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1.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 149-154, mayo-jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254699

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las alternativas de tratamiento de órganos dentales con gran destrucción en su estructura varían, no sólo por el material de restauración, sino también por el valor económico y estético. Dentro de las alternativas existe: corona convencional, endocorona cuyo objetivo principal es la elaboración de una restauradora que evita la colocación de postes intraconducto y endocorona con ausencia de una pared axial (EPA) que se realiza cuando una pared, mesial, distal, vestibular o palatina está ausente. Objetivo: Verificar si la endocorona EPA se comporta de igual manera que las coronas convencionales y endocoronas al medir su resistencia ante fuerzas de tracción. Material y métodos: Treinta premolares fueron tratados endodóncicamente, 10 fueron preparados para recibir una corona convencional (grupo A), 10 para endocorona (grupo B) y 10 para endocorona EPA (grupo C). Se realizaron fuerzas de tracción para obtener el valor máximo en el cual las coronas fallaron. Se realizó una prueba ANOVA para comparar los resultados. Resultados: Al someter a los tres tipos de coronas a fuerzas de tracción los resultados obtenidos fueron: 3.04 ± 0.55 MPa para la corona, 7.08 ± 1.6 MPa para la endocorona y 6.17 ± 1.12 MPa para la endocorona EPA. Conclusiones: No existió diferencia significativa entre la endocorona (7.08 MPa) y la EPA (6.17 MPa), convirtiéndose en una alternativa de tratamiento con buen pronóstico en la práctica diaria (AU)


Introduction: The alternatives of treatment of tooth with excessive wear vary not only by the restoration material but also by the economic and aesthetic value. Among the alternatives there is: conventional crown, endocrown whose main objective is the elaboration of a restorative that avoids the placement of intraconducting posts and endocrown without one axial wall (EPA) that is done when a wall; mesial, distal, vestibular or palatal is absent. Objective: To verify if the (EPA) behaves in the same way as the conventional crown and endocrown when measuring its resistance to tensile strength. Material and methods: 30 premolars were treated endodontically, ten were prepared to receive a conventional crown, 10 for endocrown and 10 for EPA. Tensile strength were performed to obtain the maximum value at which the crowns failed, an ANOVA test was performed to compare the results. Results: When the three types of crowns were subjected to tensile strength, the results obtained were; 3.04 ± 0.55 MPa for the crown, 7.08 ± 1.6 MPa for the endocrown and 6.17 ± 1.12 MPa for the EPA endocrown. Conclusions: There was no significant difference between the endocrown (7.08 MPa) and EPA endocrown (6.17 MPa) becoming an alternative treatment with good prognosis in daily practice (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tensile Strength , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Crowns , Prognosis , Bicuspid , Ceramics , Statistical Analysis , Analysis of Variance , Cementation/methods
2.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 144-149, June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090666

ABSTRACT

Loss of teeth vitality when root formation is incomplete, results in weaker structures leaving them prone to fractures and unfavourable long-term prognosis. Apexogenesis is currently the treatment of choice in immature teeth and is indicated in vital teeth without pulpal pathologies. The treatment aims to eliminate the causal agent of the damage, and provide the necessary conditions to preserve vitality in the tooth and induce apical root closure. A 6-year-old male patient was treated at the Endodontics Clinic, Universidad de La Frontera upon complaining of acute pain in tooth 30. The tooth presented incomplete root development due to dental caries with pulp exposure and a diagnosis of irreversible symptomatic pulpitis. Total pulpotomy was performed with the application of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and controlled at 1, 4, 6, 7 and 12 months, achieving root development and apical closure in the permanent molar. The result was comparable with studies that support this therapy in teeth with irreversible pulpitis. This work seeks to contribute to the existing evidence on the management of immature permanent teeth with irreversible pulpitis to induce root development and apical closure, and maintain pulp vitality.


La pérdida de vitalidad en dientes con formación radicular incompleta trae como resultado el debilitamiento de estos, dejándolos propensos a fracturas con un desfavorable pronóstico a largo plazo. Las terapéuticas actuales de regeneración pulpar en dientes inmaduros estan principalmente indicadas en cuadros de pulpitis irreversible y buscan eliminar el agente causal de daño y brindarle al diente las condiciones y estímulos necesarios para preservar vitalidad e inducir el cierre apical radicular. Un paciente de 6 años de edad y de sexo masculino, acude a la Clínica de Especialidad de Endodoncia de la Universidad de la Frontera, consultando por un dolor agudo en diente 4.6 el cual presentaba un desarrollo radicular incompleto producto de una caries con exposición pulpar con diagnóstico de Pulpitis Irreversible Sintomática. Se realiza una pulpotomia total con aplicación de Mineral Trioxide Aggregate y se controla a los 1, 4, 6 y 7 meses obteniendo un interesante resultado comparable con estudios que avalan dicha terapeutica en dientes con pulpitis irreversible. Este trabajo busca contribuir a la evidencia existente sobre el manejo de dientes permanentes inmaduros con cuadros de pulpitis irreversible para inducir el desarrollo radicular, cierre apical y mantener vitalidad pulpar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Oxides/administration & dosage , Pulpitis/therapy , Pulpotomy/methods , Silicates/administration & dosage , Calcium Compounds/administration & dosage , Aluminum Compounds/administration & dosage , Regeneration , Root Canal Filling Materials , Dentition, Permanent , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Dental Caries , Drug Combinations , Apexification
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190544, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101250

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the influence of three levels of dental structure loss on stress distribution and bite load in root canal-treated young molar teeth that were filled with bulk-fill resin composite, using finite element analysis (FEA) to predict clinical failure. Methodology Three first mandibular molars with extensive caries lesions were selected in teenager patients. The habitual occlusion bite force was measured using gnathodynamometer before and after endodontic/restoration procedures. The recorded bite forces were used as input for patient-specific FEA models, generated from cone-beam computed tomographic (CT) scans of the teeth before and after treatment. Loads were simulated using the contact loading of the antagonist molars selected based on the CT scans and clinical evaluation. Pre and post treatment bite forces (N) in the 3 patients were 30.1/136.6, 34.3/133.4, and 47.9/124.1. Results Bite force increased 260% (from 36.7±11.6 to 131.9±17.8 N) after endodontic and direct restoration. Before endodontic intervention, the stress concentration was located in coronal tooth structure; after rehabilitation, the stresses were located in root dentin, regardless of the level of tooth structure loss. The bite force used on molar teeth after pulp removal during endodontic treatment resulted in high stress concentrations in weakened tooth areas and at the furcation. Conclusion Extensive caries negatively affected the bite force. After pulp removal and endodontic treatment, stress and strain concentrations were higher in the weakened dental structure. Root canal treatment associated with direct resin composite restorative procedure could restore the stress-strain conditions in permanent young molar teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Bite Force , Composite Resins/chemistry , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Molar , Reference Values , Tensile Strength , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Tooth, Nonvital/diagnostic imaging , Compressive Strength , Finite Element Analysis , Dental Stress Analysis , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Elastic Modulus , Patient-Specific Modeling
4.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170313, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893683

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the effect of restorative strategy (fiber post vs cast post and core), coronal height (0 mm vs 2 mm) and thickness (higher than 1 mm vs lower than 1 mm) on survival rate, fracture resistance and stress distribution. Material and Methods Seventy-two bovine teeth were cleaned and allocated in six groups (n = 12). Twenty-four teeth were sectioned at 13 mm length (no remaining coronal structure) and forty-eight were sectioned at 15 mm (2 mm remaining coronal structure). Half of the forty-eight had remaining coronal thickness lower than 1 mm and the other half had thickness higher than 1 mm. All root canals were prepared at 10 mm (luting length), fiber posts were cemented in thirty-six specimens and cast post and core in other thirty-six. All teeth were restored with metallic crowns. Specimens were submitted to 1.5 million cycles (100 N, 45°, 10 Hz at 2 mm below incisal edge) and evaluated at each 500,000 cycles to detect failures. Specimens that survived were submitted to load to fracture test. Bidimensional (Rhinoceros® 4.0) models were obteined survival data submitted to Kaplan-Meier (α=0.05) analysis and load to fracture values submitted to ANOVA and Tukey tests (α=0.05). Results Groups without remaining coronal structure showed survival rates lower than other groups (p=0.001). ANOVA showed higher values of load to fracture for groups with coronal thickness higher than 1 mm (p=0.0043). Finite element analysis showed better stress distribution in groups with remaining coronal structure and restored with fiber post. Conclusion Specimens without remaining coronal structure have lower survival rates. Specimens with remaining structure lower than 1 mm and without coronal structure support the same load to fracture value independently of the restorative strategy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Fractures/etiology , Tooth, Nonvital/pathology , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Tensile Strength , Biomechanical Phenomena , Analysis of Variance , Post and Core Technique , Weight-Bearing , Dental Prosthesis Design , Finite Element Analysis , Crowns , Dental Stress Analysis
5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32(supl.1): e74, 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974477

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Adhesive procedures have changed the way to restore endodontically treated teeth (ETT). It started with the shift from cast post-and-core to fiber post. The original focus on strength also shifted towards failure modes, revealing that catastrophic failures are still a concern when restoring endodontically-treated teeth even with fiber posts. As an alternative, postless approaches have been proposed in order to improve the chances of repair. The goal of this critical review is to present a survey of the current knowledge on adhesive approaches to restore endodontically treated teeth with and without extensive coronal tissue loss. The preservation of tooth structure of endodontically treated teeth is paramount. Partial versus full coverage of ETT, the role of the ferrule, the post type effect on catastrophic failures and postless alternatives as endocrowns and postless build-ups are reviewed. There is a consensus that the remaining tooth structure plays an important role in ETT survival, although the current literature still is contradictory on the influence of post type on root fractures as well as the benefits of avoiding a post or partially restoring a tooth. More clinical studies should be carried out with the modern postless adhesive alternatives to conventional approaches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Post and Core Technique , Dental Bonding/methods , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Tooth Fractures , Tooth Root/injuries , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Dental Restoration Failure , Glass
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32(supl.1): e76, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974469

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Endodontic treatment is a common dental procedure used for treating teeth which the pulp tissue has become irreversibly inflamed or necrotic as a result of the carious process or dental trauma. This procedure which involves mechanical and chemical preparation of root canal may affect several mechanical and physical properties of the tooth structure. The endodontic treatment can also influence the longevity of the rehabilitation of endodontically treated teeth and biomechanics during the oral function. For restoring endodontically treated teeth several factor and clinical decisions should be observed. The decision of the fiberglass post usage and the restorative materials are related to several factors such as the quantity and quality of remaining dental structure, presence of ferrule, post cementation length and final coronal restoration. In this review, the authors will address the effect of the endodontic treatment procedures on canal shape and mechanical properties of a tooth, and also discuss the parameters and the biomechanical principles of root canal treated teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/therapeutic use , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Post and Core Technique , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Biomechanical Phenomena , Treatment Outcome , Tooth, Nonvital/pathology , Dental Stress Analysis , Dentin/pathology , Dentin/chemistry , Glass
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(6): 715-719, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888707

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the stress distribution in endodontically treated teeth, weakened (W) or not weakened (NW), restored with different materials of prosthetic crown using 3D-FEA. Models of a maxillary canine were constructed based on micro-CT images and divided into the groups: G1 (control) - sound tooth; G2 to G7 - endodontically treated teeth restored with glass fiber post (GFP); which G2 to G4 simulated NW root and G5 to G7 simulated W root. For crown material the teeth were restored with: G2 and G5: metallic coping and ceramic veneering, G3 and G6: zirconia coping and ceramic veneering, G4 and G7: alumina coping and ceramic veneering. Load of 180 N was applied at the incisal third of lingual surface at 45º. Models were supported by the periodontal ligament (x=y=z=0). The von Mises stress (VMS) values were calculated. The W teeth presented higher VMS at coping when compared to NW teeth and group G1 showed lower VMS value. For crown material, for both W or NW teeth, increasing VMS was found at metallic, zirconia and alumina coping, respectively. Metallic coping showed a better performance despite its unfavorable esthetics, suggesting as an appropriate material for prosthetic restoration of endodontically treated teeth.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a distribuição de tensão em dentes tratados endodonticamente, fragilizados (F) ou não fragilizados (NF), restaurados com diferentes materiais para a coroa protética utilizando 3D-FEA. Modelos de um canino maxilar foram construídos baseados em imagens de micro-CT e divididos em grupos: G1 (controle) - dente hígido; G2 a G7 - dentes tratados endodonticamente com pino de fibra de vidro (PFV), sendo que G2 a G4 simularam raízes NF e G5 a G7 simularam raízes F. Para o material das coroas os dentes foram restaurados com: G2 e G5: coping metálico e revestimento cerâmico, G3 e G6: coping de zirconia e revestimento cerâmico, G4 e G7: coping de alumina e revestimento cerâmico. Carregamento de 180 N foi aplicado na superfície lingual em seu terço incisal com 45 graus de inclinação. Os modelos foram suportados pelo ligamento periodontal (x=y=z=0). Os valores da tensão de von Mises (VMS) foram calculados. Os dentes F apresentaram maiores valores VMS para o coping quando comparados aos dentes NF, sendo que o G1 apresentou menores valores VMS. Para o material das coroas, ambos F ou NF aumentaram VMS no coping metálico, zirconia e alumina, respectivamente. Copings metálicos apresentaram melhor comportamento mecânico apesar de não favorecerem a estética, o que sugere ser um material apropriado para a restauração de dentes tratados endodonticamente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Crowns , Dental Stress Analysis , Tooth, Nonvital/physiopathology , Finite Element Analysis , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(5): 465-476, Sept.-Oct. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893653

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tissue repair is an essential process that reestablishes tissue integrity and regular function. Nevertheless, different therapeutic factors and clinical conditions may interfere in this process of periapical healing. This review aims to discuss the important therapeutic factors associated with the clinical protocol used during root canal treatment and to highlight the systemic conditions associated with the periapical healing process of endodontically treated teeth. The antibacterial strategies indicated in the conventional treatment of an inflamed and infected pulp and the modulation of the host's immune response may assist in tissue repair, if wound healing has been hindered by infection. Systemic conditions, such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension, can also inhibit wound healing. The success of root canal treatment is affected by the correct choice of clinical protocol. These factors are dependent on the sanitization process (instrumentation, irrigant solution, irrigating strategies, and intracanal dressing), the apical limit of the root canal preparation and obturation, and the quality of the sealer. The challenges affecting the healing process of endodontically treated teeth include control of the inflammation of pulp or infectious processes and simultaneous neutralization of unpredictable provocations to the periapical tissue. Along with these factors, one must understand the local and general clinical conditions (systemic health of the patient) that affect the outcome of root canal treatment prediction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periapical Tissue/physiopathology , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Wound Healing/physiology , Tooth, Nonvital/physiopathology , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Periapical Periodontitis/therapy , Root Canal Filling Materials/therapeutic use , Root Canal Irrigants/therapeutic use , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Calcium Hydroxide/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
9.
Rev. ADM ; 74(3): 163-165, mayo-jun. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-908015

ABSTRACT

Crown-or-Fill© es una aplicación en un sitio web que resume la literaturabasada en la evidencia sobre los resultados del tratamiento para restauraciones en dientes posteriores en función de condiciones preexistentes. Los datos presentados se recogieron en dos revisionessistemáticas publicadas.


Crown-or-Fill© It is an application on a website that summarizes evidence based literature on treatment outcomes for restorations on posterior teeth as a function of pre-existing conditions. The data presented was collected in two published systematic reviews.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Restoration, Permanent/trends , Evidence-Based Dentistry/instrumentation , Evidence-Based Dentistry/methods , Internet/trends , Patient Care Planning , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(2): 203-210, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841180

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study evaluated the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with fiber reinforced composite posts, using three resin composite core build-up materials, (Clearfil Photo Core (CPC), MultiCore Flow (MCF), and LuxaCore Z-Dual (LCZ)), and a nanohybrid composite, (Tetric N-Ceram (TNC)). Material and Methods Forty endodontically treated lower first premolars were restored with quartz fiber posts (D.T. Light-Post) cemented with resin cement (Panavia F2.0). Samples were randomly divided into four groups (n=10). Each group was built-up with one of the four core materials following its manufacturers’ instructions. The teeth were embedded in acrylic resin blocks. Nickel-Chromium crowns were fixed on the specimens with resin cement. The fracture resistance was determined using a universal testing machine with a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min at 1350 to the tooth axis until failure occurred. All core materials used in the study were subjected to test for the flexural modulus according to ISO 4049:2009. Results One-way ANOVA and Bonferroni multiple comparisons test indicated that the fracture resistance was higher in the groups with CPC and MCF, which presented no statistically significant difference (p>0.05), but was significantly higher than in those with LCZ and TNC (p<0.05). In terms of the flexural modulus, the ranking from the highest values of the materials was aligned with the same tendency of fracture loads. Conclusion Among the cores used in this study, the composite core with high filler content tended to enhance fracture thresholds of teeth restored with fiber posts more than others.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Fractures , Post and Core Technique , Composite Resins/chemistry , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Surface Properties , Viscosity , Materials Testing , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Pliability , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Restoration Failure , Methacrylates/chemistry
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e64, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952106

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this systematic review was to compare the clinical performance and failure modes of teeth restored with intra-radicular retainers. A search was performed on PubMed/Medline, Central and ClinicalTrials databases for randomized clinical trials comparing clinical behavior and failures of at least two types of retainers. From 341 detected papers, 16 were selected for full-text analysis, of which 9 met the eligibility criteria. A manual search added 2 more studies, totalizing 11 studies that were included in this review. Evaluated retainers were fiber (prefabricated and customized) and metal (prefabricated and cast) posts, and follow-up ranged from 6 months to 10 years. Most studies showed good clinical behavior for evaluated intra-radicular retainers. Reported survival rates varied from 71 to 100% for fiber posts and 50 to 97.1% for metal posts. Studies found no difference in the survival among different metal posts and most studies found no difference between fiber and metal posts. Two studies also showed that remaining dentine height, number of walls and ferrule increased the longevity of the restored teeth. Failures of fiber posts were mainly due to post loss of retention, while metal post failures were mostly related to root fracture, post fracture and crown and/or post loss of retention. In conclusion, metal and fiber posts present similar clinical behavior at short to medium term follow-up. Remaining dental structure and ferrule increase the survival of restored pulpless teeth. Studies with longer follow-up are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Post and Core Technique , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Titanium , Bias , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Glass/chemistry , Gold/chemistry
12.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 53(2): 2-8, abr.-jun. 2016. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-784989

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la clasificación de la complejidad de la terapia endodóntica permite estimar factores que pueden interferir su éxito. Objetivo: determinar la correspondencia entre la duración del tratamiento pulporadicular y la complejidad asignada, según el Formulario de Evaluación de las Dificultades del Tratamiento Endodóntico. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo longitudinal prospectivo con un muestreo por conglomerado bietápico; quedaron incluidos 82 pacientes. Fue aplicado un modelo que recoge factores asociados a la complejidad del tratamiento endodóntico, mediante el interrogatorio, examen clínico y radiográfico. Los datos fueron procesados con el software estadístico SPSS versión 15.0. Se emplearon técnicas de la estadística descriptiva (frecuencias absolutas y porcentajes). Las variables empleadas fueron: edad, sexo, antecedentes patológicos, anestésicos, conducta del paciente, apertura bucal, reflejo nauseoso, complicaciones, dificultad radiográfica, diagnóstico, posición en el arco, inclinación y rotación dentaria, morfología coronaria, ápice radicular, alteración del número de raíces, bifurcación, visibilidad y tamaño de los conductos, acceso cameral, presencia de calcificaciones, reabsorción, enfermedad periodontal y complejidad del tratamiento. Resultados: en 80,8 por ciento de los pacientes, la categoría de elevada dificultad el tratamiento tuvo una duración entre 6 y 10 semanas. El dolor moderado o intenso e inflamación extendida se presentó en 29,3 por ciento de los casos. Dentro de los factores relacionados con el diagnóstico y el tratamiento se observaron las restauraciones extensas, la moderada dificultad en la obtención e interpretación de la imagen radiográfica, así como la inclinación dentaria moderada y los conductos visibles, pero reducidos en 23,2 por ciento, 22,0 por ciento, 20,7 por ciento y 19,5 por ciento, respectivamente. Conclusiones: la duración de la terapia aumenta en correspondencia con la complejidad que asigna el formulario. La evaluación de los factores asociados a la dificultad del tratamiento es importante para propiciar una conducta más razonable ante cada situación específica(AU)


Introduction: classifying the complexity of endodontic therapy makes it possible to identify factors which may interfere with its success. Objective: determine the correspondence between the duration of root canal treatment and the complexity assigned to it on the Endodontic Case Difficulty Assessment Form. Methods: a prospective longitudinal descriptive study was conducted based on two-staged cluster sampling. The resulting study group was composed of 82 patients. A form was used which lists the factors associated with the complexity of endodontic treatment, collected through interviews and clinical and radiographic examination. Data were processed with the statistical software SPSS version 15.0. Use was made of descriptive statistics techniques (absolute frequencies and percentages). The variables studied were age, sex, pathological antecedents, anesthetics, patient behavior, mouth opening, gagging, complications, radiographic difficulty, diagnosis, position in the arch, dental inclination and rotation, crown morphology, root apex, alteration in the number of roots, bifurcation, duct visibility and size, chamber access, presence of calcifications, resorption, periodontal disease and complexity of the treatment. Results: in 80.8 percent of the patients, the category of high treatment difficulty had a duration of 6 to 10 weeks. Moderate or intense pain and extended swelling were present in 29.3 percent of the cases. The following factors related to the diagnosis and treatment were observed: extensive restorations, moderate difficulty to obtain and interpret the radiographic image, moderate dental inclination and visible ducts, occurring in 23.2 percent, 22.0 percent, 20.7 percent and 19.5 percent of the cases, respectively. Conclusions: treatment duration increases in keeping with the complexity assigned by the form. It is important to evaluate the factors associated with treatment difficulty to foster a more reasonable approach to each specific situation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases/therapy , Tooth, Nonvital/complications , Tooth, Nonvital/diagnostic imaging , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Ecological Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Prospective Studies
13.
Odontoestomatol ; 17(25): 11-22, mayo.2015.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, BNUY-Odon | ID: lil-758739

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio fue examinar el resultado clínico longitudinal de dientes endodónticamente tratados, rehabilitados con postes colados y una restauración coronaria, durante 44 años. Materiales y Métodos. En 130 pacientes seleccionados al azar, 95 presentaron 297 dientes rehabilitados con un poste colado y una restauración coronaria. El criterio de éxito fue que el diente rehabilitado permaneciera funcional sin patología clínica ni radiográfica. Resultados: Doscientos sesenta y ocho (90%) estaban en función y 29 (10%) habían fracasado. El Indice Kappa de Cohen, fue de 0.78 - 1. Conclusiones. El éxito clínico fue de 90%. La sobrevida media observada de los dientes estudiados fue de 19 años. La tasa de fracaso fue de 10%, siendo la fractura dentaria la falla más prevalente (5% de todos los dientes restaurados)...


The aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal clinical result of the use of cast posts and cores and crown restorations in endodontically treated teeth over a 44-year period. Materials and methods. Out of 130 randomly selected patients, 95 had had 297 teeth rehabilitated with cast posts and cores and crown restorations. The endodontic rehabilitation was considered successful when the tooth remained functional with no clinical or radiographic pathology. Results. The success rate was 90% (268) and the failure rate 10% (29). Cohen’s Kappa index ranged between 0.78 and 1. Conclusions. In this 44-year retrospective study, the clinical success rate was 90%. The mean survival time of the studied teeth was 19 years. The failure rate was 10%; tooth fractures were the most prevalent failures (5% of all restored teeth)...


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Post and Core Technique/statistics & numerical data
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 22(6): 502-508, Nov-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-732587

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to assess the quality of root fillings, coronal restorations, complications of all root-filled teeth and their association with apical periodontitis (AP) detected by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images from an adult Turkish subpopulation. Material and Methods The sample for this study consisted of 242 patients (aging from 15 to 72 years) with 522 endodontically treated teeth that were assessed for technical quality of the root canal filling and periapical status of the teeth. Additionally, the apical status of each root-filled tooth was assessed according to the gender, dental arch, tooth type and age classification, undetected canals, instrument fracture, root fracture, apical resorption, apical lesion, furcation lesion and type and quality of the coronal structure. Statistical analysis was performed using percentages and chi-square test. Results The success rate of the root canal treatment was of 54.4%. The success rates of adequate and inadequate root canal treatment were not significantly different (p>0.05). Apical periodontitis was found in 228 (45.6%) teeth treated for root canals. Higher prevalence of AP was found in patients aging from 20 to 29 years [64 (27%) teeth] and in anterior (canines and incisors) teeth [97 (41%) teeth]. Conclusions The technical quality of root canal filling performed by dental practitioners in a Turkish subpopulation was consistent with a high prevalence of AP. The probable reasons for this failure are multifactorial, and there may be a need for improved undergraduate education and postgraduate courses to improve the clinical skills of dental practitioners in endodontics. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Dental Pulp Cavity , Periapical Periodontitis/therapy , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Tooth, Nonvital , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Chi-Square Distribution , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Periapical Periodontitis , Root Canal Filling Materials/therapeutic use , Tooth Apex , Treatment Outcome , Turkey
15.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154647

ABSTRACT

Periapical surgery is required when periradicular pathosis associated with endodontically treated teeth cannot be resolved by nonsurgical root canal therapy (retreatment), or when retreatment was unsuccessful, not feasible or contraindicated. Endodontic failures can occur when irritants remain within the confines of the root canal, or when an extraradicular infection cannot be eradicated by orthograde root canal treatment. Foreign‑body responses toward filling materials, toward cholesterol crystals or radicular cysts, might prevent complete periapical healing. We present here a case report wherein, combination of platelet‑rich fibrin (PRF) and the hydroxyapatite graft was used to achieve faster healing of the large periapical lesion. Healing was observed within 8 months, which were confirmed by computed tomography, following improved bone density. PRF has many advantages over platelet‑rich plasma. It provides a physiologic architecture that is very favorable to the healing process, which is obtained due to the slow polymerization process.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Fibrin/therapeutic use , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/therapeutic use , Hydroxyapatites/therapeutic use , Periapical Abscess/therapy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 21(5): 403-408, Sep-Oct/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-690088

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the coronal microleakage of endodontically treated teeth prepared to receive an intracanal post and teeth with an intracanal post but without a prosthetic crown and exposed to contamination by fresh human saliva. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A mechanical-chemical preparation following the step-back technique was carried out in 35 extracted single-rooted human teeth. The teeth were randomly divided into five groups: G1=root canals instrumented, obturated, and prepared to receive an intracanal post (N=10); G2=root canals with cemented posts but without coronal sealing (N=10); PC1=positive control root canals instrumented and open (N=5); PC2=positive control 2 root canals without instrumentation and open (N=5); and NC=negative control healthy teeth (N=5). The crowns were removed except for the control group of intact teeth. The root canals were obturated and sterilized with cobalt 60 gamma irradiation and were then adapted in an apparatus using a Brain Heart Infusion (BHI) medium and fresh human saliva for contamination. Microbial growth was indicated by the presence of turbidity in the BHI liquid medium. RESULTS: Data were submitted to the Kaplan-Meier Survival Analysis and the Holm-Sidak statistic method, which observed an index of 90% of microleakage in root canals after 24 hours for G1 and 70% of microleakage in samples at the end of 40 days for G2. CONCLUSION: The results show that root canals with an intracanal post but without a prosthetic crown can be recontaminated when exposed to fresh human saliva in a short period. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Leakage , Post and Core Technique , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Saliva/chemistry , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Random Allocation , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Time Factors , Tooth, Nonvital/microbiology , Treatment Failure
17.
Braz. oral res ; 27(4): 305-310, Jul-Aug/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-679219

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of parallel and tapered threaded post placement on the strain and stress distribution of endodontically treated teeth. Fifteen bovine incisors were sectioned 15 mm from their apices, endodontically treated, and divided into three groups (n = 5) according to three different threaded posts: parallel threaded post (Radix-Anker, RA); tapered threaded post (Euro-Post, EP) and tapered threaded post (Reforpost II, RII). A strain-gauge was fixed on the proximal surface perpendicular to the long root axis, 2 mm from the cervical limit. Strain generated during post placement was recorded and compared using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α= .05). A scanning electron microscope was used to examine the longitudinal root sections. Stress was evaluated for each group in a two-dimensional finite element analysis. The models were meshed with tetrahedron elements and loaded with 2 N at an angle of 135° to the lingual face. The equivalent Von Mises stress was calculated. The one-way ANOVA showed significant difference among the groups. The RA group (150.0 ± 12.2 A) produced higher external strain than the RII (80.0 ± 12.2 B) and the EP (70.0 ± 6.1 B) groups. The inner strain was approximately five times greater than the external dentin strain. High stress concentrations in each thread of the posts were observed. Scanning electron micrographs showed cracks that started in the threads of the posts. The threaded post placement induced root strain mainly on the parallel side post. Root strain and stress concentration on the post threads tended to create cracks in the inner root canal dentin.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dental Stress Analysis/methods , Post and Core Technique , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Biomechanical Phenomena , Finite Element Analysis , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Stress, Mechanical , Surface Properties
18.
Rev. estomatol. Hered ; 23(1): 11-17, ene.-mar. 2013. tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-706114

ABSTRACT

El propósito del presente estudio fue determinar el número de sesiones utilizadas para realizar tratamientos de conductos en piezas permanentes tratadas en el Servicio de Endodoncia - Posgrado y Pregrado de la Facultad de Estomatología de la Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (FE-UPCH) en el año 2010. Se encontró que en Pregrado es igual de frecuente hacer tratamientos de conductos en una o en dos sesiones (44,25% para cada uno de ellos), mientras que en Posgrado lo más frecuente es realizar tratamientos en una sesión.


The purpose of this study was to determine the number of sessions used to perform root canals on permanent teeth treated in the Department of Endodontics of the Postgraduate and Undergraduate in the Faculty of Dentistry of the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia in 2010. It was found that in the Undergraduate is common fi nish root canals treatments in one or two sessions (44.25% each), while for the Postgraduate Endodontics is frequently to perform root canals in one session.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentition, Permanent , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Time , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
19.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-145793

ABSTRACT

Aims and Objectives: to evaluate the resistance to displacement of metal intraradicular retainers of different lengths by means of the shear test. Material and Methods: Thirty-six maxillary central incisors were cross-sectioned at 16 mm from the root apex, endodontically treated and randomly divided into three groups that were treated as follows: G1 (control) preparation of 2/3 (10.6 mm) of the total root length; G2: preparation of 1/2 (8 mm) of the total root length and G3: preparation of 1/3 (5.3 mm) of the total root length. After canal preparation, a matrix was made of the coronal and radicular portions using Duralay to obtain metal intraradicular retainers. These retainers were cemented with zinc phosphate cement and subjected to the compression shear test in a Universal Test Machine (EMIC DL 2000) at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/minute. The results were subjected to statistical analysis by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Newman- Keuls, which showed statistically significant difference (P < 0.01). Results: The means in Newtons and their respective standard deviations were: G1 = 972.05 (±81.36); G2 = 921.15 (±112.25); G3 = 686.66 (±113.02). Conclusion: It could be concluded that metal retainers of 2/3 and 1/2 the length of the root portion showed higher resistance to displacement values when compared with the group that had been prepared for 1/3 of the root length.


Subject(s)
Dental Alloys/chemistry , Dental Bonding , Dental Prosthesis Retention , Humans , Incisor/therapy , Materials Testing , Orthodontic Retainers , Post and Core Technique , Root Canal Preparation , Root Canal Therapy , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Tooth Root/anatomy & histology
20.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-141215

ABSTRACT

Aim: Thermal analysis of the temperature and stress distribution of parallel sided, threaded and non-threaded dowels and core materials under thermal loading within a maxillary central incisor using a three dimensional finite element study. Materials and Methods: 3D models of endodontically treated maxillary central incisor with parallel sided, threaded and non- threaded post and core materials were simulated using the ANSYS software. Materials simulated were parallel sided cast gold post and core, parallel sided fibre reinforced composite (FRC) post and core, and parallel sided, threaded, prefabricated stainless steel post and amalgam core. Thermal loads simulating hot (60 degree C/ 333K) and cold (15 degree C/288K) liquid were applied for 15 seconds at the incisal edge. The temperature changes at the selected nodes were obtained on the various post and core materials, interface between post and dentin, interface between core and dentin, within the dentin and within the cement layer. Results: Temperature and stress distribution pattern were represented in numerical and color coding and results interpreted. Thermal stresses arises as a result of temperature changes. A decreased temperature gradient of the metallic dowels and core (T1 hot - 0.002K, T3 hot - 1.071K, T1 cold -0.99K, T3 cold - 0K) were obtained than that of the FRC dowel and core of 1.982K(hot) and1.55K(cold) respectively due to the higher thermal conductivity of the metals. Higher thermal stress values of 3.567 Mpa(hot) and 3.092 Mpa(cold) respectively were obtained for the FRC dowels and higher stress values of 39.679 Mpa(hot) and 57.855 Mpa(cold) respectively were also obtained for the FRC cores. These values indicated that thermal stresses of the FRC dowel and core were greater than that of cast gold dowel and core and prefabricated stainless steel dowel and amalgam core due to its high coefficient of thermal expansion. Maximum stress values of the FRC dowel and core of 1.87 Mpa(hot) and 2.57 Mpa(cold) respectively were also generated in the cement layer, core and metal ceramic crown. The junction of the metal ceramic crown and dentin demonstrated the maximum stress. Higher thermal stress values of 59.162 ± 10 Mpa were obtained in the restoration and the coronal portion of the dentin than the stress levels of .0039 ± 10Mpa in the supporting bone due to an increased thermal expansion. Conclusion: Non-metallic dowel and core materials such as fibre reinforced composite dowels (FRC) generate greater stress than metallic dowel and core materials. This emphasized the preferable use of the metallic dowel and core materials in the oral environment.


Subject(s)
Cold Temperature , Composite Resins/chemistry , Crowns , Dental Alloys/chemistry , Dental Amalgam/chemistry , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/pathology , Dentin/pathology , Elasticity , Finite Element Analysis , Gold Alloys/chemistry , Hot Temperature , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Incisor/pathology , Materials Testing , Maxilla/pathology , Metal Ceramic Alloys/chemistry , Post and Core Technique/instrumentation , Stainless Steel/chemistry , Stress, Mechanical , Surface Properties , Temperature , Thermal Conductivity , Thermodynamics , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy
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