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1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223146, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365389

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: the study aims to analyze the performance and outcome of resuscitation thoracotomy (TR) performed in patients victims of penetrating and blunt trauma in a trauma center in southern Brazil during a 7 years period. Methods: retrospective study based on the analysis of medical records of patients undergoing TR, from 2014 to 2020, in the emergency service of the Hospital do Trabalhador, Curitiba - Paraná, Brazil. Results: a total of 46 TR were performed during the study period, of which 89.1% were male. The mean age of patients undergoing TR was 34.1±12.94 years (range 16 and 69 years). Penetrating trauma corresponded to the majority of indications with 80.4%, of these 86.5% victims of gunshot wounds and 13.5% victims of knife wounds. On the other hand, only 19.6% undergoing TR were victims of blunt trauma. Regarding the outcome variables, 84.78% of the patients had declared deaths during the procedure, considered non-responders. 15.22% of patients survived after the procedure. 4.35% of patients undergoing TR were discharged from the hospital, 50% of which were victims of blunt trauma. Conclusion: the data obtained in our study are in accordance with the world literature, reinforcing the need for a continuous effort to perform TR, respecting its indications and limitations in patients victims of severe penetrating or blunt trauma.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o desempenho e o desfecho das toracotomias de reanimação (TR) realizadas nos pacientes vítimas de trauma penetrante e contuso em um hospital de referência em trauma no Sul do Brasil durante um período de sete anos. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo baseado na análise de prontuários de pacientes submetidos a TR, no período de 2014 a 2020, no serviço de emergência do Hospital do Trabalhador, Curitiba - Paraná, Brasil. Resultados: um total de 46 TR foram realizadas durante o período de estudo, dos quais 89.1% eram do sexo masculino. A média de idade dos pacientes submetidos a TR foi de 34.1±12.94 anos (variação de 16 e 69 anos). O trauma penetrante correspondeu pela maioria das indicações de TR com 80.4%, destas 86.5% vítimas de ferimentos por arma de fogo e 13.5% vítimas de ferimento por arma branca. Por outro lado, apenas 19.6% submetidos a TR foram vítimas de trauma contuso. No que se refere as variáveis de desfecho, 84.78% dos pacientes tiveram óbitos declarados durante o procedimento, considerados não respondedores. 15.22% dos pacientes apresentaram sobrevida após o procedimento. 4.35% dos pacientes submetidos à TR tiveram alta hospitalar, sendo 50% pacientes vítimas de trauma contuso. Conclusão: os dados obtidos em nosso estudo estão em conformidade com a literatura mundial, reforçando a necessidade de um esforço contínuo para realização da TR respeitando suas indicações e limitações em pacientes vítimas de trauma grave penetrante ou contuso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Wounds, Gunshot , Thoracotomy , Trauma Centers , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged
2.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e1070, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347395

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El secuestro pulmonar está representado por masas de tejido pulmonar displásico, no funcionante, sin comunicación con el árbol bronquial. Objetivo: Presentar tres casos de secuestro pulmonar intralobar tratados por el autor. Caso clínico: Se presentan tres pacientes tratados entre 2013 y 2018 con diagnóstico de secuestro pulmonar. Dos fueron del sexo masculino (44 y 60 años de edad) y una del femenino (20 años de edad). Los síntomas fueron dolor torácico (1) y cuadro de infección pulmonar grave (2). En dos enfermos el secuestro se localizó en el lóbulo inferior derecho y en uno en el inferior izquierdo. Las operaciones fueron lobectomías inferiores derecha (1) e izquierda (1) y bilobectomía inferior y media derechas por afectación del lóbulo medio. Dos tuvieron una evolución satisfactoria y uno presentó un empiema pleural que resolvió con tratamiento antibiótico. Conclusiones: Los secuestros pulmonares son raros y los síntomas suelen asociarse con infección pulmonar. En la mayoría de los casos es necesario realizar una lobectomía. La evolución postoperatoria suele ser buena(AU)


Introduction: Pulmonary sequestration is characterized by masses of dysplastic, nonfunctioning lung tissue, without any communication with the bronchial tree. Objective: To present three cases of intralobar pulmonary sequestration treated by the author. Clinical case: The respective cases are presented of three patients with a diagnosis of pulmonary sequestration treated between 2013 and 2018. Two were male (44 and 60 years old, respectively) and one was female (20 years old). Their symptoms were chest pain (1) and severe lung infection (2). In two patients, the sequestration was located in the lower right lobe, while, in one, it was in the lower left lobe. The operations were right (1) and left (1) lower lobectomies and right lower and middle bilobectomy due to middle lobe involvement. Two had a satisfactory evolution, while one presented a pleural empyema healed with antibiotic treatment. Conclusions: Pulmonary sequestration is rare and their symptoms are usually associated with pulmonary infection. In most cases, a lobectomy is necessary. The postoperative evolution is usually good(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pneumonectomy/methods , Chest Pain/etiology , Thoracotomy/methods , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration/diagnosis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(3): e3235, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280437

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La cirugía torácica videoasistida por un solo puerto (Uniportal VATS) se ha convertido hoy en uno de los abordajes más utilizados para resecciones pulmonares en muchos centros de cirugía torácica del mundo, en Cuba su introducción es bastante reciente y todavía se encuentra en fase inicial. Objetivo: Comparar los resultados obtenidos por cirugía torácica abierta y Uniportal VATS en pacientes intervenidos en el Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología de La Habana (INOR) durante enero de 2016 a abril de 2017. Material y Métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo de corte longitudinal retrospectivo con 60 pacientes atendidos en el INOR durante enero de 2016 a abril de 2017 a los cuales se les realizó cirugía torácica. Resultados: Veinticuatro pacientes fueron operados por Uniportal VATS y 36 a través de la toracotomía, primaron las lesiones del lado derecho, el procedimiento más realizado fue lobectomía. Los estadíos predominantes fueron IA y IB, la mayoría de los procedimientos fue realizada en tres horas o menos, 8 casos se convirtieron, 13 sufrieron complicaciones. La estadía media de los pacientes tratados con Uniportal VATS fue menor que los que recibieron la toracotomía abierta. Conclusiones: El abordaje Uniportal se caracterizó por ser seguro, tener una gran versatilidad, pocas complicaciones y por mejorar la recuperación postquirúrgica del paciente y acelerar su reincorporación a las actividades de la vida cotidiana(AU)


Introduction: Single-port Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery (Uniportal VATS) has currently become one of the most commonly used approaches for lung resections in many Thoracic Surgery Centers around the world. In Cuba, its introduction is quite recent and it is still in its initial phase. Objective: To compare the results obtained by open thoracic surgery and Uniportal VATS in patients who underwent surgery in the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology of Havana (INOR) from January 2016 to April 2017. Material and Methods: An observational descriptive longitudinal retrospective study was conducted in 60 patients who underwent Thoracic Surgery in the INOR during 2016 - April 2017. Results: A total of 24 patients were operated through Uniportal VATS and 36 underwent thoracotomy. The lesions predominantly affected the right side and lobectomy was the most performed surgical procedure. Stages IA and IB predominated. Most of the procedures were carried out in 3 hours or less, 8 cases were converted and 13 suffered from complications. The average postoperative length of stay in hospital for patients who underwent Uniportal VATS was reduced compared to those who underwent open thoracotomy. Conclusions: Uniportal VATS is characterized by being a safe procedure with few complications and great versatility. It improves postoperative recovery of patients and accelerates their return to daily life activities(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Thoracic Surgery , Thoracotomy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
4.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 467-469, jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346487

ABSTRACT

Abstract Diaphragmatic hernia during pregnancy or puerperium are rare entities that, in the event of a complication, represent a life-threatening emergency for both mother and the unborn child. Resolution in many cases requires a combined access through the thoracic and abdominal cavity to manage the complica tions of necrosis and/or perforation of an abdominal viscera. To treat the thoracic cavity, thoracotomy is the most described approach. Even more, the minimally invasive access by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is not widely referenced in the literature despite its clear benefits of this technique in the recovery of patients, even in emergencies. We present the case of a postpartum right diaphragmatic hernia, complicated by necrosis of the colonic wall, treated by combined VATS approach and laparotomy in the emergency.


Resumen Las hernias diafragmáticas durante el embarazo o puerperio son entidades raras que, en caso de complicación, representan una emergencia potencialmente mortal tanto para la madre como para el feto. La resolución en muchos casos requiere un acceso combinado a través de la cavidad torácica y abdominal para manejar las complicaciones de la necrosis o perforación de las vísceras abdominales. Para tratar la cavidad torácica, la toracotomía es la vía más descrita. Más aún, el acceso mínimamente invasivo mediante cirugía torácica video-asistida (VATS) no está ampliamente referenciado en la literatura a pesar de los claros beneficios de esta técnica en la recuperación de los pacientes, incluso en emergencias. Presentamos el caso de una hernia diafragmática derecha posparto, complicada por necrosis de la pared colónica, tratada combinado VATS y laparotomía en la urgencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Hernia, Diaphragmatic/surgery , Thoracotomy , Postpartum Period , Emergencies
5.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(1): 77-82, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178631

ABSTRACT

El empiema es una colección de líquido purulento en el espacio pleural. La causa más común es la neumonía. Las opciones de tratamiento incluyen toracocentesis terapéutica, colocación de catéter de drenaje, terapia fibrinolítica, pleurodesis y cirugía, como la decorticación pleural. El drenaje pleural es eficaz en la etapa I y la cirugía está reservada para casos complicados (estadios II y III). En estos casos, es necesaria la decorticación pulmonar. Actualmente, el enfoque más favorecido para la decorticación es mediante una toracotomía abierta. Este es un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal, retrospectivo, con un muestreo no probabilístico de casos consecutivos que tuvo como población accesible a pacientes con el diagnostico de empiema en quienes se realizó una decorticación pleural en el Hospital de Clínicas por el Departamento de Cirugía de Tórax durante el periodo de marzo 2016 a febrero 2019. Un total de 24 pacientes con el diagnóstico de empiema fueron sometidos a una decorticación pleural. La etiología de empiema más frecuente (75%) fue el derrame paraneumónico. Las complicaciones post quirúrgicas estuvieron presentes en 9 (37,5%) pacientes, de estos, 4 (17%) presentaron fuga aérea durante los primeros días postoperatorios. Se constató la resolución completa del cuadro en 21 (87,5%) pacientes y 3 (12,5%) pacientes presentaron colección residual pleural. Se constató recurrencia en 1 (4%) paciente, requiriendo un re intervención quirúrgica. En conclusión, la casuística de nuestro departamento de tórax coincide en cuanto a valores internacionales de complicaciones, resolución y mortalidad.


Empyema is a collection of purulent fluid in the pleural space. The most common cause is pneumonia. Treatment options include therapeutic thoracentesis, drainage catheter placement, fibrinolytic therapy, pleurodesis, and surgery, such as pleural decortication. Pleural drainage is effective in stage I and surgery is reserved for complicated cases (stages II and III). In these cases, pulmonary decortication is necessary. Currently, the most favored approach to decortication is by open thoracotomy. This is an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective study, with a non-probabilistic sampling of consecutive cases that had as the accessible population, patients with the diagnosis of empyema in whom pleural decortication was performed at the Clinica´s Hospital of San Lorenzo, by the Department of Thoracic Surgery during the period from March 2016 to February 2019. A total of 24 patients with the diagnosis of empyema underwent pleural decortication. The most frequent aetiology of empyema (75%) was parapneumonic effusion. Post-surgical complications were present in 9 (37.5%) patients, of these, 4 (17%) presented air leakage during the first postoperative days. Complete resolution of the condition was verified in 21 (87.5%) patients and 3 (12.5%) patients presented residual pleural collection. Recurrence was found in 1 (4%) patient, requiring reoperation. In conclusion, the casuistry of our thoracic department coincides in terms of international values of complications, resolution and mortality.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia , Thoracic Surgery , Thoracotomy , Drainage , Pleurodesis , Thoracentesis , General Surgery , Thorax , Thrombolytic Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Catheters
6.
CorSalud ; 13(1): 59-67, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345921

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN A lo largo de la historia de la cirugía numerosas inexactitudes han rodeado el capítulo relacionado con el surgimiento de las incisiones torácicas. Siempre será muy difícil precisar la fecha exacta y el nombre de quienes realmente realizaron las primeras toracotomías; obviamente debe asumirse como tales a quienes publicaron o informaron las descripciones originales, pero la historia no siempre ha sido correctamente contada. En unos casos solo se conocen apellidos; en otros, la incongruencia de los lapsos de tiempo se opone a toda lógica. Se ha realizado una profunda investigación histórica que ha permitido confeccionar un breve recuento del surgimiento de las toracotomías más importantes y descubrir algunos hallazgos desconocidos para la mayoría de los cirujanos torácicos. Esta es la primera parte de un breve relato de hechos conocidos, pero especialmente, de la historia desconocida del origen de las incisiones torácicas que han vencido la prueba del tiempo.


ABSTRACT Throughout the history of surgery many inaccuracies have surrounded the chapter related to the emergence of thoracic incisions. It will always be very difficult to determine the exact date and names of those who actually performed the first thoracotomies; obviously those who published or reported the first descriptions should be assumed as such, but the history has not always been well told. In some cases, only surnames are known; in some others, the inconsistency of time lapses opposes all logic. A thorough historical research has been carried out, which has made it possible to compile a brief account about the emergence of the most important thoracotomies, as well as to reveal some findings that are unknown to most thoracic surgeons. This is the first part of a brief account about the known facts, but also, it is especially about the unknown history of the thoracic incisions' origin, which has overcome the test of time.


Subject(s)
Pericardium , Pleural Effusion , Thoracotomy , Abscess , History of Medicine , Lung
7.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 275-282, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223978

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El avance de la cirugía torácica abierta a cirugía torácica asistida por vídeo por tres puertos, y sus posteriores efectos en la recuperación de los pacientes, conllevó al desarrollo de la técnica por un solo puerto, que ha mostrado beneficios en el postoperatorio.El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los resultados postquirúrgicos de los pacientes sometidos a pleurectomía parietal y decorticación pulmonar toracoscópica asistida por video monopuerto y los obtenidos por toracotomía convencional, en una clínica de cuarto nivel, entre 2016 y 2019. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo, en el que se incluyeron 79 pacientes llevados a pleurectomía parietal y decorticación pulmonar por toracoscopia asistida por vídeo monopuerto y 25 pacientes operados por toracotomía convencional. Se evaluaron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y postoperatorias. Se utilizaron las pruebas de Chi2 o de Fisher y las pruebas t de Student y Mann Whitney. Resultados. La mediana de edad fue menor en el grupo de pacientes operados por toracotomía convencional (28 años, RIC: 26­48, p=0,0005). No hubo diferencia en los tiempos quirúrgicos. Se encontró menor intensidad del dolor y disminución en los días con tubo de tórax, uso de antibióticos, días de UCI y días de estancia hospitalaria en el grupo de pacientes operados por toracoscopia asistida por vídeo monopuerto (p<0,05). Discusión. Este estudio refuerza la tendencia de mejores resultados postquirúrgicos, menos días de uso del tubo de tórax, uso de antibióticos, necesidad de UCI y días de estancia hospitalaria general con la técnica asistida por vídeo monopuerto comparado con la toracotomía abierta convencional


Introduction. The advancement from open to video-assisted thoracic surgery through three ports, and its sub-sequent effects on the recovery of patients, led to the development of the single port technique, which has shown benefits in the postoperative period. The objective of this study was to compare the postsurgical results of patients undergoing parietal pleurectomy and video-assisted single-port thoracoscopic pulmonary decortication to those obtained by conventional thoracotomy, in a fourth level clinic, between 2016 and 2019.Methods. Descriptive study, in which 79 patients underwent parietal pleurectomy and pulmonary decortication by single-port video-assisted thoracoscopy and 25 patients operated by conventional thoracotomy were included. Sociodemographic, clinical and postoperative variables were evaluated. The Chi-square or Fisher tests, and the t Student and Mann Whitney t tests were used.Results. The median age was lower in the conventional thoracotomy group (28 years; IQR: 26-48; p= 0.0005). There were no differences in surgical times. Lower pain level, and a decreased in days with chest tube, antibiotic use, need for ICU and of hospital stay were reported in the single-port video-assisted thoracoscopy group compared to conventional thoracotomy technique (p < 0.05). Discussion. This study reinforces the trend of better postsurgical results, fewer days of chest tube use, use of antibiotics, need for ICU and days of general hospital stay with the single-port video-assisted technique compared to conventional open thoracotomy


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Surgery , Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions , Pneumonectomy , Thoracotomy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
8.
Medisan ; 25(1)ene.-feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154855

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de un paciente de 37 años de edad, que acudió al Servicio de Emergencia del Hospital General Docente de Riobamba, en Ecuador, con manifestaciones clínicas e imagenológicas que permitieron diagnosticarle un abdomen agudo obstructivo por hernia diafragmática crónica postraumática, por lo que el tratamiento fue quirúrgico. Teniendo en cuenta la evolución satisfactoria del paciente se le dio el alta hospitalaria 10 días después de la operación. Se mantuvo con seguimiento durante 3 meses sin presentar complicaciones.


The case report of a 37 years patient that went to the Emergency Service of the Teaching General Hospital of Riobamba, in Ecuador, is described. He presented clinical and imaging signs that led to the diagnosis of an obstructive acute abdomen due to postraumatic chronic diaphragmatic hernia, reason why the treatment was surgical. Taking into account the patient's favorable clinical course he was discharged from the hospital 10 days after the surgery and received follow-up care during 3 months without presenting complications.


Subject(s)
Thoracotomy , Hernia, Diaphragmatic, Traumatic/diagnostic imaging , Abdomen, Acute/diagnostic imaging , Hernia, Diaphragmatic, Traumatic/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging
9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 120-124, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155801

ABSTRACT

Abstract Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement has gained consent due to its good results in terms of minimized surgical trauma, faster rehabilitation, pain control and patient compliance. In our experience, we have tried to replicate the conventional and gold standard approach through a smaller incision. Sparing the right internal thoracic artery, avoiding rib fractures and performing total central cannulation is important to make this procedure minimally invasive from a biological point of view too. In addition, the total central cannulation is pivotal to simplify perfusion and drainage. Moreover, a complete step-by-step procedure optimization and-when possible-the use of sutureless prosthesis help to reduce the cross-clamping and perfusion times. After more than 1000 right anterior thoracotomy (RAT) aortic valve replacements, we have found tips and tricks to make our technique more effective.


Subject(s)
Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Aortic Valve/surgery , Thoracotomy , Treatment Outcome , Sternotomy
10.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(1): 60-65, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148510

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento quirúrgico del empiema ha evolucionado, desde la medicina hipocrática, a través de los años, teniendo como premisa el drenaje. Con los avances médicos, el abordaje mínimamente invasivo se ha convertido en el estándar, dejando de lado otras técnicas quirúrgicas. La toracostomía abierta, en pacientes seleccionados, puede llegar a ser la última y mejor opción para el control del foco infeccioso: es una opción quirúrgica para el tratamiento de los empiemas en pacientes mórbidos y en fase de organización, cuando otros tratamientos han fallado, con una aceptable morbilidad y mortalidad. Esta técnica debe estar en el arsenal terapéutico del cirujano. Presentamos una serie de 4 casos de pacientes con empiema en fase de organización, en los cuales el riesgo quirúrgico era muy alto, por lo que se optó por realizar una toracostomía abierta, con éxito


The surgical treatment of empyema has evolved from Hippocratic medicine over the years, with drainage as its premise. With medical advances, the minimally invasive approach has become the standard, leaving aside other surgical techniques. Open thoracostomy, in selected patients, may become the last and best option for the control of the infectious focus: it is a surgical option for the treatment of empyemas in morbid patients and in the organization phase when other treatments have failed, with an acceptable morbidity and mortality. This technique should be in the surgeon's therapeutic arsenal. We present a series of four cases of patients with empyema in the organization phase, in which the surgical risk was very high, so it was decided to perform an open thoracostomy, which turn out successful


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracotomy , Thoracic Surgery , Empyema, Pleural , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
11.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 16(1): 41-47, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284223

ABSTRACT

Congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) are rare and occur due to a failure in lung embryological development. They are classified according to their pathological characteristics and their anatomical origin. They can occur from the antenatal period to adulthood, can be associated with hydrops fetalis, respiratory distress, recurrent infections, or in an otherwise asymptomatic patient. In this article we carry out a scope review of the literature to answer frequent questions of the clinical teams in charge of patients with CPAM, such as the antenatal approach, the different types of surgeries and the management of asymptomatic patients. Although the indication for surgery is clear in symptomatic patients, little is known about its natural history of this condition, including the possibility of spontaneous resolution and the development of complications or neoplasm. So, the treatment of asymptomatic patients continues to be controversial. Therapeutic decisions must be made by multidisciplinary teams with the informed participation of parents and patients. In our opinion, considering the excellent results of minimally invasive surgery, its low incidence of complications, and practically zero mortality when performed by experienced groups, it seems reasonable to consider elective resection of a MCVAP in asymptomatic patients.


Las malformaciones congénitas de la vía aérea pulmonar (MCVAP) son infrecuentes y ocurren debido a una falla en el desarrollo embriológico pulmonar. Se clasifican de acuerdo con sus características patológicas y a su origen anatómico. Se pueden presentar desde el periodo antenatal hasta la adultez, asociarse a cuadros de hidrops fetal, distrés respiratorio, infecciones recurrentes, o como un hallazgo en pacientes asintomáticos. En este artículo realizamos una revisión bibliográfica exploratoria para responder dudas frecuentes de los equipos clínicos a cargo de pacientes con MCVAP, como el enfrentamiento antenatal, los distintos tipos de cirugía y su abordaje, y el manejo de pacientes asintomáticos. Si bien la indicación de cirugía es clara en pacientes sintomáticos, poco se conoce acerca de su historia natural, incluyendo la posibilidad de resolverse de forma espontánea, de complicarse o de evolucionar hacia el desarrollo de una neoplasia, por lo que el tratamiento de pacientes asintomáticos continúa siendo controversial. Las decisiones terapéuticas deben ser tomadas por equipos multidisciplinarios con la participación informada de los padres y de los pacientes. En nuestra opinión, considerando los excelentes resultados de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva, su baja incidencia de complicaciones y prácticamente nula mortalidad, al ser realizada por grupos con experiencia, nos parece razonable plantear la resección electiva de una MCVAP en un paciente asintomático.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Respiratory System Abnormalities/surgery , Pneumonectomy , Prenatal Care , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Thoracotomy , Radiography, Thoracic , Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation of Lung, Congenital/surgery , Respiratory System Abnormalities/classification , Respiratory System Abnormalities/embryology , Respiratory System Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Risk , Lung/abnormalities
12.
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 15(1): 49-54, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281435

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Los tumores de mediastino constituyen una entidad clínica poco frecuente, generalmente asintomática. Se pueden desarrollar desde estructuras que se ubican en el compartimento anterior, medio y posterior, siendo la primera, la ubicación más usual. En los adultos, timomas y linfomas (Hodgkin y no Hodgkin) son las masas más comunes del mediastino anterior, junto al bocio endotorácico y los teratomas; todas en su conjunto son conocidas como las "4 T del Mediastino Anterior". Casos clínicos: Se exponen tres casos clínicos de tumores de mediastino anterior, intervenidos en nuestro centro. Discusión: Las masas mediastínicas constituyen una entidad clínica infrecuente. La tomografía computada de tórax con y sin contraste intravenoso es utilizada para evaluar estas anormalidades descubiertas radiográficamente. El diagnóstico definitivo generalmente requiere una muestra de tejido que se obtiene mediante biopsia antes del tratamiento o como parte de una resección terapéutica planificada de toda la masa. En Chile, existen pocos trabajos recientes que muestren las características clínicas de pacientes que presentan timomas o linfomas; es por esto que se hace importante la presentación de estos casos que constituyen un aporte al conocimiento nacional.


INTRODUCTION: Mediastinal tumours constitute a clinical entity infrequent, generally asymptomatic. It can develop from structures localized on anterior compartment, middle and posterior, where structure localized on anterior compartment is usual. Adults tend to have thymomas and lymphomas more common in anterior mediastinal within intrathoracic goiter and teratomas. They are known as a "4T of anterior mediastinal mass". Clinical cases: Three clinical cases of anterior mediastinal tumours are exposed in our centre. Discussion: Mediastinal mass constitutes a clinical entity infrequent. The computed Tomography of the thorax with intravenous contrast and without intravenous contrast are used to evaluate abnormalities discover by radiography. The final diagnosis requires a fabric sample which is obtained by a biopsy before the treatment or as a part of a planned therapeutic recession. In Chile exist a few recently studies that shows clinical characteristics of patients which presents thymus and lymphomas as a result is important to present this kind of cases due to these cases constitute to the national knowledge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Thymoma/diagnostic imaging , Lymphoma/diagnostic imaging , Mediastinal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Hodgkin Disease , Thoracotomy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Hospitals, Public , Lymphoma/therapy , Mediastinal Neoplasms/surgery
13.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(4): e1009, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149845

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La enfermedad pulmonar intersticial difusa constituye un grupo heterogéneo de lesiones con varias características comunes entre las cuales resaltan la inflamación y cicatrización del órgano. Por lo general, se requiere la obtención de tejido parenquimatoso para el diagnóstico definitivo. Objetivos: Describir los resultados obtenidos, según el método de minitoracotomía o cirugía torácica videoasistida, para obtener las muestras hísticas para estudio histopatológico. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, longitudinal y prospectivo de 52 pacientes consecutivos, con diagnóstico de enfermedad pulmonar intersticial difusa, a quienes se les practicó la toma de muestras tisulares obtenidas mediante cirugía torácica videoasistida o minitoracotomía en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico "Hermanos Ameijeiras" entre el 2001 y el 2018. Se estudió la edad y el sexo de los pacientes, la técnica quirúrgica empleada y las complicaciones y mortalidad. Los resultados se exponen en tablas, en números absolutos y relativos. Resultados: Predominó el sexo femenino (59,6 por ciento). La técnica quirúrgica más utilizada fue la minitoracotomía (75,0 por ciento) en pacientes entre 41-50 años, con 15 enfermos. La afección más frecuente fue la fibrosis pulmonar con un 78,8 por ciento. En dos enfermos intervenidos mediante cirugía torácica videoasistida no fue posible obtener tejido para biopsia (15,4 por ciento). Hubo dos complicaciones en pacientes operados mediante minitoracotomía. Conclusiones: La cirugía torácica videoasistida permite una amplia exploración de la superficie pulmonar, pero la biopsia abierta puede tener la misma efectividad para la obtención de muestras hísticas pulmonares, con un mínimo por ciento de complicaciones y bajo índice de mortalidad(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Diffuse interstitial lung disease makes up a heterogeneous group of lesions with several common characteristics, among which inflammation and scarring of the organ stand out. Generally, obtaining parenchymal tissue is required for definitive diagnosis. Objectives: To describe the outcomes of using the method of minithoracotomy or video-assisted thoracic surgery to obtain tissue samples for histopathological study. Methods: An observational, longitudinal and prospective study was carried out with 52 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of diffuse interstitial lung disease. Tissue samples obtained by video-assisted thoracic surgery or mini-thoracotomy were taken at Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical-Surgical Hospital, between 2001 and 2018. The age and sex of the patients, the surgical technique used, and complications and mortality were studied. The results are presented in tables, in absolute and relative numbers. Results: The female sex predominated (59.6 percent). The most widely used surgical technique was minithoracotomy (75.0 percent) in patients between 41-50 years (15 patients). The most frequent condition was pulmonary fibrosis, accounting for 78.8 percent. In two patients who underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery, it was not possible to obtain any tissue for biopsy (15.4 percent). There were two complications in patients operated on by minithoracotomy. Conclusions: Video-assisted thoracic surgery allows wide exploration of the lung surface, but open biopsy can be just as effective in obtaining lung tissue samples, with a minimum percentage of complications and a low mortality rate(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Thoracotomy/methods , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/pathology , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 831-833, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137329

ABSTRACT

Abstract Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a clinical condition mostly found in premature newborns. Among several medical, surgical and interventional treatment options, extrapleural ligation through a left minithoracotomy is recognized as a safe, efficient and less expensive technique. In fact, it requires short surgical times, grants good exposure of the duct and nearby structures (e.g., thoracic duct, left recurrent laryngeal nerve), and avoids pleural space opening and subsequent pulmonary complications in preterm patients. This approach seems ideal due to its lower costs, especially in developing countries with a high birth rate and limited resources.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Thoracotomy/methods , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/surgery , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/diagnostic imaging , Pleura/surgery , Infant, Premature , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/surgery , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Ligation
15.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e975, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144432

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los teratomas se definen como tumores de tejidos extraños al órgano o sitio anatómico en el cual se originan. Los teratomas mediastinales no son frecuentes, representan alrededor del 5 por ciento al 10 por ciento de todos los tumores mediastinales. Objetivo: Describir los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de pacientes con diagnóstico de teratomas mediastinales. Métodos: Se estudiaron 12 pacientes tratados entre enero de 2001 y diciembre de 2018. Las variables evaluadas fueron sexo, edad, tipo histológico: maduro o inmaduro, vía de acceso quirúrgico, accidentes quirúrgicos y evolución postoperatoria. Resultados: Correspondieron 9 al sexo femenino y 3 al masculino. El promedio de edad fue de 33,3 años (17-60 años). Hubo predominio absoluto del tipo maduro (11). La esternotomía media fue el acceso más frecuente. La toracotomía se realizó cuando el tumor, voluminoso, ocupaba la mayor parte de un hemitórax. Los accidentes quirúrgicos fueron un desgarro pulmonar y una apertura del pericardio. De dos pacientes tratados mediante cirugía torácica videoasistida, uno fue convertido por sangrado venoso molesto. Al año de seguimiento todos estaban vivos, sin evidencias de recidiva. Conclusiones: Contrariamente a lo esperado, hay predominio del sexo femenino, mientras que la edad y el tipo histológico coinciden con la literatura. La esternotomía, aún hoy, es comúnmente aceptada, a pesar del auge de la cirugía torácica videoasistida. La resección total produce resultados excelentes para los teratomas benignos(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Teratomas are defined as tumors of tissues foreign to the organ or anatomical site in which they originate. Mediastinal teratomas are rare, accounting for about 5-10 percent of all mediastinal tumors. Objective: To describe the outcomes of the surgical treatment of patients diagnosed with mediastinal teratomas. Methods: Twelve patients treated between January 2001 and December 2018 were studied. The variables evaluated were sex, age, histological type (mature or immature), surgical access route, surgical accidents, and postoperative evolution. Results: Nine patients corresponded to the female sex and three, to the male. The average age was 33.3 years (17-60 years). There was an absolute predominance of the mature type (11). Median sternotomy was the most frequent access. Thoracotomy was performed when the bulky tumor occupied most of a hemithorax. The surgical accidents were lung tear and opening of the pericardium. Of two patients treated by video-assisted thoracic surgery, one was converted for bothersome venous bleeding. At one year of follow-up, all were alive, with no evidence of recurrence. Conclusions: Contrary to expectations, there is predominance of the female sex, while age and histological type coincide with the literature. Sternotomy, even today, is commonly accepted, despite the rise of video-assisted thoracic surgery. Total resection produces excellent outcomes in benign teratomas(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Teratoma/diagnosis , Thoracotomy/methods , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Sternotomy/methods , Retrospective Studies
16.
Medisur ; 18(4): 712-720, jul.-ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125254

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los leiomiomas esofágicos gigantes son neoplasias raras con un curso clínico impreciso; la mayoría se origina en la porción media e inferior del órgano. Para identificar el diagnóstico y tratamiento adecuado se utilizan pruebas de imágenes y endoscópicas. Compartir y divulgar un nuevo reporte de leiomioma esofágico gigante es el propósito de este trabajo, basado en un nuevo caso. El paciente ingresó por disfagia. Las pruebas para el diagnóstico incluyeron radiografía de esófago, estómago y duodeno, endoscopía digestiva superior, tomografía axial computarizada y resonancia magnética nuclear. El paciente se sometió a cirugía mediante toracotomía derecha, se realizó enucleación de un tumor de 10x6x5cm, y se constató integridad de la mucosa. No hubo evidencias de malignidad en el estudio histopatológico. Fue dado de alta ocho días después de cirugía. La toracotomía con enucleación del tumor esofágico es un procedimiento eficaz para tratar a pacientes con leiomioma gigante.


ABSTRACT Giant esophageal leiomyomas are rare neoplasms with an imprecise clinical course; most originate from the middle and lower portion of the organ. Imaging and endoscopic tests are used to identify the proper diagnosis and treatment. The purpose of this work, based on a new case, is to share and disseminate a new report of giant esophageal leiomyoma. The patient was admitted for dysphagia. Diagnostic tests included radiography of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, upper digestive endoscopy, computed tomography, and MRI. The patient underwent surgery by right thoracotomy, enucleation of a 10x6x5cm tumor was performed, and the integrity of the mucosa was verified. There was no evidence of malignancy in the histopathological study. He was discharged eight days after surgery. Thoracotomy with enucleation of the esophageal tumor is an effective procedure to treat patients with giant leiomyoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Thoracotomy , Leiomyoma/surgery
17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(3): 285-290, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137253

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the results of surgical repair via median sternotomy, right submammary thoracotomy, and right vertical infra-axillary thoracotomy for atrial septal defect (ASD). Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of the relative perioperative and postoperative data of 136 patients who underwent surgical repair for ASD with the abovementioned three different treatments in our hospital from June 2014 to December 2017. Results: The results of the surgeries were all satisfactory in the three groups. No statistically significant difference was found in operative time, duration of cardiopulmonary bypass, blood transfusion amount, postoperative mechanical ventilation time, duration of intensive care unit, length of hospital stay, and hospital costs. However, the median sternotomy group had the longest incision. Meanwhile, there was no significant difference in postoperative complications. Conclusion: All three types of surgical incisions can be safely and effectively used to repair ASD. The treatments via right submammary thoracotomy and right vertical infra-axillary thoracotomy have advantages over the treatment via median sternotomy in cosmetic results and should be the recommended options.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Sternotomy , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/surgery , Thoracotomy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(2): 244-250, abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098898

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Objetivo: Describir dos casos de lipoblastoma mediastínico, patología de baja incidencia y poco conocida, siendo aún más infrecuente en mediastino, sin haber reportes descritos en nuestro país. Casos Clínicos: 2 pacientes, ambos de sexo masculino, menores de 3 años, en los que se encontró como ha llazgo incidental una masa mediastínica en una radiografía de tórax. El estudio se complementó con una tomografía computada y en uno de los pacientes con una biopsia toracoscópica. En ambos se logró ex tirpación completa de la lesión vía toracotomía, siendo apoyado vía toracoscópica previa a la extracción de la lesión en uno de ellos. Uno de los pacientes evolucionó con Síndrome de Claude Bernard Horner el cual resolvió de manera espontánea luego de dos años y el segundo caso no presentó complicaciones. Conclusiones: el lipoblastoma mediastínico es una patología muy poco frecuente, las descripciones de la literatura se asemejan a los casos expuestos en este artículo, concluyendo que presentan un patrón muy similar entre ellos. Teniendo un pronóstico favorable si se logra la resección completa y siendo fundamental diferenciarlo de sus diagnósticos diferenciales para descartar malignidad.


Abstract: Objective: To describe two cases of mediastinal lipoblastoma, an infrequent and little-known patho logy, which is extremely rare in the mediastinum, with no cases reported in our country. Clinical Cases: Two case reports. Both patients were boys younger than three years, in which a mediastinal mass was found incidentally on a chest x-ray. The study was complemented with a CT scan and with a thoracoscopic biopsy in one of the cases. Complete resection of the tumor was achieved in both patients through thoracotomy. One of the patients presented Claude Bernard Horner syndrome as a complication from surgery, which resolved spontaneously after two years and the second case had no complications. Conclusion: Mediastinal lipoblastoma is a very rare pathology. Descriptions found in existing literature are similar to the cases presented in this article. We can conclude that mediastinal lipoblastomas in pediatrics present a very similar pattern and presentation, having a good prognosis if complete resection is achieved. Also, it is essential to distinguish it from its differential diagnoses in order to rule out malignancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Child, Preschool , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Lipoblastoma/diagnostic imaging , Mediastinal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Thoracotomy , Lipoblastoma/surgery , Mediastinal Neoplasms/surgery
19.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(2): 153-158, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137159

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to investigate the impact of post-thoracotomy analgesia with dexmedetomidine and morphine on immunocytes. Methods A total of 118 patients with post-thoracotomy Patient-Controlled Intravenous Analgesia (PCIA) in our hospital from March 2016 to July 2018 were randomly selected and divided into the Composite (COM) Group (57 patients administered with dexmedetomidine [1.0 µg.kg-1 body weight] and morphine [0.48 mg.kg-1 body weight]) and the Morphine (MOR) group (61 patients administered with morphine [0.48 mg.kg-1]). The values of lymphocyte subsets (CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+) and Natural Killer cells in the peripheral blood of these two groups were detected by FACSCalibur flow cytometry at different time points (before anesthesia induction [T0], immediately after tracheal extubation [T1], 12 hours after surgery [T2], 24 hours after surgery [T3], 48 hours after surgery [T4], 72 hours after surgery [T5], and 7 days after surgery [T6]). The doses of morphine at T3 to T5 and the adverse reactions between the two groups were also recorded and compared. Results The CD3+ level and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio at T2 to T5 and the CD4+ level and NK cells at T3 to T5 were significantly higher in the COM Group than in the MOR Group (p< 0.05). The postoperative morphine dose and the incidence of postoperative itching, nausea, and vomiting were significantly lower in the COM Group than in the MOR Group (p< 0.05). Conclusions Dexmedetomidine combined with morphine for post-thoracotomy PCIA can improve the function of immunocytes, reduce morphine consumption, and reduce the adverse reactions during analgesia induction.


Resumo Objetivo Estudar o impacto em linfócitos causado pelo uso da dexmedetomidina associada à morfina para analgesia pós-toracotomia. Método Um total de 118 pacientes utilizando Analgesia Intravenosa Controlada pelo Paciente (AICP) pós-toracotomia em nosso hospital, de março de 2016 a julho de 2018, foram selecionados aleatoriamente e divididos em dois grupos: o Grupo Combinado [COM, 57 pacientes que receberam dexmedetomidina (1,0 µg.kg-1 de peso corpóreo) associada à morfina (0,48 mg.kg-1 de peso corpóreo)] e o Grupo Morfina [MOR, 61 pacientes, que receberam somente morfina (0,48 mg.kg-)]. Os valores dos subconjuntos de linfócitos (CD3+, CD4+ e CD8+) e das células NK no sangue periférico desses dois grupos foram medidos por citometria de fluxo FACSCalibur em diferentes momentos do estudo [antes da indução anestésica (T0), imediatamente após extubação traqueal (T1), 12 horas após a cirurgia (T2), 24 horas após a cirurgia (T3), 48 horas após a cirurgia (T4), 72 horas após a cirurgia (T5) e 7 dias após a cirurgia (T6)]. As doses de morfina do momento T3 ao T5 e as reações adversas entre os dois grupos também foram registradas e comparadas. Resultados O nível de CD3+ e a razão CD4+/CD8+ de T2 a T5, e o nível de CD4+ e as células NK de T3 a T5 do Grupo COM foram significantemente maiores (p< 0,05) quando comparados ao Grupo MOR. A dose de morfina no pós-operatório e a incidência de prurido, náusea e vômito no pós-operatório foram significantemente menores no grupo MOR (p< 0,05). Conclusões Dexmedetomidina combinada com morfina para AICP no período pós-toracotomia pode melhorar a função dos linfócitos, reduzir o consumo de morfina e diminuir reações adversas durante a analgesia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Thoracotomy , Killer Cells, Natural/drug effects , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Lymphocyte Subsets/drug effects , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic/pharmacology , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Analgesics, Opioid/pharmacology , Morphine/pharmacology , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic/therapeutic use , Dexmedetomidine/therapeutic use , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Morphine/therapeutic use
20.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(1): 51-54, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125781

ABSTRACT

El schwannoma es un tumor neurogénico que se presenta más frecuentemente en el ángulo costovertebral del mediastino posterior, pero también en otras localizaciones dentro del tórax. Habitualmente suele ser una masa única, encapsulada, bien definida, con un tamaño aproximado 2 a 10 cm. Presentamos el caso de un paciente de 66 años, derivado a nuestro hospital por una masa de 13 cm localizada en el hemitórax inferior izquierdo. Se realizó una biopsia, y la resonancia magnética corroboró el diagnóstico de un tumor mediastínico gigante de la vaina neural. Se procedió a su resección completa sin complicaciones.


Schwannomas are neurogenic tumors, commonly located in the costovertebral angle of the posterior mediastinum, but with many intrathoracic locations. They usually present as a solitary, well-circumscribed and encapsulated mass with a size between 2 and 10 cm. We report a case of a 66-year-old male, referred to our hospital for a mass located at the left lower hemithorax with 13 cm in size. A percutaneous biopsy was performed, and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of a resectable giant mediastinal nerve sheath tumor. Surgery was performed without complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging , Thorax/diagnostic imaging , Thoracotomy , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Electrocardiography
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