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1.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 195-204, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292500

ABSTRACT

Desde los sesentas, con la invención del vidrio bioactivo, los tratamientos de remineralización se han popularizado entre los cirujanos dentistas y su utilización es cada vez mayor; la remineralización, en conjunto con las adecuadas medidas de higiene preventiva, representa uno de los mejores abordajes mínimamente invasivos y a un costo comparativamente bajo. Este estudio documental tiene por objetivo establecer una mejor comprensión del uso clínico de los biomateriales que inducen la remineralización de la superficie del esmalte dental y dentina. Se realizó una exploración utilizando motores de búsqueda (bases de datos en PubMed, Medigraphic, y Science Direct). El proceso de localización de los estudios relevantes se efectuó introduciendo palabras clave como: silicatos de calcio, fosfopéptidos de caseína-fosfato de calcio amorfo, remineralización, esmalte y dentina, incluyéndose en el procedimiento artículos de antigüedad no superior a siete años, en español e inglés, publicados en revistas científicas aprobadas por pares.Actualmente, no es posible remineralizar del todo la estructura dentaria, por lo cual, en un futuro cercano, los esfuerzos de la odontología de remineralización deben apuntar al desarrollo de agentes biomiméticos inteligentes que restauren al cien por ciento la estructura dental perdida (AU)


Since the sixties, with the invention of bioactive glass, remineralization treatments have become popular among dental surgeons. Their usage is increasing; remineralization, in conjunction with appropriate preventive hygiene measures, represents one of the best minimally invasive treatments at a relatively low cost. This documentary study aims to establish a better understanding of the clinical use of biomaterials that induce remineralization of the surface of teeth enamel and dentin. A search was conducted using search engines (PubMed and Medigraphic databases, and Science Direct). The search process for the relevant studies was carried out by introducing keywords such as calcium silicates, phosphopeptides of amorphous calcium casein-phosphate, remineralization, enamel and dentin, including in the search articles no older than seven years in Spanish and English published in scientific reviewed journals. Currently, it is not possible to completely remineralize the dentary structure so, in the near future, remineralization dentistry efforts should aim to develop (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Remineralization/instrumentation , Biocompatible Materials , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Dentin/drug effects , Phosphopeptides/therapeutic use , Caseins , Calcarea Silicata/therapeutic use
2.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 6(1): 62-66, abr. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354547

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dental fluorosis manifests clinically as white to brown spots on the enamel teeth that were exposed to excessive fluoride during the formation process. Esthetic treatments were described in the literature to reduce or eliminate the fluorotic stains on the enamel surface. Objective: The aim of this study is to present an alternative treatment for fluorosis-stained teeth. Case report: This case report describes the clinical performance of a treatment of a 12-year-old male patient whose teeth presented moderate fluorosis. This treatment is based on tooth demineralization and remineralization. The material has an acid phase made by hydrochloric acid with tricarboxylic acid, and an alkaline phase made by Calcium Hydroxide. Results: This pain less and fast treatment presented good results. The treatment eliminated the spots during the follow-up and preserved most of the dental structure, improving the appearance of the patient's teeth. Conclusion: The appearance of the treated enamel showed a surface almost completely free of fluorotic stains, demonstrating the satisfactory results of this treatment.


Introdução: A fluorose dentária manifesta-se clinicamente como manchas brancas a marrons no esmalte de dentes expostos ao excesso de flúor durante o processo de formação. Tratamentos estéticos foram descritos na literatura para reduzir ou eliminar as manchas fluoróticas na superfície do esmalte. Objetivo: Apresentar uma alternativa de tratamento para dentes manchados por fluorose dentária. Relato do caso: Este relato de caso descreve o desempenho clínico do tratamento para dentes com fluorose moderada em um paciente de 12 anos. Esse tratamento foi baseado numa técnica de desmineralização e remineralização do dente. O material possui uma fase ácida composta por ácido clorídrico com ácido tricarboxílico, e uma fase alcalina composta por Hidróxido de Cálcio. Resultados: Observou-se que esse tratamento, sem dor e rápido, apresentou resultados satisfatórios, pois eliminou as manchas durante o acompanhamento. Além disso, preservou ao máximo a estrutura dentária, beneficiando o paciente com uma melhor aparência dos seus dentes. Conclusão: O aspecto do esmalte tratado mostrou uma superfície quase sem manchas fluoróticas, demonstrando resultados satisfatórios deste tratamento.


Subject(s)
Fluorosis, Dental , Tooth Remineralization , Calcium Hydroxide , Dental Care , Tooth Demineralization , Dental Enamel , Hydrochloric Acid
3.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143387

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the remineralizing potential of a hydrocolloid-based, controlled fluoride-releasing system added to dentifrice formulas. Material and Methods: Sixty-five human enamel blocks were prepared and the surface microhardness (SH0) values were determined. The artificial caries lesions were induced and the demineralization surface microhardness (SH1) was evaluated. The blocks were randomly allocated into five groups (n = 13): (1) 100-TGF (100% NaF with Tara gum added); (2) 50-TGF (50% free NaF + 50% NaF with Tara gum added); (3) 100% TG (100% Tara gum without fluoride); (4) 100% NaF (positive control); and (5) placebo (without Tara gum and NaF). The blocks were submitted to 7 days pH cycling and treated with dentifrice slurries twice a day. Finally, surface hardness (SH2) was assessed and the percentage of surface hardness recovery (%SMHR) was calculated. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Bonferroni test was used for statistical analysis. Results: A positive %SMHR was found in the 100% NaF (5.07) and 50-TGF (0.64) groups, while the 100-TGF (-1.38), 100% TG (-3.88) and placebo (-0.52) did not undergo remineralization. Statistically significant differences were observed between 100% NaF and all the groups except for 50-TGF (p<0.05). Conclusion: The presence of hydrocolloid (Tara gum) promoted minimal remineralization when associated with NaF. In the applied model, Tara gum may have compromised remineralization, preventing free fluoride from acting effectively in the carious lesion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Remineralization/instrumentation , Toothpastes/administration & dosage , Biomedical and Dental Materials , In Vitro Techniques , Fluorides , Polymers , Brazil/epidemiology , Double-Blind Method , Analysis of Variance , Data Interpretation, Statistical
4.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 76 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362534

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o potencial protetor contra a desmineralização e o efeito remineralizante de dentifrícios experimentais contendo diferentes concentrações de partículas de vidro ionomérico pré-reagido (S-PRG - surface prereacted glass ionomer cement). Adicionalmente, o potencial antimicrobiano foi avaliado. Foram preparados 168 espécimes cilíndricos (4mm - diâmetro; 2mm - altura) de esmalte bovino hígido e polido para avaliação do potencial protetor (n=84) e remineralizante (n=84). Estes foram estratificados nos seguintes grupos de tratamento (n=12), de acordo com a concentração das partículas bioativas (S-PGR) incorporadas nos dentifrícios: 0%; 1%; 5%; 20% e 30%. Um dentifrício contendo NaF (1450 µg F/mL) foi utilizado como controle positivo e a água ultrapurificada foi utilizada como controle negativo. Os tratamentos com as suspensões de dentifrícios (1:3 com saliva artificial) foram realizados 2x/dia ­ 5 min/8 dias, intercalados com a ciclagem des/remineralizante. Para avaliação do potencial protetor dos tratamentos contra a desmineralização, os espécimes foram imersos em solução desmineralizante por 4 h e em solução remineralizante por 20 h. Para a avaliação do potencial remineralizante dos dentifrícios, os espécimes foram submetidos à formação de lesão de mancha branca artificial em solução desmineralizante por 20 h e então foram submetidos aos mesmos tratamentos e ciclagem des/re (2 h em solução des e 22 h em solução re). Após a ciclagem, os espécimes foram analisados quanto a dureza superficial, subsuperficial. Adicionalmente, o pH da suspensão de dentifrício preparada em água destilada foi determinado. A avaliação do efeito dos dentifrícios sobre a adesão bacteriana e crescimento do biofilme foi realizada por meio de testes em uma cepa padrão de S. mutans (UA159) e em uma cepa clínica de S mutans. Para cada cepa, 35 espécimes de esmalte bovino polido (6mm - diâmetro; 2mm - altura) foram distribuídos aleatoriamente nos mesmos grupos de tratamento (n=5), porém para a avaliação do efeito antimicrobiano, um dentifrício contendo 1450 µg F/mL + triclosan foi utilizado como controle positivo. Os espécimes foram tratados com as suspensões (5 min) e então inseridos em uma placa contendo sacarose, saliva artificial e uma suspensão S. mutans (padrão e clínica) para permitir a formação do biofilme. Então, foi realizada a contagem de unidades formadoras de colônias por mL (UFC/mL) após 48 h. O efeito antimicrobiano sobre um biofilme recém-formado e maduro também foi avaliado. Para isso, 35 blocos de esmalte bovino foram distribuídos aleatoriamente nos sete grupos citados anteriormente (n=5). Os espécimes foram inseridos em uma placa contendo sacarose, saliva artificial e uma suspensão S. mutans para permitir a adesão bacteriana. Após 4 h e 24 h da formação inicial do biofilme, os espécimes foram tratados com um dos dentifrícios contendo diferentes concentrações de S-PRG e controles e retornaram ao meio de cultura. Após 48 h, a contagem de UFC/mL foi realizada. Análises estatísticas independentes foram realizadas entre os grupos para cada estudo. Os dados foram analisados com ANOVA e teste de Tukey (5%). Os dentifrícios contendo S-PRG apresentaram potencial protetor contra a desmineralização e o dentifrício com 30% S-PRG foi o mais eficaz, diferindo do controle positivo (p<0,05). Para a remineralização, dentifrícios contendo S-PRG diferiram do controle negativo (p<0,05), mas não diferiram entre si e não foram superiores ao dentifrício contendo NaF. Uma diminuição significativa na adesão de microrganismos foi observada para todos os grupos tratados com os dentifrícios contendo S-PRG e para a cepa UA159 os dentifrícios com 20 e 30%S-PRG apresentaram efeito superior ao dentifrício contendo NaF+Triclosan (p<0,05). Efeito antimicrobiano sobre o biofilme recém-formado (4 h) também foi observado para os grupos tratados com dentifrícios contendo S-PRG, mas não foi observado efeito superior ao dentifrício contendo NaF+Triclosan (p>0,05). Para o biofilme maduro, efeito antimicrobiano dos dentifrícios contendo S-PRG foi observado apenas para a cepa clínica (p<0.05), sendo inferior ao exercido pelo controle positivo. Concluiu-se que os dentifrícios contendo S-PRG apresentam capacidade de proteger o esmalte contra a desmineralização, bem como capacidade remineralizante, além de serem capazes de impedir a adesão bacteriana e atuar sobre o crescimento do biofilme cariogênico.


The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective, remineralizing, and antimicrobial potential of experimental toothpastes containing different concentrations of pre-reacted glass ionomer particles (S-PRG). Cylindrical specimens (n=84, 4mm- diameter, 2mm-height) of sound and polished bovine enamel were prepared to evaluate the protective and remineralizing potential of the toothpastes. These were stratified into the following treatment groups (n=12), according to the concentration of bioactive particles (S-PGR) incorporated to the toothpastes: 0%; 1%; 5%; 20%; and 30%. A toothpaste containing 1450 µg F/mL was used as a positive control and distilled water as a negative control. Treatments with toothpastes' slurries (1:3 with artificial saliva) were performed 2x/day - 5 min / 8 days, interposed with de/remineralization cycling. To evaluate the protective potential of the toothpastes, specimens were immersed in demineralizing solution for 4 h and in a remineralizing solution for 20 h. To evaluate the remineralizing potential of toothpastes, the specimens were submitted to the formation of white spot lesion in demineralizing solution for 20 h and then submitted to the same treatments de- and remineralizing pH-cycling (2 h in de- and 22 h in remineralizing solution). Specimens were analysed for surface and cross-sectional hardness. Additionally, the pH of the slurries prepared in deionized water was assessed. The effect of toothpastes over microorganisms adhesion and their antimicrobial potential over a newly formed and mature biofilms were also evaluated. To evaluate the effect of toothpastes on microorganisms adhesion and biofilm development, two different studies were performed using a S mutans strain (UA159) and a S mutans clinical strain. 35 specimens of polished bovine enamel (6mm- diameter, 2mm-height) were randomly distributed in the same treatment groups (n=5). The specimens were treated with the suspensions and then inserted into a plate containing sucrose, artificial saliva and a standard suspension of S. mutans to allow microorganisms adhesion and then colony forming units per ml (CFU/mL) counting was performed after 48 h. The antimicrobial effect on a newly formed and mature biofilms was also evaluated. For this, 35 blocks of bovine enamel were randomly distributed into the seven previously mentioned groups (n=5). The specimens were inserted into a plate containing sucrose, artificial saliva and a standard suspension of S. mutans to allow biofilm formation. After 4 h and 24 h of the initial formation of the biofilm, the specimens were treated with one of the toothpastes containing different concentrations of S-PRG and were return to the culture medium. After 48 h the CFU/mL counting were performed. Independent statistical analyses were performed for each study. Data were analysed with ANOVA and Tukey test (5%). The S-PRG containing toothpastes presented protective potential and the 30% S-PRG was the most effective, differing from the positive control (p<0.05). For remineralization, toothpastes containing S-PRG differed from the negative control and 0% S-PRG (p<0.05), but did not differ from each other and were not superior to toothpaste containing NaF (p>0.05). A significant decrease in the adhesion of microorganisms was observed for all groups treated with the S-PRG containing toothpastes and for the UA159 strain the 20 and 30% S-PRG toothpastes had a superior effect than the NaF+Triclosan (p<0.05). Antimicrobial effect on the newly formed biofilm (4 h) was also observed for the groups treated with S-PRG, but no greater effect was observed than that of NaF+Triclosan (p>0.05). For mature biofilm, antimicrobial effect of S-PRG toothpastes was observed only for the clinical strain (p<0.05), and were inferior than NaF+Triclosan toothpaste. It could be concluded that, toothpastes containing S-PRG presented higher efficacy in protecting enamel against demineralization and in promoting remineralization, as well as inhibiting the cariogenic biofilm developmen


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Remineralization , Materials Testing , Tooth Demineralization , Dental Plaque , Dentifrices , Saliva, Artificial , Toothpastes , Analysis of Variance , Dental Caries , Dental Enamel
5.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 116 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362020

ABSTRACT

Os objetivos deste estudo foram comparar três materiais bioativos a uma resina bulk fill convencional (controle), quanto à adesão bacteriana e alterações ópticas, quando expostos a solução corante e escovação simulada; como também, avaliar o esmalte adjacente a restaurações com esses materiais, quando submetidas ao envelhecimento térmico e a desafio cariogênico. Para determinação da adesão bacteriana (fase 1), foram confeccionadas 10 amostras de cada grupo: AB: Activa Bioactive Restorative (PulpdentTM Corporation, USA); BB: Beautifil Bulk (Shofu inc., Kyoto, Japan); EQ: Equia Forte (GC América Inc., Illinois, EUA) e FBC: Filtek Bulk Fill (3M ESPE, Saint Paul, Minessota, EUA 3M). Após a polimerização, as amostras foram armazenadas por 48h e então expostas a cepa padrão de Streptococcus mutans (UA 159) e determinado o número de unidades formadoras de colônia (UFC/ml). Foram então autoclavadas e submetidas diariamente a ciclos de pigmentação por café e escovação simulada, durante 30 dias, seguidos de uma segunda adesão bacteriana. Alterações de cor e translucidez foram avaliadas após esses ciclos. Os dados foram submetidos à ANOVA dois fatores e teste de Tukey (5%). Para avaliação do esmalte (fase 2), foram utilizadas as faces vestibulares e linguais de 50 terceiros molares humanos distribuídas aleatoriamente em 5 grupos (n=20): grupo EH: esmalte hígido (controle) e, 4 grupos que receberam preparos cavitários padronizados restaurados com os mesmos materiais utilizados na fase 1. Os espécimes foram expostos à termociclagem (10.000 ciclos) e desafio cariogênico. A microdureza do esmalte foi medida inicialmente, após termociclagem e após o desafio cariogênico. Os dados foram submetidos a ANOVA dois fatores de medidas repetidas e teste de Tukey (5%). Os resultados apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre os grupos para as adesões bacterianas; sendo que na primeira, o grupo AB (6,2 log) apresentou o menor valor. Na segunda adesão, o grupo FBC manteve seu crescimento estável (7,5 log). Os grupos AB e EQ (9,4 e 9,2 log) apresentaram médias superiores as da primeira adesão (6,2 e 7,6 log respectivamente). O grupo BB (6,7 log) mostrou a menor adesão bacteriana. Diferenças na cor não foram estatisticamente significantes entre os grupos, no entanto, todos materiais mostraram alteração de cor perceptível (∆E> 2,7) após os ciclos de exposição ao café e escovação. A translucidez foi estatisticamente diferente entre os grupos, mas não foi influenciada pelos ciclos. A microdureza do esmalte diminuiu para todos os grupos após a termociclagem. Os grupos FBC e EH apresentaram as menores médias de microdureza (178,78/ 202,83 kgf); os grupos AB e BB (240,82/ 265,34 kgf), foram estatisticamente semelhantes; e o grupo EQ apresentou a maior média (274,18 kgf). Uma diminuição da microdureza aconteceu após o desafio cariogênico, exceto para o grupo EQ (244,73 kgf). Os grupos FBC e EH (117,18/ 112,97 kgf), não apresentaram diferenças estatísticas entre eles, com as menores médias de microdureza; e, os grupos BB e AB (211,32/ 171,14 kgf) apresentaram diferenças estatísticas em relação aos demais grupos. Podemos concluir que: os materiais bioativos interferiram na adesão bacteriana por Streptococcus mutans, e foram susceptíveis aos ciclos de pigmentação e escovação; a imersão no café e escovação simulada alteraram a cor, mas não a translucidez de todos os materiais; a termociclagem reduziu a dureza superficial do esmalte adjacente a todas as restaurações nesse estudo; e que, o desafio cariogêncio reduziu a dureza do esmalte exceto para o grupo EQ, que apresentou manutenção da sua dureza, mostrando seu potencial de influenciar a resistência do esmalte à desmineralização.


The aim of this study was to compare three bioactive materials to a conventional resin, regarding bacterial adhesion and optical changes, when exposed to dye solution and simulated brushing; as well as evaluate the enamel adjacent to restorations with these materials, when submitted to thermal aging and cariogenic challenge. To determine bacterial adhesion (phase 1), 10 samples of each material were prepared: AB: Activa Bioactive Restorative (Pulpdent™ Corporation, USA); BB: Beautifil Bulk (Shofu inc., Kyoto, Japan); EQ: Equia Forte (GC America Inc., Illinois, USA) and FBC: Filtek Bulk Fill (3M ESPE, Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA 3M). After 48 hours the samples were exposed to a standard strain of Streptococcus mutans (UA 159) and the number of colony forming units (CFU/ml) determined. They were then autoclaved and submitted daily to coffee pigmentation and simulated brushing cycles, for 30 days, followed by a second bacterial adhesion. Color and translucency changes were assessed after these cycles. Data were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey test (5%). For enamel evaluation (phase 2), buccal and lingual surfaces of 50 human third molars were randomly distributed into 5 groups (n=20): EH group: sound enamel (control) and 4 groups that received standardized cavity preparations restored with the same materials in phase. Specimens were exposed to thermocycling (10,000 cycles) and cariogenic challenge. Enamel microhardness was measured initially, after thermocycling and after cariogenic challenge. Data were submitted to Two-way Repeated Measures ANOVA and Tukey test (5%). Bacterial adhesion results showed statistically significant differences among groups; in the first adhesion, AB group (6.2 log) presented the lowest bacterial growth. In the second one, group FBC maintained its growth (7.5 log). AB and EQ groups (9.3 log) presented higher growth than before the treatments (6.2 and 7.6 log respectively). BB group (6.7 log) showed the lowest bacterial adhesion. Color differences were not statistically significant among groups; however, noticeable color change (∆E> 2.7) was seen for all materials after the coffee and brushing cycles. Translucency was statistically different among the groups but was not influenced by the cycles. Enamel microhardness decreased for all groups after thermocycling. FBC group and EH group, showed the lowest microhardness averages (178.78/202.83 kgf); AB and BB groups (240.82/265.34 kgf) were statistically similar; and EQ group had the highest average (274.18 kgf). A decrease in microhardness occurred after the cariogenic challenge for all materials, except for the EQ group (244.73 kgf). FBC and EH groups (117.18/112.97 kgf) did not present statistical differences between them, showing the lowest microhardness averages; and, groups BB and AB (211.32/ 171.14 kgf), were statistically different to the other groups. We can conclude that: bioactive materials interfered with bacterial adhesion by Streptococcus mutans, and were susceptible to pigmentation and brushing cycles; immersion in coffee and simulated brushing changed color, but not translucency for all materials; thermocycling reduced surface hardness of the enamel adjacent to all restorations in this study; and that cariogenic challenge also reduced enamel hardness, except for the EQ group, which maintained its hardness, showing its potential to influence enamel resistance demineralization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Streptococcus mutans , Tooth Remineralization , Biocompatible Materials , Dental Caries , Resins, Synthetic , Pigmentation , Analysis of Variance , Color
6.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4, suppl 1): 1-7, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352596

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este estudo in vitro objetivou caracterizar o teor de minerais e a morfologia das partículas de um dentifrício fluoretado contendo tecnologia REFIX e o teor de minerais e a morfologia da superfície do esmalte tratada com este produto. Material e Métodos: Blocos de esmalte bovino (n=5) foram obtidos (4×4×6 mm), desmineralizados (lesão de cárie artificial) e tratados (ciclagem de pH e escovação com dentifrício). Durante a ciclagem de pH de 7 dias (desmineralização e remineralização levaram 6 h e 18 h, respectivamente), o esmalte foi escovado por 5 min com uma escova dental elétrica antes de ser imerso em uma solução de remineralização. Avaliou-se a micromorfologia e os níveis elementares (% em peso) dos íons presentes no dentifrício e na camada formada sobre o esmalte após o tratamento. A morfologia da superfície foi avaliada por meio de microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). As análises elementares foram realizadas usando um espectrômetro de energia dispersiva de raios-X (EDS). Resultados: A análise por MEV do dentifrício demonstrou uma distribuição de tamanho uniforme de partículas de forma regular que foram organizados esparsamente em "nanoclusters". A análise elementar da formulação do dentifrício demonstrou a presença de Si (silício), Na (sódio), P (fósforo) e F (flúor), entre outros. Observou-se também uma camada mineral na superfície de esmalte com espessura uniforme consistente em torno de 14 µm. Conclusão: De acordo com os resultados, conclui-se que a tecnologia REFIX modifica a superfície e subsuperfície da estrutura do esmalte, formando uma camada mineral rica em silício. (AU)


Objective: This in vitro study aimed at characterizing the mineral content and filler particle morphology of a fluoridated toothpaste containing REFIX technology and the mineral content and the morphology of the enamel surface treated with this product. Material and Methods: Bovine enamel blocks (n=5) were obtained (4×4×6 mm), demineralized (artificial caries lesion), and treated (pH cycling and brushing with the toothpaste). During the pH cycling, which lasted for 7 days (demineralization and remineralization took 6 h and 18 h, respectively), the enamel was brushed for 5 min using an electric toothbrush before being immersed in a remineralization solution. We evaluated the micromorphology and elemental levels (wt%) of ions present in the toothpaste and on the layer formed over the enamel following the treatment. The surface morphology was assessed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The elemental analyses were performed using an energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS). Results: Scanning electron micrographs of the toothpaste demonstrated a uniform size distribution of regular-shaped fillers sparsely organized in nanoclusters. Elemental analysis of the toothpaste's formulation demonstrated the presence of Si (silicon), Na (sodium), P (phosphorus), and F (fluorine), among others. We also detected a mineral layer that had formed on the treated enamel surface; the layer had a consistent uniform thickness of ~14 µm. Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be stated that REFIX technology modifies the surface and subsurface of the enamel structure, forming a Si-rich mineral layer. (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Remineralization , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dental Enamel , Dentifrices
7.
Rev. ADM ; 77(6): 301-305, nov.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151065

ABSTRACT

A finales de 2019 se identificó el virus SARS-CoV-2 (por su significado en inglés Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) como agente etiológico de la COVID-19 (por su significado en inglés coronavirus disease 2019) en la ciudad de Wuhan, China. Debido a su rápida propagación al resto del mundo durante el primer trimestre del año 2020, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) la declaró pandemia mundial en marzo del mismo año. Por el potencial de contagio de COVID-19 se ha considerado que el entorno clínico en el que se desenvuelve la odontología puede ser de alto riesgo para el paciente, el odontólogo y sus asistentes si no se tienen las medidas de bioseguridad adecuadas. En un principio se vieron suspendidas las consultas regulares; sin embargo, al volver a la actividad laboral se han adaptado protocolos para el control de infecciones como reforzar el uso de barreras de protección y minimizar tratamientos que involucren aerosoles. La caries es uno de los principales motivos de consulta en la odontología pediátrica, por lo que en este escrito se sugieren algunos protocolos basados en la mínima invasión que prescinden de instrumental rotatorio para salvaguardar al paciente en riesgo de contagio, reduciendo el número de visitas y tiempo en consulta e incluso controlando algunos aspectos de salud bucal fuera de consulta clínica por medio de estrategias preventivas que pueden llevarse a cabo desde casa. Esto significa también mantener la tranquilidad por parte de los tutores del paciente ante la pandemia que se vive actualmente (AU)


At the end of 2019, the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was identified as the etiological agent of COVID-19 in the city of Wuhan China. Due to its rapid spread to the rest of the world during the first trimester of 2020, the WHO declared a global pandemic in March of the same year. Due to the contagion potential of COVID-19, it has been considered that the clinical environment in which dentistry operates may be in high risk for the patient if the appropriate biosafety measures are not taken, initially clinical practices were suspended. However, when returning to work, protocols have been adapted to the infection control procedures, reinforced the use of protective barriers, and minimize treatments that involve aerosols. Caries is one of the main reasons for consultation in Pediatric Dentistry, this article suggests some protocols based on minimal invasion that dispense with rotating instruments to safeguard the patient from the risk of contagion, reducing the number of visits and time in consultation and even controlling some aspects of the oral health outside the dental visit through preventive strategies that can be carried out from home. Modifications to Dental Home. This should include maintaining tranquility and calm on the part of the patient's tutors in the face of the pandemic that we are currently experiencing (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Coronavirus Infections , Dental Care for Children/methods , Aerosols , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Tooth Remineralization , Clinical Protocols , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Risk Factors , Composite Resins , Infection Control, Dental/methods , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(2): 164-170, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132289

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a single application of a new calcium mesoporous silica nanoparticle (Ca2+-MSN) versus other calcium and/or fluoride products against dental erosion. Enamel blocks were half-covered and assigned to six groups (n = 10): Ca2+-MSNs; casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate mousse (CPP-ACP); CPP-ACP/F− (900 ppm F−); titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4 1%); sodium fluoride (NaF 1.36%); and Milli-Q® water (negative control). A single application for each product was completed on the exposed areas of the blocks and were submitted to an erosive challenge. Differences in volumetric roughness (Sa), and tooth structure loss (TSL) by use of three-dimensional noncontact optical profilometry were evaluate. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was performed. Analysis of variance and Tukey's test for Sa and the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests (p< 0.05) for TSL, respectively. Results: When evaluating Sa, all products presented differences in roughness when compared with the control group (p< 0.05) but not with each other (p > 0.05). However, when analyzing the TSL, it was observed that Ca2+-MSNs, TiF4, and NaF were more effective in preventing dental erosion versus CPP-ACP, CPP-ACP/F−, and Milli-Q® water (p< 0.05). In the SEM images, the negative control presented the worst loss of dental structure, with more porous enamel. Ca2+-MSNs were as effective as TiF4 and NaF to reduce the tooth structure loss.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os efeitos de uma única aplicação de uma nova nanopartícula de sílica mesoporosa de cálcio (Ca2+ -MSN) versus outros produtos à base de cálcio e / ou fluoreto contra a erosão dentária. Blocos de esmalte foram parcialmente cobertos e distribuídos em seis grupos (n = 10): Ca2+ -MSNs; fosfopeptídeos de caseína/fosfato de cálcio amorfo (CPP-ACP); CPP-ACP / F- (900 ppm F-); tetrafluoreto de titânio (TiF4 1%); fluoreto de sódio (NaF 1,36%); e água Milli-Q® (controle negativo). Uma única aplicação para cada produto foi realizada nas áreas expostas dos blocos e submetida a desafio erosivo. Diferenças na rugosidade volumétrica (Sa) e na perda de estrutura dentária (TSL) por meio de perfilometria tridimensional de não contato foram avaliadas. Microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) foi realizada. Foram realizadas análise de variância e teste de Tukey para os testes Sa e Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney (p<0,05) para TSL, respectivamente. Na avaliação de Sa, todos os produtos apresentaram diferenças de rugosidade quando comparados ao grupo controle (p<0,05), mas não entre si (p> 0,05). No entanto, ao analisar o TSL, observou-se que Ca2+ -MSNs, TiF4 e NaF foram mais eficazes na prevenção da erosão dental versus CPP-ACP, CPP-ACP / F- e Milli-Q® (p<0,05). Nas imagens de MEV, o controle negativo apresentou a pior perda de estrutura dentária, com o esmalte mais poroso. A Ca2+ -MSNs foi tão eficaz quanto o TiF4 e o NaF para reduzir a perda da estrutura dentária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Erosion , Fluorides , Sodium Fluoride , Tooth Remineralization , Caseins , Calcium , Silicon Dioxide , Dental Enamel
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(2): 157-163, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132281

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study assessed the effectiveness of models for developing subsurface caries lesions in vitro and verified mineral changes by transverse microradiography (TMR). Enamel blocks from permanent (n=5) and deciduous teeth (n=5) were submitted to lesion induction by immersion in demineralizing solutions during 96 h, followed by pH cycles of demineralization (de) and remineralization (re) for 10 days. Two de-/re solutions were tested. Demineralizing solution "A" was composed by 2.2 mM CaCl2, 2.2 mM KH2PO4, 0.05 M acetic acid, with pH 4.4 adjusted by 1 M KOH. Demineralizing solution "B" was composed by 2.2 mM CaCl2, 2.2 mM NaH2PO4, 0.05 M acetic acid and 0.25 ppmF, with pH 4.5 adjusted by 1M KOH. Solution "A" produced cavitated lesions in permanent teeth, whereas solution "B" led to subsurface lesions in deciduous teeth. Solution "B" was then tested in enamel blocks from permanent teeth (n=5) and subsurface lesions were obtained, so that solution "B" was employed for both substrates, and the blocks were treated with slurries of a fluoride dentifrice (1450 ppm F, as NaF, n=5) or a fluoride-free dentifrice (n=5). Solution "B" produced subsurface lesions in permanent and primary teeth of an average (±SD) depth of 88.4µm (±14.3) and 89.3µm (±15.8), respectively. TMR analysis demonstrated that lesions treated with fluoride-free dentifrice had significantly greater mineral loss. This study concluded that solution "B" developed subsurface lesions after pH cycling, and that mineral changes were successfully assessed by TMR.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a efetividade de modelos para o desenvolvimento de lesões de cárie subsuperficiais in vitro e verificou alterações minerais por microradiografia transversal (TMR). Blocos de esmalte de dentes permanentes (n = 5) e decíduos (n = 5) foram submetidos à indução de lesão por imersão em soluções desmineralizadoras durante 96h, seguido de ciclos de pH de desmineralização e remineralização por 10 dias. Duas soluções des-/re foram testadas. A solução desmineralizadora "A" foi composta por 2,2 mM de CaCl2, 2,2 mM de KH2PO4, 0,05 M de ácido acético, com pH de 4,4 ajustado por 1 M de KOH. A solução desmineralizadora "B" foi composta por 2,2 mM de CaCl2, 2,2 mM de NaH2PO4, 0,05 M de ácido acético e 0,25 ppmF, com pH de 4,5 ajustado por 1 M de KOH. A solução "A" produziu lesões cavitadas em dentes permanentes, enquanto a solução "B" apresentou lesões subsuperficiais em dentes decíduos. Portanto, a solução "B" foi posteriormente usada em blocos de esmalte de dentes permanentes (n = 5) e lesões subsuperficiais foram obtidas. Portanto, a solução "B" foi empregada para ambos os substratos, sendo metade deles tratada com dentifrício fluoretado e a outra metade com dentifrício livre de flúor. A solução "B" produziu lesões subsuperficiais de cárie com profundidade de 88.4µm (14.3) em dentes permanentes e com 89.3 µm (15.8) em dentes decíduos e TMR demonstrou que lesões tratadas com dentifrício sem flúor tiveram maior perda mineral. Este estudo concluiu que a solução "B" desenvolveu lesões subsuperficiais após o ciclo de pH e as alterações minerais foram avaliadas com sucesso por TMR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Demineralization , Dental Caries , Dentifrices , Tooth Remineralization , Cariostatic Agents , Dental Enamel , Fluorides , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
10.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 22(1): 71-79, ene.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091507

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to explore the remineralizing effect of toothpastes based on Xilitol, Camellia Sinensis and Juniperus Communis. An in vitro experimental study was carried out in an 18 human premolars sample, which were treated with one of the 3 evaluated toothpastes and a control fluoride one. The atomic percentages of Ca and P were evaluated by Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). In addition, the enamel surface of treated teeth was visualized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The evaluations were carried out in three stages: pre-treatment, after an artificial demineralization process and after the treatment with the toothpastes. In the statistical analysis, the one-way ANOVA and Pearson correlation tests were used. Xilitol and Juniperus Communis showed the greatest gain of P ions compared to the control group (p<0.01). As for Ca, the group treated with xylitol-based toothpaste showed more ion gain compared with the control group (p<0.01). In the Pearson correlation test between Ca and P, statistically significant correlations were observed in all groups (p<0.01), ranging between r=0.7413 (Xylitol Group) and r=0.9510 (Control Group). We concluded that Xylitol paste showed the highest remineralizing property, both in the EDS analysis and in the SEM images.


RESUMEN El objetivo de este studio fue explorer el efecto remineralizante de las cremas dentales compuestas de Xilitol, Camelia Sinensis y Juniperus Communis. Se llevó a cabo un estudio experimental in vitro en una muestra de 18 premolares humanos, los cuales fueron tratados con una de las tres pastas dentales evaluadas y una fluorada. Los porcentajes atomicos de Ca y P fueron evaluados por Espectroscopia de rayos X de energía dispersive (EDS). Además, la superficie del esmalte de los dientes tratados fue examinada por Microscopia Electronica de Barrido (SEM). Las evaluaciones fueron llevadas a cabo en tres etapas: pre-tratamiento, despues de un proceso artificial de desmineralizacion y después del tratamiento con las pastas dentales. Se usaron ANOVA de una via y correlacion de Pearson para el analisis estadistico. Xilitol y Juniperus Communis mostraron la mayor ganancia de iones P comparados con el grupo control (p<0.01), con rangos entre r=0.7413 (Grupo con Xylitol) and r=0.9510 (Group Control). Se concluyó que la pasta con Xilitol mostró las mayores propiedades remineralizantes, tanto en el analisis EDS y las imágenes SEM.


Subject(s)
Tooth Remineralization/methods , Toothpastes , Xylitol/therapeutic use , In Vitro Techniques , Juniperus , Camellia
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(1): 44-51, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089265

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the impact of using biomimetic analogs (poly-acrylic acid and sodium tri-meta-phosphate) on dentin remineralization using two cement materials, the first is calcium silicate based and the second is calcium hydroxide based materials. Two standardized occlusal cavities (mesial and distal) were prepared within dentin after removal of occlusal enamel. Artificial demineralized dentin was induced through pH cycling (8 h in demineralizing and 16 h in remineralizing solutions). Demineralized cavities were divided into four groups; two groups received cement materials. The other groups were first treated with biomimetic analogs then restored with pulp cement materials. Teeth were sectioned buccolingually into two halves. Treated cavities with analogs were stored in simulated body fluid containing poly-acrylic acid. Untreated cavities were stored in simulated body fluid only. Ground unstained sections of demineralized dentin were examined using light microscope. Specimens were examined after 1, 6 and 12 weeks of storage using energy dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX) and Vickers microhardness was evaluated. Two-way ANOVA was used to analyze data statistically. Calcium silicate-based cement group with biomimetic analogs showed the highest statistically significant calcium and phosphorous wt% in addition to highest surface hardness values after 12 weeks of storage. Demineralized dentin ground sections showed increase in light zones after total period of storage. Calcium silicate-based cement showed the best ability to enrich the artificial carious dentin with ions for remineralization. Using biomimetic analogs had a significant impact on demineralized dentin surface hardness improvement.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o impacto do uso de análogos biomiméticos (ácido poli-acrílico e tri-meta-fosfato de sódio) na remineralização da dentina usando dois materiais de cimento, o primeiro à base de silicato de cálcio e o segundo à base de hidróxido de cálcio. Duas cavidades oclusais padronizadas (mesial e distal) foram preparadas na dentina após a remoção do esmalte oclusal. A dentina desmineralizada artificial foi induzida por ciclagem de pH (8 h em soluções desmineralizantes e 16 h em soluções remineralizantes). Cavidades desmineralizadas foram divididas em quatro grupos; dois grupos receberam materiais de cimento. Os outros grupos foram tratados primeiro com análogos biomiméticos e depois restaurados com materiais de cimento de celulose. Os dentes foram seccionados bucolingualmente em duas metades. As cavidades tratadas com análogos foram armazenadas em fluido corporal simulado contendo ácido poli-acrílico. As cavidades não tratadas foram armazenadas apenas em fluido corporal simulado. Secções não coradas de dentina desmineralizada foram examinadas usando microscópio óptico. As amostras foram examinadas após 1, 6 e 12 semanas de armazenamento usando Espectroscopia de Raios-X dispersiva por energia (EDX) e microdureza Vickers. ANOVA a dois fatores foi usada para analisar os dados estatisticamente. O grupo de cimento à base de silicato de cálcio com análogos biomiméticos apresentou os maiores percentagens em peso estatisticamente significantes de cálcio e fósforo, além dos maiores valores de dureza superficial após 12 semanas de armazenamento. Seções desmineralizadas de dentina mostraram aumento nas zonas de luz após o período total de armazenamento. O cimento à base de silicato de cálcio mostrou a melhor capacidade de enriquecer a dentina cariada artificial com íons para remineralização. O uso de análogos biomiméticos teve um impacto significativo na melhoria da dureza superficial da dentina desmineralizada.


Subject(s)
Tooth Remineralization , Biomimetics , Silicates , Dental Cements , Dentin
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878396

ABSTRACT

Polyamide-amine (PAMAM) dendrimer, a new hyperbranched macromolecular polymer, is considered an "artificial protein" by many scholars on account of its excellent chemical and biological characteristics. PAMAM has internal cavities and a large number of reactive terminal groups. These structures allow the polymer to be used as a bionic macromoleculethat could simulate the biomimetic mineralization of the natural organic matrix on the surface of tooth tissue. Specifically, PAMAM can beused as an organic template to regulate mineral nucleation and crystal growth; thus, the polymerisa more ideal dental restoration material than traditional allogenic materials. This article reviews research progress on thePAMAM-induced biomimetic mineralization of hard tooth tissues.


Subject(s)
Amines , Biomimetics , Dendrimers , Humans , Nylons , Tooth Remineralization
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200259, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134797

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mineralization-promoting peptides are attractive candidates for new remineralization systems. In previous studies, peptides have been applied as aqueous solutions, which is not a clinically relevant form. Objective This study aims to investigate the efficiency of a mineralization-promoting peptide, applied in varnish, on remineralizing artificial caries on primary teeth. Methodology 55 primary molars were collected. Specimens were immersed in a demineralizing solution for 7 days and then, divided into 7 groups: Baseline: No-remineralization, Placebo: Blank colophony, F: Colophony 5% fluoride, P: Colophony 10% peptide, P+F: Colophony 5% fluoride and 10% peptide, Embrace: Embrace™ varnish, Durashield: Durashield™ varnish. A mixture of 35% w/v colophony varnishes were prepared in ethanol and applied accordingly. Specimens were immersed in a remineralization solution for 4 weeks and it was evaluated using PLM and SEM. Lesion depth reduction was examined by one-way ANOVA. Results There was no significant difference in mean lesion depths between baseline (147.04 ± 10.18 µm) and placebo groups (139.73 ± 14.92 µm), between F (120.95 ± 12.23 µm) and Durashield (113.47 ± 14.36 µm) groups and between P (81.79 ± 23.15 µm) and Embrace (90.26 ± 17.72 µm) groups. Lesion depth for the P+F group (66.95±10.59 µm) was significantly higher compared to all other groups. All groups contained samples with subsurface demineralized regions. Number of subsurface demineralized regions were higher in fluoride-containing groups. Conclusions We conclude that the mineralization-promoting peptide (MPP3) is effective in this in vitro study and the peptide shows benefits over fluoride as it yields less subsurface demineralized regions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Tooth Remineralization , Dental Caries , Paint , Peptides , Tooth, Deciduous , Cariostatic Agents , Fluorides, Topical
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200131, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134780

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective There is increasingly common the consumption more times a day of foods and acidic drinks in the diet of the population. The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the effects of a calcium mesoporous silica nanoparticle single application of other calcium and/or fluoride products in reducing the progression of dental erosion. Methodology Half of the eroded area was covered of 60 blocks of enamel, after which the block was submitted to the following treatments: (Ca2+-MSN), casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP); CPP-ACP/F-(900 ppm F−); titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4 1%) (positive control); sodium fluoride (NaF 1.36%) (positive control); and Milli-Q® water (negative control) before being submitted to a second erosive challenge. A surface analysis was performed via a three-dimensional (3D) noncontact optical profilometry to assess the volumetric roughness (Sa) and tooth structure loss (TSL) and and through scanning electron microscopy (MEV). An analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's test were performed. Results Regarding Sa, all experimental groups exhibited less roughness than the control (p<0.05). The TSL analysis revealed that the Ca2+-MSN and NaF groups were similar (p>0.05) and more effective in minimizing tooth loss compared with the other groups (p<0.05). Conclusions The Ca2+-MSN and NaF treatments were superior compared with the others and the negative control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Erosion , Tooth Remineralization , Nanoparticles , Sodium Fluoride , Caseins , Calcium , Silicon Dioxide , Fluorides
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e061, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132676

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this double-blind, randomized, crossover in situ study is to compare remineralization of preformed enamel lesions by casein phosphopeptide-stabilized amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and fluoride dentifrice products. During each of four 10-day experimental legs, 10 participants wore intraoral removable palatal acrylic appliances with four human enamel slabs with preformed lesions. A 0.03-mL treatment paste was dripped extraorally onto the enamel blocks once a day for 3 min. The four randomly allocated treatments were as follows: CO- Control: silica dentifrice without fluoride; MP: MI Paste; MPP: MI Paste Plus and FD: Fluoride dentifrice - 1100 ppm F as NaF). Knoop surface hardness (SH) test was performed in three stages (T0 - sound enamel, T1 - after preformed lesion, and T2 - after treatment) and the cross-sectional hardness (CSH) test was performed after treatment using a 50-gram Knoop load for 15 s. Knoop hardness number (KHN) was similar between treatments. %SHr was significantly higher in the MP, FD, and MPP when compared to CO group (Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests, p < 0.05). Harder enamel was found in MP (75 μm) and FD groups at 75 to 175 μm. Treatment with DF, MP, and MPP promoted an increase of 20.27%, 19.24%, and 14.71%, respectively, in Integral Hardness Change (ΔIHC) when compared to CO (p<0.05). Remineralizing agents (MP, MPP, and DF) were able to inhibit demineralization of human enamel subjected to high cariogenic challenge in situ. DF had the greatest preventive potential against the progression of carious lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Remineralization , Cariostatic Agents , Caseins , Double-Blind Method , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fluorides , Hardness
16.
Odontoestomatol ; 21(34): 33-43, Jul-Dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, BNUY-Odon | ID: biblio-1024977

ABSTRACT

Los vidrios bioactivos (vb) son materiales cerámicos con una composición química tal que poseen la propiedad de inducir y conducir la mineralización de los tejidos. La obtención de estos vidrios por medio del método sol-gel y la posibilidad de obtener tamaño nanométrico de partícula, han ampliado y potenciado las indicaciones de estos materiales. Las propiedades antibacterianas de los vb son una característica sobresaliente; es debida a la liberación de iones que alcaliniza el medio, actuando sobre las colonias bacterianas. Las aplicaciones médicas y odontológicas de estos materiales son muy amplias, destacándose la regeneración ósea, la remineralización de los tejidos duros dentarios y el tratamiento de la hipersensibilidad. Sin embargo, por tratarse de materiales con estructura química amorfa, sus propiedades mecánicas no son buenas, siendo esta característica su principal limitación para la aplicación clínica en el área de la odontología restauradora. En este sentido las investigaciones científicas se han enfocado en determinar la posibilidad de incorporar vb a diversos materiales dentales como forma de combinar su bioactividad con propiedades mecánicas apropiadas. Hasta el momento no se ha logrado determinar la proporción y la metodología para incorporar vb en los materiales dentales sin alterar su comportamiento clínico, por lo que son necesarias más investigaciones.


Bioactive glasses (bg) are ceramic materials whose chemical composition allows them to induce and conduct tissue mineralization. As these glasses can be obtained with the sol-gel method and in nanometric particle sizes, their indication has been extended and enhanced. The antibacterial properties of bg are outstanding: they are possible given the release of ions, which alkalinizes the medium, acting on the bacterial colonies. The medical and dental applications of these materials are wide, with an emphasis on bone regeneration, remineralization of hard dental tissues and treatment of hypersensitivity. However, as they are materials with an amorphous chemical structure, their mechanical properties are not good, this being their main limitation for clinical application in restorative dentistry. In this sense, scientificresearch has focused on determining the possibility of including bg in various dental materials as a way to combine bioactivity with appropriate mechanical properties. So far, it has not been possible to determine the proportion and methodology necessary to include bg in dental materials without altering their clinical behavior, which is why further research isnecessary


Os vidros bioativos (vb) são materiais cerâmicos com uma composição química tal que eles possuem a propriedade de induzir e conduzir a mineralização dos tecidos. A obtenção desses vidros por meio do método sol-gel e a possibilidade de obtenção de partículas nanométricas ampliaram e reforçaram as indicações desses materiais. As propriedades antibacterianas dovb são uma característica marcante; é devido à liberação de íons que alcaliniza o meio, atuando nas colônias bacterianas. As aplicações médicas e odontológicas desses materiais são muito amplas, destacando-se a regeneração óssea, a remineralização dos tecidos duros e o tratamento da hipersensibilidade. No entanto, por serem materiais com estrutura química amorfa, suas propriedades mecânicas não são boas, sendo essa a sua principal limitação para aplicação clínica na área de odontologia restauradora. Nesse sentido, a pesquisa científica tem se concentrado em determinar a possibilidade de incorporar vb em vários materiais odontológicos, como forma de combinar sua bioatividade com propriedades mecânicas apropriadas. Até agora, não foi possível determinar a proporção e metodologia para incorporar vb em materiais odontológicos sem alterar seu comportamento clínico, razão pela qual mais pesquisas são necessárias


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Remineralization , Hypersensitivity , Dental Materials , Glass
17.
Actual. osteol ; 15(3): 205-213, Sept-Dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1104336

ABSTRACT

The dental caries is a progressive destruction of the teeth tissue due to the disbalance in the normal molecule interactions between the enamel and the bio!lm, which alters the demineralization-remineralization process. Milk fermentation produces caseinphosphopeptides with proved remineralizing capacity of the enamel. The presence of these peptides in fermented milk with ke!r grains has been described. The purpose of this work was to evaluate in vitro the capacity of milk ke!r to prevent the demineralization of dental enamel. Bovine incisors (n=68, 17 per group) were treated for 72 h with different solutions: I: artificial saliva at pH 7.2 , II: demineralizing solution at pH 4.5, III: supernatant of kefir fermented milk at pH 4.5, IV: milk supernatant at pH 4.5. The effects of treatments were evaluated by the change in the weight of the specimens, calcium concentration in the solution and by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the enamel. Kefir milk supernatant prevented the demineralization process, that was evidenced by a change in weight and calcium concentration that were not different from group I, although the pH was 4.5. In contrast, group IV showed a decrease in weight and an increase in calcium concentration, compared with group I (one way ANOVA, p<0.05). Images of SEM agree with the values of weight and calcium concentration. These results indicate that kefir milk supernatant has a protective effect on enamel demineralization in vitro. (AU)


La caries dental es una patología debido a un desequilibrio en las interacciones moleculares normales entre el esmalte y la biopelícula, que altera el proceso de desmineralización remineralización. La fermentación de la leche produce fosfopéptidos de caseína con probada capacidad remineralizante del esmalte, y se ha descripto la presencia de estos péptidos en la leche fermentada con granos de kéfir. El propósito de este trabajo fue evaluar in vitro la capacidad del kéfir de leche para prevenir la desmineralización del esmalte dental. Sesenta y ocho incisivos bovinos (17 por grupo) fueron tratados durante 72 h con diferentes soluciones: I: saliva artificial, pH 7.2, II: solución desmineralizante, pH 4.5, III: sobrenadante de leche fermentada con kefir, pH 4.5, IV: sobrenadante de leche, pH 4.5. El proceso de desmineralización se evaluó mediante el cambio en el peso de las muestras, la concentración de calcio en la solución y microscopía electrónica de barrido (SEM) del esmalte. El sobrenadante de leche fermentada con kéfir impidió el proceso de desmineralización, que se evidenció por un cambio en el peso y la concentración de calcio que no discreparon del grupo I, a pesar de haber tenido un pH de 4.5. En contraste, el grupo IV mostró una disminución en el peso y un aumento en la concentración de calcio, en comparación con el grupo I (ANOVA a un criterio, p<0.05). Las imágenes SEM concuerdan con los cambios en el peso y la concentración de calcio en los grupos estudiados. Los datos obtenidos demuestran que el sobrenadante de la leche tratada con kéfir tiene un efecto protector sobre la desmineralización del esmalte in vitro, inducida por el pH ácido. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Demineralization/prevention & control , Kefir/microbiology , Saliva, Artificial/administration & dosage , Tooth Remineralization/methods , In Vitro Techniques , Cattle , Caseins/therapeutic use , Calcium/analysis , Tooth Demineralization/pathology , Tooth Demineralization/therapy , Biofilms , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Enamel/cytology , Dental Enamel/physiopathology , Milk/microbiology , Formaldehyde/administration & dosage
18.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 60(1): 41-43, jul. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119674

ABSTRACT

Este es un estudio ex vivo donde se evalúa la variación en peso de veintiún piezas dentarias sometidas a un ácido dental de uso dental y, posteriormente, a la acción del gel remineralizante, objeto de este estudio, obteniéndose por diferencia de peso la cantidad de material mineral, que queda retenida en la pieza. La acción del ácido ortofosfórico ha producido una disminución del peso entre 28-30% de la pieza dentaria. Luego de la aplicación del gel remineralizante, ésta aumentó entre 15-18% del peso, considerando este aumento como significativo (p menor 0.05). Este aumento demuesta la acción remineralizante, ya que después del lavado este aumento se mantiene (AU)


This is an in vitro study where the variation in weight of twenty-one dental pieces subjected to a dental acid and subsequently to the action of the remineralizing gel is evaluated, obtaining by weight difference the amount of hydroxyapatite that is retained in the piece. The action of orthophosphoric acid causes a decrease in weight between 28-30% of the tooth. After the application of the remineralizing gel, it increases between 15-18% by weight considering this significant increase (p less 0.05) (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Remineralization/methods , Gels , Phosphoric Acids , Acid Etching, Dental , Effectiveness , In Vitro Techniques , Dental Enamel/drug effects
19.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 7(1): 66-77, ene.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1005864

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar la remineralización de lesiones de manchas blancas en el esmalte de premolares humanos a través de la fluorescencia láser utilizando el barniz de flúor al 5% (Duraphat®), la nanohidroxiapatita (Nano P®), y la combinación de ambos agentes, a los 30 días de su aplicación. Método: La muestra estuvo conformada por 40 premolares y dividida en 4 grupos, (1) control (sin agente): saliva artificial, (2) barniz de flúor al 5% (Duraphat®), (3) nanohidroxiapatita (Nano P®), (4) y una combinación de ambos agentes remineralizantes (nanohidroxiapatita - Nano P® y barniz de flúor al 5% - Duraphat®). Se analizaron los datos mediante la prueba de Anova de una vía y test de Bonferroni. Se trabajó con un nivel de significancia p < 0,05. Resultados: La aplicación del barniz de flúor al 5% (Duraphat®) y la nanohidroxiapatita (Nano P®), seguido del barniz de flúor al 5% (Duraphat®) usado individual-mente, mostraron clínicamente valores mayores de remineralización comparado con el grupo control. No se encontró diferencia estadísticamente significativa, al comparar la remineralización de lesiones de manchas blancas medidas a través de fluorescencia láser utilizando dos agentes remineralizantes, el barniz de flúor al 5% (Duraphat®), la nanohidroxiapatita (Nano P®) y una combinación de ambos agentes a los 30 días de su aplicación. Conclusión: La combinación del barniz de flúor al 5% (Duraphat®) y la nano-hidroxiapatita (Nano P®), y barniz de flúor al 5% (Duraphat®) usado individualmente, mostraron clínicamente un incremento en la remineralización de las lesiones de manchas blancas a los 30 días de aplicación. (AU)


Objective: Evaluate the remineralization of white spot lesions on human premolar enamel by laser induced fluorescence following the use of a 5% fluoride varnish (Duraphat®), nanohydroxyapatite (Nano P®), and the combination of both agents 30 days after application. Method: The sample consisted of 40 premolars divided into 4 groups, (1) control (without agent): artificial saliva, (2) 5% fluoride varnish (Duraphat®), (3) nanohydroxyapatite (Nano P ®), (4) and a combination of both remineralizing agents (nanohydroxyapatite - Nano P® and 5% fluoride varnish - Duraphat®). The data were analyzed using the oneway ANOVA and Bonferroni tests. A p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Compared to the control group the highest remineralization values were obtained after the application of the 5% fluoride varnish (Duraphat®) and the nanohydroxyapatite (Nano P®), followed by the 5% fluoride varnish (Duraphat®) used individually. Conclusion: The combination of the 5% fluoride varnish (Duraphat®) and the nanohydroxyapatite (Nano P®), and the 5% fluoride varnish (Duraphat®) used individually improved remineralization of white spot lesions at 30 days. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Remineralization , Fluorides, Topical , Fluorescence , Hydroxyapatites
20.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 107(1): 25-32, ene.-mar. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-998725

ABSTRACT

La ICCC (International Caries Consensus Cooperation) ­constituida por expertos de doce países de América del Norte y del Sur, Europa y Australasia­ se ha reunido en grupos de trabajo para producir documentos referidos a las definiciones y las terminologías de la caries dental, así como los abordajes actuales de su tratamiento. Recientemente, sus publicaciones fueron incluidas en un libro titulado Excavación de las caries. Evolución en el tratamiento de las lesiones de caries cavitadas. El presente trabajo tiene por objeto plantear y revisar los conceptos surgidos de esas publicaciones (AU)


Experts in cariology research from twelve countries covering North and South America, Europe and Australasia met at the International Caries Consensus Collaboration (ICCC), and published a series of papers related to modern caries definitions, terminology and current approaches for treating carious lesions. A book entitled Caries excavation. Evolution of treating cavitated caries lesions was recently published by this authors. The objetive of this paper is to communicate and review the concepts exposed in the mentioned documents (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Tooth, Deciduous , Tooth Remineralization , Composite Resins , Textbook , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Glass Ionomer Cements
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