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1.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 251-257, sept.-oct. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344244

ABSTRACT

asistencia ventilatoria cuando la vía aérea y la consciencia están comprometidas. Los elementos utilizados en este procedimiento se encuentran en contacto directo con estructuras dentofaciales, causando diversos tipos de lesiones, principalmente bucales. Aunque existen cuidados clínicos durante procesos de intubación, hay poca información, particularmente de la zona norte del país donde se hayan evaluado las posibles asociaciones entre los motivos de consulta más frecuentes y las diversas características, tanto clínicas como no clínicas de pacientes que han sido intubados. Objetivo: Identificar las alteraciones bucodentales más frecuentes en pacientes intubados, así como explorar las posibles asociaciones de acuerdo con los motivos de intubación más frecuentes. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal y comparativo en el cual se evaluaron alteraciones bucodentales y sistémicas de pacientes intubados. Los grupos de estudio se desarrollaron de acuerdo con el motivo de intubación y la determinación de las asociaciones fue con cada una de las alteraciones bucodentales y sistémicas. Resultados: El motivo de intubación más frecuente fue el evento cerebral vascular (EVC) y las alteraciones dentofaciales más prevalentes fueron caries, lengua saburral y cálculo dental, entre otras. Además, se encontraron diferencias significativas entre pacientes con EVC, mostrando una mayor frecuencia en tabaquismo, hipertensión arterial y diabetes mellitus, así como en la presencia de gingivitis y úlceras. Pacientes con traumatismo craneoencefálico (TCE) tuvieron mayor frecuencia en la presencia de periodontitis. Conclusión: El motivo de hospitalización y las condiciones sistémicas preexistentes pueden ser un factor de riesgo para desarrollar lesiones bucales específicas antes y durante el periodo de intubación (AU)


Introduction: Intubation is a procedure that allows ventilatory assistance when the airway and consciousness are compromised. The elements used in this procedure are in direct contact with dentofacial structures causing various types of injuries, mainly oral. Although there is clinical care during intubation processes, there is little information, particularly from the northern part of the country where the possible associations between the most frequent reasons for consultation and the various clinical and non-clinical characteristics of patients who have been intubated have been evaluated. Objective: The objectives of the present study were to identify the most frequent oral alterations in intubated patients, as well as to explore possible associations according to the most frequent reasons for intubation. Material and methods: An observational, cross-sectional and comparative study was carried out in which oral and systemic alterations of intubated patients were evaluated. The study groups were formed according to the reason for intubation and the association was determined with each of the oral and systemic disorders. Results: The most frequent reason for intubation was the vascular cerebral event (CVA) and the most prevalent dentofacial alterations were caries, coated tongue, and dental calculus, among others. In addition, significant differences were found between patients with CVA, showing a higher frequency in smoking, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, as well as in the presence of gingivitis and ulcers. Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) had a higher frequency in the presence of periodontitis. Conclusion: The reason for hospitalization and pre-existing systemic conditions can be a risk factor for developing specific oral lesions before and during the intubation period (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Hospitalization , Intubation, Intratracheal/adverse effects , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Tooth Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Stroke , Diabetes Mellitus , Observational Study , Brain Contusion , Hypertension , Mexico
2.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(3): 750-769, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289816

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El síndrome de Down con frecuencia se acompaña de defectos bucodentales que comprometen la función masticatoria y fonatoria del paciente. Las acciones de prevención y promoción de salud bucal, el diagnóstico precoz y seguimiento de estas enfermedades, contribuyen al logro del verdadero enfoque interdisciplinario que demandan estos pacientes, para lograr una plena inclusión social. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica sobre el tema, con el objetivo de estructurar los referentes teóricos relacionados con los principales defectos bucodentales -congénitos y adquiridos- que afectan a la población con síndrome de Down, para lograr la prevención de estos defectos y el incremento de la calidad de vida de los pacientes. Los defectos bucodentales congénitos más frecuentes encontrados en la trisomía 21, fueron la microdoncia, la macroglosia y la erupción dental tardía. La enfermedad periodontal fue el defecto adquirido de mayor presentación, al que se asocian diversos factores de riesgo, muchos modificables. Las intervenciones tempranas en salud bucal pueden incrementar la calidad de vida de los niños y adultos que padecen este trastorno, ayudándolos a lograr un pleno desarrollo como seres humanos (AU).


ABSTRACT Down's syndrome is frequently accompanied by oral-dental defects compromising the masticatory and phonatory function of the patients. Oral health promotion and prevention actions, precocious diagnosis and follow-up of these diseases contribute to achieving the true interdisciplinary approach these patients demand to reach their full social inclusion. A bibliographic search on the theme was carried out, with the objective of structuring the theoretical referents related to the main oral-dental defects -congenital and acquired-, affecting the population with Down's syndrome to reach these defects prevention and increasing these patients' life quality. The congenital oral-dental defects more commonly found in trisomy 21 were microdontia, macroglossia, and delayed tooth eruption. Periodontal disease was more frequently found acquired defect, to which several risk factors are associated, many of them modifiable. Early interventions in oral health may improve the life quality of these children and adults, helping them to achieve a full development as human beings (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tooth Diseases/congenital , Down Syndrome/pathology , Mouth Diseases/congenital , Tooth Diseases/diagnosis , Tooth Diseases/therapy , Oral Health , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis , Mouth Diseases/therapy , Dental Physiological Phenomena
3.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 6(1): 39-44, abr. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354415

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Biocorrosion is a multifactorial disorder that causes dissolution of hard tissues by extrinsic/ intrinsic factors. Traditionally, restoring biocorrosion wear involves invasive preparations. Objective: This case report aims to describe the rehabilitation of biocorrosion with a minimally invasive approach (thin occlusal and vestibular ceramic laminates) in a fully digital workflow using natural algorithms. Case report: A 23-year-old patient was presented to clinic with generalized tooth wear associated to dentin hypersensitivity. In anamnesis, eating disorders and acid food consumption were reported, supporting the diagnosis of biocorrosion. The restoration of worn tissues involved an additive approach (minimizing additional wear), using a face guided planning protocol and a natural tooth anatomy database to achieve greater naturalness at the final restorations. Rehabilitation of worn tissues was performed using occlusal, anterior ceramic veneers and additive composite restorations. The patient's natural teeth characteristics were preserved, restoring aesthetic and self-esteem, and after 2- year follow-up the patient remains very satisfied. Conclusion: Additive approaches involving the least amount of tissue wear are essential for the biocorrosion restoration. In addition, the integration of natural algorithms to digital workflows brings more aesthetic and precision to definitive restorations, overcoming one of the main challenges of milled aesthetic restorations: the naturalness.


Introdução: A biocorrosão é uma desordem multifatorial que causa a dissolução dos tecidos duros por fatores extrínsecos/intrínsecos. Tradicionalmente, a restauração do desgaste por biocorrosão envolve preparações invasivas. Objetivo: Este relato de caso tem como objetivo descrever a reabilitação da biocorrosão com uma abordagem minimamente invasiva (laminados cerâmicos oclusais e vestibulares finos) em um fluxo de trabalho totalmente digital usando algoritmos naturais. Relato de caso: Paciente de 23 anos foi atendido na clínica com desgaste dentário generalizado associado à hipersensibilidade dentinária. Na anamnese, foram relatados transtornos alimentares e consumo de alimentos ácidos, corroborando o diagnóstico de biocorrosão. A restauração de tecidos desgastados envolveu uma abordagem aditiva (minimizando o desgaste adicional), usando um protocolo de planejamento guiado pela face e um banco de dados de anatomia natural do dente para obter maior naturalidade nas restaurações finais. A reabilitação dos tecidos desgastados foi realizada usando facetas oclusais, anteriores de cerâmica e restaurações de resina composta aditiva. As características dos dentes naturais do paciente foram preservadas, restabelecendo a estética e a autoestima, e após 2 anos de acompanhamento o paciente continua muito satisfeito. Conclusão: As abordagens aditivas que envolvem o menor desgaste tecidual são essenciais para a restauração da biocorrosão. Além disso, a integração de algoritmos naturais aos fluxos de trabalho digitais traz mais estética e precisão às restaurações definitivas, superando um dos principais desafios das restaurações estéticas fresadas: a naturalidade.


Subject(s)
Tooth Erosion , Tooth Diseases , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Veneers , Tooth Wear
4.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 6(2): 45-52, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1357544

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O bruxismo tem sido objeto de estudo no decorrer de décadas e ainda é polêmica a abordagem em diferentes faixas etárias. Objetivo: O objetivo deste manuscrito é apresentar uma proposta de protocolo clínico de bruxismo do sono e vigília para crianças e adolescentes. Materiais e Métodos: Foi realizado um protocolo clínico a partir de uma revisão crítica da literatura sobre o bruxismo do sono e em vigília em crianças e adolescentes. Foram abordados o conceito atual de bruxismo, os principais fatores associados, anamnese e principais sinais clínicos, considerando as peculiaridades das diferentes etapas da vida infantojuvenil: bebês, crianças e adolescentes. Resultados: O bruxismo precisa ser abordado de forma diferenciada por faixa etária. Uma anamnese bem detalhada, o conhecimento do desenvolvimento fisiológico do paciente infantojuvenil, seus possíveis comportamentos, a presença de dores de cabeça e dores nos músculos faciais merecem atenção especial pelo cirurgião dentista. Conclusão: O bruxismo merece cuidados distintos por faixa etária.


Introduction: Bruxism has been the object of study for decades and the approach in different age groups is still controversial. Objective: The aim of this paper is to present a clinical protocol proposal for awake and sleep bruxism in children and adolescents. Materials and Methods: A clinical protocol was carried out based on a critical review of the literature of sleep and awake bruxism in children and adolescents. The current concept of bruxism, the main associated factors, the anamnesis, and main clinical signs/symptoms were addressed considering the peculiarities of the different life stages: babies, children, and adolescents. Results: Bruxism needs to be approached differently by age group. A very detailed anamnesis, knowledge of child/adolescent's physiological development, their behavior, and the occurrence of headaches and pain in the facial muscles deserves special attention by dentist. Conclusion: Bruxism deserves different care by age group.


Subject(s)
Bruxism , Tooth Diseases , Pediatric Dentistry
5.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(5): 383-391, oct. 31, 2020. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179024

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the prevalence of oral manifestations of hypophosphatemic rickets in patients treated in a Peruvian referral pediatric hospital during the years 2012-2016. Material and methods: An observational, descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional study was carried out. The sample consisted of patients diagnosed with hypophosphatemic rickets who attended the outpatient clinic of the Stomatology Service and the Genetics Service of the National Institute of Child Health (INSN), Lima, Peru, between the years 2012-2016. The research project was assessed and approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Health Service. Medical records stored in a database of the health institution with the Code CIE E83.3, which corresponds to the diagnosis of Hypophosphatemic Rickets, were requested for the study. Results: Fifteen children received health care, of which only 10 were treated at the Stomatology Service. The distribution of the data was obtained from these 10 patients according to the proposed objective. A higher frequency of gingival lesions was found at the soft tissue level (41.18%); at the bone tissue level, only one case of dentigerous cyst was observed; and at the dental level, 90% of the patients had dental caries. Conclusion: The most frequent oral manifestations of hypophosphatemic rickets in pediatric patients treated at the National Institute of Child Health (2012-2016) were gingivitis and dental caries.


Objetivo:Describir la prevalencia de las manifestaciones bucales del raquitismo hipofosfatémico de pacientes atendidos en un hospital pediátrico de referencia peruano durante los años 2012-2016. Material y Métodos:Se realizó un estudio tipo observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo, transversal. Para la selección de la muestra se consideró a los pacientes que acudieron a la consulta externa del Servicio de Odontoestomatología y el Servicio de Genética del Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño, Lima, Perú; en el periodo comprendido entre los años 2012-2016 y que presentaron como diagnóstico Raquitismo Hipofosfatémico. El proyecto de investigación fue evaluado por un Comité de Ética en Investigación del servicio de salud. Se solicitaron las historias clínicas consignadas en una base de datos de la institución de salud con el Código CIE E83.3, que corresponde a este diagnóstico. Resultados: Fueron atendidos 15 niños, de los cuales solo 10 fueron tratados en el Servicio Odontoestomatología; siendo de estos 10 pacientes la distribución de los datos obtenidos según el objetivo propuesto. Se encontró mayor frecuencia de lesiones a nivel de tejido blando de gingivitis con 41.18%, a nivel de tejido óseo solo se presentó un caso de quiste dentígero; y a nivel de tejido dental el 90% de los pacientes presentó caries dental. Conclusión: Las manifestaciones bucales más frecuentes del raquitismo hipofosfatémico de pacientes pediátricos atendidos en el Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño (2012-2016), fueron la gingivitis y caries dental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tooth Diseases/etiology , Rickets, Hypophosphatemic/complications , Rickets, Hypophosphatemic/epidemiology , Oral Manifestations , Peru , Tooth Diseases/epidemiology , Dental Caries/etiology , Gingivitis/etiology
6.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 42-48, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1130172

ABSTRACT

Sleep bruxism is defined as a behavior that causes masticatory muscle activities during sleep. Sleep bruxism in childhood leads to consequences, which may vary from teeth wear in deciduous dentition to temporomandibular disfunction symptoms. There's no data that demonstrates improvement of children with sleep bruxism during and after auricular acupuncture treatment. Objective: Therefore, this case report series aimed to evaluate the effect of auriculotherapy on children presenting sleep bruxism. Methods: Twelve patients were included in this study, in the mean age of 6,9. The diagnosis was evaluated by the question: "Does your kid grind their teeth while sleeping?". Treatment was performed by an acupuncture specialist in a standardized way. The therapy was given for three weeks and the effect was evaluated through a sleep diary, in which the parents noted whether or not their child grinded teeth while sleeping before (baseline) and during therapy (T1 to T3). Sleep bruxism was categorized as presence or absence of nocturnal teeth grinding and the frequency varied from 0 to 7 (baseline), 0 to 5 (T1), 0 to 7 (T2) and 0 to 4 (T3) between patients. The intensity of the reported sleep bruxism was compared according to the periods by pared T-test ( =0.05). Results: It was observed that the frequency of reports decreased significantly from baseline to T3. Conclusion: These results suggest that ear acupuncture may be an alternative therapy for sleep bruxism in childhood, once it demonstrated to reduce its frequency in this study, although patients may present different effects to therapy due to biological variability.


Introdução: Bruxismo do sono é definido como um comportamento que causa atividades musculares durante o sono. Na infância, leva a consequências que podem variar de desgaste dentário na dentição decídua a sintomas de disfunção temporomandibular. Não há estudos que demonstrem melhora de casos de crianças com bruxismo do sono durante e após tratamento com auriculoterapia. Objetivo: portanto, esta série de casos visou avaliar o efeito da auriculoterapia em crianças apresentando este quadro. Métodos: Doze pacientes foram inclusos neste estudo, com a media de idade de 6,9. O diagnóstico foi avaliado pela pergunta "Seu filho range os dentes quando dorme?". O tratamento foi executado por um especialista em acupuntura de forma padronizada. A terapia foi feita por três semanas e o efeito foi avaliado através de um diário do sono, no qual os pais anotavam se a criança rangeu os dentes enquanto dormia antes (baseline) e durante a terapia (T1 a T3). Bruxismo do sono foi categorizado como presença ou ausência de ranger de dentes e a frequência variou de 0 a 7 (baseline), 0 a 5 (T1), 0 a 7 (T2) e 0 a 4 (T3) entre os pacientes. A intensidade foi comparada de acordo com os períodos pelo teste-T pareado (=0,05). Resultados: Foi observado que a frequência de relatos diminuiu significativamente de baseline a T3. Conclusão: Estes resultados sugerem que auriculoterapia pode ser uma terapia alternativa para o bruxismo do sono na infância, uma vez que demonstrou reduzir sua frequência neste estudo, embora os pacientes possam apresentar efeitos diferentes devido à variabilidade biológica.


Subject(s)
Stomatognathic Diseases , Tooth Diseases , Bruxism , Child , Pediatric Dentistry , Sleep Bruxism , Auriculotherapy
7.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 49-57, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1130175

ABSTRACT

Currently, there is a tendency to treat open bite with mini-implants, miniplates, and orthognathic surgeries and build ups when these protocols are not always indicated and to be apply them unnecessarily and excessively. Objectives: This case report describes treatment of a severe anterior open bite in an adult patient with step bends and vertical elastics. Case report: The female patient was 29 years and 8 months old and reported that she had low self-esteem; therefore, she wanted to have her untreated open bite closed. By examination, a convex profile, vertical growth pattern, dental midline deviation, and tongue exposure could be seen upon smiling. The dental and skeletal sagittal relationship was Class II. The overjet was +5 mm and the anterior overbite was -5.5 mm. The severe skeletal open bite involved the first molars to the anterior teeth, and it was treated only with step bends and vertical elastics over 2 years. Results: Significant facial improvement, maxillary incisor exposure upon aesthetic smiling, and adequate overbite and overjet were observed. The upper and lower dental midlines fit to the sagittal line. A counterclockwise rotation of the mandible was observed. The severe skeletal open bite was treated. Conclusions: Severe skeletal open bite malocclusion treated with step bends and vertical elastics in adult patient demonstrated efficient, predictable and stable open bite correction.


Introdução: Atualmente, existe uma tendência de tratar a mordida aberta com mini-implantes, miniplacas, cirurgias ortognáticas e levantes de mordida, quando estes protocolos nem sempre são indicados e a sua aplicação pode ser desnecessária e excessiva. Objetivo: Este relato de caso descreve o tratamento de uma mordida aberta anterior grave em paciente adulto com "step bends" e elásticos verticais. Relato do caso: A paciente tinha 29 anos e 8 meses de idade e relatou ter baixa autoestima; portanto ela queria fechar sua mordida aberta não tratada. Ao exame, um perfil convexo, padrão de crescimento vertical, desvio da linha média dental e exposição da língua podiam ser vistos ao sorrir. A relação sagital dental e esquelética era de Classe II. O overjet de +5 mm e o overbite anterior de -5,5 mm. A mordida aberta esquelética grave envolveu os primeiros molares até os dentes anteriores e foi tratada apenas com "step bends" e elásticos verticais por pouco mais de 2 anos. Resultados: Melhoria facial significativa, exposição dos incisivos superiores ao sorriso estético, sobremordida e overjet adequados foram observadas. As linhas médias dentárias superior e inferior adequadas à linha sagital. Foi observada rotação da mandíbula no sentido antihorário. A mordida aberta esquelética grave foi tratada. Conclusão: A má oclusão grave da mordida aberta esquelética tratada com "step bends" e elásticos verticais em pacientes adultos demonstrou correção eficiente, previsível e estável da mordida aberta.


Subject(s)
Orthodontics , Open Bite , Tooth Diseases , Stomatognathic Diseases , Adult , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Malocclusion
8.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 58-63, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1130177

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this case report was to describe the surgical exposure and orthodontic management of an unerupted and ectopic maxillary right central incisor after trauma to the primary predecessor. Case report: An 11-year-old girl was referred to the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic due to eruption failure of the maxillary right central incisor. Radiographs showed the impacted central incisor located below the anterior nasal spine and its apex parallel to the palatal plane and the presence of an odontoma. General surgery was performed to remove the odontoma and two perforations in the crown of the impacted tooth were made to carry out orthodontic traction. Correct alignment was achieved after 18 months and no significant clinical or radiographic alterations were founded. Conclusion: The orthodontic management was performed successfully, and a positive esthetic outcome combined with adequate occlusion demonstrated the satisfactory results of this case.


Objetivo: O objetivo deste relato de caso foi descrever a exposição cirúrgica e o tratamento ortodôntico de um incisivo central superior direito ectópico e não irrompido após trauma do predecessor decíduo. Relato do caso: Uma menina de 11 anos de idade foi encaminhada à Clínica de Odontopediatria devido ao atraso na erupção do incisivo central superior direito. As radiografias mostraram o incisivo central impactado localizado abaixo da espinha nasal anterior e seu ápice paralelo ao plano palatino e a presença de um odontoma. A cirurgia para remoção do odontoma foi realizada sob anestesia geral e duas perfurações na coroa do dente impactado foram realizadas para a tração ortodôntica. O alinhamento correto foi alcançado após 18 meses e não foram encontradas alterações clínicas ou radiográficas significativas. Conclusão: O manejo ortodôntico foi realizado com sucesso, e um resultado estético positivo combinado à oclusão adequada demonstrou os resultados satisfatórios deste caso.


Subject(s)
Orthodontics , Surgery, Oral , Tooth , Tooth Diseases , Tooth, Unerupted , Odontoma , Stomatognathic Diseases , Child , Tooth Injuries , Incisor
9.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 75-79, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139961

ABSTRACT

The presence of white spots due to dental fluorosis can cause aesthetic discomfort, being one of the factors for a search for dental treatment. Objective: Report a clinical case in which the aesthetic complaint was solved through the association of the dental bleaching to the microabrasion technique. Case report: Male patient, 13 years, attended to the Integrated Clinic of the School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, with fluorosis, mainly in the antero-superior teeth and aesthetic complaint. Initially, it was made an immediate bleaching with hydrogen peroxide at 35%, in 3 sessions of 15 minutes each, to soften the disparity of shades between tooth-stain. The result was insufficient and the dental microabrasion technique was adopted. A pumice paste was applied together with gel of phosphoric acid at 37% under relative isolation, in a total of 8 applications (1 minute each). At the end of each application, it was made an abundant water washing, microengine mounted fine-grained disc polishing and topical application of neutral NaF2 in gel (4 minutes each application) to eliminate possible postoperative sensitivity. Conclusion: The dental bleaching and the microabrasion technique promoted satisfactory immediate clinical results that increased self-esteem of the patient in a minimally invasive way to dental structure.


Introdução: A presença de manchas brancas por fluorose dentária pode causar desconforto estético, sendo um dos fatores para busca de tratamento odontológico. Objetivo: Relatar um caso clínico em que a queixa estética foi resolvida através da associação do clareamento dentário à técnica de microabrasão. Relato do caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 13 anos, compareceu a Clínica Integrada da Faculdade de Odontologia da UFRJ, com fluorose, principalmente nos dentes ântero-superiores e queixa estética. Inicialmente, realizou-se clareamento imediato com peróxido de hidrogênio a 35%, em 3 sessões de 15 minutos, para suavizar a disparidade de tons entre mancha-dente. O resultado obtido foi insuficiente e a técnica de microabrasão dentária foi adotada. Uma pasta de pedra pomes foi aplicada juntamente com gel de ácido fosfórico a 37% sob isolamento relativo, perfazendo um total de 8 aplicações (1 minuto cada). Ao final de cada aplicação, foi realizada lavagem abundante com água, polimento com disco de granulação fina montado em micromotor e aplicação tópica de NaF2 neutro em gel (4 minutos cada aplicação) para eliminar possível sensibilidade pós-operatória. Conclusão: O clareamento dentário e a técnica de microabrasão promoveram resultados clínicos imediatos satisfatórios que elevaram a autoestima do paciente, de maneira minimamente invasiva para estrutura dentária.


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching , Enamel Microabrasion , Fluorosis, Dental , Tooth Diseases , Stomatognathic Diseases , Adolescent , Esthetics, Dental , Hydrogen Peroxide
10.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 80-86, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139967

ABSTRACT

This case report describes an interceptive treatment of anterior open bite (AOB) with fixed palatine grid using clinical, cephalometric, electromyographic and speech analysis data. Case report: An 8-year-old girl, Angle Class I malocclusion presenting AOB. The complete orthodontic documentation was obtained and the perioral muscles were evaluated using the electromyography during blowing, sucking and smiling activities, before and after treatment. Speech acoustic evaluation was performed through the frequencies of the formants to assess the position of the tongue. Results: The AOB was corrected in six months with reduction of vertical transpass, decrease of cephalometric Angles 1: NA and 1: NB and increase of interincisal angle. During the smile movement, it was possible to observe the decrease of the muscular activity of the superior orbicularis muscle and the increase of the muscular activity of the inferior orbicularis. In the blow movement, there was a tendency to decrease muscle activity. Opposite directions were observed at the time of installation of the grid in the frequencies of the formants. When the grid was removed, the tongue was lowered and posteriorized in relation to the installation time. When compared the final and initial moments, it was noted a predominance of tongue lower position, besides posteriorization in some vowels and anteriorization in others. Conclusion: After the use of the fixed palatine crib as an interceptive treatment for AOB, the bite was closed and it was possible to observe an harmony in the patient profile and improvement in periorbital musculature and tongue positioning.


Objetivo: Este relato de caso descreve um tratamento interceptivo da mordida aberta anterior (MAA) com grade palatina fixa usando dados clínicos, cefalométricos, eletromiográficos e de fala. Relato do caso: Menina de 8 anos de idade apresentando maloclusão Classe I de Angle e MAA. A documentação ortodôntica completa foi obtida e os músculos periorais foram avaliados pela eletromiografia durante as atividades de sopro, sucção e sorriso, antes e após o tratamento. A avaliação acústica da fala foi realizada através das frequências dos formantes para avaliar a posição da língua. Resultados: O MAA foi corrigida em seis meses com redução do transpasse vertical, diminuição dos ângulos cefalométricos 1: NA e 1: NB e aumento do ângulo interincisivo. Durante o movimento do sorriso, foi possível observar a diminuição da atividade muscular do músculo orbicular superior e o aumento da atividade muscular do orbicular inferior. No movimento do sopro, houve uma tendência a diminuir a atividade muscular. Direções opostas foram observadas no momento da instalação da grade nas frequências dos formantes. Quando a grade foi removida, a língua foi abaixada e posteriorizada em relação ao tempo de instalação inicial do aparelho. Quando comparados os momentos final e inicial, observou-se predomínio da posição inferior da língua, além de posteriorização em algumas vogais e anteriorização em outras. Conclusão: Após o uso da grade palatina fixa como tratamento interceptivo para a MAA, a mordida foi fechada e foi possível observar harmonia no perfil da paciente e melhora da musculatura periorbital e posicionamento da língua.


Subject(s)
Open Bite , Tooth Diseases , Stomatognathic Diseases , Child , Malocclusion, Angle Class I
11.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 87-91, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139982

ABSTRACT

The management of fractured permanent teeth due to dental trauma in young patients is a challenge that requires an efficient approach. Objective: Describe a conservative and multidisciplinary treatment of a case of dental trauma in a 13 years-old boy. Case report: At clinical examination was verified enamel and dentin fracture in the left upper central incisor and a fracture with pulp exposure in the right upper lateral incisor, with subgingival extension of its margin at lingual surface, and no swelling or tooth displacement was observed. At radiographic evaluation, no pulp or periradicular disturbances were verified. It was proposed the surgical lengthening of the clinical crown of the right upper lateral incisor for later performing endodontic treatment. It was decided to make direct composite resin restorations in both fractured teeth, instead of doing a prosthetic treatment in the affected lateral incisor, such as the placement of a full ceramic crown, in an attempt to perform a less invasive treatment, mainly due to the age of the patient. At a two years follow-up visit was observed the maintenance of the health of periapical tissues and the absence of clinical alterations. Conclusion: The restorations were kept in good conditions and aesthetics was considered satisfactory by professionals, patient and parents.


Introdução: O manejo de dentes permanentes fraturados por traumatismo dentário em pacientes jovens é desafiador e requer uma abordagem eficiente. Objetivo: Descrever o tratamento conservador e multidisciplinar em um caso de traumatismo dentário de um menino de 13 anos de idade. Relato do caso: Ao exame clínico foi verificada uma fratura de esmalte e dentina no incisivo central superior esquerdo e uma fratura complicada no incisivo lateral superior direito, com extensão subgengival da margem na face palatina, e não foram observados edema ou deslocamento dentário. Ao exame radiográfico, não foram verificadas alterações pulpares ou perirradiculares. Foi proposta realização de aumento da coroa clínica do incisivo lateral superior direito para posterior realização do tratamento endodôntico. Para os dois dentes traumatizados foi proposta a realização de restauração direta com resina composta, proporcionando um tratamento menos invasivo ao incisivo lateral superior direito, ao invés de submetê-lo a um tratamento protético, como a colocação de uma coroa total cerâmica, principalmente devido à pouca idade do paciente. Na visita de dois anos de acompanhamento, observou-se a manutenção da saúde dos tecidos periapicais e ausência de alterações clínicas. Conclusão: As restaurações se mantiveram em boas condições e a estética foi considerada satisfatória pelos profissionais, paciente e pais.


Subject(s)
Tooth Injuries , Dentition, Permanent , Tooth Diseases , Tooth Fractures , Stomatognathic Diseases , Adolescent , Conservative Treatment , Incisor
14.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 21(3): 9-9, Sep.-Dec. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091487
16.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(3): 357-365, set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058708

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La patología sinusal inflamatoria e infecciosa puede comprometer la mucosa sinusal maxilar, etmoidal, esfenoidal o frontal, y su etiología es variada. Se ha observado que la patología odontológica es uno de los factores causales de la sinusitis maxilar, con una incidencia del 10% al 40% según diversas series de casos. El diagnóstico y tratamiento se debe realizar de manera interdisciplinaria entre las especialidades de otorrinolaringología y de cirugía maxilofacial. Se elaboró un documento descriptivo sobre la sinusitis odontogénica y orientador sobre su manejo, de acuerdo a una revisión de la literatura. Se realizaron búsquedas en las bases de datos PubMed, Lilacs y Google Académico, utilizando términos relevantes para la sinusitis odontogénica, con el fin de elaborar el documento. Se utilizaron 43 artículos, todos publicados desde el año 1986 hasta la fecha. Se concluye que la sinusitis odontogénica difiere tanto en la clínica como en la microbiología de otras enfermedades sinusales. El tratamiento se basa en el trabajo interdisciplinario e incluye cirugía endoscópica funcional, realizada por el otorrinolaringólogo, en conjunto con el tratamiento odontológico, siendo fundamental la buena comunicación entre ambos equipos.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Infectious and inflammatory sinus diseases have a varied etiology and can be associated to the maxillary, ethmoidal, sphenoidal and frontal sinuses. Dental pathology can be one of the etiological factors associated to maxillary sinus disease, with frequency rates of 10-40%. Diagnosis and treatment require interdisciplinary work, with participation of otorhinolaryngology and oral and maxillofacial surgery. The development of a descriptive document on odontogenic sinusitis and management guidelines according to literature review. Pubmed, Lilacs and Google Academic database were searched using terms relevant to odontogenic sinusitis, in order to prepare the document. 43 articles were used, all published from 1986 onwards. We conclude that odontogenic sinusitis differs clinically and microbiologically from other sinus pathologies. Treatment modalities are based upon interdisciplinary surgery, including functional endoscopic surgery done by otolaryngologists and dental treatment, being fundamental close communication between the two teams.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Diseases/complications , Maxillary Sinusitis/etiology , Maxillary Sinusitis/therapy , Maxillary Sinusitis/diagnostic imaging , Periodontal Diseases/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Maxillary Sinusitis/surgery , Maxillary Sinusitis/microbiology , Maxillary Sinusitis/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
17.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 305-310, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040015

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Suspension laryngoscopy (SL) is a commonly performed procedure among otolaryngologists. Several studies have shown that adverse effects occur regularly with SL. Objective To evaluate the postoperative complications of SL, and to determine if protecting the dentition and the oral mucosa and limiting suspension times decrease the overall incidence of oral cavity and pharyngeal complications of SL. Methods All of the cases of SL performed by 1 surgeon from November 2008 through September 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. A consistent technique for dental and mucosal protection was utilized, and suspension times were strictly limited to 30 consecutiveminutes. The incidence of postoperative complications was calculated and analyzed with respect to gender, smoking status, dentition, laryngoscope type, and suspension system. Results A total of 213 consecutive SL cases were reviewed, including 174 patients (94 male, 80 female). The overall postoperative complication rate was of 3.8%. Four patients experienced tongue-related complications, two experienced oral mucosal alterations, one had a dental injury, and one experienced a minor facial burn. The complication incidence was greater with the Zeitels system(12.5%) compared with the Lewy suspension system (3.3%), although it was not significant (p = 0.4). Likewise, the association of complications with other patient factors was not statistically significant. Conclusion Only 8 out of 213 cases in the present series experienced complications, which is significantly less than the complication rates observed in other reports. Consistent and conscientious protection of the dentition and of the oral mucosa and limiting suspension times to 30 minutes are factors unique to our series that appear to reduce complications in endolaryngeal surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications , Laryngoscopy/adverse effects , Laryngoscopy/methods , Tobacco Use Disorder , Tooth Diseases/prevention & control , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Laryngoscopes , Mouth Diseases/prevention & control
18.
Rev. salud pública ; 21(3): e472086, mayo-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115864

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a condição dentária e a dimensão vertical em pacientes portadores de DTM, bem como a idade e origem da DTM. Metodologia Realizou-se um estudo descritivo, observacional de corte transversal, com uma amostra de trinta pacientes com DTM, diagnosticado pelo Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD). Esta amostra foi determinada através de estimativas de atendimento, desta forma, uma amostra de conveniência. A associação entre o gênero, idade, dimensão vertical e condição dentária com DTM foram verificadas através do teste estatístico qui-quadrado, com intervalos de confiança de 95%. Resultados Constatou-se que 26 pacientes eram do sexo feminino e 4 do sexo masculino. Quinze sujeitos apresentaram idade inferior a 36,5 anos. Quanto a origem da DTM, 19 sujeitos tinham desordem articular, e 11 muscular. Determinou-se que não houve associação estatisticamente significante entre as variáveis independentes com a DTM. Conclusão Os fatores etiológicos analisados isoladamente parecem não influenciam de forma única no desenvolvimento da DTM, mas poderão atuar em conjunto com outros fatores, já que a sua causa é multifatorial.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the dental condition and the vertical dimension in patients with TMD, and the age and origin of the DTM. Methods Was performed a descriptive study, observational, cross-sectional, with a sample of thirty patients with TMD, diagnosed by Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD). This sample was determined based on estimates the service thus a sample of convenience. The association between gender, age, vertical dimension and dental condition with TMD were verified using the chi-square statistical test with 95% confidence intervals. Results It found that 26 patients were female and 4 males. Fifteen subjects presented aged below 36.5 years. How much the origin of the DTM, 19 subjects had articular disorder, and 11 muscle disorder. Has been determined that there was no statistically significant association between the independent variables with the DTM. Conclusion The etiological factors analyzed in isolation do not seem to influence in a unique way in the development of TMD, but may act together with other factors, because the cause is multifactorial.(AU)


RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar la condición dental y la dimensión vertical en pacientes portadores de DTM, así como la edad y origen de la DTM. Metodología Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional de corte transversal, con una muestra de treinta pacientes con DTM, diagnosticado por el Research Diagnostic Criteria para desórdenes temporomandibulares (RDC / TMD). Esta muestra se determinó a través de estimaciones de atención, a través de una muestra de conveniencia. La asociación entre el género, la edad, la dimensión vertical y la condición dental con DTM se verificó mediante la prueba estadística chi-cuadrado, con intervalos de confianza del 95%. Resultados Se constató que 26 pacientes eran del sexo femenino y 4 del sexo masculino. 15 sujetos presentaron una edad inferior a 36,5 años. En cuanto al origen de la DTM, 19 sujetos tenían desorden articular, y 11, muscular. Se determinó que no hubo asociación estadísticamente significativa entre las variables independientes con la DTM. Conclusión Los factores etiológicos analizados aisladamente parecen no influenciar de forma única en el desarrollo de la DTM, pero podrán actuar en conjunto con otros factores, ya que su causa es multifactorial.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Diseases/etiology , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/physiopathology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e084, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019612

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the role of photobiomodulation (PBM) in apexification and apexogenesis of necrotic rat molars with an open apex. Rat molars were exposed to the oral environment for 3 weeks. Canals were rinsed with 2.5% NaOCl and 17% EDTA, filled with antibiotic paste and sealed. After 7 days, canals were rinsed and divided into six groups (n=6): mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA); blood clot (BC); human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSC); MTA+PBM; BC+PBM; and hDPSC+PBM. In hDPSC groups, a 1% agarose gel scaffold was used. Two groups were not exposed: healthy tooth+PBM (n = 6), healthy tooth (n = 3); and one was exposed throughout the experiment: necrotic tooth (n = 3). In PBM groups, irradiation was performed with aluminum gallium indium phosphide (InGaAlP) diode laser for 30 days within 24-h intervals. After that, the specimens were processed for histological and immunohistochemical analyses. Necrotic tooth showed greater neutrophil infiltrate (p < 0.05). Necrotic tooth, healthy tooth, and healthy tooth+PBM groups showed absence of a thin layer of fibrous condensation in the periapical area. All the other groups stimulated the formation of a thicker layer of fibers (p < 0.05). All groups formed more mineralized tissue than necrotic tooth (p < 0.05). PBM associated with MTA, BC, or hDPSC formed more mineralized tissue (p < 0.05). MTA+PBM induced apexification (p < 0.05). Rabbit polyclonal anti-bone sialoprotein (BSP) antibody confirmed the histological findings of mineralized tissue formation, and hDPSC groups exhibited higher percentage of BSP-positive cells. It can be concluded that PBM improved apexification and favored apexogenesis in necrotic rat molars with an open apex.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tooth Diseases/radiotherapy , Dental Pulp Necrosis/radiotherapy , Tooth Apex/radiation effects , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Dental Pulp Cavity/radiation effects , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Apexification/methods , Oxides/therapeutic use , Stem Cells , Tooth Diseases/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Silicates/therapeutic use , Calcium Compounds/therapeutic use , Aluminum Compounds/therapeutic use , Dental Pulp Necrosis/pathology , Tooth Apex/pathology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp Cavity/pathology , Drug Combinations , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein/analysis
20.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(1): 253-260, ene. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-974799

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivou-se identificar se a falta de dentição funcional (DF) está associada com o comprometimento das funções bucais/atividades diárias entre adultos brasileiros. Para isto, foram utilizados dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde Bucal - SB Brasil 2010. A DF foi avaliada pelo critério proposto pela Organização Mundial de Saúde (pelo menos 20 dentes na boca). O instrumento Impactos Odontológicos nos Desempenhos Diários (IODD) foi utilizado para avaliar as atividades diárias/funções bucais. Análises descritivas, bivariadas (Qui-quadrado) e múltiplas (Regressão Logística) foram realizadas, sendo estimado o odds ratio e o intervalo de confiança 95% (OR/IC95%). Foram incluídos e avaliados 9564 adultos. Foram considerados sem DF 2200 adultos (20,5%). Tiveram impacto em pelo menos uma das atividades diárias/funções bucais avaliadas, 55,0% dos adultos. A falta de DF entre adultos foi associada (p ≤ 0,05) com o impacto na fala (1,88/1,33-2,64) e vergonha ao sorrir ou falar (1,35/1,00-1,83). Uma prevalência considerável de falta de DF foi identificada, esta ausência foi associada às atividades diárias/funções bucais (fala e vergonha ao sorrir e falar). A reabilitação dentária de pacientes sem DF deve considerar a devolução destas funções bucais perdidas (fala e vergonha ao sorrir ou falar).


Abstract The scope of this study was to identify if the absence of functional dentition (FD) is associated with a lack of commitment to oral functions/daily activities among Brazilian adults. For this purpose, data from the National Survey of Oral Health (referred to as SB Brasil 2010) was used. FD was evaluated by the criterion proposed by the WHO (at least 20 teeth in the mouth). The Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) questionnaire was used to evaluate daily activities/oral functions. Descriptive, bivariate (chi-squared) and multiple (logistic regression) analysis was conducted, and the odds ratio estimated with a 95% confidence interval (OR/CI95%). The research evaluated 9,564 adults, of which 2,200 adults (20.5%) were considered to have poor FD, and at least one of the daily activities/oral functions evaluated had an impact among 55% of adults. The lack of FD between adults was associated (p ≤ 0.05) with the impact on speech (1.88/1.33-2.64) and being ashamed to smile or talk (1.35/1.00-1.83). A considerable prevalence of lack of FD was identified, this absence being associated with the lack of commitment to the daily activities/oral functions. Dental rehabilitation of patients with a lack of FD should consider the restoration of these lost oral functions (speech and being ashamed to smile or talk).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Tooth Diseases/epidemiology , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Tooth Loss/epidemiology , Dentition , Shame , Smiling/psychology , Speech/physiology , Tooth Diseases/psychology , Tooth Diseases/rehabilitation , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Dental Health Surveys , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tooth Loss/psychology , Tooth Loss/rehabilitation
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