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1.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1550595

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the impact of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) and confounding factors on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) according to the perception of 8 to 10-year-old children and their parents/caregivers. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study including 403 students aged 8-10 years was carried out, in which OHRQoL was measured using the Child Perceptions Questionnaire administered to both children and parents/caregivers. The diagnosis of MIH was performed according to the previously proposed index. Dental caries experience, malocclusion, and sociodemographic factors were evaluated as confounders. Cluster analysis and Poisson regression with robust variance (p<0.05) were performed. Results: The prevalence of MIH was 13.4%. Parents/caregivers of children with MIH in incisors showed a higher impact prevalence in the emotional well-being domain (PR=1.92; 95%CI=1.16-3.19). Children with hypoplasia had a higher prevalence of negative impact on OHRQoL in the oral symptoms domain (PR=1.51; 95%CI=1.03-2.23). According to the perception of parents/caregivers, dental caries experience had a negative impact on the quality of life of students in the emotional well-being domain (PR=4.19; 95%CI=1.06-16.49) and in the total questionnaire score (PR=3.21; 95%CI=1.06-9.71). Conclusion: According to the perception of parents/caregivers, children with MIH in incisors showed a greater impact on OHRQoL. Additionally, the presence of hypoplasia affected the self-perception of OHRQoL in children, and caries experience influenced the OHRQoL of children, as perceived by parents/caregivers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Quality of Life/psychology , Oral Health , Tooth Demineralization , Molar Hypomineralization , Self Concept , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Multivariate Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/diagnosis , Prevalence Ratio , Population Studies in Public Health , Sociodemographic Factors
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 195-209, feb. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430542

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The aim of the present in vitro study is to visualize dentin to get an in-depth knowledge of the nature of dentin that could provide useful information regarding conditioning dentinal substrate when treating dentinal lesions. Forty-nine extracted human third molars were obtained and prepared to produce artificial dentinal lesions through demineralizing with acetic acid for 7 and 14 days, or lactic acid for 7 days. The teeth were divided into groups and treated with either NaOCl, pepsin, trypsin, or phosphoric acid. To obtain information on the morphology of the treated dentinal surfaces, all samples were visualized under high resolution field emission scanning electron microscope. With high magnification reaching x50000 dentin was clearly visualized together with its constitutes. The effect of various demineralization approaches and various treatment protocols were demonstrated clearly. The relationship between the conditioning procedure steps and the subsequent bond strength was discussed. To our best knowledge, there is no previous clear highly magnified scanning electron microscope images for dentin, and dentinal components and constitutes with and without various treatments. The current in vitro study suggests the complexity nature of dentin as a substrate that should be treated carefully especially with technique sensitive procedures such as adhesive restorations.


El objetivo del presente estudio in vitro fue visualizar la dentina para obtener un conocimiento completo de la naturaleza de ella lo que podría proporcionar información útil sobre el acondicionamiento del sustrato dentinario en el tratamiento de lesiones dentinarias. Se obtuvieron 49 terceros molares humanos extraídos y se prepararon para producir lesiones dentinales artificiales mediante desmineralización con ácido acético por 7 y 14 días, o ácido láctico por 7 días. Los dientes se dividieron en grupos y se trataron con NaOCl, pepsina, tripsina o ácido fosfórico. Para obtener información sobre la morfología de las superficies dentinarias tratadas, todas las muestras se visualizaron bajo un microscopio electrónico de barrido de emisión de campo de alta resolución. Con un gran aumento que alcanzó x50000, la dentina se visualizó claramente junto con sus componentes. Se demostró el efecto de varios enfoques de desmineralización y varios protocolos de tratamiento. Se discutió la relación entre los pasos del procedimiento de acondicionamiento y la subsiguiente fuerza de unión. Hasta donde sabemos, no hay imágenes claras previas de microscopio electrónico de barrido altamente ampliadas para la dentina y los componentes y constituyentes de la dentina con y sin diferentes tratamientos. El estudio in vitro actual sugiere la naturaleza compleja de la dentina como sustrato que debe tratarse con cuidado, especialmente en los procedimientos sensibles a la técnica, tal como las restauraciones adhesivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Demineralization/chemically induced , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/ultrastructure , Sodium Hypochlorite , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Trypsin , Pepsin A , Acetic Acid/pharmacology , Lactic Acid/pharmacology
3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 81-85, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970759

ABSTRACT

The existing dentin bonding systems based on acid-etching technique lead to the loss of both extrafibrillar and intrafibrillar minerals from dentin collagen, causing excessive demineralization. Because resin monomers can not infiltrate the intrafibrillar spaces of demineralized collagen matrix, degradation of exposed collagen and resin hydrolysis subsequently occur within the hybrid layer, which seriously jeopardizing the longevity of resin-dentin bonding. Collagen extrafibrillar demineralization can effectively avoid the structural defects within the resin-dentin interface caused by acid-etching technique and improve the durability of resin-dentin bonding, by preserving intrafibrillar minerals and selectively demineralizing extrafibrillar dentin. The mechanism and research progress of collagen extrafibrillar demineralization in dentin bonding are reviewed in the paper.


Subject(s)
Humans , Collagen , Dental Bonding , Dentin/chemistry , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Materials Testing , Minerals , Resin Cements/chemistry , Tooth Demineralization
4.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 80(231): 25-30, jul. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392550

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La caries dental es una enfermedad infecciosa y multifactorial, que co- mienza por una desmineralización del esmalte producida por la acción de ácidos generados por bacterias presentes en el biofilm dental. Estas lesiones se inician como manchas blancas (MB) y es el único estadio de la caries dental capaz de ser revertido mediante la aplicación profesional de agentes remineralizantes, por lo que es fundamental la detección y tratamiento temprano de las mismas. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de manchas blancas en la dentición temporaria de los niños atendidos en el Servicio de Clínica y Orientación del Hospital de Odontología Infantil (HOI) «Don Benito Quinquela Martín¼. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluó una muestra de 94 niños con dentición temporaria, en el Servicio de Clínica y Orientación del HOI, teniendo en cuenta los ingresos y reingresos, durante el período comprendido entre septiembre de 2019 y febrero de 2020. Resultados: La prevalencia de manchas blancas de un total de 94 niños evaluados fue del 55 %. De los pacientes que presentaron MB, el 59 % fue de sexo masculino y el 41 % de sexo femenino. La media de edad fue de 4.77 años. De los pacientes atendidos, 73 concurrieron por primera vez y 21 pacientes fueron reingresos. Conclusión: La prevalencia de manchas blancas en la muestra evaluada de niños atendidos en el Servicio de Clínica y Orientación del HOI fue del 55 %. Este resultado sugiere la necesidad de continuar y potenciar la promoción de la salud bucal, no solo como herramienta estratégica para brindar conocimientos acerca de los beneficios de una correcta higiene oral y una dieta saludable, sino también como factor de prevención en cuanto a la aparición de lesiones de caries y posteriores consecuencias adversas (AU)


Introduction: Dental caries is an infectious and multifactorial disease that begins with the demineralization of the enamel produced by the action of acids generated by bacteria in the dental biofilm. These lesions start as white spots (WS), and it's the only stage of dental caries capable of being reverted by the professional application of remineralizing agents. Hence, its early detection and treatment are essential. Objective: To determine the prevalence of white spots in the temporary dentition of children treated at the Clinical and Orientation Service of "Don Benito Quinquela Martin" Children's Dentistry Hospital (CDH). Materials and methods: A sample of 94 children with temporary dentition was evaluated on admission and readmission at CDH's Clinical and Orientation Service between September 2019 and February 2020. Results: The prevalence of WS in 94 children evaluated was 55%: 59% of patients who presented WS were males, and 41% were females. The mean age was 4.77 years. Seventy-three patients seen attended for the first time, and the other 21 were readmissions. Conclusion: The prevalence of WS in children who attended CDH's Clinical and Orientation Service was relevant. This result indicates that we must continue and enhance oral health promotion as a strategy to give knowledge about good oral hygiene benefits, a healthy diet, and to prevent the appearance of caries lesions and subsequent consequences (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth, Deciduous/pathology , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dental Service, Hospital , Tooth Remineralization , Fluorides, Topical , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Tooth Demineralization/epidemiology
5.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(1)abr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386579

ABSTRACT

Abstract Caries is a multifactorial disease that can negatively affect dental tissues through the demineralization process, which produces acids deriving from the metabolism of carbohydrates. Some strategies to prevent this process have been proposed, such as topical fluoride application, resin-based restorations, pit and fissures sealers, infiltrated resins, vaccines, mouthwashes, and several brushing techniques. Objective. To evaluate in vitro enamel hydrophobic modification as a method of prevention against demineralization. A descriptive and comparative study was carried out. Thirty premolars extracted for orthodontic reasons were obtained, encapsulated in epoxy resin, sectioned, and sanded to obtain specimens 3mm in thickness. The samples were pretreated with NaOCl and EDTA, incubated with 1 and 4% octadeyltrichlorosilane (OTS) or with 3 and 6% octadecyltriethoxysilane (TEOS) for 5min and for 8h. Subsequently, the samples were immersed in citric acid for 2 months. The samples were analyzed by their contact angle, infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, atomic and confocal force, before and after treatment in citric acid. The samples coated with 1 and 4% OTS for 5min and 8h kept the silanizing agent on their surface after 2 months in citric acid. The treatment with TEOS was only effective at 6% with a reaction time of 5min. The modification with 1 and 4% OTS protects the surface of the tooth enamel from demineralization in acidic medium. The results indicate that treatment with 4% OTS is effective from 5min, which makes it appropriate in clinical practice.


Resumen Introducción. Caries es una enfermedad multifactorial que destruye en tejido dental por la desmineralización de ácidos generados en el metabolismo de carbohidratos. Algunos métodos preventivos, como fluoruro, resinas, selladores de fosetas y fisuras, resinas infiltradas, vacunas, enjuagues bucales, y un sinfín de técnicas de cepillado, han sido empleadas. Objetivo. Evaluar in vitro la modificación hidrofoba del esmalte como método preventivo en contra de la desmineralización. Materiales y Métodos. Un estudio decriptivo y comparativo fue empleado. Se obtuvieron treinta premolares sanos extraidos por razones ortodónticas y encapsulados en resina epóxica, seccionados y pulidos hasta obtener especímenes de 3mm de grosor. Las muestras fueron pretratadas con NaOCl y EDTA, incubadas en octadeciltriclosorilano (OTS) al 1 y 4% y octadeciltrietoxisilano (TEOS) 3 y 6% por 5min y 8h. Después, las muestras fueron sumergidas en ácido cítrico por 2 meses. Las muestras fueron analizadas con ángulo de contacto, espectroscopía infrarroja, microscopía electrónica de barrido, atómica y confocal, antes y después de tratamiento con ácido cítrico. Resultados. Las muestras cubiertas con OTS 1 y 4% por 5min y 8h mantuvieron el agente silanizante sobre la superficie después de 2 meses en ácido cítrico. El tratamiento con TEOS fue efectivo al 6% y con un tiempo de reacción de 5min. Conclusiones. La modificación con 1 y 4% de OTS proteje la superficie del esmalte dental contra la desmineralización en un medio ácido. Estos resultados indican que el tratamiento con OTS 4% es efectivo desde 5min de aplicación, lo cual es apropiado en la práctica clínica.


Subject(s)
Tooth Demineralization/prevention & control , Dental Caries , Silanes
6.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210205, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1422251

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of xylitol varnishes in the inhibition of enamel demineralization in vitro. Material and Methods: Bovine enamel blocks (n=120) were randomly allocated to four groups (n = 30), and the surface hardness (SH) was measured at baseline. The blocks were treated with the following varnishes: 20% xylitol, 20% xylitol plus F (5% NaF), Duraphat™ (5% NaF, positive control), and placebo (no-F/xylitol, negative control). The varnishes were applied and removed after 6 h of immersion in artificial saliva. The blocks were subjected to pH cycles (demineralization and remineralization for 2 and 22h/day, respectively, for 8 days). Surface and cross-sectional hardnesses were measured to calculate the percentage of SH loss (%SHL) and the integrated loss of the subsurface hardness (ΔKHN). Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Tukey's tests (p<0.05). Results: %SHL was significantly decreased by 20% xylitol plus F, Duraphat™, and 20% xylitol varnishes compared to placebo. The use of 20% xylitol plus F varnish led to a significantly lower percentage of SH loss compared to the use of 20% xylitol varnish without F. However, the experimental and commercial varnishes led to significantly lower subsurface demineralization compared to placebo and did not differ from each other. Conclusion: Xylitol varnishes, especially when combined with F, effectively prevent enamel demineralization (AU).


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Xylitol/pharmacology , Tooth Demineralization/prevention & control , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Enamel , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric
7.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(87): 25-33, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1537886

ABSTRACT

La Odontología Restauradora contemporánea no puede concebirse sin la adhesión de los materiales restauradores a las estructuras dentarias. En mu-chos procedimientos restauradores, no sólo el esmal-te sino también la dentina se encuentra involucrada, por lo tanto, la adhesión a esta última juega un rol cla-ve en el éxito clínico. No obstante, todavía supone un gran desafío lograr una adhesión estable y predeci-ble en el tiempo. El propósito del presente artículo es analizar las características principales de la dentina como sustrato adhesivo y describir los sistemas ad-hesivos actuales y sus mecanismos de acción (AU)


Contemporary Restorative Dentistry cannot be conceived without the adhesion of restorative materials to dental structures. In many restorative procedures not only the enamel, but also the dentin is involved, therefore dentin bonding plays a key role in their success. However, it is still a great challenge to achieve stable and predictable dentin bonding over time. The aim of this article is to analyze the main characteristics of dentin as an adhesive substrate and to describe current adhesive systems and their bonding mechanisms (AU)


Subject(s)
Dentin-Bonding Agents/classification , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/ultrastructure , Polymers/classification , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Tooth Demineralization/physiopathology , Composite Resins/chemistry , Methylmethacrylate/chemistry , Dental Restoration, Permanent/trends
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211202, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1254523

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the prevalence and predisposing factors for hypomineralization of second molars in children in primary dentition. Methods: A questionnaire was applied to parents to analyze predisposing factors and to assist in the diagnosis of hypomineralization in children between 2 and 6 years old, followed by an intraoral examination based on indices of non-fluorotic enamel defects in the primary dentition, according to the "Modified Index DDE" to determine demarcated opacity and HSPM presence / severity index to assess hypomineralization. Children from public and private schools were dived into two groups: if they presented HSPM-Group 1 (G1) and if they did not have HSPM-Control group (CG). Results: The most frequent predisposing factors associated with the child were Illness in the first year of life (X2= 6.49; p=0.01) and antibiotic use in the first year of life (X2= 41.82; p= 0.01). The factors associated with the mother were hypertension (X2= 9.36; p=0.01), infections during pregnancy (X2=14.80; p=0.01) and alcohol consumption during pregnancy (X2=97.33; p=0.01). There was a prevalence of 3.9% of HSPM in 14 children, with statistical difference regarding gender (X2 = 4.57; p <0.05), with boys presenting a higher frequency. In G1 hypomineralization was of the type with demarcated opacity, with more prevalent characteristics the yellowish spot, with moderate post-eruptive fracture and acceptable atypical restorations. All lesions were located in the labial region with 1/3 of extension. Conclusion: The prevalence of HSPM in children between 2 and 6 years old was 3.9%, with a predominance in males, with tooth 65 being the most affected. There was an association between HSPM and infection in the first year of life, as well as the use of antibiotics and sensitivity in the teeth affected by the lesion. There was an association between HSPM and hypertension, infection and mothers' alcohol use during pregnancy


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Tooth Demineralization , Dental Enamel , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/epidemiology , Amelogenesis
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 62-73, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345511

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro effect of a single application of experimental nanocomposite solutions on the prevention of dental caries around orthodontic brackets. The specimens were exposed to mesoporous silica (MS) nanocomposites containing fluoride by association with titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) or sodium fluoride (NaF). Nanocomposites also could contain calcium and groups were described as MSCaTiF4, MSTiF4, MSCaNaF, MSNaF, and controls (TiF4, and NaF). Specimens were subjected to the formation of a multispecies biofilm to generate a cariogenic challenge. After 24h, both pH and total soluble fluoride concentration of the culture medium were assessed. Mineral loss was evaluated by percentage of surface mineral loss (%SML), mineral volume variation (ΔZ) of inner enamel and polarized light microscopy (PL). Linear (Ra) and volumetric (Sa) surface roughness and scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) were used to assess enamel topography. Statistical analyses were conducted considering p<0.05. MSNaF had the highest value of culture medium pH after cariogenic challenge, similarly to MSTiF4. All nanocomposite solutions released less fluoride than their controls NaF and TiF4 (p<0.05). All nanocomposite solutions presented lower %SML compared to their respective control groups (p<0.05). Lower Ra, Sa and ΔZ were observed for experimental groups compared to TiF4 (p<0.05). The results were confirmed by PL and SEM analysis. The experimental nanocomposite solutions contributed for lower enamel demineralization around orthodontic brackets.


RESUMO Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito in vitro de uma única aplicação de soluções experimentais de nanocompósitos na prevenção de cárie dentária em braquetes ortodônticos. Os espécimes foram expostos a nanocompósitos de sílica mesoporosa (MS) contendo fluoreto por associação com tetrafluoreto de titânio (TiF4) ou fluoreto de sódio (NaF). Os nanocompósitos também podem conter cálcio e os grupos foram descritos como MSCaTiF4, MSTiF4, MSCaNaF, MSNaF e controles (TiF4 e NaF). Os espécimes foram submetidos à formação de um biofilme multiespécie para gerar um desafio cariogênico. Após 24h, o pH e a concentração de flúor solúvel total do meio de cultura foram avaliados. A perda mineral foi avaliada pela porcentagem de perda mineral superficial (% SML), variação do volume mineral (ΔZ) do esmalte interno e microscopia de luz polarizada (PL). A rugosidade superficial linear (Ra) e volumétrica (Sa) e a microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) foram utilizadas para avaliar a topografia do esmalte. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas considerando p <0,05. MSNaF apresentou o maior valor de pH do meio de cultura após o desafio cariogênico, semelhante ao MSTiF4. Todas as soluções de nanocompósitos liberaram menos flúor do que seus controles NaF e TiF4 (p <0,05). Todas as soluções de nanocompósitos apresentaram% SML menor em comparação com seus respectivos grupos de controle (p <0,05). Ra, Sa e ΔZ menores foram observados para os grupos experimentais em comparação ao TiF4 (p <0,05). Os resultados foram confirmados por análises PL e SEM. As soluções experimentais de nanocompósitos contribuíram para a menor desmineralização do esmalte ao redor dos braquetes ortodônticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Demineralization , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Nanocomposites , Sodium Fluoride , Titanium , Cariostatic Agents , Dental Enamel , Fluorides
10.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 6(1): 62-66, abr. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354547

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dental fluorosis manifests clinically as white to brown spots on the enamel teeth that were exposed to excessive fluoride during the formation process. Esthetic treatments were described in the literature to reduce or eliminate the fluorotic stains on the enamel surface. Objective: The aim of this study is to present an alternative treatment for fluorosis-stained teeth. Case report: This case report describes the clinical performance of a treatment of a 12-year-old male patient whose teeth presented moderate fluorosis. This treatment is based on tooth demineralization and remineralization. The material has an acid phase made by hydrochloric acid with tricarboxylic acid, and an alkaline phase made by Calcium Hydroxide. Results: This pain less and fast treatment presented good results. The treatment eliminated the spots during the follow-up and preserved most of the dental structure, improving the appearance of the patient's teeth. Conclusion: The appearance of the treated enamel showed a surface almost completely free of fluorotic stains, demonstrating the satisfactory results of this treatment.


Introdução: A fluorose dentária manifesta-se clinicamente como manchas brancas a marrons no esmalte de dentes expostos ao excesso de flúor durante o processo de formação. Tratamentos estéticos foram descritos na literatura para reduzir ou eliminar as manchas fluoróticas na superfície do esmalte. Objetivo: Apresentar uma alternativa de tratamento para dentes manchados por fluorose dentária. Relato do caso: Este relato de caso descreve o desempenho clínico do tratamento para dentes com fluorose moderada em um paciente de 12 anos. Esse tratamento foi baseado numa técnica de desmineralização e remineralização do dente. O material possui uma fase ácida composta por ácido clorídrico com ácido tricarboxílico, e uma fase alcalina composta por Hidróxido de Cálcio. Resultados: Observou-se que esse tratamento, sem dor e rápido, apresentou resultados satisfatórios, pois eliminou as manchas durante o acompanhamento. Além disso, preservou ao máximo a estrutura dentária, beneficiando o paciente com uma melhor aparência dos seus dentes. Conclusão: O aspecto do esmalte tratado mostrou uma superfície quase sem manchas fluoróticas, demonstrando resultados satisfatórios deste tratamento.


Subject(s)
Fluorosis, Dental , Tooth Remineralization , Calcium Hydroxide , Dental Care , Tooth Demineralization , Dental Enamel , Hydrochloric Acid
11.
RFO UPF ; 26(1): 7-16, 20210327. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1428571

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar o potencial cariogênico de balas duras e mastigáveis e seu potencial desmineralizante em esmalte bovino. Métodos: foram selecionadas 30 balas de diferentes marcas, divididas em balas duras (n=11), Tic Tac®, Halls® e IceKiss®, e balas mastigáveis (n=19), Lílith®, Azedinha®, Mentos Rainbow® e Dori Gomets®. As balas foram dissolvidas em água destilada (1:10) e foram avaliados pH, acidez titulável (ATT) e presença de sólidos solúveis totais (SST/°Brix). Na ciclagem erosiva, 40 espécimes de esmalte bovino foram divididos em quatro grupos (n=10): GCN ­ saliva artificial; GCP ­ ácido clorídrico; GT1 ­ solução da bala Lílith® maçã verde; GT2 ­ solução da bala IceKiss® extraforte. O desafio erosivo foi realizado por 2 minutos, 4x/dia, segui-do de 2 horas de imersão em saliva artificial durante cinco dias. Resultados: os valores de pH para as balas duras e mastigáveis variaram de 2,88 a 5,53 e de 2,73 a 4,16, respectivamente. ATT em pH 5,5 variou de 0,07 mL a 39,40 mL de NaOH 0,1 N, para as balas duras, e de 1,53 mL a 35,83 mL, para balas mastigáveis. ATT em pH 7,0 variou de 0,2 mL a 49,13 mL de NaOH, para balas duras, e de 2,37 mL a 49,97 mL, para as mastigáveis. O conteúdo de SST de todas as balas duras foi superior a 8,5°Brix, já entre as mastigáveis variou de 5,3 a 8,83°Brix. O GCP apresentou maior desmineralização que GCN e GT2 (p<0,05). Conclusão: a maioria das balas duras e mastigáveis dissolvidas em água destilada mostraram-se potencialmente erosivas e cariogênicas.(AU)


Objective: evaluate the cariogenic potential of hard and soft candies and their demineralizing potential in bovine enamel. Methods: 30 candies of different brands were selected, divided into hard candies (n=11): Tic Tac®, Halls® and IceKiss® and soft candies (n=19): Lílith®, Azedinha®, Mentos Rainbow® and Dori Gomets®. The candies were dissolved in distilled water (1:10) and pH, titratable acidity (TT) and presence of total soluble solids (SST/°Brix) were evaluated. In erosive cycling, 40 specimens of bovine enamel were divided into four groups (n=10): GCN - artificial saliva; GCP - hydrochloric acid; GT1 - Lilith® apple green candy solution; GT2 - IceKiss® Extra Strong candy Solution. The erosive challenge was performed for 2 minutes, 4X/day, followed by 2 hours of immersion in artificial saliva for five days. Results: pH values for hard and soft candies ranged from 2.88 to 5.53 and 2.73 to 4, respectively. ATT at pH 5.5 varied from 0.07 mL to 39.40 mL of 0.1 N NaOH for hard candies and 1.53 mL to 35.83 mL for soft candies. ATT at pH 7,0 varied from 0.2 mL to 49.13 mL of 0.1 N NaOH for hard candies and from 2.37 mL to 49.97 mL for soft candies. The content of SST of all hard candies was higher than 8.5 °Brix and for soft candies, varied between 5.3 to 8.83 °Brix. The GCP group showed greater demineralization than GCN and GT2 (p<0.05). Conclusion: most hard and soft candies dissolved in distilled water were potentially erosive and cariogenic.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Candy , Cariogenic Agents/chemistry , Tooth Demineralization/etiology , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Saliva, Artificial/chemistry , Time Factors , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Acidity , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
12.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210038, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352133

ABSTRACT

Introduction Fluoride is considered a key element in the remineralization process of tooth enamel. Objective To evaluate the influence of a topical solution of sodium fluoride (NaF) on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets and white spot lesions formation. Material and method Sixty bovine teeth were divided into three groups (n=20). Group 1 (Control): shear bond strength; Group 2: shear bond strength after pH cycling; Group 3: shear bond strength after pH cycling and treatment with 0.04% NaF solution. Groups 2 and 3 underwent pH cycling with demineralizing (6hs) and remineralizing (17hs) solutions at pH of 4.3 and 7.0 respectively for 15 days. The specimens were submitted to the shear bond strength and the Adhesive Remnant Index was verified (ARI). The specimens of each group (n=3) were qualitatively analyzed by means of Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Kruskal-Wallis test assessed the shear bond strength and Fisher's exact test evaluated ARI, with significance level of 5%. Result There was no significant difference among the three groups in shear bond strength (p=0.2679). Significant difference was found in ARI (p=0.0199). The frequency of ARI 1 was 55% in group 1, 90% in group 2, and 80% in group 3. SEM showed difference between the enamel and bonding. Group 2 showed structural change of the enamel surface, adjacent to the bond area; and group 3 showed enamel with characteristics similar to those of group 1. Conclusion It was concluded that there was no NaF influence on the bracket shear bond strength and even in low concentrations it prevented the development of areas of demineralization of white spot lesions.


Introdução O flúor é considerado um elemento chave no processo de remineralização do esmalte dentário. Objetivo Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a influência da solução tópica de fluoreto de sódio (NaF) na resistência ao cisalhamento da colagem de barquetes ortodônticos durante a formação de lesões de manchas brancas. Material e método Sessenta dentes bovinos foram divididos em três grupos (n=20). Grupo 1 (Controle) - Cisalhamento imediato; Grupo 2 - Cisalhamento após ciclagem de pH; Grupo 3 - Cisalhamento após ciclagem de pH e tratamento com solução de 0,4% de NaF (Ortho Gard, Colgate-Palmolive®). Os Grupos 2 e 3 sofreram ciclagem de pH com soluções de desmineralização e remineralização em pH de 4,3 e 7,0 respectivamente, com ciclos de desmineralização (6 horas) e remineralização (17 horas), durante 15 dias. Os corpos de prova foram submetidos ao teste de resistência de união ao cisalhamento e remanescente adesivo (IRA). Espécimes de cada grupo (n=3) foram analisados qualitativamente por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). O teste de Kruskal-Wallis foi utilizado para avaliar a resistência ao cisalhamento e o teste exato de Fisher para avaliação do IRA, adotando nível de significância de 5%. Resultado Os resultados não encontraram diferença significativa entre os três grupos quanto à força de cisalhamento (p=0,2679). Diferença significativa foi encontrada no IRA (p = 0,0199). A frequência de IRA 1 foi de 55% no grupo 1, 90% no grupo 2 e 80% no grupo 3. A análise em MEV mostrou diferença entre o esmalte e a área de colagem submetida ao cisalhamento. Grupo 2 apresentou alteração estrutural na superfície do esmalte adjacente à área de colagem, e o Grupo 3 apresentou esmalte com característica semelhante ao do Grupo 1 na área que foi submetida à ciclagem de pH e NaF. Conclusão Concluiu-se que não houve influência do flúor na resistência ao cisalhamento de braquetes. O uso de soluções fluoretadas, ainda que em baixa concentração, preveniu o aparecimento de áreas desmineralizadas e lesões de manchas brancas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sodium Fluoride , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Tooth Demineralization , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Caries , Shear Strength , Orthodontics , Dental Bonding , Dental Enamel
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e030, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1153618

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study evaluated the ability of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus species associated with streptococci to increase insoluble extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) production and initial caries lesion progression. Bovine enamel blocks (n = 190; 4 mm x 4 mm) were prepared, selected according to initial surface hardness (SH), and divided into two groups: a) double combinations: S. mutans with Bifidobacterium or Lactobacillus, and b) triple combinations: S. mutans and S. sobrinus with Bifidobacterium or Lactobacillus species. The blocks were exposed to the bacterial associations for 7 days. Subsequently, quantity of EPS from biofilms and caries lesion depth were determined by means of colorimetric and cross-sectional enamel hardness (ΔKHN) analysis. The data were submitted to one-way analysis of variance, followed by the Bonferroni test (p < 0.05). S. mutans with B. animalis or B. dentium produced a higher quantity of EPS; S. mutans + B. animalis led to the highest ∆KHN. S. mutans + S. sobrinus + B. longum induced greater EPS and ∆KHN values. In conclusion, associations of B. animalis and B. longum with streptococci promoted EPS production and caries lesion progression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Demineralization , Dental Caries , Streptococcus mutans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Biofilms , Dental Enamel
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346673

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the systemic factors associated with Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) etiology. Material and Methods: A total of 731 8-year-old schoolchildren enrolled in the public school system in Curitiba, Brazil, was randomly selected. The MIH diagnosis was performed by calibrated examiners (Kappa >0.80) according to the European Academy of Pediatric Dentistry criteria (2003). The systemic factors were collected through a semi-structured questionnaire and applied to the children's mothers, addressing the medical history from pregnancy to the first three years of children's life. Associations were analyzed by Poisson regression analysis with robust variance (p<0.05). Results: The systemic factors in the prenatal and perinatal periods were not associated with MIH (p>0.05). The children who used medications during the first years of life had a significantly higher prevalence of MIH (PRc = 2.18 CI = 95% 1.06-4.48; p=0.033). Conclusion: The use of medications during the first three years of children's life is associated with a higher prevalence of MIH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Tooth Abnormalities/etiology , Epidemiology , Tooth Demineralization , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/etiology , Molar/abnormalities , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis
15.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346681

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the knowledge and clinical experience of dentists regarding MIH in Kerman/Iran. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a census sampling method was used, and all dentists registered in Kerman medical council were asked to participate in the study. A validated and reliable researcher administered questionnaire was used to determine participants' demographic characteristics, knowledge, and clinical experience. The association between knowledge score and demographic variables was determined using an independent t-test and ANOVA. The level of significance was set as 0.05. Results: Overall, 400 specialized and general dentists in Kerman completed the questionnaire. The mean knowledge score of dentists was 6.6±1.9 of 11. Female dentists' knowledge was higher than male dentists (p<0.05). General dentists had a higher level of knowledge regarding MIH compared to specialists (p<0.05). Overall, 79.5 % had been faced with MIH during their practice years. After confronting MIH teeth, 48.8% of dentists referred patients to specialists for treatment. Providing aesthetics was considered the most difficult part of treatment (43.2%). Resin composite was the most favorable dental material for treating MIH (60.9%). Conclusion: Although most dentists in Kerman had encountered MIH defects during their clinical practice, they did not have enough knowledge of the defect and required education on all aspects of MIH diagnosis and management. Younger dental practitioners, general dentists and females presented higher knowledge of MIH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Tooth Demineralization , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/pathology , Dentists , Iran , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Data Interpretation, Statistical
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210120, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340104

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Our study aims to synthesize, characterize, and determine the effects of a ChNPs suspension on human enamel after cariogenic challenge via pH-cycling. Methodology ChNPs were synthesized by ion gelation and characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Dynamic Light Scattering. Forty enamel blocks were divided into four groups (n=10/group): (i) ChNPs suspension; (ii) chitosan solution; (iii) 0.05% sodium fluoride (NaF) solution; and (iv) distilled water. Specimens were exposed to cariogenic challenge by cycling in demineralization solution (3 h) and then remineralized (21h) for 7 days. Before each demineralization cycle, the corresponding solutions were passively applied for 90 s. After 7 days, specimens were examined for surface roughness (Ra) and Knoop hardness (KHN) before and after the cariogenic challenge; % KHN change (variation between initial and final hardness), and surface topography by an optical profilometer. The data were analyzed by repeated-measures ANOVA, One-way ANOVA, and Tukey tests (α=0.05). Results TEM images showed small spherical particles with diameter and zeta potential values of 79.3 nm and +47.9 mV, respectively. After the challenge, all groups showed an increase in Ra and a decrease in KHN values. Optical profilometry indicated that ChNPs- and NaF-treated specimens showed uneven roughness interspersed with smooth areas and the lowest %KHN values. Conclusion The ChNPs suspension was successfully synthesized and minimized human enamel demineralization after a cariogenic challenge, showing an interesting potential for use as an oral formulation for caries prevention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Demineralization/prevention & control , Chitosan , Nanoparticles , Sodium Fluoride , Cariostatic Agents , Dental Enamel , Hardness
17.
São Paulo; s.n; 2021. 122 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369266

ABSTRACT

Odontopediatras tem relatado com mais frequência a presença de Hipomineralização de Segundos Molares Decíduos (HSMD) em pacientes infantis, no entanto muito pouco se sabe sobre a prevalência de Hipomineralização de Esmalte do tipo Opacidade Demarcada em dentes decíduos (HEOD) e fatores etiológicos. Os objetivos deste estudo foram: i) relatar a prevalência, gravidade e distribuição de HDD; ii) relatar a prevalência de HMSD iii) investigar os fatores etiológicos associados ao HDD; iv) avaliar a associação de HMSD com a presença de HMI (Hipomineralização Molar Incisivo); e como objetivo complementar v) avaliar o desempenho de dentistas do serviço público de Diadema/SP no diagnóstico de HSMD/HMI. A amostra foi composta por 2102 crianças de 3 a 10 anos de idade, de ambos os sexos, moradoras do Município de Diadema que participaram das consultas de retorno odontológico de manutenção em saúde bucal em uma das 20 UBS do município. Foram realizados exames clínicos intrabucais por quadrantes em consultórios odontológicos utilizando o índice de Ghanin et al., 2017 e os dados foram coletados por dentistas calibrados para todos os dentes decíduos e permanentes. Antes do exame clínico da criança, a mãe respondia um questionário socioeconômico e com perguntas a respeito de possíveis fatores associados a presença de hipomineralização que podem ocorrer nos períodos pré, peri e pós-natal. Todos os 68 dentistas que trabalhavam nas UBSs de Diadema participaram do treinamento e calibração para diagnóstico de HEOD em dentes decíduos e permanentes e seus desempenhos foram avaliados. Para a análise estatística, foi realizada análise descritiva, análise bivariada, regressão logística de Poisson com análises uni e multivariadas e Cohens Kappa. A prevalência de HDD foi 18,5%. A maioria das faces foram acometidas por defeitos leves como opacidades demarcadas branco/creme com extensão até 1/3 da superfície. A HEOD pode acometer qualquer dente decíduo, mas possui maior prevalência em segundos molares e caninos decíduos. A prevalência de HSMD foi 17%. Os fatores etiológicos analisados não apontaram associação com a presença do defeito, no entanto o aleitamento materno exclusivo por 6 meses está associado a menor probabilidade de desenvolver HDD (p=0,04). Foi encontrando também que a criança que apresenta HSMD tem 5 vezes mais probabilidade de apresentar HMI (OR=4,92; p=0,000; IC 95%- 3,8 6,4). O processo de calibração em três fases foi positivo na melhora dos valores de Kappa. Para o critério clínico os valores passaram de 0,76 ± 0,19 para 0,93 ± 0,07, para o critério erupção os valores foram de 0,89 ± 0,14 para 0,98 ± 0,08 e no critério extensão os valores foram de 0,59 ± 0,15 para 0,75 ± 0,14. Com base nos resultados obtidos 30 dentistas foram selecionados para realizarem a coleta de dados do estudo epidemiológico. Conclui-se que a prevalência de HDD e HMSD é relevante e pode acometer qualquer dente decíduo, principalmente molares e caninos. A amamentação exclusiva com leite materno até o sexto mês de vida do bebê deve ser recomendada. A criança com HSMD tem 5 vezes mais chance de apresentar HMI, sendo necessário um maior número de estudos longitudinais para determinar causa. O processo de treinamento e calibração para o diagnóstico em três fases teve impacto muito positivo no desenvolvimento da precisão do diagnóstico e na melhoria dos valores de Kappa.


Subject(s)
Prevalence , Tooth Demineralization , Molar
18.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 76 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362534

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o potencial protetor contra a desmineralização e o efeito remineralizante de dentifrícios experimentais contendo diferentes concentrações de partículas de vidro ionomérico pré-reagido (S-PRG - surface prereacted glass ionomer cement). Adicionalmente, o potencial antimicrobiano foi avaliado. Foram preparados 168 espécimes cilíndricos (4mm - diâmetro; 2mm - altura) de esmalte bovino hígido e polido para avaliação do potencial protetor (n=84) e remineralizante (n=84). Estes foram estratificados nos seguintes grupos de tratamento (n=12), de acordo com a concentração das partículas bioativas (S-PGR) incorporadas nos dentifrícios: 0%; 1%; 5%; 20% e 30%. Um dentifrício contendo NaF (1450 µg F/mL) foi utilizado como controle positivo e a água ultrapurificada foi utilizada como controle negativo. Os tratamentos com as suspensões de dentifrícios (1:3 com saliva artificial) foram realizados 2x/dia ­ 5 min/8 dias, intercalados com a ciclagem des/remineralizante. Para avaliação do potencial protetor dos tratamentos contra a desmineralização, os espécimes foram imersos em solução desmineralizante por 4 h e em solução remineralizante por 20 h. Para a avaliação do potencial remineralizante dos dentifrícios, os espécimes foram submetidos à formação de lesão de mancha branca artificial em solução desmineralizante por 20 h e então foram submetidos aos mesmos tratamentos e ciclagem des/re (2 h em solução des e 22 h em solução re). Após a ciclagem, os espécimes foram analisados quanto a dureza superficial, subsuperficial. Adicionalmente, o pH da suspensão de dentifrício preparada em água destilada foi determinado. A avaliação do efeito dos dentifrícios sobre a adesão bacteriana e crescimento do biofilme foi realizada por meio de testes em uma cepa padrão de S. mutans (UA159) e em uma cepa clínica de S mutans. Para cada cepa, 35 espécimes de esmalte bovino polido (6mm - diâmetro; 2mm - altura) foram distribuídos aleatoriamente nos mesmos grupos de tratamento (n=5), porém para a avaliação do efeito antimicrobiano, um dentifrício contendo 1450 µg F/mL + triclosan foi utilizado como controle positivo. Os espécimes foram tratados com as suspensões (5 min) e então inseridos em uma placa contendo sacarose, saliva artificial e uma suspensão S. mutans (padrão e clínica) para permitir a formação do biofilme. Então, foi realizada a contagem de unidades formadoras de colônias por mL (UFC/mL) após 48 h. O efeito antimicrobiano sobre um biofilme recém-formado e maduro também foi avaliado. Para isso, 35 blocos de esmalte bovino foram distribuídos aleatoriamente nos sete grupos citados anteriormente (n=5). Os espécimes foram inseridos em uma placa contendo sacarose, saliva artificial e uma suspensão S. mutans para permitir a adesão bacteriana. Após 4 h e 24 h da formação inicial do biofilme, os espécimes foram tratados com um dos dentifrícios contendo diferentes concentrações de S-PRG e controles e retornaram ao meio de cultura. Após 48 h, a contagem de UFC/mL foi realizada. Análises estatísticas independentes foram realizadas entre os grupos para cada estudo. Os dados foram analisados com ANOVA e teste de Tukey (5%). Os dentifrícios contendo S-PRG apresentaram potencial protetor contra a desmineralização e o dentifrício com 30% S-PRG foi o mais eficaz, diferindo do controle positivo (p<0,05). Para a remineralização, dentifrícios contendo S-PRG diferiram do controle negativo (p<0,05), mas não diferiram entre si e não foram superiores ao dentifrício contendo NaF. Uma diminuição significativa na adesão de microrganismos foi observada para todos os grupos tratados com os dentifrícios contendo S-PRG e para a cepa UA159 os dentifrícios com 20 e 30%S-PRG apresentaram efeito superior ao dentifrício contendo NaF+Triclosan (p<0,05). Efeito antimicrobiano sobre o biofilme recém-formado (4 h) também foi observado para os grupos tratados com dentifrícios contendo S-PRG, mas não foi observado efeito superior ao dentifrício contendo NaF+Triclosan (p>0,05). Para o biofilme maduro, efeito antimicrobiano dos dentifrícios contendo S-PRG foi observado apenas para a cepa clínica (p<0.05), sendo inferior ao exercido pelo controle positivo. Concluiu-se que os dentifrícios contendo S-PRG apresentam capacidade de proteger o esmalte contra a desmineralização, bem como capacidade remineralizante, além de serem capazes de impedir a adesão bacteriana e atuar sobre o crescimento do biofilme cariogênico.


The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective, remineralizing, and antimicrobial potential of experimental toothpastes containing different concentrations of pre-reacted glass ionomer particles (S-PRG). Cylindrical specimens (n=84, 4mm- diameter, 2mm-height) of sound and polished bovine enamel were prepared to evaluate the protective and remineralizing potential of the toothpastes. These were stratified into the following treatment groups (n=12), according to the concentration of bioactive particles (S-PGR) incorporated to the toothpastes: 0%; 1%; 5%; 20%; and 30%. A toothpaste containing 1450 µg F/mL was used as a positive control and distilled water as a negative control. Treatments with toothpastes' slurries (1:3 with artificial saliva) were performed 2x/day - 5 min / 8 days, interposed with de/remineralization cycling. To evaluate the protective potential of the toothpastes, specimens were immersed in demineralizing solution for 4 h and in a remineralizing solution for 20 h. To evaluate the remineralizing potential of toothpastes, the specimens were submitted to the formation of white spot lesion in demineralizing solution for 20 h and then submitted to the same treatments de- and remineralizing pH-cycling (2 h in de- and 22 h in remineralizing solution). Specimens were analysed for surface and cross-sectional hardness. Additionally, the pH of the slurries prepared in deionized water was assessed. The effect of toothpastes over microorganisms adhesion and their antimicrobial potential over a newly formed and mature biofilms were also evaluated. To evaluate the effect of toothpastes on microorganisms adhesion and biofilm development, two different studies were performed using a S mutans strain (UA159) and a S mutans clinical strain. 35 specimens of polished bovine enamel (6mm- diameter, 2mm-height) were randomly distributed in the same treatment groups (n=5). The specimens were treated with the suspensions and then inserted into a plate containing sucrose, artificial saliva and a standard suspension of S. mutans to allow microorganisms adhesion and then colony forming units per ml (CFU/mL) counting was performed after 48 h. The antimicrobial effect on a newly formed and mature biofilms was also evaluated. For this, 35 blocks of bovine enamel were randomly distributed into the seven previously mentioned groups (n=5). The specimens were inserted into a plate containing sucrose, artificial saliva and a standard suspension of S. mutans to allow biofilm formation. After 4 h and 24 h of the initial formation of the biofilm, the specimens were treated with one of the toothpastes containing different concentrations of S-PRG and were return to the culture medium. After 48 h the CFU/mL counting were performed. Independent statistical analyses were performed for each study. Data were analysed with ANOVA and Tukey test (5%). The S-PRG containing toothpastes presented protective potential and the 30% S-PRG was the most effective, differing from the positive control (p<0.05). For remineralization, toothpastes containing S-PRG differed from the negative control and 0% S-PRG (p<0.05), but did not differ from each other and were not superior to toothpaste containing NaF (p>0.05). A significant decrease in the adhesion of microorganisms was observed for all groups treated with the S-PRG containing toothpastes and for the UA159 strain the 20 and 30% S-PRG toothpastes had a superior effect than the NaF+Triclosan (p<0.05). Antimicrobial effect on the newly formed biofilm (4 h) was also observed for the groups treated with S-PRG, but no greater effect was observed than that of NaF+Triclosan (p>0.05). For mature biofilm, antimicrobial effect of S-PRG toothpastes was observed only for the clinical strain (p<0.05), and were inferior than NaF+Triclosan toothpaste. It could be concluded that, toothpastes containing S-PRG presented higher efficacy in protecting enamel against demineralization and in promoting remineralization, as well as inhibiting the cariogenic biofilm developmen


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Remineralization , Materials Testing , Tooth Demineralization , Dental Plaque , Dentifrices , Saliva, Artificial , Toothpastes , Analysis of Variance , Dental Caries , Dental Enamel
19.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 22(3)dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386493

ABSTRACT

Resumen La fluorosis dental es una anomalía en el desarrollo del esmalte debido a la excesiva ingesta de flúor durante la formación de los tejidos dentales, y se caracteriza principalmente por la hipomineralización y mayor porosidad de la estructura del esmalte. Muchas veces las manchas ocasionadas por la fluorosis dental pueden comprometer la estética del paciente y afectar su autoestima. En años recientes ha sido desarrollado una nueva generación de materiales odontológicos conocida como infiltrantes resinosos, que básicamente son resinas de baja viscosidad que infiltran y paralizan la progresión de las lesiones cariosas incipientes no cavitadas. Cuando infiltrantes resinosos han sido utilizados para detener las lesiones cariosas se ha verificado que también producen cambios en la apariencia de la mancha blanca, atenuándola o tornándola imperceptible. El presente artículo describe un reporte de caso del uso de infiltrantes resinosos para tratamiento estético de lesiones de manchas blancas ocasionadas por fluorosis.


Abstract Dental fluorosis is an abnormality in the development of enamel due to the excessive intake of fluoride during formation of dental tissues, mainly characterized by hypomineralization and increased porosity of the enamel structure. Oftenly the spots caused by dental fluorosis can compromise the aesthetics of the patient and affect their self-esteem. In recent years a new generation of dental materials has been developed, known as resin infiltrants, which are basically low viscosity resins that infiltrate and paralyze the progression of incipient non cavitated carious lesions. When resin infiltrants have been used to stop carious lesions it has been verified that they also produce changes in the appearance of white spots, masking or making them imperceptible. The present article describes a case report of the use of resin infiltrants for aesthetic treatment of white spot lesions caused by fluorosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Demineralization/therapy , Fluorosis, Dental/diagnosis
20.
Metro cienc ; 28(4): 42-51, 2020/10/29. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151651

ABSTRACT

Artículo original Original articleRevista Metro CienciaSeveridad de hipomineralización incisivo molar (HIM) y su relación con caries dental en niñosSeverity of incisor molar hypomineralization (IMH) and its relationship with dental caries in childrenSylvia Gabriela Pineda Bonilla1, Alejandra Cabrera Arias2Odontóloga de la Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador1Docente de la Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador2Recibido: 28/09/2020 Aceptado:05/10/2020 Públicado:29/10/2020Editorial: Hospital Metropolitano ISSN (impreso) 1390-2989 - ISSN (electrónico) 2737-6303Edición: Vol. 28 Nº 4 (2020) octubre - diciembreDOI: https://doi.org/10.47464/MetroCiencia/vol28/4/2020/42-51URL: https://revistametrociencia.com.ec/index.php/revista/article/view/95Pág: 42-51RESUMENLa Hipomineralización Incisivo Molar (HIM) es una alteración cualitativa en la formación de la estructura del diente que puede producir la pérdida de grandes áreas de la estructura dental. La prevalencia de Hipomineralización Incisivo Molar varía ampliamente en el mundo y han sido pocos los estudios epidemio-lógicos realizados en Latinoamérica y específicamente en Ecuador. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia y severidad de (HIM) y su asociación con caries dental en niños y niñas de 8 a 10 años de escuelas primarias públicas del Barrio Las Casas. Materiales y métodos: Corresponde a un estudio, transversal en el cual se evaluó a 366 escolares de 8 a 10 años de edad que asistían a las escuelas públicas del barrio Las Casas, que tuvieran todos los primeros molares e incisivos permanentes completamente erupcionados. Las variables fueron edad, género, escolaridad del representante, ocupación del representante, fre-cuencia de cepillado; las variables clínicas que se evaluaron fueron HIM mediante los criterios descritos por Mathu-Muju y Wright; y caries dental, utilizando el índice International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS II). Resultados: La prevalencia de hipomineralización incisivo molar en la muestra total fue de 21.3%, al asociarla con la caries dental se detectó que el 2.2% (n=8) de escolares que no presentaba caries presentó HIM, a diferencia del 9.3% (n=34) de escolares que presentaron caries con cavidades detectables y el 9.8% (n=36) de niños con lesiones incipientes tuvieron HIM. Conclusión: La presencia de HIM fue alta y si estuvo asociada a caries dental, los escolares con HIM presentaron más riesgo de desarrollar caries.


ABSTRACT Molar Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) is a qualitative alteration in the formation of tooth structure that can cause the loss of large areas of tooth structure. The prevalence of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization varies widely in the world and there have been few epidemiological studies conducted in Latin America and specifically in Ecuador. Objective: To determine the prevalence and severity of (MIH) and its association with dental caries in children from 8 to 10 years old of public primary schools in Las Casas neighborhood. Material and methods: Corresponds to a cross-sectional study in which 366 schoolchildren between 8 and 10 years old were evaluated who attended to the public schools in Las Casas neighborhood, which had all the first molars and permanent incisors completely erupted. The variables were age, gender, education of the representative, occupation of the representative, frequency of brushing; the clinical variables that were evaluated were HIM using the criteria described by Mathu-Muju & Wright; and dental caries, using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System index (ICDAS II). Results: The prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization in the total sample was 21.3% when it was associating with dental caries it was detected that 2.2% (n = 8) of schoolchildren without caries presented MIH, a difference of 9.3% (n = 34) of schoolchildren who presented caries with detectable cavities and 9.8% (n = 36) of children with incipient lesions had MIH. Conclusion: The presence of MIH was high and was associated with dental caries. Schoolchildren with MIH presented a higher risk of developing caries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Child , Tooth Demineralization , Dental Caries , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia , Incisor , Tooth , Risk , Education
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