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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1552149

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La metatarsalgia central es una causa frecuente de dolor de antepié. La osteotomía de Weil es el tratamiento quirúrgico más popular y la osteotomía metatarsiana distal percutánea (OMDP) es la técnica percutánea más utilizada. La principal desventaja de estas técnicas es la aparición de dedo flotante que es aún mayor cuando se la asocia a artrodesis interfalángica proximal (AIFP). En esta serie de casos, se combinó la OMDP y la osteosíntesis con clavija de Kirschner para elevar el centro de rotación de la cabeza del metatarsiano con el objetivo de disminuir la presencia de dedos flotantes. Nuestra principal hipótesis fue que esta técnica generará menos dedos flotantes en los pacientes con diagnóstico de metatarsalgia mecánica y dedo en martillo rígido, comparada con la osteotomía de Weil. materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo en pacientes adultos con diagnóstico de metatarsalgia mecánica y dedo en martillo rígido. Se los sometió a una OMDP más fijación con clavija de Kirschner en combinación con AIFP. Finalmente, se comparó la presencia de dedos flotantes con un grupo de pacientes operados con la técnica de Weil y AIFP. Resultados: Se realizaron 39 OMDP más AIFP. La tasa de dedos flotantes fue del 31%. No hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa comparada con la técnica de Weil (36%, p= 0,634). Conclusión: La OMDP con elevación del centro de rotación asociada con AIFP no proporcionó una menor incidencia de dedos flotantes en comparación con la osteotomía de Weil. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Central metatarsalgia is a common cause of forefoot pain. The most common surgical treatment is Weil osteotomy and the most popular percutaneous technique is distal minimally invasive metatarsal osteotomy (DMMO). However, the main disadvantage of these techniques is the appearance of floating toes, which is even greater when associated with proximal interphalangeal arthrodesis. In this series of cases, DMMO was combined with a pin to elevate the center of rotation of the metatarsal head with the aim of reducing the presence of floating toes. Our main hypothesis was that this technique would result in a lower presence of floating toes in patients diagnosed with mechanical metatarsalgia and rigid hammertoe, compared to Weil osteotomies. Materials and methods: A retrospective observational study was carried out on consecutive adult patients diagnosed with mechanical metatarsalgia and rigid hammertoe. DMMO was performed with pin fixation in combination with proximal interphalangeal (PIP) arthrodesis. Finally, the presence of floating toes was compared with a group of patients operated on with the Weil technique and PIP arthrodesis. Results: A total of 39 DMMOs with PIP arthrodesis were performed. The percentage of floating toes was 31% . There was no statistically significant difference compared to the Weil technique (36%, p = 0.634). Conclusion: DMMO for elevation of the center of rotation associated with PIP arthrodesis fixed with a pin did not provide a lower incidence of floating toes compared to Weil osteotomy. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Osteotomy , Toes , Hammer Toe Syndrome , Metatarsalgia
2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 217-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970908

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child featuring short stature and postaxial polydactyly.@*METHODS@#A child who presented at Ningbo Women & Children's Hospital in May 2021 due to the"discovery of growth retardation for more than two years" was selected as the subject. Peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA. Whole exome sequencing was carried out for the child, and candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing of his family members.@*RESULTS@#The child was found to harbor a heterozygous c.3670C>T (p.Q1224) variant of the GLI2 gene, which may lead to premature termination of protein translation. The variant was not detected in either parent.@*CONCLUSION@#The child was diagnosed with Culler-Jones syndrome. The c.3670C>T (p.Q1224*) variant of the GLI2 gene probably underlay the disease in this child.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Fingers , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Polydactyly/genetics , Toes , Zinc Finger Protein Gli2/genetics
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1523942

ABSTRACT

El síndrome del torniquete es un cuadro poco frecuente que ocurre, por lo general, en la población pediátrica. Consiste en la disminución del aporte sanguíneo por estrangulación circunferencial de algunas partes del cuerpo y suele comprometer dedos de los miembros superiores o inferiores, genitales externos u otros apéndices. En la mayoría de los casos, el agente causal suele ser una hebra de cabello, aunque se han descrito otros elementos, como fibras sintéticas de la indumentaria del paciente. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar el caso de una paciente con síndrome del torniquete y analizar la bibliografía disponible. Se trata de una lactante de 3 meses de edad con síndrome del torniquete por cabello, con compromiso del cuarto dedo del pie derecho, que fue traída al servicio de urgencia por un importante edema de partes blandas. La paciente evolucionó favorablemente luego de la extracción del agente causal (hebra de cabello) de la base del cuarto dígito y la recuperación de la irrigación fue completa. Si bien es un cuadro poco frecuente, es imprescindible tener un alto índice de sospecha y realizar un diagnóstico precoz para indicar un tratamiento oportuno y evitar complicaciones potencialmente graves para el paciente. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Tourniquet syndrome is a rare condition that usually affects the pediatric population. It consists of a decrease in blood supply due to circumferential strangulation of some parts of the body, mainly fingers or toes, external genitalia or other appendages.In most cases, the causative agent is usually a strand of hair, although other elements have been described, such as synthetic fibers from the patient's clothing. The aim of this study is to report a case of a patient with hair tourniquet syndrome and to review the available literature. The patient is a 3-month-old female with hair tourniquet syndrome, with involvement of the fourth toe of the right foot, who was brought to the emergency department for significant soft tissue edema. The patient evolved favorably after removal of the causative agent (hair strand) from the base of the fourth toe and recovery of irrigation was complete. Although tourniquet syndrome is a rare entity, early diagnosis and treatment is essential to avoid potentially severe complications. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Infant , Child , Tourniquets/adverse effects , Toes , Foot
4.
Cogitare Enferm. (Online) ; 27: e81582, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1404349

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Objetivo: relacionar o conhecimento, a prática e os impedimentos do autocuidado com os pés em pessoas com Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 conforme sexo e escolaridade. Método: estudo transversal analítico, com 102 usuários de 4 unidades básicas de cidade interiorana do Piauí, Brasil. Coletaram-se dados socioeconômicos e clínicos, entre dezembro de 2018 a julho de 2019, analisados descritivamente por meio do teste de Qui-quadrado. Resultados: as mulheres obtiveram maior conhecimento e prática de hidratação (p<0,001), secagem entre os dedos do pé no pós-banho (p=0,020), hidratação dos pés com cremes/óleos hidrantes nos calcanhares (p<0,001), hidratação na planta do pé (p=0,003) e uso de calçados macios e fechados (p=0,001); uso frequente de meias pelos homens (p<0,001) e de algodão (p<0,001). Houve associação entre o nível de escolaridade e o uso de salto >5cm (p=0,001) e <5cm (p<0,001). Conclusão: espera-se que este estudo permita uma nova forma de abordagem, visando à aquisição e aperfeiçoamento do autocuidado.


ABSTRACT Objective: To relate knowledge, practice and barriers of diabetic foot self-care among people with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, according to gender and education. Method: Analytical cross-sectional study with 102 users of 4 basic units in the inland of the state of Piauí, Brazil. Socioeconomic and clinical data were collected between December 2018 and July 2019. Descriptive analysis was performed with the use of the Chi-square test. Results: Women showed greater knowledge and practice of moisturizing (p<0.001), drying between the toes after bathing (p=0.020), foot hydration with moisturizing creams/oils on the heels (p<0.001), hydration on the sole of the foot (p=0.003) and use of soft and closed-toed shoes (p=0.001); there was frequent use of socks by men (p<0.001) and they were mostly made of cotton (p<0.001). There was an association between educational level and the use of shoes with heels >5cm (p=0.001) and <5cm (p<0.001). Conclusion: It is hoped that this study will allow a new type of approach aimed to the improvement of diabetic foot self-care.


RESUMEN Objetivo: relacionar el conocimiento, la práctica y los impedimentos del autocuidado de los pies en personas con Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2, de acuerdo con sexo y nivel de estudios. Método: estudio transversal y analítico realizado con 102 usuarios de 4 unidades básicas de una ciudad del interior de Piauí, Brasil. Se recolectaron datos sociodemográficos y clínicos entre diciembre de 2018 y julio de 2019, y se los analizó en forma descriptiva por medio de la prueba de chi-cuadrado. Resultados: las mujeres presentaron mayor conocimiento y práctica en las siguientes acciones de autocuidado: hidratación (p<0,001), secado del espacio entre los dedos de los pies después de bañarse (p=0,020), hidratación de los pies con cremas/aceites hidrantes en los talones (p<0,001), hidratación de la planta de los pies (p=0,003) y uso de calzado macizo y cerrado (p=0,001); en los hombres se observó uso frecuente de calcetines (p<0,001) y medias de algodón (p<0,001). Se registró una asociación entre nivel de estudios y uso de tacones de más de 5 cm (p=0,001) y menos de 5 cm (p<0,001). Conclusión: se espera que este estudio haga posible una nueva modalidad de enfoque, con vistas a adquirir y perfeccionar acciones de autocuidado.


Subject(s)
Toes , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
5.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 677-682, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940974

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical effects of free hallux-nail flap combined with the second toe composite tissue flap in the reconstruction of damaged thumb after electrical burns. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From May 2018 to April 2021, 12 male patients with thumb destructive defects caused by electrical burns who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Zhengzhou First People's Hospital, aged 27 to 58 years, including 10 cases with degree Ⅲ thumb defect and 2 cases with degree Ⅳ thumb defect after thorough debridement. The thumb was reconstructed with free hallux-nail flap combined with composite tissue flap of the second phalangeal bone, joint, and tendon with skin island. The donor site of hallux-nail flap was covered with artificial dermis in the first stage and performed with continuous vacuum sealing drainage, and covered with medium-thickness skin graft from the groin site in the second stage. The donor site in the second toe was filled and fixed with iliac bone strips. The survival of reconstructed thumb was observed 1 week after the reconstruction surgery, the survival of skin graft in the donor site of hallux-nail flap was observed 2 weeks after skin grafting, and the callus formation of the reconstructed thumb phalanx and the second toe of the donor foot was observed by X-ray 6 weeks after the reconstruction surgery. During the follow-up, the shape of reconstructed thumb was observed and the sensory function was evaluated; the function of reconstructed thumb was evaluated with trial standard for the evaluation of the functions of the upper limbs of the Hand Surgery Society of the Chinese Medical Association; whether the interphalangeal joints of the hallux and the second toe were stiff, the scar hyperplasia of the foot donor site, and whether the walking and standing functions of the donor feet were limited were observed. Results: One week after the reconstruction surgery, all the reconstructed thumbs of the patients survived. Two weeks after skin grafting, the skin grafts in the donor site of hallux-nail flap of 11 patients survived, while the skin graft in the donor site of hallux-nail flap of 1 patient was partially necrotic, which was healed completely after 10 days' dressing change. Six weeks after the reconstruction surgery, callus formation was observed in the reconstructed thumb and the second toe of the donor foot of 10 patients, the Kirschner wires were removed; while callus formation of the reconstructed thumb was poor in 2 patients, and the Kirschner wires were removed after 2 weeks of delay. During the follow-up of 6 to 24 months, the shape of reconstructed thumb was similar to that of the healthy thumb, the discrimination distance between the two points of the reconstructed thumb was 7 to 11 mm, and the functional evaluation results were excellent in 4 cases, good in 6 cases, and fair in 2 cases. The interphalangeal joints of the hallux and the second toe of the donor foot were stiff, mild scar hyperplasia was left in the donor site of foot, and the standing and walking functions of the donor foot were not significantly limited. Conclusions: The application of free hallux-nail flap combined with the second toe composite tissue flap in the reconstruction of damaged thumb after electrical burns adopts the concept of reconstruction instead of repair to close the wound. It can restore the shape and function of the damaged thumb without causing great damage to the donor foot.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Burns, Electric/surgery , Cicatrix/surgery , Free Tissue Flaps , Hallux/surgery , Hyperplasia , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Skin Transplantation/methods , Thumb/surgery , Toes/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1127-1131, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970795

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of the first metatarsophalangeal joint fusion combined with lateral toe rotation Weil osteotomy in treating hallux valgus with severe metatarsal adduction.@*METHODS@#From March 2017 to August 2021, 37 patients ( 69 feet ) with severe plantar adductor hallux valgus were treated with the first metatarsophalangeal joint fusion combined with rotational Weil osteotomy were retrospectively analyzed, including 8 males(11 feet) and 29 females (58 feet), aged from 67 to 83 years old with an average of (70.03±2.87) years old;3 cases on the left side, 2 cases on the right side and 32 cases on both sides. Visual analogue scale(VAS) was used to evaluate degree of pain relief before operation, 6 weeks after operation and at the final follow-up. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Surgery (AOFAS) forefoot score was used to evaluate function of the affected foot before operation and final follow-up. Hallux valgus angle(HVA) and intermetatarsal angle(IMA) were measured before operation and at the final follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-seven patients(69 feet) were followed up from 12 to 48 months with an average of(22.8±0.6) months. Bone healing was achieved at the first metatarsophalangeal joint from 7 to 10 weeks with an average of (8.00±1.21) weeks after operation, without delay and nonunion. HVA was increased from (44.30±2.84)° before operation to (15.20±2.13) °at the final follow-up, and had statistical difference(t=65.781, P<0.05);while no difference in IMA before and after operation(P>0.05). VAS was decreased from (6.73±1.48) points to (2.78±0.71) points at 6 months after operation(t=3.279, P<0.05), and had difference compared with the latest follow-up(1.16±1.12)(t=4.859, P<0.05). AOFAS forefoot score increased from (52.14±5.78) preoperatively to (86.70±4.86) at the fonal follow-up, and 25 feet got excellent results, 40 feet good and 4 feet fair.@*CONCLUSION@#The first metatarsophalangeal joint fusion combined with lateral toe rotation Weil osteotomy in treating severe plantar adduction hallux valgus could significantly relieve pain and appearance of forefoot, stabilize the first sequence, and significantly improve walking function.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Rotation , Treatment Outcome , Osteotomy/methods , Metatarsophalangeal Joint/surgery , Bunion , Toes
7.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 143-148, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927461

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Identifying peripheral arterial disease (PAD) during diabetic foot screening (DFS) is crucial in reducing the risk of diabetic foot ulcerations and lower limb amputations. Screening assessments commonly used include absolute systolic toe pressure (ASTP) and toe-brachial index (TBI). There is a lack of research defining the threshold values of both assessment methods. We aimed to compare the accuracy of ASTP and TBI and establish optimal threshold values of ASTP and TBI with reference to the internationally accepted ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI) screening test, for a multiethnic diabetic population in Singapore.@*METHODS@#A retrospective, observational study of DFS results from January 2017 to December 2017 was conducted. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was conducted for ASTP and TBI using the internationally accepted ABPI cut-off value of ≤0.9 to indicate PAD.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1,454 patients with mean (standard deviation) age of 63.1 (12.4) years old were included. There were 50.8% men and 49.2% women, comprising 69.7% Chinese, 13.5% Indian, 10.1% Malay and 6.7% other ethnicities. Areas under the curve for ASTP and TBI were 0.89 (95% confidence interval [Cl] 0.85-0.94) and 0.94 (95% Cl 0.90-0.98), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). Derived optimal threshold values to indicate ABPI≤0.9 for ASTP and TBI were <95.5mmHg (specificity 0.86, sensitivity 0.84) and <0.7 (specificity 0.89, sensitivity 0.95), respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#ASTP or TBI may be used to detect ABPI-determined PAD in DFS. The optimal threshold values derived from a multiethnic Asian diabetic population were <95.5mmHg for ASTP and <0.7 for TBI.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ankle Brachial Index/methods , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Diabetic Foot/diagnosis , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Toes
10.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(1): e300, ene.-abr. 2021. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251685

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las úlceras del pie diabético resultan las complicaciones más frecuentes en las personas con diabetes. Se conocen diferentes formas de tratamiento para esta enfermedad, con más o menos efectividad, pero no resuelven el problema en la totalidad de los casos. El estimulador eléctrico Stimul W® y el medicamento Heberprot-P® se han empleado, de manera independiente y con resultados satisfactorios, como alternativas para el tratamiento de estas lesiones. Comprobar si la acción combinada de ambos procedimientos permite alcanzar mejores resultados, permitiría contribuir a resolver un problema de alta prevalencia mundial. Objetivo: Exponer el resultado de la aplicación de la combinación del estimulador Stimul W® y el medicamento Heberprot-P® en el tratamiento de un paciente con úlcera del pie diabético. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 69 años de edad, con diabetes mellitus de tipo 2, que presentaba una úlcera del pie diabético en la parte externa del pie derecho, con abundante tejido necrótico en forma de fístula en la base de los dos dedos restantes y falta de granulación. Los tratamientos anteriores no dieron el resultado esperado. Se decidió, como terapia de curación, aplicar durante 12 sesiones la combinación del estimulador Stimul W® y el medicamento Heberprot-P®. Conclusiones: Se logró la cicatrización de la lesión, al obtener un 100 por ciento de tejido de granulación y la disminución significativa de sus dimensiones, lo que mostró que la terapia aplicada constituye una alternativa para el tratamiento de este tipo de úlcera(AU)


Introduction: Diabetic foot ulcers are the most frequent complications in people with diabetes. Different forms of treatment for this disease are known, with more or less effectiveness; but they do not solve the problem in all cases. The electrical stimulator Stimul W® and the drug Heberprot-P® have been used independently, and with satisfactory outcomes, as alternatives for the treatment of these lesions. Checking whether the combined action of both procedures allows to achieve better outcomes would contribute to solve a problem of high worldwide prevalence. Objective: To present the outcomes of applying the combination of the stimulator Stimul W® and the drug Heberprot-P® for treating a patient with diabetic foot ulcer. Case presentation: A 69-year-old male patient, with type 2 diabetes mellitus, who presented with a diabetic foot ulcer on the outside of the right foot, with abundant necrotic tissue in the form of a fistula at the base of the two remaining toes and lack of granulation. The previous treatments did not permit the expected outcomes. It was decided, as a healing therapy, to apply the combination of the stimulator Stimul W® and the drug Heberprot-P® for twelve sessions. Conclusions: Healing of the lesion was achieved by obtaining 100 percent granulation tissue and a significant reduction in its dimensions, which showed that the applied therapy constitutes an alternative for the treatment of this type of ulcer(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Toes/injuries , Foot Ulcer/therapy , Diabetic Foot , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/etiology
11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 590-593, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of 170 cases of macrodactyly.@*METHODS@#Medical records of 170 macrodactyly patients at Beijing Jishuitan Hospital between March 2006 and October 2019, including demographic characteristics, clinical presentations, anatomical distributions, X-rays, pathological findings, and treatments, were reviewed. PIK3CA mutation analyses of 12 patients were also reviewed.@*RESULTS@#Disease incidence was similar across sex and geographical regions. Multiple-digit involvement was 3.9 times more frequent than single-digit involvement. In upper deformit: ies, the index finger, middle finger and thumb were mostly involved, and the second and third toes were the most affected on the foot. Two digits were affected more often than three digits, with the affected multiple digits were adjacent most time. The cases of progressive macrodactyly, in which the affected digits grew at a faster rate than the unaffected digits, were found more than static type. Most of progressive macrodactyly were noticed at birth. In terms of nerve involvement, affected fingers mostly occurred in the median nerve innervation area (79.4%) accompanied by median nerve and brunches enlargement and fat infiltration, i.e., nerve territory oriented; affected toes mostly occurred in the medial plantar nerve innervation area (89.1%), marked with overgrowth of adipose tissue with a lesser degree of neural overgrowth, i.e., lipomatous. Only 17 cases had comorbid of syndactyly. The metacarpal bones were involved only in progressive type of macrodactyly. Ten of the 12 cases subjected to PIK3CA mutation analysis were positive. Among all tested specimens, PIK3CA mutation levels ranged from 7% to 27%. In terms of tissue sources in which a mutation was found, adipose tissue had the highest mutation detection rate, followed by nerve and skin. All the DNA samples of blood from the 12 PIK3CA mutation-positive patients were negative.@*CONCLUSION@#Macrodactyly fingers mostly occurred in the median nerve innervation area accompanied by median nerve and brunches enlargement and fat infiltration. The index and middle fingers were mostly involved. Macrodactyly toes mostly occurred in the medial plantar nerve innervation area, marked with overgrowth of adipose tissue with a lesser degree of neural overgrowth. The second and third toes were the most affected on the foot. A high proportion (83%) of isolated macrodactyly patients carry activating PIK3CA mutations. Adipose, nerve, and skin tissues provide the highest PIK3CA mutation detection yield among all types of tissue studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , DNA Mutational Analysis , Fingers/abnormalities , Limb Deformities, Congenital , Mutation , Toes
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353883

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El diagnóstico del dedo en martillo tendinoso puede pasar desapercibido inicialmente en niños y adolescentes, esto limita las posibilidades del tratamiento conservador. El objetivo fue evaluar los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico con la técnica de tenodermodesis en lesiones de presentación tardía.materiales y métodos: Se evaluó retrospectivamente a 9 pacientes (8 niños) con una edad promedio de 8.6 ± 6 años (rango 1-15). Los días promedio de evolución de la lesión eran 27±11.4 (rango 15-45). El mecanismo de lesión fue una herida cortante (4 casos) y un traumatismo indirecto (5 casos). El tratamiento consistió en tenodermodesis e inmovilización transitoria con clavija transarticular. El seguimiento promedio fue de 61 ± 34.7 meses (rango 12-106). Se evaluaron la movilidad activa y pasiva de la articulación interfalángica distal, la presencia de dolor o deformidad, la limitación de actividades de la vida diaria y la necesidad de tratamientos adicionales. Se clasificaron los resultados con los criterios de evaluación de Crawford. Resultados: En 8 pacientes, el resultado fue excelente y, en uno, regular según Crawford. Un paciente poco colaborador requirió una segunda intervención por re-rotura. En dos casos, hubo una complicación (granuloma) y requirió resección. Ningún paciente refirió dolor al final del seguimiento, ni limitaciones para las actividades de la vida diaria. Ocho presentaron extensión activa completa y uno, una deformidad residual de 20°. Conclusión: La tenodermodesis permite la reconstrucción anatómica del mecanismo extensor en niños y adolescentes. Los resultados clínicos de este estudio son alentadores en lesiones no diagnosticadas en forma temprana. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Tendinous mallet finger may go initially unnoticed in children and adolescents, limiting the possibilities of conservative treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of surgical treatment with the tenodermodesis technique in late-presentig injuries. Materials and Methods: Nine patients (8 males) with an average age of 8.6±6 years (1-15 range) were retrospectively evaluated. The injury manifested at an average of 27±11.4 days after trauma (15-45 range). In 4 patients the mechanism was a laceration and, in 5, indirect trauma. Patients were treated by tenodermodesis and transitory fixation of the distal interphalangeal joint with a Kirschner wire. The average follow-up was 61±34.7 months (12-106 range). Active and passive range of motion of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ), pain, deformity, limitations in everyday life activities, and need for further treatment were evaluated. Crawford criteria was used to evaluate the outcomes. Results: The results were excellent in eight patients, and fair in one according to the Crawford criteria. One case required reintervention for re-rupture in a poorly collaborating patient. Two cases presented granuloma as a complication and required resection. No patients presented pain at the last follow-up, nor limitations in everyday life activities. Eight patients had full active DIPJ extension, and one had a 20° residual deformity. Conclusion: Tenodermodesis allows anatomical reconstruction of the extensor mechanism in pediatric patients. The clinical results are encouraging in late-presenting lesions. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Toes/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Hammer Toe Syndrome , Delayed Diagnosis
13.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 21(3): e187, sept.-dic. 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156386

ABSTRACT

La prevalencia mundial del pie diabético oscila en un 6,4 por ciento. La amputación en personas con diabetes es de 10 a 20 veces más frecuente que en los no diabéticos y, cada 30 segundos, en algún lugar del mundo alguien sufre la amputación de una extremidad inferior como consecuencia de esta. El Heberprot-P® constituye un producto indicado y registrado por Cuba para el tratamiento de pacientes con úlceras neuropáticas y neuroisquémicas del pie diabético, que en este caso resulta una lesión compleja, en estado avanzado y con alto riesgo de amputación (Wagner 4). Este estudio tuvo como objetivo presentar un caso que demuestra la eficacia de la cicatrización de una lesión compleja del pie diabético mediante el tratamiento con Heberprot-P®. Se trata de un paciente de 47 años, diabético de tipo 1, que ingresó en el Hospital "Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy" de la provincia de Matanzas, en 2017, con el diagnóstico de pie diabético neuroinfeccioso, y lesiones en primer dedo y base plantar de todos los dedos (grado 4, según clasificación de Wagner). Se le realizó desarticulación del primer dedo y necrectomía plantar. Posteriormente, previo control metabólico y de la sepsis, se le hicieron 21 infiltraciones de Heberprot-P® (75 µg) en un período de 45 días. Finalmente, se logró una epitelización de aproximadamente un 95 por ciento de la lesión. De este modo, quedó mostrada la eficacia en la cicatrización de lesiones complejas del pie diabético mediante el uso del Heberprot-P®(AU)


The global prevalence of diabetic foot ranges from 6.4 percent. Amputation in people with diabetes is 10 to 20 times more common than in non-diabetics and every 30 seconds somewhere in the world someone suffers the amputation of a lower limb as a result of diabetes. Heberprot-P® constitutes a product indicated and registered by Cuba for the treatment of patients with neuropathic and neuroischemic ulcers of the diabetic foot, which in this case results in a complex injury, in advanced state and with high risk of amputation (Wagner 4). This study aimed to present a case that demonstrates the effectiveness of healing from a complex diabetic foot wound treated with Heberprot-P®. It was the case of a 47-year-old male diabetic type 1 patient who was admitted at "Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy" Hospital in Matanzas province, in 2017, with the diagnosis of neuroinfectious diabetic foot, and lesions in the first finger and plantar base of all fingers (grade 4, according to Wagner's classification). It was conducted a disarticulation of the first toe and a plantar necrectomy. Subsequently, after metabolic control and sepsis, 21 infiltrations of Heberprot-P® (75 g) were made over a period of 45 days. Finally, an epithelialization of approximately 95 percent of the wound was achieved. In this way, the effectiveness in healing complex lesions of the diabetic foot was shown through the use of Heberprot-P®(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Toes , Diabetic Foot/epidemiology , Disarticulation , Amputation, Surgical
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1010-1017, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124890

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El músculo extensor corto de los dedos (ECD) se sitúa junto con el músculo extensor corto del hallux (ECH) en la región dorsal del pie y están encargados de colaborar con la acción agonista de los músculos extensor largo de los dedos (ELD) y extensor largo del hallux (ELH), en la extensión de los cuatro dedos mediales en las articulaciones metatarsofalángicas. Esta condición complementaria permite su transferencia quirúrgica hacia otras regiones receptoras sin afectar la funcionalidad extensora de los dedos del pie motivo por el cual durante las últimas décadas se ha convertido en un tejido importante para la reconstrucción de lesiones tisulares, sin embargo, son escasos los estudios biométricos que lo describan en detalle. El objetivo de esta investigación fue establecer la longitud, ancho y área de extensión de estos músculos acompañada de la determinación de las distancias de éstos respecto a la cuña medial y la base del quinto metatarsiano para su uso quirúrgico. Sumado a lo anterior y posterior a la descripción de las variantes musculares encontradas se determinó los puntos motores de inervación de estos dos músculos. Para ello se estudiaron 36 miembros inferiores formolizados de individuos adultos brasileños pertenecientes a la Universidad Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Maceió, Brasil. Las mediciones se realizaron con un cáliper marca Mitutoyo de 0,01 mm de precisión obteniendo una longitud, ancho y área de 6,89 ± 1,64 cm, 3,81 ± 0,42 cm y 31,98 ± 7,60 cm2 en el lado derecho de 6,91 ± 1,64 cm, 3,68 ± 0,46 cm y 30,75 ± 7,61 cm2 en el izquierdo respectivamente. En el 17 % de los casos hay presencia de tendones accesorios para el músculo ECD. La distancia desde el margen medial del músculo ECH respecto a la cuña medial y del margen lateral del músculo ECD a la base del quinto metatarsiano fue de 1,97 ± 0,43 y 1,72 ± 0,41 al lado derecho y de 2,01 ± 0,62 y 1,87 ± 0,36 al lado izquierdo respectivamente. Los puntos motores (Pm) predominaron en un 64 % en el tercio medio del músculo ECH y en un 64 % en el tercio proximal del músculo ECD. Estos resultados son un aporte significativo, tanto para quienes realizan cirugía ortopédica como para el conocimiento detallado de la anatomía dorsal del pie.


SUMMARY: The extensor digitorum brevis muscle (EDB) is located along with the extensor hallucis brevis (EHD) in the dorsal region of the foot and are responsible for collaborating with the agonist action of the extensor digitorum longus muscles (EDL) and extensor hallucis longus (EHL) in the extension of the four medial fingers in the metatarsophalangeal joints. This complementary condition allows its surgical transfer to other receptor regions without affecting the extensor functionality of the toes, which is why during the last decades it has become an important tissue for the reconstruction of tissue injuries, however, there are few studies biometrics that describe it in detail. The objective of this investigation was to establish the length, width and area of extension of these muscles accompanied by the determination of their distances from the medial wedge and the base of the fifth metatarsal for surgical use. In addition to the above and after the description of the muscle variants found, the innervation motor points of these two muscles were determined. To do this, 36 formalized lower limbs of Brazilian adult individuals belonging to the Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Maceió, Brazil, were studied. Measurements were made with a 0.01 mm precision Mitutoyo caliper obtaining a length, width and area of 6.89 ± 1.64 cm, 3.81 ± 0.42 cm and 31.98 ± 7.60 cm2 on the right side of 6.91 ± 1.64 cm, 3.68 ± 0.46 cm and 30.75 ± 7.61 cm2 on the left, respectively. In 17 % of cases there is presence of accessory tendons for the EDB muscle. The distance from the medial margin of the EHB muscle with respect to the medial wedge and the lateral margin of the EDB muscle to the base of the fifth metatarsal was 1.97 ± 0.43 and 1.72 ± 0.41 on the right side and 2,01 ± 0.62 and 1.87 ± 0.36 on the left side respectively. Motor points (Pm) predominated in 64 % in the middle third of the EHB muscle and in 64 % in the proximal third of the EDB muscle. These results are a significant contribution both for those who perform orthopedic surgery and for detailed knowledge of the dorsal foot anatomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Hallux/anatomy & histology , Toes/anatomy & histology , Muscle, Skeletal/anatomy & histology , Surgical Flaps , Brazil , Muscle, Skeletal/innervation , Foot/anatomy & histology
15.
Journal of the Philippine Dermatological Society ; : 77-84, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881518

ABSTRACT

@#CASE SUMMARY: A 51-year-old Filipino female without comorbidities presented with cough, rhinitis, and low-grade fever. Four days later, she developed pruritic, localized wheals on the arms, gradually involving the trunk and lower extremities. A 49-year-old Filipino female without comorbidities based in the Middle East presented with cough and fever. Four days after, she developed a generalized distribution of wheals and livedoid patches on both legs. Both patients recovered from COVID-19 with complete resolution of skin lesions. CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of COVID-19 related dermatology cases collected in the Philippines.


Subject(s)
Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Administration, Cutaneous , Exanthema , Skin , Virus Diseases , Toes
16.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 39(supl.1): 10-18, mayo 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011451

ABSTRACT

Resumen La melioidosis es una enfermedad infecciosa causada por Burkholderia pseudomallei cuyo diagnóstico clínico puede ser difícil debido a su variada presentación clínica y a las dificultades del diagnóstico microbiológico, por lo cual pueden requerirse técnicas moleculares para su adecuada identificación una vez se sospecha su presencia. Son pocos los antibióticos disponibles para el tratamiento de esta enfermedad y, además, deben usarse durante un tiempo prolongado. Aunque se conoce por ser endémica en Tailandia, Malasia, Singapur, Vietnam y Australia, en Colombia se han reportado algunos pocos casos. Se presenta un caso de melioidosis en la región norte de Colombia, se hace una revisión de las características clínicas y el tratamiento, y se describe la epidemiología local de esta enfermedad.


Abstract Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei whose clinical diagnosis can be difficult due not only to its varied clinical presentation but also to the difficulties in the microbiological diagnosis.Thus, it may be necessary to use molecular techniques for its proper identification once it is suspected. There are few antibiotics available for the treatment of this disease, which must be used over a long period of time. Although it is known to be endemic in Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, and Australia, in Colombia there are few reported cases. We describe a case of melioidosis in the northern region of Colombia. Additionally, we review its clinical characteristics and treatment and we describe the local epidemiology of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Melioidosis/epidemiology , Recurrence , Urinary Tract Infections/diagnosis , Urinary Tract Infections/microbiology , Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy , Toes/surgery , Toes/microbiology , Patient Compliance , Burkholderia pseudomallei/isolation & purification , Immunocompromised Host , Colombia/epidemiology , Ribotyping , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Foot Diseases/surgery , Amputation, Surgical , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Melioidosis/diagnosis , Melioidosis/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
18.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 202-208, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766580

ABSTRACT

Skin diseases associated with athletic activities can be classified as skin infections, inflammatory reactions, trauma, and abnormal proliferation, depending on the cause of the condition. Athlete's nodule is a generic term for reactive nodules that occur in athletes. It is particularly common in the foot due to tight sneakers, repetitive pressure or friction, and inappropriate choice of shoes or other sports equipment. The diagnosis of black heel (calcaneal petechiae) should be considered when numerous black spots occur on the soles in patients who frequently engage in abrupt movements, such as starts, stops, or leaps. Palmoplantar eccrine hidradenitis may occur in athletes who play baseball, dance, and climb, activities in which repetitive and strong stimuli are applied to the floor of the hands and feet. Painful fat herniation should be suspected in cases of painful skin-colored firm nodules on the feet of athletes who place a large amount of weight on their feet when moving. Itching, urticaria, angioedema, chest tightness, and syncope occurring within 5 minutes after starting exercise should be suspected to be exercise-induced angioedema/anaphylaxis. Excessive force can cause deformation of nails, as in tennis toe and jogger's toenail. For the diagnosis and treatment of sports-related skin diseases, it is essential to pay attention to patients' hobbies and exercise habits, including sports, and to consider the relationship of those habits with the presumed mechanisms of the skin disease. In addition, thorough pre-exercise warm-ups, increasing strength gradually, and wearing proper equipment will help prevent the occurrence of sports-related skin diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angioedema , Athletes , Baseball , Dancing , Diagnosis , Foot , Friction , Hand , Heel , Hidradenitis , Hobbies , Nails , Pruritus , Shoes , Skin Diseases , Skin , Sports , Sports Equipment , Syncope , Tennis , Thorax , Toes , Urticaria
19.
Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 295-300, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764392

ABSTRACT

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is rare, characterized by pain from diverse causes, and presents as extreme pain even with minor irritation. General anesthesia may be required for dental treatment because the pain may not be controlled with local anesthesia. However, treatment under general anesthesia is also challenging. A 38-year-old woman with CRPS arrived for outpatient dental treatment under general anesthesia. At the fourth general anesthesia induction, she experienced severe pain resulting from her right toe touching the dental chair. Anesthesia was induced to calm her and continue the treatment. After 55 minutes of general anesthesia, the patient still complained of extreme toe pain. Subsequently, two administrations for intravenous sedation were performed, and discharge was possible in the recovery room approximately 5 h after the pain onset. The pain was not located at the dental treatment site. Although the major factor causing pain relief was unknown, ketamine may have played a role.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, General , Anesthesia, Local , Complex Regional Pain Syndromes , Dental Care , Ketamine , Outpatients , Pain Management , Recovery Room , Toes
20.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 325-331, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763582

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is difficult for surgeons to reconstruct soft tissue defects of the great toe. This report aims to evaluate the utility and efficacy of innervated distally based first dorsal metatarsal artery (FDMA) flap with a wide pedicle for reconstruction of soft tissue defects of the great toe. METHODS: This is a retrospective report. Between January 2015 and December 2017, six cases of skin defect of the great toe were reconstructed with an innervated distally based FDMA flap with a wide pedicle. One case was excluded in this report because of chronic pain on the metatarsophalangeal joint due to osteoarthritis before the injury. A total of five cases were evaluated for flap survival and sensory recovery. The sensory recovery was investigated by two-point discrimination and Semmes-Weinstein monofilament tests. The average age of the selected patients was 40 years (range, 36 to 56 years), and the average size of the defect in the toe was 8.3 cm2 (range, 4 to 13.8 cm2). The average follow-up period was 29.4 months (range, 18 to 38 months). RESULTS: All patients survived without any complications. The average two-point discrimination test value was 8.0 ± 0.89 mm (range, 7 to 9 mm), and the average value obtained from the Semmes-Weinstein monofilament test was 4.53 ± 0.33 (range, 4.17 to 4.93). The average residual pain score evaluated with a visual analog scale was 1 (range, 0 to 2). Two patients complained of stiffness in the great toe below 30° of total range of motion during the early stages after surgery, but this stiffness gradually improved after rehabilitation. The average range of motion of three patients with a remaining metatarsophalangeal joint after surgery was 80° (range, 70° to 90°). All five cases could walk regularly without any unique footwear at the final follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The innervated distally based FDMA flap with a wide pedicle could be a good alternative method for repair of soft tissue defects of the great toe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arteries , Chronic Pain , Discrimination, Psychological , Follow-Up Studies , Metatarsal Bones , Metatarsophalangeal Joint , Methods , Osteoarthritis , Perforator Flap , Range of Motion, Articular , Rehabilitation , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Surgeons , Toes , Visual Analog Scale
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