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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878681

ABSTRACT

Ionizing radiation causes the massive apoptosis of human tissue cells,leading to dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract and hematopoietic system.Thus,high-efficiency,low-toxicity radiation protection drugs are urgently needed.Toll-like receptor agonists have been developed based on the anti-apoptotic mechanism of tumor cells in recent years,which exert their radioprotective effects by activating downstream pathways,mainly nuclear factor-κB.Here we elucidate several agonists of Toll-like receptors involved in radiation protection,with an attempt to inform the research and development of new radiation protection agents.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Humans , NF-kappa B , Radiation Protection , Radiation, Ionizing , Radiation-Protective Agents/pharmacology , Toll-Like Receptors/agonists
2.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 59(3): 210-214, 06/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751317

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic expression of adipokines in the adipocytes of monosodium glutamate (MSG)-treated obese rats submitted to physical activity.Materials and methods Obesity was induced by neonatal MSG administration. Exercised rats (MSG and control) were subjected to swim training for 30 min for 10 weeks, whereas their respective controls remained sedentary. Total RNA was obtained from sections of the mesenteric adipose tissue of the rats. mRNA levels of adiponectin (Adipoq), tumor necrosis factor alpha (Tnf), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (Ppara), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (Pparg) adipokines were quantified by quantitative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR).Results In the exercise-trained control group, the expression of Adipoq increased compared to the sedentary control, which was not observed in the MSG-obese rats. Increased levels of Tnf in MSG-obese rats were not reversed by the swim training. The expression of Ppara was higher in sedentary MSG-obese rats compared to the sedentary control. Swimming increased this adipokine expression in the exercise-trained control rats compared to the sedentary ones. mRNA levels of Pparg were higher in the sedentary MSG-rats compared to the sedentary control; however, the exercise did not influenced its expression in the groups analyzed.Conclusions In conclusion, regular physical activity was not capable to correct the expression of proinflammatory adipokines in MSG-obese rat adipocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Adjuvants, Immunologic , Molecular Mimicry/immunology , Tumor Necrosis Factors , Vaccines, Synthetic/immunology , Vaccines/chemistry , Vaccines/immunology , Adjuvants, Immunologic/chemistry , /immunology , /chemistry , /metabolism , Cancer Vaccines/chemistry , Cancer Vaccines/immunology , Genetic Vectors/genetics , Genetic Vectors/immunology , Immunotherapy , Ligands , Lentivirus/genetics , Lentivirus/immunology , Macaca mulatta , Neoplasms/immunology , Neoplasms/therapy , Protein Multimerization , TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand/chemistry , Toll-Like Receptors/agonists , Tumor Necrosis Factors/chemistry , Vaccines, Synthetic/chemistry , Viral Matrix Proteins/immunology
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27762

ABSTRACT

Dendritic cells (DCs) play a role in natural killer (NK) cell activation, while NK cells are also able to activate and mature DCs. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) on the surface of DCs and NK cells induce the maturation and activation of these cells when engaged with their cognate ligand. We investigated to generate potent DCs by maturation with NK cells in the presence of TLR agonist in vitro and tested the efficacy of these DC vaccinations in mouse colon cancer model. The optimal ratios of DCs versus NK cells were 1:1 to 1:2. Immature DCs were mature with NK cells in the presence of lipopolysaccharide, which is TLR4 agonist, and further addition of IL-2 induced phenotypically and functionally mature bone marrow-derived DCs. These potent DCs exhibited not only high expression of several costimulatory molecules and high production of IL-12p40 and IL-12p70, but also high allogeneic T cells stimulatory capacity, and the induction of the high activities to generate tumor-specific CTLs. Consistently, vaccination with these DCs efficiently inhibited CT-26 tumor growth in mouse colon cancer model when compared to other vaccination strategies. Interestingly, combination therapy of these DC-based vaccines and with low-dose cyclophosphamide showed dramatic inhibition effects of tumor growth. These results suggest that the DCs maturated with NK cells in the presence of TLR agonist are potent inducer of antitumor immune responses in mouse model and may provide a new source of DC-based vaccines for the development of immunotherapy against colon cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cancer Vaccines/immunology , Carcinoma/immunology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cells, Cultured , Colonic Neoplasms/immunology , Dendritic Cells/drug effects , Female , Immunotherapy, Adoptive/methods , Killer Cells, Natural/immunology , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Toll-Like Receptor 4/agonists , Toll-Like Receptors/agonists
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