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Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18524, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364432


Numerous studies have demonstrated that Radix Astragali can inhibit gastric ulcers in mice. Anhydrous ethanol (0.01 mL/g) administered to mice by intragastric infusion can induce gastric ulcer injury. This study was performed to compare the stomach tissue distribution profiles of four major bioactive constituents of Radix Astragali(calycosin-7-O-ß-d-glucoside, calycosin, ononin and formononetin) after oral administration of extract of Radix Astragali (ERA)in normal and gastric ulcer mice. The abundance of Radix Astragali constituents was determined using an ultra-pressure liquid chromatograph with a photodiode array detector (UPLC-PDA), after which histograms were drawn. In comparison with normal mice, the contents of calycosin- 7-O-ß-d-glucoside, calycosin, ononin and formononetin in the stomach tissue samples of gastric ulcer mice showed significant differences at the selected time points (P < 0.05).The abundance of each of the four tested constituents in the normal groups was higher than that of the gastric ulcer groups. This study provides an empirical foundation for future studies focused on developing clinical applications of Radix Astragali

Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Stomach/drug effects , Stomach Ulcer/pathology , Tissues/drug effects , Tissue Distribution , Astragalus Plant/adverse effects , Plants, Medicinal , Administration, Oral
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 27(1): 64-69, ene.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280494


Resumen Introducción: El shock hemorrágico es una de las causas más comunes de muerte en pacientes con trauma debido a que pone en marcha un círculo vicioso de mecanismos que incluyen hipotermia, acidosis y coagulopatía. Para mitigar estos efectos, se han propuesto estrategias de control de daños, incluido el aporte controlado de líquidos con hipotensión permisiva contemplando metas en la presión arterial sistólica para mantener una adecuada perfusión de los tejidos. Objetivo: Conocer información actualizada acerca del manejo de la hipotensión permisiva en pacientes con trauma. Metodología: Se buscó información en las bases de datos Web-of-Science y Scopus de los últimos cinco años. El resultado arrojó un total de 118 artículos de los cuales se tomaron 30, según los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Resultados: Todos los artículos consideran el uso de la hipotensión permisiva como una buena opción para el manejo de los pacientes con trauma e hipotensión, sin embargo, difieren en qué momento es adecuado utilizarlo y en qué condiciones se debe realizar. Conclusiones: Si bien la hipotensión permisiva se ha convertido en uno de los pilares fundamentales en el manejo prehospitalario del paciente con trauma, se requieren estudios investigativos en humanos para soportar cuándo y cómo debe utilizarse.

Abstract Introduction: Hemorrhagic shock is one of the most common causes of death in trauma patients, because it sets in motion a vicious cycle of mechanisms, including hypothermia, acidosis, and coagulopathy. To mitigate these effects, damage control strategies have been proposed, including the controlled intake of fluids with permissive hypotension, contemplating goals in systolic blood pressure, and thus, maintaining adequate tissue perfusion. Objective: The present research aimed to review the literature in search of updated information about the management of permissive hypotension in patients with trauma. Methodology: Information was searched in the Web-of-Science and Scopus databases in the last five years. The result yielded a total of 118 articles, of which 30 were taken according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: All the articles consider the use of permissive hypotension as a good option for the management of patients with trauma and hypotension, however, they differ when it is appropriate to use it and under what conditions it should be performed. Conclusions: Although permissive hypotension has become one of the fundamental pillars in the prehospital management of the patient with trauma, research studies in humans are required to support when and how it should be used.

Humans , Shock, Hemorrhagic , Wounds and Injuries , Hypotension , Hypothermia , Tissues , Acidosis , Blood Pressure , Cause of Death , Health Strategies , Alkalies , Arterial Pressure
Arch. med ; 21(1): 24-34, 2021/01/03.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148354


Objective: to determine the presence and distribution of markers of the epithelialmesenchymal transition (EMT) (S-100A4 and alpha-smooth muscle actin-α-SMA) in gingival tissues of patients affected by Gingival hypertrophy (GH) due to orthodontics.GH is an exaggerated increase in gingival tissue whose pathogenesis is unknown. However, it has been reported that the epithelial-mesenchymal transition as a process involved in other types of GH. Materials and methods: descriptive study that included the analysis of gingival tissues of healthy individuals (n = 6) and patients with GH by orthodontic treatment (n = 6). Before gingival surgery, the patients underwent a periodontal hygiene phase. The gingival tissue samples obtained were processed and embedded in paraffin. The cuts were made with a microtome and deposited on polysine adhesion slides. Histological hematoxylin-eosin staining was performed.The identification and location of S-100A4 and α-SMA markers was determined by immunohistochemistry with monoclonal antibodies. The reading of the findings was carried out by oral pathologists. Results: in healthy individuals, an S100A4 label was observed in Langerhans cells, while α-SMA was identified in the vascular endothelium of all samples analysed. However, in patients with GH due to orthodontics, they registered an intense staining of S100A4 in gingival fibroblasts, Langerhans cells, vascular endothelium, and areas adjacent to the rupture of blood vessel. α-SMA expression in GO was detected in the vascular endothelium and gingival fibroblasts. Conclusion: the differential immunostaining of EMT markers in gingival tissues of patients with orthodontic GH suggests an eventual role of EMT in the pathogenesis of this pathology..Au

Objective: to determine the presence and distribution of markers of the epithelialmesenchymal transition (EMT) (S-100A4 and alpha-smooth muscle actin-α-SMA) in gingival tissues of patients affected by Gingival hypertrophy (GH) due to orthodontics. GH is an exaggerated increase in gingival tissue whose pathogenesis is unknown. However, it has been reported that the epithelial-mesenchymal transition as a process involved in other types of GH. Materials and methods: descriptive study that included the analysis of gingival tissues of healthy individuals (n = 6) and patients with GH by orthodontic treatment (n = 6). Before gingival surgery, the patients underwent a periodontal hygiene phase. The gingival tissue samples obtained were processed and embedded in paraffin. The cuts were made with a microtome and deposited on polysine adhesion slides. Histological hematoxylin-eosin staining was performed. The identification and location of S-100A4 and α-SMA markers was determined by immunohistochemistry with monoclonal antibodies. The reading of the findings was carried out by oral pathologists. Results: in healthy individuals, an S100A4 label was observed in Langerhans cells, while α-SMA was identified in the vascular endothelium of all samples analysed. However, in patients with GH due to orthodontics, they registered an intense staining of S100A4 in gingival fibroblasts, Langerhans cells, vascular endothelium, and areas adjacent to the rupture of blood vessel. α-SMA expression in GO was detected in the vascular endothelium and gingival fibroblasts. Conclusion: the differential immunostaining of EMT markers in gingival tissues of patients with orthodontic GH suggests an eventual role of EMT in the pathogenesis of this pathology..Au

Humans , Patients , Tissues , S100 Calcium-Binding Protein A4
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210046, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1347773


Introduction Among the therapeutic effects of ozone therapy, improvement in cell metabolism and peripheral tissue oxygenation have been highlighted. Objective to evaluate the systemic effect of bio-oxidative therapy with ozone gas on wound healing. Material and method Tissue lesions with a circumference of 1.0 cm were induced in the skin on the back of 24 male Wistar rats. The animals were randomly divided into two groups: 1) Group C (control; n=12): with simulation of the application of ozone gas via the rectum and, 2) Group O3 (test; n=12): with application of ozone gas by means of rectal insufflation at a concentration of 50 µg/mL. The animals were euthanized at seven and 15 days, and samples were removed, fixed in formalin, and submitted to macroscopic, histological, and histometric analyses. Result The animals in the O3 group presented mixed inflammation at seven days, which translated into an absence of inflammation at 15 days. The C group exhibited acute inflammation on the 7th day, translating to chronic inflammation, which significantly increased from the 7th to the 15th day. The findings showed that the O3 group presented greater wound contraction (P<0.05) and a greater degree of neovascularization on the 7th day (P<0.05) when compared to group C. On the 15th day, both groups (O3 and C) showed complete re-epithelialization, however, the O3 group demonstrated complete muscle regeneration. Conclusion The systemic ozone therapy had a biomodulatory effect, reducing the characteristics of acute inflammation and increasing tissue repair and regeneration in rat skin.

Introdução Dentre os efeitos terapêuticos da ozonioterapia, destacam-se a melhora do metabolismo celular e da oxigenação dos tecidos periféricos. Objetivo avaliar o efeito sistêmico da terapia bio-oxidativa com gás ozônio na cicatrização de feridas. Material e método Lesões teciduais com circunferência de 1,0 cm foram induzidas na pele do dorso de 24 ratos Wistar machos. Os animais foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: 1) Grupo C (controle; n = 12): com simulação da aplicação de gás ozônio pelo reto e, 2) Grupo O3 (teste; n = 12): com aplicação de gás ozônio por meio de insuflação retal na concentração de 50 µg / mL. Os animais foram sacrificados com sete e 15 dias, e as amostras foram retiradas, fixadas em formalina e submetidas às análises macroscópica, histológica e histométrica. Resultado Os animais do grupo O3 apresentaram inflamação mista aos sete dias, que se traduziu em ausência de inflamação aos 15 dias. O grupo C apresentou inflamação aguda no 7º dia, traduzindo-se em inflamação crônica, que aumentou significativamente do 7º para o 15º dia. Os achados mostraram que o grupo O3 apresentou maior contração da ferida (P <0,05) e maior grau de neovascularização no 7º dia (P <0,05) quando comparado ao grupo C. No 15º dia, ambos os grupos (O3 e C) apresentaram completa reepitelização, entretanto, o grupo O3 demonstrou completa regeneração muscular. Conclusão A ozonioterapia sistêmica teve efeito biomodulador, reduzindo as características de inflamação aguda e aumentando a reparação e regeneração tecidual na pele de ratos.

Animals , Rats , Ozone/therapeutic use , Rats , Tissues , Wound Healing , Oxygenation , Guided Tissue Regeneration , Metabolism , Rectum , Skin , Wounds and Injuries , Inflammation , Muscles
Vive (El Alto) ; 3(9): 253-264, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252342


Resumen Las escaras (también llamadas úlceras por presión y úlceras de decúbito) son lesiones en la piel y el tejido inferior, resultan de una presión prolongada sobre la misma. En la mayoría de los casos, se manifiestan en la piel que recubre las partes óseas del cuerpo, como talones, tobillos, caderas y coxis. Las personas que corren mayor riesgo de tener escaras tienen limitada su capacidad para cambiar de posición o pasan la mayor parte del tiempo en una cama o una silla de ruedas. Pueden desarrollarse en el transcurso de horas o días, la mayoría se curan con tratamiento, pero algunas nunca se curan completamente. El proceso enfermero es una herramienta metodológica a través del cual Enfermería puede apoyar al paciente y/o familiar en brindar cuidados y educación en la prevención y atención de las úlceras por presión. En México, dos estudios metacéntricos reportan que la prevalencia cruda de UPP es del 12,94% y del 17%, respectivamente. El presente caso se trata de una mujer adulto mayor, en edad extrema (81 años), atendida por su familiar, con regular adherencia a su tratamiento terapéutico y de cuidados, pasa la mayor parte del tiempo en cama, movilización regular aunque con buena higiene, con una escara de región sacra limpia en estadio ll, la paciente y familiar muestra disponibilidad y motivación para aprender acciones de cuidado y prevención adoptar cambios en los hábitos de vida, ser más saludable además mejorar la salud familiar.

Abstract Bedsores (also called pressure ulcers and pressure sores) are lesions on the skin and lower tissue, resulting from prolonged pressure on it. In most cases, they manifest on the skin that covers the bony parts of the body, such as heels, ankles, hips and coccyx. People who are most at risk for bedsores have limited ability to change position or spend most of their time in a bed or wheelchair. They can develop over the course of hours or days, most heal with treatment, but some are never completely cured. The nursing process is a methodological tool through which Nursing can support the patient and / or family in providing care and education in the prevention and care of pressure ulcers. In Mexico, two metacentric studies report that the crude prevalence of PU is 12.94% and 17%, respectively. The present case is about an elderly woman, (81 years), cared for by her relative, with regular adherence to her therapeutic and care treatment, spends most of the time in bed, regular mobilization although with good hygiene, with a clean sacral region eschar in stage II, the patient and family member show availability and motivation to learn care and prevention actions, adopt changes in life habits, be healthier and improve family health.

Resumo Escaras (também chamadas de úlceras de pressão e escaras) são lesões na pele e nos tecidos inferiores, resultantes de pressão prolongada sobre ela. Na maioria dos casos, eles se manifestam na pele que cobre as partes ósseas do corpo, como calcanhares, tornozelos, quadris e cóccix. Pessoas com maior risco de escaras têm capacidade limitada de mudar de posição ou de passar a maior parte do tempo em uma cama ou cadeira de rodas. Eles podem se desenvolver ao longo de horas ou dias, a maioria cura com tratamento, mas alguns nunca estão completamente curados. O processo de enfermagem é uma ferramenta metodológica por meio da qual a Enfermagem pode apoiar o paciente e / ou família na prestação de cuidados e educação na prevenção e cuidado das úlceras por pressão. No México, dois estudos metacêntricos relatam que a prevalência bruta de UP é de 12,94% e 17% 4, respectivamente. O presente caso se refere a uma idosa, em extrema idade (81 anos), cuidada por seu familiar, com adesão regular ao seu tratamento terapêutico e assistencial, passa a maior parte do tempo acamada, mobilização regular, porém, com boa higiene com uma escara limpa da região sacral em estágio II, o paciente e seu familiar demonstram disponibilidade e motivação para aprender ações de cuidado e prevenção, adotar mudanças de hábitos de vida, ter mais saúde e melhorar a saúde da família.

Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Pressure , Skin , Family , Attention , Tissues , Hygiene
Rev. colomb. nefrol. (En línea) ; 7(supl.2): 259-272, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251589


Resumen La infección por el síndrome respiratorio agudo severo (SARS-CoV-2) ha causado una de las emergencias epidemiológicas más grandes de los últimos 10 años y sus efectos patológicos son aún estudiados. Por lo anterior, resulta importante describir los mecanismos asociados al compromiso renal y digestivo en la infección por SARS-CoV-2. Los mecanismos patológicos en tejido renal y en intestino causados por la infección por SARS-CoV-2 son propios del tropismo viral por células de estos sistemas y de los mecanismos citopáticos de etapa lítica de la infección, con una liberación continua de viriones que favorece la generación de un entorno inflamatorio con la consecuente secreción descontrolada de citoquinas proinflamatorias que conducen a la infección entérica del intestino y a las alteraciones en el riñón.

Abstract Infection with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV-2) has caused one of the largest epidemiological emergencies in the last 10 years and its pathological effects are still studied. Due to the aforementioned, it is important to describe the mechanisms associated with renal and digestive compromise in SARS-CoV-2 infection. The pathological mechanisms in kidney tissue and in the intestine caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection are characteristic of the viral tropism by cells of these systems and of the lymphocytic mechanisms of the lytic stage of the infection, with a continuous release of virions that favors the generation of an inflammatory environment with the consequent uncontrolled secretion of proinflammatory cytokines that lead to enteric infection of the intestine and alterations in the kidney.

Humans , Male , Female , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Kidney Diseases , Tissues , Colombia , Coronavirus Infections , Viral Tropism , COVID-19
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(2): 99-101, ago. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134350


ABSTRACT: A variety of periodontal plastic surgery techniques have been proposed to correct aesthetic and functional problems of periodontal tissues. The most common procedure uses the connective tissue graft from the palate. However, patient discomfort and the limited quantity of palatal tissue results in many cases where the surgeon uses connective tissue substitutes. In this case report, we describe the use of a human dermal matrix for gingival volume augmentation in the lower incisors with a novel modified VISTA technique stabilizing the flap with sutures and cyanoacrylates, avoiding comorbidity of a second surgical site. The follow up at 6 months showed an increase in gingival thickness and a reduction in recessions length.

Humans , Female , Adult , Palate , Surgery, Plastic , Sutures , Tissues
Alger; s.n; 2020. 271 p. figures, tables.
Thesis in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1357492


Introduction. La temporisation immédiate unitaire du secteur antérieur maxillaire aide au raccourcissement des délais thérapeutiques, et contribue à la satisfaction esthétique immédiate quand les conditions anatomiques et chirurgicales le permettent. Cependant, un risque d'échec n'est pas exclu. L'état des tissus péri-implantaires et leurs réactions reflètent le succès ou non de cette thérapeutique. Objectif. Cette étude a pour objectif d'évaluer le comportement des tissus durs et mous dans le secteur antérieur maxillaire, après temporisation immédiate unitaire. Matériel et méthode. Une étude prospective et descriptive a été effectuée sur 44 sites unitaires maxillaires antérieurs, répartis entre les incisives centrales et latérales. Une restauration temporaire a été mise en place immédiatement après chirurgie implantaire en sous-occlusion. Le Pink Esthetic Score (PES) et le white Esthetic score (WES) ont été utilisés pour apprécier le comportement des tissus mous. Le taux de succès de l'ostéointégration et le changement du niveau de l'os marginal ont été analysés. Les tissus durs sont analysés au cône beam computed tomography à 6 et 12 mois. Résultats. Les résultats de cette étude sont : un taux de succès d'ostéointégration de 92.68%, un PES de l'ordre de 8.06 ±1.69 à 36 mois et un WES à 7.87±1.23. Cependant, un gain d'os autour de quelques implants a été observé ainsi qu'une résorption. La moyenne de résorption de l'os marginal péri implantaire est de l'ordre de -0.31mm ± 1.22 à 12 mois. Il ressort de cette étude la mise en évidence de la variable (sexe masculin) comme facteur de risque. Conclusion. La temporisation immédiate a un effet positif sur les tissus mous péri implantaires, permettant ainsi de préparer un profil d'émergence en adéquation avec une restauration d'usage de valeur esthétique. La moyenne de résorption de l'os marginal à 1 an et le taux de succès de l'ostéointégration observés, révèlent l'innocuité de cette temporisation immédiate, une sélection fine des patients ainsi qu'une très bonne préparation des sites à implanter sont prises en considération

Introduction. Due to the poursuit of beauty and the demands of social activities, traditional implant protocols, were modified. The immediate restoration protocol was proposed to reduce the edentulous time and avoid a stage-two operation. despite this avantage , this technique is not without a risk of failure. Quality and behaviour of the tissues around implants, can reflects success or not. Aim. This study investigated in changes the surronding hard and soft tissu outcome of immediate non-occlusal loading for single implants in the maxillary. Materials and Methods. This is a prospective study covered forty-for implants immediatly restored and nonocclusally loaded in a single missing maxillary anterior tooth. The outcome measures were : implant success, esthetic outcome (PES/WES), the outcome of marginal bone loss (MBL) : assesses at 6 mouth and one year after implantation. Result. We achieved an osteointegration success rate of 92.68%. An acceptable PES of the order of : 8.06 +/-1.69 à 36 at 36 months and a WES of : 7.87+/-1.23. We found a bone gain a round some implants and resorptions also. The mean marginal bone loss (MBL) was in the order of : -0.31mm +/- 1.22 at one year. This study shows that the male gender Constitue a risk factor. Conclusion. It appears from this study that :immediate non-occlusal loaded single implant in the anterior maxilla, has a positive effect on hard and soft tissues around implants allowing to prepare an emergence profile in accordance with a definitive restoration of esthetic value.

Humans , Male , Female , Tissues , Dental Implants , Dental Implants, Single-Tooth , Maxilla
Rev. colomb. bioét ; 15(1): [1-23], 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139989


Propósito/Contexto. Este artículo tiene como objetivo exponer el panorama de las tecnologías disruptivas en la medicina regenerativa y la solución que plantean para la obtención de órganos y tejidos artificiales. En la actualidad, los métodos existentes, como los trasplantes y xenotrasplantes, han demostrado ser poco efectivos para solventar esa problemática de salud pública mundial. Metodología/Enfoque. Se hace una revisión de tecnologías como la ingeniería de tejidos, la ingeniería genética, la nanomedicina y la nanotecnología, que buscan sustituir o mejorar los métodos actuales. Resultados/Hallazgos. Las tecnologías disruptivas plantean aspectos bioéticos que deben ser vistos desde otra perspectiva; la manipulación de la materia a escala atómica y molecular abren un sinnúmero de posibilidades para mejorar la calidad de vida del hombre e incluso, prolongarla. Surge el concepto de nanobioética, en el que se toman los principios de la bioética contemporánea y se proyectan a escalas nanométricas para analizar las implicaciones positivas y negativas de la vida en esas dimensiones. Discusión/Conclusiones/Contribuciones. Los avances y tecnologías disruptivas plantean un impacto en la atención sanitaria, cambios socioculturales y nuevos paradigmas que implican desafíos desde lo científico, lo técnico y lo bioético.

Purpose/Context. The article aims to provide an overview of disruptive technologies in regenerative medicine as a solution to obtaining artificial organs and tissues. Existing methods such as transplants and xenotransplants have proven to be ineffective in resolving this world public health problem. Method/Approach. Technologies such as tissue engineering, genetic engineering, nanomedicine, and nanotechnology are addressed, which seek to replace or improve current methods. Results/Findings. Disruptive technologies involve bioethical aspects that must be considered from another perspective. The manipulation of matter on atomic and molecular scales opens up countless possibilities for improving the quality of human life and even extending it. As a result, the concept of nanobioethics has emerged, which takes the principles of contemporary bioethics and projects them on nanometric scales to analyze the positive and negative implications for life in these dimensions. Discussion/Conclusions/Contributions. Advances and disruptive technologies impact health care, produce sociocultural changes, and give rise to new paradigms, posing scientific, technical, and bioethical challenges.

Objetivo/Contexto. O presente artigo tem como objetivo expor o panorama respeito das tecnologias disruptivas na medicina regenerativa, e a solução que propõem para a obtenção de órgãos e tecidos artificiais. Atualmente os métodos existentes, como os transplantes e xenotransplantes, provaram ser pouco eficaz para resolver um problema de saúde pública mundial. Metodologia/Abordagem. Nesse sentido, é feita uma revisão de tecnologias como a engenharia de tecidos, a engenharia genética, a nanomedicina e a nanotecnologia, que buscam substituir ou melhorar os métodos atuais. Resultados/Descobertas. As tecnologias disruptivas colocam aspectos bioéticos que devem ser vistos sob outra perspectiva, a manipulação da matéria em escala atômica e molecular abrem inúmeras possibilidades para melhorar a qualidade de vida do homem e até prolongá-la. Surge então o conceito de nanobioética, no qual se tomam os princípios da bioética contemporânea, projetam-se em escalas nanométricas, buscando analisar as implicações positivas e negativas da vida nessas dimensões. Discussão/Conclusões/Contribuições. Os avanços e as tecnologias disruptivas causam impacto nos cuidados de saúde, mudanças socioculturais e novos paradigmas que implicam desafios nos aspectos científico, técnico e bioético.

Tissues , Artificial Organs , Technology , Transplants
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058328


RESUMEN: Se describe el caso clínico de una paciente de 60 años, sexo femenino, sana, la cual presentaba en el diente 1.1 una recesión de 6 mm de longitud con extensa pérdida ósea en vestibular correspondiente a una clase 3 de Elian. En el presente reporte se expone los pasos que se siguieron para llegar a una Clase 2 de Elian, mediante un colgajo desplazado lateral con injerto de tejido conjuntivo subepitelial.

ABSTRACT: We describe the clinical case of a 60-year-old female patient, healthy, who presented a 6mm-long recession on tooth 1.1 with extensive vestibular bone loss corresponding to an Elian class 3. In the present report, the steps followed to reach an Elian class 2,by means of a laterally moved flap with subepithelial connective tissue graft, are shown.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Regeneration , Tissues , Tooth , Tissue Transplantation
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(3): 143-151, set. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057356


Antecedentes: los sarcomas de partes blandas son raros tumores mesenquimáticos con varios tipos histológicos y diferentes comportamientos clínicos. Objetivo: describir las características clínicas y patológicas, así como los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de una serie de pacientes operados por sarcomas de partes blandas. Material y métodos: se realizó una revisión retrospectiva de las historias clínicas de 2403 pacientes operados entre octubre de 2014 y abril de 2018. Veintidós de ellos (0,91%) presentaron sarcomas de partes blandas. Resultados: el promedio de edad fue 52 años (rango 19-92), 13 (59%) eran mujeres. La localización de los tumores fue: miembro inferior en 12 casos, cabeza y cuello en 5, tronco en 3 y miembro superior en 2. Catorce casos (63,6%) fueron tumores de alto grado. Los tipos patológicos fueron: sarcoma pleomórfico 7 (32%), sarcoma sinovial 4 (18%), liposarcoma 3 (14%), otros 4 (36 %). Todos fueron extirpados en forma completa y en 5 casos (35,7%) requirieron amputación: 4 de miembro inferior y uno superior. Según el tamaño y la ubicación del tumor se emplearon diferentes procedimientos reconstructivos, incluyendo 3 colgajos libres. Aquellos pacientes con lesiones de alto grado o con márgenes histológicamente positivos recibieron radioterapia posoperatoria. Durante el seguimiento (promedio 16 meses), seis pacientes presentaron recidivas locales, cuatro con metástasis pulmonares sincrónicas, todos ellos con tumores de alto grado. La sobrevida global fue del 86,4%. Conclusión: los sarcomas de partes blandas son neoplasias infrecuentes e invasivas, ampliamente distribuidas, que requieren procedimientos quirúrgicos agresivos. Es necesario tratamiento adyuvante en casos seleccionados y seguimiento periódico debido a la alta tasa de recidiva y metástasis a distancia.

Background: Soft-tissue sarcomas (STS) are rare mesenchymal tumors with several histologic subtypes and different clinical patterns. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and pathological characteristics and surgical outcomes of a series of patients with STS. Material and methods: The clinical records of 2403 undergoing surgery between October 2014 and April 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-two patients (0.91%) presented STS. Results: Mean age was 52 years (range: 19-92) and 13 (59%) were women. The tumors were located in the lower extremities in 12 cases, head and neck in five, trunk in three and upper extremities in two. Fourteen cases (63.6%) were high-grade tumors. Pleomorphic sarcoma was the most common histologic type (32%) followed by synovial sarcoma (18%), liposarcoma (14%), and other types (36%). All the tumors were completely resected and five patients (35.7%) required amputation, four in the lower extremity and on in the upper extremity. Different reconstructive procedures were performed according to tumor size and location, including three free flaps. Those patients with high-grade sarcomas or with positive margins received postoperative radiotherapy. After a mean follow-up of 16 months, six patients presented local recurrences and four patients had synchronous metastatic disease in the lungs; all these patients had high-grade tumors. Overall survival was 86.4%. Conclusion: STS are rare and invasive neoplasms, widely distributed, requiring aggressive and occasionally complex surgical procedures. It is necessary to consider adjuvant treatments in selected cases and to maintain regular follow-up due to the high rate of recurrences and distant metastases.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Sarcoma , Sarcoma/surgery , General Surgery , Tissues , Lower Extremity , Upper Extremity , Methods
HU rev ; 45(3): 244-253, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048967


Introdução: Como uma opção de tratamento ao edentulismo mandibular foi desenvolvido o conceito All-on-4®, uma técnica de ancoragem com a instalação de quatro implantes distribuídos na região anterior da mandíbula edêntula para uma reabilitação total implantossuportada. Objetivo: Neste estudo, analisamos pelo método de elementos finitos o comportamento biomecânico dos implantes e tecidos ósseos. Material e métodos: Foram utilizados 3 modelos tridimensionais computadorizados, cada um com 4 implantes hexágono externo 3,75x13mm na região interforames mentuais, os implantes anteriores mantidos na posição axial e a variação ocorreu nos implantes posteriores: grupo 1, implantes posteriores retos; grupo 2, implantes posteriores com inclinação em 17° e grupo 3, com implantes posteriores inclinados em 30°. Uma carga axial de 150N foi aplicada nos molares e de 100N nos pré-molares bilateralmente. Resultados: Após análises evidenciou-se que nos grupos 17° (13,68Mpa, 34,76Mpa e 14,36Mpa para as tensões de tração, compressão e cisalhamento respectivamente) e 30° (14,26Mpa, 23,14Mpa e 10,31Mpa para as tensões de tração, compressão e cisalhamento respectivamente) apresentaram menores picos de tensão no osso. O mesmo padrão de distribuição de tensões foi observado para os implantes, com redução quando inclinamos os implantes distais. Conclusão: Os resultados mostraram que a angulação dos implantes favoreceu a distribuição das tensões no osso e implantes, interferindo positivamente na performance biomecânica das reabilitações totais implantossuportadas em mandíbulas edêntulas, considerando que no grupo dos implantes retos os valores das tensões foram maiores.

Introduction: As a treatment option for mandibular edentulism, the All-on-4® concept was developed, an anchoring technique with the installation of four implants distributed in the anterior region of the edentulous mandible for total implant-supported rehabilitation. Objective: In this study, we analyzed by the finite element method the biomechanical behavior of implants and bone tissues. Material and methods: Three computerized three-dimensional models were used, each with 4 external hexagon 3.75x13mm implants in the mental interforam region, the anterior implants kept in the axial position and the variation occurred in the posterior implants: group 1, straight posterior implants; group 2, posterior implants inclined at 17° and group 3, posterior implants inclined at 30°. An axial load of 150 N was applied to the molars and 100 N to the premolars bilaterally. Results: After analysis, it was found that in the 17° (13.68Mpa, 34.76Mpa and 14.36Mpa groups for tensile, compressive and shear stresses respectively) and 30 ° (14.26Mpa, 23.14Mpa and 10.31Mpa for tensile, compressive and shear stresses respectively) presented lower stress peaks in the bone. The same pattern of stress distribution was observed for the implants, with reduction when the distal implants were tilted. Conclusion: The results showed that the angulation of the implants favored the distribution of stresses in the bone and implants, positively interfering in the biomechanical performance of the total implant-supported rehabilitations in edentulous jaws, considering that in the group of straight implants the stress values were higher.

Humans , Tissues , Bicuspid , Bone and Bones , Molar , Mouth Rehabilitation , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially , Dental Implantation , Mandible
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(2): 350-356, fev. 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895565


The cryopreservation of somatic tissue in collared peccaries promotes an alternative source of genetic material of this specie. The solid-surface vitrification (SSV) is a great option for tissue conservation; nevertheless, the optimization of SSV requirements is necessary, especially when referred to cryoprotectants that will compose the vitrification solution. Therefore, the aim was to evaluate the effect of the presence of 0.25 M sucrose in addition to different combinations (only or association) and concentrations (1.5 M or 3.0 M) of ethylene glycol (EG) and/or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in the somatic tissue vitrification of collared peccaries. Subsequently, we tested six combinations of cryoprotectants with or without sucrose in Dulbecco modified Eagle medium (DMEM) plus 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). Thus, 3.0 M EG with sucrose was able to maintain normal tissue characteristics compared with non-vitrified (control), especially for the volumetric ratio of epidermis (61.2 vs. 58.7%) and dermis (34.5 vs. 36.6%), number of fibroblast (90.3 vs. 127.0), argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) ratio (0.09 vs. 0.17%) and nucleus area (15.4 vs. 14.5 µm2) respectively. In conclusion, 3.0 M EG with 0.25 M sucrose and 10% FBS resulted in a better cryoprotectant composition in the SSV for somatic tissue of collared peccaries.(AU)

A criopreservação de tecido somático em catetos promove uma fonte alternativa de material genético nesta espécie. A vitrificação em superfície sólida (VSS) é uma ótima opção para a conservação do tecido; contudo, a otimização dos requerimentos da VSS é necessária, especialmente quanto aos crioprotetores que irão compor a solução de vitrificação. Portanto, o objetivo foi avaliar o efeito da presença de 0,25 M de sacarose em adição com diferentes combinações (individual ou associação) e concentrações (1,5 M ou 3,0 M) de etilenoglicol (EG) e/ou dimetilsulfóxido (DMSO) na vitrificação de tecido somático de catetos. Subsequentemente, nós testamos seis combinações de crioprotetores com ou sem sacarose em meio de Eagle modificado por Dulbecco (DMEM) acrescido de 10% de soro fetal bovino (SFB). Assim, 3,0 M de EG com sacarose foi capaz de manter as características normais do tecido comparado com o não vitrificado (controle), especialmente para a proporção volumétrica da epiderme (61,2 vs. 58,7%) e derme (34,5 vs. 36,6%), número de fibroblastos (90,3 vs. 127,0), razão da região argirófila organizadora de nucléolo (AgNOR) (0,09 vs. 0,17%) e área do núcleo (15,4vs.14,5 µm2), respectivamente. Em conclusão, 3,0 M de EG com 0,25 M de sacarose e 10% de SFB resultaram na melhor composição de crioprotetores na VSS para tecido somático de catetos.(AU)

Animals , Artiodactyla , Cryoprotective Agents , Ethylene Glycol , Sucrose , Tissues/cytology , Vitrification
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(1): 23-28, Jan. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895540


A cisticercose bovina é uma zoonose de distribuição mundial. No Brasil, o controle é realizado através do diagnóstico anatomopatológico durante a inspeção post-mortem nos matadouros. Objetivou-se neste estudo determinar a localização de cisticercos nos tecidos rotineiramente inspecionados e sobretudo nos tecidos não rotineiramente inspecionados, verificando a viabilidade dos cisticercos em bovinos infectados de forma experimental (grupo 1) e natural (grupo 2) com ovos de Taenia saginata. Em ambos os grupos foram analisados os tecidos rotineiramente inspecionados nas linhas de inspeção, de acordo com os padrões estabelecidos na legislação do Brasil. Adicionalmente, no grupo 1 foram selecionadas outras regiões anatômicas, representadas por quatro cortes comerciais (acém, alcatra, contrafilé, paleta), além do fígado, esôfago, diafragma e pilares. Com relação à frequência dos cisticercos no grupo 1, nos cortes comerciais, foram encontrados 8,2% de cisticercos no acém, 6,6% na paleta, 6,2% no contrafilé e 5,8% na alcatra. Outros tecidos não rotineiramente inspecionados para a exclusiva pesquisa por cisticercos que apresentaram lesões foram o diafragma, fígado e o esôfago, com 2,7%, 12,0% e 1,2% respectivamente. No grupo 1, os sítios rotineiramente inspecionados predominantes foram o coração (37,7%), músculos mastigatórios (17,1%) e língua (2,3%). No grupo 2 foram encontrados 61,8% dos cisticercos totais no coração, seguido dos músculos mastigatórios (38,2%) e fígado (10,2%). Com relação à viabilidade dos cisticercos no grupo 1, os viáveis predominaram na alcatra (80,0%), diafragma (71,4%) e esôfago (66,7%), já os cisticercos inviáveis predominaram nos músculos mastigatórios (77,3%), coração (76,3%), fígado (71,0%) e língua (50%). No grupo 2, o fígado apresentou 87,5% de cisticercos inviáveis, seguidos da língua (66,7%) e coração (63,2%), e nos tecidos mastigatórios foram encontrados 68,3% de cisticercos viáveis (68,3%). O alto percentual de cisticercos viáveis encontrado nos cortes comerciais, inclusive nos bovinos naturalmente infectados, representa um alerta para a Saúde Pública, pois, no Brasil, são frequentemente consumidos sem sofrer o devido tratamento térmico para inativação do cisticerco, aumentando consideravelmente a chance de infecção por teniose. Os resultados revelaram amplo perfil da manifestação anatomopatológica da cisticercose em diferentes tecidos de bovinos experimentalmente e naturalmente infectados, considerando-se tecidos musculares rotineiramente inspecionados ou não. Assim, o aprimoramento da inspeção sanitária das carcaças bovinas pode incrementar o controle do complexo teniose-cisticercose, diminuindo os riscos para a saúde pública.(AU)

Cysticercosis is a worldwide zoonosis, which demands proper control and monitoring during all beef production chain. In Brazil, the key point for controlling this zoonosis is the anatomopathological exam conducted in slaughterhouses during the post-morten inspection. This study aimed to describe the cysticerci location in tissues not usually examined during the inspection, and to check their viability in bovines infected with Taenia saginata eggs (group 1: experimental; group 2: natural). After slaughtering, animal from both groups were routinely examined for cysticercosis, according official Brazilian standards; group 1 animals were also examined in additional anatomic regions: end cuts (chuck, rump, strip loin, and shoulder), liver, esophagus, diaphragm and pillars. In group 1, cysticerci were identified in chuck (8.2%), shoulder (6.6%), strip loin (6.2%), and rump (5.8%), and also in tissues that are not usually considered during routine inspection, such as diaphragm (2.7%), liver (12.0%) and esophagus (1.2%). Still in group 1, the routine inspection identified cysticerci in hearth (37.7%), head muscles (17.1%), and tongue (2.3%). In group 2, cysticerci were identified in hearth (61.8%), head muscles (38.2%), and liver (10.2%). The viability of cysticerci were predominant in rump (80.0%), diaphragm (71.4%) and esophagus (66.7%) in animals from group 1, while non-viable cysticerci were more frequent in head muscles (77.3%), hearth (76.3%), liver (71.0%), and tongue (50.0%). In group 2, head muscles presented 68.3% of the viable cysticerci, while non-viable cysticerci were identified in liver (87.5%), tongue (66.7%), and hearth (63.2%). The high frequencies of viable cysticerci in end cuts available for consumers, including natural infected bovines, is a Public Health concern, once in Brazil these products were usually consumed without proper heat treatment, increasing the risks of T. saginata infection. The obtained results demonstrated the anatomopathological distribution of cysticercosis in different tissues in experimental and natural infected bovines, considering tissues that are routinely and not routinely examined during inspection. Then, the inspection procedures could be improved by adding such analysis in its routine procedures, in order to increase the proper control of the taeniasis-cysiticercosis complex and to decrease the Public Health risks.

Animals , Cattle , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Cysticercosis/prevention & control , Cysticercosis/veterinary , Food Inspection/methods , Taenia saginata , Brazil , Communicable Disease Control/methods , Tissues/parasitology
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(1): 231-237, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-888077


Van fish is a fish that can live in soda water at pH 9-10. Van fishing area is a very important source of protein for the people. The variations in tissue metal levels according to gender and weight in Van fish (Alburnus tarichi, Güldenstadt 1814) were studied. This study was conducted for the first time in Van fish. Which it is very important for living organisms Calcium(Ca), magnesium(Mg), sodium(Na), potassium(K), cobalt(Co), chromium(Cr) and lithium(Li) elements levels in the muscle, liver, gill, gonad, and brain tissues of Van fish were investigated by using inductively-coupled plasma-optic emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The results were evaluated in two groups as macro-elements(Ca, Mg, Na, K) and trace-elements(Co, Cr, Li). Cobalt concentration in brain tissue was found to be higher than those in other tissues. Also, male fish had higher metal concentrations than female fish and their metal levels in brain and gonad tissues varied with their weight (P<0.05). This study shows that consumption of Van fish can be consumed to supply some necessary minerals required for a healthy nutrition.(AU)

Peixes van são a única espécie de peixe vivendo em pH 9-10 no mundo. A área de pescaria Van é uma fonte importante de proteína para a população. As variações de niveis de metal nos tecidos de acordo com sexo e peso do peixe Van (Alburnus tarichi, Güldenstadt 1814) foram estudadas. Esse é o primeiro estudo conduzido com peixes Van. São importantes para organismos vivos o Calcio (Ca), magnésio (Mg), sódio (Na), potássio (K), cobalto (Co), cromio (Cr), e lítio (Li) e foi investigado o nível desses elementos no músculo, fígado, brânquia, gônada, e tecido cerebral dos peixes Van utilizando espectrometria de emissão atômica por plasma acoplado indutivamente (ICP-OES). Os resultados foram avaliados em dois grupos como macro-elementos (Ca, Mg, Na, K) e traços (Co, Cr, Li). Concentração de cobalto em tecido cerebral foi mais alto que em outros tecidos. Peixes machos tinham concentração mais alta de metais que fêmeas e os níveis de metal no cérebro e gônadas variava com seu peso (P<0.05). Esse estudo mostra que o consumo de peixe Van pode suplementar alguns minerais necessários para uma nutrição saudável.(AU)

Animals , Spectrum Analysis , Tissues/anatomy & histology , Fishes/anatomy & histology
Acta méd. colomb ; 42(3): 202-202, jul.-set. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1038131


Paciente femenina de 42 años de edad, con diagnóstico de esclerosis sistémica de larga data. Clínicamente la paciente presentaba esclerosis cu-tis, fenómeno de Raynaud, calcinosis, enfermedad pulmonar intersticial y compromiso gastrointestinal dado por reflujo gastroesofágico. Consultó por dolor y deformidad en las falanges distales asociado a reabsorción del lecho ungular. A los rayos x se observó la desaparición tanto de la fa-lange distal como de los tejidos blandos circundantes .

Humans , Female , Adult , Scleroderma, Systemic , Acro-Osteolysis , Pain , Tissues
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 46(4): 196-202, July-Aug. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-902657


Objective: To assess the behavior of the peri-implant soft margin after immediate implant placement with immediate function, by (1) direct clinical measurements of peri-implant soft margin height and thickness, (2) measurements of peri-implant soft margin height on photographs and (3) the perception of dental professionals regarding the results considering esthetic parameters. Material and method: The study included 8 patients with central or lateral incisors indicated to be extracted. Direct measurements of peri-implant soft margin height and thickness were done immediately before extraction (T0) and 1 (T1), 4 (T2), 8 (T3) and 12 (T4) months after the flapless insertion of the implant. Photographs were taken at the same time intervals. A questionnaire was filled in by implantology professionals regarding their visual perception of color and peri-implant soft margin architecture and harmony in the implant region using the photographs obtained at T4. Result: The clinical results showed significant changes to the height of the peri-implant soft margin, but the photographic results did not show significant changes for this measurement. The thickness of the attached gingiva was maintained during all the observation period. Of the professionals interviewed, 35.2% noticed an altered peri-implant soft margin color of the implant region, 39.8% noticed a change in the peri-implant soft margin architecture and 12.5% ​​noticed a change in the peri-implant soft margin harmony. Conclusion: The soft tissues around immediate implants changed during this period, but did not affect the aesthetic outcome and in the opinion of professionals, the aesthetic results were satisfactory for these cases.

Objetivo: Avaliar o comportamento do tecido gengival após a instalação de implantes imediatos em função imediata, por meio de (1) medidas clínicas diretas de altura e espessura da margem de tecido mole peri-implantar, (2) medidas de altura gengival em fotografias, e (3) percepção de profissionais da área de odontologia em relação a parâmetros estéticos. Material e método: O estudo incluiu 8 pacientes com incisivo central ou lateral indicados para extração. Medidas diretas de altura e espessura da margem de tecido mole peri-implantar foram realizadas imediatamente antes da extração (T0) e 1 (T1), 4 (T2), 8 (T3) e 12 (T4) meses após a instalação de implante sem abertura de retalho. Fotografias foram tiradas nos mesmos tempos. Um questionário foi respondido por Implantodontistas em relação à percepção visual dos mesmos sobre coloração, arquitetura da margem de tecido mole peri-implantar e harmonia na região do implante usando fotografias obtidas no T4. Resultado: Os resultados clínicos mostraram alterações significantes na altura da margem de tecido mole peri-implantar, mas nas fotografias não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante para essa mesma medida. A espessura da gengiva inserida se manteve durante todo o período de observação. Dos profissionais entrevistados, 35,2% observaram coloração alterada na região do implante, 39,8% identificaram alteração na arquitetura da margem de tecido mole peri-implantar e 12,5% ​​alteração na harmonia da margem de tecido mole peri-implantar. Conclusão: Os tecidos moles ao redor de implantes imediatos sofreram alterações durante o período estudado, mas não afetaram o resultado estético e na opinião dos profissionais os resultados foram satisfatórios.

Dental Implantation , Esthetics, Dental , Gingiva , Incisor , Maxilla , Tissues
Repert. med. cir ; 26(4): 202-207, 2017. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-909669


La inmunofluorescencia en tejidos fijados y preservados en parafina (IF-P), al igual que la inmunohistoquímica (IHQ) y la inmunofluorescencia (IF), tiene como objetivo localizar antígenos a través de la unión antígeno-anticuerpo. Esta técnica es poco conocida en la patología quirúrgica, su utilidad ha sido principalmente en estudios experimentales. El objetivo de este artículo es revisar los conceptos básicos de la IF-P, conocer sus ventajas y desventajas frente a la IF y la IHQ, al igual que las posibles aplicaciones en el campo de la patología quirúrgica.

The objective of immunofluorescence labelling of paraffin-fixed and embedded tissue sections (IF-P), aswell as ofimmunohistochemistry (IHC) andimmunofluorescence (IF) staining, is to detect the presence of antigens using the antigen-antibody interaction. This technique is little- known in surgical pathology for it has primarily been used in experimental studies. This article aims to review the basic concepts of IF-P, and identify its advantages and disadvantages compared with IF and IHC, and its possible applications in the surgical pathology field.

Humans , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Immunohistochemistry , Pathology, Surgical , Tissues