Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 232
Filter
1.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(1): 33-38, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1369638

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La avulsión de la tuberosidad anterior de la tibia representa <1% de las lesiones fisarias en la población pediátrica, mientras que las rupturas del tendón patelar son aun más infrecuentes. A su vez, la combinación de ambas es una lesión rara con escasos reportes en la bibliografía. Caso: se reporta el caso de un paciente de quince años con fisis abiertas, con una lesión combinada del aparato extensor. Se detalla su resolución quirúrgica y manejo postoperatorio sobre la base de la bibliografía actual. Discusión: existe escasa información precisa sobre la incidencia, diagnóstico y pronóstico de esta lesión. En trabajos recientes se describe un aumento en su incidencia y se propone una nueva clasificación que permita un mejor manejo de esta grave lesión en forma temprana. Conclusión: Las lesiones combinadas del aparato extensor están en aumento en la población esqueléticamente inmadura por la mayor participación en deportes competitivos a edades cada vez más tempranas. Actualmente no existe consenso en su diagnóstico. Se propone la resonancia nuclear magnética como método de elección por detectar lesiones asociadas y permitir planificar la estrategia quirúrgica.


Introduction: Avulsion of the anterior tuberosity of the tibia represents <1% of physeal injuries in the pediatric population, while patellar tendon ruptures are even more infrequent. In turn, the combination of both is a rare lesion with few reports in the bibliography. Case: the case of a 15-year-old patient with open physis, with a combined lesion of the extensor mechanism is reported. Its surgical resolution and postoperative management are detailed based on the current bibliography. Discussion: there is little precise information on the incidence, diagnosis and prognosis of this lesion. Recent works describe an increase in its incidence and propose a new classification that allows better management of this serious injury early. Conclusion: combined extensor mechanism injuries are increasing in the skeletally immature population due to greater participation in competitive sports at increasingly younger ages. Currently there is no consensus on its diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging is proposed as the method of choice because it detects associated lesions and allows planning the surgical strategy


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Athletic Injuries , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Knee Injuries
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367128

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas diafisarias y distales de tibia son lesiones frecuentes en personas jóvenes que sufren un trauma de alta energía y en ancianos por un trauma de baja energía. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el tiempo quirúrgico, el uso de radioscopia, la evaluación funcional y el dolor en el tratamiento de fracturas diafisarias y distales de tibia mediante una técnica suprarrotuliana y una infrarrotuliana. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo entre marzo de 2018 y octubre de 2019. La información de los pacientes se obtuvo de la historia clínica electrónica. Se incluyó a pacientes con fracturas diafisarias y distales de tibia. Se estudiaron y compararon los tiempos de radioscopia y de cirugía. El dolor posoperatorio se evaluó mediante la escala analógica visual y la función, con el puntaje de Lysholm. Resultados:Ochenta pacientes cumplían con los criterios de inclusión. Sus datos sociodemográficos fueron pareados en dos grupos similares. Treinta y seis pacientes fueron tratados con la técnica infrarrotuliana y 44, con la técnica suprarrotuliana. Se obtuvieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el tiempo de cirugía, el tiempo de radioscopia y en el puntaje de la escala analógica visual para dolor al año. Conclusiones: Los resultados mostraron un menor tiempo de cirugía y de radioscopia, y mejores resultados en la escala analógica visual para dolor con la técnica suprarrotuliana para el tratamiento de las fracturas mediodiafisarias y distales de tibia. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: Fractures of the medial and distal tibial segment often occur in young patients with high-energy trauma and older patients with low-energy trauma. The objective of this study is to compare the time of surgery, time of use of fluoroscopy, functional outcomes, and postoperative pain in patients treated with the suprapatellar vs. infrapatellar technique for tibial nailing. materials and methods: We carried out a retrospective study between March 2018 and October 2019. All the data was collected from the electronic clinical record (ECR). We included patients with diaphyseal and distal tibial fractures. The variables analyzed were: fluoroscopy and surgery time, pain evaluation, and functional outcomes of the patients using the Lysholm score. Results: 80 patients met all the inclusion criteria. Sociodemographic data were divided into 2 similar groups. The suprapatellar approach was used in 44 patients and the infrapatellar in 36 of them. A statistical difference was obtained in the analysis for the time of surgery, use of fluoroscopy, and pain evaluation in favor of the suprapatellar technique. Conclusions: The results of our study showed shorter surgery and fluoroscopy times with the use of the suprapatellar technique compared with the infrapatellar technique. The suprapatellar technique also yielded better pain results in the visual analog scale. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Pain, Postoperative , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Pain Measurement , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367129

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas de tibia representan aproximadamente el 2% de las fracturas del adulto. El enclavado endomedular es hoy el procedimiento de elección para tratar fracturas diafisarias de tibia; sin embargo, esta técnica no está exenta de complicaciones, la desalineación en el plano coronal es una de las más frecuentes y temidas por los cirujanos. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la relación entre el punto de entrada del clavo y la desalineación en el plano coronal después de la cirugía. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, observacional, entre enero de 2015 y enero de 2019, de pacientes con fracturas diafisarias de tibia, tratadas con clavo endomedular. Se obtuvieron radiografías en el posquirúrgico inmediato y luego cada dos meses, se tuvo en cuenta la radiografía del octavo mes, en la que se observaban signos francos de consolidación ósea, para valorar la alineación tibial. Resultados:Cuando el punto de entrada del clavo fue central, hubo apenas un 0,021 de posibilidades (o 2,1%) de alguna desalineación significativa en el posquirúrgico inmediato y luego de 8 meses. En cambio, cuando fue medial, las posibilidades de una tendencia al valgo fueron >0,85 (u 85%) ya al tomar la primera imagen, i.e., poscirugía; y cuando fue lateral, esta posibilidad se modifica y profundiza según el tiempo transcurrido hasta la imagen lograda en el paciente. Conclusión: Se observó una relación marcada y continua entre el punto de entrada del clavo endomedular y la alineación de la tibia después de la consolidación ósea. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Tibial fractures represent approximately 2% of adult fractures. Today, intramedullary nailing is the procedure of choice to treat diaphyseal fractures of the tibia; however, this technique is not exempt from complications, misalignment in the coronal plane is one of the most frequent and feared by surgeons. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between nail entry point and misalignment in the coronal plane after surgery. Materials and Methods: We carried out a retrospective, descriptive, observational study between January 2015 and January 2019 of patients with diaphyseal fractures of the tibia, treated with intramedullary nailing. Radiographs were obtained in the immediate postoperative period and then every two months. The eighth-month radiograph, in which clear signs of bone consolidation could be observed, was taken into account to assess tibial alignment. Results: When the nail entry point was central, there was only a 0.021 chance (or 2.1%) of any significant misalignment in the immediate postoperative period and after 8 months. In contrast, when it was medial, the chances of a valgus tendency were >0.85 (or 85%) already at the first image, i.e., post-surgery; and when it was lateral, this possibility was modified and deepenedaccording to the time elapsed until the image achieved in the patient. Conclusion: A marked and continuous relationship wasobserved between the entry point of the intramedullary nail and the alignment of the tibia after bone consolidation..Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Bone Malalignment , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Leg Injuries , Diaphyses
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367137

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se han publicado múltiples abordajes para el tratamiento de las fracturas que involucran las columnas posteriores de los platillos tibiales. Presentamos un abordaje anatómico intergemelar para tratar todas las fracturas con compromiso del componente posterior. Este procedimiento permite el acceso con visualización completa de toda la región posterior facilitando la reducción y colocación del material de osteosíntesis necesario para lograr la configuración más estable. Se describe el abordaje intergemelar posteromediano de acceso al platillo tibial descrito por nuestro equipo. Conclusiones:Consideramos que esta vía de abordaje representa una opción por tener en cuenta al tratar fracturas que afecten ambas columnas posteriores, alguna de ellas de manera aislada o la inserción tibial del ligamento cruzado posterior. Si bien las estructuras neurovasculares requieren atención constante durante el acto quirúrgico, la visión directa de ellas y su protección meticulosa, realizada por cirujanos experimentados, reduce al mínimo el riesgo de lesión y su manipulación no es una contraindicación para la elección de esta vía. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: There are multiple approaches described in the literature for the treatment of fractures that involve the posterior columns of the tibial plateau. We present an anatomical intergastrocnemius approach for the treatment of all fractures involving the posterior component. It allows access with complete visualization of the entire posterior region, facilitating the reduction and placement of the osteosynthesis material necessary to achieve the most stable configuration. surgical technique: We describe the posteromedial intergastrocnemius approach to access the tibial plateau performed by our team. Conclusion: We consider that this approach represents an option to consider when treating fractures that affect both posterior columns, some of them in isolation, or the tibial insertion of the PCL. Although the neurovascular structures require constant attention during the surgical procedure, their direct vision and their meticulous protection, performed by experienced surgeons, minimizes the risk of injury, and their manipulation is not a contraindication for using this approach. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Tibial Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Knee Injuries/surgery
5.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 8(2): e301, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1358052

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El objetivo del presente estudio es explorar y describir resultados y experiencias en el tratamiento de las fracturas de platillo tibial Schatzker1 I-IV con asistencia artroscópica para obtener reducción como parte de la técnica de fijación interna (ARIF). Metodología: Se realizó una búsqueda sistematizada en diferentes motores de búsqueda como Pubmed y Lilacs. Se buscó con la misma metodología por 2 revisores independientes utilizando términos MESH "Tibial Fracture", "Arthroscopic". Se incluyeron artículos publicados en los últimos 5 años (2014 a Setiembre 2020), que muestren resultados clínicos de los procedimientos, en inglés o español, en humanos y mayores de 18 años. Resultados: Siguiendo los criterios de inclusión se identificaron 114 títulos, y finalmente 9 artículos fueron incluidos en nuestra revisión sistematizada. De los 9 artículos revisados 5 corresponden a series de casos con un nivel de evidencia IV, 3 corresponden a estudios comparativos retrospectivos entre técnicas de reducción abierta y fijación interna (ORIF) y ARIF con nivel de evidencia III y un estudio corresponde a un nivel de evidencia I. Un total de 217 pacientes fueron intervenidos mediante ARIF en nuestra revisión, el tiempo promedio de seguimiento fue de 24.9 meses (12-90 m), en cuanto al tipo de fractura las más frecuentes fueron las fracturas de platillo tibial Schatzker II y III, la lesión asociada más frecuente fue la lesión meniscal seguida de la rotura del ligamento cruzado anterior. En cuanto al porcentaje total de resultados obtenidos independientemente de cada score utilizado, el 98% aproximadamente obtuvo resultados buenos o excelentes. El porcentaje de complicaciones operadas con asistencia artroscópica resultó ser aproximadamente del 6.5%, siendo la complicación más frecuente la trombosis venosa profunda con 6 casos. Conclusiones: De nuestra revisión podemos concluir que la asistencia artroscópica es útil en el tratamiento de las fracturas de platillo tibial Schatzker I-IV, siendo una técnica que provee resultados funcionales satisfactorios, sin incrementar el número de complicaciones y permite tratar lesiones asociadas en el mismo acto.


Objective: The objective of this study is to explore the experience and the results of Schatzker1 I-IV tibial plateau fractures internal fixation technique (ARIF) with arthroscopic assistance Methodology: A systematic review was carried out in different search engines such as Pubmed and Lilacs. The same methodology was applied by two independent reviewers using MESH terms "Tibial Fracture", "Arthroscopic". Articles published in the last 5 years (2014 to September 2020) were included, showing clinical results of the procedures, in English or Spanish, in humans and over 18 years of age. Results: Following the inclusion criteria, 114 titles were identified, and finally 9 articles were included in our systematic review. Of the 9 articles reviewed, 5 were case series (level of evidence IV), 3 retrospective comparative studies between open reduction and internal fixation techniques (ORIF) and ARIF with level of evidence III and one study was level of evidence I. A total of 217 patients underwent ARIF surgery in our review, the average follow-up time was 24.9 months (12-90 m), in terms of the type of fracture, the most frequent were Schatzker II tibial plateau fractures and III, the most frequent associated injury was meniscal injury followed by anterior cruciate ligament tear. Regarding the total percentage of results obtained independently of each score used, approximately 98% obtained good or excellent results. The percentage of complications with arthroscopic assistance turned out to be approximately 6.5%, the most frequent complication being deep vein thrombosis with 6 cases. Conclusions: From our review we can conclude that arthroscopic assistance is useful in the treatment of Schatzker I-IV tibial plateau fractures, since it provides satisfactory functional results, without increasing the number of complications and allows treating associated injuries simultaneously.


Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo é explorar e descrever os resultados e experiências no tratamento das fraturas do planalto tibial de Schatzker1 I-IV com auxílio artroscópico para obter redução como parte da técnica de fixação interna (ARIF). Metodologia: : Foi realizada uma busca sistemática em diferentes motores de busca, como Pubmed e Lilacs. Foi pesquisado com a mesma metodologia por 2 revisores independentes usando os termos do MESH "Tibial Fracture", "Arthroscopic". Foram incluídos artigos publicados nos últimos 5 anos (2014 a setembro de 2020), mostrando resultados clínicos dos procedimentos, em inglês ou espanhol, em humanos e maiores de 18 anos. Resultados: Seguindo os critérios de inclusão, 114 títulos foram identificados e, finalmente, 9 artigos foram incluídos em nossa revisão sistemática. Dos 9 artigos revisados, 5 correspondem a séries de casos com nível de evidência IV, 3 correspondem a estudos comparativos retrospectivos entre técnicas de redução aberta e fixação interna (ORIF) e ARIF com nível de evidência III e um estudo corresponde a nível de evidência . evidências I. Um total de 217 pacientes foram submetidos a ARIF em nossa revisão, o tempo médio de acompanhamento foi de 24,9 meses (12-90 m), em termos do tipo de fratura, as mais frequentes foram as fraturas do planalto tibial de Schatzker II e III , a lesão associada mais frequente foi a lesão meniscal seguida de ruptura do ligamento cruzado anterior. Em relação ao percentual total de resultados obtidos independentemente de cada escore utilizado, aproximadamente 98% obtiveram resultados bons ou excelentes. O percentual de complicações operadas com assistência artroscópica revelou-se em torno de 6,5%, sendo a complicação mais frequente a trombose venosa profunda com 6 casos. Conclusões: Da nossa revisão podemos concluir que a assistência artroscópica é útil no tratamento das fraturas do planalto tibial de Schatzker I-IV, sendo uma técnica que fornece resultados funcionais satisfatórios, sem aumentar o número de complicações e permite tratar lesões associadas no mesmo ato.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroscopy/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Arthroscopy/adverse effects , Tibial Fractures/classification
6.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1436-1444, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352123

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las fracturas expuestas de tibia han sido uno de los problemas más importantes para los sistemas de atención en salud pública. Se caracterizan por tres factores de riesgo fundamentales: daño óseo y tejidos blandos, gran posibilidad de contaminación y dificultades para el tratamiento conservador y quirúrgico, debido al daño óseo y de partes blandas asociados, que implica un alto índice de complicaciones. El tratamiento de estas fracturas es un tema ampliamente discutido en cuanto a la técnica quirúrgica a utilizar. Debido la pobre vascularización y poca cantidad de tejidos blandos que cubren la tibia, este hueso es muy vulnerable a la pseudoartrosis y a la infección. El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir la técnica quirúrgica de transportación ósea con fijador externo Ilizarov y evaluar el resultado en defectos óseos de tibia de más de 6 cm, secundario a pseudoartrosis infectada. Como resultado, el paciente evolucionó con una pseudoartrosis séptica de tibia derecha secundaria a fractura expuesta. El seguimiento fue de 18 meses, la pérdida ósea de 6 cm, la velocidad de distracción de 1 mm/día, el período de transportación de 95 días, y el tiempo con fijador de 198 días. Fue necesario realizar un nuevo proceder quirúrgico en el sitio de contacto, con vistas a reavivar los extremos óseos. La transportación ósea con fijador Ilizarov es válida para el tratamiento de la pérdida ósea en fracturas expuestas de tibia o pseudoartrosis séptica (AU).


ABSTRACT Exposed tibia fractures have been one of the most important problems for public health care systems. They are characterized by three main risk factors: bone and soft tissue damage, high possibilities of contamination and difficulties for the surgical and conservative treatment, due to the associated bone and soft tissues damage implying a high rate of complications. The treatment of these fractures is a widely discussed topic regarding the surgical technique to be used. Due to poor vascularization and little quantity of soft tissue covering tibia, this bone is highly vulnerable to pseudoarthritis and infection. The aim of this work was to describe the surgical technique of bone transport with Ilizarov external fixator and to evaluate the result in tibial bone defects of more than 6 cm, secondary to infected pseudoarthritis. As a result, the patient evolved with septic pseudoarthritis of right tibia secondary to exposed fracture. The follow up lasted 18 months; the bone loss was 6 cm; the distraction speed was 1 mm/day; the transportation period was 95 days and the time with fixator was 198 days. It was necessary to perform a new surgical procedure at the contact site to recuperate the bone ends. Bone transport with Ilizarov fixator is valid for the bone loss treatment in tibia exposed fractures or septic pseudo arthritis (AU).


Subject(s)
Male , Pseudarthrosis/epidemiology , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Pseudarthrosis/complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Tibial Fractures/diagnosis , Fractures, Open/surgery , Fractures, Open/diagnosis
7.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(1): e306, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289544

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas diafisiarias de la tibia son las que con mayor frecuencia encuentran los cirujanos ortopédicos en su práctica habitual. La fractura expuesta de tibia es una urgencia quirúrgica que requiere desbridamiento, lavado, reducción y estabilización de los fragmentos óseos lo antes posible, e inicio de la administración de antibióticos profilácticos. Objetivo: Caracterizar los pacientes con fractura expuesta de tibia grado II y IIIA, tratados mediante estabilización con clavo acerrojado intramedular, identificando mecanismo de producción, número de intervenciones quirúrgicas por paciente, así como las principales complicaciones encontradas. Método: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, ambispectivo y de corte transversal en pacientes con fractura abierta de tibia, tratados quirúrgicamente con clavo acerrojado intramedular. Resultados: La edad de los pacientes osciló entre 21 y 69 años. Predominó el sexo masculino (65,4 porciento), la mayor causa traumática fueron los accidentes en la vía pública (37 pacientes); predominaron las fracturas del tercio medio abiertas grado IIIA con estadía hospitalaria menor de 10 días, y complicaciones en la tercera parte de los pacientes. Conclusiones: Se observó mayor incidencia en pacientes masculinos en edades comprendidas entre 18 y 29 años por accidentes del tránsito. La localización habitual fue el tercio medio y más de la mitad fueron clasificadas como grado IIIA de la tipología de Gustilo y Anderson(AU)


Introduction: Diaphyseal fractures of the tibia are those most frequently treated by orthopedic surgeons in their common practice. The exposed fracture of the tibia is a surgical emergency that requires debridement, lavage, reduction and stabilization of the bone fragments as soon as possible, and initiation of the administration of prophylactic antibiotics. Objective: To characterize patients with grade II and IIIA exposed tibial fracture, treated by stabilization with an intramedullary nail, identifying production mechanism, number of surgical interventions per patient, as well as the main complications found. Method: An observational, descriptive, ambispective and cross-sectional study in patients with an open fracture of the tibia treated surgically with an intramedullary locking nail. Results: The age of the patients ranged between 21 and 69 years. Male sex predominated (65.4 percent), the major traumatic cause was accidents on public roads (37 patients); Grade IIIA open middle third fractures predominated with hospital stays of less than 10 days, and complications in a third of the patients. Conclusions: High incidence was observed in male patients between the ages of 18 and 29 due to traffic accidents. The usual location was the middle third and more than half were classified as grade IIIA of Gustilo and Anderson typology(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Tibial Fractures/diagnosis , Tibial Fractures/therapy , Tibial Fractures/diagnostic imaging
8.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3103-3119, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251929

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: las fracturas de pilón tibial son un desafío para el cirujano y actualmente existe controversia en cuanto a su tratamiento. Objetivo: evaluar los resultados del tratamiento aplicado. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, longitudinal, con el universo de estudio de todos los pacientes que fueron atendidos y tratados con fractura de pilón tibial desde el 1 de enero de 2015 al 31 de diciembre de 2016. Se seleccionó una muestra de 27 pacientes. Resultados: hubo un predominio del sexo masculino (78 %), y del grupo de edades de 40 a 49 años para ambos sexos (37 %). Prevalecieron las fracturas producidas por accidentes de tránsito, con 59 %. Las fracturas cerradas fueron las más representadas, con 78 %. El 67 % de los pacientes no presentaron lesiones asociadas y predominaron las fracturas tipo II en el 55 % del total. Se aplicó tratamiento quirúrgico a un 74 % y se logró la consolidación en un 78 % de los casos antes de las 16 semanas. Antes de las 20 semanas se le indicó el apoyo al 78 % de los casos. Se complicaron 13 pacientes, para un 48 % del total. A pesar de ello, como resultado final, fueron evaluados de excelente y bien el 63 % de los pacientes. Conclusiones: la fractura de pilón tibial constituye una lesión de muy difícil manejo para el cirujano traumatólogo de hoy (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: tibial pylon fractures are a challenge for the surgeon surgery and currently there is a controversy regarding their treatment. Objective: to assess the outcomes of the applied treatment. Materials and methods: an observational, descriptive, longitudinal study was carried out with the study universe of all the patients who were attended and treated with tibial pylon fracture from January 1st, 2015 to December 31st, 2016. A sample composed by 27 patients was chosen. Results: male sex (78 %) and both-sexes 40-49 age group (37 %) predominated. There was a predominance of fractures caused by traffic accidents with 59 %, being closed fractures the most represented ones, with 78 %. 67 % of the patients did not present associated injuries, being type II fractures predominant in 55 % of the total. 74 % of the cases underwent surgery, achieving consolidation in 78 % of the cases before 16 weeks. Before 20 weeks, 78 % of the cases were indicated to set on their foot, and 13 patients had complications, representing 48 % of the total. In spite of this, 63 % of the patients were evaluated as excellent and well as final outcome. Conclusions: the tibial pylon fracture is an injury of very difficult handling for the today's orthopedic surgeon (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patients , Tibial Fractures/therapy , Therapeutics/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Orthopedic Surgeons/standards , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
9.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 11-18, mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342590

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Realizar la evaluación clínica, imagenológica y funcional de pacientes con fracturas avulsivas tibiales del ligamento cruzado posterior (FTALCPs) fijadas con tornillos canulados con técnica abierta. MÉTODOS: Los pacientes con FTALCP operados entre 2010 y 2017 fueron revisados retrospectivamente. Criterios de inclusión: fracturas agudas, desplazadas, test de cajón posterior grado III, lesiones combinadas de rodilla, seguimiento > 12 meses. Se excluyeron pacientes > 65 años, con FTALCPs bilaterales, lesiones del ligamento cruzado posterior (LCP) intrasustancia, test de cajón posterior grados I-II, fracturas expuestas, lesiones neurovasculares, y seguimientos < 12 meses. Objetivo primario: medir la estabilidad clínica mediante test de cajón posterior y radiografía de estrés arrodillada comparativa. Objetivos secundarios: nvaluar la consolidación en radiografías, complicaciones y funcionalidad con las escalas de Lysholm y Tegner. Resultados Se incluyeron 20 pacientes, con edad media de 41 años (rango: 32 a 61 años). El seguimiento promedio fue de 33,9 meses (rango: 12 a 82 meses). La estabilidad clínica mejoró en 93% (cajón posterior postoperatorio grados 0 y I) de los pacientes. La radiografía de estrés arrodillada mostró una diferencia promedio de 2,6 mm (rango: 0,1 mm a 6,8 mm) de traslación posterior al comparar con el lado sano. Todas las fracturas consolidaron. Siete pacientes presentaron complicaciones. El puntaje promedio de la escala de Lysholm al final del seguimiento fue de 85,17. El promedio preoperatorio del puntaje en la escala de Tegner no varió significativamente en comparación con el postoperatorio. CONCLUSIONES: La fijación de fracturas avulsivas tibiales del LCP con tornillos canulados con técnica abierta es efectiva en restaurar la estabilidad posterior y lograr la consolidación ósea. La funcionalidad clínica a mediano plazo es buena, a pesar del alto número de complicaciones y lesiones concomitantes. NIVEL DE EVIDENCIA: tipo IV.


OBJECTIVE: To report mid-term clinical, radiographic, and functional outcomes following open reduction and fixation of posterior cruciate ligament tibial avulsion fractures (PCLTAFs) with cannulated screws. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of patients with PCLTAF operated on from August 2010 to April 2017. Patients with acute fractures, with more than 2 mm of displacement and grade III on the posterior drawer test, combined or not to knee injuries, were included. Patients older than 65 years of age, with bilateral avulsion fractures, intrasubstance posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) lesions, stable grade-I to -II on the posterior drawer test, concomitant neurovascular injuries, mid-substance tears, open fractures, and less than 12 months of follow-up were excluded. Primary outcomes: the clinical stability was assessed using the posterior drawer test and a single comparative knee stress radiograph. Secondary outcomes: radiographic consolidation, complications, Lysholm score, and Tegner activity score. RESULTS: In total, 20 patients with a mean age of 41 years (range: 32 to 61 years) were included. The mean follow-up was of 33.9 months (range: 12 to 82 months). Clinical stability (grade 0 or I on the posterior drawer test) was observed in 93% of the patients. The mean difference in contralateral posterior displacement was of 2.6 mm (range: 0.1 mm to 6.8 mm) on a single comparative knee stress radiograph. All fractures presented radiological consolidation. Seven patients developed complications. The mean Lysholm score at the last follow-up visit was of 85.17. The postoperative Tegner activity scores did no vary significantly compared to the preinjury scores. CONCLUSIONS: Cannulated screw fixation of a displaced PCLTAF through a posterior approach restores clinical and radiographic stability and has excellent union rates. The mid-term functional outcomes are good despite the high rates of combined knee lesions and postoperative complications. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Tibial Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Bone Screws , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/diagnostic imaging , Fracture Fixation/methods , Tibial Fractures/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/physiopathology , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Avulsion , Fracture Fixation/instrumentation
10.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 39-45, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342670

ABSTRACT

Los fragmentos posterolaterales (FPLs) en fracturas de platillo tibial son frecuentes, pero difíciles de reducir y estabilizar. Actualmente existe controversia sobre cómo deben ser abordados; si bien un abordaje anterolateral es más seguro, este puede ser insuficiente para lograr una correcta reducción. Los abordajes posterolaterales y posteriores ofrecen una visión directa y permiten una fijación con ventaja biomecánica; sin embargo, son más demandantes y exponen al paciente a una mayor morbilidad. A continuación, se presenta una nota técnica sobre la reducción y fijación de FPLs con una placa rim por medio de un abordaje anterolateral extendido a través del espacio paraligamento colateral lateral.


Posterolateral fragments (PLFs) are commonly seen in tibial plateau fractures, but their reduction and fixation are challenging. There is no consensus about the ideal approach to fix this particular fragment. Even though an anterolateral approach is a safe option, it may impair a correct reduction. The posterolateral and posterior approaches offer direct visualization of the fragment, and enable a fixation with a biomechanical advantage; however, they are more demanding and expose the patient to a higher risk if morbidity. The following technical note describes the reduction and fixation of PLFs with a rim plate through an extended anterolateral approach using the paralateral collateral ligament space.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Tibial Fractures/rehabilitation , Collateral Ligaments , Fracture Fixation, Internal/instrumentation
11.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 165-170, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282682

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas de la espina tibial son entidades con una baja incidencia, pero frecuentemente asociadas a lesiones concomitantes. La RM es el estudio considerado patrón de oro para estudiarlas y descartarlas.Presentación del caso: se presenta un caso de fractura de espina tibial desplazada y lesión en asa de balde concomitante. El tratamiento artroscópico de la lesión consistió en la fijación de la fractura de espina tibial con dos pines biodegradables y sutura meniscal interna con tres sistemas todo-adentro Meniscal Cinch® y dos puntos verticales fuera-dentro con FiberWire 2.0®. Conclusión: el paciente tuvo una excelente evolución clínica, sin presentar complicaciones inherentes a la lesión inicial ni al tratamiento implementado, con un retorno a sus actividades deportivas al mismo nivel previo a la lesión.Tipo de estudio: Reporte de caso.


Introduction: Tibial eminence fractures are uncommon injuries but are frequently associated to concomitant injuries. MRI is considered the Gold Standard; it allows a detailed evaluation of any soft tissue involvement with the injury. Case presentation: an unusual presentation case is reported: a displaced tibial spine fracture and a bucket handle medial meniscus injury. Arthroscopic reduction and fixation were performed, using two bioabsorbable pins for the tibial spine fixation; and three all-inside and two vertical outside-in sutures were needed for the medial meniscus repair. Conclusion: the patient presented excellent clinical outcomes, without presenting inherent complications due to primary injury nor realized treatment, achieving sport activity levels prior to injury. Type of study: Case report


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Arthroscopy/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Knee Injuries , Treatment Outcome
12.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 175-180, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282685

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas por avulsión del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) en adultos son inusuales y en general se deben a traumatismos de alta energía. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar clínica y funcionalmente una serie de pacientes adultos con avulsión de espina tibial. Materiales y métodos: analizamos doce pacientes operados por avulsión de espina tibial entre diciembre de 2009 y diciembre de 2019 tratados con reducción y fijación artroscópica mediante suturas pull-out o tornillos canulados. Evaluamos el rango de movilidad articular (RMA) y la estabilidad postoperatoria con pruebas de Lachman, pivot shift y KT-1000, así como el retorno al deporte y resultados funcionales con las escalas de Lysholm e IKDC. Examinamos consolidación radiográfica y complicaciones postquirúrgicas. Resultados: ocho pacientes fueron incluidos. Cuatro tratados con tornillos canulados (grupo 1) y cuatro con suturas pull-out (grupo 2) con edad promedio de veintinueve años y seguimiento promedio de setenta y ocho y cuarenta y dos meses (grupos 1 y 2, respectivamente). Todos recuperaron el RMA, presentaron Lachman y pivot shift negativos y KT-1000 <3 mm. Tres de cinco pacientes retomaron deportes de pívot. Todos los pacientes presentaron consolidación radiográfica. No se registraron complicaciones postoperatorias.Conclusión: ambas técnicas quirúrgicas fueron efectivas para restablecer la estabilidad articular, lograr buenos resultados funcionales a corto y mediano plazo y alcanzar la consolidación radiográfica en los primeros tres meses postoperatorios


Introduction: Avulsion fractures of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are rare in adults and generally due to high-energy trauma. The objective of this paper was to evaluate clinically and functionally a series of adult patients with anterior tibial eminence fractures treated with reduction and arthroscopic fixation using "pull-out" sutures or cannulated screws.Materials and methods: twelve patients operated on anterior tibial eminence fractures between December of 2009 and December of 2019 were analyzed in whom arthroscopic treatment was performed with "pull-out" sutures or cannulated screws. We evaluated the joint range of motion (ROM) and postoperative stability with Lachman, Pivot-Shift, and KT-1000 tests. Return to sport and functional results were evaluated with the Lysholm and IKDC scales. We analyzed radiographic consolidation and postsurgical complications. Results: eight patients were included. Four of them were treated with cannulated screws (group 1) and four with pull-out sutures (group 2) with a mean age of twenty-nine years and a mean follow-up of seventy-eight and forty-two months (groups 1 and 2, respectively). All of them recovered the ROM, presented negative Lachman and Pivot-Shift, and KT-1000 <3 mm at last follow-up. Three out of five patients returned to pivoting sports. The Lysholm average was 98.75 (group 1) and 91.25 (group 2). The IKDC average was 85.25 (group 1) and 74.67 (group 2). All patients presented radiographic consolidation. No postoperative complications were recorded.Conclusion: both surgical techniques were effective in restoring joint stability, achieving good functional results in the short and medium-term, and achieving radiographic consolidation in the first three postoperative months


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Knee Injuries , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921943

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term effect of suprapatellar interlocking intramedullary nail in the treatment of tibial fractures.@*METHODS@#Eighty patients with tibial fractures treated from January 2016 to June 2018 were treated with interlocking intramedullary nail, who were divided into observation group (suprapatellar approach) and control group (patellar ligament approach) according to different surgical approaches. There were 40 cases in the observation group, including 28 males and 12 females, aged 28 to 67 years with a mean of (46.70±10.34) years. There were 40 cases in the control group, including 30 males and 10 females, aged 31 to 69 years with a mean of(49.38±10.74) years. The operation time, incision length, intraoperative C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy times, intraoperative blood loss, fracture healing time, postoperative active straight leg raise (SLR) time, hospital stay, visual analogue scale (VAS), knee pain rate and postoperative Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score were recorded and compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 19 to 38 months, with an average of(24.60±4.52) months. In the observation group, the operation time was(53.83± 7.01) min;the incision length was (3.98±0.83) cm;the number of intraoperative C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy was (18.90±1.75) times;the fracture healing time was (10.03±0.89) weeks;the postoperative active SLR time was (1.19±0.25) days;and the hospital stay was(6.73±1.06) days. The above indexes were better than those in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of tibial fractures with suprapatellar interlocking intramedullary nail has the advantages of less trauma and better recovery of knee function. It can obtain more satisfactory clinical results and can be further widely used.


Subject(s)
Bone Nails , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Humans , Male , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921938

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of arthroscopic fixation of tibial avulsion fracture of posterior cruciate ligament with a knot-free anchor and Endobuton titanium plate.@*METHODS@#From October 2019 to October 2020, 12 patients with tibial avulsion fracture of posterior cruciate ligament were treated with the arthroscopic knot-free anchor and Endobuton titanium plate, including 9 males and 3 females. The age ranged from 23 to 58 years old. The time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 9 days. There were 2 cases of Meyers typeⅡand 10 cases of Meyers type Ⅲ. There were 2 cases of meniscus injury and 1 case of partial injury of medial collateral ligament. The fracture healing and knee range of motion were evaluated after operation, and the clinicalefficacy was evaluated by Lysholm function score.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 months. All patients healed within 6 months, and there were no complications such as incision infection, lower extremity deep venous thrombosis and internal fixation falling off. The knee flexion range of motion recovered from 50°-90° before operation to 115°-130° 6 months after operation, and no patient had straightening disorder. Lysholm functional score recovered from preoperative 29-54 scores to 86-100 scores 12 months after operation.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic reduction and fixation of tibial avulsion fracture of posterior cruciate ligament with the knot-free anchor and Endobuton titanium plate has less complications, high fracture healing rate, good extension and flexion angle and early function recovery of knee joint.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Female , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Suture Techniques , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Titanium , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921937

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the treatment methods and experience of open fracture of lower limb in high altitude area.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to January 2021, 62 patients with open fractures of lower limbs were treated by staged surgery with the concept of injury control orthopedics, emphasizing wound treatment and combining various fracture fixation methods. There were 51 males and 11 females, ranging in age from 14 to 59 years old, with a mean of (37.2±12.3) years old; and the course of disease ranged from 7 to 59 days, with a mean of (23.7±15.5) days. According to Gustilo Anderson classification, there were 14 cases of typeⅠ, 24 cases of typeⅡ, 14 cases of typeⅢA, 8 cases of typeⅢB and 2 cases of typeⅢC. The fracture repair and wound healing were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated by Johner-Wruhs evaluation standard.@*RESULTS@#Fifty-five patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 4 to 36 months, with a mean of (14.7±8.5) months, and 7 cases were lost to follow-up. According to Johner-Wruhs evaluation criteria, 33 cases got an excellent result, 16 good, 4 poor and 2 bad. The wound healing was poor in 2 cases, partial necrosis of Achilles tendon in 1 case, nonunion of fracture in 1 case and delayed healing of fracture in 2 cases.@*CONCLUSION@#It is an effective method to treat the open fracture of lower extremity in high altitude area to pay attention to the management of soft tissue injury, the management of wound moisturizing, staged operation of fracture and full protection of blood supply at the fracture end. Paying attention to the treatment of soft tissue injury and the management of wound moisturizing, staged operation of fracture and full protection of blood supply at the fracture end are effective methods for the treatment of open fracture of lower limbs in high altitude areas.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Altitude , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open , Humans , Lower Extremity/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921917

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of individualized controllable stress external fixator in the treatment of open tibial fractures.@*METHODS@#From December 2018 to July 2020, 60 patients with open tibial fractures were treated, including 35 males and 25 females;The age ranged from 23 to 58 years;The course of disease was 1.2 to 10.0 h. According to the stress stimulation on the fracture end after operation, all patients were divided into 4 groups, including non stress group (15 cases) and 3 groups with different stress stimulation(15 cases in each group). All patients with open tibial fractures were treated with controllable stress external fixator. Four weeks after operation, the stress group adjusted the elastic external fixator to apply axial stress of 1/6, 2/6 and 3/6 of their own weight to the fracture end based on the patient's weight. The wound healing of all patients after operation was observed, the plain CT images of fracture ends at 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks after operation were followed up, the average valueof callus area per 10 scanning planes was calculated, and the differences between the groups were compared. The fracture healing was observed and statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The wounds of all patients healed well, of which 7 patients underwent secondary free skin grafting and transferred myocutaneous flap. All patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months, with an average of 16.5 months. The final follow-up results showed that the fracture healing of stress groups and non stress group had significant difference(@*CONCLUSION@#When the controllable stress external fixation technique is used to treat open tibial fractures, the elastic external fixator is adjusted according to the patient's own weight after 4 weeks, and a certain axial stress is applied to the fracture end, which is conducive to the fracture healing of patients, and can reduce the incidence of delayed union or nonunion of open fractures, which has a certain application value.


Subject(s)
Adult , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879461

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effects of intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar approach with semiextended position in treating tibial fractures.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to June 2019, 23 patients with tibia fractures were treated with suprapatellar approach intramedullary nailing on knee semiextended position, including 18 males and 5 females, aged from 26 to 67 years old with an average age of (38.5±9.6) years old. Eight patients were tibial proximal fractures, 7 patients were tibial shaft fractures, 6 patients were tibial distal fractures and 2 patients were tibial segmental fractures. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, complications and fracture healing time were recorded. Range of motivation of knee joint between 3 days and 3 months after operation were compared, Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used to evaluate clinical effects.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 8 to 19 months with an average of (12.3±7.6) months. Operation time was (55.3±5.1) min, intraoperative blood loss was (84.0±8.7) ml. No obvious complications occurred. All patients were achieved bony union at stageⅠ, fracture healing time ranged from 3 to 8 months with an average of (4.6±1.5) months. Flexion extension range of knee motion at 3 days after operation was (110.4±15.3)°, and increased to (123.7±16.5)° at 3 months after operation (@*CONCLUSION@#Intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar approach with semiextended position in treating tibia fractureshas advantages of simple operation, less trauma for soft tissue, less pain, rapid recovery of function and less complication. It is especially suitable for patients with tibial multi-segment fracture and multiple fractures of ipsilateral lower limb for safety and simple.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Nails , Diaphyses , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibia , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879453

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of locking plate external fixation combined with membrane induction technology in treating open and comminuted tibial fractures with bone defects.@*METHODS@#Totally 92 patients of open and comminuted tibial fractures with bone defects were chosen form January 2018 to July 2019, and randomly divided into external fixation group and internal fixation group, 46 patients in each group. In external fixation group, there were 29 males and 17 females, aged from 25 to 62 years old, with an average of (37.45±10.92) years old;according to AO classification, 15 patients were type A, 22 patients were type B and 9 patients were type C;according to Gustilo classification, 21 patients were typeⅡ, 10 patients were type ⅢA, 10 patients were type ⅢB, 5 patients were type Ⅲ C;treated by fracture reduction with locking plate external fixation. In internal fixation group, there were 31 males and 15 females, aged from 23 to 60 years old, with an average of(36.88±10.64) years old;according to AO classification, 18 patients were type A, 20 patients were type B and 8 patients were type C; according to Gustilo classification, 22 patients were typeⅡ, 11 patients were type ⅢA, 7 patients were type ⅢB, 6 patients were type Ⅲ C;treated by traditional open reduction with plate internal fixation. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, hospital stay, fracture healing time and lower limb full weight-bearing time and postoperative complications between two groups were observed and compared, bone mineral density, osteocalcin, blood calcium and phosphorus before operation and 1 month after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.92±2.46) months. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, hospital stay, fracture healing time and lower limb full weight-bearing time of external fixation group were significantly better than that of internal fixation group(@*CONCLUSION@#Locking plate external fixation combined with membrane induction technology in treating open and comminuted tibial fractures with severe post-traumatic bone defects has advantages of less trauma, reliable fixation, shorter fracture healing time, and could improve bone metabolic activity with less postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Plates , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Technology , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879452

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar, infrapatellar and paracpatellar approach in treating tibial shaft fracture.@*METHODS@#From June 2012 to June 2018, 36 patients with tibial shaft fracture were treated with intramedullary nails, and were divided into three groups according to surgical approach. Twleve patients were through suprapatellar approach, including 7 males and 5 females aged from 25 to 53 years old with an average of (37.8±11.4) years old;and 4 patients were type A, 4 patients were type B, and 4 patients were type C according to AO classification. Ten patients were through infrapatellar approach, including 6 males and 4 females aged from 19 to 56 years old with an average of (35.6±10.0) years old;and 3 patients were type A, 4 patients were type B, and 3 patients were type C according to AO classification. Forteen patients were through paracpatellar approach, including 8 males and 6 females aged from 21 to 58 years old with an average of (36.6±10.0) years old;and 4 patients were type A, 6 patients were type B, and 4 patients were type C according to AO classification. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy times, fracture healing time and complications among three groups were observed, and knee joint functions were evaluated by Lysholm score.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 18 months with an average of (15.0±3.0) months. There were no difference in intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time among three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar for the treatment of tibial shaft fracture is benefit for fracture healing and recovery of knee joint function, while infrapatellar and paracpatellar approach have advantages in exposure of insertion point. We should select approach reasonably according to our experience.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Nails , Diaphyses , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibia , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879387

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of bridge-link combined fixation system(BCFS) in treating open middle and lower tibial fractures by external fixation.@*METHODS@#From October 2016 to September 2017, 11 patients with open middle and lower tibial fractures were treated with BCFS by external fixation, including 7 males and 4 females aged from 23 to 65 years old with an average of 44.2 years old;the course of disease ranged from 7 to 10 days. All fractures were open, middle and lower tibiofibular fractures. According to AO classification, 5 patients were type A, 5 patients were type B, and 1 patient was type C. All fractures were classified as typeⅡaccording to Gustilo-Anderson classification. The time of fracture healing, postoperative complications were observed, Johner-Wruhs standard were used to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 7 to 13 months with an average of 10.1 months. Fracture healing time ranged from 4 to 8 months with an average of 6.2 months. The removal time of BCFS ranged from 5 to 11 months with an average of 7.8 months. No screws loosening and BCFS breakage occurred after operation, while 1 patient occurred infection of proximal and distal tibia after operation which was healed by anti-inflammatory treatment and dressing change. According to Johner-Wruhs standard, 8 patients were excellent and 3 patients good at the latest follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#BCFS could be used to treat open middle and lower tibial fractures by external fixation, which had features of small size, flexible use, solid and elastic fixation. It could not effectively reduce tissue injury and promote fracture healing, but also have advantages of less postoperative complications and better recovery of limb function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL