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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 113-118, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the biomechanical research progress of internal fixation of tibial plateau fracture in recent years and provide a reference for the selection of internal fixation in clinic.@*METHODS@#The literature related to the biomechanical research of internal fixation of tibial plateau fracture at home and abroad was extensively reviewed, and the biomechanical characteristics of the internal fixation mode and position as well as the biomechanical characteristics of different internal fixators, such as screws, plates, and intramedullary nails were summarized and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Tibial plateau fracture is one of the common types of knee fractures. The conventional surgical treatment for tibial plateau fracture is open or closed reduction and internal fixation, which requires anatomical reduction and strong fixation. Anatomical reduction can restore the normal shape of the knee joint; strong fixation provides good biomechanical stability, so that the patient can have early functional exercise, restore knee mobility as early as possible, and avoid knee stiffness. Different internal fixators have their own biomechanical strengths and characteristics. The screw fixation has the advantage of being minimally invasive, but the fixation strength is limited, and it is mostly applied to Schatzker typeⅠfracture. For Schatzker Ⅰ-Ⅳ fracture, unilateral plate fixation can be used; for Schatzker Ⅴand Ⅵ fracture, bilateral plates fixation can be used to provide stronger fixation strength and avoid the stress concentration. The intramedullary nails fixation has the advantages of less trauma and less influence on the blood flow of the fracture end, but the fixation strength of the medial and lateral plateau is limited; so it is more suitable for tibial plateau fracture that involves only the metaphysis. Choosing the most appropriate internal fixation according to the patient's condition is still a major difficulty in the surgical treatment of tibial plateau fractures.@*CONCLUSION@#Each internal fixator has good fixation effect on tibial plateau fracture within the applicable range, and it is an important research direction to improve and innovate the existing internal fixator from various aspects, such as manufacturing process, material, and morphology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Tibial Plateau Fractures
2.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 46-50, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of Nice knot technique for wound closure in Gustilo type ⅢA and ⅢB open tibial fractures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was performed on 22 patients with Gustilo type ⅢA and ⅢB open tibial fractures, who underwent wound closure using the Nice knot technique and were admitted between June 2021 and June 2022. There were 15 males and 7 females. The age ranged from 18 to 67 years, with an average of 41.9 years. The causes of injury included traffic accident in 11 cases, falling from height in 7 cases, and heavy object injuries in 4 cases. Fractures were located on the left side in 9 cases and on the right side in 13 cases. And 9 cases were type ⅢA fractures and 13 were type ⅢB fractures according to Gustilo classification. All patients had extensive soft tissue injuries, and no vascular or neurological damage was observed. The time from injury to debridement was 3-8 hours (mean, 6.5 hours). The sizes of wounds before operation and at 2 weeks after operation were measured and wound healing rate at 2 weeks after operation were calculated. The wound healing time and wound healing grading were recorded. The Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) score was used to assess the wound scar after wound healed and the excellent and good rate was calculated.@*RESULTS@#The wound area was 21.0-180.0 cm 2 (mean, 57.82 cm 2) before operation, and it was 1.2-27.0 cm 2 (mean, 6.57 cm 2) at 2 weeks after operation. The wound healing rate at 2 weeks after operation was 76%-98% (mean, 88.6%). After operation, 2 cases needed to adjust Nice knot due to skin cutting and 1 case occurred soft tissue infection on the wound. The other patient's wounds healed. The average wound healing time was 27.8 days (range, 18-44 days). And the wound healing were grade A in 13 cases and grade B in 9 cases. VSS score was 2-9, with an average of 4.1; 10 cases were rated as excellent, 10 as good, and 2 as poor, with an excellent and good rate of 90.9%. All patients were followed up 9-24 months (mean, 14.6 months). During follow-up, no deep infection or osteomyelitis occurred. Two cases experienced fracture non-union, and were treated with compression fixation and bone grafting. The fractures of the other patients all healed, with a healing time of 85-190 days (mean, 148.2 days).@*CONCLUSION@#Nice knot technique can be used in wound closure of Gustilo type ⅢA and ⅢB open tibial fractures effectively, which is easy to operate.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cicatrix , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Wound Healing , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Open/surgery
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1552154

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas de tibia por estrés son un cuadro muy frecuente en el personal militar recién incorporado. Nuestro objetivo fue demostrar que existe una asociación entre fracturas por estrés y otros hallazgos patológicos. materiales y métodos: Se evaluaron retrospectivamente 42 fracturas por estrés en 34 pacientes, entre noviembre de 2012 y septiembre de 2014. Todos se habían incorporado recientemente al Ejército Argentino y consultaron por cuadros dolorosos en la tibia. Se realizó el diagnóstico clínico y centellográfico de fractura por estrés. Se documentaron datos filiatorios, hallazgos patológicos asociados y factores de riesgo. Los criterios de inclusión fueron: reciente incorporación, mismo entrenamiento, edad 16-23 años. Se excluyó a pacientes con traumatismos, enfermedad tumoral o centellograma negativo, y a los simuladores. Resultados: Se evaluaron 42 fracturas por estrés en 34 pacientes (14 hombres y 20 mujeres). La edad promedio era de 20 años. No hubo diferencias significativas en el número de lesiones respecto al miembro afectado. El 64,7% tenía hallazgos patológicos asociados (mujeres 73%, hombres 27%). El 80% de las mujeres y el 43% de los hombres tenían un hallazgo patológico asociado. Se detectaron diversos hallazgos patológicos asociados con desejes de miembros inferiores en varo y en valgo, los primeros fueron los que más se asociaron con fracturas. Conclusiones: La tasa de asociación con hallazgos patológicos en los miembros inferiores fue alta, con predominio de los desejes en varo. Las mujeres con fracturas por estrés tenían más hallazgos patológicos asociados que los hombres. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Tibial stress fractures are a very common condition in military recruits. Our objective is to demonstrate that stress fractures are associated with other pathologies. materials and methods: 42 stress fractures in 34 patients were retrospectively evaluated. Every patient had recently joined the Argentine Army and consulted for painful symptoms in the tibia. A clinical and scintigraphic diagnosis of stress fracture was made. Patient data, associated pathologies, and risk factors were documented. Inclusion criteria: recent incorporation, same training, age between 16 and 23 years. Trauma, simulators, tumoral pathology, and cases with negative scintigraphy were excluded. Results: We studied 42 stress fractures in 34 patients, 14 were men and 20 were women. The average age was 20 years. There were no significant differences in the number of injuries regarding the affected limb. 64.7% had associated pathologies, 73% in women and 27 % in men. Among the women with stress fractures, 80% had associated pathologies, compared to 43% for men. Different pathologies were found with lower limb varus and valgus imbalances. Varus was the most associated with fractures. Conclusions: A high rate of associated pathologies was found in patients with tibial stress fractures with a predominance of lower limb varus imbalances. Associated pathologies were more likely to be found in women with stress fractures than in men. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Tibial Fractures , Fractures, Stress , Leg Injuries , Military Personnel
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1552156

ABSTRACT

La fijación elástica en las lesiones de la sindesmosis es un procedimiento que se realiza ampliamente y brinda buenos resultados. Presentamos un caso de una fractura de tibia como complicación de la fijación elástica de la sindesmosis, su tratamiento y una revisión bibliográfica en la cual no hemos encontrado reportes sobre esta complicación. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Elastic fixation in syndesmosis injuries is a widely performed procedure with good outcomes. We report a case of a tibial fracture as a complication of the elastic fixation of the syndesmosis, its treatment, and a literature review, in which we have not found reports of this complication. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures , Ankle Injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Ankle Joint
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 808-812, Sept.-Oct. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529944

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study reports a rare case of avulsion fracture of the tibial tuberosity in an adolescent. A 14-year-old male patient sprained his left knee during a soccer match. At the first emergency-room visit, he presented pain in his left knee, 2 +/4+ edema, and inability to walk and flex the affected knee, but no neurovascular changes or signs of compartment syndrome. Radiographs revealed a physeal fracture at the left proximal tibia, classified by Ogden, Tross and Murphy, and modified by Ryu and Debenham, as type IV, and complemented by Aerts et al. as type IV-B. Immobilization was performed with a plaster cast from the inguinal to malleolar regions, followed by analgesia. The patient was operated on the next day, when open reduction and internal fixation using 4.5-mm cannulated screws were performed. The patient was discharged one day after surgery, with plaster cast immobilization and load restraint for four weeks, and bone consolidation was radiologically confirmed three months after the procedure. The patient evolved with a range of motion similar to that of the contralateral limb, no length discrepancy in the lower limbs, and no complaints after one year of follow-up.


Resumo O presente estudo tem como objetivo relatar um caso raro de fratura por avulsão da tuberosidade da tíbia em adolescente. Um paciente de 14 anos, do sexo masculino, sofreu entorse de joelho esquerdo durante partida de futebol. No primeiro atendimento em pronto-socorro, ele apresentava dor no joelho esquerdo, edema 2 +/4 + , incapacidade de deambulação e de flexo-extensão do joelho acometido, sem alterações neurovasculares ou sinais de síndrome compartimental. Nas radiografias, identificou-se fratura fisária na tíbia proximal esquerda, classificada por Ogden, Tross e Murphy, com modificação por Ryu e Debenham, como tipo IV, e complementada por Aerts et al. como tipo IV-B. Foi realizada imobilização com tala gessada inguino-maleolar e analgesia, e o paciente submetido a cirurgia no dia seguinte, com redução aberta e fixação interna utilizando parafusos canulados 4,5 mm. O paciente recebeu alta no dia seguinte à cirurgia, sendo mantida a imobilização com tala gessada e a restrição de carga por quatro semanas, e apresentou consolidação óssea confirmada por radiografia com três meses do pós-operatório. O paciente evoluiu sem discrepância de comprimento dos membros inferiores, arco de movimento igual ao do membro contralateral, e sem queixas no seguimento de um ano.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tibial Fractures , Fractures, Avulsion , Knee Injuries
6.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 55(1): 74-80, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1513225

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas triplanares de tibia distal, son fracturas complejas caracterizadas por afectación multiplanar, clasificándose como Salter Harris tipo IV, en el periodo de cierre fisiario. Son poco frecuentes, representando el 5-15% de las fracturas pediátricas. El mecanismo de lesión que ocurre con mayor frecuencia, consiste en supinación y rotación externa. La tomografía computarizada es actualmente el Gold Standard para el diagnóstico de este tipo de fractura, nos permite evaluar todos los planos, siendo la radiografía simple insuficiente para el diagnóstico ya que puede pasar desapercibida. Paciente de 14 años de edad con fractura triplanar en 2 partes de tibia distal, con resolución quirúrgica. Nuestro caso es un ejemplo de una fractura triplanar de tibia distal, la cual es de baja frecuencia, difícil diagnostico e interpretación. Presentamos imágenes preoperatorias, intraoperatorias y postoperatorias del manejo de esta lesión, obteniendo resultados satisfactorios clínicos, funcionales y en estudios de imágenes. Es indispensable lograr una reducción anatómica de la superficie articular para lograr una evolución satisfactoria. Se recomienda una tomografía computarizada para diagnosticar y manejar esta lesión de manera adecuada. El seguimiento postoperatorio es crucial para el manejo de este paciente, ya que se espera una discrepancia en la longitud de las extremidades y/o deformidad(AU)


Triplane fractures of the distal tibia are complex fractures characterized by multiplane effects. They are classified in the Salter-Harris system as type IV in the period of physeal closure. These fractures are rare and represent 5-15% of pediatric fractures. The most common mechanism of injury is supination and external rotation. Computed tomography is currently the Gold Standard for the diagnosis of this type of fracture since it allows us to evaluate all planes, while plain radiography is insufficient because the fracture can go unnoticed. The objective is to report the clinical case of a 14-year-old patient with triplanar fracture in 2 parts of the distal tibia with surgical resolution. This case is an example of a triplanar fracture of the distal tibia, which is of low frequency, and difficult to diagnose and interpret. Preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative images of the management of this lesion are presented, obtaining satisfactory clinical, functional and imaging study results. It is essential to achieve an anatomical reduction of the joint surface to achieve a satisfactory evolution. A CT scan is recommended to properly diagnose and manage this injury. Postoperative follow-up is crucial for the management of this patient, as a limb length discrepancy and/or deformity is expected(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Rotation , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Supination
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 313-319, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449792

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To describe a series of cases of tibial fractures surgically treated using the posterior approach as described by Carlson, focusing on evaluating its functional results and complication rate. Methods Eleven patients with tibial plateau fractures, who underwent surgical treatment using the Carlson approach from July to December 2019, were followed-up. The minimum follow-up period was defined as 6 months. The American Knee Society Score (AKSS), American Knee Society Score/Function (AKSS/Function) and the Lysholm score were used to check treatment results at 6 months after the fracture. The patients underwent standard anteroposterior and lateral radiographs to assess fracture healing, and clinical healing was determined by the absence of pain during full weight-bearing. Results The mean follow-up period was 12 months (9-16 months). The primary mechanism of trauma was motorcycle accident, and the most prevalent side of fracture was the right side. Eight participants were male. The mean age of the patients was 28 years. All fractures healed, and none of the patients presented complications. The AKSS was excellent in 11 patients, with a mean AKSS/Function of 99.1±3, and Lysholm scores with a median of 95.0±5.6. Conclusions The Carlson approach for posterior fractures of the tibial plateau can be considered safe, presenting a low complication rate and satisfactory functional results.


Resumo Objetivos O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever uma série de casos de fraturas de tíbia submetidas ao tratamento cirúrgico pela via posterior de Carlson para avaliação de resultados funcionais e frequência de complicações. Métodos Onze pacientes com fraturas do platô tibial foram submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico pela via de Carlson de julho a dezembro de 2019 e acompanhados por um período mínimo de 6 meses. As pontuações American Knee Society Score (AKSS), American Knee Society Score/Function (AKSS/Função) e de Lysholm verificaram os resultados do tratamento 6 meses após a fratura. Os pacientes foram submetidos a radiografias comuns em incidência anteroposterior e de perfil para avaliação da consolidação da fratura e a cicatrização clínica foi determinada pela ausência de dor à descarga total de peso. Resultados O período médio de acompanhamento foi de 12 meses (9 a 16 meses). O principal mecanismo de trauma foi acidente motociclístico e a fratura foi mais prevalente no lado direito. Oito pacientes eram do sexo masculino. A média de idade dos pacientes foi de 28 anos. Todas as fraturas cicatrizaram e nenhum paciente apresentou complicações. A AKSS foi excelente em 11 pacientes, com AKSS/Função média de 99,1 ±3, e a mediana das pontuações de Lysholm foi de 95,0 ±5,6. Conclusões Nas fraturas posteriores do platô tibial, a abordagem de Carlson pode ser considerada segura, apresentando baixo índice de complicações e resultados funcionais satisfatórios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Tibial Fractures/complications
8.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 106-110, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970982

ABSTRACT

A cruciate ligament avulsion is a much less common form of injury than a cruciate ligament tear. Simultaneous tibial avulsion fractures of both cruciate ligaments occur even more rarely. Over the last decades, many studies have described arthroscopic fixation of acute cruciate tibial avulsion fractures, but arthroscopic treatment in a late presenting patient has not been reported in the literature. This case report presents a 32-year-old female with a chronic tibial avulsion fracture of both anterior cruciate ligament and posterior cruciate ligament. Simultaneous fixation of both fractures was performed arthroscopically at week four post-injury. At one year of follow-up, the patient had demonstrated full knee range of motion and stable knee with no complaints, and achieved excellent clinical outcomes. Radiographs showed union of both fractures, and the patient had resumed high-impact exercises.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Arthroscopy , Knee Joint/surgery , Tibia/surgery , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome
9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 662-668, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981752

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of a modified three-point bending fracture device for establishing a rabbit model of closed tibial fracture.@*METHODS@#The model of closed tibial fracture was established in 40 6-month-old male New Zealand white rabbits with a body weight of 2.5 to 3.0 kg, and the model was verified at 6 weeks after operation. Five rabbits underwent pre modeling without temporary external fixation before modeling, and then were fractured with a modified three-point bending fracture device;35 rabbits underwent formal modeling. Before modeling, needles were inserted, and splints were fixed externally, and then the fracture was performed with a modified three-point bending fracture device. The fracture model and healing process were evaluated by imaging and histopathology at 2 hours, 4 weeks, and 6 weeks after operation.@*RESULTS@#Two hours after modeling, the prefabricated module showed oblique fracture in varying degrees and the broken end shifted significantly;Except for 1 comminuted fracture, 2 curved butterfly fractures and 2 without obvious fracture line, the rest were simple transverse and oblique fractures without obvious displacement in formal modeling group. According to the judgment criteria, the success rate of the model was 85.71%. Four weeks after modeling, the fixed needle and splint of the experimental rabbits were in good position, the fracture alignment was good, the fracture line was blurred, many continuous callus growths could be seen around the fracture end, and the callus density was high. Six weeks after modeling, many thick new bone trabeculae at the fracture, marginal osteoblasts attached, and a small number of macrophages were seen under the microscope. The intramembrane osteogenesis area was in the preparation bone stage, the medullary cavity at the fracture had been partially reopened, the callus was in the absorption plastic stage, and many osteoclasts were visible. The X-ray showed that the fracture line almost disappeared, part of the medullary cavity had been opened, the external callus was reduced around, the callus was in the plastic stage, and the bone cortex was continuous. It suggests that the fracture model showed secondary healing.@*CONCLUSION@#The improved three-point bending fracture device can establish a stable rabbit model of closed tibial fracture, and the operation is simple, which meets the requirements of closed fracture model in basic research related to fracture healing.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Male , Animals , Bony Callus , Fracture Healing , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Osteogenesis , Radiography
10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 570-573, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981734

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a reduction device for the arthroscopy-assisted treatment of tibial plateau fracture and explore its clinical efficacy.@*METHODS@#From May 2018 to September 2019, 21 patients with tibial plateau fracture were treated, including 17 males and 4 females. Their ages ranged from 18 to 55 years old with an average of (38.6±8.7) years old. There were 5 cases of Schatzker typeⅡand 16 cases of Schatzker type Ⅲ. The self-designed reductor combined with arthroscope was used for auxiliary reduction and fixation(minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis). The efficacy was analyzed by observing the operation time, blood loss, fracture healing time and knee function(HSS and IKDC scoring criteria).@*RESULTS@#All the 21 patients were followed up for 8 to 24 with an average of(14.0±3.1) months. The operative time ranged from 70 to 95 min with an average of(81.7±7.6)min, incision length ranged from 4 to 7 cm with an average of(5.3±0.9) cm, intraoperative blood loss ranged from 20 to 50 ml with an average of(35.3±5.2) ml, postoperative weight-bearing time ranged from 30 to 50 d with an average of(35.1±9.2) d, fracture healing time ranged from 65 to 90 d with an average of(75.0±4.4) d, and complications were 0 cases, respectively. The fracture was well healed and no screw plate fracture was observed. The knee function scores of HSS and IKDC 18 months after operation were significantly higher than those before operation(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The custom-made reduction tool for the arthroscopic management of tibial plateau fracture is reasonable in design and simple in operation. The specific reduction tool could effectively reduce the fracture, and shorten the fixation time with minimally invasive procedure.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Tibial Plateau Fractures , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Treatment Outcome , Bone Plates , Retrospective Studies
11.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 308-312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981688

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore treatment strategy for complex Schatzker Ⅳ tibial plateau fracture.@*METHODS@#Forty-one patients with complex Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fractures were treated from January 2016 to January 2021, including 28 males and 13 females, aged from 19 to 65 years old with an average of (35.3±19.8) years old. Individualized treatment plan was developed according to preoperative imaging characteristics, medial surgical approach was mainly combined with other auxiliary incisions. Posteromedial inverted L approach was used in 18 patients, posteromedial approach and anterolateral extended approach in 19 patients, and posteromedial approach with anterolateral and lateral condylar osteotomy in 4 patients. Articular surface and facture healing were observed, range of knee joint motion was measured at 12 months after opertaion, and function of knee joint was evaluated by Lysholm scoring system.@*RESULTS@#Forty-one patients were followed up for 12 to 26 months with an average of (13.3±6.8) months. Twenty-nine patients and 10 patients were obtained complete fracture healing at 6 and 12 months after operation respectively, and fracture healing time was 4 to 13 months with an average of (5.0±3.7) months. Two patients occurred posterior medial internal fixation failure and varus deformity of knee joint, and the fracture healed and varus deformity was corrected after the second operation. Range of knee joint motion was (118±29) °, and Lysholm score was(83.0±16.0) points.@*CONCLUSION@#Individualized treatment should be reasonably selected for complex Schatzker Ⅳ tibial plateau fractures, the characteristics of lateral plateau fractures are an important reference for selecting surgical approaches, the effective fixation of posteromedial bone blocks should be pay full attention, and the overall treatment results are satisfied.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Adolescent , Tibial Plateau Fractures , Bone Plates , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Retrospective Studies
12.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 658-662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981648

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel for posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tibial insertion fractures in adults.@*METHODS@#Between October 2019 and October 2021, 16 patients with PCL tibial insertion fractures were treated with arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel. There were 11 males and 5 females with an average age of 41.1 years (range, 26-58 years). The fractures were caused by traffic accident in 12 cases and sports in 4 cases. The time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 10 days with an average of 6.0 days. The fractures were classified as Meyers-McKeever type Ⅱ in 4 cases and type Ⅲ in 9 cases, and Zaricznyi type Ⅳ in 3 cases. There were 2 cases of grade Ⅰ, 7 cases of grade Ⅱ, and 7 cases of grade Ⅲ in the posterior drawer test. There were 3 cases combined with lateral collateral ligament injury and 2 cases with meniscus injury. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Lysholm score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, and knee range of motion were used to evaluate knee joint function. The posterior drawer test and knee stability tester (Kneelax 3) were used to evaluate knee joint stability. The X-ray films were used to evaluate fracture reduction and healing.@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention after operation. There was no incision infection, popliteal neurovascular injury, or deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs. All patients were followed up 6-12 months, with an average of 10 months. X-ray films at 6 months after operation showed the fractures obtained bone union. There were 11 cases of grade 0, 4 cases of gradeⅠ, and 1 case of grade Ⅱin posterior drawer test, showing significant difference when compared with preoperative results ( Z=23.167, P<0.001). The VAS score, Lysholm score, IKDC score, knee range of motion, and the results of Kneelax3 examination all significantly improved when compared with preoperative results ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For adult patients with PCL tibial insertion fractures, the arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel has the advantages of minimal trauma, good fracture reduction, reliable fixation, and fewer complications. The patient's knee joint function recovers well.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Knee Joint/surgery , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/injuries , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 572-577, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981634

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effectiveness of open reduction of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) avulsion fracture at tibial insertion of knee joint with absorbable screws fixation and absorbable screw combined with suture anchor fixation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 26 patients with PCL avulsion fracture at tibial insertion who met the selection criteria between March 2015 and October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 14 patients were fixed with simple absorbable screw (group A), and 12 patients were fixed with absorbable screw combined with suture anchors (group B). All patients were confirmed by X-ray film, CT, or MRI preoperatively, and got positive results in preoperative posterior drawer tests. There was no significant difference in gender, age, side of affected limb, time from injury to operation, comorbidities, and preoperative Meyers & McKeever classification, Lysholm score, and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time and postoperative complications were recorded and compared between the two groups. At last follow-up, Lysholm score and IKDC score were used to evaluate the improvement of knee function.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in operation time between the two groups ( P>0.05). All incisions healed by first intention, and no complication such as vascular and nerve injury or venous thrombosis occurred. All 26 patients were followed up 9-89 months, with an average of 55.3 months. The follow-up time of group A and group B was (55.7±23.2) and (56.8±29.3) months, respectively, with no significant difference ( t=-0.106, P=0.916). Radiographs showed bone healing in both groups at 3 months after operation, and no complication such as infection and traumatic arthritis occurred. At last follow-up, the posterior drawer test was negative in both groups, and the Lysholm score and IKDC score significantly improved when compared with the pre-operative values ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the improvement value between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For PCL avulsion fracture at tibial insertion of the knee joint, the open reduction and absorbable screw combined with suture anchor fixation can achieve reliable fracture reduction and fixation, which is conducive to the early rehabilitation and functional exercise, and the postoperative functional recovery of the knee joint is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/injuries , Suture Anchors , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Knee Joint/surgery , Bone Screws , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 410-416, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981607

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of osteotomy of non-core weight-bearing area of the lateral tibial plateau, reduction, and internal fixation in the treatment of tibial plateau fractures involving posterolateral column collapse.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 23 patients with tibial plateau fractures involving posterolateral column collapse, who had undergone osteotomy of non-core weight-bearing area of the lateral tibial plateau, reduction, and internal fixation between January 2015 and June 2021, was retrospectively analyzed. There were 14 males and 9 females with an average age of 42.6 years ranging from 26 to 62 years. The causes of injury included traffic accident in 16 cases, falling from height in 5 cases, and other injuries in 2 cases. According to Schatzker classification, there were 15 cases of type Ⅴ and 8 cases of type Ⅵ. The time from injury to operation was 4-8 days with an average of 5.9 days. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture healing time, and complications were recorded. The depth of articular surface collapse of posterolateral column and posterior inclination angle (PSA) of the tibial plateau were compared before operation and at 2 days and 6 months after operation; fracture reduction of tibial plateau fracture was evaluated by Rasmussen anatomic score. The recovery of knee function was evaluated by Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score at 2 days and 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All 23 patients were completed the operation successfully. The operation time was 120-195 minutes, with an average of 152.8 minutes; the intraoperative blood loss was 50-175 mL, with an average of 109.5 mL. All patients were followed up 12-24 months, with an average of 16.7 months. One patient had superficial wound infection after operation, and the incision healed after dressing change; primary healing of incision of other patients was obtained. The fracture healing time was 12-18 weeks, with an average of 13.7 weeks. No failure of internal fixation, varus and valgus deformity of the knee joint, and instability of the knee joint was found at last follow-up. One patient developed joint stiffness and the range of motion of the knee joint was 10°-100°; the range of motion of the knee joint of other patients was 0°-125°. At 2 days and 6 months after operation, the depth of articular surface collapse of posterolateral column, PSA, and Rasmussen anatomic scores significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two postoperative time points ( P>0.05). The HSS score at 6 months after operation was significantly higher than that at 2 days after operation ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For tibial plateau fractures involving posterolateral column collapse, reduction and internal fixation through osteotomy of non-core weight-bearing area of the lateral tibial plateau has the advantages of fully expose the posterolateral column fragment, good articular surface reduction, sufficient bone grafting, and fewer postoperative complications. It is beneficial to restore knee joint function and can be widely used in clinic.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Tibial Plateau Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Bone Plates , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Knee Joint , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Osteotomy , Weight-Bearing
15.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 334-338, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009486

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Electric scooters (e-scooters) have become an increasingly popular mode of public transportation in recent years. As the incidence of related injuries rises, it is important to understand specific fracture patterns unique to e-scooters and electric bikes (e-bikes) to help guide management. The purpose of this study was to review the prevalence and describe specific fracture patterns of e-scooter and e-bike related injuries at the busiest level 1 trauma center in the borough of Manhattan.@*METHODS@#Chart review to determine mechanism of injury was performed on all patients for whom an orthopedic consult was requested from 1/1/2021 to 12/31/2021. All patients whose injuries were sustained due to an e-scooter or e-bike were further reviewed for demographics, injury characteristics including fracture pattern, and definitive injury management. Any patients who had an orthopedic consult placed for a reason other than an acute injury were excluded. Descriptive statistics are reported as frequency (percentage) for categorical variables and means for continuous variables.@*RESULTS@#Of the 1815 orthopedic consults requested, 1357 (74.8%) were for acute injury management. Of those with acute injuries, 119 (8.8%) sustained 136 e-scooter or e-bike related injuries. There were 92 (77.3%) males at an average age of (33.8 ± 15.7) years. Approximately one-fifth of all patients presented in June 2021 (26, 21.8%). There was a 9.2% rate of open fractures. The 136 injuries were evenly split between the upper and lower extremities, with 57 (47.9%) upper extremity, 57 (47.9%) lower extremity injuries, and 5 (4.2%) concomitant upper and lower extremity injuries. The most common fracture patterns were ankle fractures (16, 11.7%), followed by tibial shaft (14, 10.2%), tibial plateau (13, 9.5%), and radial head fractures (11, 8.0%). There was a 33.3% incidence of associated posterior malleolar fractures in the spiral tibial shaft fractures, 31.0% of posterior malleolar involvement and 18.8% of isolated vertical medial malleolar fractures in the ankle fractures, and 61.5% of posterior comminution in the tibial plateau fractures.@*CONCLUSION@#E-scooter and e-bike related injuries have a high incidence of tibial shaft fractures, ankle fractures, tibial plateau fractures, and radial head fractures. There should be a high index of suspicion for posterior and medial involvement in lower extremity fractures sustained due to e-scooter or e-bikes. Identifying specific fracture patterns seen in e-scooter and e-bike related mechanisms will help guide management of these injuries.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Female , Ankle Fractures , Trauma Centers , Incidence , Radial Head and Neck Fractures , Tibial Plateau Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures/complications , Radius Fractures
16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1191-1195, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009210

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of attaching locking plate with bone grafting based on retaining the original intramedullary nail in treating non-union after intramedullary nail fixation of long shaft fractures of lower limbs.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted on 20 patients treated with non-union fractures after intramedullary nailing of long shaft fractures of lower limbs from June 2015 to June 2020. All patients were treated with the original intramedullary nailing and bone grafting from the iliac bone, and were underwent open reduction plate internal fixation and bone grafting for old fractures. Among them, 14 were males and 6 were females, aged from 35 to 56 years old with an average of (42.2±9.6) years old. Nine patients were femoral shaft fracture and 11 patients were tibial shaft fracture. According to characteristics of fracture end nonunion, 6 patients were stable/atrophic, 9 patients were unstable/large, and 5 patients were unstable/atrophic. The nonunion time ranged from 8 to 12 months with an average of(9.8±2.0) months after the initial surgery. Visual analogue scale (VAS), knee range of motion, bone healing time, complications and fracture-end healing were recorded before and at the latest follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 18 to 48 months with an average of (36.3±10.5) months. The incision of all patients were healed at stageⅠwithout complications such as infection or internal fixation ruptur. Healing time of femur and tibia was (8.5±2.6) months and (9.5±2.2) months. Knee joint motion increased from preoperative (101.05±8.98) ° to postoperative (139.35±8.78) ° at the latest follow-up (t=-12.845, P<0.001). VAS decreased from preoperative (5.15±1.72) to postoperative (0.75±0.96) at the latest follow-up (t=11.186, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of retaining the original intramedullary nail, the addition of locking plate internal fixation and autogenous iliac bone grafting have advantages of simple operation, less trauma, fewer complications and high fracture healing rate. It is one of the effective surgical schemes for the treatment of nonunion after intramedullary nail fixation of long bone fracture of lower extremity.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Bone Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Femoral Fractures/complications , Lower Extremity , Fractures, Ununited/surgery , Fracture Healing , Tibial Fractures/complications , Bone Nails , Treatment Outcome
17.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1169-1176, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009206

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore effects of isopsoralen (ISO) with different doses on fracture and vascular healing in mice.@*METHODS@#Sixty 2-month-old male C57BL/6 mices with body mass of (20±2) g were selected and divided into 4 groups by random number table method:model group (model), low dose group (isopsoralen-low dose, ISO-L), medium dose group (isopsoralen-medium dose, ISO-M) and high dose group (isopsoralen-high dose, ISO-H), with 15 animals in each group. The right tibial fracture model was established. After operation, ISO-L group, ISO-M group and ISO-H group were given ISO concentration of 10 mg·kg-1, 20 mg·kg-1 and 40 mg·kg-1, respectively. Model group was given same volume of normal saline once a day for 28 days. Weighed once a week. X-ray was performed on 7, 14, 21 and 28 days, respectively, and modified I.R. Garrett scoring method was used to evaluate callus growth. After 28 days, the main organs were stripped and weighed, and organ coefficients were calculated. Hematoxylin eosin staining (HE staining) was performed on the organs to observe whether there were pathological structural changes. Micro-computed tomography (Micro-CT) was used to scan fracture area and conduct three-dimensional reconstruction to obtain the effect map, and quantify bone volume fraction (bone volume/total volume, BV/TV). After decalcification, the tibia was embedded in paraffin wax and sectioned. The healing and shape of fracture end were observed by HE staining and ferruxin solid green staining. The right tibia was removed and decalcified after intravascular infusion of Microfil contrast agent. Micro-CT was used to scan the callus microvessels in the fracture area, and the vascular volume fraction and vessel diameter were quantified.@*RESULTS@#After 28 days of administration, there was no significant difference in body mass and organ coefficient among all groups (P>0.05), and no significant pathological changes were found in HE staining of organs. The results of X-ray and improved I.R. Garrett score showed that ISO-M group was higher than that of Model group at 28 days (P<0.05). Scores of ISO-H group at 14, 21 and 28 days were higher than those of the other 3 groups (P<0.05). Micro-CT results showed intracavitary callus in ISO-M group was significantly reduced, which was lower than that in Model group (P<0.05), most of the callus in ISO-H group were subsided, and BV/TV in ISO-H group was lower than that in the other 3 groups (P<0.05). The results of HE staining and ferrubens solid green staining showed fracture area of ISO-H group was closed, continuous laminar bone had appeared, and the fracture healing process was higher than that of other groups. Angiographic results showed vascular volume fraction in ISO-H and ISO-M groups was higher than that in Model and ISO-L groups (P<0.05), and the vascular diameter in ISO-H and ISO-M groups was higher than that in Model and ISO-L groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In the concentration range of 10-40 mg·kg-1, ISO has no obvious toxic and side effects, and could improve bone microstructure, promote formation of callus microvessels, and accelerate healing of fracture ends in a concentration-dependent manner.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , X-Ray Microtomography , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Bony Callus , Fracture Healing , Tibial Fractures/surgery
18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1100-1106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009193

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of intramedullary nail fixation (IMN) and minimally invasive percutaneous plate internal fixation (MIPPO) techniques on tibiofibular fractures and their effect on platelet activation and serum transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2).@*METHODS@#Total of 105 patients with tibiofibular fractures from February 2019 to February 2020 were selected and divided into 53 cases in the MIPPO group and 52 cases in the IMN group. There were 29 males and 24 females with an average age of (41.74±6.05) years old in MIPPO group;in IMN group, 31 males and 21 females with an average age of (40.59±5.26) years old. The perioperative surgical indexes, postoperative complications, ankle function recovery at 12 months postoperatively, platelet activation indexes at 3 and 7 days preoperatively and postoperatively, and serum TGF-β1 and BMP-2 levels at 4 and 8 weeks preoperatively and postoperatively were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The operating time and fracture healing time in the MIPPO group were shorter than those in the IMN group(P<0.05); Compared with the preoperative period, the levels of GMP-140, PAC-1, CD63, and CD61 increased in both groups at 3 and 7 days after surgery, but were lower in the MIPPO group than in the IMN group(P<0.05);the levels of serum TGF-β1 and BMP-2 increased in both groups at 4 and 8 weeks after surgery compared with the preoperative period, and the postoperative complication rate in the MIPPO group was lower than that in the IMN group(P<0.05);the difference was not statistically significant in the excellent rate of ankle function recovery at 12 months follow-up after surgery between two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both intramedullary nail fixation and MIPO technique for treatment of tibia and fibula fractures can improve ankle joint function, but the latter has the advantages of short operation time, fast fracture healing, fewer complications, and light platelet activation. Serum TGF-β1, BMP-2 level improves quickly.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Tibia/injuries , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Plates , Fracture Healing , Postoperative Complications , Fractures, Multiple , Treatment Outcome , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 815-820, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009142

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy between closed reduction combined with semi-circular external fixator and minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) in the treatment of middle anddistal tibia fractures.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of sixty patients with middle and distal tibia fractures admitted between January 2019 and November 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were categorized into external fixation group (n=30) and internal fixation group (n=30). There were 18 males and 12 females in the external fixation group, with an average age of (49.29±2.35) years old. Among them, 14 patients presented with fractures on the left side, and 16 patients presented with fractures on the right side. Closed reduction, arched wire, and semi-circular external fixator were used for treatment. There were 20 males and 10 females in the internal fixation group, with an average age of (48.96±1.87) years old. Among them, 15 patients presented with fractures on the left side, and 15 patients presented with fractures on the right side. MIPPO technique was used for the treatment. Perioperative parameters, including time injury to surgery, surgical duration, incision length, intraoperative bleeding, time to active activity, and incision healing level, were compared between the two groups. Clinical outcomes were also assessed, including Johner-Wruhs scores, time to minimum pain-adapted full weight-bearing, visual analog scale (VAS), SF-36 scale, and complications.@*RESULTS@#The external fixation group exhibited a significantly shorter incision length (1.36±0.86) cm and lower intraoperative bleeding (10.83±5.73) ml compared to the internal fixation group (12.74±3.12) cm and (86.47±8.90) ml, respectively(P<0.05). The postoperative active activity time (1.50±0.54) days and minimum pain-adapted full weight-bearing activity time(108.87±3.43) days in the external fixation group were slightly delayed than the internal fixation group(1.15±0.98) days and (105.27±3.68) days, respectively(P<0.05). Over a mean postoperative follow-up duration of (6.23±1.89) months, both groups showed improved VAS and SF-36 scale scores. There were no statistically significant differences in VAS and SF-36 scale scores 1, 3, 6 months post-operatively between the two groups(P>0.05). The intraoperative surgical time in the external fixation group (35.42±9.31) minutes was shorter than that in the internal fixation group(74.22±7.81) minutes (P<0.05). There was no intraoperative vascular or nerve injury, nor postoperative skin necrosis in the external fixation group. However, skin necrosis was observed in 6 patientsin the internal fixation group, representing a statistically significant difference (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both external fixation and plate internal fixation are effective methods for the treatment of middle and distal tibia fractures. External fixation exhibits the advantage of less surgical trauma and a lower incidence of complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tibia , Treatment Outcome , Ankle Fractures , Tibial Fractures/surgery , External Fixators , Pain , Necrosis
20.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1477-1481, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term effectiveness of ultrasound-guided closed reduction by Kirschner wire provocation technique in the treatment of Salter-Harris types Ⅰ and Ⅱ periosteal entrapment of distal tibial epiphyseal fractures in children and adolescents.@*METHODS@#Between May 2019 and May 2022, 41 patients with Salter Harris types Ⅰ and Ⅱ distal tibial epiphyseal fractures were admitted, all of whom had periosteal entrapment on preoperative MRI, and 38 cases (92.7%) were confirmed to have periosteal entrapment by intraoperative ultrasound. There were 24 males and 14 females, the age ranged from 6.8 to 15.7 years, with an average of 10.7 years; and there were 20 cases of Salter Harris type Ⅰ and 18 cases of type Ⅱ. The time from injury to operation was 22-76 hours, with an average of 28.4 hours. The preoperative imaging examination showed excellent alignment in 4 cases, good in 20 cases, and poor in 14 cases. The ultrasound guided Kirschner wire provocation technique for closed reduction and percutaneous Kirschner wire internal fixation were performed. The operation time, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, fracture healing time, and complications were recorded. Anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films of the affected ankle joint were taken before operation, at 3 months after operation, and at last follow-up to observe the healing of the fracture, and anteroposterior X-ray films of the whole length of both lower limbs were taken to evaluate the alignment of the force lines of the affected limbs. The range of motion (ROM), visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score were used to evaluate ankle function. The mechanical lateral distal tibia angle (mLDTA) and the anatomic anterior distal tibia angle (aADTA) were measured.@*RESULTS@#The operation time ranged from 17 to 52 minutes, with an average of 22.6 minutes, and the intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency ranged from 3 to 11 times, with an average of 4.2 times. X-ray examination during operation and at 2 days after operation showed that anatomical reduction was achieved. All patients were followed up 10-24 months, with an average of 16.4 months. All fractures healed in 6.1-7.2 weeks, with an average of 6.3 weeks; no fracture displacement occurred, and the patients recovered to their pre-injury level of motion at 6 months after operation. Needle tail irritation occurred in 2 cases at 4 weeks after operation, and they recovered after symptomatic treatment. During the follow-up, there was no serious complication such as incision deep infection, bone nonunion, delayed union, and malunion. At last follow-up, the patients' alignment were all excellent, and the difference was significant when compared with preoperative one ( Z=-7.471, P<0.001). The VAS score, AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score, dorsiflexion-plantar flexion ROM, varus-valgus ROM, mLDTA, and aADTA significantly improved at 3 months after operation and last follow-up when compared with preoperative ones ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ultrasound-guided closed reduction by Kirschner wire provocation technique for treating Salter-Harris types Ⅰ and Ⅱ periosteal entrapment of distal tibial epiphyseal fractures in children and adolescents is minimally invasive and safe.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Adolescent , Tibia , Bone Wires , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures/surgery
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