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1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 83: e0003, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529931

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar o perfil dos doadores de tecidos oculares humanos na área de atuação do Banco de Olhos da Paraíba, destacando o impacto da sorologia positiva para hepatite B no descarte dos tecidos para transplante. Métodos: O estudo é transversal e utilizou dados do Banco de Olhos da Paraíba entre janeiro de 2013 e dezembro de 2022. Dados sobre procedência, idade, sexo, causa do óbito, tempo entre óbito e enucleação, resultados sorológicos e motivo de descarte das córneas dos doadores foram coletados. Resultados: O maior motivo de descarte foi por sorologia positiva (56,5%), sendo positivadas as sorologias positivas para hepatite B e HBsAg em 11,1% e 4,75% dos pacientes, respectivamente. Conclusão: A sorologia positiva para hepatite B como um critério de descarte absoluto é responsável por grande parcela de descartes, apesar da pouca informação sobre suas repercussões e representação de infectividade nos receptores do transplante.


ABSTRACT Objective: To identify the profile of human ocular tissue donors in the area covered by the Eye Bank of Paraíba (PB), highlighting the impact of positive serology for hepatitis B (anti-HBc) in the disposal of tissues for transplantation. Methods: This is a cross-sectional that uses data from the Eye Bank of Paraíba (PB) between January 2013 and December 2022. Data on origin, age, sex, cause of death, time between death and enucleation, serological results, and reason for discarded donor corneas were collected. Results: The main reason for discarding was due to positive serology (56.5%), with positive anti-HBc and HBsAg serology in 11.1% and 4.75% of patients, respectively. Conclusion: Anti-HBc positive serology as an absolute disposal criterion is responsible for great part of disposals, despite little information about its repercussions and representation of infectivity in transplant recipients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Tissue Donors/statistics & numerical data , Corneal Transplantation/standards , Corneal Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Donor Selection/standards , Eye Banks/standards , Hepatitis B Antibodies/analysis , Serologic Tests/standards , Hepatitis B virus , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Disease Transmission, Infectious/legislation & jurisprudence , Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control , Disease Transmission, Infectious/statistics & numerical data , Eye Banks/statistics & numerical data , Hepatitis B/prevention & control , Hepatitis B/transmission , Hepatitis B Core Antigens/analysis
2.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22 (2), 2023;22(2): 921, 16 octubre 2023. ilus., tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526591

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La nefropatía por poliomavirus BK resulta un problema emergente en el trasplante renal, pues contribuye a la pérdida temprana de los injertos renales. OBJETIVO. Caracterizar clínicamente a los pacientes trasplantados renales con nefropatía por poliomavirus BK. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, realizado en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín en el período 2013-2022, se obtuvo una base de datos anonimizada, 479 pacientes trasplantados renales, de estos se identificaron 37 pacientes que corresponde a un 7,7% con nefropatía por poliomavirus BK, se realizó un análisis con el programa estadístico SPSS v26®. RESULTADOS. La población estuvo caracterizada por pacientes del sexo masculino (56,8%), con una edad media de 48,2 años, el donante cadavérico fue el más frecuente (94,5%), la mayor parte del tratamiento de la nefropatía por poliomavirus BK consistió en cambio de micofenolato sódico a everolimus y se mantuvo con 50% de Tacrolimus y Prednisona (40,5%); al valorar el cambio de los valores de creatinina, los niveles más elevados fueros a los 12 meses cuando la pérdida renal fue temprana (p: 0,042), y de la misma manera a los 12 meses, fueron más elevados los niveles de creatinina cuando el diagnóstico histopatológico fue Nefropatía por Poliomavirus Clase 3 (p: 0,01). DISCUSIÓN. La prevalencia de la nefropatía se mantuvo por debajo del 10% reportado a nivel global, la creatinina empeoró en pacientes con pérdida temprana del injerto renal y con una clase patológica avanzada, hecho reportado en la fisiopatología de la enfermedad. CONCLUSIÓN. La pérdida del injerto renal temprano presentó una creatinina más alta que la tardía. Es recomendable un tamizaje adecuado para la detección temprana del virus BK siendo crucial para prevenir el deterioro de la función renal y limitar la posterior pérdida del injerto.


INTRODUCTION: BK polyomavirus nephropathy is emerging as a significant concern in kidney transplantation, as it contributes to the early loss of renal grafts. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clinically characterize renal transplant recipients with BK polyomavirus nephropathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational and descriptive study was conducted at Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital during the period of 2013 to 2022. An anonymized database comprising 479 renal transplant patients was utilized. Among these, 37 patients, constituting 7.7%, were identified with BK polyomavirus nephropathy. Data analysis was performed using the statistical program SPSS v26®. RESULTS: The study population was predominantly composed of male patients (56.8%) with a mean age of 48.2 years. Deceased donors accounted for the majority (94.5%) of cases. The primary approach for managing BK polyomavirus nephropathy involved transitioning from mycophenolate sodium to everolimus, alongside maintaining a regimen of 50% tacrolimus and 40.5% prednisone. When assessing changes in creatinine values, the highest levels were observed at 12 months, coinciding with early renal loss (p: 0.042). Similarly, at the 12-month mark, elevated creatinine levels were associated with a histopathological diagnosis of Polyomavirus nephropathy Class 3 (p: 0.01). DISCUSSION: The prevalence of nephropathy remained below the globally reported threshold of 10%. Creatinine levels worsened in patients experiencing early graft loss and an advanced pathological classification, aligning with established disease pathophysiology. CONCLUSION: Early renal graft loss was associated with higher creatinine levels compared to delayed loss. Adequate screening for early detection of BK virus is recommended, as it plays a crucial role in preventing renal function deterioration and limiting subsequent graft loss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Kidney Transplantation , BK Virus , Viral Load , Creatinine , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Immunosuppressive Agents , Tissue Donors , Polyomavirus , Ecuador , Kidney Diseases
3.
Goiânia; SES-GO; ago. 2023. 1-19 p. graf, tab.(Estatística geral de doação de orgãos e transplantes de orgãos - Goiás).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1444028

ABSTRACT

Estatística geral de doação de orgãos e transplantes de orgãos - Goiás tem como objetivo transcrever em números os resultados de todo o trabalho executado pela Gerência de Transplantes em Goiás


General statistics of organ donation and organ transplants - Goiás aims to transcribe in numbers the results of all the work carried out by the Transplant Management in Goiás


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Transplants/statistics & numerical data , Tissue Donors , Tissue and Organ Procurement/statistics & numerical data , Brain Death , Bone Marrow Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Corneal Transplantation/statistics & numerical data
4.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1430298

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O processo de doação de órgãos e tecidos é definido por ações a fim de transformar um Potencial Doador (PD) em doador efetivo e inicia-se com o diagnóstico de morte encefálica. Objetivo: Analisar o perfil clínico e sociodemográfico dos potenciais doadores de órgãos, como também os fatores que influenciam na doação de órgãos. Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa quantitativa, transversal, retrospectiva e analítica realizada através da coleta de dados de 455 prontuários de pacientes com diagnóstico de Morte Encefálica, de uma Região do Nordeste brasileiro, utilizando formulário estruturado. Posteriormente realizaram-se análises descritivas e nas associações entre as variáveis independentes e dependente, utilizou-se o teste qui-quadrado de Pearson Resultados: As faixas etárias de maior incidência foram entre 21 a 40 anos e 41 a 60 anos, com 33,8% cada, prevalecendo o sexo masculino (64,1%). Em relação à causa da morte, predominou o Trauma Cranioencefálico com 36,5%. Foram entrevistados 83,3% dos familiares e desses, 53,5% autorizaram a doação. Quanto à relação das respostas das entrevistas com os familiares e o sexo dos PD o sexo masculino se destacou com 59,01% das entrevistas positivas, quanto a entrevista e faixa etária, não foram encontradas diferenças significativas. Correlacionando o resultado das entrevistas familiares e a causa da morte, 40,63% destas tinham como causa o trauma cranioencefálico, e desse total, 63,63% tiveram a doação autorizada. Conclusão: A maioria dos doadores efetivos foram jovens e do sexo masculino, com prevalência do trauma craneoencefálico como causa da morte encefálica e da aceitação familiar para a doação.


Introducción: El proceso de donación de órganos y tejidos se define por las acciones encaminadas a transformar a una persona donante potencial (DP) en donante efectiva. Este proceso comienza con el diagnóstico de muerte encefálica. Objetivo: Analizar el perfil clínico y sociodemográfico de potenciales donantes de órganos, así como los factores que influyen en la donación de órganos. Métodos: Se trata de una investigación cuantitativa, transversal, retrospectiva y analítica realizada a partir de la recopilación de datos de 455 prontuarios de pacientes con diagnóstico de muerte encefálica, en una región del Nordeste de Brasil, utilizando un formulario estructurado. Posteriormente, se realizaron análisis descriptivos y, en las asociaciones entre las variables independiente y dependiente, se utilizó la prueba chi-cuadrado de Pearson Resultados: Los grupos de edad con mayor incidencia fueron de 21 a 40 años y de 41 a 60 años, con un 33.8 % cada uno, con predominio del sexo masculino (64.1 %). En cuanto a la causa de muerte, predominó el trauma craneoencefálico con un 36.5 %. Se entrevistó al 83.3 % de familiares y, de este grupo, el 53.5 % autorizó la donación. En cuanto a la relación entre las respuestas de las entrevistas a familiares y el sexo del TP, se destacó el sexo masculino con un 59.01 % de las entrevistas positivas; en cuanto a la entrevista y grupo de edad no se encontraron diferencias significativas. Correlacionando los resultados de las entrevistas familiares y la causa de muerte, el 40.63 % fue por trauma craneoencefálico y, de ese total, el 63.63 % tenía autorizada la donación. Conclusión: Los donantes más efectivos fueron jóvenes y varones, con predominio del traumatismo craneoencefálico como causa de muerte encefálica y aceptación familiar de la donación.


Introduction: The process of organ and tissue donation is defined by actions to transform a Potential Donor (PD) into an effective donor and begins with the diagnosis of brain death. Objective: To analyze the clinical and sociodemographic profile of potential organ donors, as well as the factors that influence organ donation. Methods: This is a quantitative, cross-sectional, retrospective, and analytical research carried out in a region of Northeast Brazil by collecting data from 455 medical records of patients with brain death, who were diagnosed using a structured form. Subsequently, descriptive analyzes were carried out and for the associations between the independent and dependent variables, the Pearson's chi-square test was used. Results: The age groups with the highest incidence were between 21 to 40 years old and 41 to 60 years old, with a 33.8 % each, with a predominance of males (64.1%). Regarding the cause of death, traumatic brain injury was the most common with a 36.5% of the sample. From the 83.3% of the family members that were interviewed, 53.5% of them authorized the donation. Male potential donors constituted the 59.01% of the authorized donations (positive interviews). There was no relationship between the interview results and the age group of the PD. When correlating the results of family interviews and the cause of death, 40.63% of them were caused by traumatic brain injury and, out of this total, 63.63% had the donation authorized. Conclusion: The most effective donors were young and male whose cause of brain death was traumatic brain injury and whose families allowed the donation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transplantation , Tissue and Organ Procurement/methods , Tissue Donors/statistics & numerical data , Brazil
5.
Goiânia; SES-GO; maio 2023. 1-19 p. graf., tab., quad..(Estatística geral de doação de orgãos - Goiás).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1428868

ABSTRACT

Esta Estatística Geral de Doação e Transplantes de Órgãos - Goiás tem como objetivo transcrever em números os resultados de todo o trabalho executado pela Gerência de Transplantes em Goiás de janeiro a abril de 2023


This General Statistics of Organ Donation and Transplantation - Goiás aims to transcribe in numbers the results of all the work carried out by the Transplant Management in Goiás from January to April 2023


Subject(s)
Humans , Organ Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Tissue Donors/statistics & numerical data , Corneal Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Kidney Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Liver Transplantation/statistics & numerical data
6.
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023304, 14 fev. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518577

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Bone marrow transplants primarily depend on people who previously registered to be donors. From then on, the search for compatibility between donor and recipient begins. OBJECTIVE: To describe the historical landmarks and the legal apparatus of bone marrow donor banks in Brazil based on an integrative review. METHODS: LILACS database and PubMed and SciELO journals were used. The term bone marrow transplantation was the descriptor. Eligibility criteria were: articles with the theme of Bone Marrow Transplantation (BMT) and studies carried out on the national territory. RESULTS: A total of 88,855 articles were identified, among which 185 met the eligibility criteria. After they were thoroughly read, 14 articles were selected. The studies pointed out fragments that dealt with important historical landmarks for the establishment of bone marrow transplantation as a conventional treatment for oncohematological diseases. CONCLUSION: The use of BMT has a history of more than thirty years in Brazil. However, none of the articles identified specifically addresses the historical content of bone marrow transplantation.


Subject(s)
Tissue Donors , Bone Marrow Transplantation/history , Bone Marrow Transplantation/legislation & jurisprudence , Stem Cell Transplantation , Brazil
7.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 524-529, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982392

ABSTRACT

There is currently a huge worldwide demand for donor kidneys for organ transplantation. Consequently, numerous marginal donor kidneys, such as kidneys with microthrombi, are used to save patients' lives. While some studies have shown an association between the presence of microthrombi in donor kidneys and an increased risk for delayed graft function (DGF) (McCall et al., 2003; Gao et al., 2019), other studies have demonstrated that microthrombi negatively impact the rate of DGF (Batra et al., 2016; Hansen et al., 2018), but not graft survival rate (McCall et al., 2003; Batra et al., 2016; Gao et al., 2019). In contrast, Hansen et al. (2018) concluded that fibrin thrombi were not only associated with reduced graft function six months post-transplantation but also with increased graft loss within the first year of transplantation. On the other hand, Batra et al. (2016) found no significant differences in the DGF rate or one-year graft function between recipients in diffuse and focal microthrombi groups. To date, however, the overall influence of donor kidney microthrombi and the degree of influence on prognosis remain controversial, necessitating further research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombotic Microangiopathies , Transplantation, Homologous , Tissue Donors , Kidney , Allografts
8.
Nursing ; 25(294): 8916-8927, nov.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1402584

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Descrever as atividades implementadas pelo enfermeiro no processo de captação de coração e pulmão em um centro transplantador brasileiro e sua implicação no aumento do número de transplantes realizados. Métodos: Estudo descritivo e observacional, com foco no organograma instituído sobre as atividades do enfermeiro para avaliação e o aceite do doador. Resultados:Com a formação da unidade, exclusivamente dedicada ao processo captação/transplante, houve entre os meses de agosto de 2013 e dezembro de 2021, um aumento de 138,18% na realização de transplantes cardíacos adultos, 76,54% nos transplantes pediátricos e/ou cardiopatias congênitas e 63,22% nos procedimentos de pulmão,quando comparado ao mesmo período dos anos anteriores.Conclusão: O estudo descreve pela primeira vez a importância da atuação do enfermeiro na implementação de um programa de transplantes de sucesso e como suas ações contribuíram para o aumento do número de procedimentos realizados e podem servir de modelo para outros centros.(AU)


Objective: To describe the activities performed by nurses in the heart and lung harvesting process in a Brazilian transplant center and their implication in the increase in the number of transplants performed. Methods: Descriptive and observational study, focusing on the organizational chart established on the activities of nurses for the evaluation and acceptance of the donor. Results: With the formation of the unit, exclusively dedicated to the capture/transplantation process, between August 2013 and December 2021, there was an increase of 138.18% in adult heart transplants, 76.54% in pediatric transplants and/ or congenital heart disease and 63.22% in lung procedures, when compared to the same period in previous years. Conclusion: The study describes for the first time the importance of nurses' performance in the implementation of a successful transplant program and how their actions contributed to the increase in the number of procedures performed and can serve as a model for other centers.(AU)


Objetivo: Describir las actividades realizadas por enfermeros en el proceso de extracción de corazón y pulmón en un centro de trasplante brasileño y su implicación en el aumento de trasplantes realizados. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y observacional, con foco en el organigrama establecido sobre las actividades de los enfermeros para la evaluación y aceptación del donante. Resultados: Con la formación de la unidad, dedicada exclusivamente al proceso de captación/trasplante, entre agosto de 2013 y diciembre de 2021, hubo un aumento del 138,18% en trasplantes cardíacos adultos, 76,54% en trasplantes pediátricos y/o cardiopatías congénitas y 63,22% % en procedimientos pulmonares, en comparación con años anteriores. Conclusión: El estudio describe por primera vez la importancia de la actuación de los enfermeros en la implementación de un programa de trasplante exitoso y cómo sus acciones contribuyeron para el aumento del número de procedimientos realizados y pueden servir de modelo para otros centros.(AU)


Subject(s)
Tissue Donors , Heart Transplantation , Lung Transplantation , Nurses, Male
9.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 38(2): e1533, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408452

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El trasplante es la opción terapéutica más favorable para las personas con insuficiencia renal crónica. El donante puede ser cadavérico o donante vivo, emparentado o no. Los resultados del trasplante están en relación con varios factores inmunológicos y no inmunológicos. Objetivo: Caracterizar inmunogenéticamente a los donantes cadavéricos cubanos para trasplante renal. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal y descriptivo de los donantes cadavéricos durante el año 2019. Se analizó la región de procedencia, sexo, color de la piel y rangos de edades de los donantes, así como, grupo sanguíneos ABO y Rhesus Rh; serología para VIH, Virus de hepatitis B(VHB) y Virus de hepatitis C (VHC); y hábitos tóxicos. Resultados: Se estudió un total de 95 donantes cadavéricos, 62 provenientes del occidente y 33 del centro del país. El 63,2 por ciento fueron masculinos y 36,8 por ciento femenino. El grupo de edad de mayor frecuencia fue 40 - 60 años y la edad media de 49,45 años. El 58,95 por ciento de los pacientes fueron de grupo sanguíneo O; 30,53 por ciento grupo A y los grupos B y AB tuvieron 5,26 por ciento de prevalencia; y solo 8 fueron Rh negativos. Todos tuvieron serología para VIH, VHB y VHC negativas. Las enfermedades asociadas más frecuentes fueron la hipertensión arterial y la diabetes mellitus. Conclusiones: Los donantes cadavéricos durante el año 2019 mostraron características similares a las reportadas por otros estudios. El aumento de las edades de los donantes incide en la aparición de enfermedades asociadas y esto pudiera repercutir en el resultado del trasplante(AU)


Introduction: Transplantation is the most favorable therapeutic option for people with chronic renal failure. The donor can be a cadaveric or living donor, related or not. Transplant outcomes are related to various immunological and non-immunological factors. Objective: To characterize Cuban cadaveric donors for renal transplantation Materials and methods: A cross-sectional and descriptive study of cadaveric donors was carried out during the year 2019. The region of origin, sex, skin color and age ranges of the donors were analyzed, as well as ABO and Rhesus Rh blood groups; serology for HIV, Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), and toxic habits. Results: A total of 95 cadaveric donors were studied, 62 from the West and 33 from the Center of the country. 63.2 percent were male and 36.8 percent female due to the most frequent age group being 40-60 years and the mean age of 49.45 years. 58.95 percent of the patients were of blood group O, 30.53 percent group A and groups B and AB had 5.26 percent prevalence; and only 8 were Rh negative. All had negative serology for HIV, HBV and HCV. The most frequent associated diseases were arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Conclusions: The cadaveric donors during the year 2019 showed characteristics similar to those reported by other studies. The increase in the age of the donors affects the appearance of associated diseases and this could affect the result of the transplant(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Donors , Blood Group Antigens , Skin Pigmentation , Survivors , Living Donors , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Immunologic Factors , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cuba
10.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 25 mar. 2022. 1-21 p. quad, graf.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1397377

ABSTRACT

A Portaria MS n.º 78, de 9 de março de 1.999, credenciou a Central Estadual de Transplantes de Goiás - CET/GO e desde então, os transplantes no Estado tem desenvolvido de forma íntegra e abrangente, inclusive no que tange outras instituições, as quais possam participar de forma direta ou indiretamente das ações relacionadas aos transplantes, no Estado. Diante disso, a presente Nota Técnica n.º 2/2022 visa orientar, organizar e publicizar o fluxo das ações relacionadas aos transplantes de rins em Goiás, de modo a atender as legislações vigentes, bem como a necessidade social e médica, em consonância com os princípios do SUS, que são norteadores desse processo


Ordinance MS n.º 78, of March 9, 1999, accredited the Goiás State Transplant Center - CET/GO and since then, transplants in the State have developed in an integral and comprehensive way, including with regard to other institutions, which can participate directly or indirectly in actions related to transplants in the State. Therefore, this Technical Note No. 2/2022 - aims to guide, organize and publicize the flow of actions related to kidney transplants in Goiás, in order to comply with current legislation, as well as the social need and medical, in line with the principles of the SUS, which guide this process


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation/standards , Tissue Donors/classification , Dialysis/standards
12.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 13-16, Jan.-Mar. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364907

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Soon after the onset of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, viral screening by nasopharyngeal swab became mandatory for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) donor eligibility. Methods We described our monocenter experience with allogeneic HSC donors from February 1 to the October 31, 2020 to verify whether the introduction of SARS-CoV-2 screening altered the donor eligibility and/or entailed a prolongation of the evaluation process. Results A total of 21 allogeneic HSC donors were screened during the above-mentioned period upon request by the local transplant physicians or by the Italian Bone Marrow Donor Registry; among the HSC donors (n = 17) who completed the eligibility process and further received the nasopharyngeal swab, all but one were negative for the presence of SARS-CoV-2. The positive donor remained asymptomatic for the whole duration of the infection, which lasted six weeks. However, he was temporarily excluded from donation. The median duration of the evaluation process was not significantly different, compared to the same period of 2019 (p-value = 0.11). Conclusion The mandatory SARS-CoV-2 screening in allogeneic HSC donors allowed for the detection of 6% positivity in this monocenter series over a 9-month period. Despite the inconvenience of this unexpected non-eligibility, the exclusion of a SARS-CoV-2 positive donor represented an important safety measure for the donor, with respect to a new and still partially unknown virus. The screening did not alter the length of the donor evaluation and thus, did not cause a delay in the eligibility process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , SARS-CoV-2 , Tissue Donors , Mass Screening
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 600-606, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928760

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of intestinal acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children and futher evaluate the occurring risk factors.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 136 patients undergoing allo-HSCT in Wuhan Children's Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College from August 2016 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, clinical characteristics of children with intestinal aGVHD were observed. The risk factors of intestinal aGVHD were assessed by logistic regression while cumulative survival were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method.@*RESULTS@#Among 136 patients intestinal aGVHD occurred in 24 (17.6%) cases, with 4 cases of grade II, 20 cases of grade III-IV, and the median occurrence time was 28(10-63) days. The clinical manifestations were diarrhea with intermittent abdominal pain, 17 cases with nausea and vomiting, 11 cases with fresh bloody stool, and 8 cases with skin rash before intestinal aGVHD. The average time for treatment was 33(11-100) days. 18 cases received electronic colonoscopy and histopathology examination. 20 out of 24 cases achieved remission after treatment, and the total effective rate was 83.3%. Finally, 9 out of 24 cases died during the follow-up time. Survival analysis showed that the cumulative survival rate of patients with intestinal aGVHD (15/24, 62.5%) were significantly lower than those without intestinal aGVHD (101/112, 90.2%) (Log-rank test, P=0.001). Univariate analysis showed that recipient age, sex, primary disease, donor age, donor sex, donor-recipient blood type, conditioning regimen, prophylaxis of GVHD, dosage of ATG, engraft time of blood platelet and neutrophils, and number of MNC/CD34+ were not risk factors for intestinal aGVHD (P>0.05). Only the type of HSCT (χ2=16.020, P=0.001) and matched degree of HLA (χ2=15.502, P=0.001) had statistical significance with intestinal aGVHD (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that only HLA-mismatched unrelated donor was the risk factor for intestinal aGVHD for children (P=0.014,OR=16,95%CI 1.735-147.543).@*CONCLUSION@#Intestinal aGVHD is a risk factor for cumulative survial of patients who received allo-HSCT in children and HLA-mismatched unrelated donor is its independent risk factor.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acute Disease , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tissue Donors
14.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE039004334, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374021

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo A família é o principal componente da doação de órgãos. Este estudo descreve a experiência da família do doador com os cuidados de enfermagem durante o processo de doação. Métodos Foi realizado um estudo fenomenológico. Os participantes eram familiares que aceitaram a doação de órgãos de um parente em hospitais, e foram recrutados por meio de amostragem intencional. Foram realizadas entrevistas em profundidade e anotações em campo, além de uma análise temática. Resultados Três temas foram identificados: Aspectos positivos do cuidado de enfermagem na unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI); Aspectos positivos do cuidado do enfermeiro coordenador de transplantes (ECT); e Aspectos improváveis do cuidado de enfermagem durante o processo de doação de órgãos. A flexibilidade dos horários na unidade de terapia intensiva para favorecer o acompanhamento dos familiares e fornecer informações adequadas e adaptadas sobre a doação são cuidados diferenciados para as famílias. Elas destacaram áreas para melhorias relacionadas à intimidade e privacidade durante o processo de doação. Conclusão As famílias dos doadores prezam e valorizam os cuidados de enfermagem no processo de doação de órgãos.


Resumen Objetivo La familia es el principal componente de la donación de órganos. Este estudio describe la experiencia de la familia del donante con los cuidados de enfermería durante el proceso de donación. Métodos Se realizó un estudio fenomenológico. Los participantes fueron familiares que aceptaron la donación de órganos de un pariente en hospitales, reclutados por medio de muestreo intencional. Se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad y anotaciones en campo, además de un análisis temático. Resultados Se identificaron tres temas: Aspectos positivos del cuidado de enfermería en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI); Aspectos positivos del cuidado del enfermero coordinador de trasplantes (ECT); y Aspectos improbables del cuidado de enfermería durante el proceso de donación de órganos. La flexibilidad en los horarios en la unidad de cuidados intensivos para favorecer el acompañamiento de los familiares y suministrar informaciones adecuadas y adaptadas respecto a la donación constituyen cuidados diferenciados con las familias. Destacaron áreas para mejoras relacionadas con la intimidad y la privacidad durante el proceso de donación. Conclusión Las familias de los donantes precian y valoran los cuidados de enfermería en el proceso de donación de órganos.


Abstract Objective The family is the main component for organ donation. This study describes the experience of the donor's family with the nursing care during the donation process. Methods A phenomenological study was applied. Participants were family members who accepted the donation of organs from a relative in hospitals, using purposeful sampling. In-depth interviews and field notes were conducted. A thematic analysis was performed. Results Three themes were identified: Positive aspect of intensive care unit nurses' care; Positive aspects of nurses transplant coordinators' care; and Improvable aspects of nursing care during the organ donation process. The flexibility of hours in the intensive care unit to favor the accompaniment of family members, and to provide adequate and adapted information about the donation are outstanding care for families. They highlight areas for improvement related to intimacy and privacy during the donation process. Conclusion Donor's families appreciate and value nursing care within the organ donation process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Tissue Donors , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Family/psychology , Organ Transplantation , Death , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Interviews as Topic
15.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0009, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360920

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Tendo em vista que o sistema visual representa uma via de contaminação para o novo Corona vírus, a The Global Alliance of Eye Bank Association (GAEBA) divulgou um guideline preconizando a prevenção de transmissão do vírus entre o doadores de tecido ocular e o pacientes receptores, o que resultou em uma diminuição no número de ceratoplastias e aumento de filas de espera para transplantes de córnea (TC) em todo o mundo. Nesse sentido, o presente trabalho tem por objetivo analisar a situação do transplante de córnea (TC) no estado de Alagoas durante o primeiro ano de pandemia da COVID-19. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo analítico, transversal, observacional utilizando dados provenientes de 3 fontes diferentes: Banco de Tecido Ocular Humano de Alagoas (BTO-AL), Registro Brasileiro de Transplantes (RBT) e Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA). Resultados: Durante os últimos seis anos, foram realizados 284 TCs em Alagoas, segundo dados do Banco de Transplante de Olhos do estado (BTO), já segundo a Registro Brasileiro de Transplantes (RBT) foram realizados 451 TCs. A porcentagem de córneas não oriundas do BTO de Alagoas se mostrou crescente até 2019, porém decresceu em 2020, e no primeiro ano de pandemia , apenas 11,66% da necessidade anual estimada foi atendida, sendo o período com menor número de TCs realizados entre os seis anos analisados na pesquisa. Conclusão: O estudo demonstra o declínio na doação e realização de transplantes de córnea durante o primeiro ano da pandemia da COVID-19 em Alagoas.


ABSTRACT Objective: Considering the visual system is one source of contamination for the new coronavirus, The Global Alliance of Eye Bank Association (GAEBA) released a guideline recommending prevention of virus transmission between eye tissue donors and recipients, which resulted in a reduction of keratoplasties and increase in the waiting lists for corneal transplants worldwide. Hence, this work aims to analyze the situation of corneal transplantation in the state of Alagoas, during the first year of COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This is an analytical, cross-sectional, observational study using data from 3 different sources: Human Eye Tissue Bank of Alagoas (BTO-AL), Brazilian Transplant Registry (RBT) and National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA). Results: During the past six years, 284 corneal transplants were performed in Alagoas, according to data from the Eye Transplant Bank (BTO) of the state, whereas according to the Brazilian Transplant Registry (RBT) 451 corneal transplants were performed. The percentage of corneas not coming from the BTO of Alagoas increased until 2019 but dropped in 2020. In the first year of the pandemic, only 11.66% of estimated annual need was met, and this period had the lowest number of corneal transplants performed out of the six years analyzed in the research. Conclusion: The study demonstrated the decline in donation and performance of corneal transplants during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in Alagoas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Corneal Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Tissue Donors/supply & distribution , Tissue and Organ Procurement/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eye Banks , Pandemics , Observational Study
16.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0037, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376781

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To outline the epidemiological profile of cornea donors and recipients before reaching queue zero. Methods: Epidemiological study, of quantitative approach, with transversal, analytical design, analyzing database records from the Health Secretary of the State of Ceará, from 2013 to 2015. Results: We obtained 1,558 cornea donors and 2,287 cornea recipients from 2013 to 2015. Most donors were male, capital residents, from 21 to 40 years old. Of donated eyeballs, 14.52% were disposed, due to poor condition, infiltration or positive serology. The recipients were predominantly women over 60 years old. The procedures were mostly elective, due to bullous keratopathy (28%). Regarding emergency transplants, ulcer (38.51%) and retransplant (35.14%) were most prevalent. Predominantly, transplants were funded by the Unified Health System. Conclusion: The majority of patients who were submitted to corneal transplantation are senile, especially females, therefore should be cautiously observed. On the other hand, donors are mainly male and young, reflecting the high number of tragic accidents. The surgery for bullous keratopathy is the most frequent among elective transplants, while the ulcer surgery is the main cause of emergency procedures. The fact that most surgeries were financed by the Unified Health System reflects the importance of this system.


RESUMO Objetivo: Traçar o perfil epidemiológico dos doadores e receptores de córnea antes de atingir a Fila Zero. Métodos: Estudo epidemiológico, de abordagem quantitativa, com delineamento transversal e analítico, analisando registros da base de dados da Secretaria de Saúde do Estado do Ceará, de 2013 a 2015. Resultados: Foram obtidos 1.558 doadores de córnea e 2.287 receptores de córnea, de 2013 a 2015. A maioria dos doadores era homem, procedente da capital, de 21 a 40 anos. Dentre os globos oculares doados, 14,52% foram descartados por má condição, infiltração ou sorologia positiva. Os receptores eram predominantemente mulheres acima de 60 anos de idade. Os procedimentos foram majoritariamente eletivos, devido à ceratopatia bolhosa (28%). Já para transplantes de emergência, a úlcera (38,51%) e o retransplante (35,14%) foram os mais prevalentes. Em geral, os transplantes foram custeados pelo Sistema Único de Saúde. Conclusão: A maioria dos pacientes submetidos a transplantes de córnea foram do grupo etário senil, principalmente do sexo feminino, devendo esse grupo ser observado com cautela. Em contrapartida, os doadores eram, principalmente, homens e jovens, refletindo o alto número de pessoas que morrem devido a acidentes trágicos. A cirurgia de ceratopatia bolhosa foi a mais frequente dentre os transplantes eletivos; já a de úlcera foi a principal causa dos procedimentos de emergência. O fato de a maioria das cirurgias ter sido financiada pelo Sistema Único de Saúde reflete a importância desse sistema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tissue Donors/statistics & numerical data , Tissue and Organ Procurement/statistics & numerical data , Corneal Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Eye Banks/statistics & numerical data , Transplant Recipients/statistics & numerical data , Appointments and Schedules , Tissue Donors/supply & distribution , Tissue and Organ Procurement/standards , Tissue and Organ Procurement/organization & administration , Epidemiologic Studies , Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Waiting Lists , Corneal Transplantation/standards , Eye Banks/organization & administration , Eye Banks/supply & distribution
17.
Bull. méd. Owendo (En ligne) ; 20(51): 18-23, 2022. tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1378112

ABSTRACT

Introduction : La nécessité de disposer de produits sanguins labiles (PSL) de qualité est un impératif de la transfusion sanguine. Le don de sang n'est pas sans risque pour le donneur. Ce qui soulève la question de la perte de fer par spoliation sanguine. Ce constat a conduit à la réalisation de cette étude dans le but de rechercher l'anémie chez le donneur de sang volontaire jugé apte après évaluation de l'hémoglobine pré-don et d'en déterminer la cause. Patients et méthodes : Il s'agissait d'une étude transversale prospective réalisée au Centre National de Transfusion Sanguine (CNTS) de Libreville. La population d'étude était constituée de donneurs de sang, nouveaux ou anciens, volontaires en bonne santé chez qui les examens suivant ont été réalisés pour le diagnostic de l'anémie et celui de la carence en fer tout en excluant d'autre étiologies: l'hémogramme, le dosage de la Protéine C Réactive (CRP), le fer sérique, la ferritine, l'hepcidine et le test de diagnostic du paludisme (TDR).Résultats : Sur l'ensemble des deux cent quinze volontaires inclus, trente - quatre (15,8%) présentaient une anémie parmi lesquels douze femmes et vingt- deux hommes d'un âge moyen de 32,8 ±8,0. Le nombre de dons effectués était corrélé à la survenue de l'anémie selon le genre et l'âge du donneur. Il en a été de même pour les valeurs de la ferritine, du fer sérique.Conclusion : Le nombre important d'anémie est lié à un seuil bas de l'hémoglobine pré-don. Le caractère microcytaire hypochrome de l'anémie laisse supposer une origine ferriprive.


Introduction: The need to have quality labile blood products (LBP) is an imperative of blood transfusion. Blood donation is not without risk for the donor. This raises the question of the loss of iron by blood spoliation. This finding led to the realization of this study with the aim of looking for anemia in voluntary blood donors deemed suitable after evaluation of the pre-donation hemoglobin and to determine the cause.Patients and methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study carried out at the National Blood Transfusion Center (CNTS) in Libreville. The study population consisted of blood donors, new or old, healthy volunteers in whom the following examinations were carried out for the diagnosis of anemia and that of iron deficiency while excluding other etiologies: blood count, C-Reactive Protein (CRP), serum iron, ferritin, hepcidin and malaria diagnostic test (RDT). Results: Of the two hundred and fifteen volunteers included, thirty-four (15.8%) presented anemia, including twelve women and twenty-two men with an average age of 32.8 ±8.0. The number of donations made was correlated with the occurrence of anemia according to the sex and age of the donor. It was the same for the values of ferritin, serum iron. Conclusion: The large number of anemia is linked to a low threshold of pre-donation hemoglobin. The hypochromic microcytic character of the anemia suggests an iron deficiency origin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oocyte Donation , Anemia, Myelophthisic , Tissue Donors , Blood Transfusion , Fetal Hemoglobin
18.
Poblac. salud mesoam ; 19(1)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386922

ABSTRACT

Resumen La investigación tuvo por objetivo indagar los conocimientos, las actitudes y las creencias de familias involucradas en procesos de decisión sobre la donación de órganos. Se llevó a cabo un estudio de carácter cualitativo con un diseño de tipo descriptivo e interpretativo. Participaron 14 grupos familiares de potenciales donantes y se elaboró un guion temático para el desarrollo de entrevistas a 10 de ellos que aceptaron y a 4 que rechazaron la donación. De acuerdo con los resultados, las decisiones se vieron facilitadas cuando los parientes contaban con información sobre la voluntad del donante. Quienes se opusieron desconocían la voluntad de los posibles dadores, pues no tenían comunicación específica con respecto del tema. Al interior del círculo familiar, las madres asumieron un papel relevante al momento de consentir. El acto de donar conlleva una visión positiva de generosidad y altruismo, aunque permanecen prejuicios y desconfianza en cuanto a los procedimientos y la transparencia de los profesionales y las instituciones participantes. Las personas entrevistas tuvieron dificultad para precisar la identidad de quien solicitó la donación, con marcado desconocimiento de las instituciones y normas regulatorias. Se concluyó la necesidad de reforzar en la ciudadanía la importancia de la donación de órganos, así como la transparencia y confianza institucional. El diálogo dentro del hogar sobre la voluntad de donar resulta fundamental para la toma de decisiones favorables.


Abstract The objective of the research was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of family groups involved in decision-making processes about the procurement and donation of organs. A qualitative study was carried out with a descriptive and interpretive design. Fourteen potential donor family groups participated in the study who accepted or opposed the organ donation process. A thematic script was created for the development of interviews with 10 families who accepted and 4 who rejected the donation. The results showed that decisions were made easier when the family had information about the donors wishes. Those who opposed were unaware of the will and did not have precise communication with potential givers on the matter. Within the family group, mothers assumed a relevant role at the time of the favorable definition. The act of donation carries a positive vision of generosity and altruism, although prejudices and mistrust remains regarding the procedures and transparency of the professionals and institutions that participate. The interviewees had difficulty determining the identity of the person who requested the donation, with marked ignorance of the institutions and norms that regulate this action. The importance of strengthening communication in the population about the importance of organ donation, as well as transparency and institutional trust, is concluded. Dialogue within the family about peoples willingness to donate is relevant for making a favorable decision.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Donors , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Argentina , Asymmetry of Information
19.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353128

ABSTRACT

Hemotherapy services play a key role in attracting donors and providing safe blood to the population. The apher-esis platelet collection procedure is a relatively simple, safe and important procedure for increasing the stocks of these services. However, the recruitment and retention of these donors still represent a major challenge. Objec-tive: Evaluating the profile of donors of blood components by apheresis in the Transfusion Unit of Professor Alberto Antunes University Hospital - UFAL, as well as knowing the hematological parameters pre- and post-donation, the occurrence of the main adverse events related to the procedure and the difficulties faced by the donor. Method:This was a cross-sectional observational study. We analyzed a total of 160 forms of apheresis donors from March 2017 to June 2018. The data were tabulated using the Excel program, and then analyzed in order to determine the objectives. Results: Most donors were male (93.13%), aged between 25 and 40 years (48.75%) and brown (25.62%). There was a slight prevalence of singles (49.37%) and 73.75% were from Maceió. The most prevalent ABO and Rh phenotyping was O+ (39.3%). Most of the procedures were simple platelet collection (75.60%) and the occurrence of adverse events during donations was 30.63%. Conclusion: Evaluation of apheresis donor profile and the knowledge of the possible side effects related to the procedure provided a better understanding of this type of donation and may improve the capture and retention processes of these individuals, minimizing the effects of lack of blood for Alagoana population. (AU)


Os serviços de hemoterapia desempenham um papel fundamental na atração de doadores e no fornecimento de sangue seguro à população. No entanto, o recrutamento e a retenção desses doadores ainda representam um gran-de desafio. Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil dos doadores de hemocomponentes por aférese na Unidade de Transfusão do Hospital Universitário Professor Alberto Antunes - UFAL, bem como conhecer os parâmetros hematológicos pré e pós-doação, a ocorrência dos principais eventos adversos relacionados à procedimento e as dificuldades enfrenta-das pelo doador. Método: Estudo observacional transversal. Foram analisadas 160 fichas de doadores de aférese de março de 2017 a junho de 2018. Os dados foram tabulados no programa Excel e analisados para determinar os objetivos. Resultados: A maioria dos doadores era do sexo masculino (93,13%), com idade entre 25 e 40 anos (48,75%) e parda (25,62%). Houve uma leve prevalência de solteiros (49,37%) e 73,75% eram de Maceió. A feno-tipagem ABO e Rh mais prevalente foi O+ (39,3%). A maioria dos procedimentos foi de coleta simples de plaquetas (75,60%) e a ocorrência de eventos adversos durante as doações foi de 30,63%. Conclusão: A avaliação do perfil do doador de aférese e o conhecimento dos possíveis efeitos colaterais relacionados ao procedimento proporcio-naram uma melhor compreensão sobre esse tipo de doação e podem ajudar a melhorar os processos de captura e retenção desses indivíduos, minimizando os efeitos da falta de sangue para a população Alagoana.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Tissue Donors , Blood Component Removal , Blood Platelets , Gift Giving , Hemotherapy Service
20.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(4): 557-564, out.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357192

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever o conhecimento de profissionais de saúde relacionado com doação de pulmão e manejo do doador. Métodos: Realizou-se estudo descritivo, transversal, com base em levantamento anônimo conduzido entre março e setembro de 2019 envolvendo profissionais de saúde registrados na Sociedad Argentina de Terapia Intensiva. Resultados: Dentre os 736 participantes, a média de idade foi de 30,5 anos (desvio-padrão de 8,9), sendo 61,3% do sexo feminino. Dentre os participantes, 60% eram médicos, 21,5% enfermeiros e 17,9% fisioterapeutas. Dentre os participantes, 68% se consideravam adequadamente informados com relação à procura de órgãos, e 79,8% afirmaram estar cientes do manejo de um potencial doador sob terapia intensiva. Os critérios relativos a um doador de pulmão foram respondidos corretamente por 71,3% dos participantes. Entretanto, após a morte cerebral do doador, 51% dos participantes não fariam modificações nos parâmetros de ventilação mecânica, 22,9% não sabiam quais parâmetros reprogramar, e 44,5% escolheriam um volume corrente de 6 - 8mL/kg e pressão positiva expiratória final de 5cmH2O. Para 85% dos profissionais de saúde, o tipo de teste de apneia escolhido foi desconexão do ventilador, e apenas 18,5% utilizariam um protocolo de controle. As intervenções mais frequentemente utilizadas no caso de pressão parcial de oxigênio/fração inspirada de oxigênio < 300 foram titulação da pressão positiva expiratória final, aspiração traqueal em circuito fechado e manobras de recrutamento. Conclusão: Os profissionais de saúde que participaram deste levantamento na Argentina responderam corretamente à maior parte das questões relacionadas aos critérios para o doador de pulmão. Contudo, faltou-lhes um conhecimento detalhado relativo aos parâmetros ventilatórios, às estratégias ventilatórias e aos protocolos para doadores de pulmão. Programas educacionais são fundamentais para otimizar a doação de múltiplos órgãos e devem focalizar a proteção dos pulmões do doador, com objetivo de incrementar o número de órgãos disponíveis para transplante.


ABSTRACT Objective: To describe health care providers' knowledge about lung donation and donor lung management. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study based on an anonymous survey was conducted between March and September 2018 among health care professionals registered to Sociedad Argentina de Terapia Intensiva. Results: Of the 736 respondents, the mean age was 40.5 years (standard deviation 8.9), and 61.3% were female. Sixty percent were physicians, 21.5% were nurses, and 17.9% were physiotherapists. Seventy-eight percent considered themselves appropriately informed about organ procurement, and 79.8% stated that they knew potential organ donor critical care management. The lung donor criteria were answered correctly by 71.3% of the respondents. However, after the donor's brain death, 51% made no changes to ventilator parameters, 22.9% were not aware of which parameters to reprogram, and 44.5% selected tidal volume of 6 - 8mL/kg and positive end expiratory pressure of 5cmH2O. For 85% of the health care providers, the type of apnea test chosen was disconnection from the ventilator, and only 18.5% used a lung management protocol. The most frequent interventions used in the case of arterial oxygen partial pressure/fractional inspired oxygen < 300 were positive end expiratory pressure titration, closed-circuit endotracheal suctioning, and recruitment maneuvers. Conclusion: Health care professionals surveyed in Argentina correctly answered most of the questions related to lung donor criteria. However, they lacked detailed knowledge about ventilatory settings, ventilatory strategies, and protocols for lung donors. Educational programs are key to optimizing multiorgan donation and should be focused on protecting the donor lungs to increase the numbers of organs available for transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tissue Donors , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Argentina , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Personnel , Lung
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