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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To measure the three-dimensional morphology of the labial supraosseous gingiva (SOG) and the thickness of related labial bone in maxillary anterior teeth of periodontally healthy Han nationality youth using soft tissue indirect imaging cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).@*METHODS@#Twenty-five periodontally healthy subjects (11 males and 14 females) with 150 maxillary anterior teeth were involved in this study. A special impression with radiopaque material including the maxillary teeth was made, then a CBCT scan with the elastomeric matrix in position was taken for each subject. The imaging data were generated and transferred to a volumetric imaging software in which three-dimensional reconstruction was conducted and the image analyses were carried out. Measurements were made at the site of labial center of the maxillary anterior teeth. The height of the SOG, the distance between cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) and bone crest, the gingival thickness at the CEJ, and the thickness of bone 2 mm below the labial bone crest were measured and the correlation analysis between the parameters was made. All the data analyses were performed using SPSS 22.0. The data were analyzed with ANVOA and Pearson correlation tests with the significance level at α=0.05.@*RESULTS@#The mean SOG values were (3.49±0.70) mm, (3.48±0.81) mm, and (3.54±0.67) mm for central incisors, lateral incisors and canines, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences among the different sites (P > 0.05). The mean gingival thickness values were (1.45±0.23) mm, (1.13±0.24) mm, (1.14±0.22) mm for central incisors, lateral incisors and canines, respectively. The gingival thickness of the central incisors was the largest among the maxillary anterior teeth with statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). No correlation was found between the SOG and gingival thickness among the maxillary anterior teeth (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The gingival thickness of central incisors was the largest and the supraosseous gingival height had no correlation with gingival thickness among the periodontally healthy maxillary anterior teeth.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Female , Gingiva/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Male , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Cervix
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942250

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the influence of base materials on stress distribution in endodontically treated maxillary premolars restored with endocrowns using three-dimensional finite element analysis.@*METHODS@#A maxillary second premolar was scanned by Micro-CT and a three-dimensional finite element model of ceramic endocrown with 1 mm thickness of base was established. A model without base was also established as a negative control. Four kinds of conventional base materials with different elastic modulus were adopted: light cure glass ionomer(3M Vitrebond, 3 657 MPa), flowable composite resin(3M Filtek Z350XT Flowable Restorative, 7 300 MPa), high strength glass ionomer(GC Fuji Ⅸ, 13 130 MPa), and posterior composite resin(3M Filtek P60, 19 700 MPa). With a 200 N force loaded vertically and obliquely, the distribution and magnitude of stress in the tooth tissue and adhesive layer were investigated by three-dimensional finite element analysis.@*RESULTS@#The maximum von Mises stress values(vertical/oblique) in dentin and adhesive layer were measured as follows: (1) no base material: 19.39/70.49 MPa in dentin and 6.97/17.97 MPa in adhesive layer; (2) light cure glass ionomer: 19.00/69.75 MPa in dentin and 6.87/16.30 MPa in adhesive layer; (3) flowable composite resin: 18.78/69.33 MPa in dentin and 6.79/16.17 MPa in adhesive layer; (4) high strength glass ionomer: 18.71/69.20 MPa in dentin and 6.74/16.07 MPa in adhesive layer; (5) posterior composite resin: 18.61/69.03 MPa in dentin and 6.70/16.01 MPa in adhesive layer. Under the same loading condition, models with different elastic moduli of base materials had similar stress distribution patterns. The von Mises stress of tooth tissue was mainly concentrated in the tooth cervix. Under oblique load, the regions where von Mises stress concentrated in were similar to those under a vertical load, but the values increased. The stress concentration in the tooth cervix was alleviated in models with base materials compared with the model without base material. The maximum von Mises stress in the tooth tissue and adhesive layer decreased when the elastic modulus of base materials increased and got close to that of dentin.@*CONCLUSION@#The posterior composite resin of which the elastic moduli is high and close to that of dentin is recommended as base material for premolar endocrowns to alleviate the concentration of stress in tooth cervix and adhesive layer.


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Ceramics , Composite Resins , Dental Stress Analysis , Dentin , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Materials Testing , Stress, Mechanical , Tooth Cervix , X-Ray Microtomography
3.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 35-42, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291352

ABSTRACT

En los últimos años resulta de elección la utilización de postes de fib ra en la rehabilitación de piezas endodónticamente tratadas. La adhesión entre poste, agente cementante y dentina radicular permitiría lograr una retención de la estructura dentro de las paredes del conducto. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la resistencia adhesiva en los tercios cervical, medio y apical, entre la dentina del conducto radicular y el cemento adhesivo utilizado en la cementación de postes de fibra. Se utilizaron 30 premolares inferiores uniradiculares humanos, recientemente extraídos, se realizaron los tratamientos endodónticos, se desobturaron y realizaron las preparaciones con la fresa conformadora número 3 para la cementación de postes White Post DC especial número 3 con cemento Paracore utilizando el protocolo adhesivo del mismo sistema. Las muestras fueron incluidas en acrílico cristal, cortadas en forma perpendicular al eje mayor de la pieza con una máquina de corte y por último se procedió a medir los valores de adhesión de los postes a la superficie interna de los conductos en los tres tercios con la prueba push-out mediante una máquina de ensayo universal. Los resultados arrojaron que las resistencias (media +- DE, MPa) en los tercios cervical, medio y apical, fueron 8,74 +- 3,12, 9,38 +- 2,29 y 11,11 +- 2,95, respectivamente. En el tercio apical se registró mayor resistencia. Considerando las limitaciones de esta investigación, se puede concluir que la cementación de postes de fibra con cementos resinosos, presenta mayores valores en el tercio apical y menores en el tercio cervical del conducto radicular con técnica de Push-out (AU)


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , Post and Core Technique , Flexural Strength , Bicuspid , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Cementation/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Tooth Cervix , Dental Pulp Cavity , Fibric Acids
4.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(3): 153-156, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147976

ABSTRACT

La alta incidencia de fracturas dentarias producidas a distancia del tratamiento endodóntico ha llevado a desarrollar cambios en los procedimientos operatorios, con el objeto de conservar la mayor cantidad de estructura dentaria durante la terapia de conductos radiculares. En relación con esta idea, el sistema TruNatomy trabaja sobre el concepto de endodoncia mínimamente invasiva. Una zona altamente sensible a ser considerada es el área pericervical, delimitada 4 mm por encima y 4 mm por debajo de la cresta ósea. El objetivo del presente informe es analizar las propiedades y las características técnicas del sistema de instrumentación Tru- Natomy y los cambios conceptuales que su utilización implica (AU)


The high incidence of dental fractures in the long-term after endodontic treatment has led to analyzed how to change the endodontic procedures to preserve the dental structure during root canal therapy. The TruNatomy system was developed based on the concept of Minimally Invasive Endodontics. A highly sensitive zone to be considered is the pericervical area, restricted to 4 mm above and 4 mm below the bone crest. The objective of this report is to analyze the properties and technical characteristics of the TruNatomy instrumentation system and the changes in the concepts in the clinical treatment procedures as a result of its use (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Fractures/prevention & control , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Tooth Cervix
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827517

ABSTRACT

Noncarious cervical sclerotic lesions (NCSL) are dental cervical lesions with noncarious sclerotic dentine (NCSD), which appears smooth, hard, and either light yellow or dark brown. Most NCSLs are wedge or dish shaped and commonly occur in canines and premolars, leading to dental hypersensitivity and aesthetic defect. The principal treatment is composite resin restoration; however, many clinical problems, such as retention loss, should not be ignored. NCSL's bonding interface includes NCSD and enamel, and interface pre-treatment can promote the bonding effect. This review summarizes current surface treatment methods and their influence on the bonding effectiveness of NCSL to provide guidance for clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Acid Etching, Dental , Composite Resins , Dental Bonding , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Tooth Cervix
6.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(3): 210-219, jul. 31, 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145338

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the six-month clinical outcome of restorations of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCL) with two composite resins: Bulk-Fill and nanohybrid resin. Materials and methods: Fifty-one patients, with three NCCLs each, were randomly allocated into three restoration groups: Tetric-N-Ceram Bulk-Fill (TB); Filtek Bulk-Fill (FB); y Filtek Z350XT (Z350). Adhesive techniques and restorative procedures were performed according to the manufacturers' instructions for the different materials. A 4mm increment was applied in TB and FB, and increments of ≤2mm depth were applied in Z350. Restorations were assessed by two calibrated examiners at baseline and at six months according to the FDI World Dental Federation guidelines (1: excellent, 2: acceptable, 3: sufficient, 4: unsatisfactory, 5: unacceptable) in Marginal Staining (MS), Fracture-Retention (FR), Marginal Adaptation (MA), Postoperative Sensitivity (S) and Caries (C). Wilcoxon test was used for the comparison between baseline and 6 months, and Kruskal-Wallis for the comparison of the three groups at six months (95% significance). Results: Forty-six patients with a total of 138 restorations attended a check-up at six months and were evaluated with excellent clinical outcome. In MS, 91.2% for Z350 and 97.8% for FB and TB; in FR, 97.8% for Z350 and 100% for FB and TB; in MA, 95.6% for Z350, 97.8% for FB and 100% for TN; in S, 95.6% for all three groups; and 100% for C. No statistically significant differences were found between the three groups nor in the comparison between the baseline and 6 months (p>0.05) Conclusion: No significant differences are observed between the three groups of resins in the parameters of MS, MA, S, FR and C regarding clinical outcome at six months.


Objetivo: Evaluar el comportamiento clínico a 6 meses en restauraciones de lesiones cervicales no cariosas (LCNC) con dos resinas compuestas Bulk-Fill y una resina nanohíbrida. Materiales y métodos: En 51 pacientes se restauraron 3 LCNC distribuidas aleatoriamente en 3 grupos, TB: Tetric-N-Ceram Bulk-Fill, FB: Filtek Bulk-Fill y Z350: Filtek Z350XT. Las técnicas adhesivas y procedimientos restauradores fueron realizados según las instrucciones de los fabricantes para los diferentes materiales. En TB y FB se aplicó un incremento de 4mm y en Z350 se aplicó incrementos ≤2mm de profundidad. Dos operadores calibrados evaluaron las restauraciones al baseline y 6 meses mediante los criterios clínicos FDI (1: excelente, 2: aceptable, 3: suficiente, 4: insatisfactorio, 5: inaceptable) en Tinción Marginal (TM), Fractura-Retención (FR), Adaptación Marginal (AM), Sensibilidad Postoperatoria (S) y Caries (C). Se utilizó Wilcoxon para la comparación entre baseline ­ 6 meses y Kruskal-Wallis para la comparación de los 3 grupos a 6 meses (significancia de 95%). Resultados: A los 6 meses asistieron 46 pacientes con un total de 138 restauraciones siendo evaluados con comportamiento clínico excelente; en TM 91,2% para Z350 y 97,8% para FB y TB; en FR, Z350 presentó 97,8% y en FB y TB el 100%; en AM, 95,6% para Z350, 97,8% para FB y 100% para TN; en S presentó 95,6% para los tres grupos; en C se presentó el 100%. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los 3 grupos y en la comparación de baseline - 6 meses (p>0.05). Conclusión: No existen diferencias significativas en el comportamiento clínico a 6 meses entre los 3 grupos de resinas en los parámetros TM, AM, S, FR Y C.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Tooth Demineralization/therapy , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Chile , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Tooth Cervix , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Materials
7.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(1): 66-73, feb. 28, 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145293

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the prevalence and eruption's pattern of impacted mandibular third molars (IMTM) and the influence of their eruption status on the distal caries of mandibular second molars (MSM) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Material and methods: CBCT images taken for different purposes in private dental practices were analyzed retrospectively. Radiographic assessment included: prevalence of IMTM, degree of angulation, level of impaction and type of IMTM. Furthermore, the distance between the cement-enamel junctions (CEJ) of second and third molars and the occurrence of caries lesion on the distal surface of MSM was also evaluated. Data were analyzed by chi square test and logistic regression was used to find the association between distal caries of MSM and eruption status of IMTM. Results: Three hundred and eight CBCTs were screened, the prevalence of IMTM was 36.88% and their angulation degree were mostly less than 90º (mesioangular). Amongst those with impaction, 58 subjects (43%) had distal caries on MSM, 29.6% in females and 30.4% in the age group 19-27 years. Caries on the distal side of MSM were significantly associated with age, level and type of impaction, angulation degree and CEJ distances (p<0.05). Conclusions: The prevalence of IMTM is high (36.88%) and there are significant relationships between angulation degree, level and type of impaction, and CEJ distances with caries on the distal side of MSM.


Introducción: Este estudio evaluó la prevalencia y el patrón de erupción de terceros molares mandibulares impactados (TMMI), y la influencia de su estado de erupción en la caries distal de los segundos molares mandibulares (SMM) mediante tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (TCHC). Material y métodos: se analizaron retrospectivamente las imágenes de TCHC tomadas para diferentes fines en prácticas dentales privadas. La evaluación radiográfica incluyó: prevalencia de TMMI, grado de angulación, nivel de impacto y tipo de TMMI. Además, también se evaluó la distancia entre la unión amelocementaria (UAC) de los segundos y terceros molares y la aparición de lesión de caries en la superficie distal de SMM. Los datos se analizaron mediante la prueba de chi cuadrado y se usó la regresión logística para evaluar asociaciones entre la caries distal de SMM y el estado de erupción de TMMI. Resultados: Se examinaron 308 TCHC, la prevalencia de TMMI fue de 36.88% y su grado de angulación fue mayoritariamente menor a 90º (mesioangular). Entre aquellos con impacto, 58 sujetos (43%) tenían caries distales en los SMM, 29.6% eran mujeres y 30.4% pertenecieron al grupo de edad de 19-27 años. Las caries en el lado distal de MSM se asociaron significativamente con la edad, el nivel y el tipo de impactación, el grado de angulación y las distancias UAC (p<0.05). Conclusiones: la prevalencia de TMMI es alta (36.88%) y existen relaciones significativas entre el grado de angulación, el nivel y el tipo de impacto, y las distancias UAC con presencia de caries en el lado distal de los SMM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Tooth, Impacted , Dental Caries/etiology , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Molar, Third/injuries , Bicuspid , Prevalence , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Retrospective Studies , Tooth Cervix , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Iraq/epidemiology , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Molar
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741589

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The mandibular third molar (M3) is typically the last permanent tooth to erupt because of insufficient space and thick soft tissues covering its surface. Problems such as alveolar bone loss, development of a periodontal pocket, exposure of cementum, gingival recession, and dental caries can be found in the adjacent second molars (M2) following M3 extraction. The specific aims of the study were to assess the amount and rate of bone regeneration on the distal surface of M2 and to evaluate the aspects of bone regeneration in terms of varying degree of impaction. METHODS: Four series of panoramic radiographic images were obtained from the selected cases, including images from the first visit, immediately after extraction, 6 weeks, and 6 months after extraction. ImageJ software® (NIH, USA) was used to measure linear distance from the region of interest to the distal root of the adjacent M2. Radiographic infrabony defect (RID) values were calculated from the measured radiographic bone height and cementoenamel junction with distortion compensation. Repeated measures of analysis of variance and one-way analysis of variance were conducted to analyze the statistical significant difference between RID and time, and a Spearman correlation test was conducted to assess the relationship between Pederson’s difficulty index (DI) and RID. RESULTS: A large RID (> 6 mm) can be reduced gradually and consistently over time. More than half of the samples recovered nearly to their normal healthy condition (RID ≤ 3 mm) by the 6-month follow-up. DI affected the first 6 weeks of post-extraction period and only showed a significant positive correlation with respect to the difference between baseline and final RID. CONCLUSIONS: Additional treatments on M2 for a minimum of 6 months after an M3 extraction could be recommended. Although DI may affect bone regeneration during the early healing period, further study is required to elucidate any possible factors associated with the healing process. The DI does not cause any long-term adverse effects on bone regeneration after surgical extraction.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Bone Regeneration , Compensation and Redress , Dental Caries , Dental Cementum , Follow-Up Studies , Gingival Recession , Molar , Molar, Third , Periodontal Pocket , Retrospective Studies , Tooth , Tooth Cervix
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740405

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to introduce a novel method to evaluate the alveolar bone and interdental septum in the anterior mandible using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six CBCT scans from adult patients were selected. The CBCT scans were obtained before and after orthodontic treatment. The following measurements were taken: width of the alveolar bone and the interdental septum, height of the interdental septum, height of the bone plates, distance between the cementoenamel junction and marginal bone crests, and vertical positioning of the mandibular incisor, using the lingual plane as a reference. To test the reproducibility and the stability of the lingual plane, a triangle was traced in the anterior mandible. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to determine intra- and inter-examiner agreement. The paired Student t-test was used to evaluate the area of the triangle and the reproducibility of all measurements. RESULTS: The ICC was excellent for the alveolar bone and dental measurements (0.9989 and 0.9977, respectively), as well as for the interdental septum (0.9987 and 0.9961, respectively). The area of the triangles showed stability in the lingual plane (P>0.05). For the alveolar bone, mandibular incisor, and interdental septum measurements, no statistically significant differences were found between the 2 examiners (P>0.05), confirming the technical reliability of the measurements. CONCLUSION: The method used in this study provides a valid and reproducible assessment of alveolar bone dimensions in the anterior mandible measured on CBCT images.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alveolar Bone Loss , Alveolar Process , Bone Plates , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Humans , Incisor , Mandible , Methods , Tooth Cervix
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766111

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To histologically characterize periodontal healing at 8 weeks in surgically created dehiscence defects in beagle dogs that received a collagen matrix with periodontal ligament (PDL) progenitor cells. METHODS: The bilateral maxillary premolars and first molars in 6 animals were used. Standardized experimental dehiscence defects were made on the buccal side of 3 premolars, and primary culturing of PDL progenitor cells was performed on the molars. Collagen matrix was used as a scaffold and a delivery system for PDL progenitor cells. The experimental sites were grafted with collagen matrix (COL), PDL progenitor cells with collagen matrix (COL/CELL), or left without any material (CTL). Histologic and histomorphometric analyses were performed after 8 weeks. RESULTS: The defect height from the cementoenamel junction to the most apical point of cementum removal did not significantly differ across the CTL, COL, and COL/CELL groups, at 4.57±0.28, 4.56±0.41, and 4.64±0.27 mm (mean ± standard deviation), respectively; the corresponding values for epithelial adhesion were 1.41±0.51, 0.85±0.29, and 0.30±0.41 mm (P<0.05), the heights of new bone regeneration were 1.32±0.44, 1.65±0.52, and 1.93±0.61 mm (P<0.05), and the cementum regeneration values were 1.15±0.42, 1.81±0.46, and 2.57±0.56 mm (P<0.05). There was significantly more new bone formation in the COL/CELL group than in the CTL group, and new cementum length was also significantly higher in the COL/CELL group. However, there were no significant differences in the width of new cementum among the groups. CONCLUSIONS: PDL progenitor cells carried by a synthetic collagen matrix may enhance periodontal regeneration, including cementum and new bone formation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bicuspid , Bone Regeneration , Collagen , Dental Cementum , Dogs , Molar , Osteogenesis , Periodontal Ligament , Regeneration , Stem Cells , Tooth Cervix , Transplants
11.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 7(5): 210-222, jun. 5, 2018. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120848

ABSTRACT

Objective: to compare, through a systematic review and a meta-analysis, the clinical effect of the adhesive strategies of universal adhesives (UA) in the treatment of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs). material and method: a search of the literature was carried out up to january 2018, in the biomedical databases: Pubmed, Embase, Scielo, Science Direct, SIGLE, LILACS, BBO, Google Scholar and the Central Register of Cochrane Clinical Trials. the selection criteria of the studies were as: randomized clinical trials, with a maximum age of 5 years and which report the clinical effects (marginal adaptation, discoloration or marginal staining, presence of secondary caries, postoperative sensitivity, retention and fractures) of the UA in the treatment of NCCLs. the risk of study bias was analyzed through the Cochrane Handbook of systematic reviews of interventions. results: the search strategy resulted in eight articles that reported no difference in marginal adaptation, discoloration or marginal staining, presence of secondary caries and postoperative sensitivity among the adhesive strategies of the UA; however they reported a difference between the retention and the presence of fractures, with the conventional adhesive strategy resulting in a better clinical effect. conclusion: the reviewed literature suggests that the conventional adhesive strategy of UAs results in greater retention and absence of fractures in the treatment of NCCLs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Bonding/methods , Tooth Cervix , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Tooth Discoloration , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Dentin-Bonding Agents/therapeutic use
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740381

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study classified alveolar arch forms and evaluated differences in alveolar bone thickness among arch forms in the anterior esthetic region using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Axial views of 113 CBCT images were assessed at the level of 3 mm below the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) of the right and left canines. The root center points of teeth in the anterior esthetic region were used as reference points. Arch forms were classified according to their transverse dimensions and the intercanine width-to-depth ratio. The buccolingual alveolar bone thickness of each tooth was measured at 3 mm below the CEJ and at the mid-root level. Differences in the mean thicknesses among arch forms were analyzed. RESULTS: Anterior maxillary arches could be classified as long narrow, short medium, long medium, and long wide arches. Significant differences in buccolingual alveolar bone thickness among the arch groups were found at both levels. The long wide arches presented the greatest bone thickness, followed by the long medium arches, while the long narrow and short medium arches were the thinnest. CONCLUSION: Arch forms were classified as long narrow, short medium, long medium, and long wide. The buccolingual alveolar bone thickness exhibited significant differences among the arch forms.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Process , Classification , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Tooth , Tooth Cervix
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787341

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the intracanal medicaments on the push-out bond strength of the calcium silicate-based materials.Forty extracted single-root human mandibular premolars were sectioned below cementoenamel junction. Standardized root canal dimension was obtained with a parallel post drill. The specimens were randomly divided into a control group (no medicament), and experimental groups received medicaments with either CH (calcium hydroxide), DAP (double antibiotic paste; a mixture of ciprofloxacin and metronidazole), or TAP (triple antibiotic paste; a mixture of minocycline, ciprofloxacin and metronidazole). Following removal of medicaments with irrigation, roots were cut into sections with 1-mm-thickness. Thereafter, calcium silicate-based materials are applied to the specimens : (i) ProRoot MTA® and (ii) Biodentine®. A push-out bond strength was measured and each specimen was examined to evaluate failure mode.Intracanal medication using CH significantly increased the bond strength to the root dentin. But there are no significant differences on the bond strength of ProRoot MTA® or Biodentine® among TAP, DAP and control groups. The dislodgement resistance of Biodentine® from root dentin was significantly higher than that of ProRoot MTA® regardless of the type of intracanal medicaments.


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Calcium , Ciprofloxacin , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentin , Humans , Minocycline , Tooth Cervix
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170396, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954525

ABSTRACT

Abstract It is necessary to preserve height and thickness of the alveolar bone to facilitate rehabilitation with osteointegratable implants or simply to maintain bone integrity after extraction. Biomaterials associated with resorbable or non-resorbable membranes, when placed in the region of the socket, may contribute to avoid this unwanted reabsorption. Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the distance of the crest of alveolar ridge to the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) of the lower second molars and the bone density of the third molar socket filled with Gen-Tech®, 5 years after an exodontia using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to visualize the central region of the sockets, without overlapping of the buccal and lingual cortical bones. Material and Methods A total of 12 individuals from an initial group of 39 patients submitted to extraction of the unruptured lower third molars and grafting of an association of inorganic bovine bone matrix, organic bovine bone matrix, collagen and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) (Gen-Tech®) on one side and the contralateral sockets filled only by clot, returned to control after 5 years, and were submitted to CBCT. The distance from the crest of alveolar bone to the CEJ and the bone density (BD) were measured using the i-CAT Vision Software. Results The results showed that the distance from the crest of alveolar bone to the CEJ in the control group was similar to that observed before the exodontia; in the experimental group, this distance was smaller. Considering the BD measurement, a significantly higher density was observed in the experimental group (p<0.05). Conclusion Part of the biomaterial was not absorbed and allowed the stability of the evaluated parameters after 5 years, being able to be used as a bone substitute in the socket.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Cattle , Young Adult , Tooth, Impacted/diagnostic imaging , Bone Transplantation/methods , Bone Substitutes , Tooth Cervix/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Socket/diagnostic imaging , Heterografts/diagnostic imaging , Molar, Third/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Tooth Extraction/methods , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Materials Testing , Bone Density , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/therapeutic use , Tooth Socket/transplantation , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar, Third/surgery
15.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 57(2): 33-38, nov. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973121

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en describir las distintas lesiones cervicales no cariosas, la abrasión, la erosión y la abfracción. Se desarrollarán en detalle su etiología, localización y características clínicas. Se mencionarán los diferentes procedimientos a realizar para su prevención y los materiales a utilizar para su restauración.


This article describes the different types of non-cariouscervical lesions, for example abrasion, erosionand abfraction. We will discuss their etiology, location and clinical features in detail. We will describe the procedures to prevent them, aswell as the materials used for their restoration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Cervix/injuries , Tooth Erosion/etiology , Tooth Erosion/prevention & control , Tooth Erosion/therapy , Tooth Abrasion/etiology , Tooth Abrasion/prevention & control , Tooth Abrasion/therapy , Tooth Wear , Crown Lengthening/methods , Tooth Attrition/etiology , Tooth Attrition/prevention & control , Tooth Attrition/therapy , Fluorides, Topical/administration & dosage , Tooth Remineralization/methods , Preventive Dentistry , Dental Occlusion , Malocclusion/prevention & control
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740461

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the interdental distances of anterior, premolar, and molar teeth at the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) and 2 mm below the CEJ in healthy natural dentition with cone-beam computerized tomography (cone-beam CT) in order to provide valuable data for ideal implant positioning relative to mesiodistal bone dimensions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred patients who visited Dental Hospital, Wonkwang University, who had natural dentition with healthy interdental papillae, and who underwent cone-beam CT were selected. The cone-beam CT images were converted to digital imaging and communication in medicine (DICOM) files and reconstructed in three-dimensional images. To standardize the cone-beam CT images, head reorientation was performed. All of the measurements were determined on the reconstructed panoramic images by three professionally trained dentists. RESULTS: At the CEJ, the mean maxillary interdental distances were 1.84 mm (anterior teeth), 2.07 mm (premolar), and 2.08 mm (molar), and the mean mandibular interproximal distances were 1.55 mm (anterior teeth), 2.20 mm (premolar), and 2.36 mm (molar). At 2mm below the CEJ, the mean maxillary interdental distances were 2.19 mm (anterior teeth), 2.51 mm (premolar), and 2.60 mm (molar), and the mean mandibular interproximal distances were 1.86 mm (anterior teeth), 2.53 mm (premolar), and 3.01 mm (molar). CONCLUSION: The interdental distances in the natural dentition were larger at the posterior teeth than at the anterior teeth and also at 2 mm below the CEJ level compared with at the CEJ level. The distances between mandibular incisors were the narrowest and the distances between mandibular molars were the widest in the entire dentition.


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dentists , Dentition , Gingiva , Head , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Incisor , Molar , Tooth Cervix , Tooth
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222865

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Measurement of the root surface area (RSA) is important in periodontal treatment and for the evaluation of periodontal disease as a risk factor for systemic disease. The aim of this study was to measure the RSA at 6 mm below the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) using the Mimics software (Materialise, Leuven, Belgium). METHODS: We obtained cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) data from 33 patients who had visited the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology of Dankook University Dental Hospital. The patients comprised 17 men and 16 women aged from 20 to 35 years, with a mean age of 24.4 years. Only morphologically intact teeth were included in our data. Because the third molars of the maxilla and mandible have a high deformation rate and were absent in some participants, they were not included in our research material. RESULTS: The CBCT data were reconstructed into 3-dimensional (3D) teeth models using the Mimics software, and the RSA at 6 mm below the CEJ was separated and measured using 3-Matic (Materialise). In total, 924 3D teeth models were created, and the area at 6 mm below the CEJ could be isolated in all the models. The area at 6 mm below the CEJ was measured in all teeth from the 33 patients and compared based on sex and position (maxilla vs. mandible). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrated that it was feasible to generate 3D data and to evaluate RSA values using CBCT and the Mimics software. These results provide deeper insights into the relationship between periodontal inflammatory burden and systemic diseases.


Subject(s)
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Female , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Male , Mandible , Maxilla , Molar, Third , Periodontal Diseases , Risk Factors , Tooth , Tooth Cervix
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-86676

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the skeletal and dentoalveolar changes after miniscrew-assisted rapid palatal expansion (MARPE) in young adults by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: This retrospective study included 14 patients (mean age, 20.1 years; range, 16–26 years) with maxillary transverse deficiency treated with MARPE. Skeletal and dentoalveolar changes were evaluated using CBCT images acquired before and after expansion. Statistical analyses were performed using paired t-test or Wilcoxon signed-rank test according to normality of the data. RESULTS: The midpalatal suture was separated, and the maxilla exhibited statistically significant lateral movement (p < 0.05) after MARPE. Some of the landmarks had shifted forwards or upwards by a clinically irrelevant distance of less than 1 mm. The amount of expansion decreased in the superior direction, with values of 5.5, 3.2, 2.0, and 0.8 mm at the crown, cementoenamel junction, maxillary basal bone, and zygomatic arch levels, respectively (p < 0.05). The buccal bone thickness and height of the alveolar crest had decreased by 0.6–1.1 mm and 1.7–2.2 mm, respectively, with the premolars and molars exhibiting buccal tipping of 1.1°–2.9°. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that MARPE is an effective method for the correction of maxillary transverse deficiency without surgery in young adults.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bicuspid , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Crowns , Humans , Maxilla , Methods , Molar , Retrospective Studies , Sutures , Tooth Cervix , Young Adult , Zygoma
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10868

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the root surface areas of the maxillary permanent teeth in Thai patients exhibiting anterior normal overbite and in those exhibiting anterior open bite, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBCT images of maxillary permanent teeth from 15 patients with anterior normal overbite and 18 patients with anterior open bite were selected. Three-dimensional tooth models were constructed using Mimics Research version 17.0. The cementoenamel junction was marked manually. The root surface area was calculated automatically by 3-Matic Research version 9.0. The root surface areas of each tooth type from both types of bite were compared using the independent t-test (P < .05). The intraclass correlation coefficient was used to assess intraobserver reliability. RESULTS: The mean root surface areas of the maxillary central and lateral incisors in individuals with anterior open bite were significantly less than those in those with normal bite. The mean root surface area of the maxillary second premolar in individuals with anterior open bite was significantly greater than in those with normal bite. CONCLUSION: Anterior open-bite malocclusion might affect the root surface area, so orthodontic force magnitudes should be carefully determined.


Subject(s)
Asians , Bicuspid , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Humans , Incisor , Malocclusion , Open Bite , Overbite , Tooth Cervix , Tooth
20.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 21(5): 19-25, Sept.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828663

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT External cervical resorption is caused, almost exclusively, by dental trauma - especially those characterized by concussion - and is a dental disease to be diagnosed and treated accurately by endodontists. However, the vast majority of the cases is initially diagnosed by an orthodontist, due to the imaging possibilities in standardized documentations. Among the causes of external cervical resorption, it is common to mistakenly attribute it to orthodontic treatment, traumatic occlusion or even to chronic inflammatory periodontal disease. External cervical resorption is associated to dental trauma in several situations mentioned in this paper. In old cases, and eventually still nowadays, it may have been induced by internal tooth bleaching, which is increasingly less frequent in endodontically treated teeth. There are some tips to be followed and some care that must be taken during the diagnosis and treatment of external cervical resorption clinical cases. The present study lists foundations that will allow the professional to perform safely and accurately in each specific case. Some of these tips and care measures are of orthodontic nature.


RESUMO A reabsorção cervical externa é provocada, quase exclusivamente, pelo traumatismo dentário, especialmente os do tipo concussão. Ela constitui uma doença dentária a ser diagnosticada e tratada com precisão pelo endodontista, mas a grande maioria dos casos é inicialmente diagnosticada pelo ortodontista, em função das oportunidades imagiológicas nas documentações padronizadas. Entre as causas da reabsorção cervical externa, é comum atribuí-la equivocamente ao tratamento ortodôntico, à oclusão traumática ou, ainda, à doença periodontal inflamatória crônica. A reabsorção cervical externa está associada ao traumatismo dentário em várias situações mencionadas neste trabalho. Em casos mais antigos - e ainda hoje, eventualmente -, pode ter sido induzida pelo clareamento dentário interno, cada vez menos realizado em dentes endodonticamente tratados. Algumas dicas e cuidados devem ser tomados no diagnóstico e no tratamento dos casos clínicos de reabsorção cervical externa. No presente trabalho, são listados fundamentos para que o clínico possa atuar com segurança e precisão em cada caso, especificamente. Nessas dicas e cuidados, encontram-se alguns de natureza ortodôntica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Resorption/etiology , Tooth Resorption/therapy , Tooth Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Cervix/diagnostic imaging , Tooth/anatomy & histology , Tooth/diagnostic imaging
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