Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 157
Filter
1.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200932, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250188

ABSTRACT

Abstract Third molar removal surgery usually comes accompanied by postoperative discomfort, which could be influenced by the surgical approach chosen. This scoping systematic review aimed at compiling the available evidence focused on the influence of flap design, including envelope flap (EF), triangular flap (TF), and modified triangular flap (MTF), on postoperative pain, swelling, and trismus, as primary outcome measures, and any result mentioning healing promotion or delay, as secondary outcome measure, after mandibular third molar extraction surgery. An electronic search, complemented by a manual search, of articles published from 1999 to 2020 was conducted in the Medline (PubMed), EMBASE and Web of Science databases including human randomized controlled trials, prospective, and retrospective studies with at least 15 patients. The risk of bias of the included studies was assessed either with the Cochrane's Risk of Bias tool or with the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Every step of the review was performed independently and in duplicate. The initial electronic search recovered 2102 articles. After applying the inclusion criteria, 12 articles were included. For patient's perceived postoperative pain, TF and MTF frequently reported better results than EF. For swelling, the literature is divided, despite a trend favoring EF. For trismus, data showed that its occurrence is mostly associated with the duration of the surgery rather than with the chosen flap. For healing, the limited data is inconclusive. Finally, randomized studies showed a high risk of bias, whereas nonrandomized studies were mostly of good quality and low risk of bias. Although there was no clear consensus regarding the influence of different flap designs for third mandibular molar extraction on postoperative clinical morbidities; the surgeon's experience, estimated surgical difficulty, molar position and orientation, and surg ery duration should be considered when choosing among the different flap designs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Trismus/etiology , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Postoperative Complications , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Edema , Mandible , Molar , Molar, Third/surgery
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921380

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This prospective study was performed to evaluate whether the distal-triangular flap was a practical alternative surgical approach for extracting mandibular third molars.@*METHODS@#Sixty participants with impacted mandibular third molars were randomly divided into three groups: group A, distal-triangular flap; group B, Szmyd flap; and group C, envelope flap. The impacted third molars were extracted by the corresponding flapping method. During a three-month follow-up observation after the extraction, the postoperative pain, swelling, mouth opening, and periodontal status were recorded and analyzed by ANOVA and chi-square tests.@*RESULTS@#The 60 participants had successful extraction and 3-month follow-up observation. No participant suffered from postoperative infections, lower lip disorder, or tongue sensory disorders. No statistical differences were found in the postoperative symptoms and signs of the three flap designs, such as postoperative pain, swelling, mouth opening, and periodontal status (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The distal-triangular flap was as safe and reliable as the Szmyd and envelope flaps but more advantageous because of its convenient operative field exposure and low requirement for the patient's mouth opening. Thus, the distal-triangular flap is one of the alternative flap options for extracting impacted mandibular third molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mandible/surgery , Molar, Third/surgery , Prospective Studies , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted/surgery
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(2): 45-51, maio-ago.2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1102698

ABSTRACT

Dentes impactados são caracterizados pela falha na erupção dentro do tempo cronológico. O termo ''dente invertido'' se refere ao mau posicionamento do dente, caracterizando-se pelo dente na direção contrária à usual. A inversão de dente impactado é considerada um fenômeno raro. Em casos mais complexos de impacção dentária, há a necessidade de um tratamento conservador, específico e procura-se prevenir possíveis danos às estruturas anatômicas adjacentes. Por essa razão, a técnica cirúrgica denominada coronectomia, também conhecida como odontectomia parcial intencional, tem, em alguns casos, indicação de uso, pois realiza-se a exérese da porção coronária do dente, sepultando as suas raízes, quando estas se encontram em contato com estruturas nobres. Dessa forma, este trabalho tem como objetivo apresentar um caso raro da utilização da técnica de coronectomia para um terceiro molar superior invertido em paciente do sexo feminino, 26 anos, que compareceu ao serviço de Cirurgia Buco-Maxilo-Facial apresentando um terceiro molar superior, assintomático, impactado em posição invertida no lado esquerdo. Ao exame tomográfico, apresentou íntimo contato do dente 28 com as raízes do 27. A porção coronária se encontrava em posição superior, em direção a parte posterior do seio maxilar. A técnica da coronectomia foi escolhida como planejamento cirúrgico, a fim de proteger o dente 27 das possíveis consequências traumáticas que a luxação e extração completa do dente 28 poderia ocasionar. O acompanhamento clínico demonstrou que a técnica foi bem indicada, com evolução de neoformação óssea completa na região da coroa removida e o dente adjacente com vitalidade e em função mastigatória(AU)


Impacted teeth are characterized by eruption failure within chronological time. The term 'inverted tooth' refers to the mispositioning of the tooth, characterized by the tooth in the opposite direction to the usual one. Impacted tooth inversion is considered a rare phenomenon. In more complex cases of dental impaction, there is a need for conservative and specific treatment, and attempts are made to prevent possible damage to adjacent anatomical structures. For this reason, the surgical technique called coronectomy, also known as intentional partial odontectomy, has, in some cases, indication of use, where the coronary portion of the tooth is excised, burying its roots when they are in contact with noble structures. Thus, this paper aims to present a rare case of the use of the inverted upper third molar coronectomy technique in a 26-year-old female patient, who attended the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery Service presenting a superior third molar, asymptomatic, impacted in inverted position on the left side. At tomographic examination, the patient presented close contact of tooth #16 with the roots of tooth #15. The coronary portion was in the superior position, towards the posterior part of the maxillary sinus. The coronectomy technique has been chosen as a surgical planning in order to protect tooth #15 from the possible traumatic consequences that dislocation and complete extraction of tooth #16 could cause. Clinical follow-up showed that the technique was successfully indicated, with complete bone neoformation in the removed crown area and the adjacent tooth with vitality and masticatory function(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Molar, Third/surgery , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted , Molar, Third
4.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(2): 61-64, May-Aug. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254131

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dentigerous cyst is an odontogenic cyst lesion surrounding the crown of an unerupted or impacted tooth in the jaw. Objective: The aim of this case report is to describe the treatment planning and follow-up of a dentigerous cyst associated with the impaction of the permanent mandibular right canine tooth in an 11-year-old female. Case report: Radiographic assessment revealed a radiolucent unilocular round-shaped lesion localized in the mandibular symphysis. Enucleation was performed and the affected tooth was removed under general anesthesia. The patient is under follow-up due to orthodontic treatment. The affected area healed without complications. Conclusion: Two and a half years after the enucleation, the cyst had totally disappeared, and no recurrences were observed. Bone remodeling and neoformation were noticed.


Introdução: O cisto dentígero é uma lesão odontogênica ao redor da coroa de um dente não irrompido ou impactado na mandíbula. Objetivo: O objetivo deste relato de caso é descrever o plano do tratamento e o acompanhamento de um cisto dentígero associado à impactação do canino permanente inferior direito em uma criança do gênero feminino de 11 anos de idade. Relato do caso: A avaliação radiográfica revelou lesão unilocular radiolúcida de forma arredondada, localizada na sínfise mandibular. A enucleação foi realizada e o dente afetado foi removido sob anestesia geral. A paciente encontra-se em acompanhamento devido o tratamento ortodôntico. A área afetada curou sem complicações. Conclusão: Dois anos e meio após a enucleação, o cisto desapareceu totalmente e não houve recidivas. Remodelação óssea e neoformação foram observadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Tooth, Impacted/diagnostic imaging , Dentigerous Cyst/diagnostic imaging , Cuspid/diagnostic imaging , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Dentigerous Cyst/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Cuspid/surgery
5.
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(2): 160-167, mar.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126932

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se describió el caso clínico de un adolescente de 12 años de edad, atendido en el Departamento de Ortodoncia de la Clínica Estomatológica Provincial "Mártires del Moncada" de Santiago de Cuba, al cual se le diagnosticó retención del incisivo central superior derecho hace más de dos años y para la cual recibió tratamiento con aparatología fija previo entorche del diente y seguimiento clínico-radiográfico. Durante el proceder ortodóncico, es remitido al Departamento de Periodoncia por presentar en la zona de dicho diente un aumento de volumen de color rosa coral, de consistencia dura y aspecto fibroso, que imposibilitó la incorporación definitiva del diente en su arco y plano de oclusión. Se realizaron los exámenes complementarios correspondientes, se diagnosticó hiperplasia gingival fibrosa localizada y se realizó tratamiento quirúrgico (gingivectomía), lo que permitió llevar a feliz término el tratamiento ortodóncico sin ninguna implicación psicológica y social para el paciente. La poca frecuencia de aparición de este tipo de lesión asociada a la retención de incisivos centrales superiores motivó el presente informe de caso.


ABSTRACT It was described a clinical case of a 12-year-old adolescent, treated at the Orthodontic Department of the Provincial Stomatological Clinic "Mártires del Moncada" in Santiago de Cuba, who was diagnosed with retention of the upper right central incisor more than two years ago and for which he received treatment with fixed appliances prior to tooth straightening and clinical-radiographic follow-up. During the orthodontic procedure, he was referred to the Department of Periodontics because he had a coral pink increase in volume in the area of that tooth, with a hard consistency and fibrous appearance, which made it impossible to definitively incorporate the tooth into its arch and occlusion plane. The corresponding complementary examinations were carried out, localized fibrous gingival hyperplasia was diagnosed and surgical treatment (gingivectomy) was performed, which allowed the successful completion of orthodontic treatment without any psychological or social implications for the patient. The rare occurrence of this type of injury associated with retention of upper central incisors motivated this case report.


RESUMO O caso clínico de um adolescente de 12 anos de idade, atendido no Departamento de Ortodontia da Clínica Estomatológica Provincial "Mártires del Moncada" de Santiago de Cuba, diagnosticado com retenção do incisivo central superior direito, foi descrito mais de dois anos e para os quais ele recebeu tratamento com aparelhos fixos antes do bloqueio dentário e monitoramento clínico-radiográfico. Durante o procedimento ortodôntico, é encaminhado ao Departamento de Periodontia por apresentar na área do referido dente um aumento no volume rosa coral, de consistência dura e aparência fibrosa, o que impossibilitou a incorporação definitiva do dente em seu arco e plano de oclusão. Foram realizados os exames complementares correspondentes, diagnosticada hiperplasia gengival fibrosa localizada e realizado tratamento cirúrgico (gengivectomia), o que permitiu o tratamento ortodôntico sem envolvimento psicológico e social do paciente. A baixa frequência de ocorrência desse tipo de lesão associada à retenção dos incisivos centrais superiores motivou este relato de caso.


Subject(s)
Male , Adolescent , Gingival Hyperplasia/surgery , Gingival Hyperplasia/diagnosis , Gingival Hyperplasia/etiology , Gingival Hyperplasia/therapy , Tooth, Impacted/surgery
6.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 19-26, mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056496

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Anxiety in dental surgery may lead to behavioral and physiological changes for the patient and constitute a frequent challenge for the oral surgeon. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of inhalatory nitrous oxide and oxygen (N2O/O2) with oral diazepam conscious sedation in vital signs of patients undergone third molar extraction. Outpatients who needed removal of partially impacted, bilateral lower third molars, during the period of one year, were included. Each patient underwent conscious sedation with either oral diazepam or inhalatory N2O/O2 on a randomized controlled trial, split-mouth design. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate and oxygen blood saturation were the changes measured before, at the beginning and the end of the procedure. Also, surgical procedure duration was recorded. Data from vital signs were submitted to analysis of variance and the duration of the surgery to paired Student's t-test. Twenty-five healthy outpatients (13 women and 12 men) with a mean age of 21.6 years were studied. There was an increase in systolic and diastolic pressure and in heart rate in the beginning; these values decreased and stabilized at the end of the surgical procedure in both treatments (p < 0.001) being lower in N2O/O2 but without difference between treatments. The surgical procedure duration was lower and occurred an expected increase of oximetry under N2O/O2 sedation (p < 0.001). Both treatments were effective for the conscious sedation but N2O/O2 showed better outcomes, mainly in duration of the surgery.


RESUMEN: La ansiedad en la cirugía dentoalveolar puede conducir a alteraciones fisiológicas y de comportamiento en el paciente, constituyendo así un desafío frecuente para el cirujano maxilofacial. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el efecto del óxido nitroso inhalatorio con oxígeno (N2O/O2) y la sedación consciente oral con diazepam por médio de los signos vitales de pacientes sometidos a la extracción del tercer molar. Fueron incluídos pacientes ambulatoriales com necesidad de exodoncia de terceros molares inferiores bilaterales, parcialmente impactados, durante el período de un año. Cada paciente fue sometido a sedación consciente con diazepam oral o N2O/O2 por inhalación en un ensayo controlado aleatorio, diseño de boca dividida. La presión arterial sistólica y diastólica, la frecuencia cardíaca y la saturación de oxígeno en la sangre fueron medidos antes, al inicio y al final del procedimiento. Además, se registró la duración del procedimiento quirúrgico. Los datos de los signos vitales fueron enviados para análisis de varianza y la duración de la cirugía para la prueba t de Student pareada. Se estudiaron 25 pacientes ambulatorios sanos (13 mujeres y 12 hombres) con una edad media de 21,6 años. Al início hubo un aumento en la presión sistólica y diastólica y en la frecuencia cardíaca; estos valores disminuyeron y se estabilizaron al final del procedimiento quirúrgico en ambos tratamientos (p <0,001), siendo más bajos en N2O/ O2 pero sin diferencia entre los tratamientos. La duración del procedimiento quirúrgico fue menor y se produjo un aumento esperado de la oximetría bajo sedación con N2O/O2 (p <0,001). Ambos tratamientos fueron efectivos para la sedación consciente, pero el N2O/O2 mostró mejores resultados, principalmente en la duración de la cirugía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Conscious Sedation/methods , Diazepam/adverse effects , Molar, Third/surgery , Nitrous Oxide/adverse effects , Blood Pressure , Brazil , Oximetry/methods , Administration, Oral , Heart Rate , Nitrous Oxide/administration & dosage
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200159, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134795

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Our study seeks to investigate the effectiveness of kinesio taping (KT) on postoperative morbidity compared to placebo and control groups after impacted third molar surgery. Methodology Sixty patients with impacted mandibular third molar were included in this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical study. After surgical extraction of the impacted tooth, patients were allocated into three groups (20 patients each): group 1 received KT (kinesio), group 2 received placebo taping (placebo), and group 3 received no taping (control). The groups were compared regarding facial swelling, pain and trismus. Swelling was evaluated using a tape measuring method. Pain was assessed by a visual analog scale and the number of analgesic tablets taken. Trismus was determined by measuring maximum mouth opening. Results In the KT group, all parameters reduced significantly on 2nd and 4th postoperative days compared to other groups; however, placebo and control groups revealed comparable outcomes. On 7th day, all groups showed comparable results. Conclusions The KT application is an effective method for reducing morbidity after impacted mandibular third molar surgery. However, placebo taping is not as effective as proper taping. Placebo taping shows similar results compared to no taping regarding facial swelling percentage, pain and trismus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Athletic Tape , Pain, Postoperative , Tooth Extraction , Trismus , Prospective Studies , Edema , Molar, Third
8.
Rev. ADM ; 76(6): 343-346, nov.-dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087530

ABSTRACT

En raras ocasiones, el canino mandibular derecho o izquierdo se coloca en el lado opuesto al habitual. Esta perturbación se define como la transmigración. Existen diversas teorías de su etiología, así como factores que la condicionan. La transmigración mandibular es un término que no está descrito en la literatura contemporánea y son pocos los casos reportados a nivel mundial. Presentamos un caso de trasmigración de canino mandibular derecho, posicionado por debajo del agujero mentoniano de lado izquierdo, cerca del borde basal mandibular, el cual se extrajo bajo anestesia general. Presentamos la etiología, técnica quirúrgica y consideraciones especiales en casos de trasmigración de canino mandibular (AU)


In rare occasions right or left mandibular canine is positionated at opposed side of habitual. This disturbance is defined as transmigration. There exist diverse theories about its etiology as well as conditioning factors. Mandibular transmigration is a non described term in modern literature and there are only a few reported cases at world level. We present one case of right canine transmigration positionated intimately below of left side mentonian hole near of mandibular basal edge which it was extracted under general anesthesia. We present also the etiology, surgical technique and special considerations of mandibular canine transmigration cases (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tooth Eruption, Ectopic , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Tooth, Impacted/etiology , Cuspid/abnormalities , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mexico
10.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 6(2): 41-43, jun. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247422

ABSTRACT

The extraction of impacted third molars is among the most common surgical procedures carried out in the field of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. For proper planning of surgical extraction, espe-cially for impacted mandibular third molars the estimated level of surgical difficulty of the case is important. This study was conducted to evaluate the intraoperative risk factors contributing to surgical difficulty in extraction of impacted mandibular third molars and consequently the post-operative outcome. Here, we have undertaken a study in which the intraoperative variables were considered, to evaluate their contribution for surgical difficulty and postoperative complica-tions in surgical removal of 100 impacted mandibular third molars. Three variables were found significant associated with total surgical time intervention, i.e., surgeon's experience (p=0.006), Inter-incisal opening (p=0.032), and cheek flexibility (p=0.004). Total surgical time intervention for 'right side' was higher with 49.20 ± 17.94 minutes (p=0.691). Total surgical time intervention for 'gagging reflex present' was 50.21 ± 17.812 (p=0.674). Multiple linear regression shows that surgeon's experience was the only predictor (p<0.001). The surgical difficulty of impacted mandibular third molar are likely to depend on the intraoperative factors like Surgeon's time, surgeon's experience, check flexibility, and inter incisal mouth opening.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Molar, Third/surgery , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Intraoperative Period
11.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 6(1): 10-13, mar. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247551

ABSTRACT

The extraction of impacted third molars is among the most common surgical procedures carried out in the field of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Both the patient and dentist must therefore have scientific evidence-based information concerning the estimated level of surgical difficulty of every case to consider in referring cases of impacted third molars for specialists' handling. We have undertaken a study in which demographic and radiological variables were considered to-gether to evaluate the risk factors for surgical difficulty in a cohort of 100 impacted mandibular third molars. There were 13 variables evaluated for surgical difficulty. Total surgical time interven-tion was noted at the end of each surgery. Each variable was analysed with total surgical time intervention with univariate and multiple linear regression. Out of 13 variables, 9 were found sta-tistically significant. The most significant predictors for surgical difficulty were Body Mass Index, Depth of impacted tooth and Retromolar space. No postoperative complications were reported.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted/epidemiology , Tooth, Impacted/diagnostic imaging , Molar, Third/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Radiography, Dental , Prospective Studies , Age Distribution , Molar, Third/surgery
12.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4671, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998222

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the postoperative outcome in standard Comma Shaped incision and Ward's incision on postoperative complications in surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar. Material and Methods: In this study, 100 patients with impacted mandibular third molar were selected for study. The patients were divided in to two groups. Each group contains 50 patients. A standard Ward's incision was made on one group and a Comma incision was made on another group to reflect the mucoperiosteal flap, after the common steps for removal of impacted third molars were followed. The postoperative parameters were recorded immediately on the postoperative days 1, 3 and 7. For bivariate analyses, Chi square and Student t test were used. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: The pain and swelling scores were found to be significantly lower in the surgical area with Comma incisions, which was recorded on days 1, 3 and 7 as compared to the area where standard Ward's incision were made. In mouth opening, there was a sufficiently great difference seen between the two incisions on first postoperative day, but on day 3 and 7 there was no statistical significance. Conclusion: the Comma Shaped incision design was preferable over the standard Ward's incision, considering the lesser degree of postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications , Surgery, Oral , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Bangladesh , Molar, Third/surgery , Chi-Square Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric
13.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 37-46, May-June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-953031

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Tooth dilacerations are dental anomalies characterized by an abrupt deviation in the longitudinal axis of a tooth. They may occur either in the crown, between the crown and root, or in the root. Although not so common, impacted maxillary incisors exhibiting root dilaceration pose a diagnostic and treatment challenge to the clinician. Description: This case report describes the management of a horizontally impacted and dilacerated maxillary central incisor in a 12-year-old girl. Cone-beam computed tomographic scans were used to accurately localize the position of the dilacerated tooth, and to assess the extent of root formation and degree of dilaceration present in the root. Treatment included surgical exposure and orthodontic traction, followed by root canal treatment and apicoectomy. Results: Through a meticulously planned interdisciplinary approach, the impacted dilacerated central incisor was properly aligned and demonstrated good stability after the long-term follow-up. Conclusion: Taking into consideration the concerns and expectations of the patient, communicative feedback between the oral surgeon, orthodontist and endodontist helped achieving successful esthetic, structural and functional outcome in the present case.


RESUMO Introdução: as dilacerações dentárias são anomalias caracterizadas por desvio acentuado no eixo longitudinal de um dente. Elas podem ocorrer na coroa, entre a coroa e a raiz, ou na raiz. Apesar de não serem muito comuns, os incisivos superiores impactados apresentando dilaceração radicular representam um desafio para o clínico, quanto ao diagnóstico e tratamento. Descrição: o presente relato de caso descreve o tratamento de um incisivo central superior impactado horizontalmente e com dilaceração, em uma menina com 12 anos de idade. Tomografias computadorizadas de feixe cônico foram utilizadas para localizar com precisão a posição do dente dilacerado e avaliar o grau de formação e de dilaceração da raiz. O tratamento incluiu exposição cirúrgica e tração ortodôntica, seguida de tratamento do canal radicular e apicectomia. Resultados: por meio de uma abordagem interdisciplinar meticulosamente planejada, o incisivo central impactado com dilaceração foi devidamente alinhado e demonstrou boa estabilidade em acompanhamento de longo prazo. Conclusão: levando-se em consideração as preocupações e expectativas da paciente, a comunicação interativa adotada entre o cirurgião oral, ortodontista e o endodontista ajudou na obtenção de resultados estéticos, estruturais e funcionais satisfatórios no presente caso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Patient Care Team , Tooth, Impacted/therapy , Incisor/abnormalities , Apicoectomy , Patient Care Planning , Root Canal Therapy , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Tooth, Impacted/diagnostic imaging , Interdisciplinary Communication , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed , Incisor/surgery , Maxilla
14.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 4131, 15/01/2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-966896

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of supplementary administration of Anaheal capsule in reducing pain, swelling and trismus after surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars. Material and Methods: This single-blind controlled randomized clinical trial was conducted on 36 patients referring to Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Each of the 36 patients had bilateral surgical removal of mandibular third molars in two sessions, with at least a 4-week interval between sessions. In the same individual, one of the sites randomly received a test medication whereas the other site was used as a control. In the test subgroup (test medication side), the first dose of Anaheal capsule was given as a 200-mg dose of bromelain immediately after surgery according to manufacturer's instructions and the subsequent doses were given at 6-hour intervals after the first dose. The medication was administrated for 3 days. In the control subgroup (control side), Anaheal was not administered. The severities of pain, swelling and maximum mouth opening (MMO) were recorded one and three days postoperatively. Paired t-test and t-test for independent samples were used. Statistical significance was defined at p<0.05. Results: A total of 72 surgical extractions were performed; 36 procedures served as control and 36 cases received Anaheal. Pain, swelling and trismus of the patients were at the highest levels one day after surgery, which decreased on day 3. However, independent t-test showed no significant differences in pain, swelling and trismus after surgery between the study subgroups (p>0.05). Conclusion: Supplementary administration of Anaheal (800 mg bromelain daily) had no significant effect on decreasing pain, swelling and trismus at 1- and 3-day intervals after surgical removal of mandibular third molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Bromelains/pharmacokinetics , Randomized Controlled Trial , Molar , Pain, Postoperative , Placebos , Surgery, Oral/methods , Double-Blind Method , Data Interpretation, Statistical
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170396, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954525

ABSTRACT

Abstract It is necessary to preserve height and thickness of the alveolar bone to facilitate rehabilitation with osteointegratable implants or simply to maintain bone integrity after extraction. Biomaterials associated with resorbable or non-resorbable membranes, when placed in the region of the socket, may contribute to avoid this unwanted reabsorption. Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the distance of the crest of alveolar ridge to the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) of the lower second molars and the bone density of the third molar socket filled with Gen-Tech®, 5 years after an exodontia using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to visualize the central region of the sockets, without overlapping of the buccal and lingual cortical bones. Material and Methods A total of 12 individuals from an initial group of 39 patients submitted to extraction of the unruptured lower third molars and grafting of an association of inorganic bovine bone matrix, organic bovine bone matrix, collagen and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) (Gen-Tech®) on one side and the contralateral sockets filled only by clot, returned to control after 5 years, and were submitted to CBCT. The distance from the crest of alveolar bone to the CEJ and the bone density (BD) were measured using the i-CAT Vision Software. Results The results showed that the distance from the crest of alveolar bone to the CEJ in the control group was similar to that observed before the exodontia; in the experimental group, this distance was smaller. Considering the BD measurement, a significantly higher density was observed in the experimental group (p<0.05). Conclusion Part of the biomaterial was not absorbed and allowed the stability of the evaluated parameters after 5 years, being able to be used as a bone substitute in the socket.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Cattle , Young Adult , Tooth, Impacted/diagnostic imaging , Bone Transplantation/methods , Bone Substitutes , Tooth Cervix/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Socket/diagnostic imaging , Heterografts/diagnostic imaging , Molar, Third/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Tooth Extraction/methods , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Materials Testing , Bone Density , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/therapeutic use , Tooth Socket/transplantation , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar, Third/surgery
16.
Rev. ADM ; 74(4): 202-205, jul.-ago. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-908024

ABSTRACT

Los dientes ectópicos son órganos dentarios que se encuentran enuna región diferente a la habitual, existen publicaciones que reportanórganos dentarios ectópicos en la región maxilofacial siendo sitioscomunes el paladar, región paraorbitaria, cavidad nasal, seno maxilar, mentón, apófisis corónides y cóndilo. También se han publicado casos de zonas más alejadas como ovario o región anterior del mediastino,que por lo general están relacionados con un teratoma. En su mayoría son hallazgos radiográficos, por lo que en general son asintomáticos. Al encontrarse dentro del seno maxilar su terapéutica puede ser conservadora,bajo vigilancia clínica-radiográfi ca o quirúrgica mediante endoscopia, abordaje transnasal, Caldwell-Luc o abordaje cuadrangular. La extracción de estos órganos dentarios es necesaria por la tendencia que presentan a formar quistes, desarrollar tumores odontogénicos y desencadenar alteraciones neuropáticas. Se reporta el caso de una paciente de 32 años de edad con diagnóstico de tercer molar ectópico en región de antro maxilar.


Ectopic tooth are dental organs found in a uncomon regions. There arepublication that report ectopic tooth in the maxillofacial region beingcommon sites palate, paraorbitaria region, nasal cavity, maxillarysinus, chin, coronides process and condyle. Cases have also beenreported in non-dental areas such as ovary, anterior mediastinum regionusually related to a teratoma. Ectopic tooth are often radiographicfi ndings because they are generally asymptomatic. Its therapeuticwhen found in the maxillary sinus could be conservative under periodicclinical-radiographic vigilance. Removal of these dental organs isnecessary for their tendency to form cysts, develop odontogenic tumorsand trigger neuropathic disorders. Surgical options are endoscopic,transnasal, Caldwell Luc or quadrangular approach. We present acase of a female of 32 years old with a diagnosis of ectopic third molarin maxillary antrum.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Maxillary Sinus , Molar, Third/abnormalities , Molar, Third/surgery , Tooth Eruption, Ectopic/complications , Tooth Eruption, Ectopic/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Eruption, Ectopic/surgery , Tooth, Impacted/diagnostic imaging , Ecuador , Prognosis , Tooth Extraction/methods , Tooth, Impacted/surgery
17.
Rev. ADM ; 73(4): 212-217, jul.-ago. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-835297

ABSTRACT

El autotrasplante dental se define como el traslado de un diente de su alveolo a un alveolo post-extracción o alveolo confeccionado quirúrgicamente, en la misma persona. Actualmente siguiendo los criterios de selección adecuados así como una técnica quirúrgica minuciosa puede resultar una alternativa terapéutica ideal en ciertos pacientes. Las tasas de éxito han aumentado con el tiempo alcanzando cifras mayores al90%. En el presente artículo se reportan dos casos de éxito de autotransplantesdentales y se revisan las indicaciones, contraindicaciones y criterios de éxito de los mismos.


Autogenous tooth transplantation is defined as the movement of a tooth from its socket to a post-extraction or surgically created socketin the same individual. Today, by following appropriate selection criteria and a refi ned surgical technique, this procedure can prove tobe an ideal therapeutic alternative in certain patients. Success rateshave increased over time, reaching as high as 90%. In this article, wepresent two cases of successful autogenous tooth transplantation and a review of the indications, contraindications, and success criteria associated with these.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Female , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Tooth/transplantation , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Tooth Extraction/methods , Molar , Radiography, Panoramic , Treatment Outcome , Molar, Third , Transplantation, Autologous
18.
Pakistan Oral and Dental Journal. 2016; 36 (1): 8-12
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-179035

ABSTRACT

The objective of this research was to analyze the impact of duration of surgery on post-operative pain and swelling after surgical removal ofmandibular third molars


This study was planned as double blind randomized clinical trial that comprised of 60 patients experiencing unilateral mandibular third molar extraction who were recruited into two groups before surgery on the basis of bone cutting method. The study duration was three months, executed at Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dow International Dental College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi. Post-operative complications [pain and swelling] were assessed pre operatively and then on 3rd and 7th day post operatively using visual analogue scale and objective scale for swelling measurement using five anatomical points on face. Surgery duration was divided into two groups, 10-20 minutes group and 20 minutes onwards


Mann Whitney test was used to assess the impact of duration on pain and swelling in both groups. In 10-20 minutes group, mean difference for pain on day one, day 3 and day 7 was calculated with p-value of 0.15, 0.641 and 0.081 respectively while in group having surgery duration of 20 minutes and more, the computed p-value were 0.002, 0.0168 and 0.02 respectively. Mean difference for swelling was calculated in both bone cutting groups with p-value of 0.0916 in 10- 20 minute group and 0.004 in 20 minute onward group


Increasing time duration was associated with more pain and swelling irrespective of the method used for bone cutting. Conventional slow speed hand piece used for bone cutting was associated with less post-operative complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pain, Postoperative , Mandibular Injuries , Tooth, Impacted/surgery
19.
Rev. ADM ; 72(6): 314-319, nov.-dic. 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-786689

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La cirugía del tercer molar inferior retenido es unprocedimiento de rutina en la práctica de la cirugía bucal. Varias complicaciones surgen como resultado de esta intervención quirúrgica. Entre las más frecuentes se encuentran: dolor, infl amación, trismo, hemorragia, equimosis, alveolitis, infección, parestesia y dificultad para comer. Objetivos: El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar la incidencia de complicaciones postoperatorias en la cirugía del tercer molar inferior retenido en pacientes de la Unidad Académica deOdontología de la Universidad Autónoma de Nayarit a fin de tenerlas en cuenta y tomar las respectivas precauciones, ya sea para tratar de evitarlas en lo sucesivo o bien, para reconocerlas y darles tratamiento. No se incluye dolor, infl amación ni trismo. Material y métodos: Este estudio fue longitudinal y prospectivo de siete días consecutivos y de 30 días en total en 38 pacientes entre 16 y 38 años de edad. Se evaluaron las complicaciones postoperatorias relacionadas con la cirugía del tercer molar inferior. Resultados: Participaron 38 pacientes; 29 del género femenino (76.3 por ciento) y 9 del masculino (23.7 por ciento) de entre 16 y 38 años, con un promedio de edad de 23.16 ± 5.2 años. La complicación más frecuente fue la difi cultad para masticar seguida de equimosis...


Background: Impacted lower third molar surgery is a routine pro-cedure in the practice of oral surgery. However, there are various complications associated with the extraction of impacted mandibular third molars, the most common being pain, swelling, trismus, hemor-rhaging, ecchymosis, dry socket, infection, paresthesia, and diffi culty with chewing. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of postoperative complications following impacted lower third molar surgery in patients at the Academic Unit of Dentistry of the Autonomous University of Nayarit, so as to ensure these are taken into account and that the respective precautions are taken, either by attempting to avoid them in the future or to recognize and treat them. Pain, infl ammation and trismus are not analyzed in this paper. Material and methods: A longitudinal prospective study of 38 patients between the ages of 16 and 38 years old (with an average age 23.1) was carried out over seven consecutive days, with follow up examination performed at 15 and 30 days. The postoperative complications associated with lower third molar surgery were assessed. Results: 38 patients took part; 29 females (76.3%) and 9 males (23.7%) between the ages of 16 and 38 years, with a mean age of 23.16 ± 5.2 years old. The most common complication was diffi culty with chewing followed by ecchymosis...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/classification , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Molar, Third/surgery , Age and Sex Distribution , Dry Socket/etiology , Ecchymosis/etiology , Oral Hemorrhage/etiology , Longitudinal Studies , Mexico , Masticatory Muscles/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Paresthesia/etiology , Statistical Analysis , Trismus/etiology
20.
Actas odontol ; 12(1): 30-35, jul.2015.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: lil-789981

ABSTRACT

La extracción de los terceros molares mandibulares es un procedimiento de rutina en cirugía maxilofacial, realizado de forma preventiva o asociada a una condición patológica existente y puede resultar en accidentes y complicaciones. Este estudio informa de un caso de extracción de tercer molar atípica, con hipercementosis, con proximidad con el nervio dentario inferior y riesgo de fractura mandibular, lo que complica la extracción quirúrgica. Para la extracción se utilizó piezocirugía asociada la exposición del conjunto de nervios a un compuesto multivitamínico para minimizar las secuelas neuronales consecuencia de la manipulación del nervio dentario inferior. La técnica utilizada en la lateralización del nervio dentario inferior se adaptó a las necesidades de extracción del tercer molar, resultando en la preservación de la sensibilidad del mentón...


The extraction of third molars in the mandible, is a routine procedure of the maxillofacial surgeons, performed preventively or associated with an existing pathological condition. It can result in accidents and complications, this study reports a case of atypical extraction of third molar, with hypercementosis, with a proximity to the inferior alveolar nerve, and the risk of mandibular fracture, complicating the surgical extraction. Piezosurgery device was used for extraction and after exposure multivitamin compound nerve bundle associated to minimize neural sequelae forward to handling the inferior alveolar nerve. The technique used in the lateralization of the inferior alveolar nerve, adapted to the needs of third molar extraction, resulted in the preservation of the sensitivity of the chin...


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Osteotomy/methods , Molar, Third/surgery , Tooth Extraction/methods , Piezosurgery/instrumentation , Vitamins/therapeutic use
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL