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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246592, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339408

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have great potential for application in cell therapy and tissue engineering procedures because of their plasticity and capacity to differentiate into different cell types. Given the widespread use of MSCs, it is necessary to better understand some properties related to osteogenic differentiation, particularly those linked to biomaterials used in tissue engineering. The aim of this study was to develop an analysis method using FT-Raman spectroscopy for the identification and quantification of biochemical components present in conditioned culture media derived from MSCs with or without induction of osteogenic differentiation. All experiments were performed between passages 3 and 5. For this analysis, MSCs were cultured on scaffolds composed of bioresorbable poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) polymers. MSCs (GIBCO®) were inoculated onto the pure polymers and 75:25 PHBV/PCL blend (dense and porous samples). The plate itself was used as control. The cells were maintained in DMEM (with low glucose) containing GlutaMAX® and 10% FBS at 37oC with 5% CO2 for 21 days. The conditioned culture media were collected and analyzed to probe for functional groups, as well as possible molecular variations associated with cell differentiation and metabolism. The method permitted to identify functional groups of specific molecules in the conditioned medium such as cholesterol, phosphatidylinositol, triglycerides, beta-subunit polypeptides, amide regions and hydrogen bonds of proteins, in addition to DNA expression. In the present study, FT-Raman spectroscopy exhibited limited resolution since different molecules can express similar or even the same stretching vibrations, a fact that makes analysis difficult. There were no variations in the readings between the samples studied. In conclusion, FT-Raman spectroscopy did not meet expectations under the conditions studied.


Resumo As células-tronco mesenquimais (MSCs) possuem grande potencial para aplicação em procedimentos terapêuticos ligados a terapia celular e engenharia de tecidos, considerando-se a plasticidade e capacidade de formação em diferentes tipos celulares por elas. Dada a abrangência no emprego das MSCs, há necessidade de se compreender melhor algumas propriedades relacionadas à diferenciação osteogênica, particularmente liga à biomateriais usados em engenharia de tecidos. Este projeto objetiva o desenvolvimento de uma metodologia de análise empregando-se a FT-Raman para identificação e quantificação de componentes bioquímicos presentes em meios de cultura condicionados por MSCs, com ou sem indução à diferenciação osteogênica. Todos os experimentos foram realizados entre as passagens 3 e 5. Para essas análises, as MSCs foram cultivadas sobre arcabouços de polímeros biorreabsorvíveis de poli (hidroxibutirato-co-hidroxivalerato) (PHBV) e o poli (ε-caprolactona) (PCL). As MSCs (GIBCO®) foram inoculadas nos polímeros puros e na mistura 75:25 de PHBV / PCL (amostras densas e porosas). As células foram mantidas em DMEM (com baixa glicose) contendo GlutaMAX® e 10% de SFB a 37oC com 5% de CO2 por 21 dias. A própria placa foi usada como controle. Os meios de cultura condicionados foram coletados e analisadas em FT-Raman para sondagem de grupos funcionais, bem como possíveis variações moleculares associadas com a diferenciação e metabolismo celular. Foi possível discernir grupos funcionais de moléculas específicas no meio condicionado, como colesterol, fosfatidilinositol, triglicerídeos, forma Beta de polipeptídeos, regiões de amida e ligações de hidrogênio de proteínas, além da expressão de DNA. Na presente avaliação, a FT-Raman apresentou como uma técnica de resolução limitada, uma vez que modos vibracionais de estiramento próximos ou mesmo iguais podem ser expressos por moléculas diferente, dificultando a análise. Não houve variações nas leituras entre as amostras estudadas, concluindo-se que a FT-Raman não atendeu às expectativas nas condições estudadas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteogenesis , Polyesters , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Culture Media, Conditioned , Cell Proliferation , Tissue Scaffolds
2.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 80(231): 19-23, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392286

ABSTRACT

En el campo de la odontología, prevalecen actualmente alternativas terapéuticas con una filosofía conservadora. Sin embargo, con el advenimiento de los tratamientos con células madre (CM), se amplían las posibilidades terapéuticas, que buscan la combinación y el equilibrio entre la intervención tradicional y las posibilidades de reposición de estructuras anatómicas dañadas, a través de la regeneración de tejidos utilizando células madre o sus derivados (AU)


In the dentistry field, therapeutic alternatives with a conservative philosophy currently prevail. However, with the advent of stem cell (SC) treatments, therapeutic possibilities are expanding, seeking a combination and balance between traditional intervention and the pos- sibility of replacing damaged anatomical structures through tissue regeneration, using stem cells or their derivatives (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Tissue Engineering , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Periodontal Ligament/physiology , Regeneration/physiology , Tooth/cytology , Tooth Germ/physiology , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Dental Pulp/physiology , Tissue Scaffolds , COVID-19/therapy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941002

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of three different crosslinkers on the biocompatibility, physical and chemical properties of decellularized small intestinal submucosa (SIS) porous scaffolds.@*METHODS@#The SIS porous scaffolds were prepared by freeze-drying method and randomly divided into three groups, then crosslinked by glutaraldehyde (GA), 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodi-imide (EDC) and procyanidine (PA) respectively. To evaluate the physicochemical property of each sample in different groups, the following experiments were conducted. Macroscopic morphologies were observed and recorded. Microscopic morphologies of the scaffolds were observed using field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and representative images were selected. Computer software (ImageJ) was used to calculate the pore size and porosity. The degree of crosslinking was determined by ninhydrin experiment. Collagenase degradation experiment was performed to assess the resistance of SIS scaffolds to enzyme degradation. To evaluate the mechanical properties, universal mechanical testing machine was used to determine the stress-strain curve and compression strength was calculated. Human bone marrow mesenchymal cells (hBMSCs) were cultured on the scaffolds after which cytotoxicity and cell proliferation were assessed.@*RESULTS@#All the scaffolds remained intact after different crosslinking treatments. The FESEM images showed uniformed interconnected micro structures of scaffolds in different groups. The pore size of EDC group[(161.90±13.44) μm] was significantly higher than GA group [(149.50±14.65) μm] and PA group[(140.10±12.06) μm] (P < 0.05). The porosity of PA group (79.62%±1.14%) was significantly lower than EDC group (85.11%±1.71%) and GA group (84.83%±1.89%) (P < 0.05). PA group showed the highest degree of crosslinking whereas the lowest swelling ratio. There was a significant difference in the swelling ratio of the three groups (P < 0.05). Regarding to the collagenase degradation experiment, the scaffolds in PA group showed a significantly lower weight loss rate than the other groups after 7 days degradation. The weight loss rates of GA group were significantly higher than those of the other groups on day 15, whereas the PA group had the lowest rate after 10 days and 15 days degradation. PA group showed better mechanical properties than the other two groups. More living cells could be seen in PA and EDC groups after live/dead cell staining. Additionally, the proliferation rate of hBMCSs was faster in PA and EDC groups than in GA group.@*CONCLUSION@#The scaffolds gained satisfying degree of crosslinking after three different crosslinking treatments. The samples after PA and EDC treatment had better physicochemical properties and biocompatibility compared with GA treatment. Crosslinking can be used as a promising and applicable method in the modification of SIS scaffolds.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Cross-Linking Reagents/chemistry , Humans , Porosity , Tissue Engineering/methods , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Weight Loss
4.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 358-377, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939883

ABSTRACT

According to literature, certain microorganism productions mediate biological effects. However, their beneficial characteristics remain unclear. Nowadays, scientists concentrate on obtaining natural materials from live creatures as new sources to produce innovative smart biomaterials for increasing tissue reconstruction in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The present review aims to introduce microorganism-derived biological macromolecules, such as pullulan, alginate, dextran, curdlan, and hyaluronic acid, and their available sources for tissue engineering. Growing evidence indicates that these materials can be used as biological material in scaffolds to enhance regeneration in damaged tissues and contribute to cosmetic and dermatological applications. These natural-based materials are attractive in pharmaceutical, regenerative medicine, and biomedical applications. This study provides a detailed overview of natural-based biomaterials, their chemical and physical properties, and new directions for future research and therapeutic applications.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Humans , Hyaluronic Acid , Regenerative Medicine , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry
5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 104-109, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935586

ABSTRACT

Tissue engineering, as a new technology, provides a new avenue for the reconstruction of circumferential tracheal defects, which has always been a tremendous challenge for surgeons around the world. Recently, technologies such as decellularization, 3-dimensional printing, electrospinning and cell sheet have significantly enhanced the chondrification. Implantation of epithelial cells or transplantation of epithelial cell sheets also has accelerated the process of epithelialization. And pedicle muscle flap proved to be a reliable strategy for vascularization of tissue-engineered trachea. But it is still a huge challenge to achieve circumferential tracheal functional reconstruction. The key difficulty lies in how to simultaneously realize the functional regeneration of cartilage, blood vessels and epithelial tissues of tissue-engineered trachea. Therefore, how to integrate the above schemes and finally realize segmental tracheal reconstruction needs further research. This article reviews the research progress of repairing circumferential tracheal defects based on tissue engineering technology.


Subject(s)
Printing, Three-Dimensional , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds , Trachea/surgery
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928654

ABSTRACT

Magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) have been widely used as biomaterials due to their unique magnetic responsiveness and biocompatibility, which also can promote osteogenic differentiation through their inherent micro-magnetic field. The MNP composite scaffold retains its superparamagnetism, which has good physical, mechanical and biological properties with significant osteogenic effects and . Magnetic field has been proved to promote bone tissue repair by affecting cell metabolic behavior. MNP composite scaffolds under magnetic field can synergically promote bone tissue repair and regeneration, which has great application potential in the field of bone tissue engineering. This article summarizes the performance of magnetic composite scaffold, the research progress on the effect of MNP composite scaffold with magnetic fields on osteogenesis, to provide reference for further research and clinical application.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Magnetite Nanoparticles , Osteogenesis , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 925-942, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927755

ABSTRACT

Cartilage has poor self-recovery because of its characteristics of no blood vessels and high extracellular matrix. In clinical treatment, physical therapy or drug therapy is usually used for mild cartilage defects, and surgical treatment is needed for severe ones. In recent years, cartilage tissue engineering technology provides a new way for the treatment of cartilage defects. Compared with the traditional surgical treatment, cartilage tissue engineering technology has the advantages of small wound and good recovery. The application of microcarrier technology in the design of tissue engineering scaffolds further expands the function of scaffolds and promotes cartilage regeneration. This review summarized the main preparation methods and development of microcarrier technology in recent years. Subsequently, the properties and specific application scenarios of microcarriers with different materials and functions were introduced according to the materials and functions of microcarriers used in cartilage repair. Based on our research on osteochondral integrated layered scaffolds, we proposed an idea of optimizing the performance of layered scaffolds through microcarriers, which is expected to prepare bionic scaffolds that are more suitable for the structural characteristics of natural cartilage.


Subject(s)
Cartilage , Extracellular Matrix/chemistry , Technology , Tissue Engineering/methods , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry
8.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(85): 49-58, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410640

ABSTRACT

Se comparó el grado de decoloración de la corona clínica en piezas dentarias anteriores humanas ex-traídas, sometidas a procedimientos de regeneración endodóntica, utilizando MTA blanco o sustituto bioac-tivo de la dentina (Biodentine) como barrera cervical, en presencia de coágulo sanguíneo como andamio. En total se prepararon 24 piezas dentarias anterio-res superiores humanas que fueron divididas en dos grupos control (GC) y dos grupos experimentales (GE). Cada uno incluía 6 piezas dentarias. En los GE se colo-có sangre humana fresca en el interior del conducto, y se confeccionó una barrera de Biodentine (GE3) o MTA (GE4). En los GC se colocó una torunda de algo-dón estéril saturada con solución fisiológica estéril, y se confeccionó una barrera de Biodentine (GC1) o MTA (GC2). El color se evaluó de acuerdo con el espa-cio de color CIE L* a* b* utilizando imágenes fotográfi-cas digitales estandarizadas en dos puntos de tiempo: día 0 (T0) y día 35 (T35). La descripción de los datos in-cluyó mediana (Md), primer cuartil (Q1), tercer cuartil (Q3), media y desviación estándar (DE). Se emplea-ron las pruebas de los rangos con signo de Wilcoxon (RSW) y ANOVA de una vía; p < 0,05 fue considerado significativo. Cuando se comparó ∆E se observaron diferencias significativas entre GC1 y el resto de los materiales (p < 0,05). ∆E fue menor en GC1 (media ± DE; 2,1 ± 1,6) que en los grupos restantes que no pre-sentaron diferencias significativas entre sí. En base a estos resultados, la estabilización del coágulo san-guíneo, como así la limpieza de la cavidad previa a la colocación del Biodentine y el uso de barreras cervi-cales, es imprescindible para evitar la coloración de la corona clínica (AU)


Discoloration remains an unfavorable complication of otherwise successful regenerative endodontic procedure of immature teeth with necrotic pulp. Objective: Compare the degree of discoloration of extracted human teeth after regenerative endodontic procedures, using MTA or Biodentine as a cervical barrier with a blood clot as a scaffold. In total 24 human upper anterior teeth were prepared and divided into two control groups (CG) and two experimental groups (EG). In the EG, fresh human blood was placed inside the root and a Biodentine (GE3) or MTA (GE4) barrier was made in. A sterile cotton swab saturated with sterile physiological solution was placed in the GCs and a Biodentine (GC1) or MTA (GC2) barrier was made in. The color was evaluated according to the CIE L* a* b* color space using standardized digital photographic images at two time points: day 0 (T0) and day 35 (T35). The description of the data included median (Md), first quartile (Q1), third quartile (Q3), means, and standard deviation (SD). Wilcoxon signed rank tests (RSW) and one-way ANOVA were used. p < 0.05 was considered significant. When ∆E was compared, significant differences were observed between GC1 and the rest of the materials (p < 0.05). ∆E was lower in CG1 (mean ± SD; 2.1 ± 1.6) than in the remaining groups, which did not present significant differences between them. There was no significant difference between tooth discolorations with materials in the presence of blood. However, in the absence of blood, Biodentine exhibited less tooth discoloration than MTA (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Discoloration , Tooth Crown/abnormalities , Regenerative Endodontics , Root Canal Filling Materials/analysis , Biocompatible Materials , Calcarea Silicata/analysis , Analysis of Variance , Dentin , Tissue Scaffolds
9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 56-82, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929195

ABSTRACT

Contributing to organ formation and tissue regeneration, extracellular matrix (ECM) constituents provide tissue with three-dimensional (3D) structural integrity and cellular-function regulation. Containing the crucial traits of the cellular microenvironment, ECM substitutes mediate cell-matrix interactions to prompt stem-cell proliferation and differentiation for 3D organoid construction in vitro or tissue regeneration in vivo. However, these ECMs are often applied generically and have yet to be extensively developed for specific cell types in 3D cultures. Cultured cells also produce rich ECM, particularly stromal cells. Cellular ECM improves 3D culture development in vitro and tissue remodeling during wound healing after implantation into the host as well. Gaining better insight into ECM derived from either tissue or cells that regulate 3D tissue reconstruction or organ regeneration helps us to select, produce, and implant the most suitable ECM and thus promote 3D organoid culture and tissue remodeling for in vivo regeneration. Overall, the decellularization methodologies and tissue/cell-derived ECM as scaffolds or cellular-growth supplements used in cell propagation and differentiation for 3D tissue culture in vitro are discussed. Moreover, current preclinical applications by which ECM components modulate the wound-healing process are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Decellularized Extracellular Matrix , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Tissue Engineering/methods , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929141

ABSTRACT

The high neurogenic potential of dental and oral-derived stem cells due to their embryonic neural crest origin, coupled with their ready accessibility and easy isolation from clinical waste, make these ideal cell sources for neuroregeneration therapy. Nevertheless, these cells also have high propensity to differentiate into the osteo-odontogenic lineage. One strategy to enhance neurogenesis of these cells may be to recapitulate the natural physiological electrical microenvironment of neural tissues via electroactive or electroconductive tissue engineering scaffolds. Nevertheless, to date, there had been hardly any such studies on these cells. Most relevant scientific information comes from neurogenesis of other mesenchymal stem/stromal cell lineages (particularly bone marrow and adipose tissue) cultured on electroactive and electroconductive scaffolds, which will therefore be the focus of this review. Although there are larger number of similar studies on neural cell lines (i.e. PC12), neural stem/progenitor cells, and pluripotent stem cells, the scientific data from such studies are much less relevant and less translatable to dental and oral-derived stem cells, which are of the mesenchymal lineage. Much extrapolation work is needed to validate that electroactive and electroconductive scaffolds can indeed promote neurogenesis of dental and oral-derived stem cells, which would thus facilitate clinical applications in neuroregeneration therapy.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Neural Stem Cells/metabolism , Neurogenesis , Tissue Scaffolds
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929137

ABSTRACT

Ginsenoside Rb1, the effective constituent of ginseng, has been demonstrated to play favorable roles in improving the immunity system. However, there is little study on the osteogenesis and angiogenesis effect of Ginsenoside Rb1. Moreover, how to establish a delivery system of Ginsenoside Rb1 and its repairment ability in bone defect remains elusive. In this study, the role of Ginsenoside Rb1 in cell viability, proliferation, apoptosis, osteogenic genes expression, ALP activity of rat BMSCs were evaluated firstly. Then, micro-nano HAp granules combined with silk were prepared to establish a delivery system of Ginsenoside Rb1, and the osteogenic and angiogenic effect of Ginsenoside Rb1 loaded on micro-nano HAp/silk in rat calvarial defect models were assessed by sequential fluorescence labeling, and histology analysis, respectively. It revealed that Ginsenoside Rb1 could maintain cell viability, significantly increased ALP activity, osteogenic and angiogenic genes expression. Meanwhile, micro-nano HAp granules combined with silk were fabricated smoothly and were a delivery carrier for Ginsenoside Rb1. Significantly, Ginsenoside Rb1 loaded on micro-nano HAp/silk could facilitate osteogenesis and angiogenesis. All the outcomes hint that Ginsenoside Rb1 could reinforce the osteogenesis differentiation and angiogenesis factor's expression of BMSCs. Moreover, micro-nano HAp combined with silk could act as a carrier for Ginsenoside Rb1 to repair bone defect.


Subject(s)
Alginates/pharmacology , Animals , Bone Regeneration , Cell Differentiation , Durapatite/pharmacology , Ginsenosides , Osteogenesis , Rats , Silk/pharmacology , Tissue Scaffolds
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929039

ABSTRACT

Carbon nanotube (CNT) composite materials are very attractive for use in neural tissue engineering and biosensor coatings. CNT scaffolds are excellent mimics of extracellular matrix due to their hydrophilicity, viscosity, and biocompatibility. CNTs can also impart conductivity to other insulating materials, improve mechanical stability, guide neuronal cell behavior, and trigger axon regeneration. The performance of chitosan (CS)/polyethylene glycol (PEG) composite scaffolds could be optimized by introducing multi-walled CNTs (MWCNTs). CS/PEG/CNT composite scaffolds with CNT content of 1%, 3%, and 5% (1%=0.01 g/mL) were prepared by freeze-drying. Their physical and chemical properties and biocompatibility were evaluated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that the composite scaffolds had a highly connected porous structure. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and Raman spectroscopy proved that the CNTs were well dispersed in the CS/PEG matrix and combined with the CS/PEG nanofiber bundles. MWCNTs enhanced the elastic modulus of the scaffold. The porosity of the scaffolds ranged from 83% to 96%. They reached a stable water swelling state within 24 h, and swelling decreased with increasing MWCNT concentration. The electrical conductivity and cell adhesion rate of the scaffolds increased with increasing MWCNT content. Immunofluorescence showed that rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells grown in the scaffolds had characteristics similar to nerve cells. We measured changes in the expression of nerve cell markers by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and found that PC12 cells cultured in the scaffolds expressed growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43), nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR), and class III β‍-tubulin (TUBB3) proteins. Preliminary research showed that the prepared CS/PEG/CNT scaffold has good biocompatibility and can be further applied to neural tissue engineering research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Axons , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Chitosan/chemistry , Nanotubes, Carbon/chemistry , Nerve Regeneration , Polyethylene Glycols , Porosity , Rats , Tissue Engineering/methods , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry
13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1342-1348, Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351459

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the effect of the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds seeded with human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells on functional recovery after acute complete spinal cord injury. METHODS: The fibroin and collagen were mixed (mass ratio, 3:7), and the composite scaffolds were produced. Forty rats were randomly divided into the Sham group (without spinal cord injury), spinal cord injury group (spinal cord transection without any implantation), collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds group (spinal cord transection with implantation of the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds), and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group (spinal cord transection with the implantation of the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds co-cultured with human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells). Motor evoked potential, Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan scale, modified Bielschowsky's silver staining, and immunofluorescence staining were performed. RESULTS: The BBB scores in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group were significantly higher than those in the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups (p<0.05 or p<0.01). The amplitude and latency were markedly improved in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group compared with the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups (p<0.05 or p<0.01). Meanwhile, compared to the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups, more neurofilament positive nerve fiber ensheathed by myelin basic protein positive structure at the injury site were observed in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group (p<0.01, p<0.05). The results of Bielschowsky's silver staining indicated more nerve fibers was observed at the lesion site in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group compared with the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups (p<0.01, p< 0.05). CONCLUSION: The results demonstrated that the transplantation of human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells on a collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds could promote nerve regeneration, and recovery of neurological function after acute spinal cord injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Fibroins , Spinal Cord , Umbilical Cord , Collagen , Recovery of Function , Tissue Scaffolds
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2405-2413, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887806

ABSTRACT

Scaffold-free tissue engineered cell sheet is an emerging technology in biomedical field. It can avoid the adverse effects of scaffold materials, and can be further assembled to form more complex three-dimensional functional tissues. The construction of cell sheet is mainly based on the culture substrate composed of sensitive materials. By changing the stimulation factors such as temperature, enzyme, light, ion, redox, pH and sugar, the adhesion behavior of the substrate to the cells could be changed to make the cells detach naturally, thus generating the cell sheet. Recent years have seen the development of various simple and efficient construction technologies of cell sheet due to the development of a variety of novel sensitive culture substrates. The resulted cell sheets with excellent performance have greatly expanded their applications. This review summarized the construction methods of tissue engineered cell sheet and discussed the challenges and future perspectives in this field.


Subject(s)
Temperature , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
15.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1028-1034, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921842

ABSTRACT

Parathyroid hormone (PTH) exerts multiple effects such as regulating bone remodeling, promoting angiogenesis, etc., and it is an active factor with great application potential for bone repair. In recent years, with the development of scaffold material loading strategies and parathyroid hormone-related peptides (PTHrPs), in situ loading of PTH or PTHrPs on scaffold materials to promote bone defect healing gradually becomes possible. Based on the current status and challenges of intermittent PTH (iPTH) for bone tissue engineering, the review summarizes the in-situ application strategies of PTH and the construction of PTHrPs as well as current problems and further directions in this field, with a view to propel the clinical application of scaffold materials loaded with PTH or PTHrPs


Subject(s)
Bone and Bones , Parathyroid Hormone , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds , Wound Healing
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921834

ABSTRACT

In order to establish a bone scaffold with good biological properties, two kinds of new gradient triply periodic minimal surfaces (TPMS) scaffolds, i.e., two-way linear gradient G scaffolds (L-G) and D, G fusion scaffold (N-G) were designed based on the gyroid (G) and diamond (D)-type TPMS in this study. The structural mechanical parameters of the two kinds of scaffolds were obtained through the compressive simulation. The flow property parameters were also obtained through the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation in this study, and the permeability of the two kinds of scaffolds were calculated by Darcy's law. The tissue differentiation areas of the two kinds of scaffolds were calculated based on the tissue differentiation theory. The results show that L-G scaffold has a better mechanical property than the N-G scaffold. However, N-G scaffold is better than the L-G scaffold in biological properties such as permeability and cartilage differentiation areas. The modeling processes of L-G and N-G scaffolds provide a new insight for the design of bone scaffold. The simulation in this study can also give reference for the prediction of osseointegration after the implantation of scaffold in the human body.


Subject(s)
Bone and Bones , Humans , Permeability , Porosity , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921829

ABSTRACT

At present, acellular matrix is an effective replacement material for the treatment of skin damage, but there are few systematic evaluation studies on its performance. The experimental group of this study used two decellularization methods to prepare the matrix: one was the acellular matrix which sterilized with peracetic acid first (0.2% PAA/4% ethanol solution) and then treated with hypertonic saline (group A), the other was 0.05% trypsin/EDTA decellularization after γ irradiation (group B); and the control group was soaked in PBS (Group C). Then physical properties and chemical composition of the three groups were detected. Hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining showed that the acellular effect of group B was good. The porosity of group A and B were both above 84.9%. In group A, the compressive modulus of elasticity was (9.94 ± 3.81) MPa, and the compressive modulus of elasticity was (12.59 ± 5.50) MPa in group B. There was no significant difference between group A or B and group C. The total content of collagen in acellular matrix of group A and B was significantly lower than that of group C (1. 662 ± 0.229) mg/g, but there was no significant difference in the ratio of collagen Ⅰ/Ⅲ between group B and group C. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) showed that there was no significant difference in microstructure. Qualitative detection of fibronectin and elastin in each group was basically consistent with that in group C. Therefore, acellular matrix of group B had better performance as scaffold material. The experimental results show that the acellular matrix prepared by γ-ray sterilization and decellularization of 0.05% Trypsin enzyme/EDTA could be used for the construction of tissue-engineered skin. It could also provide reference for the preparation and mounting of heterogeneous dermal acellular matrix. It was also could be used for electrostatic spinning or three-dimensional printed tissue engineered skin scaffold which could provide physical and chemical parameters for it.


Subject(s)
Acellular Dermis , Cells, Cultured , Extracellular Matrix , Porosity , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4024-4035, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921483

ABSTRACT

Decellularized extracellular matrix (dECM), which contains many proteins and growth factors, can provide three-dimensional scaffolds for cells and regulate cell regeneration. 3D bioprinting can print the combination of dECM and autologous cells layer by layer to construct the tissue structure of carrier cells. In this paper, the preparation methods of tissue and organ dECM bioink from different sources, including decellularization, crosslinking, and the application of dECM bioink in bioprinting are reviewed, with future applications prospected.


Subject(s)
Bioprinting , Extracellular Matrix , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880868

ABSTRACT

Mineralized tissue regeneration is an important and challenging part of the field of tissue engineering and regeneration. At present, autograft harvest procedures may cause secondary trauma to patients, while bone scaffold materials lack osteogenic activity, resulting in a limited application. Loaded with osteogenic induction growth factor can improve the osteoinductive performance of bone graft, but the explosive release of growth factor may also cause side effects. In this study, we innovatively used platelet-rich fibrin (PRF)-modified bone scaffolds (Bio-Oss


Subject(s)
Autografts , Bone Regeneration , Cell Differentiation , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteogenesis , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879964

ABSTRACT

Temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJOA) is mainly manifested as perforation of temporomandibular joint disc (TMJD) and destruction of condylar osteochondral complex (COCC). In recent years, tissue engineering technology has become one of the effective strategies in repairing this damage. With the development of scaffold material technology, composite scaffolds have become an important means to optimize the performance of scaffolds with the combined advantages of natural materials and synthetic materials. The gelling method with the minimally invasive concept can greatly solve the problems of surgical trauma and material anastomosis, which is beneficial to the clinical transformation of temporomandibular joint tissue engineering. Extracellular matrix scaffolds technology can solve the problem of scaffold source and maximize the simulation of the extracellular environment, which provides an important means for the transformation of temporo joint tissue engineering to animal level. Due to the limitation of the source and amplification of costal chondrocytes, the use of mesenchymal stem cells from different sources has been widely used for temporomandibular joint tissue engineering. The fibrochondral stem cells isolated from surface layer of articular cartilage may provide one more suitable cell source. Transforming growth factor β superfamily, due to its osteochondrogenesis activity has been widely used in tissue engineering, and platelet-rich derivative as a convenient preparation of compound biological factor, gradually get used in temporomandibular joint tissue engineering. With the deepening of research on extracellular microenvironment and mechanical stimulation, mesenchymal stem cells, exosomes and stress stimulation are increasingly being used to regulate the extracellular microenvironment. In the future, the combination of complex bioactive factors and certain stress stimulation may become a trend in the temporomandibular joint tissue engineering research. In this article, the progress on tissue engineering in repairing COCC and TMJD, especially in scaffold materials, seed cells and bioactive factors, are reviewed, so as to provide information for future research design and clinical intervention.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Temporomandibular Joint/surgery , Temporomandibular Joint Disc/surgery , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
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