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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(6): e202202968, dic. 2023. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1518580

ABSTRACT

Los transportadores de monocarboxilatos (MCT) permiten el ingreso celular de hormonas tiroideas, especialmente en el sistema nervioso central (SNC), donde son indispensables para el neurodesarrollo. La deficiencia de MCT8 produce la combinación de hipotiroidismo en SNC e hipertiroidismo periférico, caracterizada por T3 elevada. El único tratamiento actualmente disponible es el ácido 3,3',5-triyodotiroacético (TRIAC), un análogo de hormonas tiroideas que tiene como objetivo mejorar la tirotoxicosis periférica y prevenir la progresión del deterioro neurológico. En el presente artículo, se evalúan las características clínicas, imagenológicas, bioquímicas y genéticas de 4 pacientes con deficiencia de MCT8 tratados con TRIAC hasta la fecha, las dosis utilizadas y la respuesta al tratamiento.


Monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs) allow the cellular entry of thyroid hormones, especially into the central nervous system (CNS), where they are crucial for neurodevelopment. MCT8 deficiency results in the combination of hypothyroidism in the CNS and peripheral hyperthyroidism, characterized by elevated T3 levels. The only treatment currently available is 3,3',5-triiodothyroacetic acid (TRIAC), a thyroid hormone analogue aimed at improving peripheral thyrotoxicosis and preventing the progression of neurological impairment. Here we assess the clinical, imaging, biochemical, and genetic characteristics of 4 patients with MCT8 deficiency who have received TRIAC to date, the doses used, and the response to treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child , Symporters/genetics , Thyroid Hormones , Triiodothyronine , Monocarboxylic Acid Transporters/genetics
2.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22 (2), 2023;22(2): 927, 16 octubre 2023. ilus, tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516527

ABSTRACT

El hipertiroidismo es un trastorno caracterizado por el exceso de hormonas tiroideas. El déficit de yodo es un factor clave en dicha patología y en lugares con suficiencia del mismo se asocian a au-toinmunidad tiroidea. La prevalencia de hipertiroidismo mani-fiesto varía del 0,2% al 1,3% en áreas con suficiencia de yodo, sin embargo, esto puede variar en cada país por diferencias en umbrales de diagnóstico, sensibilidad de ensayo y población se-leccionada. Un reporte de The Third National Health and Nutri-tion Examination Survey (NHANES III) mostró que el hiperti-roidismo manifiesto se presenta en 0,7% de la población general e hipertiroidismo subclínico en el 1,7%1,2.En incidencia, la patología se asocia con la suplementación de yodo, con la mayor frecuencia en áreas de deficiencias, por au-mento de nódulos tiroideos en la población anciana, teniendo a regiones de áreas montañosas como América del Sur, África Central y suroeste de Asia dentro de este grupo. Un meta aná-lisis de estudios europeos mostró una incidencia general de 50 casos por 100000 personas/años1. En Ecuador, según los datos del Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos (INEC) del 2017, se reportaron 157 casos de hipertiroidismo, de los cuales la En-fermedad de Graves (EG) fue la causa más común, seguida por el bocio multinodular tóxico (BMNT) y finalmente el adenoma tóxico (AT) con una incidencia de 61 %, 24 % y 14 % respecti-vamente3.Los pacientes con esta patología tienen aumento de riesgo com-plicaciones cardiovasculares y mortalidad por todas las causas, siendo falla cardíaca uno de sus principales desenlaces, así el diagnóstico precoz evita estos eventos, principalmente en pobla-ción de edad avanzada.El presente protocolo se ha realizado para un correcto trata-miento de esta patología en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín (HECAM).


Hyperthyroidism is a disorder characterized by an excess of thyroid hormones. Iodine deficiency is a key factor in this pa-thology and in places with iodine deficiency it is associated with thyroid autoimmunity. The prevalence of overt hyperthyroidism varies from 0,2% to 1,3% in iodine-sufficient areas; however, this may vary from country to country due to differences in diag-nostic thresholds, assay sensitivity, and selected population. A report from The Third National Health and Nutrition Examina-tion Survey (NHANES III) showed that overt hyperthyroidism occurs in 0,7% of the general population and subclinical hyper-thyroidism in 1,7%1,2.In incidence, the pathology is associated with iodine supplemen-tation, with the highest frequency in areas of deficiencies, due to increased thyroid nodules in the elderly population, having regions of mountainous areas such as South America, Central Africa and Southwest Asia within this group. A meta-analysis of European studies showed an overall incidence of 50 cases per 100000 person/years1. In Ecuador, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC) in 2017, 157 cases of hyperthyroidism were reported, of which, Graves' di-sease (GD) was the most common cause, followed by toxic mul-tinodular goiter (BMNT) and finally toxic adenoma (TA) with an incidence of 61 %, 24 % and 14 % respectively3.Patients with this pathology have an increased risk of cardiovas-cular complications and all-cause mortality, with heart failure being one of the main outcomes, so early diagnosis avoids these events, mainly in the elderly population.The present protocol has been carried out for the correct treat-ment of this pathology at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital (HECAM).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Antithyroid Agents , Thyroid Hormones , Graves Disease , Endocrinology , Graves Ophthalmopathy , Hyperthyroidism , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Gland , Iodine Deficiency , Thyroid Crisis , Adenoma , Ecuador , Goiter, Nodular
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431753

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La placenta sintetiza y secreta varias hormonas que permiten la regulación del embarazo, el trabajo de parto y la adaptación metabólica materno-fetal. Su comportamiento asociado al tipo de parto puede dar información relevante sobre efectos epigenéticos. Objetivo: Describir el tipo de parto con los niveles de oxitocina, cortisol y hormonas tiroideas en plasma de cordón umbilical al nacer. Método: A 50 mujeres con embarazos principalmente normales se les cuantificaron los niveles neurohormonales en plasma de cordón umbilical, obtenido inmediatamente tras el periodo expulsivo. Los resultados se incorporaron a la base de datos clínicos de cada participante y se analizaron con Stata v.14.0. El protocolo fue aprobado por el comité de ética. Resultados: Hubo 33 partos vaginales (12 espontáneos, 13 acelerados y 8 inducidos) y 17 cesáreas (7 electivas y 10 de urgencia). Se observaron mayores niveles de cortisol en los partos vaginales acelerados; las cesáreas tuvieron menores niveles de cortisol y hormona estimulante de la tiroides. Las intervenciones clínicas, con altos o bajos niveles hormonales, están en directa relación con el tipo de parto. Conclusiones: El cortisol y la hormona estimulante de la tiroides medidos en plasma de cordón umbilical variaron según el tipo de parto. Esto es una primera cuantificación de hormonas en plasma de cordón umbilical y su posible regulación placentaria a propósito del tipo de parto.


Introduction: The placenta synthesizes and secretes several hormones allowing the regulation of pregnancy, labor and maternal-fetal metabolic adaptation. Their behavior associated with the type of delivery, may provide relevant information on epigenetic effects. Objective: To describe the type of delivery with the levels of oxytocin, cortisol and thyroid hormones in umbilical cord plasma at birth. Method: Neurohormonal levels from umbilical cord plasma obtained immediately post expulsion, were quantified in 50 women with mainly normal pregnancies. Results incorporated into the clinical database of each participant, statistically analyzed in Stata v.14.0. Protocol approved by ethics committee. Results: 33 were vaginal deliveries (12 spontaneous, 13 accelerated, 8 induced) and 17 cesarean sections (7 elective and 10 emergency). Higher cortisol levels were observed in accelerated vaginal deliveries, cesarean sections had lower cortisol and thyroid stimulating hormone levels. While clinical interventions, with high or low hormone levels, were related to the type of delivery. Conclusions: Cortisol and thyroid stimulating hormone measured in umbilical cord plasma varied according to the type of delivery. This is a first quantification of hormones in umbilical cord plasma and their possible placental regulation in relation to the type of delivery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Placental Hormones/metabolism , Delivery, Obstetric , Fetal Blood/chemistry , Thyroid Hormones/analysis , Umbilical Cord/chemistry , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Oxytocin/analysis , Cesarean Section , Cross-Sectional Studies , Placental Circulation
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-9, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468869

ABSTRACT

The present study was conducted to evaluate the chemical composition, antioxidant activity and hypoglycemic effects of whole kumquat (Ku) powder in diabetic rats fed a high-fat-high-cholesterol (HFHC) diet. The antioxidant activities were evaluated using stable 1,1-diphenyl 2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging method, 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethyl benzo thiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radical cation (ABTS) and Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). Total phenolic content was (51.85 mg GAE/g) and total flavonoid content was (0.24 mg Cateachin Equivalent, CE/g). DPPH and ABTS values were 3.32 and 3.98 mg Trolox equivalent (TE)/g where FRAP value was 3.00 mM Fe²+/kg dry material. A total of 90 albino rats were used in the present study. Rats group were as follows: normal diet; normal treated (2, 4, and 6% Ku.), diabetic rats (non-treated), diabetic + HFHC diet (non-treated), HFHC (non-treated), Diabetic (treated), HFHC (treated) and Diabetic + HFHC (treated). The diets were followed for 8 weeks. Blood samples were collected at the end of the experiment. Serum glucose was recorded and thyroid hormones (T4, Thyroxine and T3, Triiodothyronine) were conducted. Diet supplemented with Kumquat at different concentrations have a hypoglycemic effect and improve the thyroid hormones of both diabetic rats and HFHC diabetic rats.


O presente estudo foi conduzido para avaliar a composição química, a atividade antioxidante e os efeitos hipoglicêmicos do pó de kumquat (Ku) em ratos diabéticos alimentados com uma dieta rica em gordura e colesterol (HFHC). As atividades antioxidantes foram avaliadas usando o método de eliminação de radicais livres de 1,1-difenil 2-picrilhidrazil (DPPH), 2,2'-azinobis (ácido 3-etilbenzotiazolina-6-sulfônico) radical cátion (ABTS) e antioxidante redutor férrico potência (FRAP). O conteúdo fenólico total foi (51,85 mg GAE / g) e o conteúdo total de flavonoides foi (0,24 mg Cateachin Equivalent, CE / g). Os valores de DPPH e ABTS foram 3,32 e 3,98 mg equivalente de Trolox (TE) / g, em que o valor de FRAP foi de 3,00 mM Fe²+ / kg de material seco. Um total de 90 ratos albinos foi usado no presente estudo. O grupo dos ratos foi o seguinte: dieta normal: tratados normais (2, 4 e 6% Ku.), ratos diabéticos (não tratados), diabéticos + dieta HFHC (não tratados), HFHC (não tratados), diabéticos (tratados), HFHC (tratados) e diabéticos + HFHC (tratados). As dietas foram seguidas por 8 semanas. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas ao final do experimento. A glicose sérica foi registrada e os hormônios tireoidianos (T4, Tiroxina e T3, Triiodotironina) foram conduzidos. A dieta suplementada com kumquat em diferentes concentrações tem um efeito hipoglicêmico e melhora os hormônios tireoidianos tanto de ratos diabéticos quanto de ratos diabéticos com HFHC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Antioxidants/analysis , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/analysis , Thyroid Hormones/pharmacology , Rats/metabolism , Rats/blood , Rutaceae/chemistry
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247071, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285609

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study was conducted to evaluate the chemical composition, antioxidant activity and hypoglycemic effects of whole kumquat (Ku) powder in diabetic rats fed a high-fat-high-cholesterol (HFHC) diet. The antioxidant activities were evaluated using stable 1,1-diphenyl 2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging method, 2,2´-azinobis (3-ethyl benzo thiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radical cation (ABTS) and Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). Total phenolic content was (51.85 mg GAE/g) and total flavonoid content was (0.24 mg Cateachin Equivalent, CE/g). DPPH and ABTS values were 3.32 and 3.98 mg Trolox equivalent (TE)/g where FRAP value was 3.00 mM Fe2+/kg dry material. A total of 90 albino rats were used in the present study. Rats group were as follows: normal diet; normal treated (2, 4, and 6% Ku.), diabetic rats (non-treated), diabetic + HFHC diet (non-treated), HFHC (non-treated), Diabetic (treated), HFHC (treated) and Diabetic + HFHC (treated). The diets were followed for 8 weeks. Blood samples were collected at the end of the experiment. Serum glucose was recorded and thyroid hormones (T4, Thyroxine and T3, Triiodothyronine) were conducted. Diet supplemented with Kumquat at different concentrations have a hypoglycemic effect and improve the thyroid hormones of both diabetic rats and HFHC diabetic rats.


Resumo O presente estudo foi conduzido para avaliar a composição química, a atividade antioxidante e os efeitos hipoglicêmicos do pó de kumquat (Ku) em ratos diabéticos alimentados com uma dieta rica em gordura e colesterol (HFHC). As atividades antioxidantes foram avaliadas usando o método de eliminação de radicais livres de 1,1-difenil 2-picrilhidrazil (DPPH), 2,2'-azinobis (ácido 3-etilbenzotiazolina-6-sulfônico) radical cátion (ABTS) e antioxidante redutor férrico potência (FRAP). O conteúdo fenólico total foi (51,85 mg GAE / g) e o conteúdo total de flavonoides foi (0,24 mg Cateachin Equivalent, CE / g). Os valores de DPPH e ABTS foram 3,32 e 3,98 mg equivalente de Trolox (TE) / g, em que o valor de FRAP foi de 3,00 mM Fe2 + / kg de material seco. Um total de 90 ratos albinos foi usado ​​no presente estudo. O grupo dos ratos foi o seguinte: dieta normal: tratados normais (2, 4 e 6% Ku.), ratos diabéticos (não tratados), diabéticos + dieta HFHC (não tratados), HFHC (não tratados), diabéticos (tratados), HFHC (tratados) e diabéticos + HFHC (tratados). As dietas foram seguidas por 8 semanas. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas ao final do experimento. A glicose sérica foi registrada e os hormônios tireoidianos (T4, Tiroxina e T3, Triiodotironina) foram conduzidos. A dieta suplementada com kumquat em diferentes concentrações tem um efeito hipoglicêmico e melhora os hormônios tireoidianos tanto de ratos diabéticos quanto de ratos diabéticos com HFHC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rutaceae , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Powders , Thyroid Hormones , Blood Glucose , Fruit
6.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 62-66, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970714

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary fibrosis is end-stage of variety of heterogeneous interstitial lung disease, characterizedby excessive proliferation of fibroblasts and extracellular matrix deposition and destruction of lung parenchyma. Thyroid and lung are derived from the same endodermal cells, thyroid hormone affect the occurrence、development and prognosis of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer and other lung diseases, This article reviews the role and mechanism of thyroid hormone in pulmonary fibrosis in order to provide new idea for the study of the role and mechanism of thyroid hormone in silicosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Fibrosis/pathology , Lung/pathology , Silicosis , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Fibroblasts , Thyroid Hormones , Fibrosis
7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(11): 683-688, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529898

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective It is well known that female infertility is multifactorial. Therefore, we aimed to compare the effects of thyroid dysfunction, vitamin deficiency, and microelement deficiency in fertile and infertile patients. Materials and Methods Between May 1st, 2017, and April 1st, 2019, we conducted a retrospective case-control study with of 380 infertile and 346 pregnant patients (who normally fertile and able to conceive spontaneously). The fertile patients were selected among those who got pregnant spontaneously without treatment, had a term birth, and did not have systemic or obstetric diseases. The levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO), vitamin D, vitamin B12, folic acid, ferritin, and zinc of both groups were compared. Results There was no difference between patients in the infertile and pregnant groups in terms of low normal and high serum T3 and T4 levels (p = 0.938; p > 0.05) respectively, nor in terms of normal and high anti-TPO levels (p = 0.182; p > 0.05) respectively. There was no significant difference regarding patients with low, insufficient, and sufficient vitamin D levels in the infertile and pregnant groups (p = 0.160; p >0.05) respectively. The levels of folic acid, ferritin, and zinc of the infertile group were significantly lower than those of the pregnant group. Conclusion The serum levels of folic acid, ferritin, and zinc in infertile patients presenting to our outpatient clinic were lower than those o the fertile patients.


Resumo Objetivo Sabe-se que a infertilidade feminina é multifatorial. Portanto, nosso objetivo foi comparar os efeitos da disfunção tireoidiana, deficiência de vitaminas e deficiência de microelementos em pacientes férteis e inférteis. Materiais e Métodos Entre 1° de maio de 2017 e 1° de abril de 2019, realizamos um estudo retrospectivo caso-controle com 380 pacientes inférteis e 346 grávidas (normalmente férteis e capazes de conceber espontaneamente). As pacientes férteis foram selecionadas entre aquelas que engravidaram espontaneamente sem tratamento, tiveram parto a termo e não apresentavam doenças sistêmicas ou obstétricas. Os níveis de hormônio estimulante da tireoide (TSH), triiodotironina (T3), tiroxina (T4), antitireoide peroxidase (anti-TPO), vitamina D, vitamina B12, ácido fólico, ferritina e zinco de ambos os grupos foram comparados. Resultados Não houve diferença entre as pacientes dos grupos inférteis e gestantes em relação aos níveis altos de sérumT3 e T4 normais baixos e altos (p = 0,938; p > 0,05), respectivamente nem aos níveis normais e altos de anti-TPO (p = 0,182; p > 0,05), respectivamente. Não houve diferença significativa em relação aos pacientes com níveis baixos, insuficientes e suficientes de vitamina D nos grupos inférteis e gestantes (p = 0,160; p > 0,05), respectivamente. Os níveis de ácido fólico, ferritina e zinco do grupo infértil foram significativamente menores do que os do grupo grávida. Conclusão Os níveis de sérum de ácido fólico, ferritina e zinco nas pacientes inférteis atendidas em nosso ambulatório foram menores do que nas pacientes férteis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Thyroid Hormones , Vitamin B 12 , Vitamin D , Zinc , Ferritins , Folic Acid , Infertility, Female
8.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 459-464, July-Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385263

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Hyperthyroidism (Hy) is an endocrine disorder, in which the thyroid hormones markedly alter the cardiac function. Increased myocardial contractility and cardiac output, improvement in diastolic relaxation, changes in electrical activity, increments in ventricular mass, and arrhythmias have been reported. However, the influences of thyroid hormones upon molecular mechanisms of cardiac functions have not yet been fully understood. Objectives: To evaluate changes in cardiac contractile parameters and the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) function in induced hyperthyroid rats. Methods: Hy was induced by intraperitoneal injections of T3 (15 μg/100 g) for 10 days. Contractile parameters and NCX function were evaluated in the isolated papillary muscle. Data normality was confirmed by the Shapiro-Wilk test. The comparison between groups was performed through an unpaired Student's t-test. Results are expressed as mean ± SD. The accepted significance level was p < 0.05. Results: Our data revealed, in the Hy group, an increase of 30.98% in the maximum speed of diastolic relaxation (-284.64 ± 70.70 vs. -217.31 ± 40.30 mN/mm2/sec (p = 0.027)) and a boost of 149% in the NCX function in late phase of relaxation (20.17 ± 7.90 vs. 50.22 ± 11.94 minutes (p = 0.002)), with no changes in the maximum twitch force (p = 0.605) or maximum speed of systolic contraction (p = 0.208) when compared to the control. Conclusion: The improvement in relaxation parameters is hypothetically attributed to an increase in Sarco-Endoplasmic Reticulum Ca2+ATPase isoform 2 (SERCA2) expression and an increased calcium flow through L-type channels that boosted the NCX function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Papillary Muscles/physiology , Sodium-Calcium Exchanger/physiology , Hyperthyroidism/complications , Thyroid Hormones , Rats, Wistar
9.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(supl.1): 144-153, mayo 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394002

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El hipotiroidismo congénito es la principal causa de discapacidad cognitiva prevenible en el mundo. Para detectarlo se han desarrollado programas de tamización, con el fin de disminuir las secuelas neurológicas asociadas. El seguimiento y las evaluaciones a mediano y largo plazo de estos pacientes son fundamentales. Objetivo. Describir las características demográficas, el tratamiento y el seguimiento de los pacientes con diagnóstico de hipotiroidismo congénito en el marco del programa de tamización del Hospital Universitario de San Ignacio en Bogotá, Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio observacional de corte transversal. La población de estudio fueron los pacientes con diagnóstico de hipotiroidismo congénito en el Hospital Universitario San Ignacio entre el 2001 y el 2017. Resultados. Se contactó a 14 de los 19 pacientes con diagnóstico de hipotiroidismo congénito en el programa de tamizaje del Hospital. Los 14 niños estaban escolarizados, y la mayoría tenía el peso y la talla adecuados, aunque hubo talla baja en dos de ellos. El diagnóstico etiológico más frecuente fue hipoplasia tiroidea. Todos empezaron su tratamiento y el seguimiento oportunamente. La alteración más frecuente en las pruebas neuropsicológicas se registró en la memoria. El nivel de educación materno podría estar relacionado con el resultado anormal en el dominio del lenguaje. Conclusión. En el presente estudio, las alteraciones en las pruebas de memoria fueron las más prevalentes; sin embargo, dado el diseño y el tipo de estudio, se requieren más investigaciones que permitan establecer asociaciones. El crecimiento y el desarrollo puberal presentaron una frecuencia baja de alteraciones.


Introduction: Congenital hypothyroidism is the leading cause of preventable cognitive disability in the world. Therefore, screening programs have been developed in order to reduce the neurological sequelae associated with this pathology. Objective: To describe the demographic characteristics, the treatment, and the follow-up of patients diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism in the screening program at the San Ignacio University Hospital in Bogotá, Colombia. Materials and methods: We conducted an observational cross-sectional study. The study population was patients diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism at the Hospital between 2001 and 2017. Results: Fourteen of the 19 patients diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism in the hospital screening program were contacted. All of the patients had schooling, most of them had adequate weight and height, and two had short stature. In most of them, the etiological diagnosis was thyroid hypoplasia, and all began the treatment and follow-up in an adequate way. The most frequent alteration in the neuropsychological tests was in the memory domain and the level of maternal education could be related to an abnormal result in the domain of language. Conclusion: In our study, alterations in the memory tests were the most prevalent; however, due to the design and type of study, more research is required to establish associations. A low frequency of abnormal growth and puberty was found.


Subject(s)
Congenital Hypothyroidism , Thyroid Hormones , Neurodevelopmental Disorders , Growth , Mental Disorders
11.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(85): 25-30, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398027

ABSTRACT

La tiroides ectópica lingual es una patología muy poco frecuente, producida por la detención en el descenso normal de la glándula durante el desarrollo embrio-nario. La localización lingual de tejido tiroideo es la más común entre las tiroides ectópicas o aberrantes. Esta enfermedad puede ser asintomática pero, cuan-do los signos y síntomas están presentes, guardan estrecha correlación con la localización de la lesión y son proporcionales a su tamaño. El diagnóstico debe realizarse clínicamente y con el complemento de es-tudios por imágenes y endocrinológicos. En los aná-lisis de laboratorio se debe incluir dosaje de las hor-monas TSH, T4 libre y T3, vinculadas con la función tiroidea. Las biopsias deben evitarse ya que causan desequilibrio en la producción hormonal de la glándu-la y peligro de profusas hemorragias. En este artículo se desarrolla una descripción de las generalidades de la tiroides ectópica lingual, y se presenta un caso clínico de un niño con un tumor lingual, que fue deri-vado por su médica pediatra a cirugía para realizar una biopsia. Asimismo, se comenta la importancia que tiene para el odontólogo conocer esta patología a fin de poder evitar sus posibles complicaciones (AU)


Lingual thyroid is a rare disorder produced by a failure in the descent of thyroid gland to its normal position during embryological development. Lingual localization of thyroid tissue is the most common among the ectopic or aberrant thyroids. This condition can be asymptomatic, although when symptoms take place, they are connected to the lesion location and depend on its size. Diagnosis should be made clinically and complemented with imaging and endocrine studies. Laboratory analysis must include dosage of TSH, free T4 and T3, thyroid function-linked hormones. Due to the possible imbalance in the gland hormone production and the risk of massive bleeding, biopsy should be avoided. In this article, a brief description of lingual ectopic thyroid generalities is developed and a clinical case of a 7-years old child is provided. Additionally, dentistry importance of knowing this condition is commented, in order to prevent its possible complications (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Thyroid Gland/pathology , Lingual Thyroid , Thyroid Dysgenesis/complications , Signs and Symptoms , Thyroid Hormones/physiology , Diagnosis, Differential
12.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(10): e20201069, 2022. tab
Article in English | VETINDEX, LILACS | ID: biblio-1375118

ABSTRACT

The present evaluated the effects of copper sulfate solution (CSS) and arginine powder (Arg) supplements on performance, thyroid hormones and blood biochemistry of broiler chickens fed with canola meal (CM)-based diets. The experimental design was completely randomized with a 3 × 3 factorial and 9 treatments, corresponding to 3 levels of CSS (0, 125 and 250 mg/kg) and 3 levels of Arg (0, 0.1 and 0.2%) (n = 45 per treatment). Feeds were offered ad libitum for 21 days, from 22 to 42 days of age. Feed efficiency was significantly affected by the dietary addition of 250 mg/kg CSS and 0.2% Arg, and by the CSS × Arg interaction. CM supplemented with CSS improved the thyroid gland status and increased the plasma levels of triiodothyronine and thyroxine. Birds fed diets supplemented with 0.2% Arg had lower blood glucose level than the other treatments. The addition of 250 mg/kg CSS and 0.2% Arg reduced the stress caused by the rapid growth of broilers, also increasing the overall bird welfare.


O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos da suplementação com solução de sulfato de cobre (SSC) e arginina em pó (Arg) sobre o desempenho, hormônios tireoidianos e bioquímica sanguínea de frangos de corte alimentados com dietas à base de canola DC. O desenho experimental foi completamente casualizado com fatorial 3 × 3 e nove tratamentos correspondentes a três níveis de inclusão de SSC (0, 125 e 250 mg/kg) e três níveis de Arg (0, 0,1 e 0,2%) (n = 45 para cada tratamento). As rações foram oferecidas ad libitum por 21 dias, de 22 até 42 dias de idade. A eficiência alimentar foi significativamente afetada pela adição de 250 mg/kg de SSC e 0,2% de Arg, assim como pela interação SSC × Arg. A suplementação da DC com SSC melhorou os parâmetros da glândula tireoide e aumentou os níveis plasmáticos de triiodotironina e tiroxina. As aves alimentadas com dietas suplementadas com 0,2% de Arg apresentaram menor nível de glicose sanguínea do que as dos demais tratamentos. A adição de 250 mg/kg de SSC e 0,2% de Arg reduz o estresse causado pelo rápido crescimento dos frangos, além de melhorar as condições gerais de bem estar das aves.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arginine/administration & dosage , Thyroid Hormones/analysis , Chickens/growth & development , Copper Sulfate/administration & dosage , Brassica napus/chemistry , Animal Feed/analysis , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Amino Acids/administration & dosage
13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 331-334, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935948

ABSTRACT

There exists a complex relationship between liver and thyroid hormones. Liver plays an important role in the activation, inactivation, transportation, and metabolism of thyroid hormones. At the same time, thyroid hormones also affect hepatocytes activity and liver metabolism, such as lipid and bilirubin metabolism. Importantly, thyroid hormone levels often change abnormally in patients with liver cirrhosis. Therefore, studying the change of thyroid hormone levels in patients with liver cirrhosis has a certain clinical value for assessing the severity, prognosis, diagnosis and treatment. This paper reviews the research progress on the relationship between liver cirrhosis and thyroid hormone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bilirubin , Liver/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/metabolism , Thyroid Hormones/metabolism
14.
Rev. méd. Hosp. José Carrasco Arteaga ; 13(2): 107-111, 20-12-2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352363

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Los trastornos tiroideos son causantes de morbilidad y discapacidad a nivel mundial, entre estos, el hipotiroidismo es uno de los más frecuentes. El 95% de los casos de hipotiroidismo son de tipo primario, que se caracteriza por presentar niveles disminuidos de hormonas tiroideas (T3 y T4) y niveles elevados de TSH. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de hipotiroidismo primario en pacientes mujeres de 40 - 60 años de edad hospitalizadas en el Hospital José Carrasco Arteaga durante el año 2018. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: El presente es un estudio descriptivo transversal. El universo estuvo conformado por mujeres entre 40 a 60 años que estuvieron hospitalizadas en los diferentes departamentos del Hospital José Carrasco-Cuenca en el transcurso del año 2018; se incluyó a las pacientes a las cuales se les realizó perfil tiroideo durante su hospitalización. Se excluyó a las mujeres con datos incompletos en su historia clínica. No se realizó muestreo, se estudió a la totalidad de pacientes que cumplieron con el criterio de inclusión(n= 278). RESULTADOS: La prevalencia de hipotiroidismo primario en la población estudiada fue del 16.2 %; el hipotiroidismo fue ligeramente más frecuente en el grupo etario de 40-44 años con el 18.03%. Fue más frecuente en las mujeres residentes en el sector rural (18.18%), que en el urbano. El 53.34% de las mujeres identificadas con hipotiroidismo presentaron sobrepeso y el 22.22% presentaron obesidad. CONCLUSIÓN: La prevalencia encontrada de hipotiroidismo en mujeres de 40 a 60 años fue de 16.2%. La prevalencia fue ligeramente mayor en el grupo de edad de 40 a 44 años. La mayoría de las pacientes con hipotiroidismo tuvieron sobrepeso u obesidad.(au)


BACKGROUND: Thyroid disorders are a cause of morbidity and disability worldwide, among these, hypothyroidism is one of the most frequent. 95% of the cases of cases of hypothyroidism are primary, characterized by decreased levels of thyroid hormones (T3 and T4) and elevated TSH. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of primary hypothyroidism in female patients aged 40-60 years hospitalized at Hospital Jose Carrasco Arteaga during 2018. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. The universe were women between 40 and 60 years old who were hospitalized in the different services at Hospital Jose Carrasco Arteaga during 2018; patients who had a thyroid panel made during hospitalization were included. Women with incomplete medical history were excluded. We didn't do sampling; all patients who met the inclusion criteria (n=278) were studied. RESULTS: The prevalence of primary hypothyroidism in the studied population was 16.2%; hypothyroidism was slightly more frequent in the age group of 40-44 years with 18.03%. It was more frequent in women residing in the rural area (18.18), than in the urban area. 53.34% of the women identified with hypothyroidism were overweight and 22.22% were obese. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of hypothyroidism found in women aged 40 to 60 years old was 16.2%. The prevalence was slightly higher in the 40 to 44 age group. Most of the patients with hypothyroidism were overweight or obese.(au)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Hormones , Women , Prevalence , Overweight , Hypothyroidism , Medical Records , Obesity
15.
Salud(i)ciencia (Impresa) ; 24(5): 238-244, mar.-abr. 2021. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1283917

ABSTRACT

Se realizó una revisión narrativa sobre la genética del hipotiroidismo congénito (HC). Se utilizaron las bases de datos Medline/PubMed, LILACS-BIREME y SciELO. Se identificaron los estudios originales publicados entre 2000 y agosto de 2020. Las palabras clave utilizadas durante la búsqueda fueron las siguientes: "hipotiroidismo congénito (congenital hypothyroidism)", "genética (genetic)", "polimorfismos de nucleótido único (SNP) (single polymorphisms nucleotid)". Se revisaron 58 estudios originales que informan las bases moleculares del HC. Se ha definido el concepto básico del HC, así como las bases moleculares que están asociados con la aparición de dicho trastorno. La revisión de la literatura ha permitido identificar al menos 12 genes que codifican las proteínas, las cuales, al producirse mutaciones, están implicadas en el HC. De los 12 genes informados que desempeñan un papel importante en el HC, errores en 6 genes se han vinculado con el HC con disgenesia tiroidea, lo cual implica alteraciones en la morfogénesis de la glándula tiroides, mientras que mutaciones en otros 6 genes se han asociado con dishormonogénesis, que genera un bloqueo total o parcial de los procesos bioquímicos implicados en la síntesis y secreción de hormonas tiroideas. La prevalencia en Sudamérica varía aproximadamente desde 1 por cada 1170 hasta 1 por cada 8285 neonatos. El estudio de la genética molecular pone de manifiesto que, en el futuro, aportará datos importantes en cuanto a la identificación de nuevas mutaciones y asociaciones con fenotipos clínicos que podrían relacionarse con el HC, para, de esta manera, potenciar el diagnóstico y tratamiento


A narrative review was conducted on the genetics of congenital hypothyroidism. The Medline/PubMed, LILACS-BIREME, and SciELO databases were used. Original studies published between 2000 and August 2020 were identified. The keywords used during the search were as follows: "congenital hypothyroidism", "genetics", "polymorphisms SNPs". Fifty-eight original studies reviewing the molecular basis of congenital hypothyroidism were reviewed. The basic concept of congenital hypothyroidism has been defined as well as the molecular bases that are associated with the development of this disorder. The literature review has identified at least 12 genes encoding proteins that, when mutations occur, are involved in congenital hypothyroidism. Of the 12 genes reported to play an important role in congenital hypothyroidism, errors in 6 genes have been associated with congenital hypothyroidism with thyroid dysgenesis, which implies alterations in the morphogenesis of the thyroid gland. On the other hand, mutations in 6 other genes have been associated with dyshormonogenesis that generates a total or partial blockage of the biochemical processes involved in the synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones. The prevalence in South America is reported to vary from approximately 1 per 1000 to 1 per 8000 newborns. The study of molecular genetics shows that in the future it will contribute to the identification of new mutations and associations with clinical phenotypes that could be related to congenital hypothyroidism, thus enhancing diagnosis and treatment


Subject(s)
Therapeutics , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Hormones , Epidemiology , Congenital Hypothyroidism , Genes , Genetics , Databases, Bibliographic
16.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 282-289, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878360

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to evaluate the association between occupational radiation exposure and changes in thyroid hormone levels among medical radiation workers.@*Methods@#This retrospective cohort study included 2,946 radiation workers from 20 Guangzhou hospitals. Data on general characteristics, participant radiation dosimetry, and thyroid function test results [thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroid hormone (T4)] were extracted from dosimetry and medical records. The generalized estimating equation was used to evaluate the trend of changes in thyroid hormone levels over time and was adjusted for age, gender, and occupation.@*Results@#The average annual effective dose was very low and showed a general downward trend. During the follow-up period, changes in T3 and T4 levels among radiation workers were -0.015 [95% confidence interval ( @*Conclusion@#Thyroid hormone secretion might be affected even in low-dose radiation exposure environments.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , China , Cohort Studies , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Radiation Exposure/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Hormones/radiation effects
17.
Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies ; : 156-160, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961983

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Daily levothyroxine is the treatment of choice and standard of care in hypothyroidism, sufficient to restore thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) to normal range. For many patients, daily lifelong therapy is required, making adherence a major issue. In such cases, weekly replacement may be a suitable alternative to improve adherence. In this study, we aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of weekly levothyroxine replacement among adults with hypothyroidism.@*Methodology@#Electronic databases were searched. Two reviewers (HCC and RBL) independently screened the abstracts, reviewed full-text papers, critically appraised the quality of included studies using PRISMA guidelines. Meta-analysis was performed using the random-effects model. The primary outcome is the difference in serum TSH levels between weekly and daily administration, while secondary outcomes included adverse events and symptoms of hypothyroidism.@*Results@#The primary outcome is the difference in serum TSH levels between weekly and daily administration. Secondary outcomes included adverse events and clinical symptoms. The study included two randomized trials (n=109) in the primary analysis. The difference in TSH levels was 1.78 mIU/mL higher [(95% confidence interval (CI): 1.28 to 2.28, p<0.00001] at 6 weeks and 1.22 mIU/mL higher (95% CI: 0.76 to 1.67, p<0.00001) at 12 weeks for the weekly regimen. There was no significant heterogeneity between the two groups. There was no significant difference in hypothyroid symptoms and adverse events before and after levothyroxine treatment within each group.@*Conclusions@#Weekly levothyroxine resulted in less suppression and higher mean serum TSH levels, while still remaining within the normal reference range. It may be a suitable alternative for non-adherent patients. However, larger randomized trials with longer duration of follow-up are needed to firmly establish its role.


Subject(s)
Hypothyroidism , Thyroxine , Thyroid Hormones
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(6): 721-723, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142123

ABSTRACT

Abstract Thyroid hormone has effects on the skin. Patients with hypothyroidism have changes such as dry, scaly and rough skin. Increase carotene in the dermis becomes a yellowish tone to the skin of the patient with hypothyroidism. There is an increase in capillary cycle (anagen phase) and nail growth and a reduction in eccrine gland secretion. It is a case of primary hypothyroidism with nail manifestations associated with dermatologic disorders and successful treatment with levothyroxine. Receptors for thyroid hormone have already been found in keratinocytes, fibroblasts, hair follicles and sebaceous glands. Genes responsive to thyroid hormones and elements of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis were identified on the skin. This report highlights the importance of cutaneous manifestations as markers of thyroid disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypothyroidism/drug therapy , Skin , Thyroid Hormones , Thyroxine , Hair Follicle
19.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 52(3): 238-242, 20200930. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255090

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar o perfil dos hormônios tireoidianos de mulheres com idade maior ou igual a 50 anos atendidas no Laboratório Municipal de Referência Regional de Serrinha (LMRRS) no ano de 2017. Métodos: Os resultados de T3, T4 livre e TSH foram coletados retrospectivamente através do sistema informatizado utilizado pelo laboratório para construção de uma base de dados, e analisados de acordo com valores de referência recomendados pela Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia. Resultados: Foi encontrada uma prevalência moderada de disfunções tireoidianas, sendo 58,62% de casos de hipotireoidismo e 41,38% de hipertireoidismo. Houve também aumento dos níveis de TSH e T4 livre entre os 50 e 70 anos, sem alterações nos níveis de T3 total. Conclusão: Os resultados assemelham-se a estudos anteriores, envolvendo outras populações, com predomínio do hipotireoidismo subclínico entre mulheres na mesma faixa etária. No entanto, a tendência crescente dos níveis de T4 livre não reflete os achados prévios que associam o avanço da idade e redução da produção de estrogênios com a diminuição da função tireoidiana.


Objective: To characterize the thyroid hormone profile of women aged 50 years and older attended at the Laboratório Municipal de Referência Regional de Serrinha (LMRRS) in the year 2017. Methods: The results of T3, free T4 and TSH were retrospectively collected from the computerized system of laboratory for building a database, and analyzed according to the reference values recommended by the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology. Results: A moderate prevalence of thyroid dysfunction was found, with 58.62% of cases of hypothyroidism and 41.38% of hyperthyroidism. There was also an increase of TSH and free T4 levels between 50 and 70 years with no changes in total T3 levels. Conclusion: The results are similar to previous studies involving other populations, with a prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism in women in the same age group. However, the increasing trend of free T4 levels does not reflect the previous findings that associate the advancement of age and reduction of estrogen production with the decrease of thyroid function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Hormones , Menopause , Hyperthyroidism , Hypothyroidism
20.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(3): 269-275, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131093

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Acromegaly is characterized by high neoplastic morbidity as a side effect of growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion. Increased incidence of goiter, thyroid carcinoma, and thyroid dysfunction is also reported. The aim of the present study was to find the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction and goiter in patients with acromegaly and determine its relationship to disease activity, disease duration, and the presence of secondary hypothyroidism. Subjects and methods In a cross-sectional study of the period 2008-2012 were included 146 patients with acromegaly (56 men, 90 women) of mean age 50.3 ± 12.4 years. Acromegaly disease activity and thyroid function were evaluated in all patients. Thyroid ultrasonography was performed to calculate thyroid volume and detect the presence of nodular goiter. Results Ninety-one patients were determined to have an active disease, and 55, a controlled disease. The mean thyroid volume in patients without previous thyroid surgery was 37.6 ± 38.8 mL. According to disease activity, thyroid volume was significantly higher in patients with active disease (38.5 ± 45.4 mL vs. 27.2 ± 18.4 mL, p = 0.036). A weak positive correlation was found between thyroid volume and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) in the whole group and in females (R = 0.218; p = 0.013, and R = 0.238; p = 0.037, respectively). There was no significant correlation of thyroid volume with disease duration and GH level in the whole group and in both sexes. The patients with secondary hypothyroidism had twofold smaller thyroid volume, relative to the rest of the group. The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction was 39%, with a female to male percentage ratio of 1.73. Goiter was diagnosed in 87% of patients, including diffuse goiter (17.1%) and nodular (69.9%), with no significant difference between patients with active and controlled disease or the presence of secondary hypothyroidism. Conclusions Thyroid volume in patients with acromegaly depends on disease activity and the presence of secondary hypothyroidism as a complication. The increased prevalence of nodular goiter determines the need of regular ultrasound thyroid evaluation in the follow-up of patients with acromegaly. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2020;64(3):269-75


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Thyroid Gland/physiopathology , Acromegaly/complications , Goiter, Nodular/physiopathology , Hypothyroidism/physiopathology , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Gland/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Hormones/blood , Acromegaly/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ultrasonography , Goiter, Nodular/diagnosis , Hypothyroidism/etiology , Hypothyroidism/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
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