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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e223759, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355009

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the fracture resistance of roots restored with CAD/CAM-fabricated posts, receiving or not intracanal laser treatment, compared with glass fiber posts under mechanical cycling. Methods: Twenty-seven endodontically treated, single-rooted teeth were divided into 3 groups: group 1 (control), prefabricated glass fiber posts relined with resin composite; group 2, CAD/CAM-fabricated intraradicular posts using Resin Nano Ceramic (RNC) blocks; and group 3, CAD/CAM-fabricated intraradicular posts using RNC blocks in canals irradiated with a 940-nm diode laser (100 mJ, 300-um optic fiber, coronal-apical and apical-coronal helical movements, speed of 2 mm/second, 4 times each canal). After cementation of the coping, cyclic loading was applied at an angle of 135° to the long axis of the root, with a pulse load of 130 N, frequency of 2.2 Hz, and 150,000 pulses on the crown at a point located 2 mm below the incisal edge on the lingual aspect of the specimen. Every 50,000 cycles, the specimens were evaluated for root fracture occurring below or above the simulated bone crest. Results were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (p<0.05). Results: Group 1 was the least resistant, while groups 2 and 3 were the most resistant. Group 1 differed significantly from groups 2 and 3 (p<0.01), but there was no difference between groups 2 and 3 (p<0.01). Conclusion: Treatment of the intracanal surface with diode laser had no influence on fracture resistance of roots restored with CAD/CAM-fabricated posts, but a longer cycling time is required to evaluate the real benefits of diode laser irradiation


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Fractures/rehabilitation , Tooth Root/injuries , Dental Pins , Dentistry , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(2): 43-48, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362032

ABSTRACT

Casos de fraturas dentárias oblíquas muitas vezes possuem um prognóstico desfavorável, geralmente com indicação da extração do elemento dental. O presente artigo visou relatar o tratamento do caso clínico de um paciente do sexo masculino, 12 anos, que compareceu à Unidade de Saúde Bucal do Hospital Universitário de Brasília com encaminhamento de extração do dente 12, apresentando fratura oblíqua que se estendia subgengivalmente na face vestibular. O trauma havia ocorrido há três anos e o paciente havia sido submetido a diversas intervenções endodônticas, apresentando no momento da consulta inicial por nossa equipe uma lesão periapical extensa. Após a realização da anamnese, exame clínico e radiográfico, foi adotada uma abordagem multidisciplinar conservadora com a manutenção do dente e a realização da enucleação da lesão periapical por meio de intervenção cirúrgica e posterior reabilitação. Em uma mesma sessão, foi realizada a obturação do conduto com cone de guta percha e cimento sealer 26 e a cirurgia parendodôntica juntamente com a apicoplastia. Uma semana após a intervenção cirúrgica foi realizada restauração classe IV com resina composta baseada no enceramento dos modelos de diagnóstico montados em articulador. Com base em uma avaliação criteriosa e multidisciplinar, foi possível adotar uma abordagem conservadora no caso em questão, com a manutenção e reabilitação de um dente permanente em um paciente jovem, evitando a indicação de exodontia(AU)


Cases of oblique dental fractures often have an unfavorable prognosis, usually with the indication of extraction of the dental element. The present article aimed to report the treatment of the clinical case of a 12-year-old male patient, who attended the Oral Health Unit of the Hospital Universitário de Brasília with a referral for extraction of tooth 7, presenting an oblique fracture that extended subgingivally on the labial surface. The trauma had occurred three years ago and the patient had undergone several endodontic interventions, presenting an extensive periapical lesion at the time of the initial consultation by our team. After anamnesis, clinical and radiographic examination, a conservative multidisciplinar approach was adopted with the maintenance of the tooth and the enucleation of the periapical lesion through surgical intervention and subsequente rehabilitation. In the same session, the conduit was filled with gutta-percha cone and sealer cement 26 and parendodontic surgery was performed together with apicoplasty. One week after the surgical intervention, class IV restoration was performed with composite resin based on the waxing of the diagnostic models mounted on an articulator. Based on a careful and multidisciplinary evaluation, it was possible to adopt a conservative approach in the case in question, with the maintenance and rehabilitation of a permanent tooth in a young patient, avoiding the indication of extraction(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Tooth Fractures/therapy , Dental Pulp Cavity/surgery , Dental Pulp Cavity/injuries , Periapical Abscess , Root Canal Therapy , Tooth Fractures , Tooth Fractures/surgery , Tooth Fractures/diagnosis , Incisor
3.
Rev. ADM ; 79(3): 136-145, mayo-jun. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377862

ABSTRACT

Durante la pandemia por COVID-19, la presencia de un incremento de fracturas y/o fisuras verticales ha sido reportada por Cirujanos Dentistas en diferentes países y foros, Objetivo: Determinar por medio de un análisis si existe una relación con este aumento de casos y la evolu- ción de la pandemia. Material y método: Se recopilaron los casos de fracturas verticales no restaurables durante el periodo de mayor índice de casos de contagio y defunciones por COVID-19 en la Ciudad de Chihuahua, México. Resultados: Durante el primer pico de casos y defunciones causadas por la pandemia, se incrementó el número de casos de fracturas verticales no tratables. Conclusiones: Existió una relación entre la evolución de la pandemia con la aparición de casos de fracturas dentales verticales no restaurables (AU)


During the COVID-19 pandemic, the presence of an increase in fractures and/or vertical fissures has been reported by Dental Surgeons in different countries and forums. Objective: To determine through an analysis, if there is a relationship with this increase in cases and the evolution of the pandemic. Material and methods: The cases of non-restorable vertical fractures were collected during the period of highest rate of cases of contagion and deaths due to COVID-19 in the City of Chihuahua, Mexico. Results: during the 1st peak of cases and deaths caused by the pandemic, the number of cases of untreatable vertical fractures increased. Conclusions: There was a relationship between the evolution of the pandemic and the appearance of cases of non-restorable vertical dental fractures (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tooth Fractures/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Mexico/epidemiology , Root Canal Therapy , Tooth Root/injuries , Dental Fissures/epidemiology , Age and Sex Distribution , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/transmission
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 21-31, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345507

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study assessed the fracture resistance of simulated immature teeth reinforced with calcium aluminate cement (CAC) or mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) containing calcium carbonate nanoparticles (nano-CaCO3). The microstructural arrangement of the cements and their chemical constitution were also evaluated. Forty-eight canines simulating immature teeth were distributed into 6 groups (n=8): Negative control - no apical plug or root canal filling; CAC - apical plug with CAC; CAC/nano-CaCO3 - apical plug with CAC+5% nano-CaCO3; MTA - apical plug with MTA; MTA/nano-CaCO3 - apical plug with MTA+5% nano-CaCO3; and Positive control - root canal filling with MTA. The fracture resistance was evaluated in a universal testing machine. Samples of the cements were analyzed under Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to determine their microstructural arrangement. Chemical analysis of the cements was performed by Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). The fracture resistance of CAC/nano-CaCO3 was significantly higher than the negative control (p<0.05). There was no significant difference among the other groups (p>0.05). Both cements had a more regular microstructure with the addition of nano-CaCO3. MTA samples had more calcium available in soluble forms than CAC. The addition of nano-CaCO3 to CAC increased the fracture resistance of teeth in comparison with the non-reinforced teeth. The microstructure of both cements containing nano-CaCO3 was similar, with a more homogeneous distribution of lamellar- and prismatic-shaped crystals. MTA had more calcium available in soluble forms than CAC.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a resistência à fratura de dentes imaturos simulados reforçados com cimento de aluminato de cálcio (CAC) ou trióxido agregado mineral (MTA) contendo nanopartículas de carbonato de cálcio (nano-CaCO3). O arranjo microestrutural dos cimentos e sua constituição química também foram avaliados. Quarenta e oito caninos simulando dentes imaturos foram distribuídos em 6 grupos (n=8): Controle negativo - sem plug apical ou obturação do canal radicular; CAC - plug apical com CAC; CAC/nano-CaCO3 - plug apical com CAC + 5% nano-CaCO3; MTA - plug apical com MTA; MTA/nano-CaCO3 - plug apical com MTA + 5% nano-CaCO3; e Controle positivo - obturação dos canais radiculares com MTA. A resistência à fratura foi avaliada em máquina universal de ensaios. Amostras dos cimentos foram analisadas em Microscópio Eletrônico de Varredura (MEV) para determinar seu arranjo microestrutural. A análise química dos cimentos foi realizada por Espectroscopia de Energia Dispersiva de Raio-X (EDS). A resistência à fratura de CAC/nano-CaCO3 foi significativamente maior do que o controle negativo (p<0,05). Não houve diferença significativa entre os outros grupos (p>0,05). Ambos os cimentos apresentaram microestrutura mais regular com a adição de nano-CaCO3. As amostras de MTA apresentaram mais cálcio disponível em formas solúveis do que CAC. A adição de nano-CaCO3 ao CAC aumentou a resistência à fratura dos dentes em comparação aos dentes não reforçados. A microestrutura de ambos os cimentos contendo nano-CaCO3 foi semelhante, com uma distribuição mais homogênea de cristais de formato lamelar e prismático. MTA apresentou mais cálcio disponível nas formas solúveis do que CAC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Tooth Fractures , Oxides , Root Canal Obturation , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Tooth Apex , Dental Cements , Drug Combinations
5.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 135-141, mayo-jun. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254493

ABSTRACT

Se presentan los casos de fracturas verticales sintomáticos que ameritaron la extracción de las órganos dentales afectados en un periodo de cinco meses durante la pandemia por COVID-19 en la ciudad de Chihuahua, México. Material y métodos: Se recolectaron 26 muestras para el estudio, proporcionadas por los cirujanos dentistas integrantes del Grupo de Egresados de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Resultados: Los resultados muestran diferencias a lo reportado previamente respecto al tipo de diente involucrado, sexo de los pacientes, restauraciones coronales y tratamientos endodóncicos previos. Conclusiones: Se puede suponer que las modificaciones en el estilo de vida de la población, sumadas a la angustia permanente, pueden ser factores que contribuyen a las fracturas dentales (AU)


There are cases of symptomatic vertical fractures that warranted the extraction of affected teeth are presented, over a period of five months during the COVID-19 pandemic in Chihuahua City, Mexico. Material and methods: 26 samples were collected for the study, provided by the dentist who were members of the Graduate Group of the Faculty of Dentistry of the Autonomous University of Chihuahua. Results: The results show differences from what was previously reported regarding the type of tooth involved, sex of patients, coronal restorations and previous endodontic treatments. Conclusions: It can be assumed that changes in the lifestyle of the population, added to permanent distress, may be factors to preserve dental fractures (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Fractures/epidemiology , Tooth Root/injuries , Coronavirus Infections , COVID-19 , Root Canal Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Schools, Dental , Bicuspid , Dental Fissures/epidemiology , Photomicrography , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Post and Core Technique/statistics & numerical data , Tooth Crown/injuries , Dental Restoration, Permanent/statistics & numerical data , Age and Sex Distribution , Mexico/epidemiology , Molar
6.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155468

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the association between the perception of caregivers regarding the oral health of their children and socio-demographic characteristics, report of dental pain, and clinical oral conditions. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 570 children aged two to five years old, enrolled at public preschools, and with their caregivers. Data regarding perceptions of oral health status in children, socio-demographic characteristics, and dental pain were collected from a questionnaire. Three examiners (Kappa>0.7) evaluated children's oral health status using the dmft index, pufa index, and the Andreasen classification for traumatic dental injury (TDI). The occurrence of open bite and overjet was also investigated. Descriptive analyses, and unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression were used, considering a 5% significance level. Results: A total of 24.7% of children had poor oral health status, which increased 4.92-fold (95% confidence interval [95%CI] 3.05-7.93) when children had dental caries, and 3.78-fold (95%CI 1.63-8.76) when there were consequences from dental caries. The perception of poor oral health was also associated to open bite (Odds Ratio [OR] 1.98; 95%CI 1.16-3.38) and TDI (OR 1.68; 95%CI 1.06-2.68). No associations were found between the perception of caregivers and socio-demographic variables or overjet. Conclusions: The perception of caregivers of poor oral health in their children was associated to dental caries, its consequences, TDI, and open bite.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a associação entre a percepção dos cuidadores sobre a saúde bucal das crianças e características sociodemográficas, relato de dor dentária e condições clínicas bucais. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 570 crianças de dois a cinco anos matriculadas em pré-escolas públicas e seus cuidadores. Os dados referentes à percepção do estado de saúde bucal nas crianças, características sociodemográficas e dor dentária foram coletados por meio de um questionário. Três examinadores (Kappa>0,7) avaliaram o estado de saúde bucal das crianças usando o índice ceo-d, o índice PUFA e a classificação de Andreasen para traumatismo dentário (TD). A ocorrência de mordida aberta e overjet também foi investigada. Análise descritiva e regressão logística não ajustada e ajustada foram realizadas, considerando um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: A percepção da má condição de saúde bucal nas crianças foi de 24,7%, a qual aumentou 4,92 vezes (IC95% ­3,05-7,93) quando as crianças apresentaram cárie dentária e 3,78 vezes (intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%] 1,63-8,76) quando houve consequências de cárie dentária. A percepção de saúde bucal ruim também foi associada a mordida aberta (Odds Ratio [OR] 1,98; IC95% 1,16-3,38) e TD (OR 1,68; IC95% 1,06-2,68). Não foram encontradas associações entre as percepções dos cuidadores e variáveis sociodemográficas ou overjet. Conclusões: As percepções dos cuidadores sobre a má condição de saúde bucal das crianças foram associadas à cárie dentária, suas consequências, TD e mordida aberta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Perception/physiology , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Caregivers/psychology , Parents , Tooth Fractures/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Health Status , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Malocclusion/epidemiology
7.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 13-17, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248251

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un caso clínico de fractura radicular del tercio medio, de pieza 2.1 con desplazamiento de los cabos de fractura. Es tratado con un novedoso procedimiento terapéutico, mediante la utilización de un biomaterial de tercera generación osteoconductor, osteogénico y osteoinductor. Se obtiene la reparación del tejido conectivo interproximal y la formación de tejido calcificado (AU)


We present a clinical case of root fracture of the middle third, piece 2.1 with displacement of the fracture ends. It is treated with a novel therapeutic procedure, using a thirdgeneration osteoconductive, osteogenic and osteoinductive biomaterial. Interproximal connective tissue repair and calcified tissue formation are obtained (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tooth Fractures/therapy , Tooth Root/injuries , Biocompatible Materials , Regenerative Endodontics/methods , Osteogenesis , Root Canal Obturation/instrumentation , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Wound Healing/physiology , Dental Fistula/radiotherapy , Dentition, Permanent
8.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143401

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the awareness and sources of information on first aid management of avulsed permanent teeth in a group of South-western Nigerian mothers. Material and Methods: An 18-item interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to survey 385 mothers attending the antenatal and immunization clinics on their perception towards dental avulsion, its management, sources, and preferred mode of receiving information on first aid. The effect of all significant factors was inferred at p<0.05. Results: Mothers who had previous information on the first aid management of dental avulsion had significantly higher knowledge (p=0.000). Majority (80.8%) of the mothers did not know that an avulsed permanent tooth could be replanted, though mothers whose children had not experienced dental trauma had significantly higher knowledge (p=0.003). The knowledge of first aid management of avulsed permanent tooth was low, regardless of age, education and employment status of the respondents. Conclusion: There was low knowledge among mothers regarding the first aid measures in the management of avulsed permanent teeth. Their main preference for receiving information was through social media and television. There is a need to increase oral health educational campaigns targeted towards mothers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tooth Fractures/diagnosis , Tooth Avulsion/diagnosis , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , First Aid , Mothers , Nigeria/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Oral Health , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(3): 153-156, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147976

ABSTRACT

La alta incidencia de fracturas dentarias producidas a distancia del tratamiento endodóntico ha llevado a desarrollar cambios en los procedimientos operatorios, con el objeto de conservar la mayor cantidad de estructura dentaria durante la terapia de conductos radiculares. En relación con esta idea, el sistema TruNatomy trabaja sobre el concepto de endodoncia mínimamente invasiva. Una zona altamente sensible a ser considerada es el área pericervical, delimitada 4 mm por encima y 4 mm por debajo de la cresta ósea. El objetivo del presente informe es analizar las propiedades y las características técnicas del sistema de instrumentación Tru- Natomy y los cambios conceptuales que su utilización implica (AU)


The high incidence of dental fractures in the long-term after endodontic treatment has led to analyzed how to change the endodontic procedures to preserve the dental structure during root canal therapy. The TruNatomy system was developed based on the concept of Minimally Invasive Endodontics. A highly sensitive zone to be considered is the pericervical area, restricted to 4 mm above and 4 mm below the bone crest. The objective of this report is to analyze the properties and technical characteristics of the TruNatomy instrumentation system and the changes in the concepts in the clinical treatment procedures as a result of its use (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Fractures/prevention & control , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Tooth Cervix
10.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 87-91, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139982

ABSTRACT

The management of fractured permanent teeth due to dental trauma in young patients is a challenge that requires an efficient approach. Objective: Describe a conservative and multidisciplinary treatment of a case of dental trauma in a 13 years-old boy. Case report: At clinical examination was verified enamel and dentin fracture in the left upper central incisor and a fracture with pulp exposure in the right upper lateral incisor, with subgingival extension of its margin at lingual surface, and no swelling or tooth displacement was observed. At radiographic evaluation, no pulp or periradicular disturbances were verified. It was proposed the surgical lengthening of the clinical crown of the right upper lateral incisor for later performing endodontic treatment. It was decided to make direct composite resin restorations in both fractured teeth, instead of doing a prosthetic treatment in the affected lateral incisor, such as the placement of a full ceramic crown, in an attempt to perform a less invasive treatment, mainly due to the age of the patient. At a two years follow-up visit was observed the maintenance of the health of periapical tissues and the absence of clinical alterations. Conclusion: The restorations were kept in good conditions and aesthetics was considered satisfactory by professionals, patient and parents.


Introdução: O manejo de dentes permanentes fraturados por traumatismo dentário em pacientes jovens é desafiador e requer uma abordagem eficiente. Objetivo: Descrever o tratamento conservador e multidisciplinar em um caso de traumatismo dentário de um menino de 13 anos de idade. Relato do caso: Ao exame clínico foi verificada uma fratura de esmalte e dentina no incisivo central superior esquerdo e uma fratura complicada no incisivo lateral superior direito, com extensão subgengival da margem na face palatina, e não foram observados edema ou deslocamento dentário. Ao exame radiográfico, não foram verificadas alterações pulpares ou perirradiculares. Foi proposta realização de aumento da coroa clínica do incisivo lateral superior direito para posterior realização do tratamento endodôntico. Para os dois dentes traumatizados foi proposta a realização de restauração direta com resina composta, proporcionando um tratamento menos invasivo ao incisivo lateral superior direito, ao invés de submetê-lo a um tratamento protético, como a colocação de uma coroa total cerâmica, principalmente devido à pouca idade do paciente. Na visita de dois anos de acompanhamento, observou-se a manutenção da saúde dos tecidos periapicais e ausência de alterações clínicas. Conclusão: As restaurações se mantiveram em boas condições e a estética foi considerada satisfatória pelos profissionais, paciente e pais.


Subject(s)
Tooth Injuries , Dentition, Permanent , Tooth Diseases , Tooth Fractures , Stomatognathic Diseases , Adolescent , Conservative Treatment , Incisor
11.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135480

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the influence of cavosurface vestibular bevel (CSVB) application on the clinical success (CS) of class IV restorations of traumatized permanent teeth, the influence of the number of fracture angles and dental trauma recurrence (DTR) on the restorations retention rate (RRR) and incidence of pulp necrosis (PN). Material and Methods: Fifty-seven children and adolescents with enamel and dentin fractures requiring C-IV restorations were randomly allocated in groups with CSVB and without CSVB. The primary outcomes were the CS of restorations, evaluated using modified USPHS criteria, and the incidence of PN after a 6-months follow-up. As secondary outcomes, the influence of the number of fractured angles and the DTR on the RRR and on the incidence of PN were evaluated (p>0.05). Results: Of 57 children and adolescents, 74 teeth were restored, and 71 completed the six-month follow-up analysis. Teeth restored with and without CSVB displayed similar CS as well as the same incidence of PN (p>0.05). The number of fractured angles did not influence the RRR and DTR was not associated with PN (p>0.05). DTR was associated with a lower RRR (p<0.001). Conclusion: Cavosurface vestibular bevel did not influence the clinical success of Class IV restorations or incidence of PN after 6-months follow-up. DTR did not influence the incidence of pulp necrosis, but did negatively influence the restorations retention rate. The number of fracture angles did not influenced in the restorations retention rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Tooth Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Randomized Controlled Trial , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Dental Enamel
12.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(4): 298-304, nov. 5, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145351

ABSTRACT

Objective: the purpose of this multicenter retrospective study was to report on survival, success, and complication rates in monolithic zirconia restorations on teeth and implants. Materials and Methods: data on 671 monolithic zirconia restorations was collected by five prosthodontists from three different specialty practice centers, including a dental school and two private practice centers. Restorations included single crowns and multiple-unit fixed dental prostheses on teeth and implants in the posterior area (premolar and molars). Follow-up time was up to 62 months. Results: mean follow-up time was 28.1±12.9 months. A total of 671 units, 534 single crowns, and 137 multi-unit restorations. Cumulative survival and success rates at 5 years were 97.4%, and 93.8% respectively. Complications presented in 11 restorations out of 671 and included: decementation, abutment screw loosening, restoration crack, restoration fracture, and tooth fracture. No significant differences were observed between tooth-supported and implant-supported restoration (p=0.42), single crowns and multiple-unit restorations (p=0.07), bruxers and non-bruxers (p=0.57). Patients with group function occlusal scheme had significantly less survival rates (p=0.001). Conclusion: the use of monolithic zirconia for restorations on the posterior teeth and implants seems to be promising as it provides a durable solution with a low rate of complications.


Objetivo: el propósito de este estudio retrospectivo multicéntrico fue informar sobre las tasas de supervivencia, éxito y complicaciones en restauraciones monolíticas de circonio en dientes e implantes. Materiales y Métodos: cinco prostodoncistas recolectaron datos de 671 restauraciones monolíticas de zirconia de tres centros de práctica especializados: una escuela de odontología y dos centros de práctica privados. Las restauraciones incluyeron coronas individuales y prótesis dentales fijas de unidades múltiples en dientes e implantes en el área posterior (premolares y molares). El tiempo de seguimiento fue de hasta 62 meses. Resultados: el tiempo medio de seguimiento fue de 28,1±12,9 meses. Un total de 671 unidades, 534 coronas individuales y 137 restauraciones de unidades múltiples. La supervivencia acumulada y las tasas de éxito a los 5 años fueron del 97,4% y del 93,8%, respectivamente. Las complicaciones se presentaron en 11 restauraciones de 671 e incluyeron: fracaso del cementado, aflojamiento del tornillo del pilar, grieta en la restauración, fractura de restauración y fractura de dientes. No se observaron diferencias significativas entre la restauración con soporte dental y con implante (p=0,42), coronas individuales y restauraciones de unidades múltiples (p=0,07), pacientes con bruxismo y sin bruxismo (p=0,57). Los pacientes con esquema oclusal de función grupal tuvieron tasas de supervivencia significativamente menores (p= 0,0 01). Conclusión: el uso de zirconia monolítica para restauraciones en los dientes posteriores y en implantes parece ser prometedor, ya que proporciona una solución duradera con una baja tasa de complicaciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Zirconium/chemistry , Dental Implants, Single-Tooth , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Tooth Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Dental Prosthesis Retention/statistics & numerical data , Crowns , Dental Cements
13.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 107(3): 103-109, jul.-sept. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048477

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Informar el tratamiento de dos piezas con fractura radicular horizontal del tercio medio, patrones de curación y seguimiento por cinco años. Caso clínico: Se presentó a la consulta una niña de 9 años de edad con traumatismo de 10 días de evolución. Examen clínico: fractura amelodentinaria restaurada en la pieza 2.2, movilidad y sensibilidad a la percusión y palpación en ambos incisivos centrales superiores. Examen radiográfico: fractura radicular horizontal de tercio medio en piezas 1.1 y 2.1. Tratamiento: inmovilización con placa removible durante 4 semanas, indicaciones de higiene y uso, y controles de seguimiento. Al primero y al cuarto mes, ambos incisivos mostraron ausencia de movilidad, reacción positiva de sensibilidad y signos radiográficos de reabsorción superficial interna y externa. A los 6 meses, el 1.1 evidenció signos de reparación con tejido conectivo, y el 2.1, signos clínicos y radiográficos de necrosis pulpar del fragmento coronario. Se realizó el tratamiento endodóntico de la pieza 2.1 hasta el nivel de la fractura con pasta a base de hidróxido de calcio, y luego de la comprobación de la formación de una barrera de tejido duro, se obturó definitivamente con gutapercha y sellador endodóntico. Cinco años después del traumatismo, ambos incisivos se mostraron asintomáticos y los estudios por imágenes evidenciaron una completa consolidación de las fracturas. Conclusión: Un diagnóstico temprano, procedimientos apropiados de tratamiento, el conocimiento de los procesos curativos y un monitoreo cuidadoso de todos los parámetros clínicos y radiográficos son claves para un enfoque correcto y conservador de las piezas dentarias con fractura radicular (AU)


Aim: To report the treatment, healing patterns and fiveyear follow-up of two permanent incisors with horizontal root fracture located in the middle third. Case report: A 9-year-old girl who came to our consultation 10 days after a dental trauma. Clinical examination: restored enamel-dentin fracture in upper left lateral incisor; mobility and sensitivity to percussion and palpation in both upper central incisors. Radiographic examination: horizontal root fracture in the middle third of both upper central incisors. Treatment: stabilization with a removable splint for 4 weeks, indications for hygiene, use of the splint and follow-up controls. At first and fourth month, central incisors presented absence of mobility, positive response to pulp testing and radiographic signs of internal and external superficial resorption. At sixth month, signs of healing with connective tissue were found on the right central incisor, while the left one showed clinical and radiographic signs of necrosis of the coronal fragment. The root canal of this segment was treated initially with a calcium hydroxide paste and, after verifying the formation of a hard tissue barrier, it was filled with gutta- percha and endodontic sealer. Five years after the trauma, both central incisors were asymptomatic and imaging studies showed complete healing of the fractures. Conclusion: Early diagnosis, appropriate treatment procedures, knowledge of healing patterns and careful monitoring of clinical and radiographic parameters are key factors for a proper and conservative approach of injured tooth with root fracture (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Tooth Fractures/therapy , Tooth Root/injuries , Dentition, Permanent , Argentina , Root Canal Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Incisor/injuries
14.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 4(2): 67-71, May-Aug. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1024941

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The prefabricated composite resin veneers are prepolymerized laminates of composite that appeared in the market to simplify the restorative procedure, reducing working time. They are extremely thin veneers fabricated in several sizes, which allows performing restorations with high aesthetic standard in anterior teeth using a minimally invasive technique. Objectives: This study aimed to show the use of prefabricated resin veneers in the re-anatomization and recovery of dental aesthetics of a young patient with history of fracture and darkening of anterior teeth after aesthetic periodontal surgery. Case report: The patient attended the clinic with a smile complaint and the clinical examination showed tooth 11 with cervical fracture, tooth 21 with color change and caries infiltration, and tooth 22 with inclination of the distal surface toward the palatal region. As treatment, was opted for the use of prefabricated composite resin veneers. Conclusion: The aesthetic results of this case were highly satisfactory, especially when compared with clinical time, cost, and the laboratory work of ceramic veneers, showing the quality and advantages of this material.


Introdução: As facetas pré-fabricadas de resina composta são laminados prépolimerizados de compósito que surgiram no mercado para simplificar o procedimento restaurador, reduzindo o tempo de trabalho. São facetas extremamente finas, fabricadas em diversos tamanhos, com as quais é possível realizar restaurações com alto padrão estético em dentes anteriores através de uma técnica minimamente invasiva. Objetivo: Esse trabalho teve como objetivo demonstrar o uso de facetas pré-fabricadas de resina na reanatomização e recuperação da estética dentária de um paciente jovem com histórico de fratura e escurecimento dos dentes anteriores, após cirurgia estética periodontal. Relato de caso: Paciente compareceu à clínica com queixa do sorriso e ao exame clínico, observou-se dente 11 com fratura cervical, dente 21 com alteração de cor e infiltração por cárie e dente 22 com inclinação da face distal para palatina. Como tratamento, foi optado pela utilização das facetas pré-fabricadas de resina composta. Conclusão: Os resultados estéticos deste caso foram altamente satisfatórios, principalmente quando comparados ao tempo clínico, custo e trabalho laboratorial de facetas de cerâmica, mostrando a qualidade e as vantagens desse material.


Subject(s)
Esthetics, Dental , Tooth Fractures , Composite Resins , Dental Veneers
15.
Dent. press endod ; 9(1): 26-30, jan.-mar. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1000064

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: o objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar a resistência à fratura de quatro tipos de pinos intrarradiculares pré-fabricados: fibra de vidro, fibra de vidro customizado com resina composta, fibra de carbono e fibra de carbono customizado com resina, em dentes bovinos. Métodos: foram utilizados 60 dentes bovinos unirradiculares, que receberam tratamento endodôntico e foram divididos nos seguintes grupos: FV = pino de fibra de vidro; FVP = pino de fibra de vidro customizado; FC = pino de fibra de carbono; FCP = pino de fibra de carbono customizado; e Controle = restauração coronária com resina composta. Os dentes foram inseridos em blocos de resina acrílica, a 2 mm da junção amelocementária, simulando a interface dente-osso. Os espécimes foram submetidos ao teste de resistência à fratura em máquina de ensaio universal, sob uma carga de 0,5mm/min, até a fratura do corpo de prova. Os valores obtidos foram submetidos ao teste ANOVA, com pós-teste de Tukey. Foi realizada, também, uma análise dos padrões de fratura, por meio do teste Kruskal- -Wallis. Resultados: o grupo FCP mostrou os maiores valores de resistência à fratura, seguido pelos grupos FV, FVP e FC. O grupo controle mostrou menor resistência do que os demais, que receberam pinos intrarradiculares. Os pinos de FVP apresentaram o maior número de fraturas reparáveis, em contraste ao controle, no qual houve o maior número de fraturas desfavoráveis. Conclusão: o uso de pinos customizados reduziu a incidência de fraturas catastróficas. A ausência de pino intrarradicular ocasionou a maior incidência de fraturas irreparáveis. (AU)


Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the fracture resistance of four types of prefabricated intraradicular posts - glass fiber, glass fiber customized by composite resin, carbon fiber, and customized carbon fiber - on bovine teeth. Methods: Sixty bovine teeth were submitted to endodontic treatment and divided into the following groups: GF - glass fiber post; CGF - customized glass fiber post; CF - carbon fiber post; CCF - customized carbon fiber post; control - composite resin restoration. The teeth were embedded in acrylic resin blocks at 2 mm from the cement-enamel junction, simulating the teeth-bone interface. The specimens were submitted to a fracture resistance test in a universal test machine under a 0.5 mm/min load until the fracture of the specimen. The values obtained were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey tests. The analysis of the fracture patterns was performed by the Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: The CCF group presented the highest values of fracture resistance, followed by GF, CGF, and CF posts. The control group offered less resistance than the other groups that received intraradicular posts. The CGF presented the highest number of favorable fractures, in contrast to the control group, which presented the highest number of unfavorable fractures. Conclusion: The use of customized posts reduced the incidence of catastrophic fractures. The lack of intracanal posts led to a higher incidence of irreparable fractures (AU).


Subject(s)
Tooth Fractures , Dental Pins , Endodontics , Post and Core Technique , Dental Restoration, Permanent
16.
Dent. press endod ; 9(1): 31-36, jan.-mar. 2019. Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1000291

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: o objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a influência de diferentes concentrações da solução de hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl) e da pasta de hidróxido de cálcio [Ca(OH)2] sobre a resistência da dentina radicular durante o tratamento endodôntico. Métodos: oitenta raízes de incisivos inferiores bovinos foram distribuídas aleatoriamente em oito grupos: C = Controle (sem intervenção); SSF = solução salina fisiológica; NaOCl 1%; NaOCl 5%; SSF/EDTA; SSF/EDTA/Ca(OH)2; NaOCl 1%/EDTA/Ca(OH)2; e NaOCl 5%/EDTA/Ca(OH)2. Em todos os grupos, os canais radiculares foram preparados com limas tipo K manuais usando a técnica coroa-ápice, exceto no grupo controle. A solução irrigadora de cada grupo foi mantida no canal por 2 h, sendo substituída a cada 15 min. O EDTA foi aplicado durante 3 min nos grupos correspondentes. O Ca(OH)2 foi mantido nos canais radiculares durante 30 dias. Os espécimes foram submetidos a teste de resistência à compressão até a fratura, em uma máquina de ensaios universal EMIC. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em alfa = 0,05. Resultados: não foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos experimentais (p > 0,05). Conclusões: o uso de NaOCl por 2h e Ca(OH)2 por 30 dias não influenciou a resistência da dentina radicular. (AU)


Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of different concentrations of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution and of calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2] paste on the strength of root dentin during endodontic treatment. Methods: Eighty roots of bovine mandibular incisors were randomly assigned to eight groups: C- Control (no intervention); PS- Physiological saline; 1% NaOCl; 5% NaOCl; PS/EDTA; PS/EDTA/Ca(OH)2; 1% NaOCl/EDTA/Ca(OH)2; and 5% NaOCl/EDTA/ Ca(OH)2. All groups were prepared with hand K files using the crown-down technique, except for the control group. The irrigating solution in each group was kept in the canal for 2 h, being replaced every 15 min. EDTA was applied for 3 min in the corresponding groups. Ca(OH)2 was kept in the root canals for 30 days. The specimens were subjected to compressive strength testing until fracture in an EMIC universal testing machine. The data were subjected to analysis of variance. The significance level was set as alpha = 0.05. Results: No statistically significant difference was found across the experimental groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: The use of NaOCl for 2h and Ca(OH)2 for 30days did not influence the strength of root dentin (AU).


Subject(s)
Root Canal Irrigants , Root Canal Therapy , Tooth Fractures , Calcium Hydroxide , Dentin
17.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(2): 108-115, abr. 30, 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145301

ABSTRACT

Statement of problem : fracture of endodontically treated teeth is reduced by the use of a post with ferrule, but the effect of different ferrule configurations and dowel materials is not clear. Purpose: to evaluate the effect of ferrules with different configurations and heights on the stress of endodontically treated teeth restored with three different post and dowel materials. Materials and Methods: fifteen models of maxillary central incisors restored with porcelain fused to metal crowns were obtained using pro engineer software. the models were divided into three groups, each consisting of five models with ferrule heights of 0mm, 2mm, 4mm, 2mm with oblique fracture, 4mm with oblique fracture, the models under group GFR were restored with fiberglass reinforced post (GFR) and composite core build-up, group NiCr with a custom cast post metal alloy (NiCr), and group Zr with zirconia post (Zr) and composite core build-up. an oblique load of 100N and 150N at an angle of 135 degrees was applied to the palatal surface of the tooth, a vertical load of 100N and 150N at an angle of 90 degrees was applied to the incisal tip of the tooth. The maximum principal stress and the von mises stress was calculated for the remaining tooth structure and post apex using the finite element analysis (FEA) software. Results: the maximum von misses stress was observed in the apex of the post (p<0.05). Group Zr showed the highest mean stress (6.39Mpa) followed by group NiCr (5.65Mpa). There was a significant difference between post and between NiCr and Zr post for 2mm and 4mm ferrule height, while for 0mm ferrule there was a significant difference between the GFR and NiCr groups (p<0.05). Under oblique load, the maximum mean stress was observed in remaining tooth structures while for vertical load, it was observed at the apex of the post. Regarding ferrule heights, there were significant differences between 0mm-2mm, and 0mm-4mm uniform ferrule in post apex in the case of NiCr posts (p<0.05). Absence of ferrule resulted in higher stress for the NiCr group. Conclusion: higher loads that led to fracture were observed only at the apex of the post. Zirconia posts (group Zr) had higher fracture loads, whereas absence of ferrule resulted in higher fracture load with custom cast posts (group NiCr). Fracture thresholds were high on the remaining tooth structure for all the dowel systems especially for composite core build up irrespective of ferrule height and configuration. Clinical implications: appropriate selection of post and dowel materials in different configurations of ferrule heights ensures clinical success.


Indicación del problema: la fractura de los dientes tratados endodónticamente se reduce mediante el uso de un poste con férula, pero el efecto de diferentes configuraciones de férula y materiales de clavija no está claro. Propósito: evaluar el efecto de los casquillos con diferentes configuraciones y alturas sobre el estrés de los dientes tratados endodónticamente restaurados con tres materiales diferentes de postes y tacos. materiales y métodos: quince modelos de incisivos centrales superiores restaurados con porcelana fundida a coronas de metal se obtuvieron con el software Pro Engineer. Los modelos se dividieron en tres grupos, cada uno de los cuales consta de cinco modelos con alturas de casquillo de 0mm, 2mm, 4mm, 2mm con fractura oblicua, 4mm con fractura oblicua. los modelos del grupo GFR fueron restaurados con poste reforzado con fibra de vidrio (GFR) y acumulación de núcleo compuesto, grupo nicr con una aleación de metal de poste fundido personalizado (NiCr) y grupo Zr con poste de zirconia (Zr) y acumulación de núcleo compuesto. se aplicó una carga oblicua de 100N y 150N en un ángulo de 135º a la superficie palatina del diente. se aplicó una carga vertical de 100N y 150N en un ángulo de 90º a la punta incisal del diente. la tensión principal máxima y la tensión de von mises se calcularon para la estructura dental restante y después del vértice utilizando el software de análisis de elementos finitos (FEA). Resultados: el estrés máximo de von falta se observó en el vértice de la publicación (p<0.05). El grupo Zr mostró el mayor estrés medio (6.39Mpa) seguido del grupo NiCr (5.65Mpa). Hubo una diferencia significativa entre la publicación NiCr y Zr para la altura de la férula de 2mm y 4mm, mientras que para la férula de 0mm hubo una diferencia significativa entre los grupos GFR y NiCr (p<0,05), bajo la carga oblicua, la tensión media máxima en las estructuras dentales restantes, mientras que para la carga vertical, se observó en el vértice del poste. En cuanto a las alturas de la férula, hubo diferencias significativas entre la férula uniforme de 0mm-2mm y de 0mm-4mm en el post-apex en el caso de los postes de NiCr (p<0.05), la ausencia de férula dio como resultado un mayor estrés para el grupo NiCr. Conclusión: las cargas más altas que llevaron a la fractura se observaron solo en el vértice del poste; Los postes de zirconia (grupo Zr) tuvieron mayores cargas de fractura, mientras que la ausencia de férula dio como resultado una mayor carga de fractura con postes moldeados personalizados (NiCr de grupo). Los umbrales de fractura fueron altos en la estructura dental restante para todos los sistemas de clavijas, especialmente para la acumulación de núcleos compuestos independientemente de la altura y configuración de la férula. Implicaciones clínicas: la selección adecuada de materiales de postes y tacos en diferentes configuraciones de alturas de férulas asegura el éxito clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Post and Core Technique/instrumentation , Dental Stress Analysis/methods , Incisor/physiology , Models, Biological , Stress, Mechanical , Tooth Fractures , Computer Simulation , Dental Prosthesis Design , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Materials/chemistry , Maxilla/physiology
18.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(1): 31-39, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990061

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar mediante la revisión de la literatura científica disponible cuál es el tipo de cemento sellador que proporciona mayor resistencia a la fractura en dientes tratados endodónticamente, los cementos a base de biocerámicos o los en base a resina epóxica. Se realizó una revisión sistemática de acuerdo a las bases de los estamentos de PRISMA, en las bases de datos Medline, SciELO, Trip Database, LILACS, Web of Science, Cochrane. Se realizó la búsqueda a 10 años y se incluyeron sólo estudios in vitro. Se encontraron 202 artículos, luego se eliminaron los artículos duplicados y se excluyeron los estudios no atingentes por título y resúmenes, quedando ocho artículos que se revisaron a texto completo. En esta etapa se excluyeron dos estudios. Un total seis estudios fueron incluidos en esta revisión. De estos, ninguno encontró diferencia significativas entre cementos selladores a base de biocerámicos y a base de resina epóxica, en cuanto a resistencia a la fractura de los dientes tratados endodónticamente. Sin embargo, en 4 estudios los valores más altos encontrados de resistencia a la fractura estuvieron dados por los selladores en base a resina epóxica. Los artículos seleccionados, teniendo en consideración las limitaciones propias de los estudios in vitro, concluyen que en cuanto a resistencia a la fractura no hay diferencias significativas entre el uso de cementos selladores a base de biocerámicos y cementos selladores a base de resina epóxica en la obturación radicular de dientes tratados endodónticamente.


ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine through the review of scientific literature, the type of sealer that provides the greatest resistance to fracture in endodontically treated teeth. Bioceramic sealer or epoxy resin based sealers were considered for this analysis. A systematic review was performed according to PRISMA, in the databases Medline, SciELO, Trip Database, LILACS, Web of Science, Cochrane. The search was carried out over the last 10 years, and only in vitro studies were included; 202 articles were found and subsequently, duplicate articles were eliminated, non-inferential studies by title and abstracts were excluded, leaving eight articles that were revised to full text. In this stage, two studies were excluded. In total, six studies were included in this review. Of these, none found significant difference between sealer cements based on bioceramics and based on epoxy resin, in terms of resistance to fracture of endodontically treated teeth. However, in 4 studies the highest found values of fracture resistance were given by sealers based on epoxy resin. Taking into account the limitations inherent to in vitro studies, this review concludes that in terms of fracture resistance, there are no significant differences between the use of sealer based on bioceramics and the based on epoxy resin in the root canal obturation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Tooth Fractures/prevention & control , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Composite Resins , Endodontics , Epoxy Resins
19.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(1): 31-35, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989430

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate whether amplifying the volume and/or time of contact of NaOCl affects the fracture strength of endodontically treated bovine teeth. Four bovine incisors from 10 animals were allocated into 4 groups using a split-mouth design. Root canals were instrumented using a sequence of 4 manual stainless steel files and irrigated with a 5.25% alkalized NaOCl solution. The total volume and time of irrigation, per sample, varied among the groups as following: standard volume and time of contact - 15 mL/11.5 min; volume raise - 30 mL/11.5 min; time of contact raise - 15 mL/19 min; and volume and time of contact raise - 30 mL/19 min. Samples were subjected to a fracture resistance assay. At p=0.05, two-way ANOVA statistically scrutinized the results. Effect size of NaOCl time of contact and volume were also calculated (η2). The variation in time (p=0.000), volume of irrigation (p=0.000) and the combination of both (p=0.038) negatively influenced the fracture resistance. Standard volume and time of irrigation showed the highest fracture strength while isolated increase in volume or time reduced in 25% and 37%, respectively, the fracture resistance; the simultaneous increase in volume and time of irrigation promoted a reduction of 47%. Effect size of NaOCl time of contact was superior (0.746) than the volume (0.564). Raising the volume and/or time of a 5.25% alkalized NaOCl solution reduces the fracture resistance of endodontically treated bovine teeth.


Resumo O objetivo desse estudo foi o de avaliar se o aumento de volume e/ou tempo de contato do NaOCl afeta a resistência à fratura de dentes bovinos tratados endodonticamente. Quatro incisivos bovinos de 10 animais foram alocados em 4 grupos usando um desenho experimental de boca dividida. Os canais radiculares foram instrumentados usando uma sequência de 4 limas manuais de aço inoxidável e irrigados com uma solução de NaOCl alcalinizada a 5,25%. O volume total e o tempo de irrigação, por amostra, variaram entre os grupos da seguinte forma: volume e tempo de contato padrão (grupo controle) - 15 mL/11,5 min; aumento de volume - 30 mL/11,5 min; aumento no tempo de contato - 15 mL/19 min; e aumento no volume e no tempo de contato - 30 mL/19 min. As amostras foram submetidas a um ensaio de resistência à fratura. Com p=0.05, o teste two-way ANOVA analisou estatisticamente os resultados. O tamanho do efeito do tempo de contato e volume de NaOCl também foi calculado (h2). A variação no tempo (p=0,000), no volume de irrigação (p=0,000) e a interação entre ambos (p=0.038) influenciaram negativamente a resistência à fratura. O volume e o tempo padrão de irrigação apresentaram a maior resistência à fratura, enquanto o aumento isolado no volume ou no tempo de contato reduziram 25% e 37%, respectivamente, a resistência à fratura; o aumento simultâneo do volume e tempo de irrigação promoveu uma redução de 47%. O tamanho do efeito do tempo de contato com o NaOCl foi superior (0,746) ao volume (0,564). Aumentando o volume e/ou o tempo de uma solução de NaOCl alcalinizada a 5,25% reduz a resistência à fratura de dentes bovinos tratados endodonticamente.


Subject(s)
Animals , Root Canal Therapy , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Tooth Fractures , Sodium Hypochlorite/administration & dosage , Cattle , Dental Stress Analysis , Incisor , Therapeutic Irrigation/methods
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764440

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Aims to analyze the occlusal wear patterns in maxillary posterior teeth with palatal side abfractions and study the association between occlusal force and abfractions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in a total of 308 teeth from 148 patients with palatal side abfractions in maxillary posterior teeth. The occlusal wears in maxillary premolars and molars with palatal side abfractions were classified and recorded. The classification was done by type of teeth, age, and gender, and in order to evaluate the statistical significance between groups, chi-square test was conducted (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Palatal side abfractions in maxillary posterior teeth were observed at the highest frequency in the 1st molars, and in all teeth with palatal side abfractions, more than one occlusal wear was observed. In classification by type of teeth, by age, and by gender, the occlusal wears in teeth with palatal side abfractions were observed at high frequency in cuspal inclined plane, central fossa, and marginal ridge, and there was a statistical significance (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Palatal side abfractions were observed at the highest frequency in maxillary 1st molars, and in all maxillary posterior teeth where palatal side abfractions were found, the occlusal wears were observed. And the occlusal wears were observed at high frequency in cuspal inclined plane, central fossa and marginal ridge. Such results show that abfraction is associated with occlusal force.


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Bite Force , Classification , Humans , Molar , Tooth Attrition , Tooth Fractures , Tooth
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