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Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 358-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986895


Objective: To investigate the efficacies of different forms of free radial collateral artery perforator flaps in repairing the defects after oral tumor surgeries. Methods: From May 2016 to March 2021, 28 patients (22 males, 6 females, aged 35-62 years) with oral tumors admitted by Hunan Cancer Hospital received the reconstructive surgeries with the free radial collateral artery perforator flaps after removal of oral tumors, including 24 cases of tongue cancer (11 cases of tongue marginal cancer, 9 cases of tongue belly cancer and 4 cases of tongue cancer involved in the floor of the mouth) and 4 cases of buccal and oral cancer. Four forms of radial collateral artery perforator flaps were used: single perforator flaps for 6 cases, double perforators flaps for 7 cases, flaps without perforator visualization for 10 cases and chimeric perforator myocutaneous flaps for 5 cases. The recipient vessels were the superior thyroid artery and superior thyroid vein, and if second concomitant vein available, it was anastomosed with internal jugular vein in end-to-side fashion. SPSS 20.0 statistical software was used to analyze the data. Results: The mean length of flaps was (9.7±0.4) cm, mean width (4.4±0.3) cm and mean thickness (1.1±0.4) cm. The mean length of the vascular pedicles was (7.1±0.6)cm (6.0-8.0 cm), the mean diameter of the radial accessory arteries was (1.1±0.3)mm (0.8-1.3 mm). Eleven cases(39.3%) had respectively one accompanying vein and 17 cases(60.7%) had respectively two accompanying veins, with the mean diameter of (1.1±0.3) mm (0.8-1.3 mm). All the 28 flaps survived, the donor and recipient wounds healed in one stage, the appearances of the flaps were satisfactory, only linear scars remained in the donor sites, and the upper arm functions were not significantly affected. Follow up for 12-43 months showed that the flaps were soft with partially mucosalization, the reconstructed tongue and buccal cavity were in good shape, and the swallowing and language functions were satisfactory. The swallowing and language functions were retained to the greatest extent in 3 cases with near total tongue resection, although the functions were still significantly affected. There was no local recurrence of the tumor during follow-up. One case had regional lymph node metastasis, and further lymph node dissection and comprehensive treatment were performed, with satisfactory outcomes. Conclusions: The vascular pedicle of the radial collateral artery perforator flap has a constant anatomy, which can be prepared in different forms to improve the safety of the operation and minimize the donor site damage. It is an ideal choice for the repair of small and medium-sized defects after oral tumor surgery.

Male , Female , Humans , Perforator Flap/transplantation , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Arm/surgery , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Arteries , Skin Transplantation , Treatment Outcome
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1683-1688, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971351


OBJECTIVES@#Occult cervical lymph node metastasis is the most important reason for recurrence of early-stage tongue cancer and oropharyngeal cancer. Cervical sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy may help to identify them. Pigment dyes and radionuclide were used to label SLN. Both of them had shortage. This study aims to investigate the application and clinical value of indocyanine green fluorescence imaging in cervical SLN biopsy for patients with early-stage tongue cancer and oropharyngeal cancer.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis was conducted on 23 patients with early tongue cancer and oropharyngeal cancer, who received surgical treatment and used indocyanine green as a tracer to find SLN in Hunan Cancer Hospital from April to October 2021. The detection rate of SLN was calculated and the distribution of SLN in different regions of the neck was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#SLN was successfully identified in 22 of 23 patients, with a detection rate of 95.65%. Among these 22 patients, 3 patients were found to have cancer metastasis, and the rate of occult lymph node metastasis was 13.63%. No pathologically positive lymph nodes were detected in SLN-negative patients, and thus the positive predictive rate was 100%. For patients with primary lesions located in the anterior 2/3 of the tongue, the constituent ratios of SLN in neck area I, II, III, and IV were 15.15%, 71.72%, 13.13%, and 0, respectively. For patients with primary lesions located in base of the tongue, the constituent ratios of SLN in neck area I, II, III, and IV were 0, 44.44%, 44.44%, and 11.12%, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Indocyanine green fluorescence imaging has a high detection rate with accurate positive prediction in the anterior cervical SLN biopsy in patients with early-stage tongue cancer and oropharyngeal cancer. Meanwhile, it can also reflect the lymphatic drainage of tumors located at different primary sites, which has high clinical value.

Humans , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Indocyanine Green , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Tongue
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(3): 203-206, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1373416


Objetivo: Reportar un caso de schwannoma lingual, así como revisar las características diagnósticas (clínicas, por imágenes e histopatológicas) y terapéuticas de esta patología mediante las publicaciones disponibles. Caso clínico: Se presenta un caso de schwannoma in- traoral en un hombre de 26 años de edad con un tumor ubica- do en el tercio anterior de la lengua. Se resolvió mediante un único procedimiento quirúrgico bajo anestesia local sin obser- varse recidivas ni secuelas al menos a 12 meses de seguimien- to a distancia. El schwannoma de la lengua es poco frecuente pero sus características clínico-imagenológicas presentan ras- gos benignos que favorecen la resolución mediante una única biopsia quirúrgica total cuando el tamaño y la ubicación sean propicios para ello (AU)

To describe a case of lingual schwannoma, and through a literature review, to provide data on clinical, imaging and pathological features, as well as treatment methods. Clinical case: A 26-year-old male patient with a swelling in the tip of the tongue was diagnosed as having oral schwannoma. A single surgery was performed, without recurrence or postoperative complications at least during a 12-month follow-up. Lingual schwannoma is a rare entity with benign clinical and imaging characteristics that ena- ble surgical removal without prior biopsy when size and oral location are favorable (AU))

Humans , Male , Adult , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Tongue/pathology , Biopsy , Tongue Neoplasms/diagnosis , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Neurilemmoma/diagnosis , Neurilemmoma/pathology
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 595-604, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155768


Abstract Background and objectives: In this study, we aimed to investigate the predictive value of different airway assessment tools, including parts of the Simplified Predictive Intubation Difficulty Score (SPIDS), the SPIDS itself and the Thyromental Height Test (TMHT), in intubations defined as difficult by the Intubation Difficulty Score (IDS) in a group of patients who have head and neck pathologies. Methods: One hundred fifty-three patients who underwent head and neck surgeries were included in the study. The Modified Mallampati Test (MMT) result, Thyromental Distance (TMD), Ratio of the Height/Thyromental Distance (RHTMD), TMHT, maximum range of head and neck motion and mouth opening were measured. The SPIDSs were calculated, and the IDSs were determined. Results: A total of 25.4% of the patients had difficult intubations. SPIDS scores >10 had 86.27% sensitivity, 71.57% specificity and 91.2% Negative Predictive Value (NPV). The results of the Receiver Operating Curve (ROC) analysis for the airway screening tests and SPIDS revealed that the SPIDS had the highest area under the curve; however, it was statistically similar to other tests, except for the MMT. Conclusions: The current study demonstrates the practical use of the SPIDS in predicting intubation difficulty in patients with head and neck pathologies. The performance of the SPIDS in predicting airway difficulty was found to be as efficient as those of the other tests evaluated in this study. The SPIDS may be considered a comprehensive, detailed tool for predicting airway difficulty.

Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Neste estudo, avaliamos o valor preditivo de diferentes ferramentas de avaliação das vias aéreas, incluindo componentes do Escore Simplificado Preditivo de Intubação Difícil (ESPID), o próprio ESPID e a Medida da Altura Tireomentoniana (MATM), em intubações definidas como difícies pelo Escore de Dificuldade de Intubação (EDI) em um grupo de pacientes com patologia de cabeça e pescoço. Método: Incluímos no estudo 153 pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de cabeça e pescoço. Coletamos os resultados do Teste de Mallampati Modificado (TMM), Distância Tireomentoniana (DTM), Razão Altura/Distância Tireomentoniana (RADTM), MATM, amplitude máxima de movimentação da cabeça e pescoço e da abertura da boca. Os ESPIDs foram calculados e os EDIs, determinados. Resultados: Observamos intubação difícil em 25,4% dos pacientes. Os escores de ESPID > 10 tiveram sensibilidade de 86,27%, especificidade de 71,57% e valor preditivo negativo de 91,2% (VPN). O resultado da análise da curva de operação do receptor (curva ROC) para os testes de avaliação das vias aéreas e ESPID mostrou que o ESPID tinha a maior área sob a curva; no entanto, foi estatisticamente semelhante a outros testes, exceto para o TMM. Conclusões: O presente estudo demonstra o uso prático do ESPID na previsão da dificuldade de intubação em pacientes com patologia de cabeça e pescoço. O desempenho do ESPID na predição de via aérea difícil mostrou-se tão eficiente quanto os demais testes avaliados neste estudo. O ESPID pode ser considerado ferramenta abrangente e detalhada para prever via aérea difícil.

Humans , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Neck/surgery , Neck Dissection/statistics & numerical data , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Range of Motion, Articular , Sensitivity and Specificity , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Mandibular Advancement , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Intubation, Intratracheal/instrumentation , Laryngectomy/statistics & numerical data , Maxillofacial Injuries/surgery , Middle Aged , Mouth/physiology , Neck/anatomy & histology
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190198, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056596


Abstract Pathological parameters have been indicated as tumor prognostic factors in oral carcinoma. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of pathological parameters on prognosis of patients affected only by tongue and/or floor of the mouth squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Methodology: In total, 380 patients treated in the Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA) from 1999 to 2006 were included. These patients underwent radical resection followed by neck dissection. The clinical and pathological characteristics were recorded. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model were used in survival analysis. Overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and disease-free interval (DFI) were estimated. Cox residuals were evaluated using the R software version 3.5.2. Worst OS, CSS and DFI were observed in patients with tumors in advanced pathological stages (p<0.001), with the presence of perineural invasion (p<0.001) and vascular invasion (p=0.005). Results: Advanced pathological stage and the presence of a poorly differentiated tumor were independent prognostic factors for OS and CSS. However, advanced pathological stage and perineural invasion were independent predictors of a shorter OS, DFI and CSS. Conclusion: Pathological stage and perineural invasion were the most significant pathological variables in survival analysis in tongue and/or floor of the mouth SCC.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Mouth Floor/pathology , Neck Dissection/methods , Time Factors , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Mouth Neoplasms/mortality , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Tongue Neoplasms/mortality , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality , Regression Analysis , Disease-Free Survival , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Grading/methods , Neoplasm Staging
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(4): 149-152, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099849


La presencia de tejido tiroideo ectópico en la base de la lengua es muy infrecuente, y la mayoría de los pacientes tienen hipotiroidismo. La indicación de tratamiento depende de la presencia o no de síntomas; la cirugía es la primera elección. Diversas técnicas quirúrgicas han sido descriptas, pero para nosotros el abordaje transoral con endoscopios constituye la mejor opción, por la buena exposición y la mínima morbilidad que produce. Se describe el caso clínico de una mujer que consultó por odinofagia, con diagnóstico de tiroides lingual y que fue tratada con éxito mediante un abordaje transoral con asistencia de endoscopios. (AU)

The presence of ectopic thyroid tissue at the base of the tongue is very rare, and most patients have hypothyroidism. The indication of treatment depends on the presence or not of symptoms, surgery being the first choice. Various surgical techniques have been described, being for us the transoral approach with endoscopes the best option, due to the good exposure, and minimum morbidity that it produces. The clinical case of a woman who consulted for odynophagia, with a diagnosis of lingual thyroid and who was successfully treated by a transoral approach with endoscopic assistance is described. (AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Lingual Thyroid/surgery , Signs and Symptoms , Surgical Procedures, Operative/classification , Thyroxine/administration & dosage , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Enalapril/therapeutic use , Pharyngitis , Lingual Thyroid/physiopathology , Lingual Thyroid/therapy , Lingual Thyroid/epidemiology , Lingual Thyroid/diagnostic imaging , Dyspnea , Endoscopy/methods , Hemorrhage , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypothyroidism/complications
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 354-359, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040017


Abstract Introduction Schwannomas are benign, solitary, encapsulated tumors that may originate at any site of the peripheral nervous system, with the exception of the olfactory and optic nerves. Schwannomas of the base of tongue are very rare, and only sporadic cases are documented. The tongue base represents a challenge for surgeons. Carbon dioxide (CO2) laser might provide an effective surgical option for such lesions because of the easy access to the lesion, the bloodless surgical field and optimum epithelization of wounds. Objective We present an unusual case of pedunculated schwannoma of the tongue base treated via transoral CO2-assisted excision. We also provide a review of the available literature, in English language, on humans. Data synthesis The authors searched the PubMed database and Google up to July 2018. The following search terms were applied: tongue and lingual, combined with schwannoma and neurilemmoma. Titles and abstracts were screened, and, then, only supraglottic (hypopharyngeal) tongue base masses were considered. Fourteen articles were included in this review, reporting 17 cases. The age of the patients ranged from 9 to 39 years, affecting predominantly females. Dysphagia and lump sensations were the most common presenting symptoms, and the mean follow-up period range was 1.5 to 60 months (mean = 13 months). There was no evidence of recurrence in any of the cases. Conclusion We could conclude that tongue base schwannomas are rare. Transoral complete excision of the tumor is the treatment of choice. CO2 laser surgery is a minimally invasive treatment option that has been performed in few reports with no recurrence and with favorable outcomes.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Carbon Dioxide/therapeutic use , Laser Therapy/methods , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Diagnosis, Differential , Neurilemmoma/diagnosis , Neurilemmoma/pathology
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 10(3): 103-106, jul. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-998990


The lingual thyroid carcinoma is very uncommon neoplasia with an incidence of less than 1 percent. The papillary variant is the most frequent. Cervical MRI helps differentiate muscle from thyroid tissue. The definitive diagnosis is given by histology. Management is similar to that of orthotopic thyroid cancer. We present the case of a 23-year-old woman with hypothyroidism undergoing treatment with dysphagia and sensation of pharyngeal foreign body and malodorous oral bleeding. Nasopharyngoscopy showed a rounded mass at the base of the tongue; the biopsy was compatible with thyroid neoplasia. Image study with ultrasound confirms empty thyroid bed with presence of lingual ectopic thyroid. The team of surgeons performed surgery with Trotter Technique, they removed a tumor of 4 centimeters of diameter. The definitive biopsy concludes minimally invasive follicular carcinoma. The treatment was completed with 100 mCi of radioiodine. Systemic screening at 7 days was negative, as the post-operative thyroglobulin (Tg)

Humans , Female , Young Adult , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/diagnosis , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Papillary, Follicular/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Papillary, Follicular/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Papillary, Follicular/surgery , Lingual Thyroid
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(5): 472-480, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-797978


ABSTRACT Objective Since the tongue is the oral structure responsible for mastication, pronunciation, and swallowing functions, patients who undergo glossectomy can be affected in various aspects of these functions. The vowel /i/ uses the tongue shape, whereas /u/ uses tongue and lip shapes. The purpose of this study is to investigate the morphological changes of the tongue and the adaptation of pronunciation using cine MRI for speech of patients who undergo glossectomy. Material and Methods Twenty-three controls (11 males and 12 females) and 13 patients (eight males and five females) volunteered to participate in the experiment. The patients underwent glossectomy surgery for T1 or T2 lateral lingual tumors. The speech tasks “a souk” and “a geese” were spoken by all subjects providing data for the vowels /u/ and /i/. Cine MRI and speech acoustics were recorded and measured to compare the changes in the tongue with vowel acoustics after surgery. 2D measurements were made of the interlip distance, tongue-palate distance, tongue position (anterior-posterior and superior-inferior), tongue height on the left and right sides, and pharynx size. Vowel formants Fl, F2, and F3 were measured. Results The patients had significantly lower F2/Fl ratios (F=5.911, p=0.018), and lower F3/F1 ratios that approached significance. This was seen primarily in the /u/ data. Patients had flatter tongue shapes than controls with a greater effect seen in /u/ than /i/. Conclusion The patients showed complex adaptation motion in order to preserve the acoustic integrity of the vowels, and the tongue modified cavity size relationships to maintain the value of the formant frequencies.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pharynx/pathology , Speech/physiology , Tongue/physiopathology , Tongue/pathology , Glossectomy/rehabilitation , Pharynx/physiopathology , Postoperative Period , Reference Values , Speech Acoustics , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Tongue Neoplasms/physiopathology , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine , Anatomic Landmarks , Neoplasm Staging
Rev. chil. cir ; 68(2): 180-185, abr. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-784851


Malignant tumors of tongue are a common pathology with high morbidity and mortality. Treatment requires surgical oncology and systemic management, with the respective reconstruction in order to achieve an adequate quality of life, due to the primary function of the tongue during feeding, communication, social and labor interaction. That is why the choice of donor tissue for reconstruction depends heavily on its characteris-tics and the type of defect, essential to obtain favorable results in the patients. A review of the classification of resulting defects after tongue's tumors resection is performed, and management algorithm and microvascular free flaps more frequently used in this type of reconstruction.

Los tumores malignos de lengua son una patología frecuente con alto grado de morbilidad y mortalidad. Su tratamiento requiere manejo quirúrgico y sistémico oncológico, con la respectiva reconstrucción, para lograr así una adecuada calidad de vida, debido a la función primordial de la lengua durante la alimentación, la comunicación, la interacción social y laboral. Es por esto que la elección de los tejidos donantes para ello depende en gran medida de sus características y del tipo de defecto, aspecto fundamental para obtener resultados favorables en los pacientes. Se realiza una revisión de la clasificación de los defectos resultantes después de la resección de tumores de lengua, un algoritmo de manejo y los colgajos libres microvasculares más utilizados en este tipo de reconstrucción.

Humans , Surgical Flaps , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 12(4): 477-479, Oct-Dec/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732445


Objective To evaluate the effect of time between surgery and postoperative radiation therapy on local recurrence of squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and floor of the mouth. Methods A total of 154 patients treated between 1996 and 2007 were selected considering local recurrence rate and time of the adjuvant radiotherapy. Results Local recurrence was diagnosed in 54 (35%) patients. Radiation therapy reduced the rate of local recurrences, although with no statistical significance. The time between surgery and initiation of postoperative radiotherapy did not significantly influence the risk of local recurrence in patients referred to adjuvant treatment (p=0.49). Conclusion In the presence of risk factors for local recurrence, a short delay in starting the adjuvant radiation therapy does not contraindicate its performance. .

Objetivo Avaliar o efeito do tempo entre o tratamento cirúrgico e a radioterapia pós-operatória nas recidivas locais do carcinoma epidermoide de língua e soalho da boca. Métodos Foram selecionados 154 pacientes tratados entre 1996 e 2007, considerando a frequência das recidivas locais e o tempo para início da radioterapia adjuvante. Resultados As recidivas locais foram diagnosticadas em 54 (35%) pacientes. A radioterapia reduziu a frequência de recidivas locais, embora sem significância estatística. O tempo entre a cirurgia e o início da radioterapia pós-operatória não influenciaram, de forma significante, no risco de recidivas locais entre o pacientes que tinham indicação de tratamento adjuvante (p=0,49). Conclusão Na presença de fatores de risco para recidiva local, um pequeno atraso no início da radioterapia adjuvante não contra-indica sua realização. .

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/radiotherapy , Mouth Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/radiotherapy , Tongue Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Mouth Floor , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/prevention & control , Postoperative Period , Radiotherapy Dosage , Risk Factors , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant/methods , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 79(6): 734-737, Nov-Dec/2013. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-697698


A presença da metástase linfonodal é um fator limitante da sobrevida no câncer da boca. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as causas de falha no tratamento dos carcinomas de língua e soalho de boca em função do estadiamento. MÉTODO: Foram analisados 365 casos de carcinoma epidermoide de boca, tratados de 1978 a 2007, sendo 48 T1, 156 T2, 98 T3 e 63 T4, dos quais 193 foram pNo e 172 pN+. RESULTADOS: Entre os casos pN+, foram observados 17/46 recidivas (36,9%) nos casos não irradiados e 46/126 (36,5%) nos casos irradiados. Quanto aos resgates, nos casos pN0, obtivemos 16/51 (31,3%) e, nos pacientes pN+, de 3/77 (3,9%). CONCLUSÃO: O sucesso dos resgates é menor em pacientes com pN+, com maior recidiva local e menor sobrevida. .

The presence of metastatic nodes is a survival-limiting factor for patients with mouth tumors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the causes of treatment failure in carcinomas of the tongue and floor of the mouth due to staging. METHOD: This study included 365 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the mouth treated from 1978 to 2007; 48 were staged as T1, 156 as T2, 98 as T3, and 63 as T4, of which 193 were pNo and 172 pN+. RESULTS: Among the pN+ cases, 17/46 (36.9%) of the patients not treated with radiation therapy had relapsing tumors, against 46/126 (36.5 %) of the patients who underwent radiation therapy. Success rates in the group of subjects submitted to salvage procedures were 16/51 (31.3%) for pN0 patients and 3/77 (3.9%) for pN+ patients. CONCLUSION: Salvage procedure success and survival rates are lower for pN+ patients; pN+ individuals also have more relapsing local disease. .

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality , Mouth Floor/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/mortality , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Disease-Free Survival , Lymphatic Metastasis , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Recurrence , Tongue Neoplasms/mortality , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 79(2): 190-195, mar.-abr. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-673226


Há décadas se conhece a importância de se obter margens livres de neoplasia quando da ressecção de neoplasias de boca. OBJETIVO: Correlacionar achados clínico-patológicos com status de margem cirúrgica em pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular da língua e do assoalho da boca. MÉTODO: Forma de estudo: Estudo de coorte histórico, com corte transversal, envolvendo todos os pacientes submetidos à ressecção de carcinomas espinocelulares da língua oral e assoalho bucal entre os anos de 2007 e 2011 pelo Serviço de Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço da nossa Instituição. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 117 casos, sendo 68.3% dos tumores localizados na língua. A relação homem:mulher foi de 2.3:1 e a média de idade foi de 57,6 anos. Ao todo, 23,0% dos casos tiveram margens de ressecção livres e amplas, 60,6% exíguas e 16,2% comprometidas. Diâmetro tumoral e espessura apresentaram correlação com margens de ressecção, sendo os tumores de estádio T mais elevados mais propensos à ressecção com margem insatisfatória. Casos operados com margens livres e amplas tiveram seus tumores ressecados mais comumente com técnicas trans-orais. CONCLUSÕES: Evidenciamos correlação entre tumores de maior volume, tanto em diâmetro quanto em espessura, com margens de ressecção insatisfatórias. Técnicas cirúrgicas de maior complexidade não tiveram associação com melhores margens de ressecção.

The importance of having tumor-free margins when resecting oral neoplasms has been known for decades. OBJECTIVE: To correlate clinical and pathology data to surgical margin status in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and floor of the mouth. METHOD: This historical cohort cross-sectional study included all patients submitted to squamous cell carcinoma resection for tumors of the oral tongue and floor of the mouth between 2007 and 2011 at the Head and Neck Surgery service of our institution. RESULTS: In the 117 cases included, 68.3% had tongue tumors. The male-to-female ratio was 2.3:1 and patient mean age was 57.6 years. Broad free resection margins were seen in 23.0% of the cases; narrow margins in 60.6% of the cases; and compromised margins in 16.2%. Tumor diameter and thickness were correlated to resection margins. Tumors in more advanced T-stages presented more unsatisfactory margins. Patients operated with broad free margins had their tumors resected more commonly through transoral approaches. CONCLUSIONS: Tumors of larger volume both in terms of diameter and thickness were more correlated to unsatisfactory resection margins. Higher complexity procedures were not associated with better resection margins.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Tumor Burden , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Neoplasm, Residual , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/prevention & control , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 16(3): 414-417, jul.-set. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-646382


Introduction: macroglossia is a condition which influences the size and shape of the teeth employed due to the forces on teeth. Objective: To establish bases for the indication of partial glossectomy associated with orthodontic treatment and surgical dento-facial deformity in patients without tumors and Down syndrome as a cause of macroglossia. Case reports: Three patients underwent orthognathic surgery associated with partial glossectomy under general anesthesia. All patients had macroglossia relative and underwent clinical assessment taking into account the respiratory function, swallowing and speech deficits and radiological evaluation. The technique used consist of segmental resection along the median raphe of the tongue and suture by planes. We used rigid skeletal fixation with titanium plates and screws so that patients could stay without intermaxillary block in the immediate postoperative period. Were followed over five years. The symptoms regressed completely and all skeletal segments remained stable. Discussion: The decision to refer the patient to partial glossectomy should be based on the volume of the language, mobility, position, function, symptoms, speech intelligibility, skeletal anterior open bite, interference in orthodontic treatment, drooling, swallowing and tongue trauma applicant...

Humans , Male , Female , Orthodontic Appliances/classification , Follow-Up Studies , Glossectomy/methods , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Tongue Neoplasms/diagnosis
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 78(3): 86-90, maio-jun. 2012. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-638587


A presença de linfonodos metastáticos é aspecto relevante no prognóstico do câncer bucal. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a densidade do linfonodo metastático (pN+) em pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular (CEC) de língua e soalho bucal e sua relação com a sobrevida livre de doença (SLD). MÉTODOS: De 1985 a 2007, 182 pacientes foram avaliados, dos quais 169 eram homens, sendo cinco estádio I, 35 estádio II, 56 estádio III e 85 estádio IV. A densidade do linfonodo foi mensurada por meio de sua mediana e a SLD pelo método de Kaplan-Meier e a diferença de grupo pelo teste log-rank. RESULTADOS:Após média de dissecção de 3,2 linfonodos metastáticos com pacientes, a densidade variou de 0,009 a 0,4, com média 0,09. A SLD a 5 anos foi de 44% e 28% para grupos com densidade linfonodal abaixo e acima da mediana (p = 0,006). O controle loco-regional a 2 anos foi de 71% e 49% para os casos com densidade abaixo e acima da mediana (p = 0,01). Quanto ao estádio pN, o controle loco-regional foi de 70% e 54% para os casos pN1 e pN2, sem significância estatística (0,20%). CONCLUSÃO: A densidade linfonodal pode ser utilizada como indicador prognóstico no CEC de língua e soalho bucal.

The presence of metastatic lymph nodes is a relevant prognostic factor in oral cancer. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to assess metastatic lymph node density (pN+) in patients with tongue and floor-of-mouth squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and the association of this parameter with disease-free survival (DFS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 182 patients seen between 1985 and 2007 was included, 169 of which were males. Five were on stage I, 35 on stage II, 56 on stage III, and 85 on stage IV. Median values were considered in lymph node density assessment, and the Kaplan-Meier curve was used to evaluate DFS; survival differences within the group were elicited through the log-rank test. RESULTS: An average 3.2 metastatic lymph nodes were excised from the patients in the group. Density ranged from 0.009 to 0.4, with a mean value of 0.09. Five-year DFS rates were of 44% and 28% for the groups with lymph node densities below and above the median respectively (p = 0.006). Two-year local/regional control was achieved for 71% and 49% for the patients below and above the median density respectively (p = 0.01). In terms of pN staging, local/regional control was achieved in 70% and 54% of pN1 and pN2 patients respectively, albeit without statistical significance (0.20%). CONCLUSION: Lymph node density may be used as a prognostic indicator for tongue and floor-of-mouth SCC.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/secondary , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Disease-Free Survival , Lymphatic Metastasis , Lymph Nodes/surgery , Mouth Floor/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Neck Dissection , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Recurrence , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 78(2): 22-26, mar.-abr. 2012. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-622839


A presença de linfonodos metastáticos é aspecto relevante no tratamento do câncer na cabeça e pescoço, resultando em 50% de redução na sobrevida. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o número de linfonodos removidos no esvaziamento cervical e sua relação com o prognóstico. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de 143 pacientes portadores de carcinoma epidermoide de língua e soalho bucal, cujo exame histológico evidenciou ausência de metástases linfonodais. Desses, 119 eram masculinos e 24 femininos, com idade média de 54 anos. Quanto ao sítio do tumor primário, 65 eram na língua e 78 no soalho bucal. A distribuição do estádio T foi de quatro T1, 84 T2, 36 T3 e 19 T4. Foram realizados 176 esvaziamentos cervicais, sendo unilateral em 110 casos e bilateral em 33. Desses, 78 radicais e 98 seletivos. Os pacientes foram separados em três grupos, de acordo com os percentis 33 e 66 do número de linfonodos ressecados. RESULTADOS: O número médio de linfonodos ressecados foi de 27, sendo 24 nos esvaziamentos seletivos e 31 nos completos. Não foram observadas diferenças estatisticamente significantes quando relacionado aos estádios T e N. CONCLUSÕES: O maior número de linfonodos dissecados no esvaziamento cervical identifica um grupo de melhor prognóstico nos casos pN0.

The presence of metastatic lymph nodes is a relevant aspect in the treatment of head and neck cancer, bringing about a 50% reduction in survival. OBJECTIVE: To assess the number of lymph nodes removed in the neck dissection and their relationship with the prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective study involving 143 patients with tongue and mouth floor epidermoid carcinoma, which histological exam showed no lymph node metastases. Among those, 119 were males and 24 females, with mean age of 54 years. As to the primary tumor site, 65 were in the tongue and 78 in the mouth floor. T stage distribution was of four T1, 84 T2, 36 T3 and 19 T4. We carried out 176 neck dissections, unilateral in 110 cases and bilateral in 33. Of these, 78 were radical and 98 selective. The patients were broken down into three groups, according to the 33 and 66 percentiles of the number of lymph nodes resected. RESULTS: The mean number of resected lymph nodes was 27; 24 in selective dissections and 31 in the complete ones. We did not have statistically significant differences when associated to the T and N stages. CONCLUSIONS: The larger number of lymph nodes dissected in the neck dissection identifies the group of better prognoses among pN0 cases.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Lymph Node Excision/statistics & numerical data , Lymph Nodes/surgery , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/secondary , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Lymphatic Metastasis , Mouth Floor , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology