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1.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(294): 8916-8927, nov.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1402584

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Descrever as atividades implementadas pelo enfermeiro no processo de captação de coração e pulmão em um centro transplantador brasileiro e sua implicação no aumento do número de transplantes realizados. Métodos: Estudo descritivo e observacional, com foco no organograma instituído sobre as atividades do enfermeiro para avaliação e o aceite do doador. Resultados:Com a formação da unidade, exclusivamente dedicada ao processo captação/transplante, houve entre os meses de agosto de 2013 e dezembro de 2021, um aumento de 138,18% na realização de transplantes cardíacos adultos, 76,54% nos transplantes pediátricos e/ou cardiopatias congênitas e 63,22% nos procedimentos de pulmão,quando comparado ao mesmo período dos anos anteriores.Conclusão: O estudo descreve pela primeira vez a importância da atuação do enfermeiro na implementação de um programa de transplantes de sucesso e como suas ações contribuíram para o aumento do número de procedimentos realizados e podem servir de modelo para outros centros.(AU)


Objective: To describe the activities performed by nurses in the heart and lung harvesting process in a Brazilian transplant center and their implication in the increase in the number of transplants performed. Methods: Descriptive and observational study, focusing on the organizational chart established on the activities of nurses for the evaluation and acceptance of the donor. Results: With the formation of the unit, exclusively dedicated to the capture/transplantation process, between August 2013 and December 2021, there was an increase of 138.18% in adult heart transplants, 76.54% in pediatric transplants and/ or congenital heart disease and 63.22% in lung procedures, when compared to the same period in previous years. Conclusion: The study describes for the first time the importance of nurses' performance in the implementation of a successful transplant program and how their actions contributed to the increase in the number of procedures performed and can serve as a model for other centers.(AU)


Objetivo: Describir las actividades realizadas por enfermeros en el proceso de extracción de corazón y pulmón en un centro de trasplante brasileño y su implicación en el aumento de trasplantes realizados. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y observacional, con foco en el organigrama establecido sobre las actividades de los enfermeros para la evaluación y aceptación del donante. Resultados: Con la formación de la unidad, dedicada exclusivamente al proceso de captación/trasplante, entre agosto de 2013 y diciembre de 2021, hubo un aumento del 138,18% en trasplantes cardíacos adultos, 76,54% en trasplantes pediátricos y/o cardiopatías congénitas y 63,22% % en procedimientos pulmonares, en comparación con años anteriores. Conclusión: El estudio describe por primera vez la importancia de la actuación de los enfermeros en la implementación de un programa de trasplante exitoso y cómo sus acciones contribuyeron para el aumento del número de procedimientos realizados y pueden servir de modelo para otros centros.(AU)


Subject(s)
Tissue Donors , Heart Transplantation , Lung Transplantation , Nurses, Male
2.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 38(2): e1533, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408452

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El trasplante es la opción terapéutica más favorable para las personas con insuficiencia renal crónica. El donante puede ser cadavérico o donante vivo, emparentado o no. Los resultados del trasplante están en relación con varios factores inmunológicos y no inmunológicos. Objetivo: Caracterizar inmunogenéticamente a los donantes cadavéricos cubanos para trasplante renal. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal y descriptivo de los donantes cadavéricos durante el año 2019. Se analizó la región de procedencia, sexo, color de la piel y rangos de edades de los donantes, así como, grupo sanguíneos ABO y Rhesus Rh; serología para VIH, Virus de hepatitis B(VHB) y Virus de hepatitis C (VHC); y hábitos tóxicos. Resultados: Se estudió un total de 95 donantes cadavéricos, 62 provenientes del occidente y 33 del centro del país. El 63,2 por ciento fueron masculinos y 36,8 por ciento femenino. El grupo de edad de mayor frecuencia fue 40 - 60 años y la edad media de 49,45 años. El 58,95 por ciento de los pacientes fueron de grupo sanguíneo O; 30,53 por ciento grupo A y los grupos B y AB tuvieron 5,26 por ciento de prevalencia; y solo 8 fueron Rh negativos. Todos tuvieron serología para VIH, VHB y VHC negativas. Las enfermedades asociadas más frecuentes fueron la hipertensión arterial y la diabetes mellitus. Conclusiones: Los donantes cadavéricos durante el año 2019 mostraron características similares a las reportadas por otros estudios. El aumento de las edades de los donantes incide en la aparición de enfermedades asociadas y esto pudiera repercutir en el resultado del trasplante(AU)


Introduction: Transplantation is the most favorable therapeutic option for people with chronic renal failure. The donor can be a cadaveric or living donor, related or not. Transplant outcomes are related to various immunological and non-immunological factors. Objective: To characterize Cuban cadaveric donors for renal transplantation Materials and methods: A cross-sectional and descriptive study of cadaveric donors was carried out during the year 2019. The region of origin, sex, skin color and age ranges of the donors were analyzed, as well as ABO and Rhesus Rh blood groups; serology for HIV, Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), and toxic habits. Results: A total of 95 cadaveric donors were studied, 62 from the West and 33 from the Center of the country. 63.2 percent were male and 36.8 percent female due to the most frequent age group being 40-60 years and the mean age of 49.45 years. 58.95 percent of the patients were of blood group O, 30.53 percent group A and groups B and AB had 5.26 percent prevalence; and only 8 were Rh negative. All had negative serology for HIV, HBV and HCV. The most frequent associated diseases were arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Conclusions: The cadaveric donors during the year 2019 showed characteristics similar to those reported by other studies. The increase in the age of the donors affects the appearance of associated diseases and this could affect the result of the transplant(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Donors , Blood Group Antigens , Skin Pigmentation , Survivors , Living Donors , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Immunologic Factors , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
3.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 25 mar. 2022. 1-21 p. quad, graf.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1397377

ABSTRACT

A Portaria MS n.º 78, de 9 de março de 1.999, credenciou a Central Estadual de Transplantes de Goiás - CET/GO e desde então, os transplantes no Estado tem desenvolvido de forma íntegra e abrangente, inclusive no que tange outras instituições, as quais possam participar de forma direta ou indiretamente das ações relacionadas aos transplantes, no Estado. Diante disso, a presente Nota Técnica n.º 2/2022 visa orientar, organizar e publicizar o fluxo das ações relacionadas aos transplantes de rins em Goiás, de modo a atender as legislações vigentes, bem como a necessidade social e médica, em consonância com os princípios do SUS, que são norteadores desse processo


Ordinance MS n.º 78, of March 9, 1999, accredited the Goiás State Transplant Center - CET/GO and since then, transplants in the State have developed in an integral and comprehensive way, including with regard to other institutions, which can participate directly or indirectly in actions related to transplants in the State. Therefore, this Technical Note No. 2/2022 - aims to guide, organize and publicize the flow of actions related to kidney transplants in Goiás, in order to comply with current legislation, as well as the social need and medical, in line with the principles of the SUS, which guide this process


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation/standards , Tissue Donors/classification , Dialysis/standards
5.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 13-16, Jan.-Mar. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364907

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Soon after the onset of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, viral screening by nasopharyngeal swab became mandatory for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) donor eligibility. Methods We described our monocenter experience with allogeneic HSC donors from February 1 to the October 31, 2020 to verify whether the introduction of SARS-CoV-2 screening altered the donor eligibility and/or entailed a prolongation of the evaluation process. Results A total of 21 allogeneic HSC donors were screened during the above-mentioned period upon request by the local transplant physicians or by the Italian Bone Marrow Donor Registry; among the HSC donors (n = 17) who completed the eligibility process and further received the nasopharyngeal swab, all but one were negative for the presence of SARS-CoV-2. The positive donor remained asymptomatic for the whole duration of the infection, which lasted six weeks. However, he was temporarily excluded from donation. The median duration of the evaluation process was not significantly different, compared to the same period of 2019 (p-value = 0.11). Conclusion The mandatory SARS-CoV-2 screening in allogeneic HSC donors allowed for the detection of 6% positivity in this monocenter series over a 9-month period. Despite the inconvenience of this unexpected non-eligibility, the exclusion of a SARS-CoV-2 positive donor represented an important safety measure for the donor, with respect to a new and still partially unknown virus. The screening did not alter the length of the donor evaluation and thus, did not cause a delay in the eligibility process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , SARS-CoV-2 , Tissue Donors , Mass Screening
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928760

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of intestinal acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children and futher evaluate the occurring risk factors.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 136 patients undergoing allo-HSCT in Wuhan Children's Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College from August 2016 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, clinical characteristics of children with intestinal aGVHD were observed. The risk factors of intestinal aGVHD were assessed by logistic regression while cumulative survival were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method.@*RESULTS@#Among 136 patients intestinal aGVHD occurred in 24 (17.6%) cases, with 4 cases of grade II, 20 cases of grade III-IV, and the median occurrence time was 28(10-63) days. The clinical manifestations were diarrhea with intermittent abdominal pain, 17 cases with nausea and vomiting, 11 cases with fresh bloody stool, and 8 cases with skin rash before intestinal aGVHD. The average time for treatment was 33(11-100) days. 18 cases received electronic colonoscopy and histopathology examination. 20 out of 24 cases achieved remission after treatment, and the total effective rate was 83.3%. Finally, 9 out of 24 cases died during the follow-up time. Survival analysis showed that the cumulative survival rate of patients with intestinal aGVHD (15/24, 62.5%) were significantly lower than those without intestinal aGVHD (101/112, 90.2%) (Log-rank test, P=0.001). Univariate analysis showed that recipient age, sex, primary disease, donor age, donor sex, donor-recipient blood type, conditioning regimen, prophylaxis of GVHD, dosage of ATG, engraft time of blood platelet and neutrophils, and number of MNC/CD34+ were not risk factors for intestinal aGVHD (P>0.05). Only the type of HSCT (χ2=16.020, P=0.001) and matched degree of HLA (χ2=15.502, P=0.001) had statistical significance with intestinal aGVHD (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that only HLA-mismatched unrelated donor was the risk factor for intestinal aGVHD for children (P=0.014,OR=16,95%CI 1.735-147.543).@*CONCLUSION@#Intestinal aGVHD is a risk factor for cumulative survial of patients who received allo-HSCT in children and HLA-mismatched unrelated donor is its independent risk factor.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Child , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tissue Donors
7.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE039004334, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374021

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo A família é o principal componente da doação de órgãos. Este estudo descreve a experiência da família do doador com os cuidados de enfermagem durante o processo de doação. Métodos Foi realizado um estudo fenomenológico. Os participantes eram familiares que aceitaram a doação de órgãos de um parente em hospitais, e foram recrutados por meio de amostragem intencional. Foram realizadas entrevistas em profundidade e anotações em campo, além de uma análise temática. Resultados Três temas foram identificados: Aspectos positivos do cuidado de enfermagem na unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI); Aspectos positivos do cuidado do enfermeiro coordenador de transplantes (ECT); e Aspectos improváveis do cuidado de enfermagem durante o processo de doação de órgãos. A flexibilidade dos horários na unidade de terapia intensiva para favorecer o acompanhamento dos familiares e fornecer informações adequadas e adaptadas sobre a doação são cuidados diferenciados para as famílias. Elas destacaram áreas para melhorias relacionadas à intimidade e privacidade durante o processo de doação. Conclusão As famílias dos doadores prezam e valorizam os cuidados de enfermagem no processo de doação de órgãos.


Resumen Objetivo La familia es el principal componente de la donación de órganos. Este estudio describe la experiencia de la familia del donante con los cuidados de enfermería durante el proceso de donación. Métodos Se realizó un estudio fenomenológico. Los participantes fueron familiares que aceptaron la donación de órganos de un pariente en hospitales, reclutados por medio de muestreo intencional. Se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad y anotaciones en campo, además de un análisis temático. Resultados Se identificaron tres temas: Aspectos positivos del cuidado de enfermería en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI); Aspectos positivos del cuidado del enfermero coordinador de trasplantes (ECT); y Aspectos improbables del cuidado de enfermería durante el proceso de donación de órganos. La flexibilidad en los horarios en la unidad de cuidados intensivos para favorecer el acompañamiento de los familiares y suministrar informaciones adecuadas y adaptadas respecto a la donación constituyen cuidados diferenciados con las familias. Destacaron áreas para mejoras relacionadas con la intimidad y la privacidad durante el proceso de donación. Conclusión Las familias de los donantes precian y valoran los cuidados de enfermería en el proceso de donación de órganos.


Abstract Objective The family is the main component for organ donation. This study describes the experience of the donor's family with the nursing care during the donation process. Methods A phenomenological study was applied. Participants were family members who accepted the donation of organs from a relative in hospitals, using purposeful sampling. In-depth interviews and field notes were conducted. A thematic analysis was performed. Results Three themes were identified: Positive aspect of intensive care unit nurses' care; Positive aspects of nurses transplant coordinators' care; and Improvable aspects of nursing care during the organ donation process. The flexibility of hours in the intensive care unit to favor the accompaniment of family members, and to provide adequate and adapted information about the donation are outstanding care for families. They highlight areas for improvement related to intimacy and privacy during the donation process. Conclusion Donor's families appreciate and value nursing care within the organ donation process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Tissue Donors , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Family/psychology , Organ Transplantation , Death , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Interviews as Topic
8.
Bull. méd. Owendo (En ligne) ; 20(51): 18-23, 2022. tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1378112

ABSTRACT

Introduction : La nécessité de disposer de produits sanguins labiles (PSL) de qualité est un impératif de la transfusion sanguine. Le don de sang n'est pas sans risque pour le donneur. Ce qui soulève la question de la perte de fer par spoliation sanguine. Ce constat a conduit à la réalisation de cette étude dans le but de rechercher l'anémie chez le donneur de sang volontaire jugé apte après évaluation de l'hémoglobine pré-don et d'en déterminer la cause. Patients et méthodes : Il s'agissait d'une étude transversale prospective réalisée au Centre National de Transfusion Sanguine (CNTS) de Libreville. La population d'étude était constituée de donneurs de sang, nouveaux ou anciens, volontaires en bonne santé chez qui les examens suivant ont été réalisés pour le diagnostic de l'anémie et celui de la carence en fer tout en excluant d'autre étiologies: l'hémogramme, le dosage de la Protéine C Réactive (CRP), le fer sérique, la ferritine, l'hepcidine et le test de diagnostic du paludisme (TDR).Résultats : Sur l'ensemble des deux cent quinze volontaires inclus, trente - quatre (15,8%) présentaient une anémie parmi lesquels douze femmes et vingt- deux hommes d'un âge moyen de 32,8 ±8,0. Le nombre de dons effectués était corrélé à la survenue de l'anémie selon le genre et l'âge du donneur. Il en a été de même pour les valeurs de la ferritine, du fer sérique.Conclusion : Le nombre important d'anémie est lié à un seuil bas de l'hémoglobine pré-don. Le caractère microcytaire hypochrome de l'anémie laisse supposer une origine ferriprive.


Introduction: The need to have quality labile blood products (LBP) is an imperative of blood transfusion. Blood donation is not without risk for the donor. This raises the question of the loss of iron by blood spoliation. This finding led to the realization of this study with the aim of looking for anemia in voluntary blood donors deemed suitable after evaluation of the pre-donation hemoglobin and to determine the cause.Patients and methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study carried out at the National Blood Transfusion Center (CNTS) in Libreville. The study population consisted of blood donors, new or old, healthy volunteers in whom the following examinations were carried out for the diagnosis of anemia and that of iron deficiency while excluding other etiologies: blood count, C-Reactive Protein (CRP), serum iron, ferritin, hepcidin and malaria diagnostic test (RDT). Results: Of the two hundred and fifteen volunteers included, thirty-four (15.8%) presented anemia, including twelve women and twenty-two men with an average age of 32.8 ±8.0. The number of donations made was correlated with the occurrence of anemia according to the sex and age of the donor. It was the same for the values of ferritin, serum iron. Conclusion: The large number of anemia is linked to a low threshold of pre-donation hemoglobin. The hypochromic microcytic character of the anemia suggests an iron deficiency origin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oocyte Donation , Anemia, Myelophthisic , Tissue Donors , Blood Transfusion , Fetal Hemoglobin
9.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0009, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360920

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Tendo em vista que o sistema visual representa uma via de contaminação para o novo Corona vírus, a The Global Alliance of Eye Bank Association (GAEBA) divulgou um guideline preconizando a prevenção de transmissão do vírus entre o doadores de tecido ocular e o pacientes receptores, o que resultou em uma diminuição no número de ceratoplastias e aumento de filas de espera para transplantes de córnea (TC) em todo o mundo. Nesse sentido, o presente trabalho tem por objetivo analisar a situação do transplante de córnea (TC) no estado de Alagoas durante o primeiro ano de pandemia da COVID-19. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo analítico, transversal, observacional utilizando dados provenientes de 3 fontes diferentes: Banco de Tecido Ocular Humano de Alagoas (BTO-AL), Registro Brasileiro de Transplantes (RBT) e Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA). Resultados: Durante os últimos seis anos, foram realizados 284 TCs em Alagoas, segundo dados do Banco de Transplante de Olhos do estado (BTO), já segundo a Registro Brasileiro de Transplantes (RBT) foram realizados 451 TCs. A porcentagem de córneas não oriundas do BTO de Alagoas se mostrou crescente até 2019, porém decresceu em 2020, e no primeiro ano de pandemia , apenas 11,66% da necessidade anual estimada foi atendida, sendo o período com menor número de TCs realizados entre os seis anos analisados na pesquisa. Conclusão: O estudo demonstra o declínio na doação e realização de transplantes de córnea durante o primeiro ano da pandemia da COVID-19 em Alagoas.


ABSTRACT Objective: Considering the visual system is one source of contamination for the new coronavirus, The Global Alliance of Eye Bank Association (GAEBA) released a guideline recommending prevention of virus transmission between eye tissue donors and recipients, which resulted in a reduction of keratoplasties and increase in the waiting lists for corneal transplants worldwide. Hence, this work aims to analyze the situation of corneal transplantation in the state of Alagoas, during the first year of COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This is an analytical, cross-sectional, observational study using data from 3 different sources: Human Eye Tissue Bank of Alagoas (BTO-AL), Brazilian Transplant Registry (RBT) and National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA). Results: During the past six years, 284 corneal transplants were performed in Alagoas, according to data from the Eye Transplant Bank (BTO) of the state, whereas according to the Brazilian Transplant Registry (RBT) 451 corneal transplants were performed. The percentage of corneas not coming from the BTO of Alagoas increased until 2019 but dropped in 2020. In the first year of the pandemic, only 11.66% of estimated annual need was met, and this period had the lowest number of corneal transplants performed out of the six years analyzed in the research. Conclusion: The study demonstrated the decline in donation and performance of corneal transplants during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in Alagoas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Corneal Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Tissue Donors/supply & distribution , Tissue and Organ Procurement/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eye Banks , Pandemics , Observational Study
10.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0037, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376781

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To outline the epidemiological profile of cornea donors and recipients before reaching queue zero. Methods: Epidemiological study, of quantitative approach, with transversal, analytical design, analyzing database records from the Health Secretary of the State of Ceará, from 2013 to 2015. Results: We obtained 1,558 cornea donors and 2,287 cornea recipients from 2013 to 2015. Most donors were male, capital residents, from 21 to 40 years old. Of donated eyeballs, 14.52% were disposed, due to poor condition, infiltration or positive serology. The recipients were predominantly women over 60 years old. The procedures were mostly elective, due to bullous keratopathy (28%). Regarding emergency transplants, ulcer (38.51%) and retransplant (35.14%) were most prevalent. Predominantly, transplants were funded by the Unified Health System. Conclusion: The majority of patients who were submitted to corneal transplantation are senile, especially females, therefore should be cautiously observed. On the other hand, donors are mainly male and young, reflecting the high number of tragic accidents. The surgery for bullous keratopathy is the most frequent among elective transplants, while the ulcer surgery is the main cause of emergency procedures. The fact that most surgeries were financed by the Unified Health System reflects the importance of this system.


RESUMO Objetivo: Traçar o perfil epidemiológico dos doadores e receptores de córnea antes de atingir a Fila Zero. Métodos: Estudo epidemiológico, de abordagem quantitativa, com delineamento transversal e analítico, analisando registros da base de dados da Secretaria de Saúde do Estado do Ceará, de 2013 a 2015. Resultados: Foram obtidos 1.558 doadores de córnea e 2.287 receptores de córnea, de 2013 a 2015. A maioria dos doadores era homem, procedente da capital, de 21 a 40 anos. Dentre os globos oculares doados, 14,52% foram descartados por má condição, infiltração ou sorologia positiva. Os receptores eram predominantemente mulheres acima de 60 anos de idade. Os procedimentos foram majoritariamente eletivos, devido à ceratopatia bolhosa (28%). Já para transplantes de emergência, a úlcera (38,51%) e o retransplante (35,14%) foram os mais prevalentes. Em geral, os transplantes foram custeados pelo Sistema Único de Saúde. Conclusão: A maioria dos pacientes submetidos a transplantes de córnea foram do grupo etário senil, principalmente do sexo feminino, devendo esse grupo ser observado com cautela. Em contrapartida, os doadores eram, principalmente, homens e jovens, refletindo o alto número de pessoas que morrem devido a acidentes trágicos. A cirurgia de ceratopatia bolhosa foi a mais frequente dentre os transplantes eletivos; já a de úlcera foi a principal causa dos procedimentos de emergência. O fato de a maioria das cirurgias ter sido financiada pelo Sistema Único de Saúde reflete a importância desse sistema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tissue Donors/statistics & numerical data , Tissue and Organ Procurement/statistics & numerical data , Corneal Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Eye Banks/statistics & numerical data , Transplant Recipients/statistics & numerical data , Appointments and Schedules , Tissue Donors/supply & distribution , Tissue and Organ Procurement/standards , Tissue and Organ Procurement/organization & administration , Epidemiologic Studies , Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Waiting Lists , Corneal Transplantation/standards , Eye Banks/organization & administration , Eye Banks/supply & distribution
11.
Poblac. salud mesoam ; 19(1)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386922

ABSTRACT

Resumen La investigación tuvo por objetivo indagar los conocimientos, las actitudes y las creencias de familias involucradas en procesos de decisión sobre la donación de órganos. Se llevó a cabo un estudio de carácter cualitativo con un diseño de tipo descriptivo e interpretativo. Participaron 14 grupos familiares de potenciales donantes y se elaboró un guion temático para el desarrollo de entrevistas a 10 de ellos que aceptaron y a 4 que rechazaron la donación. De acuerdo con los resultados, las decisiones se vieron facilitadas cuando los parientes contaban con información sobre la voluntad del donante. Quienes se opusieron desconocían la voluntad de los posibles dadores, pues no tenían comunicación específica con respecto del tema. Al interior del círculo familiar, las madres asumieron un papel relevante al momento de consentir. El acto de donar conlleva una visión positiva de generosidad y altruismo, aunque permanecen prejuicios y desconfianza en cuanto a los procedimientos y la transparencia de los profesionales y las instituciones participantes. Las personas entrevistas tuvieron dificultad para precisar la identidad de quien solicitó la donación, con marcado desconocimiento de las instituciones y normas regulatorias. Se concluyó la necesidad de reforzar en la ciudadanía la importancia de la donación de órganos, así como la transparencia y confianza institucional. El diálogo dentro del hogar sobre la voluntad de donar resulta fundamental para la toma de decisiones favorables.


Abstract The objective of the research was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of family groups involved in decision-making processes about the procurement and donation of organs. A qualitative study was carried out with a descriptive and interpretive design. Fourteen potential donor family groups participated in the study who accepted or opposed the organ donation process. A thematic script was created for the development of interviews with 10 families who accepted and 4 who rejected the donation. The results showed that decisions were made easier when the family had information about the donors wishes. Those who opposed were unaware of the will and did not have precise communication with potential givers on the matter. Within the family group, mothers assumed a relevant role at the time of the favorable definition. The act of donation carries a positive vision of generosity and altruism, although prejudices and mistrust remains regarding the procedures and transparency of the professionals and institutions that participate. The interviewees had difficulty determining the identity of the person who requested the donation, with marked ignorance of the institutions and norms that regulate this action. The importance of strengthening communication in the population about the importance of organ donation, as well as transparency and institutional trust, is concluded. Dialogue within the family about peoples willingness to donate is relevant for making a favorable decision.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Donors , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Argentina , Asymmetry of Information
12.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353128

ABSTRACT

Hemotherapy services play a key role in attracting donors and providing safe blood to the population. The apher-esis platelet collection procedure is a relatively simple, safe and important procedure for increasing the stocks of these services. However, the recruitment and retention of these donors still represent a major challenge. Objec-tive: Evaluating the profile of donors of blood components by apheresis in the Transfusion Unit of Professor Alberto Antunes University Hospital - UFAL, as well as knowing the hematological parameters pre- and post-donation, the occurrence of the main adverse events related to the procedure and the difficulties faced by the donor. Method:This was a cross-sectional observational study. We analyzed a total of 160 forms of apheresis donors from March 2017 to June 2018. The data were tabulated using the Excel program, and then analyzed in order to determine the objectives. Results: Most donors were male (93.13%), aged between 25 and 40 years (48.75%) and brown (25.62%). There was a slight prevalence of singles (49.37%) and 73.75% were from Maceió. The most prevalent ABO and Rh phenotyping was O+ (39.3%). Most of the procedures were simple platelet collection (75.60%) and the occurrence of adverse events during donations was 30.63%. Conclusion: Evaluation of apheresis donor profile and the knowledge of the possible side effects related to the procedure provided a better understanding of this type of donation and may improve the capture and retention processes of these individuals, minimizing the effects of lack of blood for Alagoana population. (AU)


Os serviços de hemoterapia desempenham um papel fundamental na atração de doadores e no fornecimento de sangue seguro à população. No entanto, o recrutamento e a retenção desses doadores ainda representam um gran-de desafio. Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil dos doadores de hemocomponentes por aférese na Unidade de Transfusão do Hospital Universitário Professor Alberto Antunes - UFAL, bem como conhecer os parâmetros hematológicos pré e pós-doação, a ocorrência dos principais eventos adversos relacionados à procedimento e as dificuldades enfrenta-das pelo doador. Método: Estudo observacional transversal. Foram analisadas 160 fichas de doadores de aférese de março de 2017 a junho de 2018. Os dados foram tabulados no programa Excel e analisados para determinar os objetivos. Resultados: A maioria dos doadores era do sexo masculino (93,13%), com idade entre 25 e 40 anos (48,75%) e parda (25,62%). Houve uma leve prevalência de solteiros (49,37%) e 73,75% eram de Maceió. A feno-tipagem ABO e Rh mais prevalente foi O+ (39,3%). A maioria dos procedimentos foi de coleta simples de plaquetas (75,60%) e a ocorrência de eventos adversos durante as doações foi de 30,63%. Conclusão: A avaliação do perfil do doador de aférese e o conhecimento dos possíveis efeitos colaterais relacionados ao procedimento proporcio-naram uma melhor compreensão sobre esse tipo de doação e podem ajudar a melhorar os processos de captura e retenção desses indivíduos, minimizando os efeitos da falta de sangue para a população Alagoana.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Tissue Donors , Blood Component Removal , Blood Platelets , Gift Giving , Hemotherapy Service
13.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(4): 557-564, out.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357192

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever o conhecimento de profissionais de saúde relacionado com doação de pulmão e manejo do doador. Métodos: Realizou-se estudo descritivo, transversal, com base em levantamento anônimo conduzido entre março e setembro de 2019 envolvendo profissionais de saúde registrados na Sociedad Argentina de Terapia Intensiva. Resultados: Dentre os 736 participantes, a média de idade foi de 30,5 anos (desvio-padrão de 8,9), sendo 61,3% do sexo feminino. Dentre os participantes, 60% eram médicos, 21,5% enfermeiros e 17,9% fisioterapeutas. Dentre os participantes, 68% se consideravam adequadamente informados com relação à procura de órgãos, e 79,8% afirmaram estar cientes do manejo de um potencial doador sob terapia intensiva. Os critérios relativos a um doador de pulmão foram respondidos corretamente por 71,3% dos participantes. Entretanto, após a morte cerebral do doador, 51% dos participantes não fariam modificações nos parâmetros de ventilação mecânica, 22,9% não sabiam quais parâmetros reprogramar, e 44,5% escolheriam um volume corrente de 6 - 8mL/kg e pressão positiva expiratória final de 5cmH2O. Para 85% dos profissionais de saúde, o tipo de teste de apneia escolhido foi desconexão do ventilador, e apenas 18,5% utilizariam um protocolo de controle. As intervenções mais frequentemente utilizadas no caso de pressão parcial de oxigênio/fração inspirada de oxigênio < 300 foram titulação da pressão positiva expiratória final, aspiração traqueal em circuito fechado e manobras de recrutamento. Conclusão: Os profissionais de saúde que participaram deste levantamento na Argentina responderam corretamente à maior parte das questões relacionadas aos critérios para o doador de pulmão. Contudo, faltou-lhes um conhecimento detalhado relativo aos parâmetros ventilatórios, às estratégias ventilatórias e aos protocolos para doadores de pulmão. Programas educacionais são fundamentais para otimizar a doação de múltiplos órgãos e devem focalizar a proteção dos pulmões do doador, com objetivo de incrementar o número de órgãos disponíveis para transplante.


ABSTRACT Objective: To describe health care providers' knowledge about lung donation and donor lung management. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study based on an anonymous survey was conducted between March and September 2018 among health care professionals registered to Sociedad Argentina de Terapia Intensiva. Results: Of the 736 respondents, the mean age was 40.5 years (standard deviation 8.9), and 61.3% were female. Sixty percent were physicians, 21.5% were nurses, and 17.9% were physiotherapists. Seventy-eight percent considered themselves appropriately informed about organ procurement, and 79.8% stated that they knew potential organ donor critical care management. The lung donor criteria were answered correctly by 71.3% of the respondents. However, after the donor's brain death, 51% made no changes to ventilator parameters, 22.9% were not aware of which parameters to reprogram, and 44.5% selected tidal volume of 6 - 8mL/kg and positive end expiratory pressure of 5cmH2O. For 85% of the health care providers, the type of apnea test chosen was disconnection from the ventilator, and only 18.5% used a lung management protocol. The most frequent interventions used in the case of arterial oxygen partial pressure/fractional inspired oxygen < 300 were positive end expiratory pressure titration, closed-circuit endotracheal suctioning, and recruitment maneuvers. Conclusion: Health care professionals surveyed in Argentina correctly answered most of the questions related to lung donor criteria. However, they lacked detailed knowledge about ventilatory settings, ventilatory strategies, and protocols for lung donors. Educational programs are key to optimizing multiorgan donation and should be focused on protecting the donor lungs to increase the numbers of organs available for transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tissue Donors , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Argentina , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Personnel , Lung
14.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(3): 375-382, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340131

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The number of kidney transplants (KTx) is increasing in Brazil and, consequently, the costs of this procedure increase the country's health budget. We retrospectively evaluated the data of kidney transplant procedures until hospital discharge, according to kidney function recovery after the procedure. Methods: Retrospective analysis of the non-sensitized, 1st KTx from deceased donors performed between Jan/2010 to Dec/2017. Results: Out of the 1300 KTx from deceased donors performed in this period, 730 patients were studied and divided into 3 groups: Immediate Renal Function (IRF) - decrease in serum creatinine ≥ 10% on two consecutive days; Delayed Graft Function (DGF) - decrease in serum creatinine <10% on two consecutive days, without the need for dialysis, and Dialysis (D) - need for dialysis during the first week. Patients in group D stayed longer in the hospital compared to DGF and IRF (21, 11 and 8 days respectively, p < 0.001). More D patients (21%) were admitted to the ICU and performed a greater number of laboratory tests (p < 0.001) and renal biopsies (p < 0.001), in addition to receiving a higher amount of immunosuppressants. Total hospital costs were higher in group D and DGF compared to IRF (U$ 7.021,48; U$ 3.603,42 and U$ 2.642,37 respectively, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The costs of the transplant procedure is impacted by the recovery of kidney function after the transplant. The reimbursement for each of these different kidney function outcomes should be individualized in order to cover their real costs.


Resumo Introdução: O número de transplantes renais (KTx, do inglês kidney transplant) está aumentando no Brasil e, consequentemente, os custos deste procedimento aumentam o orçamento de saúde do país. Avaliamos retrospectivamente dados dos procedimentos de transplantes renais até a alta hospitalar, de acordo com a recuperação da função renal após o procedimento. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva dos 1º KTx de doadores falecidos, não sensibilizados, realizados entre Jan/2010 a Dez/2017. Resultados: Dos 1300 KTx de doadores falecidos realizados neste período, 730 pacientes foram estudados e divididos em 3 grupos: Função Renal Imediata (FRI) - diminuição na creatinina sérica ≥ 10% em dois dias consecutivos; Função Retardada do Enxerto (FRE) - diminuição na creatinina sérica <10% em dois dias consecutivos, sem necessidade de diálise, e Diálise (D) - necessidade de diálise durante a primeira semana. Pacientes no grupo D permaneceram mais tempo no hospital em comparação com FRE e FRI (21, 11 e 8 dias dias respectivamente, p < 0,001). Mais pacientes do grupo D (21%) foram admitidos na UTI e realizaram um maior número de testes laboratoriais (p < 0,001) e biópsias renais (p < 0,001), além de receberem uma quantidade maior de imunossupressores. Os custos hospitalares totais foram mais elevados nos grupos D e FRE em comparação com FRI (U$ 7.021,48; U$ 3.603,42 e U$ 2.642,37 respectivamente, p < 0,001). Conclusão: Os custos do procedimento de transplante são impactados pela recuperação da função renal após o transplante. O reembolso para cada um desses diferentes desfechos da função renal deve ser individualizado a fim de cobrir seus custos reais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Tissue Donors , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Renal Dialysis , Delayed Graft Function , Graft Survival , Kidney/physiology
15.
Diagn. tratamento ; 26(3): 93-6, jul-set. 2021. Este editorial foi previamente publicado em inglês no periódico São Paulo Medical Journal, volume 139, edição número 4, julho e agosto de 2021 (https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-3180.2021.139420052021)
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291192
16.
Rev. invest. clín ; 73(4): 216-221, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347567

ABSTRACT

Background: The impact of donor quality on post-kidney transplant survival may vary by candidate condition. Objective: Analyzing the combined use of the Kidney Donor Profile Index (KDPI) and the estimated post-transplant survival (EPTS) scale and their correlation with the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline in deceased-donor kidney recipients (DDKR). Methods: This was a retrospective, observational cohort study. We included DDKRs between 2015 and 2017 at a national third-level hospital. Results: We analyzed 68 DDKR. The mean age at transplant was 41 ± 14 years, 47 (69%) had sensitization events, 18 (26%) had delayed graft function, and 16 (23%) acute rejection. The graft survival at 12 and 36 months was 98.1% (95% CI 94-100) and 83.7% (95% CI 65-100), respectively. The Pearson correlation coefficient between the percentage reduction in the annual eGFR and the sum of EPTS and KDPI scales was r = 0.61, p < 0.001. The correlation coefficient between the percentage reduction in the annual eGFR and the EPTS and KDPI scales separately was r = 0.55, p < 0.001, and r = 0.53, p < 0.001, respectively. Conclusions: The sum of EPTS and KDPI scales can provide a better donor-recipient relationship and has a moderately positive correlation with the decrease in eGFR in DDKR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Tissue Donors , Kidney Transplantation , Graft Survival , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Transplant Recipients , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Kidney
19.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(2): e1261, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289430

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La búsqueda de alternativas para disminuir el tiempo de cicatrización y de hospitalización constituye uno de los aspectos fundamentales de la investigación actual. Los factores de crecimiento plaquetarios son capaces de potenciar la cicatrización. Objetivo: Determinar los beneficios de la aplicación del lisado de plaquetas homólogo sobre la zona donante del injerto autólogo de piel. Método: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal prospectivo en 20 pacientes tratados en el Hospital Hermanos Ameijeiras entre agosto de 2016 y mayo de 2019, que requirieron de injerto autólogo de piel en las zonas cruentas. Se realizaron dos tomas de injerto en el mismo paciente y región anatómica; una fue tratada con lisado plaquetario (zona de intervención) y otra con tratamiento convencional (zona control). La selección de pacientes fue intencional. Para estudiar las variables cualitativas se utilizaron números absolutos y proporciones y en las cuantitativas medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Para la comparación de los resultados se aplicó la prueba de Friedman con un nivel de significación p ≤ 0,05. Resultados: La quemadura fue la principal causa de zona cruenta (75 por ciento), el grupo de edad más afectado fue el de mayores de 55 años. El porcentaje de cicatrización fue mayor en el grupo de intervención, con un tiempo de epitelización significativamente menor (p < 0,01), y el dolor en la zona intervenida fue menor. No hubo complicaciones. Conclusiones: Los beneficios encontrados en la zona intervenida con lisado plaquetario fueron significativos con una cicatrización más rápida y menor dolor(AU)


Introduction: The search for treatment alternatives that allow reducing wound healing and hospitalization time are fundamental aspects in research nowadays. Platelet growth factors are capable of enhancing wound healing. Objective: Determine the benefits of applying homologous platelet lysate on the donor area of autologous skin graft. Methods: A prospective longitudinal-section study was conducted in 20 patients with bloody areas that required autologous skin graft at the Hospital Hermanos Ameijeiras between August 2016 and May 2019. Two graft intakes were made in the same patient and anatomical region, one of them treated with platelet lysate (intervention zone) and one with conventional treatment (control zone). Patients selection was intentional. Absolute numbers and proportions were used to study the qualitative variables, and measures of central tendency and dispersion were used in the quantitative variables. To compare de results, the Friedman test was applied, setting a level of significance p < 0,05. Results: The main cause of bloody area was burns (75 percent), the most affected age group was those over 55 years, the healing percentage was greater in the intervention group with a statistically significant shorter epithelization time (p < 0,01) and there was less pain in the intervention zone. There were no complications. Conclusions: The benefits found in the intervened area with platelet lysate were significant with faster healing and less pain(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tissue Donors , Wound Healing , Blood Platelets
20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(3): 318-322, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288241

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The mouse heterotopic cardiac transplant model has been extensively used to explore transplant immunity. Although the cuff technique facilitates the operation, the procedure remains difficult, and vessel eversion is the most difficult step. Cuff movement and everted vessel wall slippage are the main adverse factors in vessel eversion. Traditional strategies to prevent these factors focus on cuff fixation, while more steps or surgical instruments would be required. Methods: According to the reported protocols and our experience, the vessel eversion skills were modified and used for transplantation. Cardiac grafts from C57BL/6(H-2b) or BALB/c(H-2d) mice were transplanted into C57BL/6(H-2b) mice. The operating times of recent 90 operations, which were divided into 9 groups according to their sequence, were summarized and analyzed. Results: The mouse cervical cardiac transplantation was successfully performed by using the modified vessel eversion skills. The cuff movement, which is the most important adverse factor to prevent vessel eversion, was effectively prevented. In the recent 90 operations, the total operating time was 47.3±7.9 min and the success rate was 98%. Conclusions: The modified surgical skills simplify the vessel eversion in mouse cervical cardiac transplantation with cuff technique, characterized by less cuff movement, fewer steps, and surgical instruments. Using these surgical skills, the transplant can be performed in a short time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Heart Transplantation , Tissue Donors , Disease Models, Animal , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL
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