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1.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 343-349, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887865

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between contrast-enhanced ultrasound and risk of tumor recurrence in papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC). Methods A total of 287 PTCs in 287 patients who underwent surgery,conventional ultrasound,and contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)were enrolled in this study.According to 2015 American Thyroid Association(ATA)Modified Initial Risk Stratification System,the patients were categorized into three groups:low risk,intermediate risk,and high risk.The CEUS patterns of PTCs were compared between different risk stratifications. Results Hypo-enhancement was presented in 57.6% of ATA low-risk PTCs,iso-enhancement in 62.3% of ATA intermediate-risk PTCs,and hyper-enhancement in 48.2% of ATA high-risk PTCs(


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography
2.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 75-78, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942389

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the features of degenerating cystic thyroid nodules (DCTN) on conventional ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), and to explore the differentiation between DCTN and papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC). Methods: A total of 46 DCTN (39 cases, including 12 males and 27 females, with an age range of 25 to 76 years) and 36 PTC (32 cases, including 8 males and 24 females, with an age range of 23 to 68 years) diagnosed via fine- needle aspiration (FNA) or surgery from February 2019 to January 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University were enrolled. The size, shape, margin, echogenicity, presence of shadowing, calcification and vascularity of DCTN and PTC were retrospectively evaluated, and 28 DCTN and 30 PTC underwent CEUS were separately analyzed and compared.The t test, χ² test or Fisher's exact test were implemented to compare the features of ultrasound among the two groups. The binary Logistic regression test was performed to determine whether the feature whose difference was statistically significant was an independent predictive risk factor. Results: A univariate analysis indicated that DCTN more frequently showed wider-than-tall shapes, marked hypoechogenicity, well-defined margin and no or dot-lined enhancement (wider-than-tall shapes: 36 vs. 17, χ2=8.511; well-defined margin: 30 vs. 15, χ2=4.523; marked hypoechogenicity: 27 vs. 9, χ2=9.310; no or dot-lined enhancement: 24 vs. 3, χ2=33.369; all P<0.05). A multivariate analysis demonstrated that wider-than-tall shapes, well-defined margin and marked hypoechogenicity were independent predictors for DCTN (OR values were 5.204, 3.134 and 5.042, P values were 0.003, 0.031, and 0.003, respectively). Among 28 DCTN, 15 showed a decrease in mean maximum diameter (24.3±11.4 mm) with a mean time span of (18.6±10.5) months between the presence and absence of suspicious ultrasound features. Conclusions: Compared with PTC, DCTN shows the ultrasound characteristics of wider-than-tall shapes, well-defined margin, marked hypoechogenicity and no or dot-lined enhancement pattern. Ultrasound follow-up can help to identify spontaneous DCTN.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography
3.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 911-916, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921559

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an artificial intelligence model based on B-mode thyroid ultrasound images to predict central compartment lymph node metastasis(CLNM)in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC). Methods We retrieved the clinical manifestations and ultrasound images of the tumors in 309 patients with surgical histologically confirmed PTC and treated in the First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from January to December in 2018.The datasets were split into the training set and the test set.We established a deep learning-based computer-aided model for the diagnosis of CLNM in patients with PTC and then evaluated the diagnosis performance of this model with the test set. Result The accuracy,sensitivity,specificity,and area under receiver operating characteristic curve of our model for predicting CLNM were 80%,76%,83%,and 0.794,respectively. Conclusion Deep learning-based radiomics can be applied in predicting CLNM in patients with PTC and provide a basis for therapeutic regimen selection in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Lymph Nodes/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
4.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(5): 533-541, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131127

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: We aimed to evaluate the patients diagnosed with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) in terms of clinical, ultrasonographical (US) and histopathological features and their relationships with tumor size. Subjects and methods: We retrospectively evaluated 881 patients who underwent thyroid surgery in our clinic and diagnosed with PTC histopathologically were enrolled the study. Demographic characteristics, US findings and histopathological features were evaluated. Results: In total, 1264 nodules were identified in the 881 patients. The incidentality rates were higher in the PTMC group and also in the ≤ 5 mm group. In total multifocality rate was 32.9%, and was significantly higher in PTMC group than the PTC group. PTC and > 5 mm PTMC groups compared to PTMC and ≤ 5 mm groups respectively, were more aggresive histopathological features. Conclusions: Since the incidentality rates were found significantly more common in our patients with PTMC and those with ≤ 5 mm, ultrasonographic features of the nodules should be evaluated carefully and for cases which are suspicious with US, US-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) should be considered in order to make the correct treatment strategy. Also our study revealed that PTC and > 5 mm PTMC groups compared to PTMC and ≤ 5 mm groups respectively, have more aggresive histopathological features.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis
5.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(5): 462-469, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038501

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives To determine the percentage of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) who accepted active surveillance as an alternative to surgery in our clinical practice and to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with Bethesda category V and VI thyroid nodules who chose active surveillance. Subjects and methods We included 136 PTC patients from the Hospital de Clínicas, University of Buenos Aires without (i) US extrathyroidal extension, (ii) tumors adjacent to the recurrent laryngeal nerve or trachea, and/or (iii) US regional lymph-node metastasis or clinical distant metastasis. PTC progression was defined as the presence of i) a tumor larger than ≥ 3 mm, ii) novel appearance of lymph-node metastasis, and iii) serum thyroglobulin doubling time in less than one year. For patients with these features, surgery was recommended. Results Only 34 (25%) of 136 patients eligible for active surveillance accepted this approach, and around 10% of those who accepted abandoned it due to anxiety. The frequency of patients with tumor enlargement was 17% after a median of 4.6 years of follow-up without any evidence of nodal or distant metastases. Ten patients who underwent surgical treatment after a median time of 4 years of active surveillance (AS) had no evidence of disease after a median of 3.8 years of follow-up after surgery. Conclusion Although not easily accepted in our cohort of patients, AS would be safe and easily applicable in experienced centers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Watchful Waiting/methods , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Thyroidectomy , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Tumor Burden , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/surgery , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/pathology
7.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(10): 1220-1223, dic. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978760

ABSTRACT

Abstract: We report a 72-years-old male patient with extensive differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), who required a tracheostomy and gastrostomy. Considering his clinical condition, risk of aspiration and management of the ostomies, radioiodine (131I) was administered intravenously, using recombinant human thyrotropin (rhTSH) and levothyroxine. The procedure was successful, both clinically and in terms of radioprotection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Thyroid Neoplasms/drug therapy , Thyrotropin Alfa/administration & dosage , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/drug therapy , Iodine Radioisotopes/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage , Thyroxine/administration & dosage , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Tracheostomy , Gastrostomy , Radionuclide Imaging , Treatment Outcome , Administration, Intravenous , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/surgery , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging
8.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(3): 287-293, set. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978814

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El carcinoma papilar de tiroides (CPT) corresponde a una neoplasia frecuente en el mundo y en nuestro país. Generalmente se asocia a buen pronóstico y altas tasas de sobrevida, gracias a características propias del tumor, precisas herramientas diagnósticas y terapias eficaces. Formas infrecuentes de CPT suelen tener comportamientos más agresivos y respuestas parciales a tratamientos habituales, tales como el CPT no captante de radioyodo (5% de los casos). Poca literatura existe respecto a este último y a su manejo. Diversas opciones de tratamiento han sido propuestas, según si hay evidencia de tejido tumoral, como el uso empírico de I131, cirugía, radioterapia, embolización e inhibidores de tirosina kinasa, sin embargo, sigue habiendo una respuesta incierta.


ABSTRACT Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a common cancer in the world and in our country. It is usually associated with good prognosis and high survival rates, due to the tumor's characteristics, precise diagnostic tools and effective therapies. Unusual varieties of PTC have more aggressive behaviors and partial responses to usual treatments, such as negative uptake to radioiodine PTC (5% of cases). There is few literature about this variety and its treatment. Diverse treatment options have been proposed, according to whether there is evidence of tumor tissue, such as the empirical use of I131, surgery, radiotherapy, embolization and inhibitors of thyrosine kinase, however an uncertain response remains.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Serum Albumin, Radio-Iodinated , Thyroid Neoplasms/therapy , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/therapy , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging
9.
Clinics ; 73: e333, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974924

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate differences in the metabolomic profiles of patients who received different surgeries for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). METHODS: Two surgical methods, i.e., unilateral and total thyroidectomy, were employed according to different disease conditions. Sera from patients who were treated with levothyroxine sodium tablets before and after surgery was analyzed with a Bruker 500 Hz nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer. Data were analyzed via principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminate analysis (PLS-DA) with SIMCA-P+ 11.0 software, and metabolites were obtained and compared. The first and second principal components were selected from PCA, PLS-DA, and orthogonal partial least squares discriminate analysis (OPLS-DA). A p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: There were significant differences in serum metabolomics before and after surgery. Compared with unilateral thyroidectomy, total thyroidectomy reversed some highly increased metabolite levels (e.g., taurine and betaine). More significant variations in abnormal metabolites were noted after total thyroidectomy than after unilateral thyroidectomy (e.g., alanine, choline, hippurate, and formic acid). CONCLUSIONS: The choice of surgical method for PTC patients should be based not only on the tumor condition but also on the potential consequences of metabolic variations. Total thyroidectomy reversed some increased metabolite levels but led to accumulation of some other metabolites due to the loss of thyroid function; thus, metabolic disturbances caused by thyroid hormone deficiency should be prevented in advance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Thyroidectomy/methods , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Metabolomics/methods , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/surgery , Thyroid Neoplasms/metabolism , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Principal Component Analysis , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/metabolism , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging
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