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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879584


OBJECTIVE@#To detect fusion gene with pathological significance in a patient with refractory and relapsed acute B cell lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and to explore its laboratory and clinical characteristics.@*METHODS@#Transcriptome sequencing was used to detect potential fusion transcripts. Other laboratory results and clinical data of the patient were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to harbor TCF3 exon 17-ZNF384 exon 7 in-frame fusion transcript. The minimal residual disease (MRD) has remained positive after multiple chemotherapy protocols including CD19-, CD22- targeted chimeric antigen receptor T cells immunotherapy. The patient eventually achieved complete remission and sustained MRD negativity after allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*CONCLUSION@#Transcriptome sequencing can effectively detect potential fusion genes with clinical significance in leukemia. TCF3-ZNF384 positive B-ALL has unique laboratory and clinical characteristics, may not well respond to chemotherapy and immunotherapy, and is more likely to relapse. Timely allo-HSCT treatment may help such patients to achieve long-term disease-free survival. TCF3-ZNF384 positive B-ALL is not uncommon in pediatric patients but has not been effectively identified.

B-Lymphocytes , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Child , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Laboratories , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Trans-Activators/genetics , Transcriptome
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(3): 166-173, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001345


ABSTRACT It is currently unknown how genetic factors may influence the clinical course of multiple sclerosis (MS). Objective: We examined the impact of CIITA polymorphisms −168A/G (rs3087456) and +1614G/C (rs4774) on the risk of disability progression, severity and on responses to first-line immunomodulator treatments. Methods: Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples. We used ABI3730xl and GeneMapper v.4.0 software to identify genotype variations. All patients were followed up and clinically reassessed at three-month intervals. Disability progression was measured by the Expanded Disability Status Scale and disease severity by the Multiple Sclerosis Spasticity Scale (MSSS). Results: We included 37 men and 80 women. We found no evidence regarding the influence of the single nucleotide polymorphisms studied in the Expanded Disability Status Scale or therapeutic response of the evaluated drugs. We performed a logistic regression analysis with the MSSS and found that a less severe MS course was associated with wild type CIITA −168AA and CIITA +1614GG, as the chance of the patient progressing to MSSS2 and MSSS3 decreased in 61% and 75% with CIITA −168AA and 66% and 75% with CIITA +1614GG, respectively (p < 0.0001). Although less significant, the CIITA +1614 GC also pointed to a less severe MS course and the chance of the patient progressing to MSSS3 decreased 79% (p = 0.015). We also observed that the CIITA −168GG genotype was more frequent in MSSS2 and MSSS3 and had 40% lower odds ratio to becoming more severe MS. Conclusion: These data suggest that CIITA −168AA, CIITA +1614GG and CIITA +1614 GC polymorphisms may be associated with a better MS clinical course. This knowledge may be useful for a better understanding of MS and its therapeutic management.

RESUMO Atualmente não se sabe como os fatores genéticos podem influenciar o curso clínico da esclerose múltipla (EM). Objetivo: Examinamos o impacto dos polimorfismos CIITA −168A/G (rs3087456) e CIITA +1614G/C (rs4774) no risco de progressão da incapacidade, gravidade e resposta aos tratamentos imunomoduladores de primeira linha. Métodos: O DNA genômico foi extraído de amostras de sangue. Utilizamos o software ABI3730xl e GeneMapper v.4.0 (Applied Biosystems) para identificar variações genotípicas. Todos os pacientes foram acompanhados e reavaliados clinicamente em intervalos de três meses. A progressão da incapacidade foi medida pela EDSS e a gravidade da doença pelo MSSS. Resultados: Incluímos 37 homens e 80 mulheres. Não encontramos evidências sobre a influência dos SNPs estudados no EDSS e na resposta terapêutica aos fármacos avaliados. Realizamos uma análise de regressão logística com o MSSS e observamos uma evolução menos grave da EM associada aos tipos selvagens CIITA −168AA e CIITA +1614GG, pois a chance do paciente atingir MSSS2 e MSSS3 diminuiu em 61%/75%, e 66/75% respectivamente (p < 0,0001). Embora menos significativo, o CIITA +1614GC também foi relacionado com evolução menos grave da EM e a chance do paciente atingir o MSSS3 diminuiu 79% (p = 0,015). Nós também observamos que o genótipo CIITA −168GG foi mais frequente no MSSS2 e MSSS3 e teve uma razão de chance 40% menor para atingir forma mais grave da EM. Conclusão: Estes dados sugerem que os polimorfismos CIITA −168AA, CIITA +1614GG e CIITA +1614GC podem estar associados a um melhor curso clínico da EM. Este conhecimento pode ser útil para uma melhor compreensão da EM e o seu manejo terapêutico.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Trans-Activators/genetics , Disease Progression , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Multiple Sclerosis/genetics , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , Interferon-beta/therapeutic use , Disability Evaluation , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Genetic Association Studies , Glatiramer Acetate/therapeutic use , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use , Multiple Sclerosis/mortality , Multiple Sclerosis/drug therapy
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 22(2): 129-136, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951633


ABSTRACT Introduction: Biofilm production is an important mechanism for the survival of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and its relationship with antimicrobial resistance represents a challenge for patient therapeutics. P. aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen frequently associated to nosocomial infections, especially in imunocompromised hosts. Objectives: Analyze the phenotypic biofilm production in P. aeruginosa isolates, describe clonal profiles, and analyze quorum sensing (QS) genes and the occurrence of mutations in the LasR protein of non-biofilm producing isolates. Methods: Isolates were tested for biofilm production by measuring cells adherence to the microtiter plates. Clonal profile analysis was carried out through ERIC-PCR, QS genes were by specific PCR. Results: The results showed that 77.5% of the isolates were considered biofilm producers. The results of genotyping showed 38 distinct genetic profiles. As for the occurrence of the genes, 100% of the isolates presented the lasR, rhlI and rhlR genes, and 97.5%, presented the lasI gene. In this study nine isolates were not biofilm producers. However, all presented the QS genes. Amplicons related to genes were sequenced in three of the nine non-biofilm-producing isolates (all presenting different genetic similarity profile) and aligned to the sequences of those genes in P. aeruginosa strain PAO1 (standard biofilm-producing strain). Alignment analysis showed an insertion of three nucleotides (T, C and G) causing the addition of an amino acid valine in the sequence of the LasR protein, in position 53. Conclusion: The modeling of the resulting LasR protein showed a conformational change in its structure, suggesting that this might be the reason why these isolates are unable to produce biofilm.

Humans , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/physiology , Pseudomonas Infections/microbiology , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Trans-Activators/genetics , Biofilms/growth & development , Biofilms/drug effects , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/chemistry , Pseudomonas Infections/drug therapy , Bacterial Proteins/chemistry , Trans-Activators/chemistry , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Cross Infection , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(1): 118-124, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839334


Abstract Staphylococcus spp. play an important role in the etiology of bovine mastitis. Staphylococcus aureus is considered the most relevant species due to the production of virulence factors such as slime, which is required for biofilm formation. This study aimed to evaluate biofilm production and its possible relation to beta-lactamic resistance in 20 S. aureus isolates from bovine mastitic milk. The isolates were characterized by pheno-genotypic and MALDI TOF-MS assays and tested for genes such as icaA, icaD, bap, agr RNAIII, agr I, agr II, agr III, and agr IV, which are related to slime production and its regulation. Biofilm production in microplates was evaluated considering the intervals determined along the bacterial growth curve. In addition, to determine the most suitable time interval for biofilm analysis, scanning electron microscopy was performed. Furthermore, genes such as mecA and blaZ that are related to beta-lactamic resistance and oxacillin susceptibility were tested. All the studied isolates were biofilm producers and mostly presented icaA and icaD. The Agr type II genes were significantly prevalent. According to the SEM, gradual changes in the bacterial arrangement were observed during biofilm formation along the growth curve phases, and the peak was reached at the stationary phase. In this study, the penicillin resistance was related to the production of beta-lactamase, and the high minimal bactericidal concentration for cefoxitin was possibly associated with biofilm protection. Therefore, further studies are warranted to better understand biofilm formation, possibly contributing to our knowledge about bacterial resistance in vivo.

Animals , Female , Staphylococcal Infections/microbiology , Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects , Staphylococcus aureus/physiology , Biofilms , beta-Lactam Resistance , Mastitis, Bovine/microbiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Staphylococcus aureus/ultrastructure , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Cattle , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Trans-Activators/genetics , Proteome , Virulence Factors/genetics , Proteomics/methods , Genetic Association Studies
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 23(4): 635-641, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-761706


AbstractObjective: to validate the content of the prevention protocol for early sepsis caused by Streptococcus agalactiaein newborns.Method: a transversal, descriptive and methodological study, with a quantitative approach. The sample was composed of 15 judges, 8 obstetricians and 7 pediatricians. The validation occurred through the assessment of the content of the protocol by the judges that received the instrument for data collection - checklist - which contained 7 items that represent the requisites to be met by the protocol. The validation of the content was achieved by applying the Content Validity Index.Result: in the judging process, all the items that represented requirements considered by the protocol obtained concordance within the established level (Content Validity Index > 0.75). Of 7 items, 6 have obtained full concordance (Content Validity Index 1.0) and the feasibility item obtained a Content Validity Index of 0.93. The global assessment of the instruments obtained a Content Validity Index of 0.99.Conclusion: the validation of content that was done was an efficient tool for the adjustment of the protocol, according to the judgment of experienced professionals, which demonstrates the importance of conducting a previous validation of the instruments. It is expected that this study will serve as an incentive for the adoption of universal tracking by other institutions through validated protocols.

ResumoObjetivo:validar o conteúdo do protocolo de prevenção da sepse precoce porStreptococcus agalactiaeem recém-nascidos.Método:estudo transversal, descritivo, do tipo metodológico, com abordagem quantitativa. A amostra foi composta por 15 juízes, oito médicos obstetras e sete pediatras. A validação ocorreu por intermédio da avaliação de conteúdo do protocolo pelos juízes, os quais receberam o instrumento de coleta de dados - checklist - contendo sete itens, que representam requisitos a serem contemplados no protocolo. A validação de conteúdo foi atingida mediante aplicação do Índice de Validade de Conteúdo.Resultado:no processo de julgamento, todos os itens que representam requisitos contemplados no protocolo obtiveram concordância dentro do nível estabelecido (Índice de Validade de Conteúdo >0,75). Dos sete itens, seis obtiveram concordância total, (Índice de Validade de Conteúdo 1.0) e o item exequibilidade obteve Índice de Validade de Conteúdo de 0,93. A avaliação global dos instrumentos obteve Índice de Validade de Conteúdo de 0,99.Conclusão:a validação de conteúdo realizada foi ferramenta eficaz para adequação do protocolo, de acordo com o julgamento de profissionais experientes, demonstrando a importância em se realizar validação prévia de instrumentos. Espera-se que, este estudo incentive a adoção do rastreio universal por outras instituições, mediante protocolos validados.

ResumenObjetivo:validar el contenido del protocolo de prevención de la sepsis precoz porStreptococcus agalactiaeen recién nacidos.Método:estudio transversal, descriptivo, del tipo metodológico, con un enfoque cuantitativo. La muestra fue conformada por 15 jueces, ocho obstetras y siete pediatras. La validación se dio a través de la evaluación de contenido del protocolo por los jueces, los cuales recibieron el instrumento de recolección de datos - checklist - conteniendo siete ítems, que representan los requisitos para ser incluidos en el protocolo. La validación de contenido se logró a través de la aplicación del Índice de Validez de Contenido.Resultado:en el proceso de evaluación, todos los ítems que representan los requisitos contemplados en el protocolo obtuvieron una concordancia dentro del nivel establecido (Índice de Validez de Contenido > 0,75). De los siete ítems, seis obtuvieron una concordancia total (Índice de Validez de Contenido 1,0), y el ítem viabilidad obtuvo un Índice de Validez de Contenido de 0,93. La evaluación global de los instrumentos obtuvo un Índice de Validez de Contenido de 0,99.Conclusión:la validación de contenido realizada fue una herramienta eficaz para la adecuación del protocolo, según la evaluación de profesionales expertos, demostrando así la importancia de realizar la validación previa de los instrumentos. Se espera que este estudio fomente la adopción del cribado (screening) universal por otras instituciones, mediante protocolos validados.

Humans , Animals , Arteries/transplantation , Graft Survival , Nuclear Proteins , Organ Transplantation , Trans-Activators , Transplantation Tolerance/genetics , Animals, Genetically Modified , Graft Survival/genetics , Graft Survival/immunology , Heterografts , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/immunology , Papio , Swine , Trans-Activators/genetics , Trans-Activators/immunology
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 47(2): 88-94, June 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-757146


En la provincia del Chaco, el agua subterránea representa una fuente alternativa, y muchas veces única, para el consumo humano; esta es utilizada en el 14 % de los hogares. A pesar de que se reconoce el riesgo de la exposición al agua contaminada, la prevalencia de los diferentes patotipos de Escherichia coli en ambientes acuáticos no ha sido bien caracterizada. E. coli enteroagregativo (ECEA) es un patógeno emergente cuya importancia en la salud pública mundial se incrementó y quedó claramente establecida en los últimos años. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue detectar la presencia de ECEA típico mediante el reconocimiento de los factores de virulencia aap, AA probe y aggR por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa, en fuentes de agua subterráneas de la provincia del Chaco. Se identificó E. coli en 36 (38,7 %) de las 93 muestras estudiadas, provenientes de diferentes localidades. De esos 36 aislamientos, se identificaron 6 (16,7 %) portadores de los genes de ECEA, lo que representa una prevalencia del 6,4 % considerando las 93 fuentes de agua subterránea estudiadas. De esos 6 aislamientos, 3 eran portadores del gen aap, 2 del gen AA probe y uno de la combinación aggR/aap. El presente trabajo representa el primer aporte en el estudio de la presencia y distribución de genes de virulencia de ECEA en fuentes de agua subterránea de la región.

Groundwater is an important source of drinking water for many communities in Northern Argentina; particularly, in the province of Chaco, where about 14 % of households use this natural resource. Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli is an emerging pathogen whose global importance in public health has increased in recent years. Despite the significant risk of disease linked to contaminated water exposure, the prevalence of E. coli pathotypes in aquatic environments is still not so well defined. The aim of the present study was to detect the presence of typical enteroaggregative E. coli through the recognition of its virulence factors aap, AA probe and aggR by molecular techniques. A total of 93 water samples from different small communities of Chaco were analyzed. E. coli was identified in 36 (38.7 %) of the tested samples. Six strains isolated from different samples harbored the studied genes. Of these 6 isolates, 3 carried the aap gene, 2 the AA probe and the last one the combination of aap/aggR genes. The prevalence of E. coli isolates harboring enteroaggregative virulence genes in groundwater sources was 6.4 %. This work represents the first contribution to the study of the presence and distribution of virulence genes of EAEC in groundwater sources in this region of Argentina.

Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Escherichia coli/genetics , Genes, Bacterial , Groundwater/microbiology , Trans-Activators/genetics , Water Pollution , Argentina , Escherichia coli Proteins/physiology , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Escherichia coli/pathogenicity , Trans-Activators/physiology , Virulence/genetics , Water Supply
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 73(4): 283-288, 04/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-745758


The objective of this study was to investigate the association between the HLA alleles at the DQA1, DQB1 and DRB1 loci, the CIITA genetic polymorphisms -168A/G and +1614G/C, and susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS) in a sample from Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Furthermore, we wished to determine whether any of these associations might be more significant in women compared with men. DNA samples from 52 relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients and 126 healthy controls matched for sex and age were analyzed. We identified a significant HLA-DRB1*15:01-MS association that was female-specific (Odds Ratio (OR) = 4.78; p = 0.001). Furthermore, we observed that the +1614G/C mutation in combination with the HLA-DRB1*15:01 allele increased susceptibility to MS in females (OR = 4.55; p = 0.01). Together, these findings highlight the polygenic nature of MS.

O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a associação entre alelos HLA, loci DQA1, DQB1 e DRB1, polimorfismos -168A/G e +1614G/C no gene CIITA, e suscetibilidade à esclerose múltipla (EM) em uma amostra de Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Além disso, buscou-se determinar se alguma dessas associações pode ser gênero-dependente. Foram analisadas amostras de DNA de 52 pacientes com EM reincidente-remitente (EMRR) e 126 controles saudáveis ​​pareados por sexo e idade. Foi identificada associação significativa HLA-DRB1*15:01-EMRR, que foi específica para o gênero feminino (Odds Ratio (OR) = 4,78, p = 0,001). Além disso, observou-se que o polimorfismo +1614 G/C, em combinação com o alelo HLA-DRB1*15:01 provoca o aumento da susceptibilidade à EM em pacientes do sexo feminino (OR = 4,55, p = 0,01). Juntos, estes resultados destacam a natureza poligênica da EM.

Female , Humans , Male , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , HLA-DRB1 Chains/genetics , Multiple Sclerosis/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Trans-Activators/genetics , Alleles , Brazil/ethnology , Case-Control Studies , DNA Fingerprinting , Gene Frequency , Genetic Association Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/ethnology , Multiple Sclerosis/ethnology , Odds Ratio , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Sex Factors
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 48(1): 44-49, jan-feb/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-742974


INTRODUCTION: In 2010, to reduce the occurrence of serious pneumococcal disease, the Ministry of Health in Brazil incorporated the 10-valent pneumococcal vaccine in the immunization schedule of children younger than two years of age. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of vaccination on the incidence of infectious respiratory diseases in infants before and after the introduction of the 10-valent pneumococcal vaccine. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved primary care and hospital networks from a city in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, between 2009 and 2012. RESULTS: A 40% reduction in the prevalence of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) was observed after introducing the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Male children were 28% more likely to develop the disease. The prevalence ratio ([PR] = 1.96, 95% CI: 1.52 to 2.53, p < 0.05) suggested that not being vaccinated was associated with the occurrence of pneumonia. The prevalence of CAP was 70% lower (PR 0.30, 95% CI: 0.24 to 0.37, p<0.05) in children vaccinated as recommended compared to children with delayed vaccination, suggesting that the updated vaccine schedule improves protection. CONCLUSIONS: Immunization with the 10-valent pneumococcal vaccine appeared to reduce the number of pneumonia cases in children during the study period. Prospective studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of the vaccine against the occurrence of pneumococcal pneumonia. .

Humans , HIV-1 , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , RNA, Viral/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Alternative Splicing , Blotting, Western , Endoribonucleases/genetics , Endoribonucleases/metabolism , Exoribonucleases/genetics , Exoribonucleases/metabolism , HIV-1 , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Immunoprecipitation , Protein Binding , RNA Interference , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Viral/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Trans-Activators/genetics , Trans-Activators/metabolism
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-9, 2015. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950823


BACKGROUND: Theoretically human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have the capacity to self-renew and differentiate into all human cell types. Therefore, the greatest promise of hESCs-based therapy is to replace the damaged tissues of patients suffering from traumatic or degenerative diseases by the exact same type of cells derived from hESCs. Allo-graft immune rejection is one of the obstacles for hESCs-based clinical applications. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) II leads to CD4+ T cells-mediated allograft rejection. Hence, we focus on optimizing hESCs for clinic application through gene modification. RESULTS: Transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs) were used to target MHC class II transactivator (CIITA) in hESCs efficiently. CIITA(-/-)hESCs did not show any difference in the differentiation potential and self-renewal capacity. Dendritic cells (DCs) derived from CIITA(-/-)hESCs expressed CD83 and CD86 but without the constitutive HLA II. Fibroblasts derived from CIITA(-/-)hESCs were powerless in IFN-γ inducible expression of HLA II. CONCLUSION: We generated HLA II defected hESCs via deleting CIITA, a master regulator of constitutive and IFN-γ inducible expression of HLA II genes. CIITA(-/-)hESCs can differentiate into tissue cells with non-HLA II expression. It's promising that CIITA(-/-)hESCs-derived cells could be used in cell therapy (e.g., T cells and DCs) and escape the attack of receptors' CD4+ T cells, which are the main effector cells of cellular immunity in allograft.

Humans , Animals , Mice , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Trans-Activators/genetics , Cell Differentiation/genetics , Gene Deletion , Deoxyribonucleases/metabolism , Human Embryonic Stem Cells/metabolism , Teratoma , Dendritic Cells/metabolism , Immunoglobulins/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Histocompatibility Antigens Class II/genetics , Antigens, CD/metabolism , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Mice, SCID , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Deoxyribonucleases/classification , B7-2 Antigen/metabolism , Embryoid Bodies/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Karyotype , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Cell Self Renewal , Antigen-Presenting Cells/metabolism
J. bras. nefrol ; 36(4): 496-501, Oct-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731149


Introduction: Polyphenols contained in natural sources such as grapes, have been considered pharmacological agents to combat oxidative stress and inflammation, common features in Chronic Kidney Disease patients. Objective: To evaluate the effects of grape powder supplementation on inflammatory and antioxidant biomarkers in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: The double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial evaluated non-diabetic HD patients that received grape powder (500 mg of polyphenols/day) (n = 16, 9 men, 53.0 ± 9.8 years of age, 111.6 ± 58.2 HD months) or placebo (n = 16, 9 men, 52.7 ± 13.7 years of age, 110.4 ± 93.1 HD months) for five weeks. The glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were evaluated by ELISA method. Results: After the intervention period, the patients receiving grape powder showed an increase in the GSH-Px activity (16.5 (41.0) to 42.0 (43.3) nmol/min/ml) (p < 0.05) and they did not have the CRP levels increased as seen in placebo group (2.6 (0.28) to 2.8 (0.23 mg/L) (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The use of grape powder as phenolic source could play an important role as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent in non-diabetic HD patients. .

Introdução: Polifenóis contidos em fontes naturais, como as uvas, têm sido considerados agentes farmacológicos no combate ao estresse oxidativo e inflamação, condições comuns na Doença Renal Crônica. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da suplementação de farinha de uva sobre marcadores inflamatórios e antioxidantes em pacientes submetidos à hemodiálise (HD). Métodos: Estudo randomizado, duplo-cego, placebocontrolado, no qual foram avaliados pacientes não diabéticos em HD que receberam farinha de uva (500 mg de polifenóis/dia) (n = 16, 9 homens, 53,0 ± 9,8 anos, 111,6 ± 58,2 meses em HD) ou placebo (n = 16, 9 homens, 52,7 ± 13,7 anos, 110,4 ± 93,1 meses em HD) por cinco semanas. A atividade da glutationa peroxidase (GSH-Px) e os níveis plasmáticos de proteína C-reativa (PCR) foram mensurados por meio do método ELISA. Resultados: Após o período de intervenção, os pacientes que receberam farinha de uva apresentaram elevação na atividade da GSH-Px (16,5 (41,0) para 42,0 (43,3) nmol/min/ml) (p < 0,05) e não foi observada elevação nos níveis de PCR, como visto no grupo placebo (2,6 (0,28) para 2,8 (0,23) mg/L) (p < 0,05). Conclusão: O uso da farinha de uva como fonte de polifenóis pode desempenhar um importante papel anti-inflamatório e antioxidante em pacientes não diabéticos submetidos à HD. .

Humans , DNA-Binding Proteins , Gene Expression Regulation , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Trans-Activators/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Binding Sites , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , DNA, Viral/metabolism , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1 , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B virus/metabolism , Precipitin Tests , Plasmids/genetics , Protein Precursors/genetics , Protein Precursors/metabolism , Transfection , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Trans-Activators/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Viral Core Proteins/genetics , Viral Core Proteins/metabolism
Rev. chil. infectol ; 30(4): 407-416, ago. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-690529


Listeria monocytogenesis a facultative intracellular pathogen, ubiquitous and aetiological agent of listeriosis. The main way of acquisition is the consumption of contaminated food and can cause serious medical conditions such as septicemia, meningitis and gastroenteritis, especially in children, immunocompromised individuals and seniors and abortions in pregnant women. An increase in cases of listeriosis worldwide has been reported and it is estimated that its prevalence in developed countries is in the range of 2 to 15 cases per one million population. This microorganism is characterized for the transition from the environment into the eukaryotic cell. Several virulence factors have been involved in the intracellular cycle that are regulated, pimarilly, by the PrfA protein, which in turn is regulated by different mechanisms operating at the transcriptional, translational and post-translational levels. Additionally, other regulatory mechanisms have been described as sigma factor, system VirR/S and antisense RNA, but PrfA is the most important control mechanism and is required for the expression of essential virulence factors for the intracellular cycle.

Listeria monocytogeneses un patógeno intracelular facultativo, ubicuo y agente etiológico de listeriosis. La principal vía de adquisición es el consumo de alimentos contaminados, pudiendo ocasionar cuadros clínicos muy graves como septicemia, meningitis y gastroenteritis, especialmente en niños, individuos inmunocomprometidos y de la tercera edad, y aborto en mujeres embarazadas. Se ha informado un aumento en los casos de listeriosis a escala mundial y se estima que su frecuencia en los países desarrollados está en un rango de 2 a 15 casos por millón de habitantes. Este microorganismo se caracteriza por realizar una transición desde el medio ambiente hacia la célula eucariota. Para este proceso se han descrito varios factores de virulencia, los cuales están involucrados en el ciclo intracelular y están regulados, principalmente, por la proteína PrfA, la cual a su vez está regulada por diferentes mecanismos que actúan a nivel transcripcional, traduccional y post-traduccional. Además, se han descrito otros mecanismos regulatorios como: factor Sigma, sistema VirR/S y ARN sin sentido. No obstante, PrfA es el mecanismo de control más importante y el cual es requerido para la expresión de los factores de virulencia esenciales para el ciclo intracelular.

Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial/physiology , Listeria monocytogenes/pathogenicity , Trans-Activators/physiology , Virulence Factors/physiology , Virulence/physiology , Listeria monocytogenes/genetics , Trans-Activators/genetics , Virulence/genetics
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 17(2): 125-130, Mar.-Apr. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-673188


Several studies have been conducted in recent years to elucidate the structure, function and significance of AcrB, MarA, SoxS and RamA in Salmonella enterica. In this study, the relative quantification of acrB, soxS, marA and ramA genes expression was evaluated in 14 strains of S. enterica, with or without accompanying mutations in the quinolone resistance-determining regions of the gyrA gene, that were exposed to ciprofloxacin during the exponential growth phase. The presence of ciprofloxacin during the log phase of bacterial growth activated the genes marA, soxS, ramA and acrB in all S. enterica strains analyzed in this study. The highest expression levels for acrB were observed in strains with gyrA mutation, and marA showed the highest expression in the strains without mutation. Considering only the strains with ciprofloxacin minimum inhibitory concentration values < 0.125 [1]g/mL (sensitive to ciprofloxacin), the most expressed gene in the strains both with and without mutations was acrB. In the strains with ciprofloxacin minimum inhibitory concentration values > 0.125 [1]g/mL (low susceptibility), with and without mutations in gyrA, the most expressed gene was marA. In this study, we observed that strains resistant to nalidixic acid may express genes associated with the efflux pump and the expression of the AcrAB-TolC pump genes seems to occur independently of mutations in gyrA.

Humans , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Salmonella enterica/drug effects , Salmonella enterica/genetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Ciprofloxacin/pharmacology , Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial , Genes, Bacterial/genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Membrane Transport Proteins/metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Bacterial/genetics , Trans-Activators/genetics , Trans-Activators/metabolism
Braz. j. microbiol ; 44(2): 493-498, 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-688584


Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most frequent mastitis causative agents in small ruminants. The expression of most virulence genes of S. aureus is controlled by an accessory gene regulator (agr)locus. This study aimed to ascertain the prevalence of the different agr groups and to evaluate the occurrence of encoding genes for cytotoxin, adhesins and toxins with superantigen activity in S. aureus isolates from milk of ewes with clinical and subclinical mastitis in sheep flocks raised for meat production The agr groups I and II were identified in both cases of clinical and subclinical mastitis. Neither the arg groups III and IV nor negative agr were found. The presence of cflA gene was identified in 100% of the isolates. The frequency of hla and lukE-D genes was high -77.3 and 82.8%, respectively and all isolates from clinical mastitis presented these genes. The sec gene, either associated to tst gene or not, was identified only in isolates from subclinical mastitis. None of the following genes were identified: bbp, ebpS, cna, fnbB, icaA, icaD, bap, hlg, lukM-lukF-PV and se-a-b-d-e.

Animals , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Carrier State/veterinary , Mastitis/veterinary , Sheep Diseases/microbiology , Staphylococcal Infections/veterinary , Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Trans-Activators/genetics , Virulence Factors/genetics , Brazil , Carrier State/microbiology , Genes , Genotype , Mastitis/microbiology , Milk/microbiology , Sheep , Staphylococcal Infections/microbiology , Staphylococcus aureus/classification , Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159140


Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a potent glucoincretin hormone and an important agent for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Here we demonstrate that B-cell translocation gene 2 (BTG2) is a crucial regulator in GLP-1-induced insulin gene expression and insulin secretion via upregulation of pancreatic duodenal homeobox-1 (PDX-1) in pancreatic beta-cells. GLP-1 treatment significantly increased BTG2, PDX-1 and insulin gene expression in pancreatic beta-cells. Notably, adenovirus-mediated overexpression of BTG2 significantly elevated insulin secretion, as well as insulin and PDX-1 gene expression. Physical interaction studies showed that BTG2 is associated with increased PDX-1 occupancy on the insulin gene promoter via a direct interaction with PDX-1. Exendin-4 (Ex-4), a GLP-1 agonist, and GLP-1 in pancreatic beta-cells increased insulin secretion through the BTG2-PDX-1-insulin pathway, which was blocked by endogenous BTG2 knockdown using a BTG2 small interfering RNA knockdown system. Finally, we revealed that Ex-4 and GLP-1 significantly elevated insulin secretion via upregulation of the BTG2-PDX-1 axis in pancreatic islets, and this phenomenon was abolished by endogenous BTG2 knockdown. Collectively, our current study provides a novel molecular mechanism by which GLP-1 positively regulates insulin gene expression via BTG2, suggesting that BTG2 has a key function in insulin secretion in pancreatic beta-cells.

Animals , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Glucagon-Like Peptide 1/pharmacology , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Humans , Immediate-Early Proteins/genetics , Insulin/genetics , Insulin-Secreting Cells/drug effects , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Peptides/pharmacology , Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics , Protein Binding/drug effects , Rats , Trans-Activators/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics , Venoms/pharmacology
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 82(3): 208-213, jul.-sept. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-685334


Objective: The aim of this study was to test for association between MHC2TA gene polymorphisms and risk for restenosis after coronary stent placement in a group of Mexican patients. Methods: The MHC2TA-168A>G (rs3087456), 1614C>G (rs4774), and 2536G>A (rs2229320) single nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped using 5' exonuclease TaqMan genotyping assays in a group of 202 patients, who underwent coronary artery stenting. Basal and procedure coronary angiography were analyzed, looking for angiographic predictors of restenosis and follow-up angiography was performed to screen for binary restenosis. Results: The results obtained in this study showed that the frequency of the three polymorphisms studied was similar in patients with and without restenosis. Univariate analysis showed that the use of drug-eluting stent (DES) reduces the risk of developing restenosis (p < 0.001, OR = 0.26). In contrast, the diameter< 2.5 mm of the stent and bifurcations increased the risk of developing restenosis (p = 0.049, OR = 1.74 and p = 0.041, OR = 1.8). Conclusion: The present study suggests that the MHC2TA polymorphisms are not involved in the risk of developing restenosis after coronary stent placement.

Objetivo: El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar la asociación de los polimorfismos del gen MHC2TA y el riesgo de desarrollar reestenosis, después del implante de stent coronario en un grupo de pacientes mexicanos. Métodos: Los polimorfismos de un solo nucleótido MHC2TA-168A>G (rs3087456), 1614C>G (rs4774) y 2536G>A (rs2229320), se determinaron en un grupo de 202 pacientes tratados con stent coronario. Los polimorfismos fueron evaluados utilizando ensayos de genotipificacion Taq-Man 5' exonucleasa. El procedimiento basal y la búsqueda de predictores de reestenosis fueron analizados por medio de angiografía coronaria, y seguimiento angiográfico con el fin de detectar reestenosis binaria. Resultados: Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio mostraron que la distribución génica de los tres polimorfismos estudiados fue muy similar, en pacientes con o sin reestenosis. Sin embargo, el análisis univariado mostró que el uso de los stent medicados reducen el riesgo de desarrollar reestenosis (p < 0.001, OR = 0.26). En contraste, con las bifurcaciones y el diámetro < 2.5 mm del stent que se incrementa el riesgo de desarrollar reestenosis (p = 0.049, OR = 1.74 y p = 0.041, OR = 1.8). Conclusión: El presente estudio sugiere que los polimorfismos del gen MHC2TA no están asociados con el riesgo de desarrollar reestenosis, después del implante de stent coronario.

Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Restenosis/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Stents , Trans-Activators/genetics , Mexico
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19498


Exosomes are small membrane vesicles secreted from various types of cells. Tumor-derived exosomes contain MHC class I molecules and tumor-specific antigens, receiving attention as a potential cancer vaccine. For induction of efficient anti-tumor immunity, CD4+ helper T cells are required, which recognize appropriate MHC class II-peptide complexes. In this study, we have established an MHC class II molecule-expressing B16F1 murine melanoma cell line (B16F1-CIITA) by transduction of the CIITA (Class II transactivator) gene. Exosomes from B16-CII cells (CIITA-Exo) contained a high amount of MHC class II as well as a tumor antigen TRP2. When loaded on dendritic cells (DCs), CIITA-Exo induced the increased expression of MHC class II molecules and CD86 than the exosomes from the parental cells (Exo). In vitro assays using co-culture of immunized splenocytes and exosome-loaded DCs demonstrated that CIITA-Exo enhanced the splenocyte proliferation and IL-2 secretion. Consistently, compared to B16-Exo, CIITA-Exo induced the increased mRNA levels of inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, chemokine receptor CCR7 and the production of Th1-polarizing cytokine IL-12. A tumor preventive model showed that CIITA-Exo significantly inhibited tumor growth in a dose-dependent manner. Ex vivo assays using immunized mice demonstrated that CIITA-Exo induced a higher amount of Th1-polarized immune responses such as Th1-type IgG2a antibodies and IFN-gamma cytokine as well as TRP2-specific CD8+ T cells. A tumor therapeutic model delayed effects of tumor growth by CIITA-Exo. These findings indicate that CIITA-Exo are more efficient as compared to parental Exo to induce anti-tumor immune responses, suggesting a potential role of MHC class II-containing tumor exosomes as an efficient cancer vaccine.

Animals , Cancer Vaccines/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Dendritic Cells/immunology , Exosomes/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Gene Transfer Techniques , Immunity, Cellular/immunology , Immunity, Humoral/immunology , Immunotherapy , Lymphocyte Activation/immunology , Melanoma, Experimental/mortality , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Survival Analysis , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Trans-Activators/genetics , Transduction, Genetic
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635133


To observe the alteration in the expression of DNA repair enzymes hOGG1 and hMYHalpha and the change in 8-OHdG levels in the HBx gene-transfected cells HepG2/HBx and to explore the mechanisms of the HBV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma, the gene-transfected cells HepG2/HBx which stably expressed HBx was established, and the effect of HBx on the cell cycle and proliferation of HepG2 was examined. By using the beta-actin as the interior control, real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time qPCR) was employed to quantitatively detect the expression of DNA repair enzymes hOGG1 and hMYHalpha in the HepG2/HBx, the control cells HepG2 and HepG2 transfected with pcDNA3.1 vector (HepG2/pDNA3.1). The 8-OHdG levels were determined by HPLC/ECD in the established gene-transfected cells HepG2/HBx and the control cells HepG2 and HepG2/pcDNA3.1. Our results showed that the expression of DNA repair enzyme hMYHalpha in the HepG2/HBx (0.021+/-0.007) was significantly lower than that of HepG2 (0.099+/-0.041) (P0.05). The 8-OHdG level in the HepG2/HBx was significantly higher than that in HepG2 and HepG2/pcDNA3.1 (P<0.05). It is concluded that HBx gene may inhibit the expression of DNA repair enzyme hMYHalpha mRNA to impair the ability to repair the intracellular DNA oxidative damage, to increase the oxidative DNA-adduct 8-OHdG and to affect the nucleotide excision repair function, thus participate in the occurrence and development of hepatocellular carcinoma.

DNA Glycosylases/genetics , DNA Glycosylases/metabolism , Deoxyguanosine/analogs & derivatives , Deoxyguanosine/metabolism , Hep G2 Cells , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Trans-Activators/genetics
J Genet ; 2008 Dec; 87(5): 513-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-114418


Circadian rhythms and sleep are two separate but intimately related processes. Circadian rhythms are generated through the precisely controlled, cyclic expression of a number of genes designated clock genes. Genetic variability in these genes has been associated with a number of phenotypic differences in circadian as well as sleep parameters, both in mouse models and in humans. Diurnal preferences as determined by the selfreported Horne-Ostberg (HO) questionnaire, has been associated with polymorphisms in the human genes CLOCK, PER1, PER2 and PER3. Circadian rhythm-related sleep disorders have also been associated with mutations and polymorphisms in clock genes, with the advanced type cosegrating in an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern with mutations in the genes PER2 and CSNK1D, and the delayed type associating without discernible Mendelian inheritance with polymorphisms in CLOCK and PER3. Several mouse models of clock gene null alleles have been demonstrated to have affected sleep homeostasis. Recent findings have shown that the variable number tandem polymorphism in PER3, previously linked to diurnal preference, has profound effects on sleep homeostasis and cognitive performance following sleep loss, confirming the close association between the processes of circadian rhythms and sleep at the genetic level.

Biological Clocks/genetics , Circadian Rhythm/genetics , Conserved Sequence , Genetic Variation/physiology , Humans , Phenotype , Protein Kinases/genetics , Sleep/genetics , Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm/genetics , Trans-Activators/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
J Genet ; 2008 Dec; 87(5): 447-58
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-114310


An essential component of energy homeostasis lies in an organism's ability to coordinate daily patterns in activity, feeding, energy utilization and energy storage across the daily 24-h cycle. Most tissues of the body contain the molecular clock machinery required for circadian oscillation and rhythmic gene expression. Under normal circumstances, behavioural and physiological rhythms are orchestrated and synchronized by the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus, considered to be the master circadian clock. However, metabolic processes are easily decoupled from the primarily light-driven SCN when food intake is desynchronized from normal diurnal patterns of activity. This dissociation from SCN based timing demonstrates that the circadian system is responsive to changes in energy supply and metabolic status. There has long been evidence for the existence of an anatomically distinct and autonomous food-entrainable oscillator (FEO) that can govern behavioural rhythms, when feeding becomes the dominant entraining stimulus. But now rapidly growing evidence suggests that core circadian clock genes are involved in reciprocal transcriptional feedback with genetic regulators of metabolism, and are directly responsive to cellular energy supply. This close interaction is likely to be critical for normal circadian regulation of metabolism, and may also underlie the disruption of proper metabolic rhythms observed in metabolic disorders, such as obesity and type-II diabetes.

Adaptation, Physiological/genetics , Animals , Biological Clocks/physiology , Circadian Rhythm/physiology , Energy Intake/physiology , Energy Metabolism/physiology , Heat-Shock Proteins/physiology , Humans , Metabolic Networks and Pathways/genetics , Models, Biological , Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors/physiology , Sirtuins/physiology , Trans-Activators/genetics , Transcription Factors/physiology