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1.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20160629, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893696

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of the capping materials mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), calcium hydroxide (CH) and BiodentineTM (BD) on stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) in vitro. Material and Methods: SHED were cultured for 1 - 7 days in medium conditioned by incubation with MTA, BD or CH (1 mg/mL), and tested for viability (MTT assay) and proliferation (SRB assay). Also, the migration of serum-starved SHED towards conditioned media was assayed in companion plates, with 8 μm-pore-sized membranes, for 24 h. Gene expression of dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP-1) was evaluated by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Regular culture medium with 10% FBS (without conditioning) and culture medium supplemented with 20% FBS were used as controls. Results: MTA, CH and BD conditioned media maintained cell viability and allowed continuous SHED proliferation, with CH conditioned medium causing the highest positive effect on proliferation at the end of the treatment period (compared with BD and MTA) (p<0.05). In contrast, we observed increased SHED migration towards BD and MTA conditioned media (compared with CH) (p<0.05). A greater amount of DMP-1 gene was expressed in MTA group compared with the other groups from day 7 up to day 21. Conclusion: Our results show that the three capping materials are biocompatible, maintain viability and stimulate proliferation, migration and differentiation in a key dental stem cell population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/pharmacology , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Stem Cells/physiology , Time Factors , Tooth, Deciduous/drug effects , Materials Testing , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Movement/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dental Pulp Capping/methods , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Drug Combinations , Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases/drug effects
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(4): 332-337, July-Aug. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792592

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Low-Level Laser Therapy stimulates the proliferation of a variety of types of cells. However, very little is known about its effect on stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED). Objective This study aimed to evaluate the influence of different laser therapy energy densities on SHED viability and proliferation. Material and Methods SHED were irradiated according to the groups: I (1.2 J/cm2 - 0.5 mW – 10 s), II (2.5 J/cm2 – 10 mW – 10 s), III (3.7 J/cm2 – 15 mW – 10 s), IV (5.0 J/cm2 – 20 mW – 10 s), V (6.2 J/cm2 – 25 mW – 10 s), and VI (not irradiated – control group). Cell viability was assessed 6 and 24 h after irradiation measuring the mitochondrial activity and using the Crystal Violet assay. Cell proliferation was assessed after 24, 48, and 72 h of irradiation by SRB assay. Results MTT assay demonstrated differences from 6 to 24 hours after irradiation. After 24 h, groups I and IV showed higher absorbance values than those of control group. Crystal Violet assay showed statistically differences in the absorbance rate from 6 to 24 h after irradiation for groups III and VI. At 24 h after irradiation, Group III absorbance rate was greater than that of groups I, II, and IV. Group VI absorbance rate was greater than that of groups I and IV. SRB assay showed that the group I had higher rates than those of groups II, III, V, and VI, at 24 h after irradiation. After 48 h, group I exhibited the greatest cell proliferation rate followed by groups III, V, and VI. After 72 h, group III exhibited the lowest cell proliferation rate than those of groups II, IV, and V. Conclusions The Low-Level Laser Therapy energy densities used in this study did not cause loss of cell viability and stimulated SHED proliferation within the parameters described in this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Stem Cells/radiation effects , Tooth Exfoliation , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Tooth, Deciduous/radiation effects , Analysis of Variance , Cell Proliferation/radiation effects , Cell Survival/radiation effects , Cells, Cultured , Formazans , Radiation Dosage , Reproducibility of Results , Rhodamines , Tetrazolium Salts , Time Factors
3.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 21(2): 15-27, Mar.-Apr. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782952

ABSTRACT

Abstract When seeking orthodontic treatment, many adolescents and adult patients present with deciduous teeth. Naturally, deciduous teeth will inevitably undergo exfoliation at the expected time or at a later time. Apoptosis is the biological trigger of root resorption. In adult patients, deciduous teeth should not be preserved, as they promote: infraocclusion, traumatic occlusion, occlusal trauma, diastemata and size as well as morphology discrepancy malocclusion. Orthodontic movement speeds root resorption up, and so do restoring or recontouring deciduous teeth in order to establish esthetics and function. Deciduous teeth cells are dying as a result of apoptosis, and their regeneration potential, which allows them to act as stem cells, is limited. On the contrary, adult teeth cells have a greater proliferative potential. All kinds of stem cell therapies are laboratory investigative non authorized trials.


Resumo Muitos adolescentes e adultos, ao procurar pelo tratamento ortodôntico, apresentam dentes decíduos persistentes. Naturalmente, os dentes decíduos ou se esfoliam na época esperada ou mais tardiamente, de forma inevitável. A apoptose é o gatilho biológico da rizólise. Em adultos, os dentes decíduos não devem ser preservados, pois promovem: infraoclusão, oclusão traumática, trauma oclusal, além de diastemas e má oclusão por discrepância de tamanho e morfologia. O movimento ortodôntico acelera o processo de rizólise, assim como restaurar ou reanatomizar dentes decíduos para inseri-los em uma estética e função. As células dos dentes decíduos estão morrendo por apoptose e seu potencial regenerativo para atuarem como células-tronco tem limitações, ao contrário das células de dentes adultos, que têm maior potencial proliferativo. Todas as terapias com células-tronco ainda são laboratoriais e se enquadram como ensaios investigativos não autorizados.


Subject(s)
Adult , Orthodontics, Corrective/methods , Stem Cells/physiology , Stem Cells/pathology , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Tooth Extraction , Periodontal Ligament/physiopathology , Periodontal Ligament/pathology , Root Resorption/physiopathology , Root Resorption/pathology , Tooth, Deciduous/pathology , Tooth Movement Techniques , Apoptosis/physiology , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Cell Proliferation/physiology
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(10): e5373, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792522

ABSTRACT

Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) have great potential to treat various dental-related diseases in regenerative medicine. They are usually maintained with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) in vitro. Modified platelet-rich plasma (mPRP) would be a safe alternative to 10% FBS during SHEDs culture. Therefore, our study aimed to compare the proliferation and differentiation of SHEDs cultured in mPRP and FBS medium to explore an optimal concentration of mPRP for SHEDs maintenance. Platelets were harvested by automatic blood cell analyzer and activated by repeated liquid nitrogen freezing and thawing. The platelet-related cytokines were examined and analyzed by ELISA. SHEDs were extracted and cultured with different concentrations of mPRP or 10% FBS medium. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was measured. Mineralization factors, RUNX2 and OCN, were measured by real-time PCR. SHEDs were characterized with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) markers including vimentin, CD44, and CD105. mPRP at different concentrations (2, 5, 10, and 20%) enhanced the growth of SHEDs. Moreover, mPRP significantly stimulated ALP activity and promoted expression of RUNX2 and OCN compared with 10% FBS. mPRP could efficiently facilitate proliferation and differentiation of SHEDs, and 2% mPRP would be an optimal substitute for 10% FBS during SHEDs expansion and differentiation in clinical scale manufacturing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Alkaline Phosphatase/antagonists & inhibitors , Analysis of Variance , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/analysis , Culture Media , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/analysis
5.
Bauru; s.n; 2016. 133 p. tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-881837

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar os efeitos de diferentes densidades de energia e irradiâncias do Laser de Baixa Intensidade (LBI), variando em função do tempo de irradiação e potência, na viabilidade e proliferação de fibroblastos derivados da polpa de dentes decíduos humanos (HPF). HPF foram cultivados em DMEM e usados entre a 4ª e 8ª passagem. Os grupos foram divididos de acordo com diferentes densidades de energia, variando: Tempo de irradiação - Grupo I Ia (1,2 J/cm2 - 5 mW - 10 s), Ib (2,5 J/cm2 - 5 mW - 20 s), Ic (3,7 J/cm2 - 5 mW - 30 s), Id (5,0 J/cm2 - 5 mW - 40 s), e Ie (6,2 J/cm2 - 5 mW - 50 s); ou potência - Grupo II IIa (1,2 J/cm2 - 5 mW - 10 s), IIb (2,5 J/cm2 - 10 mW - 10 s), IIc (3,7 J/cm2 - 15 mW - 10 s), IId (5,0 J/cm2 - 20 mW - 10 s), e IIe (6,2 J/cm2 - 25 mW - 10 s). Células não irradiadas - cultivadas em condições nutricionais regulares - 10% Soro Fetal Bovino (SFB) (If e IIf) e células não irradiadas - cultivadas em déficit nutricional - 1% SFB (Ig e IIg), foram consideradas controles positivos e negativos, respectivamente. A viabilidade e proliferação celular foram avaliadas, repesctivamente, pelas técnicas MTT e Cristal violeta (CV), nos períodos de 24, 48 e 72 horas após a irradiação. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise estatística por ANOVA 2 critérios, seguido pelo teste de Tukey (P<0,05). No ensaio MTT, os controles negativos, Ig e IIg, apresentaram significativamente menor viabilidade em relação aos correspondentes grupos experimentais: IIa e IIb, 24 horas após a irradiação; Ia, Ib, Ie, If e IIf no período de 48 horas; e Ib-If, assim como, IIa-IIf após 72 horas. Nos diferentes períodos de avaliação do ensaio CV, todos os grupos, exceto Ie, IIe e If, exibiram significativamente maior proliferação em comparação aos respectivos controles negativos. Dentro de um mesmo grupo nos diferentes períodos, os grupos If e IIe apresentaram menor viabilidade durante o período de 24 horas em comparação ao período de 72 horas pelo ensaio MTT. Na avaliação intragrupos, o ensaio CV revelou menor proliferação no período de 24 horas em comparação aos períodos de 48 e 72 horas, independente do grupo avaliado. Os diferentes protocolos de irradiação, grupos I e II, não apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significativa na viabilidade e proliferação celular entre densidades de energia iguais com irradiâncias diferentes durante os períodos avaliados. De acordo com os resultados obtidos, as diferentes densidades de energia e irradiâncias propostas não prejudicaram a viabilidade e proliferação de fibroblastos pulpares de dentes decíduos humanos. A variação do protocolo de irradiação LBI, em função do tempo ou da potência, não interferiram nas respostas celulares após a aplicação da mesma densidade de energia com irradiâncias diferentes.(AU)


The aim of this study was to compare the effects of Low-level laser (LLL) with different energy densities and irradiances, varying according to the irradiation time and power, on cell viability and proliferation of pulp fibloblasts from human primary teeth (HPF). HPF were culture in DMEM and used between 4th and 8th passages. Groups were divided according to different energy densities, varying: Time of irradiation Ia (1.2 J/cm2 - 5 mW - 10 s), Ib (2.5 J/cm2 - 5 mW - 20 s), Ic (3.7 J/cm2 - 5 mW - 30 s), Id (5.0 J/cm2 - 5 mW - 40 s), and Ie (6.2 J/cm2 - 5 mW - 50 s); or output power - Grupo II IIa (1.2 J/cm2 - 5 mW - 10 s), IIb (2.5 J/cm2 - 10 mW - 10 s), IIc (3.7 J/cm2 - 15 mW - 10 s), IId (5.0 J/cm2 - 20 mW - 10 s), e IIe (6.2 J/cm2 - 25 mW - 10 s). Non-irradiated cells - grown in regular nutritional conditions - 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FSB) (If and IIf) and non-irradiated cells - grown in nutritional deficit - 1% FBS (Ig and IIg) were considered positive and negative controls, respectively. Cell viability and proliferation were respectively assessed through MTT and Crystal violet (CV) assays at 24, 48 and 72h after irradiation. Data were submitted to statistical analysis by ANOVA 2 criteria, followed by Tukey test (P<0.05). In the MTT assay, the negative controls, Ig and IIg, showed significantly lower viability in relation to the corresponding groups: IIa and IIb 24 hours after irradiation; Ia, Ib, Ie, If and IIf at 48 hours period; and Ib-If, as IIa-IIf, after 72 hours. At different periods of evaluation of CV assay, all groups, except Ie, IIe and If, exhibited significantly higher proliferation compared to the respective negative controls. Within the same group at different periods, groups If and IIe showed lower viability during 24 hours compared to 72 hours period by MTT assay. In the intragroup evaluation, CV assay revealed lower proliferation at 24 hours compared to 48 and 72 hours periods, regardless of the evaluated group. Different irradiation protocols, groups I and II, showed no statistically significant differences on cell viability and proliferation among equals energy densities with different irradiances at the evaluated periods. According to these findings, different LLL energy densities and irradiances proposed did not impair viability and proliferation of pulp fibloblasts from human primary teeth. The variation of the LLL irradiation protocol, by the time or power, did not interfere in cellular responses after the application of the same energy density with different irradiances.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Dental Pulp/cytology , Fibroblasts/radiation effects , Lasers, Solid-State , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Radiation Dosage , Analysis of Variance , Cell Count , Cell Proliferation/radiation effects , Cell Survival/radiation effects , Cells, Cultured , Dental Pulp/radiation effects , Gentian Violet , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e131, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951958

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Bioactive molecules stored in dentin, such as transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-b1), may be involved in the signaling events related to dental tissue repair. The authors conducted an in vitro evaluation of the amount of TGF-b1 released from dentin slices after treatment with 10% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and the effect of this growth factor on stem cell migration from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED). Sixty 1-mm-thick tooth slices were prepared with or without the predentin layer, and treated with either 10% EDTA for 1 minute, 2.5% NaOCl for 5 days or kept in PBS. Tooth slice conditioned media were prepared and used for TGF-b1 ELISA and migration assays. Culture medium with different concentrations of recombinant human TGF-b1 (0.5, 1.0, 5.0 or 10.0 ng/mL) was also tested by migration assay. The data were evaluated by ANOVA and Tukey's test. Optical density values corresponding to media conditioned by tooth slices either containing or not containing the predentin layer and treated with 10% EDTA were statistically greater than the other groups and close to 1 ng/mL. Increased rates of migration toward media conditioned by tooth slices containing the predentin layer and treated with PBS, 10% EDTA or 2.5% NaOCl were observed. Recombinant human TGF-b1 also stimulated migration of SHED, irrespective of the concentration used. EDTA may be considered an effective extractant of TGF-b1 from the dentin matrix. However, it does not impact SHED migration, suggesting that other components may account for the cell migration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Cell Movement/drug effects , Edetic Acid/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dentin/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/drug effects , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Stem Cells/physiology , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Tooth, Deciduous/drug effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Culture Media, Conditioned , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Dentin/ultrastructure , Extracellular Matrix/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e80, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951980

ABSTRACT

Abstract Dental trauma in immature permanent teeth can damage pulp vascularization, which leads to necrosis and cessation of apexogenesis. Studies on tissue engineering using stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) have yielded promising results. Laser phototherapy (LPT) is able to influence the proliferation and differentiation of these cells, which could improve tissue engineering. SHEDs (eighth passage) were seeded into 96-well culture plates (103 cells/well) and were grown in culture medium supplemented with 15% defined fetal bovine serum (FBS) for 12 h. After determining the appropriate nutrition deficiency status (5% FBS), the cells were assigned into four groups: 1) G1 - 15% FBS (positive control); 2) G2 - 5% FBS (negative control); 3) G3 - 5% FBS+LPT 3 J/cm2; and 4) G4 - 5% FBS+LPT 5 J/cm2. For the LPT groups, two laser irradiations at 6 h intervals were performed using a continuous wave InGaAlP diode laser (660 nm, with a spot size of 0.028 cm2, 10 mW) in punctual and contact mode. Cell viability was assessed via an MTT reduction assay immediately after the second laser irradiation (0 h) and 24, 48, and 72 h later. We found that G3 and G4 presented a significantly higher cell growth rate when compared with G2 (p < 0.01). Moreover, G4 exhibited a similar cell growth rate as G1 throughout the entire experiment (p > 0.05). These findings indicate that LPT with 5 J/cm2 can enhance the growth of SHEDs during situations of nutritional deficiency. Therefore, LPT could be a valuable adjunct treatment in tissue engineering when using stem cells derived from the dental pulp of primary teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Stem Cells/radiation effects , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Dental Pulp/cytology , Malnutrition , Radiometry , Time Factors , Tooth, Deciduous/radiation effects , Cell Survival/radiation effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Culture Media , Tissue Engineering , Dental Pulp/radiation effects , Cell Proliferation/radiation effects
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 14(2): 135-140, Apr.-June 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755036

ABSTRACT

Aim: To detect the expression of molecules associated with Notch signaling pathway in stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) cultured in specific differentiation medium, namely, keratinocyte growth medium (KGM). Methods:RNA was extracted from SHED harvested on day 1, 3 and 7. RNA was reverse-transcribed to obtain the cDNA and then proceeded with PCR using specific primers for the Notch signaling pathway molecules (Notch1, Jagged-1, Jagged-2 and, Hes1) as well as stem cell marker (Nanog). PCR products were electrophoresed on a 2% agarose gel and stained with SYBR green. Results:Notch-1 was highly expressed in SHED cultured in KGM and showed increase in density as the days progressed, while Jagged-1 showed a decrease. Jagged-2 on the other hand, showed a slight increase on day 3 followed by a decrease on day 7. However, Hes-1 was not expressed in SHED cultured in KGM. Nanog showed expression only on day 3 and gradually increased in expression on day 7. Conclusions:Notch signaling pathway associated molecules; Notch-1, Jagged-1, Jagged-2, and stem cell marker Nanog are expressed in SHED cultured in KGM which may be involved in the differentiation into epithelial-like cells in human dental pulp tissues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Culture Media , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Gene Expression , Keratinocytes , Receptors, Notch , Stem Cells
9.
Bauru; s.n; 2015. 115 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-773799

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar, in vitro, os efeitos de diferentes concentrações do fator de crescimento transformador beta 1 (TGF-β1) em células-tronco derivadas da polpa de dentes decíduos esfoliados humanos (SHED), com relação à viabilidade, proliferação, migração e diferenciação celular. As SHED foram mantidas em meio de cultura MEMα + soro fetal bovino (FBS) 10% + penicilina e estreptomicina 1% e tratadas com TGF-β1 na concentração de 1,0; 5,0 e 10,0 ng/mL. Após 1, 3, 5 e 7 dias, foram avaliadas a viabilidade celular pelo método MTT e a proliferação pelo método SRB. Após 24 h de tratamento com TGF-β1, foi realizado um ensaio de migração celular por meio de insertos com poros de 8 μm. Para a avaliação da diferenciação celular de SHED em odontoblastos foram analisados por meio da RT-PCR os marcadores DSPP e DMP-1, após tratamento com TGF-β1 nas diferentes concentrações por 14 dias. Os resultados foram submetidos à ANOVA seguido do teste de Tukey. Em relação à viabilidade celular, as diferentes concentrações de TGF-β1 não tiveram efeito citotóxico sobre SHED. As células tratadas com diferentes concentrações de TGF-β1 apresentaram maiores taxas de proliferação que as do controle negativo (MEMα + 10% de FBS) a partir do 3o dia (p=0,000). Observou-se maiores taxas de migração em direção aos meios contendo TGF-β1, mas sem diferença estatisticamente significativa entre as diferentes concentrações utilizadas, entretanto, houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre as diferentes concentrações de TGF-β1 com o controle positivo (p=0,000), controle negativo (p=0,000) e entre o controle positivo e negativo (p=0,002). A expressão de DMP-1 foi observada de forma crescente nas doses de 1,0 e 5,0 ng/mL de TGF-β1 ao longo do período (1, 7 e 14 dias) e na dose de 10,0 ng/mL a marcação foi mais intensa desde o primeiro dia do estímulo. Em relação à expressão de DSPP, o grupo tratado com 10,0 ng/mL apresentou marcação após 14 dias de tratamento...


The aim of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the effect of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) in stem cells derived from the pulp of human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) regarding to cell viability, proliferation, migration and differentiation. SHED were maintained in MEMα culture medium + 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) + 1% penicillin and streptomycin, and treated with TGF-β1 at the following concentrations of 1.0; 5.0 and 10.0 ng/mL. After 1, 3, 5 and 7 days, cell viability was assessed by MTT assay and proliferation by the SRB method. After 24h of TGF-β1 treatment, cell migration assay was carried out using inserts of 8 μm pore size. To evaluate SHED differentiation into odontoblasts, DMP-1 and DSPP markers were analyzed by RT-PCR, after treatment at different concentrations of TGF-β1 for 14 days. The results were submitted by ANOVA and Tukey test. With respect to cell viability, the different TGF-β1 concentrations did not have cytotoxic effect on SHED. The cells treated by different TGF-β1 concentrations showed higher proliferation rates than those of the negative control (MEMα + 10% FBS) after the third day (p = 0.000). Higher rates of migration towards the media containing TGF-β1 were observed, but there were no statistically significant differences among the concentrations. All different TGF-β1 concentrations showed statistically significant differences with the positive control (p=0.000) and negative control (p=0.000). Statistically significant differences were observed between positive and negative control (p=0.002). DMP-1 expression was observed incrementally at TGF-β1 concentrations of 1.0 and 5.0 ng/mL at 1, 7, and 14 days and the concentration of 10.0 ng/mL was more intense from day one of the stimulus. DSPP expression was more intense after 14 days of treatment with the concentration of 10.0 ng/mL. Thus, this study concluded that different TGF-β1 concentrations stimulated cell proliferation and migration, without...


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/pharmacology , Analysis of Variance , Cells, Cultured , Cell Differentiation , Formazans , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Reproducibility of Results , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cell Survival , Time Factors
10.
Bauru; s.n; 2014. 71 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-756914

ABSTRACT

Avaliou-se a proliferação das células tronco da polpa de dentes decíduos esfoliados humanos (SHED) após aplicação única do laser de baixa potência. Foi realizada a análise da viabilidade das SHED cultivadas sob déficit nutricional e em condições ideais após irradiação com o laser de baixa potência vermelho de Indio Gálio Alumínio e Fósforo - InGaAlP (660nm, 40mW e 10J/cm2) e infravermelho (780nm, 40mW e 10J/cm2) durante 4 e 8 segundos, nos períodos de 24, 48 e 72 horas através dos ensaios de redução do MTT e do ensaio colorimétrico de Busatti e Gomes. Para análise estatística utilizou-se o teste ANOVA complementado pelo teste de Tukey com nível de significância de 5% (p< 0,05). Observou-se tanto com o MTT quanto com o ensaio colorimétrico de Busatti e Gomes uma tendência de aumento da proliferação celular diretamente relacionada à dose do LBP, estatisticamente significante nos períodos de 24, 48 e 72 horas. Ao analisar os resultados e considerando os parâmetros utilizados e o protocolo de LBP, pode-se concluir que o LBP promoveu a proliferação das SHED tanto a 660 nm quanto a 780nm, pode influenciar a viabilidade e a proliferação das SHED nas doses e comprimentos de onda utilizados e os ensaios do MTT e colorimétrico de Busati e Gomes demonstraram dentro de suas limitações ser eficientes para determinar a viabilidade e proliferação das SHED...


It was evaluated the proliferation of stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) after a single application of low power laser. The viability of SHED grown under ideal conditions and under nutritional deficit after irradiation with red laser (660/780nm, 10J/cm2 and 40mW) during periods of 4 and 8 seconds was analyzed through the MTT reduction assays and rapid colorimetric assay of Busatti and Gomes. Statistical analysis was performed using the ANOVA and Tukey´s multiple comparisons test with a significance level of 5% (p < 0.05). It was observed with the MTT assay and Busatti and Gomes assay a trend of cell proliferation increase directly releated to the irradiation dose, statistically significant. After 24, 48 and 72 hours, all the groups showed higher cell proliferation when compared to control. Analyzing the results and considering the used parameters and LBP protocol, it can be concluded that LBP promoted the proliferation of SHED both 660nm and 780nm according to the dosage and wavelengths used, and MTT assay and colorimetric Busatti and Gomes demonstrated within their limitations to be effective in determining the viability and proliferation of SHED...


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells/radiation effects , Tooth, Deciduous/radiation effects , Low-Level Light Therapy , Dental Pulp/radiation effects , Analysis of Variance , Colorimetry , Cells, Cultured/radiation effects , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Radiation Dosage , Dental Pulp/cytology , Cell Proliferation/radiation effects , Time Factors
11.
Bauru; s.n; 2014. 71 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-867160

ABSTRACT

Avaliou-se a proliferação das células tronco da polpa de dentes decíduos esfoliados humanos (SHED) após aplicação única do laser de baixa potência. Foi realizada a análise da viabilidade das SHED cultivadas sob déficit nutricional e em condições ideais após irradiação com o laser de baixa potência vermelho de Indio Gálio Alumínio e Fósforo - InGaAlP (660nm, 40mW e 10J/cm2) e infravermelho (780nm, 40mW e 10J/cm2) durante 4 e 8 segundos, nos períodos de 24, 48 e 72 horas através dos ensaios de redução do MTT e do ensaio colorimétrico de Busatti e Gomes. Para análise estatística utilizou-se o teste ANOVA complementado pelo teste de Tukey com nível de significância de 5% (p< 0,05). Observou-se tanto com o MTT quanto com o ensaio colorimétrico de Busatti e Gomes uma tendência de aumento da proliferação celular diretamente relacionada à dose do LBP, estatisticamente significante nos períodos de 24, 48 e 72 horas. Ao analisar os resultados e considerando os parâmetros utilizados e o protocolo de LBP, pode-se concluir que o LBP promoveu a proliferação das SHED tanto a 660 nm quanto a 780nm, pode influenciar a viabilidade e a proliferação das SHED nas doses e comprimentos de onda utilizados e os ensaios do MTT e colorimétrico de Busati e Gomes demonstraram dentro de suas limitações ser eficientes para determinar a viabilidade e proliferação das SHED.


It was evaluated the proliferation of stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) after a single application of low power laser. The viability of SHED grown under ideal conditions and under nutritional deficit after irradiation with red laser (660/780nm, 10J/cm2 and 40mW) during periods of 4 and 8 seconds was analyzed through the MTT reduction assays and rapid colorimetric assay of Busatti and Gomes. Statistical analysis was performed using the ANOVA and Tukey´s multiple comparisons test with a significance level of 5% (p < 0.05). It was observed with the MTT assay and Busatti and Gomes assay a trend of cell proliferation increase directly releated to the irradiation dose, statistically significant. After 24, 48 and 72 hours, all the groups showed higher cell proliferation when compared to control. Analyzing the results and considering the used parameters and LBP protocol, it can be concluded that LBP promoted the proliferation of SHED both 660nm and 780nm according to the dosage and wavelengths used, and MTT assay and colorimetric Busatti and Gomes demonstrated within their limitations to be effective in determining the viability and proliferation of SHED.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells/radiation effects , Tooth, Deciduous/radiation effects , Low-Level Light Therapy , Dental Pulp/radiation effects , Analysis of Variance , Colorimetry , Cells, Cultured/radiation effects , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Radiation Dosage , Dental Pulp/cytology , Cell Proliferation/radiation effects , Time Factors
12.
Braz. oral res ; 27(5): 438-444, Sep-Oct/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-685420

ABSTRACT

Primary teeth are interesting models that can be used to study physiological and pathological processes involving cells and extracellular matrices in hard and soft tissues. This study investigated the expression and distribution of biglycan and decorin-the non-collagenous components of the extracellular matrix-in primary teeth tissue, during physiological root resorption. Thirty healthy human primary teeth were grouped together according to root length: Group I - two-thirds root length, Group II - one-third root length, and Group III - teeth with no root. The streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase immunohistochemical method was used with antibodies against the previously named antigens. The proteoglycans studied were found in the pulp and dentin extracellular matrix in all groups without any differences in the proteins, among the groups. Biglycan was observed mainly in predentin and in pulp connective tissue in the resorption area. In addition, decorin was observed mainly in pulp connective tissue, but near the resorption area. Biglycan and decorin were distributed differentially in the dental tissues. The present immunohistocytochemical data, combined with previously reported data, suggest that these proteoglycans could be involved in regulating the physiological resorption process in healthy primary teeth.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Biglycan/analysis , Decorin/analysis , Dental Pulp/metabolism , Root Resorption/physiopathology , Tooth, Deciduous/metabolism , Biglycan/metabolism , Decorin/metabolism , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dentin/chemistry , Dentin/metabolism , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology
13.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-144143

ABSTRACT

Stem cells of the dental pulp are a population of postnatal stem cells with multilineage differentiation potential. These cells are derived from the neural ectomesenchyme, similar to most craniofacial tissues, and specific niches in the pulp have been identified. Since the isolation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) and stem cells from exfoliating deciduous teeth (SHED), numerous studies have attempted to define and characterize these cells, and embryonic stem cell features have been reported in both DPSC and SHED. These cells have a vast repertoire of differentiation - osteogenic, odontogenic, myogenic, adipogenic, neurogenic, and melanocytic, and have even demonstrated transdifferentiation to corneal cells and islet cells of pancreas. The combined advantages of multipotency/pluripotency and the relative ease of access of pulp tissue for autologous use render DPSC/ SHED attractive options in regenerative dentistry and medicine. This review gives a bird's eye view of current knowledge with respect to stem cells from the dental pulp.


Subject(s)
Dental Pulp , Humans , Multipotent Stem Cells/cytology , Pluripotent Stem Cells/cytology , Stem Cells , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 19(3): 189-194, May-June 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-588121

ABSTRACT

SHED (stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth) represent a population of postnatal stem cells capable of extensive proliferation and multipotential differentiation. Primary teeth may be an ideal source of postnatal stem cells to regenerate tooth structures and bone, and possibly to treat neural tissue injury or degenerative diseases. SHED are highly proliferative cells derived from an accessible tissue source, and therefore hold potential for providing enough cells for clinical applications. In this review, we describe the current knowledge about dental pulp stem cells and discuss tissue engineering approaches that use SHED to replace irreversibly inflamed or necrotic pulps with a healthy and functionally competent tissue that is capable of forming new dentin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp/cytology , Stem Cells/cytology , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Cell Differentiation , Dentistry , Tissue Engineering/methods
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 22(1): 3-13, 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-582394

ABSTRACT

Dental pulp is a highly specialized mesenchymal tissue that has a limited regeneration capacity due to anatomical arrangement and post-mitotic nature of odontoblastic cells. Entire pulp amputation followed by pulp space disinfection and filling with an artificial material cause loss of a significant amount of dentin leaving as life-lasting sequelae a non-vital and weakened tooth. However, regenerative endodontics is an emerging field of modern tissue engineering that has demonstrated promising results using stem cells associated with scaffolds and responsive molecules. Thereby, this article reviews the most recent endeavors to regenerate pulp tissue based on tissue engineering principles and provides insightful information to readers about the different aspects involved in tissue engineering. Here, we speculate that the search for the ideal combination of cells, scaffolds, and morphogenic factors for dental pulp tissue engineering may be extended over future years and result in significant advances in other areas of dental and craniofacial research. The findings collected in this literature review show that we are now at a stage in which engineering a complex tissue, such as the dental pulp, is no longer an unachievable goal and the next decade will certainly be an exciting time for dental and craniofacial research.


A polpa dental é um tecido conjuntivo altamente especializado que possui uma restrita capacidade de regeneração, devido à sua disposição anatômica e à natureza pós-mitótica das células odontoblásticas. A remoção total da polpa, seguida da desinfecção do canal radicular e seu preenchimento com material artificial proporciona a perda de uma significante quantidade de dentina deixando como sequela um dente não vital e enfraquecido. Entretanto, a endodontia regenerativa é um campo emergente da engenharia tecidual, que demonstrou resultados promissores utilizando células-tronco associadas à scaffolds e moléculas bioativas. Desta forma, esse artigo revisa os recentes avanços obtidos na regeneração do tecido pulpar baseado nos princípios da engenharia tecidual e fornece aos leitores informações compreensivas sobre os diferentes aspectos envolvidos na engenharia tecidual. Assim, nós especulamos que a combinação ideal de células, scaffolds e moléculas bioativas pode resultar em significantes avanços em outras áreas da pesquisa odontológica. Os dados levantados em nossa revisão demonstraram que estamos em um estágio no qual, o desenvolvimento de tecidos complexos, tais como a polpa dental, não é mais inatingível e que a próxima década será um período extremamente interessante para a pesquisa odontológica.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Adult Stem Cells , Dental Pulp/cytology , Tissue Engineering/methods , Dental Papilla/cytology , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Odontoblasts/cytology , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Regeneration , Tissue Scaffolds , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 22(2): 91-98, 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-583796

ABSTRACT

In recent years, stem cell research has grown exponentially owing to the recognition that stem cell-based therapies have the potential to improve the life of patients with conditions that range from Alzheimer’s disease to cardiac ischemia and regenerative medicine, like bone or tooth loss. Based on their ability to rescue and/or repair injured tissue and partially restore organ function, multiple types of stem/progenitor cells have been speculated. Growing evidence demonstrates that stem cells are primarily found in niches and that certain tissues contain more stem cells than others. Among these tissues, the dental tissues are considered a rich source of mesenchymal stem cells that are suitable for tissue engineering applications. It is known that these stem cells have the potential to differentiate into several cell types, including odontoblasts, neural progenitors, osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and adipocytes. In dentistry, stem cell biology and tissue engineering are of great interest since may provide an innovative for generation of clinical material and/or tissue regeneration. Mesenchymal stem cells were demonstrated in dental tissues, including dental pulp, periodontal ligament, dental papilla, and dental follicle. These stem cells can be isolated and grown under defined tissue culture conditions, and are potential cells for use in tissue engineering, including, dental tissue, nerves and bone regeneration. More recently, another source of stem cell has been successfully generated from human somatic cells into a pluripotent stage, the induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells), allowing creation of patient- and disease-specific stem cells. Collectively, the multipotency, high proliferation rates, and accessibility make the dental stem cell an attractive source of mesenchymal stem cells for tissue regeneration. This review describes new findings in the field of dental stem cell research and on their potential use in the tissue regeneration.


Nos últimos anos, as pesquisas com células tronco têm aumentado exponencialmente devido ao reconhecimento de que seu potencial terapêutico pode melhorar a qualidade de vida de pacientes com diversas doenças, como a doença de Alzheimer, isquemias cardíacas e, até mesmo, nas pesquisas de medicina regenerativa que visa uma possível substituição de órgão perdidos, como por exemplo, os dentes. Baseado em habilidades de reparar tecidos injuriados e restaurar parcialmente as funções de um órgão, diversos tipos de células-tronco têm sido estudadas. Recentes evidências demonstram que as células-tronco são primariamente encontradas em nichos e que certos tecidos apresentam mais células-tronco que outros. Entre estes, os tecidos dentais são considerados como uma fonte rica de células-tronco mesenquimais adequado para aplicações em engenharia tecidual. Sabe-se que estas células têm o potencial de diferenciarem-se em diversos tipos celulares, incluindo osteoblastos, células progenitoras de neurônios, osteoblastos, condrócitos e adipósitos. Na odontologia, a biologia celular e a engenharia tecidual são de grande interesse, pois fornecem inovações na geração de novos materiais clínicos e ou na regeneração tecidual. Estas podem ser isoladas e crescidas em diversos meios de cultura apresentando grande potencial para ser usada na engenharia tecidual, incluindo regeneração de tecidos dentais, nervos e ossos. Recentemente, outra fonte de células tronco tem sido geradas a partir de células somáticas de humanos a um estágio de pluripotência, chamados de células-tronco pluripotente induzida (iPS) levando à criação de células-tronco específicas. Coletivamente, a multipotencialidade, altas taxas de proliferação e acessibilidade, faz das células-tronco dentárias uma fonte atrativa de células-tronco mesenquimais para regeneração tecidual. Esta revisão descreve novos achados no campo da pesquisa com células-tronco dentais e seu potencial uso na regeneração tecidual.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Dental Papilla/cytology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Sac/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Tissue Engineering , Cell Differentiation , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Molar, Third/cytology , Regeneration , Tooth Exfoliation , Tooth Apex/cytology , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology
17.
Bauru; s.n; 2009. 152 p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-542585

ABSTRACT

A engenharia de tecido pulpar tem como objetivo substituir a polpa dentária inflamada ou necrosada por um tecido saudável e funcional, capaz de formar nova dentina para reparar a estrutura dentária perdida. Assim, os objetivos deste trabalho foram: avaliar a habilidade de diferenciação de células tronco de dentes decíduos exfoliados humanos (SHED) em odontoblastos funcionais, demonstrando a formação de tecido mineralizado in vivo; e estudar o efeito de VEGF em SHED com relação à estimulação de vias de sinalização celular (STAT3, AKT e ERK), proliferação, migração, formação de estruturas tubulares e diferenciação em células endoteliais. O início do processo de mineralização de SHED tratadas com dexametasona, ácido ascórbico 'beta' - glicerofosfato pôde ser detectado por meio da produção da enzima fosfatase alcalina a partir da segunda semana de cultura, mas a expressão de RNAm para DSPP só foi observada após 28 dias de indução. Utilizando-se o modelo de fatias de dentes e matrizes condutivas implantadas no dorso de camundongos imunodeprimidos, demonstrou-se a diferenciação de SHED em células semelhantes a odontoblastos, as quais tiveram imunomarcação positiva com o anticorpo DMP-1. A deposição de dentina, seguindo um ritmo centrípeto de crescimento, numa taxa de 14,1 µm por dia também foi demonstrada por meio da marcação com tetraciclina. O tratamento das SHED com VEGF estimulou a fosforilação de ERK e AKT e a diminuiu a fosforilação de STAT3 em um período de uma hora, provavelmente por meio de sua ligação com os receptores VEGFR-1 e NP-1 presentes nestas células. Além disso, VEGF intensificou a organização das SHED em estruturas tubulares, havendo diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos tratado e não tratado a partir do 5o dia de tratamento. Entretanto, VEGF não estimulou a proliferação nem a migração destas células. Os resultados de RT-PCR mostraram que SHED cultivadas em fatias de dentes e ...


Dental pulp tissue engineering aims to replace the inflamed or necrotic pulp by a healthy and functionally competent tissue able to form new dentin in order to repair lost structure. The purposes of this work were: to evaluate the differentiation ability of stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) into functional odontoblasts, showing the formation of mineralized tissue in vivo; and to study the effect of VEGF on SHED with regards to the stimulation of cell signaling pathways (STAT3, AKT and ERK), the proliferation, migration, capillary sprouting, and the differentiation into endothelial cells. The beginning of the mineralization process of SHED treated with dexamethasone, ascorbic acid and beta-glycerophosphate could be detected through the production of alkaline phosphatase after the second week of culture, but the expression of DSPP mRNA was only observed after 28 days of induction. Using the tooth slice and scaffold model implanted in the dorsum of immunocompromised mice, the differentiation of SHED into odontoblast-like cells, which were immunostained with DMP-1 antibody, was demonstrated. Dentin deposition following a centripetal rhythm, in a rate of 14.1 µm per day, was also shown through the tetracycline labeling. VEGF treatment of SHED stimulated the ERK and AKT phosphorilation, and decreased the phosphorilation of STAT3 over 1 hour period, presumably due to its binding to VEGFR-1 and NP-1 receptors in these cells. In addition, VEGF enhanced SHED organization into tubular structures, with statistically significant difference between the treated group and the non-treated one after the 5th day of treatment. However, VEGF did not stimulate proliferation and migration of these cells. RT-PCR results demonstrated that SHED seeded in the tooth slices and scaffolds expressed VEGFR-2 after the first day of VEGF stimulation...


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Cell Differentiation , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Endothelial Cells , Odontoblasts , Stem Cells , Tooth Exfoliation , Blood Vessels , Dentinogenesis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
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