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1.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e020, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089398

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This in vitro study aimed to assess the effects of different pretreatments used to adapt glass-fiber posts cemented to root canals with different resin cements, regarding porosity percentage and bond strength. Twelve bovine incisor roots were prepared with Largo drills. After post space preparation, the specimens were randomized into two types of pretreatment groups (n = 3): water-wet bonding and ethanol-wet bonding. After the post were cemented, the roots were stored in 100% humidity at room temperature for 7 days. The samples were scanned by microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). Images were reconstructed by NRecon software, and CTAn software was used to analyze the porosity percentage (%) at the luting interface. Evaluation of the push-out bond strength was performed by serially cutting the roots, and submitting the slices to testing. Additionally, the resin cement post-gel shrinkage values (%) were measured using the strain-gauge method (n = 10). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA, Tukey's test and Student's t test (a = 0.05). The roots prepared with ethanol-wet bonding using RelyX™ U200 had significantly lower porosity in the coronal and apical thirds (p < 0.05). The group prepared with ethanol-wet bonding using RelyX™ ARC presented better bond strength results in the coronal and apical thirds (p < 0.05). RelyX™ ARC (0.97%) produced a higher post-gel shrinkage value than RelyX™ U200 (0.77%). Canals pretreated with ethanol-wet bonding presented better outcomes in regard to porosity percentage and push-out bond strength.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Root/drug effects , Post and Core Technique , Dentin-Bonding Agents/pharmacology , Resin Cements/chemistry , Ethanol/pharmacology , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Materials Testing , Cattle , Porosity , Dental Bonding , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity , X-Ray Microtomography , Glass
2.
Rev. ADM ; 76(5): 278-281, sept.-oct. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053117

ABSTRACT

La instrumentación mecánica durante el tratamiento periodontal trae consigo la formación de escombros microcristalinos que inhiben la adhesión tisular a la superfi cie radicular y favorece la proliferación bacteriana, lo cual perjudica los resultados del tratamiento periodontal a corto y largo plazo. Hoy en día el acondicionamiento radicular con el uso de biomodifi cadores es una opción de tratamiento adicional en el tratamiento de la periodontitis y el tratamiento de cobertura radicular. El objetivo del presente estudio es realizar una revisión de la literatura acerca de las aplicaciones y del acondicionamiento radicular con ácido cítrico, tetraciclina, EDTA y láser en el tratamiento periodontal no quirúrgico y quirúrgico (AU)


Mechanical instrumentation during periodontal treatment brings the formation of microcrystalline debris that inhibits tissue adhesion to the root surface and favors bacterial proliferation, which harms the results of the short and long term periodontal treatment. Nowadays, root conditioning with the use of biomodifi cators is an additional treatment option in the treatment of periodontitis and root coverage therapy. The aim of the present study is to conduct a literature review about the applications and the root conditioning with citric acid, tetracycline, EDTA and laser in the non surgical and surgical periodontal treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases/surgery , Periodontal Diseases/therapy , Tooth Root/drug effects , Tetracyclines , Dental Scaling , Root Planing , Edetic Acid , Citric Acid , Laser Therapy
3.
Rev. ADM ; 76(4): 214-218, jul.-ago 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023643

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El uso de agentes químicos en la superficie radicular durante la fase higiénica periodontal tiene como ventajas eliminar factores irritantes, prevenir la acumulación bacteriana y fomentar la cicatrización de la herida. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la superficie radicular de órganos dentales con periodontitis crónica avanzada, tratados mediante terapia periodontal no quirúrgica con EDTA y láser CO2. Material y métodos: Se evaluaron 40 órganos dentarios de pacientes con periodontitis crónica avanzada indicados para extracción, a los cuales se les realizó raspado y alisado radicular, con el uso de EDTA al 24%, láser CO2 a energía de 1, 1.5 y 2 Watt, para posteriormente evaluar la superficie radicular mediante un microscopio electrónico de barrido. Resultados: El tratamiento de raspado y alisado radicular mostró una superficie regular, pero con marcas de estrías con una cubierta de escombro dentinario, las muestras tratadas con EDTA al 24% muestran apertura de los túbulos dentinarios, con bordes definidos y un diámetro aparentemente amplio y los órganos dentarios tratados con láser CO2 con diferentes poderes de energía mostraron múltiples cambios en su superficie, con una apertura de túbulos dentinarios en su mayoría. Conclusión: La apertura de los túbulos dentinarios se presentó en los grupos experimentales tratados con biomodificador radicular (AU)


Introduction: The use of chemical agents in the root surface during the periodontal hygienic phase has the advantages of eliminating irritating factors, preventing bacterial accumulation and promoting wound healing. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the radicular surface of dental organs with advanced chronic periodontitis treated by non-surgical periodontal therapy with EDTA and CO2 laser. Material and methods: Forty dental organs of patients with advanced chronic periodontitis indicated for extraction were evaluated, which were performed scraping and root planing, with the use of 24% EDTA, CO2 laser with energy of 1, 1.5 and 2 Watt, to later evaluate the radicular surface by means of a scanning electron microscope. Results: The treatment of scaling and root planing showed a regular surface, but with marks of striae with a covering of dentine rubble, the samples treated with 24% EDTA show opening of the dentinal tubules, with defined edges and a seemingly wide diameter and, the dental organs treated with CO2 laser with different power powers showed multiple changes in their surface, with an opening of dentinal tubules in their majority. Conclusion: The opening of the dentinal tubules was presented in the experimental groups treated with a root biomodifier (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis/therapy , Tooth Root/drug effects , Dental Scaling , Edetic Acid , In Vitro Techniques , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Lasers, Gas
4.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(1): 93-96, mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990071

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of commercial sweeteners on root dentin demineralization using a microcosm biofilm model. Bovine dentin specimens with pre-determined surface hardness were randomized into six groups according to the studied sweeteners: sucralose, stevia, saccharin, aspartame. Sucrose was used as a positive control and an untreated group as a negative control. The specimens were submitted to biofilm development from one saliva donor and the cariogenic challenge occurred on subsequent five days, twice a day. At the end, the percentage of surface hardness loss (%SHL) and biomass was determined and submitted to ANOVA followed by Tukey's test. Sucrose presented the highest rate of demineralization, however, all sweeteners tested lead to a statistically higher root demineralization compared to the negative control (p <0.05). Sucrose caused greater demineralization in root dentin, however, the sweeteners were also able to induce it under this biofilm model.


RESUMEN: El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar el efecto de los edulcorantes comerciales en la desmineralización de la dentina radicular utilizando un modelo de biofilm microcosmo. Se asignaron al azar muestras de dentina bovina con una dureza de la superficie predeterminada de acuerdo con los edulcorantes estudiados: sucralosa, estevia, sacarina, aspartame. La sacarosa se utilizó como control positivo y un grupo no tratado como control negativo. Las muestras se enviaron al desarrollo de biopelículas de un donante de saliva y el desafío cariogénico se produjo en los siguientes cinco días, dos veces al día. Al final, se determinó el porcentaje de pérdida de dureza de la superficie (% PDS) y biomasa y se aplicó un estudio estadístico de ANOVA seguido de la prueba de Tukey. La sacarosa presentó la mayor tasa de desmineralización; sin embargo, todos los endulzantes probados condujeron a una desmineralización de la raíz estadísticamente mayor en comparación con el control negativo (p<0,05). La sacarosa causó una mayor desmineralización en la dentina de raíz, sin embargo, los edulcorantes también fueron capaces de inducirla bajo este modelo de biofilm.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Sweetening Agents/pharmacology , Tooth Root/drug effects , Cariogenic Agents/pharmacology , Tooth Demineralization/chemically induced , Dentin/drug effects , Tooth Root/microbiology , Analysis of Variance , Tooth Demineralization/microbiology , Biofilms/growth & development , Dietary Sucrose/pharmacology , Dentin/microbiology
5.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180693, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1040226

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: To compare the sealing ability and biocompatibility of Biodentine with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) when used as root-end filling materials. Methodology: The Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to compare the cytotoxicity of MTA and Biodentine. Twenty-one extracted teeth with a single canal were immersed in an acidic silver nitrate solution after root-end filling. Then, the volume and depth of silver nitrate that infiltrated the apical portion of the teeth were analyzed using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Seventy-two roots from 3 female beagle dogs were randomly distributed into 3 groups and apical surgery was performed. After six months, the volume of the bone defect surrounding these roots was analyzed using micro-CT. Results: Based on the results of the CCK-8 assay, MTA and Biodentine did not show statistically significant differences in cytotoxicity (P>0.05). The volume and the depth of the infiltrated nitrate solution were greater in the MTA group than in the Biodentine group (P<0.05). The volume of the bone defect was larger in the MTA group than in the Biodentine group. However, the difference was not significant (P>0.05). The volumes of the bone defects in the MTA and Biodentine groups were smaller than the group without any filling materials (P<0.05). Conclusions: MTA and Biodentine exhibited comparable cellular biocompatibility. Biodentine showed a superior sealing ability to MTA in root-end filling. Both Biodentine and MTA promoted periradicular bone healing in beagle dog periradicular surgery models.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adolescent , Dogs , Oxides/pharmacology , Periapical Tissue/drug effects , Periodontal Ligament/drug effects , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Wound Healing/drug effects , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Periapical Tissue/cytology , Periapical Tissue/diagnostic imaging , Periodontal Ligament/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Tooth Root/surgery , Tooth Root/drug effects , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Materials Testing , Cell Count , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Drug Combinations , X-Ray Microtomography
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e005, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989474

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to assess the influence of chlorhexidine (liquid and gel) and zinc oxide in calcium hydroxide (CH) pastes on root pH in simulated external resorption. One hundred human anterior teeth with a single root canal were selected. After decoronation and root canal instrumentation, the specimens were divided into 4 experimental groups and 1 control group (without intracanal paste): CH + saline (CH+S), CH + 2% chlorhexidine liquid (CH+ CHX), CH + 2% chlorhexidine gel (CH+ CHXg), and CH + 2% chlorhexidine gel + zinc oxide (CH+ CHXg+ZnO). pH was measured using a microelectrode at 3 and 24 h, and 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks after inserting intracanal pastes. Data were analyzed statistically using an ANOVA and Tukey's test (p < 0.05). The CH+CHXg+ZnO group had the highest pH values throughout (p<0.05). The CH+S and CH+ CHX groups had the highest pH values after 1 week and the CH+ CHXg group after 2 weeks. CH+ CHXg maintained the highest pH until the fourth week compared with CH+ CHX (p < 0.05). The control group remained at a neutral pH at all evaluated times. It can be concluded that chlorhexidine solution or gel maintained the alkaline pH of CH, and chlorhexidine gel allowed a slower decrease in pH over time. CH+ CHXg+ZnO showed the highest pH values and was an effective intracanal medication for maintaining alkaline root pH in the area of resorption.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Tooth Root/drug effects , Zinc Oxide/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Chlorhexidine/chemistry , Ointments , Reference Values , Root Resorption/drug therapy , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Gels , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20160584, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893731

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the ability of multiple compounds to seal the dental tubules using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and micro-computed tomogra-phy (micro-CT). Material and Methods: Twenty-four single-root human mandibular premolars were selected and instrumented with nickel-titanium rotary file and the final file size was #40/06. They were then randomly allocated into 2 groups, and all samples were filled with single cone gutta-percha (#40/06) and one of the tested sealers (AH Plus and EndoSequence BC sealers). All specimens were scanned using micro-CT and then three from each group were randomly selected for SEM analysis. Results: According to SEM, both root canal sealers showed sufficient adaptation to dentin along the whole length of the root canal, though the coronal sections presented superior sealing than the apical sections. Micro porosity analyses revealed that the volume of closed pores and the surface of closed pores had the largest values in the coronal sections, followed by the middle and the apical sections for both sealants (p<0.05). However, no significant difference was observed for those two parameters between AH Plus and EndoSequence BC sealers in any of the three sections (p>0.05), whereas they were larger in the apical section when the AH Plus sealer was used. Conclusions: By using the single cone technique, neither EndoSequence or AH Plus pro-vides a porosity-free root canal filling. The EndoSequence BC sealer may have similar sealing abilities regarding the whole root canal as the AH Plus sealer. A better sealing effect could be obtained in the coronal and middle sections of a root canal than the apical part by using the tested sealers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Tooth Root/drug effects , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Statistics, Nonparametric , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Dentin/ultrastructure , Drug Combinations , X-Ray Microtomography
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e33, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889462

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the influence of different ethanol concentrations on dentin roughness, surface free energy, and contact angle between AH Plus and the root canal dentin. One hundred human maxillary anterior teeth were split longitudinally and 200 dentin specimens were polished to make the surface flatter and smoother. An acrylic bar was positioned between two dentin specimens and impression material was added to create a block, simulating an instrumented root canal space. Specimens were removed from the mold and cleaned in an ultrasonic bath for 10 min. Thereafter, dentin specimens were divided into four groups (n = 50) according to the drying methods used: a) wet: vacuum only, b) paper points: vacuum + absorbent paper points, c) 70% alcohol: 70% alcohol (1 min) + vacuum + absorbent paper points, and d) 100% alcohol: 100% alcohol (1 min) + vacuum + absorbent paper points. A rugosimeter and a goniometer were used to verify the roughness (Ra) and to measure the surface free energy and the contact angle between the AH Plus sealer and the root canal dentin. ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 0.05) were used for statistical analysis. The 70% and 100% ethanol groups showed significantly decreased roughness as well as increased surface free energy in the root canal dentin when compared to the wet and paper point groups. In addition, ethanol significantly reduced the contact angle between the AH Plus sealer and the root canal dentin. Ethanol solutions (70% and 100%) provide better wettability of AH Plus sealer on dentin surfaces.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Ethanol/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Tooth Root/chemistry , Tooth Root/drug effects , Analysis of Variance , Dental Bonding/methods , Dentin/ultrastructure , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Surface Properties/drug effects , Wettability
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e18, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889488

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the bond strength of different triccalcium silicate cements to retrograde cavity using a push out test. Thirty maxillary central incisors were shaped using #80 hand files and sectioned transversally. Root slices were obtained from the apical 4 mm after eliminating the apical extremity. The specimens were embedded in acrylic resin and positioned at 45° to the horizontal plane for preparation of root-end cavities with a diamond ultrasonic retrotip. The samples were divided into three groups according to the root-end filling material (n = 10): MTA Angelus, ProRoot MTA and Biodentine. A gutta-percha cone (#80) was tugged-back at the limit between the canal and the root-end cavity. The root-end cavity was filled and the gutta-percha cone was removed after complete setting of the materials. The specimens were placed in an Instron machine with the root-end filling turned downwards. The push-out shaft was inserted in the space previously occupied by the gutta-percha cone and push out testing was performed at a crosshead speed of 1.0 mm/min. There was no statistically significant difference in resistance to push out by the materials tested (p > 0.01). MTA Angelus and ProRoot MTA showed predominantly mixed failure while Biodentine exhibited mixed and cohesive failures. The tricalcium silicate-based root-end filling materials showed similar bond strength retrograde cavity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bismuth/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Dental Bonding/methods , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dentin/drug effects , Oxides/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Dental Restoration Failure , Gutta-Percha/chemistry , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Surface Properties/drug effects , Tooth Root/drug effects
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e7, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889497

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate the action of paramonochlorophenol associated with Furacin followed by calcium hydroxide (CH) dressing in the control of inflammatory root resorption in cases of immediate tooth replantation with delayed endodontic treatment. A total of 28 incisors of 3 male dogs were extracted and replanted after 15 minutes, and randomly divided into 3 groups: Group I (n = 8) - endodontic treatment was performed before the extraction and replantation; Group II (n = 10) - endodontic treatment was performed 30 days after replantation and the root canal was filled with CH dressing; Group III (n = 10) - endodontic treatment was performed 30 days after replantation and root canals received temporary medication of paramonochlorophenol-Furacin followed by CH dressing. The animals were euthanized 90 days after replantation. The histomorphological events analyzed at the epithelial reattachment site were the intensity and extent of acute and chronic inflammatory processes, periodontal ligament (PDL) organization, the intensity and extent of acute and chronic inflammatory processes in the PDL space, root resorption, bone tissue, and ankylosis. Data were submitted to the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test for group comparison (α = 5%). In Groups I, II and III the periodontal ligament was regenerated and most of the resorption areas were repaired by newly formed cementum. The depth and extent of root resorption were significantly higher in Group II than in Group III. The use of paramonochlorophenol-furacin followed by CH dressing was more effective in controlling inflammatory root resorption after immediate tooth replantation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dogs , Root Resorption/prevention & control , Tooth Replantation/methods , Chlorophenols/pharmacology , Tooth, Nonvital/drug therapy , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/pharmacology , Nitrofurazone/pharmacology , Periodontal Ligament/drug effects , Periodontal Ligament/pathology , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Root Resorption/pathology , Time Factors , Tooth Root/drug effects , Tooth Root/pathology , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Tooth, Nonvital/pathology , Medical Illustration
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e121, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974461

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of radiation therapy on root canal sealer push-out bond strength (BS) to dentin and the sealer/dentin interface after different final irrigation solutions (NaOCl, EDTA, and chitosan). Sixty-four maxillary canines were distributed into two groups (n=30): non-irradiated and irradiated with 60 Gy. Canals were prepared with Reciproc-R50 and subdivided (n=10) for final irrigation (NaOCl, EDTA, chitosan) and filled. Three dentin slices were obtained from each root third. The first slice of each third was selected for BS evaluation, and the failure mode was determined by stereomicroscopy. SEM analysis of the sealer-dentin interface was performed in the remaining slices. Two-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α=0.05) were used. Lower BS (P<0.0001) was obtained after irradiation (2.07±0.79 MPa), regardless of the final irrigation solution used. The NaOCl group (P<0.001) had the lowest BS in the irradiated (1.68±0.72) and non-irradiated (2.39±0.89) groups, whereas the EDTA (irradiated: 2.14±0.77 and non-irradiated: 3.92±1.54) and chitosan (irradiated: 2.37±0.73 and non-irradiated: 3.51±1.47) groups demonstrated a higher BS (P<0.05). The highest values were observed in the coronal third (3.17±1.38) when compared to the middle (2.74±1.36) and apical ones (2.09±0.97)(P<0.0001). There were more cohesive failures and more gaps in irradiated specimens, regardless of the final solution. The present study showed that radiation was associated with a decrease in BS, regardless of the final solution used, whereas chitosan increased BS in teeth subjected to radiation therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/radiation effects , Root Canal Irrigants/radiation effects , Dental Bonding/methods , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/radiation effects , Epoxy Resins/radiation effects , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Surface Properties/drug effects , Surface Properties/radiation effects , Tooth Root/drug effects , Tooth Root/radiation effects , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Restoration Failure , Chitosan/chemistry , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(2): 165-171, mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839141

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity of root canal sealers under conditions closely resembling a clinical reality. A primary human fibroblast cell line was seeded in 24-well acrylic plates with Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium supplemented with 10% serum fetal bovine (SFB) and incubated for 24 h. Root canals from premolars were filled and individually attached to nylon devices to be stabilized in the wells with the already seeded cells. Specimens were divided into groups as follows: Control: gutta-percha cones (GPC); AH Plus+GPC; Sealapex+GPC; MTA Fillapex+GPC and Endofill+GPC. After 24 and 48 h, cell viability and morphology were evaluated by MTT assay and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), respectively. Statistical analysis was performed by Mann-Whitney test, complemented by Kruskal Wallis test (p<0.05). Only Endofill presented cytotoxicity after 24 h. MTA Fillapex and Endofill reduced the production of succinic desidrogenase after 48 h. AH Plus was non-toxic at any time point. SEM showed that the AH Plus and MTA Fillapex groups presented fibroblasts with morphology close to the control group, while the Endofill group presented few cells with thin extensions cells. The present study showed that good results were present in AH Plus and Sealapex, but not the Endofill group after 48 h. The method used enabled evaluation of the cytotoxicity of the studied sealers that diffused through the root apex.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a citotoxicidade dos cimentos dos canais radiculares em condições próximas à realidade clinica. Uma linhagem primária de fibrolastos humanos foi semeada em placas acrílicas de 24-poços com meio de cultura Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium suplementado com 10% de soro fetal bovino e incubados por 24 h. Os canais radiculares de pré-molares foram obturados e individualmente adaptados aos dispositivos de nylon para serem estabilizados nos poços com as células já semeadas. Amostras foram dividas de acordo com os grupos: Controle: cones de gutta-percha (CGP); AH Plus+CGP; Sealapex+CGP; MTA Fillapex+CGP e Endofill+CGP. Após 24 e 48 h, a viabilidade e a morfologia celular foram avaliadas pelo ensaio de MTT e microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), respectivamente. Análises estatísticas foram realizadas pelo teste de Mann-Whitney, complementadas por Kruskal Wallis (p<0,05). Apenas o Endofill apresentou citotoxicidade após 24 h. MTA Fillapex e Endofill reduziram a produção da enzima desidrogenase succinica após 48 h. AH Plus não apresentou toxicidade em nenhum momento. MEV mostrou que os grupos AH Plus e o MTA Fillapex apresentaram fibroblastos com morfologia próxima ao grupo controle, enquanto que o grupo do Endofill apresentou poucas células com finos prolongamentos. O presente estudo demonstrou que resultados satisfatórios foram apresentados nos grupos AH Plus e Sealapex, mas não para o Endofill após 48 h. O método utilizado permitiu avaliar a citotoxicidade dos cimentos que se difundem pelo ápice radicular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Tooth Root/drug effects , Models, Biological , In Vitro Techniques , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cell Line , Culture Media
13.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(1): 46-50, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839121

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the effects of intracanal irrigation with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and ethylenediaminetetracetic acid (EDTA) prior to calcium hydroxide medication on the compressive strength of root dentin. Forty-eight roots with single and straight canals were instrumented with a crown-down technique using Flexofile files and Gates Glidden burs, under 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl) irrigation. Root canals were randomly separated into 4 groups (n=12), according to the irrigating solution: Control Group, 0.9% NaCl; GroupNaOCl, 1% NaOCl; GroupEDTA, 17% EDTA; and GroupEDTA+NaOCl, 17% EDTA and 1% NaOCl. Solutions remained for 40 min, renewed every 10 min, except for GroupEDTA+NaOCl, where the solutions were alternated every 10 min. Canals were dried and filled with calcium hydroxide paste, and radiographed. Each canal was sealed and stored at 37 °C for 30 days. After this period, the roots were cut 1 mm below the cementoenamel junction and 6 mm apically from this point in order to obtain 6 mm-long cylinders. The compressive test was conducted with a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. The means (±SD) (MPa) of compressive strength were: Control Group, 151.23±94.36; GroupNaOCl, 167.50±57.25; GroupEDTA, 108.79±99.88; GroupEDTA+NaOCl, 60.12±92.10. Significant statistical differences among groups were found (ANOVA and Tukey, a=5%, p=0.02). Control Group and GroupNaOCl showed higher means of compressive strength than GroupEDTA+NaOCl. Intracanal irrigation with 17% EDTA and 1% NaOCl produced a significant reduction of dentin compressive strength 30 days after medication with calcium hydroxide.


Resumo O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar o efeito da irrigação intracanal com hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl) e ácido etilenodiamino tetracético (EDTA) previamente à medicação de hidróxido de cálcio na resistência à compressão da dentina radicular. Quarenta e oito raízes com canais únicos e retos tiveram os canais instrumentados pela técnica coroa-ápice com limas Flexofile e brocas Gates Glidden sob irrigação com solução salina (NaCl) a 0,9%. Os canais radiculares foram separados em 4 grupos (n=12), de acordo com a solução irrigadora: Grupo Controle, NaCl 0,9%; GrupoNaOCl, NaOCl 1%; GrupoEDTA, EDTA 17%; e GrupoEDTA+NaOCl, NaOCl 1% e EDTA 17%. As soluções permaneceram por 40 min, sendo renovadas a cada 10 min, exceto para o GrupoEDTA+NaOCl, onde as soluções foram alternadas a cada 10 min. Os canais foram secos, preenchidos com pasta de hidróxido de cálcio e radiografados. Cada canal foi selado e mantido a 37 °C por 30 dias. Após esse período, as raízes foram cortadas 1 mm abaixo da junção cemento-esmalte e 6 mm apicalmente a este corte, a fim de obter cilindros de 6 mm de comprimento. O teste de compressão foi realizado com velocidade de cruzeta de 1 mm/min. As médias (±SD) da resistência à compressão em MPa foram: Grupo Controle, 151.23±94.36; GrupoNaOCl, 167.50±57.25; GrupoEDTA, 108.79±99.88; GrupoEDTA+NaOCl, 60.12±92.10. Diferenças estatisticamente significativas foram encontradas entre os grupos (ANOVA e Tukey; a=0,05; p=0,02). O Grupo Controle e o GrupoNaOCl obtiveram maiores médias de resistência à compressão em relação ao GrupoEDTA+NaOCl. A irrigação intracanal com EDTA 17% e NaOCl 1% promoveu redução significativa da resistência à compressão da dentina, após 30 dias de medicação intracanal com hidróxido de cálcio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium Hydroxide/administration & dosage , Dentin/drug effects , Materials Testing , Root Canal Irrigants/administration & dosage , Tooth Root/drug effects , In Vitro Techniques
14.
Bauru; s.n; 2017. 125 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-879882

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve o objetivo de comparar os efeitos da biomodificação radicular por ácido cítrico associado à tetraciclina (AC) ou terapia fotodinâmica antimicrobiana (aPDT) no recobrimento de recessões gengivais pela técnica do enxerto de tecido conjuntivo subepitelial (ETCS). Para o estudo paralelo foram selecionados 60 sítios em 17 pacientes com recessões de classe I e II de Miller de 2 a 5 mm, múltiplas e isoladas, as quais foram divididas em 3 grupos: grupo controle (C) - apenas raspagem, grupo AC ­ raspagem e, aplicação de gel de ácido cítrico associado à tetraciclina (90s) e o grupo aPDT - raspagem e aplicação da terapia fotodinâmica antimicrobiana (Azul de toluidina O 100µg/ml + laser vermelho). Os parâmetros clínicos profundidade de sondagem (PS), nível clínico de inserção (NCI), altura da recessão (AR), largura mucosa ceratinizada (LMC), espessura de mucosa ceratinizada (EMC), índice de sangramento à sondagem (ISS), índice de placa (IPI) e porcentagem de recobrimento radicular (%REC) foram avaliados por um examinador cego e calibrado no baseline e 3, 6 e 12 meses de pós-operatório. Avaliou-se a hiperestesia dentinária (HIPER) e a percepção estética (EST) do paciente através de escala analógica visual no baseline e após 7 e 14 dias e 1, 3, 6 e 12 meses. A análise estatística dos dados de NCI foi feita pelo teste ANOVA complementado por Tukey. O teste de Friedman complementado por Wilcoxon foi aplicado para análise intra-grupos. O teste de Kruskal-Wallis foi aplicado para as diferenças entre os grupos, complementado por comparações múltiplas entre os três grupos. Para a %REC foi realizado o teste de Kruskal-Wallis complementado por Dunnet (p<0,05). Observou-se ganho do NCI em todos os grupos, mas este ganho foi maior para os grupos AC (0,55±1,68) e aPDT (0,80±2,11) em relação ao C (2,50±1,99) (p<0,05). Houve redução na AR em todos os grupos, porém o grupo AC (0,40±0,62) teve maior redução quando comparado C (1,15±1,04) (p<0,05). Houve aumento na LMC em todos os grupos e aumento na EMC também em todos os grupos, sendo que a EMC nos grupos aPDT (2,80±0,733) e AC (2,33±0,60) foram iguais com melhores resultados que o C (1,99±0,65) (p<0,05). Para a PS não foram observadas diferenças significantes entre os grupos e nem entre os períodos (p>0,05). A %REC foi maior nos grupos AC (82%±30%) e aPDT (82%±28%) do que no grupo C (58%±40%) (p<0,05). De maneira geral C, AC e aPDT foram semelhantes entre si e entre eles ao longo do tempo para o ISS e IPI (p>0,05). Houve redução significante da HIPER ao longo do tempo e entre os grupos, sendo que em AC (1,20±2,23) e aPDT (0,70±1,15) a diminuição da sensibilidade foi maior do que em C (2,63±2,22) (p<0,05). Houve melhora na EST ao longo do tempo e para o grupo AC (9,40±0,96) foi maior do que o C (8,58±1,07) (p<0,05), sendo que o grupo aPDT foi igual ao C. Concluiu-se que o uso de biomodificadores radiculares, como o AC e aPDT favorecem o recobrimento de recessões, resultando em redução da hipersensibilidade dentinária, maior porcentagem de recobrimento radicular e mais sítios com recobrimento completo, mantendo os resultados a longo prazo. (AU)


The aim of this study was to compare root biomodification by a combination of citric acid with tetracycline (CA) or antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) on root coverage by subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG). Sixty sites with Miller's class I or II recessions were divided in three groups: Control (C) ­ scaling only, CA ­ scaling and root conditioning with a combination of citric acid and tetracycline (gel ­ 90s), aPDT ­ scaling and antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (toluidine blue O 100 µg/ml and red laser). Periodontal clinical parameters as probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), recession height (RH), keratinized mucosa height (KMH), keratinized mucosa width (KMW), bleeding on probing (BOP), plaque index (PI) and percentage of root coverage (%RC) were evaluated by a blinded calibrated examiner at baseline, 3, 6, 12 months. Dentinal hyperestesia (HYPER) and patient esthetic perception (EST) were recorded in a visual analogic scale at baseline, 7 and 14 days, 1, 3, 6,and 12 months. Statistical analysis of CAL values was done with ANOVA complemented by Tukey. Friedman's complemented by Wilcoxon's test evaluated intragroup data, while Kruskal-Wallis was applied for intergroup data. Comparison for %RC was done by Kruskal-Wallis complemented by Dunnet (p<0.05). Reduction in CAL was observed in all groups, with higher numbers for CA (0.55±1.68) and aPDT (0.80±2.11) in relation to C (2.50±1.99) (p<0.05). A higher reduction in RH was observed for CA (0.40±0.62) compared to C (1.15±1.04) (p<0.05). There was an improvement of KMH and KMW for all groups, but with higher values of KMW for aPDT (2.80±0.733) and CA (2.33±0.60) in relation to C (1.99±0.65) (p<0.05). There were no differences for PD (p>0.05). There was a significant higher %RC for CA (82%±30%) and aPDT (82%±28%) in relation to C (58%±40%) (p<0.05). In general, BOP and PI were similar for all groups and periods (p>0.05). There was a significant reduction in hyperestesia along time, but for CA (1.20±2.23) and aPDT (0.70±1.15) the reduction was higher than C (2.63±2.22) (p<0.05). Esthetic perception was improved along time with higher values for CA (9.40±0.96) than C (9.40±0.96) (p<0.05). In conclusion, root biomodification agents as CA and aPDT favored recession coverage by STCG, resulting in reduction of dentin hypersensitivity, higher percentage of root coverage and more sites with total coverage. Additionally, these results had a long-term stability. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Gingival Recession/surgery , Gingivoplasty/methods , Photochemotherapy/methods , Tetracycline/therapeutic use , Tooth Root/drug effects , Analysis of Variance , Dental Plaque Index , Gingiva/transplantation , Reproducibility of Results , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e29, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839514

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluates the influence of root dentin treatment with NaOCl alone and combined with EDTA, with and without ultrasound activation, on the push-out bond strength (BS) of fiber-reinforced posts in weakened roots, cemented with RelyX or Panavia. The root canals of 42 maxillary canines were instrumented with Reciproc and 2.5% NaOCl. In the coronal 12mm of all canals, experimental weakening of the roots was produced by reducing dentin thickness with 2.44mm diameter diamond burs. The roots were assigned to 3 groups (n = 14) according to root dentin treatment: 2.5% NaOCl; 2.5% NaOCl + 17% EDTA; and 2.5% NaOCl + 17% EDTA, with solutions agitated using passive ultrasonic irrigation. After cementation of the fiber-reinforced posts the roots were divided in thirds. The first slice of each third was used for the push-out BS test, the second slice for confocal laser scanning microscopy and dentin microhardness (Knoop) analysis. Data were analysed by a two-way ANOVA and Tukey test (a = 0.05). NaOCl + EDTA provided highest BS values than NaOCl (p < 0.0001). Specimens cemented with Panavia presented significantly higher BS than those with RelyX in the three root thirds (p < 0.0001). The highest BS values occurred in the cervical third (p < 0.001). Ultrasound-activated NaOCl + EDTA promoted the greatest reduction in dentin microhardness, followed by NaOCl/EDTA and NaOCl. Ultrasonic activation of NaOCl and EDTA reduced root dentin microhardness, but did not improve the push-out BS of resin-based cements. Panavia presented higher BS than RelyX. RelyX was not influenced by the root dentin treatment protocols.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Bonding/methods , Dentin/drug effects , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Tooth Root/drug effects , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Analysis of Variance , Dental Restoration Failure , Dentin/radiation effects , Hardness Tests , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Confocal , Post and Core Technique , Random Allocation , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surface Properties/drug effects , Tooth Root/radiation effects , Ultrasonic Therapy
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(2): 148-152, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-779904

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives To evaluate the sealing ability of three root-end filling materials (white MTA, CPM, and MBPc) using an Enterococcus faecalis leakage model. Material and Methods Seventy single-root extracted human teeth were instrumented and root-ends were resected to prepare 3 mm depth cavities. Root-end preparations were filled with white MTA, CPM, and MBPc cements. Enterococcus faecalis was coronally introduced and the apical portion was immersed in BHI culture medium with phenol red indicator. The bacterial leakage was monitored every 24 h for 4 weeks. The statistical analysis was performed using the Wilcoxon-Gehan test (p<0.05). Results All cements showed bacterial leakage after 24 hours, except for the negative control group. The MBPc showed significantly less bacterial leakage compared with the MTA group (p<0.05). No significant differences were found between the CPM and the other groups. Conclusions The epoxy resin-based cement MBPc had lower bacterial leakage compared with the calcium silicate-based cements MTA and CPM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dental Leakage/microbiology , Oxides/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Drug Combinations , Enterococcus faecalis , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Retrograde Obturation/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Tooth Root/drug effects , Tooth Root/microbiology
17.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(2): 160-168, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778327

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluated the root surfaces modifications resulted by application of different chemicals agents, and their influence on the fibrin network and fibroblasts attachment. From 96 anterior mandibular human extracted incisor teeth, 192 dentin blocks of buccal and lingual surface were obtained and randomly divided into 6 groups: Cont- control group, which received no treatment; Root surface scaling and root planing (Srp); Citric acid-Srp; EDTA-Srp; Tetracycline capsule-Srp; Tetracycline gel-Srp. After dentin treatments the specimens were analyzed as follows: 1) demineralization level and residues of the product by scanning electron microscopy (SEM); 2) adhesion of blood components after 20 min of surface treatment by SEM; 3) fibroblast attachment after 24 h by SEM; 4) cell metabolism after 24 h by MTT assay. Data were analyzed using Fisher Exact, One-way ANOVA test followed by Dunn's test, Tukey test and Dunnett test (α=0.05). Citric acid, EDTA and Tetracycline gel resulted in adequate demineralization with no completely smear layer and smear plug removal on root dentin surface. Tetracycline capsule produced great tetracycline residues with several demineralization areas. Tetracycline gel and EDTA groups presented more fibroblast fixation than other experimental groups. The highest mean blood clot adhesion score was observed in roots treated with tetracycline gel. EDTA and Tetracycline gel surface treatment removed the smear layer over dentin surface and promoted adhesion of fibrin network and fibroblast cells attachment.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar modificações nas superfícies radiculares sofridas pela aplicação de diferentes agentes químicos, e sua influência sobre a rede de fibrina e adesão de fibroblastos. A partir de 96 incisivos inferiores humanos, 192 blocos de dentina das superfícies vestibular e lingual foram obtidos e divididos aleatoriamente em 6 grupos: Cont-grupo controle, não recebeu nenhum tratamento; Raspagem e alisamento radicular (RAR); Ácido cítrico-SRP; EDTA-SRP; Tetraciclina em cápsula-SRP; Tetraciclina gel-SRP. Após o tratamento da dentina as espécimes foram analisadas: 1, nível de desmineralização e resíduos do produto por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV); 2, adesão dos componentes sanguineos após 20 min na tratamento de superfície por SEM; 3, adesão de fibroblastos após 24h por SEM; 4, o metabolismo celular após 24 h por ensaio MTT. Os dados foram analisados por Fisher Exact, teste one-way ANOVA, seguido pelo teste de Dunn, teste de Tukey e teste de Dunnett (α = 0,05). O ácido cítrico, EDTA e gel tetraciclina resultaram na adequada desmineralização sem remoção completa de camada de smear layer e smear plug sobre a superfície da dentina radicular. Cápsula de tetraciclina produziu grandes resíduos de tetraciclina com várias áreas de desmineralização. Os grupos Gel de tetraciclina e EDTA apresentaram maior adesão de fibroblastos do que os demais grupos experimentais. O maior score de adesão de coágulo sanguineo foi observado nas superfícies tratadas com gel de tetraciclina. EDTA e Gel de tetraciclina removeram a camada de smear layer sobre a superfície da dentina e promoveu adesão da rede de fibrina e de fibroblastos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontium , Tooth Root/drug effects , Cell Line, Transformed , In Vitro Techniques , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(1): 41-45, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777151

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of argon plasma on dentin surface after use of 6% NaOCl. Sixty bovine incisors had their crowns removed, the roots split, and the segments planed. One hundred twenty segments of the cervical third were used. The samples were divided in two groups (n=60): Control group: immersed in 6% NaOCl, washed, dried and then immersed in 17% EDTA, washed and dried and Argon group: after treatment described for the Control group, non-thermal argon plasma was applied for 30 s. Ten samples were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy in each group. Other ten samples were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Thirty samples were analyzed with a goniometer to measure the contact angle between the dentin surfaces and solutions, to determine the surface free energy. The last ten samples were used to evaluate the wettability of AH Plus sealer. Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (p<0.05). The results of this study showed that argon plasma did not modify the surface topography. FTIR analysis showed chemical modifications after plasma treatment. Argon plasma increased the surface free energy of dentin and AH Plus wettability. In conclusion, argon plasma treatment modified chemically the dentin surface. This treatment increased the surface free energy and wettability of an epoxy resin root canal sealer, favoring its bonding to dentin surfaces.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito do plasma de argônio na superfície dentinária após o uso de NaOCl 6%. As coroas de 60 incisivos bovinos foram removidas, as raízes clivadas e os segmentos planificados. Cento e vinte segmentos referentes ao terço cervical foram utilizados. As amostras foram divididas em dois grupos (n=60): Grupo Controle: imersos em NaOCl 6%, lavados, secos, imersos em EDTA 17%, lavados e secos e Grupo Argônio: após o tratamento descrito no grupo controle, foi aplicado plasma de argônio não térmico por 30 s. Em cada grupo, 10 amostras foram avaliadas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Outras dez amostras foram analisadas por espectroscopia no infravermelho por transformada de Fourier (FTIR). Trinta amostras foram analisadas com um goniômetro para medir o ângulo de contato entre a superfície dentinária e as soluções e determinar a energia livre de superfície. As últimas dez amostras foram utilizadas para avaliar a molhabilidade do cimento AH Plus. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente usando os testes de Kruskal Wallis e Mann-Whitney (p<0,05). Os resultados do estudo mostraram que o plasma de argônio não modificou a topografia de superfície. A análise por FTIR mostrou modificações químicas após o tratamento de plasma. O plasma de argônio aumentou a energia livre da superfície dentinária e a molhabilidade do cimento AH Plus. Conclusão, o tratamento com plasma de argônio modificou quimicamente a superfície dentinária. Este tratamento aumentou a energia livre de superfície e a molhabilidade de um cimento endodôntico à base de resina epóxi, favorecendo as características adesivas da superfície dentinária.


Subject(s)
Animals , Argon , Dentin/drug effects , Plasma Gases , Tooth Root/drug effects , Cattle
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e111, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951996

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of diode laser and a desensitizing dentifrice on dentin permeability. Fifty-two root dentin fragments were obtained (5 × 5mm) and treated with 24% EDTA gel. The samples were divided into 4 groups (n = 13): G1, control (no treatment); G2, diode laser (λ = 908 nm, 1.5 W, continuous mode, 20s); G3, application of abrasive dentifrice for 1 minute (Elmex Sensitive Professional (International Gaba); and G4, application of abrasive dentifrice for 1 minute followed by irradiation with diode laser. Ten samples per group were immersed in 2% methylene blue solution for 4h. The specimens were washed, longitudinally sectioned, observed under optical microscopy, photographed and assessed based on the degree of dye leakage. The remaining samples were observed under scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The leakage data were subjected to ANOVA test, followed by Tukey's t-test (α = 5%). Groups 2, 3 and 4 showed less dye penetration than the control group (p < 0.05), but were similar among each other. SEM images showed that dentinal tubules were open in G1, and fused and occluded in G2. Group 3 showed dentinal tubules that were occluded by the metal ions from the toothpaste. G4 presented similar characteristics to G3, and the presence of fused dentin. The diode laser and the dentifrice were effective in reducing dentinal permeability, and the combination of the two treatments did not show better results than either one used alone.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Root/drug effects , Dentifrices/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin Permeability/drug effects , Dentin Sensitivity/drug therapy , Dentin Desensitizing Agents/chemistry , Surface Properties/drug effects , Surface Properties/radiation effects , Time Factors , Tooth Root/radiation effects , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Dentin/radiation effects , Dentin Permeability/radiation effects , Laser Therapy/methods , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e77, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951963

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the thickness of resin cements in the root thirds when using conventional fiberglass posts (CP) and relined fiberglass posts (RP) in weakened roots and to evaluate the morphological characteristics of the dentin-resin interface. Forty human maxillary anterior teeth had the crown sectioned below the cemento-enamel junction. The canals were endodontically treated and weakened with diamond burs. Teeth were divided into four groups (n = 10): Group 1 - CP + RelyX ARC; Group 2 - CP + RelyX U200; Group 3 - RP + RelyX ARC; and Group 4 - RP + RelyX U200. Prior to luting, 0.1% Fluorescein and 0.1% Rhodamine B dyes were added to an adhesive and resin cement, respectively. Slices were obtained from the apical, middle, and cervical thirds of the root. Confocal laser scanning microscopy images were recorded in four areas (buccal, lingual, mesial, distal) of each third. In each area, four equidistant measures of the resin cement were made and the mean value was calculated. The interface morphology was observed. The data were submitted to three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The interaction between fiberglass posts, resin cement, and root thirds was significant (p < 0.0001). The resin cement thicknesses were significantly lower for RP in comparison with CP, except in the apical third. There was no significant difference between the resin cements for RP. There was formation of resin cement tags and adhesive tags along the root for RP. RP favored the formation of thin and uniform resin cement films and resin tags in weakened roots.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Post and Core Technique , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Glass/chemistry , Time Factors , Tooth Root/drug effects , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Dental Bonding/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Microscopy, Confocal , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects
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