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1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 391-399, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375651

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Poor flexibility is a predictor of reduced physical activity. The association between trunk flexibility and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) is not well understood. Objective: To identify the prevalence of CVRFs and their association with trunk flexibility in individuals participating in a community-based health education program. Methods: Volunteers (51 men, 48 women) aged 20-85 years old, participants in a community-based health education program in the city of Santo Antônio de Goiás, Brazil, were selected for this study. Anthropometric measures including body mass, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist/height ratio (WHtR) were evaluated. Physical activity level was evaluated based on leisure activity participation, and trunk flexibility was evaluated by the sit and reach test. Data distribution was assessed using the Shapiro-Wilk test; Pearson's chi-square or Fisher's exact and Student t tests were performed for comparisons. To analyze the association between trunk flexibility and concomitant CVRFs, Spearman's correlation test and linear regression were employed. Statistical significance was defined as p < 0.05. Results: 7.2% of the volunteers had no CVRF, 10.3% had only one CVRF and 82.5% had two or more CVRFs, with no differences between sexes. Increased abdominal adiposity, as assessed by WHtR (p = 0.0097), and systemic arterial hypertension (p = 0.0003) were the most prevalent CVRFs, with differences between age groups. A strong negative correlation was found between mean trunk flexibility and the number of concomitant CVRFs (r = -0.96, p < 0.0028). Conclusion: The strong negative correlation between trunk flexibility and concomitant CVRF indicates an increased risk for cardiovascular events. Therefore, trunk flexibility measurement may be an additional tool for health promotion and prevention of cardiovascular and associated diseases in community health programs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pliability , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Muscle Stretching Exercises , Obesity, Abdominal , Torso , Waist-Height Ratio
2.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(6): 951-964, Fevereiro 7, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358387

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A sobrecarga corporal devida à obesidade contribui no surgimento de alterações no sistema musculoesquelético e respiratório. Objetivo: Analisar as evidências científicas referentes à influência da obesidade sobre a postura do tronco, a resposta cinético-funcional do diafragma e a função pulmonar em crianças e adolescentes. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão de literatura, utilizando as bases de dados Medline, Cochrane, Embase, Lilacs e Web of Sciences, nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol, nos últimos 10 anos. Foram utilizados os descritores: "obesidade', "postura", "diafragma", "função pulmonar", "adolescentes", "adultos jovens". Os critérios de exclusão foram: estudos que abordaram distúrbios neuromusculares associados, cifoescoliose, fibrose cística, enfisema pulmonar, asma e DPOC e artigos não disponíveis na íntegra. Resultados: Foram identificados 226 estudos, porém 10 foram analisados. Os resultados apontaram que a postura do tronco nos obesos é hipercifótica, hiperlordótica e com anteversão pélvica, além de apontar indícios de repercussão na dinâmica respiratória, com redução da mobilidade do diafragma e dos volumes e capacidades pulmonares. Conclusão: A obesidade contribui para a ocorrência de hipercifose, hiperlordose e anteversão da pelve, bem como na diminuição da atividade do diafragma e função pulmonar. (AU)


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Posture , Diaphragm , Torso , Musculoskeletal System , Obesity , Child , Adolescent
3.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(4): 129-137, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342789

ABSTRACT

Considerando as técnicas fundamentais do polo aquático (PAq), o objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a existência de relação entre a velocidade da bola após o arremesso à gol (VB) e a altura alcançada em teste vertical realizado dentro da água (HEB) por jogadores recreacionais de PAq. Participaram 13 jogadores de PAq do sexo masculino (idade: 30,4 ± 6,5 anos, massa corporal de 81,4 ± 9,9 kg, estatura de 1,78 ± 0,05 m e envergadura de 1,81 ± 0,06 m). VB foi mensurada com radar e HEB com videogrametria. Resultados: VB foi de 15,8 ± 1,4 m∙s -1 e HEB foi de 128,0 ± 12,0 cm. Encontrou-se correlação positiva, forte e significativa (r = 0,71 e p = 0,004) entre a VB e a HEB. Jogadores recreacionais adultos de polo aquático tem desempenho no teste de velocidade da bola e no de salto vertical na água próximos ou abaixo daquele apresentado por jogadoras de elevado nível de desempenho e atletas mais jovens de bom desempenho.(AU)


Considering the fundamental techniques of water polo (WP), the aim of this study was to verify the existence of a relationship between the speed of the ball in the throw to the goal (SB) and the height reached in vertical test performed in water (HEB) by WP players. Thirteen WP male players participated (age: 30.4 ± 6.5 years, body mass 81.4 ± 9.9 kg, height 1.78 ± 0.05 m and wingspan of 1.81 ± 0, 06 m). SB was measured with radar and HEB with videogrammetry. Results: SB was 15.8 ± 1.4 m∙s -1 and HEB was 128.0 ± 12.0 cm. Positive, strong and significant correlation (r = 0.71 and p = 0.004) between SB and HEB was found. Adult male recreational water polo players perform the throw to the goal and the vertical jump near or below that of high-performance female players and younger but high-level athletes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Efficiency , Athletic Performance , Athletes , Water Sports , Sports , Water , Recreational Water , Anthropometry , Human Body , Hand Strength , Upper Extremity , Muscle Strength , Torso
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250457

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze differences in vertical mandibular and trunk symmetry in orthodontic patients. Material and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 129 growing orthodontic patients who sought orthodontic treatment at the Dental Hospital Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia. Mandibular symmetry index was observed with pre-treatment panoramic radiography based on Kjellberg's technique and trunk symmetry was evaluated based on questionnaires and visual observation. Vertical mandibular asymmetry was decided if the index of asymmetry was lower than 93.7%. The bivariate analysis used the chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests, with a significance level of 5%. Results: There was a significant association between vertical mandibular and trunk symmetry (p<0.05). The prevalence odds ratio for the association with vertical mandibular asymmetry was 3.007 (95% CI = 1.016-8.905) for trunk asymmetry. Conclusion: The necessity to consider trunk symmetry could be included in orthodontics treatment of any malocclusion with vertical mandibular asymmetry that might require a multidisciplinary approach in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Orthodontics , Facial Asymmetry/classification , Torso , Indonesia , Malocclusion , Mandible , Orthodontics, Corrective , Radiography, Panoramic/instrumentation , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1113-1117, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921019

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the temperature field distribution and variation rules during treatment with mild moxibustion and sparrow-pecking moxibustion of TCM.@*METHODS@#Six healthy subjects were selected. Mild moxibustion and sparrow-pecking moxibustion were exerted at Zusanli (ST 36) respectively, for 25 min. Using infrared thermal imaging instrument, the temperature field distribution was measured during moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36). The simulated thermometer was adopted to measure the temperature field distribution during moxibustion at the imitated cortex. At 20 min of mild moxibustion and sparrow-pecking moxibustion, the temperature field distribution generated by moxibustion was observed at the imitated cortex and Zusanli (ST 36) separately. The temperature values were collected at the sites 0.7, 2.1 and 3.5 cm far from the center of the moxibustion-exerted places successively, and then the characteristics of temperature field distribution and variation rules were compared between different moxibustion methods at the imitated cortex and Zusanli (ST 36).@*RESULTS@#At 20 min of mild moxibustion and sparrow-pecking moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36), the temperature field distribution focused on the center of moxibustion-exerted site and the temperature was reduced to all directions and illustrated as a curved surface graph, whereas, the temperature field distribution at the imitated cortex was consistent with that at Zusanli (ST 36). With mild moxibustion, the temperature field was distributed uniformly along the longitudinal temperature gradient; whereas, with sparrow-pecking moxibustion, the longitudinal temperature of the temperature field was greatly different, in which, the maximum temperature and the average temperature were higher than those with mild moxibustion respectively and the first time up to the peak value of sparrow-pecking moxibustion was shorter than that with mild moxibustion. The thermal transfer was presented at the non-moxibustion exerted areas during the moxibustion experiment at Zusanli (ST 36).@*CONCLUSION@#A distance feature is presented in the temperature field measured by simulated thermometer and generated under suspension moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36). The warm stimulation effect of sparrow-pecking moxibustion is much more obvious at the moxibustion-exerted center as compared with mild moxibustion and the area of warm stimulation generated by sparrow-pecking moxibustion is more concentrated as compared with mild moxibustion. The radiation energy produced by suspension moxibustion is scattered and attenuated in skin tissue, resulting in a certain temperature gradient in the temperature field. The warm stimulation generated at skin surface by moxibustion has a warming-dredging effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Humans , Moxibustion , Sparrows , Temperature , Torso
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887487

ABSTRACT

On the base of the analysis on the original text in


Subject(s)
Animals , Face , Female , Head , Meridians , Rats , Spine , Torso
10.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(2): 157-164, 2020. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125796

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: los melanomas en cabeza y cuello (MCC) han sido asociados con factores pronósticos diferentes de aquellos en otras localizaciones. Objetivo: comparar características demográficas, clínicas y resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de pacientes con MCC y pacientes con melanomas en tronco y extremidades (MTE). Material y métodos: se llevó a cabo una revisión retrospectiva de las historias clínicas de pacientes operados por melanoma entre enero de 2012 y diciembre de 2017. Quince pacientes (22,3%) tuvieron MCC y 52 (77,7%) MTE. Resultados: ambos grupos tuvieron edad similar (63,8 ± 21,1 versus 58,5 ± 16), pero los MCC mostraron una tendencia con predominio masculino (80% versus 61,3%). Los MCC tuvieron menor espesor tumoral que los MTE (2,07 versus 5,5 mm) y mayor porcentaje de melanoma in situ, 5 (33,3%) versus 8 (15,3%), pero requirieron vaciamientos ganglionares más a menudo (33% versus 25%) así como reconstrucción del defecto primario con colgajos locales y miocutáneos. Durante el seguimiento, en el grupo de MCC, dos pacientes desarrollaron recidivas locales que fueron extirpadas, y otros tres desarrollaron metástasis a distancia en pulmón, intestino delgado y abdomen y fallecieron por la enfermedad; en el grupo de MTE un paciente tuvo recidiva local y cinco fallecieron de metástasis sistémicas. El tamaño de la muestra no permitió aplicar pruebas de significación entre las diferencias encontradas. Conclusión: los MCC se presentan en un amplio rango de edad y estadios, y tuvieron algunas diferencias clínicas con el MTE. Los defectos producidos por la extirpación de la lesión primaria requieren procedimientos reconstructivos más complejos la mayoría de las veces y se aconseja un abordaje multidisciplinario.


Background: Head and neck melanomas (HNMs) have been associated with prognostic factors different from those on other locations. Objective: The goal of the present study was to compare the demographic and clinical characteristics and the outcomes of surgical treatment between patients with HNM and those with trunk and extremity melanoma (TEM). Material and methods: The clinical records of patients undergoing surgery for melanoma between October 2014 and April 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Fifteen patients (22.3%) had HNM and 52 (77.7) presented TEM. Results: There were no differences in age between both groups (63.8 ± 21.1 versus 58.5 ± 16), but there was a trend toward higher percentage of men in the HNM group (80% versus 61.3%). Patients with HNM had lower tumor thickness than those with TEM (2.07 versus 5.5 mm), higher incidence of melanoma in situ [5 (33.3%) versus 8 (15.3%)]; lymph node resection was more common (33% versus 25%) as well as reconstruction of the primary defect with local and musculocutaneous flaps. During follow-up, two patients in the HNM group developed local recurrences that were excised and three presented distant metastases in the lung, small bowel and abdomen and finally died due to the disease. In the TEM group, one patient had local recurrence and five died due to systemic metastases. The sample size was not sufficient to assess statistically significant differences. Conclusion: Head and neck melanomas occur in a wide age range and stages and has some clinical differences with TEM. The defects produced after the excision of the primary lesion often require more complex procedures and should be managed with a multidisciplinary approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Head and Neck Neoplasms/epidemiology , Melanoma/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Extremities/pathology , Torso/pathology , Margins of Excision , Melanoma/surgery
11.
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 40, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130798

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: It is known that physical activity and muscular performance are reduced in fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome. This study aims to compare the performance of trunk muscles in women with FM and healthy controls and evaluate the correlation between trunk muscle strength and FM severity. Methods: Forty-six patients with FM and 42 age- and body mass index-matched healthy housewives without FM were included in the FM and control groups, respectively. The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) was used for the assessment of FM severity. The pain intensity was evaluated using the visual analogical scale (VAS). An isokinetic dynamometer was used to measure the isokinetic trunk muscle strength. The peak torque (PT) values were recorded. The psychological status of the patients was evaluated using the Beck Depression Inventory. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in terms of age, BMI, and BDI scores in two groups (p > 0.05, for all). The isokinetic trunk extensor PT values were significantly lower in the FM group (p = 0.002 for 60°/s, and p < 0.001 for 90°/s and 120°/s) than control group. There was a statistically significant negative correlation between FIQ score and isokinetic extensor muscle parameters. Conclusion: The results indicate that trunk extensor muscles were significantly weaker in FM patients. Trunk extensor muscle strength decreased as FM severity increased in FM patients.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Women , Fibromyalgia/physiopathology , Muscle Strength , Torso/injuries , Pain Measurement/instrumentation , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Visual Analog Scale
12.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(6): 387-392, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011353

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Stroke often leads to abnormalities in muscle tone, posture, and motor control that may compromise voluntary motor function, thus affecting the motor control required for maintaining the synergy of both peripheral and respiratory muscles. Objective To evaluate respiratory muscle strength, pulmonary function, trunk control, and functional independence in patients with stroke and to correlate trunk control with the other variables. Methods This was a cross-sectional study of patients diagnosed with stroke. We assessed respiratory muscle strength, trunk control as assessed by the Trunk Impairment Scale, spirometric variables, and the Functional Independence Measure. Results Forty-four patients were included. Pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength were significantly lower than predicted for the study population, and the mean Trunk Impairment Scale score was 14.3 points. The following significant correlations were found between the variables: trunk control vs. maximal inspiratory pressure (r = 0.26, p < 0.05); trunk control vs. forced vital capacity (r = 0.28, p < 0.05); trunk control vs. forced expiratory volume in one second (r = 0.29, p < 0.05), and trunk control vs. the Functional Independence Measure (r = 0.77, p < 0.05). Conclusion The present study showed that respiratory muscle strength, pulmonary function, functional independence, and trunk control are reduced in patients diagnosed with stroke.


RESUMO Acidente vascular cerebral (AVC) frequentemente leva a anormalidades no tônus muscular, postura e controle motor que podem comprometer a função motora voluntária, afetando o controle motor necessário para manter a sinergia dos músculos periféricos e respiratórios. Objetivo Avaliar a força muscular respiratória, a função pulmonar, o controle do tronco e a independência funcional em pacientes com AVC e correlacionar o controle do tronco com as demais variáveis. Métodos Este foi um estudo transversal, incluindo pacientes diagnosticados com AVC. Avaliamos a força muscular respiratória, o controle do tronco avaliado pela escala de comprometimento de tronco, as variáveis espirométricas e a medida de independência funcional. Resultados Quarenta e quatro pacientes foram incluídos. A função pulmonar e a força muscular respiratória foram significativamente menores do que o previsto para a população estudada, e o escore médio do escala de comprometimento de tronco foi de 14,3 pontos. As seguintes correlações significativas foram encontradas entre as variáveis: controle do tronco vs. pressão inspiratória máxima (r = 0,26, p <0,05); controle do tronco vs capacidade vital forçada (r = 0,28, p <0,05); controle do tronco versus volume expiratório forçado no primeiro segundo (r = 0,29, p <0,05) e controle do tronco vs. medida de independência funcional (r = 0,77, p <0,05). Conclusão O presente estudo demonstrou que a força muscular respiratória, a função pulmonar, a independência funcional e o controle do tronco estão diminuídos em pacientes diagnosticados com AVC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Respiratory Muscles/physiopathology , Stroke/physiopathology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Torso/physiopathology , Reference Values , Respiratory Function Tests , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Lung/physiopathology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740162

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To demonstrate the high-resolution numerical simulation of the respiration-induced dynamic B0 shift in the head using generalized susceptibility voxel convolution (gSVC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Previous dynamic B0 simulation research has been limited to low-resolution numerical models due to the large computational demands of conventional Fourier-based B0 calculation methods. Here, we show that a recently-proposed gSVC method can simulate dynamic B0 maps from a realistic breathing human body model with high spatiotemporal resolution in a time-efficient manner. For a human body model, we used the Extended Cardiac And Torso (XCAT) phantom originally developed for computed tomography. The spatial resolution (voxel size) was kept isotropic and varied from 1 to 10 mm. We calculated B0 maps in the brain of the model at 10 equally spaced points in a respiration cycle and analyzed the spatial gradients of each of them. The results were compared with experimental measurements in the literature. RESULTS: The simulation predicted a maximum temporal variation of the B0 shift in the brain of about 7 Hz at 7T. The magnitudes of the respiration-induced B0 gradient in the x (right/left), y (anterior/posterior), and z (head/feet) directions determined by volumetric linear fitting, were < 0.01 Hz/cm, 0.18 Hz/cm, and 0.26 Hz/cm, respectively. These compared favorably with previous reports. We found that simulation voxel sizes greater than 5 mm can produce unreliable results. CONCLUSION: We have presented an efficient simulation framework for respiration-induced B0 variation in the head. The method can be used to predict B0 shifts with high spatiotemporal resolution under different breathing conditions and aid in the design of dynamic B0 compensation strategies.


Subject(s)
Brain , Compensation and Redress , Head , Human Body , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Respiration , Torso
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770076

ABSTRACT

Soft tissue masses of the extremities and torso are a common problem encountered by orthopaedic surgeons. Although these soft tissue masses are often benign, orthopaedic surgeons need to recognize the key features differentiating benign and malignant masses. An understanding of the epidemiology and clinical presentation of soft tissue masses is needed to develop a practical approach for evaluation and surgical management. Size and depth are the two most important factors on which triage decisions should be based. In a differential diagnosis of a tumor, it is important to know the characteristics of the soft tissue mass through detailed history taking and physical examinations before the diagnostic procedures. A variety of imaging studies, such as simple radiography, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography, computed tomography, bone scan, and angiography can be used to diagnose tumors. Know the ledge of advantages and disadvantages of each imaging study is essential for confirming the characteristics of the tumor that can be observed in the image. In particular, ultrasonography is convenient because it can be performed easily in an outpatient clinic and its cost is lower than other image studies. On the other hand, the accuracy of the test is affected by the skill of the examiner. A biopsy should be performed to confirm the tumor and be performed after all imaging studies have been done but before the final treatment of soft tissue tumors. When a biopsy is to be performed, careful attention to detail with respect to multidisciplinary coordination beforehand, cautious execution of the procedure to minimize complications, and expedient follow-up and referral to a musculoskeletal oncologist when appropriate, are essential.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care Facilities , Angiography , Biopsy , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidemiology , Extremities , Follow-Up Studies , Hand , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Physical Examination , Positron-Emission Tomography , Radiography , Referral and Consultation , Soft Tissue Neoplasms , Surgeons , Torso , Triage , Ultrasonography
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785629

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Several scoring systems have been developed to identify patients who require massive transfusion (MT) after major trauma to improve survival. The primary goal of this study was to investigate the usefulness of enhanced computed tomography attenuation values (CTAVs) of major vessels to determine the need for MT in patients with major blunt trauma.METHODS: This single-center retrospective cohort study evaluated patients aged 16 years or older who underwent contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of the torso after major blunt trauma. The CTAVs of six major vessel points in both the arterial and portal venous phases at initial computed tomography examination were assessed and compared between the MT and the no MT group. The capability of enhanced CTAVs to predict the necessity for MT was estimated based on the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve.RESULTS: Of the 254 eligible patients, 36 (14%) were in the MT group. Patients in the MT group had significantly higher CTAVs at all sites except the inferior vena cava in both the arterial and portal venous phases than that in the no MT group. The descending aorta in the arterial phase had the highest accuracy for predicting MT, with an AUROC of 0.901 (95% confidence interval, 0.855 to 0.947; P<0.001).CONCLUSION: Initial elevation of enhanced CTAV of the aorta is a predictor for the need for MT. A higher CTAV of the aorta should alert the trauma surgeon or emergency physician to activate their MT protocol.


Subject(s)
Aorta , Aorta, Thoracic , Cohort Studies , Emergencies , Humans , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Torso , Vena Cava, Inferior , Wounds and Injuries
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728023

ABSTRACT

Body surface potential map, an electric potential distribution on the body torso surface, enables us to infer the electrical activities of the heart. Therefore, observing electric potential projected to the torso surface can be highly useful for diagnosing heart diseases such as coronary occlusion. The BSPM for the heart of a patient show a higher level of sensitivity than 12-lead ECG. Relevant research has been mostly based on clinical statistics obtained from patients, and, therefore, a simulation for a variety of pathological phenomena of the heart is required. In this study, by using computer simulation, a body surface potential map was implemented according to various occlusion locations (distal, mid, proximal occlusion) in the left anterior descending coronary artery. Electrophysiological characteristics of the body surface during the ST segment period were observed and analyzed based on an ST isointegral map. We developed an integrated system that takes into account the cellular to organ levels, and performed simulation regarding the electrophysiological phenomena of the heart that occur during the first 5 minutes (stage 1) and 10 minutes (stage 2) after commencement of coronary occlusion. Subsequently, we calculated the bipolar angle and amplitude of the ST isointegral map, and observed the correlation between the relevant characteristics and the location of coronary occlusion. In the result, in the ventricle model during the stage 1, a wider area of ischemia led to counterclockwise rotation of the bipolar angle; and, during the stage 2, the amplitude increased when the ischemia area exceeded a certain size.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Electrophysiology , Computer Simulation , Coronary Occlusion , Coronary Vessels , Electrocardiography , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Electrophysiology , Heart , Heart Diseases , Humans , Ischemia , Torso
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759867

ABSTRACT

The deceased was found in the basement staircase of a commercial building. He was drunk the night before his death. He went into the building at 00:45 am as per the security camera recording. He was found at 9:10 am in an inverted and jackknife position causing the hyperflexion of his torso and neck. Autopsy findings revealed facial congestion and conjunctival petechiae. No evidence of critical trauma was noted. Therefore, he can be diagnosed with positional asphyxia. He must have lost his body balance and fallen on his back while climbing up the basement staircase for unknown reasons. His lower body was found to be in the jackknife position due to inertia. The drunken state and the accident prevented movement and this position was sustained for an extended period.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Asphyxia , Autopsy , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , Neck , Purpura , Torso
18.
Fisioter. Bras ; 19(5): 613-623, Dez 25, 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280868

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos de um protocolo terapêutico para controle de tronco em ambiente aquático e sua repercussão na função motora de indiví­duos com Paralisia Cerebral (PC) diparética espástica, classificados no ní­vel II ou III do GMFCS. Métodos: Trata-se de um ensaio clí­nico randomizado, estratificado e cego. Os participantes foram selecionados por meio de triagem dos prontuários do banco de dados da Clí­nica de PC da instituição. Da triagem de 1.599 prontuários, 20 crianças foram incluí­das e 16 finalizaram o estudo. Os pacientes foram alocados por estratificação pelo ní­vel do GMFCS em grupo controle (GC) que realizou fisioterapia convencional e grupo intervenção (GI) que realizou o protocolo de exercí­cios aquáticos. Ambos os grupos foram submetidos í avaliação pré e pós-intervenção com os seguintes instrumentos: Gross Motor Function Measurement (GMFM), Trunk Control Measurement Scale (TCMS), Eletromiografia de superfí­cie (EMG) dos músculos reto abdominal e latí­ssimo do dorso, Teste de Caminhada de 6 minutos (TC6), Timed up and Go (TUG), Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) da marcha, Flexômetro de Wells e Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) PF-50. Resultados: A amostra apresentou-se homogênea para as análises. Na análise intergrupo observa-se melhora no equilí­brio dinâmico sentado (p = 0,001) e reações de equilí­brio (p=0,015) para o GI, houve melhora da flexibilidade da musculatura posterior do tronco e membros inferiores no GC (p = 0,017), para os demais instrumentos não teve diferença significativa nas análises intergrupos. Na análise intragrupo para o GI, constatou melhora no equilí­brio estático e dinâmico do tronco nas três subescalas da TCMS, equilí­brio estático sentado (p= 0,033), equilí­brio dinâmico sentado (p = 0,012) e reações de equilí­brio (p = 0,027), assim como para a pontuação total da escala (p = 0,012); no GMFM, o aumento da pontuação das dimensões D (p = 0,012) e E (p = 0,020), bem como a média das três dimensões (p = 0,012); na EMG observa-se melhora da ativação muscular para o músculo LD; melhora da dor (p = 0,026); ambos os grupos melhoraram significativamente (p = 0,012) a distância percorrida no TC6 e o tempo no TUG, GC (p = 0,017) e GI (p = 0,036). Conclusão: O protocolo de exercí­cios aquáticos apresentou benefí­cios para o controle de tronco de indiví­duos com PC diparética espástica classificados no ní­vel II ou III do GMFCS sendo efetivo na melhora das reações de equilí­brio e no equilí­brio dinâmico. (AU)


Objective: To evaluate the aquatic trunk control effects and its impact on functionality in individuals with diparetic spastic type of CP, classified at level II or III on the GMFCS. Methods: This is a randomized, controlled, stratified and blind clinical trial. Participants were selected through the sorting of medical records of the institution's PC Clinic database. 1599 records were screened, 20 children were included and 16 completed the study. Patients were allocated by GMFCS in control group (CG) which underwent conventional therapy, and intervention group (IG) which performed an aquatic exercises protocol. Both groups underwent pre and post intervention evaluation with Gross Motor Function Measurement (GMFM), Trunk Control Measurement Scale (TCMS), rectus femuris and latissimus dorsi EMG, 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT), Average Speed, Energy Expenditure Index, TUG, Gait EVA, Wells Flexometer and CHQ PF-50. Results: The sample was homogeneous for the analysis. In the intergroup analysis, there was an improvement in the sitting dynamic balance (p = 0.001) and balance reactions (p = 0.015) for the GI. We oberved an improvement in the flexibility of the posterior trunk and lower limbs muscles in the CG (p = 0.017). The other instruments did not have significant difference in the intergroup analyzes. In the intragroup analysis for the GI, we observed improvement in the static and dynamic trunk balance in the three subscales of the TCMS, sitting static balance (p = 0.033), sitting dynamic balance (p = 0.012) and equilibrium reactions (p = 0.027), as for the total score of the scale (p = 0.012); at GMFM score increased D (p = 0.012) and E (p = 0.020), as well as the mean of the three dimensions (p = 0.012); in the EMG we observed an improvement of the muscular activation for the DL muscle; improvement of pain (p = 0.026); both groups significantly improved the distance walked on the 6MWT and the time on the TUG, CG (p = 0.017) and IG (p = 0.036). Conclusion: There was an improvement of balance reactions and dynamic balance in individuals with CP. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Cerebral Palsy , Physical Therapy Specialty , Torso , Hydrotherapy , Pain , Physical Therapy Modalities , Aquatic Environment , Electromyography , Walk Test
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(6): 498-500, June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956490

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY The Yellow Fever virus was isolated in 1927 and the disease is considered endemic and epidemic in tropical regions of South America and Africa, with thousands of new cases reported annually. Several side effects of the vaccine have already been reported. Although reports of skin rash secondary to the vaccine range from 0 to 15%, no image or detailed description of the lesions were found in the literature. Here we describe a rash on a toddler vaccinated to travel.


RESUMO O vírus da febre amarela foi isolado em 1927, e a doença é considerada endêmica e epidêmica em regiões tropicais da América do Sul e África, com milhares de novos casos relatados anualmente. Vários efeitos colaterais da vacina já foram relatados. Embora os relatos de erupções cutâneas secundárias à vacina variem de 0% a 15%, nenhuma imagem ou descrição detalhada das lesões foi encontrada na literatura. Aqui descrevemos a erupção de uma criança vacinada para viajar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Yellow Fever Vaccine/adverse effects , Erythema/etiology , Photography , Extremities , Torso , Travel-Related Illness
20.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(1): 45-53, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887154

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: The worldwide incidence of cutaneous melanoma (CM) has been continuously increasing over the last decades. Primary and secondary prevention, with attention to risk factors and early diagnosis, remain the cornerstone for reducing the burden of cutaneous melanoma. Detailed information with respect to clinical and pathological data on cutaneous melanoma is scarce in Brazil. Objective: The purpose of our study was to analyze epidemiological and pathological characteristics of primary cutaneous melanoma in Joinville, southern Brazil. Methods: Observational, cross-sectional, retrospective study in which 893 reports of primary cutaneous melanoma from the local population were analyzed in the period 2003-2014. The study was approved by the local Ethics and Research Committee. Results: We observed a female predominance of cutaneous melanoma (56.3%). The age standardized incidence rate of primary cutaneous melanoma for the world population in the period 2003-06 was 11.8 per 100,000 population (CI 95%, 10.3-13.4), and 17.5 (CI 95%, 15.7-19.3) in 2011-14, revealing a significant increase of 48.3% (p < 0,05). Six and a half percent of patients had multiple cutaneous melanomas (mean 2.2 years and a maximum of 10.0 years between diagnoses). We observed significant differences between the location head/neck and cutaneous melanoma in situ, lower limb with Breslow depth S III and upper limb with Breslow depth S I. The comparison of the characteristics of cutaneous melanoma in the elderly and non-elderly (< 60 years old) showed significant differences with respect to all the variables studied. Study limitations: Using secondary data source. Conclusion: Joinville has high incidence coefficients for Brazilian standards, showing an increase in the incidence of cutaneous melanoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Melanoma/epidemiology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Upper Extremity , Torso , Melanoma/pathology , Neoplasm Staging/statistics & numerical data
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