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1.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3156, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289395

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La caries es una de las enfermedades bucodentales más frecuentes y, por ser las primeras en emerger, los primeros molares permanentes son las piezas más susceptibles a esta afección. Objetivo: Estimar la prevalencia de caries y factores asociados a esta en los primeros molares permanentes en escolares de segundo grado de primaria. Métodos: Estudio transversal, en estudiantes de segundo grado en 17 de 67 escuelas públicas de Acapulco, Guerrero. Un cuestionario autoadministrado se utilizó para obtener datos sociodemográficos y hábitos de higiene dental. La caries y la presencia de placa dentobacteriana se midieron a través de índices epidemiológicos, el CPOD (diente cariado, obturado y perdido) y el O'Leary. Se estimó la razón de momios e intervalo de confianza de 95 por ciento, ajustada por conglomerado, como medida de la fuerza de asociación mediante análisis multivariado. Resultados: Se revisaron 3332 primeros molares permanentes, el 21 por ciento tuvo caries, el 6 por ciento tuvo obturaciones y el 1 por ciento ya se había extraído. El índice CPOD de caries grupal fue 0,27. Cinco factores estuvieron asociados a la caries de los primeros molares permanentes: higiene dental deficiente (RMa = 2,87), técnica de cepillado dental inadecuada (RMa = 1,70), tomar alguna bebida dulce antes de ir a dormir (RMa = 1,68), visitar al dentista (RMa = 0,67) y aplicación de flúor (RMa = 0,61). Conclusiones: La prevalencia de caries en los primeros molares permanentes fue 21 por ciento dentro del rango reportado en otros estudios. Fueron identificados cinco factores asociados a la caries: higiene dental deficiente, técnica de cepillado inadecuado, consumo de azúcares antes de dormir, visitas al dentista y aplicación de flúor. Estos factores orientan sobre qué medidas preventivas se deben promover en los escolares para la preservación de sus piezas dentales(AU)


Introduction: Caries is the most frequent oral disease and the first permanent molars are very susceptible to this condition because they are the first teeth to emerge. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of caries its associated factors in the first permanent molars in second grade primary school children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in second grade students in 17 out of 67primary public schools in Acapulco, Guerrero. We applied a self-administered questionnaire to obtain sociodemographic data and dental hygiene habits. Caries and the presence of dentobacterial plaque were measured through epidemiological indices, CPOD (decayed, blocked and lost tooth) and O'Leary index. The odds ratio and 95 percent confidence interval, adjusted by cluster, were estimated as a measure of strength of association through multivariate analysis. Results: We reviewed 3 332 permanent first molars, 21 percent had cavities, 6 percent had seals and 1 percent had already been removed. The CPOD index of group caries was 0,27. We found five factors associated with caries of the first permanent molars: deficient dental hygiene (RMa=2,87), inadequate tooth brushing technique (RMa=1,70), drinking a sweet drink before bedtime (RMa=1,68), visiting the dentist (RMa=0,67) and fluoride application (RMa=0,61). Conclusions: Prevalence of caries in the first permanent molars was 21 percent, within the range reported in other studies. Five factors associated with caries were identified: poor dental hygiene, inadequate brushing technique, consumption of sugars before going to sleep, visits to the dentist and application of fluoride. These factors guide what preventive measures should be promoted in schoolchildren for the preservation of their teeth(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , School Health Services , Toothbrushing/methods , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Molar/injuries , Oral Hygiene/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies
2.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(1): 1-7, feb. 24, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178777

ABSTRACT

Oral hygiene is an important step in the control of the biofilm, a factor related to diseases such as gingivitis and tooth decay. The systematization of oral hygiene in children is a set of measures that seeks to achieve sequential learning, thus guaranteeing a better elimination of the biofilm. Objetive: To show a sequence of systematized steps in oral hygiene in a pediatric patient with a definitely positive behavior. Case Report: Six year old female patient, without relevant medical history. On clinical intraoral examination presented biofilm accumulation and swollen gums. The presumptive diagnosis was marginal gingivitis associated with biofilm, the treatment included a preventive phase with motivation and education. The control of the disease evolution was carried out with a card of Systematization Technique of Oral Hygiene, the methodology included the recording of the educational sessions using videos and photographs. Results: the adequate use of the amount of toothpaste was achieved, the integrity was improved to 100%, the brushing time increased from 24 to 120 seconds and it was possible to add tongue brushing and not rinsing after brushing within the oral hygiene routine. Conclusion: The patient was able to clean all dental surfaces, using homogeneous times for each surface, following an orderly sequence in toothbrushing, as well as to acquire knowledge regarding the amount of toothpaste to use, tongue brushing and not rinsing after toothbrushing. The systematization of oral hygiene allowed us to achieve these achievements in six sessions.


La higiene oral es un paso importante para el control de la biopelícula, la cual es un factor relacionado con enfermedades como gingivitis y caries dental. La sistematización de la higiene oral en niños es un conjunto de medidas que buscan lograr un aprendizaje secuencial, garantizando así una mejor eliminación del biofilm. Objetivo: Mostrar una secuencia de pasos sistematizados en la higiene oral en un paciente pediátrico con comportamiento definitivamente positivo. Reporte de un Caso: Paciente femenino de 6 años, sin antecedentes médicos relevantes. Al examen clínico intraoral presentó acumulación de biofilm y encías inflamadas. El diagnóstico presuntivo fue gingivitis marginal asociada a biofilm, el tratamiento incluyó una fase preventiva con motivación y educación. El control de la evolución se realizó con una ficha sobre la Técnica de Sistematización de Higiene oral, la metodología incluye el registro de las sesiones educativas usando vídeos y fotografías. Resultados: se logró el uso adecuado de la cantidad de dentífrico, se mejoró la integridad al 100%, el tiempo de cepillado pasó de 24 a 120 segundos y se consiguió integrar el cepillado de la lengua y el no enjuague post cepillado dentro de su higiene oral. Conclusión: La paciente consiguió realizar la limpieza de todas las superficies dentales, tiempos homogéneos para cada superficie, una secuencia ordenada en su cepillado dental, así como adquirir conocimientos en la cantidad de dentífrico utilizado, el cepillado de la lengua y el no enjuagarse después del cepillado dental. La sistematización de la higiene oral permitió conseguir estos logros en 6 sesiones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Oral Hygiene/education , Toothbrushing/methods , Pediatric Dentistry/education , Periodontal Diseases , Toothpastes/therapeutic use , Dental Plaque
4.
Medwave ; 20(6): e7974, 31-07-2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119714

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La caries dental es la enfermedad bucal más prevalente en Ecuador. En nuestro país no existen estudios que hayan considerado a la población de las Islas Galápagos. La aplicación de flúor sobre lesiones incipientes de caries dental ha demostrado efectividad para evitar ejecutar procedimientos invasivos restauradores. OBJETIVOS: El objetivo del Estudio de Salud Oral Galápagos, EESO-Gal, es determinar la prevalencia e incidencia de caries dental y evaluar el efecto de la acción del cepillado dental supervisado, acompañado de aplicaciones periódicas de flúor en barniz sobre lesiones cariosas incipientes en escolares de las Islas Galápagos. Con este informe se busca reportar el protocolo del Estudio de Salud Oral Galápagos. MÉTODOS: Se plantea realizar una cohorte con los escolares de las Islas Galápagos para determinar la prevalencia e incidencia de caries con evaluaciones cada seis meses durante veinticuatro meses. RESULTADOS: Se espera determinar la prevalencia e incidencia de caries cada seis meses durante veinticuatro meses en escolares de tres a diez años y obtener datos que permitan evidenciar el estado de las condiciones de caries en los escolares de Galápagos con la inclusión del cepillado diario en la escuela, supervisado por el docente, y con la aplicación semestral del barniz de flúor. CONCLUSIONES: La prevalencia de caries dental e incidencia después de las acciones tomadas demostrará la importancia de aplicar acciones de prevención y promoción de la salud oral, para crear hábitos de higiene y salud desde edades tempranas.


INTRODUCTION: Dental caries is the most prevalent oral disease in Ecuador. In our country, there are no studies that have included the population of the Galapagos Islands. Fluoride application to incipient lesions of dental caries has shown to be effective in avoiding the use of invasive restorative procedures. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the EESO-Gal study is to determine the prevalence and incidence of dental caries and to evaluate the effect of supervised dental brushing, accompanied by periodic applications of fluoride varnish on incipient precarious lesions of schoolchildren in the Galapagos Islands. This article presents the protocol of the EESO-Gal study. METHODS: A cohort is planned with Galapagos Islands schoolchildren to determine the prevalence and incidence of dental caries, with assessments every six months, during twenty-four months. RESULTS: We expect to determine the prevalence and incidence of caries every six months, for twenty-four months, in schoolchildren between three and ten years of age, and obtain data to show the state of the caries conditions in Galapagos schoolchildren, with the inclusion of daily brushing at school, supervised by the teacher, and with the application of fluoride varnish every six months. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of dental caries and incidence after the program will demonstrate the importance of implementing oral health prevention and promotion actions to create hygiene and health habits from an early age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Oral Hygiene , Toothbrushing/methods , Fluorides, Topical/administration & dosage , Dental Caries/epidemiology , School Health Services , Cariostatic Agents/administration & dosage , Oral Health , Incidence , Prevalence , Cohort Studies , Ecuador/epidemiology
5.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 6(2): 192-204, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1100328

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Os projetos de extensão universitáriaapresentam grande importância para os estudantes e para a sociedadecomo um todo, uma vez que possibilitamuma reflexão crítica nos indivíduos, a fim de integrar os conhecimentos acadêmicos à sociedade.O projeto Formando Sorrisosda Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte(UFRN), promove atendimento odontológico aos estudantes da instituição que sejam caracterizados como vulneráveis socioeconomicamente; durante as atividades os pacientes são constantemente instruídos sobre cuidados orais e incentivados a levar as práticas às suas residências, configurando-se um vetor inicial para prevenção de agravos orais.Objetivo:Relatar a contribuição do projeto na formação do estudante de Odontologia.Metodologia:Trata-se de um estudo descritivo do tipo relato de experiência com base na rotina clínica dos alunos de odontologia do segundo ao décimoperíodo de um projeto de extensão daUFRN. Os dados se referem ao período de 2018 a 2019, avaliando desde a recepção dos pacientes até a finalização de seus tratamentos odontológicos.Resultados:A experiência nas diferentes atividades doprojeto possibilitaaosestudantesum olhar mais integraldo paciente. A vivência clínica desde cedo na graduação auxiliaao aluno um maior entendimento sobre a Odontologia, motivando-oem relação ao curso, facilitando o aprendizado e contribuindo para a formação profissional.Conclusões:As atividades desenvolvidas pelo projeto contribuempara a formação acadêmica do estudante de Odontologiae proporciona aos estudantes universitários atendimento odontológico de qualidade e em horários flexíveis (AU).


Introduction:University extension projects are of great importance for students and society as a whole since they allow critical reflection on individuals, to integrate academic knowledge into society. The Formando Sorrisos project of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) promotes dental care to the institution's students who are characterized as socioeconomically vulnerable; during activities, patients are constantly instructed about oral care and encouraged to take the practices to their homes, setting up an initial vector for preventing oral diseases.Objective:To report the project's contribution to the training of dentistry students.Methodology:This is a descriptive study of the type of experience report based on the clinical routine of dentistry students from the second to the tenth period of an extension project at UFRN. The data refer to the period from 2018 to 2019, evaluating from the reception of patients to the completion of their dental treatments. Results:Experience in the different activities of the project allows students to have a more comprehensive view of the patient. The clinical experience from an early stage in graduation helps students to gain a better understanding of Dentistry, motivating them concerning the course, facilitating learning, and contributing to professional training.Conclusions:The activities developed by the project contribute to the academic education of dentistry students and provide university students with quality dental care and flexible hours (AU).


Introducción: Los proyectos de extensión universitaria son de gran importancia para los estudiantes y para la sociedad en general, ya que permiten la reflexión crítica sobre las personas, para integrar el conocimiento académico en la sociedad. El proyecto Formando Sorrisos de la Universidad Federal de Río Grande del Norte(UFRN), promueve la atención dental a los estudiantes de la institución que se caracterizan por ser socioeconómicamente vulnerables; Durante las actividades, los pacientes reciben constantemente instrucciones sobre el cuidado bucal y se les alienta a llevar las prácticas a sus hogares, estableciendo un vector inicial para laprevención de enfermedades orales.Objetivo: Informar la contribución del proyecto a la formación de estudiantes de odontología. Metodología: Este es un estudio descriptivo del tipo de informe de experiencia basado en la rutina clínica de los estudiantes de odontología del segundo al décimo período de un proyecto de extensión en la UFRN. Los datos se refieren al período de 2018 a 2019, evaluando desde la recepción de pacientes hasta la finalización de sus tratamientos dentales.Resultados: La experiencia en las diferentes actividades del proyecto permite a los estudiantes tener una visión más completa del paciente. La experiencia clínica desde una etapa temprana de la graduación ayuda a los estudiantes a comprender mejor la odontología, motivándolos en relación con el curso, facilitando el aprendizaje y contribuyendo a la formación profesional.Conclusiones: Las actividades desarrolladas por el proyecto contribuyen a la educación académica de los estudiantes de odontología y brindan a los estudiantes universitarios atención dental de calidad y horarios flexibles (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Community-Institutional Relations , Problem-Based Learning/methods , Dental Health Services , Education, Dental , Toothbrushing/methods , Brazil , Epidemiology, Descriptive
6.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(Suppl 2): 96-101, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136393

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2, can present respiratory complications that often lead patients to depend on mechanical ventilation (MV) for several days. It is known that Pneumonia Associated with Mechanical Ventilation (PAMV) is frequent in patients who use this equipment for a long time. As a consequence of COVID-19, its prolonged use can lead to a worse prognosis for the patients. For this reason, in addition to the insufficiency of devices for mechanical ventilation to meet the current demand, it is necessary to adopt measures aimed at preventing complications that may aggravate the patient's clinical condition and, consequently, increase the average hospital stay and the respective hospital care costs. Therefore, the objective of this study was to discuss, in a concise and practical way, and based on the available literature, the importance of adopting adequate oral hygiene protocols for patients on mechanical ventilation. Based on the data obtained, it was identified that the adoption of effective oral hygiene measures, especially under the supervision of dental professionals, can contribute to the reduction of morbidity and mortality associated with MV, resulting in greater availability of mechanical ventilation equipment. Since such equipment is in great demand during the COVID-19 pandemic, the knowledge and implementation of effective oral hygiene measures will undoubtedly have an impact on improving the quality of care offered to patients, therefore benefiting all those in critical health conditions and assisted in ICUs.


RESUMO A COVID-19, causada pelo Sars-CoV-2, pode apresentar complicações respiratórias que, muitas vezes, levam o paciente a depender da ventilação mecânica por vários dias. Sabe-se que a Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica (PAVM) é frequente nos pacientes que utilizam esse equipamento por um longo período de tempo e que sua ocorrência, consequente à COVID-19, pode cursar com um pior prognóstico para o paciente. Por esse motivo, e somado à insuficiência de aparelhos para atendimento da demanda atual, faz-se necessária a adoção de medidas que visem à prevenção de complicações que possam agravar o quadro clínico do paciente e, consequentemente, aumentar o tempo médio de internação e os respectivos custos da assistência. Sendo assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi discorrer de forma concisa e prática, com base na literatura disponível, sobre a importância da adoção de protocolos adequados de higiene oral nos pacientes em ventilação mecânica. Com base nos dados obtidos, identificou-se que a adoção de medidas efetivas de higiene oral, principalmente sob a supervisão do profissional dentista, pode contribuir para a redução da morbimortalidade associada à PAVM, resultando em maior disponibilidade de equipamentos de ventilação mecânica. Desde que tais equipamentos estão sendo muito demandados durante a pandemia da COVID-19, o conhecimento e a implantação de medidas efetivas de higiene oral, indubitavelmente, repercutirão na melhoria da qualidade da assistência oferecida aos pacientes, portanto, beneficiando todos aqueles em situação crítica de saúde e assistidos em UTIs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Quality of Health Care , Toothbrushing/methods , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Betacoronavirus , Intensive Care Units , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use
7.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4620, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998275

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyse issue of teeth brushing according to age, gender and length in Slovak patients with multiple sclerosis disease (MS). Material and Methods: In this descriptive study, the questionnaires were collected in neurologists from December 2016 until September 2017. The study sample consisted of 103 MS patients (44.7% of men) in a mean age of 38.4 ± 9.95 years. The study sample of MS patients was divided into two sub-groups. The first sub-group consisted of MS patients who were restricted in teeth brushing (n=56) and the second group of MS patients, which had no restrictions in teeth brushing (n=47). Descriptive statistics were used to calculate the absolute and relative frequencies, mean and standard deviation. A two-sample ttest was used to compare of the proportion between sub-groups with restrictions and sub-group no restrictions in teeth brushing. The statistically significant level was determined at p<0.05. Results: The significant higher mean age (40.4 ± 10.8 years) was found in MS patients who had restrictions in teeth brushing (p=0.043). Females described often no restrictions in teeth brushing than males (59.6% vs. 40.4%; p<0.05). Length in MS disease (≤3 years) has significant impact on patients in who were not found restrictions in teeth brushing (31.9%; p=0.037). Conclusion: We recommend individual doctor approach to MS patients in older age and using of electric toothbrushes in MS patients who have hand functioning restrictions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Oral Hygiene/methods , Toothbrushing/methods , Multiple Sclerosis , Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Surveys and Questionnaires , Slovakia , Statistics, Nonparametric
8.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4305, 01 Fevereiro 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997903

ABSTRACT

Objective: This parallel, randomized, examiner-blind clinical trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy of two different toothbrushes (manual and sonic) on plaque control in adolescents. Material and Methods: This study enrolled 56 volunteers, randomly allocated to two different groups: group A (n = 28) for the manual toothbrush (Curaprox 5460 Ultra Soft®) and group B (n = 28) for the sonic toothbrush (Edel White®). Mean age was 17.2 ± 1.1 years. A calibrated periodontist performed a periodontal evaluation to assess the presence of plaque with the Turesky Modification of the Quigley Hein Plaque Index (PI) and the gingival inflammation with the Silness & Löe Gingival Index (GI). Adolescents received instructions about the mechanical control of plaque at baseline (T0), with a reexamination after 3 months (T1) and 6 months (T2). Non-parametric Mann Whitney test was used to compare the differences between the two toothbrush groups and the Friedman test was used for the comparisons between times. Results: There has been PI reduction concerning the study times (T0, T1 and T2, p<0.05), but not between the groups A and B (p>0.05). As for GI there has been no significant difference between the groups and between the study times (p>0.05). Conclusion: Both toothbrushes were efficient in the control of supragingival plaque (visible biofilm).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Toothbrushing/methods , Randomized Controlled Trial , Dental Devices, Home Care , Dental Plaque/etiology , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Adolescent , Statistics, Nonparametric
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4296, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997914

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate in the vitro effectiveness of three chemical agents for toothbrush disinfection. Material and Methods: Sixteen new toothbrushes were evaluated, previously sterilized and classified in five experimental groups (n=3) and one item as control. Three chemical agents were assessed: 0.12% Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX), essential oil mouth rinse (Listerine) and 3.5% Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). The five selected strains were inoculated on toothbrushes and incubated for a 24 hours period and 37°C temperature in aerobic conditions. The incubated toothbrushes were immersed for a 15 min period into selected chemical agents and after drying in a controlled air stream, again re-cultured into enriched broth. A comparison was made between the initial and final microorganisms density recovered after chemical disinfection based on Mc Farland scale. The data obtained was compared by descriptive analysis and ANOVA methodology. Results: 3.5% NaOCl was the most effective chemical agent for toothbrush disinfection followed by CHX; Listerine was not effective to eliminate the inoculated bacteria in toothbrushes. Conclusion: 3.5% NaOCl and 0.12% CHX are the most effective chemical agents for toothbrush disinfection and Listerine was only effective against C. albicans.


Subject(s)
Candida albicans , Chlorhexidine , Disinfection/methods , Chemical Compounds , Mouthwashes/analysis , Toothbrushing/methods , Venezuela , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Analysis of Variance
10.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4304, 01 Fevereiro 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997986

ABSTRACT

Objective: To find out the effectiveness of specially made brushes with special grips for use by groups of ischemic stroke sufferers for oral hygiene. Material and Methods: A sample of 30 stroke patients were taken at the Makassar Stroke Center, Indonesia, with criteria for extreme hemisphere ischemic stroke patients and willing to participate in the study and fill out informed consent. Brush making with a special grip design (modified brush) with Clay mixed material. The oral hygiene assessment procedure of the sample using a modified toothbrush was done in 3 stages before the brush, after brush and on the seventh day. Oral and oral hygiene was measured using the index of Oral Hygiene Index Simplified (OHI-S). The oral hygiene assessment procedure was done in 3 stages before the brush, after brush and on the seventh day. To find out the difference in effectiveness before and after the intervention was analyzed using the paired t test. The level of significance was set at 5%. Results: The highest percentage of stroke patients were female (53.3%), aged 40-60 years (66.7%) with an education level below junior high school (56.7%). There is a difference in the average OHIS score before and after using a special grip toothbrush (p<0.01). Conclusion: A special grip toothbrush that is used for Stroke sufferers can help to clean his teeth and mouth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Oral Hygiene , Toothbrushing/methods , Efficacy/methods , Stroke/pathology , Indonesia , Oral Hygiene Index , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Home Nursing/history
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180331, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-990103

ABSTRACT

Abstract The tongue is one of the primary sources of halitosis. The manual or mechanical removal of biofilm is known to decrease oral malodor. Objective: To evaluate a new tongue hygiene technique hereby referred to as "the X technique" and its effects on both halitosis and the number of microorganisms based on microbiological parameters and diagnostic features of the breath. Material and Methods: The study included thirty patients divided into a control group (patients without systematized guidelines of lingual hygiene, but who performed the mechanical cleaning of tongue dorsum, each in its own way), the 3R group (instructed to perform the movements of the X technique for 3 repetitions at each brushing), and the 6R group (instructed to perform 6 repetitions of the technique at each brushing). After two weeks, a new data collection was performed. Results: Patients in the 6R group presented the lowest score on the organoleptic assessment scale at the second consultation, followed by the 3R group and the controls. Regarding the self-perception of breath by the method of Visual Analog Scale (VAS), the control group did not perceive improvements in oral malodor; the results of the 3R group and the 6R group were similar. Conclusion: These results indicate that the X technique improves both measurements and perceptions of halitosis. Microbiological analyses revealed greatest reduction in the 6R group. The findings show that the X technique reduces both organoleptic scores and the number of bacterial colonies, and improves users' perceptions of their breath.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Oral Hygiene/methods , Tongue/microbiology , Halitosis/prevention & control , Oral Hygiene/instrumentation , Toothbrushing/instrumentation , Toothbrushing/methods , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Biofilms , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Visual Analog Scale , Middle Aged
12.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180051, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-975887

ABSTRACT

Abstract The efficacy of whitening toothpastes is questionable and controversial. Clinicians, patients and researchers have expressed concern with whitening toothpastes due to the risk of wearing the dental structure and the potential for disappointment if the advertised cosmetic results are not achieved. Objective: This study compared the whitening performance of toothpastes with different whitening technologies after initial and continued use. Material and Methods: Ninety bovine incisors were stained using a concentrated solution of black tea. They were randomly distributed into 6 groups, according to the toothpaste whitening technology: activated charcoal (B&W), blue covarine (WAD), hydrogen peroxide (LWA), microbeads (Oral B 3D White Perfection - 3DW) and optimized abrasives (XW4D). They were compared to a traditional toothpaste without a whitening agent (TA - control). Specimens underwent a brushing machine with controlled pressure, time and temperature. A calibrated examiner measured the color using a VITA-Classical scale before the first brushing cycle (T0), after the first brushing cycle (TI), and after a brushing cycle that simulates continuous use (TCU). Whitening performance was evaluated by the difference of shades (ΔSGU) between T0-TI and T0-TCU timepoints, using the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's non-parametric test. The Wilcoxon test was used to evaluate the cumulative effect (α=0.05). Results: Statistically significant differences were observed between toothpastes in both TI and TCU (p<0.05). The time of use also had a significant effect (p<0.05). Conclusion: Only WAD and 3DW showed whitening performance after the first use (TI). The greatest whitening performance after continuous use was obtained by WAD, followed by LWA and 3DW. The use of conventional toothpaste (TA) promotes no tooth whitening. Clinical relevance: Microbead abrasives (3DW) and blue covarine (WAD) were the active technology tested that presented the best global tooth whitening performance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Toothpastes/chemistry , Charcoal/chemistry , Isoindoles/chemistry , Tooth Bleaching Agents/chemistry , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Metalloporphyrins/chemistry , Microspheres , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Tooth/drug effects , Toothbrushing/methods , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results
13.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3788, 15/01/2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-967067

ABSTRACT

Objective: To verify the effectiveness of sealing with glass ionomer cement and transversal brushing in the prevention and treatment of initial caries lesions in erupting permanent molars of children aged 5-7 years. Material and Methods: Healthy teeth with ICDAS scores 1 or 2 were selected. One hundred and thirty-one children (79 teeth in the control group - 75 teeth in the test group) were randomly assigned into the two experimental groups: (1) transversal brushing technique for plaque control with conventional flat bristles and fluoridated dentifrice or (2) sealing the occlusal surfaces with glass ionomer cement (Vitro Molar®). Follow-up was performed for 18 months and the survival analysis was applied to test the occurrence of lesion progression. Results: The mean age of children was 5.4 years and it was verified that, by examining the initial tooth condition, the probability of progression was 66% lower when the tooth had initial caries lesions than when it was healthy; the probability of molar progression was about 74% lower in the test group compared to the control group. The mean time for lesion development in the test group (16.8 months; SD = 0.5) was greater than that in the control group (16.5 months; SD = 0.5; p=0.008). Conclusion: Sealing reduces the progression of caries disease in initial lesions when compared to the transversal brushing technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Toothbrushing/methods , Dental Caries , Glass Ionomer Cements/analysis , Molar/anatomy & histology , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Survival Analysis
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e26, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889486

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Data about total fluoride intake in children living in a tropical semi-arid climate city is scarce, thus we conducted this study. Fifty-eight children aged two to five years, living in a Brazilian tropical city with optimally fluoridated water were selected. Dietary samples were collected using the duplicate diet method on two non-consecutive days in the children's home toothpaste was determined by subtracting the amount of fluoride recovered after brushing from the amount placed on the toothbrush. The mean total dose (SD) of fluoride intake was 0.043(0.016) mg F·kg-1·d-1, with the major (60.6%) contribution from water. The factors associated with the ingestion of fluoride from toothpaste were fluoride concentration of the toothpaste (p = 0.03) and the use of kids toothpaste (p = 0.02). The findings suggest that children have a low fluoride intake, measured by at-home meals and use of fluoride toothpaste; drinking water is the main source of fluoride ingestion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Toothpastes/chemistry , Cariostatic Agents/administration & dosage , Diet , Fluorides/administration & dosage , Reference Values , Toothbrushing/methods , Tropical Climate , Brazil , Cariostatic Agents/analysis , Fluoridation , Risk Factors , Fluorides/analysis
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20160460, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893725

ABSTRACT

Abstract Besides the effects on the health of individuals, cigarette smoking can also interfere with the appearance of their teeth. Objective: To evaluate the effect of cigarette smoking-toothbrushing-cycling (CSTC) with whitening toothpastes on the roughness and optical behavior of bovine enamel for eight weeks. Material and Methods: Thirty bovine dentin/enamel discs, 8.0 mm in diameter and 2.0 mm thick, were randomly divided into three groups according to the toothpastes: whitening (Colgate Luminous White - CW and Oral B 3D White - OW), and a non-whitening (Colgate - C). The roughness, color (CIE L*a*b* system), translucency and gloss were measured before and after the specimens were submitted to CSTC. The topography of the specimens was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. During the first week, the specimens were daily subjected to the consumption of 20 cigarettes and brushed (40 strokes/100 g) with the toothpastes' slurries. Thereafter, the CSTC was weekly applied in an accumulated model (140 cigarettes/280 strokes) for seven weeks. The data were submitted to two-way ANOVA, Tukey's HSD test, and paired-t test (α=0.05). Results: The three toothpastes produced significant changes in roughness, color, translucency and gloss (p<0.05). After eight weeks, the roughness and the gloss produced by the three toothpastes were similar (p>0.05), while OW produced the lowest color change and the translucency of C was lower than that of CW (p<0.05). The three toothpastes produced a significant decrease in L* values and a significant increase in a* values after eight weeks (p<0.05). No significant difference in the b* coordinate was found for OW (p=0.13) There were topographic changes in the enamel surfaces. Conclusions: The whitening toothpastes increased the roughness, changed the topography and were not able to maintain the optical stability of enamel exposed over eight weeks.


Subject(s)
Animals , Pregnancy , Surface Properties/drug effects , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Toothpastes/chemistry , Materials Testing , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Dentifrices/chemistry , Tooth Bleaching Agents/chemistry , Time Factors , Toothbrushing/methods , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Smoking/adverse effects , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Color , Dental Enamel/chemistry
16.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 17(1): e3181, 13/01/2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-914443

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the behavior during toothbrushing of preterm and full-term infants through maternal report. Material and Methods: This study is based on secondary data collected from dental records of infants aged 12-38 months. The collected data of demographic and socioeconomic status, prematurity, tooth brushing habit and infant behavior during toothbrushing were tabulated using the SPSS-21.0 software and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics, carried out by the Chisquare, Fisher's exact or maximum likelihood ratio statistical tests, with significant level of 5%. Results: The types of infant behavior during toothbrushing were: cooperative, participative, resistant, inflexible and independent. Variables maternal education, family income and frequency of day care attendance showed significant differences regarding the infant's behavior (p=0.031, 0.033 and 0.004, respectively). No significant differences were found between infant's behavior during toothbrushing and maternal occupation/study (p=0.301), primiparity (p=0.109), infant's gender (p=0,233), prematurity (p=0,479), weight/gestational age ratio (p=0.231), toothbrushing before bed (p=0.83), dental biofilm (p=0,189) and presence of caries or extensive dental changes (p=0.566). Conclusion: There was no evidence that there is a difference in the behavior during toothbrushing of preterm and full term infants. Collaborative behavior was influenced by socioeconomic factors such as higher maternal schooling and family income, and in infants who attended day care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Toothbrushing/methods , Child Behavior/psychology , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Premature Birth , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Infant, Premature , Chi-Square Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric
17.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 10(3): 433-441, dic. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840992

ABSTRACT

The objective of the study is to propose a protocol for the appropriate use of fluorides in dentifrices (Dt), based on its bioavailability in saliva (Bs) and / or plaque (Bp) through a systematic review (SR). SR of the literature from 2005 to 2015 in PubMed, Cochrane and SciELO. Inclusion criteria: clinical studies in vivo, Spanish and English, made only with Dt that measured Bs and Bp. The results were evaluated in relation to: 1) Concentration of fluoride in Dt, 2) Brushing time with Dt, 3) Frequency of brushing, 4) Rinse post-brushing and 5) Amount of Dt on the brush. Twelve (12) studies were selected. 1) Bs increases 241 % when using a 5000 ppm of Dt compared to 1450 ppm. 2) Bs is increased by 55 % by increasing the duration of brushing 40 s to 120 s 3) Bp increases by 68 % when brushing 3 times a day compared to 2 times. 4) Not rinsing or rinsing with <10 ml for <10 s increases Bs to 270 % compared to rinses higher volume / time. 5) By increasing the amount of Dt of 0.5 g to 1.5 g, Bs increases up to 266 %. The use of 1.5 g of Dt 1450 ppm of fluoride for 120 s, 3 times a day is recommended and once brushing is complete avoiding oral rinse with water or non fluoride mouthwash.


El objetivo de este studio es proponer un protocolo para el uso adecuado de fluoruros en dentífricos (Dt), basado en su biodisponibilidad en saliva (Bs) y/o placa (Bp) mediante una revisión sistemática (RS). RS de la literatura 2005- 2015 en PubMed, Cochrane y SciELO. Criterios de inclusión: estudios clínicos in vivo, español e inglés, realizados únicamente con Dt que midieran Bs y Bp. Los resultados fueron evaluados en relación a: 1) Concentración de flúor en el Dt, 2) Tiempo de cepillado con Dt, 3) Frecuencia de cepillado, 4) Enjuague post-cepillado y 5) Cantidad de Dt en el cepillo. Fueron seleccionados 12 estudios. 1) La Bs aumenta en un 241 % al utilizar un Dt de 5000 ppm en comparación con un 1450 ppm. 2) Bs aumenta en un 55 % al aumentar la duración del cepillado de 40 s a 120 s, 3) La Bp aumenta en un 68 % al cepillarse 3 veces al día en comparación a 2 veces. 4) No enjuagarse o enjuagues de <10 ml por <10 s puede aumentar la Bs hasta en un 270 % en comparación a enjuagues con mayor volumen/tiempo. 5) Al aumentar la cantidad de Dt de 0,5 g a 1,5 g, la Bs aumenta hasta en un 266 %. Se recomienda utilizar 1,5 g de Dt 1450 ppm de flúor por 120 s, 3 veces al día, y evitar enjuague oral con agua o colutorios sin flúor una vez finalizado el cepillado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Fluorides/administration & dosage , Fluorides/analysis , Saliva/chemistry , Toothpastes/administration & dosage , Biological Availability , Dental Plaque/chemistry , Dentifrices/chemistry , Toothbrushing/methods
18.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 14(3): 81-85, dic. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-869102

ABSTRACT

El proceso de cambio de hábitos comienza con la educación del paciente, promocionando el desarrollo de un aceptable control de la placa. Dentro de este contexto, varios métodos se emplean para ejecutarlo, sin embargo el valor de cepillado en la prevención depende no solo del tipo de cepillo de dientes, sino también en la técnica de cepillado apropiada y del tiempo que se dedique a la ejecución del mismo. El objetivo del estudio fue comparar los tiempos de cepillado con técnica habitual y de Bass en estudiantes de la Cátedra de Odontología Preventiva de la Universidad del Pacífico. El estudio es cuasi-experimental e incluyó la participación de 21 estudiantes del primer año de la carrera de Odontología matriculados en el 2014.En la clase previa al desarrollo del contenido programático "Control mecánico de placa microbiana", se invitó a participar del estudio a todos los estudiantes. Con un espejo de rostro y el cepillo personal del estudiante se le solicitó a cada uno que proceda a cepillarse con su técnica habitual y posterior a la clase, con la de Bass, se registraron en la ficha los tiempos que cada uno tomo, en segundos, a través cronómetro digital. El tiempo promedio con la técnica de Bass fue significativamente (p<0,0001) mayor que con la técnica habitual (193,9±51,9versus 109,6±34,5segundos). El mayor tiempo que se ocupa para el cepillado con la técnica de Bass puede resultar particularmente importante, considerando que el ritmo actual de vida del estudiante y de la población en general implica una carrera contra reloj, limitando así las posibilidades de un adecuado control mecánico de la placa microbiana, reconocida como uno de los más importantes factores cariogénico y periodontopático.


The process of changing habits starts with patient’s education, promoting thedevelopment of an acceptable plaque control. Within this context, several methods areused, however, the value of brushing in prevention depends not only on the type oftoothbrush, but also in the art of proper brushing and time devoted to the execution of it.The aim of this study was to compare regular brushing times and Bass techniques instudents of the Department of Preventive Dentistry at the Universidad del Pacífico. TheQuasi-experimental study involves the participation of 21 first year students of the career ofDentistry enrolled in 2014. In the previous class to the development of the content"Mechanical control of microbial plaque", all students were invited to participate in thisstudy. Using a mirror and personal thoot brushe very student was asked to proceed to brushing with conventional technique and after class using Bass technique, time spent inevery process was measured by a digital stopwatch and written in the file. The average timeusing Bass technique was significantly greater than (p <0.0001) using the standardtechnique (193.9 ± 51.9 versus 109.6 ± 34.5 seconds). More time dealing for brushingusing Bass technique may be particularly important given the current pace of student lifeand the population generally involves a time rush, limiting the possibilities of a suitablemechanical control of microbial plaque, recognized as one of the more important cariogenicand periodontopathic facts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Toothbrushing/methods , Time and Motion Studies , Dental Plaque
19.
Bol. Asoc. Argent. Odontol. Niños ; 44(3): 7-11, ene.-abr. 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-794306

ABSTRACT

Establecer la percepción de los padres acerca de la importancia otorgada a la higiene bucal para la prevención de caries de sus hijos entre 6 y 12 años, atendidos en la clínica UDD, Concepción, Chile, durante el año 2014. Material y método: investigación cualitativa, con enfoque fenomenológico, donde se emplea una muestra homogénea, de caso consecutivo. La información se recolecó mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas a los padres representantes legales de los niños que conviven en la misma casa. Para el análisis de los resultados se utilizó el análisis de discurso semántico estructural. Resultados: la percepción respecto de la importancia de la higiene bucal para la prevención de caries de sus hijos de los 12 padres entrevistados, fue clara. Sin embargo, a pesar de tener los conocimiento básicos sobre higiene bucal, explicados por un profesional, no los inducen a llevarla a la práctica de manera correcta. La mayoría de los entrevistados creen que la enseñanza es responsabilidad de otras personas y no del odontólogo y no tienen claro cuál es la técnica de cepillado adecuada para cada edad. Conclusiones: los padres entrevistados no percibieron la importancia de la higiene bucal ni del uso de elementos complementarios del cepillado, los que son beneficiosos para optimiar la salud bucal. El conocimiento debe ser llevado a la práctica para lograr los resultados y beneficios esperados...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Attitude to Health , Oral Hygiene/education , Oral Hygiene/methods , Parents/psychology , Chile , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Toothbrushing/methods , Health Education, Dental/trends , Schools, Dental , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Semantic Differential , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 16(1): 381-391, jan.-dez. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-912885

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of early childhood caries (ECC). Material and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 429 preschool children aged five years and below in Enugu East Local Government Area, Enugu, Nigeria. Data on socio-demographic profile, dental visits, brushing frequency, oral hygiene status and snacking habit of the children were obtained. The presence of dental caries was recorded by using the World Health Organization criteria. Results: The prevalence of early childhood caries was 9.8% and the mean dmft score was 0.37. Bivariate analysis showed significant association between age (p<0.001), socio-economic status of the child's family (p=0.04), oral hygiene status (p<0.001), dental visits (p=0.01) snacking (p=0.01) and early childhood caries. Multivariate regression analysis showed that age (OR= 4.3, CI=1.17-15.6; p=0.03), high socioeconomic status (OR= 3.7, CI= 1.46-9.47; p=0.01) and fair oral hygiene (OR= 0.10, CI=0.26-0.39, p=0.001) were significant predictors of early childhood caries in this population. Conclusion: The prevalence of ECC was high in this population. Age, high socioeconomic status and fair oral hygiene were risk predictors of ECC. Early and prompt access to oral health education and preventive dental care for children by mothers and caregivers can reduce the occurrence of ECC.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Health Education, Dental , Nigeria , Risk Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Oral Hygiene , Prevalence , Toothbrushing/methods
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