Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 203
Filter
1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 411-416, Mar.-Apr. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248919

ABSTRACT

Tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) associated to cranial wedge closing ostectomy (CCWO) has been one of the best options to manage cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease and excessive tibial plateau angle (TPA) in large dogs, however, the complication rate is potentially high. It is believed that a more robust fixation is necessary to stabilize them and decrease the risk of implant failure. A 6-year-old male American Pit Bull, weighing 36kg, with 90-day history of right hind limb lameness, was diagnosed with CCL disease. Due to the excessive tibial plateau angle (42°), TPLO was associated with a modified CCWO using a double plating technique. A final TPA of 12° was accomplished, and a restricted level of exercises and physiotherapy were recommended. The patient was followed monthly until the fifth month postoperatively, when radiographic bone consolidation and no lameness were observed. By the date of this submission, 3 years after the procedure, the owner has reported no complications. The double plating technique for fixing TPLO and modified CCWO proved to be effective for the treatment of CrCL deficiency in a large dog with an excessive TPA.(AU)


A osteotomia de nivelamento do platô tibial (TPLO) associada à ostectomia modificada em cunha de fechamento cranial da tíbia (CCWO) tem sido uma das melhores opções para tratamento de cães grandes com doença do ligamento cruzado cranial (DLCCr) e ângulo excessivo do platô tibial, mas o índice de complicações é alto. Acredita-se haver necessidade de fixação mais robusta para reduzir as chances de falha nos implantes. Um cão macho, seis anos, da raça American Pit Bull, 36kg, com histórico de claudicação em membro pélvico direito há 90 dias, foi diagnosticado com DLCCr. Devido ao ângulo excessivo do platô tibial (42°), a osteotomia de nivelamento do platô tibial foi associada à ostectomia modificada em cunha de fechamento cranial da tíbia (CCWO) por meio da técnica de placa dupla. No pós-operatório imediato, identificou-se TPA de 12°; exercícios controlados e fisioterapia foram recomendados e a evolução do quadro foi analisada mensalmente até o quinto mês pós-cirurgia. Com 150 dias de evolução, não houve alterações de locomoção e havia ocorrido completa consolidação radiográfica das osteotomias. Até o momento da submissão deste artigo, três anos pós-procedimento, o tutor relata ausência de complicações, via contato telefônico. Portanto, a técnica modificada mostrou-se eficaz no tratamento da DLCCr.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Tibia/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/veterinary , Osteotomy/veterinary , Fracture Fixation, Internal/veterinary
2.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 171-174, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282684

ABSTRACT

La inestabilidad de la articulación tibioperonea proximal puede presentarse con una luxación, con escasos síntomas laterales de la rodilla, dolor, malestar e incomodidad durante distintas actividades o síntomas relacionados con la irritación del nervio peroneo común. Un preciso diagnóstico prequirúrgico es imperativo, así como el tratamiento conservador con inmovilización y kinesiología por cuatro a seis semanas. En la población adolescente, el planeamiento prequirúrgico puede ser dificultoso por la presencia de los cartílagos abiertos, por lo tanto, se debe tomar precaución en la realización de los túneles y en la colocación de implantes en relación con la fisis abierta. El objetivo del siguiente trabajo es presentar el caso de un niño de once años con inestabilidad tibioperonea proximal recurrente, además mostrar detalles de la técnica quirúrgica, protocolo postoperatorio y sus excelentes resultados


Instability of the proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) can present as dislocations, vague symptoms of lateral knee pain, discomfort during activity, or symptoms related to irritation of the common peroneal nerve. An accurate preoperative diagnosis is imperative and should include a trial of taping of the PTFJ for a 4- to 6-week time frame before surgical reconstruction is indicated. In the adolescent population, surgical planning can be complicated by the presence of open physes; therefore, caution must be taken to avoid drilling through or placing screw fixation across the physes. Potential complications include growth arrest and limb length discrepancy. Therefore, the purpose of this case report is to describe the surgical technique for addressing PTFJ instability in adolescent patients. The aim of this case report is to present a case of instability of the proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) treated surgically in an eleven-year-old male soccer player, focused on technical tips, strict rehab protocol with excellent results


Subject(s)
Child , Tibia/surgery , Fibula/surgery , Growth Plate/surgery , Joint Instability , Knee Joint/surgery
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921936

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the femoral and tibial tunnel positions of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the modified transtibial (MTT) technique and anteromedial (AM) portal technique.@*METHODS@#Between January 2017 and September 2020, 78 patients with anterior cruciate ligament rupture underwent single-bundle reconstruction with the modified transtibial technique in 39 cases (group MTT) and through anteromedial approach in 39 cases (group AM). There were 25 males and 14 females in group MTT, with an average age of (37.0±2.3) years old; 27 males and 12 females in group AM, with an average age of (37.5±2.2) years old. CT scan of the affected knee was conducted one week after the surgery to measure and compare the femoral tunnels positioning (Fx, Fy), tibial tunnels positioning in the frontal plane(Tx1), tibial tunnels positioning in the sagittal plane (Ty1), and tibial tunnels positioning in the axial plane (Tx2, Ty2) in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction through Mimics software.@*RESULTS@#Three-dimensional CT reconstruction after the surgery showed that the average Fx and Fy were(25.2±2.1)% and (34.9±3.0)% respectively and the Tx1 and Ty1 were (45.5±3.3)% and (44.7± 3.0)% respectively, while the Tx2 and Ty2 were (47.0±3.0)% and (39.9±4.2)% respectively in group MTT. In group AM, the average Fx and Fy were (26.0±2.0)% and (36.1±3.9)% respectively and the Tx1 and Ty1 were (46.5±3.1)% and (45.6± 3.1)% respectively, while the Tx2 and Ty2 were (47.4±2.5)% and (39.6±3.9)% respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in the femoral and tibial tunnels between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Both the MTT and AM technique can achieve good anatomical positioning of the femoral and tibial tunnels, without significant differences in the positioning of the bone tunnels.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Software , Tibia/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921900

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore effect and significance of lateral closed high tibial osteotomy on recovery of activity of knee joint.@*METHODS@#From February to December 2018, 78 patients with knee osteoarthritis who were treated by high tibial osteotomy for the first time were selected as the observation group, including 46 males and 32 females, aged from 55 to 73 years old with an average age of (61.78±6.39) years old, the course of disease ranged from 6 to 24 months with an average of (16.52±4.25) months;according to Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grading, 36 patients were gradeⅡand 42 patients were grade Ⅲ. Another 20 healthy people were selected as healthy group, including 13 males and 7 females, aged from 56 to 73 years old with an average of (60.89±7.12) years old. The expression of miR-146 in peripheral blood was compared between observation group and healthy group. At the same time, patients in observation group were followed up for 6 months. The patients whose knee joint function returned to normal or improved significantly during the follow-up period were admitted as the effective group, while the patients whose knee joint function did not improve significantly or tended to aggravate were admitted as the ineffective group. The clinical data and the relative expression of serum miR-146 between effective group and ineffective group were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The relative expression of serum miR-146 in observation group after operation was significantly higher than that in healthy group (@*CONCLUSION@#The expression level of serum miR-146 showed upward trend, which could regulate the differentiation of chondrocyte. The monitoring of miR-146 after operation has reference value for predicting the recovery of bone and joint function after operation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Knee Joint , Male , MicroRNAs/genetics , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Osteotomy , Tibia/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2316-2321, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921157

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Multiple techniques are commonly used for posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction. However, the optimum method regarding the fixation of PCL reconstruction after PCL tears remains debatable. The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical properties among three different tibial fixation procedures for transtibial single-bundle PCL reconstruction.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six porcine tibias and porcine extensor tendons were randomized into three fixation study groups: the interference screw fixation (IS) group, the transtibial tubercle fixation (TTF) group, and TTF + IS group (n = 12 in each group). The structural properties of the three fixation groups were tested under cyclic loading and load-to-failure. The slippage after the cyclic loading test and the stiffness and ultimate failure load after load-to-failure testing were recorded.@*RESULTS@#After 1000 cycles of cyclic testing, no significant difference was observed in graft slippage among the three groups. For load-to-failure testing, the TTF + IS group showed a higher ultimate failure load than the TTF group and the IS group (876.34 ± 58.78 N vs. 660.92 ± 77.74 N [P < 0.001] vs. 556.49 ± 65.33 N [P < 0.001]). The stiffness in the TTF group was significantly lower than that in the IS group and the TTF + IS group (92.77 ± 20.16 N/mm in the TTF group vs. 120.27 ± 15.66 N/m in the IS group [P = 0.001] and 131.79 ± 17.95 N/mm in the TTF + IS group [P < 0.001]). No significant difference in the mean stiffness was found between the IS group and the TTF + IS group (P = 0.127).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this biomechanical study, supplementary fixation with transtibial tubercle sutures increased the ultimate failure load during load-to-failure testing for PCL reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomechanical Phenomena , Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Sutures , Swine , Tendons/surgery , Tibia/surgery
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879455

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to research whether anterior tibial crest is a reliable anatomical reference for rotational alignment of tibial component in TKA.@*METHODS@#The study included 122 patients who underwent computed tomography angiography (CTA) examination for unilateral lower extremity trauma with normal contralateral lower extremities, including 89 males and 33 females, with an average age of(51.4±16.4) years old(ranged 18 to 81 years old). Picture archiving and communication system (PACS) was used to mark 11 lines including the surgical epicondylar axis (SEA) connecting the most prominent points of the lateral epicondyle and the deepest point of the sulcus on the medial epicondyle of the femur, axis of medial border of patellar tendon (MEPT)connecting the middle of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and medial border of the patellar tendon at the level of a standard tibial cut from 8 mm distal of the lateral tibial joint surface, transverse axis of tibia (TAT) at the level of a standard tibial cut from 8 mm distal of the lateral tibial joint surface, Akagi line connecting the projected middle of the PCL and medial border of the patellar tendon at the tibial attachment, the axis of the medial 1/3 of patellar tendon(M1/3) connecting the projected middle of PCL and the medial 1/3 of the patellar tendon at the patellar tendon attachment level, Insall line connecting the projected middle of the PCL and the medial 1/3 of tibial tubercle, the axis of medial border of tibial tubercle (MBTT) connecting the projected middle of the PCL and medial border of tibial tubercle, as well as the axis of the proximal anterior tibial crest (PATC), axis 1 of the middle anterior tibial crest (MATC1), axis 2 of the middle anterior tibial crest (MATC2) and the axis of the distal anterior tibial crest (DATC) which were marked by connecting the 4 equidistant points on the sharp anterior tibial crest and the projected middle of the PCL. The angles between TAT and SEA as well as the angles between other axes and the perpendicular to SEA were measured. Pairwise differences among the 10 tibial axes were examined using One-Way ANOVA and paired @*RESULTS@#The angles between the axes of MEPT, Akagi line, M1/3, Insall line, MBTT, PATC, MATC1, MATC2, DATC and the perpendicular to SEA were (-1.6 ±4.5)° , (1.4 ±5.0)° , (10.2±5.1)°, (11.9±5.4)°, (3.6±4.8)°, (12.0±6.9)°, (7.2±8.6)°, (7.1±10.4)°, (6.6±13.5)°, respectively. The angle between TAT and SEA was (4.1±5.3)°. MEPT was external rotation compared to SEA. M1/3, Insall line and PATC were significantly greater than Akagi line, MBTT, TAT (@*CONCLUSION@#The middle tibial anterior crest can be used as a reference for rotational alignment of tibial component in TKA, and its reliability is better than Insall line, but worse than Akagi line, TAT and MBTT.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Rotation , Tibia/surgery , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879406

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of high tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release in the treatment of knee varus osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#From October 2017 to April 2019, a retrospective analysis was performed on 43 patients with knee varus osteoarthritis and lateral patellar compression syndrome treated by high tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release. There were 15 males and 28 females, aged 53 to 72(62.05±5.17) years. The visual analogue scale(VAS), Lysholm, and the knee range of motion were used to evaluate knee pain and functional recovery before operation, 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after operation. And the congruence angle (CA), patellar tilt angle (PTA), and femala-tibial angle (FTA) were measured respectively before and 12 months after operation to evaluate the congruence of patellar joint, and the improvement of line of gravity of lower limb.@*RESULTS@#All 43 patients were followed up for more than 12 months, with a follow-up time of 14 to 28 (19.60±4.50) months. The VAS scores decreased from 6.65±0.65 before operation to 2.16±0.95, 0.51±0.77 and 0.33±0.64 at 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after operation, and the difference was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#High tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release can relieve weight-bearing pain in frontal axis and improve the function of knee in sagittal axis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Osteotomy , Patella , Retrospective Studies , Tibia/surgery , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879384

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze effect of accordion technique on bone mineralization of extended bone segment in treating tibial bone defect with bone transport.@*METHODS@#From May 2017 to October 2019, 22 patients with tibial bone defects were treated with Ilizarov bone-transport technique, and divided into two groups after bone-transport was completed, 11 patients in each group. In observation group, there were 9 males and 2 females aged from 20 to 60 years old with an average of (42.6± 13.3) years old;the length of bone defect ranged from 3 to 13 cm with an average of(6.4±2.6) cm;2 patients were suffered from upper tibial bone defects, 3 patients were middle and 6 patients were lower;patients were treated with accordion technique for 35 days. In control group, there were 10 males and 1 female aged from 41 to 60 years old with an average of (51.6±6.4) years old;the length of bone defect ranged from 3 to 10.7 cm with an average of (6.6±2.5) cm;1 patient was suffered from upper tibial bone defects, 3 patients were middle and 7 patients were lower;patients were treated with lock external fixator to waiting bone mineralization. The content of hydroxyapatite (HAP) extended bone segment was measured after bone-transport completed immediately, 35, 65 and 95 days after bone-transport was completed, respectively, then the mineralization time and healing time were compared between two groups, and the therapeutic effect of bone defect was evaluated by using Paley scoring criteria.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-two patients were followed up from 18 to 36 months with an average of (27.0±6.3) months. The wounds on the bone defects healed spontaneously during bone transport, and there were no wound complications such as skin infection or skin necrosis occurred. There were statisticaldifference in the content of HAP of the extended bone segments at 35, 65 and 95 days after bone-transport between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Accordion technique and locking external fixator mineralization in prolonging bone segment healing after bone-transport have the equal clinical effect, while the accordion technique could significantly accelerate the growth rate of HAP and shorten the mineralization time and healing time.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Calcification, Physiologic , External Fixators , Female , Humans , Ilizarov Technique , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Tibia/surgery , Tibial Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200647, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286912

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the effect of different protocols of low-level intensity laser therapy (LLLT) irradiation on the osseointegration of implants placed in grafted areas. Methodology 84 rats were randomly allocated into six groups: DBB: defect filled with deproteinized bovine bone; HA/TCP: defect filled with biphasic ceramic of hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate ; DBB-LI: defect filled with DBB and treated with LLLT after implant placement; HA/TCP-LI: defect filled with HA/TCP and treated with LLLT after implant placement; DBB-LIB: defect filled with DBB and treated with LLLT after graft procedure and implant placement; and HA/TCP-LIB: defect filled HA/TCP and treated with LLLT after graft procedure and implant placement. The bone defects were made in the tibia and they were grafted. After 60 days, the implants were placed. The rats were subsequently subjected to euthanasia 15 and 45 days after implant placement. The pattern of osseointegration and bone repair in the grafted area was evaluated by biomechanical, microtomographic, and histometric analyses. Furthermore, the expression of bone biomarker proteins was assessed. Results The LLLT groups presented higher removal torque, mineralized tissue volume, and a greater degree of osseointegration, especially when LLLT was performed only after implant placement, and these findings were associated with higher expression of BMP2 and alkaline phosphatase. Conclusion LLLT performed on implants placed in grafted areas enhances the osseointegration process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Rats , Dental Implants , Osseointegration , Low-Level Light Therapy , Tibia/surgery , Ceramics
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1398-1404, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134455

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The objective of this study were bone defect complications that occur due to traumas or infections. Bone grafts are required to provide support, fill gaps and improve biological repair in skeletal damage. Dexamethasone plays role in calcium signaling modulation and used in diseases. Aim of this study was to evaluate osteonectin and osteopontin expressions in new bone development after dexamethasone application on tibial bone defects. Rats were divided into defect, defect+graft and defect+graft+dexamethasone treated groups. Tibial bone defect created, and rats were kept immobile for 28 days. Alloplastic material was placed in defect area in second and group third groups. 2.5 mg/kg Dex and normal saline were injected to dexamethasone and defect groups twice a week for 56 days. Inflammation and congestion were increased in defect and defect+graft groups. Defect+graft+dexamethasone group; increased number of osteoblast and osteocyte cells, dense bone matrix, formation of new bone trabeculae was observed. Defect+graft group; osteonectin expression in graft regions, osteoblast cells, some connective tissue cells and fibers were seen whereas in defect+graft+dexamethasone group; osteopontin expression in osteoblast and osteocyte cells of new bone trabeculae were observed. Dexamethasone may lead to formation of new bone trabeculae into the graft material resulting in increased osteoconduction and osteoinductive effect for differentiation of osteon.


RESUMEN: Los defectos óseos son complicaciones que ocurren debido a traumas o infecciones. Se requieren injertos óseos para proporcionar apoyo, llenar los espacios y mejorar la reparación biológica en el hueso dañado. La dexametasona desempeña un papel importante en la modulación de la señalización del calcio y se usa en enfermedades. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las expresiones de osteonectina y osteopontina en el desarrollo óseo después de la aplicación de dexametasona en defectos óseos tibiales. Las ratas se dividieron en grupos: defecto, defecto + injerto y defecto + injerto + grupos tratados con dexametasona. Se creó un defecto óseo tibial, y las ratas se mantuvieron inmóviles durante 28 días. El material aloplástico se colocó en el área del defecto en el segundo y tercer grupo. Se inyectaron 2,5 mg / kg de dexametasona y solución salina normal a grupos de defectos dos veces por semana durante 56 días. La inflamación y la congestión aumentaron en los grupos de defectos y defectos + injerto; En el grupo defecto + injerto + grupo tratado con dexametasona se observó un aumento en el número de osteoblastos y osteocitos, de matriz ósea densa y en la formación de nuevas trabéculas óseas. En el grupo defecto + grupo de injerto se observó la expresión de osteonectina en las áreas de injerto, osteoblastos, algunas células y fibras de tejido conectivo, mientras que en el grupo defecto + injerto + dexametasona se observó la expresión de osteopontina en osteoblastos y osteocitos y formación de nuevas trabéculas óseas . En conclusión la dexametasona puede conducir a la formación de nuevas trabéculas óseas en el material de injerto, lo que resulta en un aumento de la osteoconducción y un efecto osteoinductivo para la diferenciación del osteón.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Tibia/surgery , Tibia/drug effects , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Bone Transplantation , Tibia/pathology , Bone Regeneration , Immunohistochemistry , Osteonectin/physiology , Bone Remodeling , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Osteopontin/physiology
11.
Clinics ; 75: e1123, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101082

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare two postero-lateral bundle (PLB) tibial fixation techniques for the reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with double bundle: a technique without the use of an interference screw, preserving the native tibial insertion of the tendons of the gracilis and semitendineous muscles, and a technique with the use of an interference screw and without preserving the insertion of the tendons. METHODS: A comparative study was conducted in cadavers with a universal mechanical test machine. In total, 23 cadaver knees were randomized for tibial fixation of the PLB using the two techniques: Maintaining the tibial insertion of the tendons during reconstruction, without the use of an interference screw (group A, 11 cases); and fixating the graft with an interference screw, without maintaining the insertion of the tendons (group B, 12 cases). A continuous traction was performed (20 mm/min) in the same direction as the produced tunnel, and force (N), elongation (mm), rigidity (N/mm), and tension (N/mm2) were objectively determined in each group. RESULTS: Group A exhibited a maximum force (MF) of 315.4±124.7 N; maximum tension of 13.57±3.65 N/mm2; maximum elongation of 19.73±4.76 mm; force at the limit of proportionality (FLP) of 240.6±144.0 N; and an elongation at the limit of proportionality of 14.37±6.58 mm. Group B exhibited a MF of 195.7±71.8 N; maximum tension of 8.8±3.81 N/mm2; maximum elongation of 15.3±10.73 mm; FLP of 150.1±68.7 N; and an elongation at the limit of proportionality of 6.86±2.42 mm. When comparing the two groups, significant differences were observed in the variables of maximum force (p=0.016), maximum tension (p=0.019), maximum elongation (p=0.007), and elongation at the limit of proportionality (p=0.003). CONCLUSION: The use of the native insertion of the semitendineous and gracilis tendons, without an additional fixation device, presented mechanical superiority over their fixation with interference screws.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Screws , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Muscle, Skeletal/transplantation , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/instrumentation , Hamstring Tendons/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Stress, Mechanical , Tibia/surgery , Biomechanical Phenomena , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e008, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089382

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the effects of chronic restraint stress (RS) and a high-fat diet (HFD) on the osseointegration of titanium implants in a rat model. After the surgical insertion of titanium implants into the metaphysis of the tibial bone, the rats were randomly divided into four equal groups (n = 8 each): control (CNT), restraint stress (RS), high-fat diet (HFD), and restraint stress plus high fat diet (RS-HFD). CNT: Rats received no further treatment during the 92-day experimental period. RS: Stress was applied to the rats beginning from two days after the implant surgery for one hour per day for the first 30 days, two hours per day for the next 30 days, and three hours per day for the last 30 days. HFD: Rats were fed a HFD for the following 90 days starting two days after surgery. RS-HFD: Rats were fed a HFD and RS was applied to rats for the following 90 days, starting two days after surgery. At the end of the experimental period, the rats were euthanized, and the implants and surrounding bone tissues were removed for histological analysis. Statistical analysis was performed by one way ANOVA and Bonferrroni tests. There were no significant differences in the bone-implant connection levels between the groups (p > 0.05), but in the HFD and RS-HFD groups, the bone filling ratios were found to be lower compared with the controls (p < 0.05) The data analyzed in this study suggest that an HFD with or without chronic RS adversely affected bone tissue in the rats during the 90-day osseointegration period.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Stress, Psychological/physiopathology , Tibia/physiopathology , Titanium , Osseointegration/physiology , Diet, High-Fat/psychology , Bone-Anchored Prosthesis , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Reference Values , Tibia/surgery , Tibia/pathology , Time Factors , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Random Allocation , Cholesterol/blood , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Alanine Transaminase/blood
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e008, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055524

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the effects of chronic restraint stress (RS) and a high-fat diet (HFD) on the osseointegration of titanium implants in a rat model. After the surgical insertion of titanium implants into the metaphysis of the tibial bone, the rats were randomly divided into four equal groups (n = 8 each): control (CNT), restraint stress (RS), high-fat diet (HFD), and restraint stress plus high fat diet (RS-HFD). CNT: Rats received no further treatment during the 92-day experimental period. RS: Stress was applied to the rats beginning from two days after the implant surgery for one hour per day for the first 30 days, two hours per day for the next 30 days, and three hours per day for the last 30 days. HFD: Rats were fed a HFD for the following 90 days starting two days after surgery. RS-HFD: Rats were fed a HFD and RS was applied to rats for the following 90 days, starting two days after surgery. At the end of the experimental period, the rats were euthanized, and the implants and surrounding bone tissues were removed for histological analysis. Statistical analysis was performed by one way ANOVA and Bonferrroni tests. There were no significant differences in the bone-implant connection levels between the groups (p > 0.05), but in the HFD and RS-HFD groups, the bone filling ratios were found to be lower compared with the controls (p < 0.05) The data analyzed in this study suggest that an HFD with or without chronic RS adversely affected bone tissue in the rats during the 90-day osseointegration period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Stress, Psychological/physiopathology , Tibia/physiopathology , Titanium , Osseointegration/physiology , Diet, High-Fat/psychology , Bone-Anchored Prosthesis , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Reference Values , Tibia/surgery , Tibia/pathology , Time Factors , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Random Allocation , Cholesterol/blood , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Alanine Transaminase/blood
14.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): 114-123, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1372361

ABSTRACT

Introducción Las lesiones de la raíz posterior del menisco lateral (RPML) afectan la transferencia de la carga axial de la rodilla, lo cual genera una sobrecarga con el posterior deterioro del cartílago articular. Se han descrito numerosas técnicas quirúrgicas en la literatura para su tratamiento, pero aún no se ha demostrado superioridad de alguna, por ende, existen controversias sobre cual técnica es la más indicada para estas lesiones. El objetivo del estudio es describir la técnica quirúrgica y la evolución clínica de pacientes intervenidos con fijación transtibial de la RPML en una clínica especializada, durante el periodo 2016-2017. Materiales & Métodos Se realizó una descripción de la técnica quirúrgica y una serie de casos retrospectiva. Se incluyeron pacientes con lesiones agudas en la RPML, los cuales fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente utilizando una nueva variación a técnica transtibial. Para determinar la evolución cínica de los pacientes se realizaron las escalas Lysholm e IKDC, antes y después de la cirugía. Resultados Se intervinieron seis pacientes con lesión aguda de la RPML, cuatro de sexo masculino. El tiempo entre el trauma y la cirugía fue en promedio 2,5 meses. Todos los pacientes presentaron lesión concomitante de ligamento cruzado anterior. Al comparar el estado inicial de los pacientes y el postoperatorio mediante las escalas de Lysholm e IKDC, se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p<0,05). Asimismo, no se realizaron reintervenciones durante el seguimiento. Discusión La reparación de la RPML con la nueva variación de la fijación transtibial proporciona una mejoría en la función, el dolor y el nivel de actividad de los pacientes, lo que puede ayudar a retrasar la progresión de la osteoartrosis en la rodilla. Igualmente, este procedimiento se puede realizar de forma segura aún en casos de lesiones ligamentarías concomitantes. Nivel de evidencia: IV


Background injuries of posterior lateral meniscus root (PLMR) affect the transfer of the axial load of the knee. Several surgical techniques have been described for it treatment, but still none has demonstrated superiority. Consequently, there are controversies about which technique is most indicated for these injuries. The aim is to describe the a surgical technique and the clinical follow up of patients operated with transtibial fixation of PLMR in a specialized clinic, during the 2016-2017. Methods Retrospective case series and description of the surgical technique. We included patients with acute injuries in the PLMR, who were operated using a new variation to the transtibial technique. For the clinical follow-up, the IKDC and Lysholm scores were performed before and after surgery. Results Six patients with acute lesion in the PLMR were intervened, four were male. The time between trauma and surgery was on average 2.5 months. All the patients presented a concomitant lesion of the anterior cruciate ligament. When comparing the initial state of the patients and the postoperative period, statistically significant differences were found (p <0.05). Likewise, reinterventions were not performed during follow-up. Discussion The repair of PLMR with the new variation of the transtibial fixation provides an improvement in the function, the pain and the level of activity of the patients, which can help to delay the progression of osteoarthrosis in the knee. Likewise, this technique can be performed safely even in cases of concomitant ligament injuries. Level of clinical evidence: Level IV


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery , Tibia/surgery , Time Factors , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/classification
15.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 341-345, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879641

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To avoid potential problems of double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), various modifications have been reported. This study analyzed a novel technique of modified double-bundle (MDB) ACLR without implant on tibial side in comparison to single-bundle (SB) ACLR.@*METHODS@#Eighty cases of isolated anterior cruciate ligament tear (40 each in SB group or MDB group) were included. SB ACLR was performed by outside in technique with quadrupled hamstring graft fixed with interference screws. In MDB group, ACLR harvested tendons were looped over each other at the center and free ends whipstitched. Femoral tunnel was created by outside in technique. Anteromedial tibial tunnel was created with tibial guide at 55°. The anatomic posterolateral aiming guide (Smith-Nephew) was used to create posterolateral tunnel. With the help of shuttle sutures, the free end of gracillis was passed through posterolateral tunnel to femoral tunnel followed by semitendinosus graft through anteromedial tunnel to femoral tunnel. On tibial side the graft was looped over bone-bridge between external apertures of anteromedial and posterolateral tunnel. Graft was fixed with interference screw on femoral side in 10° knee flexion. International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), Tegner score, Pivot shift and knee laxity test (KLT, Karl-Storz) were recorded pre- and post-surgery. At one year magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was done. Statistical analysis was done by SPSS software.@*RESULTS@#Mean preoperative KLT reading of (10.00 ± 1.17) mm in MDB group improved to (4.10 ± 0.56) mm and in SB group it improved from (10.00 ± 0.91) mm to (4.80 ± 0.46) mm. The mean preoperative IKDC score in MDB group improved from (49.49 ± 8.00) to (92.5 ± 1.5) at one year and that in SB group improved from (52.5 ± 6.9) to (88.4 ± 2.6). At one-year 92.5% cases in MDB group achieved their preinjury Tegner activity level as compared to 60% in SB group. The improvement in IKDC, KLT and Tegner scale of MDB group was superior to SB group. MRI confirmed graft integrity at one year and clinically at 2 years.@*CONCLUSION@#MDB ACLR has shown better outcome than SB ACLR. It is a simple technique that does not require fixation on tibial side and resultant graft is close to native ACL.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Tibia/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
16.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(6): 376-381, nov.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345064

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La lesión del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) de la rodilla es una lesión traumática severa que disminuye enormemente la función y en ocasiones deja secuelas muy importantes para el paciente joven, por lo que la cirugía para la reconstrucción del ligamento es el tratamiento idóneo. Existen varias técnicas para la elaboración de túneles con diferencia en los portales, los métodos de fijación y los diferentes injertos que se usan; cada uno de los autores defiende sus técnicas señalando sus ventajas y desventajas y posibles complicaciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue valorar las ventajas de dos métodos de abordaje a nivel femoral para el paso del injerto o implantes. Material y métodos: Estudio de dos grupos similares, observacional, transversal, retrospectivo y analítico en pacientes operados por el mismo grupo quirúrgico. Durante tres años se operaron 80 pacientes, 42 de ellos por portal medial y 38 por vía transtibial. Resultados: El sexo masculino predominó en ambos grupos, se valoraron los parámetros de facilidad para observar el paso del tendón o injerto, el paso del implante femoral, la facilidad del agarre del implante, la tensión del mismo y el tiempo quirúrgico en ambos grupos. El resultado fue concluyente siendo un > p 0.06 contemplando el mejor resultado en los pacientes operados por portal medial.


Abstract: Anterior cruciate ligament injury (ACL) of the knee is a severe traumatic injury that greatly decreases the function and sometimes leaves very important sequelae for the young patient so surgery for ligament reconstruction is the suitable treatment, there are several techniques for the elaboration of tunnels with difference in the portals, the methods of fixation and the different grafts used and each one of the authors defend their techniques giving their advantages and disadvantages and possible complications associated. The objective of this study was to assess the advantages or not of two approaches to the femoral side for the passage of the graft or implants. Material and methods: Two similar groups in this observational, transversal, retrospective and analytical study in patients operated by the same surgeon and assistants. In a period of time of three year, 80 patients were operated, 42 of them by medial portal and 38 of them via trans tibial. Results: The male sex in both groups was the predominant one, the parameters of ease were assessed to observe the passage of the tendon or graft, the passage of the femoral implant, the ease of the implant grip, the tension of the same and the operative time in both groups. The result was conclusive being an > p 0.06 contemplating the best result in patients operated by medial portal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Tibia/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Femur/surgery
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(4): e201900408, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001086

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate histologically and immunohistochemically the bone regeneration after application of simvastatin on tibial bone defects in rats. Methods: Sixty Wistar albino rats were divided into 3 groups as control (6 mm tibial bone defect), defect + graft (allograft treatment), and defect + graft + simvastatin (10 mg/kg/day) for 28 days. Results: Histopathological examination revealed inflammation in control group (defect group), congestion in blood vessels, and an increase in osteoclast cells. In defect + graft group, osteoclastic activity was observed and osteocyte cells were continued to develop. In defect + graft + simvastatin group, osteocytes and matrix formation were increased in the new bone trabeculae. Osteopontin and osteonectin expression were positive in the osteclast cells in the control group. Osteoblasts and some osteocytes showed a positive reaction of osteopontin and osteopontin. In defect + graft + simvastatin group, osteonectin and osteopontin expression were positive in osteoblast and osteocyte cells, and a positive expression in osteon formation was also seen in new bone trabeculae. Conclusion: The simvastatin application was thought to increase bone turnover by increasing the osteoinductive effect with graft and significantly affect the formation of new bone.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Tibia/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Simvastatin/pharmacology , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Tibia/surgery , Tibia/pathology , Bone Remodeling/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Autografts
18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003005

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La osteotomía de la tuberosidad anterior de la tibia (O-TAT) es una técnica quirúrgica que permite restablecer la alineación distal de la rótula en pacientes esqueléticamente maduros. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron evaluar los resultados funcionales y analizar factores que influyeron en el desarrollo de complicaciones. Materiales y Métodos: Se analizaron retrospectivamente pacientes con O-TAT tratados entre 2008 y 2016. Se documentaron datos demográficos y clínicos. Los resultados fueron evaluados según las escalas de Kujala y Tegner-Lysholm, y las complicaciones, con una adaptación de la clasificación de Clavien- Dindo. Resultados: Se analizaron 33 O-TAT en 29 pacientes (17 mujeres). Mediana de la edad: 18 años (RIC 2, mín.-máx. 14-39). Mediana de seguimiento: 49 meses (RIC 2, mín.-máx. 12-115). Mejoría en las escalas de Kujala y Tegner-Lysholm de 61 y 61,5 a 94 y 92,3, respectivamente (p = 0,001). La mediana de tiempo de consolidación fue de 8 semanas. Hubo 9 complicaciones (27%): 1 grado II (infección superficial) y 8 grado III (artrofibrosis, fracturas de tibia y fracturas de TAT, n = 2). La tasa de complicaciones fue más alta en los pacientes sometidos a desinserción de la TAT (51,5% vs. 11,1%, p = 0,029). Conclusiones: La O-TAT representa una técnica eficaz para tratar diversas patologías de la articulación patelofemoral en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. Hubo complicaciones en un alto porcentaje de los procedimientos, sin que esto afectara el resultado final. El riesgo de complicaciones fue mayor en las osteotomías que requirieron desinserción de la TAT y la reconstrucción ligamentaria. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) is a surgical approach that allows for the restoration of distal patellar alignment in skeletally mature patients. The objectives of this study were to evaluate functional results and to analyze the risk factors associated with complications. Methods: We carried out a retrospective analysis of patients subjected to a TTO between 2008 and 2016 and documented demographic and clinical data. Results were evaluated according to Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale and Tegner-Lysholm Knee Scoring Scale. Complications were evaluated with a modified Clavien-Dindo classification of Surgical Complications. Results: We evaluated 33 TTOs in 29 patients (17 women) with a median age of 18 years (IQR 2, range 14-39) and a median follow-up time of 49 months (IQR 2, range 12-115). The Kujala and the Tegner-Lysholm scoring improved from 61 and 61.5 to 94 and 92.3, respectively (p=0.001). Union was achieved at a median of 8 weeks. There were 9 complications (27%): a grade II complication (superficial infection) and 8 grade III complications (arthrofibrosis, tibial fractures, and anterior tibial tubercle fractures). Osteotomies in which tibial tubercle was completely detached had a significantly higher rate of complications (51.5% vs. 11.1%, p=0.029). Conclusions: TTO represents an effective approach for the treatment of several conditions of the patellofemoral joint in adolescents and young adults. In our series, a high percentage of the procedures presented complications, although they did not affect the final result. Osteotomies that involve complete detachment of the tubercle and those associated with ligament reconstruction have an increased risk of complications. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Osteotomy/methods , Tibia/surgery , Patellofemoral Joint/surgery , Joint Instability/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome
19.
Acta ortop. mex ; 32(6): 366-370, nov.-dic. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248621

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Objetivo: Demostrar los resultados en la neoformación ósea de tibia utilizando la técnica de inducción de membrana más la transposición de peroné ipsolateral no vascularizado. Caso clínico: Masculino de 25 años, antecedente de sufrir impacto por arma de fuego en pierna izquierda dos años antes, presentó un diagnóstico inicial de fractura expuesta Gustilo IIIB AO 42C3 IO4NV1MT2 con pérdida ósea de 7 cm de diáfisis tibial. Durante su evolución se realizaron múltiples aseos quirúrgicos y colocación de injertos cutáneos con resultados no favorables, por lo que se emplea la técnica de membrana inducida más colocación de peroné ipsolateral no vascularizado, teniendo una evolución a los cuatro meses posterior a su última intervención con deambulación dependiente de bastón. Conclusión: La técnica de inducción de membrana con transposición de peroné ipsolateral no vascularizado podría ser una alternativa adecuada para el manejo de pérdidas óseas en los pacientes.


Abstract: Objective: To demonstrate the outcome of tibial bone neo formation, using induced-membrane technique and non-vascularized ipsolateral fibular graft transposition. Case report: A 25 years old male with a 2 years ago firearm injury in left leg, presenting an initial diagnosis of open fracture Gustilo IIIB AO 42C3 IO4NV1MT2 with a 7cm tibial diaphyseal bone defect. During his hospital evolution multiple interventions were made including surgical debridement and skin grafts placement, with unfavorable results. Therefore, we decided to use the induced-membrane technique and non-vascularized ipsolateral fibular graft transposition, resulting in a cane dependent ambulation, in 4 months evolution after last intervention. Conclusion: Induced-membrane technique and non-vascularized ipsolateral fibular graft transposition could be a successful alternative for the management of patients with severe bone loss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tibia/surgery , Bone Transplantation , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Fibula , Fibula/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Open/surgery
20.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 33(4): 501-510, out.-dez. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-980146

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Muitos retalhos são descritos para reparar as perdas de substância nos terços médio e distal da perna. A principal vantagem do retalho de músculo hemisóleo medial é a preservação da inervação da metade do músculo sóleo no sítio doador, mantendo a força de flexão plantar. Além disso, este retalho tem um arco de rotação maior quando comparado ao retalho de músculo sóleo convencional. Novos conceitos vasculares e técnicos, descritos recentemente, aumentaram a viabilidade deste retalho. O objetivo deste estudo é relatar a utilização do retalho de hemisóleo medial enfatizando as vantagens, reafirmando as indicações e analisando as complicações. Métodos: Em dez anos, um total de nove retalhos de hemisóleo medial foram confeccionados para a reparação de feridas traumáticas com exposição da tíbia em oito pacientes. Os critérios de indicação e técnica cirúrgica são descritos detalhadamente. Resultados: A cicatrização completa da perda de substância foi alcançada em todos os pacientes. Observou-se baixo índice de complicações no leito doador e em um paciente houve necrose parcial da extremidade do retalho. O tempo médio de realização do procedimento foi de duas horas. Conclusões: Retalhos de hemisóleo medial são muito úteis na reparação destas perdas de substância e permitem a cobertura com tecido de espessura intermediária, rica vascularização, baixo índice de morbidade na área doadora, preservação da função motora plantar, reabilitação mais rápida no pós-operatório, técnica cirúrgica acessível e menor tempo operatório.


Introduction: The use of many flaps has been described to repair substance loss in the medial and distal thirds of the lower leg. The main advantage of the muscle medial hemisoleus flap is preserving one half of the innervated medial soleus muscle in situ and keeping the foot's plantar flexion power. Moreover, the flap has a longer arc of rotation. As recently described, new vascular concepts and techniques have increased flap viability. This study aimed to examine the use and advantages of the medial hemisoleus flap with emphasis on an indication and complication analysis. Methods: Over a 10-year period, nine medial hemisoleus flaps were executed to repair traumatic wounds with tibial exposure in eight patients. We describe the indications and surgical techniques in detail. Results: Complete wound healing was achieved in all patients. There was a low donor-site complications rate. One patient suffered from partial necrosis of the extremity flap. The mean operative time was 2 h. Conclusions: The medial hemisoleus flap is useful for repairing substance loss and provides coverage with intermediary thickened tissue, high vascularity, minimal donor-site morbidity, foot plantar flexion power preservation, faster rehabilitation, accessible surgical techniques, and a shorter operative time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Tibia/surgery , Tibia/injuries , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Musculoskeletal System
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL