediastinoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy combined with laparoscopic esophagectomy is safe and feasible, which can reach the same range of oncology as thoracoscopic surgery.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Esophagectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy , Thoracoscopy , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(6): 833-838, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535621

ABSTRACT

Abstract Idiopathic scoliosis is a three-dimensional spinal deformity with axial rotation and lateral inclination with an angle greater than 10º per the Cobb method. The approach to idiopathic scoliosis can be conservative or surgical, depending on the degree of angulation, musculoskeletal development, and age of the child or adolescent. It also depends on the functional impairment resulting from the condition. This study aimed to analyze the impact of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in idiopathic scoliosis management. This systematic literature review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol, and its PROSPERO registration number is CRD42022351466. Studies queries occurred from August to September 2022 in the bibliographic databases MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. The video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive alternative to thoracotomy with significant evolution in recent years. Its main advantages include lower blood loss during the procedure, shorter hospital stays, and improved post-surgical esthetics. Authors mentioned its disadvantages as greater complexity and technological requirement, longer surgical time, and the need for careful selection of the patients per vertebral deviation degree. The use of analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs was not significantly different between traditional procedures (thoracotomy) and thoracoscopic surgery.


Resumo A escoliose idiopática é caracterizada por um quadro de deformidade tridimensional da coluna vertebral com rotação axial e inclinação lateral com angulação maior que 10º segundo o Método de Cobb. Sua abordagem pode se dar de maneira conservadora ou cirúrgica, a depender do grau de angulação, desenvolvimento osteomuscular e idade da criança ou adolescente acometido, ou ainda, a depender do comprometimento funcional advindo da condição. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o impacto da videotoracoscopia na abordagem da escoliose idiopática. Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática de literatura, construída conforme protocolo Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) e registrada no PROSPERO sob número CRD42022351466. A busca por estudos foi realizada entre agosto de 2022 e setembro do mesmo ano, em bancos de dados bibliográficos incluindo MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library e Web of Science. A técnica é uma alternativa minimamente invasiva à toracotomia que apresentou grande evolução nos últimos anos. Destacam-se como principais vantagens a menor perda sanguínea durante procedimento, menor tempo de internação e melhora da estética pós-cirúrgica. Uma das desvantagens citadas pelos autores é a maior complexidade e exigência tecnológica, maior tempo cirúrgico e necessidade de seleção criteriosa dos pacientes, conforme graus de desvio vertebral. O uso de analgésicos e anti-inflamatórios não teve diferença significativa entre os procedimentos tradicionais (toracotomia) ou videotoracoscopia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scoliosis/surgery , Thoracoscopy , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery
6.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 339-345, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986796

ABSTRACT

Objective: We aimed to explore the feasibility of a single-port thoracoscopy- assisted five-step laparoscopic procedure via transabdominal diaphragmatic(TD) approach(abbreviated as five-step maneuver) for No.111 lymphadenectomy in patients with Siewert type II esophageal gastric junction adenocarcinoma (AEG). Methods: This was a descriptive case series study. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) age 18-80 years; (2) diagnosis of Siewert type II AEG; (3) clinical tumor stage cT2-4aNanyM0; (4) meeting indications of the transthoracic single-port assisted laparoscopic five-step procedure incorporating lower mediastinal lymph node dissection via a TD approach; (5) Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) 0-1; and (6) American Society of Anesthesiologists classification I, II, or III. The exclusion criteria included previous esophageal or gastric surgery, other cancers within the previous 5 years, pregnancy or lactation, and serious medical conditions. We retrospectively collected and analyzed the clinical data of 17 patients (age [mean ± SD], [63.6±11.9] years; and 12 men) who met the inclusion criteria in the Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine from January 2022 to September 2022. No.111 lymphadenectomy was performed using five-step maneuver as follows: superior to the diaphragm, starting caudad to the pericardium, along the direction of the cardio-phrenic angle and ending at the upper part of the cardio-phrenic angle, right to the right pleura and left to the fibrous pericardium , completely exposing the cardio-phrenic angle. The primary outcome includes the numbers of harvested and of positive No.111 lymph nodes. Results: Seventeen patients (3 proximal gastrectomy and 14 total gastrectomy) had undergone the five-step maneuver including lower mediastinal lymphadenectomy without conversion to laparotomy or thoracotomy and all had achieved R0 resection with no perioperative deaths. The total operative time was (268.2±32.9) minutes, and the lower mediastinal lymph node dissection time was (34.0±6.0) minutes. The median estimated blood loss was 50 (20-350) ml. A median of 7 (2-17) mediastinal lymph nodes and 2(0-6) No. 111 lymph nodes were harvested. No. 111 lymph node metastasis was identified in 1 patient. The time to first flatus occurred 3 (2-4) days postoperatively and thoracic drainage was used for 7 (4-15) days. The median postoperative hospital stay was 9 (6-16) days. One patient had a chylous fistula that resolved with conservative treatment. No serious complications occurred in any patient. Conclusion: The single-port thoracoscopy-assisted five-step laparoscopic procedure via a TD approach can facilitate No. 111 lymphadenectomy with few complications.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diaphragm/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Feasibility Studies , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Laparoscopy/methods , Gastrectomy/methods , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Thoracoscopy
7.
Oncología (Guayaquil) ; 32(1): 100-111, 30-04-2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368954

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Cerca del 50 % de los derrames pleurales (DP) es neoplásico. El comportamiento clínico del DP neoplásico es altamente sintomático por el gran volumen y su recidiva temprana. Propósito de la revisión: El objetivo de la revisión es delinear el papel de los diferentes métodos diagnósticos y terapéuticos de DP maligno. Buscamos reportes actualizados en donde se incluye los resultados de mejor supervivencia para los distintos tratamientos actuales. Recientes hallazgos: Los criterios de Light es el método estándar para diferenciar un exudado maligno. La toracocentesis guiada por ultrasonido debe ser usada como método diagnóstico/terapéutico. En pacientes con DP maligno se recomienda el drenaje permanente con el posicionamiento de un tubo de tórax y un sello hidráulico con drenaje cerrado. La pleurodesia con instilación de talco está recomendada en pacientes con DP maligno en busca de disminuir el volumen, las recidivas del DP y el tiempo de hospitalización. Conclusiones: Para el correcto manejo del DP maligno, hay que tomar en cuenta varios aspectos, como identificar la presencia de células malignas mediante estudio citológico y descartar una infección. La ecografía pleural permite definir el volumen del DP y permite decidir drenaje en ese momento, con la posibilidad de inserción de catéter intrapleural, con el objetivo de evaluar la posibilidad de esclerosar las pleuras a través de pleurodesia. Sin embargo, para llegar a esta decisión hay que analizar cada uno de los detalles que podrían tener un papel de importancia para el buen manejo y resolución definitiva o por el contrario decidir el manejo a título paliativo, siempre analizando cada caso con el objetivo de proveer de mejoría de síntomas y mejorar la calidad de vida del paciente.


Introduction: Approximately 50% of pleural effusions (PE) are neoplastic. The clinical behavior of neoplastic PE is highly symptomatic due to its large volume and early recurrence. Purpose of review: This review aims to outline the role of the different diagnostic and therapeutic methods of malignant PE. We look for updated reports that include the best survival results for the other current treatments. Recent findings: Light's criteria are the standard to differentiate a malignant exudate. Ultrasound-guided thoracentesis should be used as a diagnostic/therapeutic method. In patients with malignant PE, permanent drainage is recommended with the placement of a chest tube and a hydraulic seal with closed drainage. Pleurodesis with the installation of talc is recommended in patients with malignant PE to reduce volume, PE recurrences, and hospitalization time. Conclusions: For the correct management of malignant PE, several aspects must be considered, such as identifying the presence of malignant cells by cytological study and ruling out infection. Pleural ultrasound allows for defining the volume of the PE. It will enable deciding on drainage at that time, with the possibility of inserting an intrapleural catheter, to evaluate the likelihood of sclerosing the pleurae through pleurodesis. However, to reach this decision, it is necessary to analyze each of the details that could play an essential role in good management and definitive resolution or, on the contrary, decide on palliative management, constantly investigating each case to provide symptom improvement. In addition, improving the patient's quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pleural Effusion , Talc , Pleural Effusion, Malignant , Thoracentesis , Pleural Diseases , Thoracoscopy , Pleurodesis , Pleural Cavity , Exudates and Transudates
8.
Rev. venez. cir ; 75(1): 41-44, ene. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1391613

ABSTRACT

El hiperparatiroidismo primario es el tercer trastorno endocrino más común, alrededor del 85% de los casos se debe a adenomas paratiroideos. El tratamiento definitivo es la paratiroidectomía, siendo la causa más común de fracaso la resección inadecuada y la localización de tejido ectópico, representando un desafío para el cirujano. En el presente trabajo se presenta el caso de un paciente con diagnóstico de adenoma paratiroideo mediastínico gigante, siendo este el de mayor longitud descrito en la literatura en los últimos 10 años. Caso clínico: Paciente masculino de 70 años de edad quien consulta por presentar convulsiones, polidipsia y poliuria. Se determinan niveles elevados de PTH, hipercalcemia e hipofosfatemia. Estudios de imagen describen lesión alargada localizada en espacio paratraqueal derecho extendiéndose hasta el polo inferior de lóbulo tiroideo derecho. Se decide resolución quirúrgica, mediante la realización de cervicotomía y toracoscopia con evolución satisfactoria del paciente. Conclusión: Los adenomas paratiroideos ectópicos constituyen una causa común de falla quirúrgica e hiperparatiroidismo persistente, su sospecha es de gran importancia. El tratamiento definitivo es la cirugía. La localización preoperatoria por pruebas de imagen es fundamental para seleccionar correctamente la técnica quirúrgica y garantizar el éxito de la cirugía. El abordaje cervical y toracoscópico es una alternativa segura y eficaz(AU)


Primary hyperparathyroidism is the third most common endocrine disorder, about 85% of cases are due to parathyroid adenomas. The definitive treatment is parathyroidectomy, being the most frequent cause of failure the inadequate resection and the location of ectopic tissue. The ectopic parathyroid adenomas represent a challenge for the surgeon. In this paper a case of a patient diagnosed with giant mediastinal parathyroid adenoma is presented, and is the largest reported in the literature in the last 10 years. Clinical case: 70-year-old male patient presented with seizures, polydipsia and polyuria, reason for which he consults. Elevated PTH levels, hypercalcemia, and hypophosphatemia are determined. Imaging studies report an elongated lesion located in the right paratracheal space that extends to the lower pole of the right thyroid lobe. Surgical resolution was decided, by performing cervicotomy and thoracoscopy with satisfactory recovery of the patient. Conclusion: Ectopic parathyroid adenomas are a common cause of surgical failure and persistent hyperparathyroidism; their suspicion is of great importance. The definitive treatment is surgery. Preoperative localization through imaging tests is essential to correctly select the surgical technique and guarantee the success of the surgery, the cervical and thoracoscopic approach is a safe and effective alternative(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Thyroid Gland , Adenoma , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/physiopathology , Parathyroid Neoplasms , Thoracoscopy , Parathyroidectomy
11.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 37(3): 197-202, sept. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388155

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Para facilitar la localización intraoperatoria de los nódulos pulmonares existe la alternativa de marcarlos previamente con lipiodol. OBJETIVO: Describir los resultados quirúrgicos de los pacientes sometidos a resección por videotoracoscopía de nódulos pulmonares marcados previamente con lipiodol. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo. Se incluyeron los pacientes que fueron sometidos a resección por videotoracoscopía de nódulos pulmonares marcados con lipiodol, en Clínica Las Condes e Instituto Nacional del Tórax, entre junio de 2012 y junio de 2019. Se consideraron variables demográficas, radiológicas, quirúrgicas e histológicas. RESULTADOS: Se estudió un total de 93 pacientes. La edad promedio fue 63,5 (± 11,9) años. El tamaño promedio de los nódulos fue de 10,7 (± 5,8) mm. Se identificó y extrajo el 100% de los nódulos marcados. Los días de hospitalización promedio fueron 4,7 (± 6,9). Solo se registró un fallecimiento de causa no quirúrgica. CONCLUSIONES: La resección videotoracoscópica de nódulos pulmonares marcados previamente con lipiodol, es una técnica segura y eficaz.


BACKGROUND: To facilitate the intraoperative location of lung nodules there is the alternative of pre-marking them with lipiodol. OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical results of patients undergoing videotoracoscopy resection of pulmonary nodules previously marked with lipiodol. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive study. Patients who underwent videotorcoscopy resection of pulmonary nodules marked with lipiodol were included at Clínica Las Condes and Instituto Nacional del Tórax between June 2012 and June 2019. Demographic, radiological, surgical and histological variables were considered. RESULTS: A total of 93 patients were studied. The average age was 63,5 (± 11.9) years. The average size of the nodules was 10.7 (± 5.8) mm. 100% of the marked nodules were identified and extracted. The average hospitalization days were 4.7 (± 6.9). Only one death of non-surgical cause was recorded. CONCLUSIONS: Videotoracoscopic resection of pulmonary nodules previously marked with lipiodol is a safe and effective technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Ethiodized Oil , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/surgery , Thoracoscopy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Contrast Media , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/pathology , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/diagnostic imaging
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(4): 550-556, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347152

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In high-volume trauma centers, especially in developing countries, penetrating cardiac box injuries are frequent. Although many aspects of penetrating chest injuries have been well established, video-assisted thoracoscopy is still finding its place in cardiac box trauma and algorithmic approaches are still lacking. The purpose of this manuscript is to provide a streamlined recommendation for penetrating cardiac box injury in stable patients. Methods: Literature review was carried out using PubMed/MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases to identify articles describing the characteristics and concepts of penetrating cardiac box trauma, including the characteristics of tamponade, cardiac ultrasound, indications and techniques of pericardial windows and, especially, the role of video-assisted thoracoscopy in stable patients. Results: Penetrating cardiac box injuries, whether by stab or gunshot wounds, require rapid surgical consultation. Unstable patients require immediate open surgery, however, determining which stable patients should be taken to thoracoscopic surgery is still controversial. Here, the classification of penetrating cardiac box injury used in Colombia is detailed, as well as the algorithmic approach to these types of trauma. Conclusion: Although open surgery is mandatory in unstable patients with penetrating cardiac box injuries, a more conservative and minimally invasive approach may be undertaken in stable patients. As rapid decision-making is critical in the trauma bay, surgeons working in high-volume trauma centers should expose themselves to thoracoscopy and always consider this possibility in the setting of penetrating cardiac box injuries in stable patients, always in the context of an experienced trauma team.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot , Wounds, Penetrating , Heart Injuries/surgery , Heart Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Thoracoscopy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
13.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 31-36, mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287238

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome del opérculo torácico se refiere a una serie de signos y síntomas que se producen por la compresión del paquete vásculo-nervioso en la unión costo-clavicular. El síndrome de Paget-Schroetter (SPS) se define como la trombosis primaria, espontánea o de esfuerzo de la vena subclavia. Las vías de abordaje quirúrgicas tradicionales utilizadas para descomprimir el opérculo torácico son la trans axilar y las claviculares (supra e infra). El objetivo del estudio fue describir nuestra experiencia en la resección de la primera costilla por videotoracoscopía (VATS). Este es un estudio descriptivo observacional utilizando una base de datos prospectiva con análisis retrospectivo desde enero de 2017 a marzo de 2020. Se incluyeron 9 pacientes con diagnóstico de SPS en los que se resecó la primera costilla por VATS. En un paciente el procedimiento fue bilateral por presentar trombosis espontánea en ambas venas subclavias. De los 9, 6 eran mujeres. La edad media fue de 30.7 ± 10.7 años. La estadía hospitalaria media fue de 3.1 ± 0.5 días. Uno fue re-operado por hemotórax. No se detectaron recurrencias en el seguimiento a mediano-largo plazo. La resección de la primera costilla por VATS es un procedimiento seguro y factible. La misma, a diferencia de los abordajes tradicionales, puede ser resecada bajo visión directa de todos los elementos del opérculo torácico. Sin embargo, esta técnica requiere un manejo avanzado en cirugía toracoscópica.


Abstract Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) refers to a number of signs and symptoms that arise from compression of the neurovascular bundle at the costoclavicular junction. Paget-Schroetter syndrome is defined as the primary, spontaneous or effort thrombosis of the subclavian vein. The supraclavicular and trans-axillary approaches are currently the most commonly used for first rib resection. The aim of this article was to describe our experience in a minimally invasive approach (VATS) of first rib resection for primary venous thoracic outlet and the associated outcomes. This is a descriptive observational study using a retrospective analysis of a prospective database from January 2017 to March 2020. Nine patients underwent video thoracoscopic first rib resection due to PagetSchroetter syndrome (one bilateral procedure). Ten thoracoscopic first rib resections were performed. There were 6 female and 3 male patients, with a mean age of 30.7 ± 10.7 years. The mean length of hospital stay was 3.1 ± 0.5 days. No complications were recorded intraoperatively. One patient had to be re-operated because of hemothorax. There were no recurrences in a follow-up of at least 12 months. VATS resection of the first rib is a safe and feasible procedure and can be performed under direct vision of thoracic outlet elements. However, the technique requires experience with thoracoscopic surgery. The outcomes associated with our technique are comparable with the outcomes related to other current standards of care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis/surgery , Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Ribs/surgery , Ribs/diagnostic imaging , Thoracoscopy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Rev. chil. anest ; 50(5): 704-708, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532904

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive esophagectomy aims to reduce complications compared to open esophagectomy. In this report of the first patient undergoing this procedure at Hospital Pasteur, we highlight the importance of multidisciplinary management, and the main anesthesiological objectives. OBJECTIVE: To present the case report highlighting the anesthetic management, together with the bibliographic review carried out in order to update the anesthetic action protocols, with the main objective of reducing the appearance of perioperative complications. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Bibliographic search in PubMed bibliographic databases. Initially, 67 articles were obtained, selecting 20 considered relevant by the authors. CLINICAL CASE: It was a 46-year-old patient coordinated for esophagectomy for squamous neoplasm. Rapid sequence induction, selective endobronchial intubation and anesthetic maintenance with Isoflurane and epidural analgesia were performed. The hydroelectric replacement was restricti- ve. The surgical technique was performed in 3 stages: thoracic time by thoracoscopy; a second laparoscopic abdominal stage and a third stage for left cervicotomy. Extubation was carried out in the operating room with transfer to the ICU where she remained for 6 days to manage analgesia and due to the presence of a mild infectious complication, with good subsequent evolution. CONCLUSION: The use of perioperative multidisciplinary management protocols has fundamental importance as a strategy aimed at reducing morbidity and mortality. Advances in surgical technique added to anesthetic management constitute strategies that aim to reduce perioperative complications.


INTRODUCCIÓN: La esofagectomía minimamente invasiva tiene como objetivo disminuir las complicaciones en comparación con la esofagectomía abierta. En este reporte del primer paciente sometido a este procedimiento en el Hospital Pasteur destacamos la importancia del manejo multidisciplinario, y los principales objetivos anestesiológicos. OBJETIVO: Presentar el reporte de caso destacando el manejo anestésico, junto con la revisión bibliográfica realizada en vistas a la actualización de protocolos de actuación anestésica, con objetivo principal de disminuir la aparición de complicaciones perioperatorias. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: Búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases bibliográficas PubMed. Inicialmente se obtuvieron 67 artículos, seleccionando 20 considerados relevantes por los autores. CASO CLÍNICO: Se trató de una paciente de 46 años coordinada para esofagectomía por neoplasma epidermoide. Se realizó inducción en secuencia rápida, intubación endobronquial selectiva y mantenimiento anestésico con Isofluorano y analgesia peridural. La reposición hidroelectrolítica fue restrictiva. La técnica quirúrgica se realizó en 3 tiempos: tiempo torácico por toracoscopía; un segundo tiempo abdominal laparoscópico y un tercer tiempo para cervicotomía izquierda. La extubación se realizó en sala de operaciones con traslado a CTI donde permaneció por 6 días para manejo de la analgesia y por presencia de complicación infecciosa leve, con buena evolución posterior. CONCLUSIÓN: Resulta de fundamental importancia el uso de protocolos de manejo multidisciplinario perioperatorio como estrategia destinada a disminuir la morbimortalidad. Los avances en cuanto a la técnica quirúrgica sumado al manejo anestésico constituyen estrategias que apuntan a disminuir las complicaciones perioperatorias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Esophagectomy/methods , Anesthesia/methods , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Thoracoscopy , Analgesia, Epidural , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , One-Lung Ventilation , Fluid Therapy
15.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cuello (En línea) ; 49(3): 230-236, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1292719

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las infecciones odontogénicas afectan al 80 %-90 % de la población y pueden dar lugar a complicaciones potencialmente mortales como la mediastinitis necrotizante descendente, una infección polimicrobiana aguda en el mediastino con una tasa de mortalidad entre el 11 % y 40 %. Su detección precoz y el tratamiento adecuado con manejo antibiótico y drenaje quirúrgico a cargo de un equipo multidisciplinario representan factores influyentes en el pronóstico de la enfermedad. Objetivo: en este artículo presentamos un caso de mediastinitis necrotizante descendente en un paciente masculino de 34 años, que se originó por una infección odontogénica que requirió un procedimiento dental. El paciente fue hospitalizado por el empeoramiento del estado clínico a pesar de la profilaxis antibiótica. La tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) confirmó la extensión de la infección al mediastino, y el paciente fue tratado con éxito con antibioterapia intravenosa y múltiples drenajes quirúrgicos intraorales, cervicotomía y toracoscopia. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una búsqueda en bases de datos globales y se seleccionaron los artículos por los siguientes términos MeSH y DeCS: "mediastinitis necrotizante descendente", "angina de Ludwig", "absceso", "toracoscopia" y sus respectivos en inglés, priorizando los referentes a la mediastinitis necrotizante descendente de origen odontogénico. Conclusiones: en la mediastinitis necrotizante descendente, la combinación de diagnóstico precoz, tratamiento antibiótico de amplio espectro, mantenimiento de la vía aérea y drenaje quirúrgico amplio y a cargo de un equipo multidisciplinario mejora de manera importante el pronóstico de la enfermedad.


Introduction: Odontogenic infections affect 80%-90% of the population and can lead to life-threatening complications such as descending necrotizing mediastinitis. Is an acute polymicrobial infection in the mediastinum with a mortality rate of 11%-40%. Its early detection and adequate treatment with antibiotic management and surgical drainage by a multidisciplinary team represent influential factors in the prognosis of the disease. Objective: In this article, we present a case of descending necrotizing mediastinitis in a 34-year-old male patient that originated from an odontogenic infection that required a dental procedure. The patient was hospitalized for worsening clinical status despite antibiotic prophylaxis. Computed axial tomography confirmed the extension of the infection to the mediastinum and the patient was successfully treated with intravenous antibiotherapy and multiple intraoral, cervicotomy, and thoracoscopic surgical drains. Materials and methods: A search was made in global databases, articles were selected by the following MeSH and DeCS terms: "descending necrotizing mediastinitis", "Ludwig's angina", "abscess", "thoracoscopy", and their respective English terms, prioritizing those referring to descending necrotizing mediastinitis of odontogenic origin. Conclusions: In descending necrotizing mediastinitis, the combination of early diagnosis, broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment, airway maintenance, and extensive surgical drainage by a multidisciplinary team significantly improves the prognosis of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mediastinitis , Thoracoscopy , Abscess , Ludwig's Angina
17.
Rev. guatemalteca cir ; 27(1): 24-28, 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1371869

ABSTRACT

La reparación por toracoscopia de la atresia del esófago se ha constituido paulatinamente en la mejor alternativa terapéutica de los pacientes con esta entidad. Se analizaron 21 pacientes con diagnóstico de atresia esofágica operados por toracoscopia de Noviembre del 2017 a Agosto del 2020. La edad en que se efectuó la cirugía fue de 1 a 15 días de vida, promedio de 4.5. El procedimiento efectuado fue: sección y ligadura de la fistula con anastomosis termino terminal. El tiempo de cirugía fue de 90 a 240 minutos con una media de 158.5 minutos. Las complicaciones postoperatorias fueron: 02 pacientes dehiscencia parcial de la anastomosis, 05 pacientes estrechez de la anastomosis y 01 paciente divertículo traqueal. Hubo 03 pacientes que fallecieron. La reparación toracoscópica de la atresia de esófago es una opción terapéutica eficiente, con una tasa de complicaciones aceptable y una menor mortalidad. (AU)


Thoracoscopic repair of esophageal atresia has gradually become the best therapeutic alternative for patients with this entity. 21 patients with a diagnosis of esophageal atresia operated by thoracoscopy from November 2017 to August 2020 were analyzed. The age at which the surgery was performed was 1 to 15 days old, average 4.5. The procedure was: section and ligation of the fistula with end-to-end anastomosis. The surgery time was 90 to 240 minutes with a mean of 158.5 minutes. Postoperative complications were: 02 patients partial dehiscence of the anastomosis, 05 patients narrowing the anastomosis and 01 patient tracheal diverticulum. There were 03 patients who died. Thoracoscopic repair of esophageal atresia is an efficient therapeutic option, with an acceptable complication rate and lower mortality. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Thoracoscopy/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Rev. guatemalteca cir ; 27(1): 87-90, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1373035

ABSTRACT

En las dos últimas décadas la evolución de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva del tórax ha transmutado de un abordaje de tres puertos, siguiendo dos puertos hasta llegar a puerto único, conocido también como VATS Uniportal, procurando un confort mucho mejor para el paciente y resultados quirúrgicos similares. Objetivos. Presentar la técnica quirúrgica de VATS Uniportal en un hospital nacional, efectuadas por un experto internacional en este campo. Pacientes y Métodos. Se presentan dos casos clínicos quirúrgicos: El de una paciente con Miastenia Gravis a quien se le realizó timectomía por abordaje sub-xifoideo y otra paciente, a quien se le completó una lobectomía inferior derecha por hallazgos de patología posterior a la resección de un nódulo pulmonar solitario, reportado como cáncer primario de pulmón. Conclusiones. La técnica de cirugía mínimamente invasiva, VATS Uniportal, ofrece grandes beneficios para el paciente, tanto estéticos como funcionales y su aprendizaje es posible con la transmisión de conocimientos y experiencias directa con la presencia del experto o indirectas a través de la información publicada. (AU)


In the last two decades, the evolution of minimally invasive chest surgery has transmuted from a three-port approach, following two ports until reaching a single port, also known as VATS Uniportal, seeking much better comfort for the patient and similar surgical results. Objective. Present the VATS Uniportal surgical technique in a national hospital, performed by an international expert in this field. Patients and Methods. Two surgical clinical cases are presented: that of a patient with Myasthenia Gravis who underwent thymectomy through the sub-xiphoid approach and another patient, who underwent a right lower lobectomy due to findings of pathology after the resection of a pulmonary nodule. solitary, reported as primary lung cancer. Conclusions. The minimally invasive surgery technique, VATS Uniportal, offers great benefits for the patient, both aesthetic and functional and its learning is possible with the transmission of knowledge and experiences directly with the presence of the expert or indirectly through published information. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Thymectomy/methods , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Pneumonectomy/methods , Thoracoscopy/instrumentation , Myasthenia Gravis/complications
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 999-1002, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143991

ABSTRACT

Abstract Minimally invasive surgical ablation is generally contraindicated in patients with atrial fibrillation and thrombosis of the left atrial appendage. We have treated three of these patients using an innovative technique based on a bilateral video-thoracoscopic approach, performing a continuous encircling lesion at the pulmonary veins outflow with radio-frequency ablation, simultaneously excluding the left atrial appendage. The postoperative course was uneventful, without neurologic events and all patients maintained a stable sinus rhythm at 1-year follow-up. This procedure represents a new mini-invasive method to treat persistent atrial fibrillation when partial thrombosis of the left atrial appendage contraindicates other ablation techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Thrombosis/etiology , Catheter Ablation , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Atrial Appendage/diagnostic imaging , Thoracoscopy , Treatment Outcome
20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 841-843, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS | ID: biblio-1137322

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cardiac rhythm disorders are common in many patients with cancer. The management of synchronous long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation and pulmonary lesions remains a serious surgical dilemma due to the lack of clinical data and surgical guidelines. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first described case of simultaneous thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy and left atrial posterior wall and pulmonary vein isolation combined with left atrial appendage resection in a patient with early-stage primary lung cancer and long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Catheter Ablation/methods , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/surgery , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/complications , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonectomy/methods , Pulmonary Veins/surgery , Thoracoscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Heart Atria/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
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