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1.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 18(1)ene. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1435643

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se identificaros discursos que atravessam os profissionais de saúde ao significar a morte no contexto de doação de órgãos e tecidos para transplante. Estudo qualitativo desenvolvido com 24 profissionais de saúde de dois hospitais de ensino do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista semi estruturada, sendo realizada análise de conteúdo convencional, operacionalizando com a noção de discurso de Michel Foucault. Obteve-se aprovação por um comitê de ética. Foram produzidas onze categorias, sendo elas: discurso da morte como tabu; da finitude; da aceitação e resignação; da centralidade do coração; do sujeito cerebral; do utilitarismo, político, da tecnologia; da religião; da empatia; da dádiva, da caridade e do amor ao próximo. Diante disso,evidenciaram-se, a partir dos discursos que os atravessam os profissionais, que eles buscam dar novo significado à morte por meio da doação de órgãos e tecidos.


The objective was to identify health professional's statements when talking about death in the context of organ and tissue donation for transplantation. It is a qualitative study developed with 24 health professionals from two teaching hospitals in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The data was collected through semi-structured interviews, and conventional content analysis was carried out, operating with the notion of speech by Michel Foucault. The study was approved by an ethics committee. Eleven categories were produced, namely: discourse of death as a taboo; finitude speech; discourse of acceptance and resignation; discourse of the centrality of the heart; the cerebral subject; utilitarianism, politics, technology; religion; empathy; gift, charity and love for the other. In view of this, it was evident from their discourses that they seek to give new meaning to death through the donation of organs and tissues.


El objetivo era identificar los discursos por los que pasan los profesionales de la salud cuando esto significa la muerte en el contexto de la donación de órganos y tejidos para el trasplante. Estudio cualitativo desarrollado con 24 profesionales de la salud de dos hospitales docentes en Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Los datos se recopilaron a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas, y se realizó un análisis de contenido convencional, operando con la noción de discurso de Michel Foucault. La aprobación fue obtenida por un comité de ética. Se produjeron once categorías, a saber: el discurso de la muerte como un tabú; finitud; aceptación y resignación; la centralidad del corazón; el sujeto cerebral utilitarismo, política, tecnología; de religión; empatía; de don, caridad y amor al prójimo. Por lo tanto, era evidente, a partir de los discursos que pasan los profesionales, que buscan dar un nuevo significado a la muerte mediante la donación de órganos y tejidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Thanatology , Organ Transplantation , Tissue Transplantation , Health Personnel , Death , Brazil
2.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 54(2): 76-85, dic. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1516403

ABSTRACT

Los defectos cutáneos de la mano pueden ser difíciles de resolver. La cobertura cutánea es esencial para proveer una protección adecuada y permitir el funcionamiento correcto de las estructuras subyacentes. El objetivo de este estudio es reportar nuestra experiencia con el uso del colgajo adipofascial de flujo reverso del dorso del antebrazo para cobertura del dorso de la mano, dedos y muñeca en pacientes tratados en la ciudad de San Cristóbal, Estado Táchira, desde mayo de 2015 hasta enero de 2018. Se realizó un estudio longitudinal, descriptivo y prospectivo en pacientes con pérdidas cutáneas extensas de la mano, que fueron cubiertas con el colgajo adipofascial reverso del dorso del antebrazo. Se incluyeron 10 pacientes. 90% de sexo masculino. La edad promedio fue 41±12,32(13-69). La etiología de los defectos fue: 40% traumatismos de alta energía, 30% mano diabética tropical, 10% secuela de quemadura de segundo grado, 10% herida por arma de fuego artesanal, 10% carcinoma primario de piel. 100% de los colgajos sobrevivieron, logrando buena cobertura y cicatrización sin necesidad de otros procedimientos quirúrgicos y con mínimas complicaciones de la zona dadora. La función de la mano y muñeca se recuperó en todos los pacientes. En conclusión, el colgajo adipofascial de flujo reverso del antebrazo es un procedimiento útil, versátil y sencillo para la reconstrucción del dorso de la mano, dedos y cara volar de muñeca en pacientes de distintas edades(AU)


Hand skin defects can be difficult to resolve. Skin coverage is essential to provide adequate protection and allow proper function of the underlying structures. The objective of this study is to report our experience with the use of the Back Forearm Reverse Flow Adipofascial Flap to cover the back of the hand, fingers and wrist in patients treated in the city of San Cristóbal, Táchira State, since may 2015 to january 2018. A longitudinal, descriptive and prospective study was made in patients with extensive skin losses of the hand, which were covered with the Back Forearm Reverse Flow Adipofascial Flap. 10 patients were included. 90,0% male. Mean age 41±12.32(13-69) years. The etiology of the defects was: 40,0% high-energy trauma, 30,0% tropical diabetic hand, 10,0% second degree burn sequel, 10,0% handcrafted firearm wound, 10,0% primary skin carcinoma. 100,0% of the flaps survived, achieving good coverage and healing without the need for other surgical procedures and with minimal complications in the donor area. Hand and wrist function recovered in all patients. In conclusion, the reverse flow adipoascial flap of the forearm is a useful, versatile and simple procedure for the reconstruction of the back of the hand, fingers and volar face of the wrist in patients of different ages(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Tissue Transplantation , Skin Transplantation , Free Tissue Flaps
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 772-780, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407696

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Advances in reconstructive microsurgery in orthopedic surgery provided better functional and aesthetic results and avoided many indications for amputation. In high-volume trauma and orthopedic hospitals, microsurgical reconstruction is essential to reduce costs and complications for these complex orthopedic defects. We describe a microsurgical approach to traumatic wounds, tumor resection, bone defects, and free muscle transfer, performed by an orthopedic microsurgery unit. The objective of the present study was to evaluate predictor factors for outcomes of microsurgical flaps for limb reconstruction, and to provide a descriptive analysis of microsurgical flaps for orthopedic indications. Methods Cross-sectional prospective study that included all consecutive cases of microsurgical flaps for orthopedic indications from 2014 to 2020. Data were collected from personal medical history, intraoperative microsurgical procedure, and laboratory blood tests. Complications and free-flap outcomes were studied in a descriptive and statistical analysis. Results We evaluated 171 flaps in 168 patients; the indications were traumatic in 66% of the patients. Type III complications of the Clavien-Dindo Classification were observed in 51 flaps. The overall success rate of the microsurgical flaps was 88.3%. In the multivariate analysis, the risk factors for complications were ischemia time ≥ 2 hours (p= 0.032) and obesity (p= 0.007). Partial flap loss was more common in patients with thrombocytosis in the preoperative platelet count (p= 0.001). Conclusion The independent risk factors for complications of microsurgical flaps for limb reconstruction are obesity and flap ischemia time ≥ 2 hours, and presence of thrombocytosis is a risk factor for partial flap loss.


Resumo Objetivo Os avanços da microcirurgia reconstrutiva na cirurgia ortopédica proporcionaram melhores resultados funcionais e estéticos, evitando as muitas indicações de amputação. Nos hospitais de ortopedia e traumatologia com um grande volume de atendimento, a reconstrução microcirúrgica é essencial, a fim de reduzir os custos e as complicações destes complexos defeitos ortopédicos. Descrevemos uma abordagem microcirúrgica para feridas traumáticas, ressecção tumoral, defeitos ósseos e transferência muscular livre realizada por uma unidade ortopédica especializada em microcirurgia. O objetivo do presente estudo é avaliar os fatores preditivos de resultados dos retalhos microcirúrgicos na reconstrução dos membros, fornecendo uma análise descritiva dos retalhos microcirúrgicos para as indicações ortopédicas. Métodos Estudo prospectivo transversal, que incluiu todos os casos consecutivos de retalhos microcirúrgicos com indicação ortopédica de 2014 a 2020. Foram coletados os dados do histórico clínico pessoal, procedimentos microcirúrgicos intraoperatórios e exames laboratoriais. As complicações e os desfechos de retalho livre foram estudados mediante uma análise descritiva e estatística. Resultados Avaliamos 171 retalhos em 168 pacientes. A indicação mais frequente para a realização de um retalho microcirúrgico foi a traumática, em 66% dos pacientes. Foram observadas complicações cirúrgicas em 51 retalhos, conforme a classificação de Clavien-Dindo do tipo III. A taxa de êxito global dos retalhos microcirúrgicos foi de 88,3%. Na análise multivariada, foram identificados como fatores de risco para complicações tempo de isquemia ≥ 2 horas (p= 0,032) e obesidade (p= 0,007). A perda parcial do retalho foi mais comum em pacientes com trombocitose, com contagem de plaquetas pré-operatória (p= 0,001). Conclusão Os fatores de risco independentes para complicações de retalhos microcirúrgicos para a reconstrução de membro são obesidade e tempo de isquemia do retalho ≥ 2 horas, e a presença de trombocitose como fator de risco para perda parcial do retalho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Prospective Studies , Tissue Transplantation , Orthopedic Procedures , Free Tissue Flaps , Microsurgery
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 580-587, 20220906. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396342

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los colgajos del territorio de la arteria submentoniana pueden ser utilizados como un colgajo cutáneo, musculofacial y osteocutáneo, realizando cierres primarios del defecto del sitio donante, sin generar defectos funcionales ni estéticos mayores. Métodos. Describir la experiencia de nuestro equipo quirúrgico, las complicaciones relacionadas con el uso del colgajo y los resultados oncológicos, así como los desenlaces tardíos durante el seguimiento de los pacientes incluidos en el estudio. Resultados. Se incluyeron veintiún pacientes, con una edad media de 66 años (rango 52 - 86), con patología oncológica de lengua, labio inferior, paladar blando, nariz, órbita y orofaringe. Todos los pacientes fueron sometidos a disección selectiva ipsilateral del cuello, tras la extracción del colgajo y en todos los casos se preservó el nervio mandibular marginal. Se registraron complicaciones como la necrosis parcial. La estancia hospitalaria media fue de 8 días.Conclusiones. El colgajo de la arteria submentoniana ha mostrado resultados favorables debido a su uso versátil, amplio arco de rotación, color y baja morbilidad del sitio donante. Se recomienda realizar estudios más robustos, que incluyan la experiencia de diversos especialistas en países que compartan las mismas limitaciones técnicas y características sociodemográficas.


Introduction. Flaps from the territory of the submental artery can be used as a cutaneous, musculofacial and osteocutaneous flap, performing primary closure of the donor site defect, without generating major functional or aesthetic defects. Methods. To describe the experience of the same surgical team, the complications related to the use of the flap and the oncological results, as well as the late outcomes during the follow-up of the patients included in the study. Results. Twenty-one patients with a mean age of 66 years (range: 52-86), with oncological pathology of the tongue, lower lip, soft palate, nose, orbit, and oropharynx were included. All patients underwent ipsilateral selective neck dissection after flap removal, and in all cases the marginal mandibular nerve was preserved. Complications such as partial necrosis were recorded. The mean hospital stay was 8 days. Conclusions. The submental artery flap has shown favorable results due to its versatile use, wide arc of rotation, color, and low donor site morbidity. More robust studies are recommended, including the experience of various specialists in countries sharing the same technical limitations and sociodemographic characteristics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transplantation, Autologous , Myocutaneous Flap , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Postoperative Period , Tissue Transplantation
5.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 59(2): e3887, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408384

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las recesiones gingivales son afecciones de las encías, que son muy frecuentes y podrían provocar repercusiones estéticas, hipersensibilidad dentinaria y tener más tendencia a la formación de lesiones cervicales. Es necesario recubrir la superficie radicular mediante técnicas regenerativas periodontales. Objetivo: Comparar la cantidad de recubrimiento radicular, la profundidad al sondaje y el nivel de inserción clínica, empleando las técnicas de colgajo de reposición coronal, con y sin injerto de tejido conectivo, en pacientes con recesiones gingivales Miller I y II. Métodos: Se incluyeron un total de 16 pacientes con recesiones gingivales Miller clase I y II, de los cuales se seleccionaron 50 piezas dentarias tratadas quirúrgicamente para cubrir las recesiones. Se utilizaron las técnicas de colgajo de reposición coronal, con y sin injerto de tejido conectivo. Las mediciones clínicas fueron comparadas al inicio y a los tres meses posoperatorios. Resultados: Al tercer mes poscirugía los resultados del recubrimiento radicular, profundidad al sondaje y el nivel de inserción clínica para la técnica colgajo de reposición coronal con injerto de tejido conectivo, fueron 0,96 ± 1,33; 0,87 ± 0,63; 1,83 ± 1,7 y para la técnica colgajo de reposición coronal fueron 1,44 ± 1,19; 1,04 ± 0,52; 2,48 ± 1,48, respectivamente. Al comparar el recubrimiento radicular intergrupo no se encontraron diferencias significativas (p = 0,11). Sin embargo, al comparar la profundidad al sondaje intergrupo (p = 0,04), el nivel de inserción clínica intergrupo (p = 0,001) y todas las mediciones clínicas intragrupo (p = 0,001), se encontraron diferencias significativas. Conclusiones: La técnica de colgajo de reposición coronal, con y sin injerto de tejido conectivo, demostró diferencias significativas en la profundidad al sondaje y el nivel de inserción clínica en recesiones gingivales Miller I y II. No se alcanzaron diferencias significativas para el recubrimiento radicular en ambas técnicas a los 3 meses de seguimiento(AU)


Introduction: Gingival recession is a very common gum condition which may result in aesthetic alterations and dentin hypersensitivity, and increase the probability of cervical lesions. It is necessary to cover the root surface using periodontal regeneration techniques. Objective: Compare the amount of root coverage, probing depth and clinical insertion level, using coronally repositioned flap techniques with and without connective tissue graft in patients with Miller I and II gingival recessions. Methods: A total 16 patients with Miller class I and II gingival recessions were included in the study, from whom 50 teeth were selected which had been treated surgically to cover the recessions. The techniques used were coronally repositioned flap with and without connective tissue graft. Clinical measurements were compared at the start of the postoperative period and three months later. Results: Three months after surgery, root coverage, probing depth and clinical insertion level were 0.96 ± 1.33; 0.87 ± 0.63; 1.83 ± 1.7, respectively, for coronally repositioned flap with connective tissue graft, and 1.44 ± 1.19; 1.04 ± 0.52; 2.48 ± 1.48, respectively, for coronally repositioned flap. Root coverage intergroup comparison did not find any significant differences (p = 0.11). However, intergroup comparison of probing depth (p = 0.04) and clinical insertion level (p = 0.001), and all the intragroup clinical measurements (p = 0.001) did find significant differences. Conclusions: Coronally repositioned flap technique with and without connective tissue graft showed significant differences in terms of probing depth and clinical insertion level in Miller I and II gingival recessions. At three months' follow-up, no root coverage significant differences were observed for either technique(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Flaps/adverse effects , Connective Tissue , Gingival Recession/therapy , Tissue Transplantation , Dentin Sensitivity
6.
Rev.chil.ortop.traumatol. ; 63(1): 9-16, apr.2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435486

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN El error técnico más común durante la reconstrucción del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) es la ubicación incorrecta del túnel. Es incierto si un túnel tibial mal ubicado puede corregirse en el intraoperatorio. OBJETIVO Medir el desplazamiento del injerto de tejido blando con tornillos de interferencia tibial.MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS Estudio experimental ex vivo en 28 rodillas porcinas. Se cosechó el tendón flexor de la extremidad posterior, que fue duplicado y dimensionado para que pasara a través de un túnel tibial mal posicionado. Las muestras se dividieron en 4 grupos según el cuadrante de entrada (anterior [A], posterior [P], medial [M], o lateral [L]) de un tornillo de interferencia tibial de 9 mm con relación al injerto. Se ubicó una regla milimétrica en la meseta tibial, la cual fue fotografiada con una cámara EOS T6 (Canon Inc., Ota, Tokio, Japón), y la imagen fue digitalizada, y puesta en escala a tamaño. La distancia y dirección de los desplazamientos del injerto se midieron con Adobe Photoshop CC 2019 (San José, CA, EEUU). Se analizaron las diferencias medias entre los grupos por análisis de la varianza (analysis of variance, ANOVA, en inglés) unidireccional. El análisis estadístico se realizó con el programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, EEUU), versión 25.0 (p ≤ 0,05)).RESULTADOS La distancias medias de los desplazamientos del injerto fueron similares en todos los grupos: A ­ 4,4 mm; P ­ 4,6 mm; M ­ 4,5 mm; y L ­ 4,3 mm, sin diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p = 0,894). Las direcciones medias de los desplazamientos del injerto también fueron similares entre los 4 grupos: A ­ 176° (desviación estándar [DE]: ± 15,4°); P ­ 165° (DE: ± 16,6°); M ­ 166° (DE: ± 12,1°); y L ­ 169° (DE: ± 10,6°). No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p = 0.42).CONCLUSIONES Independientemente del cuadrante de entrada, se observó un desplazamiento constante del injerto hacia el lado opuesto cuando el tornillo tibial alcanzaba la superficie articular. Relevancia clínica: el tornillo tibial mal posicionado puede corregirse en el intraoperatorio con fijación proximal en cuadrante específico, y debe alcanzar la superficie articular para generar un desplazamiento efectivo del injerto. Sin embargo, no podemos predecir la magnitud de error en todos los túneles mal brocados, que debe ser evaluada caso a caso.


BACKGROUND The most common technical error during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is incorrect tunnel placement. It remains unclear if a misplaced tibial tunnel may be corrected intraoperatively. AIM To measure the displacement of soft-tissue grafts with tibial interference screws. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ex-vivo experimental study in 28 porcine knees. The flexor tendon of the posterior limb was harvested, doubled and sized to fit through a 9-mm misplaced tibial tunnel. The specimens were divided into 4 groups according to the quadrant of entry (anterior [A], posterior [P], medial [M], or lateral [L]) of a 9-mm tibial interference screw in relation to the graft. A millimetric ruler was placed at the tibial plateau, which was photographed with a an EOS T6 (Canon Inc., Ota, Tokio, Japan) camera, and the image was digitalized and scaled to size. The length and direction of the graft displacements were measured with Adobe Photoshop CC 2019 (San José, CA, US). The mean differences among the groups were analyzed through one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, US) software, version 25.0 (p 0.05) RESULTS The mean lengths of the graft displacements were similar among the groups: A ­ 4.4 mm; P ­4.6 mm; M ­ 4.5 mm; and L ­ 4.3 mm, without statistically significant differences (p » 0.894). The mean directions of the graft displacements were also similar among the groups: A ­ 176° (standard deviation [SD]: 15.4°); P ­ 165° (SD: 16.6°); M ­ 166° (SD: 12.1°); and L ­ 169° (SD: 10.6°). No statistically significant differences were found (p » 0.42). CONCLUSIONS Regardless of the entry quadrant, constant graft displacement to the opposite side was observed when the tibial screw reached the articular surface. Clinical relevance: a misplaced tibial tunnel may be corrected intraoperatively with a quadrantspecific screw, which must reach the articular surface to produce an effective graft displacement. Nevertheless, we cannot predict the magnitude of this error in every poorly-drilled tibial tunnel; it should be assessed case by case.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tibia/surgery , Tibia/transplantation , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Swine , Bone Screws , Tissue Transplantation
7.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-9, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1410540

ABSTRACT

Aim: To describe through a clinical case report the surgical sequence of rehabilitation with 3D-printed implants associated with maxillary sinus floor lift with synthetic regenerative materials, including biphasic bioceramic. Case Report: Patient had an agenesis of the upper left premolars (#12 and #13), a vertical bone deficiency caused by maxillary sinus' pneumatization, and a horizontal alveolar resorption around the missing teeth area. During the surgical procedures, incisions, detachment, and osteotomy were performed in the lateral region of the maxillary sinus. The sinus membrane was detached and lifted 10 mm. Then, a thick poly(dioxanone)-based synthetic resorbable membrane (Plenum) was inserted and adapted inside the sinus to protect the sinus membrane. After the osteotomies with sub-instrumentation, 3D-printed implants (Plenum) were installed in the #12 area (3.5mm x 11.5 mm; 30N) and #13 area (4.0mm x 10mm; 20N). The maxillary sinus was entirely filled with a biphasic bioceramic, HA/ß-TCP (70:30) 500-1000 µm (Plenum) and covered by the same synthetic resorbable membrane. Connective tissue graft from the palatal area was positioned internally to the flap and stabilized with sutures to improve the vestibular tissue architecture. The entire surgical wound was sutured, and the tissues stabilized. No complications occurred in the postoperative period. Conclusion: The use of synthetic regenerative memberane and 3D-printed implants seems to be a promising option in areas of deficient bone remnants (AU)


Objetivo: Descrever por meio de um relato de caso clínico a sequência cirúrgica de reabilitação com implantes obtidos por impressão 3D associados à elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar com materiais regenerativos sintéticos, incluindo uma biocerâmica bifásica. Relato de Caso: Paciente apresentava agenesia dos pré-molares superiores esquerdos (24 e 25), deficiência óssea vertical causada pela pneumatização do seio maxilar e reabsorção alveolar horizontal ao redor da área dos dentes ausentes. Durante os procedimentos cirúrgicos foram realizados incisões, descolamento e osteotomia na região lateral do seio maxilar. A membrana sinusal foi descolada e elevada 10 mm. Em seguida, uma membrana reabsorvível sintética à base de poli(dioxanona) espessa (Plenum) foi inserida e adaptada dentro do seio para proteger a membrana do seio. Após as osteotomias com subinstrumentação, implantes impressos em 3D (Plenum) foram instalados na área do 24 (3,5mm x 11,5mm; 30N) e na área do 25 (4,0mm x 10mm; 20N). O seio maxilar foi inteiramente preenchido com biocerâmica bifásica, HA/ß-TCP (70:30)500-1000 µm (Plenum) e recoberto pela mesma membrana sintética reabsorvível. O tecido conjuntivo da região palatina foi posicionado internamente ao retalho e estabilizado com suturas para melhorar a arquitetura do tecido vestibular. Toda a ferida cirúrgica foi suturada e os tecidos estabilizados. Não ocorreram complicações no pós-operatório. Conclusão:A utilização de biomateriais regenerativos sintéticos e implantes impressos parece ser uma opção promissora em áreas de remanescentes ósseos deficientes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Dental Implants , Tissue Transplantation , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Maxillary Sinus
8.
Dent. press endod ; 11(3): 75-82, Sept-Dec.2021. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379665

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Perfuração radicular é a comunicação entre as paredes do canal radicular e o espaço periodontal. O tempo, a localização e a dimensão da perfuração são fatores que afetam no prognóstico do dente. Objetivo: Relatar um caso clínico de tratamento de perfuração radicular supraóssea associado a enxertia de tecido conjuntivo em área estética. Relato do caso: Paciente relatou ter sido submetido, há 3 meses, ao tratamento endodôntico do dente #22; porém, esse não foi finalizado. Ao exame clínico, o dente apresentava ausência de dor e presença de fístula na região da gengiva inserida. As imagens radiográficas e tomográficas revelaram imagem sugestiva de perfuração radicular na região vestibular do dente #22, além de área hipodensa/radiolúcida circunscrita ao ápice radicular, conduzindo ao diagnóstico de periodontite apical assintomática associada a perfuração radicular supraóssea. Inicialmente, foi realizado preparo do canal radicular e utilizada medicação intracanal por 21 dias. Posteriormente, foi realizada a obturação do canal radicular e restauração definitiva em resina composta na face palatal. Na mesma sessão, foi realizado o acesso cirúrgico para selamento da perfuração com resina composta, associado a enxertia de tecido conjuntivo no dente #22, para evitar recessão tecidual marginal. Foi observada, após 12 meses, neoformação óssea na região periapical do dente #22, com ausência de dor e preservação da estética na região periodontal. Conclusão: O diagnóstico e o planejamento multidisciplinar são fatores importantes no tratamento de perfurações radiculares, assim como a correta escolha do material selador (AU).


Introduction: Root perforation is the communication between the walls of the root canal and the periodontal space. The time, location and size of the perforation are factors that affect the prognosis of the tooth. Objective: To report a clinical case of treatment of supraosseous root perforation associated with grafting of connective tissue in aesthetic area. Case report: Patient reported that 3 months had started root canal treatment of tooth 22, but was not finalized. At the clinical examination, the tooth presented absence of pain and presence of sinus tract in the region of attached gingiva. Radiographic and tomographic images revealed an image suggestive of root perforation in the buccal region of tooth 22, as well as a hypodense / radiolucent area circumscribed to the root apex, leading to the diagnosis of asymptomatic apical periodontitis associated with supraosseous root perforation. Initially, it were performed root canal preparation and intracanal medication. After 21 days, root canal obturation and composite restoration were performed on the palatal face. In the same session, the surgical access was made to sealing the perforation with composite resin, associated to the grafting of connective tissue in tooth 22, to avoid marginal tissue recession. It was observed after 12 months new bone formation in the periapical region of tooth 22, with absence of pain and preservation of aesthetics in the periodontal region. Conclusion: Multidisciplinary diagnosis and planning are important factors in the treatment of root perforations, as well as the correct selection of materials used to seal root perforations (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Transplantation , Composite Resins , Root Canal Preparation , Esthetics , Periapical Periodontitis , Research Report
9.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 146-150, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280111

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We propose a novel surgical technique in cases of aggressive recurrent pterygium non-subsidiary of treatment with conjunctival autografts or antimetabolites. Two presented cases were treated with surgical excision and a sutured plasma rich in growth factors membrane (mPRGF) followed by rich in growth factors (PRGF) eye drops treatment. After surgery, dexamethasone, tobramycin and PRGF eye drops were prescribed for 6 weeks. After a 12-month and 3-year post-surgical follow-up respectively, treated eyes with mPRGF did not present relapse, and visual acuity improved in both cases. No ocular complications, pain, eye discomfort nor other symptoms were observed. The combined use of PRGF eye drops and mPRGF seems an effective and safe therapy for recurrent pterygium.


RESUMO Nós propomos uma nova técnica cirúrgica em casos de pterígio agressivo recorrente não subsidiário de tratamento com autoenxertos conjuntivais ou antimetabólitos. Dois casos foram tratados com excisão cirúrgica e um plasma suturado rico em membrana de fatores de crescimento (mPRGF), seguido de tratamento com colírios ricos em fatores de crescimento (PRGF). Após a cirurgia, foram prescritos colírios de dexametasona, tobramicina e PRGF por 6 semanas. Após 12 meses e 3 anos de acompanhamento pós-cirúrgico respectivamente, os olhos tratados com mPRGF não apresentaram recidiva e a acuidade visual melhorou nos dois casos. Não foram observadas complicações oculares, dor, desconforto ocular ou outros sintomas. O uso combinado de colírios de PRGF e mPRGF parece uma terapia eficaz e segura para o pterígio recorrente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Pterygium/surgery , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Ophthalmic Solutions , Recurrence , Reoperation , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Biological Dressings , Fibrin/therapeutic use , Platelet Activation , Tissue Transplantation/methods , Tissue Engineering
10.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 602-609, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134546

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Comparar mediante una revisión sistemática los resultados clínicos de los procedimientos de cirugía plástica periodontal/periimplantar (CP) con injerto de tejido blando autógeno (ITB) obtenido del área lateral del paladar (ALP) versus del área de la tuberosidad (AT). Se realizó una búsqueda electrónica de ensayos clínicos en la base de datos Medline/Pubmed, Cochrane y las revistas de Periodoncia e Implantes de mayor impacto según la Web of Science, para hallar artículos publicados hasta abril del 2020. Se valoró el riesgo de sesgo de los artículos añadidos según el manual Cochrane Versión 5.1.0 para ensayos clínicos aleatorizados y la escala Newcastle-Ottawa para ensayos clínicos controlados. De una muestra inicial de 930 artículos, cuatro ensayos clínicos (tres aleatorizados) fueron incluidos en el presente estudio, donde se realizaron un total de 87 CP alrededor de piezas e implantes dentales, de las cuales 42 cirugías fueron realizadas con ITB del ALP y 45 cirugías con ITB del AT, se evaluó los resultados desde las 8 semanas hasta los 12 meses. No se hallaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los resultados clínicos entre ambos grupos, se mejoró el fenotipo gingival en la zona receptora para el grupo que obtuvo el ITB del AT y el nivel del dolor del sitio donador del AT fue menor en las dos primeras semanas que el sitio donante del ALP. Los estudios incluidos manifestaron un bajo riesgo de sesgo en promedio. Ambas áreas donantes de injerto de tejido blando proporcionan resultados clínicos similares, el injerto del área de la tuberosidad mejora el fenotipo gingival de la zona receptora y reduce el dolor post operatorio en las primeras semanas del sitio donador.


ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to compare, through a systematic review, the clinical results of periodontal / peri-implant plastic surgery (CP) procedures with autogenous soft tissue graft (ITB) obtained from the lateral palate area (ALP) versus the tuberosity area (AT). We conducted an electronic search of clinical trials in the Medline/Pubmed, Cochrane database and the journals of Periodontics and Implants with the greatest impact according to the Web of Science, to find articles published until April 2020. The risk of bias of the articles added was assessed according to the Cochrane Manual Version 5.1.0 for randomized clinical trials and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for controlled clinical trials. From the initial sample of 930 articles, four clinical trials were included (three randomized) in the present study, where a total of 87 PC were performed around dental pieces and implants, of which 42 surgeries were performed with ITB of the ALP and 45 surgeries with ITB of the AT, the results were evaluated from the 8 weeks to 12 months. No statistically significant differences were found in the clinical results between the two groups, the gingival phenotype in the receiving area was improved for the group that obtained the ITB of the AT and the level of pain at the donor site was lower in the first two weeks than the ALP donor site. The studies showed a lowrisk of bias on average. Both soft tissue graft donor areas provide similar clinical results, grafting the tuberosity area improves the gingival phenotype of the recipient area and reduces post-operative pain of the donor site in the first few weeks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants/statistics & numerical data , Oral Surgical Procedures , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Palate , Transplantation, Autologous , Selection Bias , Tissue Transplantation , Connective Tissue/transplantation , Gingival Recession
11.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(5): 461-468, sep.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289256

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: ¿Cuál es la situación actual técnica y productiva de los cuatro bancos que están certificados en buenas prácticas para tejido cardiovascular en Colombia si se comparan con estándares internacionales? Objetivo: Caracterizar la capacidad técnica y la actividad de los bancos certificados del país para tejido cardiovascular durante el periodo de tiempo 2014 a 2016. Metodología: Mediante una encuesta realizada por vía teleconferencia a cada banco, se evaluaron ítems de donación, extracción, procesamiento, almacenamiento, distribución y capacidad de producción de los tejidos cardiovasculares. La información referida por las instituciones fue complementada con actas de certificación de buenas prácticas del INVIMA y la suministrada por el INS de las estadísticas reportadas por los mismos bancos durante el periodo 2014 a 2016. Resultados: El tejido cardiovascular procesado por los bancos colombianos procede principalmente de donantes con muerte encefálica y es extraído directamente en el quirófano; la edad de los donantes va desde recién nacidos hasta los 60 años. Cuando se requiere, el antibiótico de elección es la vancomicina. El almacenamiento más usado es la criopreservación y su distribución se hace principalmente a grupos quirúrgicos preestablecidos e intrainstitucionales. Conclusiones: El desarrollo del banqueo de este tipo de tejido está muy rezagado en Colombia respecto a otros países, debido a las dificultades de donación, extracción y utilización por grupos con alta experticia; adicionalmente, la normativa utilizada para evaluar estas instituciones está muy desactualizada.


Abstract Introduction: A study is performed to determine if the current technical and productive situation of the four cardiovascular tissue banks that have Good Practice Certificates in Colombia compare with international standards. Objective: To determine the technical capacity and activity of the banks certified by the country for cardiovascular tissue during the period from 2014 to 2016. Methodology: The items analysed using a questionnaire completed by teleconference to each bank were, donation, extraction, processing, storage, distribution, and production capacity of the cardiovascular tissues. The information provided by the institutions was complemented with the Minutes of Good Practice Certification of the Colombia National Food and Drug Surveillance Institute (INVIMA) as well as the statistics reported by the banks themselves and provided by the National Health Institute (INS) during the period 2014 to 2016. Results: The cardiovascular tissue processed by Colombian tissue banks mainly comes from donors with brain death, and is extracted directly in the operating theatre. The age of the donors go from newborn up to 60 years-old. When used, the antibiotic of choice is vancomycin. The most used storage method is cryopreservation, and is mainly distributed to established and institutional surgical groups. Conclusions: The development of this type of tissue bank is lagging behind in Colombia compared to other countries. This is due to the difficulties in donation, extraction, and use by groups with high expertise. Furthermore, the guidelines used to evaluate these institutions are very out of date.


Subject(s)
Tissue Banks , Tissue Donors , Tissue Transplantation
12.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e2199, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1126481

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Comparar los cambios dimensionales de los tejidos peri-implantarios en la zona estética, después de la segunda etapa quirúrgica de injertos de tejido conectivo autógeno comparados con una matriz de colágeno xenogénica, después de 3 meses de cicatrización. Métodos: En una serie de casos de seis pacientes con defectos del reborde alveolar, se realizó un procedimiento de aumento de volumen de tejidos blandos, asignando al azar dos modalidades de tratamiento: injerto de tejido conectivo subepitelial y matriz de colágeno dérmica acelular. Para evaluar los cambios dimensionales se tomaron impresiones antes del aumento y a los 90 días; estas fueron vaciadas para obtener modelos de yeso que fueron digitalizados; las dos imágenes fueron superpuestas; y tras la definición de tres puntos de interés, se calculó mediante un Software (D500 3D dental scanner - 3Shape, Copenhague, Dinamarca), los cambios dimensionales en milímetros. Se indagó por el dolor experimentado por los pacientes usando una escala visual análoga. Resultados: A los 90 días de realizada la cirugía, se observó un aumento en el grosor de los tejidos blandos peri-implantarios de 0,77 mm (rango 0,0-1,3) para el injerto de tejido conectivo, y 0,89 mm (rango 0,3-1,5) para la matriz dérmica acelular. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre las dos modalidades de tratamiento, en ninguno de los tres puntos evaluados por paciente (p= 0,83; p= 0,83; p= 0,51). En cuanto al dolor experimentado entre el primer y séptimo días, no se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la zona receptora intergrupo (p= 0,07; p= 0,12); intragrupo, injerto (p= 0,11) y matriz (p= 0,32); ni en la zona donante del grupo del injerto (p= 0,11). Conclusiones: El aumento en el grosor de los tejidos peri-implantarios fue similar después de 90 días en los dos grupos del estudio(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective: Compare the dimensional changes of peri-implant tissues from the esthetic zone after the second surgical stage of autogenous connective tissue grafting vs. a xenogenic collagen matrix after three months' healing. Methods: A case-series of six patients with alveolar ridge defects underwent a soft tissue volume augmentation procedure, randomly assigning two treatment modes: subepithelial connective tissue graft and acellular dermal collagen matrix. Impressions were taken before augmentation and at 90 days to evaluate the dimensional changes. These were then emptied to obtain plaster models which were then digitalized. The two images were superimposed, and upon definition of three points of interest, the dimensional changes were estimated in millimeters with the software D500 3D dental scanner (3Shape, Copenhagen, Denmark). Inquiries were made about the pain experienced by patients using a visual analogue scale. Results: Ninety days after surgery, increase in thickness of peri-implant soft tissues was 0.77 mm (range 0.0-1.3) for the connective tissue graft and 0.89 mm (range 0.3-1.5) for the acellular dermal matrix. No statistically significant differences were found between the two treatment modes at any of the three points evaluated per patient (p= 0.83, p= 0.83, p= 0.51). With respect to the pain experienced between the first and the seventh days, no statistically significant differences were found in the recipient zone intergroup (p= 0.07, p= 0.12), the graft intragroup (p= 0.11) and the matrix (p= 0.32), or in the donor zone of the graft group (p= 0.11). Conclusions: Increase in the thickness of peri-implant tissues after 90 days was similar in the two study groups(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Tissue Transplantation/methods , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic
13.
Rev. enferm. UFPI ; 9: e7644, mar.-dez. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1371120

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar as interferências que ocorrem no processo de doação e transplante de órgãos e tecidos após morte encefálica confirmada. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa sobre produções acerca das interferências do processo de doação e transplante de órgãos e tecidos após morte encefálica confirmada, publicadas no período de 2012 a 2017. Resultados: Os artigos foram analisados e divididos em categorias. A primeira diz respeito às intercorrências que ocorrem durante o processo de captação de órgãos e tecidos; a segunda corresponde às intercorrências quanto ao processo de transplante de órgãos e tecidos e a terceira define-se quanto aos fatores éticos relacionados ao processo de doação e transplante. Conclusão: As interferências processuais envolvem problemas de ordem logística, de recursos humanos e materiais e até mesmo de estrutura em nível de Central de Transplantes. Entretanto, ainda existem poucos estudos que caracterizam e analisam essas intercorrências processuais de doação e transplante de forma mais detalhada.


Objective: To characterize the interferences that occur in the process of organ and tissue donation and transplantation after confirmed brain death. Methodology: It is an integrative review on productions about the interferences of the organ and tissue donation and transplantation process after confirmed brain death, published between 2012 and 2017. Results: The articles were analyzed and divided into categories. The first concerns intercurrences that occur during the process of organ and tissue uptake; the second corresponds to the intercurrences related to the organ and tissue transplantation process and the third one is related to the ethical factors related to the donation and transplantation process. Conclusion: Procedural interferences involve logistical, human and material resources and even structural problems at the Transplant Center level. However, there are still few studies that characterize and analyze these procedural complications of donation and transplantation in more detail.


Subject(s)
Tissue and Organ Procurement , Organ Transplantation , Tissue Transplantation
14.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): 93-101, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1372275

ABSTRACT

Introducción El tejido óseo es el segundo tejido más trasplantado en el ser humano. Los Ortopedistas y Odontólogos son los principales profesionales que lo utilizan en sus procedimientos. El objetivo de este trabajo fué caracterizar la actividad de los Bancos certificados del país para Tejido Osteomuscular. Materiales y Métodos Mediante encuesta realizada vía teleconferencia a cada Banco de tejidos, se evalúan ítems de donación, extracción, procesamiento, almacenamiento, distribución y capacidad de producción de los tejidos Osteomusculares. La información es complementada con actas de certificación de Buenas Prácticas del Invima (Instituto Nacional para la Vigilancia de Medicamentos y Alimentos) e información suministrada por el INS (Instituto Nacional de Salud) de las estadísticas reportadas por los bancos mensualmente. Resultados El tejido procesado procede de donantes de medicina legal 77%, IPS (Instituciones Prestadoras de Servicios de Salud) 5% y donantes vivos 17%. La edad de donación es de 45 a 70 años dependiendo de si es tejido estructural, género y condición del donante vivo/muerto. Las tecnologías para el control microbiológico son variadas, encontrando condiciones asépticas de procesamiento, antibióticos y radiación Gamma. Los productos finales ofrecidos son tejido fresco, liofilizado, pulverizado, decalcificado y matriz ósea desmineralizada. El periodo de almacenamiento máximo encontrado es de 5 años. Se estima que por donante real se obtendrían 67 unidades de implantes en Colombia. Discusión El desarrollo Tecnológico de los Bancos Colombianos de tejido Osteomuscular alcanza altos estándares internacionales, pudiéndose cubrir la variada demanda de productos internos necesarios para todas las especialidades, sin embargo se encuentra un rezago en los procesos de aprovechamiento suficiente de los tejidos procedente de los donantes y de la distribución de los mismos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV.


Background The bone is the second most transplanted tissue in humans. Orthopaedists and Dentists are the main professionals that use it in their procedures. The aim of this study was to describe the activity of the certified musculoskeletal tissue banks in Colombia. Methodology The extraction, processing, storage, distribution, and production capacity of musculoskeletal tissues donated to each Tissue Bank were evaluated using a questionnaire completed via teleconference. The information was supplemented with records of management certification of Good Practices, Invima registers, and information provided by the NHI (Colombian National Health Institute) statistics reported by tissue banks each month. Results The processed tissue comes from forensic donors (77%), IPS health care institutions (5%), and 17% from living donors. Donor age was 45 to 70 years, depending on whether it was structural tissue, gender, and condition of live / dead donor. Technologies for microbiological control varied, with aseptic processing, antibiotics, and gamma radiation being found. The final products offered are fresh tissue, lyophilised, pulverised, decalcified, and demineralized bone matrix. The maximum storage period found was 5 years. It is estimated that 67 tissue units could be obtained from each donor in Colombia. Discussion Technological development of Colombian musculoskeletal Tissue Banks is of the highest international standards, being able to meet the varied demand for domestic products necessary for all related medical fields. However, it was identified that there was a lag in the distribution process, as well as in usability and taking advantage of the availability, and use of tissues from donors. Evidence Level: IV


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Aged , Tissue Banks , Musculoskeletal System , Tissue Donors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Tissue Transplantation , Colombia
15.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-7, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1097355

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:O objetivo desta revisão foi realizar uma análise crítica da literatura quanto à utilização do procedimento enxerto de tecido conjuntivo e da membrana de fibrina rica em plaquetas para recobrimento da raiz exposta, frisando os benefícios e previsibilidade de sucesso de cada uma. Métodos:Foi realizada uma busca nas bases PubMed, SciELO e BIREME em março de 2019, sendo incluídos estudos relevantes relacionados ao tema para síntese deste trabalho. Resultados: Foram selecionados 5 artigos para serem incluídos nessa revisão crítica, sendo 3 ensaios clínicos controlados randomizados, 1 ensaio clínico e 1 um relato de caso. Conclusão:O recobrimento radicular com uso de enxerto de tecido conjuntivo e fibrina rica em plaquetas apresentou resultados satisfatórios, devolvendo estética, saúde e regeneração dos tecidos gengivais e periodontais. Em relação à fibrina rica em plaquetas, há poucos casos na literatura quanto aos resultados clínicos a longo prazo.


Aim: This review sought to perform a critical analysis of the literature regarding the use of the graft procedure of connective tissue and Platelet-rich fibrin to cover the exposed root, emphasizing the benefits and predictability of success of each. Methods: This study performed a search on the PubMed, SciELO, and BIREME databases, and included relevant studies related to the topic for the synthesis of this work. Results:Five articles were selected to be included in this critical review, three randomized controlled clinical trials, one clinical trial, and one case report. Conclusion:The root covering using a subepithelial connective tissue graft and platelet-rich fibrin presents satisfactory results, restoring esthetics and health, and regenerating the gingival and periodontal tissues. Regarding platelet-rich fibrin, there are few cases in the literature regarding long-term clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Connective Tissue , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Gingival Recession , Transplantation, Autologous , Tissue Transplantation
16.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(4): e2137, oct.-dez. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093259

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La recesión periodontal es un problema mucogingival frecuente, de origen multifactorial que usualmente se asocia a hipersensibilidad dentinaria, caries radicular y problemas estéticos. La cobertura radicular es parte integral de su tratamiento quirúrgico. Las técnicas bilaminares con injerto de tejido conectivo subepitelial son las más predecibles. Objetivo: Describir los resultados clínicos obtenidos al realizar en recesiones periodontales múltiples, injerto de tejido conectivo subepitelial cubierto por colgajo reposicionado coronal modificado. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino, blanco, obrero, de 43 años, con antecedentes personales y familiares de salud que acudió al Servicio de Periodoncia de la Clínica Estomatológica "III Congreso del PCC", Matanzas, Cuba, por "cambio de posición de la encía en algunos dientes". Clínicamente existía exposición radicular en los dientes 13, 53 y 14, ausencia del 12, higiene bucal adecuada, no presencia de bolsas periodontales. Se diagnosticó recesión periodontal clase I de Miller localizada en dichos dientes. Para su tratamiento quirúrgico se realizó injerto de tejido conectivo subepitelial y colgajo desplazado coronal sin incisiones verticales de 11 a 15. A la semana, se retiró sutura de zona donante, se observó buena cicatrización. Se citó a los siete días para retirar cemento quirúrgico y sutura de la zona injertada; existía discreto edema, materia alba, biopelícula y cobertura radicular completa del 13, 53 y 14. Al año del procedimiento, las superficies expuestas estaban completamente cubiertas con tejido gingival posicionado en 13 y 53, ganancia de encía insertada y armonía de color entre sitio injertado y área adyacente. El 14 mostró 1 mm de raíz expuesta. Conclusiones: La técnica empleada, cubrió totalmente la superficie radicular del 13, del 53 y parcialmente la raíz del 14. Se obtuvo incremento de encía queratinizada, óptimo aspecto estético y buena evolución posoperatoria(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: periodontal recession is a frequent mucogingival problem, of multifactorial origin that is usually associated to dentin hypersensibility, radicular caries and esthetic problems. Root coverage is an integral part of its surgical treatment, considering bilaminar techniques with subepithelial connective tissue graft as the most predictable ones. Objective: to describe the clinical results obtained when making a sub epithelial connective tissue graft covered by a modified coronal repositioned flap, in multiple periodontal recessions. Case presentation: a male, white, worker patient, aged 43 years, with health personal and family antecedents, who assisted the Periodontics service of the Dental Clinic "III Congreso del Partido", of Matanzas, Cuba, for "a change of the gum position in some teeth". Clinically, there it was a root exposition of the 13, 53 and 14 teeth, lack of the 12 one, adequate oral hygiene and absence of periodontal´s pockets. A Miller´s Class I periodontal recession located in those teeth was diagnosed. A subepithelial connective tissue graft and coronally advanced flap was performed without vertical incisions from 11 to 15 teeth. After a week, the suture of the donor zone was retired, showing good healing. He was cited at the seventh day to retire surgical cement and suture form the grafted zone, observing a discrete edema, debris, biofilm and complete root coverage of the 13, 53 and 14 teeth. At the year after the procedure, the exposed surface was completely covered with gingival tissue positioned in the 13 and 53 teeth, with a gaining of inserted gum and color harmony between the grafted site and adjacent areas. The 14 tooth showed 1 mm of exposed root. Conclusions: the used technique totally covered the root of the 13 and the 53, and most of the root of the 14 tooth, reaching an increase of the keratinized gum, and optimal esthetic aspect and post-surgery evolution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Tissue Transplantation/adverse effects , Gingival Recession/diagnostic imaging
17.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058328

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Se describe el caso clínico de una paciente de 60 años, sexo femenino, sana, la cual presentaba en el diente 1.1 una recesión de 6 mm de longitud con extensa pérdida ósea en vestibular correspondiente a una clase 3 de Elian. En el presente reporte se expone los pasos que se siguieron para llegar a una Clase 2 de Elian, mediante un colgajo desplazado lateral con injerto de tejido conjuntivo subepitelial.


ABSTRACT: We describe the clinical case of a 60-year-old female patient, healthy, who presented a 6mm-long recession on tooth 1.1 with extensive vestibular bone loss corresponding to an Elian class 3. In the present report, the steps followed to reach an Elian class 2,by means of a laterally moved flap with subepithelial connective tissue graft, are shown.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Regeneration , Tissues , Tooth , Tissue Transplantation
18.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 20(1): 60-62, Agosto2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010315

ABSTRACT

Los defectos óseos secundarios de la tibia en los niños, por procesos infecciosos como la osteomielitis, representan un reto en su tratamiento 1, 2. Históricamente, los defectos en la tibia han sido tratados con un injerto óseo 3. Desde 1983 el uso del injerto autólogo vascularizado con regeneración de los tejidos ha dado resultados favorables 4. La forma más eficaz de estimular la osteogénesis se consigue con un injerto autólogo acompañado de una vascularidad óptima y una conexión con los tejidos blandos.


The bone defects of the tibia in children related to infectious processes such as osteomyelitis, represent a treatment challenge.1,2 Historically, defects in the tibia have been treated with a bone graft.3 Since 1983 use of vascularized autologous graft, with tissue regeneration has met with favorable results.4 The most effective form of osteogenesis is accomplished with an autologous graft accompanied by optimal vascularization and a connection with the soft tissues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Osteomyelitis , Pseudarthrosis , Tibia , Blood Vessels , Tissue Transplantation , Focal Infection
19.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020670

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Este caso clínico de boca dividida tiene como objetivo comparar los resultados clínicos obtenidos a 6 meses mediante el uso de técnica VISTA, en combinación con injerto de tejido conectivo (ITC) versus Mucograft® en el tratamiento de recesiones gingivales III de Miller, con fenotipo gingival fino. El resultado muestra que ambos injertos logran mejorar el fenotipo gingival y un mayor porcentaje de cobertura radicular, sin embargo, el ITC provee mayor volumen gingival. No obstante, el Mucograft® proporciona mejores resultados estéticos y menor morbilidad.


ABSTRACT: The aim of this split mouth study, is to compare the results obtained in 6 month follow-up by using VISTA technique in combination with connective tissue graft (CTG) versus Mucograft® in the treatment of Miller´s III gingival recessions, with thin gingival phenotype. The results show that both grafts improve the gingival phenotype and provide higher root coverage percentage, however, CTG provides more gingival volume. Nevertheless, Mucograft® shows better aesthetic results and lower morbidity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Surgery, Oral , Therapeutics , Tissue Transplantation , Connective Tissue , Gingival Recession
20.
Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science ; : 171-184, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766102

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of intra-alveolar socket grafting, subepithelial connective tissue grafts, and individualized abutments on peri-implant hard and soft tissue outcomes following immediate implant placement. METHODS: This randomized experimental study employed 5 mongrel dogs, with 4 sites per dog (total of 20 sites). The mesial roots of P3 and P4 were extracted in each hemimandible and immediate dental implants were placed. Each site was randomly assigned to 1 of 4 different treatment groups: standardized healing abutment (control group), alloplastic bone substitute material (BSS) + standardized healing abutment (SA group), BSS + individualized healing abutment (IA group), and BSS + individualized healing abutment + a subepithelial connective tissue graft (IAG group). Clinical, histological, and profilometric analyses were performed. The intergroup differences were calculated using the Bonferroni test, setting statistical significance at P<0.05. RESULTS: Clinically, the control and SA groups demonstrated a coronal shift in the buccal height of the mucosa (0.88±0.48 mm and 0.37±1.1 mm, respectively). The IA and IAG groups exhibited an apical shift of the mucosa (−0.7±1.15 mm and −1.1±0.96 mm, respectively). Histologically, the SA and control groups demonstrated marginal mucosa heights of 4.1±0.28 mm and 4.0±0.53 mm relative to the implant shoulder, respectively. The IA and IAG groups, in contrast, only showed a height of 2.6 mm. In addition, the height of the mucosa in relation to the most coronal buccal bone crest or bone substitute particles was not significantly different among the groups. Volumetrically, the IA group (−0.73±0.46 mm) lost less volume on the buccal side than the control (−0.93±0.44 mm), SA (−0.97±0.73 mm), and IAG (−0.88±0.45 mm) groups. CONCLUSIONS: The control group demonstrated the most favorable change of height of the margo mucosae and the largest dimensions of the peri-implant soft tissues. However, the addition of a bone substitute material and an individualized healing abutment resulted in slightly better preservation of the peri-implant soft tissue contour.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Bone Substitutes , Connective Tissue , Dental Implants , Mucous Membrane , Shoulder , Tissue Transplantation , Transplants
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