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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e223759, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355009

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the fracture resistance of roots restored with CAD/CAM-fabricated posts, receiving or not intracanal laser treatment, compared with glass fiber posts under mechanical cycling. Methods: Twenty-seven endodontically treated, single-rooted teeth were divided into 3 groups: group 1 (control), prefabricated glass fiber posts relined with resin composite; group 2, CAD/CAM-fabricated intraradicular posts using Resin Nano Ceramic (RNC) blocks; and group 3, CAD/CAM-fabricated intraradicular posts using RNC blocks in canals irradiated with a 940-nm diode laser (100 mJ, 300-um optic fiber, coronal-apical and apical-coronal helical movements, speed of 2 mm/second, 4 times each canal). After cementation of the coping, cyclic loading was applied at an angle of 135° to the long axis of the root, with a pulse load of 130 N, frequency of 2.2 Hz, and 150,000 pulses on the crown at a point located 2 mm below the incisal edge on the lingual aspect of the specimen. Every 50,000 cycles, the specimens were evaluated for root fracture occurring below or above the simulated bone crest. Results were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (p<0.05). Results: Group 1 was the least resistant, while groups 2 and 3 were the most resistant. Group 1 differed significantly from groups 2 and 3 (p<0.01), but there was no difference between groups 2 and 3 (p<0.01). Conclusion: Treatment of the intracanal surface with diode laser had no influence on fracture resistance of roots restored with CAD/CAM-fabricated posts, but a longer cycling time is required to evaluate the real benefits of diode laser irradiation


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Fractures/rehabilitation , Tooth Root/injuries , Dental Pins , Dentistry , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use
2.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 135-141, mayo-jun. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254493

ABSTRACT

Se presentan los casos de fracturas verticales sintomáticos que ameritaron la extracción de las órganos dentales afectados en un periodo de cinco meses durante la pandemia por COVID-19 en la ciudad de Chihuahua, México. Material y métodos: Se recolectaron 26 muestras para el estudio, proporcionadas por los cirujanos dentistas integrantes del Grupo de Egresados de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Resultados: Los resultados muestran diferencias a lo reportado previamente respecto al tipo de diente involucrado, sexo de los pacientes, restauraciones coronales y tratamientos endodóncicos previos. Conclusiones: Se puede suponer que las modificaciones en el estilo de vida de la población, sumadas a la angustia permanente, pueden ser factores que contribuyen a las fracturas dentales (AU)


There are cases of symptomatic vertical fractures that warranted the extraction of affected teeth are presented, over a period of five months during the COVID-19 pandemic in Chihuahua City, Mexico. Material and methods: 26 samples were collected for the study, provided by the dentist who were members of the Graduate Group of the Faculty of Dentistry of the Autonomous University of Chihuahua. Results: The results show differences from what was previously reported regarding the type of tooth involved, sex of patients, coronal restorations and previous endodontic treatments. Conclusions: It can be assumed that changes in the lifestyle of the population, added to permanent distress, may be factors to preserve dental fractures (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Fractures/epidemiology , Tooth Root/injuries , Coronavirus Infections , COVID-19 , Root Canal Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Schools, Dental , Bicuspid , Dental Fissures/epidemiology , Photomicrography , Statistical Analysis , Post and Core Technique/statistics & numerical data , Tooth Crown/injuries , Dental Restoration, Permanent/statistics & numerical data , Age and Sex Distribution , Mexico/epidemiology , Molar
3.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 13-17, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248251

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un caso clínico de fractura radicular del tercio medio, de pieza 2.1 con desplazamiento de los cabos de fractura. Es tratado con un novedoso procedimiento terapéutico, mediante la utilización de un biomaterial de tercera generación osteoconductor, osteogénico y osteoinductor. Se obtiene la reparación del tejido conectivo interproximal y la formación de tejido calcificado (AU)


We present a clinical case of root fracture of the middle third, piece 2.1 with displacement of the fracture ends. It is treated with a novel therapeutic procedure, using a thirdgeneration osteoconductive, osteogenic and osteoinductive biomaterial. Interproximal connective tissue repair and calcified tissue formation are obtained (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tooth Fractures/therapy , Tooth Root/injuries , Biocompatible Materials , Regenerative Endodontics/methods , Osteogenesis , Root Canal Obturation/instrumentation , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Wound Healing/physiology , Dental Fistula/radiotherapy , Dentition, Permanent
4.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 63-67, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121413

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar un caso clínico de dos premolares inferiores con perforación radicular iatrogénica obturadas con Biodentine. Caso clínico: Una paciente de 54 años de edad fue derivada para realizar el tratamiento endodóntico en las piezas dentarias 44 y 45. Los exámenes clínico y radiográfico revelaron la presencia de perforaciones radiculares, cuya localización fue confirmada por medio de una tomografía computarizada de haz cónico. Luego de la desinfección y la instrumentación de los conductos radiculares, ambas perforaciones fueron selladas con Biodentine. Finalmente, los conductos fueron obturados, y las cavidades de acceso, restauradas con resina compuesta. Una semana después los dientes se encontraban asintomáticos y sin tumefacción. La paciente fue controlada nuevamente a los 20 meses postratamiento. Al examen clínico, ambos dientes estaban asintomáticos y funcionales. No hubo signos de infección, inflamación o sensibilidad a la percusión y la palpación. Las imágenes radiográficas y tomográficas revelaron espacio periodontal y cortical ósea normales. Conclusión: En el presente caso clínico, el Biodentine resultó un material adecuado para la obturación de perforaciones radiculares de origen iatrogénico ubicadas en la unión de los tercios medio y coronal (AU)


Aim: To present a clinical case of two lower premolars with iatrogenic root perforations in which both defects were repaired with Biodentine. Clinical case: A healthy 54-year old female was referred for endodontic treatment of teeth number 44 and 45. Clinical and radiographic examination revealed the presence of root perforations whose buccal localization was confirmed by a cone beam computed tomography scan. After the root canals were instrumented, both perforations were filled with Biodentine. The canals were obturated and the endodontic accesses were restored. A week later, the teeth were asymptomatic and without the presence of swelling. The patient was recalled 20-months after treatment and both teeth were asymptomatic and functional with no signs of infection, inflammation or sensitivity to percussion and palpation. Radiograph and cone beam computed tomography images showed a normal periodontal width and an intact lamina dura. Conclusion: Based on the outocome of this clinical case, Biodentine was an adequate material to repair iatrogenic root perforations (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Root Canal Filling Materials/therapeutic use , Silicate Cement/therapeutic use , Tooth Root/injuries , Iatrogenic Disease , Root Canal Therapy , Signs and Symptoms , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
5.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 107(3): 103-109, jul.-sept. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048477

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Informar el tratamiento de dos piezas con fractura radicular horizontal del tercio medio, patrones de curación y seguimiento por cinco años. Caso clínico: Se presentó a la consulta una niña de 9 años de edad con traumatismo de 10 días de evolución. Examen clínico: fractura amelodentinaria restaurada en la pieza 2.2, movilidad y sensibilidad a la percusión y palpación en ambos incisivos centrales superiores. Examen radiográfico: fractura radicular horizontal de tercio medio en piezas 1.1 y 2.1. Tratamiento: inmovilización con placa removible durante 4 semanas, indicaciones de higiene y uso, y controles de seguimiento. Al primero y al cuarto mes, ambos incisivos mostraron ausencia de movilidad, reacción positiva de sensibilidad y signos radiográficos de reabsorción superficial interna y externa. A los 6 meses, el 1.1 evidenció signos de reparación con tejido conectivo, y el 2.1, signos clínicos y radiográficos de necrosis pulpar del fragmento coronario. Se realizó el tratamiento endodóntico de la pieza 2.1 hasta el nivel de la fractura con pasta a base de hidróxido de calcio, y luego de la comprobación de la formación de una barrera de tejido duro, se obturó definitivamente con gutapercha y sellador endodóntico. Cinco años después del traumatismo, ambos incisivos se mostraron asintomáticos y los estudios por imágenes evidenciaron una completa consolidación de las fracturas. Conclusión: Un diagnóstico temprano, procedimientos apropiados de tratamiento, el conocimiento de los procesos curativos y un monitoreo cuidadoso de todos los parámetros clínicos y radiográficos son claves para un enfoque correcto y conservador de las piezas dentarias con fractura radicular (AU)


Aim: To report the treatment, healing patterns and fiveyear follow-up of two permanent incisors with horizontal root fracture located in the middle third. Case report: A 9-year-old girl who came to our consultation 10 days after a dental trauma. Clinical examination: restored enamel-dentin fracture in upper left lateral incisor; mobility and sensitivity to percussion and palpation in both upper central incisors. Radiographic examination: horizontal root fracture in the middle third of both upper central incisors. Treatment: stabilization with a removable splint for 4 weeks, indications for hygiene, use of the splint and follow-up controls. At first and fourth month, central incisors presented absence of mobility, positive response to pulp testing and radiographic signs of internal and external superficial resorption. At sixth month, signs of healing with connective tissue were found on the right central incisor, while the left one showed clinical and radiographic signs of necrosis of the coronal fragment. The root canal of this segment was treated initially with a calcium hydroxide paste and, after verifying the formation of a hard tissue barrier, it was filled with gutta- percha and endodontic sealer. Five years after the trauma, both central incisors were asymptomatic and imaging studies showed complete healing of the fractures. Conclusion: Early diagnosis, appropriate treatment procedures, knowledge of healing patterns and careful monitoring of clinical and radiographic parameters are key factors for a proper and conservative approach of injured tooth with root fracture (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Tooth Fractures/therapy , Tooth Root/injuries , Dentition, Permanent , Argentina , Root Canal Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Incisor/injuries
6.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 106(4): 127-135, dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-981824

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar una serie de casos clínicos con perforaciones radiculares obturadas con MTA. Casos clínicos: Este estudio retrospectivo muestra una serie de 5 casos clínicos correspondientes a elementos dentarios con perforaciones radiculares obturadas con MTA y evaluadas clínica y radiográficamente a distancia del tratamiento. Conclusión: El MTA es un material de obturación válido para el tratamiento de las perforaciones radiculares, permitiendo la reparación de los tejidos perirradiculares comprometidos (AU)


Aim: To present a series of clinical cases with root perforations filled with MTA. Case report: This retrospective study shows a series of five clinical cases corresponding to teeth with root perforations filled with MTA and assessed clinically and radiographically for a long period of time. Conclusion: MTA is a valid filling material for root perforation treatment allowing the healing of compromised periradicular tissues (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Root Canal Filling Materials/therapeutic use , Tooth Root/injuries , Iatrogenic Disease , Prognosis , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Retreatment
7.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 33(75): 15-22, jul.-dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-999406

ABSTRACT

La extrusión dentaria o erupción forzada es una opción de tratamiento con enormes ventajas cuando nos vemos obligados a tratar fracturas corono-radiculares. Se define como el movimiento en dirección coronal a través de la aplicación de fuerzas ligeras y continuas para provocar cambios en los tejidos blandos y hueso. La extrusión dental forzada amplía las alternativas en cuanto a la rehabilitación futura del paciente, ya que se puede optar por la restauración periférica total con anclaje del resto radicular, o bien por la exodoncia posterior a la extrusión, con la consecuente mejoría de las condiciones del tejido óseo para una posterior rehabilitación implanto-asistida. Presentación de caso clínico, pieza dentaria 2.2 con fractura corono-radicular en la cual se realizó tratamiento de erupción forzada y rehabilitación protésica (AU)


Extrusion or forced eruption es a treatment option with enormous advantages when we are forced to treat crown-root fractures. It is defined as the movement in the coronal direction through the application of light and continuous forces to cause changes in the soft tissues and bone. Forced dental extrusion expands the alternatives regarding the future rehabilitation of the patient, since it is possible to choose either total peripheral restoration with anchoring of the radicular rest of the post-extrusion extraction, with the consequent improvement of bone tissue conditions for subsequent implant-assissted rehabilitation. Presentation of a case report: tooth 2.2 with a crown-root fracture in which forced eruption and prosthetic rehabilitation were performed (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tooth Fractures/therapy , Tooth Root/injuries , Tooth Crown/injuries , Orthodontic Extrusion , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Dental Restoration, Permanent
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32(supl.1): e74, 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974477

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Adhesive procedures have changed the way to restore endodontically treated teeth (ETT). It started with the shift from cast post-and-core to fiber post. The original focus on strength also shifted towards failure modes, revealing that catastrophic failures are still a concern when restoring endodontically-treated teeth even with fiber posts. As an alternative, postless approaches have been proposed in order to improve the chances of repair. The goal of this critical review is to present a survey of the current knowledge on adhesive approaches to restore endodontically treated teeth with and without extensive coronal tissue loss. The preservation of tooth structure of endodontically treated teeth is paramount. Partial versus full coverage of ETT, the role of the ferrule, the post type effect on catastrophic failures and postless alternatives as endocrowns and postless build-ups are reviewed. There is a consensus that the remaining tooth structure plays an important role in ETT survival, although the current literature still is contradictory on the influence of post type on root fractures as well as the benefits of avoiding a post or partially restoring a tooth. More clinical studies should be carried out with the modern postless adhesive alternatives to conventional approaches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Post and Core Technique , Dental Bonding/methods , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Tooth Fractures , Tooth Root/injuries , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Dental Restoration Failure , Glass
9.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 16(5): 761-769, set.-oct. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-901768

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fractura complicada de raíz del tercio medio es una entidad compleja de pronóstico mayormente desfavorable y curso sintomático, donde el éxito clínico en no pocas oportunidades se convierte en una utopía, dado que la estabilidad en el afrontamiento de los bordes libres de los fragmentos fracturados es difícil de lograr. En este sentido el estabilizador edodóntico busca garantizar un anclaje bilateral satisfactorio, que posibilite unificar en una consulta los tiempos operatorios necesarios para un tratamiento exitoso. Objetivo: Describir la factibilidad del uso de un estabilizador endodóntico en el manejo de una fractura complicada de raíz del tercio medio en una visita. Presentación del caso: Paciente de 60 años, femenina que acude a consulta tras sufrir traumatismo dentoalveolar consistente con fractura complicada de raíz del tercio medio en 21; a los rayos X se observa ligero ensanchamiento periodontal y bordes discontinuos. Se realiza tratamiento edodóntico radical mediante la aplicación de un estabilizador intraconducto en la reducción de la fractura. Conclusiones: El uso de un estabilizador endodóntico en el manejo de una fractura complicada de raíz del tercio medio realizado en una sola visita es una alternativa factible de realizar en el tratamiento mediato e inmediato, ya que supone una rápida recuperación de las funciones buco-dentales del paciente(AU)


Introduction:The complicated fracture of the medium third of the root is a complex entity, particularly with an unfavorable prognosis and a symptomatic course in which the clinical success becomes a utopia in not just a few opportunities because the stability by confrontation of the free edges of the fractured fragments is difficult to achieve. In this respect, the endodontic stabilizer is used to guarantee a satisfactory bilateral anchorage that gives the possibility to unify, in a single visit, the necessary operation times for a successful treatment. Objective: To describe the feasibility of the use of an endodontic stabilizer in the management of a complicated fracture of the medium third of the root in a single visit. Case presentation: Female 60-year-old patient who comes to the consulting room after suffering from a consistent dentoalveolar trauma with a complicated fracture of the medium third of the root in tooth no.21; radiograph reveals a slight periodontal widening, and discontinuous edges. Radical endodontic treatment is performed with the placement of an intraductal stabilizer in the reduction of the fracture. Conclusions: The use of an endodontic stabilizer in the management of a complicated fracture of the medium third of the root in a single visit to the dentist is a feasible alternative in the mediate and immediate treatment seeing that it supposes a fast recovery of the bucco-dental functions of the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Tooth Fractures , Tooth Root/injuries , Dental Implantation, Endosseous, Endodontic/methods
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(2): 227-233, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841175

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare periapical radiograph (PR) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the diagnosis of alveolar and root fractures. Material and Methods Sixty incisor teeth (20 higid and 40 with root fracture) from dogs were inserted in 60 anterior alveolar sockets (40 higid and 20 with alveolar fracture) of 15 macerated canine maxillae. Each fractured socket had a root fractured tooth inserted in it. Afterwards, each maxilla was submitted to PR in two different vertical angulation incidences, and to CBCT imaging with a small field of view (FOV) and high-definition protocol. Images were randomized and posteriorly analyzed by two oral and maxillofacial radiologists two times, with a two-week interval between observations. Results Sensitivity and specificity values were good for root fractures for PR and CBCT. For alveolar fractures, sensitivity ranged from 0.10 to 0.90 for PR and from 0.50 to 0.65 for CBCT. Specificity for alveolar fractures showed lower results than for root fractures for PR and CBCT. Areas under the ROC curve showed good results for both PR and CBCT for root fractures. However, results were fair for both PR and CBCT for alveolar fractures. When submitted to repeated measures ANOVA tests, there was a statistically significant difference between PR and CBCT for root fractures. Root fracture intraobserver agreement ranged from 0.90 to 0.93, and alveolar fracture intraobserver agreement ranged from 0.30 to 0.57. Interobserver agreement results were substantial for root fractures and poor/fair for alveolar fractures (0.11 for PR and 0.30 for CBCT). Conclusion Periapical radiograph with two different vertical angulations may be considered an accurate method to detect root fractures. However, PR showed poorer results than CBCT for the diagnosis of alveolar fractures. When no fractures are diagnosed in PR and the patient describes pain symptoms, the subsequent exam of choice is CBCT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Tooth Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Root/injuries , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Tooth Socket/injuries , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Reference Values , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Random Allocation , Observer Variation , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tooth Socket/diagnostic imaging , Incisor/injuries , Incisor/diagnostic imaging
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(2): 234-238, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778333

ABSTRACT

Abstract Crown-root fractures in primary teeth are rare, with a wide variation of patterns that make diagnosis and treatment difficult. The aim of this study was to present a case series of crown-root fractures in primary teeth of children who attended a reference center. The study followed 28 cases of crown-root fractures in 26 children, representing 4% of the total number of attendees over 11 years of reference service at the Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil. In most cases, the maxillary central incisors (85.7%) were involved. In the crown, 57.1% of the cases had a simple line of fracture, and 42.9% had multiple lines. Simple lines predominated in the root (89.3%). In cases with simple fracture lines in the crown, 37.6% underwent a total extraction, 31.2% required a partial extraction and 31.2% underwent pulpectomy. In most teeth with multiple lines of fractures in the crown, total extraction was performed (91.7%) All cases were followed-up until the eruption of the permanent successor tooth, and all patients had favorable outcomes.


Resumo Fraturas coronorradiculares em dentes decíduos são raras, com uma ampla variação de padrões que dificultam o diagnóstico e tratamento. O objetivo deste estudo foi apresentar uma série de casos de fraturas coronorradiculares na dentição decídua de crianças atendidas em um centro de referência. O estudo acompanhou 28 casos de fratura coronorradicular em 26 crianças, representando 4% do número total de participantes ao longo de 11 anos no serviço de referência na Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Na maioria dos casos, o incisivo central superior (85,7%) foi o mais envolvido. Na coroa, 57,1% dos casos tiveram linha de fratura simples, e 42,9% tiveram múltiplas linhas. As linhas simples predominaram na raiz (89,3%). Nos casos com linhas de fratura simples na coroa, 37,6% foram submetidos à extração total, 31,2% necessitaram de extração parcial e 31,2% de pulpectomia. A maioria dos dentes com múltiplas linhas de fratura na coroa, a extração total foi realizada (91,7%). Todos os casos foram acompanhados até a erupção do dente permanente sucessor, e todos os pacientes tiveram resultados favoráveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth Crown/injuries , Tooth Fractures/therapy , Tooth Root/injuries
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(1): 16-21, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777154

ABSTRACT

Abstract Accurate and early diagnosis of vertical root fractures (VRFs) is imperative to prevent extensive bone loss and unnecessary endodontic and prosthodontic treatments. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of time lapse on the diagnostic accuracy of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for VRFs in endodontically treated dog's teeth. Forty-eight incisors and premolars of three adult male dogs underwent root canal therapy. The teeth were assigned to two groups: VRFs were artificially induced in the first group (n=24) while the teeth in the second group remained intact (n=24). The CBCT scans were obtained by NewTom 3G unit immediately after inducing VRFs and after one, two, three, four, eight, 12 and 16 weeks. Three oral and maxillofacial radiologists blinded to the date of radiographs assessed the presence/absence of VRFs on CBCT scans. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy values were calculated and data were analyzed using SPSS v.16 software and ANOVA. The total accuracy of detection of VRFs immediately after surgery, one, two, three, four, eight, 12 and 16 weeks was 67.3%, 68.7%, 66.6%, 64.6%, 64.5%, 69.4%, 68.7%, 68% respectively. The effect of time lapse on detection of VRFs was not significant (p>0.05). Overall sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of CBCT for detection of VRFs were 74.3%, 62.2%, 67.2% respectively. Cone beam computed tomography is a valuable tool for detection of VRFs. Time lapse (four months) had no effect on detection of VRFs on CBCT scans.


Resumo Um diagnostico correto e a tempo das fraturas radiculares verticais (FRVs) é essencial para prevenir extensa perda óssea, tratamentos endodônticos e próteses desnecessárias. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito do tempo decorrido sobre a acurácia diagnóstica da tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC) para detecção de FRVs em dentes de cães tratados endodonticamente. Quarenta e oito dentes incisivos e premolares obtidos de três cães machos adultos tiveram os seus canais tratados. Os dentes foram divididos em dois grupos: no primeiro grupo (n=24) foram artificialmente induzidas FRVs, enquanto no segundo grupo (n=24) os dentes permaneceram intactos. As imagens de TCFC foram obtidas pela unidade NewTom 3G imediatamente após a cirurgia de indução das FRVs e uma, duas, três, quarto, oito, 12 e 16 semanas depois. Três radiologistas cegos para as datas das imagens avaliaram a presença/ausência de FRVs nas imagens de TCFC. Foram calculados os valores da sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia, sendo os dados analisados por ANOVA e pelo programa SPSS v.16. As acurácias totais de detecção das FRVs imediatamente após sua indução e uma, duas, três, quarto, oito, 12 e 16 semanas depois foram respectivamente de 67,3%, 68,7%, 66,6%, 64,6%, 64,5%, 69,4%, 68,7% e 68%. O efeito do tempo decorrido foi sem significado estatístico (p>0,05). A TCFC produziu valores gerais de sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia de 74,3%, 62,2% e 67.2%, respectivamente. A tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico é uma ferramenta valiosa para detecção de FRVs. O tempo decorrido (quatro meses) não teve influência sobre a detecção de FRVs nas imagens de TCFC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/standards , Tooth Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Root/injuries , Dogs , Sensitivity and Specificity , Time and Motion Studies
13.
Rev. ADM ; 72(6): 329-332, nov.-dic. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-786692

ABSTRACT

El propósito de este reporte es presentar el caso de un paciente femenino con presencia de fractura radicular vertical (FRV) de un segundopremolar superior izquierdo, remitida a la clínica de Postgrado de Endodonciade la Universidad De La Salle Bajío para remoción de poste y retratamiento dental. Una vez realizado el diagnóstico se determinó FRV mediante sondeo minucioso irregular en un solo punto con sonda flexible, ligero dolor a la masticación y pérdida ósea radiográfica en forma de halo o gota, se sugirió como tratamiento extracción dental y cirugía exploratoria a petición del paciente


The aim of this report is to present the case of a female patient with a vertical root fracture (VRF) of a maxillary second premolar who was referred to the Postgraduate Endodontic Clinic of De La Salle Bajío University in León, Guanajuato, Mexico for the removal of a metallic post and retreatment of root canals. Examination via thorough irregular periodontal probing at a single point with a fl exible probe resulted in a diagnosis of VRF, slight pain on chewing, and radiographic bone loss in the shape of a halo or droplet, for which the suggested treatment was the extraction of the tooth, a surgical procedure that was subsequently performed at the patient’s request.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Female , Bicuspid/injuries , Tooth Fractures/diagnosis , Tooth Fractures/therapy , Tooth Root/injuries , Wound Healing/physiology , Bicuspid/surgery , Schools, Dental , Tooth Extraction/methods , Mexico , Root Canal Therapy
14.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 103(3): 120-124, jul.-sept. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-768636

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: presentar la resolución quirúrgica de un caso clínico de recesiones gingivales tratadas con técnica de túnel y la evaluación de los resultados a los 180 días. Caso clínico: un paciente de sexo masculino, de 21 años de edad, concurrió a la consulta con recesiones de clase I de Miller, abfracciones e hipersensibilidad en las piezas 1.4 y 1.5. El procedimiento quirúrgico elegido fue la técnica de túnel. Se efectuó el seguimiento de la cicatrización y de la estabilidad de la cobertura radicular a los 180 días. Conclusión: el recubrimiento radicular de recesiones de clase I de Miller es altamente predecible, ya que permite anticipar una cobertura del 100 por ciento, siempre y cuando el enfoque quirúrgico esté acompañado del tratamiento de los factores etiológicos, así como támbién de la selección de una técnica adecuada


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Tooth Root/injuries , Gingival Recession/surgery , Connective Tissue/transplantation , Dental Scaling/methods , Surgical Flaps , Treatment Outcome
15.
Bol. Asoc. Argent. Odontol. Niños ; 44(1): 3-7, abr.-ago. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-776094

ABSTRACT

Los traumatismos dentarios constituyen uno de los motivos más frecuentes en la consulta odontopediátrica. Si bien las fracturas radiculares en dentición primaria son las lesiones traumáticas menos prevalentes (2-4 por ciento), son de difícil resolución y ocasionan la pérdida de dichas piezas en la mayoría de los casos. Objetivo: describir la resolución del traumatismo con fractura radicular en ambos incisivos centrales superiores primarios. Diagnóstico de la situación inicial: paciente masculino de 4 años que acude con su madre a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Niños de la FOUBA presentando un traumatismo dental de 2 horas de evolución. Diagnóstico clínico-radiográfico: fractura radicular horizontal de tercio medio del 5.1 y 6.1 (sin reabsorción fisiológica radicular), sin desplazamiento del fragmento coronario, con laceración de labio superior y encía marginal. Secuencia de procedimientos operatorios: historia clínica con consentimiento informado; anamnesis médica y odontológica; examen clínico y radiográfico de 5.1 y 6.1 y antagonistas; limpieza de tejidos blandos con clorhexidina; impresión con alginato; confección de placa posicionadora para ferulización; prueba e instalación de la placa; indicaciones al paciente y a su madre: uso permanente durante 45 días y uso nocturno, para comer y hacer deportes 45 días más. Recomendaciones de higiene; controles inmediatos: 30 y 45 días y 3 y 6 meses. Resolución del caso: en todos los controles, ambas piezas se presentaron asintomáticas. A los 6 meses se observa la correcta cicatrización radicular y la presencia de vitalidad en ambos incisivos. Conclusiones: el tratamiento temprano y los controles posteriores son fundamentales para preservar la salud pulpar y conseguir la reparación de los tejidos duros afectados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Tooth Fractures/therapy , Patient Care Planning , Tooth Root/injuries , Argentina , Dental Care for Children/methods , Wound Healing/physiology , Schools, Dental , Follow-Up Studies , Tooth Fractures/diagnosis , Incisor/injuries , Incisor , Occlusal Splints
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-6, 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777179

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to analyze four different cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) protocols to identify horizontal root fractures (HRF) in endodontically treated teeth, with or without the presence of a metallic post. Thirty extracted single-rooted human premolars were treated endodontically. Afterwards, an observer induced a horizontal fracture in 15 teeth. Each tooth was inserted in an empty mandibular socket and submitted to a computed tomography scan taken with and without the metallic post. The acquisition followed four different protocols, with different fields of view (FOV) and voxel sizes, as follows: FOV 6X16 cm/0.2 mm voxel; FOV 6X16 cm/0.25 mm voxel; FOV 8X8 cm/0.2 mm voxel; FOV 8X8 cm/0.25 mm voxel. Two observers checked all the acquisitions within a two-week interval, and the values of sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and kappa were calculated. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy values were better for the 8X8 cm/0.2 mm and 16X6 cm/0.25 mm protocols, ranging from 0.60 to 0.86 and 0.53 to 0.80, respectively. The intra- and interobserver concordance ranged from 0.65 to 0.72. The protocols where FOV and voxel were proportional showed better results. The 8x8 cm/0.2 mm protocol had the least interference from the metallic artifact. All four protocols showed a decline in values in the presence of the metallic artifact.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Tooth Fractures , Tooth Root/injuries , Tooth, Nonvital , Bicuspid , Observer Variation , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Time Factors , Tooth Root
17.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 71(2): 152-155, Jul.-Dez. 2014. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-766103

ABSTRACT

O diagnóstico de fratura radicular é um desafio na Odontologia, onde o exame de diagnóstico por imagem mais utilizado ainda é a radiografia convencional. Essa, por sua vez, é limitada, pois sobrepõem estruturas adjacentes que se projetam em um único plano, sendo, portanto, uma imagem bidimensional de um objeto tridimensional. Este trabalho tem como objetivo demonstrar casos clínicos de fratura radicular, nos quais foi utilizada, para o diagnóstico, a tomografia computadorizada Cone Beam. A tomografia computadorizada Cone Beam é um exame de imagem tridimensional com excelente qualidade de resolução, sendo indicada quando existem dúvidas quanto à presença de fraturas radiculares.


The diagnosis of root fracture is a challenge in dentistry, the examination of diagnostic imaging more used in dentistry it is still conventional radiography. This, in turn, is limited because adjacent structures show in one plane, and therefore a two-dimensional image of a three-dimensional object. The aim of study was demonstrate clinical cases of root fracture in which it was used cone beam computed tomography for diagnosis. Cone beam CT scan is an imaging exam with excellent dimensional quality resolution and indicated when there is uncertainty about the presence of root fractures.


Subject(s)
Tooth Fractures , Tooth Root/injuries , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
19.
Full dent. sci ; 5(19): 507-510, jul. 2014. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-726536

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente trabalho ‚ relatar um caso de fratura radicular horizontal tratada com Ca(OH) 2 e obturada com MTA. Paciente do sexo feminino, 20 anos, apresentou-se para tratamento queixando-se de dor e discreta mobilidade no dente 21. A paciente relatou ter sofrido uma queda há 2 meses e batido a boca. No exame clínico, observou-se que o dente 21 apresentava discreta mobilidade e alteração de cor, dor moderada na percussão vertical e horizontal, ausência de vitalidade pulpar, aspecto e coloração gengival normais, ausência de deslocamento da porção coronária e coroa do dente hígida. O exame radiográfico revelou fratura horizontal no terço médio desta raiz. Foi realizado o tratamento endodêntico do segmento radicular coronário … linha de fratura, sendo o canal radicular esvaziado, modelado e preenchido com Ca(OH) 2 a 1 mm aquém da linha de fratura. Este foi trocado com intervalos trimestrais até completar 1 ano e 3 meses. Com o auxílio de um microscópio clínico, foi realizado o preenchimento total do segmento radicular coronário … linha de fratura com MTA. Após 20 meses, o dente encontra-se assintomático e, radiograficamente, com presença de lâmina dura e ausência total de infecção. Concluiu-se que o MTA ‚ viável para obturação do remanescente coronário em um caso de fratura do terço médio radicular


The aim of this study was to report a case of horizontal root fracture treated with Ca(OH)2 and filled with MTA. The patient, a 20 year-old woman, presented for treatment complaining of pain and discrete mobility of tooth 21. The patient reported that she hit her mouth on an accidental fall 2 months before. During intra-oral examination it was observed that the tooth 21 presented discrete mobility and color alteration, moderate pain on vertical and horizontal percussion, negative response to vitality test, normal gingival aspect and coloring, no displacement of coronal portion, and the crown was healthy. Radiographic examination showed horizontal fracture in the middle third of this root. Access cavity and chemical-mechanical preparation were performed to 1 mm short of the fracture line, and Ca(OH) 2 was used for intra-canal dressing. Using a clinical microscope, the coronal portion of the canal was filled with MTA. After 20 months the tooth is asymptomatic; radiograph showed complete healing between the fragments with no infection. It was concluded that MTA filling can be an alternative to the routine treatments of horizontal root fracture in the middle third


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Tooth Root/injuries , Tooth Fractures , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , Tooth Injuries , Calcium Hydroxide , Glass Ionomer Cements , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 22(3): 165-173, May-Jun/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-711714

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the impact of the type of root canal preparation, intraradicular post and mechanical cycling on the fracture strength of roots. Material and Methods: eighty human single rooted teeth were divided into 8 groups according to the instruments used for root canal preparation (manual or rotary instruments), the type of intraradicular post (fiber posts- FRC and cast post and core- CPC) and the use of mechanical cycling (MC) as follows: Manual and FRC; Manual, FRC and MC; Manual and CPC; Manual, CPC and MC; Rotary and FRC; Rotary, FRC and MC; Rotary and CPC; Rotary, CPC and MC. The filling was performed by lateral compactation. All root canals were prepared for a post with a 10 mm length, using the custom #2 bur of the glass fiber post system. For mechanical cycling, the protocol was applied as follows: an angle of incidence of 45°, 37°C, 88 N, 4 Hz, 2 million pulses. All groups were submitted to fracture strength test in a 45° device with 1 mm/ min cross-head speed until failure occurred. Results: The 3-way ANOVA showed that the root canal preparation strategy (p<0.03) and post type (p<0.0001) affected the fracture strength results, while mechanical cycling (p=0.29) did not. Conclusion: The root canal preparation strategy only influenced the root fracture strength when restoring with a fiber post and mechanical cycling, so it does not seem to be an important factor in this scenario. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Post and Core Technique/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Tooth Fractures/etiology , Tooth Root/injuries , Analysis of Variance , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Instruments , Dental Stress Analysis , Dentin/anatomy & histology , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Stress, Mechanical , Surface Properties , Tooth Fractures/physiopathology , Tooth Root/anatomy & histology
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