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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 9-17, maio-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252898

ABSTRACT

As reabsorções radiculares são classificadas em interna e externa e um correto diagnóstico é fundamental para o sucesso no tratamento e é de suma importância que a resolução clínica seja feita precocemente para que se tenha um prognóstico clínico favorável. Reabsorção interna não é comum em dentes permanentes, e seu processo se caracteriza por um aumento do canal radicular de forma oval. O presente estudo teve como objetivos demonstrar e descrever através de um relato de prontuário o tratamento de reabsorção radicular interna de incisivos superiores permanentes. Através da seleção de uma paciente pela disciplina de Triagem da clínica odontológica do Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha, a qual apresentou alterações radiográficas compatíveis com reabsorção radicular interna inflamatória na região de dois incisivos superiores permanentes, com lesão periapical estabelecida em ambos, concluiu-se o tratamento para então gerar este estudo do tipo retrospectivo observacional. A reabsorção quando não tratada pode avançar e envolver estruturas além do tecido conjuntivo inflamado e a lesão pode avançar em direção apical. Após estabelecido o diagnóstico, iniciou-se os tratamentos endodônticos dos elementos utilizando hidróxido de cálcio como medicação intracanal, após as trocas de medicações as reabsorções foram controladas e então, as obturações dos canais foram realizadas, buscando um preenchimento adequado para o caso. A reabsorção radicular interna inflamatória causa danos irreversíveis, mas seu processo foi controlado através de terapia endodôntica. Este desempenho é considerado uma patologia, e pode comprometer qualquer extensão da raiz, é comum que os casos permaneçam assintomáticos, portanto, deve ser tratado o mais breve possível assim que descobertos para evitar sua progressão, e consequentemente danos maiores(AU)


Root resorption is classified as either internal or external, and a correct diagnosis is essential for successful treatment. Internal resorption is not common in permanent teeth, and its process is characterized by an enlarged oval root canal. The present study aims to demonstrate and describe, through a medical record, the treatment of internal root resorption of permanent upper incisors. A patient was selected from the Triage Course of the Dental Clinic (Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha) who presented radiographic changes associated with inflammatory internal root resorption in two permanente upper incisors, with a periapical lesion established in both and a treatment was then carried out in order to generate this retrospective observational study. Resorption when left untreated can progress and involve structures beyond the inflamed connective tissue and the lesion can advance in the apical direction. After the diagnosis was confirmed, endodontic treatments were initiated using calcium hydroxide as an intracanal medication. After changing the medication, the resorption was controlled and then the canal fillings were performed, seeking an adequate filling for the case. Inflammatory internal root resorption causes irreversible damage, but its process has been controlled through endodontic therapy. This performance is considered a pathology, and can compromise any extension of the root, it is common for the cases to remain asymptomatic, therefore, it should be treated as soon as it's discovered to prevent its progression, and consequently greater damage(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Root Canal Therapy , Root Resorption , Root Resorption/therapy , Incisor , Calcium Hydroxide , Dentition, Permanent , Tooth, Nonvital , Dental Pulp Cavity
2.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 149-154, mayo-jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254699

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las alternativas de tratamiento de órganos dentales con gran destrucción en su estructura varían, no sólo por el material de restauración, sino también por el valor económico y estético. Dentro de las alternativas existe: corona convencional, endocorona cuyo objetivo principal es la elaboración de una restauradora que evita la colocación de postes intraconducto y endocorona con ausencia de una pared axial (EPA) que se realiza cuando una pared, mesial, distal, vestibular o palatina está ausente. Objetivo: Verificar si la endocorona EPA se comporta de igual manera que las coronas convencionales y endocoronas al medir su resistencia ante fuerzas de tracción. Material y métodos: Treinta premolares fueron tratados endodóncicamente, 10 fueron preparados para recibir una corona convencional (grupo A), 10 para endocorona (grupo B) y 10 para endocorona EPA (grupo C). Se realizaron fuerzas de tracción para obtener el valor máximo en el cual las coronas fallaron. Se realizó una prueba ANOVA para comparar los resultados. Resultados: Al someter a los tres tipos de coronas a fuerzas de tracción los resultados obtenidos fueron: 3.04 ± 0.55 MPa para la corona, 7.08 ± 1.6 MPa para la endocorona y 6.17 ± 1.12 MPa para la endocorona EPA. Conclusiones: No existió diferencia significativa entre la endocorona (7.08 MPa) y la EPA (6.17 MPa), convirtiéndose en una alternativa de tratamiento con buen pronóstico en la práctica diaria (AU)


Introduction: The alternatives of treatment of tooth with excessive wear vary not only by the restoration material but also by the economic and aesthetic value. Among the alternatives there is: conventional crown, endocrown whose main objective is the elaboration of a restorative that avoids the placement of intraconducting posts and endocrown without one axial wall (EPA) that is done when a wall; mesial, distal, vestibular or palatal is absent. Objective: To verify if the (EPA) behaves in the same way as the conventional crown and endocrown when measuring its resistance to tensile strength. Material and methods: 30 premolars were treated endodontically, ten were prepared to receive a conventional crown, 10 for endocrown and 10 for EPA. Tensile strength were performed to obtain the maximum value at which the crowns failed, an ANOVA test was performed to compare the results. Results: When the three types of crowns were subjected to tensile strength, the results obtained were; 3.04 ± 0.55 MPa for the crown, 7.08 ± 1.6 MPa for the endocrown and 6.17 ± 1.12 MPa for the EPA endocrown. Conclusions: There was no significant difference between the endocrown (7.08 MPa) and EPA endocrown (6.17 MPa) becoming an alternative treatment with good prognosis in daily practice (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tensile Strength , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Crowns , Prognosis , Bicuspid , Ceramics , Statistical Analysis , Analysis of Variance , Cementation/methods
3.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 28-33, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280923

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir una experiencia de capacitación de alumnos de grado en la evaluación radiográfica de tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo. Material y métodos: Participaron un docente y 13 alumnos, cada uno de los cuales evaluó radiográficamente 100 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo para determinar si estos eran correctos o incorrectos. Posteriormente, el mismo docente, en una clase teórica, presentó a los alumnos otras imágenes radiográficas a fin de calibrar qué debería considerarse correcto o incorrecto. Luego fueron proyectadas nuevamente las radiografías de los 100 casos, y los alumnos efectuaron una nueva valoración. Para cada alumno, se determinó la frecuencia de concordancia con el docente en los 100 casos, antes y después de la calibración. Se categorizó cada observación como sin cambio, positiva (precalibración sin concordancia y poscalibración con concordancia) y negativa (precalibración con concordancia y poscalibración sin concordancia). En cada caso se calcularon la frecuencia para cada categoría, la frecuencia de concordancia entre cada alumno y el docente antes y después de la calibración, y la diferencia entre frecuencias. Resultados: La frecuencia absoluta de casos con concordancia alumno/docente sin cambios fue entre 65 y 85; con cambio positivo, entre 14 y 29; y con cambio negativo, entre 1 y 8. La concordancia antes y después de la calibración resultó entre 37% y 79,2%. Conclusión: La calibración mejoró parcialmente la capacitación de los alumnos para la evaluación radiográfica de los tratamientos endodónticos (AU)


Aim: To describe one experience of calibration in the radiographic evaluation of 100 endodontic treatments performed ex vivo in undergraduate students. Material and methods: One professor and 13 undergraduate students participated in this study, who independently radiographically evaluated 100 ex vivo endodontic treatments and determined whether each case was correct or incorrect. Later, the same professor presented a theoretical class to the students with other radiographic images in order to calibrate the difference between correct and incorrect treatments. Then the radiographs of the same 100 cases were projected and the students made a new evaluation. The frequency of agreement with the teacher was determined for each student in the 100 cases before and after the calibration. Each observation was categorized as without change, with positive change (pre-calibration without agreement and post-calibration with agreement) and with negative change (pre-calibration with agreement and post-calibration without agreement). The frequency for each category was calculated for each student. In each of the cases, the frequency of students in which concordances with the teacher were observed before and after calibration, and the difference between both frequencies were calculated. Results: The absolute frequency of cases with agreement of the students/teacher without changes varied between 65 and 85, with a positive change between 14 and 29 and a negative change between 1 and 8. The concordance before and after calibration varied between 37.0% and 79.2%. Conclusion: Calibration partially improved the training of students in radiographic evaluation of endodontic treatments (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Root Canal Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Education, Predental , Educational Measurement , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Students, Dental/psychology , Calibration , Radiography, Dental/methods , Tooth, Nonvital/diagnostic imaging , Faculty, Dental
4.
Odontoestomatol ; 23(37): e402, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250425

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El oscurecimiento de un diente anterior interfiere negativamente en el aspecto de la sonrisa, y varias son las causas que pueden ser responsables por este oscurecimiento. Objetivo: Describir las técnicas de blanqueamiento mixto e inmediato a través del reporte de dos casos clínicos. Caso 1: Individuo de sexo masculino, con Síndrome de Treacher Collins, se quejó sobre alteración cromática del diente 33, verificada mediante examen clínico, radiográficamente presencia de tratamiento endodóntico satisfactorio. Por lo que fue planeado el blanqueamiento interno mediante técnica mixta. Caso 2: Individuo de sexo masculino, con Síndrome de Apert reportó cambio cromático en el diente 22, observado en el examen clínico, radiográficamente presentando tratamiento endodóntico insatisfactorio. Se realizó retratamiento endodóntico y a los 6 meses se realizó blanqueamiento interno mediante técnica inmediata. Conclusión: El blanqueamiento dental ejecutado con las técnicas mixtas e inmediatas, devuelve la armonía de la sonrisa, recuperando el color ideal y elevando la autoestima a los pacientes.


Resumo Introdução: O escurecimento de um dente anterior interfere negativamente na aparência do sorriso, e várias são as causas que podem ser responsáveis por esse escurecimento. Objetivo: Descrever as técnicas clareadoras mista e imediata através do relato de dois casos clínicos. Caso 1: Indivíduo do gênero masculino com Síndrome de Treacher Collins, queixou-se de alteração cromática no dente 33, constatado no exame clínico, radiograficamente apresentando tratamento endodôntico satisfatório. O clareamento interno foi planejado e realizado pela técnica mista. Caso 2: Indivíduo do gênero masculino, com Síndrome de Apert, relatou alteração cromática no dente 22, constatado ao exame clínico, apresentando tratamento endodôntico insatisfatório. Foi realizada a reintervenção endodôntica e após 6 meses, foi realizado clareamento interno pela técnica imediata. Conclusão: O uso das técnicas clareadoras mista e imediata, resulta na devolução da harmonia do sorriso, recuperando a coloração ideal e devolvendo a autoestima aos pacientes.


Abstract Introduction: The darkening of a single anterior tooth negatively affects the smile's appearance, and several factors may cause this darkening. Objective: To describe the mixed and immediate bleaching techniques by reporting two clinical cases. Case 1: A male individual with Treacher Collins Syndrome. He complained of chromatic alteration in tooth 33, which was verified on clinical examination. X-ray imaging showed satisfactory endodontic treatment. Internal bleaching was performed with the mixed technique. Case 2: A male individual with Apert Syndrome reported chromatic alteration in tooth 22, observed on clinical examination. X-ray imaging showed unsatisfactory endodontic treatment. Endodontic retreatment was performed. Six months later, internal whitening was performed immediately. Conclusion: The use of mixed and immediate whitening techniques restores the smile's harmony, the tooth's ideal color, and patients' self-esteem.


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching/methods , Tooth, Nonvital , Tooth Bleaching Agents
5.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-13, 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1280983

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare gross fracture, patient satisfaction and marginal adaptation of anterior endocrowns restoring endodontically treated anterior teeth fabricated from IPS e.max press and CERASMART hybrid ceramics. Material and Methods: A total of 24 patients were selected to receive an aesthetic endocrown for an upper tooth in the aesthetic zone (central incisor, lateral and canine).The 24 patients were divided into two groups (n= 12 each), where Group 1, the control group, received an IPS e.max press anterior endocrown and Group 2, theintervention group, received a CERASMART anterior endocrown. After cementation all patients were followed up at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. During each follow-up examination, United States Public Health Servicecriteria were adopted for clinical evaluation to score margin integrity and gross fracture. Questionnaires were also used to evaluate the patients' satisfaction and potential postoperative discomfort. The X2 or Fisher's Exact test were used to compare qualitative variables in the two groups and Friedman's test was used to study the changes over time within each group. The significance level was set at P≤ 0.05. Results: With regard to gross fracture and marginal integrity, there was no statistically significant difference at any time interval between IPS e.max press and CERASMART endocrowns. All patients reported being satisfied with their restorations until the end of the follow-up period. Conclusions: CERASMART anterior endocrowns provided a promising treatment modality compared to IPS e.max press anterior endocrowns. (AU)


Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar e comparar a fratura grosseira, a satisfação do paciente e a adaptação marginal de endocrowns em dentes anteriores tratados endodonticamente, fabricados a partir de IPS e.max press e cerâmicas híbridas CERASMART. Material e Métodos: Um total de 24 pacientes foi selecionado para receber endocrown em um dente superior na zona estética (incisivo central, lateral e canino). Os 24 pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos (n = 12 cada), onde o Grupo 1, o grupo controle, recebeu uma endocrown anterior IPS e.max press e o Grupo 2, o grupo de intervenção, recebeu uma endocrown anterior CERASMART. Após a cimentação, todos os pacientes foram acompanhados em 3, 6, 9 e 12 meses. Durante cada exame de acompanhamento, os critérios do Serviço de Saúde Pública dos Estados Unidos foram adotados para avaliação clínica para pontuar integridade de margem e fratura grosseira. Questionários também foram usados para avaliar a satisfação dos pacientes e potencial desconforto pós-operatório. O teste X2 ou teste de Fisher foi usado para comparar as variáveis qualitativas nos dois grupos, e o teste de Friedman foi usado para estudar as mudanças ao longo do tempo dentro de cada grupo. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em P≤ 0,05. Resultados: Com relação à fratura grosseira e integridade marginal, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa em qualquer intervalo de tempo entre os endocrowns IPS e.max press e CERASMART. Todos os pacientes relataram estar satisfeitos com suas restaurações até o final do período de acompanhamento. Conclusão: os endocrowns anteriores CERASMART proporcionaram uma modalidade de tratamento promissora em comparação com os endocrowns anteriores IPS e.max press. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Satisfaction , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Tooth, Nonvital
6.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-12, 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1177776

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess patient satisfaction, gross fracture and marginal adaptation of e.max press endocrowns versus e.max press crowns retained with Fiber reinforced composite post (FRCP) and core in upper anterior teeth. Material and methods: The present study included 24 patients seeking root canal treatment in anterior upper arch. The patients received root canal treatment (RCT) then they were randomly assigned into two groups (n=12). The first group received preparation for the IPS e.max crowns retained with FRCP and core and the second group received preparation for the IPS e.max endocrowns. Press technique was used for the fabrication of both restorations using IPS e.max press ingots. Marginal integrity and gross fracture were evaluated using USPHS criteria and a questionnaire was conducted to evaluate patient satisfaction. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 23.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Results: There was no statistical significant difference regarding gross fracture of both groups after 12 months (p-value = 0.093, Effect size = 0.447), meanwhile; group 1 was statistically significantly higher than group 2 regarding marginal integrity (p-value = 0.037, Effect size = 0.513). Regarding patient satisfaction FRCP and core group showed statistical significant higher satisfaction than endocrown group (p-value = 0.047, Effect size = 0.447). Conclusion: E.max press endocrowns revealed successful performance similar to e.max press crowns retained with FRCP in terms of gross fracture, however better marginal adaptation and patient satisfaction was obtained with e.max press crowns retained with FRC post and core group. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a satisfação do paciente, grau de fratura grosseira e adaptação marginal de endocrowns e.max versus coroas de e.max retidas com pino de compósito reforçado com fibra (FRCP) e núcleo nos dentes anteriores superiores. Material e métodos: O presente estudo incluiu 24 pacientes que buscavam tratamento endodôntico na arcada superior anterior. Os pacientes receberam tratamento de canal radicular (RCT) e foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos (n = 12). O primeiro grupo recebeu preparação para as coroas IPS e.max retidas com FRCP e núcleo e o segundo grupo recebeu preparos para as endocrowns IPS e.max. A técnica de prensagem foi usada para a fabricação de ambas as restaurações usando os lingotes de prensagem IPS e.max. A integridade marginal e a fratura macroscópica foram avaliadas usando os critérios da USPHS e um questionário foi realizado para avaliar a satisfação do paciente. Os dados foram analisados usando IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, versão 23.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa em relação à fratura bruta de ambos os grupos após 12 meses (p-valor = 0,093, tamanho do efeito = 0,447), entretanto; o grupo 1 foi estatisticamente significativamente maior do que o grupo 2 em relação à integridade marginal (p-valor = 0,037, tamanho do efeito = 0,513). Em relação à satisfação do paciente, o FRCP e o grupo principal mostraram maior satisfação estatisticamente significativa do que o grupo endocrown (p-valor = 0,047, tamanho do efeito = 0,447). Conclusão: as endocrowns E.max press revelaram um desempenho bem-sucedido semelhante às coroas e.max press retidas com FRCP em termos de fratura bruta, no entanto, melhor adaptação marginal e satisfação do paciente foram obtidas com as coroas e.max press retidas com pilar FRC e núcleo de preenchimento (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Root Canal Therapy , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Tooth, Nonvital , Dental Pins
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20201079, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340114

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To examine the factors affecting the transitions through treatment interventions after failure of non-surgical root canal treatment (NS-RCT). Methodology Insurance enrollment and claim information for enrollees of Delta Dental of Wisconsin (DDWI), USA were analyzed for 438,487 initial NS-RCT procedures to determine the effect of initial provider type and other covariates on additional treatments (no additional treatment, nonsurgical retreatment, surgical retreatment and extraction). A multi-state model was created using the "mstate" R package. Transitions between the four states identified by Code on Dental Procedures and Nomenclature were analyzed. Cox proportional Hazards regression stratified by transition type was used to estimate the effect of provider type on the risk of each transition, adjusting for covariates. Results The overall survival rates for all teeth that were treated by NS-RCT was 82.8% [95% CI 82.57%, 83.11%] at 10 years. Approximately, 7% of cases changed from the first state of initial NS-RCT during the 13-year study period with ultimately 0.9%, 0.4% and 5% of cases receiving non-surgical retreatment, surgical retreatment or extraction, respectively. Teeth are more likely to be retreated non-surgically than surgically, and to be extracted than retreated. In general, the probability of a tooth having non-surgical retreatment was higher if the initial provider was not an endodontist (Hazard Ratio (HR)=3.2). Molars were more likely to be non-surgically retreated (HR=2.0) or extracted (HR=2.8) when compared to anterior teeth. The probability of non-surgical retreatment (HR=0.93) or extraction (HR=0.50) was lower when a crown was placed within 90 days after NS-RCT. Conclusion Most teeth remained in the same state after treatment with no additional treatment transitions. When a transition occurred, it was more likely to be an extraction. Type of provider, age, location of the tooth, gender, and time to placement of final restoration significantly influence treatment transitions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Nonvital , Dental Pulp Cavity , Root Canal Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Retreatment
8.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(4): e3376, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144452

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El blanqueamiento intracoronal es una alternativa mínimamente invasiva que permite devolver el color a dientes no vitales tincionados. La estabilidad del color logrado es fundamental para evaluar la predictibilidad de este tipo de tratamiento. Objetivo: Evaluar la estabilidad del color 3 años después del blanqueamiento intracameral con peróxido de hidrógeno y carbamida a diferentes concentraciones. Métodos: Se utilizaron 44 premolares extraídos por indicación ortodóncica, los cuales fueron tratados endodónticamente y pigmentados artificialmente con cromógenos sanguíneos. Las muestras fueron divididas aleatoriamente en 4 grupos de estudio (n = 11) siendo: grupo A: peróxido de carbamida 37 por ciento, grupo B: peróxido de hidrógeno 35 por ciento, grupo C: peróxido de carbamida 100 por ciento y grupo D: control; para luego realizar 4 aplicaciones de agente blanqueador con un intervalo de 4 días entre cada aplicación. El registro del color se realizó mediante espectrofotometría, lo que permitió obtener los valores CIE L*a*b* para calcular la variación total de color entre los parámetros iniciales y finales del tratamiento, así como el control a los 3 años. Resultados: Los resultados fueron analizados mediante las pruebas de Shapiro-Wilks, ANOVA y Mann-Whitney, sin registrar diferencias significativas en la variación total de color al control de los 3 años (p > 0,05). Conclusión: Los resultados del blanqueamiento intracoronal, independiente del tipo y concentración del agente utilizado en este estudio son estables en el tiempo y cualquier variación regresiva de color debe ser atribuida a factores extrínsecos(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Intracoronal whitening is a minimally invasive procedure to restore natural color to stained non-vital teeth. The color stability achieved is fundamental to evaluate the predictability of this type of treatment. Objective: Evaluate color stability 3 years after intracameral whitening with carbamide and hydrogen peroxide at various concentrations. Methods: A total 44 premolars were used which had been extracted by orthodontic indication. The premolars were treated endodontically and artificially pigmented with blood chromogenes. The samples were randomly divided into 4 study groups (n = 11): Group A: 37 percent carbamide peroxide, Group B: 35 percent hydrogen peroxide, Group C: 100 percent carbamide peroxide and Group D: control. Four applications were then made of the whitening agent with a 4-days' separation between them. Color was recorded by spectrophotometry, obtaining the values CIE L*a*b* to estimate total color variation between the initial and final parameters of the treatment, as well as control at 3 years. Results: The results were analyzed with Shapiro-Wilk, ANOVA and Mann-Whitney tests, not finding any significant differences in total color variation with respect to the 3 years' control (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The results of the intracoronal whitening studied are stable throughout time, regardless of the type and concentration of the agent used, and any regressive color variation should be attributed to extrinsic factors(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Spectrophotometry/methods , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Tooth, Nonvital/drug therapy , Carbamide Peroxide/therapeutic use , Hydrogen Peroxide/therapeutic use
9.
Dent. press endod ; 10(2): 79-85, maio-ago.2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344673

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o cisto periapical é classificado como cisto odontogênico inflamatório, sendo a lesão periapical de maior incidência na cavidade bucal. A lesão é assintomática, radiograficamente apresentando imagem radiolúcida, unilocular, bem definida, circundando o ápice de um dente desvitalizado. Para concluir o diagnóstico de cisto periapical, é necessário realizar, também, exame histopatológico. Métodos: o presente trabalho visou descrever o caso clínico de uma paciente com 12 anos de idade, sexo feminino, apresentando extensa restauração em resina composta e lesão no periápice do dente #16 (aproximadamente 15,2mmx 14,6mm), com presença de fístula palatina. A partir do diagnóstico clínico e radiográfico de cisto periapical, optou-se primeiramente pelo tratamento endodôntico convencional. Após sucessivas trocas de medicação intracanal (usando clorexidina gel 2% + hidróxido de cálcio), a fístula não regrediu e, assim, foi sugerida a enucleação da lesão, com encaminhamento do material para exame histopatológico. Resultados: após um acompanhamento de dois anos, foi possível constatar a efetividade do tratamento proposto. Conclusão: o correto diagnóstico depende de conhecimentos técnicos e experiência clínica, sendo necessária, muitas vezes, a atuação conjunta de várias especialidades para resolução do caso (AU).


Introduction: periapical cysts are classified as inflammatory, odontogenic cysts; periapical lesions are the most common lesions in the oral cavity. These lesions are asymptomatic; radiographically, they present radiolucent, unilocular, well-defined images and they surround the apices of devitalized teeth. To correctly diagnose a periapical cyst it is also necessary to perform a histopathological examination. Methods: the present study describes the clinical case of a twelve year-old female patient who presented an extensive restoration of composite resin and a periapical lesion in tooth No. 16 (approximately 15.2 x 14.6 mm), with the presence of palatine fistula. Based on the clinical and radiographic diagnosis of the periapcal cyst, we first opted for conventional endodontic treatment. After successive changes of intracanal medication (using 2% chlorhexidine gel and calcium hydroxide) the fistula did not regress and thus it was decided to enucleate the lesion; the material was then sent for histopathological examination. Results: after two years follow-up it was possible to verify that the treatment had been effective. Conclusion: a correct diagnosis depends on technical knowledge and clinical experience; it is often necessary to work jointly with several different specialists to solve a case (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Periapical Periodontitis , Tooth, Nonvital , Endodontics , Radiology , Surgery, Oral , Calcium Hydroxide , Chlorhexidine
10.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 144-149, June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090666

ABSTRACT

Loss of teeth vitality when root formation is incomplete, results in weaker structures leaving them prone to fractures and unfavourable long-term prognosis. Apexogenesis is currently the treatment of choice in immature teeth and is indicated in vital teeth without pulpal pathologies. The treatment aims to eliminate the causal agent of the damage, and provide the necessary conditions to preserve vitality in the tooth and induce apical root closure. A 6-year-old male patient was treated at the Endodontics Clinic, Universidad de La Frontera upon complaining of acute pain in tooth 30. The tooth presented incomplete root development due to dental caries with pulp exposure and a diagnosis of irreversible symptomatic pulpitis. Total pulpotomy was performed with the application of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and controlled at 1, 4, 6, 7 and 12 months, achieving root development and apical closure in the permanent molar. The result was comparable with studies that support this therapy in teeth with irreversible pulpitis. This work seeks to contribute to the existing evidence on the management of immature permanent teeth with irreversible pulpitis to induce root development and apical closure, and maintain pulp vitality.


La pérdida de vitalidad en dientes con formación radicular incompleta trae como resultado el debilitamiento de estos, dejándolos propensos a fracturas con un desfavorable pronóstico a largo plazo. Las terapéuticas actuales de regeneración pulpar en dientes inmaduros estan principalmente indicadas en cuadros de pulpitis irreversible y buscan eliminar el agente causal de daño y brindarle al diente las condiciones y estímulos necesarios para preservar vitalidad e inducir el cierre apical radicular. Un paciente de 6 años de edad y de sexo masculino, acude a la Clínica de Especialidad de Endodoncia de la Universidad de la Frontera, consultando por un dolor agudo en diente 4.6 el cual presentaba un desarrollo radicular incompleto producto de una caries con exposición pulpar con diagnóstico de Pulpitis Irreversible Sintomática. Se realiza una pulpotomia total con aplicación de Mineral Trioxide Aggregate y se controla a los 1, 4, 6 y 7 meses obteniendo un interesante resultado comparable con estudios que avalan dicha terapeutica en dientes con pulpitis irreversible. Este trabajo busca contribuir a la evidencia existente sobre el manejo de dientes permanentes inmaduros con cuadros de pulpitis irreversible para inducir el desarrollo radicular, cierre apical y mantener vitalidad pulpar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Oxides/administration & dosage , Pulpitis/therapy , Pulpotomy/methods , Silicates/administration & dosage , Calcium Compounds/administration & dosage , Aluminum Compounds/administration & dosage , Regeneration , Root Canal Filling Materials , Dentition, Permanent , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Dental Caries , Drug Combinations , Apexification
11.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 22(1): 29-37, ene.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091503

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The clinical treatment of anterior tooth fractures requires specialized knowledge, technical skill, and a degree of artistic sense to ensure successful treatment. Herein, we describe the reattachment of an original tooth fragment with endodontic involvement via the utilization of a micro-hybrid composite resin and an aesthetic fiberglass post.


RESUMEN El tratamiento clínico de las fracturas coronarias en dientes anteriores superiores requiere de conocimientos especializados, habilidades técnicas y un grado de sentido artístico para garantizar un exitoso tratamiento. En este reporte de caso, se describe la unión de un fragmento de un incisivo superior, que requirió previamente un tratamiento endodóntico, mediante la utilización de una resina compuesta micro- híbrida y un poste de fibra de vidrio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Crowns , Incisor , Tooth, Nonvital
12.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(1): 47-52, jan.-abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1102380

ABSTRACT

O tratamento endodôntico frequentemente leva à perda de parte coronária de um elemento dentário, seja pelo enfraquecimento de sua estrutura, por lesões traumáticas ou por cárie. Desde que em condições favoráveis, esses dentes podem ser restaurados por meio de retenção adequada provida por meio de retentores intrarradiculares. Os pinos de quartzo utilizados como retentor intrarradicular surgiram com os avanços da odontologia adesiva, sendo uma opção relevante com inúmeras vantagens. A literatura odontológica aponta que a adaptação do pino às paredes do conduto radicular, somada a técnica de cimentação adesiva, são fatores essenciais para a longevidade do tratamento, sendo necessário em alguns casos sua personalização, para garantir melhor assentamento e promover prognóstico favorável. Objetivou-se neste artigo apresentar a técnica de preparo, personalização e cimentação do pino de quartzo na reconstrução de um dente tratado endodonticamente ilustrado por meio de caso clínico. Através de um protocolo ordenado e meticuloso da técnica de aplicação, foi possível alcançar o resultado desejado(AU)


Endodontic treatment often leads to loss of the coronary part of a tooth, either by weakening its structure, by traumatic lesions or by caries. Since under faborable conditions, these teetn can be restored by means of the biomechanical reinforcement promoted by the intraradicular retainers. The quartz posts have appeared with the advances of restorative dentistry, being a relevant option with numerous advantages. The dental literature indicates that the adaptation of the post to the root canal walls, together with the adhesive cementation technique, are essential factors for the longevity of the treatmet, being necessary in some cases its personalization, which guarantees its better settlement, avoiding the impression of undesirable forces to the tooth anf promoting better prognosis. The objective was to present the technique of preparation, personalization and cementation of the quartz post in the reconstruction of an endodontically treated tooth. Through an orderly and meticulous protocol of the application technique, it was possible to achieve the desired result(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Quartz , Root Canal Filling Materials , Dental Cements , Dental Pins , Tooth, Nonvital
13.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-7, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1116244

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the biomechanical behaviour of endodontically treated teeth with direct veneer that received or not intra-radicular glass fiber post by finite elements analysis. Material and methods: Six models were designed, varying the presence or absence of glass fiber post and the thickness of direct veneer (0.5, 0.7 and 1 mm). Tridimensional models of maxillary central incisors were obtained with CAD software, Rhinoceros 4.0, and transferred to CAE software, ANSYS 17.2, which a 100N load was applied in a 45° on the lingual surface to simulate functional movements. Geometry contacts were bonded, and the structures were isotropic, linear, elastics, and homogeneous. After coherence and convergence analysis of mashes, the chosen fail criterion was the maximum principal stresses. Results: For cement, glass fiber post, the stress distribution was similar independently of glass fiber post presence or veneer thickness. Models with glass fiber post had better stress distribution and lower values of maximum stress for inner dentin and veneers. Veneers with 0.5 and 1 mm had higher stress concentration areas. Conclusions: It can be concluded that glass fiber post is favorable for restored teeth with direct veneers, and very thin or very thick preparations can damage the biomechanical behavior of restorations.(AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o comportamento biomecânico de dentes tratados endodonticamente com faceta direta que receberam ou não pinos de fibra de vidro intrarradicular através de análise de elementos finitos. Material e métodos: Foram desenhados seis modelos, variando a presença ou ausência do pino de fibra de vidro e a espessura da faceta direta (0,5, 0,7 e 1 mm). Modelos tridimensionais de incisivos centrais superiores foram obtidos com o software CAD, Rhinoceros 4.0, e transferidos para o software CAE, ANSYS 17.2, cuja carga de 100N foi aplicada a 45° na superfície lingual para simular movimentos funcionais. Os contatos geométricos foram colados e as estruturas eram isotrópicas, lineares, elásticas e homogêneas. Após análise de coerência e convergência de malhas, o critério de falha escolhido foi a tensão principal máxima. Resultados: Para cimento e pino de fibra de vidro, a distribuição de tensões foi semelhante independentemente da presença do pino de fibra de vidro ou da espessura da faceta. Os modelos com pinos de fibra de vidro apresentaram melhor distribuição de tensão e menores valores de tensão máxima para dentina interna e facetas. Facetas com 0,5 e 1mm apresentaram maiores áreas de concentração de estresse. Conclusões: Pode-se concluir que o pino de fibra de vidro é favorável para dentes restaurados com facetas diretas, e preparações muito finas ou muito espessas podem prejudicar o comportamento biomecânico das restaurações.(AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth, Nonvital , Finite Element Analysis , Dental Pins , Dental Veneers
14.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(1): 1-7, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1049566

ABSTRACT

Objective: This retrospective observational study evaluated the clinical performance of intracoronal whitening and correlated the main factors that interfere with its stability and patient satisfaction. Material and Methods: The paper was designed following the STROBE statement. Patients from the Institute of Science and Technology - ICT/UNESP database who underwent nonvital tooth whitening from August 2010 to July 2015 were selected. Data collection was performed by researching the institution records, patients interview, clinical and radiographic examination. Data were analyzed using MannWhitney test and Spearman's correlation (p < 0.05). Results: The initial search on 1275 records resulted in 43 patients, of whom 18 were selected according to eligibility criteria. There was positive correlation only between the degree of patient's satisfaction and the perception of color difference after whitening treatment (p < 0.05). Color relapse was observed in all conditions, independently of the period of followup (p > 0.05). There was no case of external cervical root resorption. Conclusion: Color changes after whitening influenced patient's satisfaction. There was no correlation among the color relapse and height of gutta-percha, return interval or cause of darkening (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo observacional retrospectivo avaliou o desempenho clínico do clareamento interno e correlacionou os principais fatores que interferem em sua estabilidade e satisfação do paciente. Material e Métodos: O artigo foi elaborado seguindo o STROBE. Pacientes do banco de dados do Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia ­ ICT/UNESP que foram submetidos ao clareamento dental em dentes desvitalizados entre agosto de 2010 e julho de 2015 foram selecionados. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de pesquisa em prontuários da instituição, entrevista com os pacientes, exames clínico e radiográfico. Os dados foram analisados usando o teste de Mann-Whitney e correlação de Spearman (p < 0,05). Resultados: A pesquisa inicial em 1275 registros resultou em 43 pacientes, dos quais 18 foram selecionados de acordo com os critérios de elegibilidade. Houve correlação positiva apenas entre o grau de satisfação do paciente e a percepção da diferença de cor após o tratamento clareador (p < 0,05). A recidiva da cor foi observada em todas as condições, independentemente do tempo de acompanhamento (p > 0,05). Não houve nenhum caso de reabsorção cervical externa. Conclusão: As mudanças de cor após o clareamento influenciaram a satisfação do paciente. Não houve correlação entre a recidiva da cor e a altura do guta-percha, o intervalo de retorno ou a causa do escurecimento. (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching , Tooth Discoloration , Tooth, Nonvital
15.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135547

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To assess the tensile bond strength of prefabricated metal posts cemented with different luting agents. Material and Methods: Fifty single-rooted endodontically treated human teeth had their crowns cut, mounted into acrylic-resin blocks and then an 8mm depth post space were prepared. Prefabricated cylindrical metal posts were cemented using different luting agents: a zinc phosphate cement (SS White), a conventional glass ionomer cement (Vidrion C), two resin-modified glass ionomer cements (Vitremer and RelyX Luting 2) and a resin cement (RelyX ARC). Samples were stored in distilled water for seven days and then submitted to a tensile bond strength test until complete dislocation of the post. One-way analysis of variance and Tukey test for pairwise multiple comparisons were used to evaluate differences between luting agents. Results: Tensile bond strength was 563.88±203.41 N for zinc phosphate cement, 336.86 ± 137.64 N for Vidrion C, 515.24 ± 239.48 N for Vitremer, 828.47±433.99 N for RelyX Luting 2 and 1262.51 ± 356.29 for RelyX ARC. The Relyx ARC presented the highest tensile bond strength regard the luting agent tested (p< 0.05). Conclusion: RelyX ARC presented the higher tensile bond strength compared to the other luting agents evaluated.


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Glass Ionomer Cements , Zinc Phosphate Cement , Brazil/epidemiology , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tooth, Nonvital/diagnosis , Dental Pins
16.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135496

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy (aPDT) in infected deciduous teeth by quantifying the viable bacteria in root canal treatment. Material and Methods: Radicular canal cultures were collected (n= 10). Four intra-canal samples were collected at four different times in each of the sampled teeth, as follows: Time 1 (T1), baseline: After opening the pulp-chamber; Time 2 (T2): After application of aPDT; Time 3 (T3): After mechanical, chemical manipulation; Time 4 (T4): After a second application of aPDT. The aPDT was performed with a 4J/cm energy low-intensity diode, together with 0.005% methylene blue as a photosensitizer. The clinical specimens were taken to the laboratory for a bacteria count (colony forming units) and the results were statistically analyzed using the Friedman and Wilcoxon tests, with a significance level of α=0.05. Results: Statistical differences were seen between the numbers of bacteria at times T1-T2, T1-T3 and T1-T4 on the cultivated plates. However, no significant statistical differences were observed between the number of bacteria in samples T2-T3, T2-T4 and T3-T4. Conclusion: Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy can be a good co-adjuvant in root canal decontamination of necrotic primary teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Photochemotherapy/instrumentation , Tooth, Deciduous , Dental Pulp Necrosis/diagnostic imaging , Low-Level Light Therapy/instrumentation , Brazil/epidemiology , Pilot Projects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tooth, Nonvital/diagnosis
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190544, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101250

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the influence of three levels of dental structure loss on stress distribution and bite load in root canal-treated young molar teeth that were filled with bulk-fill resin composite, using finite element analysis (FEA) to predict clinical failure. Methodology Three first mandibular molars with extensive caries lesions were selected in teenager patients. The habitual occlusion bite force was measured using gnathodynamometer before and after endodontic/restoration procedures. The recorded bite forces were used as input for patient-specific FEA models, generated from cone-beam computed tomographic (CT) scans of the teeth before and after treatment. Loads were simulated using the contact loading of the antagonist molars selected based on the CT scans and clinical evaluation. Pre and post treatment bite forces (N) in the 3 patients were 30.1/136.6, 34.3/133.4, and 47.9/124.1. Results Bite force increased 260% (from 36.7±11.6 to 131.9±17.8 N) after endodontic and direct restoration. Before endodontic intervention, the stress concentration was located in coronal tooth structure; after rehabilitation, the stresses were located in root dentin, regardless of the level of tooth structure loss. The bite force used on molar teeth after pulp removal during endodontic treatment resulted in high stress concentrations in weakened tooth areas and at the furcation. Conclusion Extensive caries negatively affected the bite force. After pulp removal and endodontic treatment, stress and strain concentrations were higher in the weakened dental structure. Root canal treatment associated with direct resin composite restorative procedure could restore the stress-strain conditions in permanent young molar teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Bite Force , Composite Resins/chemistry , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Molar , Reference Values , Tensile Strength , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Tooth, Nonvital/diagnostic imaging , Compressive Strength , Finite Element Analysis , Dental Stress Analysis , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Elastic Modulus , Patient-Specific Modeling
18.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101302

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with three different diameters of glass fiber posts and metal-ceramic crowns. Material and Methods: Thirty human maxillary canines were selected and subjected to root canal therapy. The teeth were randomly divided into three groups of glass fiber posts with 1.4 mm diameter (Group I), 1.6 mm diameter (Group II), and 2.0 mm diameter (Group III). The teeth were restored with metal-ceramic crowns and subjected to the compressive load applied at 45º angle to the longitudinal axis until fracture. The mode of failure was determined. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, followed by Tukey's post hoc multiple comparisons test (p<0.05). Results: The mean fracture resistance of groups I, II and III was 574 ± 91.2 N, 617 ± 85.21 N and 467 ± 99.43 N, respectively. No significant difference was noted between groups I and II, while the fracture resistance was significantly different between groups I and III (p<0.05) and groups II and III (p<0.05). No case of post fracture alone occurred in any group. Conclusion: The diameter of glass fiber posts can affect the fracture resistance of teeth. Based on the results, increasing the diameter of the post up to 1.6 mm may increase the fracture resistance of root, although excessive diameters are not recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Therapy , Tooth , Tooth, Nonvital , Material Resistance , Flexural Strength , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Iran
19.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(6): 527-535, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055454

ABSTRACT

Abstract Revascularization endodontic procedures commonly require multiple treatment sessions. However, single visit procedures may be advantageous from the clinical and patient management standpoints. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the outcomes of single-visit revascularization endodontic procedures for the management of immature permanent teeth with non-vital pulp. Two electronic databases (Scopus and PubMed) were searched, from their inception to July 2018, for studies that assessed clinical and/or radiographic and/or histologic outcomes of single-visit revascularization endodontic procedures performed in immature permanent teeth with non-vital pulp. Case reports, animal studies and clinical trials were included. The quality of case reports was appraised by Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Case Reports. The quality of randomized clinical trials was assessed by the revised Cochrane risk of bias tool for randomized trials. The risk of bias for animal studies was assessed using SYRCLE's risk of bias tool. Tabulation followed by narrative synthesis was used to draw conclusions. Seven studies satisfied the selection criteria. Five were classified as case reports, one as a randomized clinical trial and one as animal study. The latter presented with a high risk of bias, whilst the remaining showed a low risk. The evidence supporting the potential use of single-visit revascularization endodontic procedures is scarce. Successful single-visit revascularization endodontic procedures commonly include the use of high concentrations of sodium hypochlorite and EDTA combined with the use of agitation systems. Further clinical trials with long term follow up are needed to confirm the results of the current review.


Resumo Os protocolos clínicos de procedimentos endodônticos de revascularização comumente requerem múltiplas sessões. Entretanto, procedimentos em única sessão podem apresentar vantagens clínicas relacionadas ao paciente. O objetivo desta revisão sistemática foi avaliar os resultados clínicos dos procedimentos endodônticos de revascularização para o manejo de dentes permanentes imaturos realizados em única visita. Duas bases de dados eletrônicas (Scopus e PubMed) foram utilizadas, do seu início à julho de 2018, buscando estudos que avaliaram resultados de procedimentos endodônticos clínicos e/ou radiográficos, e/ou histológicos da revascularização em sessão única realizados em dentes permanentes imaturos com necrose pulpar. Relatos de casos, estudos em animais e estudos clínicos foram incluídos e avaliados quanto à qualidade e risco de viés. A qualidade dos relatos de casos foi avaliada utilizando-se a ferramenta própria de análise crítica do Instituto Joanna Briggs. A qualidade dos estudos clínicos randomizados controlados foi analisada pela ferramenta de risco de viés da Cochrane. O risco de viés para os estudos em animais foi mensurado utilizando-se a ferramenta SYRCLE. Os dados foram tabulados e a síntese narrativa foi utilizada para análise dos mesmos. Sete estudos satisfizeram os critérios de inclusão. Cinco foram classificados como relatos de casos, um como ensaio clínico randomizado e um outro como estudo em modelo animal. Este último apresentou alto risco de viés, enquanto o restante dos estudos mostrou baixo risco. A evidência que apoia a utilização potencial de procedimentos endodônticos de revascularização em sessão única é escassa. Os procedimentos endodônticos de revascularização em sessão única geralmente incluem o uso de altas concentrações de hipoclorito de sódio e EDTA, combinadas com o uso de sistemas de agitação. Assim, estudos clínicos com longos períodos de acompanhamento são necessários para confirmação dos resultados do presente estudo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth/blood supply , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Pulp , Sodium Hypochlorite , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Tooth, Nonvital
20.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(3): e1989, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093228

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Posts and core are frequently used in endodontically treated teeth with excessive loss of coronal tooth structure. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of self-adhesive cements under different pre-treatments of dentin in the resistance to extrusion of fiberglass posts. Methods: An experimental in vitro study was conducted. The randomly selected sample was 56 extracted bovine incisors with mature apices and without root curvature. Before the cementing procedure, pretreatment of dentin was performed with 11.5 percent polyacrylic acid, 17 percent EDTA or sodium hypochlorite. The type of failure between the post/cement/dentin was evaluated by stereomicroscope. Two hundred and sixteen bovine dentin discs were used. The disks were approximately 1 mm thick, and were obtained from 72 bovine roots restored with intraradicular retentions. Data were analyzed for better comprehension in an SPSS database for Windows version 15. Results: The highest values were found in groups G3, G4 and G5, and there was no bond strength significant difference in group G2. Conclusions: The pre-treatment had no effect on dentin bond strength, and the self-adhesive cement RelyX U100 appears to be a viable option in the cementation of fiber posts(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: Los postes y el núcleo se utilizan con frecuencia en los dientes tratados endodónticamente con una pérdida excesiva de la estructura dental coronal. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de los cementos autoadhesivos bajo diferentes pretratamientos de dentina en la resistencia a la extrusión de postes de fibra de vidrio. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación experimental in vitro en 56 dientes de ganado seleccionados al azar con cierre apical maduro y sin curvaturas radiculares. Antes del procedimiento de cementación, se llevó a cabo el pretratamiento de la dentina con 11,5 por ciento de ácido poliacrílico, 17 por ciento de EDTA o hipoclorito de sodio. El estereomicroscopio evaluó el tipo de falla entre el poste / cemento / dentina. Se usaron 216 discos de dentina bovina. Los discos tenían aproximadamente 1 mm de espesor y se obtuvieron de 72 raíces bovinas restauradas con retenciones intrarradiculares. Los datos se analizaron para una mejor comprensión en una base de datos de SPSS para Windows versión 15. Resultados: Los valores más elevados fueron encontrados en los grupos G3, G4 y G5 y no fue significativa la prueba de resistencia en el grupo G2. Conclusiones: El pretratamiento no tuvo efecto sobre la fuerza de unión dentinaria, y el cemento autoadhesivo RelyX U100 parece ser una opción viable en la cementación postes de fibra(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Nonvital/epidemiology , Resin Cements/adverse effects , Flexural Strength/physiology
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