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1.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 24-29, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016678

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Surgical site infection (SSI) makes up the largest single group of postoperative infective complications. For surgeries classified as clean surgeries of the head and neck, such as a thyroidectomy, the routine administration of antimicrobial prophylaxis is not recommended. Despite this, extended usage of antibiotics is common in developing countries. This study evaluated the need for antibiotics in elective transcervical thyroidectomy for the prevention of SSI in a tertiary government hospital in a developing country. @*Methods@#This is a retrospective cohort study that included patients who have undergone elective transcervical thyroidectomy at the Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (ORL-HNS) of the University of the Philippines - Philippine General (UP-PGH) Hospital from August 1, 2020 to June 30, 2022. Data collection was conducted through review of both in-patient and out-patient records.@*Results@#The data of 58 patients were analyzed. The mean (±SD) age was 42.5±14.5 years, with approximately 2:27 male to female ratio. Of the 58 patients, 26 were given postoperative antibiotics while 32 did not receive postoperative antibiotics. None of the 58 were noted to have SSI on the 3rd postoperative day. Only 54 patients completed the 7-day follow-up of the study and their data were further analyzed. One patient had SSI. There was no significant difference between the presence and absence of postoperative antibiotics in relation to SSI (p-value>0.05).@*Conclusion@#This study shows that in patients undergoing transcervical thyroidectomies, there is no significant difference in the occurrence of SSI among patients who received and did not receive postoperative antibiotics. Therefore, there is no need to administer postoperative antibiotics, as long as a sterile surgical technique is ensured.


Subject(s)
Surgical Wound Infection , Thyroidectomy
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e243908, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553393

ABSTRACT

Aim: To carry out a retrospective analysis of the frequency and severity of clinical signs of radioiodine (131I)-induced damage to the salivary glands in the early and long-term post-radiation periods, and identify risk factors for their occurrence in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinomas. Methods: A total of 330 patients underwent thyroidectomy with dissection of lymphatic nodes. One month after surgery, all the patients received radioiodine therapy. The dose and number of courses varied depending on the stage and morphological type of the tumor. In the late post-radiation period, the patients were surveyed with the use of a standard questionnaire, which allowed retrospective assessment of the nature and severity of symptoms of radiationinduced damage, as well as the time of their onset/subsidence. Results: Radiation-induced sialoadenitis of the salivary glands was observed in 51.2% of patients treated with 131I. The main symptoms included pain and discomfort in the salivary glands (51.2% of patients), swelling (48.8%), transient or permanent dry mouth (38%), and distortion of taste (38%). There were statistically significant correlations between the presence and severity of the main clinical symptoms of salivary gland irradiation. A significant relationship (r = 0.91, p < 0.001) was found between swelling of the salivary glands and the feeling of pain or discomfort, which was indicative of inflammation and retention of saliva. Conclusion: The main factors influencing the formation of chronic radiation-induced sialoadenitis and the severity of the inflammatory process included the tumor stage, the total dose of radiopharmaceuticals, and the duration following radioiodine therapy


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Radiotherapy , Salivary Glands , Xerostomia , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Lymph Nodes
3.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 91(2): 139-145, jul.-dic. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1552126

ABSTRACT

La tiroidectomía total es la intervención más frecuentemente realizada en cirugía endocrina. En manos de cirujanos experimentados el riesgo de hipocalcemia post- tiroidectomía disminuye; sin embargo, sigue siendo la principal complicación, alcanzando incidencia hasta 60%. Diversos factores son capaces de predecir el riesgo de hipocalcemia: bioquímicos, quirúrgicos, fisiopatológicos. Se realizó búsqueda en internet de artículos originales, revisiones sistemáticas y artículos de revisión en español e inglés, utilizando plataformas y motores de búsqueda (PubMed, Scielo, Biblioteca Virtual en Salud de Honduras, Google académico), período 2014-2023, utilizando los términos tiroidectomía, hipocalcemia, hipoparatiroidismo, para recopilar datos de diagnóstico, tratamiento y prevención de la hipocalcemia post-tiroidectomía. Se concluyó que la hipocalcemia es la complicación más común posterior a una tiroidectomía. Los predictores de hipocalcemia fueron el calcio sérico, hormona paratiroidea (PTH), vitamina D y magnesio preoperatorio. Los pacientes que desarrollen hipocalcemia deben manejarse según el calcio sérico evaluado la mañana siguiente a la cirugía...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroidectomy/methods , Hypocalcemia , Risk Factors , Databases, Bibliographic , Periodical
4.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(1): e56371, 01/06/2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436170

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Alterações na tireoide e a tireoidectomia podem levar à sintomatologia vocal e emocional.Objetivo: Correlacionar sintomas vocais e traços de ansiedade e depressão pré e pós-tireoidectomia. Métodos: Estudo observacional, longitudinal. Participaram 20 pacientes submetidos à tireoidectomia, ao exame visual laríngeo e à Escala de Sintomas Vocais (ESV) e Escala Hospitalar de Ansiedade e Depressão (HADS) no pré-operatório, pós 1 semana e pós 3 meses, com média de idade de 54,5 anos, maior prevalência do sexo feminino (85%) e tireoidectomia parcial (70%). Resultados: Os pacientes autorreferiram sintomas vocais em todos os momentos, com maior frequência após uma semana e diferença significativa entre o domínio físico pré e pós 1 semana. Na HADS, observou-se maior escore total no pré-operatório e diferença significante nos três momentos, em todos os domínios, com maior diferença entre pré e pós 1 semana. Houve correlação positiva fraca entre os domínios limitação, emocional e escore total da ESV com a subescala de ansiedade pós 1 semana, entre o escore total da ESV e o escore total da HADS e correlação positiva moderada entre os domínios limitação e emocional da ESV com o escore total da HADS após uma semana. Conclusão: Pacientes submetidos à tireoidectomia autopercebem sintomas vocais e traços de grau leve de ansiedade tanto no pré quanto pós 1 semana e após 3 meses de cirurgia com pior autorreferência após uma semana. Quanto maior a autorreferência de sintomas vocais, mais traços de ansiedade o paciente pode apresentar. (AU)


Introduction: Thyroid alterations and thyroidectomy can lead to vocal and emotional symptoms.Purpose: To correlate vocal symptoms and anxiety and depression traits pre and post-thyroidectomy. Methods: Observational, longitudinal study. Participants were 20 patients who underwent thyroidectomy, laryngeal visual examination and the Voice Symptom Scale (VoiSS) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) preoperatively, 1 week and 3 months after, with a mean age of 54.5 years, higher prevalence of female gender (85%) and partial thyroidectomy (70%). Results: The patients self-reported vocal symptoms at all times, more frequently after one week and a significant difference between the physical domain pre and post 1 week. In HADS, there was a higher total score in the preoperative period and a significant difference in the three moments, in all domains, with a greater difference between pre and post 1 week. There was a weak positive correlation between the limitation, emotional and total score of the ESV domains with the anxiety subscale after 1 week, between the total score of the ESV and the total score of the HADS, and a moderate positive correlation between the limitation and emotional domains of the ESV with the HADS total score after one week. Conclusion: Patients undergoing thyroidectomy self-perceived vocal symptoms and mild anxiety traits both before and after 1 week and after 3 months of surgery with worse self-report after one week. The greater the self-report of vocal symptoms, the more traces of anxiety the patient may present. (AU)


Introducción: Cambios en la tiroides y tiroidectomía pueden provocar síntomas vocales y emocionales. Objetivo: Correlacionar síntomas vocales y rasgos de ansiedad y depresión antes y después de tiroidectomía. Metodos: Estudio observacional/longitudinal. Participaron 20 pacientes que se les realizó tiroidectomía, examen visual laríngeo, Escala de Síntomas Vocales (ESV) y Escala Hospitalaria de Ansiedad y Depresión (HADS) en preoperatorio, 1 semana y 3 meses después, con edad media de 54,5 años, prevalencia del género femenino (85%) y tiroidectomía parcial (70%). Resultados: Los pacientes informaron síntomas vocales en todo momento, con mayor frecuencia después de una semana y una diferencia significativa entre el dominio físico antes y después de 1 semana. En HADS, hubo mayor puntaje total en el preoperatorio y diferencia significativa en los tres momentos, con mayor diferencia entre pre y post 1 semana. Hubo una correlación positiva débil entre limitación, emocional y total de los dominios de la ESV con la subescala de ansiedad después de 1 semana, entre el total de la ESV y e total de la HADS, y una correlación positiva moderada entre la puntuación de limitación y dominios emocionales de la ESV con la puntuación total de HADS después de una semana. Conclusión: Los pacientes sometidos a tiroidectomía autopercibieron síntomas vocales y rasgos de ansiedad leve tanto antes como después de 1 semana y después de 3 meses de la cirugía con peor autoinforme después de una semana. Cuanto mayor es el autoinforme de síntomas vocales, más rastros de ansiedad puede presentar el paciente. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Anxiety , Thyroidectomy/psychology , Voice Disorders/psychology , Depression , Postoperative Period , Thyroid Diseases , Voice , Preoperative Period
5.
Oncología (Guayaquil) ; 33(1): 91-102, 4 de Abril 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427691

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La prevalencia del cáncer de tiroides es del 4 al 7%, en Ecuador alcanza una tasa de 16/100.000 habitantes, en la mayoría de casos requiere resolución quirúrgica asociando una tasa de complicaciones del 2 al 15%, de estas la hipocalcemia representa al menos el 10.9%. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la utilidad de la medición de la hormona paratiroidea sérica (PTH) como predictor de hipocalcemia posterior a tiroidectomía. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal analítico de pacientes con tiroidectomía en el Hospital Metropolitano de Quito, en el periodo enero del 2017 a diciembre del 2019. Se analizaron variables demográficas, clínicas, quirúrgicas y complicaciones. Se comparó la relación de la PTH con la presencia de hipocalcemia clínica, serológica o ambas mediante RP, sensibilidad, especificidad, VPP, VPN, LR. Otras variables confusoras se analizaron mediante regresión logística multinomial comparando sus OR. Resultados: Se incluyeron 212 registros, 15.6% hombres y 84.4% mujeres, con promedio de 52.1 años. La indicación principal de tiroidectomía fue por Carcinoma papilar 123 (58.0%). Las complicaciones fueron el 22.7%. Un total de 48 pacientes desarrollaron hipocalcemia. Los niveles de PTH < 10 ng/l predicen la hipocalcemia con sensibilidad de 0.55, especificidad 0.78, VPP: 43%, VPN: 85%, RP fue 2.91 (IC 95% 1.06 - 8.01). Conclusiones: La cuantificación de PTH en 10 ng/l o menos, es útil para predecir hipocalcemia clínica en los pacientes sometidos a tiroidectomía total.


Introduction: The prevalence of thyroid cancer is from 4 to 7%; in Ecuador, it reaches a rate of 16/per 100,000 inhabitants; in most cases, it requires surgical resolution associated with a complication rate of 2 to 15%, of this hypocalcemia represents at least minus 10.9%. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of measuring serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) as a predictor of hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy. Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study of patients with thyroidectomy was carried out at the Metropolitan Hospital of Quito from January 2017 to December 2019. Demographic, clinical, surgical, and complication variables were analyzed. PTH's relationship with clinical or serological hypocalcemia or both was compared using PR, sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and LR. Other confounding variables were analyzed using multinomial logistic regression comparing their ORs. Results: A total of 212 records were included, 15.6% men and 84.4% women, with an average age of 52.1 years. The main indication for thyroidectomy was papillary carcinoma 123 (58.0%). Complications were 22.7%. A total of 48 patients developed hypocalcemia. PTH levels < 10 ng/l predict hypocalcemia with a sensitivity of 0.55, specificity of 0.78, PPV: 43%, NPV: 85%, and PR was 2.91 (95% CI 1.06 - 8.01). Conclusions: PTH quantification of 10 ng/l or less helps predict clinical hypocalcemia in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Parathyroid Hormone , Thyroidectomy , Hypocalcemia
6.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440509

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma papilar tiroideo es el tipo de cáncer más común de esta glándula, y su tratamiento de elección es la tiroidectomía. Entre las complicaciones asociadas resalta la parálisis de las cuerdas vocales, la cual ocurre por una lesión directa del nervio laríngeo recurrente durante la cirugía. Se presenta una paciente de 22 años de edad con este diagnóstico, a la cual se le realizó una tiroidectomía total; en el postoperatorio inmediato la paciente comenzó con estridor laríngeo intenso que requirió una traqueotomía de urgencia. En el examen físico se constató una parálisis bilateral de las cuerdas vocales y se decidió comenzar un tratamiento de rehabilitación del nervio recurrente laríngeo con laserterapia y HIVAMAT-200 como modalidades combinadas. Los resultados alcanzados con la fisioterapia fueron satisfactorios y la paciente se reintegró rápidamente a su ámbito familiar, escolar y social.


Papillary thyroid carcinoma is the most common type of cancer of this gland, and its treatment of choice is thyroidectomy. Vocal cord paralysis stands out among the associated complications, in which a direct injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve occurs during surgery. We present a 22-year-old female patient with this diagnosis, who underwent a total thyroidectomy; in the immediate postoperative period the patient began with intense laryngeal stridor requiring an emergency tracheotomy. Physical examination revealed bilateral vocal cord paralysis and it was decided to begin rehabilitation treatment of the recurrent laryngeal nerve with laser therapy and HIVAMAT-200 as combined modalities. The results achieved with physiotherapy were satisfactory and the patient was quickly reintegrated into her family, school and social environment.


Subject(s)
Thyroidectomy , Tracheotomy , Vocal Cord Paralysis , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1515259

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En las últimas décadas la incidencia del cáncer tiroideo en el curso de la enfermedad nodular se ha incrementado debido a las novedosas técnicas de diagnóstico; sin embargo, la tasa de mortalidad se ha mantenido muy baja. Objetivo: Evaluar las características clínicas, epidemiológicas y quirúrgicas de pacientes con afecciones nodulares tiroideas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo observacional de cohorte prospectivo, longitudinal con los pacientes operados de afecciones tiroideas durante el período comprendido entre enero del 2008 y diciembre del 2018. El universo y la muestra quedaron constituidos por 467 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: Predominaron el sexo femenino (89,5 por ciento) y el grupo etario de 45-60 años (29,5 por ciento). Asociaron comorbilidades 338 pacientes y algún factor de riesgo de malignidad (6,2 por ciento). Un total de 174 pacientes manifestaron síntomas y 264 mostraron algún signo. Predominaron los reportes ecográficos (TI-RADS) y citológicos (Bethesda) tipo II (54,3 por ciento) y (55,5 por ciento), respectivamente. La hemitiroidectomía fue el procedimiento más realizado (59,9 por ciento) y la disfonía la complicación más encontrada (1,9 por ciento). Conclusiones: El diagnóstico oportuno del cáncer tiroideo en el curso de una enfermedad nodular contribuye a individualizar todas las decisiones terapéuticas atendiendo a las características de cada paciente y sus circunstancias(AU)


Introduction: In recent decades, the incidence rates of thyroid cancer in the course of nodular disease has increased due to novel diagnostic techniques; however, the mortality rate has remained very low. Objective: To evaluate the clinical, epidemiological and surgical characteristics of patients with nodular thyroid disease. Methods: A descriptive, observational, of prospective cohort, longitudinal and observational study was conducted with patients operated on for thyroid disorders during the period from January 2008 to December 2018. The study universe and sample consisted of 467 patients who met the inclusion criteria. Results: The female sex (89.5 percent) and the age group 45-60 years (29.5 percent) predominated. Comorbidities were present in 338 patients, as well as some risk factor for malignancy in 6.2 percent. A total of 174 patients manifested symptoms and 264 showed some sign. There was a predominance of echography (TI-RADS) and cytology (Bethesda) type II reports, accounting for 54.3 percent and 55.5 percent, respectively. Hemithyroidectomy was the most performed procedure (59.9 percent), while dysphonia was the most encountered complication (1.9 percent). Conclusions: Timely diagnosis of thyroid cancer in the course of nodular disease contributes to individualizing all therapeutic decisions considering the characteristics of each patient and their circumstances(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Diseases/epidemiology , Thyroid Neoplasms/epidemiology , Thyroidectomy/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
8.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 1011-1018, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011090

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of retrograde thyroidectomy from top to bottom in the operation of retrosternal thyroid surgery. Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed on the cases of retrosternal goiter excised by our surgeons from January 2017 to June 2022,the technical points, feasibility and advantages of the operation were summarized. Results:A total of 15 cases of retrosternal goiter treated by retrograde thyroidectomy were collected, including 5 cases of type Ⅰ retrosternal goiter and 10 cases of type Ⅱ retrosternal goiter.The postoperative pathology was benign. The surgical time is 40-60 minutes for unilateral retrosternal goiter and 70-90 minutes for bilateral goiter. All patients were discharged normally within 7 days after operation, and no operative complications were observed such as bleeding, hoarseness or hypoparathyroidism. Conclusion:This surgical excision method of thyroid is suitable for the type Ⅰ and type Ⅱ retrosternal goiter surgery, which can avoid the difficulties in exposing and separating the the inferior thyroid behind the sternum in conventional surgical method, speed up the operation and reduced the difficulty of operation, and has certain promotion value in clinic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroidectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Goiter, Substernal/pathology , Hypoparathyroidism/surgery
9.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 695-707, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effect of transaxillary non-inflatable endoscopic surgery and traditional open thyroid surgery in the treatment of PTC. Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 342 patients with PTC treated in the Otorhinolaryngology Department of Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from December 2020 to December 2022. There were 73 males and 269 females, aged 16-72 years, who underwent unilateral non-inflatable transaxillary endoscopic thyroid surgery(endoscopic group) and unilateral traditional open thyroid surgery(open group). There were 108 patients in the endoscopic group and 234 in the open group. Results:The endoscopic group was lower in age(37.1±9.4 vs 43.5±11.2) years and BMI(23.4±3.4 vs 25.7±3.8 )kg/m² than that in the open group, and the difference was statistically significant(t was 5.53, 5.67 respectively, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in hospitalization days between the two groups(P>0.05). The logarithmic curve of the operation time showed a smooth downward trend, and the overall operation time of the endoscopic group was relatively consistent. There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss between the endoscopic group(13.3±3.2) mL and the open group(14.7±6.3) mL(P>0.05), but the operation time(130.1±37.9) min was longer than that in the open group(57.4±13.7) min, and the difference was statistically significant(t=19.40, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in complications such as temporary recurrent laryngeal nerve injury within 3 days after operation between the two groups(P>0.05). The aesthetic satisfaction score of the surgical incision and the incision concealment effect score in the endoscopic group were higher than those in the open group, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with traditional open thyroidectomy, transaxillary non-inflatable endoscopic thyroidectomy has more advantages in the concealment and aesthetics of postoperative incision. Although the former has longer operation time and more drainage, it is still a safe and feasible surgical method with good postoperative clinical effect.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Neck , Thyroidectomy/methods , Endoscopy/methods
10.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 832-836, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011053

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of near-infrared autofluorescence imaging in identifying and protecting parathyroid glands in endoscopic thyroid surgery. Methods:From May 2022 to February 2023, 158 patients who underwent endoscopic thyroid surgery in the Department of Thyroid and Breast Vascular Surgery of Guilin People's Hospital were selected. The endoscopic fluorescence camera system was used to monitor the parathyroid glands under autofluorescence during endoscopic thyroid surgery. A total of 214 pieces were collected, among which the first 15 cases that could not be preserved in situ during the operation needed to be autotransplanted or the tissue clamped parts that could not be clearly identified as parathyroid glands were sent to fast-frozen pathology to determine whether they were parathyroid glands. Results:Among the first 15 patients who could not be preserved in situ during the operation or whose anatomy could not be clearly defined, 23 parathyroid glands were detected by autofluorescence imaging, 21 parathyroid glands were confirmed by pathology, and 2 were adipose tissue, with an accuracy rate of 91.30%; 158 patients underwent surgery Blood calcium decreased 2 hours after operation compared with preoperative blood calcium(P<0.05), decreased blood calcium 5 days after operation compared with preoperative blood calcium(P<0.01), and increased slightly 5 days after the operation compared to blood calcium 2 hours after the operation, but the difference was not statistically significant(P>0.05); while comparing parathyroid hormone(PTH), PTH at 2 hours after operation decreased significantly compared with PTH before operation(P<0.01), and PTH at 5 days after operation compared with PTH before operation PTH also decreased(P<0.01), but increased compared with PTH 2 hours after operation(P=0.001). Conclusion:In laparoscopic thyroid surgery, the application of near-infrared autofluorescence imaging technology can help surgeons quickly identify and protect parathyroid glands, and reduce the incidence of permanent hypoparathyroidism. Combining autofluorescence imaging, visual anatomy recognition under magnification of laparoscope, and intraoperative frozen pathological examination "trinity" method can improve the success rate of parathyroid gland recognition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parathyroid Glands/transplantation , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Calcium , Parathyroid Hormone , Optical Imaging/methods , Laparoscopy , Thyroidectomy/methods
11.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 168-175, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971657

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Treatment duration of wrist-ankle acupuncture (WAA) is uncertain for post-thyroidectomy pain relief.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study evaluated the effect of different WAA treatment duration on post-operative pain relief and other discomforts associated with thyroidectomy.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This randomized controlled trial was conducted at a single research site in Guangzhou, China. A total of 132 patients receiving thyroidectomy were randomly divided into the control group (sham WAA, 30 min) and three intervention groups (group 1: WAA, 30 min; group 2: WAA, 45 min; group 3: WAA, 60 min), with group allocation ratio of 1:1:1:1. Acupuncture was administered within 1 hour of leaving the operating room.@*OUTCOMES AND MEASURES@#Primary outcome was patients' pain at the surgical site assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) at the moment after acupuncture treatment (post-intervention). Secondary outcomes included the patients' pain VAS scores at 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h after the thyroidectomy, the 40-item Quality of Recovery (QoR-40) score, the grade of post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and the use of additional analgesic therapy.@*RESULTS@#The adjusted mean difference (AMD) in VAS scores from baseline to post-intervention in group 1 was -0.89 (95% confidence interval [CI], -1.02 to -0.76). The decrease in VAS score at post-intervention was statistically significant in group 1 compared to the control group (AMD, -0.43; 95% CI, -0.58 to -0.28; P < 0.001), and in groups 2 and 3 compared to group 1 (group 2 vs group 1: AMD, -0.65; 95% CI, -0.81 to -0.48; P < 0.001; group 3 vs group 1: AMD, -0.66; 95% CI, -0.86 to -0.47; P < 0.001). The VAS scores in the four groups converged beyond 24 h after the operation. Fewer patients in group 2 and group 3 experienced PONV in the first 24 h after operation. No statistical differences were measured in QoR-40 score and the number of patients with additional analgesic therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the 30 min intervention, WAA treatment with longer needle retention time (45 or 60 min) had an advantage in pain relief within 6 h after surgery. WAA's analgesic effect lasted for 6-12 h post-operatively. Please cite this article as: Han XR, Yue W, Chen HC, He W, Luo JH, Chen SX, Liu N, Yang M. Treatment duration of wrist-ankle acupuncture for relieving post-thyroidectomy pain: A randomized controlled trial. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(2): 168-175.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Ankle , Wrist , Duration of Therapy , Thyroidectomy , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/drug therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Pain/drug therapy
12.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 212-217, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971436

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the reasonable time of prophylactic thyroidectomy for RET gene carriers in multiple endocrine neoplasia(MEN) 2A/2B families. Methods: From May 2015 to August 2021, RET gene carriers in MEN2A/MEN2B families were dynamically followed up at the Department of Thyroid Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital of Capital Medical University. The high-risk patients were encouraged to undergo prophylacitc total thyroidectomy according to the principle of "graded early warning system", namely the evaluation of gene detection, calcitonin value and ultrasound examination successively. Seven cases underwent the surgery, including 3 males and 4 females, aged from 7 to 29 years. According to the risk stratification listed in the guidelines of the American Thyroid Association in 2015, there were 2 cases of the highest risk, 2 cases of the high risk and 3 cases of the modest risk. Calcitonin index remained within the normal range in 3 cases and elevated in 4 cases before operation. All 7 patients underwent thyroidectomy with lymph node dissection of the level Ⅵ performed in 4 patients. Results: The time from suggestion to operation was 2 to 37 months, with an average of 15.1 months. The 6 patients were medullary thyroid carcinoma and 1 case with C-cell hyperplasia. The follow-up time was 2 to 82 months, with an average of 38.4 months. Postoperative serum calcitonin levels of all cases decreased to normal level, with biochemical cure. There was no sign of recurrence on ultrasound examination. All 7 patients had no serious complications, no obvious thyroid dysfunction. Their height, weight and other indicators of pediatric patients were similar to those of their peers, with normal growth and development. Conclusion: For healthy people with MEN2A/MEN2B family history, prophylactic thyroidectomy can be carried out selectively based on the comprehensive evaluation of "graded early warning system" with strict screening and close monitoring.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2b/surgery , Thyroidectomy , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2a/surgery , Calcitonin , Germ-Line Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ret/genetics
13.
Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; : 42-47, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003648

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the risk of malignancy of Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) indeterminate Thyroid Nodules (Bethesda III, IV and V) by combining cytologic (TSBRTC) and Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data Systems (TI-RADS) ultrasonographic features based on final histopathology.@*Methods@#Design: Retrospective review of records. Setting: Tertiary Private Training Hospital. Participants: 551 records. @*Results@#Among 81 eligible participants, 59 out of 84 nodules (70.24%) wer malignant on histopathology. The malignancy risk of Bethesda classification was 60.87% (28 out of 46) for Bethesda III, 57.14% (8 out of 14) for Bethesda IV and 95.83% for Bethesda V. The malignancy risk for TI-RADS categories was 0 % (0/1) for TI-RADS 2, 50% (10 out of 20) for TI-RADS 3, 71.05 % for TI-RADS 4 and 91.67 % for TI-RADS 5. The highest risk of malignancy (100%) was associated with [Bethesda IV/TI-RADS 1, 2, and 3], [Bethesda V/TI-RADS 1, 2 and 3 [Bethesda IV and V/TI-RADS 1, 2 and 3] and [Bethesda IV/TI-RADS 5]. The lowest risk of malignancy (33.33%) was associated with [Bethesda III/TI-RADS1, 2 and 3]. A high Bethesda classification (Bethesda V) was almost 5x more likely to have a malignant anatomorphology compared with Bethesda III (p = .05) while a TI-RADS 4 or 5 category was almost 5x more likely to have a malignant anatomorphology compared to TI-RADS 1, 2 or 3 (p = .026).@*Conclusion@#This study showed that TI-RADS scoring is a sensitive diagnostic classification in recognizing patients with thyroid cancer and combining Bethesda classification and TI-RADS scoring increases the sensitivity in the diagnosis of malignant thyroid nodules. A higher likelihood of malignancy is associated with higher Bethesda classification and TI-RADS scoring.


Subject(s)
Thyroidectomy
14.
Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; : 35-41, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003647

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with intrathoracic thyroid masses managed surgically in our institution, determine associated factors affecting eventual operative approaches for these patients, and assess postoperative outcomes and complications associated with surgical intervention.@*Methods@#Design: Retrospective descriptive case series. Setting:Tertiary National University Hospital. Participants: 24 patients.@*Results@#The mean age of patients diagnosed with intrathoracic goiters was 55.71 years old, with a 1:1.4 male to female ratio; with most having an intrathoracic extent of Huins Grade 1 (67%) compared to others having Huins Grade 2-3. Majority of patients pre-operatively had a Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) Bethesda Thyroid Nodule Classification of Category II (benign); 79% of total patients underwent excision of thyroid mass utilizing a transcervical approach alone. As Intrathoracic Extension (ITE) grade increased, additional transthoracic approaches were performed; duration of operation, average estimated blood loss, length of hospital stay was also noted to increase. Majority of post operative surgical histopathology results revealed malignant thyroid masses, in contrast to pre-operative FNA. Post-operative transient hypocalcemia was the most reported immediate complication. @*Conclusions@#Management of intrathoracic goiter is often multidisciplinary. Referral to the thoracic vascular service is warranted for access to the thoracic inlet. Classification by grade of intrathoracic goiters is helpful to determine the most appropriate operative approach and may be predictive of intraoperative and postoperative outcomes. Postoperative histopathology across all ITE grades mostly yield malignant results; hence, preoperative FNA results should be used with caution.


Subject(s)
Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Neoplasms , Goiter , Thyroid Gland , General Surgery , Thyroidectomy , Sternum , Manubrium
15.
Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; : 31-34, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003646

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the association of surgeon’s experience based on years of practice and incidence of post thyroidectomy hypocalcemia. @*Methods@#Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Tertiary Private Training Hospital. Participants: Records of patients who underwent total thyroidectomy in a private tertiary hospital from January 2003 to December 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Medical information obtained were patient demographics, surgeon’s years of practice, thyroid specimen weight, technique of surgery, histopathologic findings and calcium assay values. Chi square test and Odds Ratio analysis were used to determine the relationship between the surgeon’s experience and post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia.@*Results@#Three hundred fourteen (314) patients who underwent total thyroidectomy from 2003 to 2018 were included in the study. Overall rate of post-operative hypocalcemia was 41%. On multivariate analysis, no significant odds ratio was found between surgeons with 5 to 19 years of experience and those with more than 19 years of experience in relation to post-operative hypocalcemia [Odds Ratio 1.4 (95% Confidence Interval 0.7 to 2.6)]. Odds ratios for other variables may be interpreted, however, they could not be generalized over the population where data was gathered since the 95% Confidence Interval includes 1.@*Conclusion@#The results of this retrospective cohort study suggest that post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia is not associated with surgeon’s experience based on years of practice. Further studies are recommended in a multicenter approach to better generalize to the whole population.


Subject(s)
Thyroidectomy , Hypocalcemia , Postoperative Complications
16.
Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; : 22-25, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003644

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the prevalence of vocal cord paralysis among post thyroidectomy patients based on severity and laterality, and explore possible associations with age, sex, diagnosis and type of thyroid lesion and surgical procedure.@*Methods@#Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Tertiary Government Training Hospital. Participants: Records of patients who underwent thyroidectomy under the Department of Otorhinolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery of the Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center from January 1, 2014 to June 30, 2021. @*Results@#There were strong associations between the type of lesion and the presence of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury (V=.211, p=.001) and the diagnosis and the presence of RLNI (V=.245, p=.006). There were no significant associations between patient’s sex, age, diagnosis, type of thyroid lesion, surgical procedure with laterality and severity of RLNI. It was notable that all cases of bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve injury were due to carcinoma only. Patients with malignant tumors were 2.8x (95% CI: 1.48-5.29) as likely to develop post surgical RLNI than those with benign tumors (p=.0015).@*Conclusion@#The factors that had a strong association with the presence of vocal cord paralysis among post-thyroidectomy patients were the diagnosis and type of thyroid lesion. Malignant thyroid lesions (specifically thyroid carcinoma) had a higher incidence of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury compared to benign thyroid lesions. More data from different institutions and including other predisposing factors may confirm our findings.


Subject(s)
Paralysis , Vocal Cords , Thyroidectomy , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries
17.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 26-31, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003630

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We aim to determine the association between preoperative CT scan findings of thyroid cartilage invasion, cricoid cartilage invasion, and paraglottic space involvement with tumor extension to the thyroid gland on final histopathology among patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in a tertiary hospital in the Philippines.@*Methods@#Patients with histopathologically-confirmed laryngeal SCC who underwent total laryngectomy with thyroidectomy while admitted at the public ward of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Philippine General Hospital, from January 2013 to December 2019 were included. CT scans were reviewed by 2 blinded independent radiologists. CT scan data including subsite/s involved, thyroid cartilage/cricoid cartilage erosion, paraglottic space involvement, thyroid gland involvement, and thyroid gland involvement on final histopathology were gathered. Clinicopathologic data such as age, T Stage, early tracheostomy, and time between CT scan and surgery were also collected and analyzed. Fisher’s exact test was computed for both clinicopathologic and CT scan data with a significant value having p<0.05. Cramer’s V and phi coefficient were computed for nondichotomous and dichotomous variables, respectively. Odds ratio was also computed for dichotomous variables with p<0.05 on Fisher’s exact test.@*Results@#Fifty-nine (59) men and 4 women were included, aged 43 to 81 years old. Most patients were classified as T3 (n=18) and T4 (n=41) (total=93.7%), with most having transglottic primary tumors (n=29, 46%), and only 8 (12.7%) patients having subglottic tumor involvement on final histopathology. Thyroid cartilage erosion or invasion were noted in 63.4% (n=40) of patients’ CT scans and 58.7% (n=37) of patients’ final histopathology reports. Cricoid cartilage and paraglottic space involvement were often not reported on final histopathology results. Thyroid gland involvement was only noted in the final histopathology reports of 5 patients (7.9%). Significant association between cricoid cartilage findings (p=0.032, Cramer’s V=0.318) or thyroid gland involvement on CT scan (p=0.018, Phi=0.384; OR 13 95% CI 1.797, 94.035) with thyroid gland involvement on final histopathology was noted. The rest of the variables had no significant association with thyroid gland involvement on final histopathology.@*Conclusion@#Cricoid cartilage involvement (erosion or invasion) and thyroid gland involvement on CT scan are associated with thyroid gland involvement on final histopathology in patients with laryngeal SCC. Patients with these CT scan findings may stand to benefit more from thyroidectomy to ensure good margins of resection.


Subject(s)
Laryngeal Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Carcinoma , Epithelial Cells
18.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 227-231, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970185

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the surgical outcome of robotic thyroidectomy through transoral approach and the bilateral breast-axillary approach. Methods: Retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of patients who performed transoral robotic thyroidectomy (TORT group) or bilateral breast-axillary approach (BABA group) in the Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, the 960th Hospital of People's Liberation Army from July 2020 to May 2022. Both groups received lobectomy with lymph node dissection of the central region. A total of 100 cases were included in the study, including 48 cases in the TORT group and 52 cases in the BABA group. The propensity score matching method was used for 1∶1 matching of patients between the 2 groups, with a match tolerance of 0.03. There were 31 patients in each group successfully matched. In the TORT group, there were 5 males and 26 females, aged (33.2±7.9) years (range: 21 to 53 years). While there were 4 males and 27 females in the BABA group, aged (34.6±9.2) years (range: 19 to 58 years). The t test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test or Fisher exact test were used to compare the clinical efficacy between the two groups. Results: All the patients successfully completed robotic thyroid surgery without conversion to open surgery. Compared with BABA group, the TORT group had longer operation time ((211.3±57.2) minutes vs. (126.2±37.8) minutes, t=6.915, P<0.01), shorter drainage tube retention time ((5.4±1.0) days vs. (6.4±1.2) days, t=-3.544, P=0.001), shorter total hospital stay ((6.6±1.2) days vs. (7.4±1.3) days, t=-2.353, P=0.022), and higher cosmetic score (9.46±0.25 vs. 9.27±0.26, t=2.925, P=0.005). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the number of lymph nodes dissection, metastasis in the central compartment, and the incidence of postoperative complications (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Compared with the bilateral breast-axillary approach, the transoral vestibular approach of robotic thyroidectomy is also safe and effective. It shows similar surgical results to the bilateral breast-axillary approach in strictly selected patients, but the postoperative recovery speed is much faster, and the hospital stay is shorter. Transoral robotic thyroidectomy is a more recommended surgical method for patients with high aesthetic demand.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Thyroidectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Neck Dissection/methods , Axilla/pathology , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 596-601, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986932

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility and safety of the gasless transoral vestibular robotic thyroidectomy using skin suspension. Methods: The clinical data of 20 patients underwent gasless transoral vestibular robotic thyroidectomy in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University from February 2022 to May 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 18 were females and 2 were males, aged (38.7±8.0) years old. The intraoperative blood loss, operation time, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative drainage volume, postoperative pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score, postoperative swallowing function swallowing impairment score-6 (SIS-6), postoperative aesthetic VAS score, postoperative voice handicap index-10 (VHI-10) voice quality, postoperative pathology and complications were recorded. SPSS 25.0 was used for statistical analysis of the data. Results: The operations were successfully completed without conversion to open surgery in all patients. Pathological examination showed papillary thyroid carcinoma in 18 cases, retrosternal nodular goiter in 1 case, and cystic change in goiter in 1 case. The operative time for thyroid cancer was 161.50 (152.75, 182.50) min [M (P25, P75), the same below] and the average operative time for benign thyroid diseases was 166.50 minutes. The intraoperative blood loss 25.00 (21.25, 30.00) ml. In 18 cases of thyroid cancer, the mean diameter of the tumors was (7.22±2.02) mm, and lymph nodes (6.56±2.14) were dissected in the central region, with a lymph node metastasis rate of 61.11%. The postoperative pain VAS score was 3.00 (2.25, 4.00) points at 24 hours, the mean postoperative drainage volume was (118.35±24.32) ml, the postoperative hospital stay was 3.00 (3.00, 3.75) days, the postoperative SIS-6 score was (4.90±1.58) points at 3 months, and the postoperative VHI-10 score was 7.50 (2.00, 11.00) points at 3 months. Seven patients had mild mandibular numbness, 10 patients had mild cervical numbness, and 3 patients had temporary hypothyroidism three months after surgery and 1 patient had skin flap burn, but recovered one month after surgery. All patients were satisfied with the postoperative aesthetic effects, and the postoperative aesthetic VAS score was 10.00 (10.00, 10.00). Conclusion: Gasless transoral vestibular robotic thyroidectomy using skin suspension is a safe and feasible option with good postoperative aesthetic effect, which can provide a new treatment option for some selected patients with thyroid tumors.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Thyroidectomy/adverse effects , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Hypesthesia/surgery , Neck Dissection/adverse effects , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Pain, Postoperative/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology
20.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 351-357, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986894

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacies between open surgery and axillary non-inflatable endoscopic surgery in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 343 patients with unilateral PTC treated by traditional open surgery (201 cases) and transaxillary non-inflating endoscopic surgery (142 cases) from May 2019 to December 2021 in the Head and Neck Surgery of Sichuan Cancer Hospital. Among them, 97 were males and 246 were females, aged 20-69 years. 1∶1 propensity score matching (PSM) was performed on the enrolled patients, and the basic characteristics, perioperative clinical outcomes, postoperative complications, postoperative quality of life (Thyroid Cancer-Specific Quality of Life), aesthetic satisfaction and other aspects of the two groups were compared after successful matching. SPSS 26.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 190 patients were enrolled after PSM, with 95 cases in open group and 95 cases in endoscopic group. Intraoperative blood losses for endoscopic and open groups were [20 (20) ml vs. 20 (10) ml, M (IQR), Z=-2.22], postoperative drainage volumes [170 (70)ml vs. 101 (55)ml, Z=-7.91], operative time [135 (35)min vs. 95 (35)min, Z=-7.34], hospitalization cost [(28 188.7±2 765.1)yuan vs. (25 643.5±2 610.7)yuan, x¯±s, t=0.73], postoperative hospitalization time [(3.1±0.9)days vs. (2.6±0.9)days, t=-3.24], and drainage tube placement time [(2.5±0.8) days vs. (2.0±1.0)days, t=-4.16], with statistically significant differrences (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in surgical complications (P>0.05). There were significant diffferences between two groups in the postoperative quality of life scores in neuromuscular, psychological, scar and cold sensation (all P<0.05), while there were no statistically significant differences in other quality of life scores (all P>0.05). In terms of aesthetic satisfaction 6 months after surgery, the endoscopic group was better than the open group, with statistically significant difference (χ2=41.47, P<0.05). Conclusion: Endoscopic thyroidectomy by a gasless unilateral axillary approach is a safe and reliable surgical method, which has remarkable cosmetic effect and can improve the postoperative quality of life of patients compared with the traditional thyroidectomy.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Quality of Life , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Endoscopy , Thyroidectomy/methods
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