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1.
Rev. salud pública Parag ; 10(1): [P59-P65], mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1087931

ABSTRACT

nuclear permiten visualizar la estructura y función de un órgano, tejido, hueso o sistema dentro del cuerpo, entre ellos la glándula tiroidea, la cual puede presentar un nódulo tiroideo y este es importante diagnosticar por su potencial malignidad. Objetivo: Determinar las características funcionales de los nódulos tiroideos en 183 pacientes que asistieron al Servicio de Medicina Nuclear del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud - UNA durante el período de noviembre del 2016 - noviembre del 2019. Metodología: Fue utilizada la gammacámara SPECT doble cabezal, siguiendo protocolo estandarizado, con administración de pertecnetato de sodio. Resultados: Se observó que la gran mayoría de los pacientes corresponden al sexo femenino 89%, así como que el 64% provienen de la capital y del departamento central; las patologías detectadas corresponden a bocio en 82%, 15% a nódulos (hipercaptantes, hipocaptantes y autónomos) y casos particulares de tiroiditis, tiroides ectópica y adenoma tóxico. La medicina nuclear está directamente involucrada tanto en el diagnóstico como en el tratamiento de la enfermedad tiroidea, por lo que se requiere una comprensión de la fisiopatología y el manejo de los trastornos de la tiroides, de manera a que las políticas de salud pública sean implementadas para el fortalecimiento de la lucha contra estas enfermedades. Conclusión: El trabajo de investigación realizado comprobó que un mayoritario porcentaje de participantes de sexo femenino (89%), con enfermedades tiroideas asistieron al IICS/UNA, y que la frecuencia de bocio entre la totalidad de pacientes que participaron de este estudio fué de 151/183 (82%), los pacientes provenían en su mayoría de hospitales de referencia del departamento Central y coinciden con la localización geográfica de los domicilios de los pacientes, quienes provenían principalmente del mismo departamento Central 118/183 (64%), no obstante también participaron del trabajo de investigación pacientes provenientes de otros departamentos del país. Palabras claves: Diagnóstico, medicina nuclear, tiroides, tecnología nuclear en salud, SPECT


Introduction: The images obtained by nuclear medicine allow to visualize the structure and function of an organ, tissue, bone or system inside the body, including the thyroid gland, which can present a thyroid nodule and this is important to diagnose for its potential malignancy. Objective: To determine the functional characteristics of the thyroid nodules were determined in 183 patients, who attended the Nuclear Medicine Service at the Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud during the period of November 2016 - November 2019. Methodology: It was used the dual head SPECT gamma camera following a standardized protocol with administration of sodium pertechnetate. Result: It was observed that most of the patients corresponded to the female sex 89 %, as well as that 64% came from the capital and the central department. The pathologies detected corresponded to goiter in 82%, 15% to nodules (hypercaptant, hypocaptant and autonoms) and particular cases of thyroiditis, ectopic thyroid and toxic adenoma. Nuclear medicine is directly involved both in the diagnosis and in the treatment of thyroid disease, therefore it requires an understanding of the pathophysiology and management of thyroid disorders in order that public health policies are implemented for strengthening the fight against these diseases. Conclusion: The research carried out showed that a majority percentage of female participants (89%), with thyroid diseases attended IICS / UNA, and the frequency of goiter among all patients who participated in this study was 151/183 ( 82%), the patients mostly they came the reference hospitals in the Central department and coincide with the geographic location of the patients' homes, who tested mainly from the same Central department 118/183 (64%), also participate in the research work patients from other departments of the country. Keywords: Diagnosis, nuclear medicine, thyroid, health technology, SPECT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Paraguay , Thyroid Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Thyroid Nodule/physiopathology , Thyroid Nodule/epidemiology , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(6): 1092-1101, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055064

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Functional assessment to rule out myocardial ischemia using coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is extremely important and data on the Brazilian population are still limited. Objective: To assess the diagnostic performance of myocardial perfusion by CCTA in the detection of severe obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT). To analyze the importance of anatomical knowledge to understand the presence of myocardial perfusion defects on SPECT imaging that is not identified on computed tomography (CT) scan. Method: A total of 35 patients were evaluated by a simultaneous pharmacologic stress protocol. Fisher's exact test was used to compare proportions. The patients were grouped according to the presence or absence of significant CAD. The area under the ROC curve was used to identify the diagnostic performance of CCTA and SPECT in perfusion assessment. P < 0.05 values were considered statistically significant. Results: For detection of obstructive CAD, CT myocardial perfusion analysis yielded an area under the ROC curve of 0.84 [a 95% confidence interval (CI95%): 0.67-0.94, p < 0.001]. SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging, on the other hand, showed an AUC of 0.58 (95% CI 0.40 - 0.74, p < 0.001). In this study, false-positive results with SPECT are described. Conclusion: Myocardial perfusion analysis by CTA displays satisfactory results compared to SPECT in the detection of obstructive CAD. CCTA can rule out false-positive results of SPECT.


Resumo Fundamento: A avaliação funcional para descartar a isquemia miocárdica utilizando a angiotomografia computadorizada (angio-TC) de coronárias é de extrema importância e dados na população brasileira ainda são escassos. Objetivo: Avaliar o desempenho diagnóstico da perfusão miocárdica pela angio-TC de coronárias na detecção de doença arterial coronariana (DAC) obstrutiva significativa em comparação com a tomografia computadorizada por emissão de fóton único (SPECT; do inglês, single photon emission computerized tomography). Analisar a importância do conhecimento anatômico para entender a presença de defeito de perfusão miocárdica pela SPECT que não é identificado pela tomografia computadorizada (TC). Método: Trinta e cinco pacientes foram avaliados por um protocolo de estresse farmacológico simultâneo. O teste exato de Fisher foi utilizado para comparação entre as proporções. Os pacientes foram agrupados de acordo com a presença ou não de DAC significativa. A área sob a curva foi utilizada para identificar o desempenho diagnóstico da avaliação da perfusão pela angio-TC de coronárias e pela SPECT. Os valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados: Para detecção de DAC obstrutiva a avaliação da perfusão miocárdica pela TC teve uma área sob a curva de 0,84 [intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%): 0,67 a 0,94, p < 0,001]. Já o estudo da perfusão miocárdica pela SPECT foi de 0,58 (IC95%: 0,40 a 0,74, p < 0,001). Neste estudo, foram descritos falso-positivos pela SPECT. Conclusão: A avaliação da perfusão miocárdica pela angio-TC apresenta resultados satisfatórios em comparação com os da SPECT na detecção de DAC obstrutiva. A angio-TC de coronárias tem capacidade de afastar falso-positivos da SPECT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Coronary Angiography/methods , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/methods , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Cineangiography/methods , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/physiopathology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/diagnostic imaging , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Computed Tomography Angiography
3.
Clinics ; 74: e835, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011902

ABSTRACT

The efficacy and toxicity of radionuclide therapy are believed to be directly related to the radiation doses received by target tissues; however, nuclear medicine therapy continues to be based primarily on the administration of empirical activities to patients and less frequently on the use of internal dosimetry for individual therapeutic planning. This review aimed to critically describe the techniques and clinical evidence of dosimetry as a tool for therapeutic planning and the main limitations to its implementation in clinical practice. The present article is a nonsystematic review of voxel-based dosimetry. Clinical evidence pointing to a correlation between the radiation dose and therapeutic response in various diseases, such as thyroid carcinoma, neuroendocrine tumors and prostate cancer, is reviewed. Its limitations include technical aspects related to image acquisition and processing and the lack of randomized clinical trials demonstrating the impact of dosimetry on patient therapy. A more widespread use of dosimetry in therapeutic planning involves the development of user-friendly dosimetric protocols and confirmation that dose estimation implies good efficacy and low treatment-related toxicity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radioisotopes/administration & dosage , Radiometry/methods , Radiotherapy/methods , Radionuclide Imaging/methods , Time Factors , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods
4.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(8): 831-839, ago. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978765

ABSTRACT

Background: Dipyridamole (DIP) is the most commonly employed pharmacological stressor for myocardial perfusion tomography (SPECT) in patients unable to reach an adequate work load. Aim: To assess the predictive capacity of DIP SPECT on survival. Material and Methods: We included 985 adults aged 66 ±11 years (45% women) with rest and DIP-SPECT. The main indications for the procedure were coronary artery disease (CAD) screening in 66% and known CAD in 33%. Participants were followed up for a median of 65 months (interquartile range 54 to 86 months). During the follow up, 261 deaths were recorded and 98% had a specified cause in their death certificate. Results: Myocardial SPECT was abnormal in 44% of participants. Transient ischemic defects were observed in 34%, fixed defects concordant with infarction in 27% and post-stress systolic dysfunction in 23%. Twenty five percent of deaths were attributable to cardiac or ischemic cause and 22% to cancer. In a bivariate analysis, the hazard ratio (HR) of death of any cause was lower in females and higher in the presence of CAD. The multivariate analysis showed that being older than 46 years increased the HR of death of any cause. In a bivariate analysis, the HR for cardiac death was higher when the myocardial SPECT showed ischemia, necrosis or left ventricular dilation. In the multivariate analysis, post-stress left ventricular systolic function was associated with a lower risk of cardiac death. Conclusions: An abnormal myocardial SPECT, perfusion abnormalities, left ventricular systolic function or dilation are independent predictors of cardiac death in these participants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Vasodilator Agents , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Dipyridamole , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/methods , Heart Diseases/mortality , Heart Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Prognosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors
5.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 40(2): 181-191, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959221

ABSTRACT

Objective: To conduct the first support vector machine (SVM)-based study comparing the diagnostic accuracy of T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T1-MRI), F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and regional cerebral blood flow single-photon emission computed tomography (rCBF-SPECT) in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Method: Brain T1-MRI, FDG-PET and rCBF-SPECT scans were acquired from a sample of mild AD patients (n=20) and healthy elderly controls (n=18). SVM-based diagnostic accuracy indices were calculated using whole-brain information and leave-one-out cross-validation. Results: The accuracy obtained using PET and SPECT data were similar. PET accuracy was 68∼71% and area under curve (AUC) 0.77∼0.81; SPECT accuracy was 68∼74% and AUC 0.75∼0.79, and both had better performance than analysis with T1-MRI data (accuracy of 58%, AUC 0.67). The addition of PET or SPECT to MRI produced higher accuracy indices (68∼74%; AUC: 0.74∼0.82) than T1-MRI alone, but these were not clearly superior to the isolated neurofunctional modalities. Conclusion: In line with previous evidence, FDG-PET and rCBF-SPECT more accurately identified patients with AD than T1-MRI, and the addition of either PET or SPECT to T1-MRI data yielded increased accuracy. The comparable SPECT and PET performances, directly demonstrated for the first time in the present study, support the view that rCBF-SPECT still has a role to play in AD diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Alzheimer Disease/diagnostic imaging , Support Vector Machine , Brain Mapping , Case-Control Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Sensitivity and Specificity , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Educational Status
6.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(8): 1021-1027, ago. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902580

ABSTRACT

Background: 99mTc-sestamibi parathyroid SPECT scintigraphy is a useful tool in the pre-operative study of hyperparathyroidism. False negatives (FN) have been reported in 5.7-14% of the examinations. Aim: To characterize 99mTc-sestamibi FN in cases referred for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) to a university hospital. Material and Methods: Descriptive retrospective analysis. We included patients with PHP, studied with SPECT scintigraphy, operated at our center between 2008 and 2015. Clinical and surgical data were recorded; biopsies of the FN were blindly reviewed by one pathologist. Results: One hundred twenty one scintigraphies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Seven (5.8%) were negative and 114 positive. There was no difference in age, sex and PTH levels between FN and true positive scintigraphies. At surgery, one FN case had two hyperplasic glands and two cases had ectopic glands. Pathology reported adenoma in three cases, hyperplasia in three and carcinoma in one. The largest diameter of the lesion was lower in FN (1.3 and 2.1 cm respectively, p = 0.02) and the proportion of adenomas was higher in true positive cases (29% and 75% respectively; p < 0.01). The interval between scintigraphy and parathyroidectomy was greater in FN with a median of 92 days (range 20 days-3.2 years, p < 0.01). The percentage of oxyphilic cells observed was similar in both groups. Conclusions: FN parathyroid SPECT scintigraphies in PHP are uncommon. They corresponded to lesions under the equipment's resolution limit and resulted in longer time lags between scintigraphy and surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Parathyroid Glands/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Radiopharmaceuticals , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/diagnostic imaging , Parathyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Parathyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Parathyroid Glands/pathology , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Carcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Adenoma/pathology , Adenoma/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/pathology , False Negative Reactions , Hyperplasia/pathology , Hyperplasia/diagnostic imaging
7.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 33(2): 1-9, abr.-jun. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-901077

ABSTRACT

La terapia regenerativa constituye hoy una prometedora alternativa de tratamiento para muchas enfermedades. En este trabajo se describe la utilidad de las tecnologías de imagen radioisotópica en la evaluación de la seguridad y eficacia de la terapia con células madre. Para ello se exponen algunos de los fenómenos que condujeron al desarrollo de la tecnología de imagen en medicina nuclear, así como las características generales de la tomografía computarizada por emisión de fotón único y por emisión de positrones. También se reseña la aplicación de las imágenes radioisotópicas en la evaluación de los cambios de biodistribución, flujo y perfusión en las zonas anatómicas afectadas por distintas enfermedades en las especialidades de angiología, ortopedia y cardiología, como resultado de los efectos regenerativos y proliferativos inducidos por las células madre. Se citan los radiofármacos y moléculas marcadas que se usan en la evaluación de la angiogénesis y la linfangiogénesis resultantes de la terapia celular y los marcadores radioisotópicos que permiten el rastreo de las células madre trasplantadas(AU)


Regenerative therapy is nowadays a promising alternative treatment for many diseases. The utility of radioisotope image technologies in assessing of the efficiency and security of stem cell therapies is described. We present some of the facts that led to development of the nuclear medicine image technology, as well as the general characteristics of single photon emission computed tomography and positron emission tomography. It was also included application of radioisotope images in the evaluation of biodistribution changes, flow and perfusion in anatomical affected zones by different diseases, in the fields of angiology, orthopedia and cardiology, as a result of the regenerative and proliferative effects induced by stem cells transplant. We mention the radiopharmaceuticals and labelled molecules used in the evaluation of angiogenesis and lymph angiogenesis resulting of cellular therapy and the radioisotopes markers that allow tracking of transplanted stem cells(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Radionuclide Imaging/methods , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods
8.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 14(3): 408-414, July-Sept. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796971

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To present the result of upgrading a clinical gamma-camera to be used to obtain in vivo tomographic images of small animal organs, and its application to register cardiac, renal and neurological images. Methods: An updated version of the miniSPECT upgrading device was built, which is composed of mechanical, electronic and software subsystems. The device was attached to a Discovery VH (General Electric Healthcare) gamma-camera, which was retired from the clinical service and installed at the Centro de Imagem Pré-Clínica of the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. The combined system was characterized, determining operational parameters, such as spatial resolution, magnification, maximum acceptable target size, number of projections, and acquisition and reconstruction times. Results: Images were obtained with 0.5mm spatial resolution, with acquisition and reconstruction times between 30 and 45 minutes, using iterative reconstruction with 10 to 20 iterations and 4 projection subsets. The system was validated acquiring in vivo tomographic images of the heart, kidneys and brain of normal animals (mice and adult rats), using the radiopharmaceuticals technetium-labeled hexakis-2-methoxy-isobutyl isonitrile (99mTc-Sestamibi), technetium-labeled dimercaptosuccinic acid (99mTc-DMSA) and technetium-labeled hexamethyl propyleneamine oxime (99mTc-HMPAO). Conclusion: This kind of application, which consists in the adaptation for an alternative objective of already existing instrumentation, resulted in a low-cost infrastructure option, allowing to carry out large scale in vivo studies with enhanced quality in several areas, such as neurology, nephrology, cardiology, among others.


RESUMO Objetivo: Apresentar o resultado da adaptação de uma gama câmara clínica para uso dedicado na obtenção de imagens tomográficas in vivo de órgãos de pequenos animais de experimentação, e de sua aplicação na obtenção de imagens cardíacas, renais e neurológicas. Métodos: Foi construída uma versão atualizada do dispositivo de adaptação miniSPECT, composto por três subsistemas: mecânico, eletrônico e de software. O dispositivo foi montado em uma câmara Discovery VH da General Electric Healthcare, retirada do serviço clínico e instalada no Centro de Imagem Pré-Clínica do Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. O sistema combinado foi caracterizado, determinando parâmetros de funcionamento como resolução espacial, magnificação, limites de tamanho dos alvos de estudo, número de projeções, tempo de registro e tempo de reconstrução das imagens tomográficas. Resultados: Foram obtidas imagens com resolução espacial de até 0,5mm, com tempos de registro e reconstrução de 30 a 45 minutos, utilizando reconstrução iterativa com 10 a 20 iterações e 4 subconjuntos de projeções. O sistema foi validado obtendo imagens tomográficas in vivo do coração, dos rins e do cérebro de animais normais (camundongos e ratos adultos), utilizando os radiofármacos hexaquis-2-metoxi-isobutil-isonitrila marcado com 99mTc (Sestamibi-99mTc), ácido dimercaptosuccínico marcado com 99mTc (DMSA-99mTc) e hexametil-propileno-amina-oxima marcada com 99mTc (HMPAO-99mTc). Conclusão: Este tipo de aplicação, que consiste na adaptação para um objetivo alternativo de instrumentação já existente, constituiu-se em uma opção de infraestrutura de baixo custo, que permite realizar estudos in vivo em larga escala, com qualidade aprimorada, em áreas diversas, como neurologia, nefrologia, cardiologia, entre outras.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/instrumentation , Molecular Imaging/instrumentation , Translational Medical Research/instrumentation , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Phantoms, Imaging , Models, Animal , Molecular Imaging/methods , Heart/anatomy & histology , Heart/diagnostic imaging , Kidney/diagnostic imaging , Mice
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 105(6): 614-624, Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-769542

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Functional tests have limited accuracy for identifying myocardial ischemia in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB). Objective: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of dipyridamole-stress myocardial computed tomography perfusion (CTP) by 320-detector CT in patients with LBBB using invasive quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) (stenosis ≥ 70%) as reference; to investigate the advantage of adding CTP to coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) and compare the results with those of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. Methods: Thirty patients with LBBB who had undergone SPECT for the investigation of coronary artery disease were referred for stress tomography. Independent examiners performed per-patient and per-coronary territory assessments. All patients gave written informed consent to participate in the study that was approved by the institution’s ethics committee. Results: The patients’ mean age was 62 ± 10 years. The mean dose of radiation for the tomography protocol was 9.3 ± 4.6 mSv. With regard to CTP, the per-patient values for sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy were 86%, 81%, 80%, 87%, and 83%, respectively (p = 0.001). The per-territory values were 63%, 86%, 65%, 84%, and 79%, respectively (p < 0.001). In both analyses, the addition of CTP to CTA achieved higher diagnostic accuracy for detecting myocardial ischemia than SPECT (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The use of the stress tomography protocol is feasible and has good diagnostic accuracy for assessing myocardial ischemia in patients with LBBB.


Resumo Fundamentos: Testes funcionais possuem limitada acurácia para identificar isquemia miocárdica em pacientes com bloqueio de ramo esquerdo (BRE). Objetivo: Utilizando tomógrafo com 320 detectores foi avaliado a acurácia diagnóstica da perfusão miocárdica de estresse com dipiridamol pela tomografia (PMT) em pacientes com BRE utilizando a angiografia coronária quantitativa invasiva (QCA) (estenose ≥ 70%) como referência. Procurou-se também investigar o valor adicional da PMT sobre a angiotomografia coronariana (ATC) comparando a acurácia com a cintilografia perfusional miocárdica (SPECT). Métodos: Trinta pacientes com BRE e SPECT prévio em investigação de doença arterial coronariana foram encaminhados para realização do protocolo de estresse na tomografia. Observadores independentes realizaram avaliação por paciente e por território coronariano. Todos os pacientes assinaram um termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética da Instituição. Resultados: A média de idade foi 62 ± 10 anos. A dose média de radiação do protocolo de tomografia foi 9,3 ± 4,6 mSv. Em relação a PMT, na análise por paciente, a sensibilidade, especificidade, valores preditivos positivos e negativos e acurácia foram, respectivamente, 86%, 81%, 80%, 87%, 83% p = 0,001. Na análise por território os valores foram, respectivamente, 63%, 86% a 65%, 84%, 79% p < 0,001. Em ambas as análises, a adição da PMT a ATC determinou maior acurácia diagnóstica para detecção de isquemia miocárdica quando comparado com o SPECT (p < 0,001). Conclusão: O uso do protocolo de estresse na tomografia é viável e tem boa acurácia diagnóstica na pesquisa de isquemia miocárdica nos pacientes com BRE.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bundle-Branch Block , Coronary Artery Disease , Dipyridamole , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/methods , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Vasodilator Agents , Bundle-Branch Block , Coronary Angiography/methods , Coronary Artery Disease , Multidetector Computed Tomography/instrumentation , Prospective Studies , Radiation Exposure , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Time Factors
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 105(4): 345-352, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764470

ABSTRACT

AbstractBackground:Prone imaging has been demonstrated to minimize diaphragmatic and breast tissue attenuation.Objectives:To determine the role of prone imaging on the reduction of unnecessary rest perfusion studies and coronary angiographies performed, thus decreasing investigation time and radiation exposure.Methods:We examined 139 patients, 120 with an inferior wall and 19 with an anterior wall perfusion defect that might represented attenuation artifact. Post-stress images were acquired in both the supine and prone position. Coronary angiography was used as the “gold standard” for evaluating coronary artery patency. The study was terminated and rest imaging was obviated in the presence of complete improvement of the defect in the prone position. Quantitative interpretation was performed. Results were compared with clinical data and coronary angiographic findings.Results:Prone acquisition correctly revealed defect improvement in 89 patients (89/120) with inferior wall and 12 patients (12/19) with anterior wall attenuation artifact. Quantitative analysis demonstrated statistically significant difference in the mean summed stress scores (SSS) of supine and mean SSS of prone studies in patients with disappearing inferior wall defect in the prone position and patent right coronary artery (true negative results). The mean difference between SSS in supine and in prone position was higher with disappearing than with remaining defects.Conclusion:Technetium-99m (Tc-99m) tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion imaging with the patient in the prone position overcomes soft tissue attenuation; moreover it provides an inexpensive, accurate approach to limit the number of unnecessary rest perfusion studies and coronary angiographies performed.


ResumoFundamento:Já foi demonstrado que a imagem na posição prona minimiza a atenuação dos tecidos diafragmáticos e da mama.Objetivos:Determinar o papel da imagem na posição prona na redução de estudos de perfusão em repouso e angiografias coronárias realizadas de forma desnecessária, assim diminuindo o tempo de investigação e exposição à radiação.Métodos:Foram examinados 139 pacientes, 120 com um defeito de perfusão da parede inferior e 19 com defeito de perfusão da parede anterior que pudessem representar um artefato de atenuação. Imagens pós-estresse foram adquiridas nas posições supina e prona. A angiografia coronária foi usada como o “padrão ouro” para avaliar a patência da artéria coronária. O estudo foi encerrado e a imagem em repouso não foi necessária na presença de melhoria completa do defeito na posição prona. Uma interpretação quantitativa foi realizada. Os resultados foram comparados com os dados clínicos e achados angiográficos.Resultados:A aquisição de imagem na posição prona revelou corretamente a melhoria do defeito em 89 pacientes (89/120) com artefato de atenuação na parede inferior e 12 pacientes (19/12) na parede anterior. A análise quantitativa demonstrou diferença estatisticamente significante nas somas dos escores de estresse (SSS) médios nos estudos da posição supina e SSS médios dos estudos na posição prona em pacientes com desaparecimento do defeito da parede inferior na posição prona e artéria coronária patente (resultados negativos verdadeiros). A diferença média dos SSS nas posições supina e prona foi maior com os defeitos desaparecidos do que com os que permaneceram.Conclusão:A cintilografia de perfusão miocárdica com Tecnécio-99m (Tc-99m) tetrofosmin com o paciente na posição prona supera a atenuação de tecidos moles; Além disso, oferece uma abordagem precisa e de baixo custo para limitar o número de estudos de perfusão em repouso e realização de angiografias coronárias desnecessárias.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Artifacts , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/methods , Prone Position , Patient Positioning/methods , Radiation Exposure/prevention & control , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Coronary Angiography/methods , Coronary Artery Disease , Exercise Test , Myocardial Infarction , Organophosphorus Compounds , Organotechnetium Compounds , Radiopharmaceuticals , Risk Assessment , Sensitivity and Specificity , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors
11.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 28(3): 189-199, mai.-jun. 2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-775241

ABSTRACT

Fundamentos: Dados mostram que a síndrome metabólica (SM) aumenta o risco de doença cardiovascular. Objetivos: Descrever e comparar as alterações cintilográficas e o valor preditivo de isquemia miocárdica emindivíduos com e sem SM, encaminhados para tomografia computadorizada de emissão de fóton único (SPECT)em Hospital Universitário utilizando três critérios diagnósticos de SM.Métodos: Estudo prospectivo observacional de pacientes encaminhados para SPECT de junho a dezembro 2010.Altura, peso e circunferência da cintura foram medidos. Levantamento de fatores de risco e revisão de prontuáriosmédicos foi realizado em busca de parâmetros para diagnóstico laboratorial de SM e relatórios completos deSPECT. Resultados: Foram incluídos 203 pacientes; 138 mulheres (68,0%); média de idade 63,6±11,5 anos. Apresentaram SM, 135 pacientes (66,5%). Entre os 99 exames alterados, 91,9% (n=91) ocorreram em pacientes com SM e 8,1%(n=8) em pacientes sem SM. Houve associação significativa entre a SM e a cintilografia anormal (67,0% vs. 11,8%;p<0,001) e os pacientes com SM tinham anormalidades de maior extensão e gravidade (escore de estresse somado(SSS)=7,3±6,5 vs. 3,0±0,9; p<0,001 e escore de diferença somado (SDS)=3,4±4,3 vs. 0,9±2,5; p<0,001). SM foi preditorindependente de isquemia miocárdica nas três definições estudadas (OR=10,07, 6,25 e 4,26 para NCEP-ATP IIImodificado, NCEP-ATP III e IDF, respectivamente). Conclusões: Pacientes com SM apresentaram mais defeitos de perfusão na SPECT (tanto fixa e reversível); e SMdefinida pelo NCEP-ATP III modificado foi o melhor preditor independente de isquemia miocárdica na cintilografia.


Background: Data show that metabolic syndrome (MS) increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.Objectives: To describe and compare the scintigraphic abnormalities and the predictive value of myocardial ischemia in individuals withand without MS referred for single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in a University Hospital using three diagnostic criteria.Methods: Prospective observational study of patients referred for SPECT from June to December 2010. Height, weight and waistcircumference were measured. Risk factors were assessed and medical records were reviewed to look for parameters for laboratorydiagnosis of MS and complete SPECT reports.Results: The study included 203 patients; 138 women (68.0%); mean age 63.6±11.5 years. Metabolic syndrome was found in135 patients (66.5%). Of the 99 abnormal tests, 91.9% (n=91) occurred in patients with MS and 8.1% (n=8) in patients withoutMS. There was a significant association between MS and abnormal scintigraphy (67.0% vs. 11.8%; p<0.001) and patients withMS had abnormalities of greater extent and severity (summed stress score (SSS)=7.3±6.5 vs. 3.0±0.9; p<0.001 and summed differencescore (SDS)=3.4±4.3 vs. 0.9±2.5; p<0.001). MS was an independent predictor of myocardial ischemia in the three definitions studied(OR=10.07, 6.25 and 4.26 for modified NCEP-ATP III, NCEP-ATP III and IDF, respectively).Conclusions: Patients with MS had more perfusion defects on SPECT (both fixed and reversible); and MS defined by the modifiedNCEP-ATP III was the best independent predictor of myocardial ischemia on scintigraphy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Risk Factors , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Body Mass Index , Brazil/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , United States/epidemiology , Hypertension/complications , Obesity, Abdominal/complications , Obesity/complications , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1522-1529, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177074

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are known to be potentially effective in regeneration of damaged tissue. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of intracoronary administration of ADSCs in reducing the infarction area and improving function after acute transmural myocardial infarction (MI) in a porcine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ADSCs were obtained from each pig's abdominal subcutaneous fat tissue by simple liposuction. After 3 passages of 14-days culture, 2 million ADSCs were injected into the coronary artery 30 min after acute transmural MI. At baseline and 4 weeks after the ADSC injection, 99mTc methoxyisobutylisonitrile-single photon emission computed tomography (MIBISPECT) was performed to evaluate the left ventricular volume, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF; %), and perfusion defects as well as the myocardial salvage (%) and salvage index. At 4 weeks, each pig was sacrificed, and the heart was extracted and dissected. Gross and microscopic analyses with specific immunohistochemistry staining were then performed. RESULTS: Analysis showed improvement in the perfusion defect, but not in the LVEF in the ADSC group (n=14), compared with the control group (n=14) (perfusion defect, -13.0+/-10.0 vs. -2.6+/-12.0, p=0.019; LVEF, -8.0+/-15.4 vs. -15.9+/-14.8, p=0.181). There was a tendency of reducing left ventricular volume in ADSC group. The ADSCs identified by stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) staining were well co-localized by von Willebrand factor and Troponin T staining. CONCLUSION: Intracoronary injection of cultured ADSCs improved myocardial perfusion in this porcine acute transmural MI model.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue/cytology , Animals , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Chemokine CXCL12 , Coronary Vessels , Female , Heart/physiopathology , Heart Ventricles , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Stem Cell Transplantation , Swine , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi/pharmacology , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Troponin T , Ventricular Function, Left
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1686-1693, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70401

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated hemodynamic significance of stenosis on magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) using acetazolamide perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 171 patients, stenosis in internal carotid artery (ICA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) (ICA-MCA) on MRA and cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) of MCA territory on SPECT was measured using quantification and a 3-grade system. Stenosis and CVR grades were compared with each other, and their prognostic value for subsequent stroke was evaluated. RESULTS: Of 342 ICA-MCA, 151 (44%) presented stenosis on MRA; grade 1 in 69 (20%) and grade 2 in 82 (24%) cases. Decreased CVR was observed in 9% of grade 0 stenosis, 25% of grade 1, and 35% of grade 2. The average CVR of grade 0 was significantly different from grade 1 (p<0.001) and grade 2 stenosis (p=0.007). In quantitative analysis, average CVR index was -0.56+/-7.91 in grade 0, -1.81+/-6.66 in grade 1 and -1.18+/-5.88 in grade 2 stenosis. Agreement between stenosis and CVR grades was fair in patients with lateralizing and non-lateralizing symptoms (kappa=0.230 and 0.346). Of the factors tested, both MRA and CVR were not significant prognostic factors (p=0.104 and 0.988, respectively), whereas hypertension and renal disease were significant factors (p<0.05, respectively). CONCLUSION: A considerable proportion of ICA-MCA stenosis detected on MRA does not cause CVR impairment despite a fair correlation between them. Thus, hemodynamic state needs to be assessed for evaluating significance of stenosis, particularly in asymptomatic patients.


Subject(s)
Acetazolamide , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brain/blood supply , Carotid Artery, Internal/physiopathology , Carotid Stenosis/physiopathology , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Constriction, Pathologic , Diuretics , Female , Hemodynamics , Humans , Hypertension/physiopathology , Iodine Radioisotopes , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Male , Middle Aged , Radiopharmaceuticals , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods
14.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 36(4): 344-357, Oct-Dec/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-730592

ABSTRACT

Objective: To review functional neuroimaging studies about the relationship between cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: We performed a comprehensive literature search to identify articles in the neuroimaging field addressing CVRF in AD and MCI. We included studies that used positron emission tomography (PET), single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT), or functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Results: CVRFs have been considered risk factors for cognitive decline, MCI, and AD. Patterns of AD-like changes in brain function have been found in association with several CVRFs (both regarding individual risk factors and also composite CVRF measures). In vivo assessment of AD-related pathology with amyloid imaging techniques provided further evidence linking CVRFs and AD, but there is still limited information resulting from this new technology. Conclusion: There is a large body of evidence from functional neuroimaging studies supporting the hypothesis that CVRFs may play a causal role in the pathophysiology of AD. A major limitation of most studies is their cross-sectional design; future longitudinal studies using multiple imaging modalities are expected to better document changes in CVRF-related brain function patterns and provide a clearer picture of the complex relationship between aging, CVRFs, and AD. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Alzheimer Disease/physiopathology , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Functional Neuroimaging/methods , Cognitive Dysfunction/physiopathology , Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Risk Factors , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 60(4): 311-317, Jul-Aug/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-720985

ABSTRACT

Objective: despite the technologic advances in myocardial perfusion imaging, we keep using an uncomfortable and sometimes impracticable patient position - supine with arms raised above the head (U). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether perfusion and functional cardiac gated SPECT scan results of acquisition U are equivalent to another position modality: supine with arms down at the sides of the trunk (D). Methods and Results: we performed U acquisition and in sequence D acquisition in 120 patients (pts) using a one-day MPI (rest-gated/stress), with 99mTc-sestamibi (370 MBq and 1110 MBq). Images were processed by the iterative reconstruction method (OSEM). Rest (R) and stress (S) studies were scored using 17-segments model. Functional parameters (left ventricular ejection fraction, and volumes) were automatically obtained by the quantitative gated SPECT (QGS) program. According to the degree of stress defects observed in U study, the patients were categorized in two subgroups: normal (SSS ≤ 3 or < 5%) and abnormal (SSS>3 or ≥ 5%). Shoulder/back pain occurred in 23.3% of U patients and in 5% of D. No significant differences between U and D were found for SSS (p = 0.82) and SRS (p = 0.74) in normal group. In abnormal group, good correlation was found between U and D modes for SSS (Rho = 0.95, p = 0.0001) and SRS (Rho = 0.96 p = 0.0001), but the mean SSS (12.53 ± 7.54) and SRS (10.60 ± 7.08) values of D were significantly lower (p < 0.05) than SSS (13.43 ± 6.81) and SRS (11.33 ± 6.97) of U mode. Function measurements presented good correlations, except for end-diastolic volume (p = 0.0001). Conclusion: although D mode appears to be more comfortable and presented a good correlation with U values of SSS and SRS, in abnormal pts, the extent and severity of defects can be underestimated. Considering clinical implications of an accurate perfusion measurement, the acquisition with the ...


Objetivo: no estudo de perfusão miocárdica, apesar dos avanços tecnológicos, continuamos utilizando o desconfortável e às vezes impraticável posicionamento em decúbito dorsal com braços acima da cabeça (U). O objetivo do estudo foi investigar se os resultados da perfusão e da função cardíacas obtidos com a aquisição U são equivalentes ao de outra modalidade de posição: com braços para baixo nas laterais do tronco (D). Métodos e resultados: adquirida a aquisição U, na sequência foi realizada a aquisição D em 120 pacientes (pts) em um único dia (repouso e estresse sincronizado ao ECG), com 99mTc-sestamibi (370 MBq e 1110 MBq). As imagens foram processadas usando reconstrução iterativa (OSEM). Cada estudo foi quantificado usando o modelo de 17-segmentos ao repouso (R) e ao estresse (S). Os parâmetros funcionais (fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo e volumes) foram obtidas automaticamente pelo programa gated SPECT quantitativa (QGS). De acordo com a dimensão da alteração perfusional no estresse na aquisição U, os pacientes foram classificados em dois subgrupos: 80 pts normais (SSS ≤ 3 ou < 5%) e 40 pts anormais (SSS > 3 ou ≥ 5%). Dor no ombro e/ou nas costas ocorreu em 23,3% dos pacientes de U e em 5% de D. Não houve diferenças significativas entre U e D quanto ao SSS (p = 0,82) e SRS (p = 0,74) no grupo normal. No grupo anormal, boa correlação foi encontrada entre U e D para SSS (Rho = 0,95, p = 0,0001) e SRS (Rho = 0,96 p = 0,0001), entretanto a média dos valores de SSS (12,53 ± 7,54) e SRS (10,60 ± 7,08 ) de D foram significativamente menores (p < 0,05) que o SSS (13,43 ± 6,81) e SRS (11,33 ± 6,97) de U. As medidas de função apresentaram boas correlações, ...


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arm , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/methods , Patient Positioning/methods , Supine Position , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Rest , Stroke Volume
16.
Colomb. med ; 45(3): 122-126, July-Sept. 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-730952

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: To describe the relation between the clinical, neuropsychological, and brain imaging findings in a group of patients with fronto temporal dementia. Methods: A sample of 21 patients was collected, and their charts, cognitive profiles, and brain imagines were reviewed; all patients were evaluated as outpatients at the Hospital Psiquiátrico Universitario del Valle, in Cali, Colombia. Results: The mean age was 59.8 years old, the time elapsed between the beginning of the symptoms and the diagnosis was 2.7 years, the more frequent variant was the behavioral one, the main alteration at the magnetic resonance imaging was the frontotemporal atrophy, and the more frequent alteration on the brain SPECT was the frontotemporal hypo perfusion. On the cognitive evaluation the main finding was the normal scoring in praxis, which was related to a temporo parietal hypo perfusion at the brain SPECT (p <0.02). Mimnimental either CLOX were useful as screening tests.


Objetivo: Describir la relación entre los hallazgos clínicos, neuropsicológicos e imagenológicos en un grupo de pacientes con el diagnóstico de DFT. Métodos: Se revisaron las historias clínicas, pruebas cognitivas e imágenes cerebrales estructurales y de perfusión de 21 pacientes del Hospital Psiquiátrico Universitario del Valle, Cali, Colombia. Resultados: El promedio de edad fue de 59.8 años, el tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad fue de 2.7 años, la variante más frecuente fue la comportamental, la alteración más frecuente en la RMN fue la atrofia frontotemporal y en el SPECT fue la hipoperfusión frontotemporal. El hallazgo más importante fue el rendimiento normal del 61.9% de los pacientes en pruebas de praxis, la cual se relacionó con alteración en la perfusión temporo parietal en el SPECT (p <0.02). El minimental ni el clox sirvieron como pruebas de tamizaje.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Frontotemporal Dementia/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Neuroimaging/methods , Colombia , Frontotemporal Dementia/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods
17.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 72(6): 430-434, 06/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-712672

ABSTRACT

Myocardial scintigraphy with meta-iodo-benzyl-guanidine (123I cMIBG) has been studied in Parkinson's disease (PD), especially in Asian countries, but not in Latin America. Most of these studies include individuals with PD associated to a defined dysautonomia. Our goal is to report the cardiac sympathetic neurotransmission in de novo Brazilian patients with sporadic PD, without clinically defined dysautonomia. We evaluated retrospectively a series of 21 consecutive cases with PD without symptoms or signs of dysautonomia assessed by the standard bedside tests. This number was reduced to 14 with the application of exclusion criteria. 123I cMIBG SPECT up-take was low or absent in all of them and the heart/mediastinum ratio was low in 12 of 14. We concluded that 123I cMIBG has been able to identify cardiac sympathetic neurotransmission disorder in Brazilian de novo PD patients without clinically defined dysautonomia.


A cintilografia miocárdica com meta-iodo-benzil-guanidina (123I cMIBG) foi estudada na doença de Parkinson (DP), especialmente nos países asiáticos, mas não na América Latina. A quase totalidade desses estudos inclui indivíduos com DP com disautonomia definida. Nosso objetivo é relatar a neurotransmissão simpática cardíaca em doentes brasileiros com DP de novo esporádica, sem disautonomia clinicamente definida. Foi avaliada retrospectivamente uma série de 21 casos consecutivos com DP sem sintomas ou sinais de disautonomia observáveis pelos testes de beira-de-leito. Com a aplicação dos critérios de exclusão, este número foi reduzido para 14. A captação do 123I MIBG pelo SPECT foi baixa ou ausente em todos os pacientese; a relação coração / mediastino foi baixa em 12 dos 14. Concluímos que a 123c MIBG é capaz de identificar alteração da neurotransmissão simpática cardíaca em doentes com DP de novo sem disautonomia clinicamente definida.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Heart , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/methods , Parkinson Disease , Radiopharmaceuticals , Synaptic Transmission/physiology , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Heart/physiopathology , Parkinson Disease/physiopathology , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226428

ABSTRACT

In many circumstances, causing sites of low back pain (LBP) cannot be determined only by anatomical imaging. Combined functional and morphological imaging such as bone scan with single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) may be helpful in identifying active lesions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of bone SPECT/CT in localizing the pain site and the treatment of chronic LBP. One hundred seventy-five patients suffering from chronic LBP who underwent SPECT/CT were included, retrospectively. All of the patients received multiple general treatments according to the symptoms, and some of them underwent additional target-specific treatment based on SPECT/CT. Numerical rating scale (NRS) pain score was used to assess the pain intensity. Of 175 patients, 127 showed good response to the given therapies, while the rest did not. Overall, 79.4% of patients with definite active lesions showed good response. Patients with mild active or no lesions on SPECT/CT had relatively lower response rate of 63.0%. Good response was observed by the treatment with the guidance of active lesions identified on SPECT/CT. SPECT/CT could be useful in identifying active lesions in patients with chronic LBP and guiding the clinicians to use adequate treatment.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Chronic Pain/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Low Back Pain/diagnosis , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Multimodal Imaging/methods , Pain Measurement/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203181

ABSTRACT

Extramedullary pulmonary hematopoiesis is a rare entity with a limited number of case reports in the available literature only. We report the case of a 66-year-old man with known primary myelofibrosis, in whom a Technetium-99m sulfur colloid bone marrow scan with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT revealed a pulmonary hematopoiesis as the cause of pulmonary hypertension and severe tricuspid regurgitation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of Technetium-99m sulfur colloid SPECT/CT imaging in this rare condition.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Marrow/diagnostic imaging , Hematopoiesis, Extramedullary , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary/etiology , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Male , Primary Myelofibrosis/complications , Technetium Tc 99m Sulfur Colloid , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/etiology
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 101(1): 59-67, jul. 2013. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-681836

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: Técnicas de imageamento in vivo permitem avaliar sequencialmente a morfologia e a função dos órgãos em diversos modelos experimentais. Desenvolvemos um dispositivo de adaptação de uma gama-câmara clínica para obter imagens tomográficas por emissão de fótons singulares (SPECT) de alta resolução, baseado em colimador pinhole. OBJETIVO: Determinar a acurácia desse sistema na quantificação da área de infarto miocárdico em ratos. MÉTODOS: Treze ratos Wistar machos (250 g) foram submetidos a infarto do miocárdio por oclusão da artéria coronária esquerda. Após 4 semanas, foram adquiridas imagens tomográficas com o sistema desenvolvido, 1,5 hora após a injeção endovenosa de 555MBq de 99mTc-Sestamibi. Na reconstrução tomográfica, utilizamos software especialmente desenvolvido baseado no algoritmo de Máxima Verossimilhança. Comparamos as médias e analisamos a correlação entre a extensão dos defeitos perfusionais detectados pela cintilografia e a extensão da fibrose miocárdica avaliada pela histologia. RESULTADOS: As imagens apresentaram ótima relação órgão-alvo/fundo, com apropriada visualização das paredes e da cavidade do ventrículo esquerdo. Todos os animais exibindo áreas de infarto foram corretamente identificados pelas imagens de perfusão. Não houve diferença entre a área do infarto medida pelo SPECT (21,1 ± 21,2%) e pela histologia (21,7 ± 22,0%; p = 0,45), obtendo forte correlação entre os valores da área de infarto mensurada pelos dois métodos (r = 0,99; p < 0,0001). CONCLUSÃO: O sistema desenvolvido apresentou resolução espacial adequada e elevada acurácia para detecção e quantificação das áreas de infarto miocárdico, sendo uma opção de baixo custo e grande versatilidade na obtenção de imagens em SPECT de alta resolução de órgãos de pequenos roedores.


BACKGROUND: Imaging techniques enable in vivo sequential assessment of the morphology and function of animal organs in experimental models. We developed a device for high-resolution single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging based on an adapted pinhole collimator. OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of this system for quantification of myocardial infarct area in rats. METHODS: Thirteen male Wistar rats (250 g) underwent experimental myocardial infarction by occlusion of the left coronary artery. After 4 weeks, SPECT images were acquired 1.5 hours after intravenous injection of 555 MBq o f 99mTc-Sestamibi. The tomographic reconstruction was performed by using specially developed software based on the Maximum Likelihood algorithm. The analysis of the data included the correlation between the area of perfusion defects detected by scintigraphy and extent of myocardial fibrosis assessed by histology. RESULTS: The images showed a high target organ/background ratio with adequate visualization of the left ventricular walls and cavity. All animals presenting infarction areas were correctly identified by the perfusion images. There was no difference of the infarct area as measured by SPECT (21.1 ± 21.2%) and by histology (21.7 ± 22.0%; p=0.45). There was a strong correlation between individual values of the area of infarction measured by these two methods. CONCLUSION: The developed system presented adequate spatial resolution and high accuracy for the detection and quantification of myocardial infarction areas, consisting in a low cost and versatile option for high-resolution SPECT imaging of small rodents.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Myocardial Infarction , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Rats, Wistar , Reference Values , Time Factors , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/economics , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/instrumentation
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