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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 10 (1) 2024;10(1): 34798, 2024 abr. 30. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553615

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A saúde bucal é um aspecto que não deve ser subestimado pelos pacientes, principalmente se considerar que as infecções odontogênicas podem levar a quadros graves, incluindo complicações cervicotorácicas, como Mediastinite e cervicofaciais, como Angina de Ludwig. Para tanto, é imprescindível que os profissionais da odontologia saibam reconhecer os principais sinais e sintomas dessas infecções, sua evolução, conhecer as complicações associadas e qual o manejo adequado. Objetivo: Assim, é objetivo deste trabalho, relatar, discutir um caso clínico de uma infecção odontogênica grave que acarretou em complicação cervical, com trajeto em direção ao mediastino, necessitando manejo multidisciplinar, e explorar os principais aspectos desse quadro e a conduta necessária, que exige, no mínimo, intervenção cirúrgica, antibioticoterapia e manutenção das vias aéreas. Relato de caso: O caso trata de um paciente com infecção odontogênica, iniciada como uma pericoronarite do dente 38 semieruptado, que evoluiu para a área cervical, demandando imediata drenagem nesta região pois encaminhava-se para uma mediastinite. Após a drenagem cervical e antibioticoterapia e, assim que houve redução do trismo, foi removido o dente 38, evoluindo para a cura.Conclusões:As infecções odontogênicas, principalmente as que acometem os espaços fasciais e cervicais profundos, são potencialmente graves e devem ter suas principais manifestações clínicas entre os domínios de conhecimento dos profissionais Bucomaxilofaciais, pois necessitam de diagnóstico preciso, manejo rápido e tratamento adequado e precoce, considerando a velocidade com que podem evoluir (AU).


Introduction: Oral healthis an aspect that should not be underestimated by patients, especially considering that dental infections can lead to serious symptoms, including cervicothoracic complications, such as Mediastinitis and cervicofacial complications, such as Ludwig's Angina. Therefore, it is essential that dental professionals know how to recognize the main signs and symptoms of these infections, their evolution, know the associated complications and appropriate management.Objective: Thus, this work aims to report and discuss a clinical case of a serious odontogenic infection that resulted in a cervical complication, with a path towards the mediastinum, requiring multidisciplinary management, and to explore the main aspects of this condition and the necessary conduct, which requires, at least, surgical intervention, antibiotic therapy and airway maintenance.Case report: The case concerns a patient with odontogenic infection, which began as pericoronitis of semi-erupted tooth 38, which progressed to the cervical area, requiring immediate drainage in this region as it was heading towards mediastinitis. After cervical drainage and antibiotic therapy and, as soon as the trismus was reduced, tooth 38 was removed, progressing towards healing.Conclusions: Odontogenic infections, especially those that affect the fascial and deep cervical spaces, are potentially serious and should have their main clinical manifestations among the domains of knowledge ofOral and Maxillofacial professionals, as they require accurate diagnosis, rapid management and adequate and early treatment, considering the speed at which they can evolve (AU).


Introducción: La salud bucal es un aspecto que los pacientes no deben subestimar, especialmente considerando que las infecciones odontógenas pueden derivar en afecciones graves, incluidas complicaciones cervicotorácicas, como la mediastinitis, y complicaciones cervicofaciales, como la angina de Ludwig.Para ello, es fundamental que los profesionales odontológicos sepan reconocer las principales señalesy síntomas de estas infecciones, su evolución, conocer las complicaciones asociadas y el manejo adecuado.Objetivo: Así,el objetivo de este trabajo es reportar y discutir un caso clínico de infección odontogénica grave que resultó en una complicación cervical, con trayecto hacia el mediastino, que requirió manejo multidisciplinario, y explorar los principales aspectos de esta condicióny las medidas necesarias, que requiere, como mínimo, intervención quirúrgica, terapia con antibióticos y mantenimiento de las vías respiratorias.Reporte de caso: El caso se trata de un paciente con una infección odontogénica, que comenzó como pericoronaritis del diente 38 semi-erupcionado, la cual progresó hacia la zona cervical, requiriendo drenaje inmediato en esta región ya que se encaminaba para una mediastinitis.Después del drenaje cervical y la terapia antibiótica y, una vez reducido el trismo, se extrajo el diente 38, evolucijjonando hacia la cura.Conclusiones: Las infecciones odontogénicas, especialmente aquellas que afectan los espacios fasciales y cervicales profundos, son potencialmente graves y deben tener sus principales manifestaciones clínicas entre los dominios del conocimiento de los profesionales Orales y Maxilofaciales, pues requieren de un diagnóstico certero, un manejo rápido y un tratamiento adecuado y temprano, considerando la velocidad a la que pueden evolucionar (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Drainage/instrumentation , Infection Control, Dental , Ludwig's Angina/pathology , Mediastinitis , Osteomyelitis , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/instrumentation , Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
2.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 35(1): 13-17, mar. 2024. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551652

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el divertículo de Meckel es la anomalía congénita más frecuente del tracto gastrointestinal. Puede presentarse con hemorragia, obstrucción intestinal o diverticulitis, complicaciones que disminuyen con la edad, por lo que en el adulto el diagnóstico suele ser incidental. El tratamiento de las complicaciones es quirúrgico, mediante diverticulectomía o resección segmentaria del intestino delgado, dependiendo de sus características morfológicas. Objetivo: analizar nuestra experiencia en el manejo del divertículo de Meckel complicado en un período de 15 años. Diseño: estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal, retrospectivo. Material y métodos: se revisaron las historias clínicas de los pacientes operados por divertículo de Meckel complicado en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital San Roque durante el periodo 2007-2022. Se registraron datos demográficos, presentación clínica, diagnóstico preoperatorio, tratamiento quirúrgico, complicaciones postoperatorias y hallazgos histopatológicos. Resultados: se incluyeron 25 pacientes, 21 (84%) hombres, 3 menores de 18 años. La presentación clínica fue un síndrome de fosa iliaca derecha en el 80% de los casos, obstrucción intestinal en el 16% y hemorragia en el 4%. En solo 2 casos se realizó el diagnóstico preoperatorio, confirmado mediante tomografía computada. Se realizó diverticulectomía en el 68% de los pacientes y resección segmentaria el 32%. El abordaje fue laparotómico en el 64%, principalmente en el periodo inicial y laparoscópico en el 36%. Hubo una complicación IIIb de Clavien-Dindo en un paciente pediátrico tratado con drenaje percutáneo. En un solo paciente (4%), que se presentó con hemorragia digestiva masiva, se encontró epitelio de tipo gástrico y páncreas ectópico en el divertículo. Conclusiones: En nuestra experiencia el divertículo de Meckel complicado se presentó predominantemente en hombres. La complicación más frecuente en el adulto fue la diverticulitis. El diagnóstico preoperatorio fue infrecuente y realizado por tomografía computada. La diverticulectomía es suficiente en la mayoría de los casos. Actualmente, la laparoscopia es una herramienta segura, rentable y eficiente que permite el diagnóstico y tratamiento oportunos de esta entidad. (AU)


Introduction: Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital malformation of the gastrointestinal tract. It can present with bleeding, intesti-nal obstruction or diverticulitis, complications that decrease with age, so in adults the diagnosis is usually incidental. Treatment of complications is surgical, through diverticulectomy or segmental resection of the small intestine, depending on its morphological characteristics. Objective: to analyze our experience in the management of complicated Meckel's diverticulum over a period of 15 years. Design: descriptive, observational, cross-sectional, retrospective study. Materials and methods: the medical records of patients operated on for complicated Meckel's diverticulum in the General Surgery Service of the San Roque Hospital during the period 2007-2022 were reviewed. Demo-graphic data, clinical presentation, preoperative diagnosis, surgical treatment, postoperative complications, and histopathological findings were recorded. Results: twenty-five patients were included, 21 (84%) men, 3 under 18 years of age. The clinical presentation was a right iliac fossa syndrome in 80% of cases, intestinal obstruction in 16% and hemorrhage in 4%. In only 2 cases was the preoperative diagnosis made, confirmed by computed tomography. Diverticulectomy was performed in 68% of patients and segmental resection in 32%. The approach was by laparotomy in 64%, mainly in the initial period, and by laparoscopy in 36%. There was a Clavien-Dindo IIIb complication in a pediatric patient treated with percutaneous drain-age. In only one patient (4%), who presented with massive gastrointestinal bleeding, gastric-type epithelium and ectopic pancreas were found in the diverticulum. Conclusions: In our experience, complicated Meckel's diverticulum occurred predominantly in men. The most frequent complication in adults was diverticulitis. Preoperative diagnosis was infrequent and was made by computed tomography. Diverticulectomy is sufficient in most cases. Currently, laparoscopy is a safe, profitable and efficient tool that allows for the timely diagnosis and treatment of this entity. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Laparoscopy/methods , Diverticulitis , Meckel Diverticulum/surgery , Meckel Diverticulum/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Age and Sex Distribution
4.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 41(1): 176-183, feb. 2024. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559668

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades causadas por amebas de vida libre son infecciones oportunistas que pueden tener un curso fatal. Pueden producir afecciones diseminadas graves con compromiso del sistema nervioso central, como la encefalitis amebiana granulomatosa. Esta infección es cada vez más frecuente en América Latina, aunque se reconocen tardíamente debido a la similitud con otras patologías o porque es inusual incluirla en el diagnóstico diferencial. Comunicamos un caso fatal de una encefalitis amebiana granulomatosa por Balamuthia mandrillaris en una niña de 10 años. Destacamos la gravedad de la afectación cerebral y la falta de esquemas antimicrobianos validados para su tratamiento. Hoy en el mundo esta infección es considerada una enfermedad emergente, influenciada por el cambio climático, lo que llama a estar atentos a su presencia.


Diseases caused by free-living amoebae are opportunistic infections that can have a fatal course. They can cause very serious disseminated conditions with involvement of the central nervous system such as granulomatous amoebic encephalitis. This infection has become more common in Latin America, although its recognition is late due to the similarity with other pathological conditions or because it is unusual to include it in the differential diagnosis. We report a fatal case of granulomatous amoebic encephalitis due to Balamuthia mandrillaris in a 10-year-old girl. We highlight the severity of the brain involvement and the lack of validated schemes for its treatment. Today in the world this infection is considered an emerging disease, influenced by climate change, which calls for being attentive to its presence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Infectious Encephalitis/diagnosis , Amebiasis/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Fatal Outcome , Balamuthia mandrillaris/isolation & purification , Balamuthia mandrillaris/genetics , Infectious Encephalitis/diagnostic imaging , Amebiasis/diagnostic imaging
5.
São Paulo; s.n; 20240103. 81 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524323

ABSTRACT

A reconstrução facial forense tem sido empregada como um importante recurso nos casos em que um corpo se encontra em estágio avançado de decomposição, mutilado ou esqueletizado. Sob essas circunstâncias, definir a identidade por métodos primários torna-se inviável. Simular uma face sobre uma estrutura óssea, de forma que essa reconstrução possibilite o reconhecimento por familiares e amigos, e, por fim, determinar a identidade positiva de alguém que se encontra desaparecido constitui uma técnica que as ciências forenses são capazes de proporcionar. As etapas que permitem que uma reconstrução facial forense ocorra de forma precisa dependem de dados como os de espessura de tecidos moles faciais, que são obtidos por diversas técnicas e são específicos para cada população, de modo que são necessários dados referentes à população brasileira. Neste trabalho, foram analisados 88 exames de tomografias computadorizadas de feixe cônico, obtidos junto ao banco de dados de uma instituição brasileira. Para a realização das medidas, foi utilizado o método proposto por Beaini em 2013. Os resultados apontaram espessuras de tecidos moles compatíveis com as encontradas por Beaini, fornecendo uma tabela atualizada de dados de espessuras de tecidos moles faciais de indivíduos brasileiros, para uso em reconstrução facial forense.


Subject(s)
Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Forensic Anthropology
6.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 83-90, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011108

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics and therapeutic strategies of Pott's puffy tumor(PPT). Methods:The clinical data of two patients with PPT were retrospectively analyzed and combined with the literature, focusing on the comprehensive analysis of perioperative diagnosis and treatment strategies. Both patients underwent muti-disciplinary treatment, including timely administration of sufficient antibiotics capable of penetrating the blood-brain barrier. Early removal of PPT lesions was performed using a combined internal and external approach under nasal endoscopic guidance. Results:After standardized perioperative management, the symptoms of the two patients were completely relieved, with no recurrence after one=year follow=up. Postoperative complications such as frontal pain, numbness, local depression, or scar hyperplasiawere not present. Conclusion:PPT, being relatively rare and severe, requires careful attention. Key strategies for standardized perioperative management include multi-disciplinary consultation, timely and adequate antibiotic administration, and surgical intervention using a combined intranasal and extranasal endoscopic approach for lesion removal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pott Puffy Tumor/complications , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Endoscopy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Frontal Sinusitis/complications
7.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 53-57, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009496

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Traumatic lumbar hernia (TLH) constitutes a protrusion of content through a defect in the posterior abdominal wall, as a result of injury. This rare entity has been described in limited number of cases.@*METHODS@#A systematic review of the literature was performed according to the meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology guidelines. The English literature from 1990 until 2021 was reviewed, using PubMed, EMBASE and Google Scholar bibliographic databases, to identify case reports and case series with patients that were diagnosed with TLH. For each eligible study, demographics, clinical presentation, hernia characteristics, preoperative imaging investigations, operation details, and postoperative data were extracted for assessment. Statistical analysis was performed on SPSS, version 20.0.@*RESULTS@#A total of 62 studies were included for review, with 164 patients with TLH. Mean age was (42.6 ± 14.3) years (47.6% males, 31.1% females, gender not specified in 35 cases). Mean diameter of hernia neck was (6.3 ± 3.1) cm, while the triangles of Petit and Grynfeltt were affected in 74.5% and 14.6%, respectively. Patients diagnosed in the emergency setting account for 54.2%, with CT scan establishing diagnosis in all but one case (97.7%). A delayed diagnosis was made in 45.8%, at a mean 1 year following trauma. Flank bulging (82.8%) and chronic back pain (34.3%) were the most frequent symptoms. In both delayed and acute group, open surgery (63.6% and 92.3%, respectively) was the preferred surgical approach. Postoperative complications were reported in 11.4% of acute and 15.0% of delayed patients. Hernia recurrence was 7%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TLH is uncommon with 164 cases described since 1990. CT scan is the gold standard in diagnosis. Open surgery is generally the preferred approach, particularly in the emergency setting. Acute TLH can be treated either by primary suture repair or mesh, depending on the local conditions, whereas delayed cases usually require a mesh.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Hernia, Abdominal/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Laparoscopy
8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 81-85, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009227

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibility of mimics software in analyzing a new type of complex anterior cervical fixation -- anterior transpedicular screw fixation+zero notch internal fixation.@*METHODS@#From January 2021 to September 2022, 50 normal pedestrians who underwent cervical spine CT scanning were selected for C1-C7 segment scanning, including 27 males and 23 females, aged from 25 to 65 years old with an average of (46.0 ± 9.0) years old. The dicom format is exported and engraved into the CD, and use the mimics software to perform 3D reconstruction of each segment. A simulated screw is placed on the image according to the critical value of zero notch screw (head and tail angle 44°, internal angle 29°). The position of zero notch screw in each segment is observed to determine the feasibility of anterior transpedicular screw fixation plus zero notch internal fixation.@*RESULTS@#For the upper zero notch screws the three-dimensional images of the cervical spine across all 50 subjects within the C3-C7 segments demonstrated safe position, with no instances of intersection with ATPS. For the lower zero notch screw, in C3-C4 and C4-C5, 4 out of 50 subjects are in the safe position in the three-dimensional images of cervical vertebrae, and 46 cases could achieve secure screw placement when the maximum caudal angle is(32.3±1.9) ° and (36.1±2.2) °, respectively. In C5-C6 and C6-C7 segments, no lower zero notch screws intersected with ATPS, and all screws are in safe positions.@*CONCLUSION@#Lower cervical anterior pedicle screw fixation plus zero notch internal fixation can achieve successful nail placement through the selected entry point and position.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Feasibility Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Pedicle Screws , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Software
9.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 28-34, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009104

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effectiveness of O-arm navigation and C-arm navigation for guiding percutaneous long sacroiliac screws in treatment of Denis type Ⅱ sacral fractures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted on clinical data of the 46 patients with Denis type Ⅱ sacral fractures between April 2021 and October 2022. Among them, 19 patients underwent O-arm navigation assisted percutaneous long sacroiliac screw fixation (O-arm navigation group), and 27 patients underwent C-arm navigation assisted percutaneous long sacroiliac screw fixation (C-arm navigation group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, causes of injuries, Tile classification of pelvic fractures, combined injury, the interval from injury to operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The intraoperative preparation time, the placement time of each screw, the fluoroscopy time of each screw during placement, screw position accuracy, the quality of fracture reduction, and fracture healing time were recorded and compared, postoperative complications were observed. Pelvic function was evaluated by Majeed score at last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All operations were completed successfully, and all incisions healed by first intention. Compared to the C-arm navigation group, the O-arm navigation group had shorter intraoperative preparation time, placement time of each screw, and fluoroscopy time, with significant differences ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in screw position accuracy and the quality of fracture reduction ( P>0.05). There was no nerve or vascular injury during screw placed in the two groups. All patients in both groups were followed up, with the follow-up time of 6-21 months (mean, 12.0 months). Imaging re-examination showed that both groups achieved bony healing, and there was no significant difference in fracture healing time between the two groups ( P>0.05). During follow-up, there was no postoperative complications, such as screw loosening and breaking or loss of fracture reduction. At last follow-up, there was no significant difference in pelvic function between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the C-arm navigation, the O-arm navigation assisted percutaneous long sacroiliac screws for the treatment of Denis typeⅡsacral fractures can significantly shorten the intraoperative preparation time, screw placement time, and fluoroscopy time, improve the accuracy of screw placement, and obtain clearer navigation images.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Retrospective Studies , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Bone Screws , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Pelvic Bones/injuries , Postoperative Complications , Neck Injuries
10.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 13-24, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010106

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Low-dose spiral computed tomography (LDCT) has been recommended for lung cancer screening in high-risk populations. However, evidence from Chinese populations was limited due to the different criteria for high-risk populations and the short-term follow-up period. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness in Chinese adults based on the Lung Cancer Screening Program in Minhang District of Shanghai initiated in 2013.@*METHODS@#A total of 26,124 subjects aged 40 years or above were enrolled in the Lung Cancer Screening Program during the period of 2013 and 2017. Results of LDCT examination, and screen-detected cancer cases in all participants were obtained from the Reporting System of the Lung Cancer Screening Program. The newly-diagnosed cases and their vital status up to December 31, 2020 were identified through a record linkage with the Shanghai Cancer Registry and the Shanghai Vital Statistics. Standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and 95%CI were calculated using the local population at ages of 40 or above as the reference. Proportions of early-stage cancer (stage 0-I), pathological types, and 5-year observed survival rates of lung cancer cases were estimated and compared between the cases derived from the screened and non-screened populations. Cox regression models were applied to evaluate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95%CI of LDCT screening with all-cause death of the lung cancer cases.@*RESULTS@#The crude and age-standardized incidence of lung cancer in screened population were 373.3 (95%CI: 343.1-406.1) and 70.3 per 100,000 person-years, respectively, with an SIR of 1.8 (95%CI: 1.6-1.9), which was observed to decrease with following-up time. The early-stage cancer accounted for 49.4% of all lung cancer cases derived from the screened population, significantly higher than 38.4% in cases from the non-screened population during the same period (P<0.05). The proportion of lung adenocarcinoma (40.7% vs 35.9%) and 5-year survival rate (53.7% vs 41.5%) were also significantly higher in the cases from the screened population (all P<0.05). LDCT screening was associated with 30% (HR=0.7, 95%CI: 0.6-0.8) reduced all-cause deaths of the cases.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The participants of the screening program are at high-risk of lung cancer. LDCT favors the early-detection of lung cancer and improves 5-year survival of the screened cases, indicating a great potential of LDCT in reducing the disease burden of lung cancer in Chinese populations.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/epidemiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , China/epidemiology , Tomography, Spiral Computed/methods , Mass Screening
11.
Arq. odontol ; 60: 10-18, 2024. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1562373

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a prevalência de variações anatômicas no complexo nasossinusal por meio de tomografia computadorizada (TC) em pacientes com sinusite não odontogênica. Métodos: Um estudo observacional e retrospectivo consistiu em 860 prontuários com indicação de tomografias computadorizadas multislice para avaliação de sinusite. A sinusite odontogênica foi caracterizada pela presença de espessamento da mucosa sinusal maior que 2 milímetros e ausência de alterações dentárias na região. Posteriormente, foram avaliadas as variações do complexo nasossinusal e realizada uma análise descritiva. Em seguida, 33 tomografias computadorizadas foram analisadas com sinusopatia não odontogênica, e o complexo nasossinusal foi avaliado quanto à presença das seguintes variações anatômicas como desvio do septo nasal associado a esporão ósseo, concha média bolhos, aumento do seio frontal entre outras. Resultados: Variações anatômicas foram observadas em 87,9% dos casos, sendo 15 do gênero masculino (46,0%) e 18 do gênero feminino (54,0%) e distribuídos em 45,5% dos pacientes entre 41-60 anos. A variação anatômica mais frequente foi a concha média bolhosa (37,9%), seguida de septações no seio maxilar (10,3%) e seio frontal alargado (13,8%). Conclusão:Verificou-se uma considerável incidência de variações anatômicas associadas à sinusite não odontogênica, com evidência para a concha média bolhosa.


Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of anatomical variations in the sinonasal complex using computed tomography (CT) in patients with non-odontogenic sinusitis. Methods: This observational and retrospective study involved the analysis of 860 multislice CT scans prescribed for sinusitis evaluation. Non-odontogenic sinusitis was characterized by the presence of sinus mucosal thickening exceeding 2 millimeters and the absence of dental changes in the region. Subsequently, sinonasal complex variations were evaluated, and a descriptive analysis was conducted. Subsequently, 33 CT scans with non-odontogenic sinusopathy were analyzed, and the sinonasal complex was evaluated for the presence of the following anatomical variations: deviation of the nasal septum associated with a bony spur, bullous middle concha, unilateral hypoplasia of the maxillary sinus, among others. Results: Anatomical variations were observed in 87.9% of cases, with 15 males (46.0%) and 18 female (54.0%), distributed among patients aged 41-60 years (45.5%). The most frequent anatomical variation was the bullous middle concha (37.9%), followed by septations in the maxillary sinus (10.3%) and enlarged frontal sinus (13.8%). Conclusion: A considerable incidence of anatomical variations associated with non-odontogenic sinusitis was observed, with evidence of a bullous middle concha.


Subject(s)
Sinusitis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Anatomic Variation , Maxillary Sinus
12.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(3): 67-73, set.-dez. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553242

ABSTRACT

Com os avanços tecnológicos na odontologia o planejamento digital se tornou algo mais presente na prática clinica. O objetivo desse trabalho é relatar uma experiência vivida em clínica sobre harmonização do sorriso através de uma gengivoplastia e remodelação óssea em paciente com displasia cemento óssea florida. Paciente 42 anos, autodeclarada do sexo feminino, não relatou nenhuma alteração sistêmica, uso de medicamento ou tabagismo, entretanto relatou ter displasia cemento óssea florida com diagnóstico de periodonto saudável. Compareceu a clínica escola de uma instituição de Ensino Superior para realização de tratamento odontológico queixando-se da aparência de seus dentes. Neste caso, foi utilizado escaneamento digital, tomografia computadorizada para tecidos moles, Digital Smile Design (DSD) e Perioguide (guia cirúrgico) para a realização do procedimento de harmonização do sorriso através da cirurgia periodontal. Em suma, apesar da displasia óssea ser um fator limitante ao sucesso ideal do procedimento, o resultado final alcançado foi satisfatório sob ótica do paciente e profissional não havendo recidiva(AU)


With technological advances in dentistry, digital planning has become something more present in clinical practice. The objective of this work is to report a clinical experience on smile harmonization through gingivoplasty and bone remodeling in a patient with florid cemento-osseous dysplasia. Patient 42 years old, self-reported female, did not report any systemic changes, use of medication or smoking, however she reported having florid cemento-osseous dysplasia with a diagnosis of healthy periodontium. He attended the school clinic of a Higher Education institution for dental treatment, complaining about the appearance of his teeth. In this case, digital scanning, soft tissue computed tomography, Digital Smile Design (DSD) and Perioguide (surgical guide) were used to perform the smile harmonization procedure through periodontal surgery. In short, despite bone dysplasia being a limiting factor for the ideal success of the procedure, the final result achieved was satisfactory from the perspective of the patient and professional, with no recurrence(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone , Bone Diseases, Developmental , Cementoma , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Photography, Dental , Gingival Hyperplasia
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1625-1630, dic. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528781

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The trachea is a tubular organ lying between larynx and lungs containing smooth muscle, membranes, and cartilage. This paper evaluated the dimessions of the trachea and main bronchi morphometry in healthy adults using Computed Tomography. This retrospective observational study was performed with 170 healthy adult subjects (89 females, 52.35 %; 81 males,47.65 %). The length of the trachea, the anteroposterior and transverse diameter of the trachea and the right and left main bronchi were measured. From these measurements, the trachea shape were calculated and four types of trachea were identified as circular, oval, horseshoe-shaped, and rectangular. All measurements were significantly higher in males than females (excluding tracheal bifurcation angle). According to the value obtained by dividing the anteroposterior by the width of the trachea, tracheal shapes are considered; the circular shape was seen 104 subjects (61.2 %), followed by oval type (34 subjects), horseshoe type (24 subjects) and rectangular type. (8 subjects). Also, the most frequently seen was circular type in both females and males. Hovewer, there was no significant difference between sex in terms of trachea shape. Additionally, a striking finding was that trachea morphometry and morphology showed the significance according to age dependent changes. Trachea measurements were affected several reasons such as used methods, age, sex, or race. This study has many clinical importance as it may reduce the risk of accidental damage to these area by clinicians such as cardiothoracic surgeons, anesthetist, or radiologist.


La tráquea es un órgano tubular que se encuentra entre la laringe y los pulmones y que contiene músculo liso, membranas y cartílago. Este trabajo evaluó las dimensiones de la tráquea y la morfometría de los bronquios principales en adultos sanos mediante Tomografía Computarizada. Este estudio observacional retrospectivo se realizó con 170 sujetos adultos sanos (89 mujeres, 52,35 %; 81 hombres, 47,65 %). Se midió la longitud de la tráquea, el diámetro anteroposterior y transversal de la tráquea y los bronquios principales derecho e izquierdo. A partir de estas mediciones, se calculó la forma de la tráquea y se identificaron cuatro tipos de tráquea: circular, ovalada, en forma de herradura y rectangular. Todas las mediciones fueron significativamente mayores en hombres que en mujeres (excluyendo el ángulo de bifurcación traqueal). Según el valor que se obtiene al dividir el anteroposterior por el ancho de la tráquea, se consideran las formas traqueales; la forma circular fue observada en 104 sujetos (61,2 %), seguida del tipo ovalado (34 sujetos), tipo herradura (24 sujetos) y tipo rectangular (8 sujetos). Además, el tipo más frecuente fue el circular tanto en mujeres como en hombres. Sin embargo, no hubo diferencias significativas entre sexos en términos de forma de la tráquea. Además, un hallazgo sorprendente fue que la morfometría y la morfología de la tráquea mostraron importancia según los cambios dependientes de la edad. Las mediciones morfométricas de la tráquea se vieron afectadas por varios motivos, como los métodos utilizados, la edad, el sexo o la raza. Este estudio tiene importancia clínica ya que puede reducir el riesgo de daño accidental por parte de médicos como cirujanos cardiotorácicos, anestesistas o radiólogos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Trachea/anatomy & histology , Trachea/diagnostic imaging , Turkey , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1679-1686, dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528802

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The liver has over 500 physiological and biochemical roles in our organism so checking of liver size and function is a part of every clinical examination. Aim of our research was to estimate liver size on computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen images and to determinate relations between liver dimensions and anthropometric parameters. The research included 99 patients, 49 men and 50 women, who were referred for CT of abdomen. We measured body height (BH) and body mass (BM), and calculated body mass index (BMI) and body surface area (BSA). Also, on CT images we measured anteroposterior (AP), laterolateral (LL) and two craniocaudal liver diameters (one at the level of midclavicular line - CCmcl, and the other was maximal - CCmax). Liver volume (LV) was calculated with formula. Our results showed that AP diameter positively correlated with BSA (r=0.30) in women. LL diameter positively correlated with BH (r=0.43), and BSA (0.31) in men. CCmcl diameter positively correlated with BH (r=0.33), BM (r=0.31), and BSA (r=0.34) in men, while in women it correlated only with BH (r=0.38). CCmax diameter positively correlated with BH (r=0.33) and BSA (r=0.33) in men. LV positively correlated with BH and BSA in both men (r=0.36, r=0.33, respectively) and women (r=0.42, r=0.31, respectively), and in men also with BM (r=0.34). LL, CCmcl, CCmax, and LV negatively correlated with aging in both sexes After the age of 60, there was a decrease in size of LL, CC diameters, as well as in LV. We concluded that liver dimensions decrease with aging, regardless of sex at the expanse of LL and CC diameters which are related to the size of body parameters, so that for a precise evaluation of liver size all three diameters should be measured, LV as well as BH, BM, and BSA.


El hígado desempeña más de 500 funciones fisiológicas y bioquímicas en nuestro organismo, por lo que comprobar el tamaño y la función de este órgano es parte de cada examen clínico. El objetivo de nuestra investigación fue estimar el tamaño del hígado mediante tomografía computarizada (TC) de imágenes del abdomen y determinar las relaciones entre las dimensiones del hígado y los parámetros antropométricos. La investigación incluyó a 99 pacientes, 49 hombres y 50 mujeres, que fueron remitidos para TC de abdomen. Medimos la altura corporal (BH) y la masa corporal (BM), y calculamos el índice de masa corporal (IMC) y el área de superficie corporal (BSA). Además, en las imágenes de TC medimos los diámetros hepáticos anteroposterior (AP), laterolateral (LL) y dos craneocaudales (uno a nivel de la línea medioclavicular - CCmcl, y el diámetro máximo - CCmax). El volumen del hígado (VI) se calculó con una fórmula. Nuestros resultados mostraron que el diámetro AP se correlacionó positivamente con BSA (r = 0,30) en mujeres. El diámetro de LL se correlacionó positivamente con BH (r=0,43) y BSA (0,31) en hombres. El diámetro CCmcl se correlacionó positivamente con BH (r=0,33), BM (r=0,31) y BSA (r=0,34) en hombres, mientras que en mujeres se correlacionó solo con BH (r=0,38). El diámetro CCmax se correlacionó positivamente con BH (r=0,33) y BSA (r=0,33) en hombres. El VI se correlacionó positivamente con BH y BSA tanto en hombres (r=0,36, r=0,33, respectivamente) como en mujeres (r=0,42, r=0,31, respectivamente), y en hombres también con BM (r=0,34). LL, CCmcl, CCmax y LV se correlacionaron negativamente con el envejecimiento en ambos sexos. Después de los 60 años, hubo una disminución en el tamaño de los diámetros LL, CC y LV. Concluimos que las dimensiones del hígado disminuyen con la edad, independientemente del sexo, en la extensión de los diámetros LL y CC que están relacionados con el tamaño de los parámetros corporales, por lo que para una evaluación precisa del tamaño del hígado se debe medir LV como BH, BM y BSA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Anthropometry , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Body Weight , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Age Factors , Liver/anatomy & histology
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1781-1788, dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528803

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Pelvis contributes to both human locomotion and obstetrics, and normal vaginal delivery is associated with a spacious inlet, a large interspinosus diameter. This paper aimed to measure crucial diameters of pelvic ring, and to determine both the prevalence of pelvic types, and labor types including normal vaginal delivery or caesarean section in Turkish healthy females. Additionally, it was aimed to evaluate presence of relationship between pelvic types and pelvic diameters. Labor shape of subjects was obtained from hospital records. This retrospective study was carried out on 165 healthy subjects aged between 18 and 45 years. Anteroposterior diameter of the pelvic inlet (APDI), anteroposterior diameter of the pelvic outlet, sacrum length (SL), sacrum depth, conjugata vera, obstetrical conjugate, the diagonal conjugate, diameter transversa, diameter bispinous, intertuberous diameter were measured. From these measurements, brim index was calculated and decided to gynecoid, anthropoid and platypelloid type. Also, the andoid type was calculated to the ratio of posterior sagittal diameter of the inlet to conjugata obstetrica. 50.91 % of participants has gynecoid type pelvis, followed by 24.85 % anthropoid type, 14.55 % platypelloid, and 9.70 % android type pelvis. There was a significant difference in APDI, SL, SD, Conjugata vera, Conjugata obstetrica, Conjugata diagonalis, Conjugata transversa, diameter bispinous, diameter intertubercularis and Brim index measurements according to pelvic types. the first degree of narrowing (conjugata vera from 11 to 9) was found in 18 pelvises and 12 pelvises with the pathological degree of narrowing bellonged to the platypelloid type followed by android type pelvis with 6 pelvices. The android type pelvis is not appropriate for natural labor and a good assessment of birth canal can reduce the labor risks. Also, only 7 females who delivered with cesarean have gynecoid type pelvic type. The APDI and SL were significantly lower in subjects having pathological narrowing according to conjugata obstetrica values.


La pelvis contribuye tanto a la locomoción humana como a la obstetricia. El parto vaginal normal se asocia con una entrada espaciosa y un diámetro interespinoso grande. Este artículo tuvo como objetivo medir diámetros cruciales del anillo pélvico y determinar tanto la prevalencia de los tipos pélvicos como los tipos de parto, incluido el parto vaginal normal o la cesárea en mujeres turcas sanas. Además, se buscó evaluar la presencia de relación entre los tipos de pelvis y los diámetros de la pelvis. La forma laboral de los sujetos se obtuvo de los registros hospitalarios. Este estudio retrospectivo se llevó a cabo en 165 mujeres sanas con edades comprendidas entre 18 y 45 años. Se midieron el diámetro anteroposterior de la entrada pélvica (APDPI), el diámetro anteroposterior de la salida pélvica, la longitud del sacro (SL), la profundidad del sacro, la conjugada vera, el conjugado obstétrico, el conjugado diagonal, el diámetro transverso, el diámetro biespinoso y el diámetro intertuberoso. A partir de estas mediciones se calculó el índice del ala y se decidió tipo ginecoide, antropoide y platipoide. Además, el tipo androide se calculó en función de la relación entre el diámetro sagital posterior de la entrada y la conjugada obstétrica. El 50,91 % de los participantes tenía pelvis de tipo ginecoide, seguida del 24,85 % de pelvis de tipo antropoide, el 14,55 % de tipo platipeloide y el 9,70 % de tipo androide. Hubo una diferencia significativa en las mediciones de APDPI, SL, SD, Conjugada vera, Conjugada obstétrica, Conjugada diagonal, Conjugata transversa, diámetro biespinoso, diámetro intertubercular e índice de ala según los tipos de pelvis. El primer grado de estrechamiento (conjugada vera del 11 al 9) se encontró en 18 pelvis y 12 pelvis, siendo el grado patológico de estrechamiento del tipo platipeloide seguido de pelvis tipo androide con 6 pelvis. La pelvis tipo androide no es apropiada para el parto natural y una buena evaluación del canal del parto puede reducir los riesgos. Además, solo 7 mujeres que dieron a luz por cesárea tenían un tipo pélvico de tipo ginecoides. El APDPI y SL fueron significativamente más bajos en mujeres que tenían estrechamiento patológico según los valores obstétricos conjugados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pelvis/anatomy & histology , Pelvis/diagnostic imaging , Turkey , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Parturition
17.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 40(6): 686-690, dic. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530001

ABSTRACT

La neumonía por Pneumocystis jirovecii es una enfermedad fúngica oportunista descrita principalmente en pacientes con VIH, sin embargo, tras la introducción de la TARV, ha incrementado su incidencia en pacientes con inmunosupresión no asociada a VIH, como neoplasias hematológicas y trasplantes de órganos sólidos. Presentamos el caso de un varón de 17 años, receptor de un trasplante renal, con inmunosupresión prolongada con corticoesteroides, con cuadro clínico de tos, disnea y fiebre. La TC mostró micronódulos pulmonares centrolobulillares y vidrio esmerilado. El LBA fue compatible con hemorragia alveolar difusa (HAD), con RPC positiva para P. jirovecii. Se descartaron otras infecciones y enfermedades autoinmunes. Recibió tratamiento con cotrimoxazol con buena evolución clínica y mejoría radiológica. Si bien las causas más frecuentes de HAD son etiologías autoinmunes como enfermedades reumatológicas o vasculitis, es prioritario descartar causas infecciosas, incluyendo P. jirovecii, ya que el tratamiento dirigido puede tener un impacto significativo en la mortalidad en este grupo de pacientes.


Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia is an opportunistic fungal infection, described mainly in HIV patients, however, after the introduction of ART, its presentation has increased in patients with non-HIV immunosuppression, such as hematological cancers, solid or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We report the case of a 17-year-old male, kidney transplant patient, with prolonged immunosuppression with corticoesteroids, with history of cough, dyspnea, and fever. Chest CT evidences centrilobular pulmonary micronodules with ground glass. BAL was performed compatible with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, with positive PCR for P. jirovecii. Other infections and autoimmune disease were ruled out. He received treatment with cotrimoxazole with clinical improvement of the patient, and follow up chest CT at the end of treatment showed decrease of pulmonary infiltrates. Although the most frequent causes of DAH are autoimmune etiologies such as rheumatic diseases or vasculitis, it is a priority to rule out infectious causes, including P. jirovecii, since targeted treatment could have a significant impact on mortality outcomes in this group of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/complications , Hemorrhage/complications , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/drug therapy , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Alveoli , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Kidney Transplantation , Immunocompromised Host , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Pneumocystis carinii , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
18.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 37(4)dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1559949

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fractura de radio distal resulta común en la extremidad superior y representa un reto terapéutico. Objetivo: Determinar la concordancia entre radiografía simple y tomografía computarizada con respecto a las clasificaciones AO Foundation y de Fernández, y la elección del tratamiento. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de concordancia diagnóstica entre radiografía simple y tomografía computarizada. Ortopedistas y cirujanos de mano analizaron 19 imágenes de fracturas de radio distal de acuerdo con las clasificaciones AO Foundation y de Fernández, y las distintas opciones de tratamiento. Para el grado de concordancia se usó el coeficiente Kappa de Fleiss. La prueba de t-Student y Chi cuadrado diferenciaron los grupos para variables cuantitativas y cualitativas, respectivamente. Hubo una significancia estadística de p= 0,05. Resultados: La clasificación de Fernández coincidió mejor que la clasificación AO Foundation entre radiografía y tomografía computarizada. En la elección del tratamiento y la técnica de osteosíntesis la concordancia fue mayor al 90 por ciento, mientras que el abordaje quirúrgico solo alcanzó el 50 por ciento. La clasificación AO Foundation radiográfica se correspondió con fracturas complejas, mientras la de Fernández con las menos complicadas. Las fracturas se subestimaron cuando se clasificaron con radiografía. Conclusiones: La relación de las clasificaciones entre radiografía y tomografía computarizada para fracturas de radio distal no resulta satisfactoria. La tomografía computarizada ofrece información que modifica las decisiones en el tratamiento(AU)


Introduction: Distal radius fracture is common in the upper extremity and represents a therapeutic challenge. Objective: To determine the agreement between simple radiography and computed tomography with respect to AO Foundation and Fernández classifications, and the choice of treatment. Methods: A diagnostic agreement study was carried out between simple radiography and computed tomography. Orthopedists and hand surgeons analyzed 19 images of distal radius fractures according to AO Foundation and Fernández classifications, and the different treatment options. Fleiss Kappa coefficient was used for the degree of agreement. The Student's t-test and chi-square differentiated the groups for quantitative and qualitative variables, respectively. There was a statistical significance of p = 0.05. Results: Fernández classification coincided better than AO Foundation between radiography and computed tomography. In the choice of treatment and osteosynthesis technique, agreement was greater than 90 percent, while the surgical approach only reached 50 percent. The radiographic AO Foundation classification corresponded to complex fractures while Fernández classification corresponded to less complicated ones. Fractures were underestimated when classified with radiography. Conclusions: The relationship of classifications between radiography and computed tomography for distal radius fractures is not satisfactory. Computed tomography provides information that modifies treatment decisions(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiography/classification , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/classification , Reproducibility of Results , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Wrist Fractures/therapy , Surgeons , Orthopedic Surgeons
19.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(2): 33-38, abr./jun 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1537562

ABSTRACT

O cisto epidermóide (CE) é uma má formação cística de desenvolvimento incomum. Ocorre mais comumente na linha média do assoalho da boca, ocasionalmente localiza-se lateralmente ou em outros sítios. A etiologia do CE ainda é incerta, mas acredita-se que esteja associado a remanentes do ectoderma durante a fusão do primeiro e segundo arcos branquiais. A lesão cresce lentamente sem provocar dor, apresentando-se como massa de consistência semelhante à de borracha ou à massa de pão. Seu diagnóstico se dá por meio de exame clínico e exames complementares de imagem como tomografia computadorizada, ressonância magnética e/ou ultrassonografia, entretanto somente com o exame histopatológico é possível um diagnóstico definitivo. A excisão cirúrgica do cisto é o tratamento de escolha. Quando o diagnóstico é precoce e a intervenção correta, o índice de recidiva torna-se raro. Diante da raridade de casos na região maxilo facial e a dificuldade relacionada ao diagnóstico, o presente trabalho tem como objetivos descrever a ocorrência do cisto epidermóide bem como seu diagnóstico através de exame histopatológico/exames de imagem, tratamento cirúrgico e contribuir com a literatura já existente por meio de um relato de caso que foi diagnosticado no Serviço de Patologia Bucal da Universidade de Gurupi, campus Gurupi/TO.


Epidermoid cysts (EC) is an unusually developing cystic malformation that occurs most frequently in the midline of the floor of the mouth, occasionally located laterally or elsewhere. The etiology of the (EC) still uncertain, but it is believed to be associated with remnants of the ectoderm during the fusion of the first and second branchial arches. The lesion grows slowly without causing pain, presenting itself as a mass with a consistency like of rubber or bread dough. Diagnosis of (EC) is made through complementary imaging tests such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and/or ultrasound, only histopathological examination it is possible to obtain a definitive diagnosis. Surgical excision of cyst is the treatment of choice. When the diagnosis is made early and the intervention is correct, the recurrence rate is rare. Given the rarity of cases in the maxillofacial region and the difficulty related to diagnosis, this study aims to describe epidermoid cysts occurrence and your diagnostic through of histopathologic/imagine exams, surgical treatment and contribute to the existing literature, through a review and description of a clinical case that was diagnosed at the Oral Pathology Outpatient Clinic at the Faculty of Dentistry - University of Gurupi - UNIRG. Gurupi -Tocantins. Brazil.


El quiste epidermoide (CE) es una malformación quística de desarrollo infrecuente. Ocurre más comúnmente en la línea media del piso de la boca, ocasionalmente se localiza lateralmente o en otra parte. La etiología de la FB aún es incierta, pero se cree que está asociada con restos del ectodermo durante la fusión del primer y segundo arcos branquiales. La lesión crece lentamente sin causar dolor, apareciendo como una masa con una consistencia similar a la de la goma o la masa de pan. Su diagnóstico se realiza a través del examen clínico y pruebas de imagen complementarias como tomografía computarizada, resonancia magnética y/o ultrasonografía, sin embargo, solo con el examen histopatológico es posible un diagnóstico defi nitivo. La escisión quirúrgica del quiste es el tratamiento de elección. Cuando el diagnóstico es temprano y la intervención es correcta, la tasa de recurrencia se vuelve rara. Dada la rareza de los casos en la región maxilofacial y la difi cultad relacionada con el diagnóstico, el presente trabajo tiene como objetivo describir la ocurrencia del quiste epidermoide así como su diagnóstico a través del examen histopatológico/pruebas de imagen, tratamiento quirúrgico y contribuir a la literatura existente a través de un reporte de caso que fue diagnosticado en el Servicio de Patología Oral de la Universidad de Gurupi, campus Gurupi/TO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Dermoid Cyst , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Hyoid Bone , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1508-1512, oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521014

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Distal radius fractures are the most common fractures of the upper limb. The most commonly used method in the repair of these fractures is volar locking plates. Recently, the frequency of removal of volar locking plates after surgery has increased. There are many factors in its reduction. Anatomically, incompatibility of the distal end of the radius with volar locking plates is one of them. In previous studies, different volar cortical angle (VCA) values were found in other races. For this reason, this study aimed to determine the mean values by making VCA measurements of the Anatolian population. The study was designed retrospectively. In the study, measurements were made on computed tomography (CT) images of the distal end of the radius of 53 men and 28 women. Radial width, intermediate volar angle, and radial volar angle were measured in the images. On average, the radius width was 23.35±1.96 mm, and the intermediate volar angle was 26.02±.3.83°, radial volar angle was 24±3.07°. Radial width, intermediate volar angle, and radial volar angle differed significantly by gender (p<0.001). A significant correlation was found between radius width, intermediate volar angle, and radial volar angle values (p<0.001). It has been determined that the Anatolian population has a different VCA value than the European, Asian, and other populations. When using volar locking plates in distal radius fracture surgery, volar locking plates should be selected by considering the average values of the races.


Las fracturas del radio distal son las fracturas más comunes del miembro superior. El método más utilizado en la reparación de estas fracturas son las placas de bloqueo volar. Recientemente, ha aumentado la frecuencia de extracción de placas de bloqueo volar después de la cirugía. Existen muchos factores en su reducción y anatómicamente, la incompatibilidad de la extremidad distal del radio con las placas de bloqueo volar es una de ellas. En estudios anteriores, se encontraron diferentes valores del ángulo cortical volar (VCA) en otras grupos. Por esta razón, este estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar los valores medios, realizando mediciones de VCA de la población de Anatolia. El estudio fue diseñado de manera retrospectiva. En el estudio, se realizaron mediciones en imágenes de tomografía computarizada (TC) de la extremidad distal del radio de 53 hombres y 28 mujeres. En las imágenes se midieron el ancho radial, el ángulo volar intermedio y el ángulo volar radial. En promedio, el ancho del radio fue de 23,35 ± 1,96 mm, el ángulo volar intermedio fue de 26,02 ± 3,83° y el ángulo volar radial fue de 24 ± 3,07°. El ancho radial, el ángulo volar intermedio y el ángulo volar radial difirieron significativamente según el sexo (p<0,001). Se encontró una correlación significativa entre los valores del ancho del radio, el ángulo volar intermedio y el ángulo volar radial (p<0,001). Se ha determinado que la población de Anatolia tiene un valor de VCA diferente al de las poblaciones europeas, asiáticas y otras. Cuando se utilizan placas de bloqueo volar en cirugía de fractura de la extremidad distal del radio, las placas deben seleccionarse considerando los valores promedio de los individuos de diferentes grupos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Radius/diagnostic imaging , Wrist/diagnostic imaging , Radius/anatomy & histology , Turkey , Wrist/anatomy & histology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies
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