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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 74-80, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009226

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the role and importance of fibular fixation in tibiofibular fractures by Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#The literature related to the comparison of the efficacy of fixation of the fibula with or without fixation on the treatment of tibiofibular fractures was searched through the databases of China Knowledge Network, Wipu, Wanfang, The Cochrane Library, Web of science and Pubmed, and statistical analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software. The rates of malrotation, rotational deformity, internal/external deformity, anterior/posterior deformity, non-union, infection, secondary surgery and operative time were compared between the fibula fixation and non-fixation groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 11 publications were included, six randomised controlled trials and five case-control trials, eight of which were of high quality. A total of 813 cases were included, of which 383 were treated with fibula fixation and 430 with unfixed fibulae.Meta-analysis results showed that fixation of the fibulae in the treatment of tibiofibular fractures reduced the rates of postoperative rotational deformity[RR=0.22, 95%CI(0.10, 0.45), P<0.000 1] and internal/external deformity[RR=0.34, 95%CI(0.14, 0.84), P=0.02] and promoted fracture healing [RR=0.76, 95%CI(0.58, 0.99), P=0.04]. In contrast, the rates of poor reduction [RR=0.48, 95% CI(0.10, 2.33), P=0.36], anterior/posterior deformity[RR=1.50, 95%CI(0.76, 2.96), P=0.24], infection[RR=1.43, 95%CI(0.76, 2.72), P=0.27], secondary surgery[RR=1.32, 95%CI(0.82, 2.11), P=0.25], and operative time[MD=10.21, 95%CI(-17.79, 38.21), P=0.47] were not statistically significant (P>0.05) for comparison.@*CONCLUSION@#Simultaneous fixation of the tibia and fibula is clinically more effective in the treatment of tibiofibular fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibula/surgery , Fractures, Bone/complications , Tibia/surgery , Fracture Healing , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Treatment Outcome
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 326-330, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449798

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) significantly relieves pain in the medial joint line in medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee. But some patients complain of pain over the pes anserinus even 1 year after the osteotomy, which may require implant removal for relief. This study aims to define the implant removal rate after MOWHTO due to pain over the pes anserinus. Methods One hundred and three knees of 72 patients who underwent MOWHTO for medial compartment osteoarthritis between 2010 and 2018 were enrolled in the study. Knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS), Oxford knee score (OKS), and visual analogue score (VAS) were assessed for pain in the medial knee joint line (VAS-MJ) preoperatively, 12 months postoperatively, and yearly thereafter; adding VAS for pain over the pes anserinus (VAS-PA). Patients with VAS-PA ≥ 40 and adequate bony consolidation after 12 months were recommended implant removal. Results Thirty-three (45.8%) of the patients were male and 39 (54.2%) were female. The mean age was 49.4 ± 8.0 and the mean body mass index was 27.0 ± 2.9. The Tomofix medial tibial plate-screw system (DePuy Synthes, Raynham, MA, USA) was used in all cases. Three (2.8%) cases with delayed union requiring revision were excluded. The KOOS, OKS, and VAS-MJ significantly improved 12 months after MOWHTO. The mean VAS-PA was 38.3 ± 23.9. Implant removal for pain relief was needed in 65 (63.1%) of the103 knees. The mean VAS-PA decreased to 4.5 ± 5.6 3 months after implant removal (p < 0.0001). Conclusion Over 60% of the patients may need implant removal to relieve pain over the pes anserinus after MOWHTO. Candidates for MOWHTO should be informed about this complication and its solution.


Resumo Objetivo A osteotomia tibial alta com cunha de abertura medial (MOWHTO, do inglês medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy) alivia de forma significativa a dor na linha articular medial em casos de osteoartrite do compartimento medial do joelho. Alguns pacientes, porém, se queixam de dor nos tendões dos músculos sartório, grácil e semitendinoso (pata de ganso) mesmo 1 ano após a osteotomia, o que pode exigir a remoção do implante. Este estudo define a taxa de remoção do implante após a MOWHTO devido à dor nos tendões dos músculos sartório, grácil e semitendinoso. Métodos Cento e três joelhos de 72 pacientes submetidos à MOWHTO para tratamento da osteoartrite do compartimento medial entre 2010 e 2018 foram incluídos no estudo. A pontuação de desfecho de lesão no joelho e osteoartrite (KOOS, do inglês Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score), a pontuação dejoelho de Oxford (OKS, do inglês Oxford Knee Score) e a escala visual analógica (EVA) de dor na linha articular medial do joelho (EVA-MJ) foram avaliados antes da cirurgia. A EVA nos tendões dos músculos sartório, grácil e semitendinoso (EVA-PA) foi adicionada a essas avaliações, também realizadas 12 meses após o procedimento e, a seguir, anualmente. A remoção do implante foi recomendada em pacientes com EVA-PA ≥ 40 e consolidação óssea adequada em 12 meses. Resultados Trinta e três (45,8%) pacientes eram homens e 39 (54,2%), mulheres. A média de idade foi de 49,4 ±8,0, e o índice de massa corpórea (IMC) médio foi de 27,0 ± 2,9. O sistema placa-parafuso tibial medial Tomofix (DePuy Synthes, Raynham, MA, EUA) foi utilizado em todos os casos. Três (2,8%) casos foram excluídos devido ao retardo de consolidação e à necessidade de revisão. Os resultados nas escalas KOOS, OKS e EVA-MJ melhoraram significativamente 12 meses após a MOWHTO. A EVA-PA média foi de 38,3 ± 23,9. A remoção do implante para alívio da dor foi necessária em 65 (63,1%) dos 103 joelhos. Três meses após a remoção do implante, a EVA-PA média diminuiu para 4,5 ± 5,6 (p < 0,0001). Conclusão A remoção do implante pode ser necessária em mais de 60% dos pacientes para alívio da dor nos tendões dos músculos sartório, grácil e semitendinoso após a MOWHTO. Os candidatos à MOWHTO devem ser informados sobre esta complicação e sua resolução.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy , Surgical Wound Infection , Tibia/surgery , Bone Plates , Bone Transplantation , Device Removal
3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 502-506, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010228

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The purpose of this study is to explore the biomechanical characteristics of the tibia after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty with different distributions of two-pin holes, and to optimize the two-pin holes scheme to reduce the risk of tibial fractures after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#Lower limbs model is segmented and reconstructed from computed tomography images. Four combinations of two pin holes created for tibial cutting guide placement are simulated with finite element analysis.@*RESULTS@#In the third mode, the positioning hole at the proximal medial edge of the tibial plateau has the highest stress value, and the position of the positioning hole near the medial edge of the proximal tibial plateau appears stress concentration.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The present study revealed that placing tibial cutting guide holding pins centrally would lower the risks of periprosthetic fracture of the medial tibial plateau.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Tibia/surgery , Lower Extremity , Finite Element Analysis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e381623, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1439108

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Bone repair aims to restore the anatomical, biomechanical, and functional integrity of the affected structure. Here we study the effects of ascorbic acid (AA) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) applied in a single dose and in combination on the repair of a noncritical bone defect model. Methods: Twenty-four rats were divided into four groups: an intact G-1 control group, and three groups that underwent a noncritical bone defect in the right tibia: G-2 treated with AA, G-3 treated with EGF, and G-4 treated with AA in combination with EGF. After 21 days of treatment, rats were sacrificed, the tibias were dissected and a destructive biomechanical analysis of three-point flexion test was performed in a universal testing machine; the values of stiffness, resistance, maximum energy, and energy at maximum load were statistically compared. Results: G-3 and G-4 recovered the biomechanical properties of strength and stiffness of an intact tibia 3 weeks after their application. Not so the energy and energy at maximum load. For G-2, only the stiffness of an intact tibia was recovered. Conclusion: EGF and AA-EGF applied to a noncritical bone defect in the rat tibia favors the recovery of bone resistance and stiffness.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Ascorbic Acid/analysis , Tibia/surgery , Biocompatible Materials/analysis , Epidermal Growth Factor/drug effects , Biomechanical Phenomena , Orthopedic Procedures/methods
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 386-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981702

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore application value and efficacy of personalized osteotomy in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for severe varus knee osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#From June 2018 to January 2020, 36 patients (49 knees) with severe varus knee osteoarthritis were treated, including 15 males (21 knees) and 21 females (28 knees), aged from 59 to 82 years old with an average of (67.6 ± 6.5) years old;the course of disease ranged from 9.5 to 20.5 years with an average of (15.0 ± 5.0) years;11 patients (15 knees) with Kellgren-Lawrence grade Ⅲ and 25 patients (34 knees) with grade Ⅳ according to Kellgren-Lawrence grading. According to AORI clsssification of tibial bone defects, 8 patients (15 knees) were typeⅠTa and 16 patients (18 knees) were typeⅡ T2a. All patients' femor-tibial angle (FTA) was above 15°, and received primary TKA with personalized osteotomy. Thirty-three patients (45 knees) were treated with posterior-stabilized (PS) prostheses, 13 patients (15 knees) with PS prostheses combined with a metal pad and extension rod on the tibial side, and 3 patients (4 knees) with legacy constrained condylar knee (LCCK) prostheses. FTA, posterior condylar angle (PCA), medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) and lateral distal femoral angle (LDFA) before and after operation at 1 month were measured and compared by using picture archiving and communication systems (PACS). Recovery of lower limbs before and after operation at 12 months was evaluated by American Knee Society Score(KSS), and complications were observed and recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 36 patients (49 knees) were followed up from 15 to 40 months with an average of (23.46±7.65) months. FTA, MPTA were corrected from preoperative (18.65±4.28)° and (83.75±3.65)° to postoperative (2.35±1.46)° and (88.85±2.25)° at 1 month, respectively (P<0.001). PCA was decreased from (2.42±2.16)° before operation to (1.65±1.35)° at 1 month after operation, LDFA improved from (89.56 ± 3.55)° before operation to (91.63±3.38)° at 1 month after operation (P<0.05). KSS increased from (67.58±24.16) before opertion to(171.31±15.24) at 12 months after operation, 14 patients (19 knees) got excellent result, 19 (26 knees) good, and 3 (4 knees) fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Personalized osteotomy is helpful for recovery of axial alignment of lower limbs and correct placement of prosthesis, could effectively relieve pain of knee joint, recover knee joint function.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteotomy , Tibia/surgery
6.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 839-845, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981677

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of single Taylor external fixator combined with biplanar osteotomy on correction of tibial multiplanar deformities.@*METHODS@#Between October 2016 and December 2021, 11 patients with tibial multiplanar deformities (20 sides) were treated with single Taylor external fixator and biplanar osteotomy. Of them, 4 were male and 7 were female; the average age ranged from 13 to 33 years (mean, 21.9 years). Diagnosis included rickets severe genu varum deformity (7 cases, 14 sides), rickets severe genu valgum deformity (2 cases, 4 sides), multiple osteochondromatosis calf deformity (1 case, 1 side), neurofibromatosis medial lower leg anterior arch deformity with short of leg (1 case, 1 side). After fibular osteotomy and tibial multiplanar osteotomy, a Taylor external fixator was installed. After operation, the deformities were corrected successively and fixed completely. The osteotomy healed, then the external fixator was removed. Before operation and at 12 months after operation, the full-length X-ray films were taken. The leg-length discrepancy, medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA), lateral distal tibial angle (LDTA), posterior proximal tibial angle (PPTA), anterior distal tibial angle (ADTA), and tibial rotation angle were measured. The degree of lower limb deformity was scored with reference to a customized tibial mechanical axis scoring table.@*RESULTS@#Osteotomy was successfully completed without neurovascular injury and other complications. The external fixator was adjusted for 28-46 days, with an average of 37 days, and the external fixator was worn for 136-292 days, with an average of 169 days. Mild needle infection during the fixation period occurred in 3 sides, refracture at the distal tibial osteotomy in 1 side after removing the external fixator, and nonunion of the distal fibular osteotomy in 1 side. All patients were followed up 369-397 days (mean, 375 days). At 12 months after operation, the lower limb discrepancy decreased, but there was no significant difference ( P>0.05). MPTA, LDTA, PPTA, ADTA, and tibial rotation angle improved, and the differences in LDTA, ADTA, and tibial rotation angle were significant ( P<0.05). The score of lower limb deformity was significantly higher than that before operation ( P<0.05), and the results were excellent in 9 sides, good in 8 sides, fair in 3 sides, with the excellent and good rate of 85%.@*CONCLUSION@#Single Taylor external fixator combined with biplanar osteotomy is effective in the correction of tibial multiplanar deformities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Tibia/surgery , Osteotomy/methods , Rickets , External Fixators , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 796-801, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981670

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the finite element model of varus-type ankle arthritis and to implement the finite element mechanical analysis of different correction models for tibial anterior surface angle (TAS) in supramalleolar osteotomy.@*METHODS@#A female patient with left varus-type ankle arthritis (Takakura stage Ⅱ, TAS 78°) was taken as the study object. Based on the CT data, the three-dimensional model of varus-type ankle arthritis (TAS 78°) and different TAS correction models [normal (TAS 89°), 5° valgus (TAS 94°), and 10° valgus (TAS 99°)] were created by software Mimics 21.0, Geomagic Wrap 2021, Solidworks 2017, and Workbench 17.0. The 290 N vertical downward force was applied to the upper surface of the tibia and 60 N vertical downward force to the upper surface of the fibula. Von Mises stress distribution and stress peak were calculated.@*RESULTS@#The finite element model of normal TAS was basically consistent with biomechanics of the foot. According to biomechanical analysis, the maximum stress of the varus model appeared in the medial tibiotalar joint surface and the medial part of the top tibiotalar joint surface. The stress distribution of talofibular joint surface and the lateral part of the top tibiotalar joint surface were uniform. In the normal model, the stress distributions of the talofibular joint surface and the tibiotalar joint surface were uniform, and no obvious stress concentration was observed. The maximum stress in the 5° valgus model appeared at the posterior part of the talofibular joint surface and the lateral part of the top tibiotalar joint surface. The stress distribution of medial tibiotalar joint surface was uniform. The maximum stress of the 10° valgus model appeared at the posterior part of the talofibular joint surface and the lateral part of the top tibiotalar joint surface. The stress on the medial tibiotalar joint surface increased.@*CONCLUSION@#With the increase of valgus, the stress of ankle joint gradually shift outwards, and the stress concentration tends to appear. There was no obvious obstruction of fibula with 10° TAS correction. However, when TAS correction exceeds 10° and continues to increase, the obstruction effect of fibula becomes increasingly significant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Tibia/surgery , Finite Element Analysis , Ankle , Arthritis , Fibula/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery
8.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 776-781, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the early effectiveness of a new minimally invasive plate in the treatment of varus-type ankle arthritis.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 15 patients with varus-type ankle arthritis who met the selection criteria between March 2021 and October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients were treated with medial open-wedge supramalleolar osteotomy and fibular osteotomy. The osteotomies were fixed with the new minimally invasive plate. There were 7 males and 8 females with an average age of 49.8 years (range, 16-71 years). The causes of ankle arthritis included post-fracture deformity in 1 case, sprain in 8 cases, and acquired clubfoot in 1 case; and 5 cases were without obvious factors. The disease duration ranged from 1 to 12 years, with an average of 4.1 years. Comparisons were made between pre-operation and the last follow-up in the Takakura staging, the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, foot function index (FFI), visual analogue scale (VAS) score, tibial anterior surface angle (TAS), tibial lateral surface angle (TLS), and talar tilt (TT).@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 7-18 months (mean, 12.8 months). At last follow-up, the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score, FFI, VAS score, and Takakura staging significantly improved when compared with the preoperative ones ( P<0.05). X-ray films showed that the osteotomy healed at 3 months after operation. At last follow-up, TAS significantly increased and TT decreased when compared with the preoperative ones ( P<0.05), and the difference in TLS between pre- and post-operation was not significant ( P>0.05). Complications included 1 case of intraoperative screw breakage and 2 cases of nerve injury of the affected foot. None of the patients complained of significant discomfort at the plate placement during follow-up, and no loosening of the internal fixator occurred. Eleven patients were very satisfied with the effeectiveness, while 4 were relatively satisfied.@*CONCLUSION@#The new minimally invasive plate for the varus-type ankle arthritis has good early effectiveness in relieving ankle pain, correcting deformity, improving limb alignment and ankle function, and reducing the incidence of postoperative incisional complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Aged , Ankle , Ankle Joint/surgery , Osteoarthritis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tibia/surgery , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 578-583, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981635

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk factors of contralateral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury after primary ACL reconstruction.@*METHODS@#A retrospective review was conducted on the 716 patients with ACL injury who received primary ACL reconstruction surgery and met the selection criteria between January 2012 and September 2018. After a mean follow-up period of 7.6 years (range, 4-10 years), 65 patients (9.1%) experienced contralateral ACL injury (injured group) and 651 patients (90.9%) did not (uninjured group). There was no significant difference in age, body mass index, and preoperative Lachman test degree between groups ( P>0.05). However, the proportion of female in the injured group was significantly higher than that of male ( P<0.05), and the preoperative posterior tibial slope (PTS) was significantly higher than that of the uninjured group ( P<0.05). Using the outcome of contralateral ACL injury as the dependent variable, the clinical data of the patient was first used as the independent variable, and univariate COX regression was used to analyze the prognostic influencing factors. Then, the indicators with differences in univariate COX regression were used as the independent variable, and multivariate COX regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors affecting prognosis. Log-Rank (Mantel-Cox) test was used to test and analyze the occurrence time of contralateral ACL injury in patients of different genders; X-tile software was used to analyze the occurrence time of contralateral ACL injury in patients with different PTS using Log-Rank (Mantel-Cox) test and PTS cut-off values.@*RESULTS@#Univariate COX regression analysis showed that gender and PTS were influence factors for contralateral ACL injury ( P<0.05); further multivariate COX regression analysis showed that female and increased PTS were independent risk factors for contralateral ACL injury ( P<0.05). The Log-Rank (Mantel-Cox) test results showed that the contralateral ACL injury occurred in female at 8.853 (8.600, 9.106) years, which was significantly shorter than that in male [9.661 (9.503, 9.819) years] ( χ 2=20.323, P<0.001). Using X-tile software to analyze the cut-off value of PTS, it was found that the cut-off value of PTS for contralateral ACL injury was 10.92°. According to the Log-Rank (Mantel-Cox) test, it was found that the contralateral ACL injury occurred in 5.762 (4.981, 6.543) years in patients with PTS≥10.92°, which was significantly shorter than patients with PTS<10.92° [9.751 (9.650, 9.853) years]( χ 2 =302.479, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Female and PTS≥10.92° after primary ACL reconstruction are independent risk factors for contralateral ACL injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Risk Factors , Tibia/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods
10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1165-1168, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009205

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To measure and compare medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) of lower limbs under different axial rotation angles(neutral position, 30° internal rotation, 30° external rotation) on the load position radiographs, and explore changes and significance of MPTA measured within and between groups of tibia at different axial rotation positions.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to December 2018, 40 patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) were selected, with a total of 80 limbs, including 12 males and 28 females, aged from 29 to 73 years old with an average of (59.6±12.7) years old. Full length radiographs of the lower limbs were taken on neutral tibia position, 30° internal rotation and 30° external rotation, respectively. MPTA was measured and the results were compared between groups and within groups.@*RESULTS@#MPTA measured on the left lower extremity of neutral tibia, 30° internal rotation and 30° external rotation were (86.08±2.48) °, (88.62±2.94) ° and (83.47±3.10) °, respectively. MPTA measured on the right lower limb were (86.87±1.97) °, (89.02±2.39) ° and (83.80±2.77) °, respectively, and there were no significant difference in MPTA measured between rotation angle group (P>0.05). While there were statistical difference in MPTA on the same limb between groups (P<0.05). On 30° internal rotation, MPTA of left and right lower limbs increased by (2.54±1.74) ° and (2.15±1.78) ° compared with tibia neutral position. On 30° external rotation, MPTA of left and right lower limbs decreased (2.61±2.03) ° and (3.07±1.75) ° compared with tibial neutral position.@*CONCLUSION@#When a full-length X-ray film is taken on the weight-bearing position of both lower limbs, if there is axial rotation or external rotation of tibia, MPTA will increase or decrease compared with neutral position, which may cause a certain degree of deviation in clinical operation based on the accurate measurement of MPTA. However, the extent to which this bias affects the clinical operation effect remains to be verified. In addition, limited by the total number of samples and the number of measurement groups, whether there is a linear relationship between MPTA deviation and tibial axial rotation needs to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tibia/surgery , Lower Extremity , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Radiography , Osteotomy/methods , Knee Joint/surgery , Retrospective Studies
11.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 954-958, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009167

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the short-term efficacy of proximal fibula osteotomy in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis, and to analyze the effect of osteotomy on the tension of the lateral knee soft tissue of patients and verify the reliability of the Arch string theory.@*METHODS@#A total of 71 patients with varus knee osteoarthritis from December 2019 to March 2022 were included, 3 patients dropped out, and 68 patients completed all trials, collected 27 males and 41 females, aged from 51 to 79 years old, with an average of (68.0±7.0 ) years old. The follow-up time ranged from 4 to 12 weeks, with an average of (3.76±1.94) weeks. After admission, the patient underwent Proximal fibula osteotomy, and the tension of lateral knee soft tissue, visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain, the western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and other indicators were recorded before surgery and 1 month after surgery in the weight-bearing state.@*RESULTS@#According to the VAS, the curative effect of a single index was evaluated by referring to the score before and after treatment by Bao Zongzhao. Thirty seven cases were markedly effective, 27 cases were effective, and 4 cases were ineffective. After surgery, 3 patients presented with weakness of dorsalis pedis extension and 1 presented with paresthesia of dorsalis pedis, which disappeared after symptomatic treatment . The VAS and WOMAC score at 1 month after operation were lower than those before operation, and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.001). The tension of lateral knee soft tissue 1 month after operation was lower than that before operation, and the difference had statistical significance(P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Proximal fibula osteotomy is safe and effective in the treatment of varus knee osteoarthritis in the short term. One month after osteotomy, the tension of lateral knee soft tissue increases under weight-bearing state, but the long-term changes still need further observation and follow-up.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Fibula/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Tibia/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteotomy , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 943-948, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009165

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of intercondylar fossa plasty in preventing intercondylar fossa impingement syndrome after high tibial osteotomy.@*METHODS@#From August 2018 to August 2020, 84 patients with inverted knee osteoarthritis were treated by arthroscopy combined with high tibial osteotomy, and were divided into two groups with 42 cases in each group according to different surgical methods. In the intercondylar fossa plasty group, there were 13 males and 29 females, age ranged from 52 to 67 years old with an average of(58.27±4.32) years old, and arthroscopic intercondylar fossa plasty was performed first, and then high tibial osteotomy. In the arthroscopic cleansing group, 16 males and 26 females, age ranged from 50 to 71 years old with an average of (59.02±5.14) years old, underwent arthroscopic cleansing and then high tibial osteotomy. Postoperative treatment was evaluated using visual analogue scale(VAS), hospital for special surgery (HSS) score for the knee, and the occurrence of intercondylar percussa impingement.@*RESULTS@#All 84 patients were followed up, the duration ranged from 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.1±1.6) months. The VAS and HSS score of knee joint at 6, 12 and 18 months after surgery were significantly improved compared with preoperative period, and there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05), but the incidence of intercondylar fossa index and intercondylar fossa impact between the two groups was significantly compared 18 months after surgery (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Intercondylar fossa plasty can effectively prevent the incidence of intercondylar fossa impact after high tibial osteotomy, and has a more significant effect on postoperative knee pain and function improvement.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Tibia/surgery , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Osteotomy/methods , Pain, Postoperative , Retrospective Studies
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 786-790, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009136

ABSTRACT

Posterior tibial slope angle (PTSA) is a risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and has attracted a lot of attention, but its mechanism of action and diagnosis are still not systematically studied in the field of sports medicine. In this paper, we believe that PTSA should be measured by full-length lower extremity films and combined with multiple imaging data for comprehensive assessment to reduce errors. A large PTSA may increases risk of anterior cruciate ligament injury, so patients with more than 12 degrees of PTSA should be treated by preserving meniscus as much as possible during ACL reconstruction and combining with tibial osteotomy if necessary, which could effectively prevent risk of ligament re-injury. At the same time, gait analysis has an important reference value for preoperative pathogenic pattern and postoperative rehabilitation function, so the author believes that it will have a guiding significance for the development of individualized rehabilitation strategy based on PTSA, in order to achieve the best treatment effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Tibia/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Lower Extremity
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 760-766, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical efficacy of Ilizarov hemilateral bone longitudinal transport technique in treating hemilateral bone defects associated with chronic osteomyelitis of lower extremity long bones.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 13 patients with hemilateral bone defects caused by chronic osteomyelitis of lower extremity long bones and treated by Ilizarov hemilateral bone longitudinal transport technique were retrospective analyzed, including 10 males and 3 female, aged from 14 to 55 years old;4 patients occurred femoral and 9 patients occurred tibial;10 patients were diagnosed as traumatic osteomyelitis and 3 patients as hematogenous osteomyelitis. The anatomical classification of Cierny-Mader in 13 patients was type Ⅲ. Bone and wound healing, postopertaive complication, and bony and functional results were observed by Paley evaluation standard.@*RESULTS@#After removing external fixator, all patients were followed up from 6 to 70 months. Transporting time ranged from 54 to 158 d. And the time in external fixation ranged from 6.8 to 19.5 months. External fixation index (EFI) ranged from 1.23 to 1.6 months/cm. According to Paley's evaluation criteria, bony results were excellent in 13 patients;functional results showed excellent in 12 patients and good in 1 patient. Two patients occurred poor union on the docking sites and healed with autogenous iliac bone graft. The callus at the extended area was poorly mineralized and improved significantly when treated with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound in one patient. All patients had good wound healing without recurrence of osteomyelitis and refracture. There was no vascular and nerve injury and axial deviation in all patients and they were satisfied with the appearance and function of lower limbs. The range of motion of knee and ankle joint before operation was 120 ° to 150 ° and 35 °to 80 ° respectively, and at the latest follow-up was 110 ° to 140 ° and 30 ° to 75 ° .@*CONCLUSION@#Ilizarov hemilateral bone longitudinal transport technique is effective in treating infective hemilateral bone defects of lower extremity long bones, which could not only simplify architecture of external fixation, but also reduce the number of fixation pins, shorten the time in external fixator and decrease the incidence of pin tract infection. However, this technique is highly demanding, and the growth of callus in extended region and healing of bone apposition should be noticed.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Lower Extremity/surgery , Tibia/surgery , Femur , Ankle Joint
15.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1361-1369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009068

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To discuss the influence of artificial ankle elastic improved inserts (hereinafter referred to as "improved inserts") in reducing prosthesis micromotion and improving joint surface contact mechanics by finite element analysis.@*METHODS@#Based on the original insert of INBONE Ⅱ implant system (model A), four kinds of improved inserts were constructed by adding arc or platform type flexible layer with thickness of 1.3 or 2.6 mm, respectively. They were Flying goose type_1.3 elastic improved insert (model B), Flying goose type_2.6 elastic improved insert (model C), Platform type_1.3 elastic improved insert (model D), Platform type_2.6 elastic improved insert (model E). Then, the CT data of right ankle at neutral position of a healthy adult male volunteer was collected, and finite element models of total ankle replacement (TAR) was constructed based on model A-E prostheses by software of Mimics 19.0, Geomagic wrap 2017, Creo 6.0, Hypermesh 14.0, and Abaqus 6.14. Finally, the differences of bone-metal prosthesis interface micromotion and articular surface contact behavior between different models were investigated under ISO gait load.@*RESULTS@#The tibia/talus-metal prosthesis interfaces micromotion of the five TAR models gradually increased during the support phase, then gradually fell back after entering the swing phase. The improved models (models B-E) showed lower bone-metal prosthesis interface micromotion when compared with the original model (model A), but there was no significant difference among models A-E ( P>0.05). The maximum micromotion of tibia appeared at the dome of the tibial bone groove, and the ​​micromotion area was the largest in model A and the smallest in model E. The maximum micromotion of talus appeared at the posterior surface of the central bone groove, and there was no difference in the micromotion area among models A-E. The contact area of the articular surface of the insert/talus prosthesis in each group increased in the support phase and decreased in the swing phase during the gait cycle. Compared with model A, the articular surface contact area of models B-E increased, but there was no significant difference among models A-E ( P>0.05). The change trend of the maximum stress on the articular surface of the inserts/talus prosthesis was similar to that of the contact area. Only the maximum contact stress of the insert joint surface of models D and E was lower than that of model A, while the maximum contact stress of the talar prosthesis joint surface of models B-E was lower than that of model A, but there was no significant difference among models A-E ( P>0.05). The high stress area of the lateral articular surface of the improved inserts significantly reduced, and the articular surface stress distribution of the talus prosthesis was more uniform.@*CONCLUSION@#Adding a flexible layer in the insert can improve the elasticity of the overall component, which is beneficial to absorb the impact force of the artificial ankle joint, thereby reducing interface micromotion and improving contact behavior. The mechanical properties of the inserts designed with the platform type and thicker flexible layer are better.


Subject(s)
Adult , Male , Humans , Ankle , Ankle Joint/surgery , Finite Element Analysis , Tibia/surgery , Talus , Stress, Mechanical , Biomechanical Phenomena
16.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1162-1168, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the studies about the tibial-graft fixation methods on anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, in order to provide clinical reference.@*METHODS@#The literature about the tibial-graft fixation methods on ACL reconstruction at home and abroad was extensively reviewed, and the factors that affect the selection of fixation methods were summarized.@*RESULTS@#The knee flexion angle, graft tension, and graft fixation device are mainly considered when the tibial-graft was fixed on ACL reconstruction. At present, the graft is mainly fixed at 0°/30° of knee flexion. The study shows that the knee joint is more stable after fixed at 30°, while the incidence of knee extension limitation decrease after fixed at 0°. In terms of graft tension, a good effectiveness can be obtained when the tension level is close to 90 N or the knee flexion is 30° to recover the affected knee over-restrained 2 mm relative to the healthy knee. In terms of the graft device, the interference screw is still the most commonly used method of tibial-graft fixation, with the development of all-inside ACL reconstruction in recent years, the cortical button fixation may become the mainstream.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic reconstruction is the main treatment of ACL rupture at present. However, there is no optimal fixation method for the tibial-graft, the advantages and disadvantages of each fixation methods need to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tibia/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Knee Joint/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Bone Screws
17.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1192-1199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008950

ABSTRACT

The clinical performance and failure issues are significantly influenced by prosthetic malposition in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Uncertainty exists about the impact of the prosthetic joint line height in UKA on tibial insert wear. In this study, we combined the UKA musculoskeletal multibody dynamics model, finite element model and wear model to investigate the effects of seven joint line height cases of fixed UKA implant on postoperative insert contact mechanics, cumulative sliding distance, linear wear depth and volumetric wear. As the elevation of the joint line height in UKA, the medial contact force and the joint anterior-posterior translation during swing phase were increased, and further the maximum von Mises stress, contact stress, linear wear depth, cumulative sliding distance, and the volumetric wear also were increased. Furthermore, the wear area of the insert gradually shifted from the middle region to the rear. Compared to 0 mm joint line height, the maximum linear wear depth and volumetric wear were decreased by 7.9% and 6.8% at -2 mm joint line height, and by 23.7% and 20.6% at -6 mm joint line height, the maximum linear wear depth and volumetric wear increased by 10.7% and 5.9% at +2 mm joint line height, and by 24.1% and 35.7% at +6 mm joint line height, respectively. UKA prosthetic joint line installation errors can significantly affect the wear life of the polyethylene inserted articular surfaces. Therefore, it is conservatively recommended that clinicians limit intraoperative UKA joint line height errors to -2-+2 mm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Knee Joint , Knee Prosthesis , Mechanical Phenomena , Polyethylene , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Tibia/surgery , Biomechanical Phenomena
18.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 106-110, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970982

ABSTRACT

A cruciate ligament avulsion is a much less common form of injury than a cruciate ligament tear. Simultaneous tibial avulsion fractures of both cruciate ligaments occur even more rarely. Over the last decades, many studies have described arthroscopic fixation of acute cruciate tibial avulsion fractures, but arthroscopic treatment in a late presenting patient has not been reported in the literature. This case report presents a 32-year-old female with a chronic tibial avulsion fracture of both anterior cruciate ligament and posterior cruciate ligament. Simultaneous fixation of both fractures was performed arthroscopically at week four post-injury. At one year of follow-up, the patient had demonstrated full knee range of motion and stable knee with no complaints, and achieved excellent clinical outcomes. Radiographs showed union of both fractures, and the patient had resumed high-impact exercises.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Arthroscopy , Knee Joint/surgery , Tibia/surgery , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome
19.
Rev.chil.ortop.traumatol. ; 63(2): 108-122, ago.2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436126

ABSTRACT

Con la osteotomía en un solo nivel, se puede lograr la corrección del eje de la extremidad en pacientes con deformidades combinadas femoral y tibial, pero de forma simultánea generará una alteración patológica de oblicuidad de la interlínea articular, lo que conducirá a elongación ligamentaria, inestabilidad, degeneración condral y, en última instancia, comprometerá su sobrevida y los resultados funcionales. En virtud del análisis de la literatura más reciente, podemos concluir que existe un número significativo de pacientes que requieren de un procedimiento combinado para lograr un objetivo biomecánico óptimo. La finalidad de una osteotomía en doble nivel alrededor de la rodilla consiste en restablecer la anatomía normal, descargar el compartimiento afectado, normalizar los ángulos mecánicos y la orientación de la interlínea articular. Los ejes fisiológicos pueden restablecerse a través de un análisis preoperatorio exhaustivo, respetando principios biomecánicos y fijación estable con placas bloqueadas. Es un procedimiento demandante y con indicaciones en evolución, que progresivamente se ha instaurado como una alternativa de tratamiento justificada en estudios clínicos y biomecánicos para el manejo de deformidades severas alrededor de la rodilla.


With single-level osteotomy, correction of the limb axis in patients with combined femoral and tibial deformities can be achieved. This correction, however, will generate a pathological alteration in the joint line oblicuity, leading to ligament elongation, instability, joint degeneration and, ultimately, it will compromise the longevity and functional results of the correction. By analyzing the most recent literature, we can conclude that there is a significant number of patients who require a combined procedure to achieve an optimal biomechanical goal. The purpose of a double-level osteotomy around the knee is to restore normal anatomy, unload the affected compartment, normalize the mechanical angles and the orientation of the joint line. Physiological axes can be reestablished by means of a thorough preoperative analysis, observing the biomechanical principles and stable fixation with locked plates. It is a demanding procedure with increasing indications, which has progressively been established in clinical and biomechanical studies as a justified treatment alternative for the management of severe deformities around the knee.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy/methods , Joint Deformities, Acquired/surgery , Knee Joint/physiopathology , Tibia/surgery , Biomechanical Phenomena , Joint Deformities, Acquired/physiopathology , Femur/surgery
20.
Rev.chil.ortop.traumatol. ; 63(1): 9-16, apr.2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435486

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN El error técnico más común durante la reconstrucción del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) es la ubicación incorrecta del túnel. Es incierto si un túnel tibial mal ubicado puede corregirse en el intraoperatorio. OBJETIVO Medir el desplazamiento del injerto de tejido blando con tornillos de interferencia tibial.MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS Estudio experimental ex vivo en 28 rodillas porcinas. Se cosechó el tendón flexor de la extremidad posterior, que fue duplicado y dimensionado para que pasara a través de un túnel tibial mal posicionado. Las muestras se dividieron en 4 grupos según el cuadrante de entrada (anterior [A], posterior [P], medial [M], o lateral [L]) de un tornillo de interferencia tibial de 9 mm con relación al injerto. Se ubicó una regla milimétrica en la meseta tibial, la cual fue fotografiada con una cámara EOS T6 (Canon Inc., Ota, Tokio, Japón), y la imagen fue digitalizada, y puesta en escala a tamaño. La distancia y dirección de los desplazamientos del injerto se midieron con Adobe Photoshop CC 2019 (San José, CA, EEUU). Se analizaron las diferencias medias entre los grupos por análisis de la varianza (analysis of variance, ANOVA, en inglés) unidireccional. El análisis estadístico se realizó con el programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, EEUU), versión 25.0 (p ≤ 0,05)).RESULTADOS La distancias medias de los desplazamientos del injerto fueron similares en todos los grupos: A ­ 4,4 mm; P ­ 4,6 mm; M ­ 4,5 mm; y L ­ 4,3 mm, sin diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p = 0,894). Las direcciones medias de los desplazamientos del injerto también fueron similares entre los 4 grupos: A ­ 176° (desviación estándar [DE]: ± 15,4°); P ­ 165° (DE: ± 16,6°); M ­ 166° (DE: ± 12,1°); y L ­ 169° (DE: ± 10,6°). No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p = 0.42).CONCLUSIONES Independientemente del cuadrante de entrada, se observó un desplazamiento constante del injerto hacia el lado opuesto cuando el tornillo tibial alcanzaba la superficie articular. Relevancia clínica: el tornillo tibial mal posicionado puede corregirse en el intraoperatorio con fijación proximal en cuadrante específico, y debe alcanzar la superficie articular para generar un desplazamiento efectivo del injerto. Sin embargo, no podemos predecir la magnitud de error en todos los túneles mal brocados, que debe ser evaluada caso a caso.


BACKGROUND The most common technical error during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is incorrect tunnel placement. It remains unclear if a misplaced tibial tunnel may be corrected intraoperatively. AIM To measure the displacement of soft-tissue grafts with tibial interference screws. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ex-vivo experimental study in 28 porcine knees. The flexor tendon of the posterior limb was harvested, doubled and sized to fit through a 9-mm misplaced tibial tunnel. The specimens were divided into 4 groups according to the quadrant of entry (anterior [A], posterior [P], medial [M], or lateral [L]) of a 9-mm tibial interference screw in relation to the graft. A millimetric ruler was placed at the tibial plateau, which was photographed with a an EOS T6 (Canon Inc., Ota, Tokio, Japan) camera, and the image was digitalized and scaled to size. The length and direction of the graft displacements were measured with Adobe Photoshop CC 2019 (San José, CA, US). The mean differences among the groups were analyzed through one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, US) software, version 25.0 (p 0.05) RESULTS The mean lengths of the graft displacements were similar among the groups: A ­ 4.4 mm; P ­4.6 mm; M ­ 4.5 mm; and L ­ 4.3 mm, without statistically significant differences (p » 0.894). The mean directions of the graft displacements were also similar among the groups: A ­ 176° (standard deviation [SD]: 15.4°); P ­ 165° (SD: 16.6°); M ­ 166° (SD: 12.1°); and L ­ 169° (SD: 10.6°). No statistically significant differences were found (p » 0.42). CONCLUSIONS Regardless of the entry quadrant, constant graft displacement to the opposite side was observed when the tibial screw reached the articular surface. Clinical relevance: a misplaced tibial tunnel may be corrected intraoperatively with a quadrantspecific screw, which must reach the articular surface to produce an effective graft displacement. Nevertheless, we cannot predict the magnitude of this error in every poorly-drilled tibial tunnel; it should be assessed case by case.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tibia/surgery , Tibia/transplantation , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Swine , Bone Screws , Tissue Transplantation
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