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Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225232, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354773


Aim: The objective of this study was to describe a case series concerning internal bleaching of anterior traumatized teeth that underwent regenerative endodontic procedures (REP). Methods: Seven non-vital maxillary anterior teeth discolored after regenerative endodontic procedures were included and divided into two groups according to the medication protocol used in the REP: (1) Triple antibiotic paste (TAP) group (n=4); (2) Calcium hydroxide and 2% chlorhexidine gel (HC+CHX) (n=3). The bleaching technique used was walking bleach, where sodium perborate associated with distilled water was used. Bleaching agent was replaced weekly until the darkened tooth was slightly lighter than the adjacent tooth. The color was recorded with the aid of a digital spectrophotometer in two moments (T1: prior the first session of bleaching, T2: fourteen days after the last session of bleaching). The change in color after the procedure (ΔE) was calculated and reported in a descriptive analysis. Results: The ΔE for all teeth showed color differences exceeding the perceptibility threshold (ΔE > 3.7). Both groups showed similar ΔE (TAP: 18.3 ± 11.5; HC+CHX: 14 ± 11.2) at the end of the treatment. The average number of sessions needed to achieve satisfactory results was 1.7 ± 0.6 for HC+CHX group and 2.3 ± 0.5 for TAP group. Conclusion: Internal bleaching with sodium perborate associated with distilled water is effective in treating discolored teeth after regenerative endodontic procedures

Tooth Bleaching , Tooth Discoloration , Regenerative Endodontics
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1367332


Objective: To comparatively evaluate the effect of resin infiltration, bleaching and bleaching followed by resin infiltration on the surface roughness and microhardness of human enamel with induced white spot lesions (WSLs) and their resistance to acidic challenge. Material and Methods: Sixty human specimens were randomly divided into three groups (n=20) according to the treatment modality applied; group I Icon® resin infiltration, group II bleaching and group III bleaching followed by Icon® resin infiltration. For each treatment modality, 10 specimens were tested for surface roughness and another 10 for microhardness. WSLs were artificially induced in all specimens and after treatment, all specimens were subjected to acidic challenge. Surface roughness was measured by the tapping mode of the atomic force microscope (AFM) and microhardness was measured by digital Vickers hardness tester at baseline, after induction of WSLs, after treatment and after acidic challenge. Results: Groups I and III showed significant reduction in surface roughness after treatment, while group II showed significant increase. Groups I and III showed significant increase in the microhardness after treatment, while group II showed insignificant increase. The three tested groups showed significant increase in surface roughness values and significant reduction in microhardness after acidic challenge. Conclusion: Resin infiltration and bleaching followed by resin infiltration reduced the surface roughness and enhanced the microhardness of the WSLs. The three treatment modalities failed to resist acidic challenge resulting in increasing surface roughness and reducing microhardness. (AU)

Objetivo: Avaliar comparativamente o efeito do infiltrante resinoso, clareamento e clareamento seguido de infiltração resinosa sobre a rugosidade e microdureza superficial do esmalte humano com lesões de manchas brancas induzidas (WSLs) e sua resistência ao desafio erosivo. Material e Métodos: Sessenta espécimes humanos foram divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos (n = 20) de acordo com a modalidade de tratamento aplicada; grupo I infiltrante resinoso Icon®, grupo II clareamento e grupo III clareamento seguido de infiltração resinosa Icon®. Para cada modalidade de tratamento, 10 corpos-de-prova foram testados para rugosidade superficial e outros 10 para microdureza. WSLs foram artificialmente induzidos em todas as amostras e, após o tratamento, todas as amostras foram submetidas ao desafio erosivo. A rugosidade de superfície foi medida por microscopia de força atômica em modo de contato intermitente (AFM) e a microdureza Vickers foi medida inicialmente, após a indução de WSLs, após o tratamento e após o desafio ácido. Resultados: Os grupos I e III apresentaram redução significativa da rugosidade superficial após o tratamento, enquanto o grupo II apresentou aumento significativo. Os grupos I e III apresentaram aumento significativo na microdureza após o tratamento, enquanto o grupo II apresentou aumento insignificante. Os três grupos testados mostraram aumento significativo nos valores de rugosidade superficial e redução significativa na microdureza após o desafio erosivo. Conclusão: O infiltrante resinoso e o clareamento seguido de infiltração resinosa reduziram a rugosidade de superfície e aumentaram a microdureza dos WSLs. As três modalidades de tratamento falharam em resistir ao desafio erosivo, resultando em aumento da rugosidade de superfície e redução da microdureza.(AU)

Humans , Tooth Bleaching , Dental Caries , Dental Enamel , Dental Leakage
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-8, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1367395


Objective: This study evaluated the influence of calcium lactate and sodium fluoride mouthwashes on enamel microhardness and dentin permeability during in-office bleaching. Material and Methods: For the microhardness evaluation, enamel blocks were randomly submitted to different treatments associated with in-office bleaching agent using 40% hydrogen peroxide (Opalescence Boost PF 40%/ Ultradent; 3 sessions x 40-minute each) (n = 10): 1) Control: application of bleaching agent; 2) Calcium lactate: 1-minute immersion before bleaching treatment; 3) Sodium fluoride: immersion for 1 minute before bleaching treatment; 4) Calcium lactate + sodium fluoride: 1 minute immersion in calcium lactate solution, followed by 1 minute immersion in sodium fluoride before bleaching treatment. Dentin discs received the same treatment protocols (n = 10) to evaluate permeability. Knoop microhardness and dentin permeability assessments were performed twice (at baseline and 48 hours after the end of bleaching treatment). Results: The generalized linear model considering the design of repeated measures over time showed that there was no significant difference between treatments (p = 0.9577) and between assessments (p = 0.3267) regarding Knoop microhardness. Kruskal Wallis and Dunn tests showed that calcium lactate immersion before bleaching treatment provided higher dentin permeability than other groups (p = 0.0009). Conclusion: The use of sodium fluoride solution and calcium lactate in association with in-office bleaching treatment did not influence the microhardness of tooth enamel, although calcium lactate may increase dentin permeability. (AU)

Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou a influência dos enxaguatórios bucais com lactato de cálcio e fluoreto de sódio na microdureza do esmalte e na permeabilidade da dentina durante o clareamento em consultório. Material e Métodos: Para avaliação da microdureza, blocos de esmalte foram submetidos aleatoriamente a diferentes tratamentos associados a agente clareador em consultório com peróxido de hidrogênio 40% (Opalescence Boost PF 40% / Ultradent; 3 sessões x 40 minutos cada) (n = 10): 1) Controle: aplicação de agente clareador; 2) Lactato de cálcio: imersão de 1 minuto antes do tratamento clareador; 3) Fluoreto de sódio: imersão por 1 minuto antes do tratamento clareador; 4) Lactato de cálcio + fluoreto de sódio: 1 minuto de imersão em solução de lactato de cálcio, seguido de 1 minuto de imersão em fluoreto de sódio antes do tratamento clareador. Os discos de dentina receberam os mesmos protocolos de tratamento (n = 10) para avaliar a permeabilidade. As avaliações da microdureza Knoop e da permeabilidade dentinária foram realizadas duas vezes (no início do estudo e 48 horas após o término do tratamento clareador). Resultados: O modelo linear generalizado considerando o delineamento de medidas repetidas ao longo do tempo mostrou que não houve diferença significativa entre os tratamentos (p = 0,9577) e entre as avaliações (p = 0,3267) em relação à microdureza Knoop. Os testes de Kruskal Wallis e Dunn mostraram que a imersão de lactato de cálcio antes do tratamento clareador proporcionou maior permeabilidade dentinária do que os outros grupos (p = 0,0009). Conclusão: O uso de fluoreto de sódio e lactato de cálcio associado ao clareamento em consultório não influenciou a microdureza do esmalte dentário, embora o lactato de cálcio possa aumentar a permeabilidade dentinária (AU)

Sodium Fluoride , Tooth Bleaching , Calcarea Lactica , Dentin , Hardness Tests
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354186


Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the color change, tooth sensitivity, aesthetic self-perception and quality of life after at-home dental bleaching. Material and Methods: Dental examination was performed and the initial color of the upper right incisor was recorded using a spectrophotometer (Easyshade Compact, Vita Zahnfabrik) and CIELab parameters. Individual vinyl trays were delivered to the patients (n=37) who were instructed to use the carbamide peroxide 16% (Total Blanc Home C16%, DFL) for 2 hours daily for 2 weeks. One-week after the end of treatment, measurements were repeated to calculate color (ΔEab,ΔE00) and whiteness index (ΔWID) variations. Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) and Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ) questionnaires were applied before and 30 days after treatment. Tooth sensitivity was by checked by visual analogue scale (VAS). Spearnan's correlation tests were used to verify the possible relation between color change parameters and sensitivity. The Wilcoxon test was applied for results obtained by OHIP and PIDAQ questionnaires. Results: Significant color change was observed after 14 days, regardless of the considered parameter. There was no significant correlation between sensitivity and color change. The dental self-confidence domain increased after bleaching (p = 0.029) and the psychological impact decreased (p = 0.001). Conclusion:At-home dental bleaching was effective on the overall whitening and the color change was not related to tooth sensitivity. The bleaching treatment had a positive impact on the quality of life, reducing psychological discomfort and improving dental self-confidence and aesthetic self-perception. (AU)

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a mudança de cor, sensibilidade dental, autopercepção estética e qualidade de vida após clareamento dental caseiro. Material e Métodos: Uma consulta inicial foi realizada e a cor inicial do incisivo superior direito foi registrada usando um espectrofotômetro (Easyshade Compact, Vita Zahnfabrik) e parâmetros CIELab. Moldeiras individuais confeccionadas em vinil foram entregues aos pacientes participantes (n = 37), que foram instruídos a usar o gel à base de peróxido de carbamida 16% (Total Blanc Home C16%, DFL) durante 2 horas diárias durante 2 semanas. Uma semana após o término do tratamento, as medidas foram repetidas para calcular a variação de cor (ΔEab, ΔE00) e o índice de brancura (ΔWID). Os questionários OHIP (Oral Health Impact Profile) e PIDAQ (Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire) foram aplicados antes e 30 dias após o tratamento. A sensibilidade dental foi verificada por meio da escala visual análoga (VAS). Os testes de correlação de Spearnan foram utilizados para verificar a possível relação entre os parâmetros de mudança de cor e sensibilidade. O teste Wilcoxon foi aplicado para os resultados obtidos pelos questionários OHIP e PIDAQ. Resultados: Mudança de cor significativa foi observada após 14 dias, independentemente do parâmetro considerado. Não houve correlação significativa entre a sensibilidade e a mudança de cor. O domínio da autoconfiança dental aumentou após o branqueamento (p = 0,029) e o impacto psicológico diminuiu (p = 0,001). Conclusão: O clareamento dental caseiro foi eficaz no branqueamento geral e a mudança de cor não estava relacionada à sensibilidade dental. O tratamento clareador teve um impacto positivo na qualidade de vida, reduzindo o desconforto psicológico e melhorando a autoconfiança dental e a autopercepção estética.(AU)

Quality of Life , Tooth Bleaching , Esthetics, Dental
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213859, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253923


Aim: This study evaluated the effect of a desensitizer agent (DES) during bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) on enamel microshear bond strength (µSBS). Methods: Sixty bovine incisors were obtained and randomly distributed into groups (n=15): (C) Control: no desensitizing or bleaching, (DES) desensitizing gel application, (CP) bleaching with 10% CP and (CP/DES) bleaching with 10% CP combined with DES. Bleaching was performed for 6 h/day for 14 consecutive days. DES was applied for 8 h only on the 7th and 14th days of therapy. Specimens were stored in artificial saliva among the CP or DES applications and submitted to µSBS testing at three postrestoration times (n=5): 24 h, 7 days, and 14 days after bleaching using a universal testing machine. Failure modes were observed under a stereomicroscope. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=5%). Results: Immediately after bleaching (24 h), CP promoted lower µSBS than the C and DES groups (p<0.05) but with no differences from the CP/DES. µSBS increased in the DES, CP, and CP/DES groups (p<0.05) when bonding was performed for 7 or 14 days elapsed from bleaching. CP/DES exhibited the highest µSBS among the groups 14 days after bleaching (p<0.05). Cohesive failure in enamel was predominant in the CP groups, while adhesive failure was mostly observed for the other groups. Conclusion: The use of a desensitizer during at-home bleaching maintained the enamel immediate bond strength, and its application favored bonding when the restoration was delayed for 14 days

Animals , Cattle , Tooth Bleaching , Dental Enamel , Shear Strength
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(3): e3525, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347437


Introducción: El blanqueamiento dental interno forma parte de la práctica odontológica desde hace varias décadas, pero se han descrito riesgos biológicos de los cuales no existe mucha evidencia. Objetivo: Describir los riesgos biológicos provocados por el blanqueamiento dental interno en dientes no vitales. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática exploratoria en la base de datos bibliográfica PubMed empleando operadores booleanos y palabras clave que aparecen recogidas en los Descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud. Las variables estudiadas fueron: autor principal, título, año de publicación, tipo de artículo, revista donde se publicaron los artículos y riesgo biológico del blanqueamiento interno descrito. Se filtraron y procesaron los resultados en una base de datos y se analizaron los textos completos para evaluar su calidad y que estos cumplieran los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Resultados: Fueron incluidos en el estudio 14 artículos, todos por investigaciones originales o revisiones sistemáticas. El 64,3 por ciento de los artículos proyectaba los hallazgos hacia la presencia de reabsorciones cervicales externas posterior al blanqueamiento dental interno. El resto no aportó evidencia alguna de riesgos biológicos luego del tratamiento descrito. Conclusiones: Más de la mitad de los artículos incluidos en el estudio concluyeron que la reabsorción cervical externa es el principal riesgo biológico que trae consigo el tratamiento blanqueador interno de dientes no vitales, apoyados por un factor desencadenante de historial de traumatismos dentarios que propician la aparición de estas afectaciones(AU)

Introduction: Internal tooth whitening has been a component of dental practice for several decades, but biological risks have been described about which not much evidence is available. Objective: Describe the biological risks posed by internal tooth whitening in nonvital teeth. Methods: An exploratory systematic review was conducted in the bibliographic database PubMed using Boolean operators and key words obtained from Health Sciences Descriptors. The variables analyzed were main author, title, year of publication, article type, journal where the articles were published and biological risk of the internal tooth whitening procedure described. Results were filtered and processed in a database and full texts were analyzed for quality and compliance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: A total 14 articles were included in the study, all of which were either original studies or systematic reviews. In 64.3 percent of the articles, findings had to do with the presence of external cervical resorption after internal tooth whitening. The remaining articles did not contribute any evidence of biological risks after the treatment described. Conclusions: More than half of the articles included in the study concluded that external cervical resorption is the main biological risk posed by internal whitening of nonvital teeth, supported by the triggering factor of a history of dental trauma leading to the occurrence of these disorders(AU)

Humans , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Hazardous Substances , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , PubMed
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 19-30, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345519


Abstract: This study investigated the bleaching effectiveness and the physicochemical effects on enamel of violet light and ozone, associate or not to hydrogen peroxide, compared to 35%-hydrogen peroxide. Enamel-dentin blocks from human molars were randomly allocated to receive one of the following bleaching protocols (n=15): (HP) 35%-hydrogen peroxide, (VL) violet light, (OZ) ozone, the association between hydrogen peroxide with ozone (OZ+HP) or violet light (VL+HP). All protocols were performed in two sessions with a 48h interval. Color (spectrophotometer) and mineral composition (Raman spectroscopy) were measured before and after the bleaching. Color changes were calculated by ΔEab, ΔE00, and whitening index (WI). The surface roughness was measured with an atomic force microscope. Data were analyzed by One-way or Two-way repeated measure ANOVA followed by the Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The lowest color change values (either measured by WI, ΔEab, or ΔE00) were observed for VL and OZ used with no HP. Violet light associate with HP was unable to improve the color changes observed for the peroxide alone, in combination with OZ and HP, the highest color changes were verified. Regardless of bleaching protocol, the bleached enamel presented higher contents of PO4 and CO3 -2 than those observed at baseline. All bleaching protocols resulted in similar enamel surface roughness. Both the VL and the OZ caused reduced effects on the enamel color change when used alone. The ozone therapy improved the bleaching effect in the group that received the association of HP.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito clareador e físico-químico no esmalte de luz violeta e ozônio, associado ou não ao peróxido de hidrogênio, comparado a 35% de peróxido de hidrogênio. Blocos de esmalte-dentina de molares humanos foram alocados aleatoriamente para receber um dos seguintes protocolos de clareamento (n = 15): (HP) peróxido de hidrogênio a 35%, (VL) luz violeta, (OZ) ozônio, a associação entre peróxido de hidrogênio com ozônio (HP+OZ) ou luz violeta (HP+VL). Todos os protocolos foram realizados em duas sessões, com intervalo de 48 horas entre eles. A cor (espectrofotômetro) e a composição mineral (espectroscopia Raman) do dente foram medidas antes e após os procedimentos de clareamento. As alterações de cor foram calculadas por ΔEab e ΔE00, e o índice de brancura foram calculados. A rugosidade da superfície das amostras clareadas foi medida por microscópio de força atômica. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA One way ou ANOVA two way de medidas repetidas seguida pelo teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Os menores valores de alterações de cor (medidos por WI, ΔEab ou ΔE00) foram observados para VL e OZ usados na ausência de HP. VL associada ao HP não foi capaz de melhorar as alterações de cor observadas com o uso do HP, mas a combinação de OZ e HP produz as maiores alterações de cor. Independentemente do protocolo de clareamento, o esmalte clareado apresentou maiores teores de PO4 e CO3 -2 do que os observados inicialmente. Não foi observada diferença significativa entre os protocolos de clareamento testados em relação à rugosidade da superfície do esmalte. É possível concluir que a VL ou o OZ tiveram efeitos reduzidos na mudança de cor do esmalte quando usados sozinhos. A terapia com OZ melhorou o efeito clareador do HP.

Humans , Ozone , Tooth Bleaching , Tooth Bleaching Agents , Color , Dental Enamel , Hydrogen Peroxide
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 105-115, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345503


Abstract This clinical trial evaluated the effect of the coadministration of ibuprofen/caffeine on bleaching-induced tooth sensitivity (TS). A triple-blind, parallel-design, randomized clinical trial was conducted on 84 patients who received ibuprofen/caffeine or placebo capsules. The drugs were administered for 48 hours, starting 1 hour before the in-office bleaching. Two bleaching sessions were performed with 35% hydrogen peroxide gel with 1-week interval. TS was recorded up to 48 hours after dental bleaching with a 0-10 visual analogic scale (VAS) and a 5-point numeric rating scale (NRS). The color was evaluated with VITA Classical and VITA Bleachedguide scales (ΔSGU) and VITA Easyshade spectrophotometer (ΔE*ab and ΔE00). The absolute risk of TS in both groups was evaluated using Fischer's exact test. Comparisons of the TS intensity (NRS and VAS data) were performed by using the Mann-Whitney test and a two-way repeated measures ANOVA, respectively. The color alteration between the groups was compared with the Student's t test. The significance level was 5%. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups for the absolute risk of TS (p = 1.00) or for the intensity of TS (p > 0.05). A bleaching of approximately 7 shade guide units was observed on the Vita Classical and Vita Bleachedguide scales, with no statistical difference between the groups. It was concluded that coadministration of ibuprofen and caffeine did not reduce the absolute risk or intensity of TS and did not interfere with the efficacy of dental bleaching.

Resumo Este ensaio clínico avaliou o efeito da coadministração de ibuprofeno/cafeína na sensibilidade dental decorrente de clareamento (SD). Um estudo clínico randomizado, paralelo, triplo-cego, foi realizado em 84 pacientes que receberam cápsulas de ibuprofeno/cafeína ou placebo. Os fármacos foram administrados por 48 horas, começando 1 hora antes do clareamento em consultório. Duas sessões de clareamento foram realizadas com gel de peróxido de hidrogênio 35% com intervalo de 1 semana. A SD foi registrada até 48 horas após o clareamento dental com uma escala visual analógica (VAS) de 0-10 e uma escala de classificação numérica (NRS) de 5 pontos. A cor foi avaliada com as escalas Vita Classical e Vita Bleachedguide (ΔSGU) e com o espectrômetro Vita Easyshade (ΔE*ab e ΔE00). O risco absoluto de SD em ambos os grupos foi avaliado por meio do teste exato de Fischer. As comparações da intensidade da SD (NRS e VAS) foram realizadas utilizando-se o teste Mann-Whitney e uma ANOVA de dois fatores com medidas repetidas, respectivamente. A alteração de cor entre os grupos foi comparada com a o teste t de Student. O nível de significância foi de 5%. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos para o risco absoluto de SD (p = 1,00) ou para a intensidade de SD (p > 0,05). Observou-se clareamento de aproximadamente 7 unidades nas escalas Vita Classical e Vita Bleachedguide, sem diferença estatística entre os grupos. Concluiu-se que a coadministração de ibuprofeno e cafeína não reduziu o risco absoluto ou intensidade da SD e não interferiu na eficácia do clareamento dental.

Humans , Tooth Bleaching , Caffeine/therapeutic use , Ibuprofen/therapeutic use , Dentin Sensitivity/chemically induced , Tooth Bleaching Agents/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Hydrogen Peroxide
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(2): e058, abr.-jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254597


Objetivo: Comparar el pH de cuatro marcas de geles aclaradores a base de peróxido de hidrógeno de altas concentraciones (30%-35%) Whiteness HP Maxx (HPM), Lase Peroxide (LP), Whiteness HP Automixx (HPA)y Dash (DA), a través del tiempo de aplicación clínica (inicio, 15', 30' y 45'). Materiales y métodos: El estudio fue experimental in vitro. Se evaluaron 40 muestras (dientes bovinos) divididos en 4 grupos, uno para cada marca comercial de gel. Se preparó cada gel de acuerdo con las instrucciones del fabricante y se colocó una cantidad necesaria en la superficie vestibular; posteriormente, se registró el pH del gel con un pHmetro digital al inicio, 15, 30 y 45 minutos. Los datos se analizaron con las pruebas Anova, Friedman y Wilcoxon. Resultados: Hubo una tendencia a la disminución del pH desde el tiempo inicial de aplicación hasta el tiempo final, con excepción del grupo de la marca DA, el cual mostró que los valores del pH fueron aumentando a través del tiempo. En la marca HPM, existe una diferencia significativa entre el tiempo inicial de aplicación del gel y el resto de tiempos. En la marca LP, a partir de los 15' de aplicación, sí hay diferencia significativa entre los tiempos. En cuanto a la marca HPA, existieron diferencias significativas entre el tiempo inicial de aplicación y los demás tiempos. Finalmente, con la marca DA se encontró únicamente una diferencia significativa entre el tiempo inicial de aplicación y el tiempo final. Conclusiones: El pH de los geles aclaradores disminuyó a través del tiempo de aplicación clínica en todas las marcas estudiadas, con excepción de la marca Dash 30%, la cual mostró un aumento. (AU)

Objective: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the pH of four bleaching agents based on high concentration hydrogen peroxide (30-35%) Whiteness HP Maxx (HPM), Lase Peroxide (LP), Whiteness HP Automixx (HPA) and Dash (DA) in different clinical periods (baseline, 15', 30' and 45'). Materials and methods: 40 specimens (bovine teeth) were divided into 4 groups; one group for each bleaching agent. Each bleaching agent was prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions and was applied on the vestibular surface. The pH of the bleaching agent was measured with a digital pH meter at baseline, 15, 30 and 45 minutes. ANOVA, Friedman and Wilcoxon tests were applied. Results: The pH values showed a trend to decreasing from the initial time of application to the final time, except for the DA group, which showed increasing pH values over time. The HPM group showed significant differences between baseline and the remaining periods. The LP group LP showed significant difference between 15' and the other periods. The HPA group showed significant differences between baseline and the remaining periods. Finally, the DA group, showed a significant difference between baseline and 45'. Conclusions: The pH values of 3 of the bleaching agents decreased over time, with the exception of Dash which increased in the different time periods. (AU)

Tooth Bleaching , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hydrogen Peroxide , In Vitro Techniques , Epidemiology, Experimental
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 287-298, maio 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1284583


Introdução: Devido à crescente demanda estética, a odontologia restauradora se renova na intenção de alcançar melhores resultados na harmonia do sorriso. Entretanto, a atenção deve voltar-se também aos tecidos periodontais, visto que há uma integração entre material restaurador e os tecidos. Objetivo:Descrever e discutir as etapas clínicas para a confecção de laminados cerâmicos, atentando-se a preparos minimamente invasivos, contorno cervical e fatores que podem intervir na longevidade do procedimento.Relato de caso:Paciente do sexo masculino, 28 anos de idade, compareceu a Associação Brasileira de Odontologia, seção de Alagoas, relatando insatisfação em relação ao tamanho dos seus dentes. Os arcos superior e inferior foram moldados para a obtenção dos modelos de estudo e enceramento diagnóstico. Ao início do tratamento foi orientado ao paciente clareamento dental pela técnica combinada. O preparo dos dentes foi guiado por uma matriz de silicone, sendo estes uniformes e conservadores, seguido de moldagem, fase laboratorial e cimentação final. Finalizado o caso foi realizado o ajuste oclusal solicitando ao paciente que realizasse movimentos de lateralidade e protrusão. Conclusões:A técnica do preparo influência na longevidade dos laminados cerâmicos, por relacioanar-se à adesão e a saúde periodontal. O preparo deve ser mínino e limitado ao esmalte dental sempre que possível, determinando assim um maior e melhor prognóstico (AU).

Introduction:Due to the growing aesthetic demand, restorative dentistry is renewed to achieve better results in smile harmony. However, attention should also be turned to periodontal tissues since there is an integration between restorative material and tissues. Objective:To describe and discuss the clinical steps for the manufacture of laminate veneers, paying attention to minimally invasive preparations, cervical contour, and factors that can intervene in the procedure's longevity. Case report:A 28-year-old male patient attended the Brazilian Dental Association, the Alagoas section, reporting dissatisfaction with his teeth' size. The upper and lower arches were molded to obtain the study and diagnostic waxing models. At the beginning of treatment, the patient was instructed by the combined technique. After the case, the occlusal adjustment was performed, asking the patient to perform laterality and protrusion movements. Conclusions:The preparation technique influences the longevity of laminate veneers due to adherence and periodontal health. The preparation should be minimal and limited to dental enamel whenever possible, thus determining a higher and better prognosis (AU).

Introducción: Debido a la creciente demanda estética, la odontología restauradora se renueva para lograr mejores resultados en la armonía de la sonrisa. Sin embargo, también se debe prestar atención a los tejidos periodontales ya que existe una integraciónentre el material restaurador y los tejidos.Objetivo: Describir y discutir los pasos clínicos para la confección de carillas laminares, prestando atención a las preparaciones mínimamente invasivas, al contorno cervical y a los factores que pueden intervenir en la longevidad del procedimiento.Reporte del caso: Un paciente masculino de 28 años asistió a la Asociación Dental Brasileña, sección de Alagoas, reportando insatisfacción con el tamaño de sus dientes. Los arcos superior e inferior fueron moldeados para obtener los modelos de depilación de estudio y diagnóstico. Al comienzo del tratamiento, el paciente fue instruido por la técnica combinada. La preparación de los dientes fue guiada por una matriz de silicona, siendo estas uniformes y conservadoras, seguidas de moldeo, fase de laboratorio y cementación final. Después del caso, se realizó el ajuste oclusal, pidiendo al paciente que realizara movimientos de lateralidad y protuberancia. Conclusiones: La técnica de preparación influye en la longevidad de los laminados cerámicos, debido a la adherencia y la salud periodontal. La preparación debe ser mínima y limitada al esmalte dental siempre que sea posible, determinando así un pronóstico más alto y mejor (AU).

Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Bleaching , Periodontium , Tooth Preparation, Prosthodontic/instrumentation , Dental Veneers , Brazil/epidemiology , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Ceramics , Occlusal Adjustment , Dental Enamel , Research Report , Longevity , Models, Anatomic
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250339


Introducción: La discromía dental es una afectación estética, de causa multifactorial, caracterizada por el cambio de coloración de uno o varios dientes. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de la terapia láser como fuente de luz y calor en pacientes con discromías dentales. Método: Se realizó un estudio cuasi experimental, de intervención terapéutica, en 24 pacientes con discromías dentales atendidos en la Clínica Estomatológica Provincial DocenteMártires del Moncada de Santiago de Cuba, desde julio de 2017 hasta julio de 2018. Los integrantes del estudio se asignaron de forma aleatoria a 2 grupos de tratamiento:a los pares (grupo de estudio) se les aplicó láser combinado con la técnica convencional de peróxido de hidrógeno;a los impares (grupo control), tratamiento convencional solamente.Se utilizaron las frecuencias absoluta y relativa como medidas de resumen, así como la prueba de X 2 de homogeneidad para la validación estadística, con un nivel de significación de 0,05. Resultados: Para los pacientes del grupo de estudio, la segunda y tercera sesiones fueron más efectivas. Al culminar el tratamiento, ambos resultaron efectivos, pero los que recibieron láser evolucionaron más rápidamente que los tratados solo con peróxido de hidrógeno. Conclusiones: El uso de la terapia láser y peróxido de hidrógeno fue efectivo en pacientes con discromías dentales y demostró que no provoca efectos adversos en los dientes tratados.

Introduction: The dental dischromya is an esthetic disorder, of multifactorial cause, characterized by the change of coloration of one or several teeth. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of laser therapy as a source of light and heat in patients with dental dischromya. Method: A quasi-experiment, of therapeutic intervention study, was carried out in 24 patients with dental dischromya assisted in Mártires del Moncada Teaching Provincial Stomatological Clinic in Santiago de Cuba, from July, 2017 to March, 2018. The members of the study were assigned at random with 2 treatment groups: a study group (pairs) to whom laser combined with the conventional technique of peroxide of hydrogen was applied; to odd number patients (control group), conventional treatment only. The absolute and relative frequencies were used as summary measures, as well as the chi-square test of homogeneity for the statistical validation, with a level of significance of 0.05. Results: For the patients of the study group, the second and third sessions were more effective. When culminating the treatment, both were effective, but those that received laser evolved more quickly than those treated with peroxide of hydrogen. Conclusions: The use of the laser therapy and peroxide of hydrogen was effective in patients with dental dischromya and it was demonstrated that doesn't cause adverse effects in the treated teeth.

Tooth Discoloration/therapy , Laser Therapy , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Hydrogen Peroxide/therapeutic use
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 38-43, jan.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252861


Existem técnicas amplamente utilizadas na atualidade e diversos tipos de substâncias clareadoras em diferentes formas de apresentação que podem implicar no procedimento quando se é executado podendo trazer benefícios e/ou malefícios. O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar uma revisão integrativa da literatura acercar dos benefícios e/ou malefícios existente durante o processo de clareamento dental, nas bases de dados Lilacs e Pubmed, utilizando os descritores "Clareamento Dental"; "Odontologia baseada em evidências" e "Estética Dentária". Os critérios de inclusão foram artigos completos, nas línguas inglesa e portuguesa, indexados no período de 2010 a 2020. Após os artigos serem filtrados, 5.929 foram encontrados, e a partir destes, 9 artigos apresentaram informações que estavam relacionados com a temática a ser proposta. A partir da analise ficou explicito que a realização de um procedimento consciente de todas as etapas, com conhecimento da técnica e indicação é necessária para que se tenha sucesso(AU)

There are techniques used today and several types of whitening substances in different forms of presentation that may involve the procedure when it is possible to bring benefits and / or harms. The aim of this study was to carry out an integrative literature review about the benefits and / or harms that exist during the tooth whitening process, in the Lilacs and Pubmed databases, using the descriptors "Dental Whitening"; "Evidence-based dentistry" and "Dental Aesthetics". The inclusion criteria were complete articles, in English and Portuguese, indexed in the period from 2010 to 2020. After the articles were filtered, 5,929 were found, and from these, 9 articles presented information that was related to the theme to be proposed. From the analysis it was made explicit that the performance of a conscious procedure of all stages, with knowledge of the technique and indication is necessary for success(AU)

Tooth Bleaching , Esthetics, Dental , Tooth Bleaching/methods
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(1): 235-244, jan. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1284540


Introdução:As manchas dentárias, dentre elas a hipoplasia do esmalte,corresponde a um dos motivos que fazem com que os pacientes busquem alterações no seu sorriso.O tratamento proposto deve ser sempre o mais conservador possível e buscar devolver a autoestima do paciente. Objetivo:Este trabalho objetivou apresentarum relato de caso clínico de paciente do sexo feminino, 26 anos, insatisfeita com a estética do seu sorriso por apresentar dentes escurecidos e hipoplasia de esmalte na face vestibular, em incisivo superior.Descrição do caso:Ao exame clínico foi observado escurecimento fisiológico e hipoplasia de esmalte no incisivo lateral superior esquerdo (22).O plano de tratamento proposto foi clareamento dental pela técnica associada (técnica de consultório + técnica caseira), remoção da mancha hipoplásica de formaminimamente invasiva e restauração em resina composta direta. Conclusões:Através de um correto diagnóstico, associado a uma técnica e seleção de material adequado, foi possível conseguir excelência estética com preservação de estrutura dentária sadia (AU).

Introduction:Dental stains, including enamel hypoplasia, correspond to one of the reasons that make patients seek changes in their smile. The proposed treatment should always be as conservative as possible and seek to restore the patient's self-esteem.Objective:This study aimedto present a clinical case report of a 26-year-old female patient, dissatisfied with the aesthetics of her smile as she had darkened teeth and enamel hypoplasia on the vestibular face, in anupper incisor. Case description:On clinical examination, physiological darkening and enamel hypoplasia were observedon the left upper lateral incisor (22). The proposed treatment plan was dental bleaching using the associated technique (In-office bleaching+ at-home bleaching), removal of the hypoplastic stain in a minimally invasive manner and restoration in direct composite resin.Conclusions:Through a correct diagnosis, associated with a technique and selection of suitable material, waspossible to achieve aesthetic excellence with preservation of healthy dental structure (AU).

ntroducción: Las manchas dentales, incluida la hipoplasia del esmalte, corresponden a una de lasrazones que hacenquelos pacientes busquencambios em susonrisa. El tratamiento propuestosiempredebe ser lo másconservador posible y tratar de restablecerla autoestima del paciente.Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo presentarun informe de caso clínico de una paciente de 26 años de edad, insatisfechacon la estética de susonrisa, ya que habíaoscurecidolosdientes y la hipoplasia del esmalte en lasuperficie vestibular, en el incisivo superior.Descripcióndel caso: Enelexamen clínico, se observó oscurecimiento fisiológico e hipoplasia del esmalte en el incisivo lateral superior izquierdo (22). El plan de tratamiento propuestofueel blanqueamiento dental utilizando la técnica asociada (técnica de consultorio + técnica casera), eliminación de la mancha hipoplásica de maneramínimamente invasiva y restauraciónen resina compuestadirecta. Conclusiones: A través de un diagnóstico correcto, asociado con una técnica y selección de material adecuado, fueposible lograr laexcelencia estética conlapreservación de una estructura dental sana (AU).

Humans , Female , Adult , Tooth Bleaching , Composite Resins , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia , Conservative Treatment , Brazil , Photography, Dental/instrumentation , Incisor
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887758


OBJECTIVES@#This work aimed to evaluate the ability of two kinds of antioxidants, namely, grape-seed extract and sodium ascorbate, in restoring bond strength at the resin-enamel interface after bleaching.@*METHODS@#Ten groups of samples with 15 teeth per group were prepared for shear-bond-strength test at the resin-enamel interface after bleaching. The groups were as follows: control; no antioxidant; 2.5%, 5%, 10%, or 15% grape-seed extract; and 2.5%, 5%, 10%, or 15% sodium ascorbate. The peak values of shear bond strength when resin was debonded from teeth and the failure modes under a microscope were recorded. Ten other groups of teeth with two teeth per group were prepared and treated in a similar approach before resin bonding. The samples were cut vertically to the bonding interface. The structures of the bonding interface were compared by scanning electron microscopy.@*RESULTS@#No statistically significant difference in shear bond strength was found among the no-antioxidant, 2.5% grape-seed extract, and 2.5%, 5%, or 10% sodium ascorbate groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Immediately after bleaching, the bond strength of dental enamel significantly decreased. Bond strength can be restored by 5% grape-seed extract or 15% sodium ascorbate in 5 min.

Antioxidants , Composite Resins , Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dental Enamel , Humans , Shear Strength , Tooth Bleaching
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 1191-1196, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921892


Experts from Society of Prosthodontics, Chinese Stomatological Association have extensively solicited opinions, and formulated a recommended application guideline after many discussions and revisions, basing on experimental research, clinical and evidence-based medical results. This guideline formulated the standard operating procedure for tooth bleaching, to guide and standardize the clinical diagnosis and treatment procedure of tooth bleaching, and to improve the clinical diagnosis and treatment level and outcome of tooth bleaching, in order to effectively reduce the clinical adverse reactions of bleaching agents and promote the clinical popularization of tooth bleaching technology.

Technology , Tooth Bleaching
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287487


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the 6-month efficacy of natural tooth color change in in-office bleaching treatment in terms of time by using a spectrophotometer. Material and Methods: A total of 20 participants were chairside treated with 40% hydrogen peroxide (HP), three applications each 20 minutes, in one appointment. Instrumental color measurement was performed on six anterior maxillary teeth before bleaching (baseline-t0), immediately after in-office bleaching and rehydration of the teeth (t1), 3 months (t2), and 6 months after bleaching treatment (t3). The spectrophotometer measured the tooth shades based on the CIE L*a*b* color notation system and Bleach index during the period of observation. CIE L*a*b* (ΔEab) color differences were calculated. Results: The color change at t1 was ΔEab = 3.2, at t2 was ΔEab = 1.8, at t3 was ΔEab = 1.2 and overall color change of in-office method was ΔEab = 3.6 (p<0.05). A significant effect for the mean CIEL*a*b* values was detected as within time b* values decreased significantly (p<0.05). Bleach index values significantly decreased during the time of observation, too (p<0.05). Conclusion: The in-office bleaching treatment using 40% hydrogen peroxide was effective, and the results showed a statistically significant decrease in color change during the period of 6-month observation.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Tooth Bleaching , Spectrophotometers , Dental Offices , Tooth Bleaching Agents/chemistry , Hydrogen Peroxide/therapeutic use , Analysis of Variance , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Treatment Outcome , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Statistics, Nonparametric
Sâo José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 81 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1359830


O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar as técnicas de microabrasão de esmalte (ME) e infiltração de resina (IR) em relação à resolução estética de lesões cariosas de mancha branca (LCMB) e avaliar a correlação entre a luminosidade das lesões quando transiluminadas e a resolução do problema (estudo 1); avaliar em um estudo "in vitro", a eficácia do clareamento dental, em amostras de dentes submetidos previamente a IR (estudo 2); avaliar a efetividade do clareamento dental 12 meses após a realização dos protocolos de mínima intervenção, em um estudo de série de casos (estudo 3). Para o estudo 1 foram selecionados 17 pacientes que foram divididos em 2 grupos: ME (N=8) e IR (N=9). Um dente de cada paciente foi fotografado sob condição normal e do mesmo dente com auxilio de dispositivo translume. Em seguida os pacientes foram submetidos às técnicas de mínima intervenção. Após 7 dias de acompanhamento, o mesmo protocolo fotográfico foi realizado. Para resolução estética, foi delimitado a área do dente em relação a área da mancha por software. Para avaliação da cor da mancha quando evidenciada, os valores de luminosidade (L*) das coordenadas L*a*b* foram avaliados antes e após a intervenção, sendo mensurados valores das áreas sadias e área da mancha mais enegrecida. Os dados de correlação foram submetidos ao teste de Person. A resolutividade dos tratamentos foi dada por um Teste t-Student e a diferença de luminosidade antes e após os tratamentos foi dado pelo teste Anova 2 fatores de medidas repetidas (p<0,05). Para o estudo 2, quarenta superfícies de esmalte bovino foram submetidas à desmineralização. Após, foram estabelecidos dois protocolos de manchamento. Vinte espécimes foram imersos em caldo de manchamento por 24 horas (Lab 1) ou 7 dias (Lab 2). Dez corpos-de-prova de cada grupo receberam a aplicação de IR. Todas as amostras foram clareadas com gel de peróxido de carbamida 15% por 14 dias (8 horas diárias). A mensuração da cor foi realizada em espectrofotômetro de refletância em três momentos: inicial, após o manchamento e após o clareamento. Os dados (CIEDE00) foram analisados pelo teste t-Student (p <0,05). Para o estudo 3, foram selecionados 4 voluntários, que tinham LCMB nos dentes anteriores superiores. Os pacientes foram divididos de forma aleatória em dois grupos, sendo estes: ME e IR na área de mancha. Para resolução estética das LCMB, foi determinada a área da mancha em relação a área do dente e a porcentagem da redução pós protocolos. Após 12 meses de acompanhamento, os pacientes receberam clareamento dental, com peróxido de carbamida 10%, durante 21 dias. Os dados do estudo 1 mostram que não houve correlação entre as áreas da mancha (normal e transiluminada) e a resolução estética das mesmas (p>0.05). Em relação a resolutividade, não houve diferença entre os tratamentos (p=0.403). O valor de Luminosidade aumentou após a realização dos procedimentos (p=0.001). Para o estudo 2, nenhuma diferença significativa foi observada no Lab 1 (p=0,560). Para o Lab 2, foram detectadas diferenças significativas (p=0,031). Uma vez que o clareamento foi mais efetivo no grupo não submetido a IR (Lab2). Os resultados do estudo 3 mostram que ambos os protocolos reduziram e/ou suavizaram as áreas das manchas. Após 12 meses de acompanhamento, a técnica de ME apresentou redução no valor da área de mancha. Por fim, o clareamento dental foi efetivo em ambos os protocolos, sem diferenças entre as técnicas. Frente as metodologias propostas, pode-se concluir que: não houve diferenças entre os tratamentos em relação a remoção ou mascaramento das LCMB; a cor das manchas quando transiluminadas não estão relacionadas a resolução estética das mesmas; "in vitro", dentes fortemente manchados, submetidos ao tratamento com RI, o produto parece se comportar como uma barreira semipermeável à penetração do peróxido. Por fim, ambas as técnicas podem ser indicadas para reduzir ou suavizar as áreas de mancha. A ME apresentou redução das áreas de mancha no período avaliado (12 meses). Clinicamente, o clareamento dental pode ser indicado para melhorar a cor dos dentes, independentemente do protocolo pré-estabelecido

The aim of this study was to compare enamel microabrasion (EM) and resin infiltration (RI) techniques in relation to the esthetic resolution of white spot carious lesions (WSL) and to evaluate the correlation between the luminosity of the lesions when transilluminated and the resolution of the problem (study 1); To evaluate in an "in vitro" study, the effectiveness of dental bleaching in samples of teeth previously submitted to RI (study 2); to evaluate the effectiveness of dental bleaching 12 months after the minimal intervention protocols were performed, in a case series study (study 3). For study 1, 17 patients were selected and divided into 2 groups: ME (N=8) and IR (N=9). One tooth from each patient was photographed under normal condition and the same tooth with the aid of a translume device. Then the patients were subjected to the minimal intervention techniques. After 7 days of follow-up, the same photographic protocol was performed. For esthetic resolution, the area of the tooth was delimited in relation to the area of the stain using software. To evaluate the color of the stain when evidenced, the luminosity values (L*) of the coordinates L*a*b* were evaluated before and after the intervention, being measured values of the healthy areas and area of the darker stain. The correlation data were submitted to Person's test. The resolution by the treatments was analyzed by Student's t-test, and the difference in luminosity before and after treatments was analyzed by 2-way repeated measures Anova (p<0.05). For study 2, forty bovine enamel surfaces were subjected to demineralization. Two staining protocols were established. Twenty specimens were immersed in staining broth for 24 hours (Lab 1) or 7 days (Lab 2). Ten specimens from each group received IR application. All specimens were bleached with 15% carbamide peroxide gel for 14 days (8 hours daily). Color measurement was performed by spectrophotometry at three periods: bselien, after staining, and after bleaching. Data (CIEDE00) were analyzed by Student's T test (p <0.05). For study 3, 4 volunteers with WSL in the maxillary teeth were selected. The patients were randomly divided into EM or RI for treating lesions. For esthetic resolution of WSL, the spot area relative to tooth area and the percentage of reduction after protocols were determined. After 12 months of follow-up, the patients received dental bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide for 21 days. The data from study 1 show that there was no correlation between the stain areas (transilluminated or not) and the esthetic resolution (p>0.05). Regarding resolution, there was no difference between treatments (p=0.403). The Luminosity value increased after the procedures were performed (p=0.001). For study 2, no significant difference was observed in Lab 1 (p=0.560). For Lab 2, significant differences were detected (p=0.031), and whitening was more effective in the group not subjected to IR (Lab2). The results of study 3 show that both protocols reduced and/or softened the areas of the stains. After 12 months of follow-up, the EM technique showed a reduction in the stain area value. Finally, dental bleaching was effective with both protocols, with no differences between the techniques. Based on the proposed methodologies, it can be concluded that: there were no differences between the treatments regarding the removal or masking of WSL; the color of the stains when transilluminated is not related to their esthetic resolution; "in vitro", heavily stained teeth submitted to treatment with RI, the product seems to behave as a semi-permeable barrier to peroxide penetration. Finally, both techniques can be indicated to reduce or soften stained areas. The EM showed a reduction of stained areas in the evaluated period (12 months). Clinically, dental bleaching can be indicated to improve the color of teeth, regardless of the pre-established protocol

Humans , Animals , Cattle , Tooth Bleaching , Enamel Microabrasion , Dental Caries , Dental Leakage , Esthetics, Dental , Spectrophotometers , Analysis of Variance , Color
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e066, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249366


Abstract: This study developed experimental gels containing titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) combined with commercial 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP), and evaluated bleaching efficacy and pH of the gels, and mineral content and morphology of enamel submitted to these treatments. In phase-1, different stock gels mixed with TiF4 were combined with HP. In phase-2, the selected gels were tested on enamel/dentin specimens (n=8): HP; HP and Natrosol+TiF4 (HPnT); HP and Natrosol+Chemygel+TiF4 (HPncT); HP and Aristoflex+TiF4 (HPaT). Bleaching was performed in four sessions (3x15min-application/session). Color (CIEL*a*b*) and whiteness index (WID) were measured after each session, whereas whiteness index differences (ΔWID), color alteration (CIELab-ΔE, CIEDE2000-ΔE00), enamel morphology and pH, at end of bleaching therapy. The change in Knoop microhardness (ΔKHN) was compared before and after bleaching. Data were analyzed by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni (CIEL*, a*, b*), one-way ANOVA and Tukey (ΔWID, ΔE, ΔE00), and LSD (ΔKHN) tests (α=5%). SEM and pH measurements were submitted to descriptive analysis. No differences were observed in lightness (L*) or WID among the groups (p > 0.05), but HP exhibited lower b* values (p<0.05), higher ΔWID than HPnT, and the highest ΔE among the groups (p < 0.05). No differences in ΔE00 were observed between HP and HPncT (p > 0.05), and HPncT showed higher ΔKHN than HP (p < 0.05). HP presented pH values closer to neutral (6.9), whereas experimental agents showed acidic pH values (2.3-3.9). No morphological changes were observed in HP or HPncT groups. HPncT was able to bleach the enamel and maintain enamel microhardness and surface integrity, even at low pH.

Tooth Bleaching , Bleaching Agents , Tooth Bleaching Agents , Titanium , Fluorides , Hydrogen Peroxide
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200511, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143152


Abstract Objective To evaluate the effect of the association between external and internal tooth bleaching on color changes in dentin and enamel, individually or recombined, previously stained with triple antibiotic paste (TAP). Methodology Forty enamel-dentin specimens from bovine incisors were separated into ten blocks according to similarity in their whiteness index (WID). Three specimens within each block were stained by dentin exposure to TAP, and the remaining specimen was used as control to estimate color changes. Specimens were sectioned to separate tissues, and dentin and enamel colors were measured individually and after being recombined. Alterations in color (CIEDE2000 - ΔE00) and translucency parameter (TP) resulting from staining were estimated by color difference between stained and control specimens. The contribution of each tissue to the color change (CTCC) was also calculated. Non-sectioned stained specimens were bleached by applying sodium perborate on dentin, associated or not with 35% hydrogen peroxide on enamel. Color changes caused by bleaching procedures were estimated and data were analyzed using the paired t-test or Two-way repeated measures ANOVA. Results TAP caused more pronounced changes in dentin, but enamel color was also affected. Both protocols presented a similar ΔE00, and dentin showed the greater color change. After exposure to TAP, we observed a reduction in WID; WID values were the same for bleached and control specimens regardless of protocol. We found no significant effect of substrate and bleaching technique on TP. Enamel played a more critical role in color changes caused by either staining or bleaching procedures. Conclusion Enamel color played a greater role on tooth color changes than dentin. External and internal bleaching association did not improve bleaching effect on specimens stained with TAP.

Animals , Cattle , Color , Dental Enamel , Dentin , Tooth Bleaching Agents , Tooth Bleaching , In Vitro Techniques , Hydrogen Peroxide
Arq. odontol ; 57: 8-16, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1150644


Objetivo: Avaliar capacidade seladora de um cimento resinoso autoadesivo como tampão cervical para clareamento interno. Métodos: Quarenta incisivos inferiores bovinos recém-extraídos foram tratados endodonticamente. Após 72 horas, foi realizada a desobturação parcial do canal radicular para confecção de tampão cervical dividido em quatro grupos aleatório (n = 40), cada um contento dez amostras (n = 10), com os seguintes materiais: cimento resinoso autoadesivo, cimento resinoso adesivo, cimento de óxido de zinco sem eugenol com presa por água e cimento de ionômero de vidro quimicamente ativado (grupo controle). Após 24 horas de presa dos materiais, os elementos dentais foram submetidos ao clareamento interno com perborato de sódio misturado com água destilada pelo período de 7 dias em câmara umidificadora a 37 ºC. Posteriormente, o material clareador foi removido e um corante (fucsina básica 0,5%) foi colocado no interior da câmara pulpar, sendo renovado de 8 em 8 horas, pelo período de 24 horas. Os elementos dentais foram seccionados no sentido longitudinal em máquina de corte para avaliação quantitativa em um microscópio óptico sob aumento de 20x. O grau de penetração do corante foi analisado ao longo do tampão cervical (topo até base). Resultados: Não houve diferença significativa entre os materiais tamponantes utilizados (p = 0,5997). Conclusão: O cimento resinoso autoadesivo apresentou baixo grau de infiltração, sendo uma opção de material alternativo com finalidade de tampão cervical.

Aim: To evaluate the sealing ability of a self-adhesive resin cement as a cervical barrier for internal bleaching. Methods: Forty recently extracted bovine lower incisors were endodontically treated. After 72 hours, partial disobturation of the root canal was performed, a cervical barrier was placed, and the teeth were divided into four random groups (n = 40), each containing ten samples (n = 10), using the following materials: self-adhesive resin cement, adhesive resin cement, zinc oxide cement without eugenol cured by water, and chemically activate glass ionomer cement (control group). Twenty-four hours after the materials were cured, the teeth were subjected to internal bleaching with sodium perborate and distilled water for a period of seven days in a humidified chamber at 37°C. After, the bleaching material was removed and a dye (0.5% basic fuchsin) was placed inside the pulp chamber and renewed every eight hours for a period of 24 hours. The teeth were sectioned longitudinally in a cutting machine for quantitative evaluation using an optical microscope under 20x magnification. The degree of dye penetration was evaluated through the cervical barrier (top to bottom). Results: No significant difference was observed among the cervical barrier materials used in this study (p = 0.5997). Conclusion: The self-adhesive resin cement had low degree of leakage and represents an alternative material option to be used as a cervical barrier.

Tooth Bleaching , Resin Cements , Dental Cements/analysis , Endodontics , Tooth Bleaching Agents/analysis , Glass Ionomer Cements , Epidemiology, Experimental