Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 228
Filter
1.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 36(1): 55-59, 2022. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378811

ABSTRACT

La tortícolis es una contractura involuntaria unilateral del esternocleidomastoideo y de la musculatura posterior del cuello que causa la inclinación de la cabeza hacia un lado. Se han descrito múltiples causas de torticolis siendo una de ellas la subluxación atloaxoidea atraumática asociada a un proceso de carácter inflamatorio en la región de cabeza y cuello, llamada síndrome de Grisel. Aunque la mayoría de los pacientes suelen recuperarse sin secuelas tras tratamiento médico existe la posibilidad de complicaciones graves con déficits funcionales, de ahí la importancia de la realización de un diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz.


Torticollis is an unilateral involuntary contracture of the sternocleidomastoid and posterior neck musculature that causes the head tilts to the one side. Multiple causes of torticolis have been described, one of them being the non-traumatic rotatory subluxation of the atlantoaxial joint associated with an inflammatory process in the head and neck region, called Grisel's syndrome. Although most patients usually recover without sequels after medical treatment, there is the possibility of serious complications with functional deficits, that is why the importance of an early diagnosis and treatment of this potology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Torticollis , Atlanto-Axial Joint , Cervical Atlas , Axis, Cervical Vertebra
2.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(2): 144-148, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249661

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The treatment of C1-C2 rotatory dislocation remains controversial and surgery is rare. Surgical treatment is indicated when the injury satisfies the instability criteria or when it cannot be reduced. The objective of this study is to analyze the principles and the adaptations necessary for treating these injuries in the pediatric population. Methods: A retrospective case series study. Three cases of patients diagnosed with traumatic C1-C2 rotatory dislocation and treated surgically in our hospital were studied. Through critical analysis of the available literature, a practical guide was proposed to establish the principles and competencies for the treatment of these injuries. Results: The operated cases were female patients between 8 and 16 years of age, with a diagnosis of traumatic atlantoaxial dislocation. Two patients required preoperative skeletal traction with halo. All patients underwent posterior instrumented arthrodesis, two with a transarticular screw technique and one with mass and C2 isthmic (Göel-Harms) screws. Conclusion:. It is essential to determine if the injury is stable and reducible. We recommend treating this type of injury keeping the criteria and competencies related to the stability, alignment, biology and function of the spine in mind. Level of evidence IV; Case series.


RESUMO Objetivo: O tratamento da luxação rotacional de C1-C2 permanece controverso, e a cirurgia é rara. O tratamento cirúrgico é indicado quando a lesão satisfaz os critérios de instabilidade ou quando não pode ser reduzida. O objetivo deste estudo é analisar os princípios e a adequação necessários para tratar essas lesões na população pediátrica. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de série de casos. Foram estudados três casos em pacientes tratados cirurgicamente em nosso hospital com diagnóstico de luxação rotacional traumática de C1-C2. Por meio de análise crítica da literatura disponível, foi proposto um guia prático para estabelecer os princípios e a adequação do tratamento dessas lesões. Resultados: Os casos submetidos à cirurgia foram pacientes do sexo feminino, entre 8 e 16 anos de idade, com diagnóstico de luxação atlantoaxial traumática. Duas pacientes precisaram de tração esquelética pré-operatória com halo. Todas as pacientes foram submetidas à artrodese instrumentada por via posterior, duas com técnica de parafuso transarticular e uma com parafusos de massa e pedículo e lâmina em C2 (técnica de Göel-Harms). Conclusões: É essencial determinar se a lesão é estável e se pode ser reduzida. Recomenda-se tratar esse tipo de lesão tendo em mente os critérios e a adequação relacionados com estabilidade, alinhamento, biologia e função da coluna vertebral. Nível de evidência IV; Série de casos.


RESUMEN Objetivo: El tratamiento de la luxación rotatoria de C1-C2 permanece controversial y la cirugía es rara. Se indica tratamiento quirúrgico cuándo la lesión cumple criterios de inestabilidad o cuándo es considerada irreductible. El objetivo de este estudio es revisar los principios y competencias necesarios para tratar esas lesiones en la población pediátrica. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de serie de casos. Se estudian tres casos en pacientes tratados quirúrgicamente en nuestro hospital con diagnóstico de luxación rotatoria de C1-C2 traumática. A través del análisis crítico de la literatura disponible se elabora un esquema práctico para establecer los principios y competencias para el abordaje de estas lesiones. Resultados: Los casos intervenidos fueron pacientes de sexo femenino entre 8 y 16 años, con diagnóstico de luxación atlantoaxoidea traumática. Dos pacientes requirieron tracción esquelética preoperatoria con halo. A todas las pacientes se les practicó artrodesis instrumentada por vía posterior, dos con técnica de tornillos transarticulares y una con tornillos de masa e ístmicos de C2 (Göel-Harms). Conclusiones: Resulta imprescindible determinar si la lesión es estable y reductible. Siempre abordar este tipo de lesiones teniendo presentes los criterios y competencias relacionados con la estabilidad, alineación, biología y función de la columna vertebral. Nivel de Evidencia IV; Serie de casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Joint Dislocations , Cervical Atlas , Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Torticollis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877653

ABSTRACT

The thinking and experience of professor


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Meridians , Moxibustion , Torticollis/therapy
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(5): e495-e498, oct 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1122541

ABSTRACT

La tortícolis es un signo clínico definido por la inclinación lateral del cuello y rotación de la cabeza, que puede ser fija o flexible y acompañarse o no de dolor cervical. Aparece en trastornos de diferente complejidad. Ante un caso de tortícolis, es preciso realizar una historia clínica cuidadosa y un examen físico completo, y, en caso de ser persistente, solicitar pruebas de imagen.Se hace referencia a una causa de tortícolis no descrita en la literatura. Se trata de una tumoración quística compresiva en la fosa craneal posterior, quiste de la bolsa de Blake, en una lactante pequeña diagnosticada mediante ecografía en la consulta de Pediatría de Atención Primaria. Tras el diagnóstico, se remitió al centro hospitalario de referencia, donde se intervino de urgencia por Neurocirugía Pediátrica, mediante fenestración de la tumoración por ventriculostomía endoscópica y derivación ventrículo-peritoneal. Actualmente, se encuentra asintomática y sin secuelas.


Torticollis is a clinical sign defined by the lateral inclination of the neck and rotation of the head, which can be fixed or flexible and accompanied or not by cervical pain. It appears in disorders of different complexity. In a case of torticollis it is necessary to carry out a careful medical history and a complete physical examination and, if persistent, request imaging tests.Reference is made to a cause of torticollis not described in the literature. This is a compressive cystic tumor in the posterior cranial fossa, Blake's pouch cyst, in a small infant diagnosed by ultrasound in the Primary Care Pediatrics office. After diagnosis, she was referred to the referral hospital, where emergency intervention was performed by pediatric neurosurgery, by fenestration of the tumor by endoscopic ventriculostomy and ventriculo-peritoneal shunt. She is currently asymptomatic and without sequelae.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Torticollis , Cranial Fossa, Posterior/diagnostic imaging , Cysts/diagnosis , Ventriculostomy , Cranial Fossa, Posterior/abnormalities , Cranial Fossa, Posterior/surgery , Cysts/surgery , Hydrocephalus/diagnostic imaging
6.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(9): 549-555, Sept. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131751

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Cervical dystonia (CD) is the most common form of focal dystonia. It is not known exactly whether abnormal head postures in cervical dystonia cause balance problems. Dual-tasking is a common every-day life situation. Objective: We aimed to evaluate postural stability (PS) in patients with CD and the effect of cognitive task on PS. As a secondary aim, we evaluated the effect of onabotulinum toxin A (BoNT) injection on PS. Methods: A total of 24 patients with CD who were on BoNT treatment for at least one year and 23 healthy controls were included. Posturographic analyses were carried out in all the subjects on static posturography platform under four different conditions: eyes open, eyes closed, tandem stance and cognitive task. In patients, posturographic analysis was carried out just before the BoNT injections and was repeated four weeks later. Results: Before treatment, the anterior-posterior sway was significantly higher in CD patients with the eyes open condition compared to the controls (p=0.03). Cognitive task significantly affected several sway velocities. Tandem stance significantly affected many sway parameters, whereas the eyes closed condition did not. After treatment, only two parameters in tandem stance and one in cognitive task improved within the patient group, in a pairwise comparison. Conclusions: Postural control is impaired in CD patients probably due to the impaired proprioceptive and sensorimotor integration. In reference to dual task theories possibly due to divided attention and task prioritization, cognitive dual-task and harder postural task disturbes the PS in these patients.


RESUMO Introdução: A distonia cervical (DC) é a forma mais comum de distonia focal. Não se sabe exatamente se posturas anormais da cabeça na DC causam problemas de equilíbrio. A execução de duas tarefas simultaneamente é situação comum da vida cotidiana. Objetivo: Avaliar a estabilidade postural (EP) em pacientes com DC e o efeito da tarefa cognitiva na EP. Como objetivo secundário, avaliamos o efeito da toxina onabotulínica A (BoNT) na EP. Métodos: Foram incluídos 24 pacientes com DC em tratamento com BoNT por pelo menos um ano e 23 controles saudáveis. As análises posturográficas foram realizadas em todos os sujeitos na plataforma de posturografia estática sob quatro condições diferentes: olhos abertos, olhos fechados, postura tandem e tarefa cognitiva. Nos pacientes, a análise posturográfica foi realizada imediatamente antes das injeções de BoNT e após quatro semanas. Resultados: Antes do tratamento, a oscilação ântero-posterior era significativamente maior nos pacientes com DC com os olhos abertos quando comparados aos controles (p=0,03). A tarefa cognitiva interferiu significativamente nas velocidades de oscilação. A postura tandem afetou significativamente muitos parâmetros de oscilação, enquanto a condição de olhos fechados não. Após o tratamento, apenas dois parâmetros na posição tandem e um na tarefa cognitiva melhoraram no grupo de pacientes. Conclusões: O controle postural é prejudicado em pacientes com DC, provavelmente devido à comprometida integração proprioceptiva e sensório-motora. Em referência às teorias de dupla-tarefa, possivelmente devido à atenção dividida e à priorização de tarefas, a dupla-tarefa cognitiva e a tarefa postural mais difíceis perturbam o EP nesses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Torticollis/drug therapy , Posture , Attention , Cognition , Postural Balance
8.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 35(4)oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1115675

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La curación de las secuelas dentofaciales de la tortícolis congénita, una vez establecidas, solo puede lograrse mediante cirugías. La identificación temprana de los pacientes aquejados de esta dolencia y un tratamiento precoz es imprescindible, pues de ello dependerá la evolución a largo plazo de los mismos. Objetivo: Identificar los factores que pueden tener utilidad desde la perspectiva de la prevención primordial de la tortícolis congénita. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación observacional, longitudinal y prospectiva en pacientes con diagnóstico de tortícolis muscular congénita atendidos en el Policlínico de Especialidades del Hospital Infantil Sur de Santiago de Cuba, en el periodo de septiembre de 2016 a septiembre de 2018. La muestra fue de 20 pacientes con dicho diagnóstico. Las variables fueron agrupadas en clínicas e imagenológicas. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes del sexo masculino, 14 casos (70 por ciento). El diagnóstico de la mayoría de los casos fue precoz, 3 (15 por ciento) en la etapa neonatal y 14 (70 por ciento) entre los 29 días y 6 meses. Las complicaciones más temidas tales como la asimetría facial, la deformidad plagiocefálica, la distopia orbitaria y auricular aparecieron sobre todo asociadas a un diagnóstico y tratamiento tardío. La tomografía axial computarizada solo superó a las radiografías para descubrir complicaciones neurológicas. Conclusiones: La atención a temprana edad es la mejor opción terapéutica para evitar complicaciones en niños con tortícolis muscular congénita(AU)


Introduction: Once established, dentofacial sequels of congenital torticollis can only be healed by surgery. Early identification of sufferers and timely treatment are indispensable to achieve a favorable long-term evolution. Objective: Identify potentially useful factors from the perspective of fundamental prevention of congenital torticollis. Methods: An observational longitudinal prospective study was conducted of patients diagnosed with congenital muscular torticollis attending the Secondary Care Polyclinic at the South Children's Hospital in Santiago de Cuba from September 2016 to September 2018. The sample was 20 patients diagnosed with the disease. The variables analyzed were grouped into clinical and imaging. Results: There was a predominance of male patients with 14 cases (70 percent). Diagnosis of most cases was performed early: 3 (15 percent) at the neonatal stage and 14 (70 percent) between 29 days and 6 months. The most feared complications, such as facial asymmetry, plagiocephalic deformity, and orbital and auricular dystopia, were mainly found to be associated to late diagnosis and treatment. Computed axial tomography only surpassed radiography in spotting neurological complications. Conclusions: Early care is the best therapeutic option to prevent complications in children with congenital muscular torticollis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Congenital Abnormalities , Torticollis/complications , Torticollis/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Observational Study
9.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 60(1): 16-20, mar. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146575

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Congenital muscular torticollis is the postural deformity of the head and of the neck. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the results of bipolar sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle tenotomy in children. METHODS: The present prospective study was conducted at the Department of Orthopedic Surgery from December 2010 to December 2014. A total of 34 children with congenital muscular torticollis and a mean age of 4.8 years (range: 1­14 years) were recruited from the Outpatient Department. They were treated with bipolar SCM muscle release under general anesthesia. The functional and cosmetic results were rated on a scoring system modified from Lim et al (2014). All of the children were followed-up for 2 years. RESULTS: At the final follow-up, the neck range of movement and head tilt improved and their appearance were cosmetically improved despite the long-standing nature of the deformity. The results were excellent in 30 patients (88.23%) and good in 4 patients (11.76%). No postoperative complications were found in any of the 34 patients. CONCLUSION: Bipolar tenotomy of the SCM muscle is a good method for correcting difficult cases of congenital muscular torticollis. It is a safe, effective and complicationfree method for these patients.


INTRODUCCIÓN: La tortícolis muscular congénita es la deformidad postural de la cabeza y del cuello. El propósito de este estudio es evaluar los resultados de la tenotomía del músculo esternocleidomastoideo bipolar en niños. MÉTODOS: Este estudio prospectivo, se realizó en el departamento de Cirugía Ortopédica a partir de diciembre de 2010 a diciembre de 2014. Treinta y cuatro niños con tortícolis muscular congénita con una edad media de 4,8 años (rango: 1 a 14 años) fueron reclutados del ambulatorio. Fueron tratados con liberación de músculo esternocleidomustoide bipolar bajo anestesia general. Los resultados funcionales y cosméticos se evaluaron en un sistema de puntuación modificado de Lim y col (2014). Todos los niños recibieron acompañamiento durante dos años. RESULTADOS: En el acompañamiento final, el rango del cuello del movimiento, la inclinación y su apariencia fueron cosméticamente mejorados a pesar de la permanente naturaleza de la deformidad. Los resultados fueron excelentes en treinta pacientes (88,23%) y bueno en cuatro pacientes (11,76%).. No se encontraron complicaciones en el post-operatorio de esos 34 pacientes. CONCLUSIÓN: La tenotomía bipolar de los esternocleidomastoideos es un buen método para corregir los casos de tortícolis muscular congénita.. Para los pacientes, es un método seguro, efectivo y sin complicaciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Torticollis/surgery , Torticollis/congenital , Tenotomy/methods , Torticollis/physiopathology , Torticollis/rehabilitation , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Orthopedic Procedures/methods
10.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 92-96, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811488

ABSTRACT

Torticollis is an abnormal, asymmetric head or neck position which usually caused by imbalance of paracervical muscles. The traumatic torticollis can be caused by following events; atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation, atlantoaxial dislocation, cervical vertebral fractures, and injury to the cervical musculature. Especially, acute traumatic atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation usually presents limitation of cervical range of motion without pain or neurologic deficit. We report a case of a 58 year-old man who developed the acute atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation right after the chiropractic therapy, which induced the limitation of cervical range of motion to 52.5% of normal range. The magnetic resonance image revealed the facture of the odontoid process and the partial injury in transverse ligaments of the atlas. He underwent intramuscular botulinum toxin injection and 10 days of continuous cervical traction 15 hours a day using a 5 kg weight. The range of the cervical motion restored up to 90.2% of normal range.


Subject(s)
Atlanto-Axial Joint , Botulinum Toxins , Chiropractic , Joint Dislocations , Head , Ligaments , Muscles , Neck , Neurologic Manifestations , Odontoid Process , Range of Motion, Articular , Reference Values , Torticollis , Traction
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763579

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although secondary cervicothoracic scoliosis frequently occurs in patients with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT), the relationship between scoliosis and CMT has not been evaluated. This study aims to evaluate the effects of surgical release of sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle on secondary cervicothoracic scoliosis in patients with CMT and determine factors affecting the improvement of scoliosis after surgical release of SCM muscle. METHODS: Eighty-seven of the 106 patients, confirmed as having secondary cervicothoracic scoliosis with CMT with a minimum 1-year follow-up, were included in this study. Preoperative and last follow-up radiologic outcomes were assessed for the cervicomandibular angle (CMA), Cobb angle of the cervicothoracic scoliosis, and direction of convexity in the scoliosis curve. Patients were divided into two groups to assess the improvement of Cobb angle according to residual growth potential; age ≤ 15 years and > 15 years. The improvement of Cobb angle after surgical release was compared in the two groups. Correlation analysis and multivariable regression analysis were performed to determine the factors affecting the improvement of scoliosis. RESULTS: All the radiologic parameters, such as the Cobb angle and CMA, improved significantly after surgical release (p 15 years (p < 0.001). The improvement of Cobb angle was significantly correlated with age (r = −0.474, p < 0.001) and the preoperative Cobb angle (r = 0.221, p = 0.036). In multivariable regression analysis, age and preoperative Cobb angle were shown to be predisposing factors affecting the improvement of scoliosis. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that SCM release can be a beneficial treatment for secondary cervicothoracic scoliosis. The improvement of scoliosis was greater when the SCM release was performed before the patient reached the end of growth.


Subject(s)
Causality , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Scoliosis , Torticollis
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762867

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is characterized by persistent head tilt toward the affected side. No consensus exists regarding the cause of this disorder. In this study, we analyzed various clinical factors in patients with CMT who were treated with surgical release. This analysis enabled us to identify potential causative factors of CMT and to establish a basis for surgical interventions. METHODS: In total, 584 patients who underwent surgical intervention for CMT from October 2007 to December 2016 were included in this study. Their demographic characteristics, birth-related factors, and clinical features were analyzed. RESULTS: Data from 525 patients were analyzed in this study after exclusion of those with insufficient information. Before birth, 31 patients (5.9%) were diagnosed with oligohydramnios, and 87 (16.6%) had a breech presentation. Seven (1.3%) cases of clavicle fracture and two (0.4%) cases of cephalohematoma were noted at birth. Before surgery, 397 patients (75.6%) underwent physiotherapy and 128 patients (24.4%) did not. The duration of physiotherapy ranged from 1 to 50 months (average, 6 months). CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that 16.6% of the CMT patients presented in the breech position, which is a much higher rate than that observed in the general population (3%–4%). We hypothesize that being in the breech position as a fetus appears to exert a significant influence on shortening and fibrosis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.


Subject(s)
Breech Presentation , Clavicle , Consensus , Female , Fetus , Fibrosis , Head , Humans , Oligohydramnios , Parturition , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Torticollis
13.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 8(4): 535-541, nov., 2018. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-968826

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A Distonia Cervical (DC) é uma doença dos núcleos da base e tem como consequência movimentos hipercinéticos, sendo a mais comum entre as distonias focais. Além disso, pode ser definida pela presença de contrações involuntárias envolvendo a musculatura cervical. OBJETIVO: descrever o perfil funcional de pacientes com DC, oferecendo maior embasamento focado nas habilidades funcionais desses pacientes. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo transversal de pacientes atendidos no Ambulatório de Neurociências localizado no Ambulatório Professor Francisco Magalhães Neto, Salvador, Bahia, no período de novembro a dezembro de 2017. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 6 pacientes: 3 do sexo feminino e 3 do sexo masculino. A maior parte dos pacientes apresentou os sintomas iniciais após algum trauma sofrido, baixo/moderado risco de queda, qualidade de vida (QV) impactada negativamente por limitações físicas, dependência leve e dor moderada. As principais queixas relacionadas à participação social estavam relacionadas a frequentar ambientes públicos, devido à vergonha que sentem por causa dos movimentos involuntários, além da impossibilidade de trabalhar proporcionada pela doença. CONCLUSÕES: O perfil funcional dos pacientes com DC ainda é escasso na literatura. Nesse estudo, a população com DC mostrou sofrer não só impactos na QV por fatores físicos, mas, sobretudo, por fatores emocionais e sociais. [AU]


INTRODUCTION: Cervical Dystonia (CD) is a disease of the nuclei of the base and results in hyperkinetic movements, being the most common amongst focal dystonias. In addition, it can be defined by the presence of involuntary contractions involving the cervical musculature. OBJECTIVE: To make known the functional profile of patients with CD, offering a more focused foundation on the functional abilities of these patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out of patients attended at the Neuroscience Outpatient Clinic located in the Professor Francisco Magalhães Neto Ambulatory, Salvador, Bahia, from November to December 2017. RESULTS: Six patients were analyzed: 3 females and 3 males. Most patients presented initial symptoms after some trauma, low/moderate risk of falls, quality of life (LQ) negatively impacted by physical limitations, mild dependence and moderate pain. The main complaints related to social engagement were related to attending public places, due to the shame that they feel because of the involuntary movements, besides the impossibility of working caused by the pathology. CONCLUSIONS: The functional profile of patients with CD is still scarce in literature. In this study, the population with CD showed not only impacts on LQ due to physical factors, but, above all, by emotional and social factors, which makes a biopsychosocial approach indispensable to the assistance of these persons. [AU]


Subject(s)
Dystonia , Torticollis
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739807

ABSTRACT

While congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) can occur along with other conditions, such as clavicle fracture or brachial plexus injury, these conditions exist outside the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM). We present a rare case with concurrence of CMT and a malignant tumor inside the same SCM, along with serial clinical and radiological findings of the atypical features of CMT. The malignant tumor was in fact a low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma. To the best of our knowledge, the current case is the first of a concurrent condition of CMT inside the SCM. This case suggests that concurrent conditions could exist either inside or outside the SCM with CMT. Therefore, a thorough evaluation of SCM is required when subjects with CMT display atypical features, such as the increase of mass or poor response to conservative therapy. In that case, appropriate imaging modalities, such as ultrasonogram or magnetic resonance imaging, are useful for differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Brachial Plexus , Clavicle , Diagnosis, Differential , Fibrosarcoma , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Sarcoma , Torticollis , Ultrasonography
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777320

ABSTRACT

Professor ' clinical experience in the treatment of primary cervical dystonia based on the syndrome differentiation of TCM was explored preliminarily. Based on the disease identification of western medicine and the syndrome differentiation of TCM, in combination with the differentiations of meridians and collaterals of acupuncture, Professor proposes the three-dimensional system of diagnosis and treatment of acupuncture, named "disease differentiation, TCM syndrome differentiation and meridian differentiation". Regarding the diagnosis and treatment of primary cervical dystonia, the physical examination of nerve system, TCM syndrome differentiation and meridian differentiation are equally important. It is pointed out that the key pathogenesis of the disease is and blood obstruction and the malnutrition in the muscle regions of meridians. Hence, the treating principle is proposed as eliminating the exogenous pathogens, regulating and blood and unblocking the muscle regions of meridians. Professor also stresses that the affected sites and the factors of dystonia should be considered in acupuncture treatment. The local points are mainly those adjacent to the responsible muscles with the motor disturbance in the neck region. "Xinshe" point (Extra) is taken as the empirical point. The distal points are selected in accordance with the three-dimensional system of diagnosis and treatment. At the same time, the percutaneous acupoint electric stimulation is applied to the starting and ending points or the conjunctive points of the affected muscles, acting on regulating , nourishing blood and promoting the circulation in meridians and collaterals.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Meridians , Torticollis
16.
Coluna/Columna ; 16(2): 106-108, Apr.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890884

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study aims to evaluate the outcome of surgical treatment of congenital torticollis in our hospital. Methods: We collected the medical records of all patients diagnosed with congenital torticollis in the last 3 years at Shriners Hospital, Mexico City. The cases of congenital torticollis treated with surgery were selected and we evaluated the type of surgical technique, bleeding, time of surgery and complications, as well as the associated diagnoses of hip dysplasia. Results: We found 11 patients, of whom 7 met the inclusion criteria. Three women and four men with mean age of 10.7 years, five of whom had right, and two left side affections. All were surgically treated, five with unipolar and two with bipolar release. The surgery time was similar in both techniques and no complications were found in any of the groups. In two cases there were associated diagnoses, Klippel-Feil syndrome and congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) in one and psychomotor retardation in another. No association was found with hip dysplasia. All patients had improved range of movement and head tilt. There were no complications related to the surgical procedure or need for reintervention in our patients. Conclusions: Surgical treatment of congenital torticollis by uni- or bipolar release is an effective and safe method for these patients, presenting aesthetic and functional benefits.


RESUMO Objetivo: Este estudo visa avaliar o resultado do tratamento cirúrgico de torcicolo congênito em nosso hospital. Métodos: Foram coletados os registros de todos os pacientes com diagnóstico de torcicolo congênito nos últimos 3 anos no Hospital Shriners, Cidade do México. Selecionaram-se os casos de torcicolo congênito tratados com cirurgia, avaliando-se tipo de técnica cirúrgica, sangramento, tempo de cirurgias e complicações, assim como os diagnósticos associados e a presença de displasia de quadril. Resultados: Foram encontrados 11 pacientes, dos quais 7 satisfizeram os critérios de inclusão. Três mulheres e quatro homens com média de idade de 10,7 anos, dos quais, cinco tinham afecção do lado direito e dois do lado esquerdo. Todos foram tratados cirurgicamente, cinco com liberação unipolar e dois com bipolar. O tempo de cirurgia foi semelhante nas duas técnicas e não se constataram complicações em nenhum dos grupos. Em dois casos havia diagnósticos associados, síndrome de Klippel-Feil e pé torto equinovaro (PTC) em um e atraso psicomotor em outro. Não se encontrou associação com displasia de quadril. Todos apresentaram melhoras da amplitude de movimento e da inclinação da cabeça. Não houve complicações relacionadas com o procedimento cirúrgico nem necessidade de reintervenção em nossos pacientes. Conclusões: O tratamento cirúrgico do torcicolo congênito por liberação uni ou bipolar é um método efetivo e seguro para esses pacientes, apresentando benefício estético e funcional.


RESUMEN Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar el resultado del tratamiento quirúrgico del tortícolis congénito en nuestro hospital. Métodos: Se recabaron todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de tortícolis congénito en los últimos 3 años en el Hospital Shriners, ciudad de México. Se seleccionaron los casos de tortícolis congénito tratados quirúrgicamente, valorando el tipo de técnica quirúrgica, sangrado, tiempo quirúrgico y complicaciones, así como diagnósticos asociados y la presencia de displasia de cadera. Resultados: Se encontraron 11 pacientes de los cuales 7 cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Tres mujeres y cuatro hombres con un promedio de edad de 10.7 años, en los cuales cinco tenían afección en el lado derecho y dos en el izquierdo. Todos fueron manejados quirúrgicamente, cinco con liberación unipolar y dos con bipolar. El tiempo quirúrgico fue similar para las dos técnicas y no se encontraron complicaciones en ninguno de los grupos. En dos casos existieron diagnósticos asociados, síndrome de Klippel-Feil y pie equino varo congénito (PEVC) en uno y retraso psicomotor en otro. No se encontró asociación con displasia de cadera. Todos presentaron mejoría de los arcos de movilidad y de la inclinación de cabeza. No hubo complicaciones relacionadas al procedimiento quirúrgico ni necesidad de reintervenciones en nuestros pacientes. Conclusiones: El tratamiento quirúrgico del tortícolis congénito mediante liberación uni o bipolar es un método efectivo y seguro para estos pacientes, presentando un beneficio estético y funcional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Torticollis/congenital , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Bone Diseases, Developmental , Outcome Assessment, Health Care
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300448

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the possible causes of plagiocephaly in infants and the therapeutic effect of postural correction training on plagiocephaly.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 101 infants who were diagnosed with plagiocephaly were enrolled. According to the age at diagnosis, these infants were divided into 1-4 month group (31 infants), 5-8 month group (40 infants), and 9-12 month group (30 infants). The possible causes of plagiocephaly were analyzed in three groups. The cranial vault asymmetry index (CVAI) before and after postural correction training was compared in three groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 101 infants, 89 (88.1%) had a sleeping posture in the supine position, and there was no significant difference in the percentage of infants with such posture between the three groups. Compared with the 5-8 month group and the 9-12 month group, the 1-4 month group had significantly higher rate of preterm birth, incidence rate of adverse perinatal factors, and incidence rate of congenital muscular torticollis. The three groups showed a significant decrease in CVAI 3 months after postural correction training (P<0.001). Compared with the 5-8 month group and the 9-12 month group, the 1-4 month group had a significantly greater change in CVAI after postural correction training (P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The sleeping posture in the supine position may be associated with the development of plagiocephaly. Adverse perinatal factors, preterm birth, and congenital muscular torticollis as possible causes of plagiocephaly are commonly seen in early infancy. Postural correction training has a significant effect in improving plagiocephaly, especially in early infancy.</p>


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Plagiocephaly , Posture , Sleep , Torticollis
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-49259

ABSTRACT

Grisel syndrome is a rare, non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation associated with an inflammatory or infectious process in the upper neck. According to the two-hit hypothesis, which is widely accepted for the pathogenesis of Grisel syndrome, preexisting ligamentous laxity of the atlanto-axial joint is regarded as the first hit. An inflammatory or infectious process of the atlanto-axial joint acts as the second hit, resulting in non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation. We report on a 6-year-old girl with atlanto-axial subluxation following retropharyngeal and cervical lymphadenitis. She was diagnosed with Grisel syndrome, for which an initial computed tomography did not show any preexisting ligamentous laxity of the atlanto-axial joint. A literature review found only 4 case reports on Grisel syndrome with an initially normal atlanto-axial joint. The present case offers some evidence that a single hit, such as inflammatory changes in the atlanto-axial joint, might cause Grisel syndrome, even without underlying ligamentous laxity.


Subject(s)
Atlanto-Axial Joint , Child , Female , Humans , Joint Instability , Ligaments , Lymphadenitis , Neck , Torticollis
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-18249

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To present our experience with ear splint therapy for babies with ear deformities, and thereby demonstrate that this therapy is an effective and safe intervention without significant complications. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 54 babies (35 boys and 19 girls; 80 ears; age ≤3 months) with ear deformities who had received ear splint therapy at the Center for Torticollis, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ajou University Hospital between December 2014 and February 2016. Before the initiation of ear splint therapy, ear deformities were classified with reference to the standard terminology. We compared the severity of ear deformity before and after ear splint therapy by using the physician's ratings. We also compared the physician's ratings and the caregiver's ratings on completion of ear splint therapy. RESULTS: Among these 54 babies, 41 children (58 ears, 72.5%) completed the ear splint therapy. The mean age at initiation of therapy was 52.91±18.26 days and the treatment duration was 44.27±32.06 days. Satyr ear, forward-facing ear lobe, Darwinian notch, overfolded ear, and cupped ear were the five most common ear deformities. At the completion of therapy, the final physician's ratings of ear deformities were significantly improved compared to the initial ratings (8.28±1.44 vs. 2.51±0.92; p<0.001). There was no significant difference between the physician's ratings and the caregiver's ratings at the completion of ear splint therapy (8.28±1.44 vs. 8.0±1.61; p=0.297). CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that ear splint therapy significantly improved ear deformities in babies, as measured by quantitative rating scales. Ear splint therapy is an effective and safe intervention for babies with ear deformities.


Subject(s)
Child , Congenital Abnormalities , Ear Auricle , Ear , Ear, External , Female , Humans , Infant , Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine , Retrospective Studies , Splints , Torticollis , Weights and Measures
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We assessed the surgical results of bipolar release in 31 adult patients with uncorrected congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) and more than 12 months of follow-up. METHODS: Thirty-one patients underwent a bipolar release of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) and were retrospectively analyzed. The mean follow-up period was 14.9 months (range, 12–30). The mean age at time of surgery was 30.3 years (range, 20–54). Patients were evaluated with a modified Lee’s scoring system, cervicomandibular angle (CMA) measurement, and a global satisfaction rating scale using patient self-reporting. RESULTS: The modified Lee’s scoring system indicated excellent results in 4 (12.9%) patients, good in 18 (58.1%), and fair in 9 (29.0%) at the last follow-up after surgery. The improvements in neck movement and head tilt were statistically significant (p<0.05). The preoperative mean CMA was 15.4° (range, 5.4–29.0), which was reduced to a mean of CMA of 6.3° (range, 0–25) after surgery (p<0.05). The global satisfaction rating scale was 93.7% (range, 90–100). A transient sensory deficit on the ipsilateral lower ear lobe was noted in three cases. No significant permanent complications occurred. CONCLUSION: Bipolar release of the SCM is a safe and reliable technique for the treatment of CMT in adults.


Subject(s)
Adult , Ear , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Humans , Neck , Retrospective Studies , Tenotomy , Torticollis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL