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1.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 215-220, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292866

ABSTRACT

En este informe de caso clínico se muestra el tratamiento exitoso de un paciente con anodoncia parcial de órganos dentales 13 y 23 debido a que fueron extraídos por presentar impactación y mal pronóstico de tracción. En este artículo se presenta un paciente masculino de 29 años clase I esquelética con un perfil convexo, maloclusión de clase III, overjet disminuido, ausencia de guías funcionales, discrepancia oseodentaria positiva en arcada superior y negativa en arcada inferior. El tratamiento se realizó con extracciones de los órganos dentales 34 y 44 para nivelar las discrepancias óseo dentarias interarcadas, se llevó a cabo mediante un cierre de espacios recíproco por medio de cadenas elásticas para ambas arcadas, con lo que se logró crear un overjet y overbite adecuados. La creación de las guías caninas funcionales se consiguió mediante el cambio de morfología de los órganos dentales 14 y 24, los cuales fueron llevados a la posición de los caninos ausentes. El tiempo total de tratamiento para este paciente fue de 24 meses. Se realizaron ameloplastias positivas, la aplicación de agregados de resina para mejorar la funcionalidad y proveer salud articular. Se sugiere que ante casos de anodoncia de caninos en la arcada superior, un tratamiento favorable se puede llevar a cabo mediante el cierre de espacios, la caracterización morfológica de los caninos ausentes mediante ameloplastias positivas en premolares (AU)


This case report shows the successful treatment of a patient with partial anodontia of dental organs 13 and 23 because they have been extracted due to present impactation and poor traction prognosis. This article presents a 29-year-old male class I skeletal patient with convex profile, class III malocclusion, overjet reduction, absence of functional guidance, positive bone-teeth discrepancy in the upper arch and negative in the lower arch. The treatment was carried out with the extractions of the dental organs 34 and 44 for correcting oral dental discrepancies between upper and lower arches; it was done using reciprocal closing of spaces by using elastic chains for both arches in order to achieve a suitable overjet and overbite. The creation of the canine guides was achieved by changing the morphology of the dental organs 14 and 24, which were taken to the position of the absent canines. The total treatment timing for this patient was 24 months. Positive ameloplasties were performed by application of resin aggregates to improve functionality and provide joint health. A favorable treatment for these kinds of cases of canine anodontics in the upper arch is carried out by closing spaces and the morphological characterization of the absent canines by positive in-premolar ameloplasties (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Extraction/methods , Bicuspid , Cuspid/surgery , Dental Enamel/surgery , Anodontia/therapy , Schools, Dental , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Retainers , Orthodontic Space Closure , Esthetics, Dental , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Maxilla , Mexico
2.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(5): e21ins5, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345941

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Biologically explain some of the bone mechanisms involved in the intrusion, or intrusive effect, of teeth submitted to skeletal open bite correction using four miniplates. Methods: The results of dental intrusion were measured and compared in 3D reconstructions of cone beam computed tomography scans taken before and after treatment of 20 patients with skeletal open bite, aged between 18 and 59 years. Results: The results allow deducing that the compression and traction forces biologically promoted deformation or deflection of the osteocyte network that controls bone design, and these effects involved the external and internal surfaces of the bone, with the formation of new layers, including the cervical portion of the alveolar bone crest. This helps understanding how dental intrusion occurs in intrusive mechanics, whose forces are of inclination rather than intrusion. The root resorptions caused by the use of miniplates were insignificant, due to the more homogeneous distribution of forces in the several teeth simultaneously involved. Conclusion: Imaging studies in CT scans tend to capture in details the subperiosteal and endosteal phenomena of dental intrusion - before and after the application of intrusive mechanics -, in the form of a set of modifications called dental intrusion or intrusive effect .


RESUMO Objetivo: Explicar, biologicamente, alguns dos mecanismos ósseos envolvidos na intrusão, ou efeito intrusivo, de dentes submetidos à correção da mordida aberta esquelética por meio do uso de quatro miniplacas. Métodos: Foram mensurados, em reconstruções 3D de tomografias computadorizadas de feixe cônico, os resultados da intrusão dentária, comparando-se o antes e o depois em 20 pacientes com mordida aberta esquelética, com idades entre 18 e 59 anos. Resultados: Os resultados permitem deduzir que as forças de compressão e de tração promovem, biologicamente, deformação ou deflexão da rede osteocítica controladora do design ósseo, e esses efeitos envolvem as superfícies externas e internas do osso, com formação de novas camadas, incluindo a parte cervical da crista óssea alveolar. Isso ajuda a compreender como ocorre a intrusão dentária nas mecânicas intrusivas cujas forças são de inclinação, e não de intrusão. As reabsorções radiculares promovidas pelo uso de miniplacas são insignificantes, em função da distribuição mais homogênea das forças nos vários dentes simultaneamente envolvidos. Conclusão: Os estudos imagiológicos tendem a captar, nas tomografias, cada vez mais detalhadamente os fenômenos subperiosteais e endosteais da intrusão dentária nos pacientes - antes e depois da aplicação das mecânicas intrusivas -, na forma de um conjunto de modificações que se chama intrusão dentária ou efeito intrusivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Root Resorption , Tooth , Open Bite/therapy , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/methods , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Middle Aged
3.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 15-20, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290838

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento ortodóncico permite rehabilitar la función como también la estética facial y de la sonrisa. En muchos casos, esto puede realizarse sin la utilización de brackets. Las placas alineadoras realizan movimientos en las arcadas dentarias y las posibilidades y los resultados obtenidos cada vez son mejores. La utilización del sistema de alineación con placas permite que muchos pacientes, que no están dispuestos a utilizar brackets, encuentren una respuesta a sus problemas de oclusión (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Esthetics, Dental , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/methods , Advance Care Planning
4.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 63(2): 39-54, nov. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150748

ABSTRACT

La búsqueda por encontrar métodos para acortar la duración de los tratamientos de ortodoncia tiene un pasado reciente, un presente y un futuro. Las fuerzas ortodóncicas que se ejercen sobre la membrana periodontal producen movimientos dentarios por modificaciones histológicas y biomoleculares. El conocimiento de los procesos biológicos da lugar a implementar cambios para favorecer la aceleración de los procesos resortivos y neoformativos. El objetivo de esta publicación es hacer una breve síntesis de lo acontecido con este tema y exponer el procedimiento de las micro-osteoperforaciones (MOPs) como una opción complementaria al tratamiento de ortodoncia convencional. Aún no existe suficiente apoyo de ensayos clínicos en humanos para aseverar su éxito. Más aún, distintos autores publican conclusiones contradictorias. Es de esperar que, en breve, nuevas investigaciones contribuyan a respaldarlo o desestimarlo (AU)


The quest to find methods to shorten the duration of orthodontic treatments has a recent past, a present, and a future. Orthodontic forces exerted on the periodontal membrane produce tooth movements by histological and biomolecular modifications. Knowledge of biological processes results in changes to promote the acceleration of spring and neoformative processes. The objective of this publication is to make a brief synthesis of what happened with this topic and expose the micro-osteoperforations (MOPs) procedure as a complementary option to conventional orthodontic treatment. There is not yet enough support from human clinical trials to assert its success. Moreover, different authors publish conflicting conclusions. It is to be expected that, shortly, further investigations will help to support or dismiss it (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Biological Phenomena , Oral Surgical Procedures , Microsurgery , Osteotomy/methods , Bone Resorption/physiopathology , Low-Level Light Therapy , RANK Ligand , Duration of Therapy
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091647

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To approbate the complex approach for assessment of second molar mesialization outcomes with the use of orthodontic mini-implants. Material and Methods: The sample consisted of 62 patients, divided into study (n=32) and control group (n=30). Mesialization procedure in the study group was conducted with the use of braces system and orthodontic mini-implants as additional anchorage devices, while in control group mesialization was provided only with the use of the brace system. Dynamic registration of bone level changes and the entire range of tooth movement were carried out on digital orthopantomograms obtained with the use of Planmeca ProMax 2D. Results: Findings of orthopantomographic (OPG) analysis have shown that cases of second molar mesialization with the use of mini-implants as temporary anchorage characterized with more stable conditions of bone levels around displaced teeth compare to cases, where mesialization was provided only with the use of braces systems without any additional anchorage. The terms of treatment in the study group with the use of dental mini-implants as the anchorage was reduced by 8.8 ± 0.12 months compared to the control group (p<0.05). Conclusion: The use of orthodontic mini-implants as anchorage constructions during the mesialization of the mandibular second molars contributes to the reduction of treatment duration and support the more prognostic movement of teeth, that does not provoke significant pathological changes in the levels of the surrounded alveolar ridge and minimize the risk of associated periodontal complication occurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital/instrumentation , Molar , Orthodontics, Corrective , Ukraine , Regression Analysis
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135516

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To systematically review the hyalinization of experimental tooth movement in humans and animals. Material and Methods: The electronic databases of MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Institute for Scientific Information, and Google Scholar were searched for performing a systematic review of the related literature published until 2019. Moreover, Endnote X9 software was utilized to manage electronic titles. The searches were fulfilled using keywords of "hyalinization," "orthodontic tooth movement" OR "OTM" AND "periodontal ligament" OR "PDL," "molecular pathways," AND "mechanical cell." Therefore, this systematic review was conducted based on the key consideration of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Results: Forces ranged between 2.3 and 50 CN had been applied. According to the research design, incisors had been included in two experiments, whereas maxillary molars had been displaced by tipping forces in another rat examination. However, a majority of investigations had stated that hyalinization had firstly appeared within the first 24 hours. Moreover, the amount of prostaglandin-end peroxide synthase 2 (PTGS2) had been positively related to force term and size utilizing Western blotching. As PTGS2 had been included in the prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) metabolism, the up-regulation of PTGS2 gene expression could be connected with that of PGE2 emission. Conclusion: Gene expression in connection with force term and size and also the first signalling pathways were recognized utilizing protein-protein interactions (PPIs).


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Orthodontics , Periodontal Ligament , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Systematic Reviews as Topic , China/epidemiology
7.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(3): 292-298, set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012425

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: This case describes the treatment of Class II malocclusion in a patient missing one of the maxillary central incisors due to traumatic impaction. The treatment approach consisted in the extraction of the remaining maxillary central incisor, followed by diastema closure and re-anatomization of lateral incisors into central incisors. The results obtained were considered satisfactory concerning occlusal, aesthetic and functional aspects. This therapeutic approach may be used as an alternative for similar cases.


RESUMEN: Este caso clínico describe el tratamiento de la mala oclusión de Clase II en un paciente con ausencia de uno de los incisivos centrales superiores debido a impactación. El abordaje del tratamiento consistió en la extracción de este elemento dental y del otro incisivo central, seguido del cierre de los diastemas y reanatomización de los incisivos laterales en incisivos centrales. Los resultados obtenidos fueron considerados satisfactorios con relación a los aspectos oclusales, estéticos y funcionales. Así, esta planificación se puede utilizar como una nueva alternativa de abordaje terapéutico para estos casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Orthodontics, Corrective/methods , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/surgery , Tooth Extraction , Radiography, Panoramic , Cephalometry , Treatment Outcome
8.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4428, 01 Fevereiro 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997987

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the success of self-drilling and self-tapping methods in the retraction of maxillary anterior teeth. Material and Methods: The study was conducted in 57 subjects with Cl II malocclusion who needed to be treated with extraction of four maxillary teeth. The selftapping method was used on the left side and the self-drilling method was used on the right side. Then, the pain rate of each method was recorded by the numerical rating scale (NRS). Statistical analysis was done by t-test and Chi-square test. The significance level in this study was considered at p-value<0.05. Results: Considering the clinical mobility as the failure, the success of treatment was equal in both methods and was 93%. The inflammation around the mini-screws was 8.8%. A significant relationship was found between the variables inflammation and success (p<0.05). The mean pain was 2.47 but there was no significant difference between the two methods in terms of pain score (p>0.05). There was a significant difference between the groups (p=0.03). The pain was significantly higher in the female. Conclusion: There is no difference between self-drilling and self-tapping methods in terms of success. Comparison of the pain between two genders according to the replantation method showed a significant difference in pain sensation between two genders. The pain sensation mean in female group was greater than male group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Dental Implants , Osseointegration , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/methods , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/diagnosis , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Chi-Square Distribution , Iran
9.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(6): 56-63, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975032

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the external apical root resorption (EARR) of the maxillary posterior teeth after intrusion with miniscrews. Methods: Fifteen patients (13 females and 2 males) with age ranging from 14.5 to 22 years (mean 18.1 ±2.03 years) were selected to participate in this study. All patients presented with anterior open bite of 3 mm or more. An intrusion force of 300 g was applied on each side to intrude the maxillary posterior teeth. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were taken pretreatment and post-intrusion and were analyzed to evaluate the EARR. Results: The maxillary posterior teeth were intruded in average 2.79 ± 0.46 mm (p< 0.001) in 5.1 ± 1.3 months, and all examined roots showed statistically significant EARR (p< 0.05) with an average of 0.55 mm, except the distobuccal root of the left first permanent molars and both the palatal and buccal roots of left first premolars, which showed no statistically significant changes. Conclusions: The evaluated teeth presented statistically significant EARR, but clinically, due to the small magnitude, it was not considered significant. Moreover, the CBCT provided a good visualization of all roots in all three planes, and it was effective in detecting minimal degrees of EARR.


RESUMO Objetivo: o objetivo desse estudo foi verificar a existência de reabsorção radicular apical externa (RRAE) em dentes posterossuperiores após intrusão ancorada em mini-implantes. Métodos: quinze pacientes (13 mulheres e 2 homens) com a idade variando entre 14,5 e 22 anos (média de 18,1 ± 2,03 anos) foram selecionados para participar desse estudo. Todos os pacientes possuíam mordida aberta anterior de 3mm ou mais. Uma força de 300 gramas foi aplicada em cada lado para intruir os dentes posterossuperiores. Tomografias computadorizadas de feixe cônico (TCFC), adquiridas antes do tratamento e após a intrusão, foram comparadas para se avaliar a RRAE. Resultados: os dentes posterossuperiores foram intruídos em média 2,70 ± 0,46 mm (p< 0,001) em 5,1 ± 1,3 meses, e todas as raízes examinadas mostraram RRAE estatisticamente significativa (p< 0,05), com média de 0,55 mm, exceto pela raiz distovestibular dos primeiros molares permanentes esquerdos, e pelas raízes palatina e vestibular dos primeiros pré-molares esquerdos, que não apresentaram mudanças estatisticamente significativas. Conclusões: os dentes avaliados apresentaram RRAE estatisticamente significativa, a qual, porém, não foi considerada clinicamente significativa, devido à sua reduzida magnitude. Além disso, a TCFC possibilitou uma boa visualização de todas as raízes nos três planos espaciais, e foi eficaz para detecção de níveis mínimos de RRAE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Root Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Bone Screws/adverse effects , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Open Bite/therapy , Maxilla/pathology , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Root Resorption/pathology , Tooth Movement Techniques/adverse effects , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Tooth Resorption/pathology , Tooth Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Root/pathology , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid , Open Bite/diagnostic imaging , Dental Stress Analysis , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/adverse effects , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/instrumentation , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/methods , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Molar/physiopathology
10.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(6): 73-79, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975026

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate a flapless surgical technique as an alternative to traditional alveolar corticotomy used to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). Methods: To induce OTM in Wistar rats, 40 cN of orthodontic force were applied to the maxillary left first molars. Forty rats were distributed into control groups (CG1, CG3, CG7 and CG14) and experimental groups (n= 5), in which alveolar perforations were made using a spear-shaped guide bur (EG1, EG3, EG7, EG14). Euthanasia dates were set at 1, 3, 7 and 14 days, respectively, after tooth movement began. The amount of OTM was measured with a caliper, and osteoclasts present in the periodontal ligament of the mesial root of the moved tooth were counted by means of histological evaluation (tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining, TRAP). Results: Although there was no difference in the amount of OTM within subgroups of corresponding experimental periods (p> 0.05), when EG14 and CG14 were compared, a larger number of osteoclasts was counted in the experimental group (p< 0.00). Conclusion: The authors concluded that flapless cortical alveolar perforations led to more intense osteoclastic activity on the fourteenth day; nevertheless, no evidence of accelerated OTM could be noted.


Resumo Objetivo: o objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a técnica cirúrgica sem retalho como alternativa à tradicional corticotomia alveolar utilizada para acelerar o movimento dentário experimental. Métodos: para induzir a movimentação dentária experimental em ratos Wistar, foram aplicados 40 cN de força ortodôntica aos primeiros molares superiores esquerdos. Quarenta ratos foram distribuídos nos grupos (n = 5) controles (GC1, GC3, GC7 e GC14) e experimentais (GE1, GE3, GE7, GE14), nos quais foram realizadas perfurações alveolares com uma ponta lança. As datas de eutanásia foram estabelecidas em 1, 3, 7 e 14 dias, respectivamente, após o início do movimento dentário. A quantidade de deslocamento dentário foi medida com um paquímetro e os osteoclastos presentes no ligamento periodontal da raiz mesial do dente movimentado foram contados por meio de avaliação histológica (coloração por fosfatase ácida resistente ao tartarato, TRAP). Resultados: embora não tenha havido diferença na quantidade de deslocamento dentário dentro dos subgrupos dos períodos experimentais correspondentes (p> 0,05), quando GC14 e GE14 foram comparados, um número maior de osteoclastos foi contado no grupo experimental (p< 0,00). Conclusão: os autores concluíram que as perfurações alveolares corticais sem retalho levaram a uma atividade osteoclástica mais intensa no décimo quarto dia; entretanto, nenhuma evidência de movimento dentário acelerado pôde ser notada.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Osteoclasts/pathology , Tooth Movement Techniques/adverse effects , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Alveolar Process/pathology , Orthodontic Appliances , Periodontal Ligament/pathology , Time Factors , Tooth Root/pathology , Bone Resorption , Bone Remodeling , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal , Dental Stress Analysis , Maxilla , Molar
11.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 35.e1-35.e9, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-953024

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to compare the three-dimensional effects of the conventional helical uprighting spring (CA) and the mini-implant assisted helical uprighting spring (MIA), using CBCT scans. Methods: Twenty patients with mesially tipped second mandibular molars were divided into two groups: CA group, in which 10 patients were treated using a conventional helical uprighting spring with conventional anchorage; and MIA group, in which 10 patients were treated using a mini-implant supported uprighting spring. Molar uprighting was observed in both groups for a period of four months. Two standardized 11×5-cm CBCT sections of the mandible were taken, being one prior to uprighting and one at the end of the four month follow-up. Statistical analyses at the beginning of treatment and after a 4 month follow-up were performed, with a significance level of p< 0.05. Results: The mean amount of change in mesiodistal angulation in the MIA group was 8.53 ± 2.13o (p< 0.001) and in the CA group was 9.8 ± 0.5o (p< 0 .001). Statistically significant differences were found between the two groups with regard to buccolingual inclination of canine, first and second premolars (p< 0.05), second molar (p< 0.001) and extrusion of second molar (p< 0.05). Conclusions: The mean amount of change in the mesial angulation of the second molar in the CA as well as the MIA groups was similar. MIA, which used mini-implant as a source of anchorage, was more effective in preventing movement of the anchorage teeth as well as preventing extrusion of the second molar in the vertical plane, when compared to the CA group, which used dental units as a source of anchorage.


RESUMO Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo prospectivo foi comparar, usando imagens de TCFC, os efeitos tridimensionais da mola convencional de verticalização (CA) e da mola de verticalização com ancoragem em mini-implantes (MIA). Métodos: vinte pacientes com segundos molares inferiores inclinados mesialmente foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo CA, no qual 10 pacientes foram tratados usando mola helicoidal de verticalização com ancoragem convencional; e grupo MIA, com 10 pacientes tratados usando mola de verticalização ancorada em mini-implantes. A verticalização dos molares foi observada nos dois grupos por um período de quatro meses. Foram obtidas duas secções tomográficas da mandíbula, com dimensões padronizadas de 11 x 5 cm, uma antes da verticalização e outra ao fim dos quatro meses de acompanhamento. As análises estatísticas ao início do tratamento e após os quatro meses de acompanhamento foram realizadas a um nível de significância de p< 0,05. Resultados: a média das alterações na angulação mesiodistal do grupo MIA foi de 8,53 ± 2,13o (p< 0,001), e do grupo CA foi de 9,8 ± 0,5o (p< 0,001). Diferenças estatisticamente significativas foram encontradas entre os dois grupos em relação à inclinação vestibulolingual do canino, do primeiro e segundo pré-molares (p< 0,05) e do segundo molar (p< 0,001), bem como para a extrusão do segundo molar (p< 0,05). Conclusões: a alteração média na angulação mesial do segundo molar nos grupos CA e MIA foi semelhante. O método MIA, que usou mini-implantes como ancoragem, foi mais efetivo na prevenção da movimentação dos dentes de ancoragem, bem como na prevenção da extrusão do segundo molar no plano vertical, quando comparado com o grupo CA, em que dentes foram usados como fonte de ancoragem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Dental Implants , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/methods , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Prospective Studies , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/instrumentation
12.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(2): 87-109, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-953019

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Considering the large number of fixed functional appliances, choosing the best device for your patient is not an easy task. Objective: To describe the development of fixed functional appliances as well as our 20-year experience working with them. Methods: Fixed functional appliances are grouped into flexible, rigid and hybrid. They are different appliances, whose action is described here. Four clinical cases will be reported with a view to illustrating the different appliances. Conclusions: Rigid fixed functional appliances provide better skeletal results than flexible and hybrid ones. Flexible and hybrid appliances have similar effects to those produced by Class II elastics. They ultimately correct Class II with dentoalveolar changes. From a biomechanical standpoint, fixed functional appliances are more recommended to treat Class II in dolichofacial patients, in comparison to Class II elastics.


RESUMO Introdução: considerando-se o grande número de aparelhos propulsores mandibulares, não é uma tarefa fácil escolher o melhor deles para o seu paciente. Objetivo: descrever o desenvolvimento desses aparelhos e a experiência clínica de vinte anos dos autores na sua utilização. Métodos: os aparelhos funcionais fixos aqui apresentados foram classificados em flexíveis, rígidos e híbridos, e o modo de ação de cada um deles foi descrito e ilustrado por meio de quatro casos clínicos. Conclusões: os aparelhos propulsores rígidos fornecem mais resultados esqueléticos do que os flexíveis e os híbridos. Esses últimos têm efeito semelhante ao uso de elásticos com direção de Classe II e, basicamente, corrigem a má oclusão de Classe II com alterações dentoalveolares. Do ponto de vista biomecânico, os propulsores fixos estão mais indicados para tratar a Classe II em pacientes dolicofaciais do que os elásticos de Classe II.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Orthodontic Appliances , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Orthodontic Wires , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cephalometry , Treatment Outcome , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Orthodontic Appliances, Functional , Photography, Dental , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/diagnostic imaging
14.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 63-70, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891119

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of his study was to evaluate the stress on tooth and alveolar bone caused by orthodontic intrusion forces in a supraerupted upper molar, by using a three-dimensional Finite Element Method (FEM). Methods: A superior maxillary segment was modeled in the software SolidWorks 2010 (SolidWorks Corporation, Waltham, MA, USA) containing: cortical and cancellous bone, supraerupted first molar, periodontal tissue and orthodontic components. A finite element model has simulated intrusion forces of 4N onto a tooth, directed to different mini-screw locations. Three different intrusion mechanics vectors were simulated: anchoring on a buccal mini-implant; anchoring on a palatal mini-implant and the association of both anchorage systems. All analyses were performed considering the minimum principal stress and total deformation. Qualitative analyses exhibited stress distribution by color maps. Quantitative analysis was performed with a specific software for reading and solving numerical equations (ANSYS Workbench 14, Ansys, Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, USA). Results: Intrusion forces applied from both sides (buccal and palatal) resulted in a more homogeneous stress distribution; no high peak of stress was detected and it has allowed a vertical resultant movement. Buccal or palatal single-sided forces resulted in concentrated stress zones with higher values and tooth tipping to respective force side. Conclusion: Unilateral forces promoted higher stress in root apex and higher dental tipping. The bilateral forces promoted better distribution without evidence of dental tipping. Bilateral intrusion technique suggested lower probability of root apex resorption.


RESUMO Objetivos: o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar, por meio da Análise de Elementos Finitos, as tensões geradas por forças ortodônticas intrusivas em um molar superior e no osso alveolar circundante. Métodos: um segmento maxilar foi modelado no software SolidWorks 2010 (SolidWorks Corporation, Waltham, MA, EUA), contendo: osso cortical e medular, primeiro molar extruído, tecido periodontal e acessórios ortodônticos. Um modelo de elementos finitos simulou forças intrusivas de 4 N no elemento dentário, aplicadas a partir de mini-implantes em localizações distintas. Três diferentes vetores para mecânica de intrusão foram simulados: ancoragem em mini-implante vestibular, ancoragem em mini-implante palatino ou a associação de ambas. Todas as análises foram realizadas em termos de tensão mínima principal e deformação total. A análise qualitativa foi feita por meio do mapeamento da distribuição das tensões em gradiente de cores. A análise quantitativa foi feita em software específico para leitura e resolução de equações numéricas (ANSYS Workbench 14, Ansys, Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, EUA). Resultados: as forças intrusivas aplicadas simultaneamente nos dois lados (vestibular e palatino) resultaram em uma distribuição mais homogênea das tensões geradas, sem zonas de acúmulo de tensão e com uma resultante vertical para a movimentação intrusiva. As forças aplicadas somente em um lado, vestibular ou palatino, resultaram em zonas de concentração de tensão, com maiores valores, e na inclinação do elemento dentário para o lado em que a força foi aplicada. Conclusão: as forças unilaterais promoveram maior tensão no ápice radicular e maiores inclinações do elemento dentário. Já as forças bilaterais promoveram melhor distribuição das tensões e não resultaram em inclinação do elemento dentário. Assim, as forças intrusivas ancoradas bilateralmente apresentam menor probabilidade de reabsorção do ápice radicular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Bone Screws , Tooth Apex , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/methods , Periodontal Ligament , Tooth Movement Techniques/adverse effects , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Biomechanical Phenomena , Finite Element Analysis , Models, Dental , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/adverse effects , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/instrumentation , Molar/physiology
15.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3978, 15/01/2018. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-966743

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop diagnostic reference for arch form using Artificial Neuron Network (ANN) from tooth size and arch dimension variables on scanned-dental cast from patients with class I malocclusion treated orthodontically. Material and Methods: One hundred and ninety pairs of dental cast pre-post orthodontic treatment gathered from Orthodontic clinics were scanned and then all dimension variables were measured using Image Tool (gender, tooth size and arch dimension). The multivariate data were analyzed statistically using Stata (Lakeway Drive, College Station, Texas USA). The statistic results were compiled to build the neuron network software for analyzing arch form. Results: Gender and all variables from pre-treatment do not influence arch form. Intercanine width, canine depth, intermolar width, and molar depth are variables that influence arch form. The result of the statistical analyses can be used to develop software based on artificial neural network. Output program is the arch form, such as oval, square or tapered. The software can describe arch form with the accuracy of 76.31%. Conclusion: A software using Artificial Neuron Network to describe arch form can be used for diagnostic reference to Class I malocclusion.


Subject(s)
Software , Dental Arch , Malocclusion , Nerve Net , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Multivariate Analysis , Indonesia
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170125, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893686

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study analyzed the maintenance of lateral incisors in the dental rehabilitation of individuals with cleft lip and palate. Material and Methods The study was conducted on a tertiary craniofacial center and comprised retrospective analysis of panoramic and periapical radiographs of Caucasoid individuals with non-syndromic complete unilateral cleft lip and palate, analyzing all radiographs available on the records of each individual, from the first to the last up to 12 years of age. Overall, 2,826 records were reviewed to achieve a sample of 1,000 individuals. Among these, 487 individuals presented the permanent lateral incisors on both cleft and non-cleft sides, which were included in this study. Results The results were evaluated in percentages and by descriptive statistics. The association between maintenance of the lateral incisor and timing of alveolar bone graft were analyzed by the t test. Among the 487 individuals, 265 had not completed treatment, 62 presented insufficient information, and 44 concluded the treatment elsewhere. Among the remaining 116 individuals, the lateral incisor was extracted from 88 (75.86%) of them on the cleft side (CS) and from 23 (19.83%) people on the non-cleft side (NCS). The age at accomplishment of alveolar bone graft was significantly associated with maintenance of the lateral incisor on the cleft side (p<0.01). Most extractions were indicated because of the inadequate positioning on the CS and for midline correction on the NCS. Rehabilitation was primarily completed by orthodontic movement (53 individuals on the CS and 13 individuals on the NCS). Conclusion In conclusion, the lateral incisor on the cleft side was not maintained in most individuals. Positive relationship was observed between extraction of the lateral incisor and age at accomplishment of the alveolar bone graft, suggesting the need to anticipate the initial radiographic evaluation to enhance its maintenance and reduce the procedures required for rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Cleft Lip/rehabilitation , Cleft Palate/rehabilitation , Alveolar Bone Grafting/methods , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Tooth Extraction/methods , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Radiography, Panoramic , Retrospective Studies , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Lip/diagnostic imaging , Cleft Palate/surgery , Cleft Palate/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Maxilla
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e96, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974455

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of acute administration of nicotine and ethanol on tooth movement in rats. Two hundred rats were divided into eight groups: S: saline; N: nicotine; E: ethanol; NE: nicotine and ethanol; SM: saline with tooth movement; NM: nicotine with tooth movement; EM: ethanol with tooth movement; and NEM: nicotine and ethanol with tooth movement. All the solutions were applied for 32, 44, or 58 days, according to the subgroup. Orthodontic movement (25 cN) was initiated 30 days after solution administration in the groups with tooth movement. The rats were euthanized 2, 14, or 28 days after initiation of tooth movement. Tooth sections were stained using picrosirius and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP). The data were compared by ANOVA using Tukey's HSD and Games-Howell. On day 28 of tooth movement, the NEM group had a lower percentage of type I collagen compared to the SM group (p = 0.0448), and the S group had a higher number of osteoclasts/μm2 compared to the N group (p = 0.0405). Nicotine and ethanol did not affect the tooth movement rate, regardless of induction of orthodontic movement. Nicotine influenced the number of osteoclasts by decreasing their quantity when dental movement was not induced. When nicotine was associated with ethanol, it interfered in the maturation of collagen fibers during orthodontic movement.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Resorption/chemically induced , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Alveolar Process/drug effects , Nicotine/administration & dosage , Osteoclasts/drug effects , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Reference Values , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Collagen/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e61, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974452

ABSTRACT

Abstract To evaluate the impact of the GaAlAs diode laser with energy densities of 160 J/cm2, 320 J/cm2, and 640 J/cm2 on the periodontal tissues under continuous orthodontic force application and on the rate of orthodontic tooth movement in rats with type-2 diabetes mellitus. The intensity of primary alveolar bone formation was also investigated through the immune-positive osteocytes for OPN antibody. Forty adult male Wistar rats were divided into eight groups of 5 rats: normoglycemic (N), 160 J-laser-normoglycemic (160 J-LN), 320 J-laser-normoglycemic (320 J-LN), 640 J-laser-normoglycemic (640 J-LN), diabetic (D), 160 J-laser-diabetic (160 J-LD), 320 J-laser-diabetic (320 J-LD), and 640 J-laser-diabetic (640 J-LD) rats. Diabetes mellitus was induced by a single intravenous injection of 40 mg/kg monohydrated-alloxan. An orthodontic force magnitude of 20cN was applied. The laser parameters were continuous emission of 780-nm wavelength, output power of 20mW, and fiber probe with a spot size of 0.04 cm in diameter. Radiographic, histomorphological, and immunohistochemical analysis were performed after a period of 21 days. The photobiomodulation using the energy density of 640 J/cm2 strongly stimulated the alveolar bone formation and contributed the reorganization of the soft periodontal tissues, followed by the 320 J/cm2. Extensive alveolar bone loss, intense infiltration of inflammatory cells, and degradation of the PDJ tissue were mainly found in the D and 160 J-LD groups. The rate of orthodontic tooth movement was represented by the interdental distance between the cementoenamel junctions of the right mandibular first and second molars . This distance was larger in the diabetic groups (D: 39.98±1.97, 160 J-LD: 34.84±6.01, 320 J-LD: 29.82±1.73, and 640 J-LD: 35.47±4.56) than in the normoglycemic groups (N: 21.13±1.19; 160 J-LN: 22.69±0.72, 320 J-LN: 22.28±0.78, and 640 J-LN: 24.56±2.11). The number of osteopontin-positive osteocytes was significantly greater in the 640 J-LD (14.72 ± 0.82; p < 0.01) and 640 J-LN (13.62 ± 1.33; p < 0.05) groups than with D (9.82 ± 1.17) and 160 J-LD (9.77 ± 1.10) groups. Therefore, the energy density of 640 J/cm2 provided the best maintenance and integrity of the periodontal tissue microarchitecture under continuous orthodontic force when compared with the other dosages, mainly in the uncontrolled diabetic rats. The interdental distance was greater in the D and 160 J-LD groups due to presence of severe periodontitis caused by diabetes plus the mechanical stress generated by continuous orthodontic forces, implying, thus, an insufficient biostimulatory effect for the dosage of 160 J/cm2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Periodontium/radiation effects , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/physiopathology , Orthodontic Appliances , Osteoclasts/radiation effects , Osteocytes/radiation effects , Osteogenesis/radiation effects , Radiation Dosage , Reference Values , Periodontium/pathology , Periodontium/diagnostic imaging , Immunohistochemistry , Radiography , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Alveolar Bone Loss/pathology , Rats, Wistar , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Osteopontin/analysis , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use
19.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 22(6): 49-55, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891111

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficiency of compensatory orthodontic treatment of patients with mild Class III malocclusion with two preadjusted bracket systems. Method: Fifty-six matched patients consecutively treated for mild Class III malocclusion through compensatory dentoalveolar movements were retrospectively evaluated after analysis of orthodontic records. The sample was divided into two groups according to the brackets used: Group 1 = non-Class III compensated preadjusted brackets, Roth prescription (n = 28); Group 2 = compensated Class III preadjusted brackets, Capelozza III prescription (n = 28). Cephalometric analysis, number of appointments and missed appointments, months using Class III elastics, and bond/band failures were considered. Treatment time, Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) index at the beginning (PAR T1) and end of treatment (PAR T2) were used to calculate treatment efficiency. Comparison was performed using a MANOVA at p< 0.05. Results: Missed appointments, bond or band failures, number of months using the Class III intermaxillary elastics, and cephalometric measurements showed no statistically significant difference (p> 0.05) between groups. Patients treated with Roth brackets had a treatment time 7 months longer (p= 0.01). Significant improvement in the patient's occlusion (PAR T2-T1) was observed for both groups without difference (p= 0.22). Conclusions: Orthodontic brackets designed for compensation of mild Class III malocclusions appear to be more efficient than non-compensated straight-wire prescription brackets. Treatment time for Class III patients treated with brackets designed for compensation was shorter than with Roth prescription and no difference in the quality of the occlusal outcome was observed. A prospective randomized study is suggested to provide a deeper look into this subject.


RESUMO Objetivo: o objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a eficiência do tratamento ortodôntico compensatório de pacientes com má oclusão de Classe III suave usando dois diferentes sistemas de braquetes pré-ajustados. Métodos: foram avaliados retrospectivamente, após análise de registros ortodônticos, cinquenta e seis pacientes tratados consecutivamente de má oclusão de Classe III, por meio de movimentos de compensação dentária. A amostra foi dividida em dois grupos, de acordo com os braquetes utilizados: Grupo 1 - braquetes pré-ajustados não compensatórios para Classe III, prescrição Roth (n = 28); Grupo 2 - braquetes pré-ajustados para tratamento compensatório de Classe III, prescrição Capelozza Padrão III (n = 28). Considerou-se a análise cefalométrica, número de consultas realizadas e de consultas perdidas, meses de uso dos elásticos intermaxilares de Classe III e quebras de braquetes/bandas. Foram utilizados para calcular a eficiência do tratamento: tempo de tratamento, índice PAR (Peer Assessment Rating) ao início (PAR T1) e fim de tratamento (PAR T2). A comparação intergrupos foi realizada com o teste MANOVA, a p< 0,05. Resultados: não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa (p> 0,05) entre os grupos quanto às medidas cefalométricas, número de consultas perdidas, quebras de braquetes/bandas e tempo de uso dos elásticos de Classe III. Os pacientes tratados com braquetes Roth tiveram tempo de tratamento sete meses maior (p= 0,01). Observou-se melhora significativa na oclusão dos pacientes (PAR T2-T1) para ambos os grupos, sem diferença estatística significativa (p= 0,22). Conclusão: os braquetes ortodônticos projetados para compensação das más oclusões de Classe III parecem ser mais eficientes do que os pré-ajustados não compensatórios. O tempo de tratamento para pacientes Classe III tratados com braquetes projetados para compensação foi menor do que com a prescrição Roth, e nenhuma diferença na qualidade da oclusão final foi observada. Sugere-se um estudo prospectivo randomizado, para fornecer uma visão mais profunda sobre esse assunto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Orthodontic Appliances , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Orthodontic Brackets , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Time Factors , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Cephalometry , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Orthodontic Appliance Design
20.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 22(6): 99-109, Nov.-Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891104

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: In dental practice, low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) are mainly used for dental surgery and biostimulation therapy. Within the Orthodontic specialty, while LLLT has been widely used to treat pain associated with orthodontic movement, accelerate bone regeneration after rapid maxillary expansion, and enhance orthodontic tooth movement, HILT, in turn, has been seen as an alternative for addressing soft tissue complications associated to orthodontic treatment. Objective: The aim of this study is to discuss HILT applications in orthodontic treatment. Methods: This study describes the use of HILT in surgical treatments such as gingivectomy, ulotomy, ulectomy, fiberotomy, labial and lingual frenectomies, as well as hard tissue and other dental restorative materials applications. Conclusion: Despite the many applications for lasers in Orthodontics, they are still underused by Brazilian practitioners. However, it is quite likely that this demand will increase over the next years - following the trend in the USA, where laser therapies are more widely used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Orthodontics/instrumentation , Orthodontics/methods , Laser Therapy/instrumentation , Laser Therapy/methods , Surgery, Oral/instrumentation , Surgery, Oral/methods , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Low-Level Light Therapy/instrumentation , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Gingivectomy/instrumentation
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