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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878996

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Huaier Granules in the adjuvant treatment of primary liver cancer. The databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBMdisc, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase were searched by computer to screen out the randomized controlled trial on Huaier Granules combined with Western medicine in the treatment of primary liver cancer from the establishment of the databases to January 2020. Data extraction and quality evaluation were conducted for the included literature. Meta-analysis was conducted with RevMan 5.3 software, and evidence quality evaluation was conducted for the outcomes by GRADE profiler software. A total of 24 articles were included, with a total sample size of 2 664 cases. Meta-analysis showed that as compared with Western medicine alone, Huaier Granules combined with Western medicine could improve the objective remission rate(RR=1.38, 95%CI[1.26, 1.51], P<0.000 01), disease control rate(RR=1.29, 95%CI[1.10, 1.52], P=0.002) and 6-month survival rate(RR=1.20, 95%CI[1.10, 1.32], P<0.000 1), 1-year survival rate(RR=1.39, 95%CI[1.23, 1.58], P<0.000 01), 2-year survival rate(RR=1.95, 95%CI[1.28, 2.96], P=0.002), KPS score(MD=17.15, 95%CI[6.47, 27.83], P=0.002) and the improvement rate of KPS score(RR=2.02, 95%CI[1.47, 2.77], P<0.000 1), AFP decline rate(RR=1.40, 95%CI[1.20, 1.62], P<0.000 1), CD3~+(MD=17.34, 95%CI[9.28, 25.40], P<0.000 1), CD4~+(MD=8.62, 95%CI[1.59, 15.64], P=0.02), CD8~+(MD=1.95, 95%CI[-3.93, 7.82], P=0.52), CD4~+/CD8~+(MD=0.42, 95%CI[-0.33, 1.17], P=0.27); reduce the level of AFP(MD=-71.57, 95%CI[-80.42,-62.72], P<0.000 01), recurrence rate(RR=0.76, 95%CI[0.67, 0.85], P<0.000 01), and incidence of adverse reactions(RR=0.60, 95%CI[0.41, 0.89], P=0.01) in patients with primary liver cancer. According to the GRADE system, the evidence for outcome measures was low to very low. The results show that Huaier Granules have certain efficacy and high safety in adjuvant treatment of primary liver cancer, but its effect in reducing adverse reactions and improve immunity remains to be verified. Due to the poor quality of the included studies and evidences, the conclusions still need to be further verified by multi-center, large sample, and randomized double-blind controlled studies.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic , Complex Mixtures , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Trametes
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828915

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the glucose-lowering effect of the polysaccharide fractions of .@*METHODS@#The crude polysaccharides of were chromatographed on DEAE cellulose column using H2O and 0.5 mol/L NaCl solution as the eluent and DEAE-water and DEAE-salt with high polysaccharide contents were collected. The two fractions were separated using Sephadex G-100 gel column to obtain 4 polysaccharide fractions TOPW-1, TOPW-2, TOPS-1, and TOPS-2. The anti-oxidation activity of the polysaccharide fractions was investigated with ABTS method. The fractions TOPW-1 and TOPS-1 with consistent UV detection signals were collected and HPGPC was used to determine their relative molecular mass. The monosaccharide composition in homogeneous TOPW-1 was determined by acid hydrolysis combined with HPLC. The inhibitory activities of TOPW-1 and TOPS-1 against DPP4, adipocyte glucose intake and lipase activity were tested to preliminarily assess their glucose-lowering effect. In a mouse model of hyperglycemic and hyperlipidemic, the glucose-lowering effect of TOPS-1 (0.1, 0.2, and 0.4 g/kg) and its effect on blood lipid metabolism were investigated in comparison with Xiaoke pills (5 pills/kg) and Danshen tablets (0.5 g/kg).@*RESULTS@#TOPW-1 was a homogeneous polysaccharide composed mainly of D-mannose, D-glucose, D-galactose, and D-fucose, with weak antioxidant and hypoglycemic effects. TOPS-1 was not a single polysaccharide and at the concentration of 500 μg/mL showed an high ABTS clearance rate (90.15%). In the mouse model of hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, treatment with TOPS-1 (0.2 g/kg) enhanced the activity of lipase and significantly reduced fasting glucose level and serum contents of total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol without causing death in the mice. The glucose-lowering effects of TOPS-1 was not significant at the low (0.1 g/kg) or high (0.4 g/kg) dose, and a high dose tended to increase the mortality of the mice.@*CONCLUSIONS@# polysaccharides have anti-oxidation, glucose-lowering and lipid-lowering effects in mice, and their glucose-lowering effect is probably medicated by reducing oxidative stress and ameliorating lipid metabolism disorder.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants , Glucose , Hypoglycemic Agents , Mice , Polysaccharides , Trametes
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828395

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the growth and metastasis of human non-small cell lung cancer NCI-H1299 cells and its underlying mechanisms. MTT assay was used to detect the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the proliferation of NCI-H1299 cells. Flow cytometry was used to examine the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the apoptosis, cell cycle, and ROS level of NCI-H1299 cells. Wound healing assay was used to evaluate the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the migration ability of NCI-H1299 cells. Western blot was used to detect the levels of proteins involving apoptosis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT), and MAPK signaling pathway in NCI-H1299 cells exposed to Huaier aqueous extract. The results showed that Huaier aqueous extract inhibited the proliferation of NCI-H1299 cells, and induced cell-cycle arrest at the phase S. Huaier aqueous extract promoted the apoptosis of NCI-H1299 cells by down-regulating the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. Moreover, Huaier aqueous extract increased ROS level and induced ferroptosis in NCI-H1299 cells. EMT played a critical role in cancer metastasis. Huaier aqueous extract reduced the migration ability of NCI-H1299 cells by inhibiting EMT of NCI-H1299 cells. In addition, this study revealed that Huaier aqueous extract inhibited MAPK signaling pathway in human non-small cell lung cancer NCI-H1299 cells, which may be one of Huaier's mechanisms in inhibiting growth and metastasis of NCI-H1299 cells. This study provides a new theoretical basis for the clinical treatment of lung cancer with Huaier, and important reference significance for further studies on the anti-tumor mechanisms of Huaier.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Complex Mixtures , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Trametes
4.
Mycobiology ; : 217-229, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760537

ABSTRACT

Two manganese peroxidases (MnPs), MnP1 and MnP2, and a laccase, Lac1, were purified from Trametes polyzona KU-RNW027. Both MnPs showed high stability in organic solvents which triggered their activities. Metal ions activated both MnPs at certain concentrations. The two MnPs and Lac1, played important roles in dye degradation and pharmaceutical products deactivation in a redox mediator-free system. They completely degraded Remazol brilliant blue (25 mg/L) in 10–30 min and showed high degradation activities to Remazol navy blue and Remazol brilliant yellow, while Lac1 could remove 75% of Remazol red. These three purified enzymes effectively deactivated tetracycline, doxycycline, amoxicillin, and ciprofloxacin. Optimal reaction conditions were 50 °C and pH 4.5. The two MnPs were activated by organic solvents and metal ions, indicating the efficacy of using T. polyzona KU-RNW027 for bioremediation of aromatic compounds in environments polluted with organic solvents and metal ions with no need for redox mediator supplements.


Subject(s)
Amoxicillin , Biodegradation, Environmental , Ciprofloxacin , Doxycycline , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Ions , Laccase , Manganese , Oxidation-Reduction , Peroxidases , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Solvents , Tetracycline , Trametes
5.
Mycobiology ; : 138-146, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729786

ABSTRACT

Two-hundred and fifty-five strains of actinomycetes isolated from soil samples were screened for their antagonistic activities against four well-known wood decay fungi (WDF), including a brown rot fungus, Gloeophyllum trabeum and three white rot fungi Donkioporia expansa, Trametes versicolor, and Schizophyllum commune. A dual culture assay using culture media supplemented with heated or unheated culture filtrates of selected bacterial strains was used for the detection of their antimicrobial activity against four WDF. It was shown that Streptomyces atratus, S. tsukiyonensis, and Streptomyces sp. greatly inhibited the mycelial growth of the WDF tested compared with the control. To evaluate the biocontrol efficacy of S. atratus, S. tsukiyonensis, and Streptomyces sp., wood blocks of Pinus densiflora inoculated with three selected Streptomyces isolates were tested for weight loss, compression strength (perpendicular or parallel to the grain), bending strength, and chemical component changes. Of these three isolates used, Streptomyces sp. exhibited higher inhibitory activity against WDF, especially G. trabeum, as observed in mechanical and chemical change analyses. Scanning electron microscopy showed that cell walls of the wood block treated with Streptomyces strains were thicker and collapsed to a lesser extent than those of the non-treated control. Taken together, our findings indicate that Streptomyces sp. exhibits the potential to be used as a biocontrol agent for wood decay brown rot fungus that causes severe damage to coniferous woods.


Subject(s)
Actinobacteria , Cell Wall , Tracheophyta , Culture Media , Fungi , Hot Temperature , Mass Screening , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Pinus , Schizophyllum , Soil , Streptomyces , Trametes , Weight Loss , Wood
6.
Mycobiology ; : 396-406, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729736

ABSTRACT

A newly isolated white rot fungal strain KU-RNW027 was identified as Trametes polyzona, based on an analysis of its morphological characteristics and phylogenetic data. Aeration and fungal morphology were important factors which drove strain KU-RNW027 to secrete two different ligninolytic enzymes as manganese peroxidase (MnP) and laccase. Highest activities of MnP and laccase were obtained in a continuous shaking culture at 8 and 47 times higher, respectively, than under static conditions. Strain KU-RNW027 existed as pellets and free form mycelial clumps in submerged cultivation with the pellet form producing more enzymes. Fungal biomass increased with increasing amounts of pellet inoculum while pellet diameter decreased. Strain KU-RNW027 formed terminal chlamydospore-like structures in cultures inoculated with 0.05 g/L as optimal pellet inoculum which resulted in highest enzyme production. Enzyme production efficiency of T. polyzona KU-RNW027 depended on fungal pellet morphology as size, porosity, and formation of chlamydospore-like structures.


Subject(s)
Biomass , Laccase , Manganese , Peroxidase , Porosity , Trametes
7.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(4): 2647-2655, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886848

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The impacts of white-rot fungi on altering wood chemistry have been studied mostly in vitro. However, in vivo approaches may enable better assessment of the nature of interactions between saprotrophic fungi and host tree in nature. Hence, decayed and sound wood samples were collected from a naturally infected tree (Carpinus betulus L.). Fruiting bodies of the white rot fungus Trametes versicolor grown on the same tree were identified using rDNA ITS sequencing. Chemical compositions (cellulose and lignin) of both sound and infected wood were studied. FT-IR spectroscopy was used to collect spectra of decayed and un-decayed wood samples. The results of chemical compositions indicated that T. versicolor reduced cellulose and lignin in similar quantities. Fungal activities in decayed wood causes serious decline in pH content. The amount of alcohol-benzene soluble extractives was severely decreased, while a remarkable increase was found in 1% sodium hydroxide soluble and hot water extractive contents in the decayed wood samples, respectively. FT-IR analyses demonstrated that T. versicolor causes simultaneous white rot in the hornbeam tree in vivo which is in line with in vitro experiments.


Subject(s)
Trees/microbiology , Wood/microbiology , Trametes/growth & development , Trees/chemistry , Wood/chemistry , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
8.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 47(2): 287-297, Apr.-June 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-780826

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oxidative enzymes secreted by white rot fungi can be applied in several technological processes within the paper industry, biofuel production and bioremediation. The discovery of native strains from the biodiverse Misiones (Argentina) forest can provide useful enzymes for biotechnological purposes. In this work, we evaluated the laccase and manganese peroxidase secretion abilities of four newly discovered strains of Trametes sp. that are native to Misiones. In addition, the copper response and optimal pH and temperature for laccase activity in culture supernatants were determined.The selected strains produced variable amounts of laccase and MnP; when Cu2+ was added, both enzymes were significantly increased. Zymograms showed that two isoenzymes were increased in all strains in the presence of Cu2+. Strain B showed the greatest response to Cu2+ addition, whereas strain A was more stable at the optimal temperature and pH. Strain A showed interesting potential for future biotechnological approaches due to the superior thermo-stability of its secreted enzymes.


Subject(s)
Fungal Proteins/metabolism , Laccase/metabolism , Trametes/enzymology , Argentina , Temperature , Enzyme Stability , Fungal Proteins/genetics , Fungal Proteins/chemistry , Laccase/genetics , Laccase/chemistry , Trametes/isolation & purification , Trametes/genetics
9.
Mycobiology ; : 217-236, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729718

ABSTRACT

Polyporoid and corticioid fungi are among the most important wood-decay fungi. Not only do they contribute to nutrient cycling by decomposing wood debris, but they are also valuable sources for natural products. Polyporoid and corticioid wood-inhabiting fungi were investigated in Odaesan National Park. Fruit bodies were collected and identified based on morphological and molecular analyses using 28S and internal transcribed spacer regions of DNA sequences. As a result, a total of 149 species, 69 genera, 22 families, and 11 orders were recognized. Half (74 species) of the species were polypores, and the other half (75 species) were corticioid fungi. Most of the species belonged to Polyporales (92 species) followed by Hymenochaetales (33 species) and Russulales (11 species). At the genus level, a high number of species was observed from Steccherinum, Hyphodontia, Phanerochaete, Postia, and Trametes. Concerning distribution, almost all the species could be found below 1,000 m, and only 20% of the species were observed from above 1,000 m. Stereum subtomentosum, Trametes versicolor, T. hirsuta, T. pubescens, Bjerkandera adusta, and Ganoderma applanatum had wide distribution areas. Deciduous wood was the preferred substrate for the collected species. Sixty-three species were new to this region, and 21 species were new to Korea, of which 17 species were described and illustrated.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Biological Products , Classification , Coriolaceae , Fruit , Fungi , Ganoderma , Humans , Korea , Parks, Recreational , Phanerochaete , Polyporales , Trametes , Wood
10.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(1): 59-65, 05/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748250

ABSTRACT

Thermophilic and thermotolerant micro-organisms strains have served as the natural source of industrially relevant and thermostable enzymes. Although some strains of the Trametes genus are thermotolerant, few Trametes strains were studied at the temperature above 30 °C until now. In this paper, the laccase activity and the mycelial growth rate for Trametes trogii LK13 are superior at 37 °C. Thermostability and organic cosolvent tolerance assays of the laccase produced at 37 °C indicated that the enzyme possessed fair thermostability with 50% of its initial activity at 80 °C for 5 min, and could remain 50% enzyme activity treated with organic cosolvent at the concentration range of 25%–50% (v/v). Furthermore, the test on production of laccase and lignocellulolytic enzymes showed the crude enzymes possessed high laccase level (1000 U g−1) along with low cellulose (2 U g−1) and xylanase (140 U g−1) activity. Thus, T. trogii LK13 is a potential strain to be applied in many biotechnological processes.


Subject(s)
Laccase/metabolism , Trametes/enzymology , Trametes/growth & development , Cluster Analysis , DNA, Fungal/chemistry , DNA, Fungal/genetics , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer/chemistry , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer/genetics , Enzyme Stability , Laccase/chemistry , Microscopy , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Solvents , Temperature , Trametes/cytology , Trametes/radiation effects
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236039

ABSTRACT

Huaier (Trametes robiniophila) has been widely used as an adjuvant drug for cancer treatment in China. The anti-cancer effect of Huaier extract has been confirmed in liver cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, gastric cancer, and so on. The main mechanisms by which Huaier exerts an anti-neoplastic effect include inhibition of the growth and proliferation of cancer cells, induction of apoptosis of cancer cells, suppression of angiogenesis, inhibition of the invasion and migration of cancer cells, regulation of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes expression, improving immunity, and reversal of drug resistance in cancer cells. In order to provide references for further study and clinical application on anti-tumor effect of Huaier, the latest research progress on anti-tumor effect of Huaier in recent years is summarized in this paper.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Humans , Trametes
12.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 44(2): 105-112, jun. 2012. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-657620

ABSTRACT

The aim of this work was to evaluate the potential of grape stalks, an agroindustrial waste, for growth and lignocellulolytic enzyme production via solid-state fermentation, using the following three white rot fungi: Trametes trogii, Stereum hirsutum and Coriolus antarcticus. The decolorization of several dyes by the above mentioned cultures was also investigated. Similar values of dry weight loss of the substrate were measured after 60 days (33-43 %). C. antarcticus produced the highest laccase and Mn-peroxldase activities (33.0 and 1.6 U/g dry solid). The maximum endoglucanase production was measured in S. hirsutum cultures (10.4 U/g), while the endoxylanase peak corresponded to T. trogii (14.6 U/g). The C. antarcticus/grape stalk system seems potentially competitive in bioremediation of textile processing effluents, attaining percentages of decolorization of 93, 86, 82, 82, 77, and 58 % for indigo carmine, malachite green, azure B, remazol brilliant blue R, crystal violet and xylidine, respectively, in 5 h.


El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el potencial del escobajo, un residuo agroindustrial, como sustrato para el crecimiento y la producción de enzimas lignocelulósicas de tres hongos causantes de pudrición blanca en la madera: Trametes trogii, Stereum hirsutum y Coriolus antarcticus. Para ello se utilizaron técnicas de fermentación en estado sólido. También se ensayó la decoloración de colorantes industriales sobre estos cultivos. La pérdida de peso seco del sustrato fue similar después del día 60 (33-43 %). C. antarcticus produjo las mayores actividades de lacasa y Mn-peroxidasa (33,0 y 1,6 U/g peso seco). La mayor actividad endoglucanasa fue medida en cultivos de S. hirsutum (10,4 U/g), y la mayor actividad endoxilanasa en T. trogii (14,6 U/g). El sistema C. antarcticus/escobap mostró un importante potencial para su aplicación en la biorremediación de efluentes textiles, con porcentajes de decoloración de 93, 86, 82, 82, 77 y 58 % para índigo carmín, verde de malaquita, azure B, azul R brillante de remazol, cristal violeta y xilidina, respectivamente, en 5 h.


Subject(s)
Biodegradation, Environmental , Basidiomycota/growth & development , Cellulase/isolation & purification , Coloring Agents/metabolism , /isolation & purification , Fungal Proteins/isolation & purification , Industrial Waste , Industrial Microbiology/methods , Laccase/isolation & purification , Lignin/metabolism , Peroxidases/isolation & purification , Plant Stems/microbiology , Vitis/microbiology , Argentina , Basidiomycota/enzymology , Cellulase/metabolism , Coloring Agents/classification , Coriolaceae/enzymology , Coriolaceae/growth & development , /metabolism , Fermentation , Fungal Proteins/metabolism , Laccase/metabolism , Peroxidases/metabolism , Trametes/enzymology , Trametes/growth & development
13.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 14(2): 3-3, Mar. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-591933

ABSTRACT

In this study, lyophilized Trametes versicolor biomass is used as a sorbent for biosorption of a textile dye, Sirius Blue K-CFN, from an aqueous solution. The batch sorption was studied with respect to dye concentration, adsorbent dose and equilibrium time. The effect of pH and temperature on dye uptake was also investigated and kinetic parameters were determined. Optimal initial pH (3.0), equilibrium time (2 hrs), initial dye concentration ( 100 mg l-1) and biomass concentration (1.2 mg l-1) were determined at 26ºC. The maximum biosorption capacity (q max) of Sirius Blue K-CFN dye on lyophilized T. versicolor biomass is 62.62 mg/g. The kinetic and isotherm studies indicated that the biosorption process obeys to a pseudo-second order model and Langmuir isotherm model. In addition, the biosorption capacities of fungal biomass compared to other well known adsorbents such as activated carbon and Amberlite, fungal biomass biosorptions capacities were found to be more efficient.


Subject(s)
Trametes/chemistry , Biomass , Basidiomycota/chemistry , Coloring Agents , Azo Compounds/chemistry , Freeze Drying , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Isotherm , Kinetics , Temperature
14.
Mycobiology ; : 238-248, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729917

ABSTRACT

This review provides background information on the importance of bioremediation approaches. It describes the roles of fungi, specifically white rot fungi, and their extracellular enzymes, laccases, ligninases, and peroxidises, in the degradation of xenobiotic compounds such as single and mixtures of pesticides. We discuss the importance of abiotic factors such as water potential, temperature, and pH stress when considering an environmental screening approach, and examples are provided of the differential effect of white rot fungi on the degradation of single and mixtures of pesticides using fungi such as Trametes versicolor and Phanerochaete chrysosporium. We also explore the formulation and delivery of fungal bioremedial inoculants to terrestrial ecosystems as well as the use of spent mushroom compost as an approach. Future areas for research and potential exploitation of new techniques are also considered.


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Biodegradation, Environmental , Ecosystem , Fungi , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Mass Screening , Pesticides , Phanerochaete , Soil , Trametes , Water , Xenobiotics
15.
Rev. colomb. biotecnol ; 11(1): 59-72, jul. 2009. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-590632

ABSTRACT

La presencia de colorantes azoicos en aguas residuales de la industria textil es un problema ambiental y sanitario, porque muchos de estos compuestos son cancerígenos. Los tratamientos biológicos son una alternativa para la remoción de ese tipo de colorantes. En el presente trabajo se evaluó el efecto de tres hongos de podredumbre blanca, Trametes versicolor, Pleurotus ostreatus y Phanerochaete chrysosporium sobre la decoloración de un agua que contiene colorante negro reactivo 5 (NR5), ampliamente usado en la industria textil. Se estudió la inmovilización de estos hongos en dos soportes, espuma de poliuretano y estropajo (L. cylíndrica) para seleccionar el mejor soporte y el hongo con mayor capacidad para la decoloración. Ambos soportes fueron igualmente efectivos, pero se seleccionó estropajo por ser un producto natural. El hongo que generó los mayores porcentajes de decoloración en 4 días fue Trametes versicolor, con 96%, 98% y 98% para agua con concentración de NR5 300 ppm, 150 ppm y 75 ppm, respectivamente. La actividad lacasa para cada concentración de NR5 fue 8 U L-1, 7 U L-1 y 5 U L-1.


Waste water from the textile industry represents a major environmental and health problem because it contains azo dyes whose carcirogenic effect has been tested in research. Biological treatment represents a valuable alternative for removing these dyes. The effect of Trametes versicolor, Pleurotus ostreatus and Phanerochaete chrysosporium rot fungi on decoloration of water containing reactive black five (NR5) textile dye was evaluated in this work. Immobilising the fungi on polyurethane foam and luffa sponge (Luffa cylindrica) supports was studied in order to select the best support and the fungi having the best decolorisation. Both supports were equally effective; however, the luffa sponge was selected as being a natural product. Trametes versicolor produced the highest decolorisation percentages in four days (96%, 98% and 98% for 300 ppm, 150 ppm and 75 ppm NR5 concentrations, respectively) while lacase enzyme activity was 8 UL-1, 7 UL-1 and 5 UL-1 for each of them.


Subject(s)
Trametes/classification , Trametes/chemistry , Trametes/virology
16.
Mycobiology ; : 147-151, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729935

ABSTRACT

The wood-rotting fungi of three Korean islands in the Yellow Sea, Soyeonpyung-do (SY), Oeyeon-do (OY), and Gageo-do (GG), were investigated from October 2004 to November 2005. During four sampling trips on each island, a total of 46, 44, and 44 specimens were collected from SY, OY, and GG, respectively. The identified wood-rotting fungi from SY included 29 species of 22 genera and nine families; OY had 31 species of 26 genera and 10 families; and GG had 34 species of 27 genera and 11 families. The majority of the fungi were in the Polyporaceae, which was represented by 23 genera and 30 species. Auricularia polytricha, Daedaleopsis tricolor, Daldinia concentrica, Hymenochaete cinnamomea, Hymenochaete yasudai, Hyphoderma setigerum, Lopharia mirabilis, Schizopora paradoxa, and Trametes versicolor were collected from all three islands.


Subject(s)
Fungi , Humans , Islands , Korea , Mirabilis , Polyporaceae , Trametes
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 993-998, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286611

ABSTRACT

We evaluated the effect of biological pretreatment with white rot fungus Trametes vesicolor on the enzymatic hydrolysis of two wood species, Chinese willow (Salix babylonica, hardwood) and China-fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata, softwood). The result indicated that the pretreated woods showed significant increases in the final conversion ratios of enzymatic hydrolysis (4.78-fold for hardwood and 4.02-fold for softwood). In order to understand the role of biological pretreatment we investigated the enzyme-substrate interactions. Biological pretreatment enhanced the substrate accessibility to cellulase but not always correlated with the initial conversion rate. However, the change of the conversion rate decreased dramatically with increased desorption values after biological pretreatment. Thus, the biological pretreatment slowed down the declines in conversion rates during enzymatic hydrolysis by reducing the irreversible adsorption of cellulase and then improved the enzymatic hydrolysis. Moreover, the decreases of the irreversible adsorption may be attributed to the partial lignin degradation and alteration in lignin structure after biological pretreatment.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Cellulase , Metabolism , Cunninghamia , Metabolism , Microbiology , Hydrolysis , Lignin , Metabolism , Salix , Metabolism , Microbiology , Trametes , Metabolism , Physiology , Wood , Metabolism , Microbiology
18.
Mycobiology ; : 114-120, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-730096

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to evaluate the degradation of aromatic dyes and the production of ligninolytic enzymes by 10 white rot fungi. The results of this study revealed that Pycnoporus cinnabarinus, Pleurotus pulmonarius, Ganoderma lucidum, Trametes suaveolens, Stereum ostrea and Fomes fomentarius have the ability to efficiently degrade congo red on solid media. However, malachite green inhibited the mycelial growth of these organisms. Therefore, they did not effectively decolorize malachite green on solid media. However, P. cinnabarinus and P. pulmonarius were able to effectively decolorize malachite green on solid media. T. suaveolens and F. rosea decolorized methylene blue more effectively than any of the other fungi evaluated in this study. In liquid culture, G. lucidum, P. cinnabarinus, Naematoloma fasciculare and Pycnoporus coccineus were found to have a greater ability to decolorize congo red. In addition, P. cinnabarinus, G. lucidum and T. suaveolens decolorized methylene blue in liquid media more effectively than any of the other organisms evaluated in this study. Only F. fomentarius was able to decolorize malachite green in liquid media, and its ability to do so was limited. To investigate the production of ligninolytic enzymes in media containing aromatic compounds, fungi were cultured in naphthalene supplemented liquid media. P. coccineus, Coriolus versicolor and P. cinnabarinus were found to produce a large amount of laccase when grown in medium that contained napthalene.


Subject(s)
Coloring Agents , Congo Red , Coriolaceae , Fungi , Humans , Laccase , Methylene Blue , Naphthalenes , Ostrea , Pleurotus , Pycnoporus , Reishi , Rosaniline Dyes , Trametes
19.
Mycobiology ; : 145-149, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729953

ABSTRACT

The Elfvingia applanata (EA), Hericium erinaceum (HE),Grifola frondosa (GF), Pholiota nameko (PN), Pleurotus eryngii (PE), Trametes suaveolens (TS), Fomes fomentarius (FF), and Inonotus obliquus (IO) could produce the endo- (EN) and exo-biopolymer (EX) in submerged culture. The highest anti-complementary activity of the EN was exhibited by PN (49.1%), followed by HE (38.6%), TS (37.0%),and FF (33.0%),whereas the high activity of the EX was found with GF (59.8%),followed by HE (36.3%),TS (30.8%),and IO (28.8%). The EN of P. nameko (EN-PN) and EX of G. frondosa (EX-GF) were found to contain 78.6% and 41.2% carbohydrates, while 21.4% and 58.8% protein, respectively. The sugar and amino acid compositions of EN-PN and EX-GF were also analyzed in detail.


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Carbohydrates , Coriolaceae , Pholiota , Pleurotus , Trametes
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1055-1059, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276162

ABSTRACT

A laccase gene (lacD) from the basidiomycete Trametes sp. 420 was heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris in two ways, resulting in two recombinant enzymes of rLacDx with native N-terminus and rLacDe with eight additional amino acid residues at N-terminus. The yields of rLacDx and rLacDe in shaken-flask cultures after an 18-day growth were 1.21 x 10(5) u/L and 7.38 x 10(4) u/L, respectively, as determined with 2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothia-zoline- 6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) as substrate. The yield of rLacDx was further increased to 2.39 x 10(5) u/L under high-density fermentation while the production process was decreased to 7.5 days. In addition, rLacDx and rLacDe exhibited similar enzymatic characters in oxidizing substrate guaiacol, and were stable at 50 degrees C and at a pH range from 3 to 10. However, the specific activity of rLacDx (1761 u/mg) for ABTS was higher than that of rLacDe (1122 u/mg), and the apparent Km value of rLacDx (427 microM) was less than that of rLacDe (604 microM).


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , Fermentation , Isoenzymes , Genetics , Laccase , Genetics , Pichia , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Trametes , Genetics
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