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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211632, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282550

ABSTRACT

Non-carious cervical lesions cause destructive dental disorders that actively contribute to the progressive loss of dental structure and the immediate need for dental treatment, due to their multiple symptoms and factors that produce them. Aim: The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between extrinsic factors and non-carious cervical lesions in patients of the National Hospital Hipólito Unánue. Methods: The research was of a descriptive correlative type. The sample consisted of male and female patients between 18 and 65 years old, who attended the carielogy service of this hospital. For data collection, 2 questionnaires were used to estimate the values of the extrinsic factors that allowed us to obtain the necessary information on the variables to be studied. Spearman's Rho was applied to determine the relationship between the variable's study. Results: According to Spearman's Rho of 0.622, compared to p-0.000 <0.01. Between the variables studied; extrinsic factors and noncarious cervical lesions there is a moderate and significant positive correlation. Conclusion: Through this section it was possible to demonstrate the existing relationship between extrinsic variable factors and non-carious cervical lesions, therefore it was concluded that there is a moderate and significant positive correlation in the sample comprised by the patients of the Hospital in mention


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tooth Abrasion , Tooth Erosion , Dental Stress Analysis , Dentin , Tooth Wear
2.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(3): 485-490, dez 20, 2021. fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354357

ABSTRACT

Introdução: os dentes artificiais de resina acrílica são amplamente utilizados na confecção de próteses, por apresentarem propriedades físicas, mecânicas e biológicas, além de características de fácil manuseio. No entanto, devido sua característica de baixa resistência à abrasão, a escovação pode levar à perda de massa dos dentes artificiais e aumento da rugosidade. Objetivo: avaliar de forma qualitativa a rugosidade superficial e polimento de dentes artificiais das marcas Hereaus Premium; Trilux e Vita, após período de 1 ano de escovação, com fotografias em Lupa Estereoscópica. Metodologia: para a realização deste estudo, serão utilizados 10 dentes artificiais de cada marca comercial (Trilux, Vita e Hereaus Premium). Os dentes serão fixados com resina ortoftálica em tubo de PVC de 15 mm de espessura. Para o teste de abrasão, será usada uma máquina de escovação simulada com escovas de dentes de cerdas macias e solução de pasta de dente. As imagens serão obtidas com câmera digital acoplada a lupa estereoscópica. A rugosidade superficial e o polimento serão analisados antes da escovação simulada e após 12 meses de escovação através das imagens. Resultados: após o teste de abrasão foi observado a presença de um desgaste superficial e/ou ranhuras na superfície dos dentes artificiais em todos os grupos. Porém não houve um padrão similar entre os corpos de prova de um mesmo grupo. Conclusão: Pode-se concluir que a escovação provocou o aumento da rugosidade superficial e alteração no polimento em todos os dentes artificiais utilizados.


Introduction: acrylic resin artificial teeth are widely used in the manufacture of dentures, as they have physical, mechanical and biological properties, in addition to easy handling characteristics. However, due to its characteristic of low abrasion resistance, brushing can lead to loss of mass of artificial teeth and increase in roughness. Objective: qualitatively evaluate the surface roughness and polishing of artificial teeth of Hereaus Premium brands; Trilux and Vita, after a 1-year brushing period, with photographs using a Stereoscopic Magnifying Glass. Methodology: for this study, 10 artificial teeth of each commercial brand will be used (Trilux, Vita and Hereaus Premium). Teeth will be fixed with orthophthalic resin in a 15 mm thick PVC tube. For the abrasion test, a simulated brushing machine with soft bristle toothbrushes and toothpaste solution will be used. Images will be obtained with a digital camera coupled to a stereoscopic magnifying glass. Surface roughness and polishing will be analyzed before simulated brushing and after 12 months of brushing through the images. Results: after the abrasion test, the presence of surface wear and/ or grooves on the surface of the artificial teeth was observed in all groups. However, there was no similar pattern between the specimens of the same group. Conclusion: it can be concluded that brushing caused an increase in surface roughness and change in polishing in all artificial teeth used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Abrasion , Tooth, Artificial , Acrylic Resins , Toothbrushing , Review
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(2): 333-340, set 29, 2021. fig, ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354641

ABSTRACT

Introdução: os dentifrícios clareadores têm sido desenvolvidos para oferecer um melhoramento estético, porém por apresentarem maior abrasividade podem desenvolver efeitos adversos na superfície de materiais restauradores, como um aumento da rugosidade superficial, comprometendo a sobrevida das restaurações. Objetivo: analisar a rugosidade e o comportamento da massa de duas resinas compostas submetidas em laboratório à escovação com água destilada (controle) e com dentifrício abrasivo (DA) ­ Colgate Luminous White®. Metodologia: foram confeccionadas 40 amostras, 20 a partir da Resina fotopolimerizável Opallis Lab® e 20 de blocos para sistema CAD/CAM Brava Block®, divididos em quatro grupos: Opallis Lab® + água destilada, Opallis Lab® + DA, Brava Block® + água destilada, Brava Block® + DA. As amostras foram pesadas e a rugosidade aferida antes e após a escovação. Foi utilizada uma máquina de escovação em 14.690 ciclos para simulação de um ano de escovação. Os dados foram tabulados e analisados quanto à variância (ANOVA) e posteriormente realizados o teste de Tukey, comparando as médias, duas a duas. Resultados: quanto ao DA, a resina fotopolimerizável apresentou comportamento limítrofe comparado ao grupo controle, já o bloco CAD/CAM foi estatisticamente significante. Em ambos, a rugosidade reduziu no grupo controle enquanto que no grupo teste aumentou. A perda de massa apenas, foi estatisticamente significante na resina fotopolimerizável. Quando comparados os tipos de resina, não houve significância estatística quanto à rugosidade e a perda de massa. Conclusão: as resinas apresentam comportamentos semelhantes, mas os dentifrícios abrasivos não são recomendados para escovação de materiais restauradores, pois interferem negativamente na rugosidade


Introduction: whitening dentifrices have been developed to offer an aesthetic improvement, however because of their high abrasiveness, may develop adverse effects on the surface of restorative materials, may develop adverse effects on the surface of restorative materials, such as increased surface roughness, compromising the survival of restorations. Objective: analyze the roughness and mass loss of two laboratory composite resins subjected to brushing with distilled water (control) and with abrasive dentifrice (AD), Colgate Luminous White®. Methodology: were prepared 20 samples, 20 from light-curing resin Opallis Lab® and 20 from blocks for CAD/CAM system (Brava Block®), divided into four groups: Opallis Lab® + distilled water, Opallis Lab® + AD, Brava Block® + distilled water, Brava Block® + AD. The samples were weighed and the roughness measured before and after brushing. A brushing machine was used in 14,690 cycles simulating 1 year of brushing. Data were tabulated and analyzed for variance (ANOVA) and later performed the Tukey test, comparing the means, two to two. Results: as for the AD, the light-curing resin presented borderline behavior compared to the control group, when the CAD/CAM block was statistically significant. In both, the roughness decreased in the control group while in the test group it increased. The weight loss was only statistically significant in the light-cured resin. When comparing the types of resin, there wasn't statistical significance as for roughness and weight loss. Conclusion: the tested resins have similar behaviors, but abrasive dentifrices are not recommended for brushing restorative materials, because they interfere negatively in the roughness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tooth Abrasion , Toothbrushing , Composite Resins , Dentifrices , Tooth , Distilled Water , Analytical Methods
4.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 166-174, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1344665

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de lesões cervicais não cariosas em crianças na dentição decídua e possíveis fatores etiológicos associados. Métodos:Após a aprovação do Comitê de Ética ­ CEP/UESPI (3.289.732), o estudo transversal foi realizado em 360 crianças com idade entre 2 a 6 anos, de escolas públicas e privadas, divididas em dois grupos: G1 (com lesões cervicais) e G2 (sem lesões cervicais). Foi aplicado um questionário aos pais, seguido do exame clínico das crianças. Foram consideradas lesões detectadas pelo tato e visualmente. Foram realizadas avaliações das médias e dos desvios padrão para variáveis quantitativas. Obteve-se porcentagens e frequências, realizando-se análises de associação entre as variáveis qualitativas a partir do qui-quadrado e comparação da idade média a partir do teste t (p < 0,05). Resultados: Somente lesões do tipo abfração foram encontradas na amostra (5%) e os indivíduos de raça branca apresentaram uma maior prevalência em relação aos demais (55,5%). Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa (p < 0,001) e essas lesões foram identificadas somente em escolas privadas. Quanto ao sexo, em G1, houve diferença estatisticamente significativa, (p = 0,01) com maior prevalência no masculino (66,7%). Os dentes mais acometidos em ordem decrescente foram os caninos e incisivos centrais superiores seguidos dos caninos e incisivos centrais inferiores. Conclusão: A prevalência de lesões cervicais não cariosas, do tipo abfração, em crianças de 2 a 6 anos de idade foi de 5%, tendo sido encontradas somente em escolas privadas, com predominância no sexo masculino. Houve associação entre a abfração e o tipo de escova utilizada na escovação dentária, apresentando maior frequência de lesões quando escovas duras eram utilizadas e escovação forte era executada.


Aim:To determine the prevalence of non-carious cervical lesions in children in the primary dentition and possible associated etiological factors. Method: After approval by the Ethics Committee - CEP / UESPI (3,289,732) ­ this cross-sectional study was carried out on 360 children, from 2 to 6 years of age, from public and private schools, divided into two groups: G1 (with cervical lesions) and G2 (without cervical lesions). A questionnaire was applied to the parents, followed by the children's clinical examination. Lesions detected by touch and visually were considered. Evaluations of means and standard deviations were performed for quantitative variables. Percentages and frequencies were obtained, analyzing the association between qualitative variables based on the chi-square test and comparing the average age using the t test (p < 0.05). Results:Only abfraction-type lesions were found in the sample (5%), and white individuals presented a higher prevalence in relation to the others (55.5%). There was a statistically significant difference (p < 0.001), and these lesions were found only in private schools. As for sex, in G1, there was a statistically significant difference (p = 0.01) with a higher prevalence in males (66.7%). The most affected teeth in decreasing order were the canines and upper central incisors, followed by the canines and lower central incisors. Conclusion: The prevalence of non-carious cervical lesions of the abfraction type in children from 2 to 6 years of age was 5%, which was only found in private schools, with a predominance in males. An association was found between the abfraction and the type of brush used in toothbrushing, with a higher frequency of lesions when hard brushes were used and strong brushing was performed.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth Abrasion , Tooth, Deciduous , Tooth Erosion , Dental Care for Children , Neck Injuries , Dentistry, Operative , Tooth Wear
5.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210051, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352134

ABSTRACT

Introduction The non-carious cervical lesion (NCCL) is currently a common oral disease. Objective This observational and descriptive study aimed to assess risk factors associated with non-carious cervical lesions, cervical dentin hypersensitivity (CDH), gingival recession (GR) and the relationship between these conditions in students in the last years of undergraduate dentistry. Material and method One hundred eighty-five dentistry students from a private college in Ceará with an average of 22.7 ± 2.3 years participated by filling out a google docs form. Two calibrated examiners performed the exams to verify the presence of NCCL, CDH and RG. Result The presence of NCCL was 22.7%, GR was 48.1% and cervical dentin hypersensitivity 8.6%. The chi-square test with p < 0.05% verified a correlation between the presence of NCCL and the presence of GR and CDH. 25% of students had NCCL and 14% considered themselves stressed. There was no association between the variables bruxism and stress (p=0.529), bruxism and year of graduation course (p=0.716), as well as no association between stress and year of course (p = 0.397) was observed. There were no correlations between NCCL and bruxism, muscle symptoms, parafunctional habits and temporomandibular dysfunction. 10.8% of students who reported using legal and illegal drugs had NCCL. Conclusion The NCCL, GR and CDH were correlated in the group of students in the last two years of an undergraduate dentistry course in Ceará.


Introdução A lesão cervical não cariosa (LCNC) é uma doença bucal incidente na atualidade. Objetivo realizar um estudo observacional e descritivo para avaliar fatores de risco associados às lesões cervicais não cariosas, hipersensibilidade dentinária cervical (HDC), recessão gengival (RG) e a relação entre essas condições em estudantes nos últimos anos de graduação em odontologia. Material e método participaram 185 estudantes de odontologia do Ceará com média de 22,7 ± 2,3 anos de idade. Preencheram um formulário do google docs e dois examinadores calibrados realizaram os exames para verificar a presença de LCNC, HDC e RG. Resultado A presença de LCNC foi de 22,7%, a de RG foi de 48,1% e de hipersensibilidade dentinária cervical de 8,6%. O teste qui-quadrado com p < 0,05%, verificou correlação entre a presença de LCNC e a presença de recessão gengival e hipersensibilidade dentinária. Nos alunos do último ano, 25% apresentaram LCNC, dos quais 14% consideravam-se estressados. Não houve associação entre as variáveis bruxismo e estresse (p=0,529), bruxismo e ano do curso da graduação (p=0,716), bem como não foi observada associação de estresse e ano do curso (p = 0,397). Não houve correlação da LCNC e bruxismo, sintomatologia muscular, hábitos parafuncionais e disfunção temporo-mandibular (DTM). Dos alunos que relataram utilizar drogas lícitas e ilícitas, 10,8% apresentaram LCNC. Conclusão A LCNC, RG e HD apresentaram correlação no grupo de estudantes dos dois últimos anos de um curso de graduação em odontologia do Ceará.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Tooth Abrasion , Tooth Erosion , Bruxism , Tooth Attrition , Dentin Sensitivity , Gingival Recession , Stress, Psychological , Students, Dental , Chi-Square Distribution
6.
Rev. cient. Esc. Univ. Cienc. Salud ; 7(1): 42-55, ene.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224626

ABSTRACT

Las lesiones dentales no cariosas comprenden un conjunto de procesos que se caracterizan por la pérdida o el desgaste patológico de los tejidos duros del diente, como ser el esmalte y la dentina. En la etapa inicial es difícil el diagnóstico, cuando la lesión va en aumento y si no es tratada a tiempo ni se modifican los factores de riesgo pueden llegar afectar de manera progresiva la pulpa dental. Estas lesiones han aumentado en los últimos años, debido al mayor tiempo de dientes en boca, acompañado de hábitos parafuncionales y dietas altamente acidas, a esto se le agrega el estrés que también provoca perdida de estructura dental. Por lo que no toda perdida de tejido mineralizado de los diente es provocada por una carga bacteriana. Estas lesionesno cariosas difieren en su etiología, se debe ser muy minucioso en su evaluación clínica y descripción, ya que muchas características clínicas pueden generar un diagnóstico erróneo y por ende un tratamiento no predecible, se debe tomar en consideración la existencia de combinaciones entre lesiones. Objetivo: Conocer la etiología y características clínicas propias de cada lesión, para poder realizar un diagnóstico oportuno y seguro. La revisión se realizó por medio de una búsqueda en internet en los buscadores de Hinari, Science Direct, Google académico, revisando artículos originales y revisiones bibliográficas entre los años de 2014-2019. Conclusiones: Las lesiones dentales no cariosas tienen etiologías multi factoriales, características clínicas diferenciales y puede haber una combinación de varias patologías...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Abrasion/diagnosis , Dental Enamel/injuries , Tooth Erosion , Tooth Attrition/complications
8.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135514

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effect of a calcium nanocompound on the reduction of erosive tooth wear and abrasion. Material and Methods: Bovine enamel specimens (BE), were randomly assigned to the following groups (n = 10): G1 = Calcium mesoporous silica nanoparticles (Ca2+MSNs); G2 = casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP, 2% CPP-ACP, GC®); G3 = casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP, 2% CPP-ACP + 900 ppm F-, GC®); G4 = sodium fluoride NaF (900 ppm F-, positive control); and G5 = distilled and deionized water (negative control). Each product was applied to the exposed area for one minute, three times per day for three consecutive days, and followed by the immersion of the specimens in Sprite Zero™ - a low-pH solution (2.58) for five minutes (Coca-Cola™). After the first and last erosive challenges of the day, the specimens were submitted to abrasion in a toothbrush machine for 15 seconds (200 g/BE). The specimens were analysed using 3D non-contact optical profilometry, with tooth structure loss (TSL) measurements and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). TSL values were analysed by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (p<0.05). Results: There were no significant differences between G1 (10.95 µm) and G3 (10.80 µm) treatments for TSL values; however both resulted in significantly reduced TSL values compared with the G5 (16.00 µm) (p<0.05). The G4 (12.26 µm) showed no statistically significant difference when compared to the G5 (16.00 µm). The groups G1 and G3 presented higher surface preservation than the G5. Conclusion: Ca2+MSNs was effective for reducing tooth surface loss caused by erosive tooth wear and abrasion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Sodium Fluoride/therapeutic use , Tooth Abrasion/pathology , Tooth Erosion/diagnosis , Calcium Fluoride/therapeutic use , Tooth Wear/etiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Enamel , Nanoparticles , Clinical Trial Protocol , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
9.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 49: e20200073, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1156803

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Blue covarine is a pigment that promotes optical changes in dental surfaces, providing whitening. Objective: To evaluate in vitro the effect of bleaching dentifrices containing Blue covarine in nanoparticulate composite resin subjected to artificial darkening. Material and method: One hundred sixty (160) specimens (PBs) of FILTEK Z350XT nanoparticulate composite resin were randomly divided into two experiments: Experiment I - 8 groups (n=10) submitted to brushing with an electric toothbrush for 1 month; Experiment II - 8 groups (n=10) submitted to simulated brushing for 6, 12 and 24 months. Groups were distributed according to the solution/dentifrice tested: CG (distilled water) and 7 test groups (GT1- Coltene Herjos, GT2- Colgate Total 12 Clean Mint, GT3- Colgate Luminous White Brilliant Mint, GT4- Oral B 3D White Perfection, GT5- Close Up White Now Glacier Fresh, GT6- Close Up White Attraction Diamond and GT7- Sorriso Xtreme White Evolution). Result In Experiment I, there was greater ∆E in GT6 in relation to CG, GT2, GT4 and GT5, with no differences among them. In Experiment II, after 24 months of brushing, there was greater ∆E in groups GT6 and GT7. After 24 months of simulated brushing, there was no change in roughness or loss of mass in any group. Conclusion: The whitening effect promoted by dentifrices containing the agent Blue covarine seems to be related to the association of this agent with the abrasives present in the formulations of whitening dentifrices.


Introdução: O Blue covarine é um pigmento que promove alterações ópticas nas superfícies dentárias proporcionando o seu branqueamento. Objetivo: Avaliar in vitro o efeito de dentifrícios branqueadores contendo Blue covarine em resina composta nanoparticulada submetida a escurecimento artificial. Material e método: 160 corpos de prova (CPs) de resina composta nanoparticulada FILTEK Z350XT foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois experimentos: Experimento I- 8 grupos (n=10) submetidos a escovação com escova elétrica por 1 mês; Experimento II- 8 grupos (n=10) submetidos a escovação simulada por 6, 12 e 24 meses. Os grupos foram distribuídos de acordo com a solução/dentifrício testado: GC (água destilada) e 7 grupos teste (GT1-Coltene Herjos, GT2- Colgate Total 12 Clean Mint, GT3- Colgate Luminous White Brilliant Mint, GT4- Oral B 3D White Perfection, GT5- Close Up White Now Glacier Fresh, GT6- Close Up White Attraction Diamond e GT7- Sorriso Xtreme White Evolution). Resultado: No experimento I, houve maior ∆E no GT6 com relação ao GC, GT2, GT4 e GT5, que não diferiram entre si. No experimento II, após 24 meses de escovação houve maior ∆E nos grupos GT6 e GT7. Após 24 meses de escovação simulada não houve alteração da rugosidade nem perda de massa em nenhum grupo. Conclusão: O efeito branqueador promovido pelos dentifrícios contendo o agente Blue covarine parece estar relacionado à associação deste agente com os abrasivos presentes nas formulações dos dentifrícios branqueadores.


Subject(s)
Tooth Abrasion , Tooth Bleaching , In Vitro Techniques , Pigmentation , Composite Resins , Coloring Agents , Toothbrushing , Dentifrices
10.
Periodontia ; 30(3): 8-16, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1129628

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate gingival abrasion of soft toothbrushes. Material and Methods: This randomized, crossover, blind study tested three commercially available manual soft toothbrushes: CURAPROX® 5460 (CPX), Colgate Slim Soft (COG) and ORAL-B® Indicator 30 Plus (ORB). Fifteen men and 15 women were randomly divided into 3 groups (N=10), who used all the brushes in three consecutive stages of 14 days each. Plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and gingival abrasion (GA) were assessed at the end of each experimental stage. Participants were also scored their perception of brush comfort, trauma, and cleanliness with visual analog scales (VAS). Friedman nonparametric test was used to analyze the data (p≤0.05). Results: No statistically significant differences were found among the tested brushes for any of the studied variables. When present, gingival abrasion lesions were mostly small (<2 mm). There was no difference between PI and GI between the 3 brushes. However, in patients' perception, CPX had significantly higher scores for comfort, while COG presented higher scores for trauma and ORB for cleanliness. Conclusion: The results indicate that all the tested brushes were similar concerning gingival abrasion and plaque control. However, patients reported different levels of satisfaction concerning their use. When recommending a soft toothbrush, clinicians should take into consideration individual patient requirements, and provide instructions of use based on the specific characteristics of each brush. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a abrasão gengival de escovas dentais macias. Material e Métodos: Este estudo randomizado, cruzado e cego testou três escovas manuais macias comercialmente disponíveis: CURAPROX® 5460 (CPX), Colgate® Slim Soft (COG) e ORAL-B® Indicator 30 Plus (ORB). Quinze homens e 15 mulheres foram aleatoriamente divididos em 3 grupos (N = 10), que utilizaram todas as escovas em três estágios consecutivos de 14 dias cada. Índice de placa (IP), índice gengival (IG) e abrasão gengival foram avaliados no final de cada estágio experimental. Os participantes também pontuaram quanto à sua percepção de conforto, trauma e limpeza das escovas com escalas analógicas visuais (EVA). Os dados foram analisados com o teste não paramétrico de Friedman (p≤0,05). Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre as escovas testadas em relação à abrasão gengival. Quando presentes, as lesões de abrasão gengivais eram em sua maioria pequenas (<2 mm). Não houve diferença entre o IP e IG apresentados pelas 3 escovas. Porém, na percepção dos pacientes, a CPX apresentou escores significativamente maiores para conforto, enquanto a COG apresentou maior trauma e a ORB maior sensação de limpeza. Conclusão: Os resultados indicam que as escovas testadas foram semelhantes quanto à abrasão gengival e controle de placa. No entanto, os pacientes relataram diferentes níveis de satisfação em relação ao seu uso. Ao recomendar uma escova de dentes macia, os dentistas devem levar em consideração os requisitos individuais do paciente e fornecer instruções de uso com base nas características específicas de cada escova. (AU)


Subject(s)
Oral Hygiene , Tooth Abrasion , Toothbrushing , Dental Plaque
11.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(4): e1998, oct.-dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093255

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: As lesões cervicais não cariosas são lesões dentárias, que apresentam etiologia multifatorial, sem o envolvimento de bactérias. Objetivo: Descrever as características clínicas, etiologia e tratamento das lesões cervicais não-cariosas. Métodos: Realizou-se uma revisão bibliográfica de estudos publicados nos últimos 5 anos (2014-2018) por meio da busca nas bases de dados: PubMED/Medline, Lilacs, Science Direct, SciELO (Scientific Eletronic Library) e Google Acadêmico. Para a pesquisa foram utilizados os seguintes descritores: "lesões cervicais não cariosas (non-carious cervical lesions)", "abrasão dentária (dental abrasion)", "erosão dentária (dental erosion)", "abfração dentária (dental abfraction)" e "atrição dentária (dental atrittion). Após criteriosa filtragem, foram selecionados 26 artigos e 2 livros para inclusão no estudo. Análise e integração das informações: As lesões cervicais não cariosas comumente classificadas em: abrasão, abfração, erosão e atrição. Essas lesões podem apresentar diversas formas, apesar de serem incluídas em uma classe genérica de denominação. São lesões que causam a perda gradativa dos tecidos mineralizados dentários, podendo trazer inúmeras consequências ao dente acometido. Conclusão: Para um correto diagnóstico e decisão de tratamento, essas lesões devem ser vistas sob seu aspecto etiológico multifatorial. Diversas possibilidades terapêuticas podem ser utilizadas no tratamento dessas lesões sendo necessário que o clínico conheça os principais fatores etiológicos e características clínicas que as diferenciem(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: Las lesiones cervicales no cariosas son lesiones dentales, que presentan etiología multifactorial, sin la participación de bacterias. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas, etiología y tratamiento de las lesiones cervicales no cariosas. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de estudios publicados en los últimos 5 años (2014-2018) a través de la búsqueda en las bases de datos: PubMED / Medline, Lilacs, Science Direct, SciELO (Scientific Eletronic Library) y Google Académico. Para la investigación se utilizaron los siguientes descriptores: "lesiones cervicales no cariosas", "abrasión dental", "erosión dental", "abfracción dental" y " " atrición dental. Después de un cuidadoso filtrado, se seleccionaron 26 artículos y 2 libros para su inclusión en el estudio. Análisis e integración de las informaciones: Las lesiones cervicales no cariosas comúnmente clasificadas en: abrasión, abfración, erosión y atrición. Estas lesiones pueden presentar diversas formas, aunque se incluyen en una clase genérica de denominación. Son lesiones que causan la pérdida gradual de los tejidos mineralizados dentales, pudiendo traer innumerables consecuencias al diente acometido. Conclusiones: Para un correcto diagnóstico y decisión de tratamiento, estas lesiones deben ser vistas bajo su aspecto etiológico multifactorial. Diversas posibilidades terapéuticas pueden ser utilizadas en el tratamiento de esas lesiones, por lo que resulta necesario que el clínico conozca los principales factores etiológicos y características clínicas que las diferencien(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Non-carious cervical lesions are dental lesions of a multifactorial etiology, without the involvement of bacteria. Objective: Describe the clinical characteristics, etiology and treatment of non-carious cervical lesions Methods: A bibliographic review was conducted of studies published in the last five years (2014-2018) by searching the databases PubMED / Medline, Lilacs, Science Direct, SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library) and Google Scholar. The following descriptors were used: "non-carious cervical lesions", "dental abrasion", "dental erosion", "dental abfraction" and "dental attrition. After careful filtering, 26 articles and two books were selected for inclusion in the study. Data analysis and integration: Non-carious cervical lesions are commonly classified as abrasion, abfraction, erosion and attrition. These lesions may present various forms, but they are all grouped in a single generic class. They are lesions that cause the gradual loss of mineralized dental tissue, which may bring countless consequences to the affected tooth. Conclusions: For a correct diagnosis and treatment decision, these lesions must be seen under their multifactorial etiological aspect. Various therapeutic possibilities may be used in the treatment of these lesions, and it is necessary for the clinician to know the main etiological factors and clinical characteristics that differentiate them(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Abrasion/etiology , Tooth Erosion/therapy , Review Literature as Topic , Tooth Attrition/etiology , Databases, Bibliographic , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures/adverse effects
12.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 21(2): 11-21, May.-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091477

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Non-Carious Cervical Lesions (NCCL) are a current problem of multifactorial origin that is associated with the loss of vertical occlusal dimension, hypersensitivity, loss of teeth, fractures, and many other pathologies that affect the masticatory function of the oral cavity. Identification of the etiological factors of NCCL comprises a key piece for the solution of the problem. Based on clinical scientific evidence related with the diagnosis, a restorative treatment must be planned according to the loss of dental structure in order to return function and aesthetics. The purpose of this case report was to describe a 54-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with generalized NCCL combined with occlusal vertical dimension loss. The protocol of the treatment process is described.


RESUMEN Las lesiones cervicales no cariosas (LCNC) son una problemática actual de origen multifactorial, la cual se ve asociada a la pérdida de dimensión vertical oclusal, hipersensibilidad, pérdida de dientes, fracturas y muchas otras patologías que afectan la función masticatoria de la cavidad bucal. La identificación de los factores etiológicos de las LCNC son piezas claves para la solución del problema. Basados en la evidencia científica clínica relacionado con el diagnóstico, se debe planificar un plan de tratamiento restaurativo que depende de la pérdida de la estructura dentaria para devolver la función y estética. El objetivo de este reporte de caso es describir a un paciente masculino de 54 años a quien se le diagnosticó LCNC generalizadas combinado con una pérdida de dimensión vertical oclusal. El protocolo de plan de tratamiento es descrito paso a paso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tooth Abrasion/diagnosis , Ceramics/therapeutic use , Neck Injuries/complications , Periodontics , Tooth Erosion/diagnosis
13.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 7(2)abr.-jun. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005759

ABSTRACT

Introdução: as lesões dentárias não cariosas apresentam etiologia multifatorial e, caracterizam-se por ocasionar desgastes irreversíveis na estrutura dentária, sem envolvimento de microrganismos, podendo ser diagnosticadas como erosão (de origem intrínseca ou extrínseca), abfração, atrição ou abrasão. Objetivo: analisar o conhecimento de cirurgiões-dentistas a respeito do diagnóstico e do tratamento dos diferentes tipos de lesões dentárias não cariosas. Métodos: realizou-se estudo observacional, descritivo, de natureza quantitativa, utilizando-se, como instrumento de coleta de informações, um questionário semiestruturado aplicado em cirurgiões-dentistas do município de Fortaleza-CE. Os resultados foram analisados de forma descritiva e foi utilizado o teste de Qui-Quadrado com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: verificaram-se, entre os cirurgiões-dentistas, os seguintes percentuais de acerto referentes às lesões de abfração, abrasão, atrição, erosão de origem extrínseca, erosão de origem intrínseca e erosão de origem extrínseca associada à abrasão, respectivamente: 51,97%, 20,60%, 78,43%, 81,37%, 71,57% e 7,84%. Observou-se, também, associação estatisticamente significante positiva entre o conhecimento dos profissionais a respeito de lesões de abfração e atrição e o tempo de formado. Conclusão: embora grande parte dos profissionais tenham sido capazes de identificar um plano de tratamento adequado para os casos propostos em questão, o diagnóstico das lesões não cariosas não foi preciso, exceto quando se tratou de erosão de origem intrínseca ou extrínseca e atrição que obtiveram percentual de acertos acima de 70%.


Introduction: non-carious dental lesions present multifatorial etiology, and are characterized by irreversible wear on the tooth structure, without the involvement of microorganisms, and can be diagnosed as erosion (intrinsic or extrinsic), abfraction, attrition or abrasion. Objective: to analyze the knowledge of dental surgeons regarding the diagnosis and treatment of different types of non-carious dental lesions. Methods: a quantitative, observational, descriptive study was carried out using a semistructured questionnaire as a tool for collecting information applied to dentists in the city of Fortaleza-CE. The results were analyzed in a descriptive way and the chi-square test with significance level of 5% was used. Results: the following percentages were found for abfraction, abrasion, attrition, extrinsic erosion, intrinsic erosion, and extrinsic erosion associated with abrasion, respectively: 51.97%, 20.60%, 78.43%, 81.37%, 71.57% and 7.84%. It was also observed a statistically significant positive association between the professionals' knowledge regarding abfraction and attrition lesions and the time of formation. Conclusion: although many professionals were able to choose an adequate treatment plan for the proposed cases, the diagnosis of non-carious lesions was not precise, except for intrinsic or extrinsic erosion, and attrition that obtained a percentage of right answers above 70%.


Subject(s)
Tooth Abrasion , Tooth Erosion , Tooth Attrition
14.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2019. 130 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1016413

ABSTRACT

A maioria das resinas compostas apresenta metacrilatos como principais monômeros em sua composição. A liberação de monômeros de metacrilato, associada aos produtos de polimerização, tem sido considerada como fonte de uma série de reações biológicas como toxicidade ou reações pulpares. Os objetivos deste estudo foram avaliar o desempenho clínico de restaurações em LCNC com resina composta considerando-se também a presença de citocinas IL-1ß e IL-6 no fluido crevicular gengival e a liberação de componentes resinosos para a saliva. Utilizou-se o sistema restaurador FL-Bond II, (sistema adesivo) / Beautifil Bulk (resina composta restauradora). Foi feito um estudo clínico longitudinal in vivo, no qual foram selecionados pacientes que apresentavam uma lesão cervical não cariosa com necessidade restauradora. Dentes anteriores e posteriores com LCNC e sensibilidade foram designados como grupo experimental e o dente correspondente como grupo controle. Previamente ao tratamento, houve avaliação periodontal, coleta de saliva e de fluido crevicular gengival (FCG). As restaurações foram confeccionadas e, após 10 minutos, 7 dias, 1 mês e 6 meses foi realizada avaliação clínica das mesmas de acordo com o critério Federal Dentist International (FDI) e da resposta periodontal. Adicionalmente, em todos estes períodos de avaliação houve coleta de saliva e de fluido crevicular. As amostras de saliva foram analisadas por LC-EM a fim de identificar eventual presença dos monômeros Bis-GMA e TEGDMA. As amostras de fluido crevicular foram analisadas utilizando-se método ELISA para identificação e quantificação de interleucinas. Para realizar as comparações inter e intragrupo dos parâmetros clínicos foi utilizado o teste de McNemar para as variáveis categóricas e o teste de Wilcoxon para as variáveis numéricas. Para comparar a classificação do critério FDI entre os tempos foi utilizado o teste de Stuart-Maxwell. Para a análise da saliva, os dados de quantidade de monômeros liberados ao longo do tempo foram submetidos ao teste t de Student e a relação com quantidade total liberada foram correlacionados com o número de restaurações e com o volume total coletado de cada restauração por meio da Correlação de Pearson. O desempenho clínico das restaurações de LCNCs de um sistema restaurador resinoso bulk- fill por meio dos critérios FDI foi considerado satisfatório ao longo de 6 meses. Os parâmetros clínicos periodontais Sangramento a Sondagem, Ìndice Gengival e Profundidade de Sondagem foram mais pronunciados em torno dos dentes restaurados. O material restaurador resinoso bulk-fill não causou alteração estatisticamente significante no volume de FCG e as citocinas ao redor de dentes restaurados na amostra avaliada. Não detectou-se Bis-GMA nas amostras de saliva coletadas antes, 01 e 06 meses após. A liberação de TEGDMA média antes da restauração foi estatisticamente menor do que após 10 minutos. Os resultados do presente estudo sugerem que a restauração do LCNC pode afetar os parâmetros clínicos periodontais, porém não foi capaz de afetar a liberação de citocinas e o volume de FCG. A liberação de Bis-GMA não foi considerada significante ao longo de 6 meses, entretanto a liberação de TEGDMA foi expressiva apenas 10 minutos após a execução da restauração.


Most composite resins present methacrylates as the main monomers of their composition. In composite resins, the release of methacrylate monomers, associated with the polymerization products, has been considered as the source of a series of biological reactions such as toxicity or pulp reactions. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the clinical performance of NCCL restorations with composite resin, to determine also the presence of IL-1ß and IL-6 cytokines in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and the release of resinous components to saliva. The FL-Bond II restorative system (adhesive system) / Beautifil Bulk (restorative composite resin) was used. A longitudinal clinical study was performed in vivo, where patients with a non-carious cervical lesion with a restorative need were selected. Anterior and posterior teeth with NCCL and sensitivity were designated as experimental group and the corresponding tooth as control group. Prior to the treatment, were performed periodontal evaluation, collection of saliva and gingival crevicular fluid. The lesions were restored and, after 10 minutes, 7 days, 1 month and 6 months, there was a clinical evaluation of the restorations according to the FDI criteria and the periodontal response were made. Additionally, in all of these evaluation periods there was collection of saliva and crevicular fluid were colleted. Saliva samples were analyzed by LC-MS in order to identify the possible presence of monomers. Crevicular fluid samples were analyzed using the ELISA method for identification and quantification of interleukins. To perform intra- and inter group comparisons of clinical parameters, the McNemar test for categorical variables and the Wilcoxon test for numerical variables were used. To compare the classification of the FDI criterion between the times, the Stuart-Maxwell test was used. For the analysis of saliva, the data of quantity of monomers released over time were submitted to Student's t-test and the relation with total amount released were correlated with the number of restorations and with the total volume collected from each restoration by means of Pearson's Correlation. The clinical performance of NCCL restorations of a bulk-fill resin restorative system by FDI criteria was considered satisfactory over 6 months. Considering the periodontal response of the surrounding tissue to the NCCL restorations, it was observed that periodontal clinical parameters Bleeding on Probing, Gingival Index and Prohibing on Depth were more pronounced around the restored teeth. The bulk-fill resin restorative material did not cause statistically significant changes in the volume of GCF and in the IL-1ß and IL-6 cytokines around restored teeth in the evaluated sample. No Bis-GMA was detected in the saliva samples collected before, 01 and 06 months after. For the Bis-GMA, there was no statistical difference between the analyzed periods. The mean TEGDMA release before the restoration was statistically lower than after 10 minutes. The results of the present study suggest that NCCL restoration may affect periodontal clinical parameters, but it was not able to affect the release of cytokines and the volume of GCF. The release of Bis-GMA was not considered significant over 6 months. However, the release of TEGDMA was significant only 10 minutes after the restoration was performed.


Subject(s)
Adult , Tooth Abrasion , Tooth Erosion , Materials Testing , Interleukins , Composite Resins , Tooth Attrition , Dental Cements , Dental Enamel , Methacrylates
15.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2019. 71 p. il., tab., graf..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-995959

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar um novo protocolo multidisciplinar por meio de um estudo clínico randomizado. Para tal, foram selecionados 62 pacientes alocados aleatoriamente em um dos seguintes grupos: Grupo Teste (n=31), restauração parcial da lesão cervical e cirurgia para recobrimento radicular com enxerto de enxerto de matriz colágena xenógena de origem suína (CAF + MC+ R), Grupo Controle (n=31), restauração parcial da lesão cervical e recobrimento radicular sem enxerto (CAF). Os grupos foram comparados quanto ao sangramento à sondagem (SS), acúmulo de biofilme (IP), redução na recessão gengival (RGR) ganho no nível clínico de inserção (NIC), redução da hipersensibilidade dentinária (SD) e na avaliação estética (MRES) durante um período de 1 ano. Os parâmetros de altura, largura e profundidade da lesão cervical (ALC, LLC e PLC) e altura e espessura de tecido queratinizado (ATQ e ETQ), foram colocados como variáveis independentes em um modelo de regressão linear múltipla para avaliar a influência dos mesmos no resultado final dos procedimentos. Após 1 ano, as porcentagens médias de recobrimento da altura da lesão cervical não-cariosa foram de 52,83% para o grupo (CAF+R) e 52,65 % para o grupo (CAF+MG+R), sem diferença estatística entre eles. Foi notada diferença estatisticamente significante quanto à altura e a espessura do tecido queratinizado a favor do grupo com mucograft. Nos demais parâmetros, não houve diferenças significantes. Assim pode-se concluir que os dois tratamentos resultaram em significativa redução do defeito combinado, sem diferença entre os tratamentos, embora benefício adicional relacionado à altura e espessura de tecido queratinizado tenha sido observado quando o enxerto xenógeno de matriz de colágeno foi utilizado(AU)


The aim of this study is to evaluate a new multidisciplinary protocol by means of a randomized controlled clinical trial. Were it selected 62 patients who will be randomly allocated to one of the following groups: Test group (n = 31), partial restoration of cervical lesion and surgery for root coverage with graft collagen matrix xenogenous (MCG + PR) and control group (n = 31), partial restoration of cervical lesion and surgery for root coverage without connective tissue graft (CAF + PR). The groups were compared as to bleeding on probing (BOP), biofilm accumulation (IP), relative gingival recession (RGR) clinical attachment level (CAL), decrease of dentin hypersensitivity (DH) and aesthetic evaluation (AE) for a period of 1 year. The parameters of height, width and depth of the cervical lesion (CLH, CLW and CLD) and height and thickness of keratinized tissue (KTH and KTT), were placed as independent variables in a multiple linear regression model to evaluate their influence on the final outcome of the procedures. Average percentage rates of root coverage for test and control group were 52.83% and 53.65%, respectively. No significant statistical difference between test and control was observed regarding root coverage. A statistically significant difference was observed when height and thickness of the keratinized tissue favored the group with mucograft. When the other parameters were compared between the two groups, no difference was found. Thus, it can be concluded that the two treatments resulted in a significant reduction of the combined defect, with no difference between the treatments, although additional benefit related to keratinized tissue height and thickness was observed when the xenogen matrix of collagen was used(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Gingival Recession/complications , Tooth Abrasion/diagnosis
16.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 48: e20190078, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1043179

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução Historicamente, materiais abrasivos, como mármore em pó, corais e cinzas ósseas, eram utilizados para higienização dentária. Com a evolução, tais materiais foram substituídos por dentifrícios aplicados em escovas dentais, com a mesma finalidade. Objetivo Avaliar, através da Tomografia por Coerência Óptica, o desgaste do esmalte dentário, após o uso de diferentes escovas dentais e materiais utilizados na escovação com componentes abrasivos. Material e método Foram confeccionados 50 corpos de prova, distribuídos em 10 grupos (n=5), de acordo com o dentifrício/escova utilizado. Para o grupo A, foi utilizada a escova dental Curaprox® Adulto Ultra Macia, e, para o grupo B, a escova Dental K® - escova adulto macia. Foram utilizados os seguintes materiais para escovação: Curaprox® Black is White; Colgate® Luminous White Instant, Close Up® White Attraction - MenSuperpure; Carvão Ativado; Água Destilada. As imagens foram realizadas antes e depois da ciclagem de escovação e comparadas quanto às alterações de superfície. A perda da estrutura superficial foi avaliada através dos métodos qualitativo e quantitativo. Para análise estatística dos dados obtidos, foram realizadas as medidas estatísticas: média, desvio padrão, mediana e percentis, avaliados inferencialmente através dos testes estatísticos Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultado Maior índice de perda de estrutura superficial do esmalte nos grupos G2A (16,09) e G2B (11,38) e menor índice de perda estrutural nos grupos G5A (1,07) e G5B (1,20). Conclusão: Através desse estudo, observou-se que os dentifrícios clareadores e o Carvão Ativado são capazes de promover intenso desgaste do esmalte dentário.


Abstract Introduction Historically, abrasive materials such as marble powders, corals and bone ashes were used for dental hygiene. With evolution, these materials were replaced by dentifrices applied on toothbrushes for the same purpose. Objective To evaluate, through Optical Coherence Tomography, the wear of dental enamel after the use of different toothbrushes and materials used in brushing with abrasive components. Material and method 50 specimens were prepared, distributed in 10 groups (n=5) according to the toothpaste used. For group A, the Curaprox® Adult Ultra Macia toothbrush was used and for group B, the soft toothbrush K® - soft adult toothbrush. The following brushing materials were used: Curaprox® Black is White; Colgate® Luminous White Instant, Close Up® White Attraction - MenSuperpure; Activated Charcoal; Distilled Water. The images were performed before and after the brushing cycle and were compared for surface changes. The loss of the surface structure was evaluated through qualitative and quantitative methods. Statistical analysis of the data was performed using the statistical methods Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, with significance level of 5%, mean, standard deviation, median and percentiles. Result A higher index of loss of enamel structure was observed in the G2A (16.09) and G2B (11.38) groups and a lower structural loss rate in the specimens corresponding to the groups G5A (1,07) and G5B (1,20). Conclusion Through this study it was observed that the whitening dentifrices and the Activated Charcoal are able to promote an intense wear of the dental enamel.


Subject(s)
Tooth Abrasion , Dental Enamel , Dentifrices , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Toothbrushing , In Vitro Techniques , Charcoal
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761429

ABSTRACT

In the oral cavity, the teeth undergo wear and corrosion throughout their lives. Progressive and constant tooth wear is a natural phenomenon of aging, but wear and corrosion due to specific factors are pathological factors. It can cause pathological damage of the occlusal surface, aesthetic problems, dimensional loss and jaw joint disorders. This case is a 26-year-old female patient with general tooth abrasion and erosion on the entire dentition. Diagnostic wax-up was fabricated based on the information including digital facial analysis, physiological stabilization, and evaluation of anterior crown length. Through the digital analysis, the necessary guides for crown lengthening were prepared and the mastication function and esthetics were evaluated by using temporary crowns. Definitive prosthesis was fabricated with the zirconia restorations. The results were satisfactory when they were observed 3 months of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aging , Corrosion , Crown Lengthening , Crowns , Dentition , Esthetics , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Jaw , Joints , Mastication , Mouth Rehabilitation , Mouth , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth Abrasion , Tooth Erosion , Tooth Wear , Tooth
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742074

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of three aesthetic restorative materials on the wear between tooth and restoration by a pin-on-disk manner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six aesthetic restorative materials were used to prepare disk specimens for wear test, which were Lava Zirconia as zirconia group, Vintage MP and Cerabien ZR as veneering porcelain group, Gradia Direct microhybrid composite containing prepolymerized fillers, Filtek Z250 microhybrid composite containing zirconia glass and colloidal silica particles, and Filtek Z350 nanocomposite as composite resin group. Vertical loss of the worn cusp, change of the surface roughness of the restoration materials, and the surface topography were investigated after wear test under 9.8-N contact load. RESULTS: The porcelain groups (Vintage MP and Cerabien ZR) caused the largest vertical loss of teeth when compared with those of the composite resin and zirconia groups, and Filtek Z250 microhybrid composite results in the second-largest vertical loss of teeth. The surface of Filtek Z350 nanocomposite was deeply worn out, but visible wear on the surface of the zirconia and Gradia Direct microhybrid composite was not observed. When the zirconia surface was roughened by sand-blasting, vertical loss of teeth considerably increased when compared with that in the case of fine polished zirconia. CONCLUSION: It was identified that microhybrid composite resin containing a prepolymerized filler and zirconia with reduced surface roughness by polishing were the most desirable restorative materials among the tested materials to prevent the two-body wear between aesthetic restorative material and tooth.


Subject(s)
Colloids , Dental Enamel , Dental Porcelain , Glass , In Vitro Techniques , Nanocomposites , Silicon Dioxide , Tooth , Tooth Abrasion
19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170029, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893704

ABSTRACT

Abstract Literature has reported positive results regarding the use of lasers in the control of erosive lesions; however, evaluating whether they are effective in the control of the progression of erosive/abrasive lesions is important. Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the Er:YAG laser irradiation in controlling the progression of erosion associated with abrasive lesions in enamel. Material and methods Bovine incisors were sectioned, flattened and polished. Forty-eight enamel slabs were subjected to treatment in an intraoral phase. Twelve volunteers used an intraoral appliance containing one slab that was irradiated with an Er:YAG laser (5.2 J/cm2, 85 mJ, 2 Hz) and another non-irradiated slab on each side of the appliance, during one phase of 5 d, under a split-mouth design. Devices were subjected to erosive challenges (1% citric acid, 5 min, 3 times a day) and abrasive challenges one h after (brushing force of 1.5 N for 15 s) randomly and independently on each side of the device. Measurements of enamel loss were performed via 3D optical profilometry (μm). We analyzed data using the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests and morphological characteristics via scanning electron microscopy. Results Following erosive and abrasive challenges, the group that was irradiated with the Er:YAG laser presented less loss of structure than the non-irradiated group. The group that underwent erosion and irradiation did not exhibit a significant difference from the non-irradiated group. Conclusion Irradiation with the Er:YAG laser did not control the loss of structure of enamel subjected to erosion but did control abrasion after erosion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Abrasion/prevention & control , Tooth Erosion/prevention & control , Dental Enamel/radiation effects , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Surface Properties/radiation effects , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Statistics, Nonparametric , Disease Progression , Citric Acid/chemistry , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Hardness Tests
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