Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 925
Filter
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247071, 2023. tab
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285609

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study was conducted to evaluate the chemical composition, antioxidant activity and hypoglycemic effects of whole kumquat (Ku) powder in diabetic rats fed a high-fat-high-cholesterol (HFHC) diet. The antioxidant activities were evaluated using stable 1,1-diphenyl 2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging method, 2,2´-azinobis (3-ethyl benzo thiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radical cation (ABTS) and Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). Total phenolic content was (51.85 mg GAE/g) and total flavonoid content was (0.24 mg Cateachin Equivalent, CE/g). DPPH and ABTS values were 3.32 and 3.98 mg Trolox equivalent (TE)/g where FRAP value was 3.00 mM Fe2+/kg dry material. A total of 90 albino rats were used in the present study. Rats group were as follows: normal diet; normal treated (2, 4, and 6% Ku.), diabetic rats (non-treated), diabetic + HFHC diet (non-treated), HFHC (non-treated), Diabetic (treated), HFHC (treated) and Diabetic + HFHC (treated). The diets were followed for 8 weeks. Blood samples were collected at the end of the experiment. Serum glucose was recorded and thyroid hormones (T4, Thyroxine and T3, Triiodothyronine) were conducted. Diet supplemented with Kumquat at different concentrations have a hypoglycemic effect and improve the thyroid hormones of both diabetic rats and HFHC diabetic rats.


Resumo O presente estudo foi conduzido para avaliar a composição química, a atividade antioxidante e os efeitos hipoglicêmicos do pó de kumquat (Ku) em ratos diabéticos alimentados com uma dieta rica em gordura e colesterol (HFHC). As atividades antioxidantes foram avaliadas usando o método de eliminação de radicais livres de 1,1-difenil 2-picrilhidrazil (DPPH), 2,2'-azinobis (ácido 3-etilbenzotiazolina-6-sulfônico) radical cátion (ABTS) e antioxidante redutor férrico potência (FRAP). O conteúdo fenólico total foi (51,85 mg GAE / g) e o conteúdo total de flavonoides foi (0,24 mg Cateachin Equivalent, CE / g). Os valores de DPPH e ABTS foram 3,32 e 3,98 mg equivalente de Trolox (TE) / g, em que o valor de FRAP foi de 3,00 mM Fe2 + / kg de material seco. Um total de 90 ratos albinos foi usado ​​no presente estudo. O grupo dos ratos foi o seguinte: dieta normal: tratados normais (2, 4 e 6% Ku.), ratos diabéticos (não tratados), diabéticos + dieta HFHC (não tratados), HFHC (não tratados), diabéticos (tratados), HFHC (tratados) e diabéticos + HFHC (tratados). As dietas foram seguidas por 8 semanas. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas ao final do experimento. A glicose sérica foi registrada e os hormônios tireoidianos (T4, Tiroxina e T3, Triiodotironina) foram conduzidos. A dieta suplementada com kumquat em diferentes concentrações tem um efeito hipoglicêmico e melhora os hormônios tireoidianos tanto de ratos diabéticos quanto de ratos diabéticos com HFHC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rutaceae , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Powders , Thyroid Hormones , Blood Glucose , Fruit
2.
Salud(i)ciencia (Impresa) ; 24(5): 238-244, mar.-abr. 2021. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1283917

ABSTRACT

Se realizó una revisión narrativa sobre la genética del hipotiroidismo congénito (HC). Se utilizaron las bases de datos Medline/PubMed, LILACS-BIREME y SciELO. Se identificaron los estudios originales publicados entre 2000 y agosto de 2020. Las palabras clave utilizadas durante la búsqueda fueron las siguientes: "hipotiroidismo congénito (congenital hypothyroidism)", "genética (genetic)", "polimorfismos de nucleótido único (SNP) (single polymorphisms nucleotid)". Se revisaron 58 estudios originales que informan las bases moleculares del HC. Se ha definido el concepto básico del HC, así como las bases moleculares que están asociados con la aparición de dicho trastorno. La revisión de la literatura ha permitido identificar al menos 12 genes que codifican las proteínas, las cuales, al producirse mutaciones, están implicadas en el HC. De los 12 genes informados que desempeñan un papel importante en el HC, errores en 6 genes se han vinculado con el HC con disgenesia tiroidea, lo cual implica alteraciones en la morfogénesis de la glándula tiroides, mientras que mutaciones en otros 6 genes se han asociado con dishormonogénesis, que genera un bloqueo total o parcial de los procesos bioquímicos implicados en la síntesis y secreción de hormonas tiroideas. La prevalencia en Sudamérica varía aproximadamente desde 1 por cada 1170 hasta 1 por cada 8285 neonatos. El estudio de la genética molecular pone de manifiesto que, en el futuro, aportará datos importantes en cuanto a la identificación de nuevas mutaciones y asociaciones con fenotipos clínicos que podrían relacionarse con el HC, para, de esta manera, potenciar el diagnóstico y tratamiento


A narrative review was conducted on the genetics of congenital hypothyroidism. The Medline/PubMed, LILACS-BIREME, and SciELO databases were used. Original studies published between 2000 and August 2020 were identified. The keywords used during the search were as follows: "congenital hypothyroidism", "genetics", "polymorphisms SNPs". Fifty-eight original studies reviewing the molecular basis of congenital hypothyroidism were reviewed. The basic concept of congenital hypothyroidism has been defined as well as the molecular bases that are associated with the development of this disorder. The literature review has identified at least 12 genes encoding proteins that, when mutations occur, are involved in congenital hypothyroidism. Of the 12 genes reported to play an important role in congenital hypothyroidism, errors in 6 genes have been associated with congenital hypothyroidism with thyroid dysgenesis, which implies alterations in the morphogenesis of the thyroid gland. On the other hand, mutations in 6 other genes have been associated with dyshormonogenesis that generates a total or partial blockage of the biochemical processes involved in the synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones. The prevalence in South America is reported to vary from approximately 1 per 1000 to 1 per 8000 newborns. The study of molecular genetics shows that in the future it will contribute to the identification of new mutations and associations with clinical phenotypes that could be related to congenital hypothyroidism, thus enhancing diagnosis and treatment


Subject(s)
Therapeutics , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Hormones , Epidemiology , Congenital Hypothyroidism , Genes , Genetics , Databases, Bibliographic
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878360

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to evaluate the association between occupational radiation exposure and changes in thyroid hormone levels among medical radiation workers.@*Methods@#This retrospective cohort study included 2,946 radiation workers from 20 Guangzhou hospitals. Data on general characteristics, participant radiation dosimetry, and thyroid function test results [thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroid hormone (T4)] were extracted from dosimetry and medical records. The generalized estimating equation was used to evaluate the trend of changes in thyroid hormone levels over time and was adjusted for age, gender, and occupation.@*Results@#The average annual effective dose was very low and showed a general downward trend. During the follow-up period, changes in T3 and T4 levels among radiation workers were -0.015 [95% confidence interval ( @*Conclusion@#Thyroid hormone secretion might be affected even in low-dose radiation exposure environments.


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Radiation Exposure/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Hormones/radiation effects , Young Adult
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(6): 721-723, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142123

ABSTRACT

Abstract Thyroid hormone has effects on the skin. Patients with hypothyroidism have changes such as dry, scaly and rough skin. Increase carotene in the dermis becomes a yellowish tone to the skin of the patient with hypothyroidism. There is an increase in capillary cycle (anagen phase) and nail growth and a reduction in eccrine gland secretion. It is a case of primary hypothyroidism with nail manifestations associated with dermatologic disorders and successful treatment with levothyroxine. Receptors for thyroid hormone have already been found in keratinocytes, fibroblasts, hair follicles and sebaceous glands. Genes responsive to thyroid hormones and elements of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis were identified on the skin. This report highlights the importance of cutaneous manifestations as markers of thyroid disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypothyroidism/drug therapy , Skin , Thyroid Hormones , Thyroxine , Hair Follicle
5.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 52(3): 238-242, 20200930. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255090

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar o perfil dos hormônios tireoidianos de mulheres com idade maior ou igual a 50 anos atendidas no Laboratório Municipal de Referência Regional de Serrinha (LMRRS) no ano de 2017. Métodos: Os resultados de T3, T4 livre e TSH foram coletados retrospectivamente através do sistema informatizado utilizado pelo laboratório para construção de uma base de dados, e analisados de acordo com valores de referência recomendados pela Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia. Resultados: Foi encontrada uma prevalência moderada de disfunções tireoidianas, sendo 58,62% de casos de hipotireoidismo e 41,38% de hipertireoidismo. Houve também aumento dos níveis de TSH e T4 livre entre os 50 e 70 anos, sem alterações nos níveis de T3 total. Conclusão: Os resultados assemelham-se a estudos anteriores, envolvendo outras populações, com predomínio do hipotireoidismo subclínico entre mulheres na mesma faixa etária. No entanto, a tendência crescente dos níveis de T4 livre não reflete os achados prévios que associam o avanço da idade e redução da produção de estrogênios com a diminuição da função tireoidiana.


Objective: To characterize the thyroid hormone profile of women aged 50 years and older attended at the Laboratório Municipal de Referência Regional de Serrinha (LMRRS) in the year 2017. Methods: The results of T3, free T4 and TSH were retrospectively collected from the computerized system of laboratory for building a database, and analyzed according to the reference values recommended by the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology. Results: A moderate prevalence of thyroid dysfunction was found, with 58.62% of cases of hypothyroidism and 41.38% of hyperthyroidism. There was also an increase of TSH and free T4 levels between 50 and 70 years with no changes in total T3 levels. Conclusion: The results are similar to previous studies involving other populations, with a prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism in women in the same age group. However, the increasing trend of free T4 levels does not reflect the previous findings that associate the advancement of age and reduction of estrogen production with the decrease of thyroid function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Hormones , Menopause , Hyperthyroidism , Hypothyroidism
6.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(2): 122-129, mar.-abr. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223502

ABSTRACT

La relación entre función tiroidea y trastornos del ánimo se ha observado desde hace más de 50 años. Las hormonas tiroideas, actúan en el cerebro modulando génicamente proteínas asociadas a la fisiopatología de los trastornos del ánimo y potenciando los sistemas de neurotransmisión serotoninérgica y noradrenérgica. En el tratamiento de un episodio depresivo, la normalización de hormonas tiroideas es fundamental, y debe realizarse en todo paciente con sintomatología anímica, especialmente en aquellos con respuestas insuficientes a tratamiento, que requieren niveles de hormonas más estrictos que lo recomendado para población general. En pacientes eutiroideos, la potenciación con triyodotironina ha sido probada, pero también se ha utilizado T4 en altas dosis en casos resistentes, en que se postula que pudiese existir un estado de resistencia a hormonas tiroideas, no reflejado en los niveles hormonales periféricos evaluados rutinariamente. Las enzimas deiodasas, el receptor de hormona tiroidea, y el transportador de hormona tiroidea en la barrera hematoencefálica son blancos a investigar. Los objetivos de la presente revisión son ofrecer orientaciones respecto del uso de hormonas tiroideas en pacientes con trastornos del ánimo, una puesta al día sobre la relación entre hormonas tiroídeas y sistema nervioso central, y las interacciones entre psicofármacos y función tiroidea.


The relationship between thyroid function and mood disorders has been observed for more than 50 years. Thyroid hormones act in the brain genetically modulating proteins associated with the pathophysiology of mood disorders and potentiating the serotonergic and noradrenergic neurotransmission systems. In the treatment of a depressive episode, the normalization of thyroid hormones is essential, and should be performed in all patients with mood symptoms, especially in those with insufficient responses to treatment, which require more stringent hormone levels than recommended for the general population. In euthyroid patients, potentiation with triiodothyronine has been proven, but T4 has also been used in high doses in resistant cases, in which it is postulated that there might be a state of resistance to thyroid hormones, not reflected in the peripheral hormonal levels evaluated routinely. The enzymes deiodasas, the thyroid hormone receptor, and the thyroid hormone transporter in the blood brain barrier are white to investigate. The objectives of this review are to provide guidance regarding the use of thyroid hormones in patients with mood disorders, an update on the relationship between thyroid hormones and central nervous system, and the interactions between psychoactive drugs and thyroid function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Diseases/psychology , Thyroid Diseases/epidemiology , Mood Disorders/psychology , Mood Disorders/epidemiology , Thyroid Diseases/drug therapy , Thyroid Gland/physiopathology , Thyroid Hormones/therapeutic use , Bipolar Disorder , Mood Disorders/drug therapy , Depression , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use
7.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 13(1): 20-23, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048916

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de dos mujeres con hipotiroidismo, con TSH persistentemente elevada, lo que hacía aumentar la dosis de levotiroxina y llegar a un hipertiroidismo clínico con TSH anormalmente alto. Se realizó un seguimiento de los niveles de TSH y T4 libre, durante un período de 20 y 10 meses respectivamente. En ambas situaciones no hubo una respuesta esperable a las dosis de levotiroxina ascendentes. Después de descartar causas posibles que explicaran esta situación, se sospechó y confirmó la presencia de Macro TSH, que es un complejo biológicamente inactivo de TSH e Inmunoglobulina G. Se obtiene como resultado la estabilidad de ambas pacientes siendo su seguimiento prioritariamente clínico y con mediciones de T4L, comprendiendo por qué la TSH persiste elevada. Nos pareció interesante la comunicación de estos casos, que permite recordar causas atípicas de refractariedad al tratamiento con levotiroxina, como es la macro TSH, indispensable pesquisar para el manejo adecuado de estos pacientes.


An inadequate response to levothyroxine treatment in a patient with hypothyroidism suggests lack of intake, lack of absorption, nephrotic syndrome, thyroid hormone resistance among other reasons. We present the case of two women with hypothyroidism and a persistently elevated level of TSH, which required increasing the dose of levothyroxine, resulting in a clinical hyperthyroidism with an abnormally high TSH. A TSH and free T4 follow up was performed during a period of 20 and 10 months respectively, in both situations there was not an adequate response to rising levothyroxine treatment. After ruling out other possible causes that could explain this situation, it was suspected and then confirmed the presence of Macro TSH, which is a biologically inactive complex of TSH and Immunoglobulin G. Therefore, both patients achieved disease stability once controlled by clinical state and free T4 measurements, understanding why THS persited high. We present these interesting cases, because this allows us to remember atypical causes of refractory treatment with levothyroxine, such as the Macro TSH, indispensable to search for the proper management of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Thyroid Hormones/blood , Hypothyroidism/diagnosis , Hypothyroidism/blood , Thyroxine/administration & dosage , Immunoglobulin G , Hypothyroidism/drug therapy
8.
Med. lab ; 24(2): 93-109, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1097051

ABSTRACT

Los desórdenes de la glándula tiroides son comunes y pueden afectar hasta el 10% de la población en general. En muchas ocasiones los síntomas pueden ser inespecíficos, por lo que el médico en busca de un trastorno tiroideo debe llegar a un diagnóstico funcional y anatómico. Las mediciones séricas de las hormonas tiroideas confirman si hay un exceso, un déficit o si las concentraciones son normales. Para ello, se requiere un rango de referencia de la población local, y específicamente por grupos de edad, para una correcta interpretación de las pruebas de función tiroidea. Las hormonas tiroideas juegan un papel fundamental en el sistema endocrino, controlan el metabolismo general del cuerpo, el desarrollo neural, el crecimiento normal y la maduración de los huesos, así como funciones cardiovasculares y renales, entre otras. En esta revisión se pretende dar una aproximación a las pruebas tiroideas más relevantes, partiendo de la biosíntesis y secreción de las hormonas tiroideas, hasta llegar al abordaje para un diagnóstico inicial del paciente con trastorno tiroideo, mencionando los aspectos más importantes de los diferentes patrones tiroideos. El tratamiento detallado de cada uno de ellos, supera las expectativas de esta revisión


Thyroid gland disorders are common and can affect up to 10% of the general population. In many cases the symptoms can be nonspecific, so the physician in search for a thyroid disorder should reach a functional and anatomical diagnosis. Serum measurements of thyroid hormones confirm if there is an excess, a deficit, or if concentrations are normal. For this, reference ranges of the local population, and specifically by age groups, are required for a correct interpretation of thyroid function tests. Thyroid hormones play a fundamental role in the endocrine system, control of the general metabolism of the body, neural development, normal growth and maturation of bones, as well as in cardiovascular and renal functions, among others. In this review, the most relevant thyroid tests will be described, starting with the biosynthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones, and continuing with an approach to reach an initial diagnosis. Finally, the most important aspects of the different thyroid patterns will be mentioned. It is beyond the scope of this review, to describe the treatment for thyroid disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Hormones , Thyroxine , Triiodothyronine , Thyrotropin
9.
Rev. cientif. cienc. med ; 23(1): 52-60, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126279

ABSTRACT

El hipotiroidismo es un trastorno endocrino en el cual la glándula tiroides tiene su función disminuida; teniendo como consecuencia paralela la perdida de homeostasia del cuerpo alterando así su adecuado funcionamiento. Para diagnosticar la enfermedad, sumado a la clínica, se recurre a medir los niveles sanguíneos de hormonas tiroideas. Como el sistema cardiovascular y la glándula tiroides están relacionados fisiológicamente, los trastornos de la glándula tiroides afectan de gran manera al sistema cardiovascular. Se detallan los mecanismos intracelulares y extracelulares de las hormonas tiroideas; y, utilizando esta información, se explican todos los cambios morfológicos y fisiológicos que esta patología causa en el corazón y en las células de músculo liso. Además, se dan a conocer las implicaciones que la enfermedad tiene a nivel del miocardio, sobre la hemodinámica, su relación con la insuficiencia cardíaca congestiva, la hipertensión y los efectos en general sobre los vasos sanguíneos, con el objetivo de describir la relación entre hipofunción tiroidea clínica y subclínica como factor de riesgo determinante para el desarrollo de alteraciones cardiovasculares.


Hypothyroidism is an endocrine disorder in which the thyroid gland has a diminished function; having as a consequence the loss of homeostasis of the body, therefore, altering its proper functioning. To diagnose this disease, physical examination, blood tests and thyroid stimulating hormone tests are utilized. Since the cardiovascular system and the thyroid gland are physiological related, the general disorders of the thyroid gland greatly affect the cardiovascular system. The intracellular and extracellular mechanisms of thyroid hormones are detailed; and, using this information, all the morphological and physiological changes that this pathology causes in the heart and on smooth muscle cells are explained. In addition, the implications of the disease on the myocardium, on hemodynamics, its relation to congestive heart failure, hypertension and general effects on blood vessels are revealed, with the objective of describing the relationship between clinical and subclinical thyroid hypofunction as a determining risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disorders.


Subject(s)
Thyroid Hormones , Cardiovascular System , Heart Failure , Hypothyroidism , Myocardium
10.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 1853-1860, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1055134

ABSTRACT

Avaliaram-se os efeitos do sistema de resfriamento evaporativo com pressão negativa (SRE) e aspersão de água sobre o telhado (AAT), as variáveis termofisiológicas, os hormônios tireoidianos e a relação neutrófilo:linfócito (N:L) em porcas. Utilizaram-se 61 fêmeas em lactação, que foram divididas nos dois ambientes térmicos, sendo 30 em SRE e 31 em AAT, no verão. A temperatura e a umidade do ar, a frequência respiratória (FR), as temperaturas de superfície (TS) e retal (TR), a concentração de tiroxina e de tri-iodotironina, o número de neutrófilos e linfócitos e a relação N:L foram determinados. A temperatura ambiente pela manhã foi menor em SRE que em AAT (22,1ºC vs. 23,5ºC) e pela tarde (24,8ºC vs. 28,0ºC). Em ambos os períodos, a FR, a TS e a TR foram menores em SRE (de manhã 49 resp.min-1, 31,1ºC e 38,5ºC, respectivamente, e à tarde 55 resp.min-1, 30,3ºC e 38,8ºC, respectivamente) que em AAT (de manhã 54 resp.min-1, 32,8ºC e 38,6ºC, respectivamente; e à tarde 65 resp.min-1, 31,4ºC e 39,1ºC, respectivamente). Animais sob galpão AAT apresentaram menores concentrações de T4 que animais sob SRE (37,84 vs. 42,22nmol.L-1). Em ambiente tropical, no verão, porcas lactantes de ambos os sistemas mantêm a homeotermia.(AU)


The effects of the evaporative cooling system with negative pressure (ECS) and water spray on the roof (WSR) on physiological variables, thyroid hormones and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (N:L) in lactating sows were evaluated. Sixty-one lactating females were divided in the two thermal environments, being 30 in SRE and 31 in the AAT shed in the summer. The air temperature and humidity, respiratory frequency (RF), surface temperatures (ST) and rectal (RT), serum thyroxine and triiodothyronine concentration, number of neutrophils and lymphocytes and the N/L ratio were determined. In the afternoon, the matrices in ECS (Tar: 25.0°C and THI: 74.7) and WSR (Tar: 27.6°C and THI: 77.3) were exposed to heat stress. In the morning, RF, ST and RT were lower in ECS (49 breaths.min -1 , 31.1°C and 38.5°C, respectively) than WSR (54 breaths.min -1 , 32.8°C and 38.6°C) and also in the afternoon ECS (55 breaths.min -1 , 30.3°C and 38.8°C, respectively) and WSR (65 breaths.min -1 , 31.4°C and 39.1°C, respectively). Animals under WSR shed presented lower concentrations of T4 than animals under ECS (37.84 vs 42.22nmol.L -1 ). In a tropical environment, in the summer, lactating sows of both systems maintain homeothermia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Swine/physiology , Thyroid Hormones/analysis , Animal Welfare , Heat-Shock Response/physiology
11.
Acta méd. costarric ; 61(4): 187-189, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054730

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta un caso de una paciente de 69 años de edad y sin antecedentes personales o familiares de patología tiroidea alguna, que asiste con un estado convulsivo de aparición súbita, de hemicuerpo derecho y relajación esfinteriana, asociado, además, a trastornos del estado de conciencia, bradicardia, bradipnea y edema de difícil Godet en miembros inferiores. Los exámenes complementarios mostraron acidosis respiratoria, hiposecreción de T4 y elevación de la hormona estimulante de la tiroides por retroalimentación negativa. Estos resultados corroboraron el diagnóstico presuntivo de coma mixedematoso. Se emprendió el tratamiento hormonal correspondiente con levotiroxina, al cual respondió satisfactoriamente y fue egresada a los 24 días de su ingreso, pendiente de valoración por el especialista de endocrinología.


Abstract We present the case of a 69-year-old female patient with no personal or family history of any thyroid disease, who attends with a convulsive state of sudden onset, right hemibody and sphincter relaxation, also associated with disorders of the state of consciousness, bradycardia, bradypnea and edema of difficult godet in lower limbs. Complementary analyses showed respiratory acidosis, hyposecretion of T4 and elevation of the thyroid stimulating hormone by negative feedback. These results corroborated the presumptive diagnosis of myxedema coma. The corresponding hormonal treatment with levothyroxine was undertaken, to which it responded satisfactorily and was discharged 24 days after admission, pending evaluation by the endocrinology specialist for an outpatient hormone replacement therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Thyroid Hormones , Coma , Cuba , Hypothyroidism , Myxedema
12.
Cambios rev. méd ; 18(2): 72-79, 2019/12/27. graf., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099677

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. En el paciente crítico ha existido un conglomerado de situaciones dadas por alteración de las hormonas acorde al comportamiento del eje hipotalámi-co-hipofisario- gonadal, entender su rol es fundamental. OBJETIVO. Describir las alteraciones de las hormonas sexuales en el paciente críticamente enfermo desde un enfoque fisiológico y clínico. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional, de revisión bibliográfica y análisis sistemático de 84 artículos científicos y selección de muestra de 27 en MedLine, The Cochrane Library Plus, LILACS y Web of Science; en español e inglés y variables: hormonas esteroides gonadales, enfermedad crítica, endocrinología, estrés, gónadas y disfunción, periodo 1998-2017. CONCLUSIÓN. Las alteraciones detectadas fueron un mecanismo para la producción de hormonas esteroideas hacia la síntesis predominante de cortisol y soportar el alto estrés meta-bólico de los pacientes. Las citocinas pro inflamatorias fueron importantes en éstos cambios. La polifarmacia fue un factor adicional poco ponderado de la alteración endocrina sexual.


INTRODUCTION. In the critical patient there has been a conglomerate of situations given by alteration of the hormones according to the behavior of the hypothalamic-pi-tuitary-gonadal axis, understanding their role is fundamental. OBJECTIVE. Describe the alterations of sex hormones in the critically ill patient from a physiological and clinical approach.MATERIALS AND METHODS.Observational, literature review and systematic analysis of 84 scientific articles and sample selection of 27 in MedLine, The Cochrane Library Plus, LILACS and Web of Science; in Spanish and English and variables: gonadal steroid hormones, critical illness, endocrinology, stress, gonads and dysfunction, period 1998-2017. CONCLUSION. The alterations detected were a mechanism for the production of steroid hormones towards the predominant syn-thesis of cortisol and withstand the high metabolic stress of the patients. Pro inflam-matory cytokines were important in these changes. Polypharmacy was an additional unweighted factor of sexual endocrine disruption.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stress, Physiological , Thyroid Hormones , Critical Illness , Endocrinology , Amenorrhea , Gonadal Disorders , Oligospermia , Progesterone , Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological , Gonadal Steroid Hormones , Testosterone , Hydrocortisone , Convalescence , Cytokines , Adrenocortical Hyperfunction , Muscle Weakness , Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators , Deep Sedation , Asexuality , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Intensive Care Units
13.
Rev. costarric. cardiol ; 21(2): 15-20, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042866

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las enfermedades tiroideas pueden producir cambios en la estructura y función del corazón. La miocardiopatía dilatada (MCD) con disfunción sistólica inducida por hipotiroidismo, es un fenómeno poco común. El presente artículo describe el caso de un hombre joven que presentó síntomas de insuficiencia cardíaca y se le diagnosticó MCD, con ecocardiografía que revelaba hipoquinesia global y disminución severa de la función sistólica del ventrículo izquierdo. El perfil tiroideo reveló un valor de TSH de 89 UI/dl, con T4 menor a 0.3 ng/ml. Con el tratamiento hormonal se documentó una mejoría progresiva de la función sistólica ventricular izquierda y del cuadro clínico del paciente.


Abstract Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with systolic dysfunction provoked by hypothyroidism is an uncommon phenomenon. In this article we describe a case of young male that presented heart failure symptomatology and was diagnosed with DCM, echocardiography showed global hypokinesia with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Thyroid analysis reveled a TSH of 89 IU/dl with T4 under 0.3 ng/ml. We documented progressive improvement of systolic left ventricular function and symptomatology with thyroid replacement therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Thyroid Hormones , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Costa Rica , Heart Failure , Hypothyroidism
14.
Acta méd. colomb ; 44(3): 8-15, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1098019

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Free thyroxine (T4), free triiodothyronine thyroid (T3) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) are recognized as regulators of lipid synthesis, mobilization and degradation. Objective: To find a relationship between dyslipidemia and thyroid disease in an adult population. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 819 individuals. TSH, free T4, total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglycerides (TG) were measured. Results: The general population showed normal TC, normal LDL-C, low HDL-C, and elevated TG. The prevalence of dyslipidemia was as follows: elevated TC 31.9%, HDL-C <40 mg/dL 57.9%, elevated LDL-C 24.3% and TG ≥200 mg/dL 26%. The prevalence of TSH ≥4.6 mIU/L was 8.1%. The prevalence of overt hypothyroidism was 1.2%, and that of subclinical hypothyroidism was 6.7%. The prevalences of elevated TC in individuals with overt hypothyroidism and normal thyroid levels were 50.0% and 31.6%, respectively. However, in those with subclinical hypothyroidism, the prevalences were 43.6% and 31.0% (p=0.04) for elevated TC and 40.0% and 23.2% (p=0.006) for elevated LDL-C. A significant relationship was found between TSH ≥4.6 mIU/L and elevated TC (OR=1.9, p=0.01) and elevated LDL-C (OR=2.5, p=0.001); the frequency of elevated LDL-C was 2.2 times greater in people with subclinical hypothyroidism than in people with normal TSH levels. Conclusion: Given agricultural workers' particular socioeconomic conditions and access to the health system, it is important to design screening programs for biomarkers that allow early detection of changes in thyroid hormones, TSH and lipid profiles to provide this population with preventive interventions to reduce morbimortality due to cardiovascular events (Acta Med Colomb 2019; 44. DOI:https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2019.1094).


Resumen Introducción: tiroxina libre (T4L), triyodo tironina libre (T3L) y hormona estimulante del tiroides (TSH), se reconocen como reguladoras de síntesis, movilización y degradación de lípidos. Objetivo: encontrar una relación entre dislipidemias y enfermedad tiroidea en una población adulta. Métodos: este fue un estudio de corte transversal, en 819 individuos. Se midieron TSH, T4L, colesterol total (CT), colesterol en lipoproteínas de baja densidad (C-LDL), colesterol en lipopro-teínas de alta densidad (C-HDL) y triglicéridos (TG). Resultados: la población general mostró CT, C-LDL normales, C-HDL bajo y TG elevados. La prevalencia de dislipidemia fue: CT elevado 31.9%, C-HDL < 40 mg/dL 57.9%. C-LDL alto 24.3% y TG ≥200 mg/dL, 26%. La frecuencia de TSH ≥ 4.6 mIU/L fue 8.1%. La prevalencia de hipotiroidismo manifiesto fue de 1.2% y la de hipotiroidismo subclínico de 6.7%. La prevalencia de CT elevado en individuos con hipotiroidismo manifiesto y en normales fue de 50.0% y 31.6% respectivamente. Mientras en hipotiroidismo subclínico fue de 43.6% y 31.0% p: 0.04 para CT (elevado); 40.0% y 23.2% p: 0.006 para C-LDL elevado. Se encontró relación significativa entre TSH ≥4.6 mIU/L con CT elevado (OR 1.9 p 0.01) y C-LDL elevada (OR 2.5 p: 0.001); la frecuencia de C-LDL elevado fue de 2.2 veces en personas con hipotiroidismo subclínico con relación a personas con niveles normales de TSH. Conclusión: en los trabajadores del agro, por sus particulares condiciones socioeconómicas y de acceso al sistema de salud, es importante diseñar programas de tamizaje de biomarcadores que permitan avizorar de manera precoz cambios en las hormonas tiroideas, TSH y perfil lipídico, para realizar intervenciones de prevención secundaria que contribuyan a la disminución de la morbimortalidad por eventos cardiovasculares. (Acta Med Colomb 2019; 44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2019.1094).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Dyslipidemias , Hypothyroidism , Thyroid Hormones , Unified Health System , Farmers , Lipoproteins
15.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 30(2): e175, mayo.-ago. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126432

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El yodo es un componente de las hormonas tiroideas que participan en el metabolismo celular, el crecimiento y el neurodesarrollo. Objetivo: Revisar los aspectos más relevantes de la nutrición de yodo y su relación con la salud materno-infantil. Métodos: Se obtuvieron y referenciaron 51 artículos originales y de revisión en las bases de datos Pubmed, LILACS y SciELO, acordes con el objetivo planteado. Resultados: El mantenimiento de una ingesta adecuada de yodo permite el funcionamiento normal del tiroides. Si esto no ocurre, la glándula mostrará cambios compensatorios en su actividad. En el embarazo se produce un importante incremento de los requerimientos de yodo para cubrir las necesidades materno-fetales. Además de los relativos al embarazo, existen factores que modifican el metabolismo del yodo, como la edad materna y gestacional, la paridad, la etnia y el hábito de fumar. Tanto la deficiencia como el exceso de yodo pueden provocar afectaciones a la salud materno-infantil. Conclusiones: Durante el embarazo resulta imprescindible una nutrición óptima de yodo para garantizar el mantenimiento de la salud de la gestante y el desarrollo adecuado del producto de la gestación(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Iodine is a component of thyroid hormones participating in cell metabolism, growth and neurodevelopment. Objective: To review the most relevant aspects of iodine nutrition and its relation to maternal and child health. Methods: 51 original and review articles were recovered and referenced in Pubmed, LILACS and SciELO databases, in accordance with the stated objective. Results: Maintaining adequate iodine intake allows normal thyroid functioning. If this fails to happen, the gland will show compensatory changes in its activity. In pregnancy there is a significant increase in iodine requirements to meet maternal and fetal needs. In addition to those related to pregnancy, there are factors that modify iodine metabolism, such as maternal and gestational age, parity, ethnicity and smoking habits. Both, iodine deficiency and iodine excess can cause effects on maternal and child health. Conclusions: During pregnancy, optimal iodine nutrition is essential to ensure the health maintenance of the pregnant woman and the adequate development of the pregnancy product(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Thyroid Hormones/adverse effects , Iodine Deficiency/therapy , Maternal and Child Health , Gestational Age , Nutritional Sciences/methods , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
16.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(3): 199-207, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011160

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Determine the milk quality effect during lactation on the metabolic and thyroid programming of hypothyroid offspring. Materials and methods Ten-week-old female Wistar rats were divided into two groups: euthyroid and thyroidectomy-caused hypothyroidism. The rats were matted and, one day after birth, the pups were divided into three groups: euthyroid offspring (EO), hypothyroid offspring (HO) and hypothyroid with a euthyroid replacement wet nurse (HRO). During lactation, the milk quality and offspring body length were evaluated. The body weight and energy intake were determined on a weekly basis, as well as the metabolic profile at the prepubertal (P35-36) and postpubertal (P55-56) ages. At P56, the animals were sacrificed, the adipose tissues were weighed and the thyroid glands were dissected for histological processing. Results The milk of the hypothyroid wet nurse decreases proteins (16-26%), lipids (22-29%) and lactate (22-37%) with respect to euthyroid. The HO has a lower body weight gain (23-33%), length (11-13%) and energy intake (15-21%). In addition, HO presents impaired fasting glucose and dyslipidemia, as well as a reduction in seric thyroid hormone (18-34%), adipose reserves (26-68%) and thyroid gland weight (25-34%). The HO present thyroid gland cytoarchitecture alteration. The HRO develop the same metabolic alterations as the HO. However, the thyroid gland dysfunction was partially prevented because the HRO improved under about 10% of the serum thyroid hormone concentration, the thyroid gland weight although histological glandular changes presented. Conclusions The replacement of hypothyroid offspring with a euthyroid wet nurse during lactation can improve the thyroid programming without modifying metabolic programming.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Thyroid Hormones/metabolism , Lactation/metabolism , Congenital Hypothyroidism/metabolism , Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Thyroid Gland/pathology , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal
17.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 35(1): 21-24, Ene-Jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1120636

ABSTRACT

Con el objetivo de identificar hallazgos ecográficos en el parénquima tiroideo en el personal ocupacionalmente expuesto y no expuesto a radiación ionizante (RI) del Hospital Central Universitario Dr. Antonio María Pineda, se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal con una muestra de 45 individuos expuestos a RI del Servicio de Radiología y Diagnóstico por Imágenes Dr. Theoscar Sanoja Hernández y 38 individuos de los Servicios de Traumatología y Ortopedia y Medicina Física y Rehabilitación que no están expuestos a RI obteniendo que el 63% del personal expuesto presentaron algún tipo de alteración en el ultrasonido tiroideo en comparación con el 43% del personal no ocupacionalmente expuesto; los hallazgos más frecuentes en el personal expuesto fueron bocio difuso (44%), nódulos (32%) y quistes (24%) mientras que en el personal no expuesto fueron quistes (38%), bocio difuso (19%) y nódulos (19%). Estos hallazgos permiten concluir que el porcentaje del personal con afectación de la glándula tiroides fue mayor en personal expuesto y que los hallazgos ecográficos difieren entre los grupos estudiados(AU)


In order to identify ultrasound findings in thyroid parenchyma of hospital staff exposed and not exposed to ionizing radiation (IR) of the Hospital Central Universitario Dr. Antonio Maria Pineda, we performed a cross-sectional descriptive study with a sample of 45 individuals exposed to IR who worked in the Servicio de Radiología y Diagnóstico por Imágenes Dr. Theoscar Sanoja Hernández and 38 individuals who worked at the Servicios de Traumatología y Ortopedia y Medicina Física y Rehabilitación and were not exposed. The results showed that 63% of the exposed group had ultrasound thyroid findings in contrast to 43% of the non-exposed group. The most common findings in the exposed group were diffuse goiter (44%), nodules (32%) and cysts (24%) and in the non-exposed group were cysts (38%), diffuse goiter (19%) y nodules (19%). These findings show that ultrasound thyroid findings was higher in exposed hospital staff and that the type of thyroid disease differ among both groups(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Radiation, Ionizing , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Hormones , Ultrasonography , Diagnostic Imaging , Endocrine System , Parenchymal Tissue/pathology
19.
Rev. argent. endocrinol. metab ; 56(1): 70-79, mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041761

ABSTRACT

Las hormonas tiroideas tienen acciones renales directas en conjunto con efectos dinámicos y cardiovasculares que influyen en la función renal. Cuadros de hipotiroidismo con enfermedad renal son una combinación peculiar y poco descrita, es por ello que el propósito de este trabajo es exponer el caso de dos pacientes con síndrome nefrótico asociado a hipotiroidismo severo, los cuales presentaron disminución de la proteinuria y casi normalización de función renal luego de iniciar tratamiento de reemplazo con levotiroxina.


Thyroid hormones have direct renal actions in conjunction with dynamic and cardiovascular effects that influence renal function. Cases of primary hypothyroidism with renal disease are a peculiar and poorly described combination, is for it that the objective of this work is to expose the cases of two patients with nephrotic syndrome associated with severe hypothyroidism, whom presented decreased proteinuria and almost normalized renal function after starting replacement therapy with levothyroxine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Thyroxine/pharmacology , Hypothyroidism/complications , Nephrotic Syndrome/complications , Thyroid Hormones/physiology , Thyroid Hormones/metabolism
20.
Med. Afr. noire (En ligne) ; 66(7): 370-378, 2019.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1266341

ABSTRACT

Introduction : Le goitre "bénin" est une hypertrophie diffuse de la thyroïde normo-fonctionnelle, non-inflammatoire et non-cancéreuse. Le but de la présente étude était d'analyser les particularités de prise en charge des goitres pluri-nodulaires relevant d'une indication chirurgicale. Matériel et méthode : Cette étude de cohorte rétrospective a été réalisée du 1er janvier 2013 au 1er janvier 2018 à l'Hôpital d'Instruction des Armées - Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Cotonou, Bénin. Ont été inclus les patients opérés pour goitre pluri nodulaire bénin. Ont été exclus les patients atteints de pathologies thyroïdiennes non nodulaires ou de cancer thyroïdien. Les données étudiées ont été : l'âge, le sexe, la profession, le lieu de résidence, le motif de consultation, les signes cliniques, les signes échographiques, la prise en charge chirurgicale, les complications per et post-opératoires et l'histologie définitive de la pièce d'exérèse. Ces données ont été colligées à l'aide du logiciel Excel 2016. Résultats : Pendant la période d'étude 2,46% des consultations ORL ont bénéficié d'une prise en charge chirurgicale pour goitre pluri-nodulaire bénin (19 cas/an) : 71 femmes (72,45%) et 27 hommes (27,55%), moyenne d'âge de 36 ans (17 à 44 ans). D'un point de vue socio-économique : 50 patients exerçaient une profession libérale et 35 patients étaient sans emploi fixe. Les motifs de consultation étaient une masse cervicale (67 patients), des signes d'hyperthyroïdie (20 patients) ou des signes de compression de l'axe viscéral du cou (11 patients). La durée moyenne avant consultation ORL était de 7,62 ans (1 à 18 ans). L'examen clinique avait objectivé une glande thyroïde "ferme" (70 patients ; 71,4%) pluri-nodulaire (76 patients ; 77,55%) sans adénopathie cervicale palpable (100%). Deux tiers des patients avaient un goitre de grade 3 de l'OMS. Les gestes chirurgicaux étaient une thyroïdectomie subtotale (52 ; 53,1%), une thyroïdectomie totale (30 patients ; 30,6%) et une lobectomie unilatérale avec isthmectomie (16 patients ; 16,3%). L'examen anatomo-pathologique a été réalisé pour toutes les pièces de thyroïdectomie objectivant un goitre macro-folliculaire chez 51 patients (52,04%). Aucun cas de décès n'a été enregistré. Les suites opératoires ont été marquées par un taux de paralysie récurrentielle de 2,78 % en termes de nerf à risque ainsi qu'une reprise chirurgicale pour drainage d'hématome compressif (2,04%). Conclusion : Le traitement de choix du goitre pluri-nodulaire bénin est théoriquement la thyroïdectomie totale. Cependant, le recours à une l'opothérapie et la nécessité d'un long suivi post-opératoire limite ses indications chez les patients de niveau socio-économique défavorable. Les techniques chirurgicales de thyroïdectomies partielles ou subtotales gardent tout leur intérêt dans ces indications


Subject(s)
Benin , Disease Management , Hypertrophy , Patients , Thyroid Hormones
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL