Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 853
Filter
1.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210106, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365239

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the physical conditions and presence of residues of toothbrushes used by mothers and their babies and mothers' knowledge about toothbrush care. Material and Methods This was a cross-sectional study comprising a convenience sample represented by 60 mother-baby pairs. The mothers answered a questionnaire to evaluate their knowledge of toothbrush care. A calibrated dentist performed a visual inspection of the toothbrushes. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square and Fisher's exact tests, with a significance level of 5%. Results It was found that 82% of the mothers had never received instructions regarding the care of toothbrushes after use (p=0.024). Most of them believed that their toothbrushes (70%) and their children's toothbrushes (88%) were in good condition to use (p=0.043). However, most mother's toothbrushes presented an unacceptable deformity of the bristles (65%) and the presence of residues (60%). In addition, babies' toothbrushes also presented unacceptable deformities of the bristles (52%) and residues (55%). There was an association between the lack of instructions received by the mother and the presence of deformity and residues on the mother's toothbrush bristles (p=0.037 and p=0.003, respectively). Conclusion Most mothers had never received instructions regarding toothbrush care, which is reflected in the condition of their and their baby's toothbrushes, which presented unacceptable physical conditions concerning deformation and presence of residues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adult , Oral Hygiene , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Dental Devices, Home Care , Toothbrushing , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Observational Study
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219280, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254266

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the effect of manual (M), electric (E) and ultrasonic (US) toothbrushes on the removal of oral biofilm and control of gingivitis. Also, the roughness and tooth wear production were evaluated in vitro. Methods: For the in vitro analyses, thirty bovine dentin specimens were submitted to a 3-month brushing simulation (9 minutes) with the three types of toothbrushes (n = 10). Subsequently, a randomized controlled clinical trial was performed with 36 patients divided into 3 groups according to the toothbrushes used (n = 12). Gingival index, visible plaque index and the volume of crevicular fluid were evaluated at baseline and 3 months after the beginning of the toothbrush use. Furthermore, the performance of the biofilm removal per brushing cycle of 1 and 3 minutes with each toothbrush was made monthly until the end of the experiment. Results: The US group had the highest dentin wear. Clinically, the US group had a lower plaque index at 3 months than the M group. The M group also showed less biofilm removal efficiency from the second month of follow-up and more worn bristles at the end of the 3 month period than the E and US groups. Conclusion: The ultrasonic, electric and manual toothbrushes showed no differences in gingivitis control in the present study. The ultrasonic and electric toothbrushes had a more significant effect on biofilm removal than a manual toothbrush, but the ultrasonic toothbrush promoted greater dentin tissue wear


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oral Hygiene , Toothbrushing , Gingivitis
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(3): 485-490, dez 20, 2021. fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354357

ABSTRACT

Introdução: os dentes artificiais de resina acrílica são amplamente utilizados na confecção de próteses, por apresentarem propriedades físicas, mecânicas e biológicas, além de características de fácil manuseio. No entanto, devido sua característica de baixa resistência à abrasão, a escovação pode levar à perda de massa dos dentes artificiais e aumento da rugosidade. Objetivo: avaliar de forma qualitativa a rugosidade superficial e polimento de dentes artificiais das marcas Hereaus Premium; Trilux e Vita, após período de 1 ano de escovação, com fotografias em Lupa Estereoscópica. Metodologia: para a realização deste estudo, serão utilizados 10 dentes artificiais de cada marca comercial (Trilux, Vita e Hereaus Premium). Os dentes serão fixados com resina ortoftálica em tubo de PVC de 15 mm de espessura. Para o teste de abrasão, será usada uma máquina de escovação simulada com escovas de dentes de cerdas macias e solução de pasta de dente. As imagens serão obtidas com câmera digital acoplada a lupa estereoscópica. A rugosidade superficial e o polimento serão analisados antes da escovação simulada e após 12 meses de escovação através das imagens. Resultados: após o teste de abrasão foi observado a presença de um desgaste superficial e/ou ranhuras na superfície dos dentes artificiais em todos os grupos. Porém não houve um padrão similar entre os corpos de prova de um mesmo grupo. Conclusão: Pode-se concluir que a escovação provocou o aumento da rugosidade superficial e alteração no polimento em todos os dentes artificiais utilizados.


Introduction: acrylic resin artificial teeth are widely used in the manufacture of dentures, as they have physical, mechanical and biological properties, in addition to easy handling characteristics. However, due to its characteristic of low abrasion resistance, brushing can lead to loss of mass of artificial teeth and increase in roughness. Objective: qualitatively evaluate the surface roughness and polishing of artificial teeth of Hereaus Premium brands; Trilux and Vita, after a 1-year brushing period, with photographs using a Stereoscopic Magnifying Glass. Methodology: for this study, 10 artificial teeth of each commercial brand will be used (Trilux, Vita and Hereaus Premium). Teeth will be fixed with orthophthalic resin in a 15 mm thick PVC tube. For the abrasion test, a simulated brushing machine with soft bristle toothbrushes and toothpaste solution will be used. Images will be obtained with a digital camera coupled to a stereoscopic magnifying glass. Surface roughness and polishing will be analyzed before simulated brushing and after 12 months of brushing through the images. Results: after the abrasion test, the presence of surface wear and/ or grooves on the surface of the artificial teeth was observed in all groups. However, there was no similar pattern between the specimens of the same group. Conclusion: it can be concluded that brushing caused an increase in surface roughness and change in polishing in all artificial teeth used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Abrasion , Tooth, Artificial , Acrylic Resins , Toothbrushing , Review
4.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(2): 333-340, set 29, 2021. fig, ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354641

ABSTRACT

Introdução: os dentifrícios clareadores têm sido desenvolvidos para oferecer um melhoramento estético, porém por apresentarem maior abrasividade podem desenvolver efeitos adversos na superfície de materiais restauradores, como um aumento da rugosidade superficial, comprometendo a sobrevida das restaurações. Objetivo: analisar a rugosidade e o comportamento da massa de duas resinas compostas submetidas em laboratório à escovação com água destilada (controle) e com dentifrício abrasivo (DA) ­ Colgate Luminous White®. Metodologia: foram confeccionadas 40 amostras, 20 a partir da Resina fotopolimerizável Opallis Lab® e 20 de blocos para sistema CAD/CAM Brava Block®, divididos em quatro grupos: Opallis Lab® + água destilada, Opallis Lab® + DA, Brava Block® + água destilada, Brava Block® + DA. As amostras foram pesadas e a rugosidade aferida antes e após a escovação. Foi utilizada uma máquina de escovação em 14.690 ciclos para simulação de um ano de escovação. Os dados foram tabulados e analisados quanto à variância (ANOVA) e posteriormente realizados o teste de Tukey, comparando as médias, duas a duas. Resultados: quanto ao DA, a resina fotopolimerizável apresentou comportamento limítrofe comparado ao grupo controle, já o bloco CAD/CAM foi estatisticamente significante. Em ambos, a rugosidade reduziu no grupo controle enquanto que no grupo teste aumentou. A perda de massa apenas, foi estatisticamente significante na resina fotopolimerizável. Quando comparados os tipos de resina, não houve significância estatística quanto à rugosidade e a perda de massa. Conclusão: as resinas apresentam comportamentos semelhantes, mas os dentifrícios abrasivos não são recomendados para escovação de materiais restauradores, pois interferem negativamente na rugosidade


Introduction: whitening dentifrices have been developed to offer an aesthetic improvement, however because of their high abrasiveness, may develop adverse effects on the surface of restorative materials, may develop adverse effects on the surface of restorative materials, such as increased surface roughness, compromising the survival of restorations. Objective: analyze the roughness and mass loss of two laboratory composite resins subjected to brushing with distilled water (control) and with abrasive dentifrice (AD), Colgate Luminous White®. Methodology: were prepared 20 samples, 20 from light-curing resin Opallis Lab® and 20 from blocks for CAD/CAM system (Brava Block®), divided into four groups: Opallis Lab® + distilled water, Opallis Lab® + AD, Brava Block® + distilled water, Brava Block® + AD. The samples were weighed and the roughness measured before and after brushing. A brushing machine was used in 14,690 cycles simulating 1 year of brushing. Data were tabulated and analyzed for variance (ANOVA) and later performed the Tukey test, comparing the means, two to two. Results: as for the AD, the light-curing resin presented borderline behavior compared to the control group, when the CAD/CAM block was statistically significant. In both, the roughness decreased in the control group while in the test group it increased. The weight loss was only statistically significant in the light-cured resin. When comparing the types of resin, there wasn't statistical significance as for roughness and weight loss. Conclusion: the tested resins have similar behaviors, but abrasive dentifrices are not recommended for brushing restorative materials, because they interfere negatively in the roughness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tooth Abrasion , Toothbrushing , Composite Resins , Dentifrices , Tooth , Distilled Water , Analytical Methods
5.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 189-194, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292408

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La salud oral en pacientes con síndrome de Down (SD) es un reto, ya que las alteraciones en la motricidad ocasionadas por la discapacidad intelectual (DI) hacen que tareas como la remoción del biofilm oral o placa dentobacteriana (PDB) con el cepillado sea deficiente. La efectividad de los cepillos eléctricos (CE) comparada con los manuales (CM) en afectados con SD sigue siendo un tema debatible ya que no se ha encontrado una homogeneidad de resultados. Es conveniente mayor investigación sobre el tema, debido a que el SD es considerada la alteración cromosómica más frecuente y la causa principal de DI en el mundo. Objetivo: Conocer la efectividad del CE en comparación con el CM para la remoción de PDB en pacientes mexicanos con SD de entre seis y 14 años. Material y métodos: Estudio transversal experimental, con emparejamiento de sujetos con SD de ambos géneros según la edad (seis a 14 años), asignando el cepillo a utilizar (grupo 1 CM o grupo 2 CE). Se realizó educación dental y método de cepillado con la técnica de Fones, así como control de PDB antes y después el efectuado por medio del índice de O'Leary durante tres días. Se analizaron los resultados utilizando estadística descriptiva e inferencial (prueba de normalidad Lilliefors, prueba t para variables independientes y dependientes). Se aceptó un análisis de significancia p < 0.05. Resultados: La utilización de la t para muestras independientes presentó una mejoría en incremento de dicho marcador de O'Leary en el conjunto total en los tres días de seguimiento respectivamente (t = 6.9, p < 0.00002; t = 8.4, p < 0.00000; y t = 9.5, p < 0.00000). Al comparar por prueba t aplicada a muestras dependientes el índice de O'Leary basal versus cada una de las evaluaciones de seguimiento también se observaron diferencias significativas en los dos conjuntos (grupo 1: p = 0.003, p = 0.0006 y p = 0.0017; grupo 2: p = 0.007, p = 0.0006 y p = 0.0002). Conclusión: La instrucción dental y motivación del paciente fueron determinantes hacia el buen desempeño del cepillado de los dientes y remoción de placa en el par de colectivos, es decir, la reafirmación de la técnica de Fones incrementa gradualmente la mejoría de la forma de uso del cepillo en niños con SD. Ambos métodos con CM y con CE fueron efectivos a fin de remover significativamente la placa, observándose una mayor mejoría en el grupo con CE, sugiriendo que éste disminuye la dificultad de la higiene bucal en personas con SD. Esta línea de investigación es importante en el beneficio de la condición oral de esta población (AU)


Introduction: Oral health in patients having Down syndrome (DS) is a challenge since the changes in motor skills caused by intellectual disability (ID) deteriorate tasks such as the removal of biofilm or dental plaque (DP) with brushing. The effectiveness of electric toothbrushes (ET) compared to manual toothbrushes (MT) in DS patients remains debatable since no homogeneity of results has been found. Further research on the subject is advisable as DS is considered the most frequent chromosomal alteration and the leading cause of ID in the world. Objective: To know the effectiveness of the ET in contrast to the MT for the removal of DP in Mexican DS patients between six and 14 years old. Material and methods: Experimental cross-sectional study, with the pairing of DS subjects of both genders according to age (six to 14 years), assigning the brush to be used (group 1 MT or group 2 ET). Dental education and brushing were performed employing the Fones technique and DP control before and after brushing employing the O'Leary index for three days. The results were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Lilliefors normality test, t-test for independent and dependent variables). A significance test p < 0.05 was accepted. Results: The t-test for independent samples showed an improvement in the increase of the O'Leary index in the complete group in the three days of follow-up respectively (t = 6.9, p < 0.00002; t = 8.4, p < 0.00000; and t = 9.5, p < 0.00000). When comparing by t-test for dependent samples the baseline O'Leary index versus each of the follow-up evaluations, significant differences were also observed in both groups (group 1: p = 0.003, p = 0.0006 and p = 0.0017; group 2: p = 0.007, p = 0.0006 and p = 0.0002). Conclusion: The dental education and motivation of the patient were decisive for the good performance of tooth brushing and removal of the plaque in both groups. The reaffirmation of the Fones technique gradually increases the improvement of the brushing technique in DS children. Both brushings using MT and ET were effective in removing the biofilm significantly. However, a greater improvement was observed in the group with ET, suggesting that it reduces their difficulty with tooth brushing. This line of research is important to benefit the oral condition of this population (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Toothbrushing , Dental Plaque Index , Down Syndrome , Dental Care for Disabled , Oral Hygiene , Effectiveness , Health Education, Dental , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Biofilms , Motor Skills
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 55-61, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345512

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the force decrease of different elastomeric chains after different times: initial, 10 minutes, 1 day, 28 days and after mechanical brushing. Twenty orthodontic elastomeric chains segments were utilized for each commercial brand. Initially, the elastomeric chain of 15mm long were immediate stretched up to 20 mm in an Instron and the force was measured in gf. After all specimens were placed stretched on rectangular acrylic jigs with distance of 20 mm, immersed in deionized water at 37oC for 10 minutes and the force (gf) was measured again. Five test measurements of remaining force were made at the following time intervals: initial, 10 minutes, 1 day, 28 days and mechanical brushing. After 28 days, the acrylic plates with the specimens were adapted in the mechanical brushing machines (MSCT 3) and the elastomeric chains were submitted to mechanical brushing and the force (gf) measure again. The force (gf) was submitted to mixed-model ANOVA and Sidak post-hoc test (α=0.05). A statistically significant reduction in the force was found for all orthodontic elastomeric chain types after 1 day, 28 days and mechanical brushing (p<0.05). Morelli and 3M Unitek elastomeric chains showed significantly higher force than Abzil and GAC (p<0.05) after 1 day, 28 days and mechanical brushing. In conclusion, the force delivered by all elastomeric chains decayed rapidly over time. Morelli and 3M Unitek elastomeric chains consistently had a significantly greater force after mechanic brushing, while GAC the lowest.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar a redução da força de diferentes cadeias elastoméricas após diferentes tempos: inicial, 10 minutos, 1 dia, 28 dias e após escovação mecânica. Vinte segmentos de cadeias elastoméricas ortodônticas foram utilizadas para cada marca comercial. Inicialmente, a cadeia elastomérica de 15 mm de comprimento foi esticada imediatamente até 20 mm na Instron e a força foi medida em (gf). Após, todas as amostras foram adaptadas esticadas em placas retangulares de acrílico na distância de 20 mm, imersas em água deionizada a 37o C por 10 minutos e a força (gf) foi medida novamente. Cinco medidas de força foram feitas nos seguintes intervalos de tempo: inicial, 10 minutos, 1 dia, 28 dias e após a escovação mecânica. Após 28 dias, as placas de acrílico com as amostras foram adaptadas na máquina de escovação (MSCT 3) e as cadeias elastoméricas foram submetidas a escovação mecânica e a medida de força (gf) novamente. Os dados da força (gf) foram submetidos a ANOVA modelo misto e teste post-hoc de Sidak (α = 0,05). Uma redução estatisticamente significativa na força foi encontrada para todos os tipos de cadeia elastomérica ortodôntica após 1 dia, 28 dias e escovação mecânica (p<0,05). As cadeias elastoméricas Morelli e 3M Unitek apresentaram força significativamente superior em relação a Abzil e GAC (p<0,05) após 1 dia, 28 dias e escovação mecânica. Em conclusão, a força distribuída por todas as cadeias elastoméricas decaiu rapidamente com o tempo. As cadeias elastoméricas Morelli e 3M Unitek consistentemente tiveram uma força significativamente maior após a escovação mecânica, enquanto GAC a mais baixa.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Appliances , Elastomers , Stress, Mechanical , Toothbrushing , Materials Testing , Elasticity
7.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3156, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289395

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La caries es una de las enfermedades bucodentales más frecuentes y, por ser las primeras en emerger, los primeros molares permanentes son las piezas más susceptibles a esta afección. Objetivo: Estimar la prevalencia de caries y factores asociados a esta en los primeros molares permanentes en escolares de segundo grado de primaria. Métodos: Estudio transversal, en estudiantes de segundo grado en 17 de 67 escuelas públicas de Acapulco, Guerrero. Un cuestionario autoadministrado se utilizó para obtener datos sociodemográficos y hábitos de higiene dental. La caries y la presencia de placa dentobacteriana se midieron a través de índices epidemiológicos, el CPOD (diente cariado, obturado y perdido) y el O'Leary. Se estimó la razón de momios e intervalo de confianza de 95 por ciento, ajustada por conglomerado, como medida de la fuerza de asociación mediante análisis multivariado. Resultados: Se revisaron 3332 primeros molares permanentes, el 21 por ciento tuvo caries, el 6 por ciento tuvo obturaciones y el 1 por ciento ya se había extraído. El índice CPOD de caries grupal fue 0,27. Cinco factores estuvieron asociados a la caries de los primeros molares permanentes: higiene dental deficiente (RMa = 2,87), técnica de cepillado dental inadecuada (RMa = 1,70), tomar alguna bebida dulce antes de ir a dormir (RMa = 1,68), visitar al dentista (RMa = 0,67) y aplicación de flúor (RMa = 0,61). Conclusiones: La prevalencia de caries en los primeros molares permanentes fue 21 por ciento dentro del rango reportado en otros estudios. Fueron identificados cinco factores asociados a la caries: higiene dental deficiente, técnica de cepillado inadecuado, consumo de azúcares antes de dormir, visitas al dentista y aplicación de flúor. Estos factores orientan sobre qué medidas preventivas se deben promover en los escolares para la preservación de sus piezas dentales(AU)


Introduction: Caries is the most frequent oral disease and the first permanent molars are very susceptible to this condition because they are the first teeth to emerge. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of caries its associated factors in the first permanent molars in second grade primary school children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in second grade students in 17 out of 67primary public schools in Acapulco, Guerrero. We applied a self-administered questionnaire to obtain sociodemographic data and dental hygiene habits. Caries and the presence of dentobacterial plaque were measured through epidemiological indices, CPOD (decayed, blocked and lost tooth) and O'Leary index. The odds ratio and 95 percent confidence interval, adjusted by cluster, were estimated as a measure of strength of association through multivariate analysis. Results: We reviewed 3 332 permanent first molars, 21 percent had cavities, 6 percent had seals and 1 percent had already been removed. The CPOD index of group caries was 0,27. We found five factors associated with caries of the first permanent molars: deficient dental hygiene (RMa=2,87), inadequate tooth brushing technique (RMa=1,70), drinking a sweet drink before bedtime (RMa=1,68), visiting the dentist (RMa=0,67) and fluoride application (RMa=0,61). Conclusions: Prevalence of caries in the first permanent molars was 21 percent, within the range reported in other studies. Five factors associated with caries were identified: poor dental hygiene, inadequate brushing technique, consumption of sugars before going to sleep, visits to the dentist and application of fluoride. These factors guide what preventive measures should be promoted in schoolchildren for the preservation of their teeth(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , School Health Services , Toothbrushing/methods , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Molar/injuries , Oral Hygiene/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies
8.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(1): e044, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254248

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Relacionar el número de cepillados por día y la autopercepción periodontal en escolares de 12 años de la parroquia Machángara, en Cuenca (Ecuador) en 2016. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo a nivel relacional. La muestra estuvo constituida por 205 fichas de escolares de 12 años residentes de la parroquia Machángara, que pertenecen al mapa epidemiológico de Salud Bucodental de Cuenca, realizado por la Universidad Católica de Cuenca. Para el análisis de los datos se empleó estadística descriptiva con frecuencias y porcentajes para cada una de las variables y la prueba estadística Tau-b de Kendall, con el fin de determinar la correlación entre las variables principales del estudio, según una significancia de 0,05. Resultados: El 50,7% de los adolescentes fueron del sexo masculino; el 49,3%, del sexo femenino, y el 94,1% estudiaban en escuelas fiscales. Se halló que el 50,2% se cepillaban tres veces por día, frecuencia que se cumple en el 51,5% del sexo femenino y el 48,1% del sexo masculino. La prevalencia de autopercepción periodontal fue del 85,4%; de este total, el 86,1% correspondió a las mujeres y el 84,6% a los hombres. Se encontró una correlación negativa inversa y significativa entre el número de cepillados por día y la autopercepción periodontal (Tau-b: -0,178; p = 0,004). La frecuencia del cepillado presentó una correlación inversa y significativa con el autorreporte periodontal para el sexo femenino (tau-b: -0,197; valor p = 0,030) y no significativa en el sexo masculino. Conclusión: Existe una correlación negativa inversa y significativa entre la frecuencia del cepillado diario y la autopercepción periodontal. Es necesario aplicar estrategias educativas respecto de la salud oral en los adolescentes de la parroquia Machángara de Cuenca. (AU)


Objective: To determine the number of brushings per day and periodontal self-perception in 12-year-old schoolchildren from the Machángara parish, in Cuenca Ecuador in 2016. Materials and methods: A descriptive, retrospective, relational level study was conducted. The sample consisted of 205 records of 12-year-old schoolchildren residing in the Machángara parish, which belongs to the epidemiological map of oral health in Cuenca, performed by the Catholic University of Cuenca. For analysis of the data, descriptive statistics were used with frequencies and percentages for each of the variables and the Kendall Tau-b statistical test was performed to determine the correlation between the main variables of the study, according to a significance of 0.05. Results: 50.7% of adolescents were male, 49.3% female, and 94.1% were in public schools. It was found that 50.2% of the study population brushed three times a day, being 51.5% among females and 48.1% among males. The prevalence of periodontal self-perception was 85.4%: 86.1% in girls and 84.6% in boys. An inverse and significant negative correlation was found between the number of brushings per day and periodontal self-perception (Tau-b: -0.178; p: 0.004). Brushing frequency had an inverse and significant negative correlation with periodontal self-reporting for females (tau-b: -0.197; p value: 0.030) and a non significant correlation for males. Conclusion: There is an inverse and significant negative correlation between the frequency of daily brushing and periodontal self-perception. Educational strategies regarding oral health are needed for adolescents from the Machángara parish of Cuenca.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Oral Hygiene , Periodontal Diseases , Toothbrushing , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Ecuador
9.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(1): e042, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254240

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Correlacionar el número de cepillados por día y el índice CPOD en los escolares de 12 años de la parroquia El Vecino (Cuenca, Ecuador) en 2016. Materiales y métodos: El estudio fue de tipo comunicacional, cuantitativo, descriptivo y relacional. La población estuvo conformada por 279 fichas que pertenecen al estudio del mapa epidemiológico para los escolares de la parroquia El Vecino. La ficha de observación incluyó los siguientes datos: número de registro, edad, sexo, parroquia, índice de COPD. Resultados: En lo referente a la correlación entre el número de cepillado por día y el índice de CPOD, se demostró que existe una correlación inversa, la estadística significativa presentó un valor de p = 0,029. Conclusión: El presente estudio demostró que existe una correlación entre el número de cepillados por día y el índice CPOD. (AU)


Objective: Correlate the number of brushes per day and the decay-missing-filled teeth (DMFT) index in 12-year-old school children from the parish "El Vecino Cuenca - Ecuador 2016". Materials and Methods: The study was communicational, quantitative, descriptive and relational. The population consisted of 279 records from the study of the epidemiological map of schoolchildren in the "El Vecino" parish. The database included the registration number, age, sex, parish and DMFT Index. Results: There was an statistically significant inverse correlation between the number of brushes per day and the DMFT index with a p value = 0.029. Conclusion: The present study shows that there is a correlation between the number of brushes per day and the DMFT index. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Toothbrushing , DMF Index , Dental Caries , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Ecuador , Evaluation Studies as Topic
10.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(1): 1-7, feb. 24, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178777

ABSTRACT

Oral hygiene is an important step in the control of the biofilm, a factor related to diseases such as gingivitis and tooth decay. The systematization of oral hygiene in children is a set of measures that seeks to achieve sequential learning, thus guaranteeing a better elimination of the biofilm. Objetive: To show a sequence of systematized steps in oral hygiene in a pediatric patient with a definitely positive behavior. Case Report: Six year old female patient, without relevant medical history. On clinical intraoral examination presented biofilm accumulation and swollen gums. The presumptive diagnosis was marginal gingivitis associated with biofilm, the treatment included a preventive phase with motivation and education. The control of the disease evolution was carried out with a card of Systematization Technique of Oral Hygiene, the methodology included the recording of the educational sessions using videos and photographs. Results: the adequate use of the amount of toothpaste was achieved, the integrity was improved to 100%, the brushing time increased from 24 to 120 seconds and it was possible to add tongue brushing and not rinsing after brushing within the oral hygiene routine. Conclusion: The patient was able to clean all dental surfaces, using homogeneous times for each surface, following an orderly sequence in toothbrushing, as well as to acquire knowledge regarding the amount of toothpaste to use, tongue brushing and not rinsing after toothbrushing. The systematization of oral hygiene allowed us to achieve these achievements in six sessions.


La higiene oral es un paso importante para el control de la biopelícula, la cual es un factor relacionado con enfermedades como gingivitis y caries dental. La sistematización de la higiene oral en niños es un conjunto de medidas que buscan lograr un aprendizaje secuencial, garantizando así una mejor eliminación del biofilm. Objetivo: Mostrar una secuencia de pasos sistematizados en la higiene oral en un paciente pediátrico con comportamiento definitivamente positivo. Reporte de un Caso: Paciente femenino de 6 años, sin antecedentes médicos relevantes. Al examen clínico intraoral presentó acumulación de biofilm y encías inflamadas. El diagnóstico presuntivo fue gingivitis marginal asociada a biofilm, el tratamiento incluyó una fase preventiva con motivación y educación. El control de la evolución se realizó con una ficha sobre la Técnica de Sistematización de Higiene oral, la metodología incluye el registro de las sesiones educativas usando vídeos y fotografías. Resultados: se logró el uso adecuado de la cantidad de dentífrico, se mejoró la integridad al 100%, el tiempo de cepillado pasó de 24 a 120 segundos y se consiguió integrar el cepillado de la lengua y el no enjuague post cepillado dentro de su higiene oral. Conclusión: La paciente consiguió realizar la limpieza de todas las superficies dentales, tiempos homogéneos para cada superficie, una secuencia ordenada en su cepillado dental, así como adquirir conocimientos en la cantidad de dentífrico utilizado, el cepillado de la lengua y el no enjuagarse después del cepillado dental. La sistematización de la higiene oral permitió conseguir estos logros en 6 sesiones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Oral Hygiene/education , Toothbrushing/methods , Pediatric Dentistry/education , Periodontal Diseases , Toothpastes/therapeutic use , Dental Plaque
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878427

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to investigate awareness of oral health care and health status among elderly people in nursing homes in Taiyuan. Strategies for preventing and treating oral diseases and improving the quality of life of the elderly in nursing homes were formulated on the basis of analyzed data.@*METHODS@#A total of 359 participants from 48 nursing homes in six districts were selected randomly. Awareness, attitude, and behavior with regard to oral health care among the elderly were investigated through a survey using questionnaires and oral health examinations. Data were statistically analyzed with SPSS 20.0.@*RESULTS@#Among the elderly in the nursing homes in Taiyuan, awareness and behavior with regard to oral health care were deficient and inappropriate, and thus professional guidance was needed. In addition to method and time of brushing teeth and bad oral habits, the oral health status of the elderly was statistically affected by age and education. Compared with the data of the Fourth National Oral Epidemiological Investigation, the number of elderly people aged 55-64 or 65-74 years who brush their teeth every day and accept oral diagnosis and treatment was lower. However, the ratios of edentulous and missing teeth without treatment were higher than the national average level for the same age groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The awareness and attitude of the elderly in nursing homes with regard to oral health care are unsatisfactory, and their oral health status is poor. Education on oral health care, development of good oral care habits, and regular oral health examination are essential to the maintenance of oral health in elderly people.


Subject(s)
Aged , Health Status , Humans , Middle Aged , Mouth, Edentulous , Nursing Homes , Oral Health , Quality of Life , Toothbrushing
13.
Clinics ; 76: e2659, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278908

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of 0.12% chlorhexidine alone and 0.12% chlorhexidine in combination with toothbrushing to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in mechanically ventilated patients. The Embase, Latin American and Caribbean Health Science Literature, PubMed, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Scopus, LIVIVO, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, OpenThesis, and Open Access Thesis and Dissertations databases were used. Only randomized controlled trials without restrictions on the year or language of publication were included. Two reviewers assessed the risk of bias using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Tool. A meta-analysis using a random-effects model estimated the combined relative risk (RR). The Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations approach was used to assess the certainty of the evidence. Initially, 2,337 studies were identified, of which 4 were considered in the systematic review and 3 in the meta-analysis (total sample: 796 patients). The studies were published between 2009 and 2017. All eligible studies had a low risk of bias. The meta-analysis revealed that the risk of VAP was 24% lower in patients receiving chlorhexidine combined with toothbrushing than in those receiving chlorhexidine alone (RR: 0.76; 95% confidence interval: 0.55-1.06), with moderate certainty of evidence and without statistical significance. In conclusion, considering the limitations of this study, a standard protocol for the prevention of VAP is not yet recommended. More studies with larger sample sizes are needed to draw strong conclusions. However, considering that toothbrushing is a simple intervention, it should be a common practice in mechanically ventilated patients, especially among patients with coronavirus disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated/prevention & control , Respiration, Artificial , Toothbrushing , Chlorhexidine , Intensive Care Units
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e010, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132749

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This in vitro study aimed to evaluate surface microhardness, roughness, color, gloss and topography of low-cost Brazilian resin composites, compared with an international one. All 120 samples (8mm ø x 2mm height) were prepared and divided into 5 groups: Ultrafill (Biodinâmica), Llis (FGM), Fill Magic (Coltene), Applic (Makira), and Filtek Z250XT (3M Oral Care). Surface microhardness (KHN) (n=10) was analyzed at two time periods: before and after simulated tooth brushing (STB). Other standardized samples of each group (n=10) were analyzed for surface roughness (Ra), color (ΔL, Δa, Δb, ΔE, ΔE00) and gloss unit (GU) at the same two periods. The topography of non-brushed and brushed samples of each group (n=4) was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. Data were analyzed statistically by two-way repeated measures ANOVA with Bonferroni post-hoc test (KHN, Ra, GU), and one-way ANOVA with Tukey post-hoc test (ΔL, Δa, Δb, ΔE, ΔE00) (α=0.05). Topographic images were submitted to descriptive analysis. The low-cost Brazilian resin composites investigated were compared with the international one and revealed: lower KHN, regardless of before or after STB; statistically similar Ra before STB, except Ultrafill, which presented higher values; lower Ra after STB, except Ultrafill, which presented statistically similar values; statistically similar color change in ΔL, Δa, Δb parameters; statistically similar color change in ΔE, ΔE00 parameters, except Fill Magic, which presented lower values; lower gloss before STB; lower gloss after STB, except Ultrafill, which presented statistically similar values. In a situation of scarce resources, low-cost Brazilian composites might be an acceptable cost-effective restorative alternative.


Subject(s)
Toothbrushing , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Brazil , Color , Composite Resins
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e038, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249363

ABSTRACT

Abstract: A randomized controlled parallel clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of the association of 1.23% topical professional acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel with oral hygiene and dietary instructions on the arrest of active non-cavitated lesions in permanent, mixed, and temporary dentition in children between 3 and 12 years of age. Ninety-eight caries-active children were randomly divided into two groups: a fluoride gel group (n = 49) and a non-fluoridated gel group (n = 49). Each group received up to eight weekly applications of gel, weekly professional toothbrushing with oral hygiene instructions and dietary counselling. Caries lesions were assessed qualitatively through visual-tactile criteria performed in three stages: initial, intermediate, and final. Regression models were applied to identify risk indicators for caries control. Between-group comparison regarding the time taken to arrest the lesions was performed using Chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests. Seventeen children did not receive the allocated intervention, and one was lost to follow-up (n = 80). There was no difference between the control and placebo groups regarding the time to the arrest of the lesion (p >.05). The treatments showed similar results without significant statistical difference (p = 0.33; 95%CI: 0.32-1.48). No adverse effects were observed. It can be concluded that no additional effect of the association of 1.23% APF gel with oral hygiene using fluoride dentifrice and dietary instructions on the arrest of active non-cavitated lesions could be established. We can also confirm the importance of toothbrushing frequency and, consequently, the visible plaque reduction in the control of caries activity. RBR-37V5S3


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Tooth, Deciduous , Toothbrushing , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Dental Enamel
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e025, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1153615

ABSTRACT

Abstract This in vitro study evaluated the biocompatibility and abrasivity of whitening and conventional toothpastes. Samples of conventional (non-whitening) - Edel White Infant (EWI) - and whitening toothpastes - Edel White Whitening (EWW), Edel White CAREFORTE (EWC), Colgate Total 12 Ò Professional (C), and Oral-B Whitening (OB) - were dissolved in culture medium (0.2 g sample weight per mL). Human gingival fibroblasts (hGF) were placed in contact with different dilutions of culture media that had been previously exposed to these toothpastes. Cytotoxicity was then assessed using the methyl tetrazolium test (MTT) and the cell survival rate was determined. Genotoxicity was assessed by the micronucleus test (MNT) and the number of micronuclei was determined before and after exposure to the toothpaste solutions. The enamel surface roughness was evaluated in specimens of bovine teeth (n = 10 per group) before and after 10,000 brushing cycles, using the investigated toothpastes. The results were statistically analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test and two-way ANOVA (p < 0.05). According to the MTT assay, EWW and OB presented significant cytotoxicity (p < 0.01), but no genotoxic (MNT) effects (p > 0.05). C toothpaste was statistically significantly abrasive to the enamel surface (p < 0.01). The findings of this study may be helpful for individualized selection of commercial toothpastes, as some whitening toothpastes present significant cytotoxicity and conventional toothpaste cause significant surface changes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Sodium Fluoride , Toothpastes/toxicity , Toothbrushing , Dental Enamel
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e29, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1153613

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated how Er,Cr:YSGG laser, associated or not with 5% fluoride varnish, influences the surface roughness and volume loss of bovine root dentin submitted to erosive and/or abrasive wear. One hundred and twenty dentin specimens were divided into the groups: without preventive treatment (WPT), 5% fluoride varnish (FV); Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation (L), and varnish combined with laser (FV + L). The specimens (n = 10) were subdivided into: 1 = erosion (E); 2 = abrasion (A); and 3 = erosion followed by abrasion (E + A). The erosive solution used was a soft-drink (pH = 2.42 at 4ºC) applied in 5-min cycles twice a day for 10d. Abrasive wear involved brushing for 60s with an electric brush (1,600-oscillations/s) at a load of 2.0N. Surface roughness and volume loss were evaluated using a laser scanning confocal microscope. Roughness data were submitted to one-way ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc test. For volume loss, the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's post-hoc tests were used (α = 5%). The lowest values of roughness were found in the control areas of all subgroups (p > 0.05). In the experimental area, the [(WPT) + (E+A)] subgroup had a significantly higher roughness (5.712 ± 0.163 μm 2 ) than the other subgroups (p < 0.05). The L and (FV + L) groups had statistically similar roughness, regardless of the type of wear. The (FV + L) group had the lowest volume loss, regardless of the type of wear performed: [(FV + L) + (E)] = 7.5%, [(FV + L) + (A) = 7.3%, and [(FV + L) + (E + A)] = 8.1%. The subgroup [(WPT) + (E + A)] had the highest volume loss (52.3%). The proposed treatments were effective in controlling dentin roughness. Laser irradiation can be an effective method to increase root dentin resistance after challenges and limit problems related to non-carious lesions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Erosion/etiology , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Tooth Root , Toothbrushing , Dentin , Fluorides
18.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-6, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362821

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study evaluated the associations of periodontal status with dental plaque index and frequency of toothbrushing and flossing in Kiriri Brazilian Indigenous people. Methods: Gingival bleeding, periodontal clinical attachment level, and dental plaque index were clinically evaluated in 204 adult Brazilian indigenous. They were categorized as healthy, gingivitis, or periodontitis. Sociodemographic data and oral hygiene habits were registered. Bivariate and logistic regression analyses were performed (p≤0.05). Results: Gingivitis [odds ratio (OR): 2.83; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.52­5.25; p=0.001] and periodontitis (OR: 6.88; 95%CI, 1.44­32.78; p=0.02) were associated with plaque index level, but not with toothbrushing or flossing frequency (p ≥0.55). Conclusion: Gingivitis and periodontitis were associated with higher plaque index, but not with the frequency of toothbrushing and flossing. To enhance this population's periodontal health, a prevention program focused on improving the quality of self-performed oral hygiene should be planned and implemented.


Objetivo: avaliar as associações do estado periodontal com o índice de placa dentária, a frequência de escovação e o uso do fio dental em Indígenas Brasileiros Kiriri. Métodos: sangramento gengival, nível de inserção clínica periodontal e índice de placa dentária foram avaliados, clinicamente, em 204 indígenas brasileiros adultos. Eles foram classificados como saudáveis, com gengivite ou periodontite. Dados sociodemográficos e hábitos de higiene bucal foram registrados. Foram realizadas análises bivariadas e de regressão logística (p≤0,05). Resultados: gengivite [Odds Ratio (OR): 2,83; Intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC), 1,52-5,25; p = 0,001] e periodontite (OR: 6,88; IC 95%, 1,44­32,78; p = 0,02) foram associados ao nível de índice de placa, mas não à frequência de escovação ou uso do fio dental (p ≥0,55). Conclusão: gengivite e periodontite foram associados a maior índice de placa, mas não com frequência de escovação e uso do fio dental. Para melhorar a saúde periodontal dessa população, um programa de prevenção com foco na melhoria da qualidade da higiene bucal autorrealizada deve ser planejado e implantado.


Subject(s)
Dental Plaque , Oral Hygiene , Periodontitis , Toothbrushing , Dental Plaque Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Morbidity , Dental Devices, Home Care , Disease Prevention
19.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287483

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of patients treated in a public University concerning dental avulsion and its emergency first-aid management. Material and Methods: Three hundred patients were invited to answer a questionnaire about demographic characteristics, attitude and knowledge of first-aid management of dental avulsion. Chi-square test was used to assess the association between knowledge about dental replantation and education level. Results: Female gender (66.7%) aged from 31 to 40 years (31.3%) with high school education (50.3%) predominated among all the participants. It was not found a difference between education level and management of avulsed permanent teeth (p=0.076), and 66% of the respondents were not able to do the replantation. In relation to the management of avulsed tooth, 42.7% of the respondents would brush the tooth and if the replantation was not possible, most of them would choose inappropriate media for storage. The association between the storage medium and educational level showed to be statistically significant (p=0.043). Conclusion: It was possible to notice the lack of knowledge about this subject, and it could result in the worst prognosis. In avulsion cases, the subsequent root resorptions may lead to the loss of the child's tooth. It is important to implement educational campaigns to spread knowledge and improve success rates of permanent avulsed teeth


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Tooth Avulsion/etiology , Tooth Replantation , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Community Dentistry , Tooth Injuries/etiology , Dentition, Permanent , Toothbrushing , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Demography , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , First Aid
20.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351218

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Tocompare the effect of tooth brushing on surface roughness of Resin-Modified Glass Ionomer Cement (RMGIC; GC Gold label 2LC Light Cured Universal Restorative) and Glass Hybrid (GH; GC EQUIA SYSTEM- EQUIA Forte™ Fil and EQUIA Forte™ Coat) restorative material at 1- and 3-months interval simulated by tooth brushing. Material and Methods: RMGIC and GH material specimens (20 each) were prepared according to manufacturer instructions in 10mm × 2 mm dimensions using a mylar strip. A specially designed toothbrush simulator was used along with Oral B Pro 2 2000N powered toothbrush and Colgate Total dentifrice (Colgate-Palmolive India limited; Relative dentin abrasivity - RDA:70- Low abrasive) to perform brushing strokes. Specimens were subjected to surface roughness analysis before and after simulated tooth brushing at baseline, 1, and 3 months. Results: The intragroup comparison was done using repeated-measures ANOVA. Intergroup comparisons were done using an independent sample t-test and General Linear Model (ANCOVA). Surface roughness increased from baseline through 3 months in both RMGIC and GH groups. The mean surface roughness in RMGIC group was significantly higher than GH group at baseline 1 and 3-months, respectively (p<0.001, <0.001, and <0.001). Interaction between group and baseline surface roughness was not significant (p=0.466). The estimated marginal means were significantly higher in RMGIC than GH group (p=0.008). Conclusion: The surface roughness of both RMGIC and GH restorative increased from baseline to 1 month and 3 months after the simulated toothbrushing protocol. GH exhibited significantly lower surface roughness than RMGIC at all the tested intervals.


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Toothbrushing/instrumentation , Microscopy, Atomic Force/instrumentation , Dental Materials , Glass Ionomer Cements , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , India/epidemiology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL