Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 851
Filter
1.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(2): 140-146, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279093

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La historia familiar de enfermedad tiroidea (HFET) como factor de riesgo para hipotiroidismo congénito (HC), en síndrome de Down (SD) aún no ha sido explorada. Objetivo: Determinar si la HFET está asociada a mayor riesgo de HC en neonatos con SD. Método: Estudio de casos y controles en 220 neonatos con SD. Se compararon las pruebas de función tiroidea (PFT) de 37 con SD e HFET (casos), frente a las PFT de 183 recién nacidos con SD sin HFET (grupo de referencia). Se realizó análisis de regresión logística multivariante y se calculó la razón de momios (RM) y sus respectivos intervalos de confianza del 95 % (IC 95 %). Resultados: Nueve casos HC (4.1 %). El HC mostró asociación con la HFET (RMa = 8.3, IC 95 %: 2.0-34.3), particularmente en los varones (RMa = 9.0, IC 95 %: 1.6-49.6). La ausencia de HFET tuvo una RM de protección para HC (RMa = 0.4, IC 95 %: 0.1-0.8). Conclusiones: La HFET puede es una estrategia fácil y accesible para identificar pacientes con SD con mayor riesgo de HC.


Abstract Introduction: Family history of thyroid disease (FHTD) as risk factor for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in patients with Down syndrome (DS) has not yet been explored. Objective: To determine whether FHTD is associated with an increased risk for CH in DS. Method: Case-control study in 220 neonates with DS. Thyroid function tests of 37 infants with DS and FHTD (cases) were compared with those of 183 DS newborns without FHTD (reference group). Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression analysis and adjusted odds ratios (aORs) with their respective 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results: Nine newborns with DS in our sample had CH (4.1 %). FHTD showed an association with CH in neonates with DS (aOR = 8.3, 95 % CI: 2.0-34.3), particularly in males (aOR = 9.0, 95 % CI: 1.6-49.6). In contrast, newborns with DS without FHTD were less likely to suffer from CH (aOR = 0.4, 95 % CI: 0.1-0.8). Conclusions: FHTD detailed evaluation can be an easy and accessible strategy to identify those newborns with DS at higher risk for CH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Thyroid Diseases/genetics , Family Health , Down Syndrome/complications , Congenital Hypothyroidism/etiology , Thyroid Function Tests/statistics & numerical data , Sex Factors , Epidemiologic Methods , Congenital Hypothyroidism/epidemiology
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1064-1069, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878160

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Thyroid dysfunction is associated with cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of thyroid function in lipid metabolism remains partly unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the causal association between thyroid function and serum lipid metabolism via a genetic analysis termed Mendelian randomization (MR).@*METHODS@#The MR approach uses a genetic variant as the instrumental variable in epidemiological studies to mimic a randomized controlled trial. A two-sample MR was performed to assess the causal association, using summary statistics from the Atrial Fibrillation Genetics Consortium (n = 537,409) and the Global Lipids Genetics Consortium (n = 188,577). The clinical measures of thyroid function include thyrotropin (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT3) and free thyroxine (FT4) levels, FT3:FT4 ratio and concentration of thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb). The serum lipid metabolism traits include total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels. The MR estimate and MR inverse variance-weighted method were used to assess the association between thyroid function and serum lipid metabolism.@*RESULTS@#The results demonstrated that increased TSH levels were significantly associated with higher TC (β = 0.052, P = 0.002) and LDL (β = 0.041, P = 0.018) levels. In addition, the FT3:FT4 ratio was significantly associated with TC (β = 0.240, P = 0.033) and LDL (β = 0.025, P = 0.027) levels. However, no significant differences were observed between genetically predicted FT4 and TPOAb and serum lipids.@*CONCLUSION@#Taken together, the results of the present study suggest an association between thyroid function and serum lipid metabolism, highlighting the importance of the pituitary-thyroid-cardiac axis in dyslipidemia susceptibility.


Subject(s)
Lipid Metabolism/genetics , Mendelian Randomization Analysis , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Gland , Thyrotropin , Thyroxine , Triiodothyronine
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880621

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#A variety of causes can lead to cholestasis, however, cholestasis caused by Graves' disease is usually overlooked clinically. Here we analyze the clinical characteristics of Graves' disease associated cholestasis so as to have a better understanding for the disease.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively collected 13 inpatients' data who suffered from the Graves' disease associated cholestasis in the Department of Infectious Disease of Xiangya Hospital from January 2000 to December 2018. The characteristics of the patients' age, gender, liver function, thyroid function, coagulation function, the special cardiac examination, treatment, and follow-up data were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen patients, including 10 males and 3 females with the age range from 33 to 55 (median 43) years old presented cholestasis, pruritus, and hypermetabolic symptoms. The levels of total bilirubin (TBIL), direct bilirubin (DBIL), glutamic-pyruvic transferase, glutamic-oxaloacetic transferase, alkaline phosphosphatase, and gamma glutamyl transpeptidase were 170.4-976.7 (median 388.8) µmol/L, 93.2-418.1 (median 199.2) µmol/L, 25.1-182.1 (median 106.4) U/L, 38.2-265.7 (median 59.7) U/L, 105.3-332.0 (median 184.5) U/L, and 20.7-345.1 (median 47.6) U/L, respectively. The levels of free triiodothyronine (FT@*CONCLUSIONS@#Graves' disease can cause cholestasis, with the low incidence. The symptoms of cholestasis can be improved or even eradicated with the cure of the Graves' disease. The cholestasis may be idiopathic. For patients with cholestasis and hyperthyroidism, Graves' disease should be considered for differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cholestasis/etiology , Female , Graves Disease/complications , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroxine , Triiodothyronine
5.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(1): 52-58, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088768

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This study aimed to present the impact of age and gender on thyroid hormone levels in a large Chinese population with sufficient iodine intake. Subjects and methods A total of 83643 individuals were included and were stratified by age and gender. The median, 2.5th and 97.5th of thyrotropin (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4) and FT3/FT4 ratio were calculated for both genders for every decade from 18 to over 80 years. TSH, FT3, FT4, FT3/FT4 distribution in each age group was evaluated for females and males using smoothing splines in the generalized additive models (GAM). TSH concentrations were compared in the different age groups in gender. Results In the over 80s age group, the TSH level (median: 2.57 mIU/L, 2.5th-97.5th: 0.86-7.56 mIU/L) was significantly higher than other age groups, irrespective to gender (P<0.001). Females had a higher TSH value than males in all age groups (P<0.001). Results of the smoothing curves showed that TSH increased with age, FT3 concentration was higher in males than in females and the tendency of the FT3/FT4 ratio was basically similar to that of FT3. TSH concentration in the 50s age group (median 2.48 mIU/L for females versus 2.00 mIU/L for males) was significantly higher than that in the 30s age group (median 2.18 mIU/L for females versus median 1.85 mIU/L for males). Conclusions In accord with increasing TSH values during aging, females and older adults have lower FT3 values and lower FT3/FT4 ratios, while the FT4 values remain stable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Thyroxine/blood , Triiodothyronine/blood , Thyrotropin/blood , Sex Factors , Age Factors , Reference Values , Thyroid Function Tests , Retrospective Studies , Asian Continental Ancestry Group
6.
Ann. afr. med ; 19(2): 89-94, 2020. tab
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1258916

ABSTRACT

Thyroid disorders are one of the most common endocrine disorders seen globally. Diagnostic challenge may arise both clinically and biochemically because of the multiple function of thyroid hormones (THs). Request for thyroid function test (TFT s) may be based on clinical impression that may suggest thyroid dysfunction or obvious symptoms and signs that are diagnostic of hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study looks at the biochemical patterns of TFTs and the clinical impression of thyroid disorders in a rural tertiary institution. Information extracted from the laboratory register includes indication for the test, the hospital number, the gender, the age, and the THs assayed. The corresponding biochemical pattern of the TFT result was established. Results: A total of 297 requests were submitted for TH assay; 34 were excluded from the present study because there were no clinical information. There were 239 females and 24 males giving a female-to-male ratio of 9.9:1. Majority of the requests (36.5%) were for goiters, followed by gynecological disorders (20.9%) and clinical thyroid disorders (17.9%). About 46% (45.8%) of the goiter cases were biochemically euthyroid, whereas 13.5% were biochemically primary hyperthyroid. Among the 47 cases of thyroid disorders by the physician's clinical impression, 27.7% were euthyroid, 17% were biochemically hyperthyroid, and 10.6% were hypothyroid. Of the 55 gynecological disorders assessed, only 7.3% show biochemical evidence of TH alteration with 56.4% being euthyroid. About 47% (46.6%) of those that did routine medical examination had altered TH level that includes hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Conclusion: Goiter is the most prevalent thyroid disorder in this environment. Biochemical pattern of thyroid function test in our environment was mostly euthyroid despites clinical features suggestive of thyroid disorders


Subject(s)
Nigeria , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Function Tests
7.
Med. lab ; 24(2): 91-92, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1097034

ABSTRACT

El desarrollo de las pruebas de función tiroidea no ha sido fácil, con múltiples retos para mejorar algunas características que son insatisfactorias, incluso en la actualidad. En 1960 se logró la medición de tiroxina total (T4 total), y aunque fue un gran avance, los investigadores sabían que era insuficiente para una evaluación precisa de la función tiroidea. Uno de los problemas importantes radica en que existen diferencias marcadas interindividuales en la composición y en las cantidades de las proteínas de transporte de la T4 y la triyodotironina (T3). Por lo tanto, los depósitos de T4 y T3 son muy diferentes a los valores de T4 libre (T4L) y T3 libre (T3L). Por ejemplo, la mujer embarazada tiene el doble de globulina fijadora de tiroxina (TBG) y tres cuartas partes de la cantidad de albúmina que tenía cuando no estaba embarazada. También se pierde transtiretina y albúmina en enfermedades graves o con traumas, como quemaduras o sepsis. Entre 1963 y 1965 se desarrolló una prueba para tratar de obtener una estimación de la T4L, con el método de absorción de la hormona tiroidea a partir de la T4 total. Sin embargo, este análisis no funcionó correctamente, especialmente teniendo en cuenta la variabilidad en la TBG


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroxine , Triiodothyronine
8.
Med. lab ; 24(2): 93-109, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1097051

ABSTRACT

Los desórdenes de la glándula tiroides son comunes y pueden afectar hasta el 10% de la población en general. En muchas ocasiones los síntomas pueden ser inespecíficos, por lo que el médico en busca de un trastorno tiroideo debe llegar a un diagnóstico funcional y anatómico. Las mediciones séricas de las hormonas tiroideas confirman si hay un exceso, un déficit o si las concentraciones son normales. Para ello, se requiere un rango de referencia de la población local, y específicamente por grupos de edad, para una correcta interpretación de las pruebas de función tiroidea. Las hormonas tiroideas juegan un papel fundamental en el sistema endocrino, controlan el metabolismo general del cuerpo, el desarrollo neural, el crecimiento normal y la maduración de los huesos, así como funciones cardiovasculares y renales, entre otras. En esta revisión se pretende dar una aproximación a las pruebas tiroideas más relevantes, partiendo de la biosíntesis y secreción de las hormonas tiroideas, hasta llegar al abordaje para un diagnóstico inicial del paciente con trastorno tiroideo, mencionando los aspectos más importantes de los diferentes patrones tiroideos. El tratamiento detallado de cada uno de ellos, supera las expectativas de esta revisión


Thyroid gland disorders are common and can affect up to 10% of the general population. In many cases the symptoms can be nonspecific, so the physician in search for a thyroid disorder should reach a functional and anatomical diagnosis. Serum measurements of thyroid hormones confirm if there is an excess, a deficit, or if concentrations are normal. For this, reference ranges of the local population, and specifically by age groups, are required for a correct interpretation of thyroid function tests. Thyroid hormones play a fundamental role in the endocrine system, control of the general metabolism of the body, neural development, normal growth and maturation of bones, as well as in cardiovascular and renal functions, among others. In this review, the most relevant thyroid tests will be described, starting with the biosynthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones, and continuing with an approach to reach an initial diagnosis. Finally, the most important aspects of the different thyroid patterns will be mentioned. It is beyond the scope of this review, to describe the treatment for thyroid disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Hormones , Thyroxine , Triiodothyronine , Thyrotropin
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816623

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies on the relationship between thyroid function and anemia in the euthyroid range are scarce. We aimed to evaluate the association between anemia and serum free thyroxine (fT4) and thyrotropin (TSH) in euthyroid adults.METHODS: Data on 5,352 participants aged ≥19 years were obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI (2013 to 2015). Anemia was defined as hemoglobin (Hb) <13 and <12 g/dL for men and women, respectively.RESULTS: Overall, 6.1% of participants had anemia, and more women (9.9%) had anemia than men (2.8%, P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, serum fT4 levels, but not TSH, were positively associated with serum Hb levels in both sexes (P<0.001, each). Serum Hb levels linearly reduced across decreasing serum fT4 quartile groups in both sexes (P<0.001, each). After adjusting for potential confounding factors, participants with low-normal fT4 had 4.4 (P=0.003) and 2.8 times (P<0.001) higher risk for anemia than those with high-normal fT4 among men and women, respectively. When participants were divided into two groups at 50 years of age, in younger participants, men and women with the first quartile were at higher risk of anemia than men with the second quartile (odds ratio [OR], 3.3; P=0.029) and women with the forth quartile (OR, 3.2; P<0.001), respectively. This association was not observed in older participants.CONCLUSION: These results suggest that a low-normal level of serum fT4 was associated with a lower serum Hb level and a higher risk of anemia in euthyroid adults, especially in younger participants.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anemia , Female , Humans , Korea , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Nutrition Surveys , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Gland , Thyrotropin , Thyroxine
10.
Acta méd. colomb ; 44(3): 1-7, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1098018

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: There are no clear clinical guidelines for requesting thyroid tests in hospitalized patients. The necessity and profile of requested tests in hospitalized patients at the San Vicente Foundation University Hospital were evaluated. Methods: This retrospective study included patients over 14 years of age who were nonpregnant and hospitalized at the Hospital Universitario de San Vicente Fundación. A total of 351 records were evaluated in the clinical history system, six necessity groups were defined: categories 1 to 4 were considered necessary test requests, and 5 and 6 were considered unnecessary test requests. Demographic and clinical variables were recorded. Quantitative statistical variables were evaluated with the Mann-Whitney U test, and qualitative variables were evaluated with Pearson's chi square and Fisher's tests. Results: Normal values were obtained for 67% of the measured thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), 80% of the measured thyroxine (T4) and 53% of the measured triiodothyronine (T3). The most frequent abnormality in TSH was an elevation, observed in 24% of tests, the most frequent abnormality for free T4 (T4L) was a decline, observed in 11.5% of tests, and the most frequent abnormality for T3 was an elevation, as observed in 27% of tests. TSH ≤ 0.1 was found in 3.5% and ≥ 20 in 3.9% of tests. Of the 60 patients with elevated TSH, 75% had values between 5 and 9.99 mUI/mL; 11.5% had T4L values ≤ 0.7 ng/dL, and 8.6% had T4L values ≥ 1.48. In total, 95% of T4L measured in the unnecessary category was normal. Conclusions: Requests for necessary thy3roid tests during hospitalization should be improved. An initial approach is proposed only with TSH. (Acta Med Colomb 2019; 44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2019.1057).


Resumen Introducción: se carece de guías clínicas claras para la solicitud de pruebas tiroideas en pacientes hospitalizados. Se evaluó el nivel de pertinencia y tipos de perfil solicitados en pacientes hospitalizados en el Hospital Universitario de San Vicente Fundación. Métodos: estudio retrospectivo en pacientes mayores de 14 años, no gestantes, hospitalizados en el Hospital Universitario de San Vicente Fundación. Se evaluaron 351 registros en el sistema de historia clínica, se definieron seis grupos de pertinencia, las categorías 1 a 4 se consideraron como pertinente, y la 5 y 6 como solicitudes de pruebas no pertinentes. Se registraron variables demográficas y clínicas. Las variables estadísticas cuantitativas fueron evaluadas con la prueba U Mann-Whitney, las variables cualitativas con chi2 Pearson y Estadístico de Fisher. Resultados: se obtuvieron valores normales en 67% de las TSH medidas, en 80% de las T4 y el 53% de las T3. La anormalidad más frecuente de la TSH fue elevación en 24%, para la T4 libre fue su reducción en 11.5% y para la T3 elevación en 27%. Se encontró TSH ≤ 0.1 en 3.5% y ≥ 20 en 3.9%. De los 60 pacientes con TSH elevada el 75% están entre 5 y 9.99 mUI/mL. La T4L ≤ de 0.7 ng/dL fue 11.5% y ≥ 1.48 en 8.6%. El 95% de las T4L medidas en la categoría no pertinente fueron normales. Conclusiones: se debe mejorar la pertinencia de solicitud de pruebas tiroideas en hospitalización. Se propone abordaje inicial solo con TSH. (Acta Med Colomb 2019; 44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2019.1057).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyrotropin , Retrospective Studies , Hypothyroidism
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(6): 755-760, June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013003

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by hyperthyroidism. Antithyroid drugs (ATDs) are available as therapy. Agranulocytosis is a rare but potentially fatal complication of this therapy. In this study, we report agranulocytosis induced by propylthiouracil (PTU) in a patient with GD and the difficulties of clinical management. CASE: RNBA, male, 30 years old, with GD, treated with propylthiouracil (PTU). He progressed with pharyngotonsillitis. Then, PTU was suspended and antibiotic, filgrastim, propranolol, and prednisone were initiated. Due to the decompensation of hyperthyroidism, lithium carbonate, dexamethasone, and Lugol's solution were introduced. Total thyroidectomy (TT) was performed with satisfactory postoperative progression. DISCUSSION: We describe here the case of a young male patient with GD. For the treatment of hyperthyroidism, thioamides are effective options. Agranulocytosis induced by ATDs is a rare complication defined as the occurrence of a granulocyte count <500/mm3 after the use of ATDs. PTU was suspended, and filgrastim and antibiotics were prescribed. Radioiodine (RAI) or surgery are therapeutic alternatives. Due to problems with ATD use, a total thyroidectomy was proposed. The preoperative preparation was performed with beta-blocker, glucocorticoid, lithium carbonate, and Lugol solution. Cholestyramine is also an option for controlling hyperthyroidism. TT was performed without postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: Thionamide-induced agranulocytosis is a rare complication. With a contraindication to ATDs, RAI and surgery are definitive therapeutic options in GD. Beta-blockers, glucocorticoids, lithium carbonate, iodine, and cholestyramine may be an adjunctive therapy for hyperthyroidism.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: A doença de Graves (DG) é uma doença autoimune caracterizada por hipertireoidismo. As drogas antitireoidianas (DAT) são opções terapêuticas disponíveis. A agranulocitose é uma complicação rara, potencialmente fatal desta terapia. Neste estudo, relatamos um caso de agranulocitose induzida por propiltiouracil (PTU) em paciente com DG e as dificuldades do manejo clínico. RELATO DE CASO: RNBA, sexo masculino, 30 anos, com DG, tratado com PTU. Evoluiu com faringoamigdalite, sendo o PTU suspenso e antibióticos, filgrastim, propranolol e prednisona, iniciados. Devido à descompensação do hipertireoidismo, iniciou carbonato de lítio (CL), dexametasona e a solução de Lugol. A tireoidectomia total (TT) foi realizada com boa evolução pós-operatória. DISCUSSÃO: Descrevemos caso de paciente jovem, sexo masculino, com DG. Para o tratamento do hipertireoidismo, as tionamidas são opções efetivas. A agranulocitose induzida por DATs é uma complicação rara, definida como a ocorrência de contagem de granulócitos <500/mm3 após uso de dats. PTU foi suspenso e foram prescritos filgrastim e antibiótico. O radioiodo (RAI) ou a cirurgia são alternativas terapêuticas. Devido a problemas com o uso de DAT, a TT foi proposta. A preparação pré-operatória foi realizada com betabloqueador, glicocorticoide, CL e solução de Lugol. A colestiramina também é uma opção para controlar o hipertireoidismo. A TT foi realizada sem complicações pós-operatórias. CONCLUSÃO: A agranulocitose induzida por drogas antitireoidianas é uma complicação rara. Com a contraindicação às DATs, RAI e cirurgia são opções terapêuticas definitivas para DG. Os betabloqueadores, glicocorticoides, CL, iodo e a colestiramina podem ser uma terapia adjuvante para o hipertireoidismo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Propylthiouracil/adverse effects , Antithyroid Agents/adverse effects , Graves Disease/drug therapy , Agranulocytosis/chemically induced , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroidectomy , Rare Diseases
12.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(5): 293-295, jun 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1024573

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Mole hydatiforme is the most common type of gestational trophoblast disease (GTI) and the aim of this study, is evaluation the frequency of changes in thyroid function test in mole hydatidiform patients. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, 63 patients with mole hydatidiform who reffering to gynecolgy ward of Ali ibn Abitaleb Hospital in Zahedan from April 2016 to March 2017, were studied. Information such as age, gravidity and laboratory findings inclluding thyroid function test (TFT) and the presence or absence of clinical sympltoms were recorded in the information forms and analyzed by SPSS software. Results: In this study, 63 patients with mole hydatidiform were studied. The mean age of the patients was 26.6 ± 7.7 years. The most common clinical manifestations of hyperthyroidism in patients with mole hydatidorme was tachycardia (39.7%). There was no relationschip between age and gravidity with the hyperthyroid simptoms and thyroid function test. Conclusion: Overall, the results of this study showed ttat 67% of patients with mole hydatidiform hay reduced TSH and more than 50% of cases hay increased free T3 and T4. There was no relationship between maternal age and gravidity with changes in thyroid functional test (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Thyroid Function Tests/trends , Hydatidiform Mole/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Maternal Age , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/diagnosis
13.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(1): 16-21, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989293

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: In this study, we aimed to evaluate serum irisin and apelin levels in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) when they were subclinical hypothyroid and become euthyroid after levothyroxine therapy and association of these adipokines with markers of atherosclerosis such as serum homocysteine levels and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT). Subjects and methods: The study included 160 patients with newly diagnosed subclinical hypothyroidism due to Hashimoto's thyroiditis and 86 euthyroid healty subjects. Serum glucose and lipid profile, insulin, HOMA, TSH, free T3, free T4, anti-thyroperoxidase and anti-thyroglobulin antibodies, homocysteine, apelin and irisin levels were measured in all study subjects. Thyroid and carotid ultrasound examinations were performed. The subclinical hypothyroid group was reevaluated after 12-weeks of levothyroxine therapy when they became euthyroid. Results: Clinical characteristics of the patient and control group were similar. Glucose, insulin and HOMA levels, lipid parameters and free T3 were similar between the two groups.. Serum homocystein was higher and apelin was lower in patients with SCH, but irisin levels were similar between the two groups. While thyroid volume was lower, carotid IMT was significantly greater in patients with SCH (pCarotidIMT:0,01). After 12-weeks of levothyroxine therapy, all the studied parameters remained unchanged except, serum freeT4, TSH, homocystein and apelin. While homocystein decreased (p: 0,001), apelin increased significantly (p = 0,049). In multivariate analysis, low apelin levels significantly contributed to carotid IMT (p = 0,041). Conclusions: Apelin-APJ system may play a role in vascular and cardiac dysfunction in patients with SCH and treatment of this condition may improve the risk of cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Fibronectins/blood , Atherosclerosis/etiology , Hashimoto Disease/complications , Apelin/blood , Hypothyroidism/complications , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroxine/therapeutic use , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Prospective Studies , Atherosclerosis/diagnosis , Atherosclerosis/blood , Hashimoto Disease/drug therapy , Hashimoto Disease/blood , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Hypothyroidism/drug therapy , Hypothyroidism/blood
14.
Nigerian Hospital Practice ; 23(4-5): 37-41, 2019.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1267715

ABSTRACT

There is a dearth of reports on variation in thyroid function within the reference range on bone health in euthyroid healthy adults in Nigeria This study evaluated the variation in thyroid function within reference range on biochemical bone markers and bone mineral density in healthy adults. This prospective study was carried out among 40 healthy participants above 21 years of age but less than 50 years by systematic random sampling. Exclusion criteria included subjects with acute or chronic disease states, previous fractures, any drug use, history of alcohol or smoking. Interviewer ­questionnaire was administered. Anthropometric indices determined. Blood samples for thyroid function tests included triiodothyronine (FT3), thyroxine(FT4), Thyroid Stimulating Hormone(TSH-thyrotropin), osteocalcin (OC), and Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), serum calcium adjusted for albumin, inorganic phosphorus, and urine sample for calcium and creatinine were collected after 10 - 12 hours fast. 24 hour calcium excretion was calculated (CaE). Bone mineral Density determined by Dual X - ray Absorptiometry scan. Statistical analysis done,< 0.05 set as level of significant. The mean age 34.10 years (7.8), with BMI 26.32kg/m2 (4.02),waist circumference 76.60cm (17.07). The mean levels of bone markers were osteocalcin 17.68ng/ml (10.67), alkaline phosphatase70.60 IU/L (16.56) and 24hour calcium excretion 396.10mg/dl (101.89). OC and ALP inversely correlated with age but CaE did not. TSH positively correlates OC( r =0.35,p=0.029), but not CaE, p > 0.05. FT4 correlates bone formation markers OC,ALPand CaE p <0.05. Neither FT3,FT4 or TSH neither correlates with zscore BMD. Normal variation in the levels of ft4 and TSH has an early impact on biochemical bone markers compared to bone mineral density. Biochemical bone markers are thus suggested as screening tools for early detection of metabolic bone diseases in euthyroid healthy adults


Subject(s)
Adult , Health , Lakes , Nigeria , Thyroid Function Tests
15.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 204-212, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786440

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of delayed thyroid dysfunction based on iodine disinfectant use and to analyze associated risk factors.METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on late preterm infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit between January 2010 and June 2018, who underwent neonatal thyroid screening (NTS) and ≥2 thyroid function tests (TFTs). NTS was performed 3 days after birth, with at least two TFTs 1 week and 2 to 4 weeks after birth. To distinguish between normal and dysfunctional thyroid levels, we reviewed TFT results at 2 to 4 weeks and examined possible risk factors for the development of thyroid dysfunction.RESULTS: Of 295 late preterm infants, 262 were enrolled with a mean gestational age and birth weight of 34.8±0.7 weeks and 2,170±454 g, respectively. A total of 7.6% developed hyperthyrotropinemia at the age of 24.3±14.6 days (range, 12 to 69). The incidence of hyperthyrotropinemia during iodine use was approximately 12.6%, while that during discontinuation was 2.4% (P=0.002). Multivariate analysis revealed that small for gestational age (SGA), iodine disinfectant use, and abnormal NTS results were significant risk factors for delayed hyperthyrotropinemia (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 4.27, P=0.008; AOR: 8.24, P=0.003; and AOR: 7.80, P=0.002, respectively).CONCLUSION: Delayed hyperthyrotropinemia was prevalent in late preterm infants exposed to topical iodine and those identified as being SGA. Secondary TFTs should be considered 2 to 4 weeks after birth for this population at risk.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Congenital Hypothyroidism , Gestational Age , Humans , Incidence , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Iodine , Mass Screening , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Parturition , Population Characteristics , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Gland , Thyrotropin
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762603

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Iodine is a major component of thyroid hormones. Both deficiency and excess of iodine are major risk factors for thyroid disease, making it important to accurately assess iodine level in the human body. Urinary iodine concentration (UIC) is a commonly used measure of iodine status. However, there is little research on iodine status and related characteristics in Korean adolescents. METHODS: Using data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI) for the years 2013–2015, we analyzed UIC and thyroid function test results in adolescents aged 10–18 years and their parents. We also investigated the influence of socioeconomic factors and family history of thyroid disease on iodine status. RESULTS: Mean UIC in Korean adolescents was 963.5±55.7 μg/L. Among evaluated subjects, 6.6%±1.0%, 29.8%±1.7%, and 63.9%±1.9% had low (UIC<100 μg/L), adequate (UIC: 100–299.9 μg/L), and excess (UIC≥300 μg/L) iodine concentrations, respectively. Based on regional trends, the incidence of iodine deficiency exceeded 10% in several regions, even though there was a dominance of regions with excess iodine. Parental UIC, female sex, average monthly income, and expenditure were all found to affect the iodine status of Korean adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: Although regional differences exist, the iodine status in Korean adolescents is mainly affected by the eating habits of their families and socioeconomic factors. Therefore, monitoring of iodine status is necessary in this population.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eating , Female , Health Expenditures , Human Body , Humans , Incidence , Iodine , Korea , Nutrition Surveys , Parents , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Hormones
17.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 595-600, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762398

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chronic hand eczema (CHE) tends to be refractory to conventional therapy. Previous clinical trials have found that alitretinoin is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for CHE. However, there is a relative lack of data on the effectiveness of alitretinoin in elderly patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of oral alitretinoin in elderly patients with moderate to severe CHE in Korea. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 46 CHE patients who were treated with either 10 mg or 30 mg of alitretinoin between June of 2016 and July of 2018. The physician's global assessment (PGA) was used to evaluate treatment efficacy. All adverse events were retrospectively evaluated with respect to laboratory testing, including complete blood cell count, fasting blood chemistry, lipid profile, and liver and thyroid function tests. RESULTS: The mean patient age in this study was 71.0±5.1 years. The treatment period was over eight weeks. A total of 38 of 46 patients (82.6%) exhibited clinical improvement with PGA ratings of ‘clear’ or ‘almost clear.’ There were 13 patients (28.3%) who experienced an adverse effect, with the most common being headache (13.0%) and gastrointestinal symptoms (8.7%) followed by xerosis (6.5%). A total of 13 patients developed or exhibited worsening hypertriglyceridemia (28.3%). CONCLUSION: Alitretinoin can be considered a safe and effective treatment option in elderly patients with moderate to severe CHE.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Cell Count , Chemistry , Eczema , Fasting , Hand , Headache , Humans , Hypertriglyceridemia , Korea , Liver , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Function Tests , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759574

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Thyroid hormone deficiency during the neurodevelopmental period can impair brain development and induce psychiatric symptoms. This study examined the association between thyroid dysfunction and the severity of symptoms in schizophrenia patients, and the treatment response of patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-eight schizophrenia patients, with no prior history of thyroid disease or taking medication associated with it, were studied. We assessed the blood thyroid hormone level, the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) scores on the day of admission and discharge, admission period, dose of administered antipsychotics, and the number of antipsychotic combinations. The collected data were subsequently analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test and Pearson's chi-square test. RESULTS: The percentage of schizophrenia patients who presented with abnormal thyroid hormone level was 24.6%. High total triiodothyronine (TT3) (p = 0.003), low TT3 (p = 0.001), and high free thyroxine (fT4) (p < 0.001) groups showed a higher BPRS score on admission than did the normal thyroid hormone group, while thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels were not significantly correlated with the severity of symptoms. Furthermore, thyroid hormone was not associated with the treatment response assessed by the rate of BPRS score reduction, admission days, use of clozapine, and dose of antipsychotics. CONCLUSIONS: The TT3 and fT4 hormone levels were significantly associated with the severity of symptoms in schizophrenia patients. These relations suggested that thyroid dysfunction may be associated with the severity of schizophrenia. And hence, further analysis of the results of the thyroid function test, which is commonly used in cases of psychiatric admission, is required.


Subject(s)
Antipsychotic Agents , Brain , Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale , Clozapine , Humans , Inpatients , Schizophrenia , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Hormones , Thyrotropin , Thyroxine , Triiodothyronine
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766273

ABSTRACT

Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a rare and underdiagnosed neuropsychiatric illness. We present the case of a 17-year-old girl who was admitted to a tertiary-care psychiatric center with acute onset psychosis and fever. Her psychotic symptoms were characterized by persecutory and referential delusions, as well as tactile and visual hallucinations. Her acute behavioral disturbance warranted admission and treatment in a psychiatric setting (risperidone tablets, 3 mg/day). She had experienced an episode of fever with a unilateral visual acuity defect approximately 3 years before admission, which was resolved with treatment. Focused clinical examination revealed an enlarged thyroid, and baseline blood investigations, including thyroid function test results were normal. Abnormal laboratory investigations revealed elevated anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) and anti-thyroglobulin (anti-TG) levels (anti-TPO of 480 IU/mL; anti-TG of 287 IU/mL). Results of other investigations for infection, including cerebrospinal fluid examination, electroencephalography, and brain magnetic resonance imaging were normal. She was diagnosed with HE and was treated with intravenous corticosteroids (methylprednisolone up to 1 g/day; tapered and discontinued after a month). The patient achieved complete remission of psychotic symptoms and normalization of the anti-thyroid antibody titers. Currently, at the seventh month of follow-up, the patient is doing well. This case highlights the fact that in the absence of well-defined clinical diagnostic criteria, a high index of suspicion is required for early diagnosis of HE. Psychiatrists need to explore for organic etiologies when dealing with acute psychiatric symptoms in a younger age group.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Brain , Brain Diseases , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Delusions , Early Diagnosis , Electroencephalography , Female , Fever , Follow-Up Studies , Hallucinations , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methylprednisolone , Peroxidase , Psychiatry , Psychotic Disorders , Risperidone , Tablets , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Gland , Visual Acuity
20.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 111-116, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760575

ABSTRACT

Resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) is a condition caused by a mutation in the thyroid hormone receptor gene. It is rarely reported in individuals with no family history of RTH or in premature infants, and its clinical presentation varies. In our case, a premature infant with no family history of thyroid diseases had a thyroid stimulating hormone level of 85.0 µIU/mL and free thyroxine level of 1.64 ng/dL on a thyroid function test. The patient also presented with clinical signs of hypothyroidism, including difficulties in feeding and weight gain. The patient was treated with levothyroxine; however, only free thyroxine and triiodothyronine levels increased without a decrease in thyroid-stimulating hormone levels. Taken together with thyroid gland hypertrophy observed on a previous ultrasound examination, RTH was suspected and the diagnosis was eventually made based on a genetic test. A de novo mutation in the thyroid hormone receptor β gene in the infant was found that has not been previously reported. Other symptoms included tachycardia and pulmonary hypertension, but gradual improvement in the symptoms was observed after liothyronine administration. This report describes a case involving a premature infant with RTH and a de novo mutation, with no family history of thyroid disease.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Goiter , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Hypertrophy , Hypothyroidism , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Receptors, Thyroid Hormone , Tachycardia , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Hormone Receptors beta , Thyroid Hormone Resistance Syndrome , Thyrotropin , Thyroxine , Triiodothyronine , Ultrasonography , Weight Gain
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL