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2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341400

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En los últimos años se ha comprobado que el riesgo de trombosis en pacientes con enfermedades oncohematológicas es elevado. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 51 años de edad, con diagnóstico de leucemia promielocítica, recibió tratamiento de inducción con trióxido de arsénico y ya alcanzada la remisión morfológica de la leucemia, y sin antecedentes personales ni familiares de eventos trombóticos, presentó una trombosis venosa profunda del miembro inferior izquierdo, se trató con heparina de bajo peso molecular y warfarina. Conclusiones: El paciente evolutivamente tuvo una evolución favorable del evento trombótico y se alcanzó la remisión completa hematológica, citogenética y molecular con una adecuada calidad de vida que permitió su reinserción a su vida personal, familiar y social(AU)


Introduction: In recent years it has been proven that the risk of thrombosis in patients with oncohematological diseases has increased. Case presentation: A 51-year-old male patient, diagnosed with Promyelocytic Leukemia, received induction treatment with arsenic trioxide and the morphological remission of the leukemia had already been achieved and with no personal or family history of thrombotic events, presented a deep vein thrombosis of the left lower limb. He was treated with low molecular weight heparin and warfarin. Conclusions: The patient progressively had a favorable evolution of the thrombotic event and complete hematological, cytogenetic and molecular remission was achieved with an adequate quality of life that allowed his reinsertion into his personal, family and social life(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/complications , Thrombophilia/prevention & control , Venous Thrombosis/complications
4.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(2): 190-195, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1181008

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Although it is known that the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which was first seen in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 and has affected the whole world, mainly targets the respiratory tract, cases of this disease with a wide clinical spectrum are emerging as information is shared. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a pregnant woman who was diagnosed with venous sinus thrombosis after she developed headache and hemiparesis. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) positivity lasted for two weeks after COVID-19 had been diagnosed. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with suspected COVID-19, especially in the presence of causes of hypercoagu- lability and presence of atypical features, venous sinus thrombosis needs to be kept in mind in making the differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Venous Thrombosis/diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , COVID-19/complications , Headache/etiology , Paresis/etiology , Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial/diagnostic imaging , China , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Thrombophilia , COVID-19 Testing , COVID-19/diagnosis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828947

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the changes in the coagulation profiles of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) using thromboelastography (TEG) and identify the risk factors of hypercoagulation in CKD patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 128 patients with CKD admitted in Hunan Provincial People's Hospital between August, 2018 and May, 2019 were recruited. The results of conventional coagulation test and TEG were compared between patients with CKD and 21 healthy control adults. The patients with CKD were divided into hypercoagulation group with a maximum amplitude (MA) > 68 mm (=66) and non-hypercoagulation group (MA≤68 mm, =62). The laboratory indicators were compared between the groups, and the factors affecting the hypercoagulable state in patients with CKD were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The levels of fibrinogen and D-Dimer increased significantly in patients with CKD at different stages as compared with the control subjects ( < 0.05). In the patients with CKD, the reaction time and K time decreased while MA, α-angle and coagulation index increased significantly in patients in stage 3-4 and those in stage 5 either with or without hemodialysis compared with the control group ( < 0.05). The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), percentage of patients with diabetes mellitus, history of stroke, percentage of neutrophils, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, red blood cell count, hemoglobin levels, platelet count, serum creatinine, serum cystatin-C, serum albumin, and lipoprotein (a) all differed significantly between hypercoagulation group and non-hypercoagulation group ( < 0.05). The eGFR, platelet count and hemoglobin levels were identified as independent factors affecting hypercoagulability in patients with CKD ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#s The hypercoagulable state of patients with CKD worsens gradually with the disease progression, and eGFR, platelet count and hemoglobin levels are all risk factors for the hypercoagulable state in patients with CKD.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation , Humans , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Risk Factors , Thrombelastography , Thrombophilia
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827429

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the risk factors for postoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in neurosurgical patients to provide the basis for the prevention of postoperative DVT.@*METHODS@#A total of 141 patients underwent neurosurgery were enrolled. Thrombelastography (TEG) test was performed before and at the end of surgery. According to whether there was DVT formation after operation, the patients were divided into a thrombosis group and a non-thrombosis group. -test and rank sum test were used to compare the general clinical characteristics of the 2 groups, such as age, gender, intraoperative blood loss, -dimer, intraoperative crystal input, colloid input, blood product transfusion, operation duration, length of postoperative hospitalization. The application of chi-square test and rank-sum test were used to compared TEG main test indicators such as R and K values between the 2 groups. Logistic regression was used to analyze the possible risk factors for postoperative DVT in neurosurgical patients.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in postoperative TEG index R, clotting factor function, intraoperative blood loss, hypertension or not, length of postoperative hospital stay, and postoperative absolute bed time (all <0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed hypercoagulability, more intraoperative blood loss and longer postoperative absolute bed time were risk factors for DVT formation after craniotomy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Hypercoagulability in postoperative TEG test of patients is an important risk factor for the formation of postoperative DVT after neurosurgery, which can predict the occurrence of postoperative DVT to some extent.


Subject(s)
Craniotomy , Humans , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Postoperative Period , Risk Factors , Thrombophilia , Venous Thrombosis , Epidemiology
7.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 35(4): e998, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093293

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Hace una década, en el Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología se comenzó la tratamiento de mujeres con pérdidas recurrentes de embarazos por trastornos de hipercoagulabilidad. Objetivo: Caracterizar clínicamente a estos neonatos e identificar los efectos adversos de la terapia tromboprofiláctica en los recién nacidos. Métodos: Se realizó estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal entre enero de 2014 y agosto de 2017, que incluyó 62 recién nacidos, hijos de madres con diagnóstico de trombofilia que utilizaron durante la gestación, régimen de tromboprofilaxis con heparinas de bajo peso molecular y aspirina. Todas las gestantes fueron evaluadas con sistematicidad en las consultas de Hemostasia y Obstetricia, del Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología y Hospital Enrique Cabrera, respectivamente. Resultados: La mayoría de los neonatos nacieron a término, con apgar normal y pesos superiores a 2 500 g. El 82,3 por ciento de las gestantes comenzaron la tromboprofilaxis con menos de 5 semanas de gestación. Hubo diferencias significativas cuando se compararon los pesos de los neonatos de las madres que comenzaron el tratamiento temprano con aquellas que lo iniciaron tardíamente. El tipo de trombofilia y la edad materna no influyeron en los pesos de los neonatos, pero aquellas gestantes con sintomatología más grave tuvieron hijos de menor peso que, aunque no fue significativo, requiere una observación. Ningún recién nacido presentó efectos secundarios a la terapia tromboprofiláctica. Conclusiones: Los neonatos nacidos de madres con trombofilia que iniciaron tromboprofilaxis de forma temprana no fueron diferentes a los recién nacidos de madres sin hipercoagulabilidad(AU)


Introduction: A decade ago, at the Institute of Hematology and Immunology, treatment of women with recurrent pregnancy losses due to hypercoagulability disorders began. Objective: Clinically characterize these infants and identify the adverse effects of thromboprophylactic therapy in newborns. Methods: A descriptive and transversal study was carried out between January 2014 and August 2017, which included 62 children of mothers with a diagnosis of thrombophilia who used during pregnancy, a thromboprophylaxis regimen with low molecular weight heparins and aspirin. All pregnant women were systematically evaluated in the Hemostasis and Obstetrics consultations of the Institute of Hematology and Immunology and Hospital Enrique Cabrera. Results: The majority of the neonates were born at term, with normal apgar and weights above 2,500 g. 82.3 percent of pregnant women started thromboprophylaxis with less than 5 weeks of gestational age. There were significant differences when the weights of the infants of the mothers who started the treatment early were compared with those who started it late. The type of thrombophilia and maternal age did not influence the weights of the neonates, but those cases with more severe symptoms had children of lower weight, which although it was not significant, requires observation. No newborn presented side effects to thromboprophylactic therapy. Conclusions: Infants born to mothers with thrombophilia who started thromboprophylaxis early were not different from those born to mothers without hypercoagulability(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Aspirin/adverse effects , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/adverse effects , Thrombophilia/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Thrombophilia/complications
8.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 17(3): 72-75, dic.2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1047999

ABSTRACT

La endocarditis trombótica no bacteriana (ETNB) se define como la presencia de trombos estériles sobre las válvulas cardiacas, corresponden a agregados de plaquetas y fibrina no infectados asociados a estados de hipercoagulabilidad como las neoplasias malignas, en donde se denomina también endocarditis marántica. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con historia de síndrome febril prolongado al que se le inició tratamiento antibiótico por una endocarditis infecciosa (EI) por presentar una imagen compatible con vegetación en el ecocardiograma transtorácico. Sin embargo, el paciente persistió febril y sin mejoría clínica, hasta que la biopsia de un ganglio cervical diagnosticó un linfoma de Hodgkin mejorando posteriormente con el tratamiento hemato específico(AU)


Non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) is defined as the presence of sterile thrombi on the heart valves, correspond to non-infected platelet and fibrin aggregates associated with hypercoagulable states such as malignant neoplasms, which is also called Marantic Endocarditis. We present the case of a patient with a history of prolonged febrile syndrome who underwent antibiotic treatment for an Infective Endocarditis (EI) due to a compatible image with vegetation in the transthoracic echocardiogram. However, the patient persisted feverish and without clinical improvement, until the biopsy of a cervical ganglion diagnosed a Hodgkin lymphoma, improving later with the specific hemato treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Endocarditis, Non-Infective , Lymphoma , Neoplasms , Hodgkin Disease , Thrombophilia
9.
Univ. salud ; 21(3): 277-287, Sep.-Dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1043549

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El tipo de grupo sanguíneo entre otros factores, influye en los niveles plasmáticos del Factor de von Willebrand (FvW), su actividad biológica podría incidir en el desarrollo de eventos trombóticos y hemorrágicos. Objetivo: Describir las características y los mecanismos de reacciones postrasduccionales del grupo sanguíneo que permiten la variación en la concentración plasmática del FvW. Materiales y métodos: Revisión teórico descriptiva de tipo documental. Las bases de datos consultadas fueron Medline, Lilacs, ScienceDirect, Scopus, SciELO, Proquest, Ovid y Pubmed. Como criterio de selección se incluyeron artículos en idioma inglés y español a partir del año 2010 y algunos anteriores como referente histórico. Resultados: Se describieron los principales mecanismos e investigaciones que evidencian la influencia del tipo de grupo sanguíneo ABO en los niveles plasmáticos del FvW, así como la estructura y función de dicha proteína. Conclusiones: Las concentraciones plasmáticas del FvW pueden depender del tipo de grupo sanguíneo, la edad, sexo, embarazo, ciclo menstrual, variación de proteínas y factores bioquímicos e inmunológicos. Se podría tener en cuenta el tipo de grupo sanguíneo de los pacientes como un posible factor predictor a futuro de complicaciones clínicas tanto trombóticas como hemorrágicas.


Abstract Introduction: The type of blood group among other factors influences the plasma levels of von Willebrand Factor (FvW) and its biological activity could influence the development of thrombotic and hemorrhagic events. Objective: To describe the characteristics and mechanisms of post-translational reactions of the blood group that generate variation in the plasma concentration of FvW. Materials and methods: A descriptive theoretical review of documentary type. The databases consulted were Medline, Lilacs, ScienceDirect, Scopus, SciELO, Proquest, Ovid and Pubmed. As a selection criterion, articles in English and Spanish were included beginning in 2010 and some previous ones as historical reference. Results: The main mechanisms and investigations that show the influence of the ABO blood group type on the plasma levels of FvW, as well as the structure and function of this protein were described. Conclusions: FvW plasma concentrations may depend on the type of blood group, age, sex, pregnancy, menstrual cycle, protein variation and biochemical and immunological factors. The type of blood group of patients could be considered as a possible future predictor of both thrombotic and hemorrhagic clinical complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Group Antigens , von Willebrand Factor , Thrombophilia , ADAMTS13 Protein
10.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 41(4): 303-309, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056249

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Although there is a vast literature regarding the association between inherited thrombophilia, obstetric complications and the effect of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), these are controversial and we have not found publications related to additional risk factors other than thrombophilia.Our objectives were to assess the prevalence of miscarriage, placenta-mediated pregnancy complications and fetal loss in pregnant women with IT, establishing associated risk factors and the effect of LMWH. Materials and methods: A retrospective cohort of pregnant women with IT was formed. Risk factors considered were: high-risk IT, age ≥35 years, body mass index ≥25 and ≥30, assisted reproductive technology, antiphospholipid antibodies, autoimmune disease, first-degree family history of obstetric complications and personal history of venous or arterial thromboembolic disease, the outcomes being M, FL and PMPC. Results and conclusions: Data from 250 pregnancies in 88 women were obtained.There were 112 (45%) Ms, 13 (5.2%) FLs and 25 (10%) PMPCs.High-risk IT was associated with FL (OR = 4.96; 95% CI, 1.42-17.3). Antiphospholipid antibodies and family history of obstetric complications were associated with PMPC (OR = 7.12; 95% CI, 1.89-26.74, OR = 3.88; 95% CI, 1.18-12.78, respectively). The LMWH presented a benefit in the combined outcome (any obstetric complication, OR = 0.25; 95% CI, 0.12-0.54) and M (OR = 0.41; 95% CI, 0.20-0.82).We conclude that obstetric complications are common in women with IT. Antiphospholipid antibodies, family history of obstetric complications and high-risk IT might be additional risk factors. The LMWH has an apparent protective effect against obstetric complications, which is consistent with some previous studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Abortion, Spontaneous , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight , Thrombophilia , Abortion
11.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 41(3): 244-252, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039926

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: In order to standardize a thrombin generation() protocol, we analyzed the analytical variables and sensitivity of this test to hypo/hypercoagulability states. Methods: The effect of the tissue factor concentration and the intra- and interassay precision were analyzed. To evaluate the hypercoagulability status, the plasma of women under an oral contraceptive was tested, while plasma from hemophilia A patients at 1, 3 and 7 days after recombinant FVIII infusion, and lyophilized plasma deficient in FVII or FVIII were used for the evaluation of hypocoagulability. Results: The intra-assay coefficient of variation was <10% with 1 and 5 pM of low and high TF. The oral contraceptive users showed increased thrombin generation in comparison to non-users, which was more pronounced with low TF (endogenous thrombin potential ETP) p = 0.0009; peak p = 0.0009; lagtime p = 0.0008). In relation to the FVIII-deficient plasma, a higher TG was observed as FVIII levels were increased and a better discrimination was obtained for different concentrations of FVIII with low TF (ETP p < 0.0001; peak p < 0.0001; lagtime p = 0.0004). Using low TF, plasma from hemophilia A patients showed higher TG values after 1 day of recombinant FVIII infusion vs after 3 days (ETP p < 0.0001; peak p < 0.0001; lagtime p = 0.0407), while the lowest values were observed after 7 days. With FVII-deficient plasma, thrombin generation was lower than normal plasma and a more pronounced difference was observed with high TF compared to low TF (ETP p < 0.0001; peak p < 0.0001; lagtime p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Under our conditions the thrombin generation test seems to be sensitive to evaluation of hyper/hypocoagulability states. Standardization of the thrombin generation test may have an application in the evaluation of bleeding and thrombotic disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Thrombin , Thrombophilia
12.
Rev. MED ; 27(1): 73-84, ene.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115221

ABSTRACT

Resumen: En este artículo se presenta el caso de una niña de 13 años con historia de cefalea de 2 años de evolución, la cual ha sido estudiada por subluxación del cristalino y fenotipo marfonoide. Para llevar a cabo la investigación se realizó una tomografía cerebral simple que evidenció trombosis de varios senos cerebrales. Posteriormente se hospitalizó a la paciente en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, mientras se anticoagulaba con enoxaparina. Se solicitó un estudio para trombofilia junto con homocisteina en sangre, ante la sospecha de homocistinuria. Luego de confirmarse el diagnóstico se recetó piridoxina y ácido fólico, con lo cual la paciente evolucionó de manera satisfactoria y recuperó las funciones perdidas. El seguimiento de este caso para la investigación permitió encontrar una disminución mayor del 20 % de la homocisteina, sin que sus niveles estuvieran por debajo de 50 µmol/L, hecho que hace a la paciente respondedora parcial a la piridoxina.


Abstract: This article presents the case of a 13-year-old girl with a 2-year history of headache, which has been studied for lens subluxation and Marfanoid phenotype. To carry out this research, a simple brain tomography was performed that showed thrombosis of several sinuses. Subsequently, the patient was hospitalized in the intensive care unit and anticoagulated with enoxaparin. A study was requested for thrombophilia along with homocysteine in blood, on suspicion of homocystinuria. After confirming the diagnosis, pyridoxin and folic acid were prescribed, with which the patient evolved satisfactorily and recovered lost functions. Follow-up on this case for the research allowed us to find a decrease in homocysteine greater than 20 %, without its levels being below 50 µmol/L, which makes the patient partially responsive to pyridoxine.


Resumo: Neste artigo, é apresentado o caso de uma menina de 13 anos, com história de cefaleia de dois anos de evolução, a qual tem sido estudada por subluxação do cristalino e fenótipo marfanoide. Para realizar a pesquisa, foi tomada uma tomografia cerebral simples que evidenciou trombose de vários seios cerebrais. Em seguida, a paciente foi internada na unidade de tratamento intensivo onde recebeu tratamento anticoagulante com enoxaparina. Foi solicitado um estudo para trombofilia junto com homocisteina em sangue, diante da suspeita de homocistinúria. Após o diagnóstico ter sido confirmado, foram receitados piridoxina e ácido fólico, com os quais o estado da paciente evoluiu de maneira satisfatória e ela recuperou as funções perdidas. O seguimento do caso para a pesquisa permitiu verificar uma diminuição maior de 20% da homocisteina, sem que seus niveis estivessem abaixo de 50 µmol/L, fato que torna a paciente apta parcialmente à piridoxina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Homocystinuria , Lens Subluxation , Thrombophilia , Intracranial Thrombosis , Homocysteine
13.
Clin. biomed. res ; 39(2): 144-151, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023012

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A doença tromboembólica venosa e as complicações obstétricas resultantes do tromboembolismo placentário são as principais causas de morbidade e mortalidade materna e fetal. Pode-se dizer que a gravidez é um fator independente para o desenvolvimento de trombose, já que seu risco é de 5 a 6 vezes maior em mulheres grávidas quando comparadas a não grávidas, sendo mais elevado após o parto. Métodos: Trata-se de uma coorte histórica, onde foram estudadas pacientes atendidas no Serviço de Obstetrícia da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (expostos=n=70 pacientes) e na Faculdade de Medicina de Barbacena (não expostos=n=74 pacientes). As pacientes foram divididas em dois grupos: Grupo 1 = pacientes com alguma trombofilia identificada (expostos) através das dosagens de proteína S, proteína C, homocisteína, antitrombina III, mutação da MTHFR, mutação da protrombina e do fator V de Leiden; e Grupo 2 = pacientes do serviço de baixo risco obstétrico. Resultados: Houve associação entre trombofilia e aborto prévio, bem como trombofilia e morte fetal prévia (p<0,05). O tipo de trombofilia que foi associada a abortamento prévio foi o déficit da proteína S. A mutação da MTHFR foi associada aos antecedentes de HELLP síndrome (p=0,03; x2 =4,2) e de pré-eclâmpsia (p=0,03; X2 =4,5) quando em homozigotia mutante. A homozigotia para a MTHFR foi também associada às médias de homocisteína, de forma que as homozigotas eram aquelas que apresentavam a maior dosagem de homocisteína (p=0,01; X2 =5,8; X= 27,2 ± 41,2 vs. 12,62 ± 19,0). Conclusão: As trombofilias hereditárias podem estar associadas a mau desfecho obstétrico e devem ser valorizadas na clínica obstétrica. (AU)


Introduction: Venous thromboembolic disease and obstetric complications resulting from placental thromboembolism are the main causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Pregnancy is considered an independent factor for the development of thrombosis, as its risk is 5 to 6 times greater in pregnant women when compared to non-pregnant women, being even higher after childbirth. Methods: This historical cohort included patients seen at the Obstetrics Service of Federal University of Juiz de Fora (exposed patients, n = 70) and at the School of Medicine of Barbacena (unexposed patients, n = 74). The patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 consisted of patients with some thrombophilia identified through measurement of protein S, protein C, homocysteine, antithrombin III, MTHFR mutation, prothrombin and factor V Leiden mutations; and Group 2 consisted of patients from the low obstetric risk service. Results: There was an association between thrombophilia and previous abortion, as well as thrombophilia and previous fetal death (p < 0.05). MTHFR mutation was associated with history of HELLP syndrome (p = 0.03; x2 = 4.2) and preeclampsia (p = 0.03; x2 = 4.5) when in homozygous mutation. Homozygous MTHFR was also associated with mean homocysteine levels, so that homozygotes were those with highest homocysteine levels (p = 0.01; x2 = 5.8; x = 27.2 ± 41.2 vs. 12.62 ± 19.0). Conclusions: Hereditary thrombophilias may be associated with poor obstetric outcome and should be valued at clinical obstetrics. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Cohort Studies , Thrombophilia , Placental Insufficiency/mortality , Brazil/epidemiology , Abortion, Spontaneous , Fetal Death
14.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(3): eAE4510, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019800

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To standardize the investigation and clinical management of women with laboratory and/or clinical abnormalities suggestive of thrombophilia, in order to optimize antithrombotic approach and indication of laboratory tests. Methodology A discussion was carried out among 107 physicians (gynecologists/obstetricians, hematologists and vascular surgeons) present at a forum held at the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, in São Paulo (SP), Brazil. As a minimum criterion, 80% agreement was established in the voting to each recommendation of conduct in the final document. The cases in which there was agreement below 80% were discussed again, reaching a consensual agreement of conduct for the document writing. Conclusion The standardization of an institutional consensus of suggestions of clinical approach contributes to a better management of the group to be evaluated and minimizes risks of intercurrent events. This was the first national consensus on the investigation of thrombophilia in women.


RESUMO Objetivo Padronizar a investigação e o manejo clínico de mulheres com anormalidades clínicas e exames laboratoriais sugestivos de trombofilia, para melhorar a abordagem antitrombótica e otimizar a indicação de exames laboratoriais. Metodologia Foi conduzida discussão incluindo 107 médicos (ginecologistas/obstetras, hematologistas e cirurgiões vasculares) participantes de um fórum realizado no Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, em São Paulo (SP). Como critério mínimo, estabeleceu-se concordância de 80% em votação para cada recomendação de conduta registrada em documento como diretrizes finais. Os casos em que a concordância esteve abaixo de 80% foram rediscutidos, para definir consenso na conduta. Conclusão A padronização e o estabelecimento de consenso institucional, com sugestões para abordagem clínica, contribui para melhorar o manejo do grupo a ser avaliado e minimizar os riscos de intercorrências. Este foi o primeiro consenso nacional sobre investigação de trombofilia em mulheres.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Thrombophilia/diagnosis , Thrombophilia/etiology , Thrombophilia/drug therapy , Brazil , Mass Screening , Consensus
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764508

ABSTRACT

Thrombophilia refers to inherited or acquired hemostatic disorders that result in a predisposition to blood clot formation. When combined with the hypercoagulable state that is characteristic of pregnancy, there is an increased risk of severe and recurrent pregnancy complications. Activated protein C resistance caused by factor V Leiden (FVL) mutation is known to be the most common cause of inherited thrombophilia in Caucasian population. FVL mutation has been related to pregnancy complications associated with hypercoagulation, e.g. miscarriage, intrauterine fetal demise, placental abruption, and intrauterine growth retardation. Although the FVL mutation is easily detected using molecular DNA techniques, patients who are heterozygous for this disorder often remain asymptomatic until they develop a concurrent prothrombotic condition. Because there are potentially serious effects of FVL mutation for pregnancy, and because effective treatment strategies exist, early detection and treatment of this condition might be considered.


Subject(s)
Abortion, Spontaneous , Abruptio Placentae , Activated Protein C Resistance , DNA , Factor V , Female , Fetal Death , Fetal Growth Retardation , Hemostatic Disorders , Humans , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Thrombophilia
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759984

ABSTRACT

This is a report of a 58-year-old female with Cushing syndrome who underwent posterior lumbar fusion and lost both her vision completely. She was diagnosed with posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Cushingoid features such as buffalo hump and central obesity might have attributed in triggering posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. When laid prone for surgery, perioperative high abdominal pressure causes venous hypertension leading to increase amount of blood loss. To compensate, infusion of large quantities of intravenous fluids is necessary which leads to hemodilution which decreases ocular perfusion pressure. Hypercoagulability of Cushing syndrome is also potentially a risk factor of this condition which increases the incidence of venous thromboembolism. For there is no known effective treatment for posterior ischemic optic neuropathy, means to prevent this complication must be strategically reviewed. When performing long spine surgery on patient who has Cushing syndrome or cushingoid features, caution must be taken to avoid this devastating complication.


Subject(s)
Buffaloes , Cushing Syndrome , Female , Hemodilution , Humans , Hypertension , Incidence , Intraocular Pressure , Middle Aged , Obesity, Abdominal , Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic , Perfusion , Risk Factors , Spinal Fusion , Spine , Thrombophilia , Venous Thromboembolism
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719669

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Protein S deficiency is a common cause of thrombophilia. Free protein S has been suggested as one of the best screening tests for this deficiency. We evaluated an immunoturbidimetric free protein S reagent, INNOVANCE Free Protein S Antigen (Free PS Ag; Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics, Germany), using a CS-5100 coagulation analyzer (Sysmex, Japan). METHODS: The performance of INNOVANCE Free PS Ag was evaluated according to the CLSI guidelines. Precision, linearity, and verification of reference intervals were examined. The INNOVANCE Free PS Ag was also compared by the STA-Liatest Free Protein S immunoturbidimetric assay (Diagnostica Stago, France). RESULTS: The repeatability and within-laboratory imprecision of INNOVANCE Free PS Ag were 0.8% CV and 2.0% CV at the normal level, and 1.3% CV and 2.3% CV at the abnormally low level, respectively. This assay showed linearity from 4.0% to 151.9% (correlation coefficient r=1, P < 0.0001). Reference intervals for males and females were verified as acceptable. INNOVANCE Free PS Ag was comparable with STA-Liatest Free Protein S with a very high correlation (r=0.935, P < 0.0001). The results for the INNOVANCE antigen were higher. CONCLUSIONS: The INNOVANCE Free PS Ag on a Sysmex CS-5100 coagulation analyzer has excellent analytical performance and is comparable with the STA-Liatest Free Protein S assay.


Subject(s)
Delivery of Health Care , Female , Humans , Male , Mass Screening , Protein S Deficiency , Protein S , Thrombophilia
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719617

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS), an important cause of acquired thrombophilia, is diagnosed when vascular thrombosis or pregnancy morbidity occurs with persistently positive antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). APS is a risk factor for unprovoked recurrence of pulmonary embolism (PE). Performing laboratory testing for aPL after a first unprovoked acute PE is controversial. We investigated if a specific phenotype existed in patients with unprovoked with acute PE, suggesting the need to evaluate them for APS. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with PE and APS (n=24) and those with unprovoked PE with aPL negative (n=44), evaluated 2006–2016 at the Asan Medical Center. We compared patient demographics, clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, and radiological findings between the groups. RESULTS: On multivariate logistic regression analysis, two models of independent risk factors for APS-PE were suggested. Model I included hemoptysis (odds ratio [OR], 12.897; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.025–162.343), low PE severity index (OR, 0.948; 95% CI, 0.917–0.979), and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT; OR, 1.166; 95% CI, 1.040–1.307). Model II included age (OR, 0.930; 95% CI, 0.893–0.969) and aPTT (OR, 1.104; 95% CI, 1.000–1.217). CONCLUSION: We conclude that patients with first unprovoked PE with hemoptysis and are age <40; have a low pulmonary embolism severity index, especially in risk class I–II; and/or prolonged aPTT (above 75th percentile of the reference interval), should be suspected of having APS, and undergo laboratory testing for aPL.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antiphospholipid , Antiphospholipid Syndrome , Demography , Hemoptysis , Humans , Logistic Models , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Phenotype , Pregnancy , Pulmonary Embolism , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thrombophilia , Thrombosis
19.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 34(4): 112-120, oct.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093471

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las trombofilias son condiciones que se presentan cuando existe una alteración en la fisiología normal del proceso hemostático, estas patologías son una importante causa de eventos tromboembólicos que tienen una repercusión clínica notoria en el estado de salud del paciente. El síndrome de plaquetas pegajosas es una enfermedad procoagulante autosómica dominante que se caracteriza por la agregación anormal de plaquetas como respuesta a diferentes sustancias. Objetivo: Realizar una breve revisión de la literatura que aborde los aspectos generales del síndrome de plaquetas pegajosas y ofrezca al lector una actualización en el tema. Métodos: Se llevó a cabo una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos Scielo, PubMed, ScienceDirect y Lilacs. Conclusión: El síndrome de plaquetas pegajosas es una causa importante de trombosis no explicada, y a pesar de ser una condición que amenaza la vida del paciente, no ha sido ampliamente estudiada en la literatura científica y es una entidad desconocida por gran parte del personal de la salud(AU)


Introduction: Thrombophilias are conditions that occur when there is an alteration in the normal physiology of the hemostatic process. These pathologies are an important cause of thromboembolic events that have a notorious clinical impact on the health status of the patient. The sticky platelet syndrome is an autosomal dominant procoagulant disease characterized by the abnormal aggregation of platelets as a response to different substances. Objective: To conduct a brief review of the literature addressing the general aspects of the sticky platelet syndrome and offering the reader an update on the subject. Methods: A literature search was carried out in the databases Scielo, PubMed, Science Direct and Lilacs. Conclusion: The sticky platelet syndrome is an important cause of unexplained thrombosis, and although it is a life-threatening condition, it has not been widely studied in the scientific literature and is an entity still unknown to many health care personnel(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Thrombophilia/genetics , Hematologic Diseases/diagnosis , Syndrome
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