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1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0012, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360916

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: A unusual case of ocular toxoplasmosis with significant vitreomacular traction is reported. The patient improved significantly following pars plana vitrectomy combined with visual stimulation and occlusion therapy. Methods: The case of a 5-year-old girl with significant unilateral vision loss associated with vitreous condensation and macular traction is described. Results: Pars plana vitrectomy was carried out for vitreomacular traction release. This was followed by visual stimulation and occlusion therapy. Significant improvement was observed. Conclusion: Despite structural damage, the combination of properly indicated surgery and amblyopia management strategies allowed the achievement of maximum vision goals in this case, suggesting structural damage may be associated with functional amblyopia.


RESUMO Objetivo: Relata-se um caso de apresentação atípica de toxoplasmose ocular, com importante tração vitreomacular. A paciente apresentou melhora significativa após vitrectomia via pars plana, com estimulação visual e oclusão. Métodos: Descreve-se o caso de uma menina de 5 anos, com importante perda de visão unilateral associada à condensação vítrea e à tração macular. Resultados: Foi realizada vitrectomia via pars plana para alívio da tração vitreomacular, seguida de estimulação visual e oclusão. Foi observada melhora significativa. Conclusão: Apesar dos danos estruturais, a combinação de cirurgia bem indicada com estratégias de tratamento da ambliopia permitiu alcançar o máximo do potencial visual nesta paciente, sugerindo que os danos estruturais podem estar associados à ambliopia funcional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Photic Stimulation , Vitrectomy/methods , Tissue Adhesions/surgery , Toxoplasmosis, Ocular/complications , Chorioretinitis/etiology , Epiretinal Membrane/surgery , Epiretinal Membrane/etiology , Traction , Chorioretinitis/complications , Vitreous Detachment/therapy , Vitreoretinal Surgery
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 83-89, 20211217. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355312

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las adherencias postoperatorias son la causa más frecuente de obstrucción de intestino delgado. La clínica sugiere el diagnóstico, pero de manera poco precisa la causa y el sitio de la obstrucción. La tomografía computarizada contrastada es el estudio óptimo y permite identificar de manera oportuna a los pacientes que requieren intervención quirúrgica. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la correlación entre la clínica y el sitio de obstrucción detectado en la tomografía computarizada contrastada de abdomen, en pacientes con sospecha diagnóstica de obstrucción de intestino delgado por adherencias. Métodos. Estudio prospectivo, transversal y analítico de pacientes con sospecha clínica de obstrucción de intestino delgado por adherencias y antecedentes quirúrgicos y su correlación con el sitio de obstrucción detectado en la tomografía computarizada de abdomen contrastada, de pacientes atendidos entre marzo de 2016 y febrero de 2019 en un hospital de segundo nivel. Resultados. Se incluyeron 41 pacientes, la media de edad fue de 59 años y el género masculino el más comprometido (68,3 %, n=28); la ausencia de evacuaciones estuvo presente en 97,5 % (p=0,026). La tomografía computarizada contrastada mostró el sitio de obstrucción en 73 % de los pacientes y la localización de la obstrucción más prevalente fue en íleon distal (31,7 %, n=13). Se asoció a leucocitosis (p=0,041) y a dolor más intenso (p=0,049), sin presentar irritación peritoneal. Conclusión. La obstrucción localizada en el íleon distal se caracterizó por presentar más dolor y mayor recuento leucocitario, sin correlación como factor de riesgo para requerir tratamiento quirúrgico.


Introduction. Postoperative adhesions are the most common cause of small bowel obstruction. The clinical presentation suggests the diagnosis, but imprecisely the cause and the site of the obstruction. Contrast computed tomography is the optimal study and allows the timely identification of patients requiring surgical intervention. The objective of this study was to analyze the correlation between the symptoms and the obstruction site detected in the abdominal contrasted computed tomography in patients with suspected diagnosis of small bowel obstruction due to adhesions. Methods. Prospective, cross-sectional and analytical study of patients with clinical suspicion of small bowel obstruction due to adhesions and surgical history, and its correlation with the obstruction site detected in the abdominal contrasted computed tomography, during March 2016 to February 2019 in a secondary level hospital. Results. Forty-one patients were included, the mean age was 59 years and the male gender was the most frequent (68.3%, n=28); the absence of evacuations was present in 97.5% (p=0.026). Contrast computed tomography showed the obstruction site in 73% of the patients. The most prevalent location of the obstruction was in the distal ileum (31.7%, n=13). It was associated with leukocytosis (p=0.041) and more intense pain (p=0.049), without presenting peritoneal irritation. Conclusion. The obstruction located in the distal ileum was characterized by more pain and a higher white blood cell count, without correlation as a risk factor for requiring surgical treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Intestinal Obstruction , Tissue Adhesions , Diagnosis , Intestine, Small
3.
Clinics ; 76: e1987, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249589

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the clinical efficacy of an integrated approach to prevent and treat the recurrence of moderate-to-severe intrauterine adhesions (IUA) after hysteroscopic transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA). METHODS: The study included a total of 70 patients with moderate-to-severe IUAs who underwent TCRA. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: treatment group (n=35) and control group n=35). In the treatment group, patients underwent balloon uterine stent placement and artificial cycle as well as received intrauterine perfusion of Danshen injection and oral Chinese medicine. In the control group, patients underwent balloon uterine stent placement and artificial cycle as well as received hyaluronic acid sodium and intrauterine device (IUD). Follow-up was performed after treatment of uterine cavity, menstruation and pregnancy. RESULTS: After 3 months of treatment, we observed a significantly lower rate of intrauterine re-adhesion (45.71% versus 77.14%, p=0.044) and significantly higher clinical efficiency (82.86% versus 77.14%, p=0.025) in the treatment group than those in the control group. After 6 months of treatment, we observed a significantly higher clinical efficiency in the treatment group than that in the control group (88.57% versus 68.57%, p=0.039). During the follow-up period, the pregnancy rate was 45.71% and 37.14% in the treatment group and control group, respectively, although the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.628). CONCLUSIONS: After surgical management of IUA, the integrated treatment combining a uterus stent placement and artificial cycle with Danshen injection and oral Chinese medicine can improve the condition of menstruation, and prevent and treat recurrence of IUA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Uterine Diseases/prevention & control , Intrauterine Devices , Hysteroscopy , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use
4.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1527, 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355502

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The use of polypropylene meshes for surgical repair of the abdominal wall contributes to a reduction of the of recurrence rates of hernias or defects. However, its intra-abdominal use comes along with the formation of adhesions and several complications. The study and the search for alternative materials, including bovine pericardium, have been regarded as an option for the correction and treatment of resulting hernias with better adaptations and effectiveness. Aim: Evaluating the inflammatory process of the bovine pericardium in comparison with the inflammatory process of synthetic polypropylene mesh. Method: Bovine pericardium mesh and polypropylene mesh were placed, both on the same animal. The first group had the mesh removed for analysis on day 20, and the second group on day 40. The variables congestion, granulation, giant cells, necrosis, acute inflammation, chronic inflammation and collagen were analyzed. Results: All variables were found in greater numbers as a response to the polypropylene mesh, except for the collagen, which, on day 40, was greater in response to the bovine pericardium mesh. Conclusion: The data in this study suggest that there is less inflammatory reaction in response to bovine pericardium mesh when compared to polypropylene mesh.


RESUMO Racional: O uso de telas de polipropileno para a correção cirúrgica da parede abdominal contribui para redução dos índices de recidiva das hérnias ou defeitos. No entanto, o seu uso intra-abdominal cursa com a formação de aderências e diversas complicações. O estudo e a busca por materiais alternativos, como pericárdio bovino, têm se mostrado uma opção na correção e tratamento de hérnias que resultem com melhores adaptações e efetividades. Objetivo: Avaliar o processo inflamatório do pericárdio bovino em comparação ao processo inflamatório da tela sintética de polipropileno. Método: Foi realizada a colocação de tela de pericárdio bovino e polipropileno, ambas no mesmo animal. O primeiro grupo as teve retiradas para análise no dia 20, e o segundo grupo no dia 40. Foram analisadas as variáveis congestão, granulação, células gigantes, necrose, inflamação aguda, inflamação crônica e colágeno. Resultados: Todas as variáveis foram encontradas em maior número como resposta a tela de polipropileno, exceto a variável colágeno, que no dia 40 apresentou-se em maior quantidade em resposta à tela de pericárdio bovino. Conclusão: Há menor reação inflamatória em resposta a tela de pericárdio bovino, quando comparada com a de polipropileno.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Polypropylenes , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Pericardium , Surgical Mesh , Tissue Adhesions
5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1253870

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los desarreglos internos de la articulación temporomandibular (ATM) son los más comunes. La artroscopia es de gran utilidad en cirugía maxilofacial como alternativa para el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de los desarreglos internos de la ATM. El objetivo de la presente revisión es describir la artroscopia diagnóstica de la ATM. Métodos: se realizó una revisión narrativa de la literatura y una búsqueda en las bases de datos PubMed, ProQuest, SciELO, Mendeley y Elsevier empleando los descriptores (artroscopia diagnóstica, articulación temporomandibular) en español e inglés. Se seleccionaron los artículos publicados en un período de 40 años (1980-2020), incluyendo en el estudio un total de 26 artículos y 6 libros de 702 documentos revisados. Discusión: en la artroscopia de la ATM se puede observar la posición, calidad y textura del cartílago articular, la vascularización y la redundancia de la membrana sinovial y se pueden realizar procedimientos como técnicas de artroscopia avanzada. Conclusiones: la artroscopia diagnóstica facilita el diagnóstico y manejo de las patologías intraarticulares, por lo que el conocimiento de esta técnica resulta imprescindible.


Introduction: Internal disorders of the TMJ are the most common. Arthroscopy is very useful in Maxillofacial Surgery as an alternative for the diagnosis and treatment of internal disorders of the Temporomandibular Joint. The aim of this review is to describe the diagnostic arthroscopy of the Temporomandibular Joint. Methods: A narrative literature review and search of PubMed, ProQuest, SciELO, Mendeley and Elsevier databases were performed in English and Spanish using the descriptors (Diagnostic arthroscopy, Temporomandibular Joint) in Spanish and English. Articles published over a period of 40 years (1980-2020) were selected, including a total of 26 articles and 6 books from 702 reviewed documents in the study. Discussion: In the arthroscopy of the Temporomandibular Joint the position, quality, texture of the articular cartilage, the vascularization, and the redundancy of the synovial membrane can be observed, and procedures such as advanced arthroscopic techniques can be performed. Conclusions: Diagnostic arthroscopy facilitates the diagnosis and management of intra-articular pathologies. Being necessary and essential knowledge of this technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/surgery , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnosis , Synovitis/diagnosis , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/pathology , Tissue Adhesions/diagnosis
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(11): e361101, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355566

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare biological compatibility, hemostasis, and adhesion formation between oxidized regenerated cellulose and lyophilized hydrolyzed porcine collagen in liver trauma. Methods: Forty male Wistar rats constituted two groups: group A (oxidized cellulose) and group B (lyophilized hydrolyzed collagen). Standardized liver trauma was made, and the hemostatic agent was applied. Animals in subgroups A7 and B7 were submitted to euthanasia and relaparotomy after seven days, and in subgroups A14 and B14 after 14 days. Macroscopic and microscopic results were evaluated. Results: There was no fluid in the cavity in any of the animals, and adhesions were present in all of them. In the analysis after seven days, the adhesions were grades 3 or 4 and consisted of omentum, small intestine, and abdominal wall (p<0.05). In both groups, the mesh was surrounded by a capsule, which was not observed after 14 days. In the evaluation after 14 days, adhesions were grades 2 or 3 (p>0.05). The microscopic examination showed subacute and chronic reactions, in both groups and in both timepoints, with similar frequency. The intensity of fibrosis always presented positive scores. Microabscesses and xanthomatous macrophages were observed in both groups. Conclusions: There was no superiority of one agent over the other.


Subject(s)
Cellulose, Oxidized/therapeutic use , Gelatin/therapeutic use , Hemorrhage/drug therapy , Liver Neoplasms , Swine , Tissue Adhesions , Rats, Wistar
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(11): e361105, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1349871

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The development of cutting surface leakage and postoperative peritoneal adhesions (PPA) after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are the most serious operative complications. We investigated the effectiveness of the newly developed glycerol and sodium pentaborate containing formulation on the prevention of these complications. Methods: Sixteen Sprague Dawley rats (mean weight 310 ± 50 g, mean age 3 months old) were divided into two groups, consisting of eight rats in each. SG and a double-layer suture technique were performed for each group. In study group, there was the mixture of 2 mL 3% glycerol plus 3% sodium pentaborate formulation, and in the control group 2 mL 0.9% NaCl was injected into the peritoneal cavity. Rats were sacrificed after 30 days, then macroscopic adhesion grade scoring and histopathological evaluations were assessed. Results: Macroscopic PPA scores in the control and study groups were 2.75 ± 0.16 and 1.50 ± 0.327, respectively (p = 0.004). Histopatologic fibrosis scores in the control and study groups were 0.87 ± 0.125 and 2.00 ± 0.26, respectively (p = 0.002). Conclusions: In SG operation model, glycerol plus sodium pentaborate compound decreased PPA formation and also increased stomach cut surface line fibrosis. This new formulation is hopeful for more safe SG operations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Gastrectomy , Glycerol , Borates , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(12): e351205, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152680

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: In laparoscopic incisional hernia repair, meshes with a tissue-separating barrier are positioned intraperitoneally. Despite this property, the close contact between mesh and viscera involves a risk of adhesion formation. Some natural products, such as red propolis (RP), could reduce these adhesions owing to their anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to compare two different intraperitoneal meshes with respect to their characteristics of adhesion formation, histological findings and evaluate the role of RP in the development of these adhesions. Methods: 40 Wistar rats received placement of two different meshes (Symbotex and Dynamesh IPOM) on peritoneum. The animals were divided into two groups: control group (mesh) and treatment group (mesh and RP). After 7 and 14 days, 20 animals of each group underwent midline laparotomy to determine the adhesions and histological characteristics. Results: Out of the 40 animals, there were two deaths in the test group and two in the control group. All animals in both groups developed adherence to the mesh. At postoperative day (POD) 7, two Symbotex meshes presented firm adhesions and at POD 14, two Dynamesh meshes had firm adhesions as well. The comparison between the meshes under the effect of RP in relation to the control group showed no statistical difference. Conclusions: Both meshes showed intraperitoneal adhesions in all evaluated samples with similar results on the characteristics of adhesions. RP showed no effect on the incidence or gradation of intraperitoneal adhesions with the mesh.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Biological Products , Hernia, Ventral , Polypropylenes , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Rats, Wistar , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(10): e202001001, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130617

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: Incisional hernia (IH) is a frequent complication of median laparotomy. The use of prophylactic mesh to reduce IH incidence has gained increasing attention. We hypothesized that in an animal model, linea alba prophylactic reinforcement with a three-dimensional T-shaped polypropylene mesh results in greater abdominal wall resistance. Methods: Study was performed in 27 rabbits. After abdominal midline incision, animals were divided into three groups according to the laparotomy closure method used: (1)3D T-shaped coated mesh; (2)3D T-shaped uncoated mesh; and (3) closure without mesh. After 4 months, each animal's abdominal wall was resected and tensiometric tests were applied. Results included IH occurrence, adhesions to the mesh, and wound complications. Results: There was no significant difference between the groups in maximum tensile strength (p=0.250) or abdominal wall elongation under maximum stress (p=0.839). One rabbit from the control group developed IH (p=1.00). Small intestine and colon adhesions occurred only in the uncoated mesh group (p<0.001) and the degree of adhesions was higher in this group compared to the coated mesh group (p<0.05). Conclusion: Use of the current 3D T-shaped prophylactic mesh model did not result in a significant difference in tensiometric measurements when compared with simple abdominal wall closure in rabbits.


Subject(s)
Animals , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Incisional Hernia , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Polypropylenes , Rabbits , Surgical Mesh , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control
10.
Rev. chil. radiol ; 25(4): 146-149, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058215

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La obstrucción duodenal congénita agrupa un amplio espectro de anomalías en el desarrollo del intestino delgado; se clasifica según su etiología tanto en extrínseca como intrínseca. Su presentación es relativamente común, teniendo una incidencia de 1: 2.500-10.000 nacidos vivos y normalmente presenta asociación con aneuploidías (como la trisomía 21) y malformaciones cardíacas. Las imágenes tienen un papel importante en la aproximación diagnóstica y la radiografía de abdomen simple, es el primer escalón en la aproximación de la obstrucción intestinal. El tratamiento involucra una exploración quirúrgica del abdomen con corrección de los defectos encontrados. Este es un reporte de caso de un neonato que presentó obstrucción duodenal congénita de etiología tanto extrínseca (malrotacion intestinal y bandas de Ladd) como obstrucción intrínseca (membranas duodenales).


Abstract: Congenital duodenal obstruction groups together a broad spectrum of abnormalities in the development of the small intestine; it is classified according to its etiology as both extrinsic and intrinsic. Its presentation is relatively common, having an incidence of 1: 2.500-10.000 live births and it is normally associated with aneuploidy (such as trisomy 21) and cardiac malformations. Images play an important role in the diagnostic approach, with simple abdominal radiography being the first step in the approximation of intestinal obstruction. The treatment corresponds to a surgical exploration of the abdomen with resolution of the defects found. This is a case report of a newborn who presented congenital duodenal obstruction of both extrinsic etiology (intestinal malrotation and Ladd bands) and intrinsic obstruction (duodenal membranes).


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Duodenal Obstruction/congenital , Duodenal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Abdominal , Tissue Adhesions/complications , Duodenal Obstruction/etiology , Intestines/abnormalities
11.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(6): 517-521, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038701

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Vitreopapillary traction is an uncommon condition characterized by strong adhesion and the traction of the posterior hyaloid onto the optic disc and peripapillary retina, leading to optic disc elevation and visual loss. An 85-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of slow, progressive visual loss in the left eye along with optic disc edema. Swept-source optical coherence tomography B-scans revealed circumpapillary anterior-posterior persistent traction of dense vitreous strands onto the optic disc. Visual field examination demonstrated mild, generalized, diffuse sensitivity loss and blind-spot enlargement. A 25-gauge posterior vitrectomy was performed with posterior hyaloid separation from the optic disc, resulting in significant anatomical and visual improvement. In conclusion, swept-source optical coherence tomography aids in understanding the mechanism underlying visual loss in vitreopapillary traction. Moreover, posterior vitrectomy can effectively promote anatomical and visual improvements in these cases.


RESUMO A tração vitreopapilar é uma condição incomum caracterizada por forte adesão e tração da hialoide posterior no disco óptico e retina peripapilar, levando à elevação do disco óptico e à perda visual. Um homem de 85 anos apresentou uma história de 6 meses de perda visual lenta e progressiva no olho esquerdo, juntamente com edema do disco óptico. A tomografia de coerência óptica por fonte de varredura revelou tração persistente ântero-posterior peripapilar com traves vítreas densas sobre o disco óptico. Exame de campo visual demonstrou perda de sensibilidade difusa, generalizada, leve e aumento do ponto cego. Uma vitrectomia posterior de calibre 25 foi realizada com separação hialóide posterior do disco óptico, resultando em melhora anatômica e visual significativa. Em conclusão, a tomografia de coerência óptica por fonte de varredura auxilia na compreensão do mecanismo subjacente à perda visual na síndrome de tração vitreopapilar. Além disso, a vitrectomia posterior pode efetivamente promover melhorias visuais e anatômicas nesses casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Vitreous Body/pathology , Vitreous Body/diagnostic imaging , Papilledema/pathology , Papilledema/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Severity of Illness Index , Visual Acuity , Tissue Adhesions , Papilledema/therapy , Blindness/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Epiretinal Membrane/pathology , Epiretinal Membrane/diagnostic imaging
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(10): e201901002, Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054669

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effect of garlic on formation of postoperative adhesions in rats. Methods: Twenty-four Sprague dawley rats were divided into three groups. In Group 1 (sham), laparotomy was performed and stitched up. In Group 2 (control), after laparotomy was performed, punctate hemorrhage was induced by cecal abrasion in the cecum and 2 cc of saline was intraperitoneally administered to each rat. In Group 3 (experimental), after laparotomy was performed, punctate hemorrhage was induced by cecal abrasion in the cecum and each rat was intraperitoneally administered a sterile Allium sativum derivative. The rats in all groups were re-laparotomized on postoperative day 7; samples were obtained from the peritoneal tissue surrounding the cecum Results: In Group 3, there was a statistically significant difference in terms of inflammation, lymph node size, and free oxygen radicals; these parameters tended to increase. In terms of fibrosis evaluated using H&E and MT, there was no significant difference between groups 2 and 3. Conclusions: No positive outcomes indicating that Allium sativum reduces intra-abdominal adhesions were obtained. However, it caused severe inflammation in the tissue. Additionally, in immunohistochemical analyses conducted to detect oxidative stress, allium sativum increased the production of free oxygen radicals in the tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Peritoneal Diseases/prevention & control , Garlic/chemistry , Peritoneal Diseases/pathology , Postoperative Complications/pathology , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Fibrosis , Immunohistochemistry , Tissue Adhesions/pathology , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Free Radicals/analysis , Laparotomy , Lymph Nodes/drug effects , Lymph Nodes/pathology
13.
Rev. med. (Säo Paulo) ; 98(4): 254-258, jul.-ago. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023527

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever dimensões e prevalência da Aderência Intertalâmica (AI) em cadáveres do Serviço de Verificação de Óbitos da Capital - USP, considerando idade, sexo, peso, altura e histórico pessoal de doença de Alzheimer (DA). Métodos: Cinquenta e sete cadáveres (31H/26M) foram incluídos no estudo, com média de idade de 66,2 anos (variando entre 15 e 91 anos). A análise da AI foi feita após secção transversal da calota craniana e incisão axial no limite inferior do tronco encefálico seguida de retirada do encéfalo de sua cavidade. Cinquenta e quatro encéfalos foram submetidos a incisão sagital mediana, dois encéfalos foram submetidos a cortes axiais, e um encéfalo a secção coronal. Dados quantitativos foram comparadas pelo teste t de student, e dados qualitativos pelo teste de Qui Quadrado. A análise idade vs área foi feita por regressão linear. Resultados: A prevalência de AI foi de 79%, não havendo diferença significativa entre os sexos (p=0,68).  Observou-se associação entre menores áreas de secção sagital e idades mais avançadas (p=0,02). Não houve diferença significativa na prevalência de AI nem na área de secção transversal em pacientes com DA. Discussão: Ao contrário de estudos prévios, que associaram maior prevalência e tamanho de AI com sexo feminino, isso não foi observado em nossa casuística. Apesar de não ser estatisticamente significativa nota-se uma diferença importante nas áreas médias de secção sagital dos grupos com e sem DA, o que aponta para a necessidade de estudos subsequentes com amostras maiores


Objective: Identifying the prevalence and dimensions of the Interthalamic Adhesion (ITA) in corpses from the "Serviço de Verificação de Óbitos da Capital - USP", considering factors as age, sex, weight, height, and diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: Fifty-seven corpses (31M/26F) were included in the study. The mean age was 66.2 (varying between 15 and 91). The analysis of the ITA was made after the encephalon's removal from its cavity, which occurred by the transversal section of the skullcap, and, next, an axial incision in the inferior limit of the pons to separate the encephalon from the spinal cord. Fifty-four encephalons were submitted to medial sagittal incisions, two encephalons were submitted to axial cuts and one to a coronal section. Quantitative data were compared by the Student's T Test, and qualitative data by the Chi-squared test. The Age vs Area analysis was made by linear regression. Results: the prevalence of the ITA was 79%, not having differences in prevalence between sexes (p=0.68). Advanced ages presented lower areas in sagittal sections (p= 0.02). It does not appear to have a significant alteration in prevalence of the ITA and transversal section aerea in patients with AD. Discussion: Unlike previous studies which observed higher prevalence and size of the ITA in females, differences in this parameters were not obtained in this study. Evidence of correlation between AD and lower sagittal section of the ITA, even without statistic significance, points to the need of further studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Thalamus , Brain , Tissue Adhesions/epidemiology , Prevalence , Alzheimer Disease , Cadaver
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(4): 1198-1206, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038616

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to characterize the tissue reactions triggered by the polypropylene mesh coated with chitosan and polyethylene glycol film, and if it's able to prevent the formation of peritoneal adhesions. Defects in the abdominal wall of rats were induced and polypropylene meshes coated with chitosan/polyethylene glycol (CPEG group, n= 12) and uncoated (PP control group, n= 12) were implanted. On the fourth and forty-fifth postoperative day the formation of adhesion and the tissue reaction to the biomaterial was evaluated through histological and histochemical analysis. The area (P= 0.01) and severity (P= 0.002) of the adhesion was significatively less in the CPEG group. On the fourth day the foreign body reaction was less intense in CPEG group (P= 0.018) and the production of collagen fibers was more intense in this group (P= 0.041). The tissue reactions caused by the biomaterials were similar on the 45th day, with the exception of the high organization of collagen fibers in the CPEG group. The CPEG meshes did not fully prevent the formation of adhesions, but minimized the severity of the process. The foreign body reaction promoted by polypropylene meshes coated with CPEG is less intense than that triggered by uncoated polypropylene meshes.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar as reações tissulares desencadeadas pela tela de polipropileno revestida com o filme de quitosana e polietilenoglicol e verificar se ela é capaz de prevenir a formação de aderências peritoneais. Um defeito na parede abdominal dos ratos foi realizado, e as telas de polipropileno revestidas com quitosana/polietilenoglicol (grupo CPEG, n= 12) e sem revestimento (grupo controle PP, n= 12) foram implantadas. No quarto e no 45º dia pós-operatório, avaliou-se a formação de aderências e a reação tecidual ao biomaterial por análise histológica e histoquímica. A área (P= 0,01) e a severidade (P= 0,002) da aderência peritoneal foram significativamente menores no grupo CPEG no 45º dia. No quarto dia, observou-se que a reação do corpo estranho foi menor no grupo CPEG (P= 0,018), e a produção de fibras de colágeno mais intensa (P= 0,041). As reações tissulares causadas pelos biomateriais implantados foram semelhantes no 45º dia, com exceção da melhor organização das fibras colágenas no grupo CPEG. As telas CPEG não impediram completamente a formação de aderências, porém minimizaram a gravidade do processo. A reação de corpo estranho promovida por telas de polipropileno revestidas com CPEG é menos intensa do que a desencadeada por telas de polipropileno não revestidas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Polyethylene Glycols , Polypropylenes , Surgical Mesh/veterinary , Foreign-Body Reaction/veterinary , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Chitosan , Tissue Adhesions/veterinary
16.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(2): 129-132, Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003528

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ectopic pregnancy is the leading cause of pregnancy-related death during the first trimester, and it occurs in 1 to 2% of pregnancies. Over 90% of ectopic pregnancies are located in the fallopian tube. Abdominal pregnancy refers to an ectopic pregnancy that has implanted in the peritoneal cavity, external to the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes. The estimated incidence is 1 per 10,000 births and 1.4%of ectopic pregnancies. Lithopedion is a rare type of ectopic pregnancy, and it occurs when the fetus from an unrecognized abdominal pregnancymay die and calcify. The resulting "stone baby" may not be detected for decades andmay cause a variety of complications. Lithopedion is a very rare event that occurs in 0.0054% of all gestations. About 1.5 to 1.8% of the abdominal babies develop into lithopedion. There are only ~ 330 known cases of lithopedion in the world. We describe a lithopedion that complicated as intestinal obstruction in a 71-year-old woman.


Resumo A gravidez ectópica é a principal causa de morte materna no primeiro trimestre, e ocorre em 1 a 2% das gestações. Mais de 90% ocorrem nas tubas uterinas. Gravidez abdominal refere-se à gravidez ectópica implantada na cavidade peritoneal, externamente ao útero e às tubas uterinas.Aincidência estimada éde 1 por 10mil nascimentos e 1,4%das gravidezes ectópicas. A litopedia é um tipo raro de gravidez ectópica, e ocorre quando o feto de uma gravidez abdominal não reconhecida morre e se calcifica. O "bebê de pedra" resultante pode não ser detectado por décadas, e pode causar complicações futuras. A litopedia é um evento muito raro que ocorre em 0,0054% de todas as gestações. Cerca de 1,5 a 1,8% dos bebês abdominais se tornam litopédios. Existem somente cerca de 330 casos conhecidos de litopedia no mundo. Descrevemos uma litopedia que se agravou, tornando-se uma obstrução intestinal, em uma idosa de 71 anos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Aged , Pregnancy, Abdominal , Fetus , Ileal Diseases/etiology , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Calcinosis/complications , Tissue Adhesions/etiology , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Lithiasis/complications , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(10): e8324, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039243

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of kinase-insert domain-containing receptor (KDR) in intrauterine adhesions (IUA) and its mechanism. The Case group consisted of 92 patients diagnosed with IUA, and the Control group included 86 patients with uterine septum who had normal endometrium verified with an uteroscope. In addition, 50 rats were randomly assigned into Control, Sham, Model, NC-siRNA, and KDR-siRNA groups. Rats in the Model, NC-siRNA, and KDR-siRNA groups were induced by uterine curettage and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment to establish the IUA model. Then, immunohistochemistry was applied for detection of VEGF and KDR expression, HE staining was used for observation of the endometrial morphology and gland counting, Masson staining for measurement of the degree of endometrial fibrosis, and qRT-PCR and western blot for the expression of KDR, VEGF, MMP-9, as well as TGF-β1/Smads pathway-related proteins. Compared with the Control group, the mRNA and protein expressions of KDR were significantly higher in IUA endometrial tissues, and the expression of KDR was positively correlated to the severity of IUA. In addition, the injection of si-KDR increased the number of endometrial glands, reduced the area of fibrosis, inhibited mRNA and protein expression of KDR and VEGF, up-regulated the expression of MMP-9 and Smad7, and decreased the expression level of TGF-β1, p-Smad2, p-Smad3, and Smad4 in rats with IUA. Highly-expressed KDR was related to patients' severity of IUA, and silencing KDR may prevent the occurrence and development of IUA via TGF-β1/Smads signaling pathway and up-regulating the expression of MMP-9.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Rats , Young Adult , Uterine Diseases/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Tissue Adhesions/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Uterine Diseases/pathology , Severity of Illness Index , Immunohistochemistry , Case-Control Studies , Tissue Adhesions/pathology , Blotting, Western , Rats, Wistar , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/genetics , Disease Models, Animal , Smad Proteins/genetics , Smad Proteins/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900603, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019263

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To Compare the extent and intensity of adhesions formed between the intra-abdominal organs and the intraperitoneal implants of polypropylene mesh versus polypropylene/polyglecaprone versus polyester/porcine collagen used for correction of abdominal wall defect in rats. Methods After the defect in the abdominal wall, thirty Wistar rats were placed in three groups (ten animals each) for intraperitoneal mesh implant: polypropylene group, polypropylene/polyglecaprone group, and polyester/porcine collagen group. The macroscopic evaluation of the extent and intensity of adhesions was performed 21 days after the implant. Results The polypropylene group had a higher statistically significant impairment due to visceral adhesions (p value = 0.002) and a higher degree of intense adherence in relation to polypropylene/polyglecaprone and polyester/porcine collagen groups (p value<0.001). The polyester/porcine collagen group showed more intense adhesions than the polypropylene/polyglecaprone group (p value=0.035). Conclusions The intraperitoneal implantation of polypropylene meshes to correct defects of the abdominal wall caused the appearance of extensive and firm adhesions to intra-abdominal structures. The use of polypropylene/polyglecaprone or polyester/porcine collagen tissue-separating meshes reduces the number and degree of adhesions formed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Peritoneal Diseases/etiology , Polyesters/administration & dosage , Polypropylenes/administration & dosage , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Tissue Adhesions/etiology , Collagen/administration & dosage , Dioxanes/administration & dosage , Polyesters/adverse effects , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Materials Testing , Collagen/adverse effects , Rats, Wistar , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Dioxanes/adverse effects
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(7): e201900703, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038114

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To compare four types of mesh regarding visceral adhesions, inflammatory response and incorporation. Methods: Sixty Wistar rats were divided into four groups, with different meshes implanted intraperitoneally: polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE group); polypropylene with polydioxanone and oxidized cellulose (PCD); polypropylene (PM) and polypropylene with silicone (PMS). The variables analyzed were: area covered by adhesions, incorporation of the mesh and inflammatory reaction (evaluated histologically and by COX2 immunochemistry). Results: The PMS group had the lowest adhesion area (63.1%) and grade 1 adhesions. The ePTFE and PM groups presented almost the total area of their surface covered by adherences (99.8% and 97.7% respectively) The group ePTFE had the highest percentage of area without incorporation (42%; p <0.001) with no difference between the other meshes. The PMS group had the best incorporation rate. And the histological analysis revealed that the inflammation scores were significantly different. Conclusions: The PM mesh had higher density of adherences, larger area of adherences, adherences to organs and percentage of incorporation. ePTFE had the higher area of adherences and lower incorporation. The PMS mesh performed best in the inflammation score, had a higher incorporation and lower area of adherences, and it was considered the best type of mesh.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Prostheses and Implants/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/standards , Tissue Adhesions/pathology , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Inflammation/pathology , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Polytetrafluoroethylene/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Silicones/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Materials Testing , Viscera/physiology , Cellulose, Oxidized/adverse effects , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Rats, Wistar , Statistics, Nonparametric , Abdominal Wall
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766876

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We report a case of utilizing a previous silicone band track in the reoperation of scleral encircling. CASE SUMMARY: An 8-year-old male presented with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in the right eye. Five days after this diagnosis, he received scleral buckling surgery and cryopexy to seal the retinal tear. One month after surgery, a fundus examination showed subretinal fluid at the inferior site of the scleral buckle. He underwent scleral encircling surgery and a cryopexy procedure. The patient has had an uneventful postoperative course, and the retina has remained attached over a follow-up period of 9 months. However, exotropia and hypotropia developed in the right eye. Diagnosis of restrictive strabismus due to tissue adhesion around the silicone band was made. The encircling band was therefore removed and laser photocoagulation was performed 360° around the retina. Twenty-four hours after surgery, a fundus examination showed subretinal fluid. He received 360° scleral encircling surgery not using the 360° conjunctival peritomy. After confirming a previous encircling tract using #0-0 polydioxanone as a guide, #5-0 Nylon was tied to the end of the guide and inserted through the encircling tract with the end sutured with the silicone band. The silicone band was inserted into the encircling tract by pulling the #5-0 Nylon as a guide. Ophthalmoscopy revealed an attached retina with indentation of the scleral buckle at 360°. CONCLUSIONS: For reoperation in patients who previously underwent scleral encircling surgery, using the previous scleral encircling tract may be effective in cases with conjunctival and tissue adhesion.


Subject(s)
Child , Diagnosis , Exotropia , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Light Coagulation , Male , Nylons , Ophthalmoscopy , Polydioxanone , Reoperation , Retina , Retinal Detachment , Retinal Perforations , Retinaldehyde , Scleral Buckling , Silicon , Silicones , Strabismus , Subretinal Fluid , Tissue Adhesions
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