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Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(3): 879-883, July-Sept. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755800


Studies investigating rickettsial infections in ticks parasitizing wild animals in the Northeast region of Brazil have been confined to the detection of Rickettsia amblyommii in immature stages of Amblyomma longirostre collected from birds in the state of Bahia, and in immatures and females of Amblyomma auriculariumcollected from the striped hog-nosed skunk (Conepatus semistriatus) and armadillos (Euphractus sexcinctus) in the state of Pernambuco. The current study extends the distribution of R. amblyommii (strain Aranha), which was detected in A. longirostre collected from the thin-spined porcupine Chaetomys subspinosus and the hairy dwarf porcupine Coendou insidiosus. In addition, we report the first detection of Rickettsia bellii in adults of A. longirostre collected from C. insidiosus in the state of Bahia.


Animals , Ixodidae/microbiology , Rickettsia Infections/microbiology , Rickettsia/genetics , Rickettsia/isolation & purification , Tick Infestations/microbiology , Animals, Wild , Armadillos , Base Sequence , Birds , Brazil , Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Citrate (si)-Synthase/genetics , DNA, Bacterial , Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Mephitidae , Molecular Sequence Data , Molecular Typing , Porcupines , Periplasmic Proteins/genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Serine Endopeptidases/genetics
Rev. chil. infectol ; 31(5): 563-568, oct. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-730273


Background: Rickettsioses, ehrlichioses and anaplasmoses are caused by Gram negative obligate intracellular bacteria and transmitted mainly by arthropods. Aim: To detect and perform the molecular characterization of these pathogens in ticks and domestic dogs in Bahia Blanca City (Buenos Aires, Argentina). Methods: Fifty six blood samples from dogs and 82 ticks (75 Rhipicephalus sanguineus and 7 Amblyomma tigrinum) were studied. The samples were analyzed by PCR for Rickettsia (intergenic space 23S-5S rRNA), Ehrlichia/Anaplasma (16S rRNA), and Anaplasma platys (16S rRNA). Results: 12% of R. sanguineus resulted positive for Rickettsia, identified by sequencing as Rickettsia massiliae; and 37.5% of the canine blood samples analyzed were positive for A. platys. Molecular characterization was also performed by amplification of the fragment of the citrate synthase gene (gltA) (Rickettsia genus) and the groESL gene (A. platys). Phylogenetic trees were constructed using the neighbor-joining method. These trees revealed that sequences obtained are similar to those from other geographical regions. Conclusion: The results indicate the presence of R. massiliae in R. sanguineus ticks for the second time in an urban area of South America and A. platys infection in dogs, being the southernmost region of Argentina where it has been notified.

Introducción: Las rickettsiosis, ehrlichiosis y anaplasmosis son causadas por bacterias gramnegativas, intracelulares obligadas y transmitidas principalmente por artrópodos. Objetivo: Detectar y caracterizar molecularmente estos patógenos en garrapatas y caninos domésticos del municipio de Bahía Blanca (provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina). Material y Métodos: Se estudiaron 56 muestras sanguíneas de caninos, 75 garrapatas Rhipicephalus sanguineus y 7 Amblyomma tigrinum. Las muestras fueron analizadas por RPC para Rickettsia (espacio intergénico 23S-5S ARNr), Ehrlichia y Anaplasma (16S ARNr), y Anaplasma platys (16S ARNr). Resultados: Se detectó positividad a Rickettsia en 12% de R. sanguineus, identificándose por secuenciación a Rickettsia massiliae. Las muestras sanguíneas de los caninos resultaron en 37,5% positivas a A. platys. También se caracterizaron molecularmente por la amplificación del fragmento del gen citrato sintasa (gltA) (género Rickettsia) y del gen groESL (A. platys). Se construyeron árboles filogenéticos utilizando el método del vecino más cercano (neighbor-joining) revelando que las secuencias obtenidas son similares a las de otras regiones geográficas. Conclusión: Los resultados indican la presencia de R. massiliae en garrapatas R. sanguineus en una segunda zona urbana de Sudamérica y la infección por A. platys en caninos, siendo la región más austral de Argentina donde ha sido notificada.

Animals , Dogs , Anaplasma/genetics , Anaplasmosis/epidemiology , Dog Diseases/epidemiology , Rhipicephalus sanguineus/microbiology , Rickettsia Infections/veterinary , Rickettsia/genetics , Tick Infestations/veterinary , Argentina/epidemiology , Dog Diseases/microbiology , Dog Diseases/parasitology , Phylogeny , Rickettsia Infections/epidemiology , Tick Infestations/epidemiology , Tick Infestations/microbiology